Resources in Early American History
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 Author:  AnonymousRequires cookie*
 Title:  Electrologia, ca. 1785     
 Dates:  Circa 1785 
 Abstract:  This Italian language notebook contains a range of information on scientific information, especially information pertaining to electrical experiments. It was likely written in the late-18th century and contains references to Benjamin Franklin and Joseph Priestley. The manuscript, likely kept by an Italian, provides insight into the transmission of knowledge in the broader Atlantic World.

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 Call #:  Mss.537.EL23 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Natural history 
 Genre:  Educational Material | Foreign Language | Scientific Data 
 Subjects:  Electricity -- Early works to 1850. | Electricity -- Experiments -- History. | Science and technology 
 Author:  AnonymousRequires cookie*
 Title:  Traité de la physique, [17--]     
 Dates:  Circa 18th century 
 Abstract:  Written during the 18th century, this volume describes some of the principles of physics. The text is in French and there are occasional diagrams and sketches next to the text.

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 Call #:  Mss.530.T68t 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Science and technology 
 Genre:  Educational Material | Foreign Language | Notebooks | Scientific Data 
 Subjects:  Physics. 
 Author:  AnonymousRequires cookie*
 Title:  Traité de physique et de chymie, ca. 1800     
 Dates:  Circa 1800 
 Abstract:  This beautifully bound volume contains numerous essays on scientific developments that occurred in the 18th century. The text of the notebook is written so that the manuscript appears like a published work. Among the topics discussed are electricity, physics, balloons, pharmacology, and an invention by Peter Woulfe. The notebook is in French.

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 Call #:  Mss.537.G18 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Education | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Educational Material | Foreign Language | Manuscript Essays | Notebooks | Scientific Data 
 Subjects:  Balloons. | Chemistry -- Experiments. | Electricity -- Early works to 1850. | Gases. | Hydraulics. | Pharmacology. | Science -- History. | Technology -- History. 
 Author:  AnonymousRequires cookie*
 Title:  Turkish Manuscripts     
 Dates:  ca. 19th century 
 Abstract:  These Turkish manuscripts reflect Stephen DuPonceau's attempt to acquire a wide-array of language materials for the APS's archives in the early 19th century

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 Call #:  Mss.494.9.T84 
 Extent:  2 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Language and Linguistics 
 Genre:  Foreign Language | Language Material 
 Subjects:  Letter-writing, Turkish | Turkey -- Politics and government | Turkish language 
 Author:  Beccaria, Giambatista, 1716-1781Requires cookie*
 Title:  Ex Phisicis Institutionibus, 1769     
 Dates:  1769 
 Abstract:  Giovanni Battista Beccaria was a leading scientist in eighteenth century Italy. In addition to the manuscript collection, the APS also has a bound handwritten volume of Beccaria entitled Ex Phisics Institutionibus. This volume has the feel of a textbook with chapters on different subjects, most dealing with electricity. The back of the book contains fourteen plates. These plates contain diagrams on weights and measures, mechanics, astronomy, and mathematics.

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 Call #:  Mss.537.B38exp 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Natural history | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Educational Material | Foreign Language | Manuscript Essays | Scientific Data 
 Subjects:  Copernican system | Cosmography. | Education | Electricity -- Early works to 1850. | Electricity -- Experiments. | Mathematics -- Research -- Italy. | Physics -- Research -- Italy. 
 Author:  Beccaria, Giambatista, 1716-1781Requires cookie*
 Title:  Giambatista Beccaria Papers     
 Dates:  1766-1780 
 Abstract:  The Beccaria Collection consists of a folio size volume of collected letters and essays. Giovanni Battista Beccaria was a leading scientist in eighteenth century Italy. The collection includes letters Beccaria wrote to Franklin as well as drafts of essays he prepared for publication. The topics of the letters include discussions of electricity, meteorology, and astronomy.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B385 
 Extent:  0.75 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Foreign Language | Manuscript Essays | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Auroras. | Earthquakes -- Early works to 1800 | Electricity -- Early works to 1800 | Electricity -- Experiments | Lightning | Lightning rods | Meteorology -- Italy -- Observations | Phosphorescence | Physics -- Early works to 1800 | Scientific apparatus and instruments -- 18th century | Sunspots 
 Author:  Berny, Pierre Jean Paul, Chevalier deRequires cookie*
 Title:  L'Oeil du Maitre     
 Dates:  1778 
 Abstract:  "L'Oeil du Maitre" is a treatise on governance written by Pierre Berny, a well-known Frenchman in the eighteenth century. During the Seven Years' War, he served in Germany. After retiring in 1757, he established a school in Brussels and gained a reputation as a master draftsman. Berny sent this manuscript to Benjamin Franklin in February 1778, when Franklin was in France as the American envoy. This bound volume, although handwritten, is formatted in such a way as to give this essay the appearance of a pamphlet.

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 Call #:  Mss.354.B45 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  American Revolution 
 Genre:  Foreign Language | Manuscript Essays 
 Subjects:  Kings and rulers -- Duties | Political science -- Early works to 1800 
 Author:  Brillon de Jouy, Anne Louise Boyvin d'Hardancourt, 1744-1824Requires cookie*
 Title:  Musical compositions, late 18th century     
 Dates:  Circa 1775-1800 
 Abstract:  This collection contains a number of musical compositions by Madame Anne Louise Boyvin d'Hardancourt Brillon de Juoy, a prominent Parisian salon hostess and musician. Her most famous composition, Le Marche des Insurgents, which was inspired by the American victory at Saratoga, is included in this collection. Many of these compositions are handwritten and appear to be from the eighteenth century, although it is unclear when they were written and who wrote them.

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 Call #:  Mss.781.508.B762 
 Extent:  26 item(s) 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Women's History 
 Genre:  Foreign Language | Literature | Miscellaneous 
 Subjects:  Marches. | Music - France - 18th century | Sonatas. | Songs, French. 
 Author:  Brillon de Jouy, Anne Louise Boyvin d'Hardancourt, 1744-1824Requires cookie*
 Title:  Plays, late 18th century     
 Dates:  Circa late 18th century 
 Abstract:  This collection includes a number of plays apparently written by Madame Anne Louise Boyvin d'Hardancourt Brillon de Juoy, a prominent Parisian salon hostess and musician. The authorship of some of the plays is not entirely clear.

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 Call #:  Mss.842.5.B76 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Women's History 
 Genre:  Foreign Language | Literature | Miscellaneous 
 Subjects:  French drama -- 18th century. | French literature -- 18th century. 
 Author:  Denke, Christian Frederick,177Requires cookie*
 Title:  Letters, 1798-1811, to Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst (Henry) Muhlenberg     
 Dates:  1798-1811 
 Abstract:  The APS has approximately nineteen letters written between Christian Denke and Gothilff Muhlenberg, one of the sons of Henry Muhlenberg. Gothilff followed his father's calling and was a prominent religious and cultural leader. Muhlenberg served as a pastor of Lutheran Church in Lancaster and became a prominent educator, serving as President of Franklin College – now Franklin and Marshall. The APS has a large amount of Muhlenberg's papers, including a large and detailed collection of his journals from the early republic; all of which are in German or occasionally Latin. Muhlenberg had a keen interest in natural history, especially botany, and much of his work is detailed in these journals, as are regular daily activities. The Denke correspondence is part of this larger collection of Muhlenberg papers.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.M89.d 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Natural history | Religion 
 Genre:  Foreign Language 
 Subjects:  Botany. | Herbaria. 
 Author:  Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844Requires cookie*
 Title:  Essai de solution du problème philologique proposé en l'année 1823 par la commission de l'Institut de France, 1823     
 Dates:  1823 
 Abstract:  The Essai de Solution ... is part of the Stephen Du Poneau Collection. The collection as a whole has a wide array of material, although it is particularly strong in of Native American language material from the nineteenth century. This essay was likely submitted for the Volney Prize in linguistics and reflects Du Ponceau's interests in language more generally.

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 Call #:  Mss.410.D92.1 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Language and Linguistics 
 Genre:  Foreign Language | Language Material | Manuscript Essays 
 Subjects:  Linguistics. | Philology. 
 Author:  Evans, David, 1681-1751Requires cookie*
 Title:  Aliquot rudimenta philosophiae sive pauca introductoria compendia, technologiae, logicae, rhetoricae et physicae     
 Dates:  1747 
 Abstract:  Written in Latin, this essay on natural philosophy written by Pennsylvania minister David Evans in 1747 reflects his broad knowledge of natural history. Please see the entire MOLE entry for a more detailed summary of the volume's content.

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 Call #:  Mss.509.Ev5 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Education | Natural history | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Educational Material | Foreign Language | Manuscript Essays | Scientific Data 
 Subjects:  Logic -- Early work to 1800 | Natural theology -- Early works to 1800 | Physics -- Early work to 1800 | Religion and science | Rhetoric -- Early work to 1800 
 Author:  Fabbroni, Giovanni Valentino Mattia, 1752-1822Requires cookie*
 Title:  Giovanni Valentino Mattia Fabbroni papers, ca. 1770s-1875     
 Dates:  Circa 1770-1875 
 Abstract:  This Collection of Giovanni Fabbroni letters contain a range of correspondence that Fabbroni carried on with fellow scientists throughout Europe. Although much of Fabbroni's travel and correspondence focused on Continental Europe, his wide-ranging correspondence can offer insight into the British Atlantic World and the flow of ideas and information within it.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F113 
 Extent:  8 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Foreign Language | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Agriculture | Botany. | Bridges. | Coinage. | Geology. | Locks (Hydraulic engineering) -- Middle Atlantic states -- History. | Machinery -- Drawings. | Manufacturing processes. | Museums -- History. | Natural history. | Tools -- Drawings. | Weights and measures. 
 Author:  Mandrillon, Joseph,1743-1794.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Recherches philosophiques sur la découverte de l'Amérique, 1783     
 Dates:  1783 
 Abstract:  This small leather bound volume contains an essay by APS member Joseph Mandrillon. The essay discusses the discovery of America, early exploration, and colonization. It is written in French. Mandrillon was a Frenchman who became a member in 1785. This volume was also printed.

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 Call #:  Mss.973.1.M31 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | International Affairs 
 Genre:  Foreign Language | Manuscript Essays 
 Author:  Michaux, Francois André, 1770-1855Requires cookie*
 Title:  Francois André Michaux papers, 1802-1911     
 Dates:  1802-1911 
 Abstract:  The F.A. Michaux Collection is a large collection of correspondence. Francois Michaux was the son of Andre Michaux. He was, like his father, a botanist. Francois also was an active member of the APS. Michaux regularly corresponded with peers in Europe, and this collection captures the conveyance of news, information, and knowledge across the Atlantic. As an active member of the APS and other institutions, Michaux's correspondence also lends insight into the establishment and operation of many scientific institutions. The vast majority of the collection consists of outgoing correspondence from Michaux; his primary correspondent was John Vaughan of the APS. The correspondence is almost exclusively in French. Later documents reflect the APS's continued interest in silviculture, which was spurred by a bequest by Michaux. Included in this section is the APS's acquisition of books and involvement in forest preservation and development, including the planting and preservation of Michaux Grove in Fairmount Park.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.M58.1 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Science and technology 
 Genre:  Foreign Language | General Correspondence | Institutional Records | Scientific Data 
 Subjects:  Forests and forestry -- United States. 
 Author:  Muhlenberg family.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Muhlenberg family papers, 1769-1866     
 Dates:  1769-1866 
 Abstract:  The collection contains miscellaneous papers from this prominent Pennsylvania family. Some of the material is in German. Included in the collection are diplomas and various certificates of family members, including Peter Muhlenberg's original certificate of membership in the Society of the Cincinnati. There is a significant amount of correspondence from Christian Dencke to the Muhlenbergs in 1798-1799, a period when he was setting up a mission to Indians in Ontario. The letters, in German and Latin, seem to discuss natural history.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.M891 
 Extent:  4.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Military History | Native America | Natural history | Pennsylvania History | Religion 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | Foreign Language | General Correspondence | Military Records | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Agriculture -- United States. | Barns. | Botany | Delaware Indians | Fungi. | Grasses. | Herbaria. | Lichens. | Lutheran Church -- Clergy. | Meteorology - Observations | Natural history. | Plants. | Shrubs. | Trees. | Zoology -- Vermont. 
 Author:  Roux de Rochelle, Jean Baptiste Gaspard, 1762-1849Requires cookie*
 Title:  Etats-Unis d'amerique     
 Dates:  Circa 1837 
 Abstract:  These two bound volumes contain a printed copy of Jean Baptiste Gaspard Roux de Rochelle Etats-Unis D'Amerique, a Frenchman's take on American history and culture, and a volume that contains what appears to be drafts of the images that were printed in the book. Many of the images in the second volume appear to be based upon more well-known works of art. Some are in color.

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 Call #:  Mss.917.3.R76 
 Extent:  2 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Literature, Arts, and Culture 
 Genre:  Art | Foreign Language | Printed Material | Sketchbooks 
 Subjects:  Delaware Indians | Indians of North America -- Florida | Indians of North America -- North Carolina | Lumbee Indians | Mohawk Indians | Oneida Indians | Seminole Indians 
 Author:  Souza Palher, Joao de.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Descripcão e uso do dynamomêtro, 1807     
 Dates:  1807-1907 
 Abstract:  This volume contains descriptions of various tools and other devices, some of which were used to measure strength; others seem to depict electrical devices. There are many detailed engravings that show how the tools worked.

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 Call #:  Mss.531.3.So8 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Language and Linguistics 
 Genre:  Foreign Language 
 Subjects:  Dynamometer. | Scientific apparatus and instruments. 
 Author:  UnidentifiedRequires cookie*
 Title:  History of the prophets     
 Dates:  Circa 1830 
 Abstract:  This volume written sometime in the early nineteenth century contains the history of the prophets. The manuscript essay is written in Malay and Arabic.

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 Call #:  Mss.224.H62 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Religion 
 Genre:  Foreign Language | Manuscript Essays 
 Subjects:  History. 
 Author:  UnidentifiedRequires cookie*
 Title:  Hymns for Saints (Greek)     
 Dates:  n.d. 
 Abstract:  Bound in a hard wood cover, this volume contains hymns written in Greek.

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 Call #:  Mss.264.23.G81 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Religion 
 Genre:  Foreign Language | Miscellaneous