Ottawa material

Mss.Rec.1

Date: 1947-1948 | Size: 14 reel(s)

Abstract

This collection consists of Ottawa songs, interviews, word lists, legends, Nanabojo stories, autobiographical stories, and information on Ottawa history. Some of the material is given in both Ottawa and English, some in Ottawa only. Recorded by Jane Ettawageshik in Michigan from 1947 to 1948.

Scope and content

This collection has two series. Series 1 consists of original tapes 1a, 2b, 3b, and 4a. The contents of these tapes were originally recorded onto discs in 1947 and were transferred to sound tape reels in 1949. Series 2 consists of original tapes 1b, 2a, 3a, 4b, and 5 through 16. The contents of these tapes were originally recorded on 13 wire spools in 1947 and were transferred to sound tape reels in 1949.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Physical description

21 sound tape reels (8 hr., 28 min.) : analog, 7 1/2 ips, full track, mono ; 5 in. and 7 in.

21 sound tape reels (8 hr., 28 min.) : analog, 7 1/2 ips, full track, mono ; 5 in. and 7 in.

Provenance

Presented by Jane Ettawageshik in 1950. This material was recorded with the assistance of a Phillips Fund grant.

Processing information

Collection digitized and cataloged by Brian Carpenter during the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation funded audio digitization project, 2008-2014.

Finding aid version:
October 2019

Related material

Related manuscript material, including texts written in Ottawa by Chief Ettawageshik, interlinear translations, and word lists are available in the ACLS Collection (Mss.497.3 B63c.)

Transcription, parallel, and interlineal translation of 14 Ottawa stories (on original wire spools 1-5), made by Howard Webkamigad in 2001, can be found at Anishinaabe Language Tape Transcriptions of Anishinaabe Language Recordings by anishinaabe People from the Traverse Area of Michigan During the 1940s (Mss.SMs.Coll.20).

Related publications

Most of the stories in Series 1 appear in Chapter 9 ("Odawa Myths") of "The Art of Tradition" by Gertrude Kurath, Jane Ettawageshik, and Fred Ettawageshik (Michigan State University Press, 2009). The titles in this book are the same as the titles given here.

Most of the stories in Series 2 appears in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs / anishinaabe dibaadjimowinan wodi gaa binjibaamigak wodi mookodjiwong e zhinikaadek" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad. The English titles in this book are mostly different from those found in this recording collection. Researchers are encouraged to consult these titles, as well as the Anishinaabe titles given by Webkamigad, as these will illuminate the content of the audio more fully.

Indexing Terms


Genre(s)

  • Sound recordings

Subject(s)

  • Anishinaabe
  • Nanabush (Legendary character)
  • Ottawa Indians -- Folklore
  • Ottawa Indians -- History
  • Ottawa Indians -- Music
  • Ottawa Indians -- Social life and customs
  • Ottawa dance
  • Ottawa language


Detailed Inventory

Series 1
  
Tape 1A
 1 sound_tape_reel
01A-01. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
How the Bear Lost his Tail
1947-0800:02:40

General physical description: 00:02:40


Geographic Name(s): Philadelphia (Pa.)

Subject(s): Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Nanabush (Legendary character) -- Legends; Bears; Ottawa language

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9090

01A-02. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
The Legend of Manitou Islands and Sleeping Bear Point
1947-0800:01:59

General physical description: 00:01:59


Geographic Name(s): Philadelphia (Pa.)

Subject(s): Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore (Mich.); Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; North Manitou Island (Mich.); South Manitou Island (Mich.)

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9079

01A-03. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
The Story of the Choke Cherries
1947-0800:01:11

General physical description: 00:01:11


Geographic Name(s): Philadelphia (Pa.)

Subject(s): Ottawa language; Nanabush (Legendary character) -- Legends; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9075

01A-04. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
The Story of Nanabojo and the Leeks
1947-0800:01:11

General physical description: 00:01:11


Geographic Name(s): Philadelphia (Pa.)

Subject(s): Nanabush (Legendary character) -- Legends; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Ottawa language

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9073

01A-05. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Wooden Whistles
1947-0800:00:22

Story of the origin of a belief that blowing whistles will call up snakes in the springtime.

General physical description: 00:00:22


Geographic Name(s): Philadelphia (Pa.)

Subject(s): Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Snakes; Whistles; Ottawa language

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9071

01A-06. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Why Some Trees have Knobs on Them and the Birches Grow in Clumps
1947-0800:00:48

General physical description: 00:00:48


Geographic Name(s): Philadelphia (Pa.)

Subject(s): Trees -- Folklore; Birch; Ottawa language; Nanabush (Legendary character) -- Legends; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9089

01A-07. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996. Chingwa, Joe.
The Legend of the Serpent
1947-0800:06:04

A legend told to Chief Ettawageshik by Chief Joe Chingwa of Petoskey, Mich.

General physical description: 00:06:04


Geographic Name(s): Philadelphia (Pa.)

Subject(s): Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Ottawa language; Snakes

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9084

Tape 2B
 1 sound_tape_reel
02B-01. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
The Legend of the Corn
1947-0800:02:46

General physical description: 00:02:46


Geographic Name(s): Philadelphia (Pa.)

Subject(s): Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Ottawa language; Corn

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9086

02B-02. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969.
Why the Birchbark has Streaks
1947-0800:01:07

General physical description: 00:01:07


Geographic Name(s): Philadelphia (Pa.)

Subject(s): Birch; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Ottawa language; Nanabush (Legendary character) -- Legends

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9078

02B-03. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
The Story of Bagog, the Skeleton
1947-0800:01:49

A story describing puberty fasting.

General physical description: 00:01:49


Geographic Name(s): Philadelphia (Pa.)

Subject(s): Ottawa language; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Puberty rites; Skeleton -- Folklore

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9083

02B-04. Ettawageshik, Joe. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Underground People
1947-0800:05:26

"The Origin of the Pipigwe or 'Little Hawk' lineage to which Chief Ettawageshik belongs through his father. As written by Joe Ettawageshik, Fred's father, and edited by Fred."

General physical description: 00:05:26


Geographic Name(s): Philadelphia (Pa.)

Subject(s): Ottawa language; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9074

02B-05. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Word list from "Why Some Trees have Knobs on Them and the Birches Grow in Clumps"
1947-0800:03:45

General physical description: 00:03:45


Geographic Name(s): Philadelphia (Pa.)

Subject(s): Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Trees -- Folklore; Ottawa language; Nanabush (Legendary character) -- Legends

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9069

02B-06. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Word List from "Wooden Whistles"
1947-0800:01:36

General physical description: 00:01:36


Geographic Name(s): Philadelphia (Pa.)

Subject(s): Ottawa language; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9072

Tape 3B
 1 sound_tape_reel
03B-01. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Word list from "The Story of Bagog, the Skeleton"
1947-0800:07:29

General physical description: 00:07:29


Geographic Name(s): Philadelphia (Pa.)

Subject(s): Ottawa language; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9088

03B-02. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Creation of Mackinac Island by Nanabojo
1947-0800:00:41

General physical description: 00:00:41


Geographic Name(s): Philadelphia (Pa.)

Subject(s): Mackinac Island (Mich. : Island); Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Ottawa language; Nanabush (Legendary character) -- Legends

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9070

03B-03. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
The Legend of Harbor Point
1947-0800:01:33

General physical description: 00:01:33


Geographic Name(s): Philadelphia (Pa.)

Subject(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.); Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Ottawa language

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9077

03B-04. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
The Story of the Robin
1947-0800:02:55

A story describing puberty fasting.

General physical description: 00:02:55


Geographic Name(s): Philadelphia (Pa.)

Subject(s): Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Puberty rites; Robins -- Folklore; Ottawa language

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9082

03B-05. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Word list from "Underground People"
1947-0800:11:54

General physical description: 00:11:54


Geographic Name(s): Philadelphia (Pa.)

Subject(s): Ottawa language; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9081

03B-06. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Nanabojo Creates the Indian
1947-0800:06:18

General physical description: 00:06:18


Geographic Name(s): Philadelphia (Pa.)

Subject(s): Nanabush (Legendary character) -- Legends; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Ottawa language

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9080

Tape 4A
 1 sound_tape_reel
04A-01. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Nanabojo Creates the Indian [second telling by Fred Ettawageshik]
1947-0800:05:49

General physical description: 00:05:49


Geographic Name(s): Philadelphia (Pa.)

Subject(s): Nanabush (Legendary character) -- Legends; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Ottawa language

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9076

04A-02. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Why the Great Lakes are Receding
1947-0800:09:14

General physical description: 00:09:14


Geographic Name(s): Philadelphia (Pa.)

Subject(s): Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Nanabush (Legendary character) -- Legends; Great Lakes (North America); Ottawa language

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9087

04A-03. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Interview between Jane Willets and Chief Ettawageshik
1947-0800:02:11

General physical description: 00:02:11


Geographic Name(s): Philadelphia (Pa.)

Subject(s): Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Ottawa Indians -- History; Hunting; Interviews; Ottawa language; Native American histories

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9085

Series 2
  
Tape 1B
 1 sound_tape_reel
01-01. Chingwa, Joe. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Ottawa story
1948-0500:13:57

Contents not clearly identifiable from collection's documentation. Most likely a folkloric story.

General physical description: 00:13:57

Other Descriptive Information: This audio of this story has not yet been matched up to existing transcriptions and translations.


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Ottawa language

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9101

01-02. Chingwa, Joe. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Ottawa story
1948-0500:07:14

Contents not identifiable from collection's documentation.

General physical description: 00:07:14

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "The Evil Deed that the Man Called DanezhiiN Supposedly Did." (Pages 246-253)


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Ottawa language; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9104

01-03. Chingwa, Joe. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Ottawa song
1948-0500:00:18

Contents not clearly identifiable from collection's table of contents. May be "Puberty Fast Song," described as "Joe Chingwa's own composition . . . supposed to be sung by a boy undergoing the puberty fast in his little lodge."

General physical description: 00:00:18


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Puberty rites; Indians of North America -- Michigan -- Music; Ottawa Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9099

01-04. Cooper, Victoria. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Ottawa story
1948-0500:05:39

Contents not clearly identifiable from collection's documentation. Most likely a folkloric story.

General physical description: 00:05:39

Other Descriptive Information: This audio of this story has not yet been matched up to existing transcriptions and translations.


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Ottawa language

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9109

01-05. Cooper, Victoria. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
The Rabbit and the Lynx
1948-05-0100:15:49

General physical description: 00:15:49

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "This is What Happened to the Lynx When He Moved." (Pages 54-67)


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Rabbits -- Folklore; Lynx -- Folklore; Ottawa language; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9103

Tape 2A
 1 sound_tape_reel
02-01. Cooper, Victoria. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
The Man Carried off by an Eagle (Thunder)
1948-05-0200:19:29

A myth describing the origin of naming ceremonies.

General physical description: 00:19:29

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "The Man Who Was Taken Away by the Great Eagle" (Pages 86-99)


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Ottawa Indians -- Rites and ceremonies; Ottawa language

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9107

02-02. Cooper, Victoria. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Nanaboju Cycle
1948-05-0200:30:02

A cycle of stories about Nanaboju including his early life.

General physical description: 00:30:02

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "Nenibozhoo and the Ducks (Long Version)." (Pages 4-27)


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Nanabush (Legendary character) -- Legends; Ottawa language

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9100

02-03. Cooper, Victoria. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Kidnappers from Saginaw
1948-05-0200:06:24

A semi-historical legend about a child snatched from the Harbor band by hostile Indians from Saginaw.

General physical description: 00:06:24

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "The Men of Zaagiinaa" (Pages 202-205).


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Ottawa Indians -- Social life and customs; Ottawa Indians -- History; Kidnapping; Ottawa language

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9102

Tape 3A
 1 sound_tape_reel
03-01. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Legend describing Sorcery ("Bear Walking")
1948-05-0400:15:41

"Narrator introduces her story with the words, 'Minawa dibadjmowin', 'Another legend' because she had previously told another legend about sorcery which was recorded on this same spool. The wire in this section of spool became so tangled, however that we were unable to save it. Victoria Cooper re-told this first story later on [APSdigrec_0584]"

General physical description: 00:15:41

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "The Anishinaabe People Who Were Wished Ill Luck." (Pages 108-123)


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Witchcraft -- Folklore; Brothers -- Folklore; Ottawa language; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9108

Tape 4B
 1 sound_tape_reel
04-01. Chingwa, Joe. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
The Chief with Seven Sons
1948-05-0500:19:03

Legend of an Ottawa woman kidnapped by the Sioux and the death of the Sioux chief's seven sons, each of whom tried successively to marry her.

General physical description: 00:19:03

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "The Story for the Anishinaabe Girl Who Was Kidnapped by Strangers" (Pages 206-221) (Note: first two lines of transcription cut off on audio.)


Geographic Name(s): Petoskey (Mich.)

Subject(s): Kidnapping; Forced marriage; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Ottawa Indians -- History; Ottawa language; Dakota Indians

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9097

04-02. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996. Cooper, Victoria.
Family of Bears
1948-05-0600:13:27

A legend of two children who were kidnapped by bears.

General physical description: 00:13:27

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "When the Bear Stole the Children." (Pages 66-73)


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Kidnapping; Bears -- Folklore; Ottawa language; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9095

04-03. Cooper, Victoria. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Kidnapping
1948-05-0600:13:04

A semi-historical legend of a kidnapping from the Burt Lake band.

General physical description: 00:13:04

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "The Story of the Anishinaabe Girl Who Was Taken Away" (Pages 98-109)


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Kidnapping; Ottawa language

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9098

Tape 5
 1 sound_tape_reel
05-01. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996. Chingwa, Joe.
Legend of the Green Corn
1948-05-0500:08:51

"The story describes the origin of corn. The Ottawa version includes a prophecy by the beautiful woman who gave the Indians the corn plant that the land on which the hunter (to whom she appeared) is standing will some day be lost to the Indian. This is not in the English translation."

General physical description: 00:08:51


Geographic Name(s): Petoskey (Mich.)

Subject(s): Hunters -- Folklore; Visions; Corn -- Folklore; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Ottawa language; Prophecies

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9096

05-02. Chingwa, Joe. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Legend of the Green Corn
1948-05-0500:09:25

"The story describes the origin of corn. The Ottawa version includes a prophecy by the beautiful woman who gave the Indians the corn plant that the land on which the hunter (to whom she appeared) is standing will some day be lost to the Indian. This is not in the English translation."

General physical description: 00:09:25

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "How Corn Came to the Anishinaabe People." (Pages 190-199)


Geographic Name(s): Petoskey (Mich.)

Subject(s): Visions; Prophecies; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Hunters -- Folklore; Ottawa language; Corn -- Folklore

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9105

05-03. Chingwa, Joe. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
The Fleet-footed Woman
1948-05-0500:38:53

A legend about the adventures of a man and a sorceress.

General physical description: 00:38:53

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "The Time When Women Were Stronger." (Pages 122-161).


Geographic Name(s): Petoskey (Mich.)

Subject(s): Witches -- Folklore; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Witchcraft -- Folklore; Ottawa language

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9106

Tape 6
 1 sound_tape_reel
06-01. Chingwa, Joe. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Nanaboju and the Bears [1 of 2]
1948-05-2000:17:41

"A long myth describing the killing of Nanaboju's younger brother, Jibiabos, by bears in retaliation against Nanaboju for killing the bears' grandfather and devouring the meat. In this mythological time there was really no such thing as death, so that Nanaboju sees his brother again after the bears have killed him. Then follows a conversation between the two brothers in which it is decided that it is better for people and animals to die when they are killed and for their souls to follow the spirit path to the west because otherwise all nature would have to stay in mourning. Nanaboju commands his brother to blaze the the spirit path and to rule over the land of the dead in the west. Jibiabos leaves singing the mournful death chant."

General physical description: 00:17:41

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "Nenibozhoo and the Bears." (Pages 30-49) (Note: audio cuts out 7 lines above end of pg 48: "mii wodi kina anishinaabek baamaampii ge bizhaawat.--")


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Ottawa language; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Death -- Mythology; Soul -- Folklore; Future life; Death -- Folklore; Nanabush (Legendary character) -- Legends; Bears -- Folklore

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9119

06-02. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996. Chingwa, Joe.
Mkkwániwi at Burt Lake
1948-05-2000:13:25

"Description of a frightening experience of Joe Chingwa's and Fred Ettawageshik's grandfather while hunting at Burt Lake."

General physical description: 00:13:25

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "Stories Told While the Anishinaabe Dried Corn." (Pages 232-245).  (Note: story begins at :30 on audio. Audio cuts out 2/3rds down on transcription page 242, paragraph beginning "gegoo dash go maaba akiweziiN, maaba makwa nowii gii naadizi.--")


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Hunting; Burt Lake (Mich.); Ottawa Indians -- History; Ottawa Indians -- Biography; Ottawa language

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9128

06-03. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996. Sagataw, Hattie.
Ottawa Hymns at Tabandong Feast
1948-05-0100:09:25

"The singing of the old Roman Catholic hymns based on French airs, in the Ottawa language, is not customary now at the Tabandong feast. They are usually sung only at wakes these days. On this occasion the hymns were sung by the host and hostess and the guests so that I could record them.... Old hymnals compiled by missionaries in Ottawa-Ojibwa dialect were used."

General physical description: 00:09:25

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Ottawa Indians -- Social life and customs; Ottawa Indians -- Music; Ottawa language; Fasts and feasts; Indians of North America -- Michigan -- Music; Catholic Church -- Hymns; Ottawa Indians -- Religion

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9127

Tape 7
 1 sound_tape_reel
07-01. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969.
Origin of Red Osier Nanaboju and the Ducks
1948-04-3000:01:32

General physical description: 00:01:32

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "Nenibozhoo and the Ducks (Condensed Version)." (Pages 2-3)


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Ducks -- Folklore; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Nanabush (Legendary character) -- Legends; Ottawa language

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9137

07-02. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Legend of the Maškuo'tens The Ottawas and the Mascotens
1948-04-3000:01:29

Story of an Ottawa battle with the Indians who formerly lived in the same region of Michigan.

General physical description: 00:01:29

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "The Ottawa and the Mascoutens (Condensed Version)." (Pages 220-221)


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Ottawa Indians -- History; Ottawa language; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9130

07-03. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969.
Nanaboju and the Bear's Skull
1948-04-3000:04:22

"Further adventures of Nanaboju, the Ottawa culture hero."

General physical description: 00:04:22

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "When Nenibozhoo Killed a Bear." (Pages 26-31)


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Ottawa language; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Nanabush (Legendary character) -- Legends

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9120

07-04. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Christening Ceremony
1948-05-0100:00:39

"A speech and chant with horn rattle accompaniment of the kind used at a naming ceremony following an Ottawa feast. The speech is what Fred Ettawageshik remembered saying when he performed the ceremony at my adoption at the King's Supper, Jan. 6 1947."

General physical description: 00:00:39

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "An Ottawa Naming Ceremony." (Pages 232-233)


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Ottawa language; Ottawa Indians -- Rites and ceremonies

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9112

07-06. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996. Kishigo, Joe.
Ottawa-English Conversation at Tabandong Feast
1948-05-0100:02:24

General physical description: 00:02:24


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Fasts and feasts; Ottawa Indians -- Social life and customs; Conversation; Ottawa language

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9114

07-07. Cooper, Victoria. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Legend describing sorcery ("Bear walking")
1948-05-2000:32:28

A story describing sorcery practiced by one brother against another.

General physical description: 00:32:28

Other Descriptive Information: This audio of this story has not yet been matched up to existing transcriptions and translations.


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Witchcraft -- Folklore; Brothers -- Folklore; Ottawa language; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9133

Tape 8
 1 sound_tape_reel
08-01. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996. Cooper, Victoria.
Description of life at Seven Mile Point, etc.
1948-05-2000:13:08

Autobiographical material from 80-year-old Victoria Cooper's girlhood at Seven Mile Point and first years at Harbor Springs.

General physical description: 00:13:08

Other Descriptive Information: This audio of this story has not yet been matched up to existing transcriptions and translations.


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Ottawa language; Ottawa Indians -- Social life and customs

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9131

Tape 9
 1 sound_tape_reel
09-01. Chingwa, Joe. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Nanaboju and the Bears [2 of 2]
1948

"An incident to added to the end of the first (1) story [APSdigrec_0038]"

General physical description:

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "Nenibozhoo and the Bears [alternate ending]." (Pages 50-51)


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Death -- Mythology; Soul -- Folklore; Future life; Death -- Folklore; Nanabush (Legendary character) -- Legends; Bears -- Folklore; Ottawa language; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9121

Tape 10
 1 sound_tape_reel
10-01. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996. Chingwa, Joe.
The Magic Arrow
1948-0600:32:55

A legend about a poor boy who married the chief's daughter because of his possession of a magic arrow.

General physical description: 00:32:55

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "The Man Who Caught the White Eagle." (Pages 160-181)


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Marriage -- Folklore; Ottawa language

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9129

10-02. Chingwa, Joe. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
The Fastest Flying Bird
1948-0600:03:10

A story of a race held by birds in which the crane was the winner.

General physical description: 00:03:10

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "The Time When the Blue Heron Won." (Pages 72-75)


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Ottawa language; Cranes (Birds) -- Folklore; Racing -- Folklore; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Birds -- Folklore

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9115

10-03. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996. Chingwa, Joe.
The Cricket and the Ant
1948-0600:01:49

General physical description: 00:01:49

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "The Cricket and the Ant." (Pages 76-79)


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Crickets -- Folklore; Ants -- Folklore; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Insects -- Folklore; Ottawa language

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9124

10-04. Chingwa, Joe. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
The Snow Ball
1948-0600:04:25

A story about the battle of winter and spring.

General physical description: 00:04:25

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "A Story about Snow." (Pages 78-81)


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Winter -- Folklore; Spring -- Folklore; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Seasons -- Folklore; Ottawa language

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9122

10-05. Chingwa, Joe. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
A Girl Married to a Dog
1948-0600:06:41

A story describing the marriage of a girl and a dog and the tragedy that resulted in the Ottawa prohibition against the marriage of a human to an animal.

General physical description: 00:06:41

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "The Story about the Young Anishinaabe Woman and Her Dog." (Pages 82-87).


Geographic Name(s): Harbor Springs (Mich.)

Subject(s): Taboo; Ottawa Indians -- Social life and customs; Marriage -- Folklore; Human-animal relationships; Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Dogs -- Folklore; Ottawa language

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9126

Tape 11
 1 sound_tape_reel
11-01. Chingwa, Joe. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
The Two Sisters
194800:13:56

A semi-historical legend about two sisters of the Harbor band.

General physical description: 00:13:56

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "The Anishinaabe Woman Who Married Her Brother-in-Law." (Pages 182-191)


Geographic Name(s): Michigan

Subject(s): Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Sisters; Ottawa language

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9118

11-02. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996. Chingwa, Joe.
Mkkwániwi at Sleeping Bear Point
194800:13:26

"Another incident from the eventful life of Joe's grandfather told by Joe."

General physical description: 00:13:26

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "When Makwa Nowii Climbed Sleeping Bear Dunes." (Pages 252-265)


Geographic Name(s): Michigan

Subject(s): Ottawa Indians -- History; Ottawa Indians -- Biography; Ottawa language

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9136

Tape 12
 1 sound_tape_reel
12-01. Chingwa, Joe. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Mkkwániwi and the Trial at St. Joseph
194800:17:02

"Description of a murder trial in which Mkkwániwi [Joe Chingwa's grandfather] was one of the judging chiefs."

General physical description: 00:17:02

Other Descriptive Information: This story is transcribed and translated by Howard Webkamigad in "Ottawa Stories from the Springs" (Michigan State University Press, 2015), where it is titled "How the Anishinaabe Used to Conduct Trials." (Pages 265-279)


Geographic Name(s): Michigan

Subject(s): Ottawa Indians -- Legal status, laws, etc.; Ottawa Indians -- Biography; Ottawa Indians -- History; Trials (Murder); Ottawa language

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9132

Tape 13
 1 sound_tape_reel
13-01. Norton, Bill, Mrs.. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Conversation among 8 Ottawa at Cross Village
194800:09:33

Informal group conversation in English with some Ottawa words. A short story about an Ottawa chief named Sagima is told in English by Mrs. Bill Norton, starting at 01:34.

General physical description: 00:09:33


Geographic Name(s): Cross Village (Mich.)

Subject(s): Ottawa Indians -- Folklore; Conversation; Fish; Ottawa language

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9134

Tape 17
 1 sound_tape_reel
17-01. Chingwa, Joe. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Death Song
194800:00:46

General physical description: 00:00:46


Geographic Name(s): Michigan

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Michigan -- Music; Ottawa dance; Ottawa Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9142

17-02. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996. Chingwa, Joe.
The Coward's Song
1948-05-0500:01:20

General physical description: 00:01:20


Geographic Name(s): Michigan

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Michigan -- Music; Ottawa dance; Ottawa Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9141

17-03. Chingwa, Joe. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Love Song
194800:01:09

"Joe Chingwa's own composition in traditional Ottawa style."

General physical description: 00:01:09


Geographic Name(s): Michigan

Subject(s): Love songs; Indians of North America -- Michigan -- Music; Ottawa dance; Ottawa Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9111

17-04. Chingwa, Joe. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Love Song
194800:01:17

"ciigobei dibik', 'All night, etc.' Traditional Ottawa love song supposed to be sung by a man."

General physical description: 00:01:17


Geographic Name(s): Michigan

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Michigan -- Music; Ottawa Indians -- Music; Love songs; Ottawa dance

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9113

17-05. Chingwa, Joe. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Wedding Dance Song
194800:00:27

General physical description: 00:00:27


Geographic Name(s): Michigan

Subject(s): Ottawa dance; Ottawa Indians -- Music; Weddings -- Songs and music; Indians of North America -- Michigan -- Music

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9135

17-06. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996. Chingwa, Joe.
Courtship Dance Song
194800:00:40

General physical description: 00:00:40


Geographic Name(s): Michigan

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Michigan -- Music; Ottawa Indians -- Music; Courtship -- Songs and music; Ottawa dance

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9117

17-07. Chingwa, Joe. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Ghost Dance Song
194800:00:44

"Ndássanawes--'I am playing, etc.' A social dance."

General physical description: 00:00:44


Geographic Name(s): Michigan

Subject(s): Ghost dance; Indians of North America -- Michigan -- Music; Ottawa dance; Ottawa Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9116

17-08. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996. Chingwa, Joe.
Medicine Chant
194800:00:39

"Šaškòbinnéši webagamáganiya, 'Bluebird ?'. Joe Chingwa learned this chant from his grandfather, Mkkw niwi, who obtained the chant in a vision. Meaning not known, but it refers to herbs."

General physical description: 00:00:39


Geographic Name(s): Michigan

Subject(s): Ottawa Indians -- Music; Herbs; Ottawa dance; Indians of North America -- Michigan -- Music

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9145

17-09. Chingwa, Joe. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Challenge Song
194800:00:34

"Kagowi anigassasi, 'I am not afraid of anyone.' This is the same wording as ['War Chant' (APSdigrec_0589)] but omits meaningless chant and tune and rhythm vary."

General physical description: 00:00:34


Geographic Name(s): Michigan

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Michigan -- Music; Ottawa dance; Ottawa Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9143

17-10. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996. Chingwa, Joe.
Ottawa Pipe Dance
194800:00:51

General physical description: 00:00:51


Geographic Name(s): Michigan

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Michigan -- Music; Ottawa dance; Ottawa Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9138

17-11. Chingwa, Joe. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Gambling Song
194800:00:43

Traditional Ottawa gambling song sung during counter gambling game.

General physical description: 00:00:43


Geographic Name(s): Michigan

Subject(s): Gambling -- Songs and music; Indians of North America -- Michigan -- Music; Ottawa dance; Ottawa Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9123

17-12. Chingwa, Joe. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Eagle Dance Song
194800:00:35

"(Nimigoni'mag', etc. 'My feathers, etc.') Traditional Ottawa eagle dance song."

General physical description: 00:00:35


Geographic Name(s): Michigan

Subject(s): Ottawa dance; Indians of North America -- Michigan -- Music; Ottawa Indians -- Music; Eagle dance

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9139

17-13. Chingwa, Joe. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Social Dance Song
194800:00:38

General physical description: 00:00:38


Geographic Name(s): Michigan

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Michigan -- Music; Ottawa dance; Ottawa Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9125

17-14. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996. Chingwa, Joe.
War Chant
194800:00:43

"(Kágowi etc., 'No one etc.') Traditional Ottawa war chang sung before a battle. The wording is that same as ['Challenge Song' (APSdigrec_0584)] except that on the latter the tune and rhythm are slightly different and a meaningless chant preceeding the song are omitted."

General physical description: 00:00:43


Geographic Name(s): Michigan

Subject(s): Indians of North America -- Michigan -- Music; Ottawa dance; Ottawa Indians -- Music

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9140

17-15. Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969. Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996.
Adoption
194700:00:25

General physical description: 00:00:25


Geographic Name(s): Michigan

Subject(s): Ottawa Indians -- Music; Indians of North America -- Michigan -- Music

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:9144