Ahtna Songs and Texts Recorded at Copper Center, Alaska

Mss.Rec.31

Date: 1958 | Size: 8 reel(s)

Abstract

Ahtna songs and stories recorded in Copper Center, Alaska by Frederica de Laguna in 1958. Includes numerous interviews on autobiographical topics, explanations of Ahtna songs, sleep doctors, and traditional narratives. Also includes vocabulary related to kinship terms. Songs include potlatch songs, love songs, drinking songs, and songs of Tlingit origin.

Background note

A seminal figure in the anthropology of the Arctic and Northwest Coast, Frederica de Laguna produced an unparalleled body of research during a career that spanned 75 years. "Freddy" as she was known to friends and colleagues, was blessed with "a combination of spectacular intelligence, uncommon dedication, literary skill, and longevity" (Fitzhugh 4). She made significant contributions to the study of circumpolar art, Arctic and Alaskan archaeology, and Northwest Coast ethnology. De Laguna practiced a comprehensive, holistic approach to anthropology; her meticulous work utilized archaeology, folklore, ethnohistory, social anthropology, human biology, and linguistics. An effective educator and encouraging mentor, De Laguna taught at Bryn Mawr College from 1935-1975, where she built an anthropology department and started a PhD program. She also made many contributions to the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology. De Laguna earned many plaudits during her career, one of the most notable of which was being elected, along with Margaret Mead, as the first women anthropologists to the National Academy of Sciences in 1975.

Frederica Annis Lopez de Leo de Laguna was born in Ann Arbor, Michigan on October 3, 1906 to Grace Mead Andrus and Theodore Lopez de Leo de Laguna, both of whom were philosophy professors at Bryn Mawr College. A bright student with an uncommon memory, Frederica graduated summa cum laude from Bryn Mawr in 1927, with a major in politics and economics. After earning a baccalaureate, she spent a year taking graduate courses at Columbia University, studying anthropology, linguistics, and folklore with Franz Boas, Ruth Benedict, and Gladys Reichard.

In 1929, de Laguna experienced her first taste of extensive fieldwork, through a six-month expedition to Greenland with the Danish anthropologist Therkel Mathiassen. The expedition is significant for being the first scientific archeological excavation in Greenland. The Inugsuk site the two visited contained a fascinating blend of Eskimo and Norse material. Captivated by the rugged, pristine landscape; the indigenous folk that she encountered; and the intellectual stimulation of fieldwork, de Laguna remarked in a letter home to her parents, "I feel as if I had never really been alive before" (De Laguna Voyage, 101).

Upon returning from Greenland, de Laguna enrolled full-time at Columbia, reconnecting with Franz Boas. She pursued a doctorate in anthropology, earning the degree in 1933. For her doctoral dissertation, de Laguna compared Eskimo and Paleolithic art.

In the summer of 1930, she took her first trip to Alaska, studying Prince William Sound and Cook Inlet. Further expeditions to Cook Inlet followed in 1931 and 1932; to Prince William Sound with Kaj Birket-Smith in 1933; and to the Yukon Valley in 1935.

De Laguna accepted her first academic position in 1935, becoming a lecturer in sociology at her alma mater, Bryn Mawr, where she taught the first anthropology course. A teaching career at the college followed: she became assistant professor in 1938, associate professor in 1949, and full professor in 1955. De Laguna chaired the joint Anthropology/Sociology department from 1950-1967, and the newly independent Anthropology department from 1967-1975. De Laguna also held several visiting professorships during her long career, at the University of Pennsylvania (1947-1949; 1975-1976) and at the University of California, Berkeley (1959-1960; 1972-1973).

De Laguna's academic career was interrupted by the Second World War. In 1942, she volunteered for the navy, serving in WAVES (Women Accepted for Voluntary Emergency Service). For a year she was based at Smith College, where she taught women midshipmen naval history and cryptography. From 1943-1945, de Laguna worked in Washington, D.C., for naval intelligence, at the Alaskan and German desks.

In 1949 Frederica returned to Alaska for the sixth time, and over the next twenty years, took an additional seven trips to the field there. She pursued an ambitious archaeological, historical, and ethnographic study of the Tlingit culture. From this work, she published a three-volume monograph, Under Mount Saint Elias: The History and Culture of the Yakutat Tlingit (1972), which remains the definitive work on the tribe. It was well received both by anthropologists and the Tlingit themselves. During this time, de Laguna worked closely with her former student, Catharine McClellan. In addition to studying the Tlingit, she also studied the Atna Athabaskans of the Copper River and Upper Tanana with Marie-Francoise Guedon.

De Laguna's work became a resource for the communities she studied. Particularly in later years, she recorded samples of indigenous speakers talking in their native language as a means of helping to preserve native culture. APS holds several of these recordings.

De Laguna took great pride in forming positive relationships with the native peoples she encountered. She saw anthropology as a "liberating and exacting discipline [that] confer[s] citizenship in the universal brotherhood of humankind" (De Laguna, "Becoming," 25). With the longevity of her career, she was able to return to the communities she studied and tap in to these relationships, witnessing the change of a culture over time. De Laguna returned to Greenland in 1979, undertaking some ethnography of the people around Upernivik. She was touched to visit with an elder who in 1930 was a small child living on the island when de Laguna was excavating.

While working with the Tlingit, the tribe adopted de Laguna as a member of their Gineix Kwaan and Luknaxadi Raven Moiety clans. De Laguna received the tribal name of Kuxaankutaan and composed a song based upon the golden-crowned sparrow to her friends. She recorded the song in 1954 as part of her field work (See: Mss.Rec.30). Returning to Alaska in 1986, de Laguna sang the song during a memorial potlatch for a clan member. In 1997, the Tlingit honored de Laguna herself with a potlatch.

Reflecting upon her profession, de Laguna noted:

Anthropology is different from any other scholarly discipline or profession: it is a way of life...[I]t involves contacts with aliens, living with aliens, adapting to them, making friends, convincing them, and getting to know something of them as individual persons--and thereby transforming one's self and fulfilling one's hitherto unforeseen potentialities...[T]he anthropologist is taken out of this ordinary life and out of himself. In the constraints and challenges of the new life in the field, he finds a new freedom and a new personality. (De Laguna, "Presidential Address," 474).

De Laguna wrote this in 1968 as the outgoing president of the American Anthropological Association. Gaining a further perspective towards the end of her life, she added the following thoughts to the above passage in an essay written for a conference of Northwest Coast ethnologists in 2000: "If only in their imagination, [anthropologists] have been forced to accept the aliens' values and concepts, and when the field anthropologists return, they must translate these into terms that their colleagues can understand. Thus they have gained dual citizenship" (De Laguna, "Becoming," 51).

In returning from fieldwork, an anthropologist "never returns as the same person to one's own native country" (De Laguna, Voyage, 12).

De Laguna left a lasting legacy both to the professional community of anthropologists and to the native peoples she interacted with. Frederica de Laguna passed away on October 6, 2004 at her home in Haverford, Pennsylvania, three days after her 98th birthday.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Physical description

8 sound tape reels (7 hr., 31 min.) : analog, 7 1/2 ips, half track, mono ; 7 in.

8 sound tape reels (7 hr., 31 min.) : analog, 7 1/2 ips, half track, mono ; 7 in.

Provenance

Donated by Frederica De Laguna, 1959.

Processing information

Collection digitized and cataloged by Brian Carpenter during the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation funded audio digitization project, 2008-2014.

Related material

Related material in the American Council of Learned Societies. Committee on Native American Languages (497.3 B63c).

Indexing Terms


Genre(s)

  • Sound recordings

Subject(s)

  • Ahtena Indians
  • Ahtena language
  • Indians of North America -- Alaska


Detailed Inventory

Audio recordings
  
Reel 1
  
01-01. McClellan, Catharine. Jackson, Martha. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Interview with Martha Jackson
1958-07-111 .mp3; 00:32:27

Largely concerns kinship terms. Part 1 of 5.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:32:27


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Kinship; Anthropological linguistics; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7847

01-02. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. Jackson, Martha.
Interview with Martha Jackson
1958-07-111 .mp3; 00:32:25

Largely concerns kinship terms. Part 2 of 5.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:32:25


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Kinship; Anthropological linguistics

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7846

Reel 2
  
02-01. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. Jackson, Martha.
Interview with Martha Jackson
1958-07-111 .mp3; 00:33:17

Largely concerns kinship terms. Part 3 of 5.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:33:17


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Kinship; Anthropological linguistics; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7844

02-02. McClellan, Catharine. Jackson, Martha. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Interview with Martha Jackson
1958-07-111 .mp3; 00:32:51

Largely concerns kinship terms. Part 4 of 5.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:32:51


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Kinship; Ahtena language; Anthropological linguistics; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7841

Reel 3
  
03-01. McClellan, Catharine. Jackson, Martha. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Interview with Martha Jackson
1958-07-111 .mp3; 00:26:15

Largely concerns kinship terms. Part 5 of 5.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:26:15


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Kinship; Anthropological linguistics

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7848

03-02. McClellan, Catharine. Johns, Harry. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Stanfield, Fanny.
Fanny Stanfield: Copper River Song; SARani (Crow) dance song; nAlbei (Seagull) dance song; Drinking song
1958-07-111 .mp3; 00:05:36

Copper River Song -- SARani (Crow) and nAlbei (Seagull) dance song -- Interrupted song -- Drinking Song

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:05:36


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena dance; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7845

Reel 4
  
04-01. McClellan, Catharine. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jackson, Martha. Jackson, Arthur.
Arthur and Martha Jackson, kin terms
1958-07-111 .mp3; 00:54:25

At beginning of recording the date is misidentified as 1954.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:54:25


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Kinship; Ahtena language; Anthropological linguistics; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7843

04-02. Jackson, Martha. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine.
Martha Jackson
1958-08-161 .mp3; 00:04:40

Restrictions on Access: Access to this recording is currently restricted due to potential cultural sensitivity, pending further review. Please consult the Manuscripts Department for more details.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:04:40


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena language; Potlatch -- Alaska; Shamanism -- Alaska; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7840

04-03. McClellan, Catharine. Jackson, Martha. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Martha Jackson
1958-08-161 .mp3; 00:04:07

Restrictions on Access: Access to this recording is currently restricted due to potential cultural sensitivity, pending further review. Please consult the Manuscripts Department for more details.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:04:07


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Potlatch -- Alaska; Shamanism -- Alaska; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7839

04-04. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. Jackson, Martha.
Martha Jackson
1958-08-271 .mp3; 00:09:51

Restrictions on Access: Access to this recording is currently restricted due to potential cultural sensitivity, pending further review. Please consult the Manuscripts Department for more details.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:09:51


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Shamanism -- Alaska; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language; Potlatch -- Alaska; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7842

04-05. McClellan, Catharine. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jackson, Martha. Jackson, Arthur.
Martha Jackson, Ground Squirrel Hunting Song
1958-09-011 .mp3; 00:05:20

Restrictions on Access: Access to this recording is currently restricted due to potential cultural sensitivity, pending further review. Please consult the Manuscripts Department for more details.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:05:20


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Potlatch -- Alaska; Shamanism -- Alaska; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7875

04-06. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine.
Identification of recording
19581 .mp3; 00:02:15

Frederica de Laguna identifies contents of recordings on Reel 4. See Related Recordings.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:15


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Potlatch -- Alaska; Shamanism -- Alaska; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7885

Reel 5
  
05-01. Billum, Douglas. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine.
Long interview with old Douglas Billum, formerly of Chitina [1 of 2]
1958-07-261 .mp3; 01:02:30

Narratives interspersed with snatches of song. Recording runs slightly fast.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 01:02:30


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7884

05-02. McClellan, Catharine. Billum, Douglas. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Long interview with old Douglas Billum, formerly of Chitina [2 of 2]
1958-07-261 .mp3; 00:57:29

Narratives interspersed with snatches of song. Recording runs slightly fast.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:57:29


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7871

Reel 6
  
06-01. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. Billum, Mary Anne. Billum, Douglas.
Douglas and Mary Anne Billum, both formerly of Chitina
1958-07-281 .mp3; 00:06:25

"1. Mary Ann drums, both sing a Tlingit song. 2. Ground Squirrel song, to bring good weatheer. 'Southweather clear all around I see'. Song is interrupted. 3. Second Groundsquirrel Song for good weather, follows without a break: 'tcisle, 'duya'ya'....' 4. Tlingit song. 'Ali......'"

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:06:25


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7860

Reel 7
  
Copper Center Singing
  
07-01. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Ewan, Markle. Craig, Oscar. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille.
Northway Potlatch Song
1954-08-151 .mp3; 00:00:53

"Beginning of song missed in recording. Bill Joe drums; Markle Ewan, Jim McKinley, Ralph Sanford were the chief singers."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:53


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Upper Tanana language; Potlatch -- Alaska

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7908

07-02. Joe, Bill. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. Ewan, Markle. Sanford, Kate. McKinley, Jim. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie. Sanford, Ralph. Craig, Oscar.
Northway War Dance
1954-08-151 .mp3; 00:01:14

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:14


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Upper Tanana language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7907

07-03. Craig, Oscar. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. Ewan, Markle. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Sanford, Ralph. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Sanford, Kate.
Northway Potlatch Song
1954-08-151 .mp3; 00:01:11

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:11


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Potlatch -- Alaska; Upper Tanana language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7854

07-04. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McKinley, Jim. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. George, Bacille. Ewan, Markle. Craig, Oscar. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Jackson, Martha.
Tlingit Song
1954-08-151 .mp3; 00:01:33

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:33


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7867

07-05. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Ewan, Markle. Craig, Oscar.
Tlingit or Eyak "Whale Gathering Song"
1954-08-151 .mp3; 00:02:25

"Kate Sanford started the song, Bill Joe drumming. (7/23/60 it was explained that the song was sung slowly because Bill Joe had become mixed up). The song has a strongly accented beat; hu hu - and ends with clapping."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:25


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language; Eyak language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7858

07-06. Craig, Oscar. Joe, Bill. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. Ewan, Markle. Sanford, Kate. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Sanford, Ralph.
Eyak song
1954-08-151 .mp3; 00:01:20

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:20


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Eyak language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7861

07-07. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. Craig, Oscar. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. Ewan, Markle. McKinley, Jim. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill.
TcAlali ha hi (drinking song)
1954-08-151 .mp3; 00:01:18

"Up-the-Line song (i.e. from upper Copper River or Tanana River. 'Give me some more drink.'"

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:18


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Drinking songs -- Alaska; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7900

07-08. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Jackson, Martha. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McKinley, Jim. George, Bacille. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Ewan, Markle. Craig, Oscar.
Love Song (probably Eyak)
1954-08-151 .mp3; 00:00:58

"Martha Jackson and Bacille George identified it as 'down-the-line,' but the Chistochina people said it was 'up-the-line.'"

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:58


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Love songs; Eyak language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7855

07-09. Ewan, Markle. Craig, Oscar. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine.
Steven Northway's Christmas Tree mourning song for his wife
1954-08-151 .mp3; 00:01:36

"(Made about 1954). 'Pity me, Christmas Tree.'"

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:36


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Mourning customs -- United States -- Alaska; Upper Tanana language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7881

07-10. Sanford, Ralph. Craig, Oscar. Joe, Bill. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. Ewan, Markle. Sanford, Kate. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie.
Up-the-line song from Canada, about the swans leaving in the fall time
1954-08-151 .mp3; 00:01:07

"Beginning missed because of phone conversation in the hall. (Bacille George 8/28/58) called this a 'Happy New Year Song' from Up-the-line)."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:07


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Upper Tanana language; Swans; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7876

07-11. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. Craig, Oscar. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. Ewan, Markle.
Northway Dancing Song
1954-08-151 .mp3; 00:01:08

"Jim McKinley started this Northway Dancing Song. (Martha Jackson identified this as a mourning song from up-the-line, but others as a dancing song)."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:08


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Upper Tanana language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7883

07-12. George, Bacille. Ewan, Markle. Craig, Oscar. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Jackson, Martha. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McKinley, Jim. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Song about Seagull (nAlbei) or Crow (sArani) eating something dead, caribou, fish, (dead man?)
1954-08-151 .mp3; 00:01:59

"Variously identified as a song about Seagully (nAlbei) of Crow (sArani) eating something dead, caribou, fish, (dead man?).... It is apparently an Eyak song, in which the bird is addressed as 'grandfather' by the appropriate sib (?). Chistochina people in 1960 said it was sung by guests after a potlatch meal. 'We eat just like Crow and Seagull. We copy them.' (Possibly the bird is interchangeable, depending on which moiety is guest)."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:59


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Eyak Indians -- Music; Eyak language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7905

07-13. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Ewan, Markle. Craig, Oscar. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine.
Bille Song (Up-the-line "Worry Song")
1954-08-151 .mp3; 00:01:37

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:37


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7910

07-14. Sanford, Kate. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Joe, Maggie. Sanford, Ralph. Craig, Oscar. Joe, Bill. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. Ewan, Markle.
Old Up-the-line Dance Song
1954-08-151 .mp3; 00:01:40

"Identified by Bacille George 8/28/58 as an old Up-the-line Dance Song, which he had heard as a kid at a big potlatch at Upper Tonsina, when his father gave away $3000."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:40


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Potlatch -- Alaska; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7874

07-15. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. Ewan, Markle. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. Craig, Oscar.
Potlatch Song, Dance Song from Cordova
1954-08-151 .mp3; 00:01:37

"Identified by Bacille George as Tlingit."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:37


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Tlingit language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7902

07-16. George, Bacille. Ewan, Markle. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Craig, Oscar. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Jackson, Martha. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McKinley, Jim.
Northway Song
1954-08-151 .mp3; 00:01:01

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:01


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Upper Tanana language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7898

07-17. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Ewan, Markle. Craig, Oscar. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille.
Dance Song with slow tempo
1954-08-151 .mp3; 00:01:09

A dance song identified as having a slow tempo. Identified by Bacille George as Tlingit.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:09


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Tlingit language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7893

07-18. Joe, Bill. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Ewan, Markle. Sanford, Kate. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie. Sanford, Ralph. Craig, Oscar.
Northway Song
1954-08-151 .mp3; 00:00:40

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:40


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Upper Tanana language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7853

07-19. Craig, Oscar. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. Ewan, Markle. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate.
Northway Song (possibly Tanacross)
1954-08-151 .mp3; 00:01:50

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:50


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Upper Tanana language; Tanacross language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7906

07-20. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McKinley, Jim. George, Bacille. Ewan, Markle. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Craig, Oscar. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Jackson, Martha.
Up-the-line dance
1954-08-151 .mp3; 00:00:48

"Recording missed initial two beats. Identified by Bacille George as an Up-the-line dance."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:48


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7870

07-21. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Ewan, Markle. Craig, Oscar.
Tetlin Worry Song
1954-08-151 .mp3; 00:00:59

"Tetlin Worry Song (according to Bacille George). Maggie Joe started the singing. 'That's the biggest dance of them all.' The song belonged to Nancy George's cousin, a woman named May or xAtnilnan. 'My daddy, come back to your country. Oh my daddy.'"

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:59


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Upper Tanana language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7892

07-22. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Craig, Oscar. Joe, Bill. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. Ewan, Markle. Sanford, Kate. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie. Sanford, Ralph.
Up-the-Line Dance
1954-08-151 .mp3; 00:00:58

"(aiqat nil nAk -'tired, I quite half-way' can be heard."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:58


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7904

07-23. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. Craig, Oscar. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. Ewan, Markle. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill.
Up-the-Line Dance
1954-08-151 .mp3; 00:01:05

"Maggy Joe suggested this song. Ralph Sanford says 'Go ahead and sing' in Athabaskan."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:05


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7909

07-24. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Jackson, Martha. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McKinley, Jim. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. George, Bacille. Ewan, Markle. Craig, Oscar.
Good-By Song
1954-08-151 .mp3; 00:00:50

"Good-By Song (ref. to Santa Claus ?) 'We see him back again. God bless you. I wish I see you again.' Way Up-the-line talk."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:50


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Christmas music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7866

07-25. Ewan, Markle. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Craig, Oscar. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine.
Old Up-the-Line Worry Song
1954-08-151 .mp3; 00:00:36

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:36


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7887

07-26. McClellan, Catharine. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Identification of recording
19541 .mp3; 00:00:18

"The recording of songs 1-12 [APSdigrec_1193 - APSdigrec_1202, APSdigrec_1303 - APSdigrec_1304] was made in the Alaska Native Brotherhood Hall, after a political meeting, at which Bruce Kendall of Valdez spoke of Statehood. The meeting was attended by men and women from Copper Center, Gulkana, and Chistochina. About 20 men and 10 women at the most joined in the singing. These included Jim McKinley and Oscar Craig of Copper Center, and Bill Joe and Ralph Sanford of Chistochina. Markle Ewan and two others were from Gulkana. The recording was interrupted by the failure of the power plant. Songs 13-25 [APSdigrec_1305 - APSdigrec_1317] and Side 2, songs 1-9 [APSdigrec_1319 - APSdigrec_1327], were recorded at our cabin, where we managed to get 13 Indians from Chistochina and Gulkana." Identification at end of tape of prior songs recorded on that tape. (APSdigrec_1193 - APSdigrec_1202, APSdigrec_1303 - APSdigrec_1317)

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:18


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7897

07-27. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine.
Identification of recording
19581 .mp3; 00:00:17

Provides identification information for subsequent recordings on reel [APSdigrec_1320 - APSdigrec_1336].

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:17


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7863

07-28. Jackson, Martha. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Joe, Bill. Sanford, Kate.
Love Song
1958-08-151 .mp3; 00:00:40

"This seems to have been started by Maggy Joe. Her sister, Kate Sanford was convulsed with laughter. (Possibly the song is connected with Mentasta Pete's relatives; or from Dawson.) Chistochina people, 7/23/60, gave the words as 'Come back, honey'."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:40


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Love songs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7888

07-29. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Jackson, Martha. Sanford, Kate. McKinley, Jim. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Love Song
1958-08-151 .mp3; 00:00:35

"Jim McKinley and Martha Jackson thought this was a Love song from Dawson - possibly made up by Mentasta Pete's nephew. Supposedly it was answered by the next song."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:35


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Love songs; Han language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7891

07-30. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Jackson, Martha. Sanford, Kate. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine.
Joe Nicolai's Song
1958-08-151 .mp3; 00:00:37

"Martha Jackson and Jim McKinley identified this as a worry song belonging to Joe Nicolai, Elizabeth Pete's father. There is obviously some confusion of identification."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:37


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7895

07-31. Joe, Bill. Jackson, Martha. Sanford, Kate. McKinley, Jim. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie.
Dancing Song
1958-08-151 .mp3; 00:00:34

Song started by Bill Joe.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:34


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena dance; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7877

07-32. Sanford, Kate. Jackson, Martha. McKinley, Jim. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill.
Santa Claus Song
1958-08-151 .mp3; 00:01:18

"Jim McKinley was a kid when he heard this song. They first saw Santa Claus in Dawson, but were afraid of him. This seems to have been when they had a potlatch for Jim's uncle. Recorded comments: 'That's a ghost song - k'iyegi.' ... 'Too high.'"

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:18


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Upper Tanana language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7903

07-33. McClellan, Catharine. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Jackson, Martha. Sanford, Kate. McKinley, Jim.
Indian Schottische or Caribou Dancing Song
1958-08-151 .mp3; 00:01:15

"There is a double drum beat. It comes from Dawson. The dancers imitate caribou pawing through the snow for food. (Identified by Mentasta people)."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:15


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Ahtena dance; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7856

07-34. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Sanford, Kate. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Jackson, Martha.
Dawson Dancing Song
1958-08-151 .mp3; 00:01:07

"'hwu' hu' hu' 'Eli'a!' Kate Sanford: 'That's the last one.'"

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:07


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena dance; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7878

07-35. Joe, Bill. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jackson, Martha. Sanford, Kate. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie.
Cordova Dance Song
1958-08-151 .mp3; 00:02:31

"Jim McKinley and Martha Jackson identified this as a Tlingit song, although Bill Joe called it Eyak. In 1960 Mentasta and Chistochina people again identified it as Eyak. The words mean 'good time,' and the singers make motions as if paddling a canoe. (de L comments on the tape 'beautiful song.'). Jim and Martha said that this version was wrong, and recorded correct version as [APSdigrec_1329]."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:31


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Eyak language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7869

07-36. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Sanford, Kate. Jackson, Martha. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Whitehorse or Northway sARani (Crow) Song
1958-08-151 .mp3; 00:01:52

"'ali hei' and clapping at the end. The crow sits down in a trap. Jim McKinley was critical of Bill Joe's singing. The latter admitted in 1960 that he had cut it off short."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:52


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena dance

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7857

07-37. Jackson, Martha. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine.
Cordova Tlingit Song
1958-08-161 .mp3; 00:04:03

"(Supposedly correct version of [APSdigrec_1327]). Jim learned it from Gus Heeney who died in 1917 or 1918. (The words are definitely Tlingit).... Recorded by Jim McKinley (who has reputation of being best singer and dancer at Copper Center) and Martha Jackson, after they had listened to earlier recordings on this reel 8/16/58"

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:04:03


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7879

07-38. Jackson, Martha. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine.
Funny Story Song
1958-08-161 .mp3; 00:03:01

"The words are in both Tlingit and English. (Mean ??: "I don't thank you. You give me a funny story. Not a funny story....? I believe that all right. You been Cook's Inlet (or Klukshu?)" - deL's translation. Chistochina and Mentasta people in 1960 said this song would be sung when resting from dancing at a potlatch." "Recorded by Jim McKinley (who has reputation of being best singer and dancer at Copper Center) and Martha Jackson, after they had listened to earlier recordings on this reel 8/16/58"

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:01


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Tlingit language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7894

07-39. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. Jackson, Martha.
Na'ina (Song Sparrow) Song
1958-08-161 .mp3; 00:01:23

"Composed by Martha's mother. 'Song sparrow, shut up! People, talk the right way!" (Don't say mean things.) Maggy Joe later identified this song as composed by her aunt who used to live at Gulkana Airport (Dry Creek village).... Recorded by Jim McKinley (who has reputation of being best singer and dancer at Copper Center) and Martha Jackson, after they had listened to earlier recordings on this reel 8/16/58"

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:23


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena language; Sparrows

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7862

07-40. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Jackson, Martha. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Up-the-Line Song from Dawson
1958-08-161 .mp3; 00:01:25

"Recorded by Jim McKinley (who has reputation of being best singer and dancer at Copper Center) and Martha Jackson, after they had listened to earlier recordings on this reel 8/16/58.... Jim McKinley announced: 'We are going to sing about our two sisters (CMcC & FdeL). We're going to see them again.'"

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:25


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Han language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7901

07-41. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Jackson, Martha.
Sad Slow Song - "ho, hi" (Tlingit)
1958-08-161 .mp3; 00:01:13

"Identified in 1960 as a song sung when people are resting at a potlatch.... Recorded by Jim McKinley (who has reputation of being best singer and dancer at Copper Center) and Martha Jackson, after they had listened to earlier recordings on this reel 8/16/58"

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:13


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Tlingit language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7865

07-42. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Jackson, Martha.
Tlingit Drowning Song
1958-08-161 .mp3; 00:01:35

"A sorry song from drowned people. (cf. Joe Goodlataw, Chitina, 1954 [APSdigrec_1094]). Chistochina people in 1960 identified this as a Chitina song, Eyak. They don't dance, but stand up and sway from side to side.... Recorded by Jim McKinley (who has reputation of being best singer and dancer at Copper Center) and Martha Jackson, after they had listened to earlier recordings on this reel 8/16/58."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:35


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Tlingit Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7852

07-43. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Jackson, Martha. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Tlingit Dance Song
1958-08-161 .mp3; 00:01:38

"Recorded by Jim McKinley (who has reputation of being best singer and dancer at Copper Center) and Martha Jackson, after they had listened to earlier recordings on this reel 8/16/58"

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:38


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit dance; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7880

07-44. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Jackson, Martha. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Tlingit Love Song
1958-08-161 .mp3; 00:01:19

"(Beginning was missed.) ... 100, 200 yrs. old.... Recorded by Jim McKinley (who has reputation of being best singer and dancer at Copper Center) and Martha Jackson, after they had listened to earlier recordings on this reel 8/16/58"

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:19


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7859

07-45. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. George, Nancy. George, Bacille.
Give me a Drink - Up-the-line, Tanacross, Song
1958-08-281 .mp3; 00:01:26

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:26


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tanacross language; Drinking songs -- Alaska; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7896

07-46. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. George, Bacille.
Ahtna song
1958-08-281 .mp3; 00:01:13

"Bacille recorded the song to which is the dance of the old couple and their dead baby, but his voice was so poor that he asked to have the song erased if the tape were copied or played on the Copper River."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:13


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7850

Reel 8
  
08-01. McClellan, Catharine. Billum, Douglas. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Love Song
1958-07-261 .mp3; 00:01:07

The words include, "Come on, come on. I think you die."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:07


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Love songs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7864

08-02. Billum, Douglas. McClellan, Catharine. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Animal Noises imitated by Douglas Billum
1958-08-301 .mp3; 00:03:27

Imitation of the noises of rabbits, tree squirrels, mallards, swans, muskrats, two kinds of loons, swans, geese, groundhogs.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:27


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Animal sounds -- Alaska

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7889

08-03. McClellan, Catharine. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Billum, Douglas.
Douglas Billum's Song for his Partner
1958-08-301 .mp3; 00:03:16

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:16


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Love songs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7851

08-04. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. Billum, Douglas.
Tobacco All Gone (with drum)
1958-08-301 .mp3; 00:01:51

"Composed by Tenos Charley, a nAltcina man (not the present man of that name living in Copper Center), in 1901-02."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:51


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tobacco; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7890

08-05. McClellan, Catharine. Billum, Douglas. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Cordova, Alaska (with drum)
1958-08-301 .mp3; 00:01:31

A song taught to the singer by a man from Juneau named Philip who came to Chitina.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:31


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Cordova (Alaska); Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7882

08-06. Billum, Douglas. McClellan, Catharine. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Tlingit Song (with drum)
1958-08-301 .mp3; 00:01:14

"An old song, learned from his grandfather."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:14


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7872

08-07. Billum, Douglas. McClellan, Catharine. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Up-the-Line Dance Song (with drum)
1958-08-301 .mp3; 00:00:55

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:55


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7886

08-08. McClellan, Catharine. Billum, Douglas. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Tlingit Song, "Boat Coming"
1958-08-301 .mp3; 00:01:26

"'Boat Coming' (ref. to white men). (Tlingit words refere to yakw - boat). Learned from grandpa."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:26


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7873

08-09. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. Billum, Douglas.
Andy Brown's Father's Love Song
1958-08-301 .mp3; 00:01:44

"Composed by Charley, nAltcina man - bai' dEna' t'a' - 'shine white father'."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:44


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Love songs; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7868

08-10. Billum, Douglas. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine.
Jesus Song
1958-08-301 .mp3; 00:02:50

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:50


Geographic Name(s): Copper Center (Alaska)

Subject(s): Jesus Christ -- Songs and music; Ahtena Indians -- Religion; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7899