Elisabeth Tooker Papers

Mss.Ms.Coll.84

Date: 1945-2000 | Size: 42 Linear feet

Abstract

An anthropologist and student of Native American cultures, Elisabeth Tooker devoted a long career, much of it as a professor at Temple University, to study of the culture and ethnohistory of the Haudenosaunee of New York State. The Tooker Papers is arranged in six series, and contain her correspondence, subject files, research notes, and both published and unpublished papers.

Background note

An anthropologist and Iroquoian scholar, Elisabeth Jane Tooker was born on August 2, 1927 in Brooklyn, New York. Following an undergraduate career at Radcliffe College, from which she graduated in 1949, Tooker pursued graduate study in anthropology at the University of Arizona (MA, 1953), and Radcliffe, working on Indians of the American Southwest.

Before completing her degree at Radcliffe, Tooker was employed as a Teaching Fellow at Harvard from 1956-1957, and in 1957, she accepted a position as Instructor at the State University of New York at Buffalo. Tooker remained at SUNY Buffalo for two years after completion of her dissertation, "Ritual, Power and the Supernatural: A Comparative Study of Indian Religions in Southwestern United States," in March, 1958, before joining the faculty at Mount Holyoke College as Assistant Professor. A grant from the National Institute of General Medical Science (part of the National Institutes of Health) in 1964 enabled her to spend an intensive year in Cambridge, Mass., studying North American Indian curing practices and theories of disease.

Shortly after returning from her leave in 1965, Tooker accepted a position at Temple University, where she remained for the rest of her career, earning promotion to Associate Professor in 1967 and Professor in 1977. During her stay at Temple, she continued her research through a Temple Summer Faculty Research Award and Research Grant-in-Aid in 1966, a Study Leave for the academic year 1971-1972, a fellowship from the National Endowment for the Humanities (1981-1982), and a Smithsonian Institution Post-Doctoral Fellowship (1989-1990). She was also a Visting Professor at the State University of New York at Albany 1978-1979.

From the time of her move to Philadelphia, Tooker began increasingly to concentrate her research on the history and culture of Indians in the Northeast, and particularly the Haudenosaunee. Among her several books are An ethnography of the Huron Indians, 1615-1649 (1964); The Indians of the Northeast: a critical bibliography (1978), and Lewis H. Morgan on Iroquois Material Culture (1994), along with several edited volumes, including four volumes of the proceedings of the American Ethnological Society (1978-1981), one volume from the Conference on Iroquois Research (1965), and three volumes of An Iroquois Sourcebook. Tooker was also a contributing author and a member of the planning committee of the Northeast volume of the Handbook of North AmericanIndians that was published in 1978.

Tooker has been a member of many professional anthropological organizations, including the American Ethnological Society (editor of American Ethnologist, 1978-1982); the American Society for Ethnohistory (Executive Committee, 1973-1975; President, 1981-1982); the Conference on Iroquois Research (Planning Committee; Program Chair); the Northeastern Anthropological Association (Secretary, 1966-1968); and the Philadelphia Anthropological Society (Vice-President, 1967; President, 1969; Treasurer, 1988-1992). Her success in the profession has earned recognition as a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1960), as an alumna member of Phi Beta Kappa (through Radcliffe College, 1974), and as recipient of the Cornplanter Medal for Iroquois Research (1986).

In other professional activities, Tooker has served as a consultant to the exhibit, "American Indian Life, 1776-1976," at the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania (for which she co-authored an exhibit catalog); a member of the Visiting Committee of the Board of Overseers of Harvard University to the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology (1977-1981); a member of the Phillips Fund grant committee of the American Philosophical Society (1979); a member of the National Advisory Committee of the Conference on Native American Studies at Oklahoma State University (1982-1985); and a Consulting Scholar for the University of Pennsylvania's University Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology (1982-present). Tooker became Professor Emerita at Temple University in 1992, and she currently resides in Philadelphia.

Scope and content

The Elisabeth Tooker Papers (1945-1994) contain correspondence, subject files, manuscripts of published and unpublished works by Tooker, manuscripts by colleagues, field notes by Tooker, and photographs, which document Tooker's career as an anthropologist. The bulk of the collection covers the 1960s to the 1980s.

The papers (12 boxes; 5.75 linear feet) are divided into six series:

Series ICorrespondence: 1949-1994 (6 boxes; 2.75 linear feet)
Series IISubject Files: 1945-1993 (3 boxes;.75 linear feet)
Series IIIWorks by Tooker: 1949-1993 (2 boxes; 1 linear foot)
Series IVWorks by Others: 1969-1989 (1 box; 6 folders)
Series VField Notes: 1950-1982 (3 boxes; 1.25 linear feet)
Series VIPhotographs: 1951-1973 (1 box; 4 folders)

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Provenance

The Tooker Papers were donated by Elisabeth Tooker in 1994.

Preferred citation

Cite as: Elisabeth Tooker Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Separated material

Photographs have been removed from Series I-V and placed in Series VI. Cross references appear in the original series. Reprints have been moved to the printed materials collection of the APS library. If a reprint was found as an enclosure, a photocopy of the title page was filed in its place. To retrieve reprints, consult the card catalog for printed materials.

Also removed from the collection were seven sound tape reels, cataloged as the following recording collections:

(Mss.Rec.232) Chafe, Wallace L. The Seneca Language, 1958.

(Mss.Rec.233) Siemering, Bill and WBFO. Semu Huaute, Medicine Man, 1966-1967.

(Mss.Rec.234) Siemering, Bill and WBFO. Nation Within a Nation, 1967.

Indexing Terms


Corporate Name(s)

  • Mohawk nation at Akwesasne

Genre(s)

  • Clippings.
  • Digital images
  • Gelatin silver prints
  • Maps.
  • Negatives
  • Photographs
  • Photomechanical prints
  • Picture-writing
  • Postcards
  • Slides.

Occupation(s)

  • Anthropologists.

Personal Name(s)

  • Abler, Thomas S. (Thomas Struthers), 1941-2019
  • Barbeau, Marius, 1883-1969
  • Chafe, Wallace L.
  • Darnell, Regna
  • Day, Gordon M.
  • Deardorff, Merle H., d.1971
  • Einhorn, Arthur
  • Fenton, William N. (William Nelson), 1908-2005
  • Jennings, Francis P.
  • Lex, Barbara W.
  • Rothenberg, Diane
  • Snow, Dean R.
  • Stocking, George W.
  • Sturtevant, William C.
  • Tooker, Elisabeth, 1927-2004
  • Trigger, Bruce Graham

Subject(s)

  • Cayuga Indians
  • Handbook of North American Indians
  • Handsome Lake Religion
  • Indians of North America -- Arizona
  • Indians of North America -- New York (State)
  • Iroquois Indians
  • Kinzua Dam (N.Y.)
  • Mohawk Indians
  • Oneida Indians
  • Onondaga Indians
  • Seneca Indians
  • Seneca Indians -- Religion
  • Southwest Indians
  • Tohono O'odham Indians
  • Tuscarora Indians
  • Women anthropologists
  • Wyandot Indians
  • Yaqui Indians

Collection overview

1949-1994 

Incoming and outgoing typescript letters, carbons, and postcards generated during Tooker's career. Series I is arranged alphabetically by correspondent's name and then chronologically within each folder.

When a correspondence file includes letters to a third party (i.e., not Tooker), the name is indented on the container list under the file name.

Unidentified correspondence has been filed as "Unidentified" and is arranged chronologically. Enclosed manuscripts have been removed from this series and placed in Series III or IV as appropriate. As with the reprints, a photocopy of the title page was filed with the original letter. Letters of reference are filed under the name of the person who is the subject of the letter.

Correspondents include anthropologists, government officials, students, publishers, Native Americans, and interested amateur anthropologists. Among the topics covered in this series are: ethnology, ethnohistory, religion, and social organization of Iroquois, Papago, and Yaqui Indians; and Iroquois political organization.

There is correspondence concerning Tooker's work on the Northeast volume of the Handbook of North American Indians, both as a contributor and as a member of the planning committee; her work as a member of the Visiting Committee of the Board of Overseers of Harvard College to the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology from 1977 to 1981; and her work as Secretary of the Northeastern Anthropological Association from 1966 to 1968. Correspondence concerning the Conference on Iroquois Research is filed in Series II.

1945-1993 

Issues of Tonawanda Indian Community News from 1972 to 1973; reviews of some of Tooker's books (filed by the name of the book); programs and abstracts for meetings of the Northeastern Anthropological Association; book outlines and periodic reports about the Northeast volume of the Handbook of North American Indians; reports and meeting minutes during Tooker's membership on the Visiting Committee of the Board of Overseers of Harvard University to the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology (1977-1981); reports (for 1961 and 1963) on the construction of the Kinzua Dam on the Allegheny River; correspondence, programs, and mailing lists for the Conference on Iroquois Research, from 1945 to 1993; and reports, meeting minutes, and notes about Iroquoia, a proposed tourist center in New York State designed to provide an historically accurate re-creation of an Iroquois community.

  
 5.5 Linear Feet11 boxes
1949-1993 

Mostly unpublished works, including many papers written for graduate courses at the University of Arizona and at Radcliffe College. Most of the works are on Iroquois topics, but there are also graduate papers about Southwestern Indians, including the Navaho, Yumans, and Papago Indians. There are a number of works about the nineteenth century anthropologist Lewis H. Morgan, and there is one work on the Handsome Lake religion ("History of the Handsome Lake Church"). There are two drafts of Tooker's published article, "The United States Constitution and the Iroquois League." The earliest item in this series is Tooker's undergraduate honors thesis, "An Interpretation of the Navaho Death Complex with Comparisons to the Apache and Pueblo," written in April 1949 at Radcliffe College. This series also contains Tooker's master's thesis, "Papagos in Tucson: An Introduction to Their History, Community Life, and Acculturation," written at the University of Arizona in 1952, and her doctoral thesis, "Ritual, Power and the Supernatural: A Comparative Study of Indian Religions in Southwestern United States," written for Radcliffe College in March 1958.

An additional 35 linear feet of material for this series is currently unprocessed as of January 2016.

1969-1989 

Works by Donald Bahr, Henry F. Dobyns, and Grace Rajnovich. There is a proposal and a report by Michael K. Foster for his 1970 research at the Six Nations Reserve, as well as an essay by Bruce G. Trigger for the Northeast volume of the Handbook of North American Indians.

  
1950-1982 

Tonawanda genealogies collected and revised by Tooker in July 1966 and then revised again by Veronica Evaneshko in January 1973. There are field notes about the Southwestern Yaqui Indians (in Pascua, Arizona), the Southwestern Papago Indians, and the Iroquois Tonawanda Reservation. There are also some notes taken at the American Anthropological Association meeting in 1982. This series contains one card file that is mainly about the Papago Indians; there are a few cards about the Yaqui Indians in the town of Pascua.

1951-1973 

Photographs from Tooker's 1952 master's thesis, "Papagos in Tucson: An Introduction to Their History, Community Life, and Acculturation"; photographs (sent to Tooker by Janet S. Pollak) of chipped stone turtles; and a photograph (originally in the Papago card file in Series V) of a group of Papago Indians. There are also photographs of dioramas that are in the Museum of Arts and Sciences in Rochester, New York and in the Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society. These photographs were collected for possible use in the proposed tourist attraction, Iroquoia. (This note applies to images listed in the inventory)

Native American Images note : Over 2,000 images, dated 1940-2000, scattered throughout all the Series, of many Native American tribes, primarily the Six Nations of the Iroquois and the Tohono O'odham (Papago). Nearly 300 black and white gelatin photographs of Tohono O'odham (Papago) in Tucson, Arizona taken by Tooker for her masters and doctoral theses from 1952-1958, of social customs including ceremonial dances, races, processions, and dwellings. Some are photographic reprints of Native American life ca. 1900 and 1925. Other images reflect Tooker's professional research of proposed and published works such as the Louis Henry Morgan collection, anthropology in Philadelphia, Iroquois dioramas, and studies of wampum. Of note, is a cabinet card of Ely S. Parker's sister, Caroline Parker Mountpleasant, a Seneca Indian of the Wolf Clan. Images from other sources include color photographs of the Neville Museum exhibit of the Iroquois and the Constitution, photomechanical prints of pictographs of the migration of the Akwesasne, and color slides of North American Indian tomahawks from the British Museum. Of local interest, a black and white photomechanical print from the Indiana University Museum of "Indians and cowboys assembled before Wanamaker's" department store in Philadelphia, PA, 1908. The Oversize collection contains maps of Native American reservations in New York State, the area between Albemarle Sound and Lake Erie, and the southern and eastern boundaries of Pennsylvania.

  
  


Detailed Inventory

Series I. Correspondence
1949-1994 

Incoming and outgoing typescript letters, carbons, and postcards generated during Tooker's career. Series I is arranged alphabetically by correspondent's name and then chronologically within each folder.

When a correspondence file includes letters to a third party (i.e., not Tooker), the name is indented on the container list under the file name.

Unidentified correspondence has been filed as "Unidentified" and is arranged chronologically. Enclosed manuscripts have been removed from this series and placed in Series III or IV as appropriate. As with the reprints, a photocopy of the title page was filed with the original letter. Letters of reference are filed under the name of the person who is the subject of the letter.

Correspondents include anthropologists, government officials, students, publishers, Native Americans, and interested amateur anthropologists. Among the topics covered in this series are: ethnology, ethnohistory, religion, and social organization of Iroquois, Papago, and Yaqui Indians; and Iroquois political organization.

There is correspondence concerning Tooker's work on the Northeast volume of the Handbook of North American Indians, both as a contributor and as a member of the planning committee; her work as a member of the Visiting Committee of the Board of Overseers of Harvard College to the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology from 1977 to 1981; and her work as Secretary of the Northeastern Anthropological Association from 1966 to 1968. Correspondence concerning the Conference on Iroquois Research is filed in Series II.

Abler, Thomas F.
1966-1993 box 1

-See also Ser.I, Bieder, Robert E. -See also Ser.I, Handbook of North American Indians -See also Ser.I, Weaver, Sally M.

Abrams, George Henry
1965-1983 box 1
American Association for the Advancement of Science
1960 box 1
American Philosophical Society
1968 box 1
Ash, Marinell
1986-1987 box 1
Axtell, James
1987 box 1
Bahr, Donald
1977-1989 box 1
Bailey, Edna
1967-1968 box 1
Bailey, Garrick Alan
1986 box 1
Bannerman, Robin M.
  box 1

-See Ser.I, Fenton, William N.

Barbeau, C. Marius
1964-1967 box 1
Barber, Carroll
1950 box 1
Barbour, Philip L.
1968, 1970 box 1
Barnes, R.H.
1991 box 1
Becker, Marshall Joseph
1973-1993 box 1
Becker, Mary A. Druke
1985-1986 box 1

-See also Ser.I, Hamell, George R.

Bieder, Robert E.
1980 box 1

Includes correspondence with Mary A. Druke Becker, William N. Fenton, Robert L. Hall, Marianne Mithun. -See also Ser.I, The Newberry Library Center for the History of the American Indian

Bierhorst, John
1991 box 1
Bilharz, Joy
1985-1991 box 1
Bishop, Charles
1979, 1981 box 1
Blau, Harold
1964-1969 box 1

-See also Ser.I, Fenton, William N.

Blueye, Dorothy and Henrietta
1964-1976 box 1

Includes newspaper clipping on Henrietta Blueye being jailed in Hungary, New York Times, October 31, 1968, and a clipping on Allegany Reservation, Buffalo Courier-Experss, September 26, 1965.

Bradley, James W.
1976-1989 box 1
Browman, David L.
1977 box 1
Buchler, Ira R.
  box 1

-See Ser.I, Selby, Henry A.

Campisi, Jack
1971-1981 box 1

-See also Ser.I, Handbook of North American Indians

Carnes, Mark
1987 box 1
Carney, Sidney
  box 1

-See Ser.I, Fenton, William N.

Ceci, Lynn
1968-1989 box 1

-See also Ser.I, Dincauze, Dena F.

Chafe, Wallace L.
1959-1992 box 1

-See also Ser.I, Foster, Michael K. -See also Ser.I, White, Marian E. -See also Ser.II, Conference on Iroquois Research

Chamberlain, Dwight Lewis
1979 box 1
Cherokee-Iroquois Conference
1978 box 1
Christie, T. Laird
1982-1983 box 1
Clifton, James A.
1977-1991 box 1
Congdon, Charles E.
1968 box 1
Conklin, Harold
1987 box 1
Cook, Bill
1987 box 1
Crozier, Dan
  box 1

-See Ser.I, Deardorff, Merle H.

Cumming, John
1982 box 1
Currier, Margaret
1974 box 1

-See also Ser.I, Harvard University. Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology

Darnell, Regna
1968-1992 box 2
Davenport, William
1968-1979 box 2
Day, Gordon M.
1965-1985 box 2
Deardorff, Mary
n.d. box 2
Deardorff, Merle H.
1964-1971 box 2
Dincauze, Dena F.
1990 box 2
Dobyns, Henry F.
1958-1989 box 2
Drooker, Penelope B.
1990 box 2
Eggan, Fred
1978-1982 box 2

-See also Ser.I, Handbook of North American Indians

Egloff, Nancy D.
1988-1989 box 2
Einhorn, Arthur
1962-1993 box 2
Encyclopedia Britannica
1971-1972 box 2
Ethnohistory
1980-1985 box 2
Evaneshko, Veronica
1972-1974, n.d. box 2
Fanning, Ralph
1959-1970 box 2
Fenton, William Fenton
  box 2
Fenton, William Nelson (folder 1)
1958-1965 box 2

Includes correspondence with Robin M. Bannerman, Harold Blau, Sidney Carney, Merle H. Deardorff, Denis P. Foley, Hazel W. Hertzberg, Charles Hudson, William C. Sturtevant, Charles H. Torok, Marian E. White.

Fenton, William Nelson (folder 2)
1966-1968 box 2
Fenton, William Nelson (folder 3)
1969-1975 box 2
Fenton, William Nelson (folder 4)
1976-1985 box 2
Fenton, William Nelson (folder 5)
1986-1994 box 2
Fischer, John L.
1964 box 3
Fitzhugh, William
1996-1997 box 3
Fogelson, Raymond D.
1964-1990 box 3
Foley, Denis P.
  box 3

-See Ser.I, Fenton, William N.

Foster, Michael K.
1969-1991 box 3

Includes correspondence with Wallace L. Chafe, Marianne Mithun, Dean R. Snow.

Fowler, Don D.
1972, 1987 box 3
Francillon, Mark
1989 box 3
Frisch, Jack A.
1976 box 3

Includes correspondence concerning Handbook of North American Indians.

Gehring, Charles
  box 3

-See Ser.I, Starna, William A.

Gifford, Carol A.
1965-1989 box 3
Gifford, James C.
1964-1965, 1973 box 3

-See also Ser.I, Gifford, Carol A. -See also Ser.I, Tuck, James A.

Goddard, Ives
1966-2000 box 3
Greaves, Thomas C.
1978-1980 box 3
Griffin, James B.
  box 3

-See also Ser.I, Handbook of North American Indians

Grinde, Donald A., Jr.
1989, 1993 box 3

-See also Ser.I, Johansen, Bruce

Gruber, Jacob W.
1970, 1987 box 3

-See also Ser.I, Northeastern Anthropological Association -See also Ser.I, Temple University

Hagedorn, Nancy L.
1988 box 3
Hale, Thomas
1982 box 3
Hall, Robert L.
  box 3

-See Ser.I, Hamell, George R.

Hamell, George R.
1976-1988 box 3
Hamilton College
1963-1970 box 3
Handbook of North American Indians (Folder 1)
1970-1973 box 3

Includes correspondence with Thomas S. Abler (1977), Jack Campisi (1974, 1976), Fred Eggan (1974), William N. Fenton (1971, 1974-1976), James B. Griffin (1974), William C. Sturtevant, Bruce G. Trigger, Anthony F. C. Wallace (1971-1972).

Handbook of North American Indians (Folder 1)
1970-1973 box 3
Handbook of North American Indians (Folder 2)
1974-1975 box 3
Handbook of North American Indians (Folder 3)
Jan. 1976 - Jun. 1976 box 3
Handbook of North American Indians (Folder 4)
Jul. 1976 - 1979 box 3
Harvard University
1957-1977 box 4

-See also Ser.I, Radcliffe College

Harvard University. Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology (Folder 1)
1966-Sep. 1980 box 4

Includes correspondence with Margaret Currier.

Harvard University. Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology (Folder 2)
Oct. 1980-1981 box 4
Hassig, Ross
1995-1996 box 4

Editor of Ethnohistory

Hauptman, Laurence M.
1988-1993 box 4
Haury, Emil W.
1954 box 4
Hayes, Jack
1971 box 4
Hershey Museum of American Life
1984 box 4
Hertzberg, Hazel W.
1962-1988 box 4

-See also Ser.I, Fenton, William N.

Hohenberg, John
1964, 1977-178 box 4
Howard, James H.
1972 box 4
Hudson, Charles
  box 4

-See Ser.I, Fenton, William N.

Human Relations Area Files, Inc.
1983-1988 box 4

Includes correspondence with Margaret Currier.

The Huntington
1975-1983 box 4
Huronia Historical Development Council
1967, 1969 box 4

-See also Ser.I, Sainte-Marie Among the Hurons

Jennings, Francis P.
1984-1993 box 4

-See also Ser.I, The Newberry Library Center for the History of the American Indian

Johansen, Bruce
1993 box 4
Judkins, Russell A.
1986-1987 box 4
Kabelac, Karl
1986-2000 box 4

Related material: See also "University of Rochester Library" in this Series.

Katz, Stanley N.
1983, 1988 box 4
Kelly, William H.
1949 box 4
Klein, Alexander
1972 box 4
Kluckhohn, Clyde
1958-1960 box 4
Kolb, Charles C.
1983 box 4
Kolb, Joy
  box 4

-See Ser.I, Bilharz, Joy

Landy, David
1977 box 4

-See also Ser.I, Handbook of North American Indians

Laughlin, William S.
1990 box 4
Lessard, Rosemary
1971 box 4
Lex, Barbara W.
1966-1974 box 4
Libby, Dorothy
1961-1967 box 4
Lounsbury, Floyd G.
1958-1991 box 4
Lurie, Alison
1975 box 4
Martin, Marlene
  box 4

-See Ser.I, Human Relations Area Files, Inc.

Mason, Carol
1964, 1969 box 4
Maybury-Lewis, David
1967 box 4
McCall, Daniel F.
1977, 1982 box 4
McFeat, Tom F.S.
1961-1969 box 5
McGill-Queens University Press
1973 box 5
Mithun, Marianne
1977-1993 box 5

-See Ser.I, Chafe, Wallace L. -See Ser.I, Foster, Michael K. -See Ser.I, Hamell, George R.

Mosteller, Frederick
1957, 1964, n.d. box 5
Museum of Northern Arizona
1975-1977 box 5
Myers, Merlin G.
1977 box 5
Namias, June
1987-1993 box 5
National Research Council
1985 box 5
New York State Museum
1969 box 5
The Newberry Library Center for theHistory of the American Indian
1975-1978 box 5

Includes correspondence with Robert E. Bieder, Francis P. Jennings.

"Nikki"
1981 box 5

Last name of correspondent not given. Concerns clippings from Department of Indian and Northern Affairs sent by Barbara Efrat and others from University of Victoria in support of changing "Nootka" to "Nuu-chah-nulth-aht" in the Handbook of North American Indians.


Subject(s): Nuu-chah-nulth

Northeastern Anthropological Association
1966-1968 box 5

Includes correspondence with Jacob W. Gruber, Marvin K. Opler, John M. Roberts, Bruce G. Trigger.

Officer, James E.
1967-1968 box 5

-See also Ser.I, United States. Department of the Interior. Bureau of Indian Affairs

Oklahoma State University
1982-1985 box 5
Ontario Archaeology
1985 box 5
Opler, Marvin K.
1959 box 5

-See also Ser.I, Northeastern Anthropological Association

Osgood, Cornelius
1962, 1965 box 5
Parker, Judith
1968 box 5
Pendergast, James F.
1965-1993 box 5
Pennsylvania Archaeologist
1991 box 5
Pia, J. Joseph
1966-1980 box 5
Plant, Christopher H.
1876-1983 box 5
Pollak, Janet Sue
1970-1976 box 5
Pratt, Peter P.
1966-1968 box 5
Preston, Richard J.
1968-1976 box 5
Prisch, Betty C.
1985 box 5
Radcliffe College
1954-1975 box 5
Raitt, Thomas M.
1978 box 5
Rajnovich, Grace
1990 box 5
Rapoport, Robert
1958 box 5

Includes correspondence with Evon Z. Vogt.

Reader's Digest
1976-1977 box 5
Richards, Cara E.
1965-1971 box 5
Richter, Daniel K.
1988, 1990 box 5
Ridley, Frank
1964 box 5
Roberts, John M.
1956-1986 box 5

-See also Ser.I, Northeastern Anthropological Association

Robie, Harry
1982-1992 box 6
Rochester Museum and Science Center
1968-1986 box 6

-See Ser.I, Hamell, George R.

Rose, Richard
1987 box 6
Rothenberg, Diane
1977, 1986-1987 box 6
Russell, Eber L.
1965 box 6

Includes correspondence with Peggy Taylor, Walter Taylor.

Sainte-Marie Among the Hurons
1970-1977, n.d. box 6
Schwarz, John E.
1981 box 6
Schweitzer, Marjorie M. Gardner
1982 box 6
Science
1974 box 6

-See also Ser.I, Wiren, Harold N.

Selby, Henry A.
1968 box 6

Includes correspondence with Henry A. Selby.

Sempowski, Martha L.
1985 box 6
Settee, Priscilla
1972 box 6
Shimony, Annemarie
1961-1992 box 6
Shoemaker, Nancy
1988 box 6
Simmons, William S.
1978 box 6
Smith, Kidd
1965 box 6
Smithsonian Institution
1962-1972 box 6

Includes correspondence with William C. Sturtevant.

Snow, Dean R.
1983-1991 box 6

-See also Ser.I, Foster, Michael K. -See also Ser.II, Conference on Iroquois Research

Southwestern Journal of Anthropology
1959-1967 box 6
Speck, Frank G. (Mrs.)
1959 box 6
Starna, William A.
1982, 1987-1988 box 6

Includes correspondence with Charles Gehring.

The State Historical Society of Wisconsin
1965 box 6
State University of New York at Albany
1964-1979 box 6
State University of New York at Buffalo
1957-1960 box 6
Steckley, John
1983 box 6

-See also Ser.I, Ontario Archaeology

Stefon, Frederick J.
1986-1991 box 6
Stocking, George W., Jr.
1976-1985 box 6
Stothert, Karen E.
1978, n.d. box 6
Strohmier, Linda
n.d. box 6
Strong, John
1993 box 6
Sturtevant, William C.
1960-1993, n.d. box 6

-See also Ser.I, Fenton, William N. -See also Ser.I, Handbook of North American Indians -See also Ser.I, Smithsonian Institution -See also Ser.II, Conference on Iroquois Research

Sublett, Audrey
1965-1973 box 6
Sundown, Arnold
1965-1967 box 6
Sundown, Corbett
1961-1966 box 6

Includes correspondene with Priscilla Sundown.

Sundown, Priscilla
1964 box 6

-See also Ser.I, Sundown, Corbett

Swartz, Audrey
  box 6

-See Ser.I, Swartz, Marc J.

Swartz, Marc J.
1959-1980 box 6
Tait, Lyal
1970-1971 box 6
Taylor, Peggy
  box 6

-See Ser.I, Russell, Eber L.

Taylor, Walter
  box 6

-See Ser.I, Russell, Eber L.

Teeter, Karl V.
1980-1981, 1988 box 6
Temple University
1964-1992 box 6

Related material: See also Ser.I, Gifford, James C.; Gruber, Jacob W.

Thomas, David Hurst
  box 7

-See Ser.I, Trigger, Bruce G.

Tippett, Alan R.
1976 box 7
Torok, Charles H.
1965-1968, 1976 box 7

Includes correspondene regarding the Handbook of North American Indians. -See also Ser.I, Fenton, William N.

Trager, George L.
1966 box 7
Trigger, Bruce Graham (folder 1)
1961-1968 box 7

Includes correspondence with David Hurst Thomas.  -See also Ser.I, Handbook of North American Indians -See also Ser.I, McGill-Queens University Press -See also Ser.I, Northeastern Anthropological Association

Trigger, Bruce Graham (folder 2)
1969-1990 box 7
Tuck, James A.
1965-1971 box 7

Includes correspondence with James C. Gifford.

Underhill, Ruth M.
1961-1962 box 7
United States. Department of the Interior. Bureau of Indian Affairs
1966-1967 box 7
United States. National Archives
1967 box 7
University of Pennsylvania. The University Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
1976-1988 box 7

-See also Ser.II, same title

University of Rochester Library (folder 1)
1958-1983 box 7
University of Rochester Library (folder 2)
1984-1991 box 7
Vernon, Howard A.
1976 box 7
Vogt, Evon Z.
1957-1970 box 7

-See also Ser.I, Rapoport, Robert

Vollmann, William T.
1990, 1992 box 7
Von Mering, Maria
1957-1974 box 7
Wagner, Sally Roesch
1989 box 7
Walker, Willard
1966-1983 box 7
Wallace, Anthony F.C.
1965-1979 box 7

-See also Ser.I, Handbook of North American Indians

Weaver, Sally M.
1966-1972 box 7

Includes correspondence with Thomas Abler.

White, Leslie A.
1958, 1973 box 7
White, Marian Emily
1959-1976 box 7

Includes correspondence with Wallace L. Chafe. -See also Ser.I, Fenton, William N.

Williams, Stephen
1963 box 7
Wiren, Harold N.
1974 box 7

-See also Ser.I, Science

Woodbury, Hanni
1979-1992 box 7
Woodbury, Richard B.
1981 box 7
Woodland Indian Cultural Educational Centre
1984 box 7
Wright, James V.
1964-1979 box 7
Wykoff, M. William
1977, 1979 box 7
Series II. Subject Files
1945-1993 

Issues of Tonawanda Indian Community News from 1972 to 1973; reviews of some of Tooker's books (filed by the name of the book); programs and abstracts for meetings of the Northeastern Anthropological Association; book outlines and periodic reports about the Northeast volume of the Handbook of North American Indians; reports and meeting minutes during Tooker's membership on the Visiting Committee of the Board of Overseers of Harvard University to the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology (1977-1981); reports (for 1961 and 1963) on the construction of the Kinzua Dam on the Allegheny River; correspondence, programs, and mailing lists for the Conference on Iroquois Research, from 1945 to 1993; and reports, meeting minutes, and notes about Iroquoia, a proposed tourist center in New York State designed to provide an historically accurate re-creation of an Iroquois community.

Subseries A: General Subject Files
  
Conference on Iroquois Research #1-5
  
Folders
  
Folder 1
1945-1964 
Folder 2
1965-1968 
Folder 3
1969-1980 
Folder 4
1981-1990 
Folder 5
1991-1993 
Chafe, William L.,
1964 
Snow, Dean R.
  
Sturtevant, William C.,
1964 

-See also Ser.I, Deardorff, Merle H. -See also Ser.I, Fenton, William N.

E - K
  
An Ethnography of the Huron Indians, 1615-1649-- Reviews
1964, 1968, 1991 
Fort Stanwix National Monument
1984-1985 

-See also Ser.III, "The Iroquois Diaspora"

Handbook of North American Indians
  

-See also Ser.I, same title

Folder 1
1972-1981 
Folder 2
1982-1983, n.d. 
Harvard University. Peabody Museum ofArchaeology and Ethnology
  

-See also Ser.I, same title

Folder 1
1977-1980 
Folder 2
1980-1983 
Folder 3
n.d. 
Iroquoia
  

-See also Ser.VI, Iroquoia--Dioramas

Folder 1
1964-Aug. 1965 
Folder 2
1965 Sep.-Nov. 
Folder 3
1965 
Iroquois 1819 council. National Archives. Photocopy.
1819 box Oversize
The Iroquois Ceremonial of Midwinter-- Reviews
1970-1972 
Iroquois Culture, History, and Prehistory-- Review
1967 
Iroquois wampum belt photocopy.
  

Wampum once exhibited in the United States Nation Museum. Belt purchased by W. Wymans in 1920.

The Iroquois White Dog Sacrifice in the Latter Part of the Eighteenth Century--Review
1967 
Kinzua Dam
  
Folder 1
1961, 1963 
Folder 2
1963 
N - U
  
Northeastern Anthropological Association
  

-See also Ser.I, same title

Folder 1
1963-1969 
Folder 2
1969-1983, n.d. 
Pascua-Yaqui Association
1965 
Tonawanda Indian Community News
1972-1973 
University of Pennsylvania. The University Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
1975-1976 

-See also Ser.I, same title

Subseries B: Land Claims Files
 5.5 Linear Feet11 boxes

Restrictions on Access: This subseries is currently closed, pending determination of which portions are confidential legal documents and must remain closed, and which are non-confidential and can be made available for general research use.

Series III. Works by Tooker
1949-1993 

Mostly unpublished works, including many papers written for graduate courses at the University of Arizona and at Radcliffe College. Most of the works are on Iroquois topics, but there are also graduate papers about Southwestern Indians, including the Navaho, Yumans, and Papago Indians. There are a number of works about the nineteenth century anthropologist Lewis H. Morgan, and there is one work on the Handsome Lake religion ("History of the Handsome Lake Church"). There are two drafts of Tooker's published article, "The United States Constitution and the Iroquois League." The earliest item in this series is Tooker's undergraduate honors thesis, "An Interpretation of the Navaho Death Complex with Comparisons to the Apache and Pueblo," written in April 1949 at Radcliffe College. This series also contains Tooker's master's thesis, "Papagos in Tucson: An Introduction to Their History, Community Life, and Acculturation," written at the University of Arizona in 1952, and her doctoral thesis, "Ritual, Power and the Supernatural: A Comparative Study of Indian Religions in Southwestern United States," written for Radcliffe College in March 1958.

An additional 35 linear feet of material for this series is currently unprocessed as of January 2016.

A - L
  
"Acculturation, Urbanization and thePapagos"
1953 
"The Anthropologist and the Informant"-- Pa
1954? 
"Archaeological Evidence for Seventeenth Century Iroquoian Dream Fulfillment Rituals"--with Marian E. White
1967 
"Chapayeka Masks"--Paper forAnthropology 203
1950 May 25 
"Comment on Dena's Ethnicity Session"
1992 Apr. 11 
"Critique on Underhill's 'Social Organization"'--Paper for Anthr. 299b
1950 Apr. 3 
"The Demise of the Susquehannocks: A Whodunit for Ethnohistorians"
1981 
"An Essay on the Methodology of Durkheim, Radcliffe-Brown and Evans-Pritchard"--Paper for Social Relations 292
1954 Nov. 
"Ethnology and the Iroquois"
195- 
"An Example of Values"
1952? 
"Form and Function in Iroquois Ritual"
1970 May 
"Ghosts: A Sociological and Psychological Study"--Paper for Social Relations 216 & 217
1954 May 3 
"The Historic Place of the Four Sacred Rituals in the Iroquois Midwinter Ceremonial"
1966 
"American Anthropology in the Formative Years: The Case of the New York State Museum"
1993 Apr. 16 
"History of the Handsome Lake Church"
1986 
"How to Construct an Iroquois Bark Longhouse of the 17th Century"
  

-See Ser.II, Iroquoia, Folder #3

"Informant-Anthropologist Relations"-- Paper for Social Relations 225a
1955 Jan. 
"An Interpretation of the Navaho Death Complex with Comparisons to the Apache and Pueblo"--Honors thesis at Radcliffe College
1949 Apr. 
"Introduction: A Sociological Critique of the Folk-Urban Concept"
1953 Jun. 3 
"The Iroquois Diaspora"
1984 Oct. 

-See also Ser.II, Fort Stanwix National Monument

"Iroquois Religious Change"
n.d. 
"Iroquois Since 1820"
1978 
"The Iroquois Village"
  

-See Ser.II, Iroquoia, Folder #3

"Iroquois Worlds of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries"
  

-See Ser.III, "Iroquois Since 1820"

"Lewis H. Morgan and His Contemporaries"
1990 
"Lewis H. Morgan as Field Worker"
1987 
"Lewis H. Morgan as Historian"
1983 
"Lewis H. Morgan: Man and Scholar"
1981 Nov. 13 
"Lewis H. Morgan's Ethnographic Studies of the Iroquois"
1981 Dec. 6 
"Louis Henry Morgan: notes on possible illustrations"
1949-1993 
Caroline G. Parker Mountpleasant
n.d. 
M - Y
  
"A Method for the Study of Cultural Themes"
1952 
"Morgan Collections book: Morgan book--plates (photos) for proposed book"
n.d. See also oversize box. Folders 1 and 2.
"On Parsons and Shils"
1952? 
"Papagos in Tuscson: An Introduction to Their History, Community Life, and Acculturation"--Master's thesis at University of Arizona
19522 Folders
"Preliminary Paper on the History of Some Southwestern Groups as Given in Their Migration Legends"
1954 Dec. 
"Preliminary Report on the Social Survey of Pascua"--Paper for Anth. 222
1950 Jan. 16 
"Redfield's Definition of the Folk-Urban Continuum"--Paper for Socials Relations 209
1953 Dec. 8 
"Religion and Social Organization in the Southwestern United States"
195- 
"Ritual, Power and the Supernatural: A Comparative Study of Indian Religions in Southwestern United States"--Doctoral thesis at Radcliffe College
1958 Mar.2 Folders
Tohono O'Odham dwelling
  
"The Scholar and Reform: The Case of Lewis H. Morgan"
1983 
"Seneca Calendric Ceremonials at the Tonawanda Longhouse"
  

-See Ser.V, Tonawanda, Folder #2

"Social Organization of the Huron Indians"
1966 
"Some Factors in the Navaho Death Complex"--Paper for Social Relations 161
195- 
"Some Reflections on Lewis H. Morgan's Study of Iroquois Sociopolitical Organization and Religion"
1981 
"Some Reflections on Northern Iroquoian Culture History and Its Study"
1968 
"The Structure of Iroquois Religion"
196- 
Unidentified
n.d. 
Unidentified
1967? 
"The United States Constitution and the Iroquois League"
n.d. 
"Women in Iroquois Society"
1975 Jul. 25 
"The Yumans, Pimans and the Hohokam"
1954 

-See also Ser.I, Haury, Emil W.

"Ritual, Power and the Supernatural: Tooker, doctoral thesis--related photographs"
1954 
Series IV. Works by Others
1969-1989 

Works by Donald Bahr, Henry F. Dobyns, and Grace Rajnovich. There is a proposal and a report by Michael K. Foster for his 1970 research at the Six Nations Reserve, as well as an essay by Bruce G. Trigger for the Northeast volume of the Handbook of North American Indians.

B - T
  box 12
Bahr, Donald M. .
"Oratory"
1988-1989 
Dobyns, Henry F..
"Some Personal Perspectives on Ethnohistory Practitioners"
1988 Apr. 24 
Fenton, William N. (William Nelson), 1908-2005. Hill, Cephas.
"Reviving Indian Arts Among the Senecas"
  

-See Ser.II, Iroquoia, Folder #3

Foster, Michael K..
"Formal Speaking on the Six Nations Reserve"--Research proposal
1969? 
Foster, Michael K..
"Interim Report on Field Work #1"
1970 Jul. 8 
Hill, Cephas.
"Reviving Indian Arts Among the Senecas"
  

-See Ser.II, Iroquoia, Folder #3

Rajnovich, Grace.
"Visions in the Quest for Medicine: An Interpretation of the Indian Pictographs of the Canadian Shield"
1989 
Trigger, Bruce G..
"Cultural Unity and Diversity in the Northeast"
1974 
"Papago negatives, Louis Henry Morgan Library"
n.d. 
Tohono O'Odham couple
1969-1989 
Series IV. Works by Others
  
A - D
 1 box
E - Fenton
 1 box
G - L
 1 box
Lounsbury - R
 0 box
S - W
 1 box
Series V. Field Notes
1950-1982 

Tonawanda genealogies collected and revised by Tooker in July 1966 and then revised again by Veronica Evaneshko in January 1973. There are field notes about the Southwestern Yaqui Indians (in Pascua, Arizona), the Southwestern Papago Indians, and the Iroquois Tonawanda Reservation. There are also some notes taken at the American Anthropological Association meeting in 1982. This series contains one card file that is mainly about the Papago Indians; there are a few cards about the Yaqui Indians in the town of Pascua.

P- Tonawanda #6
  
Papago (Tohono O'odham)
  
Folder 1
1951 

Restrictions on Access: Reproduction of this item, including Reading Room photography, is restricted due to the existence of potentially culturally sensitive content. Please consult the Manuscript Department for more information.

Folder 2
1951 

Restrictions on Access: Reproduction of this item, including Reading Room photography, is restricted due to the existence of potentially culturally sensitive content. Please consult the Manuscript Department for more information.

Folder 3
1954 

Restrictions on Access: Reproduction of this item, including Reading Room photography, is restricted due to the existence of potentially culturally sensitive content. Please consult the Manuscript Department for more information.

Folder 4
1954 

Restrictions on Access: Reproduction of this item, including Reading Room photography, is restricted due to the existence of potentially culturally sensitive content. Please consult the Manuscript Department for more information.

Pascua (Yaqui)
1950 

Restrictions on Access: Reproduction of this item, including Reading Room photography, is restricted due to the existence of potentially culturally sensitive content. Please consult the Manuscript Department for more information.

Tonawanda (Seneca)
  
Folder 1
1958-1959 

Restrictions on Access: Reproduction of this item, including Reading Room photography, is restricted due to the existence of potentially culturally sensitive content. Please consult the Manuscript Department for more information.

Folder 2
1959-1963 

Restrictions on Access: Reproduction of this item, including Reading Room photography, is restricted due to the existence of potentially culturally sensitive content. Please consult the Manuscript Department for more information.

Folder 3
1964 Jan.-Mar. 

Restrictions on Access: Reproduction of this item, including Reading Room photography, is restricted due to the existence of potentially culturally sensitive content. Please consult the Manuscript Department for more information.

Folder 4
1966 Aug. 1964-22 Jul. 

Restrictions on Access: Reproduction of this item, including Reading Room photography, is restricted due to the existence of potentially culturally sensitive content. Please consult the Manuscript Department for more information.

Folder 5
1966 Jul. 23-1972 Aug. 15 

Restrictions on Access: Reproduction of this item, including Reading Room photography, is restricted due to the existence of potentially culturally sensitive content. Please consult the Manuscript Department for more information.

Folder 6
1972 Aug. 16-17 
Card File
  
Papago (Tohono O'odham)
1950-1951 
Pascua (Yaqui)
  
Tonawanda Genealogies - Tonawanda; Rochester...
  
Tonawanda Genealogies
1973 Jan.2 Folders
Tonawanda; Rochester; Oklahoma; AAA Meeting
1972 Dec.-1982 

Restrictions on Access: Reproduction of this item, including Reading Room photography, is restricted due to the existence of potentially culturally sensitive content. Please consult the Manuscript Department for more information.

Series VI. Photographs
1951-1973 

Photographs from Tooker's 1952 master's thesis, "Papagos in Tucson: An Introduction to Their History, Community Life, and Acculturation"; photographs (sent to Tooker by Janet S. Pollak) of chipped stone turtles; and a photograph (originally in the Papago card file in Series V) of a group of Papago Indians. There are also photographs of dioramas that are in the Museum of Arts and Sciences in Rochester, New York and in the Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society. These photographs were collected for possible use in the proposed tourist attraction, Iroquoia. (This note applies to images listed in the inventory)

Native American Images note : Over 2,000 images, dated 1940-2000, scattered throughout all the Series, of many Native American tribes, primarily the Six Nations of the Iroquois and the Tohono O'odham (Papago). Nearly 300 black and white gelatin photographs of Tohono O'odham (Papago) in Tucson, Arizona taken by Tooker for her masters and doctoral theses from 1952-1958, of social customs including ceremonial dances, races, processions, and dwellings. Some are photographic reprints of Native American life ca. 1900 and 1925. Other images reflect Tooker's professional research of proposed and published works such as the Louis Henry Morgan collection, anthropology in Philadelphia, Iroquois dioramas, and studies of wampum. Of note, is a cabinet card of Ely S. Parker's sister, Caroline Parker Mountpleasant, a Seneca Indian of the Wolf Clan. Images from other sources include color photographs of the Neville Museum exhibit of the Iroquois and the Constitution, photomechanical prints of pictographs of the migration of the Akwesasne, and color slides of North American Indian tomahawks from the British Museum. Of local interest, a black and white photomechanical print from the Indiana University Museum of "Indians and cowboys assembled before Wanamaker's" department store in Philadelphia, PA, 1908. The Oversize collection contains maps of Native American reservations in New York State, the area between Albemarle Sound and Lake Erie, and the southern and eastern boundaries of Pennsylvania.

G - T
  
Iroquoia--Dioramas
1965 
Iroquois diorama
1965 
Graphic material. Oversize.
  box Oversize
Maps
1866, 1950, undated box Oversize
Papago Group
1951 
"Papagos in Tucson: An Introduction to Their History, Community Life, and Acculturation"
1952 
Tohono O'odham woman
1900 
Tohono O'odham settlement
1952 
Turtles. Chipped Stone
1973 
Series VII. Research notecards
  
Book: Louis Hunt Morgan / Iroquois
 1 card file box

Includes sections labeled "RSMC objects" and "Hewitt--NAA" [National Anthropological Archives].

General bibliography
 2 card file boxes

Manner of organization unclear. Existing section headings include Box #1: - Morgan--to do and basic Morgan reference - Delaware - Wyandot-Iroquois Separation Myth - Misc.--Kinship Book - Cards from Washington - References for Morgan Anthology - Cards made before going to SI [Smithsonian Institution?] found after return - Tonawanda History to do - Southwest - Papago Box #2 - N.A.--General - Refs from Field - Missionary Societies--Various

Iroquois Kinship
 1 card file box
Kinship
 1 card file box

BIbliographic references concerning the general study of kinship, as well as kinship in relation to a large variety of specific culture. Inlcudes section headings: - Old kinship book - Use - Yuman--Cited - Yuman Kinship

Object citations
 1 card file box
Susquehanna & Wyandot
 1 card file box

BIbliographic references. Includes section labeled "Natchez" and section on Horatio Hale.

Tonawanda Genealogies
 1 card file box
Tonawanda History, 1800-1859
 1 card file box
Series VIII. Audio recordings
  
Tributes to Floyd Lounsbury
October 1998 

Tributes given to Floyd G. Lounsbury at the 1998 meeting of the Conference on Iroquios Research held at Rensselaerville, New York. Introduction given by Wallace Chafe, with tributes given by William Fenton (beginning at time marker 7:54), Harold Conklin (22:02), Francene Patterson (26:35), and Bryan Gick (27:33).

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/audio:24509

Session on J. N. B. Hewitt
1998-10