Tlingit, Ahtna, and Southern Tutchone recordings

Mss.Rec.30

Date: March-August 1954 | Size: 10 tape(s)

Abstract

Tlingit recordings made in Yakutat, Alaska (Tapes 1-7); Ahtna recordings made at Chitina, Tazlina, and Chistochina (Tape 8 - Tape 10, track 22); Southern Tutchone recordings made at Klukshu, Yukon Territory (Tape 10, tracks 23-31). Includes personal songs, mourning songs, drinking songs, love songs, shaman songs, and children's songs. Collections formerly titled "Tlingit and Yakutat songs." Renamed in October 2019 to clarify presence of recordings from other communities.

Background note

A seminal figure in the anthropology of the Arctic and Northwest Coast, Frederica de Laguna produced an unparalleled body of research during a career that spanned 75 years. "Freddy" as she was known to friends and colleagues, was blessed with "a combination of spectacular intelligence, uncommon dedication, literary skill, and longevity" (Fitzhugh 4). She made significant contributions to the study of circumpolar art, Arctic and Alaskan archaeology, and Northwest Coast ethnology. De Laguna practiced a comprehensive, holistic approach to anthropology; her meticulous work utilized archaeology, folklore, ethnohistory, social anthropology, human biology, and linguistics. An effective educator and encouraging mentor, De Laguna taught at Bryn Mawr College from 1935-1975, where she built an anthropology department and started a PhD program. She also made many contributions to the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology. De Laguna earned many plaudits during her career, one of the most notable of which was being elected, along with Margaret Mead, as the first women anthropologists to the National Academy of Sciences in 1975.

Frederica Annis Lopez de Leo de Laguna was born in Ann Arbor, Michigan on October 3, 1906 to Grace Mead Andrus and Theodore Lopez de Leo de Laguna, both of whom were philosophy professors at Bryn Mawr College. A bright student with an uncommon memory, Frederica graduated summa cum laude from Bryn Mawr in 1927, with a major in politics and economics. After earning a baccalaureate, she spent a year taking graduate courses at Columbia University, studying anthropology, linguistics, and folklore with Franz Boas, Ruth Benedict, and Gladys Reichard.

In 1929, de Laguna experienced her first taste of extensive fieldwork, through a six-month expedition to Greenland with the Danish anthropologist Therkel Mathiassen. The expedition is significant for being the first scientific archeological excavation in Greenland. The Inugsuk site the two visited contained a fascinating blend of Eskimo and Norse material. Captivated by the rugged, pristine landscape; the indigenous folk that she encountered; and the intellectual stimulation of fieldwork, de Laguna remarked in a letter home to her parents, "I feel as if I had never really been alive before" (De Laguna Voyage, 101).

Upon returning from Greenland, de Laguna enrolled full-time at Columbia, reconnecting with Franz Boas. She pursued a doctorate in anthropology, earning the degree in 1933. For her doctoral dissertation, de Laguna compared Eskimo and Paleolithic art.

In the summer of 1930, she took her first trip to Alaska, studying Prince William Sound and Cook Inlet. Further expeditions to Cook Inlet followed in 1931 and 1932; to Prince William Sound with Kaj Birket-Smith in 1933; and to the Yukon Valley in 1935.

De Laguna accepted her first academic position in 1935, becoming a lecturer in sociology at her alma mater, Bryn Mawr, where she taught the first anthropology course. A teaching career at the college followed: she became assistant professor in 1938, associate professor in 1949, and full professor in 1955. De Laguna chaired the joint Anthropology/Sociology department from 1950-1967, and the newly independent Anthropology department from 1967-1975. De Laguna also held several visiting professorships during her long career, at the University of Pennsylvania (1947-1949; 1975-1976) and at the University of California, Berkeley (1959-1960; 1972-1973).

De Laguna's academic career was interrupted by the Second World War. In 1942, she volunteered for the navy, serving in WAVES (Women Accepted for Voluntary Emergency Service). For a year she was based at Smith College, where she taught women midshipmen naval history and cryptography. From 1943-1945, de Laguna worked in Washington, D.C., for naval intelligence, at the Alaskan and German desks.

In 1949 Frederica returned to Alaska for the sixth time, and over the next twenty years, took an additional seven trips to the field there. She pursued an ambitious archaeological, historical, and ethnographic study of the Tlingit culture. From this work, she published a three-volume monograph, Under Mount Saint Elias: The History and Culture of the Yakutat Tlingit (1972), which remains the definitive work on the tribe. It was well received both by anthropologists and the Tlingit themselves. During this time, de Laguna worked closely with her former student, Catharine McClellan. In addition to studying the Tlingit, she also studied the Atna Athabaskans of the Copper River and Upper Tanana with Marie-Francoise Guedon.

De Laguna's work became a resource for the communities she studied. Particularly in later years, she recorded samples of indigenous speakers talking in their native language as a means of helping to preserve native culture. APS holds several of these recordings.

De Laguna took great pride in forming positive relationships with the native peoples she encountered. She saw anthropology as a "liberating and exacting discipline [that] confer[s] citizenship in the universal brotherhood of humankind" (De Laguna, "Becoming," 25). With the longevity of her career, she was able to return to the communities she studied and tap in to these relationships, witnessing the change of a culture over time. De Laguna returned to Greenland in 1979, undertaking some ethnography of the people around Upernivik. She was touched to visit with an elder who in 1930 was a small child living on the island when de Laguna was excavating.

While working with the Tlingit, the tribe adopted de Laguna as a member of their Gineix Kwaan and Luknaxadi Raven Moiety clans. De Laguna received the tribal name of Kuxaankutaan and composed a song based upon the golden-crowned sparrow to her friends. She recorded the song in 1954 as part of her field work (See: Mss.Rec.30). Returning to Alaska in 1986, de Laguna sang the song during a memorial potlatch for a clan member. In 1997, the Tlingit honored de Laguna herself with a potlatch.

Reflecting upon her profession, de Laguna noted:

Anthropology is different from any other scholarly discipline or profession: it is a way of life...[I]t involves contacts with aliens, living with aliens, adapting to them, making friends, convincing them, and getting to know something of them as individual persons--and thereby transforming one's self and fulfilling one's hitherto unforeseen potentialities...[T]he anthropologist is taken out of this ordinary life and out of himself. In the constraints and challenges of the new life in the field, he finds a new freedom and a new personality. (De Laguna, "Presidential Address," 474).

De Laguna wrote this in 1968 as the outgoing president of the American Anthropological Association. Gaining a further perspective towards the end of her life, she added the following thoughts to the above passage in an essay written for a conference of Northwest Coast ethnologists in 2000: "If only in their imagination, [anthropologists] have been forced to accept the aliens' values and concepts, and when the field anthropologists return, they must translate these into terms that their colleagues can understand. Thus they have gained dual citizenship" (De Laguna, "Becoming," 51).

In returning from fieldwork, an anthropologist "never returns as the same person to one's own native country" (De Laguna, Voyage, 12).

De Laguna left a lasting legacy both to the professional community of anthropologists and to the native peoples she interacted with. Frederica de Laguna passed away on October 6, 2004 at her home in Haverford, Pennsylvania, three days after her 98th birthday.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Physical description

10 sound tape reels (9 hr., 3 min.) : analog, 7 1/2 ips, half track, mono ; 7 in.

10 sound tape reels (9 hr., 3 min.) : analog, 7 1/2 ips, half track, mono ; 7 in.

Provenance

Donated by Frederica De Laguna, 1959.

Processing information

Collection digitized and cataloged by Brian Carpenter during the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation funded audio digitization project, 2008-2014.

Related material

See also Frederica de Laguna, Recordings at Yakutat, Alaska (Rec. 19).

General note

Content, notes on songs, and classification of songs in No. 30 (N2.3a, N2.3b and N2.3c), APS Yearbook, 1954: 179.

Indexing Terms


Genre(s)

  • Sound recordings

Subject(s)

  • Ahtena Indians -- Music
  • Tlingit Indians -- Music
  • Tutchone Indians -- Music
  • Yakutat Tlingit Tribe


Detailed Inventory

Audio recordings
  
Tlingit (Yakutat)
  
Reel 1
  
01-01. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. White, Jenny. White, Charley.
Peace Song for Jenny White's mother; to tl'ukwaXAdi-yAtx'i
1954-03-231 .mp3; 00:04:12

"Jenny White explains in Tlingit how her brother and uncle died of whiskey given by the tl'ukwaXAdi, and how her mother had been taken as peace officer. This song was composed for her. Date about 1901. [It is a Dry Bay song.]" Ends with idenfitication of the song by Frederica de Laguna. Sung together by Charley White and Jenny White.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:04:12


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language; Indians of North America -- Alaska

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6904

01-02. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. White, Charley. White, Jenny.
Dance Song composed by Dry Bay Chief George about Kardeetoo; to gIneXqwan-yATx'i
1954-03-231 .mp3; 00:03:07

"Charley White explains in Tlingit that this song was composed by the tl'uknaXAdi in honor of his grandfather's nephew, Kardetoo, who invited the Dry Bay people to a potlatch in Yakutat. [The potlatch was for Mud Shark House. Karedtoo's mother's father was tl'uknaXAdi. Date 1911.]" Ends with idenfitication of the song by Frederica de Laguna, in which song is mistakenly said to have been given by Kardetoo to his guests. Sung together by Charley White and Jenny White.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:07


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Potlatch -- Alaska; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6917

01-03. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. White, Charley.
Shaman's Song of tek'-ic
1954-03-231 .mp3; 00:02:39

Song is preceded by Charley White's explanation in Tlingit that he is going to sing the spirit cong of his father's older brother, lXagusa [or tek'-ic]. Song is followed by repetition of the words of the song in Tlingit. "The spirit is that of the teqwedi hero, lucwAq, and is called lucwAq yek or laXak'ina yek 'Spirit on top of Yakutat.'"

Restrictions on Access: Access to this recording is currently restricted due to the high likelihood of its cultural sensitivity, pending further review. Please consult the Manuscripts Department for more details.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:39


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Shamanism -- Alaska; Tlingit Indians -- Religion; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6908

01-04. White, Maggy. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Hymn in Tlingit and in English
1954-03-231 .mp3; 00:01:28

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:28


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Hymns; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6907

01-05. White, Charley. Johnson, Minnie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Love Song composed by X'adanek' for his wife; teqwedi-yAtx'i
1954-04-081 .mp3; 00:03:32

Recording begins with Charley White introducing the song in Tlingit, "explaining that his father used to like drink, and also liked teqwedi-yAtx'i as much as liquor. [X'adanek' died in 1888.]" Sung together by Charley White and miniie Johnson.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:32


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Love songs; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6905

01-06. Abraham, Olaf. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. White, Charley. James, Sheldon.
Story and Song of Drum House teqwedi's Golden Eagle
1954-04-081 .mp3; 00:14:19

Begins with story of Golden Eagle, told by Olaf Abraham. Song is then sung by Olaf Abraham and Charley White. Story is the retold Olaf and translated into English by Sheldon James. Ends with explanation of recording by Frederica de Laguna.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:14:19


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Folklore; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language; Indians of North America -- Alaska

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6911

01-07. James, Sheldon. Abraham, Olaf. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Olaf Abraham's Song about Antlen River
1954-04-081 .mp3; 00:06:25

Begins with Olaf speaking in Tlingit, "explaining how he composed the song when fishing at Antlen. [1953. Apparently the second stanza was just recently composed.]" Ends with identification of song by Frederica de Laguna.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:06:25


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Antlen River (Alaska) -- Songs and music; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6926

01-08. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Abraham, Olaf.
Olaf Abraham's Wolf Call Song to his wife; to kagwantan-yAtx'i
1954-04-081 .mp3; 00:04:28

Begins with Olaf's explanation in Tlingit that the song was composed in 1939 because his wife wept when he left her to go trapping. Ends with identification of song by Frederica de Laguna.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:04:28


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska; Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6923

01-09. Abraham, Olaf. Johnson, Minnie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Olaf Abraham's Song, to kagwantan-yAtx'i
1954-04-081 .mp3; 00:04:37

"[Song] was composed in 1946 when Olaf Abraham's brother-in-law, Young George Bremner, was drowned; and when his former wife had to go to the hospital for an operation." Ends with identification of song by Frederica de Laguna.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:04:37


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Indians of North America -- Alaska; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6921

01-10. Sampson, Blind. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Johnson, Minnie.
Peace Song for Mrs. Situk Jim; to teqwedi-yAtx'i
1954-04-081 .mp3; 00:04:14

"Mrs. Situk Jim, Xosal-tla, was miniie's older half-sister. She was taken as peace-officer at the time her son killed Jenny Jack's mother. Mrs. Situk Jim died in 1916. The song was composed by Blind Sampson."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:04:14


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6901

01-11. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. White, Charley. Dick, Frank.
Mourning Song about the Crane Boat (claimed by both tl'uknaXadi and kwack'qwan), (1 verse only)
1954-04-091 .mp3; 00:04:34

In introductory explanation to song, Charley White refers to defeat of tl'uknaXAdi by ganAXtedi- probably at Chilkat.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:04:34


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6924

01-12. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Peterson, Clarence. Dick, Frank. White, Charley.
Drinking Song of Clarence Peterson, to tl'uknaXAdi-yAtx'i
1954-04-091 .mp3; 00:04:12

Ends with identification of song and previous song by Frederica de Laguna. Charley White explains in Tlingit that the composer of the song, who died in 1941, was addressing his wife.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:04:12


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Indians of North America -- Alaska; Drinking songs -- Alaska; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6900

Reel 2
  
02-01. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Ellis, John.
John Ellis tells story of daXodzu
1954-03-251 .mp3; 00:01:53

Text identified by Frederica de Laguna at end of subsequently recorded story. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:53


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Folklore; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6906

02-02. Ellis, John. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
John Ellis tells story about lket'titc
1954-03-251 .mp3; 00:04:55

Recording ends with identification by Frederica de Laguna of this text and the preceding story. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:04:55


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Folklore; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6922

02-03. Johnson, Chester, Mrs.. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Incomplete version of Situk Train song
1954-05-031 .mp3; 00:02:51

Complete version of song given in subsequent recording. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:51


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Indians of North America -- Alaska; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6914

02-04. White, Charley. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Sampson, Blind. Johnson, Chester, Mrs..
Blind Sampson's song about Situk Train, composed for Kardeetoo; to teqwedi'yAtxi'i
1954-05-031 .mp3; 00:03:18

Recording ends with identification of song by Frederica de Laguna. Incomplete version of song was previously given. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:18


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6913

02-05. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. White, Jenny. White, Charley. Johnson, Chester, Mrs..
Litya Bay George's Song to the Bears; to X'at'k'a-ayi-yAtx'i
1954-05-031 .mp3; 00:04:28

"Mrs. C. Johnson introduces her father's song. He had been chased by bears, his father's totem animals, when hunting." Recording ends with identification of song by Frederica de Laguna.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:04:28


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska; Hunting songs; Bears; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6927

02-06. White, Jenny. Johnson, Chester, Mrs.. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Blind Dave's Song to Jenny Dick and to Lituya Bay George; to cAnkuqedi-yAtx'i and kagwantan-yAtx'i
1954-05-031 .mp3; 00:03:30

Song composed in 1914 to Blind Dave's daughter, Jenny Dick, who died in 1912 in Seattle. The first stanza is addressed to her; the second to Lituya Bay George, Mrs. C Johnson's father. Song introduced by Mrs. C. Johnson in Tlingit. Recording ends with identification of song by Frederica de Laguna.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:30


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6916

02-07. George, Annie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Dry Bay George's Song for dek'ina House
1954-05-311 .mp3; 00:03:32

Recording ends with identification of song by Frederica de Laguna.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:32


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6902

02-08. Johnson, Chester, Mrs.. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Athabaskan Ptarmigan Dance Song
1954-06-101 .mp3; 00:01:17

A song belonging to the tl'uknaXadi, used at potlatches.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:17


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Potlatch -- Alaska; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6912

02-09. Johnson, Chester, Mrs.. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Mrs. Chester Johnson's Song to her son; to Norwegian-yAtx'i
1954-06-101 .mp3; 00:01:55

"Song composed a few days before."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:55


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Indians of North America -- Alaska; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6918

02-10. Johnson, Chester, Mrs.. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Athabaskan Drinking Song
1954-06-101 .mp3; 00:01:56

A song from Klukwan, first heard by the singer in 1914. This song is identified by Frederica de Laguna and the end of the subsequently recorded song. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:56


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Drinking songs -- Alaska; Athapascan Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6909

02-11. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Johnson, Chester, Mrs..
Athabaskan Drinking Song
1954-06-101 .mp3; 00:01:26

Recording ends with identification of this song and the previously recorded song. See Related Recording. Collector identifies words of song as being Athabascan and having been given by Indians at Klukshu to cInkuqedi. The specific Athabascan language is not identified. Most likely Southern Tutchone.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:26


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Drinking songs -- Alaska; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Athapascan languages; Southern Tutchone language; Athapascan Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6915

02-12. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Italio, Frank. George, Annie.
Story and Song about the Frog Screen
1954-05-071 .mp3; 00:08:22

Story and song of how the tl'uknaxAdi found the Frog. Song composed by Dry Bay Chief George, probably in 1910. For translation, see first item under Related Recording. Song was later re-recorded. For later recording, see second item under Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:08:22


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Frogs -- Folklore; Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Folklore; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6903

02-13. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Bremner, Helen.
Translation of Tlingit story
1954-05-071 .mp3; 00:01:47

Translation of "Story and Song about the Frog Screen." See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:47


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Frogs -- Folklore; Tlingit Indians -- Folklore

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6919

02-14. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Italio, Frank.
Shaman's Song
1954-05-071 .mp3; 00:01:19

"This is a spirit song belonging to the shaman, gutcda, and refers to Xat-qwani, Fish-People Spirits."

Restrictions on Access: Access to this recording is currently restricted due to the high likelihood of its cultural sensitivity, pending further review. Please consult the Manuscripts Department for more details.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:19


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Shamanism -- Alaska; Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Religion; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6925

02-15. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Italio, Frank.
Shaman's Song
1954-05-071 .mp3; 00:01:51

"This song is also one belonging to gutcda and refers to the Xat-qwani. Not sure that it is not another stanza of [previous] song."

Restrictions on Access: Access to this recording is currently restricted due to the high likelihood of its cultural sensitivity, pending further review. Please consult the Manuscripts Department for more details.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:51


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Shamanism -- Alaska; Tlingit Indians -- Religion; Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6929

02-16. Italio, Frank. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Raven Story and Songs
1954-05-071 .mp3; 00:15:48

Story of approximately 10 minutes in Tlingit about Raven, followed by two songs about Raven stealing Box of Daylight. Tape runs out before completion of second song.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:15:48


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit mythology; Raven (Legendary character) -- Legends; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Folklore

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6920

Reel 3
  
03-01. Ellis, Emma. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Kagwantan Mourning Song (incorrect version)
1954-03-271 .mp3; 00:03:55

Singer requested to record the song a second time. (See first link under Related Recording.) Recording identified by Frederica de Laguna as at end of subsequent recording. (See second link under Related Recording.)

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:55


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Mourning customs -- United States -- Alaska; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6910

03-02. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Ellis, Emma.
Seltin's Marriage Song
1954-03-271 .mp3; 00:01:29

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:29


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Marriage; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6928

03-03. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Ellis, Emma.
Song sung after passing safely under the Alsek ice
1954-03-271 .mp3; 00:03:09

"Emma Ellis introduces the song in Tlingit. It is an old tlukwaXAdi song, apparently sung by Emma's father's mother's brother." Recording ends with identification of song and two previously recorded songs. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:09


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Alsek River; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6899

03-04. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Ellis, Emma.
Kagwantan Mourning Song (correct version)
1954-04-011 .mp3; 00:09:31

"Emma Ellis introduces song in Tlingit. It was supposedly composed by cacken, a kagwantan survivor of the war with the cX'atqwan of Wrangell. The latter were finally massacred at a peace dance given by the kagwantan at Sitka about the middle of the last century. Cf. Swanton Song 103." Second recorded version of song. For first version, see Related Recording. Recording ends with identification of song by Frederica de Laguna.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:09:31


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Mourning customs -- United States -- Alaska; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6937

03-05. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Ellis, Emma.
Blind Dave's deathbed song to his young wife; to kagwantan-yAtx'i
1954-04-011 .mp3; 00:03:13

Song composed by the singer's father's uncle's sons--a classificatory brother. He was the son of gutcda, the Dry Bay shaman. It is addressed to his young wife. Song introuduced by Emma Ellis in Tlingit.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:13


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Rites and ceremonies; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6965

03-06. Ellis, Emma. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Emma Ellis' Own Song; to teqwedi-yAtxi'i and kagwantan-yAtx'i
1954-05-111 .mp3; 00:04:07

"Emma Ellis introduces the song in Tlingit. She composed it in 1907 when she was 11 years olds, when her father and mother drowned. The first stanza refers to her father's death; the second stanza is addressed to her dead husband and was composed about 1913; the third stanza was improvised on the spot and sung to FdeL."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:04:07


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6958

03-07. Williams, Fanny. Peterson, Louise. Johnson, Chester, Mrs.. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Fanny William's Song; to tl'uknaXadi-yAtx'i
1954-05-161 .mp3; 00:04:41

"Louise Peterson introduces the song. It is said to have been composed in Sitka, and later introduced to Yakutat about 1916. Louise's 'cousin' Fanny Williams sang the song a few hours before she died."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:04:41


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6948

03-08. Italio, Frank. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Peace Song for Frank Italio
1954-05-071 .mp3; 00:03:10

"This is the song to which he danced when serving as a peace officer."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:10


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Rites and ceremonies; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6943

03-09. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Italio, Frank.
CAnkuqedi Coming-in Song
1954-05-071 .mp3; 00:01:30

A song used by Frank Italio's sibling when entering a house to which they had been invited as guests to a potlatch. Song is described as "lacking words" but also being in "Dry Bay Athabaskan"--most likely Southern Tutchone.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:30


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Potlatch -- Alaska; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Athapascan Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6951

03-10. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Italio, Frank.
cAnkuqedi Dance Song
1954-05-071 .mp3; 00:01:22

Identified by collector as possibly coming from Athabascan Indians at Dry Bay.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:22


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Potlatch -- Alaska; Tlingit dance; Athapascan Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6952

03-11. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Italio, Frank.
Similar Dance Song
1954-05-071 .mp3; 00:01:03

Identified by collector as possibly coming from Athabascan Indians at Dry Bay.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:03


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Potlatch -- Alaska; Tlingit dance; Athapascan Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6935

03-12. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Italio, Frank.
cAnkuqedi Sitting Down Song
1954-05-071 .mp3; 00:01:02

Collector identifies song as "apparently one used by guests at a potlatch when they are seated."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:02


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Potlatch -- Alaska; Athapascan Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6970

03-13. Italio, Frank. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
cAnkuqedi Sitting Down Song
1954-05-071 .mp3; 00:01:27

A song acquired by Dry Bay people, at marriage of a women from nuqwa on headwaters of Alsek.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:27


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Potlatch -- Alaska; Athapascan Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6938

03-14. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Italio, Frank.
Sitka Peace Officer's Song in 3 parts; to Xas'hItan-yAtx'i and t'inedi-yAtx'i
1954-05-071 .mp3; 00:06:05

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:06:05


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Rites and ceremonies

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6962

03-15. Dick, Frank, Mrs.. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Song for the Haven Post
1954-05-171 .mp3; 00:04:24

"It is a very old [song] belonging to the tl'uknaXAdi."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:04:24


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6954

03-16. Johnson, Minnie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Teasing Song for a Boy (about Raven Women)
1954-05-231 .mp3; 00:01:24

"This song can be used to a baby boy, or as a funny song at a peace ceremony."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:24


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Children's songs; Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Rites and ceremonies; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6944

03-17. Johnson, Minnie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Teasing Song for a Girl
1954-05-231 .mp3; 00:02:40

"This song is supposedly sung for her 'grand-children' Becky and Beverly Bremner. Since they are kagwantan-yAtx'i, the names of Leslie Milton and Susan Abraham are mentioned in the song, since these women are also kagwantan-yAtx'i."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:40


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Children's songs; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6931

03-18. George, Annie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Blind Dave's Song when his brother & nephew died
1954-05-231 .mp3; 00:03:33

A song composed by Blind Dave of Dry Bay when his younger brother and his nephew were poisoned by whisky in one day.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:33


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6945

03-19. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. George, Annie.
Pet Song for their Children
1954-05-231 .mp3; 00:01:31

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:31


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Children's songs; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6939

Reel 4
  
04-01. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. James, Sheldon. Isaacs, Katy Dixon.
Interview between FdeL, Mrs. Katy Dixon Isaacs, and her grandson, Sheldon James Junior
1954-03-291 .mp3; 00:32:51

Interview followed by "Mourning Song of guditlt'a who shot his younger brother." Interview continues, follwed by "kwack'qwan song for walking over the glacier."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:32:51


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Mourning customs -- United States -- Alaska; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6961

04-02. James, Sheldon. Isaacs, Katy Dixon. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Copper River Dance Song
1954-03-291 .mp3; 00:02:16

Song followed by explanation. Song is used by the kwack'qwan.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:16


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6964

04-03. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
F de L's Tlingit song
1954-05-211 .mp3; 00:08:01

Song composed by Frederica de Laguna, with help from native consultants, inspiried by the song of the golden-crowned sparrow.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:08:01

Other Descriptive Information: For the context and a transcript of this song, in Tlingit with English translation, see: Chew Shaa and Judith Ramos, "This is Kuxaankutaan's (Dr. Frederica de Laguna's) Song." Arctic Anthropology 43.2 (2006): 14-19.


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6940

Reel 5
  
05-01. Thomas, Mary. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
B. A. Jack's Song for the 1931 ANB Convention in Yakutat
1954-04-251 .mp3; 00:02:59

Recording ends with identification of song by Frederica de Laguna.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:59


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language; Alaska Native Brotherhood. Convention

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6955

05-02. Thomas, Mary. Peterson, Louise. Bremner, Helen. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Kitty Martin's Song; to tl'uknaXAdi-yAtx'i and gIneXqwan-yAtx'i
1954-04-251 .mp3; 00:02:52

"The song was composed by Kitty Martin, sister of Louise Peterson & Mary Thomas, just before her death in 1920. It is addressed--at least the 2 first verses are--to Sheldon James Sr., with whome she was kin love, but who married another woman." Recording identified by Frederica de Laguna at end of subsequent recording. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:52


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6963

05-03. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Thomas, Mary. Milton, Nick.
Kardeetoo's Song about diyagnuagt
1954-04-251 .mp3; 00:03:01

"The song was composed by Kardeetoo when he built Bear Paw House at Lost River, about 1918. He mourns his dead uncles at diyagunaEt on Lost River." Recording identified by Frederica de Laguna at end of subsequent recording. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:01


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6966

05-04. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Bremner, Helen. Abraham, Olaf. Peterson, Louise. Milton, Nick. Isaacs, Katy Dixon.
Killerwhale Drum Song of teqwedi sib
1954-04-251 .mp3; 00:06:06

Sung with Nick Milton on the drum, Olaf calling the words, and Katy Dixon and Louise Peterson assisting. Olaf Abraham speaks in Tlingit about the song. Helen Bremner then translates Olaf's words. "It is an old [song], belonging to the Teqwedi, and was sung at potlatches, when the Killerwhale Drum was beaten. The drum was made at diyagnuaEt on Lost River and was last seen in 1921. A member of the opposite moiety was hired to beat it." This song was later re-recorded with correction. (For later version, see first item under Related Recording.) Recording identified by Frederica de Laguna at end of subsequent recording. (See second item under related Related Recording.)

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:06:06


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6971

05-05. Peterson, Louise. Milton, Nick. Isaacs, Katy Dixon. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Thomas, Mary.
Raven and Snipes Song
1954-04-251 .mp3; 00:01:06

"A funny song, supposedly one to which Raven and Snipes danced at potlatch given by Killerwhales." Recording identified by Frederica de Laguna at end of subsequent recording. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:06


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit mythology; Potlatch; Raven (Legendary character); Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6936

05-06. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Thomas, Mary. Peterson, Louise. Milton, Nick. Isaacs, Katy Dixon.
Raven and Mussels
1954-04-251 .mp3; 00:02:07

Recording identified by Frederica de Laguna at end of subsequent recording. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:07


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Folklore; Tlingit mythology; Raven (Legendary character); Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6947

05-07. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Italio, Max. Bremner, Helen.
Max Italio's Love Song; to tl'uknaXAdi-yAtx'i
1954-04-251 .mp3; 00:05:30

"The song is addressed to his girl friend, Mrs. Ned James, Sheldon James Senior's mother. The second verse is said properly to have been addressed to one of the shaman, gutcda's, daughters." Recording ends with Frederica de Laguna's idenitification of this song and the five previously recorded song. See Related Recordings.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:05:30


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6946

05-08. Johnson, Chester, Mrs.. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Mrs. Chester Johnson's Song to cAnkuqedi-yAtx'i and teqwedi-yAtx'i
1954-04-291 .mp3; 00:02:43

"[Song] was composed when her first husband, Clarence Peterson, died." Recording identified by Frederica de Laguna at end of subsequent recording. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:43


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6969

05-09. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Johnson, Chester, Mrs..
Mrs. Chester Johnson's Song to teqwedi-yAtx'i, yAnyedi-yAtx'i, and cAnkuqedi-yAtx'i
1954-04-291 .mp3; 00:04:45

"[Song] was composed in 1942 when her first husband died, and she had to go to Juneau for an operation. The secord verse is addresed to Maggy Harry who was also undergoing an operation." Recording ends with identification song and previously recorded song. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:04:45


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6960

05-10. Johnson, Minnie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Song of Slave, gucdutin, (incorrect version)
1954-04-071 .mp3; 00:02:33

Recording identified by Frederica de Laguna at end of subsequent recording. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:33


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language; Indian slaves -- Alaska

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6942

05-11. Johnson, Minnie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Song of the Slave, gucdutin
1954-04-071 .mp3; 00:06:53

"Minnie introduces the song in Tlingit. It was composed by her mother's father's slave, gocdutin. He gave his master's sib, the teqwedi, the song and the face-paint pattern he used when he escaped. Cf. Swanton Song 68." Recording ends with identification song and previously recorded song. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:06:53


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Indian slaves -- Alaska; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6972

05-12. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Johnson, Minnie. Johnson, Chester, Mrs..
Blind Dave Dick's Song, rebuking his brother's wife, to teqwedi-yAtx'i
1954-04-291 .mp3; 00:05:10

A song addressed to Mrs. Jack Peterson, accusing her of backsliding as a Christian, because she had quarreled with Blind Dave, her brother-in-law. Recording concludes with an explanation of the song in English by Minnie Johnson.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:05:10


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6932

05-13. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Harry, Maggy.
Maggy Harry's Father's Song, to teqwedi-yAtx'i
1954-05-271 .mp3; 00:06:20

"Maggy Harry introduces her father's song. It was composed in 1892 to her mother. 'He was dying when he sang that song.'" Recording ends with identification of song by Frederica de Laguna.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:06:20


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6959

05-14. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. White, Jenny. Johnson, Chester, Mrs..
Thunder Blanket Song, cInkuqedi
1954-06-101 .mp3; 00:02:12

"Mrs. C. Johnson introduces the song in Tlingit. It was composed before her mother was born.... Only one stanza is sung. Mrs. C.J. didn't want to record the second." Song identified by Frederica de Laguna at the end of the subsequently recorded song. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:12


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6957

05-15. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Johnson, Chester, Mrs..
Thunder Blanket Song
1954-06-101 .mp3; 00:03:21

Recording ends with identification of this song and the song recorded prior to it by Frederica de Laguna. For other song, see Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:21


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6934

05-16. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Johnson, Chester, Mrs..
Shaman's Song
1954-06-101 .mp3; 00:01:44

"Mrs. Chester Johnson introduces the song in Tlingit. It belonged to her father's mother's father, qalaXetl or ltuneX'. His spirit was tlIngit-ani-Adi qu yek or Smallpox Spirit, probably referring to the epidemic of 1838." Recording ends with identification of song by Frederica de Laguna.

Restrictions on Access: Access to this recording is currently restricted due to the high likelihood of its cultural sensitivity, pending further review. Please consult the Manuscripts Department for more details.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:44


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tsimshian language; Shamanism -- Alaska; Smallpox -- Alaska; Tlingit Indians -- Religion; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6950

05-17. Johnson, Chester, Mrs.. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Another Shaman's Song
1954-06-101 .mp3; 00:01:37

Mrs. Chester Johnson introduces the song in Tlingit. One of four songs belonging to her father's mother's father; also given by the Smallpox Spirits. The words are in Tsimshian. Recording ends with identification of this song and the song recorded prior to it by Frederica de Laguna. For other song, see Related Recording.

Restrictions on Access: Access to this recording is currently restricted due to the high likelihood of its cultural sensitivity, pending further review. Please consult the Manuscripts Department for more details.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:37


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Shamanism -- Alaska; Smallpox -- Alaska; Tlingit Indians -- Religion; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tsimshian language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6941

05-18. Johnson, Chester, Mrs.. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Song to FdeLaguna
1954-06-101 .mp3; 00:01:20

"Mrs. Chester Johnson sings 1 stanza, just composed by herself, to an old tune, addressed to FdeL; to tcicqedi-yAtx'i." Recording ends with identification of song by Frederica de Laguna.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:20


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6933

Reel 6
  
06-01. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jack, Jenny.
Shaman's Song
1954-05-101 .mp3; 00:04:10

"Jenny Jack sings shaman's song belonging to t'ek'-ic. The spirit is gAgan-yAtx'i, Sun's Children. The words are Tsimshian."

Restrictions on Access: Access to this recording is currently restricted due to the high likelihood of its cultural sensitivity, pending further review. Please consult the Manuscripts Department for more details.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:04:10


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Religion; Shamanism -- Alaska; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6967

06-02. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jack, Jenny.
Jenny Jack's Own song, to kagwantan-yAtx'i
1954-05-101 .mp3; 00:03:29

"This song was composed in 1939 when George Bremner, her husband's nephew, was drowned in Ankaw."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:29


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6953

06-03. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Williams, Sarah. Jack, Jenny.
B.A. Jack's Song
1954-05-101 .mp3; 00:03:07

A song composed by B A Jack when he was lonesome on a hunting trip near Mt. St. Elias. He gave her the song when he died. He died about 1948. The song was composed about 1909. The song is explained by Sarah Williams in Tlingit.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:07


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6956

06-04. Williams, Sarah. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Three Tlingit Songs
1954-05-101 .mp3; 00:01:42

"(a) Song composed by Sarah Williams about a white soldier who was stationed in Yakutat during the war, and believed killed in the Aleutians. (b and c) Two songs in English, composed by school girls in Sitka."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:42


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Soldiers -- Alaska; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6949

06-05. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Williams, Sarah. Jack, Jenny.
Raven & Herrings and Raven & Snipes
1954-05-101 .mp3; 00:02:38

"These two short songs were attempted 3 times. The third version is correct."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:38


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Folklore; Raven (Legendary character); Tlingit mythology; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6968

06-06. Milton, Nick. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Killerwhale Drum Song
1954-05-121 .mp3; 00:03:01

"Nick Milton sings. He said that they had made a mistake in the words of the second stanza when the song was sung 4/25/54. There should be two or three different voices for the song." Recording concludes with identification of the song by Frederica de Laguna. For previously recorded version of song, see Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:01


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tepehuan Indians -- Rites and ceremonies; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7023

06-07. Milton, Nick. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Teqwedi Walking Song
1954-05-121 .mp3; 00:02:22

"[Song] has Tsimshian words, and was perhaps one obtained about 1900 from Tsimshian sea-otter hunters at Yakutat, because they were sorry they nearly started a fight with the Yakutat Tlingit over a disputed sea-otter. It is used when the teqwedi guests at a potlatch enter and leave the house to which they have been invited." Recording concludes with identification of the song by Frederica de Laguna.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:22


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Potlatch; Tsimshian Indians -- History; Tlingit Indians -- History; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tsimshian language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7010

06-08. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Milton, Nick.
Teqwedi Dancing Song
1954-05-121 .mp3; 00:01:31

"[Song] lacks words." Recording concludes with identification of the song by Frederica de Laguna.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:31


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Rites and ceremonies; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit dance

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7066

06-09. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Milton, Nick.
First Stanza of Teqwedi Mourning Song, for men lost getting green stone near Sitka, [cf. Swanton, 1909, p. 46]
1954-05-121 .mp3; 00:02:09

Recording concludes with identification of the song by Frederica de Laguna.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:09


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Mourning customs -- United States -- Alaska; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7084

06-10. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Milton, Nick.
Shaman's Song
1954-05-121 .mp3; 00:03:39

"Nick Milton speaks in Tlingit about the song. The spirits were the children of the Sun and of a teqwedi woman whose relatives had all been killed in a war. These spirits came from SE Alaska but passed over all the other sibs. They came first to Xatgawet, a rich teqwedi shaman who lived on Knight Island, and were later inherited by t'ek'-ic who died in the 1880's." Recording concludes with identification of the song by Frederica de Laguna.

Restrictions on Access: Access to this recording is currently restricted due to the high likelihood of its cultural sensitivity, pending further review. Please consult the Manuscripts Department for more details.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:39


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Shamanism -- Alaska; Tlingit Indians -- Religion; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7035

06-11. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Johnson, Chester, Mrs..
Humorous Peace Dance Song; Raven Washes Himself
1954-05-161 .mp3; 00:01:33

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:33


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Raven (Legendary character); Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Rites and ceremonies; Tlingit dance; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7088

06-12. Dick, Frank, Mrs.. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Song for the Frog Screen
1954-05-171 .mp3; 00:04:34

"Mrs. Frank Dick begins to explain the story of how the tl'uknaxAdi found the Frog at Alsek. 'cuxwanAx de xixtc'....'" For previously recorded version of song, and translation of song and related story, see Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:04:34


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Frogs -- Folklore; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7085

06-13. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Dick, Frank, Mrs..
Raven Cries for Daylight
1954-05-171 .mp3; 00:05:21

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:05:21


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Tlingit mythology; Tlingit Indians -- Folklore; Raven (Legendary character); Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6976

06-14. Dick, Frank. Dick, Frank, Mrs.. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Half of wuckika's Song of Mourning
1954-05-171 .mp3; 00:04:52

"This song was composed by the woman whose relatives were drowned in Lituya Bay, over a century ago."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:04:52


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Mourning customs -- United States -- Alaska; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6989

06-15. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Dick, Frank. Dick, Frank, Mrs..
Athabaskan Song for Coming Under the Ice on the Alsek
1954-05-171 .mp3; 00:03:49

A song supposed to be several hundred years old that is sung when people have successfully passed down the Alsek River under the glaciers. The words of the song in "Athabaskan," mostly like Southern Tutchone.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:49


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Athapascan Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language; Alsek River; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Southern Tutchone language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7081

06-16. Dick, Frank. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Song for Coming Under the Ice
1954-05-171 .mp3; 00:02:21

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:21


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Alsek River; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7065

06-17. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Dick, Frank, Mrs..
Frank Italio's Song for the First Mrs. Frank Dick; to cAnkuqedi-yAtx'i and kagwantan-yAtx'i
1954-05-171 .mp3; 00:04:11

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:04:11


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7047

06-18. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Dick, Frank, Mrs..
Dry Bay George's Song, to gIneX-qwan-yAtx'i
1954-05-171 .mp3; 00:00:47

"This was composed by tlIngit-ani-kina, the brother of Dry Bay Chief George." Recording cuts off before completion of program.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:47


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7004

Reel 7
  
07-04. Johnson, Chester, Mrs.. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Song for Murrelet Staff, wuckiten sib
1954-06-101 .mp3; 00:03:32

"Mrs. Chester Johnson introduces the song in Tlingit. It is a sad song belonging to the sib of her father's father's father's father, and is probably very old." Recording concludes with identification of the song by Frederica de Laguna.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:32


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6990

07-05. White, Jenny. Johnson, Chester, Mrs.. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Dry Bay Chief George's Song to his young girl friend
1954-06-101 .mp3; 00:02:37

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:37


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7030

07-06. Jack, Jenny. Harry, Maggy. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Marching Song (kwack'qwan)
1954-05-271 .mp3; 00:01:55

"Maggy Harry introduces the song in Tlingit. It is one supposedly used as a marching song by the ancestors of the kwack'qwan on their migration from the Copper River; now used by the kwack'qwan when marching to a house to which they have been invited as guests at a potlatch."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:55


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Potlatch -- Alaska; Migration, Internal -- Alaska; Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Migrations

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7036

07-07. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jack, Jenny. Harry, Maggy.
Resting Song (kwack'qwan)
1954-05-271 .mp3; 00:03:15

The words of the song are identified by collector as being "in Copper River Language." This most likely designates Eyak.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:15


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Eyak language; Migration, Internal -- Alaska; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language; Indians of North America -- Migrations

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7017

07-08. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Harry, Maggy. Jack, Jenny.
Mourning Song (kwack'qwan)
1954-05-271 .mp3; 00:03:15

"Maggy Harry introduces the song in Tlingit. It was composed on the migration from Copper River, by a man who shot his brother by mistake, and is now sung at potlatches 'when we lost our parents.'" The words of the song are identified by collector as being "in Copper River Language." This most likely designates Eyak.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:15


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Eyak language; Migration, Internal -- Alaska; Indians of North America -- Migrations; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7086

07-09. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jack, Jenny. Harry, Maggy.
Jimmy Jackson's Love Song, 1904
1954-05-271 .mp3; 00:03:19

"Maggy Harry introduces the song in Tlingit. It was composed in 1904, by her uncle, Jimmy Jackson, when his wife, Susie Davis, left him, and his sister-in-law offered to be his girl friend.... This is not addressed to any sib -yAtx'i. It is supposed to sound like the sawmill in which Jimmy Jackson was working at the time. However, it is supposed to be of Haida type, like the conventional songs addressed to sib-yAtx'i."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:19


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Haida Indians -- Music; Love songs; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7043

07-10. Jack, Jenny. Harry, Maggy. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Haida Love Song
1954-05-271 .mp3; 00:03:05

"Maggy Harry explains in Tlingit that the song was purchased in Kasaan, from a Haida man named q'ackwe, by B.A. Jack, and Maggy's husband, tcAna-ic, in 1900. 'It's pretty fast.'"

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:05


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Haida Indians -- Music; Love songs; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7016

07-11. Harry, Maggy. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
kwack'qwan "National Song"
1954-05-271 .mp3; 00:02:10

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:10


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Tsimshian language; Tlingit Indians -- Religion; Shamanism -- Alaska; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7052

07-12. Jack, Jenny. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Song composed by Jimmy Jackson for sanAX-tla; to kagwantan-yAtx'i
1954-05-271 .mp3; 00:03:57

"Jenny Jack introduces the song in Tlingit, beginning 'aX cAtX...' The song was composed by Jimmy Jackson to comfort Jenny's cousin , sanAX-tla, when she was beaten up by her husband for getting into trouble with Tom John's older brother, kUXt'itc. Maggy says: 'We gonna help her.'"

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:57


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Family violence -- Alaska; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7064

07-13. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jack, Jenny. Harry, Maggy.
kwack'qwan Mourning Song for those Drowned
1954-05-271 .mp3; 00:05:45

"Maggy introduces the song in Tlingit. Then- 'It's a pretty sad song, this one. I always cry when I sing it, but I'm gonna try to brave enough to sing it.' [Mourning song for those who drown. It is addressed to the dead son. Composed in Chilkat on Bering River by kagwask' about 1860 ? when his brother was lost on a snowslide."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:05:45


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Drowning victims; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Mourning customs -- United States -- Alaska; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7053

07-14. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Harry, Maggy. Jack, Jenny.
Aleut Sun Dance Song
1954-05-271 .mp3; 00:01:51

"Maggy introduces the song in Tlingit...'You tell them fine looking girls gonna sing this song.' Laughs. [It is a dance song, in which the dancers pretend to push 'them' around with guns. It was an Aleut - i.e. Prince William Sound Eskimo song - captured by cada, Maggy's great-grandfather in a war with the 'Aleut' near Cordova."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:51


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Tlingit dance; Aleuts -- Music; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7083

07-15. Johnson, Minnie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Funny Song about Raven Breaking Box of Daylight
1954-05-311 .mp3; 00:01:44

"This is sung as a funny song at the end of a peace ceremony. Minnie ends with a waa! which has to be called out if the peace-hostage makes a mistake or says anything that might provoke bad feelings."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:44


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Rites and ceremonies; Raven (Legendary character); Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7073

07-16. Johnson, Minnie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Funny Song about Raven loosing his nose
1954-05-311 .mp3; 00:01:13

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:13


Geographic Name(s): Yakutat (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Rites and ceremonies; Raven (Legendary character); Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7001

Ahtna (Chitina, Tazlina, Chistochina)
  
Reel 8
  
08-01. Stanfield, Fanny. McClellan, Catharine. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Sarani (Crow) Song
1954-07-121 .mp3; 00:02:24

"It is a potlatch dancing song from Up-the-Line, Copper Center or Chistochina. The words apparently mean: 'When he's flying around, the Crow says he's going to see you some day.'" Recording identified by Frederica de Laguna at end of subsequently recorded song. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:24


Geographic Name(s): Chitina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Crows; Potlatch -- Alaska; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7059

08-02. Stanfield, Fanny. McClellan, Catharine. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Chalali Whisky Song
1954-07-121 .mp3; 00:01:55

A dancing song, to which men and women dance in a circle. May come from Copper Center. Words mean, 'Put the whisky in the cup.' Recording identified by Frederica de Laguna at end of subsequently recorded song. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:55


Geographic Name(s): Chitina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Whiskey; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7034

08-03. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Stanfield, Fanny. McClellan, Catharine.
Potlatch Song
1954-07-121 .mp3; 00:03:22

"This song is said to be sung from Chitina to Cordova. The words sound like Athabaskan pronunciation of Tlingit." Recording identified by Frederica de Laguna at end of subsequently recorded song. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:22


Geographic Name(s): Chitina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Potlatch -- Alaska; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6996

08-04. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. Stanfield, Fanny.
Fanny's Mother's Song
1954-07-121 .mp3; 00:02:29

"This song was not composed by her mother, but was one her mother used to sing. It was learned from the Eyak?" Recording concludes with identification of this song and the three preceding ones by Frederica de Laguna. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:29


Geographic Name(s): Chitina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Dance; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7082

08-05. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. Goodlataw, Joe.
A Tlingit Song
1954-07-131 .mp3; 00:01:52

A song by the singer's father, a Tlingit, of the Eagle gIts'i'Iltcha sib. This was a happy song used at potlatches, when the champion dancers and singers were in the center, and the rest danced in a circle around them. Also formerly sung by the singer's elder brothers, Chief Nikolai and Chief Hangita, and Escaldita. Recording identified by Frederica de Laguna at end of subsequently recorded song. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:52


Geographic Name(s): Chitina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit dance; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Potlatch -- Alaska; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7058

08-06. McClellan, Catharine. Goodlataw, Joe. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Another Tlingit Song
1954-07-131 .mp3; 00:02:34

Recording identified by Frederica de Laguna at end of subsequently recorded song. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:34


Geographic Name(s): Chitina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Potlatch -- Alaska; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6982

08-07. McClellan, Catharine. Goodlataw, Martha. Goodlataw, Joe. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Tlingit Worry Song
1954-07-131 .mp3; 00:02:37

"It came from SE Alaska, and was sung at potlatch for Joe's grandfather who drowned in the Copper River near Miles and Childs Glaciers. His grandmother used to sing it. It was also sung by his brother at the potlatch for the latter's wife who died in childbirth." Recording identified by Frederica de Laguna at end of subsequently recorded song. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:37


Geographic Name(s): Chitina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Drowning victims; Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Potlatch -- Alaska

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7039

08-08. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. Goodlataw, Martha. Goodlataw, Joe.
Tenas Waski Drinking Song, Chinook Jargon
1954-07-131 .mp3; 00:02:37

"This song is believed to be Tlingit. Joe's uncle, Nikolai, used to drink and sing this song. He would pour liquor into the mouths of dancers as they danced passed him." Recording concludes with identification of this song and the three preceding ones by Frederica de Laguna. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:37


Geographic Name(s): Chitina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Drinking songs -- Alaska; Chinook jargon; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7051

08-09. McClellan, Catharine. Goodlataw, Martha. Carlsen, Lottie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Up the Line Drinking Song (Tcecali)
1954-07-141 .mp3; 00:01:32

Recording identified by Frederica de Laguna at end of subsequently recorded song. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:32


Geographic Name(s): Chitina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena language; Drinking songs -- Alaska

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6998

08-10. McClellan, Catharine. Goodlataw, Martha. Carlsen, Lottie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Up-The-Line Dance Song
1954-07-141 .mp3; 00:01:25

Recording identified by Frederica de Laguna at end of subsequently recorded song. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:25


Geographic Name(s): Chitina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7020

08-11. McClellan, Catharine. Goodlataw, Martha. Carlsen, Lottie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Up-the-Line Dance Song
1954-07-141 .mp3; 00:01:41

Recording identified by Frederica de Laguna at end of subsequently recorded song. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:41


Geographic Name(s): Chitina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena dance; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7024

08-12. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. Goodlataw, Martha. Carlsen, Lottie.
Gospel Hymn "Yesterday, Today, Forever"
1954-07-141 .mp3; 00:01:34

Recording concludes with identification of this song and the three preceding ones by Frederica de Laguna. See Related Recording.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:34


Geographic Name(s): Chitina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Hymns; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7045

08-13. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Craig, Oscar. Pete, Mentasta. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. George, Bacille.
Up-the-Line Song
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:03:03

Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest. Information identifying the song is missing from the collector's accompanying documentation. Available information gathered from recording itself.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:03


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6988

08-14. McClellan, Catharine. George, Bacille. Craig, Oscar. Pete, Mentasta. McKinley, Jim. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Up-the-Line Song
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:03:02

Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest. Information identifying the song is missing from the collector's accompanying documentation. Available information gathered from recording itself.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:02


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tanacross language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6987

08-15. Billum, Douglas, b. 1881. Pete, Mentasta. McKinley, Jim. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine.
Tetlin Song
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:03:14

Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest. Information identifying the song is missing from the collector's accompanying documentation. Available information gathered from recording itself.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:14


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Upper Tanana language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7078

08-16. George, Bacille. Craig, Oscar. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Pete, Mentasta. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine.
Tanana River Dancing Song
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:02:00

Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest. Information identifying the song is missing from the collector's accompanying documentation. Available information gathered from recording itself.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:00


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Dance; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tanacross language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7008

08-17. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. George, Bacille. Pete, Mentasta. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Craig, Oscar.
Tanana River Song
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:01:25

Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest. Information identifying the song is missing from the collector's accompanying documentation. Available information gathered from recording itself.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:25


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tanacross language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7049

08-18. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. George, Bacille. Craig, Oscar. Pete, Mentasta. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine.
Up-the-Line Song
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:01:38

Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest. Information identifying the song is missing from the collector's accompanying documentation. Available information gathered from recording itself.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:38


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Upper Tanana language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6979

08-19. Craig, Oscar. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. George, Bacille. Pete, Mentasta.
Up-the-Line Song
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:01:40

Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest. Information identifying the song is missing from the collector's accompanying documentation. Available information gathered from recording itself.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:40


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Upper Tanana language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7012

08-20. Pete, Mentasta. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. George, Bacille. Craig, Oscar.
Sarani Song
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:01:53

Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest. Information identifying the song is missing from the collector's accompanying documentation. Available information gathered from recording itself.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:53


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena language; Raven (Legendary character); Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7019

08-21. Craig, Oscar. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. George, Bacille. Pete, Mentasta.
Song about a lady who lost a baby
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:03:19

Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest. Information identifying the song is missing from the collector's accompanying documentation. Available information gathered from recording itself.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:19


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Mourning customs -- United States -- Alaska

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7003

08-22. McClellan, Catharine. Billum, Mary Anne, circa 1887-1965. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Little Fish Song
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:01:23

Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest. Identification of the song, performer, and language is missing from the collector's documentation.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:23


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6983

08-23. Pete, Mentasta. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. George, Bacille. Craig, Oscar. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Unidentified song
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:01:42

Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest. Identification of the song, performer, and language is missing from the collector's documentation.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:42


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7068

08-24. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. George, Bacille. Craig, Oscar. Pete, Mentasta. McKinley, Jim.
War Dance Song (?)
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:02:49

"Song begins in middle- Mentasta Pete drumming; Bacille George, Oscar Craig, Jim McKinley dance with paper 'feathers'.... Explanation by Oscar Craig. This is a Yukon song. Bacille George says they are broadcasting from Copper Center." Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:49


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tanacross language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Dance; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7015

08-25. Craig, Oscar. Pete, Mentasta. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. George, Bacille. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Up-the-Line Song and Dance
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:01:31

Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:31


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tanacross language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Dance; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7060

Reel 9
  
09-01. Pete, Mentasta. McKinley, Jim. Craig, Oscar. Charley, Tenas. Billum, Mary Anne, circa 1887-1965. McClellan, Catharine. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Cooper River kIndjui Song
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:01:15

Song explained by Jim McKinley as a kIndjui (Tlingit) dance song from Copper River. Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:15


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Dance; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6993

09-02. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Craig, Oscar. Charley, Tenas. Billum, Mary Anne, circa 1887-1965. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. Pete, Mentasta.
Tlingit Song
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:00:46

Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:46


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Dance; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7067

09-03. Billum, Mary Anne, circa 1887-1965. George, Bacille. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Craig, Oscar. Charley, Tenas. Pete, Mentasta. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Jackson, Martha.
Tlingit Song and Dance
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:02:05

Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:05


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Dance; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7005

09-04. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Craig, Oscar. Pete, Mentasta. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Charley, Tenas. Billum, Mary Anne, circa 1887-1965.
Love Song
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:03:51

"Introduction by Oscar Craig. This is an old-fashioned love song, of the type composed and sung by a person of either sex who is worried about absent sweet-heart. The words mean: 'I want to see you.' 'You look good to me.' 'I see you standing and I would like to see you' - according to different informants. It was supposedly sung by Tenos Jack to Lotti Carlsen, and he was assisted by the entire group. No drum. Feet tap... Oscar Craig explains love-song. It is addressed to s'ude 'my cross-cousin' - who he calls 'second cousin.'" Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:51


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Love songs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7014

09-05. Craig, Oscar. Charley, Tenas. Billum, Mary Anne, circa 1887-1965. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. Pete, Mentasta. McKinley, Jim.
Ground Squirrel Song
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:01:14

Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:14


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7048

09-06. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. Pete, Mentasta. Craig, Oscar. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Charley, Tenas. Billum, Mary Anne, circa 1887-1965.
Timberwolf Song
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:02:32

"FdeL asks for wolf song, used to call moose.... Oscar Craig explains that song is engi (taboo). Old-timers don't like to hear it. F thanks them - 'tcInan.' Craig says: 'Really tcInan.' According to informants at Chistochina this was a song, sung to make a peace after a war which the people don't like to recall." Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:32


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- History; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7031

09-07. Billum, Mary Anne, circa 1887-1965. George, Bacille. Craig, Oscar. Charley, Tenas. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Pete, Mentasta. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Jackson, Martha.
Northway Potlatch Song
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:01:28

Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:28


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Upper Tanana language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Potlatch -- Alaska

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7026

09-08. Pete, Mentasta. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Charley, Tenas. Billum, Mary Anne, circa 1887-1965. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. Craig, Oscar.
Tetlin or Tanacross Song
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:01:53

Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:53


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Tanacross language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7018

09-09. Craig, Oscar. Charley, Tenas. Billum, Mary Anne, circa 1887-1965. McClellan, Catharine. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Pete, Mentasta. McKinley, Jim.
Tanana River Song
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:01:42

Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:42


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tanacross language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6975

09-10. Pete, Mentasta. Craig, Oscar. Charley, Tenas. Billum, Mary Anne, circa 1887-1965. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Jackson, Martha. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. George, Bacille.
Long Ago Song
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:02:30

Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:30


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tanacross language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6974

09-11. George, Bacille. Craig, Oscar. Charley, Tenas. Pete, Mentasta. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Jackson, Martha. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Billum, Mary Anne, circa 1887-1965.
GoodTime Up-the-Line Song
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:01:03

Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:03


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Ahtena dance; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7063

09-12. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Charley, Tenas. Billum, Mary Anne, circa 1887-1965. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. Craig, Oscar. Pete, Mentasta. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine.
Up-the-Line Song
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:01:08

Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:08


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena dance; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7044

09-13. McClellan, Catharine. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. Pete, Mentasta. McKinley, Jim. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Craig, Oscar. Charley, Tenas. Billum, Mary Anne, circa 1887-1965.
Up-the-Line Song
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:01:06

Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:06


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena dance; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7037

09-14. Craig, Oscar. Charley, Tenas. Billum, Mary Anne, circa 1887-1965. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. Pete, Mentasta.
Wake Up and Come On song
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:02:23

Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:23


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7007

09-15. Pete, Mentasta. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. Jackson, Martha. Billum, Mary Anne, circa 1887-1965. George, Bacille. Craig, Oscar. Charley, Tenas. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Frank Tanacross' Worry Song
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:01:33

Song composed by the singer for his sister's funeral potlatch. Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:33


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Tanacross language; Mourning customs -- United States -- Alaska; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7029

09-16. Charley, Tenas. Billum, Mary Anne, circa 1887-1965. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille. Craig, Oscar. Pete, Mentasta. McKinley, Jim. McClellan, Catharine. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Worry Song
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:01:30

"Jim McKinley explains: 'Same thing again. Frank's boy died at Tanana River. His boy make it himself and he die.'" Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:30


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Mourning customs -- United States -- Alaska; Tanacross language; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7075

09-17. Pete, Mentasta. McKinley, Jim. Craig, Oscar. Charley, Tenas. Billum, Mary Anne, circa 1887-1965. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. Jackson, Martha. George, Bacille.
Worry Song
1954-08-051 .mp3; 00:02:35

"Jim McKinley explains; 'At Mentasta, 2-3 womens. Their father died one time and they make that song. All die.'" Recorded at Tazlina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:35


Geographic Name(s): Tazlina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6997

09-18. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine.
Introduction by FdeL
1954-08-201 .mp3; 00:00:29

Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:29


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7002

09-19. McClellan, Catharine. John, Lucy. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. Frank, Harry. Charley, Frank. Albert, Lucy.
Up-the-Line tcElali Whiskey Song
1954-08-201 .mp3; 00:01:41

Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:41


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena language; Drinking songs -- Alaska; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6991

09-20. Albert, Lucy. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Maggie. Charley, Frank. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Talk
1954-08-201 .mp3; 00:02:20

"Lucy Albert speaks in Northway Athabaskan.... Frank Charley evidently paraphrases in Chistochina dialect.... Maggy Joe explains that Lucy Albert lost her cousin, the big chief, at Northway. She has just come back here to live near her two surviving relatives, - ?- and Frank Charley, her son." Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:20


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Upper Tanana language; Indians of North America -- Alaska; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7011

09-21. McClellan, Catharine. John, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Frank, Harry. Charley, Frank. Albert, Lucy.
Up-the-Line Dance Song
1954-08-201 .mp3; 00:00:51

Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:51


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena dance; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7006

09-22. Charley, Frank. Albert, Lucy. John, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Frank, Harry. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McClellan, Catharine.
Long Lucy John's Drinking Song
1954-08-201 .mp3; 00:01:48

Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:48


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Tanacross language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7072

09-23. Sinyone, Jim. Charley, Frank. Albert, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Frank, Harry. Sanford, Ralph. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Sanford, Kate. McClellan, Catharine. John, Lucy.
Sorry Song for Frank Charley's Father
1954-08-201 .mp3; 00:01:05

Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:05


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Mourning customs -- United States -- Alaska

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7062

09-24. Sanford, Kate. McClellan, Catharine. John, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. Albert, Lucy. Joe, Bill. Frank, Harry. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Charley, Frank.
Tanacross Song
1954-08-201 .mp3; 00:02:04

"This is a Tanacross song, belonging to Big Frank, a wUdjicyu man, now dead. It is a sorry song. Some one else said it was a dance song." Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:04


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Tanacross language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7061

09-25. Frank, Harry. Charley, Frank. Albert, Lucy. McClellan, Catharine. John, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Joe, Bill. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate.
Northway Christmas Tree Song
1954-08-201 .mp3; 00:03:54

Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:54


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Upper Tanana language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7071

09-26. Charley, Frank. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Albert, Lucy. John, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Frank, Harry. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McClellan, Catharine.
Tanacross Song for Christmas Day and New Year's Day
1954-08-201 .mp3; 00:01:19

Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:19


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tanacross language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7046

09-27. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McClellan, Catharine. John, Lucy. Sinyone, Jim. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Charley, Frank. Albert, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Frank, Harry.
Santa Claus Song
1954-08-201 .mp3; 00:01:02

Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:02


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tanacross language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7050

09-28. Joe, Bill. Frank, Harry. Charley, Frank. Sanford, Kate. McClellan, Catharine. John, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. Albert, Lucy. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
SaRani gai (Crow) & nAlbei (Seagull) Song
1954-08-201 .mp3; 00:01:08

"[Song] is said to be about Crow and Seagull who ate too much at a potlatch." Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:08


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7022

09-29. Frank, Harry. Charley, Frank. Albert, Lucy. McClellan, Catharine. John, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Joe, Bill. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate.
Dance Song from Tanacross
1954-08-201 .mp3; 00:01:12

Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:12


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tanacross language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Dance; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7025

09-30. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McClellan, Catharine. Charley, Frank. Albert, Lucy. John, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Joe, Bill. Frank, Harry.
Up-the-Line Dance Song
1954-08-201 .mp3; 00:01:22

"Ralf Sanford: 'Another one from Tanacross.' Harry Frank: 'From Nabesna River.' Others mention Northway, Tanacross, Tatlin." Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:22


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Dance; Tanacross language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7013

09-31. John, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Frank, Harry. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. Sanford, Adam. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. Sinyone, Jim. Charley, Frank. Albert, Lucy.
Adam Sanford's Drinking Song
1954-08-201 .mp3; 00:02:09

A song composed in imitation of a drunken man trying to use big words. The song is introduced by the singer in English and "Athabaskan"--most likely Southern Tutchone. Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:09


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena language; Drinking songs -- Alaska; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6992

09-32. Charley, Frank. Albert, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Frank, Harry. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McClellan, Catharine. John, Lucy. Sinyone, Jim. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Northway "Muskrat" Drinking Song
1954-08-201 .mp3; 00:01:31

"Bill Joe introduces the song. It was composed by Titus John, former husband of Lucy (Albert??). 'When I'm drunk I act like a muskrat, go around collecting grass.' There is also said to be a reference to an outboard motor on a lake." Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:31


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Muskrat; Drinking songs -- Alaska; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6994

09-33. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. Albert, Lucy. Joe, Bill. Frank, Harry. Charley, Frank. Sanford, Kate. McClellan, Catharine. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. John, Lucy. Joe, Maggie.
Sorry Song for Mrs. Banzanita Billy's Boy
1954-08-201 .mp3; 00:02:34

"Introduction by Bill Joe. The father or mother made this song after the death of the son, while listening to a phonograph record." Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:34


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena language; Mourning customs -- United States -- Alaska

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7087

09-34. McClellan, Catharine. John, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. Frank, Harry. Charley, Frank. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Albert, Lucy.
Tanacross Dance Song
1954-08-201 .mp3; 00:01:36

"Kate Sanford introduces song. 'No sing at Chistochina. Not many people this place.'" Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:36


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tanacross language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7009

Reel 10
  
10-01. McClellan, Catharine. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Introduction by FdeL
1954-08-221 .mp3; 00:00:35

Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:35


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6999

10-02. Joe, Bill. Frank, Harry. Charley, Frank. Sanford, Kate. McClellan, Catharine. John, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. Albert, Lucy. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Song from Knik, or Cantwell, or Eklutna, Knik Arm, Cook Inlet
1954-08-221 .mp3; 00:01:36

Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:36


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Dena'ina language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7027

10-03. Frank, Harry. Charley, Frank. Albert, Lucy. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. John, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate.
Tanana Crossing Song
1954-08-221 .mp3; 00:00:58

Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:58


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tanacross language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7055

10-04. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McClellan, Catharine. Charley, Frank. Albert, Lucy. John, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Frank, Harry. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Tanacross Song
1954-08-221 .mp3; 00:01:22

Bill Joe introduces Tanana Crossing song. Bill Joe and Jim Sinyone drum. Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:22


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tanacross language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7057

10-05. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Frank, Harry. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McClellan, Catharine. John, Lucy. Sinyone, Jim. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Charley, Frank. Albert, Lucy.
Tanana River Song
1954-08-221 .mp3; 00:01:01

Bill Joe and Jim Sinyone drumming. Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:01


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Tanacross language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7032

10-06. Albert, Lucy. Joe, Bill. Frank, Harry. Charley, Frank. Sanford, Kate. McClellan, Catharine. John, Lucy. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Joe, Maggie. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph.
Tanacross Song
1954-08-221 .mp3; 00:01:55

Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:55


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Tanacross language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6981

10-07. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Frank, Harry. Charley, Frank. Albert, Lucy. McClellan, Catharine. John, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill.
Dawson Hanging Song
1954-08-221 .mp3; 00:02:07

Song explained by Frank Charley: "In Dawson, 1903, a woman had three sons. They were hanging them for murder. The last boy said 'Goodby world, and goodby Mother,' when he go to hanging." Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:07


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Han language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Hangings -- Yukon -- Dawson; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7070

10-08. John, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Frank, Harry. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McClellan, Catharine. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Charley, Frank. Albert, Lucy.
Tanacross Song
1954-08-221 .mp3; 00:01:12

Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:12


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Tanacross language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7000

10-09. Charley, Frank. Albert, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Frank, Harry. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McClellan, Catharine. John, Lucy. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Sinyone, Jim.
Tanana River Song
1954-08-221 .mp3; 00:01:41

Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:41


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Tanacross language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7042

10-10. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. Albert, Lucy. Joe, Bill. Frank, Harry. Charley, Frank. Sanford, Kate. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. John, Lucy. Joe, Maggie.
Frank Charley's Sorry Song for his Brother
1954-08-221 .mp3; 00:04:03

"Translation by Bill Joe. The song was composed by Frank Charley for his brother who died up Suslotna River. It was sung at a potlatch for him. It makes Frank feel good when he sing that song." Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:04:03


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7033

10-11. McClellan, Catharine. John, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Frank, Harry. Charley, Frank. Albert, Lucy.
Jim Sinyone's Sorry Song for his Father's Brother
1954-08-221 .mp3; 00:02:56

"Jim Sinyone introduces the song. His is from Gulkana. The song is for his father's brother, Suslotna Charley, who died in 1942." Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:56


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7089

10-12. Charley, Frank. Albert, Lucy. John, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Frank, Harry. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Sanford, Kate. McClellan, Catharine.
Maggy Joe's Song for Oscar Isaac
1954-08-221 .mp3; 00:01:28

Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:28


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Tanacross language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7076

10-13. Sinyone, Jim. Charley, Frank. Albert, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Joe, Bill. Frank, Harry. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McClellan, Catharine. John, Lucy.
Love Song to Dick Ewan, by Maggy Joe & Kate Sanford
1954-08-221 .mp3; 00:01:28

"The song was composed that afternoon, on a trip to Gulkana. Dick Ewan is the cross-cousin, sudE', of the two sisters." Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:28


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Love songs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6980

10-14. Sanford, Kate. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. John, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. Albert, Lucy. Joe, Bill. Frank, Harry. Charley, Frank.
Tanacross Dance Song
1954-08-221 .mp3; 00:01:23

Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:23


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Dance; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7069

10-15. Frank, Harry. Charley, Frank. Albert, Lucy. McClellan, Catharine. John, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Shaman's Money Song
1954-08-221 .mp3; 00:02:11

"The song was composed by a wudjicyu gyEnin, shaman, who knew how to make money come down from above. He sold it to his gya'znE' (apposite), the nAltsina chief of Gulkana for lots of cloth, a muzzle-loader, and dentalia. Then the original composed could no longer sing it.... 'Dance too much...Stand up and singing' are spoken in Tanacross language after the song." Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Restrictions on Access: Access to this recording is currently restricted due to the high likelihood of its cultural sensitivity, pending further review. Please consult the Manuscripts Department for more details.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:11


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Tanacross language; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7074

10-16. Charley, Frank. Albert, Lucy. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. John, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Frank, Harry. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McClellan, Catharine.
Tanacross Dance Song
1954-08-221 .mp3; 00:01:13

Song was composed in 1916. Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:13


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Dance; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7040

10-17. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McClellan, Catharine. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. John, Lucy. Sinyone, Jim. Charley, Frank. Albert, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Frank, Harry.
Tanacross Dance Song
1954-08-221 .mp3; 00:01:08

Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:08


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Social life and customs; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Dance; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7080

10-18. Joe, Bill. Frank, Harry. Charley, Frank. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Sanford, Kate. McClellan, Catharine. John, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. Albert, Lucy.
Northway Gospel Hymn "Let it Shine"
1954-08-221 .mp3; 00:01:41

Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:41


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Religion; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Upper Tanana language; Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7079

10-19. Frank, Harry. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Charley, Frank. Albert, Lucy. McClellan, Catharine. John, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate.
Gospel Hymn "Nothing but the Blood of Jesus"
1954-08-221 .mp3; 00:01:54

Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest. Tape ends in middle of song.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:54


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Hymns; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Religion; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7077

10-20. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McClellan, Catharine. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Charley, Frank. Albert, Lucy. John, Lucy. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Frank, Harry.
Rabbit Song
1954-08-221 .mp3; 00:01:02

Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:02


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6995

10-21. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Frank, Harry. Sanford, Ralph. Sanford, Kate. McClellan, Catharine. John, Lucy. Sinyone, Jim. Charley, Frank. Albert, Lucy. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Goodby Song
1954-08-221 .mp3; 00:01:16

"The words mean; 'Goodby, sudE', I follow you' or `Etsuda nANgAl st'Al 'I like to follow my sweetheart.'" Recorded at Chistochina Song Fest.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:16


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Ahtena Indians -- Social life and customs; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Ahtena language; Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6984

10-22. Charley, Lemy. Charley, Frank. Albert, Lucy. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Joe, Maggie. Joe, Bill. Frank, Harry. Sanford, Kate. McClellan, Catharine. John, Steven. John, Lucy. Sinyone, Jim. Sanford, Ralph.
Goodbys
1954-08-221 .mp3; 00:02:48

"The whole group says goodby into the microphone."

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:48


Geographic Name(s): Chistochina (Alaska)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Music; Ahtena Indians -- Music; Farewells

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6978

Southern Tutchone (Klukshu)
  
10-23. McClellan, Catharine. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Identification of recording
1954-08-311 .mp3; 00:00:32

Frederica de Laguna identifies previously recorded songs and the present occasion. Recorded at Beloud's, near Klukshu, Yukon Territory.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:00:32


Geographic Name(s): Klukshu (Yukon)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Yukon -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7054

10-24. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. Allen, Jessie.
Going to Dalton Post
1954-08-311 .mp3; 00:01:00

"This is a Wolf moiety song. It was composed by a half-breed boy, John Brown (or Broon), Charley's brother, from Champagne, on the occasion of a big potlatch at Bee Lake, to which the original words of the song refer. It was sung to us when we were walking to Dalton Post." Recorded at Beloud's, near Klukshu, Yukon Territory.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:00


Geographic Name(s): Klukshu (Yukon)

Subject(s): Southern Tutchone language; Indians of North America -- Yukon -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7028

10-25. McClellan, Catharine. Allen, Jessie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Love Song
1954-08-311 .mp3; 00:01:08

"Words of song: titl'akwAdzEn' kwAdr'.li' dzEn'ada tEdzEnikwana. A lady get story from her boy friend. She feel sorry for her boyfriend. 'When I hear that story, I feel sorry.' She feel sick about it. She's dead. This is a Wolf song. The composer (? or singer?) was Susie, married to Nelson at one time. Her name was `ntcInulyan`." Recorded at Beloud's, near Klukshu, Yukon Territory.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:08


Geographic Name(s): Klukshu (Yukon)

Subject(s): Love songs; Southern Tutchone language; Indians of North America -- Yukon -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6986

10-26. Hume, Lily. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine.
Tlingit Song to dakl'awedi-yAtx'i
1954-08-311 .mp3; 00:01:25

"The song is sung by a Wolf man to Crow girl, nIsAdi-yAtx'i." Recorded at Beloud's, near Klukshu, Yukon Territory.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:25


Geographic Name(s): Klukshu (Yukon)

Subject(s): Tlingit Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Yukon -- Music; Tlingit language

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7041

10-27. McClellan, Catharine. Hume, Lily. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Tlingit Song to tlukwaxAdi-yAtx'i
1954-08-311 .mp3; 00:02:31

"Words mean: 'When I die, I'm gonna come back, shake your hand.'" Recorded at Beloud's, near Klukshu, Yukon Territory.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:31


Geographic Name(s): Klukshu (Yukon)

Subject(s): Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Yukon -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6985

10-28. McClellan, Catharine. Allen, Jessie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
False start on song by Jessie Allen
1954-08-311 .mp3; 00:01:21

Recorded at Beloud's, near Klukshu, Yukon Territory.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:21


Geographic Name(s): Klukshu (Yukon)

Subject(s): Farewells; Southern Tutchone language; Indians of North America -- Yukon -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7021

10-29. McClellan, Catharine. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. Allen, Jessie.
Goodby Song for Kitty
1954-08-311 .mp3; 00:02:20

"Words mean: 'My uncle, I don't know where you stay now' like a love song.... When you leave here I gonna be sorry." Recorded at Beloud's, near Klukshu, Yukon Territory.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:02:20


Geographic Name(s): Klukshu (Yukon)

Subject(s): Farewells; Southern Tutchone language; Indians of North America -- Yukon -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7038

10-30. Hume, Lily. McClellan, Catharine. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
Big Jim's Tlingit Song
1954-08-311 .mp3; 00:01:40

"This is her father's song. He hears bad luck like thunder inside. He hears it that time he start the song. His wife gonna die, his daughter's dead, and his son's wife's dead. Three die in one day. Quick sick. It was at Dalton Post, before the white men came. He heard it (the portent?) down the Alsek at a hil, Sheep Hat, near nuqa-ik." Recorded at Beloud's, near Klukshu, Yukon Territory.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:01:40


Geographic Name(s): Klukshu (Yukon)

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Yukon -- Music; Tlingit language; Tlingit Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:7056

10-31. Hume, Lily. Allen, Jessie. De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004. McClellan, Catharine. Joe, Harry.
Harry Joe's Mother's mother's brother's Sorry Song
1954-08-311 .mp3; 00:03:48

"Jessie Allen explained: This song was composed (?) by Harry Joe's mother's mother's brother, a Crow man. It's a sorry song for the d as. [sic] He feels bad and is calling for something. People were hunting sheep on top of the mountain. Sit down and think about girl friend (father's sister and cross-cousin). She explained that she was singing the song for Harry Joe because he didn't know it." Recorded at Beloud's, near Klukshu, Yukon Territory.

Location of originals: This file is a compressed, digitized version of the original. The APS Library maintains the original format (Sound tape reel) as well as an uncompressed digitized version of this recording.

General physical description: 00:03:48


Geographic Name(s): Klukshu (Yukon)

Subject(s): Southern Tutchone language; Indians of North America -- Yukon -- Music

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/audio:6977