Frederica de Laguna Greenland Photograph Collection

Mss.SMs.Coll.31

Date: 1929-1930 | Size: 116 photograph(s)

Abstract

The 116 black-and-white photoprints in the Frederica de Laguna Greenland Photograph Collection originate from Frederica de Laguna's six-month expedition to Greenland taken with Danish anthropologist Therkel Mathiassen in 1929. The expedition is significant for being the first scientific archeological excavation in Greenland. The trip was a transformational one for de Laguna, for through it she experienced her first taste of extensive anthropological fieldwork. Because of it, she decided to pursue a career in anthropology upon her return to the United States, enrolling in the doctoral program in anthropology at Columbia University under Franz Boas. Images in the collection include photographs of Kalaallit (Greenlandic Inuit) people, de Laguna and Mathiassen in the field, the Arctic landscape, excavation sites, settlements, animals, sea vessels, etc.

Background note

A seminal figure in the anthropology of the Arctic and Northwest Coast, Frederica de Laguna produced an unparalleled body of research during a career that spanned 75 years. "Freddy" as she was known to friends and colleagues, was blessed with "a combination of spectacular intelligence, uncommon dedication, literary skill, and longevity" (Fitzhugh 4). She made significant contributions to the study of circumpolar art, Arctic and Alaskan archaeology, and Northwest Coast ethnology. De Laguna practiced a comprehensive, holistic approach to anthropology; her meticulous work utilized archaeology, folklore, ethnohistory, social anthropology, human biology, and linguistics. An effective educator and encouraging mentor, De Laguna taught at Bryn Mawr College from 1935-1975, where she built an anthropology department and started a PhD program. She also made many contributions to the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology. De Laguna earned many plaudits during her career, one of the most notable of which was being elected, along with Margaret Mead, as the first women anthropologists to the National Academy of Sciences in 1975.

Frederica Annis Lopez de Leo de Laguna was born in Ann Arbor, Michigan on October 3, 1906 to Grace Mead Andrus and Theodore Lopez de Leo de Laguna, both of whom were philosophy professors at Bryn Mawr College. A bright student with an uncommon memory, Frederica graduated summa cum laude from Bryn Mawr in 1927, with a major in politics and economics. After earning a baccalaureate, she spent a year taking graduate courses at Columbia University, studying anthropology, linguistics, and folklore with Franz Boas, Ruth Benedict, and Gladys Reichard.

In 1929, de Laguna experienced her first taste of extensive fieldwork, through a six-month expedition to Greenland with the Danish anthropologist Therkel Mathiassen. The expedition is significant for being the first scientific archeological excavation in Greenland. The Inugsuk site the two visited contained a fascinating blend of Eskimo and Norse material. Captivated by the rugged, pristine landscape; the indigenous folk that she encountered; and the intellectual stimulation of fieldwork, de Laguna remarked in a letter home to her parents, "I feel as if I had never really been alive before" (De Laguna Voyage, 101).

Upon returning from Greenland, de Laguna enrolled full-time at Columbia, reconnecting with Franz Boas. She pursued a doctorate in anthropology, earning the degree in 1933. For her doctoral dissertation, de Laguna compared Eskimo and Paleolithic art.

In the summer of 1930, she took her first trip to Alaska, studying Prince William Sound and Cook Inlet. Further expeditions to Cook Inlet followed in 1931 and 1932; to Prince William Sound with Kaj Birket-Smith in 1933; and to the Yukon Valley in 1935.

De Laguna accepted her first academic position in 1935, becoming a lecturer in sociology at her alma mater, Bryn Mawr, where she taught the first anthropology course. A teaching career at the college followed: she became assistant professor in 1938, associate professor in 1949, and full professor in 1955. De Laguna chaired the joint Anthropology/Sociology department from 1950-1967, and the newly independent Anthropology department from 1967-1975. De Laguna also held several visiting professorships during her long career, at the University of Pennsylvania (1947-1949; 1975-1976) and at the University of California, Berkeley (1959-1960; 1972-1973).

De Laguna's academic career was interrupted by the Second World War. In 1942, she volunteered for the navy, serving in WAVES (Women Accepted for Voluntary Emergency Service). For a year she was based at Smith College, where she taught women midshipmen naval history and cryptography. From 1943-1945, de Laguna worked in Washington, D.C., for naval intelligence, at the Alaskan and German desks.

In 1949 Frederica returned to Alaska for the sixth time, and over the next twenty years, took an additional seven trips to the field there. She pursued an ambitious archaeological, historical, and ethnographic study of the Tlingit culture. From this work, she published a three-volume monograph, Under Mount Saint Elias: The History and Culture of the Yakutat Tlingit (1972), which remains the definitive work on the tribe. It was well received both by anthropologists and the Tlingit themselves. During this time, de Laguna worked closely with her former student, Catharine McClellan. In addition to studying the Tlingit, she also studied the Atna Athabaskans of the Copper River and Upper Tanana with Marie-Francoise Guedon.

De Laguna's work became a resource for the communities she studied. Particularly in later years, she recorded samples of indigenous speakers talking in their native language as a means of helping to preserve native culture. APS holds several of these recordings.

De Laguna took great pride in forming positive relationships with the native peoples she encountered. She saw anthropology as a "liberating and exacting discipline [that] confer[s] citizenship in the universal brotherhood of humankind" (De Laguna, "Becoming," 25). With the longevity of her career, she was able to return to the communities she studied and tap in to these relationships, witnessing the change of a culture over time. De Laguna returned to Greenland in 1979, undertaking some ethnography of the people around Upernivik. She was touched to visit with an elder who in 1930 was a small child living on the island when de Laguna was excavating.

While working with the Tlingit, the tribe adopted de Laguna as a member of their Gineix Kwaan and Luknaxadi Raven Moiety clans. De Laguna received the tribal name of Kuxaankutaan and composed a song based upon the golden-crowned sparrow to her friends. She recorded the song in 1954 as part of her field work (See: Mss.Rec.30). Returning to Alaska in 1986, de Laguna sang the song during a memorial potlatch for a clan member. In 1997, the Tlingit honored de Laguna herself with a potlatch.

Reflecting upon her profession, de Laguna noted:

Anthropology is different from any other scholarly discipline or profession: it is a way of life...[I]t involves contacts with aliens, living with aliens, adapting to them, making friends, convincing them, and getting to know something of them as individual persons--and thereby transforming one's self and fulfilling one's hitherto unforeseen potentialities...[T]he anthropologist is taken out of this ordinary life and out of himself. In the constraints and challenges of the new life in the field, he finds a new freedom and a new personality. (De Laguna, "Presidential Address," 474).

De Laguna wrote this in 1968 as the outgoing president of the American Anthropological Association. Gaining a further perspective towards the end of her life, she added the following thoughts to the above passage in an essay written for a conference of Northwest Coast ethnologists in 2000: "If only in their imagination, [anthropologists] have been forced to accept the aliens' values and concepts, and when the field anthropologists return, they must translate these into terms that their colleagues can understand. Thus they have gained dual citizenship" (De Laguna, "Becoming," 51).

In returning from fieldwork, an anthropologist "never returns as the same person to one's own native country" (De Laguna, Voyage, 12).

De Laguna left a lasting legacy both to the professional community of anthropologists and to the native peoples she interacted with. Frederica de Laguna passed away on October 6, 2004 at her home in Haverford, Pennsylvania, three days after her 98th birthday.

Scope and content

The 116 black-and-white photoprints in this collection originate from Frederica de Laguna's six-month expedition to Greenland taken with Danish anthropologist Therkel Mathiassen in 1929. The expedition is significant for being the first scientific archeological excavation in Greenland. The trip was a transformational one for de Laguna, for through it she experienced her first taste of extensive anthropological fieldwork.

The Inugsuk site the two visited contained a fascinating blend of Inuit and Norse material. Captivated by the rugged, pristine landscape; the indigenous folk that she encountered; and the intellectual stimulation of fieldwork, de Laguna poetically remarked in a letter home to her parents, shortly after arriving to her camp site in Greenland:

We are at Inugsuk, camped on a desert island. It is wonderful to be shut away from the world, alone, and to feel self-reliant and self-sufficient, and the hub and center of our own microcosmos...I have always longed for the Arctic; it was always to me the Promised Land, and it has not betrayed me. Everything is full of wonder and surprise, and yet I feel at home and part of it...I feel as if I had never really been alive before...I can feel the cold wind, and look around, and see and smell and touch these friendly Greenland things, and know that this is the true reality, the real life--so real and so much a part of my existence that when it ends I think I must have something of it with me, not a ghostly memory, but something stronger and more abiding (De Laguna Voyage, 101-102).

The trip to Greenland changed de Laguna's life. Because of this experience, she decided to pursue a career in anthropology, enrolling in the doctoral program in anthropology at Columbia University upon her return to the United States.

The photographs in the collection are arranged according to the typed inventory which accompanied the collection. The typed inventory includes identification, exposure data, time of day, and weather conditions for each photograph. De Laguna photographed the vast amount of images in the collection. Images in the collection include photographs of Eskimo people, de Laguna and Mathiassen in the field, the Arctic landscape, excavation sites, settlements, animals, sea vessels, etc. Numerous images from the collection appeared in print in de Laguna's published memoir regarding her trip to Greenland, Voyage to Greenland: A Personal Initiation into Anthropology (1977).

Collection Information

Provenance

Donated by Frederica de Laguna. Her expedition to Greenland was funded in part by an APS Phillips Fund grant.

Preferred citation

Cite as: Frederica de Laguna Greenland Photograph Collection, American Philosophical Society

Processing information

Previously cataloged as Greenland Photographs, APS Print Collection, RF - Places and Things. Reprocessed by Michael Miller, January 2017.

Related material

APS has a variety of materials which relate to the career of Frederica de Laguna:

The manuscript version of Frederica de Laguna's memoirs of her trip to Greenland in 1929: An Arctic Summer, 1930 (Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection, Mss.497.3.Am4) ;

The book later published about the expedition, Voyage to Greenland: A Personal Initiation into Anthropolopgy (New York: Norton, 1977). Call number: B D375v;

Correspondence between Frederica de Laguna and John Bierhorst, 1978-1979 (Mss.SMs.Coll.22);

Field notes, 1949-1960, on the ethnology of the Tlingit and Copper River Atna (Mss.Film.1127);

Atna of the Copper River Valley, 1960-1968 (Mss.Film.1278);

And, numerous recordings from her work in the field: Tlingit recordings made in Angoon, Alaska, 1950 (Mss.Rec.15); Recordings at Yakutat, Alaska, 1952 (Mss.Rec.19); Tlingit and Yakutat songs, 1954 (Mss.Rec.30); Ahtna Texts Recorded in Copper Center, Alaska, 1958 (Mss.Rec.31); Materials Recorded at Copper Center, Alaska, 1960 (Mss.Rec.41); Materials Recorded at Copper Center, Alaska, 1968-1969 (Mss.Rec.68); Greenland Recordings, 1979 (Mss.Rec.123).

Frederica de Laguna's professional papers are held at the Smithsonian's National Anthropological Archives.

Bibliography

Bibliography used in preparing this finding aid.

Darnell, Regna. "Frederica de Laguna (1906-2004)." American Anthropologist 107.3 (2005): 554-556.

De Laguna, Frederica. "Becoming an Anthropologist: My Debt to European and Other Scholars who Influenced Me." Coming to Shore: Northwest Coast Ethnology, Traditions, and Visions. Ed. Marie Mauze et al. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2004. 23-52.

De Laguna, Frederica. "Presidential Address - 1967." American Anthropologist 70.3 (1968): 469-476.

De Laguna, Frederica. Voyage to Greenland: A Personal Initiation into Anthropology. New York: Norton, 1977.

Fitzhugh, William W. "Frederica de Laguna, 1906-2004." Biographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences, 2013.

Guedon, Marie-Francoise. "Crossing Boundaries: Homage to Frederica de Laguna." Coming to Shore: Northwest Coast Ethnology, Traditions, and Visions. Ed. Marie Mauze et al. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2004. 53-61.

McClellan, Catharine. "Frederica de Laguna and the Pleasures of Anthropology." American Ethnologist 16.4 (1989): 766-785.

Native American Subject Guide

Freeman #4251.

Indexing Terms


Genre(s)

  • Ethnographic photography
  • Photoprints.

Geographic Name(s)

  • Greenland -- Description and travel.

Personal Name(s)

  • De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004
  • Mathiassen, Therkel, 1892-1967

Subject(s)

  • Archaeology -- Greenland
  • Eskimos -- Greenland -- Social life and customs
  • Inuit -- Greenland


Detailed Inventory

Frederica de Laguna Greenland Photograph Collection
1929-19301 boxfolder 1:
page 1-119
Inventory
19291 folder6 pagesfolder 1

Copy negatives follow the order given here. Greenland Photographs. Frederica de Laguna. Summer 1929. Includes identification, exposure data, time of day, and weather conditions for each photograph.

Negatives
19293 p.page 1-3
Greenland Photographs. File I
1929 June 8 - August 2351 photograph(s)page 4-54
Umanak, Ship [SS Hans Egede] from the Shore
1929 June 171 photograph(s)page 4

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak I-5

Umanak, Eskimo in Kayak
1929 June 171 photograph(s)page 5

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak I-6

Turf Island, Umanak. Therkel Mathiassen and Two Little Eskimo Boys
1929 June 171 photograph(s)page 6

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak I-7

SS Hans Egede in Ice, Umanak
1929 June 171 photograph(s)page 7

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak I-9

Eskimo Women with Top-Knots, Upernivik
1929 June 231 photograph(s)page 8

Mrs. Otto's maid, Sarah, is the lady with the cigarette

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 2-4

Upernivik, Eskimo Entering Turf House
1929 June 231 photograph(s)page 9

Note the dog lying on top of the entrance passage and the door hung obliquely so that it will swing shut of itself.

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 2-5

Lake between Qitarmiut and Upernivik
1929 June 241 photograph(s)page 10

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 2-12

Robert Washing Dishes, Our Camp at Inugsuk
1929 July 141 photograph(s)page 11

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 3-1

View from my Tent, Inugsuk
1929 July 141 photograph(s)page 12

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 3-2

Grave, West Side of Inugsuk Island
1929 July 141 photograph(s)page 13

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 3-4

Frederica de Laguna, Ole Moller, Therkel Mathiassen, and Robert, Looking at Sealskin Mitten
1929 July 191 photograph(s)page 14

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 3-5

Karl Moller in Kayak, Inugsuk
1929 July 191 photograph(s)page 15

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 3-7

Therkel Mathiassen with Archeological Baleen Mat
1929 July 241 photograph(s)page 16

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 3-8

Umarissok Visitors: Lieutenant Gabel-Jorgensen, Johan Thomasen, the Eskimo motor-man Emil, Therkel Mathiassen, Miss Dr. Christiansen, Stenor, Birgitte a Greenland Girl, Janus Sorensen, Frederica de Laguna
1929 July 291 photograph(s)page 17

The Geodetic Survey visits us.

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 3-12

Our Tents from the Beach at Low Tide
1929 August 11 photograph(s)page 18

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 4-7

Pastor Olsen in a Whaleboat Visits Our Camp
1929 August 21 photograph(s)page 19

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 4-8

Panorama of Our Camp from the Small Grave Island in Front
1929 August 31 photograph(s)page 20

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 4-9

Panorama of Our Camp from the Small Grave Island in Front
1929 August 31 photograph(s)page 21

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 4-10

Mathiassen, Therkel, 1892-1967.
Karl Moller and Frederica de Laguna in Kayaks
1929 August 71 photograph(s)page 22

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 5-1

Church at Tasiussaq
1929 August 161 photograph(s)page 23

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 5-4

Eskimos with Skin Tent, Kuk
1929 August 161 photograph(s)page 24

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 5-5

House with Gutskin Pane, Kuk
1929 August 161 photograph(s)page 25

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 5-6

Man and Daughter, Skin Tent, Kraulshavn
1929 August 171 photograph(s)page 26

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 5-7

New Style Skin Tent, Kraulshavn
1929 August 171 photograph(s)page 27

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 5-8

Old Style Skin Tent, Kraulshavn
1929 August 171 photograph(s)page 28

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 5-9

Greenlander with Young Dog, Kraulshavn
1929 August 171 photograph(s)page 29

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 5-10

Old Woman with a Pipe, Sewing, Cooking Pot on Heather Fire, Kraulshavn
1929 August 171 photograph(s)page 30

Note the thimble on her finger

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 5-11

Skin Tents and Sod Houses, Ikermiut
1929 August 181 photograph(s)page 31

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 5-12

Martin Nielsen and Family, Who Entertained Us, Ikermiut
1929 August 181 photograph(s)page 32

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 6-2

Midden Forming at Ikermiut
1929 August 181 photograph(s)page 33

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 6-1

Man Turning Over in Kayak, Quvdlorssuaq
1929 August 191 photograph(s)page 34

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 6-3

Crowd Watching Kayaker, Quvdlorssuaq
1929 August 191 photograph(s)page 35

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 6-4

Therkel Mathiassen Asking the Men of Quvdlorssuaq about House Ruins
1929 August 191 photograph(s)page 36

Robert is on the extreme left

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 6-5

Dogs Howling, Kayak on Stand, Devil's Thumb
1929 August 201 photograph(s)page 37

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 6-6

Umiak, Dogs Hobbled, Ituvssalik
1929 August 211 photograph(s)page 38

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 6-8

Abel Danielsen with Kayak, Umiak and Sled, Ituvssalik
1929 August 211 photograph(s)page 39

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 6-9

Naujait from Boat
1929 August 231 photograph(s)page 40

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 6-11

How Deck Tennis was Introduced into Greenland
1929 June 81 photograph(s)page 41

Taken onboard the Hans Egede while enroute to Greenland.

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 7-2

Feeding Dr. Morten Porsild's Dogs, Godhavn
1929 June 151 photograph(s)page 42

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 7-5

SS Hans Egede at Godhavn
1929 June 151 photograph(s)page 43

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 7-7

Blubber Warehouses, Godhavn
1929 June 151 photograph(s)page 44

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 7-8

Eskimos on board the SS Hans Egede, Godhavn
1929 June 151 photograph(s)page 45

Other Descriptive Information: Kodak 7-10

Jens Fleisher, Ikerasak
1929 June 181 photograph(s)page 46

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 1-3

Eskimo Children, Ikerasak
1929 June 181 photograph(s)page 47

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 1-5

Frederica de Laguna in Sorensen's Boots
1929 June 191 photograph(s)page 48

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 1-6

First Mate Christiansen Submerging, Umanaq Harbor
1929 June 191 photograph(s)page 49

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 1-8

First Mate Christiansen Coming Up, Umanaq Harbor
1929 June 191 photograph(s)page 50

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 1-10

Landing White Whale, Upernivik
1929 June 251 photograph(s)page 51

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 2-1

Flensing White Whale, Upernivik
1929 June 251 photograph(s)page 52

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 2-3

Unfinished Eskimo House, Upernivik
1929 June 261 photograph(s)page 53

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 2-5

Pamiua Island, Towards the Black Hole, Site of Umiarsuararfik
1929 June 261 photograph(s)page 54

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 2-8

Greenland Photographs. File II
1929 June 1 - October 741 photograph(s)page 55-95
Leaving Upernivik for Inugsuk
1929 June 271 photograph(s)page 55

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 2-11

Our Camp, Inugsuk, From Small Island Opposite
1929 June 291 photograph(s)page 56

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 3-2

Ane Moller (Mrs. Karl Moller) Cleaning Eider Ducks, Inugsuk
1929 June 291 photograph(s)page 57

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 3-3

Ole Moller (Karl's son) and Pups, Inugsuk
1929 June 291 photograph(s)page 58

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 3-5

First Day's Work on Midden, Inugsuk
1929 June 291 photograph(s)page 59

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 3-6

Visitors to Inugsuk: Frederica de Laguna, Governor Otto, Therkel Mathiassen, Mrs. Bertelsen, Mrs. Otto, Alfred Leopold Bertelsen
1929 July 11 photograph(s)page 60

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 3-9

Removing Turf from Below House II, Inugsuk
1929 July 2 1 photograph(s)page 61

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 3-10

Archeological Wooden Dolls
1929 July 41 photograph(s)page 62

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 3-12

Opening Meat Cache, Naujait
1929 August 231 photograph(s)page 63

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 4-1

Village Graveyard at Qagsserssuaq
1929 August 241 photograph(s)page 64

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 4-2

Iceberg
1929 August 241 photograph(s)page 65

"A monster berg"

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 4-3

Return to Inugsuk Camp
1929 August 251 photograph(s)page 66

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 4-5

Caspar Petersen, Two Girls, and a Youth Stop at Inugsuk on their way to Tasiussaq
1929 August 271 photograph(s)page 67

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 4-6

Kayaker from Tugssaq
1929 September 11 photograph(s)page 68

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 4-9

Umiak and Kayak from Tugssaq
1929 September 11 photograph(s)page 69

The children from the christening party from Tugssaq

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 4-11

Therkel Mathiassen at Grave on Sangmissoq, Island Opposite our Camp, Inugsuk
1929 September 31 photograph(s)page 70

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 4-12

Ole Moller, Ane Moller, Malia Moller, Peter Moller, Robert, Karl Moller, Therkel Mathiassen, Niels Moller, Frederica de Laguna - Coffee in my Tent, Inugsuk
1929 July 91 photograph(s)page 71

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 5-2

Ice for Water, Inugsuk
1929 July 91 photograph(s)page 72

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 5-3

View of Midden from top of Cliff, Inugsuk
1929 July 101 photograph(s)page 73

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 5-4

Robert and Therkel Mathiassen Digging, Inugsuk
1929 July 131 photograph(s)page 74

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 5-6

Washing in the Sea, Frederica de Laguna and Therkel Mathiassen, Inugsuk
1929 July 131 photograph(s)page 75

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 5-8

Our Tents from the Cliff, Tunungassoq, Inugsuk
1929 July 141 photograph(s)page 76

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 5-9

Ane Moller Dressing Peter while Malia Watches, Inugsuk
1929 July 141 photograph(s)page 77

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 5-10

Peter Moller and Malia Moller, Inugsuk
1929 July 141 photograph(s)page 78

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 5-11

Frederica de Laguna and Therkel Mathiassen Smoking Pipes, Inugsuk
1929 July 141 photograph(s)page 79

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 5-12

Therkel Mathiassen Entering House Ruin II
1929 July 41 photograph(s)page 80

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 6-5

Doctor Falkenberg Visits us with his Victrola, Eskimo's Camp, Inugsuk
1929 July 71 photograph(s)page 81

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 6-9

SS Hans Egede before Sailing from Copenhagen
1929 June 11 photograph(s)page 82

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa Roll 2

Therkel Mathiassen at Augpilagtoq
1929 September 251 photograph(s)page 83

Other Descriptive Information: Ilford Pack 1-9

Frederica de Laguna in Greenland Girl's Party Dress
1929 October 71 photograph(s)page 84

Other Descriptive Information: Ilford Pack 1-12

Godhavn Beach
1929 June 151 photograph(s)page 85

Other Descriptive Information: Ilford Pack 2-3

SS Hans Egede from above Qutdligssat, Midnight
1929 June 161 photograph(s)page 86

Other Descriptive Information: Ilford Pack 2-4

Therkel Mathiassen and Frederica de Laguna, 2500 Feet above Qutdligssat
1929 June 161 photograph(s)page 87

Other Descriptive Information: Ilford Pack 2-5

Eskimos Watching Therkel Mathiassen Dig, Holms Island, Devil's Thumb
1929 August 191 photograph(s)page 88

Other Descriptive Information: Ilford Roll 1-4

Gas Boat Natarnak at Devil's Thumb
1929 August 191 photograph(s)page 89

Other Descriptive Information: Ilford Roll 1-5

Gas Boat Natarnak at Devil's Thumb
1929 August 191 photograph(s)page 90

Other Descriptive Information: Ilford Roll 1-6

Nugssuaq and the Motor Boat Natarnak from Ruins
1929 August 201 photograph(s)page 91

Other Descriptive Information: Ilford Roll 2-1

Wreck of the Bele, Flat Island
1929 September 271 photograph(s)page 92

Other Descriptive Information: Ilford Roll 3-1

Girl with Amaut for Baby, Boy with Dogskin Pants, Godhavn
1929 October 51 photograph(s)page 93

Other Descriptive Information: Ilford Roll 4-6

View of Excavations, Inugsuk
1929 July 101 photograph(s)page 94

Other Descriptive Information: Impan Pack 1-1

Our Tents from the Cliff, Tunungassoq, Inugsuk
1929 July 121 photograph(s)page 95

Other Descriptive Information: Impan Pack 1-8

Greenland Photographs. File III
1929 June 17 - October 1318 photograph(s)page 96-113
View from Inugsuk Island towards our Little Island
1929 August 31 photograph(s)page 96

Our tents are the insignificant white spots on the further of the two little islands.

Other Descriptive Information: Impan Pack 1-12

Qagsserssuaq from Itivdlik
1929 August 241 photograph(s)page 97

Other Descriptive Information: Impan Pack 2-6

Robert and Therkel Mathiassen at Grave on Sangmissoq, Island Opposite our Camp, Inugsuk
1929 September 31 photograph(s)page 98

Other Descriptive Information: Impan Pack 2-10

Umanaq Mountain
1929 June 171 photograph(s)page 99

Other Descriptive Information: Impan Roll 1-1

View North from Ship, Umanaq Harbor
1929 June 171 photograph(s)page 100

Other Descriptive Information: Impan Roll 1-2

Approaching Upernivik
1929 June 211 photograph(s)page 101

Other Descriptive Information: Impan Roll 1-6

View from top of Upernivik Island towards Qaerssorssuaq and Umaniarsugsuk
1929 June 211 photograph(s)page 102

Other Descriptive Information: Impan Roll 2-2

Upernivik Church
1929 June 211 photograph(s)page 103

Other Descriptive Information: Impan Roll 2-3

Big Square House Ruin, Madsen Island near Bruuns
Undated1 photograph(s)page 104

Other Descriptive Information: Impan Roll 2-6

Jakobshavn Houses
1929 October 121 photograph(s)page 105

Other Descriptive Information: Impan Roll 4-1

Jakobshavn, General View
1929 October 121 photograph(s)page 106

Other Descriptive Information: Impan Roll 4-3

Thule Eskimo Man and Wife from Cape York (Side View)
1929 October 131 photograph(s)page 107

The Cape York Catechist and his wife in Polar Eskimo dress, Jakobshavn

Other Descriptive Information: Impan Roll 4-4

Thule Eskimo Man and Wife from Cape York (Front View)
1929 October 131 photograph(s)page 108

Other Descriptive Information: Impan Roll 4-5

The Devil's Thumb, Quvdlorssuaq
1929 August 191 photograph(s)page 109

Other Descriptive Information: Impan Roll 6-4

Tearing Down House Ruin III
1929 July 81 photograph(s)page 110

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 5-1

Eskimo House, Upernivik
1929 September 231 photograph(s)page 111

Other Descriptive Information: Ilford Pack 1-8

View from Governor Otto's House, Upernivik
1929 June 261 photograph(s)page 112

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 2-10

Kayakers from Tugssaq Visit our Island, Inugsuk
1929 September 11 photograph(s)page 113

Other Descriptive Information: Agfa 4-8

Additional Photographs
1929-1930, Undated6 photograph(s)page 114-119

Provided to Frederica de Laguna by Therkel Mathiassen after the expedition to Greenland.

Mathiassen, Therkel, 1892-1967.
Robert, Niels Moller, Ane Moller, Peter Moller, Malia Moller, Karl Moller, Frederica de Laguna, Ole Moller Sitting in Front of My Tent
1929 [June-October]1 photograph(s)page 114
Mathiassen, Therkel, 1892-1967.
Frederica de Laguna at a House Floor in the Old Midden, Inugsuk
1929 [June-October]1 photograph(s)page 115
Mathiassen, Therkel, 1892-1967.
Objects Showing Contact with Norsemen, from the Old Midden, Tunungassoq, Inugsuk
19301 photograph(s)page 116

1. Lump of church bell metal (6cm long). 2. Fragment of woven woolen cloth. 3-4. Eskimo dolls representing Norsemen. 5. Eskimo carving of a Norse face and scroll design. 6. Eskimo spinning top made from a Norse piece for checkers. Printed in Meddelelser om Gronland, vol. 77, no. 4, plate 22

Specimens from the New Midden and from the Big House, Tunungassoq, Inugsuk
Undated1 photograph(s)page 117

1-4. Harpoon heads (1 is 11cm long). 5. Harpoon foreshaft. 6. Sledge shoe. 7-8. Trace buckles. 9. Wound plug. 10. Toggle for towing seals or other game. 11. Knife Handle. 12. Butt of weapon point with screw thread for hafting. 13. Knife handle. 14. Sinker. 15. Button to fasten the strap of a waterproof kayak jacket. 16. Ulo with tang. 17. Boot-sole creaser. 18. Wooden doll. 19. Spoon. 20. Toy lamp. 21. China cup with picture of Kronborg Castle, Helsingor. 22. Clay pipe. 23. Glass bead.  Photograph, National Museum of Denmark, Courtesy of Therkel Mathiassen. Scale 1/2.

Specimens of the Inugsuk Culture from the Old Midden, Tunungassoq
Undated1 photograph(s)page 118

1-5. Harpoon heads (1 is 12cm long). 6. Arrowhead. 7. Wound pin. 8. Gull hook. 9. Side prong for bird dart. 10-11. Blades for harpoon heads. 12. Blade for arrowhead. 13. Blade for scraper (used as burin?). 14. Blade for scraper. 15. Toy ulo blade. 16. Drill point. 17. Ivory bodkin with chain link, carved from one piece. 18. Ivory bead with two pendants, carved from one piece. 19. Bead. 20. Pendant. 21. Half of wooden amulet box. 22. Wooden doll: a woman with topknot, brow band, genital apron, and boots. 23. Doll: A Man. 24. Ivory doll with amulet strap. 25. Ivory bodkin with face on top. 26. Ivory bodkin. 27. Ivory comb. 28. Toy lamp. 29. Upper half of broken ivory "winged" needlecase.  Photograph, National Museum of Denmark, Courtesy of Therkel Mathiassen. Scale 2/3.

Objects of the Inugsuk Culture from the Old Midden, Tunungassoq
Undated1 photograph(s)page 119

1. Baleen cup (11cm long). 2. Baleen bowl with seal meat (18cm long). 3. Coopered tub or bucket (13cm long). 4. Soapstone pot (24cm long). 5. Drum with baleen frame and stick (28cm long). Photograph, National Museum of Denmark, Courtesy of Therkel Mathiassen.