Frank Siebert Papers

Mss.Ms.Coll.97

Date: 1929-1998 | Size: 41 Linear feet

Abstract

Frank Siebert (1913-1998) is one of the key contributors to the field of Algonquian linguistics. While he did not pursue a degree in linguistics or anthropology, he independently acquired the skills and knowledge of a professional scholar. His work on Penobscot is some of the best and most comprehensive in existence. The Siebert Papers document the interest and work of Frank Siebert in the linguistics of the Algonquian family of languages, particularly Penobscot. The collection includes correspondence, research notes, drafts and published manuscripts by Siebert, as well as secondary sources consulted by Siebert. To a lesser extent, it contains material that documents Siebert's personal life, his interest in book collecting and his career as a physician.

Background note

Frank Siebert (1913-1998) is one of the key contributors to the field of Algonquian linguistics. While he did not pursue a degree in linguistics or anthropology, he independently acquired the skills and knowledge of a professional scholar. His work on Penobscot is some of the best and most comprehensive in existence.

Siebert began his Penobscot research in 1932 while an undergraduate studying chemistry at Haverford College. It was in this year that he made his first trip to Indian Island, Maine in the Penobscot Reservation. While a medical student at the University of Pennsylvania, Siebert continued to pursue his interest in anthropological linguistics. He received training in this field by attending lectures by Franz Boas and Edward Sapir. He associated with Frank Speck and the anthropologists and linguists who congregated in Speck's office. Throughout his career as a pathologist, Siebert continued his Penobscot field work. He also had an interest in Catawba, which he did field research on in 1941, during a six month break from medical school. Later in life, he studied secondary sources on the language. After his retirement, Siebert dedicated all his time to his research. In 1968, he moved to Old Town, Maine so he could work more frequently with his informants.

When Siebert began his research, there were about one hundred fluent speakers of Penobscot. Over the years, Siebert worked with many informants. His longest collaboration was with Andrew Dana, with whom he worked closely for over thirty years. Over the course of Siebert's life, most of the Penobscots fluent in their native language died. This left Siebert among, or possibly, the last speaker with any great knowledge of the language. He continued his work up to his death in 1998, leaving much of it unpublished.

Some of Siebert's work built on existing studies of Algonquian languages. Siebert's mentor, Frank Speck, had worked on both Penobscot and Catawba. Also, Siebert's work on Proto-Algonquian began with a correction of Leonard Bloomfield's reconstruction. However, as Siebert felt strongly that scholars should do their own research, all his writings have come from his own field work. This research formed the basis of some of the most important contributions to the field of Algonquian linguistics. His Penobscot Dictionary is the most complete documentation of the language in existence. Siebert also collected folklore and history of the Penobscot Indians, which he compiled in a volume called Penobscot Texts. While most of his work was linguistic, Siebert also wrote articles on Algonquian history. He combined these interests in his reconstruction of Proto-Algonquian and a study of eighteenth century Virginia Algonquian. He used a knowledge of natural history as well as linguistics and history to identify the original homeland of the Algonquians.

Siebert maintained a frequent correspondence with his mentors and colleagues, including C.F. Voegelin, Frank Speck, Edward Sapir, Ives Goddard, Gordon Day and Willard Walker. Through letters, they shared ideas and augmented each other's work. Siebert was also an avid book collector, amassing a large and valuable collection of works on United States and American Indian history. In addition, he belonged to several historical and archeological societies. Siebert was awarded grants by the Guggenheim Foundation, the NSF and NEH to carry out his research.

Scope and content

The Siebert Papers document the interest and work of Frank Siebert in the linguistics of the Algonquian family of languages, particularly Penobscot. The collection includes correspondence, research notes, drafts and published manuscripts by Siebert, as well as secondary sources consulted by Siebert. To a lesser extent, it contains material that documents Siebert's personal life, his interest in book collecting and his career as a physician. Siebert carried on frequent and long standing correspondence with others in the field of American Indian linguistics. In their letters, Siebert and his colleagues presented and discussed linguistic theories and evidence and kept each other notified about their current projects. Often these letters included articles of interest or drafts of papers with a request for comments.

Siebert's research, and thus his field notes, center on the Penobscot language. The field notes also display an interest in related topics, such as Indian history and anthropology, Maine geography and natural history. His two major projects on Penobscot, the Penobscot Dictionary and Penobscot Texts, demonstrate Siebert's desire not only to understand the linguistic operation of the language, but to preserve the language itself as well as the culture and history of the Penobscot people. Siebert made several sound recordings of Penobscot songs, stories and speech to this end. While Algonquian languages were Siebert's main interest, he did a significant amount of research on Catawba, a Siouan language. He kept extensive field notes on Catawba from which he produced a published article.

Siebert's field research was augmented by a study of secondary sources. He consulted many journals, articles and manuscripts on the disciplines of linguistics and anthropology as well as on Algonquian and Catawba linguistics. Also included are documents particularly useful as sources for Siebert's work on Indian history. A small portion of the collection represents Siebert's interest in book collecting, his medical career and his personal life. He kept articles, newspaper clippings and notes on diseases and medical practice. In addition, he accumulated book advertisements, catalogues and auction notices. Siebert kept up personal correspondence with friends, whose letters he kept with those from his colleagues. He was also interested in politics and saved newspaper articles on current political and social issues.

Native American Images note : Nearly 800 ink and pencil sketches, photographs, newspaper clippings, and black and white photocopy images of Catawba and Penobscot tribes collected and drawn by Frank Siebert from 1932-1946 and 1985-1994. The ethnological sketches in notebooks reflect social life and customs, including tools, traps, design motifs, ball games, wampum and picture writing. Research notes contain photocopies from various sources. Many original and printed maps of North Carolina and Maine pinpointing tribal distributions.

Arrangement

Frank Siebert's method of working was not conducive to orderly record-keeping. He worked in iterations. It was his practice to take to the field and review with native speakers his notebooks from earlier field trips; adding notes to and editing pre-existing material as he went along. This process was sometimes repeated many times. Consequently, his notebooks have extensive additions, corrections, and annotations, sometimes identified with dates, initials of informants, or both. Siebert took notes on any available paper that was ready to hand, including old examination books, school composition books, dimestore notebooks, hotel stationery, pieces of correspondence, and used envelopes. Because of this approach, the notebooks, or indeed any material in the collection, may contain annotations on a wide variety of themes or topics.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Physical description

41.0 linear feet.

41.0 linear feet.

Preferred citation

Cite as: Frank Siebert Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Processed by Charles Fitti, Daythal Kendall, and Michael Miller. Completed February 2014.

Indexing Terms


Genre(s)

  • Gelatin silver prints
  • Newspaper clippings.
  • Sketches.
  • Sound recordings

Subject(s)

  • Abenaki Indians
  • Algonquian Indians
  • Algonquian languages
  • Anishinaabe
  • Anthropology
  • Catawba Indians
  • Catawba Indians -- History
  • Catawba language
  • Ethnography
  • Indians of North America -- Maine
  • Indians of North America -- North Carolina
  • Indians of North America -- Northeastern States
  • Linguistics
  • Natural history -- Maine.
  • Penobscot Indians
  • Penobscot Indians -- Folklore
  • Penobscot Indians -- History
  • Penobscot language
  • Petroglyphs
  • Tubatulabal language

Collection overview

1929-1997 3.5 Linear feet box 1-7

Siebert kept up regular correspondence with others in the field of linguistics and anthropology, exchanging information about his work, discoveries, and theories. Siebert's correspondents often sent him papers, asking for comments. They frequently included relevant articles or newspaper clippings with their letters. Most of the correspondence preserved in the collection are incoming letters written to Siebert, with occasional copies of outgoing letters written by Siebert.

  4.5 Linear feet box 8-14:
box 66

In addition to his work on Algonquian languages for which he is best known, Siebert studied the linguistics of Catawba, adding to the work of Frank Speck and Floyd Lounsbury. Much of Siebert's Catawba material is kept in a series of field notes and loose leaf notes, in which he recorded vocabulary, as well as observations on grammar and linguistics. The series also contains Catawba materials compiled and sent to Siebert by Wes Taukchiray, a Catawba scholar who worked for various Native American organizations. These papers were accumulated throughout the 1990s and led to no published work.

  10 Linear feet box 81 (OS):
box 14-29:
box 67-70

The materials in this large series concern the Penobscot and related Algonquian tribes.

  box 14-17

An extensive series of notes and compiled material--copies of primary sources and annotated secondary sources--concerning anthropological and historical topics on the Penobscot and related Algonquian tribes.

  box 18-23:
box 67-69:
box 81 (OS)

An extensive series of notes and compiled material--copies of primary sources and annotated secondary sources--concerning Penobscot and related Algonquian languages.

  box 24-26:
box 70

The Penobscot Texts are a collection of folktales, legends and histories of the Penobscot people. Siebert collected the stories from several informants, principally Andrew Dana. The collection contains material from all steps of the project, beginning with notebooks and loose leaf notes. These record the stories in Penobscot with interlinear translation, accompanied by notes on vocabulary, linguistics and Penobscot culture. The texts appear in a later form, typed with separate translations and footnotes commenting on Penobscot linguistics, history, and story-telling. The stories were first dictated in the late 1930s. In the 1990's, Siebert received an NEH grant to prepare them for publication. Papers concerning the grant are found in Series VIII. The stories were in final draft form at the time of Siebert's death.

1982-1996 box 70:
box 27-29

The Penobscot Dictionary was the most ambitious and perhaps most important of Siebert's projects. This subseries contains handwritten notes and typed drafts of introductory material and dictionary entries.The typed drafts often contain handwritten editing. The subseries also includes one complete, bound draft. Late in his life, Siebert received an NEH grant to publish the Dictionary along with his Penobscot Texts. However, Siebert died before completing the project.

  3 Linear feet box 81 (OS):
box 30-34:
box 66-67

In addition to materials related to the Catawba and Penobscot, Siebert compiled a wide array of materials on other Native American Cultures and languages. Included in this series are photocopied primary sources, manuscripts of secondary sources, and annotated reprints.

  6 Linear feet box 35-46

This series contains over 100 notebooks created by Siebert. It includes information on Native American languages--vocabulary lists, notes on grammar, and linguistic observations. While many of the notebooks focus on Penobscot, other languages such as Abenaki and Ojibwa are also represented. Some of the notebooks, dating from the mid 1930s, represent Siebert's earliest work on Penobscot linguistics. Most notebooks are undated and it is impossible to tell what span of time they cover. The numbering of the notebooks was imposed after they were completed and does not reflect any order by chronology or subject. Due to the nature of Siebert's notetaking, the material in any given notebook may touch upon multiple subjects.

  1 Linear feet box 47-48

Siebert produced a variety of published work over his lifetime, including book reviews, DCB entries and papers for conferences and journals. Included in this series are handwritten and typewritten drafts, as well as reprints of his works.

  6 Linear feet box 49-60

Siebert kept many works created by other scholars--manuscripts and reprints relevant to his work, both originals and photocopies. Most of the publications in this series are scholarly articles written by Siebert's colleagues in the fields of anthropology, linguistics, or history.

  1.5 Linear feet box 61-63:
box 82 (OS)

This series includes materials relating to the funding of Siebert's research, conferences he attended or followed, and papers related to his professional career as a pathologist. Siebert's research on Native American subjects was funded in part by several grants. From 1979 to 1988 he received money from the NSF. This series contains applications for funding, project descriptions and evaluations, and financial records relating to the NSF grants. Later, the NEH gave the Penobscot Indian Nation a grant for Siebert to prepare the Penobscot Dictionary and Penobscot Texts for publication, as well as to complete work on other linguistic projects. As Siebert received the money as an employee of the Penobscot Indian Nation, memos and financial papers related to Siebert's employment by the PIN are included here as well. Siebert participated in and followed scholarly developments in the fields of anthropology and linguistics. Included in this series are materials related to professional conferences.

  1 Linear feet box 82 (OS):
box 63-64

This series includes a small amount of material relating to Siebert's personal life and pursuits. It includes health records, financial papers, advertisements, newspaper clippings, and photographs. Other personal material is interspersed in Series I, Correspondence.

Siebert was an avid book collector, amassing a large and valuable library, much of it about Native American history. He kept book catalogues, advertisements and clippings from catalogues among his papers. These materials are also part of this series.

  1 Linear feet box 64-65:
box 82 (OS)

This series is comprised of complete journals, or issues of publications. Larger works, such as books, have been removed from the collection and added to the larger printed collection of the library.

  0.5 Linear feet box 65

This small series is comprised of photographs and maps. The bulk of the imagery in the collection, the nearly 800 ink and pencil sketches described in the Native American image note above, may be found interspersed elsewhere in the collection.

  3 Linear feet box 75-80:
box 65

Siebert made a series of sound recordings documenting Penobscot speech, song, and stories. He also consulted recordings made by others on a variety of Native American languages. The recordings are on reel-to-reel tapes, cassette tapes, and records. Most of the original recordings have been digitized for preservation.

  
  
  
  
  
  


Detailed Inventory

I. Correspondence
1929-1997 3.5 Linear feet box 1-7

Siebert kept up regular correspondence with others in the field of linguistics and anthropology, exchanging information about his work, discoveries, and theories. Siebert's correspondents often sent him papers, asking for comments. They frequently included relevant articles or newspaper clippings with their letters. Most of the correspondence preserved in the collection are incoming letters written to Siebert, with occasional copies of outgoing letters written by Siebert.

Abbot, C. G. (Charles Greeley)
1936 1 items box 1

Smithsonian Institution

Abernathy, Charley (H. C.)
Bulk, 1938-1944 1938-1991; 1938-1944 21 items box 1
Adams, Randolph G.
1943 1 items box 1

William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan

Aderhold, Kathryn
1942 1 items box 1

Mercy Hospital, Benton Harbor, Michigan

AFSC Maine Indian Program
1987 2 items box 1
Aguilar, Gloria V.
1990 1 items box 1

National Science Foundation

[Aimes, S.]
1934 1 items box 1

British Museum. Receipt

Akers, Gerald
1980-1989 4 items box 1
Akins, A. X. (Andrew X.)
1984-1993 2 items box 1

Sappier, James. Penobscot Language Program

American Academy of Political and Social Science
1967 1 items box 1
American Geographical Society
1939 1 items box 1
American Library Service
1929 2 items box 1
Arbour, Keith
1987-1993, n.d. 22 items box 1
Archie, J. F.
1955 1 items box 1

Dunton, George E.; Faulkner, Gretchen

Archives of the Moravian Church
1995 1 items box 1
Armalavage, Leon (Army)
1939-1996 30 items box 1
Atmore, Bob
1939-1984, n.d. 3 items box 1

Chadbourne, Hunt, Jaeckel, and Brown

Aubin, George F.
1976 1 items box 1
Austin, R. S.
1940-1941 4 items box 1

University of Cincinnati College of Medicine

Ayres, James E.
1977 1 items box 1
Bahndorf, Bunnie and Bob
n.d. 1 items box 1
Balch, James
n.d. 1 items box 1
Balfour, Donald C.
1939 1 items box 1

University of Minnesota, Mayo Foundation

Bangor Daily News
1982 1 items box 1
Barbour, P. L.
1962 1 items box 1
Barringer, George
1972 1 items box 1

Harrison, Henry, S. J.

Bates, Albert C.
1933 1 items box 1

Connecticut Historical Society

Bates, Albert M.
1937 1 items box 1

Shryock Radio Company

Baumann-Nelson, Eunice
1994 1 items box 1

Letter to Paul Chappin, National Science Foundation

Beaumont, Raymond M.
1990 2 items box 1
Becker, Ellen
1990 1 items box 1
Becker, Herbert A.
1977 1 items box 1

United States Department of Justice

Becker, Mary Druke
1992 1 items box 1

Newberry Library

Bennett, Charles J.
1934 1 items box 1

British Museum

Berube, Al
1973-1974 4 items box 1

Starbird, S. Glenn; Bureau of Indian Affairs

Bishop, Bailey
1991 1 items box 1
Bishop, Robert R.
1988 1 items box 1

Episcopal Academy

Bloch, Bernard
1941 1 items box 1

Linguistic Society of America

Blumer, Tom
1996 5 items box 1
Booker, Karen M.
1994 1 items box 1

University of Kansas

Boots, Lalania
1996 1 items box 1
Bourque, Bruce J.
1990-1991 2 items box 1

Maine State Museum

Boyd, William
1940 1 items box 1
Brejcha, Elmer
1977-1989 10 items box 1
Brent-Collins, Hart
1987 2 items box 1
[Bromfield, Louis]
1944 2 items box 1
Brooks, Robert C.
1975-1976 17 items box 1
Brooks, Seal T.
1940 1 items box 1
Brown, Cecil H.
1991 1 items box 1

Enclosure missing

Brown, H. Tatnall, Jr.
1933-1939 3 items box 1
Brown, T. C.
1968-1969 3 items box 1
Buccini, Anthony F.
1996 1 items box 1
Buesing, Gregory
1976 1 items box 1

Wabanaki Treaties, 1775-1800

Bunting, John and Ruth
1978-1994 9 items box 1
Butterfield, Margaret
1938 1 items box 1

University of Rochester, Rush Rhees Library

Byers, Douglas S.
1940 3 items box 1

Society for American Archaeology

Carroll-Horrocks, Beth
1984 1 items box 1

American Philosophical Society

Carrying Capacity Network
n.d. 1 items box 1

Miller, Monique A.

Castle, Laura
1934 3 items box 1
Chamberlain, Martha
1952-1965 2 items box 1
Chapin, Howard M.
1934 2 items box 1

Rhode Island Historical Society

Chase, George
1986-1991 2 items box 1
Chester, Roberta
1989 1 items box 1
Cohen, William S.
1987 1 items box 1

United States Senate

Colcord, Charles E.
1987 1 items box 1
Colick, Mary Catherine
1948-1981 6 items box 1
Columbia Museums of Art and Science
n.d. 2 items box 1

Catawba Indian Pottery

Comfort, Howard
1940-1944 2 items box 1
Comfort, W. W.
1933 1 items box 1

Haverford College

Comments on Siebert's Suprasequential Phonemes
n.d. 2 items box 1

Publisher's comments

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Bureau of Professional Licensing
1934-1939 3 items box 1
Conway, Jill K.
1992 1 items box 1

American Antiquarian Society

Cook, Margaret G.
1989 1 items box 1

Maine Archeological Society Bulletin

Cooper, John W.
1937 1 items box 1

Catholic University of America

Corner, George W.
1965 2 items box 1

American Philosophical Society

Costa, David J.
1997 1 items box 1
Cowan, J. M.
1941 1 items box 2
Cowan, William
1968-1989 12 items box 2

Seeber, Pauleena. See also: Series VI, Siebert and Seeler, Penobscot Reflexive Verbs

Cox, Edward W.
1933 1 items box 2

Queen County Clerk's Office

[Crauly], Eunice
1987-1994, n.d. 4 items box 2
Crawford, James L., Jr.
1995 2 items box 2

Episcopal Academy

Crawford, James M.
1972-1981 2 folders box 2
Folder 1
1972-1976 43 items box 2
Folder 2
1976-1981 16 items box 2
Crawford, William H.
1990 1 items box 2
Cruikshank, Clara C.
1984 1 items box 2
Curtis, George M.
1939 1 items box 2

Ohio State University, Department of Research Surgery

D'Abate, Richard
1994 1 items box 2

Siebert-Garrett Native American Language Project. Letter to Paul Chapin

Dana, Andrew
1937-1963 13 items box 2
Danielson, Irvin
1940-1941 2 items box 2

University of Oklahoma, School of Medicine

Dann, John C.
1988 1 items box 2

William Clements Library, University of Michigan

Davis, James J.
1939 1 items box 2

United States Senate

Davis, Kathy Siebert
1995-1997 5 items box 2
Dawson, Glen
1959 1 items box 2

Dawson's Book Shop

Day, Gordon M.
1966-1989 7 items box 2
Dean, Nora Thompson
1982 1 items box 2

Touching Leaves Indian Crafts

DeBlois, A. D. (Albert D.)
1988 1 items box 2

Penobscot Nation Algonquin Conference

DeMallie, Raymond J.
1979-1992 2 items box 2

American Society for Ethnohistory

Denault, Raymond
1963 2 items box 2

Societe Canadienne du Microfilm

Dennee, JoAnne
1990 1 items box 2
Denny, Peter
1983-1993 2 items box 2

University of Western Ontario

Dorrance, Frances
1932-1936 2 items box 2

Society for Pennsylvania Archaeology

Dorsey, H. W.
1929 1 items box 2

Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology

Dorst, Stanley
1941 1 items box 2

University of Cincinnati, College of Medicine

Drapeau, Lynn
1991 1 items box 2

Universite du Quebec a Montreal

Drinkwater, Gertrude
1967 1 items box 2
Dunn, Steve
1996 1 items box 2

Maine Public Television

Dwelley, Marrilyn
1985 1 items box 2

Native wild rice in the Penobscot Valley

Eastman Kodak Company
1940 6 items box 2
Eckstorm, Fannie H.
1936-1945 10 items box 2
ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics
n.d. 1 p. box 2
Erickson, Vincent O.
1986-1989 2 items box 2

Smith, Nicholas N. Regarding Peter Lewis Paul (1902-1989).

Eugenics Publishing Company
n.d. 1 items box 2
Ewing, Abigail
1986-1987 2 items box 2

Bangor Historical Society

Fenstermacher, R. H.
1940 2 items box 2
Ferm, William N.
1989-1990 3 items box 2
Finger Family -- Stephanie, Doug, Daniel, and Jonathan
1996 1 items box 2
Fisher, Edwin R.
1957-1993 4 items box 2

Shadyside Hospital, Pittsburgh

Flaccus, Louis W.
1986-1987 4 items box 2
Fogelson, Raymond D.
1978-1983, n.d. 7 items box 2

Includes excerpt from Gene Waddell, Indians of the South Carolina Low Country

Fonto, Minnie
1940 3 items box 2
Fowler, William M., Jr.
1983 1 items box 2

New England Quarterly

Francis, Paul, Jr.
1982 1 items box 2
Franzen, Louise
1947 1 items box 2
Frazer, Elizabeth G.
1938 1 items box 2
Frazer, Grant
1943-1988 8 items box 2
Friedrich, Paul
1987 3 items box 2
Fuller, Marion Cobb
1941 1 items box 2

Maine State Library

Gabriel, Newell
1936-1938 5 items box 2
Garnett
1947 1 items box 2
Garrison, Curtis W.
1933 1 items box 2

Library of Congress, Division of Manuscripts

Geary, James A.
1942 2 items box 2

Catholic University of America

Gedds, Donald P.
1933 1 items box 2

Columbia University Press

Gehrt, Sarah B.
1991 1 items box 2

University of Maine

Gerlach, R. F.
1932 1 items box 2

Goodspeed's Book Shop

Giese, Paula
1996 1 items box 2
Ginsberg, Michael
1990 1 items box 2

Michael Ginsberg Books

Giroux, T.
1934-1935 15 items box 2
[Glireskey], Bill
1990 1 items box 2
Goddard, Ives
1966-1994, n.d. 40 items box 3
Golla, Victor
1985 1 items box 3
Gordon, David M.
1981-1992 11 items box 3
Gordon, Ervin
1941 1 items box 3
Gordon, Sallie
1941-1945 5 items box 3
Graf, J. E. (John Enos)
1941 1 items box 3

Smithsonian Institution

Grant, Anthony P.
1994 4 items box 3

Includes Anthony P. Grant, "On the Authorship of the Wea Primer (1837)."

Grant, Elihu
1934 2 items box 3
Gravely, Benjamin F.
1932 1 items box 3

Benj. F. Gravely, Bookseller

Gray, Judith A.
1997 1 items box 3

Library of Congress

Greene, Evarts B.
1933 1 items box 3
Griffith, Mary
1987 1 items box 3
Griscom, Ludlow
1933 1 items box 3

Museum of Comparative Zoology

Guffey, Joseph F.
1938 1 items box 3

United States Senate

Haas, Mary
1937-1986, n.d. 37 items box 3
Haddleton, Alfred W.
1935 1 items box 3

Haverford College

Haile, Edward
1976 1 items box 3
Haines, Lawrence E.
1937 1 items box 3

Wedding invitation

Halperin, Maurice
1941 2 items box 3

Letter with enclosure, Oklahoma Federation for Constitutional Rights

Hamilton, Doris Harris
1980-1995 5 items box 3
Hamp, Eric
1969-1989 10 items box 3
Handbook of North American Indians
1972-1975 6 items box 3

Fogelson, Raymond D.; Sturtevant, William C.

Hardy, Charlotte W.
1947 3 items box 3

Eckstrom, Fannie H.

Hardy, Heather K. and Janine Scancarelli
1993 2 items box 3
Harkort, Marie-Louise Liebe
1985 1 items box 3

Mouton Publishers

Harper, Francis
1963 7 items box 3
Harrington, John P.
1940-1949 7 items box 3
Harrington, M. R. (Mark Raymond)
1936 1 items box 3

Southwest Museum

Harris, W. L.
n.d. 1 items box 3

Typed copy of letter written in 1896 to Western Georgia and Atlanta Railroad Company. Concerning a bull hit by a train.

Harris, Zellig
1939 1 items box 3
Harrison, William Henry
n.d. 1 items box 3

Handwritten copy of letter dated 6 November 1812, from Harrison to Governor R. J. Meigs.

Hayer, Altha
1958 1 items box 3
Heckler, Helen
1935 1 items box 3

Hrdlicka, Ales; Smithsonian Institution

Henderson, M. S.
1939 1 items box 3

University of Minnesota, Mayo Foundation

Henigar, Gordon R.
1958-1959 2 items box 3
[Herb]
1966 1 items box 3

Letter about model railroading.

Herkimer, C., Mrs.
1938 1 items box 3

Daughter of Nick Peters

Herzog, George
1941 1 items box 3
Hess, Gertrude D.
1965-1970 3 items box 3

American Philosophical Society

Hewson, A.
[1937] 3 items box 3

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Health, Anatomical Board

Hewson, John
1970-1981 15 items box 3
Hipple, Byron
1985-1994 4 items box 3
Hockett, Charles
1964-1985 6 items box 3
Hollow, Robert C.
1976 1 items box 3

Siouan language newsletter

Houston, Annette
1988 2 items box 3

Maine School Administration

Howe, Parkman D.
1955 1 items box 3
Hudson, Charles
1966 2 items box 3

Voegelin, C. F.; Catawba language

Hume, H. Alan
1991-1992 4 items box 3
Hummell, Judy
1989 1 items box 3
Ila
n.d. 1 items box 3

Christmas card signed by Jack, Ila, Vic, Danny, and Ronnie

Indian Rights Association
1960-1961 3 items box 3

American Indian Charter Convention

Indiana University
1980-1989 12 items box 3

Archives of Traditional Music; Linguistics Club; Lee, Dorothy Sara; Russell, Mary E.; Speck, Frank; Penobscot recordings

Indianapolis City Hospital
1938 1 items box 3

Blank application form

International Journal of American Linguistics
1980 4 items box 3

Rood, David

Iron Thunderhorse
1996 1 items box 3
[J. S.]
n.d. 1 items box 3
Jacobs, E. Atwood
1938 5 items box 3

Reading Hospital

Jameson, J. F. (John Franklin)
1933 1 items box 3

Letter to R. W. Kelsey, Haverford College

Jarett, Leonard and Donald Young
1994 3 items box 3

William Pepper Laboratory

Jerry and Nancy
1962 1 items box 3
Joe
1942 1 items box 4

University of Cincinnati, College of Medicine

John, Sabatio Susep
1939 1 items box 4
Jones, Hunt B.
1986-1992 4 items box 4
Kardon, Peter
1990 1 items box 4

John Simon Guggenheim Foundation

Karsner, Howard
1941 2 items box 4

Western Reserve University, Institute of Pathology

Kendall, Helen L.
1940 2 items box 4

Jeter, Hugh L.; University of Oklahoma

Kent, Roland G.
1934-1940 7 items box 4

Linguistic Society of America

Kenward, Kevin
1992 1 items box 4

American Medical Association

Kerr, Justin
1995 1 items box 4

Postcard announcing lecture entitled "Where Do You Wear Your Paint Pot? A Discussion of Maya Scribes." The notation "John Nichols, Canada" appears on the card.

Kidder, Mary Helen
1933 1 items box 4

Connecticut Historical Society

Kingsbury, Isaac W.
1960 1 items box 4
Klar, Kathryn A.
1994 1 items box 4
Kolb, Alma Dean
1978-1979 2 items box 4

International Journal of American Linguistics

Koontz, John E.
1986-1988 11 items box 4
Kopperman, Paul E.
1979 1 items box 4
Krieger, Carlo J.
1987 3 items box 4
Lachner, Ernest A.
1963 1 items box 4

Smithsonian Institution

Lailer, Doris
1995 1 items box 4
Landar, Herbert
1966-1969 2 items box 4
Langendoen, D. Terence
1987 1 items box 4

Linguistic Society of America

Larson, M. Burniece
1939-1940 10 items box 4

Medical Bureau

Lassiter, William L.
1934 1 items box 4
Laurent, Stephen
1990 2 items box 4
Lee, Penny
1990-1995 4 items box 4
LeFaivre-Rochester, Carol
1996 2 items box 4

American Philosophical Society

Leman, Wayne
1984 3 items box 4
Lembke, Linda
1990 3 items box 4

Green River Bindery

Lerch, Jimmy
1948 1 items box 4
Lesser, Alexander
1935 2 items box 4

American Ethnological Society

Letter Fragments
n.d. 2 items box 4
Linguistic Society of America
1973 1 items box 4
Linton, Ralph
1939 2 items box 4

American Anthropologist

Lips, Julius E.
1937 1 items box 4

Columbia University

Little, Elizabeth A.
1983-1985 4 items box 4
Loewenstein, Benjamin
1969 1 items box 4
Lolar, Louis
1932-1934 15 items box 4
Longley, G. T.
1934 2 items box 4

British Museum

Loring, Laura and Gene
1978 1 items box 4
Lounsbury, Floyd G.
1979 2 items box 4
Love, Timothy R.
1975-1986, n.d. 9 items box 4

Penobscot Indian Community Action Program; Akin, Michael; Schweppe, Pamela

W. H. Lowdermilk and Company
1929 1 items box 4
Luciers, F.
1943 box 4

Pacifique, Reverend Father; Monastere des Freres-Mineurs Capucins

Luders, Ulrich
1993 2 items box 4

Lincom Europa

Ludwig, Andrea O.
1976 3 items box 4

Smithsonian Institution

Lunkenheimer, Glenna and Paul
1985 1 items box 4
MacDonnell, Thomas P.
1975-1994 7 items box 4
Maggs Brothers Limited
1945 1 items box 4
Maine Indian Tribal-State Commission
1991 1 items box 4
Maniuel, Martine
1989 1 items box 4
Mason, J. Alden
1934 1 items box 4

University Museum, University of Pennsylvania

Masthay, Carl
1979-1994, n.d. 24 items box 4
Mathias, James F.
1970 2 items box 4

John Simon Guggenheim Foundation

McCorison, Marcus A.
1988-1994 2 items box 4

American Antiquarian Society; Christie, Manson, and Woods International

McEllroy, W. S.
1956 1 items box 4

Letter written to Albert Craig

McKeough, Helen M.
1981-1996, n.d. 15 items box 4
McKinstry, H. E.
1937 1 items box 4
McKrae, Jill F. Kealey
1994-1995 3 items box 4
Meade, Edward J., Jr.
1983 1 items box 4

Ford Foundation

Meldrum, W. B. (William Buell)
1942 1 items box 4

Haverford College

Merrell, James H.
1981-1982 7 items box 4
[Meyer], Heidi
1964 1 items box 4
Michelson, Truman
1934-1938 11 items box 4
Micmac-Maliseet Institute
1991 1 items box 4
Middleton, Dorothy E.
1932 1 items box 4
Millar, Eric G.
1933 4 items box 4

British Museum

Miller, P. Schuyler
1968 9 items box 4
Mills, Elaine L.
1986-1990 4 items box 4

Smithsonian Institution

Mitchell, Francis D.
1989 2 items box 4
Mitchell, George W., Jr.
1988-1989 5 items box 4

Penobscot Cultural Center; Seeber, Pauline

Monahan, Barbara
1990 1 items box 5

Piscataquis Regional Young Men's Christian Association

Monke, Ingrid
1989 1 items box 5

Maine Humanities Council

Moody, John
n.d. 1 items box 5
Moore, Robert M.
1938 1 items box 5
Moorehead, Warren King
1987 2 items box 5
Morgan, Lael
1984 2 items box 5
Morley, Felix
1941 1 items box 5

Haverford College

Morrison, Alvin H.
1973-1975 3 items box 5

Includes "Dissertation Progress Report," 23 December 1973

Moulton, F. R. (Forest Ray)
1938 2 items box 5

American Association for the Advancement of Science

Murphy, Richard M.
1981 1 items box 5

National Endowment for the Humanities

Myers, Albert Cook
1932 3 items box 5

Commemoration of the 250th Anniversary of William Penn in America

National Endowment for the Humanities
1981 4 items box 5
New England Historic Genealogical Society Library
1988 1 items box 5
New York Public Library, Reserve Division
1988 1 items box 5
Newmeyer, Frederick J.
1990 2 items box 5

Linguistic Society of America

Nicholas, Andrea Bear
1983-1986 5 items box 5
Norman, Jean
1967 2 items box 5

University of Toronto Press

Nurmekund, Pent
1995 1 items box 5

Letter to Robert J. Throckmorton

Nye, Gerald P.
1939 3 items box 5

United States Senate

O'Donnell, Mathew Pierce
1987 1 items box 5
Old Town Museum
1995 6 p. box 5

Siebert Basket Display, June 1995

Olmstead, D. L.
1972 1 items box 5
Olsen, E. T.
1939-1940 5 items box 5

State University and Crippled Children's Hospitals, Oklahoma

O'Meara, John
1995 1 items box 5

Letter to Carl [Mathay]. Includes English-Native American vocabulary

Orchard, W. C. (William C.)
1936 1 items box 5
Ortlepp, William H.
1979 1 items box 5

Episcopal Academy

Pacifique, Reverend Father
1938-1940 9 items box 5

Monastere des Freres-Mineurs Capucins

Palmer, Ralph S.
1965 2 items box 5
Pare, Rick and Nancy
1989 1 items box 5
Parkinson, A. D.
1936 1 items box 5

Jones, Daniel; University of London, University College

Parks, Doug
1996 1 items box 5
Parks, Lucy
1936 1 items box 5
Parks, Ruth
1936 1 items box 5
Peacock, James L.
1993 3 items box 5

John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation

Pendergast, Jim
1983 1 items box 5
Penobscot Nation
1979-1986, n.d. 12 items box 5
Pepper, O. H. Perry
1939 1 items box 5

Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania

Pepper, William
1934-1937 7 items box 5

University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine

Peters, Nick
1938 3 items box 5
Petersen, James B.
1995-1996 14 items box 5
Petry, H. K.
1939 3 items box 5

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Welfare

Plain Truth
1984 1 items box 5

Bauer, Ted

[Pontius], Mary
1939 1 items box 5
Pratt, Anne S.
1931 2 items box 5

Yale University Library

Prins, Harald E. L.
1988-1996 3 items box 5
Proulx, Paul
1976-1982, n.d. 8 items box 5
Quadrangle
1985-1987 2 items box 5

Maxfield, William; Haverford College

Quarterly Progress Report
1988 1 items box 5

Penobscot Cultural Center

Quinn, Catherine C.
1933 2 items box 5

John Carter Brown Library

Quinn, Conor McDonough
1996, n.d. 2 items box 5

One letter is written in the Penobscot language

Rankin, Nancy
1986-1988 2 items box 5
Rankin, Robert L.
1975-1993 2 items box 5
Ray, Gordon N.
1969-1985 17 items box 5

John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation

Ray, Roger B.
1996 1 items box 5
Reading Hospital
1940 1 items box 5
Reese, Lewis L.
1940 1 items box 5

University Hospitals, Oklahoma

Reid
1932 1 items box 5

Cousin Reid

[Reid, L. W.]
1944 1 items box 5

Phi Beta Kappa, Haverford College

Rementer, Jim
1985 4 items box 5
Reynolds, Margaret W.
1987 1 items box 5

Linguistic Society of America

Rhine, Mary
1989 1 items box 5
Rhodes, Richard
1985 1 items box 5
Richardson, Hubbard
1978-1989 2 items box 5
Ritchie, William A.
1934 2 items box 5

New York State Archaeological Association

Roberts, Ethel D.
1933 1 items box 5

Wellesley College Library

Robinson, Cedrick L. ("Rob")
1973-1974 2 items box 5
Rogers, Jean
1975 2 items box 5
Romanoff, Stephen J.
1979 2 items box 5
Rood, David S.
1980-1992 16 items box 5

International Journal of American Linguistics; Proulx, Paul

[Rorico], Valentine
1935 1 items box 5
Ross, Adeline
1937 1 items box 5

St. Michael Mission

Roth, John E.
1986 3 items box 5
Rothenheber, Paul
1993 1 items box 5

High-Tech Educational Services, Bismarck, ND

Rountree, Helen C.
1995 3 items box 5
Roy
1994 1 items box 5
Rudes, Blair
1995 1 items box 5
Ruhlen, Merritt
1994 4 items box 5
Ryan and Christie Storage, Inc.
1986 3 items box 5

See also, Series IX, Ryan and Christie Storage, Inc.

St. John, Robin
1971 1 items box 5
Salisbury, Neal
1970-1972 2 items box 5
Sally
1945 1 items box 5
Salzman, Zdenek
1964 1 items box 5
Sands, Donald
1983-1984 3 items box 5
Saphir, Otto
1941 1 items box 5

Michael Reese Hospital, Chicago, IL

Sapiel, Francis C. (Bobcat)
1981 1 items box 5

Penobscot National Historical Society

Sappier, James G.
1990 1 items box 5

Penobscot Cultural Center and Museum

Saul, C. Dudley
1942 1 items box 5

St. Luke's and Children's Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA

Scancarelli, Janine
1987-1994 3 items box 6
Schenken, Jerald R.
1987 1 p. box 6
Schmuckie, Louis and Marcie
1986-1995 4 items box 6
Schwartz, Dorothy
1989 1 items box 6

Maine Humanities Council

Schwarze, W. U.
1932 1 items box 6

Moravian College and Theological Seminary

Sebeok, Thomas A.
1973 1 items box 6

Linguistic Society of America

Seeber, Pauleena M.
1986-1988 17 items box 6

Penobscot Nation, Department of Humanities

Shappell, Betty
1939 1 items box 6
Shaw, John J.
1938 1 items box 6

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Health

Sheets, Ossie and Elsie
1962-1965 2 items box 6
Sherwood, David
1981 1 items box 6
Shipley, William and Nancy Rankin
1989 1 items box 6
Sholes, S.
1935 8 items box 6

Presto Recording Corporation

Shryock, Richard H.
1961-1963 4 items box 6

American Philosophical Society

Siebert, Carol
1987 1 items box 6
Siebert, Florence
1974-1996 5 items box 6
Siebert, George
1987-1996 4 items box 6
Siebert, Lillie
1933 1 items box 6

Letter to Lillie Siebert from Friedrich WIlhelms Universitat, Berlin, Germany. In German

Siebert, Marion (Mrs. Frank)
1960 2 items box 6
Siebert, Peggy
1979-1996 3 items box 6
Siebert, Sally
1986-1996 2 items box 6
Sieceichowicz, Krystyna
1996 1 items box 6
Silverstein, Michael
1984-1986 6 items box 6
Singer, Richard B. and Margaret
1980-1993 10 items box 6

Episcopal Academy

Sloper, J. C.
1958-1959 2 items box 6
Smith, Linda
1985 1 items box 6
Smith, Marian W.
1942 1 items box 6

American Ethnological Society

Smith, Nicholas N.
1989-1996 7 items box 6
Smith, Peter
1930 1 items box 6

National Bibliophile Service

Smith-Breckling, Carol B.
1980-1996 13 items box 6
Smithsonian Institution, Department of Humanities
1986 1 items box 6
Snider, Gordon L.
1958-1959 2 items box 6
Snow, Dean R.
1970-1975 3 items box 6
Snowe, Olympia
1981 1 items box 6

United States House of Representatives

Snyder, Audrey
1994 1 items box 6
Snyder, Heinrick
1992 1 items box 6
Sobczak, J.
1975 1 items box 6

College of American Pathologists

Society for Pennsylvania Archaeology
1947-1949 6 items box 6
Society for the Study of Indigenous Languages
n.d. 1 items box 6
Spang, Bruce
1980, n.d. 2 items box 6
Spannuth, John R.
1939 1 items box 6

Reading Hospital

Speck, Frank
1938-1940 9 items box 6
Stacey Koon Defense Fund
n.d. 1 items box 6
Stanislaus, Francis
1936-1938 3 items box 6
Stewart, Alice R.
1983 1 items box 6
Stolz, Robert Wesley
1972-1973 20 p. box 6

Correspondence with Clinton Alfred Weslager. Copies of correspondence given to Siebert by Carl Masthay (See also Series I, Masthay, Carl, March 14, 1980).

Storm, Colton
1944 2 items box 6

William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan

Streeter, Thomas W.
1956 1 items box 6
Struever, Stuart
1969 1 items box 6
Stuart, Judi and Jack
1971, n.d. 2 items box 6
Studenski, E. R.
1957 1 items box 6
Sturgis, Cyrus C.
1938-1940 3 items box 6

University of Michigan, University Hospital

Sturtevant, William C.
1957-1987 7 items box 6
Sudak, Alexander
1989 2 items box 6
Swanton, John R.
1940 1 items box 6

Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology

Taft, Robert A.
1939 1 items box 6

United States Senate

Tatem, William
1988-1996 10 items box 6
Taukchiray, Wes
1991-1997, n.d. 4 folders box 6

Correspondence related to Catawba. See also, Series I: White, Wes

Folder #1
1991-1992 box 6
Folder #2
1993 box 6
Folder #3
1994-1997 box 6
Folder #4
n.d. box 6
Tax, Sol
1968 1 items box 6

Current Anthropology

Taylor, Allan R.
1972-1994 5 items box 6
Ted
1992 1 items box 6
Teeter, Karl V.
1967 1 items box 6
Thomas, Gladys (Mrs. Howard)
1952-1954 4 items box 7
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