Materials Recorded at Copper Center and Chistochina, Alaska

Mss.Rec.41

Date: 1960 | Size: 9 reel(s)

Abstract

Field recordings made in Chistochina and Copper Center, Alaska in 1960. Includes potlatch songs, love songs, Christmas tree songs, sorry songs, dance songs, and others. Some songs Yakutat Tlingit, Upper Tanana, or Tanacross. Also includes some Ahtna vocabulary.

Background note

A seminal figure in the anthropology of the Arctic and Northwest Coast, Frederica de Laguna produced an unparalleled body of research during a career that spanned 75 years. "Freddy" as she was known to friends and colleagues, was blessed with "a combination of spectacular intelligence, uncommon dedication, literary skill, and longevity" (Fitzhugh 4). She made significant contributions to the study of circumpolar art, Arctic and Alaskan archaeology, and Northwest Coast ethnology. De Laguna practiced a comprehensive, holistic approach to anthropology; her meticulous work utilized archaeology, folklore, ethnohistory, social anthropology, human biology, and linguistics. An effective educator and encouraging mentor, De Laguna taught at Bryn Mawr College from 1935-1975, where she built an anthropology department and started a PhD program. She also made many contributions to the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology. De Laguna earned many plaudits during her career, one of the most notable of which was being elected, along with Margaret Mead, as the first women anthropologists to the National Academy of Sciences in 1975.

Frederica Annis Lopez de Leo de Laguna was born in Ann Arbor, Michigan on October 3, 1906 to Grace Mead Andrus and Theodore Lopez de Leo de Laguna, both of whom were philosophy professors at Bryn Mawr College. A bright student with an uncommon memory, Frederica graduated summa cum laude from Bryn Mawr in 1927, with a major in politics and economics. After earning a baccalaureate, she spent a year taking graduate courses at Columbia University, studying anthropology, linguistics, and folklore with Franz Boas, Ruth Benedict, and Gladys Reichard.

In 1929, de Laguna experienced her first taste of extensive fieldwork, through a six-month expedition to Greenland with the Danish anthropologist Therkel Mathiassen. The expedition is significant for being the first scientific archeological excavation in Greenland. The Inugsuk site the two visited contained a fascinating blend of Eskimo and Norse material. Captivated by the rugged, pristine landscape; the indigenous folk that she encountered; and the intellectual stimulation of fieldwork, de Laguna remarked in a letter home to her parents, "I feel as if I had never really been alive before" (De Laguna Voyage, 101).

Upon returning from Greenland, de Laguna enrolled full-time at Columbia, reconnecting with Franz Boas. She pursued a doctorate in anthropology, earning the degree in 1933. For her doctoral dissertation, de Laguna compared Eskimo and Paleolithic art.

In the summer of 1930, she took her first trip to Alaska, studying Prince William Sound and Cook Inlet. Further expeditions to Cook Inlet followed in 1931 and 1932; to Prince William Sound with Kaj Birket-Smith in 1933; and to the Yukon Valley in 1935.

De Laguna accepted her first academic position in 1935, becoming a lecturer in sociology at her alma mater, Bryn Mawr, where she taught the first anthropology course. A teaching career at the college followed: she became assistant professor in 1938, associate professor in 1949, and full professor in 1955. De Laguna chaired the joint Anthropology/Sociology department from 1950-1967, and the newly independent Anthropology department from 1967-1975. De Laguna also held several visiting professorships during her long career, at the University of Pennsylvania (1947-1949; 1975-1976) and at the University of California, Berkeley (1959-1960; 1972-1973).

De Laguna's academic career was interrupted by the Second World War. In 1942, she volunteered for the navy, serving in WAVES (Women Accepted for Voluntary Emergency Service). For a year she was based at Smith College, where she taught women midshipmen naval history and cryptography. From 1943-1945, de Laguna worked in Washington, D.C., for naval intelligence, at the Alaskan and German desks.

In 1949 Frederica returned to Alaska for the sixth time, and over the next twenty years, took an additional seven trips to the field there. She pursued an ambitious archaeological, historical, and ethnographic study of the Tlingit culture. From this work, she published a three-volume monograph, Under Mount Saint Elias: The History and Culture of the Yakutat Tlingit (1972), which remains the definitive work on the tribe. It was well received both by anthropologists and the Tlingit themselves. During this time, de Laguna worked closely with her former student, Catharine McClellan. In addition to studying the Tlingit, she also studied the Atna Athabaskans of the Copper River and Upper Tanana with Marie-Francoise Guedon.

De Laguna's work became a resource for the communities she studied. Particularly in later years, she recorded samples of indigenous speakers talking in their native language as a means of helping to preserve native culture. APS holds several of these recordings.

De Laguna took great pride in forming positive relationships with the native peoples she encountered. She saw anthropology as a "liberating and exacting discipline [that] confer[s] citizenship in the universal brotherhood of humankind" (De Laguna, "Becoming," 25). With the longevity of her career, she was able to return to the communities she studied and tap in to these relationships, witnessing the change of a culture over time. De Laguna returned to Greenland in 1979, undertaking some ethnography of the people around Upernivik. She was touched to visit with an elder who in 1930 was a small child living on the island when de Laguna was excavating.

While working with the Tlingit, the tribe adopted de Laguna as a member of their Gineix Kwaan and Luknaxadi Raven Moiety clans. De Laguna received the tribal name of Kuxaankutaan and composed a song based upon the golden-crowned sparrow to her friends. She recorded the song in 1954 as part of her field work (See: Mss.Rec.30). Returning to Alaska in 1986, de Laguna sang the song during a memorial potlatch for a clan member. In 1997, the Tlingit honored de Laguna herself with a potlatch.

Reflecting upon her profession, de Laguna noted:

Anthropology is different from any other scholarly discipline or profession: it is a way of life...[I]t involves contacts with aliens, living with aliens, adapting to them, making friends, convincing them, and getting to know something of them as individual persons--and thereby transforming one's self and fulfilling one's hitherto unforeseen potentialities...[T]he anthropologist is taken out of this ordinary life and out of himself. In the constraints and challenges of the new life in the field, he finds a new freedom and a new personality. (De Laguna, "Presidential Address," 474).

De Laguna wrote this in 1968 as the outgoing president of the American Anthropological Association. Gaining a further perspective towards the end of her life, she added the following thoughts to the above passage in an essay written for a conference of Northwest Coast ethnologists in 2000: "If only in their imagination, [anthropologists] have been forced to accept the aliens' values and concepts, and when the field anthropologists return, they must translate these into terms that their colleagues can understand. Thus they have gained dual citizenship" (De Laguna, "Becoming," 51).

In returning from fieldwork, an anthropologist "never returns as the same person to one's own native country" (De Laguna, Voyage, 12).

De Laguna left a lasting legacy both to the professional community of anthropologists and to the native peoples she interacted with. Frederica de Laguna passed away on October 6, 2004 at her home in Haverford, Pennsylvania, three days after her 98th birthday.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Physical description

9 sound tape reels (6 hr., 22 min.) : analog, 7 1/2 ips, half track, mono ; 7 in.

9 sound tape reels (6 hr., 22 min.) : analog, 7 1/2 ips, half track, mono ; 7 in.

Provenance

Donated by Frederica de Laguna and accessioned in 1962 (1961 961r).

Processing information

Collection digitized and cataloged by Brian Carpenter during the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation funded audio digitization project, 2008-2014.

Indexing Terms


Genre(s)

  • Sound recordings

Subject(s)

  • Ahtena Indians -- Music
  • Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs
  • Ahtena language
  • Ethnomusicology -- Alaska
  • Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music
  • Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs
  • Northern Tutchone language
  • Tanacross language
  • Tlingit language
  • Upper Tanana language


Detailed Inventory

Audio recordings
  
Reel 1
  
01-01. Joe, Bill. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. John, Steven. John, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Herbie. Sanford, Howard. Sanford, Frieda. Sanford, Adam. McClellan, Catharine. Sinyon, Paul. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Mary. Sanford, Kate.
Songs and conversation at Chistochina, Alaska, July 22, 1960 [1 of 2]
1960-07-221 .mp3; 00:30:26

Songs, discussion of songs, and conversation.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:30:26


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6769

01-02. Sinyon, Paul. Sanford, Ralph. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Herbie. Joe, Bill. Sanford, Adam. McClellan, Catharine. John, Steven. John, Lucy. Sanford, Mary. Sanford, Kate. Sanford, Howard. Sanford, Frieda.
Songs and conversation at Chistochina, Alaska, July 22, 1960 [2 of 2]
1960-07-221 .mp3; 00:08:22

Songs, discussion of songs, and conversation. Kate Sanford is the main singer and drummer.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:08:22


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6754

Reel 2
  
02-01. Sinyon, Paul. Sanford, Howard. McClellan, Catharine. John, Robert. John, Kitty. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Herbie. Joe, Bill. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Songs and conversation at Chistochina, Alaska, July 23, 1960 [1 of 2]
1960-07-231 .mp3; 00:30:33

Songs, discussion of songs, and conversation.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:30:33


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6743

02-02. Joe, Bill. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. John, Robert. John, Kitty. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Herbie. Sinyon, Paul. Sanford, Howard. McClellan, Catharine.
Songs and conversation at Chistochina, Alaska, July 23, 1960 [2 of 2]
1960-07-231 .mp3; 00:08:48

Two potlatch songs, with conversation. Recording ends with summary information and corrections by Frederica de Laguna. "The potlatch song is sung when everybody stands and sways from side to side, arms folded, and wishes for good luck. Each potlatch song is composed for a special occasion, and is sung once at the potlatch by the assembly. It then becomes the property of the host's clan and may not be sung by another clan unless they pay for it - $10-20."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:08:48


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6767

Reel 3
  
03-01. McClellan, Catharine. Lincoln, Sophia. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Charley, Tenas.
Yakutat Song: Chinaman Song
1960-07-271 .mp3; 00:02:33

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:33


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6761

03-02. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Charley, Tenas. Lincoln, Sophia.
Northway Song
1960-07-271 .mp3; 00:01:56

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:56


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Upper Tanana language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6753

03-03. Charley, Tenas. Lincoln, Sophia. Lincoln, Louise. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Yakutat Song
1960-07-271 .mp3; 00:03:37

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:37


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Tlingit language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6756

03-04. Lincoln, Sophia. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Gospel Hymn: Only Trust Him
1960-07-271 .mp3; 00:00:59

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:59


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6774

03-04. Sanford, Kate. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Sinyone, Jim.
sARani Eating Song
1960-08-131 .mp3; 00:02:34

"This song is apparently one sung by guests at a potlatch after they have been fed. In it they claim they have eaten as gluttonousely as the crows of the song." The song is played twice, the second time with a different microphone.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:34


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6758

03-05. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Sanford, Kate.
Fred Billy Banzanita's Love Song
1960-08-131 .mp3; 00:03:47

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:47


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6747

03-06. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Sanford, Kate. John, Lucy.
Tanacross Dance Song
1960-08-131 .mp3; 00:01:51

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:51


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tanacross language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6741

03-07. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Sinyone, Jim. John, Lucy.
Snatches of Songs
1960-08-131 .mp3; 00:04:18

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:04:18


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6775

03-08. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Christmas Tree Song
1960-07-271 .mp3; 00:04:08

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:04:08


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6764

03-09. Sanford, Kate. John, Lucy. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
HaiyuwE Song
1960-08-131 .mp3; 00:01:34

"This is the song to which a masked man dances to frighten naughty children at potlatch time. He is generally compared to Santa Claus."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:34


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6750

03-10. Sanford, Ralph. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Sanford, Kate. John, Lucy.
Sunday Morning
1960-08-131 .mp3; 00:00:58

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:58


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Tlingit language; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6776

03-11. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Sanford, Kate.
Sanford Teddy's Sorry Song
1960-08-131 .mp3; 00:02:16

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:16


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Upper Tanana language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6752

03-12. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Sanford, Kate. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill.
Dawson Hanging Song
1960-08-141 .mp3; 00:02:31

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:31


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Han language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6744

03-13. Sanford, Kate. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Short song
1960-08-141 .mp3; 00:00:38

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:38


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6745

03-14. Joe, Bill. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Duck Foot Song
1960-08-141 .mp3; 00:00:45

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:45


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6746

03-15. Sanford, Kate. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill.
Phonograph Sorry Song
1960-08-141 .mp3; 00:02:28

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:28


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Mourning customs -- United States -- Alaska

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6760

03-16. Sanford, Kate. Joe, Bill. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Kate Sanford's Sorry Song for Mother
1960-08-141 .mp3; 00:01:15

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:15


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Mourning customs -- United States -- Alaska

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6771

03-17. Joe, Bill. Sanford, Kate. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Sorry Song for Chief Peter
1960-08-141 .mp3; 00:01:09

This song later re-recorded due to poor current to recording machine. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:09


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Mourning customs -- United States -- Alaska

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6749

03-18. Joe, Bill. Sanford, Kate. McClellan, Catharine. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Sorry Song for Mentasta John
1960-08-141 .mp3; 00:02:23

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:23


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Mourning customs -- United States -- Alaska; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6759

03-19. Sanford, Kate. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill.
Owl Song, Brush Indian Song, and Mentasta John's Sorry Song
1960-08-141 .mp3; 00:04:42

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:04:42


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Mourning customs -- United States -- Alaska; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6757

03-20. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Joe, Bill. Joe, Maggie.
Frank Charley's Sorry Song
1960-08-141 .mp3; 00:02:37

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:37


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Upper Tanana language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6772

03-21. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Kate. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Ring Charley's Sorry Song
1960-08-141 .mp3; 00:02:19

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:19


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Mourning customs -- United States -- Alaska; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6768

03-22. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Sanford, Kate. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Annie Tyone's Love Song, Jim Tyone's Love Song, and 'Engi Song
1960-08-141 .mp3; 00:03:56

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:56


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Mourning customs -- United States -- Alaska; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6766

03-23. Sanford, Kate. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill.
Joking Songs
1960-08-141 .mp3; 00:02:21

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:21


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6773

03-24. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Herbie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Joe, Bill. Sanford, Kate.
She married the Wrong Man
1960-08-141 .mp3; 00:01:51

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:51


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Love songs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6748

03-25. Sanford, Kate. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill.
You're not my Sweetheart
1960-08-141 .mp3; 00:01:14

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:14


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Love songs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6763

03-26. Sanford, Kate. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
A Tlingit Song and Snatches of Potlatch Songs and Cries
1960-08-141 .mp3; 00:03:24

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:24


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6762

03-27. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Sanford, Kate. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill.
Christmas Day, New Years Day
1960-08-141 .mp3; 00:01:40

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:40


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Christmas music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6770

03-28. Sanford, Kate. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Christmas Tree
1960-08-141 .mp3; 00:00:45

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:45


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Christmas trees -- Songs and music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6751

03-29. Sanford, Kate. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Too Much Johnson
1960-08-141 .mp3; 00:00:48

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:48


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6765

03-30. Sanford, Kate. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Northway Dance Song
1960-08-141 .mp3; 00:00:12

Tape runs out before completion of song.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:12


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Potlatch -- Alaska; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6742

Reel 4
  
04-01. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McKinley, Jim.
Ahtna Vocabulary
1960-07-301 .mp3; 00:25:18

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:25:18


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6755

Reel 5
  
05-01. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. George, Bacille.
History of Lt. Allen, who came up the Copper River, and story of Bacille and the massacre of the Russian Expedition on the Upper Copper River [1 of 2]
1960-08-011 .mp3; 00:32:49

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:32:49


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- History; Massacres -- Alaska -- 19th century; Russians -- Alaska -- History -- 19th century; Alaska -- History -- 1867-1959; Allen, Henry T. (Henry Tureman), 1859-1930

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6787

05-02. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. George, Bacille.
Story of Bacille and the massacre of the Russian Expedition on the Upper Copper River [2 of 2]
1960-08-011 .mp3; 00:26:52

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:26:52


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- History; Massacres -- Alaska -- 19th century; Russians -- Alaska -- History -- 19th century; Alaska -- History -- 1867-1959

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6808

Reel 6
  
06-01. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. George, Bacille.
How SArani gai made the world [1 of 3]
1960-08-111 .mp3; 00:32:19

Primarily in English, with occasional Ahtna.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:32:19


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Folklore; Creation -- Mythology; Raven (Legendary character) -- Legends; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6790

06-02. George, Bacille. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
How SArani gai made the world [2 of 3]
1960-08-111 .mp3; 00:32:22

Primarily in English, with occasional Ahtna.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:32:22


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Folklore; Ahtena language; Creation -- Mythology; Raven (Legendary character) -- Legends

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6810

Reel 7
  
07-01. George, Bacille. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
How SArani gai made the world [3 of 3]
1960-08-111 .mp3; 00:05:33

Primarily in English, with occasional Ahtna.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:05:33


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Folklore; Creation -- Mythology; Raven (Legendary character) -- Legends; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6803

07-02. George, Nancy. George, Bacille. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
HaiyuwE Song
1960-08-111 .mp3; 00:02:10

Song is repeated due to loudness of drums on first take.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:10


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6813

07-03. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. George, Nancy. George, Bacille.
Old Copper River loving song
1960-08-111 .mp3; 00:01:43

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:43


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Love songs; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6822

07-04. George, Bacille. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. George, Nancy.
Ahtna song
1960-08-111 .mp3; 00:02:36

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:36


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6798

07-05. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. George, Nancy. George, Bacille.
tcElali song
1960-08-111 .mp3; 00:00:42

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:42


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6819

07-06. George, Nancy. George, Bacille. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Up-the-Line Drinking Song
1960-08-111 .mp3; 00:01:41

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:41


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Drinking songs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6809

07-07. McClellan, Catharine. George, Nancy. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. George, Bacille.
Old Chitina Love Song
1960-08-111 .mp3; 00:03:22

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:22


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena language; Love songs; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6796

Reel 8
  
08-01. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Brown, Andy.
Tlingit Song
1960-08-201 .mp3; 00:03:02

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:02


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Tlingit language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6824

08-02. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Joe, Maggie.
Duck's dAmba Song
1960-08-271 .mp3; 00:01:13

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:13


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6804

08-03. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill.
Song to Catharine McClellan
1960-08-271 .mp3; 00:01:28

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:28


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6788

08-04. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Joe, Bill. Joe, Maggie.
Song to Frederica de Laguna
1960-08-271 .mp3; 00:01:00

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:00


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6780

08-05. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill.
Money Sorry Song
1960-08-271 .mp3; 00:02:05

"Words mean: 'That money kill my daughter, I guess.'"

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:05


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6782

08-06. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Gulkana River Sorry Song and Dance Song
1960-08-271 .mp3; 00:02:40

"Gulkana River some lady pull sled by the neck. She go after something. She drown."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:40


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6785

08-07. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill.
Hu ha heya
1960-08-271 .mp3; 00:01:19

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:19


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6805

08-08. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Sanford, Ralph.
Tetlin Sorry Song
1960-08-271 .mp3; 00:01:57

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:57


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Upper Tanana language; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6821

08-09. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Sanford, Ralph. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Gun Accident Song
1960-08-271 .mp3; 00:02:11

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:11


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6806

08-10. Joe, Bill. Joe, Maggie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Tanacross Sorry Song
1960-08-271 .mp3; 00:02:14

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:14


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Tanacross language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6825

08-11. Sanford, Mary. Joe, Maggie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Joe, Bill.
T'u baRa Sorry Song
1960-08-271 .mp3; 00:01:55

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:55


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Tanacross language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6794

08-12. Joe, Bill. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Sanford, Ralph. Joe, Maggie.
Ring Charley's Sorry Song
1960-08-271 .mp3; 00:02:23

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:23


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Mourning customs -- United States -- Alaska; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6812

08-13. Joe, Bill. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Sanford, Ralph. Joe, Maggie.
Coming Up qAsqei
1960-08-271 .mp3; 00:01:36

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:36


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6807

08-14. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Lake Song and Gunho Song
1960-08-271 .mp3; 00:02:45

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:45


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6778

08-15. Sanford, Ralph. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Dance Song
1960-08-271 .mp3; 00:01:02

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:02


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6801

08-16. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Joe, Bill.
Sleep Doctor's Song
1960-08-271 .mp3; 00:01:02

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:02


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Tanacross language; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6832

08-17. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Joe, Bill. Joe, Maggie.
Tanacross Sorry Song
1960-08-271 .mp3; 00:01:11

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:11


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tanacross language; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6800

08-18. Joe, Bill. Sanford, Ralph. Joe, Maggie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Santa Claus Coming
1960-08-271 .mp3; 00:00:48

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:48


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6833

08-19. Joe, Bill. Sanford, Ralph. Joe, Maggie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Stranger Song
1960-08-271 .mp3; 00:00:34

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:34


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6779

Reel 9
  
09-01. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jackson, Martha. Jackson, Arthur.
Children's Scare Songs
1960-08-251 .mp3; 00:01:37

HaiyuwE Song - "Santy Claus song"- Owl Song - "n ban tEzyan"

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:37


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6797

09-02. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jackson, Martha. Jackson, Arthur.
Phonograph Sorry Song
1960-08-251 .mp3; 00:01:10

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:10


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6820

09-03. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jackson, Martha. Jackson, Arthur.
Muskrat Man Song ("She married the wrong man")
1960-08-251 .mp3; 00:00:56

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:56


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6827

09-04. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jackson, Arthur. Jackson, Martha.
Paul Joe's Sorry Song for Chief Peter
1960-08-251 .mp3; 00:01:20

Made for the Potlatch of Chief Peter Tetlin, September 1958. Re-recording of song recorded earlier in the month. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:20


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6802

09-05. Jackson, Martha. Jackson, Arthur. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
First Sorry Song for Chief John
1960-08-251 .mp3; 00:01:22

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:22


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6793

09-06. Jackson, Martha. Jackson, Arthur. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Second Sorry Song for Chief John
1960-08-251 .mp3; 00:01:01

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:01


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6783

09-07. Jackson, Martha. Jackson, Arthur. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Engi Song
1960-08-251 .mp3; 00:01:20

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:20


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6823

09-08. Jackson, Arthur. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jackson, Martha.
Frank Charley's Song for Sanford Charley
1960-08-251 .mp3; 00:02:34

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:34


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6784

09-09. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jackson, Martha. Jackson, Arthur.
You're Not my Sweetheart
1960-08-251 .mp3; 00:01:51

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:51


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6811

09-10. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jackson, Martha. Jackson, Arthur.
Potlatch Songs & Cries
1960-08-251 .mp3; 00:01:53

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:53


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6829

09-11. Jackson, Martha. Jackson, Arthur. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Ring Charley's Sorry Song
1960-08-251 .mp3; 00:02:14

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:14


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6818

09-12. Jackson, Martha. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jackson, Arthur.
Fox's Hunting Song
1960-08-251 .mp3; 00:01:50

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:50


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6814

09-13. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jackson, Martha. Jackson, Arthur.
Wolf's Hunting Song
1960-08-251 .mp3; 00:01:57

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:57


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6828

09-14. Jackson, Martha. Jackson, Arthur. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Wolverine's Hunting Song
1960-08-251 .mp3; 00:01:32

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:32


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6792

09-15. Jackson, Martha. Jackson, Arthur. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
SARani gai's Fishing Song
1960-08-251 .mp3; 00:00:52

"This is the song sung by sARani gai when he lost his bill."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:52


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6816

09-16. Jackson, Arthur. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jackson, Martha.
Groundsquirrel Song (1)
1960-08-251 .mp3; 00:01:37

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:37


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6817

09-17. Jackson, Martha. Jackson, Arthur. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Groundsquirrel Song (2)
1960-08-251 .mp3; 00:00:48

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:48


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6826

09-18. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jackson, Martha. Jackson, Arthur.
Groundsquirrel Song (3)
1960-08-251 .mp3; 00:00:48

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:48


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6781

09-19. Jackson, Martha. Jackson, Arthur. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Gene Nicolai's Song
1960-08-251 .mp3; 00:01:29

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:29


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6799

09-20. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jackson, Arthur. Jackson, Martha.
Cook Inlet Paddle Song
1960-08-251 .mp3; 00:01:39

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:39


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Dena'ina language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6791

09-21. Jackson, Martha. Jackson, Arthur. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Another dAsnei Song
1960-08-251 .mp3; 00:00:42

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:42


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Dena'ina language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6831

09-22. Jackson, Martha. Jackson, Arthur. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Third Dasnei (Cook Inlet) song
1960-08-251 .mp3; 00:01:14

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:14


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Dena'ina language; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6815

09-23. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jackson, Martha. Jackson, Arthur.
Love Song (incomplete)
1960-08-251 .mp3; 00:00:45

Tape runs out before completion of song. Re-recorded as subsequent program.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:45


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6786

09-24. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jackson, Arthur. Jackson, Martha.
Love Song
1960-08-251 .mp3; 00:01:14

Re-recording of previous song that was cut-off by ending of tape.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:14


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Tlingit language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6795

09-25. Jackson, Martha. Jackson, Arthur. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Tlingit Song
1960-08-251 .mp3; 00:00:52

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:52


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6830

09-26. Jackson, Martha. Jackson, Arthur. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Copper River Dance Song
1960-08-251 .mp3; 00:00:58

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:58


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6789