Resources in Early American History
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 Author:  Alexander, Caleb, 1755-1828Requires cookie*
 Title:  A grammatical institute of the Latin language intended for the use of Latin schools in the United States     
 Dates:  1794 
 Abstract:  This volume consists of a handwritten draft of Caleb Alexander's A Grammatical Institute of the Latin Language Intended for the Use of Latin in Schools. Although this work does not relate to Alexander's better known missionary activities, this volume does give some insight into the public school movement in the early republic. After the American Revolution, state governments and individual reformers addressed public education with renewed vigor. This text is one of three Alexander wrote. He expected it to be assigned in public schools throughout the country. Its publisher, Isaiah Thomas gifted this volume to the APS.

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 Call #:  Mss.470.AL2 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Education | Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Educational Material | Language Material 
 Subjects:  Education -- United States -- Curricula. | Latin language -- Grammar -- 1800-1870 | Latin language -- Study and teaching 
 Author:  AnonymousRequires cookie*
 Title:  Algebra workbook, 1772     
 Dates:  1772 
 Abstract:  This algebra notebook was kept by a student at West Nottingham Academy in Maryland. The notebook contains graphs, essays on mathematical rules, and problems.

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 Call #:  Mss.510.AL3 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Education 
 Genre:  Educational Material 
 Subjects:  Algebra. | Mathematics. 
 Author:  AnonymousRequires cookie*
 Title:  Arithmetic workbook, [n.d.]     
 Dates:  n.d. 
 Abstract:  This notebook is from a course in arithmetic taken during the late-18th or early-19th century, possibly from West Nottingham Academy because it is bound with an Algebra notebook from that school. This notebook contains rules and essays on decimals and various equations.

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 Call #:  Mss.511.Ar4 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Education 
 Genre:  Educational Material 
 Subjects:  Arithmetic. | Fractions. | Geometry. | Mathematics. 
 Author:  AnonymousRequires cookie*
 Title:  Astronomy workbook, 1821     
 Dates:  1821 
 Abstract:  This notebook on astronomy from 1821 contains a range of information on astronomical calculations and general scientific knowledge from the early nineteenth century.

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 Call #:  Mss.520.As83 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Education | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Educational Material 
 Subjects:  Astronomy -- Mathematics. 
 Author:  AnonymousRequires cookie*
 Title:  Electrologia, ca. 1785     
 Dates:  Circa 1785 
 Abstract:  This Italian language notebook contains a range of information on scientific information, especially information pertaining to electrical experiments. It was likely written in the late-18th century and contains references to Benjamin Franklin and Joseph Priestley. The manuscript, likely kept by an Italian, provides insight into the transmission of knowledge in the broader Atlantic World.

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 Call #:  Mss.537.EL23 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Natural history 
 Genre:  Educational Material | Foreign Language | Scientific Data 
 Subjects:  Electricity -- Early works to 1850. | Electricity -- Experiments -- History. | Science and technology 
 Author:  AnonymousRequires cookie*
 Title:  Mathematics copybook, [n.d.]     
 Dates:  Circa 18th century 
 Abstract:  This eighteenth-century notebook on math contains graphs and solutions to problems. The rule for cube roots is also contained.

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 Call #:  Mss.510.M42 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Education 
 Genre:  Educational Material | Notebooks 
 Subjects:  Algebra. | Geometry. | Mathematics -- Problems, exercises, etc. 
 Author:  AnonymousRequires cookie*
 Title:  Notes, [n.d.], from a text on conic sections     
 Dates:  n.d. 
 Abstract:  This slender notebook contains information on geometry. It includes rules, equations, and some graphs.

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 Call #:  Mss.516.2.C765 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Education 
 Genre:  Educational Material | Notebooks | Scientific Data 
 Subjects:  Conic sections. | Mathematics. 
 Author:  AnonymousRequires cookie*
 Title:  Scientific copybook, [n.d.]     
 Dates:  Circa 19th c. 
 Abstract:  This scientific copybook is like a commonplace book. It has various essays on a range of scientifc topics. The essays had been printed in various journals that were then copied in manuscript form in this notebook. Some entries note the source from which they were copied. The partially filled notebook was likely compiled sometime in the early nineteenth century.

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 Call #:  Mss.500.Cop79 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Science and technology 
 Genre:  Commonplace Book | Educational Material | Manuscript Essays | Notebooks | Scientific Data 
 Subjects:  Astronomy. | Natural history. | Zoology. 
 Author:  AnonymousRequires cookie*
 Title:  Traité de la physique, [17--]     
 Dates:  Circa 18th century 
 Abstract:  Written during the 18th century, this volume describes some of the principles of physics. The text is in French and there are occasional diagrams and sketches next to the text.

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 Call #:  Mss.530.T68t 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Science and technology 
 Genre:  Educational Material | Foreign Language | Notebooks | Scientific Data 
 Subjects:  Physics. 
 Author:  AnonymousRequires cookie*
 Title:  Traité de physique et de chymie, ca. 1800     
 Dates:  Circa 1800 
 Abstract:  This beautifully bound volume contains numerous essays on scientific developments that occurred in the 18th century. The text of the notebook is written so that the manuscript appears like a published work. Among the topics discussed are electricity, physics, balloons, pharmacology, and an invention by Peter Woulfe. The notebook is in French.

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 Call #:  Mss.537.G18 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Education | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Educational Material | Foreign Language | Manuscript Essays | Notebooks | Scientific Data 
 Subjects:  Balloons. | Chemistry -- Experiments. | Electricity -- Early works to 1850. | Gases. | Hydraulics. | Pharmacology. | Science -- History. | Technology -- History. 
 Author:  Beccaria, Giambatista, 1716-1781Requires cookie*
 Title:  Ex Phisicis Institutionibus, 1769     
 Dates:  1769 
 Abstract:  Giovanni Battista Beccaria was a leading scientist in eighteenth century Italy. In addition to the manuscript collection, the APS also has a bound handwritten volume of Beccaria entitled Ex Phisics Institutionibus. This volume has the feel of a textbook with chapters on different subjects, most dealing with electricity. The back of the book contains fourteen plates. These plates contain diagrams on weights and measures, mechanics, astronomy, and mathematics.

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 Call #:  Mss.537.B38exp 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Natural history | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Educational Material | Foreign Language | Manuscript Essays | Scientific Data 
 Subjects:  Copernican system | Cosmography. | Education | Electricity -- Early works to 1850. | Electricity -- Experiments. | Mathematics -- Research -- Italy. | Physics -- Research -- Italy. 
 Author:  Carré, John Thomas, ca.1744-ca.1825Requires cookie*
 Title:  John Thomas Carré diary     
 Dates:  1807-1809 
 Abstract:  This recently acquired diary contains information on the founding and operation of Clermont Seminary, a private school Carre founded in Philadelphia after being exiled from Haiti.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.C232 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Education | Philadelphia History 
 Genre:  Diaries | Educational Material 
 Subjects:  Refugees -- Saint Domingue | Teachers -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia 
 Author:  Carson, Joseph, 1808-1876Requires cookie*
 Title:  Joseph Carson papers, 1810-1877     
 Dates:  1810-1877 
 Abstract:  The APS collection of Joseph Carson's letters is relatively small, especially for the purposes of this guide. Joseph Carson was a Philadelphia born and educated physician who spent time serving as a ship's physician. The collection has six documents from before 1850. They range from letters to receipts to notes from a lecture. Of particular significance is a very long letter Carson wrote from Calcultta in 1830 to Samuel Grant, an associate in the U.S.. Carson had been asked to carry a bill of exchange for Grant, which he had some difficulty disposing of because Grant's credit was not well-known, and to purchase goods on Grant's behalf for sale in the U.S.. Carson details the process and availability of goods in India, and the reasons for his decision to purchase silk and indigo for Grant. Carson then goes on to describe his experience on the trip, stating that he "played the part of merchant and doctor."

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 Call #:  Mss.B.C239 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Americans Abroad | Education | Medicine | Trade 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Educational Material | General Correspondence | Notebooks 
 Subjects:  Botany. | Medical publishing | Medicine -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia. 
 Author:  Clymer, George, 1739-1813Requires cookie*
 Title:  George Clymer Papers, 1745-1848     
 Dates:  1745-1848 
 Abstract:  This small collection contains just twenty-seven documents relating to the life of George Clymer, one of the most prominent politicians in revolutionary Philadelphia. The majority of the collection dates to after Clymer's death and relates to his estate, beginning first with his will dated January 22, 1813. There are a few documents written by Clymer in the collection. The most notable one may be a long letter from Clymer that discusses education, particularly mathematics and mathematicians.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.C625 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | Education | Land and Speculation | Marriage and Family Life 
 Genre:  Educational Material | General Correspondence | Legal Records 
 Subjects:  Estate -- Valuation | Finance,Personal | Patents -- Pennsylvania | Power of Attorney -- Pennsylvania | Trust indentures-United States 
 Author:  Coates, Benjamin.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Comments on some of the illustrations derived by Phrenology from Comparative Anatomy, 1823     
 Dates:  1823 
 Abstract:  This collection contains a lecture to the Phrenological Society of Philadelphia delivered by Benjamin Coates in 1823.

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 Call #:  Mss.139.C65 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Education | Medicine 
 Genre:  Educational Material | Notebooks 
 Subjects:  Anatomy, Comparative. | Medical illustration. | Nervous system. | Phrenology. 
 Author:  Evans, David, 1681-1751Requires cookie*
 Title:  Aliquot rudimenta philosophiae sive pauca introductoria compendia, technologiae, logicae, rhetoricae et physicae     
 Dates:  1747 
 Abstract:  Written in Latin, this essay on natural philosophy written by Pennsylvania minister David Evans in 1747 reflects his broad knowledge of natural history. Please see the entire MOLE entry for a more detailed summary of the volume's content.

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 Call #:  Mss.509.Ev5 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Education | Natural history | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Educational Material | Foreign Language | Manuscript Essays | Scientific Data 
 Subjects:  Logic -- Early work to 1800 | Natural theology -- Early works to 1800 | Physics -- Early work to 1800 | Religion and science | Rhetoric -- Early work to 1800 
 Author:  Ewing, James Hunter, 1798-1827Requires cookie*
 Title:  James Hunter Ewing lecture notes, December 22, 1818 - January 19, 1819     
 Dates:  1818-1819 
 Abstract:  This small volume contains John Ewing's medical lecture notes for 1818-1819. The notes are from various classes he took. He records some medicinal recipes and therapies as well as medical theory, practice, and ethics.

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 Call #:  Mss.610.7.L49 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Education | Medicine | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Educational Material 
 Subjects:  Diagnosis. | Fever. | Materia medica. | Medicine -- Study and teaching -- 19th century. | Surgery -- United States -- 19th century. 
 Author:  Fox familyRequires cookie*
 Title:  Fox Family papers, ca. 1690-1915     
 Dates:  1690-1915 
 Abstract:  This collection contains information on the prominent Philadelphian Fox family with a large portion of the collection focusing on the family's land holdings and business dealings. George Fox was a close friend of William Temple Franklin, who bequeathed to Fox his grandfather's papers. George Fox was a doctor educated at the University of Pennsylvania. His brother Samuel was a businessman. Samuel's son Charles became a doctor. The collection reflects various papers relating to the lives and careers of these three men.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F832f 
 Extent:  2 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Americans Abroad | Business and Skilled Trades | Education | International Travel | Land and Speculation | Law | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Marriage and Family Life | Medicine | Pennsylvania History | Social Life and Custom | Surveying and Maps 
 Genre:  Commonplace Book | Diaries | Educational Material | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Maps and Surveys | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Author:  Gilpin, Henry D. (Henry DilworRequires cookie*
 Title:  Henry Dilworth Gilpin Notebook: Natural Philosophy, Mathematics     
 Dates:  ca. 1819 
 Abstract:  This is a notebook kept by Henry Gilpin at the University of Pennsylvania. The content is primarily notes taken during a course in Natural Philosophy. The back of the book contains some mathematical notes. Gilpin went on to become a prominent attorney in Philadelphia.

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 Call #:  Mss.500.G42 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Education | Natural history | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Educational Material 
 Subjects:  Electricity | Gravity | Heat | Hydrostatics | Light | Magnetism | Mathematics -- Study and teaching | Mechanics | Motion | Physics -- Study and teaching | Pneumatics 
 Author:  Gray, Asa, 1810-1888Requires cookie*
 Title:  Asa Gray papers, 1838-1887     
 Dates:  1838-1887 
 Abstract:  This Collection consists of a variety of correspondence Asa Gray carried on with fellow scientists and collectors in the United States and Europe. Asa Gray was a leading nineteenth American botanist; securing a professorship at Harvard in 1842, he became perhaps the first professional botanist in America. The topic of the letters is almost exclusively botanical in nature. The correspondence includes discussions of publications, current specimens, and fossilized flora. Although Gray carried on extensive correspondence with Charles Darwin, none of that is in this manuscript collection, although the APS does have microfilm of Asa Gray's correspondence that contains some of this Darwin material.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.G78 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Science and technology 
 Genre:  Educational Material | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Botanical gardens. | Botany. | Education -- United States. | Plants -- Collection and preservation. | Shells. 
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