Gratz Family Papers

Mss.Ms.Coll.72

Date: 1750-1974 | Size: 10.5 Linear feet

Abstract

A collection of business and personal papers of three generations of the prominent Philadelphia Jewish family from 1750-1974. Business records include trade and land transactions (some in Yiddish) of the Gratz brothers, Barnard and Michael (1750-1804) with the business continued by Michael's sons: Simon, Hyman, Joseph, Jacob, and Benjamin (1791-1861). Personal correspondence are primarily letters to Rebecca Gratz from her sisters Rachel and Sarah (1795-1867) with later correspondence to Rachel's children: Horace and Sara Moses (1832-1879). Contains a small group of French letters related to Napoleon III, collected by family member Miriam Fox, and some heirloom artifacts.

Background note

The Gratz family were important figures in the social, intellectual, and business life of Philadelphia during the Revolutionary and early national period, and were central figures in the Jewish community. Barnard (1738-1801) and Michael Gratz (1740-1811), emigrants from Silesia to Philadelphia, were business partners with extensive interests in coastal shipping and western trade, and actively supported America's independence. Michael's daughter, Rebecca (1781-1869), became arguably the most famous member of the family through her philanthropic activities, helping to found the Philadelphia Orphan Society (1815), the Hebrew Sunday School Society (1838), and supporting many other causes.

Scope and content

A small collection of business and personal correspondence that reflects the life and times of a Jewish family living in Philadelphia during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. The letters present the business, cultural and private lives of three generations of Gratz family members. Organized by recipient, the bulk of the papers range from 1750, with the start of the family trade business in colonial America, to 1879, and the new social, religious and cultural institutions founded by the family in the new nation.

The papers (20 boxes; 10.5 linear feet) are divided into seven series:

Series I. Barnard and Michael Gratz 1750-1804 2 lin. ft.

Series II. Simon, Hyman, Joseph, Jacob, Benjamin Gratz 1791-1861 1.5 lin. ft.

Series III. Rebecca Gratz 1795-1867 2.5 lin. ft.

Series IV. Rachel Gratz Moses 1797-1879 0.5 lin. ft.

Series V. Sarah Gratz 1800-1808 4 folders

Series VI. Miscellaneous 1786-1974 2.5 lin. ft.

Series VII. Artifacts 1805-1900 0.5 lin. ft.

One Oversize flat box--files from all 7 Series 1 lin. ft.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Provenance

Gift of Sara McColl and Henry Joseph, 1992.

Processing information

Except where noted, each family member named series are recipients of the filed correspondence. Some of the women's correspondence are filed by maiden and married surnames.

Bibliography

Ashton, Dianne. Rebecca Gratz: Women and Judaism in Antebellum America (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1997) Call no. B G77a

Rosenbloom, Joseph R. A Biographical Dictionary of Early American Jews: Colonial Times through 1800. ([Lexington]: University of Kentucky Press, 1960) Call no. 922.96 R72b

Indexing Terms


Genre(s)

  • Art
  • Business Records and Accounts
  • Correspondence.
  • Family Correspondence
  • General Correspondence
  • Legal Records
  • Literature
  • Official Government Documents and Records
  • Political Correspondence
  • Sketchbooks
  • Travel Narratives and Journals

Personal Name(s)

  • Astor, John Jacob, 1763-1848
  • Burr, Aaron, 1756-1836
  • Clay, Henry, 1777-1852
  • Croghan, George
  • Etting, Frances Gratz, 1771-1852
  • Eugénie, Empress, consort of Napoleon III, Emperor of the French, 1826-1920
  • Fenno, Maria
  • Franks, David
  • Gratz, Barnard, 1738-1801
  • Gratz, Benjamin, 1792-1884
  • Gratz, Hyman, 1776-1857
  • Gratz, Jacob, 1789-1856
  • Gratz, Joseph, 1785-1858
  • Gratz, Michael, 1740-1811
  • Gratz, Miriam Simon, 1749-1808
  • Gratz, Rebecca, 1781-1869
  • Gratz, Sarah, 1779-1817
  • Gratz, Simon, 1773-1839
  • Hays, Richea Gratz, 1774-1858
  • Irving, Washington, 1783-1859
  • Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845
  • Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844
  • Joseph, Sarah Gratz Moses
  • Kemble, Fanny, 1809-1893
  • Moses, Horace, 1820-1893
  • Moses, Isaac, 1742-1818
  • Moses, Rachel Gratz, 1783-1823
  • Moses, Solomon, 1774-1857
  • Napoleon III, Emperor of the French, 1808-1873
  • Nathan, Rebecca Gratz Moses, 1810-1891
  • Rodman, Harriet Fenno, 1782-1808
  • Simon, Joseph
  • Simon, Joseph, 1785-1858

Subject(s)

  • American Revolution
  • Business and Skilled Trades
  • Colonial Politics
  • Congregation Mikveh Israel (Philadelphia, Pa.)
  • Early National Politics
  • Female Hebrew Benevolent Society (Philadelphia, Pa.)
  • Hebrew Sunday School Society of Philadelphia (Pa.)
  • International Trade.
  • Land and Speculation
  • Land speculation
  • Literature, Arts, and Culture
  • Marriage and Family Life
  • Orphan Society of Philadelphia (Pa.)
  • Pennsylvania History
  • Philanthropy
  • Religion
  • Social Life and Custom
  • Surveying and Maps
  • Trade
  • Travel
  • Women's History


Detailed Inventory

Series I. Barnard and Michael Gratz
1750-1804 

Abstract: The Gratz brothers were among the most prominent traders in colonial, revolutionary and republic Philadelphia. This series reflects much of their business and its changing nature, moving from a merchant firm to one speculating in Pennsylvania and western lands. The business transactions include Indian trade, especially around Fort Pitt and Illinois country. With some correspondence in Yiddish, areas covered include land sold in Mifflin and Lancaster County, economic conditions, legal entanglements, and the establishment of a Jewish congregation in Philadelphia. Also includes land surveys, trade lists and accounts, with a small series of letters to Mrs. Michael Gratz (Miriam Simon) primarily from her children.

Background note: In 1768, Barnard Gratz (1738-1801) and Michael Gratz (1740-1811), brothers born in Langendorf, Upper Silesia, Germany, became business partners in a company called B. & M. Gratz in Philadelphia. They were business associates of their cousins Solomon Henry and Jacob Henry in London. The brothers acted as purchasing and sales agents for Joseph Simon (ca. 1712-1804) in Lancaster, Pennsylvania and entered partnerships with George Croghan (d.1782) and William Trent (1715-1787) in land speculation and fur and Indian trading in central Pennsylvania. Both signed the Philadelphia Non-importation Resolutions adopted on October 2, 1765 and took the oath of allegiance to the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and to the United States as a free nation, on November 7, 1777. Barnard Gratz married Richea Myers-Cohen in 1760. They had two children: Rachel (1764-1831), who married Solomon Etting of Baltimore, and Fanny who died with her mother in child birth. He did not remarry. Michael Gratz married Miriam Simon (1749-1808), a daughter of Joseph Simon. The couple had twelve children, ten of whom lived to adulthood. They include: Solomon (1770-1774), Frances (1771-1852) married Reuban Etting (1762-1848), Simon (1773-1839) married Mary Smith, Richea (1774-1858) married Samuel Hays (1764-1839), Hyman (1776-1857), Sarah (1779-1817), Rebecca (1781-1869), Rachel (1783-1823) married Solomon Moses (1774-1857), Joseph (1785-1858), Jonathan (died young), Jacob (1789-1856), and Benjamin (1792-1884) married Maria Cecil Gist in 1819, and Anna M. Boswell Shelby in 1843. The brothers helped establish the Congregation of Philadelphia Jews, which in 1782 became the Congregation Mikveh Israel.

Business Records
1750-1804 
Abraham, Alexander
1776-1777 

Exchange of goods and services.

Act
1797 March 10 

An act to afford relief to Washington Academy in the county of Washington.

Address book
1756 

Names with account information.

Anderson, G.
1784 April 18 
Anderson, M.
1779 November 6 

Purchase of leather.

Bank of Pennsylvania
1780 

Excerpt on the establishment of the Bank of Pennsylvania, taken from Hazard's Register of Pennsylvania, vol. 2, p.259. Copied by Horace Moses, September 17, 1848.

Barr, Robert
1785-1792 

Lexington tract.

Beall, Isaac and Company
1779 June 3 
Bodley, Thomas
1801-1803 

Receipts of payments for land to Michael, Simon, Hyman Gratz and Joseph Simon.

Chancery suit
1784-1786 
Clara, Benjamin M.
Undated 
Clark, Alexander Abrahams
1776 
Clark, John
1774-1792 See also, Oversize Box 1--Basement.
Cohen, Solomon Myers
1779-1789 
Craig, John
1784 Oversize--Basement.
Croghan, George
1762-1784 
Dabnee, Cornelius
1779 June 18 
Deeds
1774-1793 See Extra Oversize folder--Basement.
DuVal, William
1794-1796 
Elizer, Isaac
1768-1771 

Account.

Elliot, James
1772 August 10 
Etting, Rachel
1792, 1796 

Barnard's daughter.

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:279833/

Etting, Simon
1789 October 11 
Etting, Solomon
1784-1797 See also, Oversize Box 1--Basement.

Barnard's son-in-law.

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:279847/

Franks, David
1750-1785 

Account of Franks and Company.

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:279878/

Franks, Moses
1770-1789 
Frazier, Hugh
1794 

Land agreement with Elisha Graham.

Gibson, John
1777 
Goodwin, Thomas
1794 See Oversize Box 1--Basement
Gratz, Barnard to Michael Gratz
1766-1770 See also, Oversize--Basement.
Gratz, Barnard to Michael Gratz
1771-1775 See also, Oversize Box 1--Basement.
Gratz, Barnard to Michael Gratz
1776-1779 See also, Oversize--Basement.
Gratz, Barnard to Michael Gratz
1780-1784 See also, Oversize--Basement.
Gratz, Barnard to Michael Gratz
1785-1795 See also, Oversize box 1--Basement.
______ to Barnard Gratz
1760-1794, undated 
______ to Barnard and Michael Gratz
Undated 
Gratz, Michael to Barnard Gratz
1763-1776 See also, Oversize box 1--Basement.
Gratz, Michael to Barnard Gratz
1777-1789 
Gratz, Michael to Barnard Gratz
1791-1794 
______ to Michael Gratz
1768-1793, undated 
Gratz, Rachel
1790 December 18 

Barnard's daughter.

Gratz, Simon
1795-1796 
Guillian, Robert
1787 July 16 
Harris, James
1762 
Hays, Christopher
1786, 1792 
Hays, Moses M.
1768-1791 
Hendricks, James
1779 September 9 
Henry, Solomon
1758, 1766-1789, undated 
Hourton, James
1789 February 18 
Illinois and Wabash
1773, 1779 

Regarding the lands of the United Companies of the Illinois and Wabash, Native American nations.

Illinois country
1773 See Oversize--Basement.

Subscriptions for land purchased from Native Americans.

Jacobs, Jesse
1766 
Jewish Congregation of Philadelphia
1782 
Josephson, Manuel
1761-1770 
Judaeorum Statu
Undated 
Land agreements
1769-1796, undated See also, Oversize box 1--Basement.
Land sold
1788 Oversize box 1--Basement.
Land surveys
1774-1805, undated See also, Oversize box 1--Basement.
Lawrence, John
1789-1795 
Leikas, Benjamin
1795 February 15 
Leipare, Garshom
1773-1774 
Levy, Aaron
1781-1795 
Levy, Abraham and Ezekiel
1776 June 18 

Contract for Ezekiel to teach Hebrew to children for the Jewish Society.

Levy, Andrew
1766-1793 See also, Oversize box 1--Basement.
Levy, E.
1791 November 27 
Levy, Mordecai
1786 October 1 
Levy, Simon
1780 December 20 
Lists
1767-1796, undated See also, Oversize box 1--Basement.

Accounts of customers.

Map
Undated 

Property of Joseph Wharton and Governor Franklin.

Marks, Henry
1780, 1786 
Mary and Fanny (Sloop)
1776-1778 
Maund, John James
1793 December 13 box 1 Oversize
Oversize--Basement.
Mifflin County
1792-1794 
Mikveh Israel Synagogue
1784 March 14 
Miscellaneous
1759-1799, undated 
Morgan, George
1768 
Morton, William
1792, 1794 
Moses, Isaac
1778-1795 

Related material: See also, Series VI. Miscellaneous--Papers.

Murphy, Edward
1769 February 9 
Murray, William
1773-1787 See also, Oversize box 1--Basement.
Myers, Israel
1779 September 28 
Myers, John
1786 June 18 
Myers, Joseph
1779, 1781 See also, Oversize box 1--Basement.
Myers, Myer
1766 November 23 
Myers, Moses and Samuel
1783-1785 
Myers, Solomon
1776-1786 
N. Low Bard and Company
1795 
Nailen, Ralph
1776 January 22 
Nilson, George
1794 July 17 
Notes on judgements
1786-1795 
Philadelphia merchants
Undated 

Financial contributors to the American Revolution.

Phillips, Levy
1784 November 20 
Randolph, Edmond
1785 
Receipts
1750-1784 See also, Oversize box 1--Basement.
Receipts
1785-1804, undated See also Oversize box 1 box
Rice, Patrick
1779, 1786 
Ronald, Andrew
1786-1792 
Ryan, Derry
1795-1796 
Sampson, ______
1766 February 20 
Samuel, Hyman to Aaron Alexander
1791 
Schenk, Abraham
1772 August 4 
Schuyler, _____
1792 November 12 
Shipping
1770-1791 
Simon, Joseph
1766-1776 See also, Oversize box 1--Basement.

Michael's father-in-law.

Simon, Joseph
1777-1794, undated See also, Oversize box 1--Basement.
Simpson, Edward
1780-1781 
Smith, Daniel
1795 March 22 
Smith, Johnston
1779 May 16 
Solomon, Joseph
Undated 
Spear, Joseph
1765, 1772 
Steel, D.
1787 August 17 
Trent, William
1776, 1789 
Unidentified
1763-1791, undated 
Waln, Nicholas
1787 
Washington, Bushard
1791 November 16 
Webb, Thomas and Company
1779 
Westfall, Abel
1781-1793 
Wulf, Isaac
Undated 
Miriam Simon Gratz
1771-1808 
Etting, Frances Gratz
1789-1802, undated 

Daughter.

Etting, Rachel
1792 January 8 
Etting, Reuben
1800 January 28 

Son-in-law.

Gratz, Barnard
1797 June 5 

Brother-in-law.

Gratz, Michael
1771-1779, 1793 

Husband.

Gratz, Rachel and Solomon Etting
1795 February 8 
Gratz, Rachel
Undated 

Niece.

Gratz, Rebecca
1797-1808, undated 

Daughter.

Gratz, Rebecca, Rachel, Sarah
Undated 

Daughters.

Gratz, Rebecca, Rachel, Sarah, and Solomon Moses
1806 June 25 
Gratz, Rebecca and Sarah
1798 July 20 

Daughters.

Gratz, Sarah
1800 December 18 

Daughter.

Gratz, Simon
1795-1796 

Son.

Joseph, Rebecca G.
Undated 

Granddaughter.

Moses, Rachel Gratz
1804-1806, undated 

Daughter.

Schuyler, Shinah
1789, 1796-1799, undated See also, Oversize box 1--Basement.

Sister.

Simon, Rose, Shinah Schuyler, Hyman Gratz
Undated 
Series II. Simon, Hyman, Joseph, Jacob, Benjamin Gratz
1791-1861 

Abstract: Both personal and business papers of Michael Gratz five sons. Simon and Hyman Gratz inherited their father's and uncle's business, of which, some aspect, eventually, included all of the brothers. Dated from 1781-1861, most are related to land, business and legal affairs, with land surveys. Of note, letters from Joseph to Simon on a merchant trade trip to Europe in 1810, a series of letters from Simon to Benjamin in 1827, and executor documents pertaining to their father's estate.

Background note: Simon Gratz (1773-1839) a merchant, with his business partner and brother Hyman, took over their father's and uncle's business, B & M Gratz, in 1798. The firm continued trading with the Indians and speculating lands westward, particularly along the Ohio River and in Kentucky. With lands inherited from Aaron Levy, Simon laid out the town of Gratz, Pennsylvania in 1805. He speculated in coal-rich land in Bear Gap in 1825. An active philanthropist, he was one of the founders of the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, a director of the Pennsylvania Botanical Garden, and a trustee of Congregation Mikveh Israel. Married to Mary Smith, they had eight children, four lived to adulthood. Hyman Gratz (1776-1857), merchant and philanthropist, started his business career in 1798 as a partner with his brother Simon in the family firm. He later turned his attention to the insurance business and banking. Also with his brother Simon, he was one of founders of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. He was the manager of the Jewish Publication Society and treasurer (1824-1856) of the Congregation Mikveh Israel in Philadelphia. His deed of trust in 1856, later established a Hebrew teaching school which became Gratz College. He remained unmarried. Joseph Gratz (1785-1858) and his brother Jacob Gratz (1789-1856) continued the management of the family business of land speculating, coastal shipping, and dry good supplies as their older brothers, Simon and Hyman, took to other business ventures. Each brother also served on the board of directors of the Philadelphia Institution for the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb. Joseph and his sister Rebecca were particular friends of the author Washington Irving. These brothers remained unmarried. Benjamin Gratz (1792-1884), the youngest of Michael and Miriam Gratz children, was one of the first Jewish settlers in Kentucky. A graduate of the University of Pennsylvania, his knowledge of the law helped protect his family's business interests. He was a close friend of Henry Clay into whose family his daughter Anna married. His first wife was Maria Cecil Gist. They had six children, three lived to adulthood. Benjamin's second wife was Anna Maria Boswell Shelby. They had three children, two lived to adulthood.

Papers
1791-1860 
Adriansen, John Jacob to Simon Gratz
1810 July 16 
Athenaeum of Philadelphia to Benjamin Gratz
1819 February 1 
Bank of the United States to Jacob Gratz
1841 January 15 
Bermerke, L. to Joseph Gratz
1810 October 27 
Biddle, George W. to Joseph Gratz Estate
1860 June 25 
Chancellor, Henry to Joseph Gratz
1838 April 24 
Clay, Henry to Hyman Gratz
1833 July 27 
Clay, Henry to Jacob Gratz
1834 December 21 
Cohen, Solomon to Joseph Gratz
1851 April 
Gratz, Benjamin to Jacob Gratz
1827-1828 
Gratz, Benjamin to ______
1827 November 27 
Gratz, Hyman to Laura H. Gratz
1864 June 3 
Gratz, Jacob to Joseph Gratz
1810-1811 See also, Oversize box 1--Basement
______ to Jacob Gratz
1848 March 2 
Gratz, Joseph to Jacob Gratz
1841 
Gratz, Joseph and Horace Moses to Jacob Gratz
1827 May 1 
Gratz, Joseph to Simon Gratz
1810 May-July box 1 Oversize
See also, Oversize--Basement
Gratz, Joseph to Simon Gratz
1810 August-September See also, Oversize--Basement
Gratz, Joseph to Simon Gratz
1810 October- December 
Gratz, Joseph to Simon Gratz
1811-1812 
Gratz, Joseph to Simon Gratz
Undated 
Gratz, Joseph--Will
1858 November 1 
Gratz, Michael to Simon Gratz
1791 September 1 
Gratz, Rebecca to Joseph Gratz
1806-1814 
Gratz, Simon to Solomon Etting
1810 January 15 
Gratz, Simon to Benjamin Gratz
1827 January-September 
Gratz, Simon to Benjamin Gratz
1827 October-November 

Benjamin Gratz to Jacob Gratz

Gratz, Simon to Jacob Gratz
1840 July 29 
Irving, Washington to Joseph Gratz
1806, 1808 
Lawrey, J.A. to Jacob Gratz
1841 January 19 
Leeser, Isaac to Jacob Gratz
1830 May 13 
Moses, Isaac and Sons to Simon Gratz
1810 January 12 
Murat, Caroline to Joseph Gratz
1839 April 24 box 1 Oversize
Oversize box 1--Basement

Uncle.

Phillips, Lawrence and Sons to Joseph Gratz
1840 December 3 
Quay, Joseph F. to Jacob Gratz
1848, 1849 
Randle, J. to Henry Clay
1841 February 22 

Regarding Jacob Gratz.

Stewart, Andrew to Joseph Gratz
1839 
Vaughan, Mr. to Mr. Gratz
1838 January 12 
Vinsent, James to Hyman Gratz
1819 January 25 
Wickliffe, Robert to Hyman Gratz
1808 May 15 
Business Records
1796-1864 
Abeel, James
Undated box 2 Oversize
Oversize--Basement
Act
1839 March 22 

To incorporate the Allegheny and Bald Eagle Railroad Coal and Iron Company.

Active (Ship)
1800-1810 
Akerman, J.A.
1810 
American Insurance Company
1817-1818 See also, Oversize--Basement
Bank of South Carolina vs. Isaac Phillips and Joseph Moses
1837 March 
Baring Brothers
1810-1811 
Barr, Robert
1818 

... vs. the heirs of Michael Gratz, dec'd. Supreme Court of the United States, February term.

Brushear vs. Michael Gratz heirs
1819 June 3 
Chauncey, Charles and Horace Binney
1827-1830 
Checks
1813-1856 
Croghan Land Judgement
1800-1816, 1828-1838 

Extracts of letters from Simon Gratz showing that he considered the judgement in Croghan and the lands purchased under it, as his own.

Deeds
1810-1858 See also, Oversize box 2--Basement
Dillingham, William
1840 
Edminston, Samuel
1845 
Fayette County
1807-1814 
Frye, Jacob
1848 June 28 
Gilliland, James
1846 
Goodwin, Thomas and Stevenson
1816 
Goodwin, Thomas and Stevenson
1817 
Goodwin, Thomas and Stevenson
1818, undated 
Gratz, Benjamin
1819-1828 Oversize box 2--Basement
Gratz, Joseph
1858, undated 

List of Doctors visits; appraisal of furnishings.

Gratz, Michael -- Estate
1817-1845 
Gratz, Sally
1839 
Gratz vs. Benner
1825 
Holmes, H.
1799 October 30 
Huntingdon County
1840 April 1 
Land sold
1808-1811, 1821-1830 See also, Oversize box 2--Basement
Land sold
1832-1859 See also Oversize
Land surveys
1803-1851, undated See also, Oversize box 2 and extra oversize folder--Basement
Lexington tract
1808-1814, undated 
Lists
1806-1855 See also, Oversize box 2--Basement
Mifflin County, Pennsylvania
1823 
Miller vs. Gratz
1838-1844 
Miller vs. McKean
1845 
Miller vs. Samuels
1847 December 
Miscellaneous
1810-1856 
Mitchell, N.J.
1824, 1856-1857 
Moore, Clark and Company
1818 box 2 Oversize
See also, Oversize--Basement
Morton, William
1803-1806 See also, Oversize box 2--Basement
Parish and Company
1810 February-August 
Parish and Company
1810 September-December 
Parish and Company
1811 February-August, undated 
Pendens, Lis
1848 
Pennsylvania Company for Insurance...
1856 December 18 Oversize--Basement
Petitions
1837-1842 
Phillips, Isaac and Samuel
1844-1847 
Purdue, Edward
1822 
Quay, J.T.
1844 October 19 
Receipts
1796-1864, undated See also Oversize box 2--Basement
Receipts (in packets)
1818-1820 
Rosalie (Ship)
1817-1818 
Shipping permits
1810 
Spring Township
1805, 1823 
Steele, John
1818 
Stewart, Andrew
1836, 1839 See also, Oversize box 2--Basement
Teal, Peter and Harriet
1857-1861 
Thomas, William A.
1857 February 12 
Wallis, Samuel
1854 

Heirs of.

Wilkins, Charles
1807-1813 
Series III. Rebecca Gratz
1795-1867 

Abstract: Personal correspondence to Rebecca Gratz, seventh child of Michael and Miriam Gratz, from her sisters, in-laws, nieces, nephews, and friends from 1795-1867. Contains letters with descriptions of social activities of family members and their personal views on events of the day. The correspondents are primarily women, particularly her sisters Rachel and Sarah, her long-time friend Maria Fenno, and her nieces Rebecca G. Moses Nathan and Sara G. Moses Joseph.

Background note: Rebecca Gratz (1781-1869), educator and philanthropist, was an advocate for the welfare and religious education of the young. Instrumental in the founding of the Philadelphia Orphan Society in 1815, she served as its secretary to the board of managers for forty years. She aided in the foundation of the Female Hebrew Benevolent Society in 1819, and in 1838, she instituted the Hebrew Sunday School, a model for Jewish education in America, serving as its president till 1864. A prolific letter writer, she was friendly with many literary figures, particularly Washington Irving. Though never married, she cared for her unmarried siblings and her sister, Rachel Gratz Moses, children.

Papers
1795-1867 
Aguilar, Grace
1842 August 14 
Allen, Lewis
1841 October 11 
Allen, Lewis
1841 October 

Rebecca Gratz to...

Blair, F.P.
1841-1842 
Bodley, Sara G.
1857 June 2 
Boswell, Mary
1844-1846 
Boswell, Mary and Benjamin Gratz
1844 April 30 
Boswell, Mary and Sara G. Joseph
1847 August 4 
Boswell, Mary and Sara G. Moses
1847 August 8 
Brown, Mason
1839 January 10 
Caroline
Undated 

Cousin.

Chonteau, Julia
Undated 
Cohen Children
1857 September 23 

Rebecca Gratz to...

Cohen, Elkalah
1858 
Cohen, Miriam G.
1838-1854 

Niece.

Cohen, Miriam G.
1855-1866 
Cohen, Miriam G.
1857, 1862 

Rebecca Gratz to...

Cohen, Sally M.
1797-1835, undated 
Cohen, Sally M. and Sarah Gratz
1808 May 15 
Cohen, Solomon
1834, 1851, 1861 
Cohen, Solomon and Miriam G. Cohen
1861 January 7 
Crittenden, K.
1836 December 5 
Eckard, R.
Undated 
Eckard, S.R.
1865 December 4 
Edgeworth, Maria
1839-1840 
Edgeworth, Maria
Undated 

Rebecca Gratz to...

Ellet, E.F.
Undated 
Ellet, E.F.
Undated 

Rebecca Gratz to...

Etting, Charles E.
1861 July 14 
Etting, Ellen Hays
1856? 

Niece.

Etting, Frances Gratz
1799-1803, undated 

Sister.

Etting, Gratz
1828 November 8 
Etting, Josephine
1856-1858, undated 
Etting, Kitty
1797 June 
Etting, Miriam G.
1835 August 24 
Etting, Rachel Gratz
1809-1865, undated 

Cousin.

Etting, Rachel and Richea Etting
1809-1816, undated 
Etting, Rachel and Solomon Etting
1809 
Etting, Richea
1820-1822, undated 
Etting, Sally
1796 June 21 
Etting, Shinah
Undated 
Ewing, Margaret
1803-1808, undated 
Ewing, Margaret
1803-1809, undated 

Rebecca Gratz to...

Ewing, Samuel
1803, undated 
Fisher, Sarah W.
1864 October 5 
Fenno, George
Undated 
Fenno, Harriet
1799-1800, undated 
Fenno, Maria
1795-1799 

Friend.

Fenno, Maria
1800 January-August 
Fenno, Maria
1800 September-December 
Fenno, Maria
1801 January-June 
Fenno, Maria
1801 July-December 
Fenno, Maria
1802 
Fenno, Mary Elizabeth
1802-1809 See also, Oversize box 2--Basement
Fox, Marian
1862 October 11 
Fox, Mary D.
1856, undated 
Gilpin, Eliza
Undated 
Gratz, Anna
1862-1863 

Niece.

Gratz, Anna Maria
1844-1847 

Mrs. Benjamin Gratz.

Gratz, Anna Maria
1862-1866 

Mrs. Benjamin Gratz.

Gratz, Barnard
1797 November 5 

Uncle.

Gratz, Benjamin
1817-1830 

Brother.

Gratz, Benjamin
1844-1860, undated 

Brother.

Gratz, H.H.
1845-1846 

Niece.

Gratz, Hyman
1804-1856 

Brother.

Gratz, Hyman
1835 September 15 

To Rebecca and Benjamin

Gratz, Hyman
1812 

To the Misses Gratz.

Gratz, Jacob
1815-1856, undated 

Brother.

Gratz, Joseph
1810-1855, undated 

Brother.

Gratz, Joseph
1810-1820, undated 

To the Misses Gratz.

Gratz, M.C.
1857-1858 

Mrs. H.H. Gratz

Gratz, Miriam
1862 

Niece.

Gratz, Miriam Simon
1797 June 8 

Mother.

Gratz, Miriam Simon and Richea Gratz Hays
1797 June 18 

Mother and Sister.

Gratz, Miriam Simon and Sarah Gratz
1798, 1808 

Mother and Sister.

Gratz, Rachel
1798-1799 

Sister.

Gratz, Rachel
1800 
Gratz, Rachel
1802-1805 
Gratz, Rachel
1806-1808, undated 
Gratz, Rachel and Maria Fenno
1806 December 7 

Sister and Friend.

Gratz, Rachel and Miriam Simon Gratz
1799 February 24 

Sister and Mother.

Gratz, Rachel and M.F. Hoffman
Undated 
Gratz, Rachel and Solomon Moses
1809 September 8 

Sister and Brother-in-law.

Gratz, Sarah
1797-1799 

Sister.

Gratz, Sarah
1800-1806 
Gratz, Sarah
1807 
Gratz, Sarah
1808 
Gratz, Sarah
1810, undated 
Gratz, Sarah
1807 July 1 

To Rebecca; Rachel Gratz Moses to Miriam Simon Gratz.

Hall, John E.
1806-1808 
Hall, S.
1819 
Hart, L.B.
1864, undated 

Rebecca Gratz to...

Hart, Louisa B.
1864 March 4 
Hays, Catherine and Slowey
1812-1822, undated 
Hays, Ellen
1818-1821 

Niece.

Hays, I.M.
1835 June 29 

Niece.

Hays, Richea Gratz
1797-1847 

Sister.

Hays, Richea Gratz and Ellen Hays Etting
1844 June 17 
Hays, Richea Gratz and Sarah Gratz
1798 September 5 

Sisters.

Hays, Richea Gratz and Rosa Marx
1844-1847 
Hays, Richea Gratz and Sara G. Mordecai
1847 August 5 
Hays, Rosa
1835 August 2 

Niece.

Hays, Slowey
1812-1832 
Hays, Slowey and Catherine
1828 October 20 
Hays, Slowey and Helen
1812 October 6 
Hodge, P.G.A.
Undated 
Hoffman, Ann
1804-1809 
Hoffman, Joseph Ogden
1804-1806 
Hoffman, Julia
1837-1856 
Hoffman, Maria
1803-1809 
Hoffman, P.N.
Undated 
Hopkinson, E.
Undated 
Hopkinson, Joseph
1808 February 6 
Irving, Washington
1807 November 4 

Newspaper clipping, regarding Thomas Sully.

Jewish Foster Home
1866 

Evelyn Bomeister.

Jewish Sunday School
1862 March 4 

Rebecca Gratz to...

Joseph, Lizzie Lee
Undated 
Joseph, Sara G.
1850-1857 

Niece.

Joseph, Sara G.
1858-1862 
Joseph, Sara G.
1867-1868 

To Rebecca Gratz and Horace Moses.

Joseph, Sara G.
1863-1867, undated 
Kemble, Fanny
1846-1858, undated 

Actress.

Lee, Elizabeth B.
1849-1864, undated 

Niece.

Lesser, Isaac
1822, 1856 
Levy, M.E.
1852 May 5 
Levy, Richea
1810-1820 
Marx, Rosa
1836 June 24 
Meredith, Gertrude G.
1805, undated 
Meredith, Miriam G.
1841, 1864 
Meredith, Mrs.
1806-1813, undated 
Mordecai, Laura
1860 September 23 
Mordecai, Miriam
Undated 
Moses, Gratzio A.
1856, 1865 
Moses, Horace
1846 
Moses, Mary
1856 

Niece.

Moses, Mary Ashe
Undated 
Moses, Miriam G.
1829, 1835, 1859 
Moses, Miriam and Rebecca
Undated 

Nieces.

Moses, Rachel Gratz
1807-1808 

Sister.

Moses, Rachel Gratz
1809 
Moses, Rachel Gratz
1810-1817 
Moses, Rachel Gratz
1818-1819, undated 
Moses, Rachel Gratz and Sally M. Cohen
1808, undated 
Moses, Rachel Gratz and Solomon Moses
1807 July 12 

Sister and Brother-in-law.

Moses, Sara Gratz
1836-1846 
Moses, Sara Gratz
1847, 1855 
Moses, Solomon
1809-1810; 1855-1857 

Brother-in-law.

Moses, Solomon and Sarah Gratz
1807 June 30 
My dear aunt
Undated 

______ to ...

Myers, Adeline
1819-1826, undated 
Myers, J.
1835 March 22 
Myers, L.
1810 September 17 
Nathan, Gratz
1863 
Nathan, Jonathan
1862 February 26 
Nathan, Rachel G. and Rebecca G.`
1861 
Nathan, Rebecca G.
1841-1857 

Niece.

Nathan, Rebecca G.
1860-1861 
Nathan, Rebecca G.
1862-1863 
Nathan, Rebecca G.
1864, undated 
Newlin, Anna P.
1861 May 1 
Nicholas, Charles J.
1806 
Ogden, Isabella W.
1808 
Ogden, L.M.
1806 March 22-24 
Paulding, J.K.
1845 October 7 
Receipts
1812, 1814 
Riggs, E.
1856 June 27 
Riggs, Mary
1857-1864 
Rodman, Harriet
1804 June 18 
Rutledge, Edward
1830 January 9 
Samson, Sarah
1861 April 5 
Schroeder, Henrietta
1847-1862 
Schuyler, Shinah
1797, undated See also, Oversize box 2--Basement

Aunt.

Schuyler, V.?
1813-1814 
Sedgwick, Catherine
1830-1854, undated 
Unidentified
1852, undated 
VanRensalaer, Henrietta
1861 May 21 
Vansallear?
1847 June 8 
Williams, Julia
1842 July 18 
Wise, J.M.
Undated 

Rebecca Gratz to...

Series IV. Rachel Gratz Moses
1797-1823 

Abstract: Personal correspondence to Rachel Gratz Moses, eighth child of Michael and Miriam Gratz, primarily from her sisters Rebecca, Sarah and Frances, with some notes from her husband Solomon and friend Mary Fenno, 1797-1823. Contains two subseries of letters, 1832-1879, to her children Horace Moses and Sara Gratz Moses Joseph, regarding family and some legal matters.

Background note: Rachel Gratz (1783-1823) was married to Solomon Moses on June 24, 1806. They had nine children of whom six lived to adulthood. They include: Isaac (1807-1847), Miriam Gratz (b.1808) married Solomon Cohen (1802-1875), Rebecca Gratz (1810-1891) married Jonathan Nathan, Harriet (1812), Simon Gratz (1815-1897) married Mary Ashe in 1838, and Mary Acheson in 1855, Edmund (1815), Sara Gratz (b.1817) married Jacob Henry Joseph (1814-1907), Horace (1820-1893) married Mary Hallahan Fox, and Gertrude (1822-1823). Upon her death in 1823, her children were cared for by the Gratz family.

Papers
1797-1823 
Etting, Frances Gratz
1799-1802 

Sister.

Etting, Frances Gratz
1803-1804 See also, Oversize box 2--Basement.
Etting, Frances Gratz
1806, undated 
Fenno, Harriet
1800 See also, Oversize box 2--Basement.
Fenno, Mary Elizabeth
1802-1803 
Fenno, Mary Elizabeth
1804-1806 
Gratz, Barnard
1799 February 5 

Uncle.

Gratz, Rebecca
1798 See also, Oversize box 2--Basement.

Sister.

Gratz, Rebecca
1799-1800 See also, Oversize box 2--Basement.
Gratz, Rebecca
1801-1802 
Gratz, Rebecca
1803 
Gratz, Rebecca
1804 April-July 
Gratz, Rebecca
1804 August-September 
Gratz, Rebecca
1805-1807 
Gratz, Rebecca and Miriam
1800 December 26 box 2 Oversize
Oversize--Basement.

Sister and Mother.

Gratz, Rebecca and Richea Gratz Hays
1802, 1804 

Sisters.

Gratz, Rebecca and Sarah
1804-1805 

Sisters.

Gratz, Sarah
1797-1799 

Sister.

Gratz, Sarah
1800 
Gratz, Sarah
1802-1804 
Gratz, Sarah
1805-1814, undated See also Oversize box 2--Basement.
Gratz, Sarah and Harriet Fenno
1804 August 24 
Gratz, Simon
1806 

Brother.

Hamilton, Rebecca
Undated 
Hoffman, Ann
1804-1806 
Inscription
1823 

Epitaph for Rachel Gratz Moses and her daughter, Gertrude.

Levy, Richea
Undated 
Meredith, Gertrude
1810, 1823 
Meredith, Mrs.
1810 October 14 
Moses, Solomon
1806-1824, undated 

Husband.

Moses, Solomon
1801-1851, undated 

Rachel Gratz and others, including Stephen Girard to...

Rodman, Harriet
1803-1805, undated See also Oversize box 2--Basement.
Rodman, John
1804 August 6 
Schuyler, Shinah
1798-1805 See also, Oversize box 2--Basement.

Aunt.

Unidentified
Undated 

Rachel Gratz to...

Horace Moses
1844-1879 
Achburn, Richard
1855 December 1 

Horace Moses to...

Bolling, S.J.
1879 February 5 
Centennial
1876 

Label from wine bottle in Joseph Gratz hand. Contents of bottle consumed during the Centennial year, 1876

Cramond, H.
1859 October 31 

Horace Moses to...

Cullen, R.D.
1856 January 11 
Gratz, Hyman
1844 

Uncle.

Gratz, Rebecca
1856-1857, undated 

Aunt.

Gratz, Rebecca -- Will
1869 September 7 
Hart, Louise B.
1865, undated 
Hart, Louise B.
1865 

Horace Moses to...

Hays, Isaac
1859 May 

Horace Moses to...

Homan, John Henry
1863 August 29 

Substitute, volunteer enlistment, United States military service.

Inventory and appraisement
Undated 
Jewish Hospital
1878 October 1 
Joseph, Sara G. Moses
1867-1868, undated