George Gaylord Simpson Papers

Mss.Ms.Coll.31

Date: 1918-1984 | Size: 74.5 Linear feet

Abstract

One of the seminal figures in the emergence of the Modern or Neo-Darwinian Synthesis during the mid-twentieth century, George Gaylord Simpson (1902-1984) helped define the unique contribution made by vertebrate paleontology to the life sciences. A specialist in Mesozoic and early Cenozoic mammals, Simpson's contributions to the fusion of Darwinian natural selection and Mendelian genetics were both empirical and theoretical, culminating in his major works Tempo and Mode in Evolution and The Meaning of Evolution. From his posts at the American Museum of Natural History (1927-1959), Columbia University (1945-1959), Harvard (1959-1967), and the University of Arizona (1967-1984), Simpson became one of the most influential paleontologists of the century, helped in part by his ability to write successfully for both a technical, professional audience and a popular audience.

The Simpson Papers include a comprehensive assemblage of professional and personal correspondence, reflecting nealy all phases of Simpson's career. Written with charm, wit, and a sense of literary style, the correspondence touches on all aspects of modern paleontology, providing an important perspective on the emergence of contemporary evolutionary theory, biogeography, systematic theory and methodology, the relationship of science and religion, and creationism, as well as more general issues in scientific epistemology and social and political issues. The collection also includes autobiographical data and writings, lectures, class notes and papers, research data, material on his scientific expeditions (diaries in carbon form, photos, notes, etc.), publication material (he was author of some 800 publications), extensive photographic material, diplomas, and medals.

Background note

The vertebrate paleontologist and evolutionary biologist George Gaylord Simpson (1902-1984) was one of the seminal figures in the emergence of the Modern of Neo-Darwinian Synthesis during the mid-twentieth century. Born in Chicago, Illinois, Simpson was raised mostly in Denver, Colorado. Entering the University of Colorado in 1918, Simpson transferred to Yale in 1922, where he received both his B.A. (1923) and doctorate (1926). His dissertation, American Mesozoic Mammalia (1929), was among the first exhaustive analyses of the early evolutionary diversification of mammals, and began what would become a life-long interest in the subject.

During his formative years, Simpson was strongly influenced by his advisor Richard Swan Lull, Charles Schuchert, Carl O. Dunbar, Ross Harrison, L. L. Woodruff, and William Diller Matthew, and from the 1920s, and while he retained a traditional orientation toward field work and collection, Simpson was fluent in neontological approaches. From early in his career, he wrote that he consciously set out to lay "a basis for more theoretical and philosophical considerations of evolution."

After a post-doctoral year at the British Museum of Natural History, Simpson returned to the states in the fall, 1927, to take up a position with the American Museum of Natural History. The Museum proved an ideal spot to continue his work on Mesozoic and early Cenozoic mammals, and supported a series of important collecting expeditions, most notably his expeditions to Patagonia (1930-31, 1933-34) to study Eocene mammals. Out of one of these visits came Simpson's book Attending Marvels (1931), which was the first in a string of highly successful books on evolutionary and natural historical topics that Simpson wrote for a popular audience. In addition, Simpson and his second wife, Anne Roe (a childhood friend whom he married in 1938), co-wrote an unpublished mystery novel, "Trouble in the Tropics," during an unusually rainy season on their expedition to Venezuela in 1938-1939. More importantly, his South American experiences sharpened Simpson's understanding of the role of biogeography in evolutionary process.

In 1942, Simpson interrupted his career at the museum to enlist in the military. As a Captain, then Major, in Army intelligence, Simpson served with American forces in North Africa and western Europe until 1944, when he was forced to resign due to a severe bout of hepatitis. Upon his return home, two bronze stars in tow, he was promoted to chair of the Department of Geology and Paleontology at the American Museum, and accepted a cross appointment as professor of zoology at Columbia University (1945-1959), resuming his work on early mammals, concentrating on the rich Paleocene and Eocene faunas of the San Juan Basin, New Mexico.

The late 1940s, however, were among the most productive years of Simpson's long career. Just prior to his enlistment, he had completed two important works, Tempo and Mode in Evolution (1944) and Principles of Classification and a Classification of Mammals (1945). As a guiding force in the Committee on the Common Problems of Genetics, Paleontology, and Evolution of the National Research Council, he, along with the geneticist Theodosius Dobzhansky, the biologist Ernst Mayr, and a handful of other scientists, crafted a persuasive argument showing the theoretical consistency of Mendelian genetics and Darwinian natural selection. Simpson's Tempo and Mode in Evolution, in particular, was a critical work in catalysing what Julian Huxley called the Modern Synthesis in evolutionary biology, the wedding diachronic data derived from paleontological study of the fossil record with neontological field data, and the empirical data of contemporary genetics. In The Meaning of Evolution (1949) Simpson provided a popular account of modern evolutionary theory -- popular in every sense of the word -- emphasizing the data provided uniquely by the fossil record.

Less successfully, at least in retrospect, Simpson's Evolution and Geography (1953) attempted to provide a coherent overview of paleobiogeography, rejecting the nascent theory of continental drift in favor of more traditional interpretations. Simpson's views on continental drift and biogeography changed radically with the accumulation of new data on sea floor spreading in the 1960s. In 1953, Simpson also completed The Major Features of Evolution, a synthetic overview of evolutionary theory.

An increasing slate of professional commitments provided a full schedule for Simpson during the decade. He traveled around the world with UNESCO in 1951, took part in two conferences on behavior and evolution (1955-1956), and in 1956, traveled to Brazil, where he almost lost his right leg when he was struck by a falling tree. Although his fieldwork was curtailed due to his protracted convalescence and continuing pain in his leg, he remained typically productive, putting out a textbook, Life: An Introduction to Biology in 1957.

Resigning his positions in New York in 1959, Simpson became Alexander Agassiz Professor in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard University (1959-1967). His later works, both professional and popular, revisited many of the themeshe had elaborated in the previous two decades, touching on systematics (Principles of Animal Taxonomy, 1961), evolution (This View of Life, 1964), and paleobiogeography (The Geography of Evolution, 1965). Anne Roe, a psychologist, simultaneously employed as full professor in the Department of Education.

The Simpsons relocated to Tucson, Arizona, in 1967, when George accepted a professorship in geology at the University of Arizona (1967-1984). He continued to publish until the end of his life, including Penguins (1976), Splendid Isolation (1980), and his autobiography Concession to the Improbable (1978). He died in Tucson on October 6, 1984.

The laurels of an academic life fell abundantly on Simpson. A founder and president of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology (Pres., 1942) and Society for the Study of Evolution (Pres., 1946), he was president variously of a number of professional organizations, ranging from the American Society of Mammalogists and American Society of Zoologists to the Society of Systematic Zoology. He was, as well, member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and was elected to the the American Philosophical Society (1936), the Linnean Society of London, the National Academy of Sciences (1941), and the Royal Society of London (1958). He also received honorary degrees from the University of Colorado, the University of New Mexico, the University of Chicago, Yale University, and York University.

Scope and content

A major resource for the study of vertebrate paleontology in the twentieth century, and a critical resource for understanding the modern evolutionary synthesis, the Simpson Papers offer a comprehensive perspective on the life and work of George Gaylord Simpson. Trained at Yale and employed by the American Museum of Natural History, Columbia, Harvard, and the University of Arizona, Simpson made important empirical and theoretical contributions, helping to define his discipline for a generation of paleontologists.

The Simpson collection includes a comprehensive assemblage of professional correspondence (36 linear feet), with some personal correspondence as well, representing Simpson's varied scientific interests throughout his career. Written with charm, wit, and a sense of literary style, the correspondence touches on all aspects of modern paleontology, providing an important perspective on the emergence of contemporary evolutionary theory, biogeography, systematic theory and methodology, the relationship of science and religion, and creationism, as well as more general issues in scientific epistemology and social and political issues.

Among the notable correspondents are Simpson's fellow collaborators in the Modern Synthesis, Theodosius Dobzhansky, Ernst Mayr, and Julian Huxley, but the collection includes a laundry list of important vertebrate paleontologists, from his dissertation advisor, Richard Swan Lull, to Alfred Sherwood Romer, Bjorn Kurten, William Berryman Scott, Henry Fairfield Osborn, Glenn Jepsen, and to the younger generation of Philip Gingerich, Gareth Nelson, Elwyn Simons, and Joel Cracraft. Reflecting his interdisciplinary approach, Simpson also maintained extensive correspondences with geneticists, ecologists, biogeographers, ethologists, and several other varieties of neontologists. In addition to offering insight into his classic work on the early evolution of mammals and the evolution of equuids, Simpson's correspondence provides a fascinating look into his fieldwork in South America during the 1930s and on the development of paleontology in Argentina and Venezuela. Supplementing the correspondence is the rich material documenting his expeditions to Patagonia (1930-1931, 1933-1934), and Venezuela, 1938-1939. In addition to his fieldnotes and related manuscripts, the collection includes an extensive series of photographs providing key visual documentation.

The details of Simpson's own life and his attitudes toward science are laid out in some detail through his autobiographical writings, but also, in an intellectual sense, through the lengthy series of lectures, class notes and papers, research data, and publications. The carbon copy typescripts of his travel diaries, 1930-1979, are also an important source (his original field notebooks are at the American Museum of Natural History).

Finally, the collection includes a small, but important body of personal correspondence, including his letters home while serving in Army intelligence during the Second World War. A separate, smaller collection of Simpson letters (B Si5) is comprised of letters written by Simpson to his sister, Martha Lee Simpson Eastlake, 1918-1962. Predominantly personal, these recount his travels and experiences on scientific expeditions to New Mexico, Arizona, Argentina, and Chile.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Provenance

Subcollection I was presented by Anne Roe Simpson, 1985.

Subcollection II was a gift of Martha Lee Simpson Eastlake, 1975, and Leo Laporte, 1976.

Preferred citation

Cite as: George Gaylord Simpson Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Catalogued, 1984; revised 2002.

Separated material

All books and medals were removed from the collection for more appropriate storage. Books removed include:

  • Christian Morgenstern, The Moon Sheep (Insel-Verlag Wiesbaden, 1953)
  • Harald Stumpke, The Snouters, Form and Life of the Rhinogrades (Chicago: Doubleday & Co.), 2 copies in English, 1 German.

As of April 1989, the medals were not cataloged. A rough inventory is available from the Manuscripts Librarians.

Related material

The APS houses a separate collection of papers of Anne Roe (B R621) relating primarily to research for her book, The Making of a Scientist. Her correspondence with her husband is included in the Simpson Papers.

The originals of Simpson's travel diaries and his original field notebooks are housed at the American Museum of Natural History.

Material on the evolutionary synthesis appears in the papers of Theodosius Dobzhansky (B D65) and in the collection assembled by Ernst Mayr (B M451) to document the Princeton Conference on the Common Problems of Genetics, Paleontology, and Evolution and the Conference on Evolutionary Synthesis sponsored by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and held in Boston in May and October 1974.

Genetics Note

AuthorFormatDate
Arambourg, CamilleCorrespondence (18 items)1947-1965
Ayala, Francisco J.Correspondence (27 items)1968-1981
Barbour, ThomasCorrespondence (11 items)1933, 1940
Beck, William S.Correspondence (6 folders)1960-1984
Beebe, WilliamCorrespondence (4 items)1941-1944
Bordas, Alejandro F.Correspondence (50 items)1932-1955
Boucot, Arthur J.Correspondence (2 folders)1972-1982
Cabrera, AngelCorrespondence (32 items)1931-1954
Cain, Arthur JamesCorrespondence (14 items)1954-1982
Caspari, Ernst WilhelmCorrespondence (6 items)1956-1962, 1982
Clark, Wilfred E. LeGrosCorrespondence (2 folders)1927-1970
Cloud, Preston E., Jr.Correspondence (3 folders)1952-1979
Cockerell, Theodore D. A.Correspondence (16 items)1933-1946
Colbert, Edwin A.Correspondence (2 folders)1936-1980
Couturier, MarcelCorrespondence (34 items)1950-1973
Crompton, Alfred WalterCorrespondence (20 items)1970-1971
Dobzhansky, TheodosiusCorrespondence (3 folders)1941-1974
Dunbar, Carl O.Correspondence (60 items)1922-1976
Gregory, William KingCorrespondence (41 items)1925-1971
Hooijer, Dirk AlbertCorrespondence (40 items)1948-1981
Hopwood, Arthur TindleCorrespondence (49 items)1927-1960
Huxley, JulianCorrespondence (3 folders)1938-1974
Kurten, BjornCorrespondence (61 items)1955-1982
Laporte, Leo F.Correspondence (2 folders)1960-1984
Leakey, Louis Seymour BazettCorrespondence (2 folders)1958-1981
Lewontin, Richard CharlesCorrespondence (53 items)1958-1978
Lillegraven, Jason A.Correspondence (47 items)1969-1983
Lull, Richard SwannCorrespondence (2 folders)1924-1958
Matthew, William DillerCorrespondence (30 items)1924-1929
Mayr, ErnstCorrespondence (4 folders)1944-1984
McKenna, Malcolm C.Correspondence (4 folders)1954-1983
Muller, Hermann JosephCorrespondence (25 items)1957-1966
National Academy of SciencesRecords (15 folders)1941-1983
National Research Council -- Committee on the Common Problems of Genetics, Paleontology, and EvolutionRecords (10 folders)1942-1949
Olsen, Stanley JohnCorrespondence (2 folders)1956-1982
Osborn, Henry FairfieldCorrespondence (2 folders)1925-1935
Pascual, RosendoCorrespondence (2 folders)1957-1984
Patterson, BryanCorrespondence (5 folders)1931-1983
Pearl, RaymondCorrespondence (23 items)1933-1940
Riggs, Elmer SamuelCorrespondence (62 items)1925-1941
Romer, Alfred SherwoodCorrespondence (3 folders)1932-1980
Scaglia, Galileo J.Correspondence (79 items)1955-1981
Schuchert, CharlesCorrespondence (42 items)1923-1941
Stebbins, G. LedyardCorrespondence (56 items)1948-1973
Stirton, Ruben ArthurCorrespondence (77 items)1930-1964
Tieje, Arthus J.Correspondence (30 items)1922-1941
Wood, Horace ElmerCorrespondence (2 folders)1926-1980

Conservation note

All metal fasteners were removed, and plastic clips were used to keep pages together.

Indexing Terms


Corporate Name(s)

  • American Humanist Association
  • American Society of Mammalogists
  • American Society of Zoologists
  • Columbia University -- Faculty.
  • Geological Society of America.
  • Harvard University--Faculty
  • International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature
  • National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
  • Society for the Study of Evolution
  • Society of Systematic Zoology (U.S.)
  • Society of Vertebrate Paleontology.
  • University of Arizona--Faculty

Genre(s)

  • Diplomas.
  • Field notes.
  • Medals
  • Photographs
  • Photonegatives
  • Slides.

Geographic Name(s)

  • Patagonia (Argentina and Chile) -- Description and travel
  • Venezuela -- Description and travel

Personal Name(s)

  • Arambourg, C. (Camille) (b. 1885)
  • Ayala, Fransisco José (1934-)
  • Barbour, Thomas, 1884-1946
  • Bebe, William
  • Beck, William Samson
  • Bennett, Wendell Clark, 1905-1953
  • Bordas, Alejandro F.
  • Boucot, A. J. (Arthur James)
  • Cabrera, Angel, 1879-1960
  • Clark, Wilfrid E. Le Gros (Wilfrid Edward Le Gros), 1895-1971
  • Cloud, Preston, 1912-
  • Cockerell, Theodore D. A. (Theodore Dru Alison), 1866-1948
  • Colbert, Edwin Harris, 1905-
  • Couturier, Marcel A. J., 1897-
  • Cracraft, Joel
  • Crompton, Alfred W., 1927-
  • De Beer, Gavin Rylands, 1899-
  • De Camp, L. Sprague (Lyon Spra
  • Dobzhansky, Theodosius Grigorievich, 1900-1975
  • Dunbar, Carl O. (Carl Owen), 1891-1979
  • Edinger, Tilly, 1897-
  • Elias, Maxim K. (Maxim Konrado
  • Epling, Carl, 1894-
  • Ford, E. B. (Edmund Briscoe),
  • Freeman, Derek
  • Gazin, Charles Lewis, 1904-
  • Gingerich, Philip D.
  • Gould, Stephen Jay
  • Grant, Verne
  • Gregory, Joseph Tracy, 1914-
  • Gregory, William K. (William K
  • Hall, E. Raymond (Eugene Raymo
  • Heberer, Gerhardt, 1901-1973
  • Hibbard, Claude William, 1905-
  • Hoffstetter, Robert
  • Hooijer, Dirk Albert
  • Hopwood, Arthur Tindell, 1897-
  • Huxley, Julian, 1887-1975
  • Jenkins, Farish A., 1940-
  • Jepsen, Glenn Lowell, 1904-
  • Kellogg, Remington, 1893-
  • Kermack, K. A. (Kenneth A.)
  • Kuhn-Schnyder, Emil
  • Kurtén, BjC6rn
  • Laporte, Léo F.
  • Lattimore, Owen, 1900-
  • Lavocat, René
  • Leakey, L. S. B. (Louis Seymour Bazett), 1903-1972
  • Lewontin, Richard C., 1929-
  • Lillegraven, Jason A., 1938-
  • Lull, Richard Swann, 1867-1957
  • Marshall, Larry G.
  • Matthew, William Diller, 1871-
  • Mayr, Ernst, 1904-2005
  • McGrew, Paul Orman, 1909-
  • McKenna, Malcolm C.
  • Montagu, Ashley, 1905-1999
  • Morgan, Arthur Ernest, 1878-19
  • Muller, H. J. (Hermann Joseph), 1890-1967
  • Nelson, Gareth J.
  • Newell, Norman Dennis, 1909-2005
  • Olsen, Stanley John, 1919-
  • Olson, Everett Claire, 1910-
  • Osborn, Henry Fairfield, 1857-
  • Ostrom, John H.
  • Pascual, Rosendo
  • Patterson, Bryan, 1909-
  • Phelps, William Henry
  • Reig, Osvaldo
  • Rensch, Bernhard
  • Reynolds, Thomas Emmett, 1892-
  • Riggs, Elmer Samuel, 1869-
  • Roe, Anne, 1904-
  • Romer, Alfred Sherwood, 1894-1973
  • Russell, Loris Shano, 1904-
  • Scaglia, Galileo J.
  • Schaeffer, Bobb
  • Schuchert, Charles, 1858-1942
  • Scott, William Berryman, 1858-1947
  • Simons, Elwyn L.
  • Simpson, George Gaylord (1902-1984)
  • Stebbins, G. Ledyard (George Ledyard), 1906-2000
  • Stirtin, Ruben Arthur, 1901-19
  • Tieje, Arthur Jerrold, 1889-
  • Van Valen, Leigh
  • Westoll, T. Stanley
  • Wilson, Edward Osborne, 1929-
  • Wood, Albert Elmer, 1910-
  • Wood, Horace
  • Woodward, Arthur Smith, 1864-1

Subject(s)

  • Behavior evolution
  • Biogeography.
  • Biology -- Classification
  • Creationism.
  • Evolution
  • Evolution (Biology)
  • Evolution -- Religious aspects
  • Evolutionary synthesis.
  • Extinction (Biology)
  • Genetics
  • Horses -- Evolution
  • Mammals -- Evolution
  • Mammals, Fossil
  • Natural selection
  • Paleontology
  • Paleontology -- Argentina -- Patagonia
  • Paleontology -- Venezuela
  • Religion and science -- 20th century
  • Scientific expeditions
  • World War, 1939-1945

Collection overview

  
1925-198436 linear feetbox 1-73

Approximately 4,600 folders of professional, administrative, and personal letters to and from Simpson. The professional correspondence represents several aspects of Simpson's career. First are his original contributions to technical knowledge in paleontology, geology, zoology, and taxonomy. Second are his involvements with professional organizations, the most prominent being the National Science Foundation, the National Research Council, the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, the Society for the Study of Evolution, the National Academy of Sciences, and the American Philosophical Society. Third are Simpson's comments and criticisms of his colleague's manuscripts, correspondence, and activities. Fourth are the informal and personal exchanges of news, activities, and gossip between more intimate associates. In the later portion of Simpson's career, correspondence with laypeople increased, and topics discussed include horses, penguins, cosmology, general paleontology, and creationism.

Administrative correspondence is less plentiful in this series. Information regarding the University of Arizona and the Simroe Foundation are lacking, and Simpson's activities in the American Museum of Natural History are almost entirely absent (although the Library of the American Museum of Natural History possesses related materials). However, Simpson's duties as the Agassiz Professor at the Museum of Comparative Zoology, and the travel arrangements for Simpson's many trips and excursions, are well documented.

Intermingled with professional and administrative matters are personal comments and details concerning Simpson, his family, and his activities. Simpson occasionally reflected on his own motivations, ambitions, and history in his letters. Additionally, material in this series provides a panorama of personalities that Simpson comments on; from unrestrained frankness to diplomatic courtesy, and from warm humor to perturbed spite.

Many items deserve note in this series. Most prominent are the detailed letters between Simpson and his major publishers, including Columbia University Press, Yale University Press, and Harcourt, Brace, and World. These exchanges document the process of publication. Correspondence of this type is filed under the name of the publisher. However, in some cases Simpson kept files under the last name of particular editors. Users of this collection should be sure to check both headings when searching in the correspondence.

In addition, correspondence with collaborators on Life: An Introduction to Biology is especially extensive and rich in detail. As are Simpson's connection with South American paleontologists and geologists, which is demonstrated by the voluminous correspondence with Latin American scientists. Also of note are a group of letters between George and Anne Roe Simpson entitled "Observations during a war," written during Simpson's World War II military service in Europe.

The material in this series does not represent the complete corpus of known correspondence from Simpson. Administrative activities are documented in manuscripts deposited with the American Museum of Natural History and Harvard University. Field notes and papers relating to Simpson's expeditions are housed at the American Museum of Natural History's Department of Vertebrate Paleontology. The extensive library kept by the Simpsons was dispersed upon his death. Books relating to anthropology, near and far east languages, and genetics were donated to the University of Arizona. The bulk of his collection, which included his entire reprint collection, was donated to the Florida State Museum (Gainesville), under the supervision of Dr. David Webb.

In addition to the materials contained in this collection, the American Philosophical Society also holds a collection of (B/si 5) letters by Simpson to Martha Lee Simpson Eastlake (1918-1962, 261 items), which recount his travels and experiences on scientific expeditions to New Mexico, Arizona, Argentina, and Chile. Finally, Simpson often told colleagues that many portions of his earlier correspondence, particularly those written during his tenure at the American Museum of Natural History, met various ends, including loss, disposal, and theft.

This series is arranged alphabetically by the correspondents' last name or corporate name. There is one folder containing letters that were not identified and it is filed under "Unidentified Correspondents." When searching in this series it is advisable to do as much cross-reference searching as possible, including personal name and corporate affiliation. (Please see the accompanying finding aid to the Simpson correspondence.)

1929-19843 linear feetbox 74-79

Manuscripts, typed carbons, and reprints of published books and articles by Simpson. They are arranged alphabetically by title. (A copy of Simpson's bibliography may be found in Series IX.) Of special note in this series is the manuscript version of Simpson's autobiography, Concession to the Improbable. Many of these works are partial manuscripts or sections of a work, such as the introduction, preface, or index. Book reviews of Simpson's publications are filed in this series under the title of the work. Illustrations from published works may be found in Series IV Research Notes, filed under the title of the publication and/or subject of the work. (See the folder listing on page 8.)

1919-19842 linear feetbox 80-83

Simpson's unpublished writings, arranged alphabetically by title. This series also includes transcripts of lectures given by Simpson to groups outside of his academic classrooms. (For lecture notes see Series V; for class notes see Series VI). Of note in this series is a typed carbon copy of George and Anne Roe Simpson's mystery novel, "Trouble in the Tropics," written during 1938-1939 while on expedition in Venezuela. (See the folder listing on page 12.)

n.d5 linear feetbox 84-94

Transparencies, manuscript notes, drawings, illustrations, and photographs that Simpson assembled during his work on a given subject or book. Also included in this series are research notes taken while Simpson was on expedition, including Alto Jurua, San Juan Basin, and Patagonia. Research notes on selected subjects that pertain specifically to work in Patagonia have been labeled as such, i.e. (Patagonia), to distinguish them from other field location work. Most of the subject headings employed were taken from Simpson's own file folder labels. Many folders also contain associated articles and materials by other authors that pertained to Simpson's work. Photographs in this series can be distinguished from those in Series XI in that these photos relate to specimens and diagrams as opposed to individuals, events, and expeditions. Also of note are the illustrations found in this series, which include sketches, figures, tables, and photos of specimens. (See the folder listing on page 17.)

1930-19801 linear footbox 95-96

Outlines of lectures given by Simpson to groups other than his academic classes. They are arranged alphabetically by title or subject. Exceptions to this are groups of lectures, which are filed under the name of the lecture series. These include the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Lectures (1948-1951), the Condon Lectures (1953), the Hitchcock Lectures (1949), the Prather Lectures (1947), the Terry Lectures (1948), and the Wagner Free Institute of Science Lectures (1950). Also included in this series are Simpson's radio addresses which are filed under Radio Scripts. See Series XI for slides that Simpson may have used in these lectures. (See folder listing on page 22.)

1921-19811 linear footbox 97-98

Notes on classes taken by Simpson as a university student (1921-1924), and notes on classes given by Simpson as a university professor (1947-1981). Also included in this series is a small bound volume which contains listings of many of the courses Simpson taught at Columbia University, Harvard University, and the University of Arizona, and includes students names, grades, and comments. These notes are arranged alphabetically by department name and number of the course. Of note in this series are the notes taken by Simpson, which include colored sketches of the vertebrates he studied. (See folder listing on page 26.)

1960-19671.5 linear feetbox 99-101

Papers submitted from students to Simpson in the course of their study at Harvard University. These papers are arranged alphabetically by author's last name. (See folder listing on page 28.)

1924-19841 linear ft.box 102-103

Typed carbon copies of journals written by the Simpsons on their numerous trips, and are arranged alphabetically by place name. This series does not include field notes from expeditions. (See Series IV for field notes.) Of note in this series is Anne Roe Simpson's "Note on travel diaries," which describes the journals. (See folder listing on page 33.) Not individually cataloged.

 0.5 linear ft.box 104

Miscellaneous papers and documents pertaining to Simpson's life and work. Most of these materials were written by Simpson. Of note in this series are Simpson's autobiographical notes, which cover events and thoughts on his life not found elsewhere, and his remarks on research and publications, which details the progression of his work. (See folder listing on page 35.) Not individually cataloged.

 1.5 linear ft.box 105-107, Oversize

Certificates, plaques, and medals pertaining to Simpson's honorary degrees, memberships, fellowships, and awards. These materials are broken down by form. Box A contains encased certificates; Box B contains plaques and oversized certificates; and Box C contains certificates and papers in file folders. (See folder listing on page 36.) Not individually cataloged. Academia National de Ciencias Certificate located in oversize.

ca.1920-19848 linear ft.box 108-118

Slides, negatives, rolls of film, lantern slides, and photos pertaining chiefly to Simpson, his family, and his early expeditions. This series contains approximately 1,500 slides covering a variety of subjects, from flowers to rodeos to expedition sites to the Simpson's New Mexico home, Los Pinavetes. Photographs concerning expeditions and travel include Venezuela (1,060 photos), Patagonia (240 photos), Brazil (70 photos), New Mexico (110 photos), Florida (30 photos), and China and Japan (11 photos).

Of special note in this series are the 1,060 photos of Simpson's 1938-1939 trip to Venezuela. Also included are five indexes (bound volumes) to Simpson's Patagonia and Venezuela photos, and five rough books containing notes and sketches, also taken while in Patagonia and Venezuela. Finally, many of the lantern slides in this collection appear to be associated with Simpson's lecture presentations.

Not individually cataloged. The following represents a sample of the photographs available in the collection.

 0.5 linear ft.box 119

Financial records, research proposals, Venezuelan materials, Simpson's notes on the Arabic language, American Museum of Natural History materials, and newspaper clippings. (See folder listing on page 39.) Not individually cataloged.

  

Compiled by Joe Cain (J.Cain@ucl.ac.uk), 04/22/99

Unprocessed collection, literal folder titles only. No content descriptions

1918-19750.5 linear feetB Si5. (LH-B-41-3).

The bulk of the Simpson-Eastlake Collection is comprised of personal correspondence written by George Gaylord Simpson to his sister, Martha Lee Simpson Eastlake, and to his parents Joseph Alexander Simpson and Julia Kinney Simpson. In addition to providing some details on Simpson's personal life, the letters include sporadic information on his scientific expeditions, particularly those to South American during the 1930s.

The collection has been enhanced with the addition of some autobiographical essays by Simpson written in 1933, 1954, and the 1970s, and an extensive typescript rumination by Simpson on his research and publications.



Detailed Inventory

George Gaylord Simpson Papers
  
Series I. Correspondence
1925-198436 linear feetbox 1-73

Approximately 4,600 folders of professional, administrative, and personal letters to and from Simpson. The professional correspondence represents several aspects of Simpson's career. First are his original contributions to technical knowledge in paleontology, geology, zoology, and taxonomy. Second are his involvements with professional organizations, the most prominent being the National Science Foundation, the National Research Council, the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, the Society for the Study of Evolution, the National Academy of Sciences, and the American Philosophical Society. Third are Simpson's comments and criticisms of his colleague's manuscripts, correspondence, and activities. Fourth are the informal and personal exchanges of news, activities, and gossip between more intimate associates. In the later portion of Simpson's career, correspondence with laypeople increased, and topics discussed include horses, penguins, cosmology, general paleontology, and creationism.

Administrative correspondence is less plentiful in this series. Information regarding the University of Arizona and the Simroe Foundation are lacking, and Simpson's activities in the American Museum of Natural History are almost entirely absent (although the Library of the American Museum of Natural History possesses related materials). However, Simpson's duties as the Agassiz Professor at the Museum of Comparative Zoology, and the travel arrangements for Simpson's many trips and excursions, are well documented.

Intermingled with professional and administrative matters are personal comments and details concerning Simpson, his family, and his activities. Simpson occasionally reflected on his own motivations, ambitions, and history in his letters. Additionally, material in this series provides a panorama of personalities that Simpson comments on; from unrestrained frankness to diplomatic courtesy, and from warm humor to perturbed spite.

Many items deserve note in this series. Most prominent are the detailed letters between Simpson and his major publishers, including Columbia University Press, Yale University Press, and Harcourt, Brace, and World. These exchanges document the process of publication. Correspondence of this type is filed under the name of the publisher. However, in some cases Simpson kept files under the last name of particular editors. Users of this collection should be sure to check both headings when searching in the correspondence.

In addition, correspondence with collaborators on Life: An Introduction to Biology is especially extensive and rich in detail. As are Simpson's connection with South American paleontologists and geologists, which is demonstrated by the voluminous correspondence with Latin American scientists. Also of note are a group of letters between George and Anne Roe Simpson entitled "Observations during a war," written during Simpson's World War II military service in Europe.

The material in this series does not represent the complete corpus of known correspondence from Simpson. Administrative activities are documented in manuscripts deposited with the American Museum of Natural History and Harvard University. Field notes and papers relating to Simpson's expeditions are housed at the American Museum of Natural History's Department of Vertebrate Paleontology. The extensive library kept by the Simpsons was dispersed upon his death. Books relating to anthropology, near and far east languages, and genetics were donated to the University of Arizona. The bulk of his collection, which included his entire reprint collection, was donated to the Florida State Museum (Gainesville), under the supervision of Dr. David Webb.

In addition to the materials contained in this collection, the American Philosophical Society also holds a collection of (B/si 5) letters by Simpson to Martha Lee Simpson Eastlake (1918-1962, 261 items), which recount his travels and experiences on scientific expeditions to New Mexico, Arizona, Argentina, and Chile. Finally, Simpson often told colleagues that many portions of his earlier correspondence, particularly those written during his tenure at the American Museum of Natural History, met various ends, including loss, disposal, and theft.

This series is arranged alphabetically by the correspondents' last name or corporate name. There is one folder containing letters that were not identified and it is filed under "Unidentified Correspondents." When searching in this series it is advisable to do as much cross-reference searching as possible, including personal name and corporate affiliation. (Please see the accompanying finding aid to the Simpson correspondence.)

Abbeon Supply Co.
1959 box 1
Abbie, A.A.
1952 box 1
Abbott, Marie B. (Mrs. Lawrence Abbott)
1968, 73 box 1
Abdullah, Mohammad
1973-1974 box 1
Abel, Othenio
1932-33 box 1

Editor

Abelard-Schuman, Ltd.
1959 box 1
Abelson, Philip
1965, 73 box 1

letter to editor about misspellings

Abraham, J.C.B.
1961, 71-72 box 1
Abrams, Susan E.
1981-82 box 1

University of Chicago Press

Academia Brasileira de Ciencas
1956, 72 box 1
Academia Nacional de Ciencias (Argentina)
1962-80 box 1
Academia Sinica (Peking, China)
1974 box 1
Academic Press, Inc.
1964, 68, 70-75, 78, 79 box 1
Academie Internationale de Philosophie des Sciences (Brussels)
1950 box 1
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia
1925, 37, 47-53, 56, 60, 65 box 1

lecture on the fundamentals of systematics

Academy of Sciences (Moscow)
1974 box 1
Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei (Italy)
1963-65, 67, 79 box 1
Accademia Nazionale dei XL (Italy)
1975-76 box 1
Achar, Krishna Murthy
1970 box 1
Ackerman, James S.
1963 box 1

Evolution of art

Acosta, Cordova, and Pittman
1984 box 1
Adams, James Luther, et al.
n.d box 1
Adams, Phillip L.
1954 box 1
Adams State College, Colorado
1957 box 1
Adamson, Hans C.
1935 box 1

AMNH

Adlon, Dr.
1934 box 1
Admiraal, A.
1966 box 1
Adventure (magazine)
1954 box 1
Affiliated Publishers, Inc.
1960 box 1
Affleck, Marilyn
1979 box 1
Agassiz, Lewis
1960 box 1

Manuscript of Louis Agassiz

Agenbrod, Larry D.
1982-83 box 1

Conference on dynamics of extinction

Agricola, Escuela
1969 box 1
Aguerrevere, Santiago
1982-83 box 1
Aguirre, Father Emiliano de
1957, 60-62, 65, 69-70, 79, 82-832 foldersbox 1

order mixed info about Lost Worlds

Air Force (magazine)
  box 1
Akademie-Verlag
1956-57 box 1
Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Moscow
1971 box 1
Akeley, Mary L. (Mrs. Carl Akeley)
1942 box 1
Al-Rawaf, Sheikh Khalil
1946 box 1
Alberico, Michael
1984 box 1

Manuscript regarding pocket gophers

Alberta, University of
1967-68 box 1
Albritton, Claude C., Jr.
1961-62, 64, 70, 72-73 box 1

Philosophy of geology

Alcock, John
1963, 73 box 1
Alder, H.E.
1941 box 1
Aldine Publishing Co.
1965-1974 box 1
Aldine-Atherton, Inc.
1972 box 1
Aldrich, H.
1936-37, 40, 46 box 1

Geological Society of America

Aldus Books, Ltd.
1969 box 1
Alexander, Ch.P.
1947 box 1
Alexander, Gary
1967 box 1
Alexander, Helen
1949 box 1
Alexander, Jerome
1946 box 1
Alexander, Richard D.
1964, 66 box 1
Alf, Raymond
1977 box 1
Alferez, Agregado de
1980 box 1
Alioto, Joseph L.
1971 box 1
All Souls Church Unitarian Laymen's League (New York City)
1941 box 1
Allan, Jane
1973 box 1
Allan, John
1926 box 1
Allard, R.W.
1973 box 1
Allen, David J.
1963 box 1
Allen, Garland E.
1960, 66, 68 box 1
Allen, Glover
1938 box 1
Allen, Joseph A.
1973 box 1
Allen, Lane
1945 box 1
Allen, Robert F.
1982-83 box 1
Allen Press, Inc.
1970-71 box 1
Allport, Gordon W.
1945 box 1
Alman Co.
1947 box 1
Alpers, George L.
1934 box 1
Altamirano, Enrique
1973-74 box 1
Altevogt, R.
1959-60 box 1
Alumni Association, York University (Ontario)
1973 box 1
Alvarado, R.
1969 box 1
Alvarez, Luis W.
1982 box 1

Impact theory for K/T boundary

Alvarez, Ticul
1965, 80 box 1
Alzola, Rodolfo Mendez
1934 box 1
Amadon, Dean
1969, 73, 75, 83 box 2

AMNH

Ameghino, Carlos
1931 box 2
Ameghino, Florentino
1934, 36 box 2
American Academy of Achievement
1966 box 2
American Academy of Arts and Sciences
1948, 53, 59-62, 68, 70-71 box 2
Folder 1
1948-61 box 2
Folder 2
1962-68 box 2
American Academy of Political and Social Science
1956 box 2
American Albino Horse Club
1948 box 2
American Anthropological Association
1953, 55 box 2
American Anthropologist
1964 box 2
American Association for the Advancement of Science
1931, 46-47, 50-57, 59-61, 63, 65-69, 71 box 2

Includes constitution and bylaws, AAAS

American Association of Museums
1926 box 2
American Association of Petroleum Geologists
1946-51 box 2
American Association of Scientific Workers
1943 box 2
American Bible Society
1936 box 2
American Club of Buenos Aires
1931 box 2

Honorary membership

American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature
1951-52 box 2
American Council Institute of Pacific Relations
1935-36 box 2
American Council of Learned Societies
1951-52 box 2
American Entomological Society
1948-49 box 2
American Express
1972 box 2
American Foundation for Continuing Education
1960 box 2
American Genetic Association
1949-50 box 2
American Geographical Society (of New York)
1932-36, 43, 45-46, 53 box 2
American Geological Institute
1944-45, 48, 59, 613 foldersbox 2-3
American Geophysical Union
1944, 47 box 3
American Heritage Dictionary
1964-65 box 3
American Horse Protection Association
1979 box 3
American Humanist Association
1953, 59-60, 62-63, 65, 68 box 3
American Institute for Biological Sciences
1952, 58-61, 66, 70 box 3
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
1969, 71 box 3
American Journal of Science
1926, 37, 39-55, 57, 59, 61-63, 66, 72 box 3
American Men of Science
1936, 54, 68 box 3
American Museum of Natural History
1926, 29, 35, 50-5 4, 56, 59-63, 65-6 6, 68-72-83 box 3
American Naturalist (journal)
1969 box 3
American Orthopsychiatric Association, Inc.
1962 box 3
American Philosophical Society
1936-42, 44-65, 68, 70-72, 75, 79, 84 box 3-4
American Physics Teacher
1963 box 4
American Psychological Association
1965, 70, 82 box 4
American Quarter Horse Association
1948 box 4
American Saddle Horse Breeders Association
1948 box 4
American Scholar (magazine)
1954, 60-61, 65-68 box 4
American Scientist, Society of Sigma Xi
1954, 59-61, 1967-68, 70, 72-73 box 4
American Scientists for the Encouragement of Research in Science
1954 box 4
American Shire Horse Association
1948 box 4
American Smelting and Refining Co.
1956 box 4
American Society of Mammalogists
1932, 56, 60, 64-65, 69, 78 box 4
American Society of Naturalists
1944-45, 83 box 4
American Society of Parasitologists
1952 box 4
American Society of Zoologists
1960, 62-65, 72 box 4
American Suffolk Horse Association
1948 box 4
American Weekly
1942 box 4
American-Soviet Science Society
1946 box 4
Ames, Rosemary
1956-57 box 5
Amiraslanov, A.
1937 box 5
Amouzou, Kodjo Komlan
1984 box 5
Amstutz, G.C.
1960 box 5
Anderegg, Fred
1932 box 5
Andersen, David W.
1972 box 5
Anderson, Andrew
1966 box 5
Anderson, C.
1926, 37-38 box 5

fossil marsupials

Anderson, Edgar
1938, 47 box 5
Anderson, Elaine
1978 box 5
Anderson, Poul
1964 box 5
Anderson, R.M.
1947 box 5
Anderson, Sidney
1973-74 box 5

AMNH

Andors, Allison Victor
1976, 79 box 5
Andrade, Eduardo de
1981-82 box 5

Photo

Andrew, Gwen
1962 box 5
Andrews, David A.
1936 box 5

Fort Union

Andrews, Dwight H.
1959 box 5
Andrews, Henry N., Jr.
1936, 47, 80 box 5

Lost Worlds

Andrews, P.B.S.
1962 box 5
Andrews, Roy Chapman
1931, 34-36, 41, 54, 602 foldersbox 5

Director, AMNH.

Folder 1
1934-54 box 5
Folder 2
1960 box 5
Andrews, S. Mabala
1974 box 5
Angel, Marie
1959 box 5
Angelov, Emmanuel W.
1970 box 5
Anglade, A. Schwarck
1956 box 5
Animal Behavior Society
1970-71 box 5
Animal Trap Company of America
1944 box 5
Annan, Noel
1978 box 5
Annin, Edith L.
1959 box 5
Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Science
1974-75 box 5
Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics
1971, 73-75, 83-84 box 5
Ansell, W.F.H.
1963, 81 box 5
Anshen, Ruth Nada
1966-67, 69 box 5
Ansley, Hudson
1983 box 5
Anspach, Ernst
1958-61, 63, 66 box 5

Stock broker for GGS

Anthony, Harold
1936, 42 box 5

AMNH curators

Anthony, John
1968 box 5

Chairman, Dept. of Geology, U. of Arizona

Anthropological Society of Washington (D.C.)
1956 box 5
Antioch College
1964 box 5
Antioch Press
1958 box 5
Ao Instrument Co.
1968 box 5
Appaloosa Horse Club
1948 box 5
Appleman, Philip
1959, 69, 78-79, 82 box 5
Appleton-Century-Crofts
1966, 68-69 box 5
Apsey, Robert P.
1971-72, 77-78, 80, 82 box 5
Arabian Horse Club of America
1948 box 5
Arambourg, Camille
1947-1950, 196518 item(s)box 5

Subject(s): Conferences and symposia; Publication; Requests for reprints; Travel -- France; Biographical and personal data; Travel -- North Africa; Paleontology; International Congress of Zoology -- Thirteenth Congress; Zoology

Arata, Andrew A.
1959 box 5
Arbin, Arne
1933 box 5

fossil hunting

Archer, Michael
1982-83 box 5
Ardrey, Robert
1961, 1966 box 5
Arellano, Alberto R.V.
1960 box 5
Arenas, F. Garcia
1931-32 box 5
Argosy Book Store
1939 box 5
Arizona Bank
1972 box 5
Arizona Daily Star (newspaper)
1970, 71, 78 box 5

letters to editor

Arizona Department of Economic Security
1978 box 5
Arizona Institute
1969 box 5
Arizona, University of (miscellaneous)
1965-76, 78, 83 box 5
Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science
1982 box 5
Armour Stanley
1967 box 5
Armstrong, Philip B.
1959, 62 box 5
Arno Press
1974, 80 box 5

Reprint of Catalogue and Mesozoic Mammals

Arrington, Ruth E.
1942 box 5
Arroyo, Mario Martinez de
n.d. box 5
Arthaber, G. von
1926 box 5
Artic Health Research Center
1973 box 5
Artists and Writers Press, Inc.
1958-62 box 5
Aserappa, Tilak
1976-77, 80-84 box 5
Ashman, Richard
1967 box 5
Ashton, Roger
1975 box 5

Meaning of Evolution

Asimov, Isaac
1984 box 5
Asociacion Paleontologica Argentinae
1956-57, 65, 83 box 5

Charter and bylaws

Association for Tropical Biology, Inc.
1969 box 6
Atchley, John A.
1961 box 6
Atheneum Publishers
1960-61, 66 box 6
Atlantic Monthly
1966 box 6
Auchincloss, Eve
1970 box 6
Auger, Pierre
1959 box 6

UNESCO request to summarize trends, refused

Augusta, Josef
1937 box 6
Augustana College
1966 box 6
Austin, Lloyd
1942-43 box 6
Austin, Oliver L. (Dr. and Mrs.)
1976 box 6
Austin, Steve A.
1976 box 6
Australian Mammal Society
1962, 66, 69 box 6
Avari, Erach D. (Mr. and Mrs.)
1976-78, 81, 84 box 6
Avila-Pires, Fernando Dias de
1957 box 6
Axelrod, Daniel
1959, 72, 81 box 6

Species diversity

Ayala, Francisco J.
1968-198127 item(s)box 6

Subject(s): Recommendations; Lerner, Isadore Michael; Editorial matters; Population genetics; Conferences and symposia; Dobzhansky, Theodosius; Publication -- American Scientist; Biographical and personal data; Lectures, public speaking; Paleontology; Travel -- Invitations, arrangements; Lectures, public speaking -- Dobzhansky memorial; History of biology, especially genetics; Requests for reprints; Stebbins, G. Ledyard

Ayengar, A.R. Gopal
1940-41 box 6
Ayer and Son, Inc.
1955-57 box 6
Aylward, Robert
1974 box 6
Azzaroli, A.
1970 box 6
Badam, G.L.
1969 box 6
Bader, Robert S.
1960-61 box 6
Baez, M.
1978-79 box 6
Bailey, Alfred M.
1947 box 6
Bailey, Joy B.
1947 box 6
Bailey, Ralph
1941 box 6
Bailey, Thomas
1935 box 6

San Pedro Formation

Baillaud, Lucien
1966 box 6
Bain, Read
1951 box 6
Baird, Donald
1968, 82 box 6

Lost Worlds

Baitsell, George Alfred
1952-53 box 6
Baker, Arthur A.
1950 box 6
Baker, E.G. Stanley
1968 box 6
Baker, Graham
1973-74 box 6

South African Journal of Science

Baker, Lynn E.
1963 box 6
Baker, Nancy
1977 box 6
Baker, Robert J.
1975-81 box 6
Baker, Stanley G.R.
1971, 73 box 6
Bakke Steamship Corp.
1970 box 6
Balavoine, M.P.
1955 box 6
Baldwin, Ewart M.
1947 box 6
Baldwin, Howard A.
1970 box 6
Balkema, A.A.
1973 box 6
Ball, George
1980-81 box 6
Ball, John
1958 box 6
Baltz, Elmer H., Jr.
1962, 64, 66 box 6

USGS, San Jose Formation

Balzan-Preise
1965 box 6
Bandyopadhyay, Manjulen
1966 box 6
Banfield, A.W.F.
1964 box 6
Banks, Noreen
1979 box 6
Banse, Karl
1963 box 6
Banta, A.M.
1936-37 box 6
Baptist, Sister M.
1968 box 6

Cosmology

Barber, Bernard
1964 box 6
Barber, C.M.
1947 box 6
Barber, H. Newton
1970 box 6
Barberena, Mario Costa
1970 box 6
Barbour, Erwin H.
1932-33, 37, 40 box 6
Barbour, George
1956 box 6
Barbour, T. (Thomas)
1933, 194011 item(s)box 6

Subject(s): Zoology -- Snakes; Paleontology

Barbour, William R.
1941 box 6
Barfield, Joan
1980-81 box 6
Bari, Carl O.
1972-73 box 6
Barksdale, Julian D.
1950 box 6
Barler, Helen
1975 box 6
Barlett, Albert B.
1925 box 6
Barlow, Nora (Lady)
1958-59, 61, 64-65, 67 box 6

Charles Darwin's granddaughter

Barner-Barry, Carol
1983 box 6
Barnes, C. Keith
1956 box 6

Progressive evolution

Barnes, Claude T.
1952 box 6
Barnes, Foster L.
1939 box 6
Barnes, Harley
1954 box 6

USGS

Barnett, S.A.
1956 box 6
Barnitz, Eric
1937 box 6
Barr, H.J.
1965 box 6
Barrett, Paul H.
1965 box 6
Barry, Steve P.
1973 box 6
Barsky, Kitty
1973 box 6
Barsky, Simon
1972-74 box 6
Barth, L.G.
1958-59 box 6

Resignation from Columbia

Bartha, Eleanor
1971-72 box 6
Bartholomai, Alan
1973, 76, 78, 82 box 6
Bartlett, Richard A.
1967 box 6
Barton, Otis
1958, 64-67 box 6

Photos

Basic Books
1958-60, 63, 722 foldersbox 6

Includes: Forward to Life and Letters/Darwin

Baskett, Bob
1961-62 box 6
Baskin, Jon A.
1975-6, 79, 81 box 6
Bassett, Lewis G.
1963 box 6
Bassler, R.
1925 box 6

Paleontological Society

Batelle
1980 box 6
Bateman, Alan M.
1925, 52 box 6
Bates College
1956 box 6
Bates, Marston
1946, 49, 56-57, 60 box 6
Bates, Stanley
1947 box 6
Bather, F.A.
1926 box 7

welcome to BM(NH)

Batisse, Michel
1951 box 7
Batra, Prem P.
1966 box 7
Batten, Roger L.
1969 box 7
Bauer, Henry H.
1983 box 7

Velikovsky

Baum, Werner C.
1966 box 7
Baur, Franz
1970 box 7
Bausch and Lomb Optical Co.
1924, 26, 68 box 7
Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
1976 box 7
Bayham, Frank
1977 box 7
Bayles, Howard G.
1934 box 7
Bayne, Steven R.
1965 box 7

Cosmology

Bays, Donald L.
1962-63 box 7
Beach, Clifford W.
1941 box 7
Beach, Frank A.
1966 box 7
Beaumont, Edward C.
1960 box 7
Becher, Harry
1925-26 box 7

Fritz and Hawley, Inc. motion picture company

Bechtel, Aaron A.
1966 box 7
Beck, William S.
1960-19846 foldersbox 7

Life


Subject(s): Evolution; Physiology; Publication; Publication -- Life - An Introduction to Biology; American Association for the Advancement of Science; Travel -- Invitations, arrangements; Travel -- Antarctica; Biographical and personal data; Recommendations; Conferences and symposia; Referee's report; Harvard University; Editorial matters; Educational matters -- Biology textbooks

Becker, Earl S.
1937 box 7
Becker, Herman F.
1958 box 7

Cirriculum vita

Becker, Peter
1973 box 7
Beckman, Sally
1969 box 7

GGS secretary

Beckmann, Jon
1982 box 7
Beckwith, Jonathan
ca. 1966 box 7
Bedell, Susanna
1961 box 7
Bedeschi, Giuseppe
1979 box 7
Beebe, William
1941-19444 item(s)box 7

Subject(s): Requests for reprints

Beem, Donald R.
1978 box 7
Beer, Gavin de
1950-51, 57-60, 64 box 7

Invitations only

Beer, Robert E.
1981 box 7
Beerbower, James R.
1960-61 box 7
Beets, C.
1937 box 7
Behavioral Sciences
n.d. box 7

X-reference sheet only

Behre, Chas. H., Jr.
1958 box 7

Resignation from Columbia

Beinhorn, George
1981 box 7

Creationism

Beintema, Jaap J.
1981 box 7
Belfer, Elisabeth H.
1979 box 7
Belgian Draft Horse Corporation of America
1948 box 7
Bell, Charles
1950, 61 box 7
Bell, Ross T.
1957 box 7
Bell, W. Charles
1961 box 7
Bell, Whitfield J., Jr.
1973-76, 1981-83 box 7

APS Librarian

Bellamy, Raymond F.
1933 box 7
Beloit College
1956 box 7
Belshaw, Cyril S.
1975 box 7
Bender, Joseph (Bender Importing Co.)
1935 box 7

Mate--caffiene stuffed drink liked by GGS

Bendix-Almgreen, S.E.
1972 box 7
Benedict, Ruth
1928 box 7
Benet, Francis Emeric
1965-66 box 7
Benirschke, Kurt
1984 box 7
Benjamin, Jack
1964 box 7
Bennejeant, Ch.
1937 box 7
Bennett, Charles F., Jr.
1961 box 7
Bennett, John Francis
1961-62, 65, 69 box 7
Bennett, Kenneth A.
1970, 79-80 box 7
Bennett, Wendell C.
1934-49 box 7
Benoit, Ed.
1969 box 7
Benson, Lyman
1959-61 box 7

David French Lecture Pomona College

Benson, Seth
1946 box 7
Bensusan, Margaret D.
1941 box 7
Benton, Michael
1975 box 7
Berckhemer, F.
1928 box 8
Berelson, Bernard
1959, 61-62 box 8
Berg, Joseph W., Jr.
1970-71 box 8
Bergan, Per.
1965 box 8
Bergel, Robert Wm.
1982 box 8
Berger, Joel
1979 box 8
Berggren, W.A.
1971 box 8
Berkey, Charles P.
1926, 1934-36, 38, 41 box 8

SVP formation

Berman, Arthur I.
1964 box 8
Bermeo, Alonso
1974 box 8
Bernstein, A.
1971 box 8
Berra, Tim M.
1984 box 8
Berridge, F.R.
1965 box 8
Berrieta, F.R.
1965 box 8
Berrill, N.J.
1951 box 8

Permo-Triassic crisis

Berry, Edward W.
1926, 31-39 box 8
Berta, Annalisa
1984 box 8
Beta Beta Beta (National Biological Sciences Honorary Society)
1967-68 box 8
Bettolo, G.B. Marini
1982 box 8
Bevan, Arthur
1942 box 8
Beverley, James Allan
1972 box 8

Creationism

Beyer, Ella A.
1947 box 8

field work in New Mexico

Bhardwaj, D.C.
1955 box 8
Bibliography of Argentine Geology
1966 box 8
Biederman, Robin H.
1982 box 8
Bien, Edward M.
1958 box 8

Chinese red beds and Oligokyphus

Big Bone Lick Area (Kentucky)
1961 box 8
Bigelow, Henry
1964-65 box 8
Bijur, George
1934 box 8

director, Bureau of Econimic Research, re: cooking

Billings, M.P.
1941 box 8
Bilsey, Zelda (or Bihsey)
1967-68 box 8

Life

Binder, Eugene
1968 box 8
Binger, Carl
1962 box 8
Bio-Sciences Information Exchange
1960 box 8
BioScience
1982 box 8
Biolog (newsletter)
1964 box 8

Copy of vol. 1, no. 1

Biological Abstracts
1926, 32 box 8

Union of American Biological Societies

Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
1935-36, 47 box 8
Biological Sciences Curriculum Study
1964-65 box 8
Biometric Society
1946-53 box 8
Bios (journal)
1965 box 8
Biotropica (journal)
1976 box 8
Biraben, Max
1964 box 8
Birch, L. Charles
1952, 68, 76, 78, 82 box 8
Bird, Paul H.
1932 box 8
Birmingham Southern College
1958 box 8
Bishop, Joan Fiss
1967 box 8
Bishop, William W.
1962-67 box 8

Tertiary mammals of East Africa

Bissell, Melcolm H.
1953 box 8
Bixby, Fred H.
1951 box 8
Bixby, Louis W.
1974 box 8
Bixio, Nino
1940-41 box 8
Bjork, Philip R.
1971-73 box 8
Bjornberg, Nancy
1970 box 8

Yale University Press, Meaning of Evolution

Black, Craig C.
1960, 62, 65, 67-69, 71, 74, 77, 80-81 box 8

San Jose Formation

Black, Davidson
1930-32 box 8
Blackberg, S.N.
1940 box 8
Blackstone, D.L.
1974, 82 box 8

Spoofs in science

Blackwelder, Eliot
1941 box 8

formation of SVP

Blackwelder, Richard E.
1950, 61 box 8

Review of Principles of Animal Taxonomy

Blaisdell, Warren, Publishing Co.
1961 box 8
Blakeslee, Howard W.
1929 box 8
Blakiston Company
1925, 53 box 8
Blanchard, David C.
1976 box 8
Blanck, J. Guillermo
1984 box 8

Lost Worlds

Blankenship, Jean
1964 box 8

Cosmology

Bleibtreu, Hermann K.
1967, 74 box 8
Blinderman, Charles S.
1984 box 8
Blinn, Walter C.
1955 box 8
Bliss, Mildred (Mrs. Robert Bliss)
1943 box 8
Bloom, Ben
1966 box 8
Bloomfield College and Seminary
1959 box 8
Bloor, Gertrude
1924 box 8

Yale University

Blum, Harold F.
1948, 51, 61, 71 box 8
Blunn, Cecil T.
1947 box 8
Board of Elections, New York
1956 box 8
Boaz, Noel T.
1981 box 8
Bobbs-Merril Co., Inc.
1965 box 8
Bock, Walter J.
1958-65, 75-76 box 8
Bode, Francis D.
1937 box 9
Boernstein, Walter S.
1955 box 9
Boero, Richardo J.
1968 box 9
Boersma, Dee
1978 box 9
Bogan, Arthur
1979 box 9
Bogan, Michael A.
1980 box 9
Bogert, Charles M.
1942, 49-50, 62, 79 box 9
Bohlag, Larry
1969 box 9
Bohle, Dee
1980 box 9
Bohlin, Berger
1938, 57, 67 box 9
Bohrn, Marie
1947 box 9
Boire, Dorothy
1960 box 9
Bokac, Karen
1960 box 9
Boletin Linotipico (journal)
1939 box 9
Bollas, Lawrence M.
1967, 69, 74-77, 79, 81-82 box 9
Bombin, Miguel
1980 box 9
Bonaparte, Jose F.
1957, 72-84 box 9
Bonaventure, Mother
1964 box 9
Bond, Richard M.
1943 box 9
Bondurant, Jack
1946 box 9
Bone, Quentin
1969 box 9
Bonetti, Paolo
1957-59, 61-62, 64 box 9