Paul A. W. Wallace Papers


Date: 1920-2000 | Size: 6.5 Linear feet


The Paul A. W. Wallace Papers include correspondence to and from 20th century anthropologists, ethnologists, historians, linguists, and psychiatrists and provides a wealth of resources for the study of technological and social change, American Indians, culture and personality, revitalization movements, the anthropological study of religion, and the cultural and biological bases of behavior. The collection includes extensive correspondence with fellow scholars and Indian consultants, interviews with Indians of the Six Nations Reserve in Canada, and notes and photographs collected during his fieldwork among the Indians of New York State, Pennsylvania, and Canada.

Background note

Anthropologist, historian, and folklorist Paul A.W. Wallace (1894-1967) drew national recognition in the 1940s and 1950s for his pioneering work on eighteenth century Indian-white relations. A contemporary and colleague of Alfred Irving Hallowell, Wallace bridged the generations of Frank G. Speck and William N. Fenton and counted among his colleagues some of the 20th century's most renowned ethnologists and historians.

An English professor at Lebanon Valley College in Pennsylvania, where he eventually became chair and spent most of his career, Wallace's interests in folklore and ethnology developed into studies of the Pennsylvania Dutch and the Indians of Pennsylvania, New York State, and Canada. The Toronto-born Wallace shared Speck's dedication to and concern for the Indians, whom he considered friends as well as ethnographic subjects. Through his extensive ethnographic fieldwork among the Iroquois and Huron tribes at the Six Nations Reserve in Brantford, Ontario and in other communities in Canada and Western New York state, Wallace forged bonds of friendship with many Indians.

One of these friendships led to Wallace's adoption by the Mohawk nation. Shortly after the publication of White Roots of Peace (Philadelphia, 1946), Ray Fadden (Aren Akweks) wrote to Wallace on behalf of the Akwesasne Mohawk Counselor Organization and expressed his appreciation of the book, which he felt created "respect for the Indian, not only in the white readers but also among the Indian people." Over the next three years, Wallace and Fadden maintained a steady and increasingly friendly correspondence. When the Mohawks adopted Wallace into their nation on July 15, 1949, giving him the name Tor-ri-wa-wa-kon ("holding a message."), Fadden's wife Christine (Ska-won-ate) served as Wallace's sponsor. Wallace and Fadden's friendship lasted over twenty years until Wallace's death in 1967.

Through works such as Conrad Weiser, 1696-1760, Friend of Colonist and Mohawk (Philadelphia, 1945); The White Roots of Peace; The Muhlenbergs of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, 1950); Indian Paths of Pennsylvania (Harrisburg, 1952 and subsequent editions); Thirty Thousand Miles with John Heckewelder (Pittsburgh, 1958); and Indians in Pennsylvania (Harrisburg, 1961), Wallace achieved national recognition in his second career as an historian. He served as editor of Pennsylvania History and as consultant to the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission (PHMC) from 1951-1957, when the PHMC hired him as a staff historian, a position he held until 1965.

Scope and content

Paul Wallace's academic and professional career is represented by 6.5 linear feet of correspondence, field notes, diaries, and photographs. His personal life is documented in the various Wallace family histories and photograph albums included among the papers of Anthony F. C. Wallace. The material here supplements the Paul Wallace Papers housed at the Pennsylvania State Archives and numerous other repositories, listed below with related materials.

The relatively small size of the Paul A.W. Wallace papers belies their significance within the Wallace Family collection. Because Paul Wallace distributed his papers among several repositories, the APS holds only a portion of his existing papers, but these include some of his most significant correspondence, field notes, and photographs.

Perhaps most importantly, the papers consist largely of manuscripts and extensive and detailed scholarly and personal correspondence, with little routine administrative correspondence. Wallace appears to have weeded out correspondence from publishers, other businesses, and Lebanon Valley College, probably donating the latter to LVC. The APS also may have reduced the bulk of the papers during their initial processing, based on correspondence between David H. Wallace and Whitfield J. Bell, Jr., librarian of the APS when David Wallace donated his father's papers.

Wallace's extensive correspondence with scholars of the American Indian and several American Indians comprises the bulk of the papers. Correspondents include some of the most prominent names in the study of the American Indian such as Frank G. Speck, William Nelson Fenton, Arthur C. Parker, and Carl F. Voegelin, and American Indians such as Edward Ahenakew, Aren Akweks (Ray Fadden), and Jesse Cornplanter, descendant of Cornplanter, Seneca chief. A significant amount of the correspondence relates to Wallace's research on Conrad Weiser, ambassador to the Six Nations in the 1740s and 1750s and Moravian missionaries John Heckewelder and the Muhlenberg family.

Significant correspondence includes that between Wallace and Frank G. Speck (1936-1947, 2 folders), Parker, Arthur C. (1936-1954, 2 folders) William Nelson Fenton (1943-1965, 8 folders), Ray Fadden (1947-1967, 18 folders) and Charles Berwind Montgomery (1935-1942, 28 folders).

The Speck and Fenton correspondence provides insight into the professional yet friendly relationships between Wallace and his colleagues. While relatively brief, this correspondence includes detailed discussions of Speck's and Wallace's ethnological work. The more extensive correspondence with Fenton began during Wallace's work on Conrad Weiser in 1943, when Wallace wrote to William Nelson Fenton at the suggestion of Frank Speck and C. Marius Barbeau. Upon hearing that Wallace planned to write a history of the Six Nations, Fenton advised him to read some of his own works and perhaps focus on one aspect of Six Nations history. Spanning Wallace's professional historical career, the Fenton correspondence includes detailed questions and equally detailed answers on Iroquois history and commentary on Wallace's work.

Wallace's most dependable correspondent was Charles Berwind Montgomery, the leading authority on Schuylkill Valley history at the time. A nephew of Thomas Lynch Montgomery, the former State Librarian of Pennsylvania and curator of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Montgomery served as curator of the Historical Society of Berks County and eventually followed his uncle's path, serving as curator of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. In charmingly informal yet elegant prose, Montgomery and Wallace discussed Pennsylvania history and exchanged stories of their daily lives.

Second only in volume, but perhaps most interesting is the Ray Fadden (Aren Akweks) correspondence. Fadden wrote detailed letters describing people, places, and events on and near the St. Regis Mohawk Reservation, Hogansburg, New York, frequently enclosed photographs and drawings, and expressed opinions on issues of concern to Indians, all of which create an invaluable record of Indian reservation life in the mid 20th century. After Wallace's Mohawk adoption in 1949, the two men frequently addressed each other in letters by their Indian names or as "brother."

The collection also contains extensive notes and photocopies relating to John Heckewelder and Conrad Weiser, several interviews with American Indians, and manuscripts of several Wallace articles. As part of his research on Weiser, Wallace compiled a series of five-year diaries spanning Weiser's life (1715-1760) in which he reconstructed Weiser's life. Diaries for 1715-1739 contain relatively fewer entries, while those from 1740-1759 contain more numerous and detailed entries.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information


Gift of Anthony F.C. Wallace, 1988, 1999-2000 and Presented by David H. Wallace, 1967.

Preferred citation

Cite as: Paul A. W. Wallace Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Catalogued by Valerie Anne Lutz, 2003.

Related material

See also Victoria University Archives, Wallace Family Fonds (call number CA ON00357 2187).

Indexing Terms

Corporate Name(s)

  • Akwesasne Counselor Organization
  • Mohawk nation at Akwesasne
  • Six Nations Indian Museum


  • Carte de visite photographs
  • Gelatin silver prints
  • Negatives
  • Newspaper clippings
  • Photomechanical prints
  • Sketches.

Personal Name(s)

  • Akweks, Aren, 1910-2008
  • Cornplanter, Jesse J.
  • Fenton, William N. (William Nelson), 1908-2005
  • Montgomery, Charles B (Charles
  • Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950
  • Wallace, Paul A. W.


  • American Philosophical Society
  • Delaware Indians -- New York (State) -- History
  • Delaware Indians -- Pennsylvania -- History
  • Ethnology
  • Germans -- Pennsylvania
  • Goodenough, Ward Hunt
  • Haudenosaunee
  • Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus (1743-1823)
  • Indians of North America -- Missions
  • Indians of North America -- New York (State) -- History
  • Indians of North America -- Pennsylvania
  • Indians of North America -- Quebec (Province)
  • Iroquois Indians -- Civilization and social life
  • Iroquois Indians -- Folklore
  • Iroquois Indians -- Rites and ceremonies
  • Mohawk Indians -- Folklore
  • Mohawk Nation at Akwesasne
  • Moravians -- Missions
  • Oneida Indians -- Social life and customs
  • Onondaga Indians -- Social life and customs
  • Pennsylvania -- History
  • Weiser, Conrad (1676-1760)

Collection overview

1754-1966 Box 1-11

Correspondents include: Edward Ahenakew, C. M. Barbeau, Jesse J. Complanter, Ray Fadden, William N. Fenton, S. H. Gapp, Diamond Jenness, Charles B. Montgomery, Arthur C. Parker, William A. Ritchie, Frank C. Speck, Matthew W. Stirling, Carl F. Voegelin, and others. Topics include: the Six Nations, John Heckewelder, Conrad Weiser, and the Muhlenbergs.

n.d.7 itemsvolume Notebooks 1-7
1885-19647 items

Wallace Family papers, Native American Images note : Nearly 4,000 black and white silver gelatin photographs; black and white negatives; pencil and ink sketches; photomechanical prints; news clipping photographs; watercolor paintings; postcards; color slides; and maps of Iroquois tribes of the Six Nations Confederacy, particularly Tuscarora and Mohawk, from 1932-1977. Images represent the research of Paul A. W. Wallace and Anthony F. C. Wallace, father and son anthropologist. Paul's photograph collection presents traditional ethnographic images of social life and customs: dwellings, ceremonies, utensils, clothing, and individual portraits of Iroquois, with half of the material attributed to Akwesasne Mohawk Ray Fadden (Tehanetorens). Anthony's ethno-psychological emphasis is displayed in images of arctic hysteria suffered by Inuits and traditions of Tuscaroran culture. Of particular interest, pictographs by Lawrence H. Leder of Robert Livingston Indian records, watercolor paintings by Ray Fadden's son John, original drawings by Seneca Jesse Cornplanter and Tuscaroran Nellie Gansworth, and tintype and carte de visite portraits. Photographs taken by the Wallaces, except where noted. Images can be found in Paul Wallace's Correspondence, Series I; Anthony Wallace's Indian research, Series IIa; Graphic Series and Oversize collection. Oversize maps include Native American linguistic and tribal settlement distributions in northeastern United States and southeastern Canada from 1525-1850. Some references in Freeman's Guide to manuscripts relating to the American Indian and the manuscript sketch files.

Detailed Inventory

 Series I. Correspondence
1754-1966 Box 1-11

Correspondents include: Edward Ahenakew, C. M. Barbeau, Jesse J. Complanter, Ray Fadden, William N. Fenton, S. H. Gapp, Diamond Jenness, Charles B. Montgomery, Arthur C. Parker, William A. Ritchie, Frank C. Speck, Matthew W. Stirling, Carl F. Voegelin, and others. Topics include: the Six Nations, John Heckewelder, Conrad Weiser, and the Muhlenbergs.

 Ahenakew, Edward -- Barbeau, Marius
19251 item
 Ahenakew, Edward -- Genealogical Sketch of My Family
 Ahenakew, Edward -- Renascence of Wonder
n.d.1 item
 Ahenakew, Edward -- Wallace, Paul A.W. Draft of letter to Ahenakew
n.d.2 items
 Ahenakew, Edward
1922-1950,196160 items
 Alderfer, E. Gordon (Everett Gordon), 1915-
19548 items
 Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.
19414 items
 American Association on Indian Affairs -- Candidates Speak Out on Indian Affairs (Kennedy, John F. and Nixon, Richard M.)
ca. 19601 item
 American Association on Indian Affairs -- Grant Application
19474 items
 American Baptist Historical Society
19364 items
 American Folklore Society -- Ontario Branch
19203 items
 American Heritage
1954-195511 items
 American Philosophical Society
1937-196265 items
 Anadabijou (Algonquin chief)
n.d. (aft. 1957)1 item
 Anderson, Netta C.
193611 items
 Association for the Better Understanding of the American Indian -- Pamphlets
 Barba, Preston Albert, 1883- -- Pennsylfanisch Deitsch Eck, Morning Call (Allentown, Pa.)
1942-194310 items
 Barba, Preston Albert, 1883-
19452 items
 Barbeau, Marius, 1883-1969
1920-195857 items
 Bates, E.A.
19571 item
 Beck, Norman W.
19544 items
 Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948 -- Barbeau, Marius. Letter to
19291 item
 Biggert, Elizabeth C.
19482 items
 Bining, Arthur Cecil, 1893-1957
1936-19373 items
 Blazier, George Jordan, 1886-1970
19592 items
 Boston Public Library
19481 item
 Boyd, Julian P. (Julian Parks), 1903-
1936-193929 items
 Bridenbaugh, Carl
1936-193711 items
 Brinker, Erma E.
19502 items
 Broadus, Edmund Kemper, 1876-1936
1920-19214 items
 Brown, Jr., Charles A.
19563 items
 Burgess, Ellis B.
19377 items
 Burnett, E.K.
19534 items
 Butterfield, L. H. (Lyman Henry), 1909-
1947-19486 items
 Cammerhoff, John Christopher Frederick, 1721-1751 -- Notes (letters to Zinzendorf, Nicolaus Ludwig, Graf von, 1700-1760)
1747-174934 items
 Canada. Indian Affairs Branch
 Canadian Friend -- Two issues; contains "The Indians of Canada," parts I and II
19512 vols.
 Carl Schurz Memorial Foundation
19366 items
 Carmer, Carl Lamson, 1893- -- Story of Des-ka-heh, Iroquois Statesman and Patriot
n.d.1 vol.
 Chalmers, Harvey
19541 item
 Chicago Historical Society
19482 items
 Chidsey, Jr., A.D.
19404 items
 Chisholm, Henry L.
19492 items
 Clarke, T. Wood (Thomas Wood), 1878-1959
19583 items
 Commission on the Rights, Liberties, and Responsibilities of the American Indian -- Program for Indian Citizens
19611 vol.
 Comrie, Howard F.
19583 items
 Conference on Iroquois Research
 Congdon, Charles E.
1946-1947, 19525 items
 Cook, Julius
19482 items
 Cook, Ross
19454 items
 Cornplanter, Jesse J. -- Drawings
 3 items
 Cornplanter, Jesse J. -- Wallace, Paul A.W., letters from
19525 items
 Cornplanter, Seneca chief, 1740-1836 -- Cornplanter's Talk--Cosmogony, History of Relations with Whites
n.d.13 items
 Cornu, Donald -- Dr. Johnson at Fort Augustus: Captain Lewis Ourry and Kent, Donald N., letter to (copy)
 Cree Indians -- Bibliography
 Cruttenden, Edwin -- Conrad Weiser, Indian Agent (radio script)
 Cummings, Hubertis Maurice, 1884-
1937, 19456 items
 Dartmouth College
19402 items
 Daughters of the American Revolution
 Davis, Rose M.
19511 item
 Deardorff, Merle H. -- Zeisberger, David. Notes
176752 items
 Deardorff, Merle H.
1945-19487 items
 Deganawidah -- Notes
 50 items
 Deganawidah -- Peace Message: Notes
n.d.15 items
 Delaware Indians -- Bibliography
n.d.6 items
 Delaware. Public Archives Commission
19362 items
 Detroit Public Library
19481 item
 Dickinson College
19501 item
 Dictionary of Canadian Biography
 Dictionary of Canadian Biography -- Comments on Indian Biographies
 Dives, Mary M.
 Dock, Gillard -- Diary
 Dock, Gillard -- Sketch of Gillar Dock (1827-1895)
 Dock, William -- Sketch of the Subscriber's Life
 Dock Papers -- Statement by Henry Howard Eddy
 Douherty, Felicitas M.
 Drummond, Richard C. S.
 Duke University
 Durston, Harry C.
 Ebersole, Ardella A.
 Eddy, George Simpson
 Einhorn, Arthur (Skaroniate)
 Eiseley, Mabel L. (Mrs. Loren)
 Eisenhart, Luther P.

Executive office of the APS. See also correspondence with Noonan, Julia A., Lingelback, William E., and American Philosophical Society.

 The Enterprise and News: Catalog 38. (St. Johnsville, NY)
circa 1930s 
 Ernst, James
 Esquire Magazine
 Fairfield (Ontario)
 Faust, A. B.
 Fenton, William N. -- Collecting Materials for a Political History of the Six Nations

Senet with letter from December 7, 1948. Paper read before the American Philosophical Society, November 5, 1948, and printed in the APS Proceedings 93 (1948): 233-238.

 Fenton, William N. (1 of 8)
April 1943 - June 1945 
 Fenton, William N. (2 of 8)
July 1945 - June 1946 
 Fenton, William N. (3 of 8)
April 1947 - August 1947 
 Fenton, William N. (4 of 8)
September 1947 - June 1948 
 Fenton, William N. (5 of 8)
November 1948 - July 1950 
 Fenton, William N. (6 of 8)
October 1950 - October 1955 
 Fenton, William N. (7 of 8)
April 1957 - December 1958 
 Fenton, William N. (8 of 8)
January 1959 - March 1965 
 Fliegel, John
 Franklin and Marshall College
 Franklin, Benjamin -- Fingerprints #1

Paper, "Benjamin Franklin's Fingerprints," read before the Franklin Inn.

 Franklin, Benjamin -- Fingerprints #2

Paper, "Benjamin Franklin's Fingerprints," read before the Franklin Inn.

 Freeman, John F.
 Frick Art Reference Library
 Gabor, Robert (Sagotaoala)
 Gapp, S. H., Rt. Rev. (1 of 4)
September 1948 - February 1951 

Background note: Chairman of the Archives of the Moravian Church, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania

 Gapp, S. H., Rt. Rev. (2 of 4)
March 1951 - May 1952 

Background note: Chairman of the Archives of the Moravian Church, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania

 Gapp, S. H., Rt. Rev. (3 of 4)
January 1953 - June 1954 

Background note: Chairman of the Archives of the Moravian Church, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania

 Gapp, S. H., Rt. Rev. (4 of 4)
February 1956 - June 1956 

Background note: Chairman of the Archives of the Moravian Church, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.

 Gapp, S. H., Rt. Rev. -- Transcript of John Heckewelder's Narrative
 Garrison, Curis W.
1935, 1937 
 Genealogical and Biographical Society (New York, NY)
 General, Alexander (Deskaheh)
1940, 1955-1956 
 General, Emily
 George, Ellen -- "A Visit to Ray Fadden's Museum"
Augsut 10, 1961 

Newspapers clipping from Adirondack Daily Enterprise (Saranac Lake, NY).

 Georgia Department of Archives and History
 Gipson, Lawrence
 Gondos, Victor, Jr.
 Graeff, Arthur D.
 Graeff, Arthur D. -- "Conrad Weiser"
October 5, 1940 - June 21, 1941 

Newspaper copies of Chapters 1-18 printed in the S. Pennylfawnisch Deitsch Eck.

 Gray, Elma E. (Mrs. L. R.)
 Gray, Leslie R.
 Great Britain. Public Record Office.
 Green, George
 Gregg, David McMurtrie
 Gridley, Marion E.
 Guthe, Alfred K.
 Hallowell, A. I.
 Hamilton College (Clinton, NY)
 Hamilton, A. Boyd
 Hamilton, J. G. de Roulhac
 Hamilton, J. Taylor
 Hamilton, Kenneth G. (1 of 2)
August 1940 - July 1945 
 Hamilton, Kenneth G. (2 of 2)
January 1951 - September 1959 
 Hamilton, Kenneth G. -- "Church Street in Old Bethlehem".


 Hamilton, Milton W.
 Harper Row Publishers
 Harrison, Fairfax
 Hartford Theological Seminary
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Autobiography (photostat and notes)
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Grave mound (Gnadenhutten, Ohio)
n.d.1 item
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Heckewelder Crosses the Alleghenies (notes)
n.d.5 items
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Miscellaneous
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Mission Diaries (Fliegel, John, interview)
19596 items
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Moravian Archives: List of Materials
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes and photostats
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Notes, Amendments, and Additions to Heckewelder's History of the Indians
n.d.21 items
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Papers (notes)
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Travels in the Indian Country (edited by Paul A.W. Wallace), notes
 Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 -- Travels of (chronology of travels)
1754-181418 items
 Heckewelder, Mary -- Journal (photostats)
 Heizmann, Louis J.
 Helmer, Mrs. D.S.
 Hendrick, Burton Jesse, 1870-1949
19363 items
 Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery
1936-19487 items
 Hershey Estates
19372 items
 Hess, Jacob (De-ha-se-das-go-wa)
19361 item
 Hiester, George Baer
19482 items
 Hiller, Francis H.
19374 items
 Hinke, William J.
19361 item
 Historical Records Survey of Pennsylvania
19379 items
 Historical Society of Pennsylvania
1936-1937, 194915 items
 Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania
19365 items
 Hostetter, Ida L.K. (Mrs. A.K.)
19371 item
 Houghton Library
19512 items
 Howe, Edwin W.
19494 items
 Hudson's Bay Company
195311 items
 Illinois State Library
19365 items
 Indian Affairs
19601 item
 Indians of North America--Anthropometry -- Height
19627 items
 Indians of North America--Civilization
n.d.1 item
 Indians of North America--Folklore
1965-196625 items
 Indians of North America--Historiography -- Notes
n.d.12 items
 Indians of North America--History
n.d.1 item
 Indians of North America--Medicine
1958, 19659 items
 Indians of North America--Notes -- Notes from Heckewelder's journals
 Jackson, Halliday, 1771-1835 -- Short History of my Sojourning in the Wilderness
ca. 1798-180030 items
 James, Edward T.
 4 items
 Jamieson, M. J.
1956-19674 items
 Jennings, Francis, 1918-
19634 items
 Johnson, Joseph E.
1936-19379 items
 Johnson, Victor L.
19481 item
 Johnson, William -- Papers (notes)
n.d.2 items
 Jones, Louis Clark, 1908-
1948, 19549 items
 Juniata College (Huntingdon, Pa.)
1936-1937, 19409 items
 Ka-Hon-Hes -- Mohawk Indian Paintings of (photograph of poster)
19621 item
 Ka-Hon-Hes -- Paintings and Woodcut: Notes
ca. 1962 
 Ka-Hon-Hes -- Photographs
ca. 19622 items
1962-196319 items
 Kellogg, Mrs. L.C.
19371 item
 Kelsay, Isabel T.
19543 items
 Kent, Donald H. -- Checklist of Microfilm of Contrecoeur Papers and Related Materials; order for microfilm
1954, 196016 items
 Kingston, Joseph T. -- Wallace, Paul A.W., letter from
19491 item
 Klett, Guy Soulliard
19423 items
 Kreider, Harry Julius, 1896-
19474 items
 Lantz, Philip
19555 items
 Lebanon Valley College
19481 item
 Leder, Lawrence H. -- Pictographs, Livingston Indian Records
 11 items
 Lee, Cazenove Gardner, 1882-1945
19364 items
 Lerner, Arthur
19471 item
 Lewis, Arthur
19545 items
 Library of Congress
1936-194711 items
 Lichtenthaeler, Frank E.
1939-194020 items
 Lichtenthaeler, Frank E.
194020 items
 Lichtenthaeler, Frank E.
1943-194615 items
 Lilly, Eli, 1885-
1950, 19525 items
 Lingelbach, Barbara (Mrs. William B., Jr.)
19632 items
 Lingelbach, William E. (William Ezra), 1871-1962
1939, 194725 items
 Lingelbach, William E. (William Ezra), 1871-1962
194821 items
 Lingelbach, William E. (William Ezra), 1871-1962
1948-194924 items
 Lingelbach, William E. (William Ezra), 1871-1962
1949-195021 items
 Lingelbach, William E. (William Ezra), 1871-1962
195025 items
 Lingelbach, William E. (William Ezra), 1871-1962
195123 items
 Lingelbach, William E. (William Ezra), 1871-1962
1951-195219 items
 Lingelbach, William E. (William Ezra), 1871-1962
195222 items
 Lingelbach, William E. (William Ezra), 1871-1962
1952-195324 items
 Lingelbach, William E. (William Ezra), 1871-1962
1953-195722 items
 Lingelbach, William E. (William Ezra), 1871-1962
1957-196218 items
 Lippincott, Mr. and Mrs. Henry
19592 items
 Lipps, Lewis
19563 items
 Loft, Bernice Minton (Dawendine)
19379 items
 Loft, William Dewaseragech -- Interview
194248 items
 Lutheran Theological Seminary (Philadelphia, Pa.)
1935--195026 items
 Lydekker, John Wolfe
19392 items
 MacMillan, Mrs. Charles
19553 items
 MacWethy, Lou D.
19374 items
 Mad Bear
19592 items
 Mahr, August Carl, 1886-
1952-19534 items
 Marshe, Witham -- Indian Songs (from his journal)
 Maryland Historical Society
19481 item
 Maryland State Archives
19363 items
 Massachusetts Historical Society
1937-19586 items
 Mattice, Paul Brown
19374 items
 Merrill, Elmer Drew, 1876-1956 -- Unlisted and incorrectly listed new binomials in the publications of Henry Muhlenberg
n.d.155 items
 Merrill, Elmer Drew, 1876-1956
194724 items
 Michael, Glynn
19432 items
 Michael, J. Hugh
1950, 19564 items
 Miller, P. Schuyler (Peter Schuyler), 1912-1974
19463 items
 Minnesota Historical Society
19481 item
 Mohawk Indians -- Akwesasne Mohawk Counselor Organization Membership: Paul A.W. Wallace
19491 item
 Mohawk Indians -- Akwesasne Mohawk Nation: Paul A.W. Wallace Adoption
 Montgomery County (N.Y.). Dept Of History And Archives
19403 items
 Montgomery, Charles B.
 Montgomery, Charles B.
 Montgomery, Charles B.
 Montgomery, Charles B.
 Montgomery, Charles B.
1935-1936104 items
 Montgomery, Charles B.
193786 items
 Montgomery, Charles B.
193895 items
 Montour, E. T.
19529 items
 Montour, Ethel B.
1951-195530 items

Monture, Ethel B. Includes photocopies

 Montour, Joseph
193626 items
 Mook, Maurice A.
19594 items
 Moravian Church -- Notes
n.d.6 items
 Moravian Church
 13 items
 Moravian Church
ca. 19667 items
 Moravians -- Contributions of
195944 items
 Moravians -- Missions--Bibliography
n.d.18 items
 Moravians -- Moravian Church--Missions--History (photocopies)
ca. 175313 items
 Morgan, Arthur Ernest, 1878-1975 -- Kinzua Dam
19601 item
 Morrill Memorial Library (Norwood, Mass.)
 Moses, Elliot
19461 item
 Moses, Jesse
19461 item
 Muhlenberg College
19481 item
 Muhlenberg family -- Notes and transcriptions (in Deutsch und English)
1778-184963 items
 Muhlenberg family -- Portraits
n.d.2 items
 Muhlenberg family -- Religion
n.d.24 items
 Muhlenberg, Charles H.
19489 items
 Muhlenberg, Frederick A.
19483 items
 Muhlenberg, Henry Earnest -- Botanisches Tagebuch (notes, in Deutsch)
178453 items
 Muhlenberg, Henry Earnest
19493 items
 Muhlenberg, Hiester H.
19496 items
 Muhlenberg, Peter -- Orderly Books (notes)
1780-17819 items
 Murray, Elsie, 1878- -- Esther Montour in Pennsylvania Folklore
19581 vol.
 Murray, Elsie, 1878-
19379 items
 Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation
19374 items
 Musser, Paul Howard
19481 item
 Names, Indian--North America -- Glossary
n.d.23 items
 National Film Board of Canada
19512 items
 National Museum of Canada
19482 items
 New York Historical Society
1937, 1948-195013 items
 New York Public Library
1947-19484 items
 New York State Museum
19372 items
 Newberry Library
195210 items
 Nicolls, Frederick W.
1948-19498 items
 Nolan, J. Bennett (James Bennett), 1877-1964
1935-1937, 19479 items
 North Carolina State Library
19362 items
 Northampton County Historical and Genealogical Society
19392 items
 Ohnedagowah (Great Pine) Forest Theatre -- Sixth Annual Pageant
19541 item
 Okie, John M.
n.d.1 item
 Oneida County Historical Society (Oneida County, N.Y.)
19371 item
 Onondaga Historical Association
19372 items
 Osborn, Stellanova (Mrs. Charles S.)
1962-19633 items
 Overman, William Daniel, 1901-
19373 items
 Pargellis, Stanley McCrory, 1898- -- Loudoun Papers
19331 vol.
 Parke-Bernet Galleries
19472 items
 Parker, Arthur Caswell, 1881-1955 -- Constitution of the Five Nations (copy 1)
191671 items
 Parker, Arthur Caswell, 1881-1955 -- Constitution of the Five Nations (copy 2)
 Parker, Arthur Caswell, 1881-1955
193620 items
 Parker, Arthur Caswell, 1881-1955
1948-195418 items
 Parker, Mrs. Arthur C.
 Peckham, Howard Henry, 1910-
19522 items
 Peters, Nichodemus
19367 items
 Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends -- Kinzua Dam Controversy: A Practical Solution--Without Shame
ca. 19611 vol.
 Pierpont Morgan Library
19481 item
 Port Allegany Reporter-Argus (Port Allegany, Pa.) -- Five issues
19245 items
 Potier, Pierre-Philippe, 1708-1781 -- Huron-French Vocabulary
n.d.39 items
 Potter, Lloyd G.
19481 item
 Powell, John H.
194810 items
 Powers, Frederick
19572 items
 Public Archives of Canada
19365 items
 Radabaugh, James H. -- Schoenbrunn and the Moravian Missions in Ohio
19501 vol.
 Randle, E.P.
19363 items
 Randolph, Corliss Fitz, 1863-
19372 items
 Raven Grey Eagle
19633 items
 Reading Public Museum and Art Gallery (Pa.)
19372 items
 Reformed Churches of Stone Arabia and Sprakers (Palatine Bridge, N.Y.)
19374 items
 Reibel, Daniel B. -- Guide to Old Economy Third and last home of the Harmony Society 1824-1905
196625 items
 Reigner, Etta
19371 item
 Rhode Island Historical Society
19482 items
 Richards, H. Branson
19372 items
 Richards, John W.
19403 items
 Richmond, Donald
19582 items
 Rickard, Chauncy
19371 item
 Riley, Stephen T.
19365 items
 Ritchie, William Augustus, 1903-
1947-194812 items
 Roberts, Elizabeth R. (Mrs. Owen)
196110 items
 Rochester Museum of Arts and Sciences
19541 item
 Royal Ontario Museum
19372 items
 Rutledge, Anna
195840 items
 Ryerson Press
19472 items
 Sa-Hiuhushu, B.
19462 items
 Schoharie County Farm Bureau News
19381 vol.
 Schoharie County Historical Society -- Old Stone Church and Fortress: Catalogue and Historical Notes
19331 vol.
 Schwab, Norman
19371 item
 Schwarze, William Nathaniel, 1875-1948
19366 items
 Sellers, Charles Coleman, 1903-
1947-195811 items
 Serres, John
19619 items
 Shawnee Indians -- Bibliography
n.d.2 items
 Shawnee Indians -- Sketch of History of Absentee Shawnees (extract from Civilization of the American Indian, two copies)
193610 items
 Shelling, Richard I.
19502 items
 Shenk, H.H.
19372 items
 Shenton, Donald
19502 items
 Shoemaker, Henry W., 1880- -- Early Jewish Pioneers in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania (Talk)
 Shoemaker, Henry W., 1880-
19462 items
 Siksika Indians -- Bibliography
n.d.4 items
 Simmers, Helen K. (Mrs. C. Elmer)
19603 items
 Site and Relic Society of Germantown (Philadelphia, Pa.)
19371 item
 Six Nations -- Indians Travel to Washington
19591 item
 Six Nations -- Publications: Ka-Weh-Ras newsletter (22 issues)
1947-194822 items
 Six Nations -- Six Nations Journal
193650 items
 Six Nations -- Six Nations Journal
19378 items
 Six Nations -- Six Nations Journal
195521 items
 Smith, Mildred Rohm (Mrs. Edward L.)
19378 items
 Smith, William
19482 items
 Smithsonian Institution
1937, 19493 items
 Snyderman, George Simon, 1908-
19541 item
 Souder, Marguerite
19375 items
 South Carolina State Library
19361 item
 Speck, Frank Gouldsmith, 1881-1950
1936-194620 items
 Speck, Frank Gouldsmith, 1881-1950
1946-194716 items
 Springfield City Library (Mass.)
19372 items
 Spyker, Maria
19372 items
 Stabley, Jane
19401 item
 State Historical Society of Wisconsin
1936-1937, 194810 items
 State Library of Pennsylvania
19372 items
 Stitson, Mrs. Earl N.
19372 items
 Stoudt, John Baer, 1878-
1935-19429 items
 Strawn, Robertson
19402 items
 Swaine, Francis A.
n.d.16 items
 Swigart, W. Emmert
19394 items
 Syracuse Historical Society
19371 item
 Taylor, Herbert L.
19611 item
 Tehanetorens -- Conservation as the Indian Saw It
n.d.1 item
 Tehanetorens -- Great Gift, Tobacco
 Tehanetorens -- Hermit Thrush
ca. 19631 item
 Tehanetorens -- Iroquois Lesson Book: Stories for Good Children and Bad
n.d.21 items
 Tehanetorens -- Miscellaneous items
n.d.15 items
 Tehanetorens -- Seven Dancers
n.d.1 item
 Tehanetorens -- Six Nations Iroquois Confederacy Record (World War II)
n.d.1 item
 Tehanetorens -- Visions of Handsome Lake
n.d.81 items
1947-1950112 items
1951-1955101 items
1956-196190 items
1962-196479 items
1965-196727 items
 Thayer, Theodore, 1904-
19402 items
 Theiss, Lewis E. (Lewis Edwin), 1878-1963
19372 items
 Tonawanda Community News
19521 vol.
 Trappe (Pa.)--Buildings, structures, etc.
ca. 194815 items
 True, Rodney Howard, 1866-
19362 items
 Unger, C.W.
19373 items
 United States Department of the Interior Geological Survey
19566 items
 United States National Museum
19594 items
 University of Chicago
19481 item
 University of Illinois
19481 item
 University of Pennsylvania Press
1939-194897 items
 University of Pittsburgh. Press
1964132 items
 University of Virginia
19361 item
 Valley Forge Park Commission
19482 items
 Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950
1948-1939, 19467 items
 Van Dyke, D.
19611 item
 Vandersloot, Charles Edwin
19381 item
 Vesper, Herman F.
19373 items
 Vincent, Florentine
19482 items
 Virginia State Library
19363 items
 Voegelin, C. F. (Charles Frederick), 1906-
19404 items
 Wagner, Augusta W. (Mrs. Jesse L.)
194810 items
 Wainwright, Nicholas B.
19582 items
 Wallace, Dorothy (Clarke) -- Wallace, Paul A.W. Letter from
ca. 19368 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Camp Greble "Pow-Wow" (Talk)
ca. 195022 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Conrad Weiser (talk)
19608 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Conrad Weiser reviews
1945-194618 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Debt We Owe the Indian (talk)
194980 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- De-Ka-Nah-Wi-Deh: Notes, manuscripts, and interviews with William Dewaseragech Loft.
1937-196139 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Delawares-as-Women Problem
195277 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- French-Canadian Folklore
192036 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- French-Canadian Folklore
192039 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- French-Canadian Folklore
192053 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- French-Canadian Folklore
192036 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- French-Canadian Legends
192036 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Heckewelder, John--Talks
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Hope Lodge (Montgomery County, Pa.)
n.d.2 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indian Highways of Pennsylvania
n.d.44 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indian Highways
195015 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indian Highways
n.d.15 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indian Paths (Talk)
1957-195818 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indian Preacher
n.d.33 items

Contains two copies of "An Indian Preacher" (5p. each) and two copies of "Chief Joseph Montour: An Old-Time Methodist Preacher Among the Delawares" (9p. each).

Separated material: Photograph "Montour, Joseph -- Joseph Montour and David Wallace" removed to Series III. Graphics upon collection processing.

 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indian Renaissance
1947-194817 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indian Trails (Talks)
1951-195223 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indian Trails and Pennsylvania Travelers
1951115 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indian Trails: Notes
n.d.5 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indian Village
n.d.2 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indian Way of Life
n.d.23 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indians of Our Valley (Talk)
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indians of Pennsylvania (Talk)
196533 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indians: Talks
1964-196528 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indians--Talks (notes)
ca. 196424 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indians--Talks: Cohen, Felix S. Americanizing the White Man (from American Scholar 21: 2 (1952), p. 181
19528 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Indian-White Relations
ca. 196049 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Iroquois as an International Power (Talk)
n.d.2 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Iroquois Nation Welcomes You: A Visit to the Six Nations Reserve
193640 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Iroquois: A Brief Outline of their History
n.d.16 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Jacob Eyerly's Journal, 1794: The Survey of Moravian Lands in the Erie Triangle (reprint)
196213 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- John Heckewelder Papers
n.d.17 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Last King of the Delawares (Joseph Montour), two copies
n.d.10 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Local History (Talk)
19583 items
 Wallace, Paul A.W. -- Logan and His People (Talk)
n.d.1 item