Henry Howard Houston, II Papers

Mss.Ms.Coll.76.17

Date: 1903-1918 | Size: 8 Linear feet

Abstract

Henry Howard Houston II (1895-1918) was the son of a prominent Philadelphia family, the Houstons. He enjoyed a privileged upbringing, graduating from Chestnut Hill Academy in 1912 and from the University of Pennsylvania in 1916. Upon his graduation date, he enlisted in Battery C of the First Field Artillery, Pennsylvania National Guard, and was sent to the Texas and New Mexico borders in response to Pancho Villa's raids from Mexico. In January 1917, he volunteered with the American Field Ambulance Service in France during World War I, stationed near Verdun, where he was constantly under fire when performing his duty to pick up wounded soldiers from the trenches. Henry took a commission in the French Army and enrolled in its transportation school. The French government awarded him the Croix de Guerre for gallantry under fire. When the U.S. entered the war, Henry resigned his commission in the French army and rejoined the Pennsylvania National Guard, his unit being the 53rd Field Artillery Brigade, 28th Division. He returned to the U.S. and received training as an aerial observer at Fort Sill, Oklahoma. Early in 1918 he returned to France as a staff member of the 53rd Field Artillery Brigade, commandedn by General William Price. In August 1918, Lt. Houston was killed south of Arcis-le-Ponsart while returning from an air field. He was 23. The bulk of this eight linear feet collection reflects Henry's personal life as a son, soldier, friend and lover, during the last three years of his life 1916 to 1918.

Background note

First Lieutenant Henry Howard Houston II, April 5, 1895-August 18, 1918. Born to Samuel Houston and Edith Atlee Corlies Houston in Chestnut Hill, Pennsylvania on April 5, 1895. His mother died days after his birth. Seven years later his father married Charlotte Harding Shepherd Brown, who brought two children to the marriage. In 1910, Samuel and Charlotte welcomed the birth of their daughter, Eleanor.

'Hennie' as he was known, attended Chestnut Hill Academy and the University of Pennsylvania, graduating in 1916. He was a sailor and accomplished soccer player. He enlisted in Battery C of the First Field Artillery, Pennsylvania National Guard, the same day he graduated and was sent to the Texas and New Mexico borders in response to Pancho Villa's raids from Mexico. In January 1917, he volunteered for the American Field Ambulance Service in France. Stationed near Verdun, he was frequently under fire while picking up wounded soldiers. He took a commission to serve with the French army, and by invitation, enrolled in the French Army Transportation School. He was awarded the Croix de Guerre for gallantry under fire.

He resigned his commission when the United States entered the war and rejoined the Pennsylvania National Guard, his unit being the 53rd Field Artillery Brigade, 28th Division. He was trained as an aerial observer at Fort Sill, Oklahoma before returning to France. From France he wrote to his father in February 1918 about the School of Fire where he was receiving more training for aerial observation: "This is the branch of aviation for which all other branches exist. A fighting plane goes up merely to protect friendly observation planes and sink enemy craft. Artillery would be blind without aerial observation. By getting into this game I am not getting out of artillery but merely raising it to the 17th power. Don't worry, I won't get hurt."

Brigade Commander General William Price requested that the well-trained Lieutenant Houston serve on his staff as a personal aide. On August 18, 1918, Houston was killed south of Arcis-le-Ponsart while returning from an airfield. He had volunteered to go to the airfield for the purpose of establishing more thorough cooperation between the aerial observers and the heavy batteries of the 108th Field Artillery, whose fire they were then directing.

Henry Howard Houston, II is buried in the military cemetery in Suresnes, France. He was 23 years old when he was killed. In his honor, Henry's parents gave a stone building to the local American Legion and the building is named the Henry Howard Houston, 2nd Post.

Scope and content

The Henry Howard Houston, II Series (1895-1918, bulk 1910-1918) consists of material from throughout Houston's life, including school report cards, early letters to his parents, and photographs from his childhood and college days. However, the majority of the the material is from his time in the ambulance and military service, mainly correspondence, photographs and other material from his time in France during World War I.

This series is rich in materials related to World War I history and early 20th century history of one of Philadelphia's most prominent families at that time, the Houstons. Those studying the regimental history of the 28th Division (Pennsylvania National Guard, "Iron Division") during World War I will find this collection valuable. Of special note is the correspondence between Henry and his parents, Samuel Frederic Houston and Charlotte Harding Houston. Also, of significance, a letter from Major General W.G. Price to Henry is included, dated February 15, 1918. In the Graphics Subseries are photographs of Henry and his division but also photographs from his time at Fort Bliss in Texas.

The material is organized into eight subseries: Correspondence; Military Communication; Personal; Bound Volumes; Printed Materials; Graphics; Maps; and Realia. Most of the series are arranged alphabetically, except where the Arrangement Note indicates otherwise.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Related material

Material about the life of Henry Houston, II, including condolence letters to his parents and information about the cemetery in which he is buried can be found in the Samuel Frederic Houston Papers, Series 18 of the Smith-Houston-Morris-Ogden Family Papers, Ms Coll 76.

Bibliography

A list of references pertaining to Henry Howard Houston II and the Houston family.

Contosta, David R. A Philadelphia Family: The Houstons and Woodwards of Chestnut Hill. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1988. Print.

Houston, E. Rankin. History of the Houston Families and their Descendants 1450-1912 with a Genealogical Record. Carlisle: Carlisle Printing Company, 1912. Print.

Houston, Samuel Rutherford. Brief Biographical Accounts of Many Members of the Houston Family Accompanied by a Genealogical Table. Cincinnati: Elm Street Printing Company, 1882. Print.

Martin, Edward. The Twenty-Eighth Division Pennsylvania's Guard in the World War, Volume IV. Pittsburgh: 28th Division Publishing Co., 1924. Print.

Roberts Jr., Frank C. The Houstons of Philadelphia. New York: The Newcomer Society in North America, 1954. Print.

Indexing Terms


Corporate Name(s)

  • University of Pennsylvania

Personal Name(s)

  • Houston, Charlotte Harding Shepherd, 1866-1940
  • Houston, Henry Howard, 1895-1918
  • Houston, Samuel Frederick, 1866-1952

Subject(s)

  • Philadelphia. Citizens
  • United States. Army -- History -- Punitive Expedition into Mexico, 1916
  • United States. Army -- History -- World War, 1914-1918
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- France
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Regimental histories -- United States
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Regimental histories -- United States -- 28th (Iron) division

Collection overview

1901, 1906, 1916-1918 

The Correspondence sub-series consists mainly of Henry's correspondence with his parents, Samuel F. Houston and Charlotte Harding Houston, while Henry served in the armed forces. The second largest category of letters comes from letters to and from his friends. There are a few touching letters between Henry and his youngest half-sister, Eleanor Houston.

1916-1918 

The Military Communications sub-series mainly consists of official letters and telegrams to Henry from the War Department of the United States and the French military. They detail orders which transfer Henry to a different division or location, or promote Henry to a new position.

1906-1912, 1916-1917 

The Personal sub-series consists of some of Henry's personal effects. These include his handwritten draft of a poem in iambic pentameter while he was in grade school, and its published form in the school newsletter. There are also his handwritten notes while he took lessons in artillery mechanics during his time in the service. In the back of this sub-series, there are folders labeled "Ephemera." These include invitations and programs to events in honor of the 28th Division, which Henry may likely have attended.

1917-1918, and undated 

This sub-series of bound volumes contains a number of personal notebooks and journals. The bulk of the materials are notes and journals from his time in artillery school. There is also a type-written transcript of some of Henry's journal entries as well as an unused booklet of postcards from France.

1911-19621 item

This sub-series is a collection of printed materials covering a wide range of topics including information about the World War I and the Western Front, field artillery, the University of Pennsylvania, and newspaper clippings.

1914-1918, unknown 

The Graphics sub-series consistes of large, mid-size, and small photographs. Most of these photographs capture Henry's surroundings during the time he served in the armed forces. Therefore, a large portion depict France during World War I, and some may depict his surroundings during his training period (Fort Sill, Oklahoma; the Texas-Mexico border). They show the everyday life of a World War I soldier and, from the stark images of bombed out buildings, the ravages of war itself.

1914-1918 

These Maps are located in the Oversize section of the collection. The Maps sub-series consists of very large maps of western Europe, France, and specific French regions. A couple maps have Henry's name written on the back in pencil.

  

The Realia sub-series consists of large to small cultural artifacts. Of significance are (a) ambulance armbands in white with a red cross which Henry, as an ambulance driver, may have worn; and (b) a "US Army" sewn lapel which Henry may have worn.



Detailed Inventory

Subseries A. Correspondence
1901, 1906, 1916-1918 

The Correspondence sub-series consists mainly of Henry's correspondence with his parents, Samuel F. Houston and Charlotte Harding Houston, while Henry served in the armed forces. The second largest category of letters comes from letters to and from his friends. There are a few touching letters between Henry and his youngest half-sister, Eleanor Houston.

Arrangement: These letters are generally arranged alphabetically by the last name of the sender. Under that sender's last name, the letters are arranged chronologically. Where the last name of the sender is unclear, the letter is arranged alphabetically by the sender's first name.

Allen, W..
Letter to Henry Howard Houston II
1917 August 231 item
1917 August 23
  
Andrews, D..
Letter to Henry Howard Houston II
1918 January 61 item

Letter from D. Andrews, Henry's friend, to Henry. Fraternity activities.

1918 January 6
  
Bandellini, F..
Letter to Henry Howard Houston II
1917 October 171 item
1917 October 17
  
Bébé. Letter to Henry Howard Houston II
1918 August 11 item

Brief letter of amorous nature. Year uncertain, but most likely 1918.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:136718

Coan, Ray.
Letter to Henry Howard Houston II
1917 May 71 item

Last name uncertain, could be "Coan" or "Coun."

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:136724

Cousin. Letter to Henry Howard Houston II
undated1 item

Letter written in a child's handwriting. Initialed "HHW" at the end.

Houston, Charlotte Harding Shepherd, 1866-1940.
Letter to Henry Howard Houston II
1916 October 152 items
Houston, Charlotte Harding Shepherd, 1866-1940.
Letters to Henry Howard Houston II
1918 April-August5 items
1918 July 28
  
1918 August 12
  
1918 August 4
  
1918 August 18
  
1918 April 16
  
Houston, Henry Howard, 1895-1918.
Letter to Mrs. Graham
1918 March 191 item
Houston, Henry Howard, 1895-1918.
Letter to Charlotte Houston
1910 October 181 item
Smith, Houston, Eleanor.
Letters to Henry Howard Houston II
Feb., 1917 - August 19183 items
1917 February 28
  
1918 August 4
  
Houston, Henry Howard, 1895-1918.
Letters to Charlotte Houston
1915 June-July5 items
Houston, Henry Howard, 1895-1918.
Letters to Charlotte Houston
1916 July-August5 items
1916 July 27
  
1916 August 28
  
1916 July 7
  
1916 July 6
  
Houston, Henry Howard, 1895-1918.
Letters to Charlotte Houston
1916 October-November4 items
October 3, 1916
  
October 17, 1916
  
October 24, 1916
  
November 12, 1916
  
Houston, Henry Howard, 1895-1918.
Letters to Charlotte Houston
1917 January-April11 items
January 8 1917
  
January 16 1917
  
January 20 1917
  
February 1 1917
  
March 20 1917
  
April 8 1917
1917 April 8 
Houston, Henry Howard, 1895-1918.
Letters to Charlotte Houston
1917 May-October, November10 items

The year of the November letter is unknown, but most likely 1917.

May 22 1917
  
June 15 1917
  
July 23 1917
  
September 4 1917
  
September 26 1917
  
October 25 1917
  
November 10 1917
  
Houston, Henry Howard, 1895-1918.
Letters to Charlotte Houston
1918 January-June9 items
January 27 1918
  
January 25 1918
  
January 28 1918
  
February 26 1918
  
March 5 1918
  
April 28 1918
  
May 1918
  
May 6 1918
  
June 3 1918
  
June 23 1918
  
Houston, Henry Howard, 1895-1918.
Undated Letter to Charlotte Houston
undated1 item

Physical & technical details: This letter was torn into 4 pieces. It is flagged in the box and should be looked at by conservation.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:137141

Houston, Henry Howard, 1895-1918.
Letters to Charlotte Houston
undated1 item
Letters to Charlotte Houston
undated1 item
Houston, Henry Howard, 1895-1918.
Letters to Eleanor Houston
1910 August 5, 1917 January 162 items
January 16 1917
  
Houston, Henry Howard, 1895-1918.
Letter to Mrs. Henry Howard Houston, Grandmother
1903 July 191 item
Houston, Henry Howard, 1895-1918.
Letters to Eugénie Iselin
1917 July,1918 July7 items
June 19 1917
  
July 8 1917
  
July 18 1917
  
August 3 1917
  
February 10 1918
  
June 10 1918
  
July 26 1918
  
Houston, Henry Howard, 1895-1918.
Letter to Harry Iselin
1917 April 301 item

Letter to Cousin.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:136813

Houston, Henry Howard, 1895-1918.
Letter to Harry Iselin
1918 June 81 item
Letter to Samuel F. Houston
1915, July 111 item
Houston, Henry Howard, 1895-1918.
Letters to Samuel F. Houston
1916 June-October9 items
June 25 1916
  
July 13 1916
  
July 22 1916
  
July 31 1916
  
September 3 1916
  
September 19 1916
  
September 24 1916
  
October 9 1916
  
Houston, Henry Howard, 1895-1918.
Letters to Samuel F. Houston
1917 January-March6 items
January 16 1917
  
February 12 1917
  
March 5 1917
  
March 20 1917
  
March 22 1917
  
Houston, Henry Howard, 1895-1918.
Letters to Samuel F. Houston
1917 April-September6 items
April 9 1917
  
April 16 1917
  
May 7 1917
  
May 29 1917
  
July 5 1917
  
September 24 1917
  
Houston, Henry Howard, 1895-1918.
Letters to Samuel F. Houston
1918 February-July8 items
February 4 1918
  
February 9 1918
  
March 19 1918
  
April 8 1918
  
April 10 1918
  
May 8 1918
  
May 9 1918
  
July 3 1918
  
July 16 1918
  
Houston, Henry Howard, 1895-1918.
Letter to Santa Claus
1901 November 251 item
Houston, Henry Howard, 1895-1918.
Letter to unknown
19161 item

Composed in Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:136806

Houston, Henry Howard, 1895-1918.
Telegram to unknown
1917 August 131 item

Telegram sent from Paris, France.

Houston, Henry Howard, 1895-1918.
Letters to Valentine Mitchell
Jan 10, 1917 - October 26, 1917, undated 
Undated Letter to Vava
  
Letter from Ship
January 10 1917 
Letter from La Espagne
January 16 1917 
February 18
February 18 1917 
March 12 Letter to Vava
March 12 1917 
Letter to Valentine
March 13 
Letter to Valentine Mitchell
March 26 
Letter to Valentine
April 3 
Letter to Valentine
April 21 
Letter to Vava
May 14 
Letter to Vava
May 31 
AFS in France, Letter to Vava
July 15 1917 
Letter to Vava, Summer
July 21 1917 
August 30
August 30 1917 
September Letter to Vava
September 21 1917 
October 1917
October 15 1917 
October letter to Vava
October 26 1917 
Houston, Samuel Frederick, 1866-1952.
Letters to Henry Howard Houston, II
1917 January-February7 items
January 21 1917
  
February 2 1917
  
February 18 1917
  
February 25 1917
  
Houston, Samuel Frederick, 1866-1952.
Letters to Henry Howard Houston, II
1917 March-April6 items
March 4 1917
  
March 19 1917
  
April 5 1917
  
April 10 1917
  
April 14 1917
  
April 20 1917
  
Houston, Samuel Frederick, 1866-1952.
Letters to Henry Howard Houston, II
1917 May-June4 items
May 10 1917
  
May 25 1917
  
June 1 1917
  
June 14 1917
  
Houston, Samuel Frederick, 1866-1952.
Letters to Henry Howard Houston, II
1917 June-July3 items
June 22 1917
  
June 28 1917
  
July 6 1917
  
Houston, Samuel Frederick, 1866-1952.
Letters to Henry Howard Houston, II
1918 July-August3 items
July 27 1918
  
August 4 1918
  
August 18 1918
  
Houston, Samuel Frederick, 1866-1952.
Letter to Henry Howard Houston, II
unknown1 item

Letter fragment.

Iselin, Helene.
Letter to Henry Howard Houston, II
1917 July 131 item
Nance. Letter to Henry Howard Houston, II
1917 May 231 item
Peg. Letter to Henry Howard Houston, II
1917 June 301 item
Pilger, Richard.
Letter to Henry Howard Houston, II
1913 June 91 item

Other Descriptive Information: Receipt for speeding ticket

Price, Jr., W.G., Major General.
Letter to Henry Howard Houston, II
1918 February 151 item
Rex, Hilary.
Letter to unknown
unknown1 item

Henry was most likely the recipient of this Christmas card, because this card came from the U.S. Flying Corps and Henry was part of aerial observation.

Thompson, Hank B..
Letter to Henry Howard Houston, II
1917 November 111 item
Trotter, Betty.
Letter to Henry Howard Houston, II
1918 July 291 item
University of Pennsylvania.
Letter to Henry Howard Houston, II
1916 February 151 item

Physical & technical details: Paper is torn

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:137401

Whitaker, Samuel.
Letter to Henry Howard Houston, II
1917 May 111 item
Subseries B. Military Communications
1916-1918 

The Military Communications sub-series mainly consists of official letters and telegrams to Henry from the War Department of the United States and the French military. They detail orders which transfer Henry to a different division or location, or promote Henry to a new position.

Arrangement: These documents are arranged alphabetically by the first letter of an organization's name. For example, "W" for "War Department," and "F" for "French Military."

7th Division
1917 September1 item
28th Division
1917 August- 1917 October, 1918 February-1918 April 1011 items

Correspondence from the Pennsylvania National Guard Division, 28th from multiple creators. Includes fitness report signed off by General W. G. Price.

October 1 1917
  
1918
  
January 23 1918
  
February 9 1918
  
February 13 1918
  
April 9 1918
  
July 16 1918
  
August 29 1918
  
53rd Artillery Brigade
1918 April 26-1918 July 103 items
April 5 1918
  
April 26 1918
  
July 10 1918
  
American Ambulance Hospital in Paris
undated2 items
Commonwealth of PA, Adjutant- General's Office
1917 July 31 item
July 3 1917
  
French Military Correspondence, 1914
19141 item
French Military Correspondence, 1917 Folder 1 of 5
19174 items
July 9 1917
  
French Military Correspondence, 1917 Folder 2 of 5
19177 items
January 19 1917
  
April 20 1917
  
May 5 1917
  
May 10 1917
  
May 1917
  
June 22 1917
  
July 18 1917
  
French Military Correspondence, 1917 Folder 3 of 5
1917 February 16-1917 July 252 items
February 16 1917
  
July 27 1917
  
Davis, David J..
French Military Correspondence, 1917 Folder 4 of 5
19174 items
1917
  
1917 Number 86
  
1917 Number 88
  
1917 July 29
  
French Military Correspondence, 1917 Folder 5 of 5
19175 items
April 26 1917
  
May 2 1917
  
May 11 1917
  
July 1 1917
  
July 15 1917
  
French Military Correspondence, undated Folder 1 of 2
undated4 items
French Military Correspondence, undated Folder 2 of 2
undated3 items
Houston, Henry Howard II Travel Documents to France
1917, undated8 items

Other Descriptive Information: Tickets and Pass

January 19 1917
  
January 25 1917
  
April 7 1917
  
April 1917
  
August 4 1917
  
August 28 1917
  
National Guard, Pennsylvania
1917 June 291 item
National Security League Certificate
1916 April 101 item
Ordnance Department, USA
1917 December 181 item
United States War Department Correspondence
1916 October 28, 1918 January 24, 1918 March 26, undated7 items
October 28 1916
  
January 24 1918
  
March 26 1918
  
March 30 1918
  
Subseries C. Personal
1906-1912, 1916-1917 

The Personal sub-series consists of some of Henry's personal effects. These include his handwritten draft of a poem in iambic pentameter while he was in grade school, and its published form in the school newsletter. There are also his handwritten notes while he took lessons in artillery mechanics during his time in the service. In the back of this sub-series, there are folders labeled "Ephemera." These include invitations and programs to events in honor of the 28th Division, which Henry may likely have attended.

Arrangement: This subseries is arranged alphabetically by the first letter of an organization's name. For example, "C" for "Chestnut Hill Academy," "U" for "University of Pennsylvania."

Battery "C", PA, Reception Program
19161 item
Chestnut Hill Academy. The Wissahickon (Publication)
19121 item
Houston, Henry Howard II. Chestnut Hill Academy Report Cards
1906-19121 box12 Folders
Houston, Henry Howard II. Immunization Certification
1916 June 232 items
Houston, Henry Howard II. Invitation for a Ball
19171 item
Houston, Henry Howard II. Poem "The Race" Hand Written
undated1 item
Houston, Henry Howard II. Receipt for Tailored Clothes
1917 January 311 item
Houston, Henry Howard II. School Papers
undated4 folders

Other Descriptive Information: School Papers of Dr. Robert Bridges, the Poetry of Hanefield, Lawrence Hope, Rudyard Kipling, Henry Newbert, Alfred Noyes, Robert Service, and Francis Thompson

Houston, Henry Howard II. United States Map
undated3 items

Colored with crayons

Menu in French of French Cuisine
[October] 19171 item
University of Pennsylvania. Soccer Team, 1915 (News Clipping)
1915 March2 items
University of Pennsylvania Tickets and Brochures
1911-191712 items
Subseries D. Bound Volumes
1917-1918, and undated 

This sub-series of bound volumes contains a number of personal notebooks and journals. The bulk of the materials are notes and journals from his time in artillery school. There is also a type-written transcript of some of Henry's journal entries as well as an unused booklet of postcards from France.

Arrangement: The items in this sub-series are arranged alphabetically.

Abbaye, N.- D. d'Igny Postcards
undated1 folder
Houston, Henry Howard Journal
1914-1916; 1914-19151 item

This black leatherbound journal contains Henry's concise journal entries. The majority of the entries are between 1914-1915; only a few a recorded in 1916.

Houston, Henry Howard Journal
19171 item

This small red leatherbound journal contains lengthy entries by Henry during the time that he was stationed in France.

Houston, Henry Howard Poems
19141 item

This large red leatherbound journal contains a few of Henry's poems written in his own hand. A poem on a looseleaf sheet of paper is folded within the journal. Three photographs of Henry's grave is also enclosed in the journal.

Houston, Henry Howard List of Card Recipients and Addresses
 1 item

In a small notebook, a list of card recipients and their addresses is recorded in Henry's own hand.

Houston, Henry Howard Artillery Class Notes
unknown1 item

This notebook contains copious notes on artillery machinery in Henry's own hand.

Physical & technical details: This item was notified to be sent to conservation on May 8, 2012.

Houston, Henry Howard Artillery and Mechanical Class Notes in France
undated1 item
Houston, Henry Howard Field Gunnery Class Notes Fort Sill, Oklahoma
19171 item
Houston, Henry Howard Pocket Journal, Poetry Composition, and School Grades
undated1 folder
Houston, Henry Howard Transcript of Journal
1917 March1 item
Zeta Psi's Memorial Certificate in Honor of Henry Howard Houston, II
19181 item

This memorial certificate, issued by Zeta Psi, honors members of the Zeta Psi fraternity who gave their lives during World War I.

Physical & technical details: This item was notified to be sent to Conservation on May 8, 2012.

Subseries E. Printed Materials
1911-19621 item

This sub-series is a collection of printed materials covering a wide range of topics including information about the World War I and the Western Front, field artillery, the University of Pennsylvania, and newspaper clippings.

Arrangement: This sub-series is arranged into boxes determined by subject matter. For example: those materials pertaining to France or the western front of World War I are included in the box labeled "France" and materials pertaining to Henry Howard Houston II as a student at the University of Pennsylvania are included in the box labeled "University of Pennslyvania. The contents of each box are organized alphabetically.

Subsubseries 1 - France
1915, 1917, 1919, 1920 

This subsub-series of Printed Materials consists of published works relating to France and the western front of World War I.

Armistice Glade and Monument
unknown1 item

A small booklet about the monument for the armistice built in France.

La Bataille de Verdun: un Guide, un Panorama, une Histoire
19191 item

Clermont-Ferrand, Michelin & co, c1919. Print.

Book detailing the Battle of Verdun. Book is in French. Contains dried and pressed flowers from Verdun.


Subject(s): Battlefields -- France -- Verdun

La Belgique et l'Allemagne
19151 item

Informational book about Belgians and Germans, in French. Contains a handkerchief.

Londres: Imprime par Harrison et Fils, 1915. Print.


Geographic Name(s): Belgium

Subject(s): World War I -- Germany

Carnival for Wounded
1917 July 141 item

Pamphlet detailing the events of a carnival/festival put on for the wounded. Pamphlet is in French.

American Field Service.
Extracts from the History of the American field service in France, "Friends of France," 1914-1917
19201 item

Small booklet of extracts from the History of the American Field Service in France.

Boston and New York, Houghton Mifflin company, 1920.

Nelson Doubleday Complete War Map of Western Europe
19181 item

This is a printed, foldable pocket map of western Europe during World War I.

Physical & technical details: This document is folded and fragile. It is flagged in the box and should be looked at by conservation.

Rand Mcnally War Map of the French Front
unknown1 item

This is a published, folded pocket map of the French front during World War I. It shows the battle lines of 1914 and 1918.

Physical & technical details: This document is folded and fragile. It is flagged in the box and should be looked at by conservation.

Rheims and the battle for its possession
19191 item

Published book detailing the battle of Rheims. Contains dried and pressed flowers from Rheims.

Clermont-Ferrand, Michelin & co, c1920. Print.


Subject(s): Battlefields -- France -- Rheims

Subsubseries 2 - Miscellaneous
1911, 1914-1918 

This subsub-series of Printed Materials consists of miscellaneous printed works either owned by or pertaining to Henry Howard Houston II. There are several religious texts (hymnals, prayer books, etc) along with a book he received as a gift, a newspaper, and two editions of a local Philadelphia newsletter.

Grenfell, Wilfred Thomason.
The Prize of Life
19141 item

Small book that was given to Henry Howard Houston II by his Aunt Martha.

Boston, New York [etc.] The Pilgrim press [c1914] Print.

In Honour: An Elegy by a Father
19151 item

Small booklet dedicated to a soldier who died at the battle of Ypres in 1915. Markings in the margins.

London: Constable and Company LTD., 1915. Print.

Newsletter - The Wissahickon
1912-19181 item

Two editions of "The Wissahickon" newsletter from April 1912 and November 1918.

Prayer Book and Hymnal
1911 March 121 item

Small pocket sized prayer book and hymnal given to Henry Howard Houston II for his confirmation on March 12, 1911.

Prayer Book for Soldiers and Sailors
19171 item

Prayer book given to Henry Howard Houston II by his sister Eleanor.

Philadelphia: Bishop White Prayer Book Society, 1917.

Prayer Book - Intercessions for the Church: War Edition
1914-19181 item

Prayer book. Containts a small picture and prayer insert.

Prayer book
19171 item

very small prayer pamphlet.

New York Times
1916 January 111 item

This is a folded edition of the New York Times newspaper dated January 11, 1916.

Physical & technical details: This document is folded and fragile. It is flagged in the box and should be looked at by the Conservation Department.

Subsubseries 3 - US Military
1911, 1916, 1917, 1939, undated 

This subsub-series of Printed Materials contains documents and texts pertaining to the United States military, specifically Henry Howard Houston II's unit, the 28th division of the 53rd Field Artillery Brigade.

United States. War Department.
General Orders No. 32
1916 July 281 item

Pamphlet containing the War Department's general orders no. 32.

Instruction Pamphlet for Gunner's Examination in the Field Artillery, Service Schools Bulletin No. 6
undated1 item

Brooklyn: Second FIeld Artillery, N.G.N.Y.

Official History of the Militia and the National Guard of the State of Pennsylvania
19391 item

20th Anniversary Edition booklet special issue dedicated to Major General WM. G. Price, Jr and the 28th Division. Bookmark on page commemorating Henry Howard Houston II.

Compiled and Published by Colonel Charles J. Hendler. Philadelphia, PA. December 1939.

Price, William Gray. Activities and Citations of the 53rd Field Artillery Brigade 28th Division United States Army: World War, 1914-1918
19191 item

Pamphlet describing the activities and citations of the 53rd Field Artillery Brigade.

Chester, PA: Press of Chester Times, 1919. Print.

The Service and its Insignia
19171 item

Philadelphia: Bailey, Banks & Biddle Company. 1917.

A small pamphlet detailing the various signs, symbols, and insignia of the United States Armed Forces.

United States. War Department.
Drill regulations for Field Artillery
19111 item

Henry Howard Houston II's copy of drill regulations for horse and light field artillery in the United States Army.

Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1911.

Subsubseries 4 - University of Pennsylvania
1916-1918 

This subsub-series of Printed Materials contains published works relating to the University of Pennsylvania and the Zeta Psi fraternity, of which Henry Howard Houston II was a member.

University of Pennsylvania.
160th Commencement pamphlet
1916 June 211 item

Brochure for the 160th commencement ceremony.

University of Pennsylvania. General Alumni Society.
Alumni Register
June 1917 & November 19181 item

Two editions of the monthly alumni register published by the General Alumni Society.

University of Pennsylvania.
The Pennsylvania Gazette
1924 December 191 item

This edition of the PA Gazette has an article on page 252 about the Houston Cup given to the UPenn soccer team in memory of Henry Howard Houston II who was a member of the team while a student at the University of Pennsylvania.

Published by the University of Pennsylvania.

Fraternity House Photographs
unknown1 item

Interior and exterior photographs of the Zeta Psi fraternity house at the intersection of 33rd and Walnut streets in Philadelphia, PA.

Zeta Psi Fraternity. Sigma Chapter.
Sigma Zetes doing their bit
1917 November 11 item

Broadside from Sigma chapter of Zeta Psi fraternity at University of Pennsylvania with list of fraternity alumni in service during the war. Henry Howard Houston II is listed approximately 1/3 of the way down the right hand column.

Zeta Psi Fraternity. Sigma Chapter.
The Circle of Zeta Psi
1918 November1 item

National newsletter for Zeta Psi fraternity. Article of Henry Howard Houston II and his death on pages 57-58.

Subsubseries 5 - Newspaper Clippings
1917-1936, 1962 

This subsub-series of Printed Materials is comprised of newspaper clippings, many of which are related to Henry Howard Houston II's death, the anniversary of his death, or the role of artillery during World War I. Because these materials are oversize, they are located in an oversize box separate from the other Printed Materials.

From Sam Houston to Henry Howard Houston II
July 1918 and unknown1 item

One pouch contains newspaper clippings that were loosely mixed in with some correspondence between Sam and Henry Houston. All of them pertain to the war.

Sky Spies
September 28, 19621 item

A brief newspaper article about artillery spotters in balloons during World War I.

Miscellaneous Newspapers
1918-19361 item

Three large folders of newspapers, newsletters,and pamphlets spanning the years 1918 to 1936.Includes a large full page article about Henry Howard Houston II from the Germantown Independent Gazette Aug 18, 1921.

Subseries F. Graphics
1914-1918, unknown 

The Graphics sub-series consistes of large, mid-size, and small photographs. Most of these photographs capture Henry's surroundings during the time he served in the armed forces. Therefore, a large portion depict France during World War I, and some may depict his surroundings during his training period (Fort Sill, Oklahoma; the Texas-Mexico border). They show the everyday life of a World War I soldier and, from the stark images of bombed out buildings, the ravages of war itself.

Arrangement: For each photo or group of photos, we made an educated estimate of the most prominent location or person depicted in the photo. We then arranged the photos alphabetically based on the first letter of that prominent noun. For example, "B" for "Bombed Building," "H" for "Henry Howard Houston, II," and "F" for "France." Where the location was unknown and there was no date, those photos were categorized under "U" for "Undated."

Arc de Triomphe, Print
1919 
Aerial Photograph, French Regions
  
Bombed Building, before and after
undated 
Cathedrale de Reims, Print
undated 
Cathedrale de St.-Jean - La Somme, France - Print
undated 
Enumerated Description of Photographs
undated 

It is unclear to which photographs this list corresponds. However, the photos would be from Henry's time in the armed service.

France, small photographs
1916, undated 
France, small photographs
1918, undated 
France, mid and small-sized photographs
1917-1918, undated 
French Battlescene Postcards, unsent
1914-1921, undated 
French Battlefield Photos
1917-1918 
Houston, Henry Howard II and Ambulance Trucks, Folder I
1917-1918 
Houston, Henry Howard II and Ambulance Trucks, Folder 2
1917-1918 
Houston, Henry Howard II and Ambulance Trucks, Folder 3
1917-1918 
Houston, Henry Howard II and Ambulance Trucks, Folder 4
1917-1918 
Houston, Henry Howard II and Ambulance Trucks, Folder 5
1917-1918 
Houston, Henry Howard II and Ambulance Trucks, Folder 6
1917-1918 
Houston, Henry Howard II - Boat to France
undated 
Houston, Henry Howard II and Brother, Childhood
undated 
Houston, Henry Howard II, Childhood Album
unknown 

This large leather album chronicles Henry's childhood and teenage years with many photographs. It is oversize.

Arrangement: Original order was preserved in this album.

Houston, Henry Howard II - Mexico
undated 
Houston, Henry Howard II - Military Portraits, Oversize
  

This oversize blue box contains a negative print press from which Henry's image was imprinted, two military portraits of Henry, a small leather album of Henry while he was in the service, and oversize photos of Henry in the army and at Penn.

Houston, Henry Howard II - Portrait Photographs
undated 
Houston, Henry Howard II - Postcards - Friends
undated 
Houston, Henry Howard II - S.S.U. #12 - Group Photo
1917 January 
Maison de Jeanne d'Arc - Domzeny - France, Print
undated 
Marais sur le front americain, Print
undated 
"Pour Madame Houston" Postcards
undated 
Small Photos and Accompanying Enumerated Descriptive List
  

The list in Henry's handwriting has numbers paired with descriptions that correspond to the numbers on the back of each photo.

Unknown Persons and Buildings
undated 

On the back of each photo are numbers that may correspond to the numbers and descriptions in the "Enumerated Description of Photographs" list.

Unknown Persons and Building
undated 

On the back of each photo are numbers that may correspond to the numbers and descriptions in the "Enumerated Description of Photographs" list.

Unknown Persons and Building
undated 

On the back of each photo are numbers that may correspond to the numbers and descriptions in the "Enumerated Description of Photographs" list.

Subseries G. Maps
1914-1918 

These Maps are located in the Oversize section of the collection. The Maps sub-series consists of very large maps of western Europe, France, and specific French regions. A couple maps have Henry's name written on the back in pencil.

Arrangement: The Maps are not arranged in alphabetical order, but in accordance with the size of each map with a view to protect and preserve the material. A Rand McNally map of the western front battle lines of 1914 and 1918 is located in Subseries D - Bound Volumes, due to its smaller physical size.

Maps of France - Oversized folder
1914-1918 

One oversized folder contains: -One small map of the area surrounding Ypres that shows the approximate lines of advance for the Battle of Ypres. Dated November 6, 1917 - April 29, 1918. -One large map of Reims and the surrounding area in great detail. -One large map of Meaux(?), France. "Meaux" is written in pencil on the back. -One large map of Soissons. "H H Houston" written in pencil on the back. -One large map of the Region Laon-Soissons. "H H Houston" written in pencil on the back.


Subject(s): World War I -- France; Maps; World War, 1914-1918

Subseries H. Realia
  

The Realia sub-series consists of large to small cultural artifacts. Of significance are (a) ambulance armbands in white with a red cross which Henry, as an ambulance driver, may have worn; and (b) a "US Army" sewn lapel which Henry may have worn.

Arrangement: The Realia were arranged with three goals in mind: (a) to keep artifacts which accompanied each other together; (b) to keep objects of like size together; and (c) to protect fragile items.

Realia Box 1 - Keys, Lock, Bullet, Metal Pellet
  

-Three small metal keys -One large iron key -One small lock -One large bullet -One small metal pellet/ball

Realia Box 2 - Linen handkerchief and oil painting on wood
  

-One small white linen handkerchief with blue letter "P" and red letters "A" and "F" embroidered on it. -An oil painting of a cemetery on a piece of wood.

Realia Box 3 - Flag and Handkerchief
  

-One large white linen handkerchief with "Henry Houston" embroidered on it. date 1899. -One large red linen flag with a white five point star sewn into the center.

Realia Box 4 - Decorative Asian Handkerchief, Pocket Square Purse, Bowtie, Ambulance Armband, Armband with Numbers and Red Cord.
  

-One purse made of a fragile purple cloth with flags (USA, Romania, France, Japan, Belgium). -One decorative handkerchief with asian theme. -Armband with numbers "87" and a red cord. -Ambulance armband (red cross on white background) -Various striped, colored ribbons

Realia Box 5 - War Related Realia
  

- One large black leather wallet, with the yellow inscription "H. H. Houston, Philadelphia" inscribed - One thermometer encased in a blue box - Two shells welded together as a curiousity - A box which had contained Philadelphia soil. An inscription states that this soil had been placed on Henry's grave in Suresnes, France. - One small beaded ring which depicts the ambulance cross (white, with a red cross in the center).

Realia Box 6 - Miscellaneous realia
  

-Two felt bicentennial armbands with years 1740 and 1940 -Ticket stub for transportation between El Paso and Tobin, Texas -Unknown containter lid with condolences for Henry Howard Houston II's death -Henry Howard Houston II's money: 4x $1 silver bank notes from 1899 and 1x 1904 gold $5 coin. -A toy airplane made from a bullet -Dried Flowers removed from bottom of larger storage box that came with accession of manuscript collection. -One Unites States Army Badge -One cloth ambulance armband -One fabric cord -One pencil sharpened by Henry Howard Houston II