Resources in Early American History
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Abolition, emancipation, freedom (3)
Abolitionists. (1)
Advance (Brig) (1)
Africa, West -- Description and travel (1)
African American churches (1)
African Americans -- Religion (1)
Algebra. (1)
American Academy of Music (Philadelphia, Pa.) (1)
American Colonization Society (1)
American Philosophical Society (1)
American loyalists. (1)
Annuities. (1)
Antislavery movements -- Pennsylvania (1)
Archaeology -- Pennsylvania (1)
Arctic Regions -- Discovery and exploration (1)
Art -- United States. (1)
Astronomy. (1)
Aurora (Philadelphia, Pa.) (1)
Balloons -- Early works to 1800 (1)
Bartram's Garden (Philadelphia, Pa.) (1)
Botanists (1)
Botany -- Study and teaching -- 19th century (1)
Botany -- Virginia (1)
Boundaries, State. (1)
Bunker Hill, Battle of, 1775 (1)
Business and politics -- Pennsylvania. (1)
Canals. (2)
Chemistry (1)
Chemistry -- 18th century (1)
Cherokee Indians (1)
Cherokee language (1)
Choctaw Indians (1)
Civil engineering -- United States. (1)
Clocks and watches. (1)
Coal. (1)
Colonization, repatriation (1)
Court calendars -- Pennsylvania. (1)
Delaware Indians (1)
Dinosaurs -- New Jersey (1)
Drawing. (1)
Dysentery. (1)
Eastern State Penitentiary (Philadelphia, Pa.) (1)
Electricity -- 18th century (1)
Electricity -- Early works to 1800 (1)
Electricity. (1)
Engineering. (1)
Ethics -- Great Britain -- Early works to 1850 (1)
Ethnobotany (1)
Fort Augusta (Pa.) (1)
Fort Duquesne (1)
 Author:  Bancker familyRequires cookie*
 Title:  Charles Nicoll Bancker family papers, 1733-1894     
 Dates:  1733-1894 
 Abstract:  This extensive collection (13 boxes) contains a range of correspondence, although the bulk of it relates to Charles Nicoll Bancker, a prominent Philadelphia businessman in the 1800s. The letters provide a picture of the family life and business career of Bancker from his earliest beginnings to his success later in life. Aside from the Charles Bancker portion of the collection, the holdings contain a wide variety of other documents, ranging from colonial era documents written in Dutch in Albany to letters from James Madison to Thomas Jefferson from the nineteenth century on religious education.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B22.c 
 Extent:  3.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Antebellum Politics | Business and Skilled Trades | Colonial Politics | Colony and State Specific History | Early National Politics | Education | Land and Speculation | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Marriage and Family Life | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History | Social Life and Custom | Trade | Travel | Women's History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Literature | Manuscript Essays | Political Correspondence | Sketchbooks | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Insurance agents -- United States. 
 Author:  Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815Requires cookie*
 Title:  Violetta Delafield-Benjamin Smith Barton Collection     
 Dates:  1783-1817 
 Abstract:  The extensive Benjamin Smith Barton collection contains six sections: Correspondence, Bound Volumes (including notebooks), Subject Files, and Graphic Materials. The material includes numerous images, sketches, notes, printed material, and other correspondence. The collection also has numerous copper plates that were used to print images drawn by Barton. Although a collection this large touches on a variety of interesting and important subjects, the collection's strength is its wealth of data on nineteenth century medical, botanical, and Native American studies.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B284d 
 Extent:  10 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | Education | Language and Linguistics | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Medicine | Native America | Natural history | Printing and Publishing | Science and technology | Travel 
 Genre:  Art | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Language Material | Notebooks | Political Correspondence | Sketchbooks | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Bartram's Garden (Philadelphia, Pa.) | Botanists | Botany -- Study and teaching -- 19th century | Botany -- Virginia | Chemistry -- 18th century | Cherokee Indians | Cherokee language | Choctaw Indians | Dysentery. | Electricity -- 18th century | Ethnobotany | Geology -- 18th century | Gout | Indians of North America | Indians of North America -- Agriculture | Indians of North America -- Languages | Kaigana Indians | Kaskaskia Indians | Mammals -- Classification | Mandan Indians | Mastodons | Materia medica | Medicine -- Practice -- 18th century | Medicine -- Study and teaching -- 18th century | Meteorology -- United States -- 18th century | Meteors | Mineralogy | Natural history -- 18th century | Natural history -- 19th century | Osage language | Physicians -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia | Physics | Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 | Seminole Indians | Seneca Indians | Tuscarora Indians | University of Pennsylvania -- Faculty | Venereal disease | Yellow fever | Yellow fever -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- 1793 | Zoology -- 18th century 
 Author:  Burd, James, 1726-1793Requires cookie*
 Title:  Burd-Shippen Papers     
 Dates:  1708-1792 
 Abstract:  This collection is one of the largest early American collections the APS holds. Its breadth of sources provides insight into colonial Pennsylvania history, especially that of Lancaster County. Although largely material composed of material from James Burd, there are also significant documents relating to the Shippen family. Documents touch on matters financial, political, and social. While the collection is of wide ranging material, its strength lies in three main parts: the Seven Years' War and Pontiac's Rebellion in Pennsylvania, Burd's business records, and life in Lancaster County from 1754-1776.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B892 
 Extent:  6.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | Colonial Politics | Government Affairs | Land and Speculation | Military History | Native America | Pennsylvania History | Seven Years' War | Surveying and Maps | Trade 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Diaries | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Miscellaneous | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Court calendars -- Pennsylvania. | Fort Augusta (Pa.) | Fort Duquesne | Fort Granville (Pa.) | Fort Hunter | Fort Pitt (Pa.) | Fort William Henry (N.Y.) | Fortification -- Pennsylvania. | Iroquois Indians | Lancaster County (Pa.) -- History | Meteorology -- Pennsylvania -- Observations | Military supplies. | Pennsylvania -- History -- Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775 | Pennsylvania -- History -- French and Indian War, 1755-1763 | Philadelphia (Pa.) -- Commerce | Shippenburg Library Company | United States -- History -- French and Indian War, 1755-1763 | United States. Army. Supplies and stores 
 Author:  Cadwalader, LambertRequires cookie*
 Title:  Lambert Cadwalader Papers     
 Dates:  1779-1798 
 Abstract:  This collection of letters, while tiny, is actually quite rich in content. Cadwalader wrote to Samuel Meredith, a politician and fellow Revolutionary War soldier, concerning the war, his real estate holdings in Philadelphia, and the local political climate. The seven items are dated from October 5, 1779 to March 9, 1798, during which Cadwalader served in the military, reentered politics, got married, and then retired from public service.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.C625.1 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Business and Skilled Trades | Land and Speculation | Philadelphia History 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Inoculation | Smallpox | Taxation -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia 
 Author:  Duane familyRequires cookie*
 Title:  Duane Family Collection     
 Dates:  1764-1933 
 Abstract:  The Duane Family Collection is a rich and diverse collection that includes papers from numerous prominent citizens from the colonial era to the antebellum period. The bulk of the collection is from 1800-1840. These letters often touch on political affairs as they relate to Duane's editorship of the Aurora. Also of particular note, the collection contains a series of letters on early national politics with some significant presidential correspondence. There are also family letters between William John Duane's son, also named William Duane, and his sisters Mary and Sarah Duane that discusses social events, courtship, and gossip about individuals, including details on the deaths of two of Duane's friends in a duel. Some of the early documents (before 1800) include records of Duane's newspaper business in India, where he operated in the 1790s as a dissenting voice against the East India Company's policies.

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 Call #:  Mss.SMs.Coll.2 
 Extent:  2 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Business and Skilled Trades | Early National Politics | Government Affairs | Printing and Publishing | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Aurora (Philadelphia, Pa.) | Jackson, Andrew -- 1767-1845 -- Correspondence. | Newspapers -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia | Presidents -- United States -- Correspondence. 
 Author:  Feinstone, Sol,1888-1980,colleRequires cookie*
 Title:  The Sol Feinstone Collection of the American Revolution, ca. 1760s-1850s     
 Dates:  Circa 1760s-1850s 
 Abstract:  The Sol Feinstone Collection of the David Library contains a wide array of original documents relating especially to the American Revolution. The collection is particularly strong in military affairs and contains a variety of original letters from generals and prominent officers from both British and American forces. The collection has a notable number of items relating to George Washington and his family, including a deed from 1604 to Laurence Washington that contains an original seal from James I.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F327 
 Extent:  27 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Business and Skilled Trades | Colonial Politics | Colony and State Specific History | Diplomatic History | Early National Politics | Military History | Pennsylvania History 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Military Records | Miscellaneous | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence | Printed Material 
 Author:  Foulke, William Parker, 1816-1865Requires cookie*
 Title:  William Parker Foulke Papers, 1840-1865     
 Dates:  1840-1865 
 Abstract:  The William Parker Foulke Collection is one of the largest and richest collections at the APS. The collection, described and inventories in depth in MOLE, reflects the wide and varied interests of one of Philadelphia's most prominent 19th century citizens.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F826 
 Extent:  3.75 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Law | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Native America | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Legal Records | Literature | Manuscript Essays | Miscellaneous | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Abolition, emancipation, freedom | Advance (Brig) | Africa, West -- Description and travel | American Academy of Music (Philadelphia, Pa.) | American Colonization Society | Antislavery movements -- Pennsylvania | Archaeology -- Pennsylvania | Arctic Regions -- Discovery and exploration | Colonization, repatriation | Dinosaurs -- New Jersey | Eastern State Penitentiary (Philadelphia, Pa.) | Freemasons -- Pennsylvania | Geological Survey of Pennsylvania | Geology -- Pennsylvania | Haviland, John, 1792-1852 | Hayes, I. I. (Isaac Israel), 1832-1881 | Kane, Elisha Kent, 1820-1857 | Lancaster (Penn.) County Prison | Lyceums -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia | Mesmerism | New York Prison Association | Pennsylvania -- Description and travel -- 19th century | Philadelphia -- History -- 19th century | Philadelphia Society For Alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons | Prison reformers -- Pennsylvania | Prisons -- Design and construction | Prisons -- New York (State) | Prisons -- Pennsylvania | Reformers -- Pennsylvania | Slavery -- United States. | Social conditions, social advocacy, social reform | United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 | Wilson, John Wall 
 Author:  Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790Requires cookie*
 Title:  Benjamin Franklin Papers, 1642-1841     
 Dates:  1642-1841 
 Abstract:  The Papers of Benjamin Franklin are a rich source as varied and expansive as Dr. Franklin's storied life. The Collection has been calendared, catalogued, and much of it is transcribed in printed volumes and online at www.franklinpapers.org.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F85 
 Extent:  85.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Americans Abroad | Business and Skilled Trades | Diplomatic History | Government Affairs | International Travel | Land and Speculation | Marriage and Family Life | Military History | Pennsylvania History | Printing and Publishing | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Diplomatic Material | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Manuscript Essays | Political Correspondence | Printed Material | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Abolition, emancipation, freedom | Electricity -- Early works to 1800 | Postal service -- United States | Printers -- Pennsylvania | Slaves, slavery, slave trade | Social conditions, social advocacy, social reform 
 Author:  Franklin, William Temple, 1760-1823Requires cookie*
 Title:  William Temple Franklin Papers     
 Dates:  1775-1819 
 Abstract:  This is a large collection of William Temple Franklin papers, most of which were written while he was serving alongside his grandfather in France as the secretary of the American mission there. The bulk of the collection is correspondence written to William Temple Franklin during the American Revolution. Franklin had a wide network of friends and associates, and this correspondence captures the range of dealings Franklin had in France. As secretary, he received intelligence, requests, reports of military actions, especially those pertaining to naval actions in the Atlantic, and various other communications. As a private individual, Franklin had relations with many merchants, traders, and land speculators and continued to cultivate these relationships while in Europe. The Collection also includes a diary kept in an almanac for much of 1785, catalogued separately in MOLE.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F86 
 Extent:  4.75 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Americans Abroad | Business and Skilled Trades | Diplomatic History | International Travel | Land and Speculation | Marriage and Family Life | Military History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Diplomatic Material | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Balloons -- Early works to 1800 | Mesmerism 
 Author:  Franklin, William, 1731-1813Requires cookie*
 Title:  William Franklin Papers     
 Dates:  1757-1813 
 Abstract:  This is a small but rich collection of William Franklin papers, most of which were written during the imperial crisis and American Revolution when Franklin served variously as royal governor of New Jersey and governor of occupied New York. The collection is a mix of official documents issued by William Franklin as governor and private correspondence with other prominent political officials, such as Joseph Galloway, speaker of colonial Pennsylvania's Assembly and a fellow loyalist. Among his private correspondence is a series of letters written to Thomas Wharton that touch upon the Franklin family's dealings in land speculation in Western Pennsylvania. William was involved in the New Jersey-based Burlington Land Company. There are also a few family letters William wrote to his son William Temple Franklin and Sarah Franklin Bache.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F861 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Americans Abroad | Colonial Politics | Colony and State Specific History | International Affairs | Marriage and Family Life 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  American loyalists. | Land speculation 
 Author:  Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773Requires cookie*
 Title:  Timothy Horsfield Papers     
 Dates:  1684, 1733-1771 
 Abstract:  Timothy Horsfield was a prominent official in Northampton County in Pennsylvania during the Seven Years' War and its aftermath. This relatively small collection contains a wealth of information on the war. The letters are content rich and often relay details on society and life in the area. MOLE contains a detailed inventory of the letters.

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 Call #:  Mss.974.8.H78 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Colonial Politics | Diplomatic History | Government Affairs | Military History | Native America | Pennsylvania History | Seven Years' War 
 Genre:  Diplomatic Material | General Correspondence | Military Records | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Delaware Indians | Indians of North America -- Pennsylvania -- Government relations -- To 1789 | Iroquois Indians | Miami Indians | Moravian Indians | Moravians -- Pennsylvania -- History 
 Author:  Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826Requires cookie*
 Title:  Thomas Jefferson, letters to and from various persons, 1791-1840     
 Dates:  1791-1840 
 Abstract:  This is a particularly rich collection of Thomas Jefferson's letters from his retirement years. The letters primarily cover the years 1813-1820s, although there are some from earlier. Most of the letters are outgoing, and L. H. Girardin is the primary recipient. The letters to Girardin often discuss Virginia's history and sometimes Jefferson's own recollections of events, including letters on Virginia during the American Revolution and a supposed attempt to create a dictatorship in Virginia in 1776. Some letters also convey information on contemporary events and offer a window into Jefferson's personal and family life. A few letters from 1791 discuss Jefferson's memory of Benjamin Franklin, including anecdotes of Franklin in France. One document is a draft of a profile of Baron Humboldt. A series of letters to Peter Du Ponceau discuss Thomas Jefferson's attempt to acquire a copy of William Byrd's "A Secret History of the Line" and, once acquired, his interpretation of it. Another portion discusses the journals of Lewis and Clark.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.J35.Le 
 Extent:  63 item(s) 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colony and State Specific History | Exploration. | Native America | War of 1812 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Political Correspondence 
 Author:  Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826Requires cookie*
 Title:  Thomas Jefferson papers, 1775-1825     
 Dates:  1775-1825 
 Abstract:  This is the primary collection of Thomas Jefferson Papers at the APS. The collection is rich and extensive. The collection is well-described and inventoried in MOLE. What follows below is a general summary of some of the more noteworthy pieces.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.J35 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colony and State Specific History | Diplomatic History | Early National Politics | Government Affairs | Native America | Natural history | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Boundaries, State. | Canals. | Chemistry | Indians of North America -- Languages | Linguistics. | Louisiana Purchase -- Enclopedias. | Plants. | Science -- United States -- 18th century. | Scientific apparatus and instruments. | Seeds. 
 Author:  Peale-Sellers families.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Peale-Sellers Family Collection, 1686-1963     
 Dates:  1686-1963 
 Abstract:  The Peale-Sellers Collection is an extensive collection that contains various records of the extended Peale family. MOLE contains an extensive inventory.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.P31 
 Extent:  19 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | Early National Politics | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Marriage and Family Life | Philadelphia History | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Maps and Surveys | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Art -- United States. | Civil engineering -- United States. | Drawing. | Engineering. | Locomotives. | Medicine, Military. | Natural history. | Portraits, American. | Technology. | Washington, George, 1732-1799 
 Author:  Penn, Thomas, 1702-1775Requires cookie*
 Title:  Thomas Penn correspondence, 1747-1771, with James Hamilton     
 Dates:  1747-1771 
 Abstract:  This Thomas and Richard Penn Collection contains a range of correspondence from the proprietors of Pennsylvania, Thomas and Richard Penn (especially Thomas, the chief proprietor), to their agents in Pennsylvania, especially James Hamilton, who served as governor in the 1750s. The Collection begins in the 1740s, spans the Seven Years' War, and ends in the midst of the imperial crisis. Because of the time period covered, the letters touch on many important matters regarding the militarization of Pennsylvania, political battles within the colony, and the crisis brought about by imperial consolidation in the 1760s.

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 Call #:  Mss.974.8.P36c 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colonial Politics | Government Affairs | Land and Speculation | Military History | Pennsylvania History | Seven Years' War 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | General Correspondence | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence 
 Author:  Price, Richard, 1723-1791Requires cookie*
 Title:  Richard Price Papers     
 Dates:  1767-1790 
 Abstract:  This collection contains a series of letters from Richard Price, a prominent English minister who was also a prominent supporter of the American Revolution. There are several letters that are written in code. Prominent correspondents include Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, Benjamin Chauncy, and Benjamin Rush. Some Price correspondence also discusses his opposition to slavery.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.P93 
 Extent:  90 items 
 Topics:  African American | American Revolution | Colonial Politics | Religion 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Abolition, emancipation, freedom | American Philosophical Society | Bunker Hill, Battle of, 1775 | Ethics -- Great Britain -- Early works to 1850 | France -- History -- Revolution, 1789-1799 | Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790 | Gage, Thomas, 1721-1787 | Great Britain -- Politics and government -- 1760-1789 | Harvard College | Howard, John, 1726-1790 | Italy -- Description and travel -- 18th century | Lexington, Battle of, 1775 | Life expectancy | Massachusetts -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783 | Pensions -- Massachusetts | Prisons | Slavery. | Slaves, slavery, slave trade | Smith, Adam, 1723-1790 | Smith, Isaac, 1744-1817 | Social conditions, social advocacy, social reform | United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783 | United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783 -- Religious aspects | United States -- Politics and government, 1783-1788 
 Author:  Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813Requires cookie*
 Title:  Benjamin Rush correspondence, 1759-1813     
 Dates:  1759-1813 
 Abstract:  This collection of Benjamin Rush Papers was compiled by Lyman Butterfield for his biography of Rush. The papers are photocopies of Rush's correspondence.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.R89p 
 Extent:  2.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  African American | Early National Politics | Medicine | Religion 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Political Correspondence | Research Records and Reports 
 Subjects:  Abolitionists. | African American churches | African Americans -- Religion | Medicine. | Slavery. | Yellow fever -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia. 
 Author:  Shippen, EdwardRequires cookie*
 Title:  Edward Shippen letters and papers, 1727-1781     
 Dates:  1727-1781 
 Abstract:  The Edward Shippen Collection is composed of two discrete sections: two boxes of manuscripts and ten letter books. What follows is an overview of some of the most notable documents and themes in the correspondence.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.Sh62 
 Extent:  10 volume(s) 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Americans Abroad | Business and Skilled Trades | Colonial Politics | Education | International Travel | Marriage and Family Life | Military History | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History | Seven Years' War | Social Life and Custom | Surveying and Maps | Trade | Travel 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Maps and Surveys | Military Records | Political Correspondence | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Business and politics -- Pennsylvania. | Military supplies. | Real property -- Pennsylvania. 
 Author:  Shippen, Joseph,1732-1810.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Joseph Shippen letterbook, 1763-1773     
 Dates:  1763-1773 
 Abstract:  The Joseph Shippen letterbooks consist of Shippen's outgoing correspondence from 1763-1773. Shippen was active during the Seven Years' War and a prominent official in the colonial government before the American Revolution. His letters touch on a wide range of important events happening within the colony in the years preceding the American Revolution.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.Sh62.j 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  African American | Colonial Politics | Pennsylvania History | Social Life and Custom | Surveying and Maps 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Maps and Surveys | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America 
 Author:  Smyth, Frederick, 1732-1815Requires cookie*
 Title:  Frederick Smyth papers, 1756-1816     
 Dates:  1756-1816 
 Abstract:  Frederick Smyth was the Chief Justice of New Jersey before the American Revolution (appointed in 1764). Before that, he lived in England, Barbados, and Martinique. This collection of Smyth papers contains a range of official documents that relate to political and legal matters in New Jersey. The legal documents include petitions, reports to the grand jury, and official pronouncements and commissions. There are also several pieces of private correspondence. Some of the earliest documents contain information on Smyth's career before arriving in New Jersey. There is also a deposition relating to the firing on HMS St. John in Newport, Rhode Island in 1764 and a series of other documents relating to legal and political affairs in Rhode Island during the imperial crisis. Of particular note are two long speeches Smyth delivered before a grand jury in 1775 and 1776 in which he defends the Crown, a response to these speeches from the grand jury defending American rights, and a long letter from Edward Affleck in 1783 describing the British departure from New York City. Smyth stayed in Philadelphia after the war, although he never relinquished his British citizenship, and there are a few documents chronicling his post-war experience.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.Sm95 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colony and State Specific History | Law 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Legal Records | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Judges -- New Jersey. | Legal instruments -- New Jersey. 
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