Frank Siebert Papers


Date: 1929-1998 | Size: 41 Linear feet


Frank Siebert (1913-1998) is one of the key contributors to the field of Algonquian linguistics. While he did not pursue a degree in linguistics or anthropology, he independently acquired the skills and knowledge of a professional scholar. His work on Penobscot is some of the best and most comprehensive in existence. The Siebert Papers document the interest and work of Frank Siebert in the linguistics of the Algonquian family of languages, particularly Penobscot. The collection includes correspondence, research notes, drafts and published manuscripts by Siebert, as well as secondary sources consulted by Siebert. To a lesser extent, it contains material that documents Siebert's personal life, his interest in book collecting and his career as a physician.

Background note

Frank Siebert (1913-1998) is one of the key contributors to the field of Algonquian linguistics. While he did not pursue a degree in linguistics or anthropology, he independently acquired the skills and knowledge of a professional scholar. His work on Penobscot is some of the best and most comprehensive in existence.

Siebert began his Penobscot research in 1932 while an undergraduate studying chemistry at Haverford College. It was in this year that he made his first trip to Indian Island, Maine in the Penobscot Reservation. While a medical student at the University of Pennsylvania, Siebert continued to pursue his interest in anthropological linguistics. He received training in this field by attending lectures by Franz Boas and Edward Sapir. He associated with Frank Speck and the anthropologists and linguists who congregated in Speck's office. Throughout his career as a pathologist, Siebert continued his Penobscot field work. He also had an interest in Catawba, which he did field research on in 1941, during a six month break from medical school. Later in life, he studied secondary sources on the language. After his retirement, Siebert dedicated all his time to his research. In 1968, he moved to Old Town, Maine so he could work more frequently with his informants.

When Siebert began his research, there were about one hundred fluent speakers of Penobscot. Over the years, Siebert worked with many informants. His longest collaboration was with Andrew Dana, with whom he worked closely for over thirty years. Over the course of Siebert's life, most of the Penobscots fluent in their native language died. This left Siebert among, or possibly, the last speaker with any great knowledge of the language. He continued his work up to his death in 1998, leaving much of it unpublished.

Some of Siebert's work built on existing studies of Algonquian languages. Siebert's mentor, Frank Speck, had worked on both Penobscot and Catawba. Also, Siebert's work on Proto-Algonquian began with a correction of Leonard Bloomfield's reconstruction. However, as Siebert felt strongly that scholars should do their own research, all his writings have come from his own field work. This research formed the basis of some of the most important contributions to the field of Algonquian linguistics. His Penobscot Dictionary is the most complete documentation of the language in existence. Siebert also collected folklore and history of the Penobscot Indians, which he compiled in a volume called Penobscot Texts. While most of his work was linguistic, Siebert also wrote articles on Algonquian history. He combined these interests in his reconstruction of Proto-Algonquian and a study of eighteenth century Virginia Algonquian. He used a knowledge of natural history as well as linguistics and history to identify the original homeland of the Algonquians.

Siebert maintained a frequent correspondence with his mentors and colleagues, including C.F. Voegelin, Frank Speck, Edward Sapir, Ives Goddard, Gordon Day and Willard Walker. Through letters, they shared ideas and augmented each other's work. Siebert was also an avid book collector, amassing a large and valuable collection of works on United States and American Indian history. In addition, he belonged to several historical and archeological societies. Siebert was awarded grants by the Guggenheim Foundation, the NSF and NEH to carry out his research.

Scope and content

The Siebert Papers document the interest and work of Frank Siebert in the linguistics of the Algonquian family of languages, particularly Penobscot. The collection includes correspondence, research notes, drafts and published manuscripts by Siebert, as well as secondary sources consulted by Siebert. To a lesser extent, it contains material that documents Siebert's personal life, his interest in book collecting and his career as a physician. Siebert carried on frequent and long standing correspondence with others in the field of American Indian linguistics. In their letters, Siebert and his colleagues presented and discussed linguistic theories and evidence and kept each other notified about their current projects. Often these letters included articles of interest or drafts of papers with a request for comments.

Siebert's research, and thus his field notes, center on the Penobscot language. The field notes also display an interest in related topics, such as Indian history and anthropology, Maine geography and natural history. His two major projects on Penobscot, the Penobscot Dictionary and Penobscot Texts, demonstrate Siebert's desire not only to understand the linguistic operation of the language, but to preserve the language itself as well as the culture and history of the Penobscot people. Siebert made several sound recordings of Penobscot songs, stories and speech to this end. While Algonquian languages were Siebert's main interest, he did a significant amount of research on Catawba, a Siouan language. He kept extensive field notes on Catawba from which he produced a published article.

Siebert's field research was augmented by a study of secondary sources. He consulted many journals, articles and manuscripts on the disciplines of linguistics and anthropology as well as on Algonquian and Catawba linguistics. Also included are documents particularly useful as sources for Siebert's work on Indian history. A small portion of the collection represents Siebert's interest in book collecting, his medical career and his personal life. He kept articles, newspaper clippings and notes on diseases and medical practice. In addition, he accumulated book advertisements, catalogues and auction notices. Siebert kept up personal correspondence with friends, whose letters he kept with those from his colleagues. He was also interested in politics and saved newspaper articles on current political and social issues.

Native American Images note : Nearly 800 ink and pencil sketches, photographs, newspaper clippings, and black and white photocopy images of Catawba and Penobscot tribes collected and drawn by Frank Siebert from 1932-1946 and 1985-1994. The ethnological sketches in notebooks reflect social life and customs, including tools, traps, design motifs, ball games, wampum and picture writing. Research notes contain photocopies from various sources. Many original and printed maps of North Carolina and Maine pinpointing tribal distributions.


Frank Siebert's method of working was not conducive to orderly record-keeping. He worked in iterations. It was his practice to take to the field and review with native speakers his notebooks from earlier field trips; adding notes to and editing pre-existing material as he went along. This process was sometimes repeated many times. Consequently, his notebooks have extensive additions, corrections, and annotations, sometimes identified with dates, initials of informants, or both. Siebert took notes on any available paper that was ready to hand, including old examination books, school composition books, dimestore notebooks, hotel stationery, pieces of correspondence, and used envelopes. Because of this approach, the notebooks, or indeed any material in the collection, may contain annotations on a wide variety of themes or topics.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Physical description

41.0 linear feet.

41.0 linear feet.

Preferred citation

Cite as: Frank Siebert Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Processed by Charles Fitti, Daythal Kendall, and Michael Miller. Completed February 2014.

Indexing Terms


  • Gelatin silver prints
  • Newspaper clippings.
  • Sketches.
  • Sound recordings


  • Abenaki Indians
  • Algonquian Indians
  • Algonquian languages
  • Anishinaabe
  • Anthropology
  • Catawba Indians
  • Catawba Indians -- History
  • Catawba language
  • Ethnography
  • Indians of North America -- Maine
  • Indians of North America -- North Carolina
  • Indians of North America -- Northeastern States
  • Linguistics
  • Natural history -- Maine.
  • Penobscot Indians
  • Penobscot Indians -- Folklore
  • Penobscot Indians -- History
  • Penobscot language
  • Petroglyphs
  • Tubatulabal language

Collection overview

1929-19973.5 Linear feetbox 1-7

Siebert kept up regular correspondence with others in the field of linguistics and anthropology, exchanging information about his work, discoveries, and theories. Siebert's correspondents often sent him papers, asking for comments. They frequently included relevant articles or newspaper clippings with their letters. Most of the correspondence preserved in the collection are incoming letters written to Siebert, with occasional copies of outgoing letters written by Siebert.

 4.5 Linear feetbox 8-14:
box 66

In addition to his work on Algonquian languages for which he is best known, Siebert studied the linguistics of Catawba, adding to the work of Frank Speck and Floyd Lounsbury. Much of Siebert's Catawba material is kept in a series of field notes and loose leaf notes, in which he recorded vocabulary, as well as observations on grammar and linguistics. The series also contains Catawba materials compiled and sent to Siebert by Wes Taukchiray, a Catawba scholar who worked for various Native American organizations. These papers were accumulated throughout the 1990s and led to no published work.

 10 Linear feetbox 81 (OS):
box 14-29:
box 67-70

The materials in this large series concern the Penobscot and related Algonquian tribes.

  box 14-17

An extensive series of notes and compiled material--copies of primary sources and annotated secondary sources--concerning anthropological and historical topics on the Penobscot and related Algonquian tribes.

  box 18-23:
box 67-69:
box 81 (OS)

An extensive series of notes and compiled material--copies of primary sources and annotated secondary sources--concerning Penobscot and related Algonquian languages.

  box 24-26:
box 70

The Penobscot Texts are a collection of folktales, legends and histories of the Penobscot people. Siebert collected the stories from several informants, principally Andrew Dana. The collection contains material from all steps of the project, beginning with notebooks and loose leaf notes. These record the stories in Penobscot with interlinear translation, accompanied by notes on vocabulary, linguistics and Penobscot culture. The texts appear in a later form, typed with separate translations and footnotes commenting on Penobscot linguistics, history, and story-telling. The stories were first dictated in the late 1930s. In the 1990's, Siebert received an NEH grant to prepare them for publication. Papers concerning the grant are found in Series VIII. The stories were in final draft form at the time of Siebert's death.

1982-1996 box 70:
box 27-29

The Penobscot Dictionary was the most ambitious and perhaps most important of Siebert's projects. This subseries contains handwritten notes and typed drafts of introductory material and dictionary entries.The typed drafts often contain handwritten editing. The subseries also includes one complete, bound draft. Late in his life, Siebert received an NEH grant to publish the Dictionary along with his Penobscot Texts. However, Siebert died before completing the project.

 3 Linear feetbox 81 (OS):
box 30-34:
box 66-67

In addition to materials related to the Catawba and Penobscot, Siebert compiled a wide array of materials on other Native American Cultures and languages. Included in this series are photocopied primary sources, manuscripts of secondary sources, and annotated reprints.

 6 Linear feetbox 35-46

This series contains over 100 notebooks created by Siebert. It includes information on Native American languages--vocabulary lists, notes on grammar, and linguistic observations. While many of the notebooks focus on Penobscot, other languages such as Abenaki and Ojibwa are also represented. Some of the notebooks, dating from the mid 1930s, represent Siebert's earliest work on Penobscot linguistics. Most notebooks are undated and it is impossible to tell what span of time they cover. The numbering of the notebooks was imposed after they were completed and does not reflect any order by chronology or subject. Due to the nature of Siebert's notetaking, the material in any given notebook may touch upon multiple subjects.

 1 Linear feetbox 47-48

Siebert produced a variety of published work over his lifetime, including book reviews, DCB entries and papers for conferences and journals. Included in this series are handwritten and typewritten drafts, as well as reprints of his works.

 6 Linear feetbox 49-60

Siebert kept many works created by other scholars--manuscripts and reprints relevant to his work, both originals and photocopies. Most of the publications in this series are scholarly articles written by Siebert's colleagues in the fields of anthropology, linguistics, or history.

 1.5 Linear feetbox 61-63:
box 82 (OS)

This series includes materials relating to the funding of Siebert's research, conferences he attended or followed, and papers related to his professional career as a pathologist. Siebert's research on Native American subjects was funded in part by several grants. From 1979 to 1988 he received money from the NSF. This series contains applications for funding, project descriptions and evaluations, and financial records relating to the NSF grants. Later, the NEH gave the Penobscot Indian Nation a grant for Siebert to prepare the Penobscot Dictionary and Penobscot Texts for publication, as well as to complete work on other linguistic projects. As Siebert received the money as an employee of the Penobscot Indian Nation, memos and financial papers related to Siebert's employment by the PIN are included here as well. Siebert participated in and followed scholarly developments in the fields of anthropology and linguistics. Included in this series are materials related to professional conferences.

 1 Linear feetbox 82 (OS):
box 63-64

This series includes a small amount of material relating to Siebert's personal life and pursuits. It includes health records, financial papers, advertisements, newspaper clippings, and photographs. Other personal material is interspersed in Series I, Correspondence.

Siebert was an avid book collector, amassing a large and valuable library, much of it about Native American history. He kept book catalogues, advertisements and clippings from catalogues among his papers. These materials are also part of this series.

 1 Linear feetbox 64-65:
box 82 (OS)

This series is comprised of complete journals, or issues of publications. Larger works, such as books, have been removed from the collection and added to the larger printed collection of the library.

 0.5 Linear feetbox 65

This small series is comprised of photographs and maps. The bulk of the imagery in the collection, the nearly 800 ink and pencil sketches described in the Native American image note above, may be found interspersed elsewhere in the collection.

 3 Linear feetbox 75-80:
box 65

Siebert made a series of sound recordings documenting Penobscot speech, song, and stories. He also consulted recordings made by others on a variety of Native American languages. The recordings are on reel-to-reel tapes, cassette tapes, and records. Most of the original recordings have been digitized for preservation.


Detailed Inventory

I. Correspondence
1929-19973.5 Linear feetbox 1-7

Siebert kept up regular correspondence with others in the field of linguistics and anthropology, exchanging information about his work, discoveries, and theories. Siebert's correspondents often sent him papers, asking for comments. They frequently included relevant articles or newspaper clippings with their letters. Most of the correspondence preserved in the collection are incoming letters written to Siebert, with occasional copies of outgoing letters written by Siebert.

Abbot, C. G. (Charles Greeley)
19361 itemsbox 1

Smithsonian Institution

Abernathy, Charley (H. C.)
Bulk, 1938-1944 1938-1991; 1938-194421 itemsbox 1
Adams, Randolph G.
19431 itemsbox 1

William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan

Aderhold, Kathryn
19421 itemsbox 1

Mercy Hospital, Benton Harbor, Michigan

AFSC Maine Indian Program
19872 itemsbox 1
Aguilar, Gloria V.
19901 itemsbox 1

National Science Foundation

[Aimes, S.]
19341 itemsbox 1

British Museum. Receipt

Akers, Gerald
1980-19894 itemsbox 1
Akins, A. X. (Andrew X.)
1984-19932 itemsbox 1

Sappier, James. Penobscot Language Program

American Academy of Political and Social Science
19671 itemsbox 1
American Geographical Society
19391 itemsbox 1
American Library Service
19292 itemsbox 1
Arbour, Keith
1987-1993, n.d.22 itemsbox 1
Archie, J. F.
19551 itemsbox 1

Dunton, George E.; Faulkner, Gretchen

Archives of the Moravian Church
19951 itemsbox 1
Armalavage, Leon (Army)
1939-199630 itemsbox 1
Atmore, Bob
1939-1984, n.d.3 itemsbox 1

Chadbourne, Hunt, Jaeckel, and Brown

Aubin, George F.
19761 itemsbox 1
Austin, R. S.
1940-19414 itemsbox 1

University of Cincinnati College of Medicine

Ayres, James E.
19771 itemsbox 1
Bahndorf, Bunnie and Bob
n.d.1 itemsbox 1
Balch, James
n.d.1 itemsbox 1
Balfour, Donald C.
19391 itemsbox 1

University of Minnesota, Mayo Foundation

Bangor Daily News
19821 itemsbox 1
Barbour, P. L.
19621 itemsbox 1
Barringer, George
19721 itemsbox 1

Harrison, Henry, S. J.

Bates, Albert C.
19331 itemsbox 1

Connecticut Historical Society

Bates, Albert M.
19371 itemsbox 1

Shryock Radio Company

Baumann-Nelson, Eunice
19941 itemsbox 1

Letter to Paul Chappin, National Science Foundation

Beaumont, Raymond M.
19902 itemsbox 1
Becker, Ellen
19901 itemsbox 1
Becker, Herbert A.
19771 itemsbox 1

United States Department of Justice

Becker, Mary Druke
19921 itemsbox 1

Newberry Library

Bennett, Charles J.
19341 itemsbox 1

British Museum

Berube, Al
1973-19744 itemsbox 1

Starbird, S. Glenn; Bureau of Indian Affairs

Bishop, Bailey
19911 itemsbox 1
Bishop, Robert R.
19881 itemsbox 1

Episcopal Academy

Bloch, Bernard
19411 itemsbox 1

Linguistic Society of America

Blumer, Tom
19965 itemsbox 1
Booker, Karen M.
19941 itemsbox 1

University of Kansas

Boots, Lalania
19961 itemsbox 1
Bourque, Bruce J.
1990-19912 itemsbox 1

Maine State Museum

Boyd, William
19401 itemsbox 1
Brejcha, Elmer
1977-198910 itemsbox 1
Brent-Collins, Hart
19872 itemsbox 1
[Bromfield, Louis]
19442 itemsbox 1
Brooks, Robert C.
1975-197617 itemsbox 1
Brooks, Seal T.
19401 itemsbox 1
Brown, Cecil H.
19911 itemsbox 1

Enclosure missing

Brown, H. Tatnall, Jr.
1933-19393 itemsbox 1
Brown, T. C.
1968-19693 itemsbox 1
Buccini, Anthony F.
19961 itemsbox 1
Buesing, Gregory
19761 itemsbox 1

Wabanaki Treaties, 1775-1800

Bunting, John and Ruth
1978-19949 itemsbox 1
Butterfield, Margaret
19381 itemsbox 1

University of Rochester, Rush Rhees Library

Byers, Douglas S.
19403 itemsbox 1

Society for American Archaeology

Carroll-Horrocks, Beth
19841 itemsbox 1

American Philosophical Society

Carrying Capacity Network
n.d.1 itemsbox 1

Miller, Monique A.

Castle, Laura
19343 itemsbox 1
Chamberlain, Martha
1952-19652 itemsbox 1
Chapin, Howard M.
19342 itemsbox 1

Rhode Island Historical Society

Chase, George
1986-19912 itemsbox 1
Chester, Roberta
19891 itemsbox 1
Cohen, William S.
19871 itemsbox 1

United States Senate

Colcord, Charles E.
19871 itemsbox 1
Colick, Mary Catherine
1948-19816 itemsbox 1
Columbia Museums of Art and Science
n.d.2 itemsbox 1

Catawba Indian Pottery

Comfort, Howard
1940-19442 itemsbox 1
Comfort, W. W.
19331 itemsbox 1

Haverford College

Comments on Siebert's Suprasequential Phonemes
n.d.2 itemsbox 1

Publisher's comments

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Bureau of Professional Licensing
1934-19393 itemsbox 1
Conway, Jill K.
19921 itemsbox 1

American Antiquarian Society

Cook, Margaret G.
19891 itemsbox 1

Maine Archeological Society Bulletin

Cooper, John W.
19371 itemsbox 1

Catholic University of America

Corner, George W.
19652 itemsbox 1

American Philosophical Society

Costa, David J.
19971 itemsbox 1
Cowan, J. M.
19411 itemsbox 2
Cowan, William
1968-198912 itemsbox 2

Seeber, Pauleena. See also: Series VI, Siebert and Seeler, Penobscot Reflexive Verbs

Cox, Edward W.
19331 itemsbox 2

Queen County Clerk's Office

[Crauly], Eunice
1987-1994, n.d.4 itemsbox 2
Crawford, James L., Jr.
19952 itemsbox 2

Episcopal Academy

Crawford, James M.
1972-19812 foldersbox 2
Folder 1
1972-197643 itemsbox 2
Folder 2
1976-198116 itemsbox 2
Crawford, William H.
19901 itemsbox 2
Cruikshank, Clara C.
19841 itemsbox 2
Curtis, George M.
19391 itemsbox 2

Ohio State University, Department of Research Surgery

D'Abate, Richard
19941 itemsbox 2

Siebert-Garrett Native American Language Project. Letter to Paul Chapin

Dana, Andrew
1937-196313 itemsbox 2
Danielson, Irvin
1940-19412 itemsbox 2

University of Oklahoma, School of Medicine

Dann, John C.
19881 itemsbox 2

William Clements Library, University of Michigan

Davis, James J.
19391 itemsbox 2

United States Senate

Davis, Kathy Siebert
1995-19975 itemsbox 2
Dawson, Glen
19591 itemsbox 2

Dawson's Book Shop

Day, Gordon M.
1966-19897 itemsbox 2
Dean, Nora Thompson
19821 itemsbox 2

Touching Leaves Indian Crafts

DeBlois, A. D. (Albert D.)
19881 itemsbox 2

Penobscot Nation Algonquin Conference

DeMallie, Raymond J.
1979-19922 itemsbox 2

American Society for Ethnohistory

Denault, Raymond
19632 itemsbox 2

Societe Canadienne du Microfilm

Dennee, JoAnne
19901 itemsbox 2
Denny, Peter
1983-19932 itemsbox 2

University of Western Ontario

Dorrance, Frances
1932-19362 itemsbox 2

Society for Pennsylvania Archaeology

Dorsey, H. W.
19291 itemsbox 2

Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology

Dorst, Stanley
19411 itemsbox 2

University of Cincinnati, College of Medicine

Drapeau, Lynn
19911 itemsbox 2

Universite du Quebec a Montreal

Drinkwater, Gertrude
19671 itemsbox 2
Dunn, Steve
19961 itemsbox 2

Maine Public Television

Dwelley, Marrilyn
19851 itemsbox 2

Native wild rice in the Penobscot Valley

Eastman Kodak Company
19406 itemsbox 2
Eckstorm, Fannie H.
1936-194510 itemsbox 2
ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics
n.d.1 2
Erickson, Vincent O.
1986-19892 itemsbox 2

Smith, Nicholas N. Regarding Peter Lewis Paul (1902-1989).

Eugenics Publishing Company
n.d.1 itemsbox 2
Ewing, Abigail
1986-19872 itemsbox 2

Bangor Historical Society

Fenstermacher, R. H.
19402 itemsbox 2
Ferm, William N.
1989-19903 itemsbox 2
Finger Family -- Stephanie, Doug, Daniel, and Jonathan
19961 itemsbox 2
Fisher, Edwin R.
1957-19934 itemsbox 2

Shadyside Hospital, Pittsburgh

Flaccus, Louis W.
1986-19874 itemsbox 2
Fogelson, Raymond D.
1978-1983, n.d.7 itemsbox 2

Includes excerpt from Gene Waddell, Indians of the South Carolina Low Country

Fonto, Minnie
19403 itemsbox 2
Fowler, William M., Jr.
19831 itemsbox 2

New England Quarterly

Francis, Paul, Jr.
19821 itemsbox 2
Franzen, Louise
19471 itemsbox 2
Frazer, Elizabeth G.
19381 itemsbox 2
Frazer, Grant
1943-19888 itemsbox 2
Friedrich, Paul
19873 itemsbox 2
Fuller, Marion Cobb
19411 itemsbox 2

Maine State Library

Gabriel, Newell
1936-19385 itemsbox 2
19471 itemsbox 2
Garrison, Curtis W.
19331 itemsbox 2

Library of Congress, Division of Manuscripts

Geary, James A.
19422 itemsbox 2

Catholic University of America

Gedds, Donald P.
19331 itemsbox 2

Columbia University Press

Gehrt, Sarah B.
19911 itemsbox 2

University of Maine

Gerlach, R. F.
19321 itemsbox 2

Goodspeed's Book Shop

Giese, Paula
19961 itemsbox 2
Ginsberg, Michael
19901 itemsbox 2

Michael Ginsberg Books

Giroux, T.
1934-193515 itemsbox 2
[Glireskey], Bill
19901 itemsbox 2
Goddard, Ives
1966-1994, n.d.40 itemsbox 3
Golla, Victor
19851 itemsbox 3
Gordon, David M.
1981-199211 itemsbox 3
Gordon, Ervin
19411 itemsbox 3
Gordon, Sallie
1941-19455 itemsbox 3
Graf, J. E. (John Enos)
19411 itemsbox 3

Smithsonian Institution

Grant, Anthony P.
19944 itemsbox 3

Includes Anthony P. Grant, "On the Authorship of the Wea Primer (1837)."

Grant, Elihu
19342 itemsbox 3
Gravely, Benjamin F.
19321 itemsbox 3

Benj. F. Gravely, Bookseller

Gray, Judith A.
19971 itemsbox 3

Library of Congress

Greene, Evarts B.
19331 itemsbox 3
Griffith, Mary
19871 itemsbox 3
Griscom, Ludlow
19331 itemsbox 3

Museum of Comparative Zoology

Guffey, Joseph F.
19381 itemsbox 3

United States Senate

Haas, Mary
1937-1986, n.d.37 itemsbox 3
Haddleton, Alfred W.
19351 itemsbox 3

Haverford College

Haile, Edward
19761 itemsbox 3
Haines, Lawrence E.
19371 itemsbox 3

Wedding invitation

Halperin, Maurice
19412 itemsbox 3

Letter with enclosure, Oklahoma Federation for Constitutional Rights

Hamilton, Doris Harris
1980-19955 itemsbox 3
Hamp, Eric
1969-198910 itemsbox 3
Handbook of North American Indians
1972-19756 itemsbox 3

Fogelson, Raymond D.; Sturtevant, William C.

Hardy, Charlotte W.
19473 itemsbox 3

Eckstrom, Fannie H.

Hardy, Heather K. and Janine Scancarelli
19932 itemsbox 3
Harkort, Marie-Louise Liebe
19851 itemsbox 3

Mouton Publishers

Harper, Francis
19637 itemsbox 3
Harrington, John P.
1940-19497 itemsbox 3
Harrington, M. R. (Mark Raymond)
19361 itemsbox 3

Southwest Museum

Harris, W. L.
n.d.1 itemsbox 3

Typed copy of letter written in 1896 to Western Georgia and Atlanta Railroad Company. Concerning a bull hit by a train.

Harris, Zellig
19391 itemsbox 3
Harrison, William Henry
n.d.1 itemsbox 3

Handwritten copy of letter dated 6 November 1812, from Harrison to Governor R. J. Meigs.

Hayer, Altha
19581 itemsbox 3
Heckler, Helen
19351 itemsbox 3

Hrdlicka, Ales; Smithsonian Institution

Henderson, M. S.
19391 itemsbox 3

University of Minnesota, Mayo Foundation

Henigar, Gordon R.
1958-19592 itemsbox 3
19661 itemsbox 3

Letter about model railroading.

Herkimer, C., Mrs.
19381 itemsbox 3

Daughter of Nick Peters

Herzog, George
19411 itemsbox 3
Hess, Gertrude D.
1965-19703 itemsbox 3

American Philosophical Society

Hewson, A.
[1937]3 itemsbox 3

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Health, Anatomical Board

Hewson, John
1970-198115 itemsbox 3
Hipple, Byron
1985-19944 itemsbox 3
Hockett, Charles
1964-19856 itemsbox 3
Hollow, Robert C.
19761 itemsbox 3

Siouan language newsletter

Houston, Annette
19882 itemsbox 3

Maine School Administration

Howe, Parkman D.
19551 itemsbox 3
Hudson, Charles
19662 itemsbox 3

Voegelin, C. F.; Catawba language

Hume, H. Alan
1991-19924 itemsbox 3
Hummell, Judy
19891 itemsbox 3
n.d.1 itemsbox 3

Christmas card signed by Jack, Ila, Vic, Danny, and Ronnie

Indian Rights Association
1960-19613 itemsbox 3

American Indian Charter Convention

Indiana University
1980-198912 itemsbox 3

Archives of Traditional Music; Linguistics Club; Lee, Dorothy Sara; Russell, Mary E.; Speck, Frank; Penobscot recordings

Indianapolis City Hospital
19381 itemsbox 3

Blank application form

International Journal of American Linguistics
19804 itemsbox 3

Rood, David

Iron Thunderhorse
19961 itemsbox 3
[J. S.]
n.d.1 itemsbox 3
Jacobs, E. Atwood
19385 itemsbox 3

Reading Hospital

Jameson, J. F. (John Franklin)
19331 itemsbox 3

Letter to R. W. Kelsey, Haverford College

Jarett, Leonard and Donald Young
19943 itemsbox 3

William Pepper Laboratory

Jerry and Nancy
19621 itemsbox 3
19421 itemsbox 4

University of Cincinnati, College of Medicine

John, Sabatio Susep
19391 itemsbox 4
Jones, Hunt B.
1986-19924 itemsbox 4
Kardon, Peter
19901 itemsbox 4

John Simon Guggenheim Foundation

Karsner, Howard
19412 itemsbox 4

Western Reserve University, Institute of Pathology

Kendall, Helen L.
19402 itemsbox 4

Jeter, Hugh L.; University of Oklahoma

Kent, Roland G.
1934-19407 itemsbox 4

Linguistic Society of America

Kenward, Kevin
19921 itemsbox 4

American Medical Association

Kerr, Justin
19951 itemsbox 4

Postcard announcing lecture entitled "Where Do You Wear Your Paint Pot? A Discussion of Maya Scribes." The notation "John Nichols, Canada" appears on the card.

Kidder, Mary Helen
19331 itemsbox 4

Connecticut Historical Society

Kingsbury, Isaac W.
19601 itemsbox 4
Klar, Kathryn A.
19941 itemsbox 4
Kolb, Alma Dean
1978-19792 itemsbox 4

International Journal of American Linguistics

Koontz, John E.
1986-198811 itemsbox 4
Kopperman, Paul E.
19791 itemsbox 4
Krieger, Carlo J.
19873 itemsbox 4
Lachner, Ernest A.
19631 itemsbox 4

Smithsonian Institution

Lailer, Doris
19951 itemsbox 4
Landar, Herbert
1966-19692 itemsbox 4
Langendoen, D. Terence
19871 itemsbox 4

Linguistic Society of America

Larson, M. Burniece
1939-194010 itemsbox 4

Medical Bureau

Lassiter, William L.
19341 itemsbox 4
Laurent, Stephen
19902 itemsbox 4
Lee, Penny
1990-19954 itemsbox 4
LeFaivre-Rochester, Carol
19962 itemsbox 4

American Philosophical Society

Leman, Wayne
19843 itemsbox 4
Lembke, Linda
19903 itemsbox 4

Green River Bindery

Lerch, Jimmy
19481 itemsbox 4
Lesser, Alexander
19352 itemsbox 4

American Ethnological Society

Letter Fragments
n.d.2 itemsbox 4
Linguistic Society of America
19731 itemsbox 4
Linton, Ralph
19392 itemsbox 4

American Anthropologist

Lips, Julius E.
19371 itemsbox 4

Columbia University

Little, Elizabeth A.
1983-19854 itemsbox 4
Loewenstein, Benjamin
19691 itemsbox 4
Lolar, Louis
1932-193415 itemsbox 4
Longley, G. T.
19342 itemsbox 4

British Museum

Loring, Laura and Gene
19781 itemsbox 4
Lounsbury, Floyd G.
19792 itemsbox 4
Love, Timothy R.
1975-1986, n.d.9 itemsbox 4

Penobscot Indian Community Action Program; Akin, Michael; Schweppe, Pamela

W. H. Lowdermilk and Company
19291 itemsbox 4
Luciers, F.
1943 box 4

Pacifique, Reverend Father; Monastere des Freres-Mineurs Capucins

Luders, Ulrich
19932 itemsbox 4

Lincom Europa

Ludwig, Andrea O.
19763 itemsbox 4

Smithsonian Institution

Lunkenheimer, Glenna and Paul
19851 itemsbox 4
MacDonnell, Thomas P.
1975-19947 itemsbox 4
Maggs Brothers Limited
19451 itemsbox 4
Maine Indian Tribal-State Commission
19911 itemsbox 4
Maniuel, Martine
19891 itemsbox 4
Mason, J. Alden
19341 itemsbox 4

University Museum, University of Pennsylvania

Masthay, Carl
1979-1994, n.d.24 itemsbox 4
Mathias, James F.
19702 itemsbox 4

John Simon Guggenheim Foundation

McCorison, Marcus A.
1988-19942 itemsbox 4

American Antiquarian Society; Christie, Manson, and Woods International

McEllroy, W. S.
19561 itemsbox 4

Letter written to Albert Craig

McKeough, Helen M.
1981-1996, n.d.15 itemsbox 4
McKinstry, H. E.
19371 itemsbox 4
McKrae, Jill F. Kealey
1994-19953 itemsbox 4
Meade, Edward J., Jr.
19831 itemsbox 4

Ford Foundation

Meldrum, W. B. (William Buell)
19421 itemsbox 4

Haverford College

Merrell, James H.
1981-19827 itemsbox 4
[Meyer], Heidi
19641 itemsbox 4
Michelson, Truman
1934-193811 itemsbox 4
Micmac-Maliseet Institute
19911 itemsbox 4
Middleton, Dorothy E.
19321 itemsbox 4
Millar, Eric G.
19334 itemsbox 4

British Museum

Miller, P. Schuyler
19689 itemsbox 4
Mills, Elaine L.
1986-19904 itemsbox 4

Smithsonian Institution

Mitchell, Francis D.
19892 itemsbox 4
Mitchell, George W., Jr.
1988-19895 itemsbox 4

Penobscot Cultural Center; Seeber, Pauline

Monahan, Barbara
19901 itemsbox 5

Piscataquis Regional Young Men's Christian Association

Monke, Ingrid
19891 itemsbox 5

Maine Humanities Council

Moody, John
n.d.1 itemsbox 5
Moore, Robert M.
19381 itemsbox 5
Moorehead, Warren King
19872 itemsbox 5
Morgan, Lael
19842 itemsbox 5
Morley, Felix
19411 itemsbox 5

Haverford College

Morrison, Alvin H.
1973-19753 itemsbox 5

Includes "Dissertation Progress Report," 23 December 1973

Moulton, F. R. (Forest Ray)
19382 itemsbox 5

American Association for the Advancement of Science

Murphy, Richard M.
19811 itemsbox 5

National Endowment for the Humanities

Myers, Albert Cook
19323 itemsbox 5

Commemoration of the 250th Anniversary of William Penn in America

National Endowment for the Humanities
19814 itemsbox 5
New England Historic Genealogical Society Library
19881 itemsbox 5
New York Public Library, Reserve Division
19881 itemsbox 5
Newmeyer, Frederick J.
19902 itemsbox 5

Linguistic Society of America

Nicholas, Andrea Bear
1983-19865 itemsbox 5
Norman, Jean
19672 itemsbox 5

University of Toronto Press

Nurmekund, Pent
19951 itemsbox 5

Letter to Robert J. Throckmorton

Nye, Gerald P.
19393 itemsbox 5

United States Senate

O'Donnell, Mathew Pierce
19871 itemsbox 5
Old Town Museum
19956 5

Siebert Basket Display, June 1995

Olmstead, D. L.
19721 itemsbox 5
Olsen, E. T.
1939-19405 itemsbox 5

State University and Crippled Children's Hospitals, Oklahoma

O'Meara, John
19951 itemsbox 5

Letter to Carl [Mathay]. Includes English-Native American vocabulary

Orchard, W. C. (William C.)
19361 itemsbox 5
Ortlepp, William H.
19791 itemsbox 5

Episcopal Academy

Pacifique, Reverend Father
1938-19409 itemsbox 5

Monastere des Freres-Mineurs Capucins

Palmer, Ralph S.
19652 itemsbox 5
Pare, Rick and Nancy
19891 itemsbox 5
Parkinson, A. D.
19361 itemsbox 5

Jones, Daniel; University of London, University College

Parks, Doug
19961 itemsbox 5
Parks, Lucy
19361 itemsbox 5
Parks, Ruth
19361 itemsbox 5
Peacock, James L.
19933 itemsbox 5

John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation

Pendergast, Jim
19831 itemsbox 5
Penobscot Nation
1979-1986, n.d.12 itemsbox 5
Pepper, O. H. Perry
19391 itemsbox 5

Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania

Pepper, William
1934-19377 itemsbox 5

University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine

Peters, Nick
19383 itemsbox 5
Petersen, James B.
1995-199614 itemsbox 5
Petry, H. K.
19393 itemsbox 5

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Welfare

Plain Truth
19841 itemsbox 5

Bauer, Ted

[Pontius], Mary
19391 itemsbox 5
Pratt, Anne S.
19312 itemsbox 5

Yale University Library

Prins, Harald E. L.
1988-19963 itemsbox 5
Proulx, Paul
1976-1982, n.d.8 itemsbox 5
1985-19872 itemsbox 5

Maxfield, William; Haverford College

Quarterly Progress Report
19881 itemsbox 5

Penobscot Cultural Center

Quinn, Catherine C.
19332 itemsbox 5

John Carter Brown Library

Quinn, Conor McDonough
1996, n.d.2 itemsbox 5

One letter is written in the Penobscot language

Rankin, Nancy
1986-19882 itemsbox 5
Rankin, Robert L.
1975-19932 itemsbox 5
Ray, Gordon N.
1969-198517 itemsbox 5

John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation

Ray, Roger B.
19961 itemsbox 5
Reading Hospital
19401 itemsbox 5
Reese, Lewis L.
19401 itemsbox 5

University Hospitals, Oklahoma

19321 itemsbox 5

Cousin Reid

[Reid, L. W.]
19441 itemsbox 5

Phi Beta Kappa, Haverford College

Rementer, Jim
19854 itemsbox 5
Reynolds, Margaret W.
19871 itemsbox 5

Linguistic Society of America

Rhine, Mary
19891 itemsbox 5
Rhodes, Richard
19851 itemsbox 5
Richardson, Hubbard
1978-19892 itemsbox 5
Ritchie, William A.
19342 itemsbox 5

New York State Archaeological Association

Roberts, Ethel D.
19331 itemsbox 5

Wellesley College Library

Robinson, Cedrick L. ("Rob")
1973-19742 itemsbox 5
Rogers, Jean
19752 itemsbox 5
Romanoff, Stephen J.
19792 itemsbox 5
Rood, David S.
1980-199216 itemsbox 5

International Journal of American Linguistics; Proulx, Paul

[Rorico], Valentine
19351 itemsbox 5
Ross, Adeline
19371 itemsbox 5

St. Michael Mission

Roth, John E.
19863 itemsbox 5
Rothenheber, Paul
19931 itemsbox 5

High-Tech Educational Services, Bismarck, ND

Rountree, Helen C.
19953 itemsbox 5
19941 itemsbox 5
Rudes, Blair
19951 itemsbox 5
Ruhlen, Merritt
19944 itemsbox 5
Ryan and Christie Storage, Inc.
19863 itemsbox 5

See also, Series IX, Ryan and Christie Storage, Inc.

St. John, Robin
19711 itemsbox 5
Salisbury, Neal
1970-19722 itemsbox 5
19451 itemsbox 5
Salzman, Zdenek
19641 itemsbox 5
Sands, Donald
1983-19843 itemsbox 5
Saphir, Otto
19411 itemsbox 5

Michael Reese Hospital, Chicago, IL

Sapiel, Francis C. (Bobcat)
19811 itemsbox 5

Penobscot National Historical Society

Sappier, James G.
19901 itemsbox 5

Penobscot Cultural Center and Museum

Saul, C. Dudley
19421 itemsbox 5

St. Luke's and Children's Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA

Scancarelli, Janine
1987-19943 itemsbox 6
Schenken, Jerald R.
19871 6
Schmuckie, Louis and Marcie
1986-19954 itemsbox 6
Schwartz, Dorothy
19891 itemsbox 6

Maine Humanities Council

Schwarze, W. U.
19321 itemsbox 6

Moravian College and Theological Seminary

Sebeok, Thomas A.
19731 itemsbox 6

Linguistic Society of America

Seeber, Pauleena M.
1986-198817 itemsbox 6

Penobscot Nation, Department of Humanities

Shappell, Betty
19391 itemsbox 6
Shaw, John J.
19381 itemsbox 6

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Health

Sheets, Ossie and Elsie
1962-19652 itemsbox 6
Sherwood, David
19811 itemsbox 6
Shipley, William and Nancy Rankin
19891 itemsbox 6
Sholes, S.
19358 itemsbox 6

Presto Recording Corporation

Shryock, Richard H.
1961-19634 itemsbox 6

American Philosophical Society

Siebert, Carol
19871 itemsbox 6
Siebert, Florence
1974-19965 itemsbox 6
Siebert, George
1987-19964 itemsbox 6
Siebert, Lillie
19331 itemsbox 6

Letter to Lillie Siebert from Friedrich WIlhelms Universitat, Berlin, Germany. In German

Siebert, Marion (Mrs. Frank)
19602 itemsbox 6
Siebert, Peggy
1979-19963 itemsbox 6
Siebert, Sally
1986-19962 itemsbox 6
Sieceichowicz, Krystyna
19961 itemsbox 6
Silverstein, Michael
1984-19866 itemsbox 6
Singer, Richard B. and Margaret
1980-199310 itemsbox 6

Episcopal Academy

Sloper, J. C.
1958-19592 itemsbox 6
Smith, Linda
19851 itemsbox 6
Smith, Marian W.
19421 itemsbox 6

American Ethnological Society

Smith, Nicholas N.
1989-19967 itemsbox 6
Smith, Peter
19301 itemsbox 6

National Bibliophile Service

Smith-Breckling, Carol B.
1980-199613 itemsbox 6
Smithsonian Institution, Department of Humanities
19861 itemsbox 6
Snider, Gordon L.
1958-19592 itemsbox 6
Snow, Dean R.
1970-19753 itemsbox 6
Snowe, Olympia
19811 itemsbox 6

United States House of Representatives

Snyder, Audrey
19941 itemsbox 6
Snyder, Heinrick
19921 itemsbox 6
Sobczak, J.
19751 itemsbox 6

College of American Pathologists

Society for Pennsylvania Archaeology
1947-19496 itemsbox 6
Society for the Study of Indigenous Languages
n.d.1 itemsbox 6
Spang, Bruce
1980, n.d.2 itemsbox 6
Spannuth, John R.
19391 itemsbox 6

Reading Hospital

Speck, Frank
1938-19409 itemsbox 6
Stacey Koon Defense Fund
n.d.1 itemsbox 6
Stanislaus, Francis
1936-19383 itemsbox 6
Stewart, Alice R.
19831 itemsbox 6
Stolz, Robert Wesley
1972-197320 6

Correspondence with Clinton Alfred Weslager. Copies of correspondence given to Siebert by Carl Masthay (See also Series I, Masthay, Carl, March 14, 1980).

Storm, Colton
19442 itemsbox 6

William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan

Streeter, Thomas W.
19561 itemsbox 6
Struever, Stuart
19691 itemsbox 6
Stuart, Judi and Jack
1971, n.d.2 itemsbox 6
Studenski, E. R.
19571 itemsbox 6
Sturgis, Cyrus C.
1938-19403 itemsbox 6

University of Michigan, University Hospital

Sturtevant, William C.
1957-19877 itemsbox 6
Sudak, Alexander
19892 itemsbox 6
Swanton, John R.
19401 itemsbox 6

Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology

Taft, Robert A.
19391 itemsbox 6

United States Senate

Tatem, William
1988-199610 itemsbox 6
Taukchiray, Wes
1991-1997, n.d.4 foldersbox 6

Correspondence related to Catawba. See also, Series I: White, Wes

Folder #1
1991-1992 box 6
Folder #2
1993 box 6
Folder #3
1994-1997 box 6
Folder #4
n.d. box 6
Tax, Sol
19681 itemsbox 6

Current Anthropology

Taylor, Allan R.
1972-19945 itemsbox 6
19921 itemsbox 6
Teeter, Karl V.
19671 itemsbox 6
Thomas, Gladys (Mrs. Howard)
1952-19544 itemsbox 7

Catawba speaker, Sally (Brown) Gordon

Thomas, Robert G.
19771 itemsbox 7

Private Practitioners of Pathology Foundation

Thomason, Sarah G.
1989-1994, n.d.6 itemsbox 7
Thompson, Ann and Bryan
19941 itemsbox 7
Thompson, Theresa E.
19871 itemsbox 7
Thomson, Robert C.
19391 itemsbox 7
Todd, Evelyn
19721 itemsbox 7
Trager, George L.
19371 itemsbox 7
Traugott, Elizabeth C.