Paul A. W. Wallace Papers

Mss.Ms.Coll.64b

Date: 1920-2000 | Size: 6.5 Linear feet

Abstract

The Paul A. W. Wallace Papers include correspondence to and from 20th century anthropologists, ethnologists, historians, linguists, and psychiatrists and provides a wealth of resources for the study of technological and social change, American Indians, culture and personality, revitalization movements, the anthropological study of religion, and the cultural and biological bases of behavior. The collection includes extensive correspondence with fellow scholars and Indian consultants, interviews with Indians of the Six Nations Reserve in Canada, and notes and photographs collected during his fieldwork among the Indians of New York State, Pennsylvania, and Canada.

Background note

Anthropologist, historian, and folklorist Paul A.W. Wallace (1894-1967) drew national recognition in the 1940s and 1950s for his pioneering work on eighteenth century Indian-white relations. A contemporary and colleague of Alfred Irving Hallowell, Wallace bridged the generations of Frank G. Speck and William N. Fenton and counted among his colleagues some of the 20th century's most renowned ethnologists and historians.

An English professor at Lebanon Valley College in Pennsylvania, where he eventually became chair and spent most of his career, Wallace's interests in folklore and ethnology developed into studies of the Pennsylvania Dutch and the Indians of Pennsylvania, New York State, and Canada. The Toronto-born Wallace shared Speck's dedication to and concern for the Indians, whom he considered friends as well as ethnographic subjects. Through his extensive ethnographic fieldwork among the Iroquois and Huron tribes at the Six Nations Reserve in Brantford, Ontario and in other communities in Canada and Western New York state, Wallace forged bonds of friendship with many Indians.

One of these friendships led to Wallace's adoption by the Mohawk nation. Shortly after the publication of White Roots of Peace (Philadelphia, 1946), Ray Fadden (Aren Akweks) wrote to Wallace on behalf of the Akwesasne Mohawk Counselor Organization and expressed his appreciation of the book, which he felt created "respect for the Indian, not only in the white readers but also among the Indian people." Over the next three years, Wallace and Fadden maintained a steady and increasingly friendly correspondence. When the Mohawks adopted Wallace into their nation on July 15, 1949, giving him the name Tor-ri-wa-wa-kon ("holding a message."), Fadden's wife Christine (Ska-won-ate) served as Wallace's sponsor. Wallace and Fadden's friendship lasted over twenty years until Wallace's death in 1967.

Through works such as Conrad Weiser, 1696-1760, Friend of Colonist and Mohawk (Philadelphia, 1945); The White Roots of Peace; The Muhlenbergs of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, 1950); Indian Paths of Pennsylvania (Harrisburg, 1952 and subsequent editions); Thirty Thousand Miles with John Heckewelder (Pittsburgh, 1958); and Indians in Pennsylvania (Harrisburg, 1961), Wallace achieved national recognition in his second career as an historian. He served as editor of Pennsylvania History and as consultant to the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission (PHMC) from 1951-1957, when the PHMC hired him as a staff historian, a position he held until 1965.

Scope and content

Paul Wallace's academic and professional career is represented by 6.5 linear feet of correspondence, field notes, diaries, and photographs. His personal life is documented in the various Wallace family histories and photograph albums included among the papers of Anthony F. C. Wallace. The material here supplements the Paul Wallace Papers housed at the Pennsylvania State Archives and numerous other repositories, listed below with related materials.

The relatively small size of the Paul A.W. Wallace papers belies their significance within the Wallace Family collection. Because Paul Wallace distributed his papers among several repositories, the APS holds only a portion of his existing papers, but these include some of his most significant correspondence, field notes, and photographs.

Perhaps most importantly, the papers consist largely of manuscripts and extensive and detailed scholarly and personal correspondence, with little routine administrative correspondence. Wallace appears to have weeded out correspondence from publishers, other businesses, and Lebanon Valley College, probably donating the latter to LVC. The APS also may have reduced the bulk of the papers during their initial processing, based on correspondence between David H. Wallace and Whitfield J. Bell, Jr., librarian of the APS when David Wallace donated his father's papers.

Wallace's extensive correspondence with scholars of the American Indian and several American Indians comprises the bulk of the papers. Correspondents include some of the most prominent names in the study of the American Indian such as Frank G. Speck, William Nelson Fenton, Arthur C. Parker, and Carl F. Voegelin, and American Indians such as Edward Ahenakew, Aren Akweks (Ray Fadden), and Jesse Cornplanter, descendant of Cornplanter, Seneca chief. A significant amount of the correspondence relates to Wallace's research on Conrad Weiser, ambassador to the Six Nations in the 1740s and 1750s and Moravian missionaries John Heckewelder and the Muhlenberg family.

Significant correspondence includes that between Wallace and Frank G. Speck (1936-1947, 2 folders), Parker, Arthur C. (1936-1954, 2 folders) William Nelson Fenton (1943-1965, 8 folders), Ray Fadden (1947-1967, 18 folders) and Charles Berwind Montgomery (1935-1942, 28 folders).

The Speck and Fenton correspondence provides insight into the professional yet friendly relationships between Wallace and his colleagues. While relatively brief, this correspondence includes detailed discussions of Speck's and Wallace's ethnological work. The more extensive correspondence with Fenton began during Wallace's work on Conrad Weiser in 1943, when Wallace wrote to William Nelson Fenton at the suggestion of Frank Speck and C. Marius Barbeau. Upon hearing that Wallace planned to write a history of the Six Nations, Fenton advised him to read some of his own works and perhaps focus on one aspect of Six Nations history. Spanning Wallace's professional historical career, the Fenton correspondence includes detailed questions and equally detailed answers on Iroquois history and commentary on Wallace's work.

Wallace's most dependable correspondent was Charles Berwind Montgomery, the leading authority on Schuylkill Valley history at the time. A nephew of Thomas Lynch Montgomery, the former State Librarian of Pennsylvania and curator of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Montgomery served as curator of the Historical Society of Berks County and eventually followed his uncle's path, serving as curator of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. In charmingly informal yet elegant prose, Montgomery and Wallace discussed Pennsylvania history and exchanged stories of their daily lives.

Second only in volume, but perhaps most interesting is the Ray Fadden (Aren Akweks) correspondence. Fadden wrote detailed letters describing people, places, and events on and near the St. Regis Mohawk Reservation, Hogansburg, New York, frequently enclosed photographs and drawings, and expressed opinions on issues of concern to Indians, all of which create an invaluable record of Indian reservation life in the mid 20th century. After Wallace's Mohawk adoption in 1949, the two men frequently addressed each other in letters by their Indian names or as "brother."

The collection also contains extensive notes and photocopies relating to John Heckewelder and Conrad Weiser, several interviews with American Indians, and manuscripts of several Wallace articles. As part of his research on Weiser, Wallace compiled a series of five-year diaries spanning Weiser's life (1715-1760) in which he reconstructed Weiser's life. Diaries for 1715-1739 contain relatively fewer entries, while those from 1740-1759 contain more numerous and detailed entries.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Provenance

Gift of Anthony F.C. Wallace, 1988, 1999-2000 and Presented by David H. Wallace, 1967.

Preferred citation

Cite as: Paul A. W. Wallace Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Catalogued by Valerie Anne Lutz, 2003.

Indexing Terms


Corporate Name(s)

  • Akwesasne Counselor Organization
  • Mohawk nation at Akwesasne
  • Six Nations Indian Museum

Genre(s)

  • Carte de visite photographs
  • Gelatin silver prints
  • Negatives
  • Newspaper clippings
  • Photomechanical prints
  • Sketches.

Personal Name(s)

  • Akweks, Aren, 1910-2008
  • Cornplanter, Jesse J.
  • Fenton, William N. (William Nelson), 1908-2005
  • Montgomery, Charles B (Charles
  • Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950
  • Wallace, Paul A. W.

Subject(s)

  • American Philosophical Society
  • Delaware Indians -- New York (State) -- History
  • Delaware Indians -- Pennsylvania -- History
  • Ethnology
  • Germans -- Pennsylvania
  • Goodenough, Ward Hunt
  • Haudenosaunee
  • Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus (1743-1823)
  • Indians of North America -- Missions
  • Indians of North America -- New York (State) -- History
  • Indians of North America -- Pennsylvania
  • Indians of North America -- Quebec (Province)
  • Iroquois Indians -- Civilization and social life
  • Iroquois Indians -- Folklore
  • Iroquois Indians -- Rites and ceremonies
  • Mohawk Indians -- Folklore
  • Mohawk Nation at Akwesasne
  • Moravians -- Missions
  • Oneida Indians -- Social life and customs
  • Onondaga Indians -- Social life and customs
  • Pennsylvania -- History
  • Weiser, Conrad (1676-1760)

Collection overview

1754-1966 box 1-11

Correspondents include: Edward Ahenakew, C. M. Barbeau, Jesse J. Complanter, Ray Fadden, William N. Fenton, S. H. Gapp, Diamond Jenness, Charles B. Montgomery, Arthur C. Parker, William A. Ritchie, Frank C. Speck, Matthew W. Stirling, Carl F. Voegelin, and others. Topics include: the Six Nations, John Heckewelder, Conrad Weiser, and the Muhlenbergs.

n.d.7 itemsothertype Notebooks 1-7
1885-19647 items

Wallace Family papers, Native American Images note : Nearly 4,000 black and white silver gelatin photographs; black and white negatives; pencil and ink sketches; photomechanical prints; news clipping photographs; watercolor paintings; postcards; color slides; and maps of Iroquois tribes of the Six Nations Confederacy, particularly Tuscarora and Mohawk, from 1932-1977. Images represent the research of Paul A. W. Wallace and Anthony F. C. Wallace, father and son anthropologist. Paul's photograph collection presents traditional ethnographic images of social life and customs: dwellings, ceremonies, utensils, clothing, and individual portraits of Iroquois, with half of the material attributed to Akwesasne Mohawk Ray Fadden (Tehanetorens). Anthony's ethno-psychological emphasis is displayed in images of arctic hysteria suffered by Inuits and traditions of Tuscaroran culture. Of particular interest, pictographs by Lawrence H. Leder of Robert Livingston Indian records, watercolor paintings by Ray Fadden's son John, original drawings by Seneca Jesse Cornplanter and Tuscaroran Nellie Gansworth, and tintype and carte de visite portraits. Photographs taken by the Wallaces, except where noted. Images can be found in Paul Wallace's Correspondence, Series I; Anthony Wallace's Indian research, Series IIa; Graphic Series and Oversize collection. Oversize maps include Native American linguistic and tribal settlement distributions in northeastern United States and southeastern Canada from 1525-1850. Some references in Freeman's Guide to manuscripts relating to the American Indian and the manuscript sketch files.



Detailed Inventory

Series I. Correspondence
1754-1966 box 1-11

Correspondents include: Edward Ahenakew, C. M. Barbeau, Jesse J. Complanter, Ray Fadden, William N. Fenton, S. H. Gapp, Diamond Jenness, Charles B. Montgomery, Arthur C. Parker, William A. Ritchie, Frank C. Speck, Matthew W. Stirling, Carl F. Voegelin, and others. Topics include: the Six Nations, John Heckewelder, Conrad Weiser, and the Muhlenbergs.

Ahenakew, Edward -- Barbeau, Marius
19251 item
Ahenakew, Edward -- Genealogical Sketch of My Family
  
Ahenakew, Edward -- Renascence of Wonder
n.d.1 item
Ahenakew, Edward -- Wallace, Paul A.W. Draft of letter to Ahenakew
n.d.2 items
Ahenakew, Edward
1922-1950,196160 items
Alderfer, E. Gordon (Everett Gordon), 1915-
19548 items
Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.
19414 items
American Association on Indian Affairs -- Candidates Speak Out on Indian Affairs (Kennedy, John F. and Nixon, Richard M.)
ca. 19601 item
American Association on Indian Affairs -- Grant Application
19474 items
American Baptist Historical Society
19364 items
American Folklore Society -- Ontario Branch
19203 items
American Heritage
1954-195511 items
American Philosophical Society
1937-196265 items
Anadabijou (Algonquin chief)
n.d. (aft. 1957)1 item
Anderson, Netta C.
193611 items
Association for the Better Understanding of the American Indian -- Pamphlets
  
Barba, Preston Albert, 1883- -- Pennsylfanisch Deitsch Eck, Morning Call (Allentown, Pa.)
1942-194310 items
Barba, Preston Albert, 1883-
19452 items
Barbeau, Marius, 1883-1969
1920-195857 items
Bates, E.A.
19571 item
Beck, Norman W.
19544 items
Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948 -- Barbeau, Marius. Letter to
19291 item
Biggert, Elizabeth C.
19482 items
Bining, Arthur Cecil, 1893-1957
1936-19373 items
Blazier, George Jordan, 1886-1970
19592 items
Boston Public Library
19481 item
Boyd, Julian P. (Julian Parks), 1903-
1936-193929 items
Bridenbaugh, Carl
1936-193711 items
Brinker, Erma E.
19502 items
Broadus, Edmund Kemper, 1876-1936
1920-19214 items
Brown, Jr., Charles A.
19563 items
Burgess, Ellis B.
19377 items
Burnett, E.K.
19534 items
Butterfield, L. H. (Lyman Henry), 1909-
1947-19486 items
Cammerhoff, John Christopher Frederick, 1721-1751 -- Notes (letters to Zinzendorf, Nicolaus Ludwig, Graf von, 1700-1760)
1747-174934 items
Canada. Indian Affairs Branch
  
Canadian Friend -- Two issues; contains "The Indians of Canada," parts I and II
19512 vols.
Carl Schurz Memorial Foundation
19366 items
Carmer, Carl Lamson, 1893- -- Story of Des-ka-heh, Iroquois Statesman and Patriot
n.d.1 vol.
Chalmers, Harvey
19541 item
Chicago Historical Society
19482 items
Chidsey, Jr., A.D.
19404 items
Chisholm, Henry L.
19492 items
Clarke, T. Wood (Thomas Wood), 1878-1959
19583 items
Commission on the Rights, Liberties, and Responsibilities of the American Indian -- Program for Indian Citizens
19611 vol.
Comrie, Howard F.
19583 items
Conference on Iroquois Research
1960-1961 
Congdon, Charles E.
1946-1947, 19525 items
Cook, Julius
19482 items
Cook, Ross
19454 items
Cornplanter, Jesse J. -- Drawings
 3 items
Cornplanter, Jesse J. -- Wallace, Paul A.W., letters from
19525 items
Cornplanter, Seneca chief, 1740-1836 -- Cornplanter's Talk--Cosmogony, History of Relations with Whites
n.d.13 items
Cornu, Donald -- Dr. Johnson at Fort Augustus: Captain Lewis Ourry and Kent, Donald N., letter to (copy)
1950-1951 
Cree Indians -- Bibliography
n.d. 
Cruttenden, Edwin -- Conrad Weiser, Indian Agent (radio script)
1942 
Cummings, Hubertis Maurice, 1884-
1937, 19456 items
Dartmouth College
19402 items
Daughters of the American Revolution
1937 
Davis, Rose M.
19511 item
Deardorff, Merle H. -- Zeisberger, David. Notes
176752 items
Deardorff, Merle H.
1945-19487 items
Deganawidah -- Notes
 50 items
Deganawidah -- Peace Message: Notes
n.d.15 items
Delaware Indians -- Bibliography
n.d.6 items
Delaware. Public Archives Commission
19362 items
Des-ka-heh
  
Detroit Public Library
19481 item
Dickinson College
19501 item
Dictionary of Canadian Biography
1962-1966 
Dictionary of Canadian Biography -- Comments on Indian Biographies
1962 
Dives, Mary M.
1937 
Dock, Gillard -- Diary
  
Dock, Gillard -- Sketch of Gillar Dock (1827-1895)
  
Dock, William -- Sketch of the Subscriber's Life
  
Dock Papers -- Statement by Henry Howard Eddy
1961 
Douherty, Felicitas M.
1936 
Drummond, Richard C. S.
1948 
Duke University
1936 
Durston, Harry C.
1945-1949 
Ebersole, Ardella A.
1937 
Eddy, George Simpson
1938 
Einhorn, Arthur (Skaroniate)
1956 
Eiseley, Mabel L. (Mrs. Loren)
1955 
Eisenhart, Luther P.
1947-1956 

Executive office of the APS. See also correspondence with Noonan, Julia A., Lingelback, William E., and American Philosophical Society.

The Enterprise and News: Catalog 38. (St. Johnsville, NY)
circa 1930s 
Ernst, James
1936-1937 
Esquire Magazine
1945 
Fairfield (Ontario)
1950 
Faust, A. B.
1936 
Fenton, William N. -- Collecting Materials for a Political History of the Six Nations
1948 
Fenton, William N. (1 of 8)
April 1943 - June 1945 
Fenton, William N. (2 of 8)
July 1945 - June 1946 
Fenton, William N. (3 of 8)
April 1947 - August 1947 
Fenton, William N. (4 of 8)
September 1947 - June 1948  
Fenton, William N. (5 of 8)
November 1948 - July 1950 
Fenton, William N. (6 of 8)
October 1950 - October 1955 
Fenton, William N. (7 of 8)
April 1957 - December 1958 
Fenton, William N. (8 of 8)
January 1959 - March 1965 
Fliegel, John
1953-1960 
Franklin and Marshall College
1937 
Franklin, Benjamin -- Fingerprints #1
  

Paper, "Benjamin Franklin's Fingerprints," read before the Franklin Inn.

Franklin, Benjamin -- Fingerprints #2
  

Paper, "Benjamin Franklin's Fingerprints," read before the Franklin Inn.

Freeman, John F.
1961 
Frick Art Reference Library
1949 
Gabor, Robert (Sagotaoala)
1954-1955 
Gapp, S. H., Rt. Rev. (1 of 4)
September 1948 - February 1951 

Background note: Chairman of the Archives of the Moravian Church, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania

Gapp, S. H., Rt. Rev. (2 of 4)
March 1951 - May 1952 

Background note: Chairman of the Archives of the Moravian Church, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania

Gapp, S. H., Rt. Rev. (3 of 4)
January 1953 - June 1954 

Background note: Chairman of the Archives of the Moravian Church, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania

Gapp, S. H., Rt. Rev. (4 of 4)
February 1956 - June 1956 

Background note: Chairman of the Archives of the Moravian Church, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.

Gapp, S. H., Rt. Rev. -- Transcript of John Heckewelder's Narrative
  
Garrison, Curis W.
1935, 1937 
Genealogical and Biographical Society (New York, NY)
1937 
General, Alexander (Deskaheh)
1940, 1955-1956 
General, Emily
1952-1959 
George, Ellen -- "A Visit to Ray Fadden's Museum"
Augsut 10, 1961 

Newspapers clipping from Adirondack Daily Enterprise (Saranac Lake, NY).

Georgia Department of Archives and History
1948 
Gipson, Lawrence
1937-1963 
Gondos, Victor, Jr.
1948 
Graeff, Arthur D.
1935-1940 
Graeff, Arthur D. -- "Conrad Weiser"
October 5, 1940 - June 21, 1941 

Newspaper copies of Chapters 1-18 printed in the S. Pennylfawnisch Deitsch Eck.

Gray, Elma E. (Mrs. L. R.)
1955-1956 
Gray, Leslie R.
1953-1957 
Great Britain. Public Record Office.
1936 
Green, George
1955 
Gregg, David McMurtrie
1949-1950 
Gridley, Marion E.
1953-1955 
Guthe, Alfred K.
1955 
Hallowell, A. I.
1951 
Hamilton College (Clinton, NY)
1948 
Hamilton, A. Boyd
1936-1937 
Hamilton, J. G. de Roulhac
1936 
Hamilton, J. Taylor
1937 
Hamilton, Kenneth G. (1 of 2)
August 1940 - July 1945 
Hamilton, Kenneth G. (2 of 2)
January 1951 - September 1959 
Hamilton, Kenneth G. -- "Church Street in Old Bethlehem".
1942 

Pamphlet

Hamilton, Milton W.
1936-1956 
Harper Row Publishers
1963 
Harrison, Fairfax
1936 
Hartford Theological Seminary
1936-1940 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Autobiography (photostat and notes)
1826 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Grave mound (Gnadenhutten, Ohio)
n.d.1 item
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Heckewelder Crosses the Alleghenies (notes)
n.d.5 items
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Miscellaneous
  
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Mission Diaries (Fliegel, John, interview)
19596 items
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Moravian Archives: List of Materials
1951 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
1773 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
1775-1778 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
1779 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
1780 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
1781 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
1783 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
1784 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
1786 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
1787 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
1788 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
1789 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
1792 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
1793 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
1794 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
1797 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
1799 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
1800 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
1803 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
1806 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
1806 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
1808 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
1816 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
1819 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
1820 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
1822 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
1823 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes, Amendments, and Additions to Heckewelder's History of the Indians
n.d.21 items
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Papers (notes)
n.d. 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Travels in the Indian Country (edited by Paul A.W. Wallace), notes
n.d. 
Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Travels of (chronology of travels)
1754-181418 items
Heckewelder, Mary -- Journal (photostats)
n.d. 
Heizmann, Louis J.
  
Helmer, Mrs. D.S.
  
Hendrick, Burton Jesse, 1870-1949
19363 items
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery
1936-19487 items
Hershey Estates
19372 items
Hess, Jacob (De-ha-se-das-go-wa)
19361 item
Hiester, George Baer
19482 items
Hiller, Francis H.
19374 items
Hinke, William J.
19361 item
Historical Records Survey of Pennsylvania
19379 items
Historical Society of Pennsylvania
1936-1937, 194915 items
Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania
19365 items
Hostetter, Ida L.K. (Mrs. A.K.)
19371 item
Houghton Library
19512 items
Howe, Edwin W.
19494 items
Hudson's Bay Company
195311 items
Illinois State Library
19365 items
Indian Affairs
19601 item
Indians of North America--Anthropometry -- Height
19627 items
Indians of North America--Civilization
n.d.1 item
Indians of North America--Folklore
1965-196625 items
Indians of North America--Historiography -- Notes
n.d.12 items
Indians of North America--History
n.d.1 item
Indians of North America--Medicine
1958, 19659 items
Indians of North America--Notes -- Notes from Heckewelder's journals
  
Jackson, Halliday, 1771-1835 -- Short History of my Sojourning in the Wilderness
ca. 1798-180030 items
James, Edward T.
 4 items
Jamieson, M. J.
1956-19674 items
Jennings, Francis, 1918-
19634 items
Johnson, Joseph E.
1936-19379 items
Johnson, Victor L.
19481 item
Johnson, William -- Papers (notes)
n.d.2 items
Jones, Louis Clark, 1908-
1948, 19549 items
Juniata College (Huntingdon, Pa.)
1936-1937, 19409 items
Ka-Hon-Hes -- Mohawk Indian Paintings of (photograph of poster)
19621 item
Ka-Hon-Hes -- Paintings and Woodcut: Notes
ca. 1962 
Ka-Hon-Hes -- Photographs
ca. 19622 items
Ka-Hon-Hes
1962-196319 items
Kellogg, Mrs. L.C.
19371 item
Kelsay, Isabel T.
19543 items
Kent, Donald H. -- Checklist of Microfilm of Contrecoeur Papers and Related Materials; order for microfilm
1954, 196016 items
Kingston, Joseph T. -- Wallace, Paul A.W., letter from
19491 item
Klett, Guy Soulliard
19423 items
Kreider, Harry Julius, 1896-
19474 items
Lantz, Philip
19555 items
Lebanon Valley College
19481 item
Leder, Lawrence H. -- Pictographs, Livingston Indian Records
 11 items
Lee, Cazenove Gardner, 1882-1945
19364 items
Lerner, Arthur
19471 item
Lewis, Arthur
19545 items
Library of Congress
1936-194711 items
Lichtenthaeler, Frank E.
1939-194020 items
Lichtenthaeler, Frank E.
194020 items
Lichtenthaeler, Frank E.
1943-194615 items
Lilly, Eli, 1885-
1950, 19525 items
Lingelbach, Barbara (Mrs. William B., Jr.)
19632 items
Lingelbach, William E. (William Ezra), 1871-1962
1939, 194725 items
Lingelbach, William E. (William Ezra), 1871-1962
194821 items
Lingelbach, William E. (William Ezra), 1871-1962
1948-194924 items
Lingelbach, William E. (William Ezra), 1871-1962
1949-195021 items
Lingelbach, William E. (William Ezra), 1871-1962
195025 items
Lingelbach, William E. (William Ezra), 1871-1962
195123 items
Lingelbach, William E. (William Ezra), 1871-1962
1951-195219 items
Lingelbach, William E. (William Ezra), 1871-1962
195222 items
Lingelbach, William E. (William Ezra), 1871-1962
1952-195324 items
Lingelbach, William E. (William Ezra), 1871-1962
1953-195722 items
Lingelbach, William E. (William Ezra), 1871-1962
1957-196218 items
Lippincott, Mr. and Mrs. Henry
19592 items
Lipps, Lewis
19563 items
Loft, Bernice Minton (Dawendine)
19379 items
Loft, William Dewaseragech -- Interview
194248 items
Lutheran Theological Seminary (Philadelphia, Pa.)
1935--195026 items
Lydekker, John Wolfe
19392 items
MacMillan, Mrs. Charles
19553 items
MacWethy, Lou D.
19374 items
Mad Bear
19592 items
Mahr, August Carl, 1886-
1952-19534 items
Marshe, Witham -- Indian Songs (from his journal)
n.d. 
Maryland Historical Society
19481 item
Maryland State Archives
19363 items
Massachusetts Historical Society
1937-19586 items
Mattice, Paul Brown
19374 items
Merrill, Elmer Drew, 1876-1956 -- Unlisted and incorrectly listed new binomials in the publications of Henry Muhlenberg
n.d.155 items
Merrill, Elmer Drew, 1876-1956
194724 items
Michael, Glynn
19432 items
Michael, J. Hugh
1950, 19564 items
Miller, P. Schuyler (Peter Schuyler), 1912-1974
19463 items
Minnesota Historical Society
19481 item
Mohawk Indians -- Akwesasne Mohawk Counselor Organization Membership: Paul A.W. Wallace
19491 item
Mohawk Indians -- Akwesasne Mohawk Nation: Paul A.W. Wallace Adoption
1949 
Montgomery County (N.Y.). Dept Of History And Archives
19403 items
Montgomery, Charles B.
  
Montgomery, Charles B.
  
Montgomery, Charles B.
  
Montgomery, Charles B.
  
Montgomery, Charles B.
1935-1936104 items
Montgomery, Charles B.
193786 items
Montgomery, Charles B.
193895 items
Montour, E. T.
19529 items
Montour, Ethel B.
1951-195530 items
Montour, Joseph
193626 items
Mook, Maurice A.
19594 items
Moravian Church -- Notes
n.d.6 items
Moravian Church
 13 items
Moravian Church
ca. 19667 items
Moravians -- Contributions of
195944 items
Moravians -- Missions--Bibliography
n.d.18 items
Moravians -- Moravian Church--Missions--History (photocopies)
ca. 175313 items
Morgan, Arthur Ernest, 1878-1975 -- Kinzua Dam
19601 item
Morrill Memorial Library (Norwood, Mass.)
  
Moses, Elliot
19461 item
Moses, Jesse
19461 item
Muhlenberg College
19481 item
Muhlenberg family -- Notes and transcriptions (in Deutsch und English)
1778-184963 items
Muhlenberg family -- Portraits
n.d.2 items
Muhlenberg family -- Religion
n.d.24 items
Muhlenberg, Charles H.
19489 items
Muhlenberg, Frederick A.
19483 items
Muhlenberg, Henry Earnest -- Botanisches Tagebuch (notes, in Deutsch)
178453 items
Muhlenberg, Henry Earnest
19493 items
Muhlenberg, Hiester H.
19496 items
Muhlenberg, Peter -- Orderly Books (notes)
1780-17819 items
Murray, Elsie, 1878- -- Esther Montour in Pennsylvania Folklore
19581 vol.
Murray, Elsie, 1878-
19379 items
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation
19374 items
Musser, Paul Howard
19481 item
Names, Indian--North America -- Glossary
n.d.23 items
National Film Board of Canada
19512 items
National Museum of Canada
19482 items
New York Historical Society
1937, 1948-195013 items
New York Public Library
1947-19484 items
New York State Museum
19372 items
Newberry Library
195210 items
Nicolls, Frederick W.
1948-19498 items
Nolan, J. Bennett (James Bennett), 1877-1964
1935-1937, 19479 items
North Carolina State Library
19362 items
Northampton County Historical and Genealogical Society
19392 items
Ohnedagowah (Great Pine) Forest Theatre -- Sixth Annual Pageant
19541 item
Okie, John M.
n.d.1 item
Oneida County Historical Society (Oneida County, N.Y.)
19371 item
Onondaga Historical Association
19372 items
Osborn, Stellanova (Mrs. Charles S.)
1962-19633 items
Overman, William Daniel, 1901-
19373 items
Pargellis, Stanley McCrory, 1898- -- Loudoun Papers
19331 vol.
Parke-Bernet Galleries
19472 items
Parker, Arthur Caswell, 1881-1955 -- Constitution of the Five Nations (copy 1)
191671 items
Parker, Arthur Caswell, 1881-1955 -- Constitution of the Five Nations (copy 2)
  
Parker, Arthur Caswell, 1881-1955
193620 items
Parker, Arthur Caswell, 1881-1955
1948-195418 items
Parker, Mrs. Arthur C.
  
Peckham, Howard Henry, 1910-
19522 items
Peters, Nichodemus
19367 items
Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends -- Kinzua Dam Controversy: A Practical Solution--Without Shame
ca. 19611 vol.
Pierpont Morgan Library
19481 item
Port Allegany Reporter-Argus (Port Allegany, Pa.) -- Five issues
19245 items
Potier, Pierre-Philippe, 1708-1781 -- Huron-French Vocabulary
n.d.39 items
Potter, Lloyd G.
19481 item
Powell, John H.
194810 items
Powers, Frederick
19572 items
Public Archives of Canada
19365 items
Radabaugh, James H. -- Schoenbrunn and the Moravian Missions in Ohio
19501 vol.
Randle, E.P.
19363 items
Randolph, Corliss Fitz, 1863-
19372 items
Raven Grey Eagle
19633 items
Reading Public Museum and Art Gallery (Pa.)
19372 items
Reformed Churches of Stone Arabia and Sprakers (Palatine Bridge, N.Y.)
19374 items
Reibel, Daniel B. -- Guide to Old Economy Third and last home of the Harmony Society 1824-1905
196625 items
Reigner, Etta
19371 item
Rhode Island Historical Society
19482 items
Richards, H. Branson
19372 items
Richards, John W.
19403 items
Richmond, Donald
19582 items
Rickard, Chauncy
19371 item
Riley, Stephen T.
19365 items
Ritchie, William Augustus, 1903-
1947-194812 items
Roberts, Elizabeth R. (Mrs. Owen)
196110 items
Rochester Museum of Arts and Sciences
19541 item
Royal Ontario Museum
19372 items
Rutledge, Anna
195840 items
Ryerson Press
19472 items
Sa-Hiuhushu, B.
19462 items
Schoharie County Farm Bureau News
19381 vol.
Schoharie County Historical Society -- Old Stone Church and Fortress: Catalogue and Historical Notes
19331 vol.
Schwab, Norman
19371 item
Schwarze, William Nathaniel, 1875-1948
19366 items
Sellers, Charles Coleman, 1903-
1947-195811 items
Serres, John
19619 items
Shawnee Indians -- Bibliography
n.d.2 items
Shawnee Indians -- Sketch of History of Absentee Shawnees (extract from Civilization of the American Indian, two copies)
193610 items
Shelling, Richard I.
19502 items
Shenk, H.H.
19372 items
Shenton, Donald
19502 items
Shoemaker, Henry W., 1880- -- Early Jewish Pioneers in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania (Talk)
  
Shoemaker, Henry W., 1880-
19462 items
Siksika Indians -- Bibliography
n.d.4 items
Simmers, Helen K. (Mrs. C. Elmer)
19603 items
Site and Relic Society of Germantown (Philadelphia, Pa.)
19371 item
Six Nations -- Indians Travel to Washington
19591 item
Six Nations -- Publications: Ka-Weh-Ras newsletter (22 issues)
1947-194822 items
Six Nations -- Six Nations Journal
193650 items
Six Nations -- Six Nations Journal
19378 items
Six Nations -- Six Nations Journal
195521 items
Smith, Mildred Rohm (Mrs. Edward L.)
19378 items
Smith, William
19482 items
Smithsonian Institution
1937, 19493 items
Snyderman, George Simon, 1908-
19541 item
Souder, Marguerite
19375 items
South Carolina State Library
19361 item
Speck, Frank Gouldsmith, 1881-1950
1936-194620 items
Speck, Frank Gouldsmith, 1881-1950
1946-194716 items
Springfield City Library (Mass.)
19372 items
Spyker, Maria
19372 items
Stabley, Jane
19401 item
State Historical Society of Wisconsin
1936-1937, 194810 items
State Library of Pennsylvania
19372 items
Stitson, Mrs. Earl N.
19372 items
Stoudt, John Baer, 1878-
1935-19429 items
Strawn, Robertson
19402 items
Swaine, Francis A.
n.d.16 items
Swigart, W. Emmert
19394 items
Syracuse Historical Society
19371 item
Taylor, Herbert L.
19611 item
Tehanetorens -- Conservation as the Indian Saw It
n.d.1 item
Tehanetorens -- Great Gift, Tobacco
n.d. 
Tehanetorens -- Hermit Thrush
ca. 19631 item
Tehanetorens -- Iroquois Lesson Book: Stories for Good Children and Bad
n.d.21 items
Tehanetorens -- Miscellaneous items
n.d.15 items
Tehanetorens -- Seven Dancers
n.d.1 item
Tehanetorens -- Six Nations Iroquois Confederacy Record (World War II)
n.d.1 item
Tehanetorens -- Visions of Handsome Lake
n.d.81 items
Tehanetorens
1947-1950112 items
Tehanetorens
1951-1955101 items
Tehanetorens
1956-196190 items
Tehanetorens
1962-196479 items
Tehanetorens
1965-196727 items
Thayer, Theodore, 1904-
19402 items
Theiss, Lewis E. (Lewis Edwin), 1878-1963
19372 items
Tonawanda Community News
19521 vol.
Trappe (Pa.)--Buildings, structures, etc.
ca. 194815 items
True, Rodney Howard, 1866-
19362 items
Unger, C.W.
19373 items
United States Department of the Interior Geological Survey
19566 items
United States National Museum
19594 items
University of Chicago
19481 item
University of Illinois
19481 item
University of Pennsylvania Press
1939-194897 items
University of Pittsburgh. Press
1964132 items
University of Virginia
19361 item
Valley Forge Park Commission
19482 items
Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950
1948-1939, 19467 items
Van Dyke, D.
19611 item
Vandersloot, Charles Edwin
19381 item
Vesper, Herman F.
19373 items
Vincent, Florentine
19482 items
Virginia State Library
19363 items
Voegelin, C. F. (Charles Frederick), 1906-
19404 items
Wagner, Augusta W. (Mrs. Jesse L.)
194810 items
Wainwright, Nicholas B.
19582 items
Wallace, Dorothy (Clarke) -- Wallace, Paul A.W. Letter from
ca. 19368 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Camp Greble "Pow-Wow" (Talk)
ca. 195022 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Conrad Weiser (talk)
19608 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Conrad Weiser reviews
1945-194618 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Debt We Owe the Indian (talk)
194980 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- De-Ka-Nah-Wi-Deh: Notes, manuscripts, and interviews with William Dewaseragech Loft.
1937-196139 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Delawares-as-Women Problem
195277 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- French-Canadian Folklore
192036 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- French-Canadian Folklore
192039 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- French-Canadian Folklore
192053 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- French-Canadian Folklore
192036 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- French-Canadian Legends
192036 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Heckewelder, John--Talks
1954-1960 
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Hope Lodge (Montgomery County, Pa.)
n.d.2 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indian Highways of Pennsylvania
n.d.44 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indian Highways
195015 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indian Highways
n.d.15 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indian Paths (Talk)
1957-195818 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indian Preacher
n.d.33 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indian Renaissance
1947-194817 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indian Trails (Talks)
1951-195223 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indian Trails and Pennsylvania Travelers
1951115 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indian Trails: Notes
n.d.5 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indian Village
n.d.2 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indian Way of Life
n.d.23 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indians of Our Valley (Talk)
1953 
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indians of Pennsylvania (Talk)
196533 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indians: Talks
1964-196528 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indians--Talks (notes)
ca. 196424 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indians--Talks: Cohen, Felix S. Americanizing the White Man (from American Scholar 21: 2 (1952), p. 181
19528 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indian-White Relations
ca. 196049 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Iroquois as an International Power (Talk)
n.d.2 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Iroquois Nation Welcomes You: A Visit to the Six Nations Reserve
193640 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Iroquois: A Brief Outline of their History
n.d.16 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Jacob Eyerly's Journal, 1794: The Survey of Moravian Lands in the Erie Triangle (reprint)
196213 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- John Heckewelder Papers
n.d.17 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Last King of the Delawares (Joseph Montour), two copies
n.d.10 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Local History (Talk)
19583 items
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Logan and His People (Talk)
n.d.1 item
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Men Who Carried the Flag on Indian Paths (Talk)
n.d.1 item
Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Moravian Records
n.d.125 items