Resources in Early American History
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American loyalists. (1)
Boundaries, State. (1)
Canals -- New York (State) (1)
Canals. (1)
Chemistry (1)
Consuls -- United States. (1)
Cooper Union (1)
Court calendars -- Pennsylvania. (1)
Delaware Indians (1)
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Education (1)
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Fort Augusta (Pa.) (1)
Fort Duquesne (1)
Fort Granville (Pa.) (1)
Fort Hunter (1)
Fort Pitt (Pa.) (1)
Fort William Henry (N.Y.) (1)
Fortification -- Pennsylvania. (1)
Freemasons -- New York (State) (1)
Geological Survey of the State of New Jersey (1)
Geology (1)
Girard College (1)
Harbors -- United States. (1)
Indians of North America -- Languages (1)
Indians of North America -- Pennsylvania -- Government relations -- To 1789 (1)
Iroquois Indians (3)
Judges -- New Jersey. (1)
Lancaster County (Pa.) -- History (1)
Land speculation (1)
Legal instruments -- New Jersey. (1)
Lighthouses (1)
Linguistics. (1)
Louisiana Purchase -- Enclopedias. (1)
Meteorology -- Pennsylvania -- Observations (1)
Meteorology. (1)
Miami Indians (1)
Military supplies. (1)
Military topography. (1)
Moravian Indians (1)
Moravians -- Pennsylvania -- History (1)
National Academy of Sciences (1)
Natural history (1)
Natural history. (1)
Ogden Land Company (1)
Pennsylvania -- History -- Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775 (1)
Pennsylvania -- History -- French and Indian War, 1755-1763 (1)
Philadelphia (Pa.) -- Commerce (1)
Plants. (1)
Publishers and publishing. (1)
 Author:  Bache, A.D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867Requires cookie*
 Title:  A. D. Bache Collection     
 Dates:  1833-1873 
 Abstract:  This collection consists of a wide-range of general correspondence to and from Alexander Dallas Bache from 1833-1865. The correspondence includes letters to many prominent scientists, such as Louis Agassiz, Maria Mitchell, and Charles Babbage. The content reflects the wide range of Bache's scientific activity and his extensive contacts. Topics range from cartography to lighthouses to education reform to phrenology.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B123 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Antebellum Politics | Early National Politics | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Official Government Documents and Records | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Cooper Union | Education | Geological Survey of the State of New Jersey | Geology | Girard College | Lighthouses | National Academy of Sciences | Natural history | United States Coast Survey 
 Author:  Burd, James, 1726-1793Requires cookie*
 Title:  Burd-Shippen Papers     
 Dates:  1708-1792 
 Abstract:  This collection is one of the largest early American collections the APS holds. Its breadth of sources provides insight into colonial Pennsylvania history, especially that of Lancaster County. Although largely material composed of material from James Burd, there are also significant documents relating to the Shippen family. Documents touch on matters financial, political, and social. While the collection is of wide ranging material, its strength lies in three main parts: the Seven Years' War and Pontiac's Rebellion in Pennsylvania, Burd's business records, and life in Lancaster County from 1754-1776.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B892 
 Extent:  6.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | Colonial Politics | Government Affairs | Land and Speculation | Military History | Native America | Pennsylvania History | Seven Years' War | Surveying and Maps | Trade 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Diaries | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Miscellaneous | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Court calendars -- Pennsylvania. | Fort Augusta (Pa.) | Fort Duquesne | Fort Granville (Pa.) | Fort Hunter | Fort Pitt (Pa.) | Fort William Henry (N.Y.) | Fortification -- Pennsylvania. | Iroquois Indians | Lancaster County (Pa.) -- History | Meteorology -- Pennsylvania -- Observations | Military supplies. | Pennsylvania -- History -- Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775 | Pennsylvania -- History -- French and Indian War, 1755-1763 | Philadelphia (Pa.) -- Commerce | Shippenburg Library Company | United States -- History -- French and Indian War, 1755-1763 | United States. Army. Supplies and stores 
 Author:  Burrough, MarmadukeRequires cookie*
 Title:  Marmaduke Burrough papers 1829-1847     
 Dates:  1829-1847 
 Abstract:  Marmaduke Burrough was a physician who served as U.S. Consul to Calcutta in 1828 and then Vera Cruz from 1835-1838. This collection contains a range of receipts relating to Burrough's expenses as consul in both Calcutta and Vera Cruz. The Calcutta receipts begin in 1829 and end in 1830. These loose leaf receipts capture a range of Burrough's activity, including bills from physicians, expenses for entertaining, and one for the passage of "a living rhinoceros" to Philadelphia onboard the Georgian. Burrough bought and then brought the second live rhinoceros to the United States in 1830. The animal was displayed in Philadelphia before being sold to a traveling exhibit.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B946 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Americans Abroad | Diplomatic History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Diplomatic Material | General Correspondence | Official Government Documents and Records 
 Subjects:  Consuls -- United States. | Diplomats -- United States. | Zoological specimens -- Collection and preservation. 
 Author:  Dawes, Elizabeth F.,collector.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Dawes Collection of Documents on American History     
 Dates:  1681-1921 
 Abstract:  This is a collection of miscellaneous documents from early America. The earliest documents come from the early 18th century and the latest from the Civil War era. The collection contains a few documents from the revolutionary period, most of which are official governments documents or deal with business transactions. There is one long letter from Robert McPherson, a member of the Pennsylvania Flying Camp, that describes his experience. Perhaps reflecting her ancestral home, the collection contains a small but notable collection of materials from South Carolina, including a very early letter from Francis Le Jau and letters from the Marquis de Lafayette about an expected trip to South Carolina. There are a significant number of documents from Pennsylvania, especially legal documents, from the early republic. The letters from Clement Biddle, a former revolutionary war soldier, also provide insight on early national Indian relations Finally, there are also some significant autographs collected, including a Massachusetts legal form with the signature of John Adams, a letter from James Madison to the Mississippi Territory around the time of the Louisiana Purchase, and letters from Civil War era figures like John Calhoun (a rich letter in which Calhoun discusses his views on tariffs and nullification), James Buchanan, and William Seward.

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 Call #:  Mss.973.D32 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colony and State Specific History | Early National Politics | Native America | Pennsylvania History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | General Correspondence | Miscellaneous | Official Government Documents and Records 
 Subjects:  Publishers and publishing. 
 Author:  Dixon, JeremiahRequires cookie*
 Title:  Correspondence and accounts of the Mason and Dixon survey, 1758-1769     
 Dates:  1758-1769 
 Abstract:  The Mason and Dixon Survey Collection at the APS consists of 1.) two volumes relating to their work drawing a border between Pennsylvania and Maryland and 2.) a box of correspondence. The portion of the collection being described here consists of the correspondence. This part of the collection is a box of photostats, mostly from 1761 and 1769, that include field reports and other correspondence.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.M381 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Colonial Politics | Government Affairs | Pennsylvania History | Science and technology | Surveying and Maps 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Maps and Surveys | Official Government Documents and Records 
 Subjects:  Meteorology. | Surveys. | Transits. 
 Author:  Feinstone, Sol,1888-1980,colleRequires cookie*
 Title:  The Sol Feinstone Collection of the American Revolution, ca. 1760s-1850s     
 Dates:  Circa 1760s-1850s 
 Abstract:  The Sol Feinstone Collection of the David Library contains a wide array of original documents relating especially to the American Revolution. The collection is particularly strong in military affairs and contains a variety of original letters from generals and prominent officers from both British and American forces. The collection has a notable number of items relating to George Washington and his family, including a deed from 1604 to Laurence Washington that contains an original seal from James I.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F327 
 Extent:  27 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Business and Skilled Trades | Colonial Politics | Colony and State Specific History | Diplomatic History | Early National Politics | Military History | Pennsylvania History 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Military Records | Miscellaneous | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence | Printed Material 
 Author:  Franklin, William, 1731-1813Requires cookie*
 Title:  William Franklin Papers     
 Dates:  1757-1813 
 Abstract:  This is a small but rich collection of William Franklin papers, most of which were written during the imperial crisis and American Revolution when Franklin served variously as royal governor of New Jersey and governor of occupied New York. The collection is a mix of official documents issued by William Franklin as governor and private correspondence with other prominent political officials, such as Joseph Galloway, speaker of colonial Pennsylvania's Assembly and a fellow loyalist. Among his private correspondence is a series of letters written to Thomas Wharton that touch upon the Franklin family's dealings in land speculation in Western Pennsylvania. William was involved in the New Jersey-based Burlington Land Company. There are also a few family letters William wrote to his son William Temple Franklin and Sarah Franklin Bache.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F861 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Americans Abroad | Colonial Politics | Colony and State Specific History | International Affairs | Marriage and Family Life 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  American loyalists. | Land speculation 
 Author:  Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773Requires cookie*
 Title:  Timothy Horsfield Papers     
 Dates:  1684, 1733-1771 
 Abstract:  Timothy Horsfield was a prominent official in Northampton County in Pennsylvania during the Seven Years' War and its aftermath. This relatively small collection contains a wealth of information on the war. The letters are content rich and often relay details on society and life in the area. MOLE contains a detailed inventory of the letters.

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 Call #:  Mss.974.8.H78 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Colonial Politics | Diplomatic History | Government Affairs | Military History | Native America | Pennsylvania History | Seven Years' War 
 Genre:  Diplomatic Material | General Correspondence | Military Records | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Delaware Indians | Indians of North America -- Pennsylvania -- Government relations -- To 1789 | Iroquois Indians | Miami Indians | Moravian Indians | Moravians -- Pennsylvania -- History 
 Author:  Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826Requires cookie*
 Title:  Thomas Jefferson papers, 1775-1825     
 Dates:  1775-1825 
 Abstract:  This is the primary collection of Thomas Jefferson Papers at the APS. The collection is rich and extensive. The collection is well-described and inventoried in MOLE. What follows below is a general summary of some of the more noteworthy pieces.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.J35 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colony and State Specific History | Diplomatic History | Early National Politics | Government Affairs | Native America | Natural history | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Boundaries, State. | Canals. | Chemistry | Indians of North America -- Languages | Linguistics. | Louisiana Purchase -- Enclopedias. | Plants. | Science -- United States -- 18th century. | Scientific apparatus and instruments. | Seeds. 
 Author:  Le Conte, John Eatton, 1784-1860Requires cookie*
 Title:  John Eatton Le Conte papers, 1816-1877     
 Dates:  1816-1877 
 Abstract:  The John Le Conte Papers contain a range of correspondence, most of which deals with discussions of natural history. Le Conte was a scientist whose interests were in natural history, especially entomology. Le Conte worked at the United States Army Corp of Topographical Engineers, and his correspondence relating to their surveys provide details on the state of eastern seaports and harbors in the mid-eighteenth century. Most of the correspondence is incoming and it is often either orders from superiors to Le Conte or field reports from subordinates to LeConte. The orders for Le Conte to organize an expedition to explore Florida are included.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.L493.3 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Education | Exploration. | Military History | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Military Records | Official Government Documents and Records 
 Subjects:  Harbors -- United States. | Military topography. | Natural history. | Topographical surveying -- United States. 
 Author:  New Sweden CompanyRequires cookie*
 Title:  New Sweden Records     
 Dates:  1650-1655 (1820) 
 Abstract:  This bound volume contains a host of information on the early history of European settlement on the Delaware River. Translated from records in Stockholm in the early-nineteenth century, the correspondence provides a window into the governance of the colony of New Sweden. The translations are almost all in French and consist of correspondence from the Swedish government to the colony, and from colonial officials, such as Joseph Printz, to the Crown.

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 Call #:  Mss.974.8.Sw2 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Colonial Politics | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Official Government Documents and Records 
 Subjects:  Swedes -- United States 
 Author:  Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895Requires cookie*
 Title:  Ely Samuel Parker Papers     
 Dates:  1794-1946 
 Abstract:  The Ely Parker Collection is a large and rich amalgamation of documents relating to the New York Seneca and to Ely Parker's own life.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.3.P223 
 Extent:  3.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Education | Government Affairs | Language and Linguistics | Law | Military History | Native America | Religion | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Language Material | Manuscript Essays | Native American Materials | Official Government Documents and Records 
 Subjects:  Canals -- New York (State) | Engineers -- New York (State) | Freemasons -- New York (State) | Iroquois Indians | Ogden Land Company | Seneca Indians -- Missions | Seneca Indians -- New York (State) | Seneca Indians -- Religion | Seneca language | Society of Friends -- Relations with Indians | Tonawanda Indian Reservation (N.Y.) 
 Author:  Penn, Thomas, 1702-1775Requires cookie*
 Title:  Thomas Penn correspondence, 1747-1771, with James Hamilton     
 Dates:  1747-1771 
 Abstract:  This Thomas and Richard Penn Collection contains a range of correspondence from the proprietors of Pennsylvania, Thomas and Richard Penn (especially Thomas, the chief proprietor), to their agents in Pennsylvania, especially James Hamilton, who served as governor in the 1750s. The Collection begins in the 1740s, spans the Seven Years' War, and ends in the midst of the imperial crisis. Because of the time period covered, the letters touch on many important matters regarding the militarization of Pennsylvania, political battles within the colony, and the crisis brought about by imperial consolidation in the 1760s.

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 Call #:  Mss.974.8.P36c 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colonial Politics | Government Affairs | Land and Speculation | Military History | Pennsylvania History | Seven Years' War 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | General Correspondence | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence 
 Author:  Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796Requires cookie*
 Title:  David Rittenhouse Papers     
 Dates:  1774-1932 
 Abstract:  The David Rittenhouse Collection contains a variety of Rittenhouse-related documents from the Revolutionary era. Receipts, correspondence, and records of official government business compose much of it. A full inventory of the collection and its content is available on MOLE.

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 Call #:  Mss.SMs.Coll.11 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colonial Politics | Government Affairs | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | General Correspondence | Official Government Documents and Records 
 Author:  Smyth, Frederick, 1732-1815Requires cookie*
 Title:  Frederick Smyth papers, 1756-1816     
 Dates:  1756-1816 
 Abstract:  Frederick Smyth was the Chief Justice of New Jersey before the American Revolution (appointed in 1764). Before that, he lived in England, Barbados, and Martinique. This collection of Smyth papers contains a range of official documents that relate to political and legal matters in New Jersey. The legal documents include petitions, reports to the grand jury, and official pronouncements and commissions. There are also several pieces of private correspondence. Some of the earliest documents contain information on Smyth's career before arriving in New Jersey. There is also a deposition relating to the firing on HMS St. John in Newport, Rhode Island in 1764 and a series of other documents relating to legal and political affairs in Rhode Island during the imperial crisis. Of particular note are two long speeches Smyth delivered before a grand jury in 1775 and 1776 in which he defends the Crown, a response to these speeches from the grand jury defending American rights, and a long letter from Edward Affleck in 1783 describing the British departure from New York City. Smyth stayed in Philadelphia after the war, although he never relinquished his British citizenship, and there are a few documents chronicling his post-war experience.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.Sm95 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colony and State Specific History | Law 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Legal Records | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Judges -- New Jersey. | Legal instruments -- New Jersey.