Frederick Henry Osborn Papers

Mss.Ms.Coll.24

Date: Circa 1903-1980 | Size: 8.5 Linear feet

Abstract

Frederick Henry Osborn was an administrator, humanist, and scientist. This collection includes letters, diaries, reports, speeches, drafts of articles and books, oral history interviews, and photographs. There are diaries and letters for his service in Europe with the American Red Cross during World War I. There are some letters and documents, such as patent applications and plans for inventions, from his "business career" period prior to 1928, after which he became a research associate at the American Museum of Natural History studying anthropology and population. This study led to his later important contributions to the redirection of eugenics study in the U.S. and the reorganization of the American Eugenics Society. His other related organizational work and publications relating to human and population genetics are also documented in this collection. There is significant material (letters, diaries, reports) related to Osborn's World War II contributions as the chairman of the Civilian Committee on Selective Service in 1940, and as head of the Morale Branch of the U.S. Army (later, the Information and Education Division of Special Services) in 1941. Also included are important documents, especially his diary, from his work as deputy representative on the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission and the U.N. Commission for Conventional Armaments. His letters, writings, and speeches relating to foreign policy are extensive, spanning the period from the 1940s until his death, much of it from the Vietnam War years. The correspondence with Kathleen Harris is particularly rich in this respect. There is family correspondence reflecting his dynamic philosophy of life, with long series of letters to his parents (1917-1945) and to his children and grandchildren. His later civic and regional interests, as a long-time resident of Garrison, N.Y., are evidenced in the work he did on the Palisades Interstate Park Commission.

Background note

The respectable face of eugenic research in the post-war period, Frederick Osborn was raised in an environment of wealth, social power, and intellectual privilege. From youth, he stood out from the crowd. At 6'8" tall, confident and well-spoken, Osborn adopted his family's ethic of public involvement leavened with philanthropy, enjoying success in business, the military, and public life, and played an important part in reviving and reorienting the eugenics movement in the years following World War II.

The grandson of the railroad tycoon, William Henry Osborn, and nephew of Henry Fairfield Osborn, the paleontologist and Director of the American Museum of Natural History, Frederick Osborn was descended from New York's merchant elite on both his paternal and maternal sides. After graduating from the Browning School in New York City, he took his bachelor's degree from Princeton in 1910, and attended Trinity College, Cambridge, for a postgraduate year before entering into business. Following in the footsteps of his grandfather, Osborn set out to make a career as a railroad man, reviving the flagging Detroit, Toledo, and Ironton Railroad and working his way from Treasurer to President in the span of half a decade.

Osborn took leave from the railroad to enlist in the army during the First World War, and when refused, he joined the Red Cross instead, serving in France as Commander of the Advance Zone during the last eleven months of the conflict. When he returned to business in 1919, he sold his share in the railroad to Henry Ford at considerable profit and entered into partnership with two friends from the Red Cross in the firm G.M.P. Murphy and Co., which specialized in industrial management and later in stock brokerage. His business interests, however, were highly diversified and he maintained a hand in several other corporations, particularly in the oil industry, serving as officer or member of the board.

During the 1920s, Osborn became increasingly interested in the fields of anthropology and population studies, perhaps with the encouragement of his uncle. He became one of the founding members of the American Eugenics Society in 1926, an organization founded to promote eugenic education in the general public, and was associated with the Society throughout its existence. He was also began an active association with the Galton Society in 1928, serving as its Secretary in 1931. The year that he joined the Galton Society marked the end of his business career, as Osborn decided to retire to devote himself to science and the public welfare.

Osborn represented a distinct strain of reformed eugenics, and is credited by later eugenicists with providing the "American movement with a program that abandoned the race- and class-consciousness of an earlier period and that tied eugenics closely to science" (Social Biology 16, 1969, 58). Elected president of the AES in 1946, he convened a meeting to discuss the reconstitution of the Society, steering it away from "propagandizing" on social policy and toward becoming a forum for the discussion of eugenic ideas with a "well-informed audience," and toward promoting scientific studies of population. One of the most tangible fruits of his impact on the society was the new journal launched in 1954, the Eugenics Quarterly, which, after an acrimonious debate, changed its name in 1970 to Social Biology.

A trustee of Princeton, as his father was before him, Osborn was also active in promoting study of the social issues surrounding population. He was instrumental in founding the Office of Population Research as part of the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs in 1936, an organization devoted to the study of population issues. He also served as trustee to the Milbank Memorial Fund and the Social Sciences Research Council.

From the 1930s onward, Osborn was regularly drawn into public life, and his experiences in the public realm both shaped and were shaped by his scientific interests. An advocate of an activist foreign policy and an ardent anti-isolationist, he volunteered for the war effort even before America entered the war. His administrative and organizational skills made him a valuable asset, and in August 1940 he was selected by Franklin Roosevelt to chair the Civilian Advisory Committee on Selective Service. Five months later he took over as Chair of the Army Committee on Welfare and Recreation, responsible for information and education services for military personnel, and in September 1941, he was commissioned as Brigadier General and appointed Chief of the Morale Branch of the War Department. His efforts were well regarded. By the war's end he had earned promotion to Major General and had been awarded a bronze star in Paris, the Distinguished Service Medal, the Selective Service Medal, and was made Honorary Commander in the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire.

After the war, Osborn continued to pursue his joint interests in public policy and population policy. His military experiences further strengthened his belief in an activist position on the world stage, and he assumed a hard line position, though not extremist, with respect to the Soviet Union. A supporter of the Marshall Plan and moderation in reconstructing Germany and Japan, he was he was appointed Deputy to the U.S. Representative to the UN Atomic Energy Commission in March 1947 (resigning in 1950), and he served for a year on the U.N. Commission for Conventional Armaments beginning in 1948. With John D. Rockefeller, he was also co-founder of the Population Council in 1952, promoting birth control and population planning internationally. He remained active in public life into the 1970s, opposing the war in Vietnam, largely because he felt it flummoxed American foreign policy while the Soviets consolidated their position in Eastern Europe and Asia. He held a dim view of the prospect of unchecked population growth in the third world

From middle age through the end of his long life, Osborn was active in civic affairs on a more local level, as well as international, including taking part in the Palisades Interstate Park Commission, the Olana Preservation Society (Olana was home of the artist, Frederick Church), and the New York Governor's Committee to Study the Sale of Liquor to Minors, 1956-1957. He married Margaret Schiefflin, a descendent of John Jay, in 1916, with whom he had two sons and four daughters. Frederick Osborn died in 1981 at the age of 92.

Scope and content

Frederick Osborn's Papers chart the shift in the American eugenics movement onto a more "scientific" footing and into closer communion with population studies, and at the same time, they illuminate the link between population science and foreign and public policy in the post-war United States.

Correspondence forms a relatively small part of the Osborn Papers, although several files are revealing of Osborn's attitudes toward public affairs. Osborn's service in the Red Cross during the First World War is reflected in two very interesting reports he filed from the field in 1918, and there is some material to document his work as Chief of the Morale Branch of the War Department during the Second World War.

Much of Osborn's correspondence and work on behalf of the American Eugenics Society is housed with that collection, however the Osborn Papers include a wealth of other materials on eugenics and population studies. There are several files relating to the Association of Research in Human Heredity, previously the Eugenics Research Association, and Osborn's part in folding the Association in 1950, 10 folders relating to the Pioneer Fund (1937-1954), and eight folders for the Princeton Conference on Population Genetics and Demography (1967).

Several of Osborn's essays and speeches also flesh out his thought on eugenic themes, including the notes marked "Concerning Eugenics," which lay out Osborn's ideas on the future of eugenics in American life, his essays "Social morality in a period of diminishing population" (1935); "Statement on eugenics and the family" (1940); "Human heredity and the modern environment" (1941); "Where do we stop?" (1961); "Crisis in world population" (1967); "The future of human heredity" (1969); "On population and fertility" (1970), and a small number of his lectures. His paper with Carl Bajema, "The eugenic hypothesis," is a tidy summary of his views, and was published in Social Biology.

Foreign policy was a particular concern of Osborn's during the post-World War II years, and materials relating to his views on America's responsibilities internationally are salted throughout the collection. Of particular interest in this regard is his exchange with Douglas Burden, a violent anti-communist who felt that Osborn was too forgiving of the welfare state, and Osborn's speeches dealing with atomic diplomacy, "absolute weaponry," foreign policy, and "Social Science and the Problems of Government" (1955). His correspondence with Kathleen Harris is similarly revealing of how Osborn viewed the, mixing an ardent anti-communism with an opposition to the Vietnam War and a disdain for American politicians, and a dismal view of the future impact of unchecked population growth for the future of the world. His long-time colleague, Frank Lorimer, echoes many of the same sentiments in his work the "Conditions of Civilization." More formally, Osborn retained copies of his speeches relating to atomic energy and atomic weaponry in the late 1940s and to "U.S. and Russian Ideology" (1947). His diaries for 1948 include his experiences with the United Nations commissions dealing with the nuclear weaponry.

Osborn's military experiences are documented in his diaries from the First and Second World Wars (which are also supplied in typescript) and in several folders marked "United States Army Information and Education Division." Perhaps more informative are several speeches stemming from his role with the Morale Branch of the War Department.

Finally, the collection contains approximately 0.5 linear feet of correspondence between Osborn and his family, mostly his parents, which provides insight into Osborn's "philosophy of life."

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Provenance

Gift of Alice Osborn Breese, daughter of Frederick Henry Osborn, 1983 (accession number 1961-635ms).

Preferred citation

Cite as: Frederick Henry Osborn Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Related material

The Records of the American Eugenics Society (575.06 Am3) contain include important correspondence of Osborn while he was president. Osborn appears as a correspondent in numerous other collections.

A second collection of Frederick Osborn Papers is housed in the Seeley Mudd Library, Princeton University (AC #001). The material there relates exclusively to his activities as a trustee and as member of various advisory committees at Princeton.

Bibliography

Osborn, Frederick, "History of the American Eugenics Society," Social Biology 21 (1974), 115-136. Call no.: 575.05 Eu43.

Osborn, Frederick, The Future of Human Heredity; An Introduction to Eugenics in Modern Society (N.Y.: Weybright and Talley, 1968). Call no.: 575.01 Os1f

Osborn, Frederick, The Human Condition; How Did We Get Here & Where are We Going (N.Y.: Garrison, 1968). Call no.: 573 Os1h

Lorimer, Frank and Frederick Osborn, Dynamics of Population; Social and Biological Significance of Changing Birth Rates in the United States (N.Y.: MacMillan, 1934). Call no.: 312.73 L89d

Genetics Note

AuthorFormatDate
Association of Research in Human HeredityRecords (11 folders)1929, 1938-1950
Dobzhansky, TheodosiusCorrespondence (4 items)1965-1967
Harris, KathleenCorrespondence (2 folders)1963-1980
Osborn, Frederick Henry -- Concerning EugenicsManuscripts (4 items)1959-1961
Osborn, Frederick Henry -- DiariesDiaries (21 folders)1918-1948
Osborn, Frederick Henry -- Paper - Changing Demographic Trends of Interest to Population Genetics, Before Congress of Human Genetics, CopenhagenManuscripts (14 pages)1956
Osborn, Frederick Henry -- Paper - Crisis in world populationManuscripts (8 pages)1967
Osborn, Frederick Henry -- Paper - The future of human heredityManuscripts (8 pages)1968
Osborn, Frederick Henry -- Paper - Galton and mid-century eugenicsManuscripts (23 pages)1956
Osborn, Frederick Henry -- Paper - Human heredity and the modern environmentManuscripts (12 pages)1941
Osborn, Frederick Henry -- Speeches - Atomic Energy CommissionManuscripts (5 folders)1947-1950
Osborn, Frederick Henry and Bajema, Carl Jay -- Paper - The eugenic hypothesisManuscripts (12 pages)1971
Population Genetics and Demography - Fourth Princeton ConferenceRecords (8 folders)1967

Indexing Terms


Corporate Name(s)

  • American Eugenics Society
  • Civilian Committee on Selective Service
  • Palisades Interstate Park Commission.
  • U.S. Atomic Energy Commission
  • United Nations. Commission for Conventional Armaments
  • United States. Army. Information and Education Division

Genre(s)

  • Diaries.
  • Oral histories
  • Photographs
  • Speeches.

Personal Name(s)

  • Brown, Newell Kay, 1932-
  • Burden, Douglas
  • Capra, Frank, 1897-1991
  • Dobzhansky, Theodosius Grigorievich, 1900-1975
  • Harriman, W. Averell (William
  • Harris, Kathleen
  • Huxley, Julian, 1887-1975
  • Lindbergh, Charles A. (Charles Augustus), 1902-1974
  • MacArthur, Douglas, 1880-1964
  • Marshall, George C. (George Ca
  • Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967
  • Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981
  • Osborn, William Church, 1862-1
  • Rockefeller, John D. (John Davison), 1874-1960
  • Rockefeller, Nelson A. (Nelson Aldrich), 1908-1979
  • Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962
  • Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Frankl
  • Rusk, Dean, 1909-
  • Russell, Bertrand, 1872-1970
  • Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972
  • Vance, Cyrus R. (Cyrus Roberts

Subject(s)

  • Atomic bomb
  • Conference on Population (1st: 1968: Princeton, N.J.)
  • Eugenics
  • Human genetics
  • Inventions
  • Nuclear weapons
  • Parks -- New York
  • Population genetics
  • United States -- Foreign relations -- 1945-1953
  • Vietnamese conflict, 1961-1975
  • World War, 1914-1918
  • World War, 1939-1945


Detailed Inventory

Frederick Henry Osborn Papers
1903-19808.5 lin. feetbox 1-12
Ackerman, Phyllis
1955 
Adam, Sir Ronald F
1945 
Allen, Gordon
1963 
Allen, Yorke Jr.
1965 
American Committee on United Europe
1955-572 folders
American Eugenics Society
1940, 1976 
American Museum of Natural History
1956 
American Philosophical Society
1976 
American Public Welfare Association
1943 

Encl. re American Red Cross in England, 1943.

American Red Cross
1918,43 
American Red Cross - Diary (See: Osborn - Diary...)
1918 
American Red Cross - 1918 Reminiscences
  

See: Osborn-Papers-Talk on Red Cross.

American Red Cross - Report of Commander of Advance Zone
March 6-May 15, 1918 
American Red Cross - Reports by Osborn, et.al.,
Dec. 1918 
Angell, Norman
1914,48 
Anstey, Christopher
1913 
Appalachian Trail
1979 
Army and Navy Committee on Welfare & Recreation
1941, 19464 folders
Osborn (chairman); U.S.O.; Citizens
  
Committee (see also: U.S.O.-Citizens Comm.)
  
Arneson, Gordon
1976 
Aspen Institute for Humanistic Studies
1975 
Association for Research in Human Heredity
1929, 1938-195012 folders

Subject(s): American Eugenics Society; Publication -- Eugenical News; Human Genetics Society of America; Business; Scientific organizations, meetings, programs; Human genetics; Eugenics

Association for Research in Human Heredity
1946-1948 
Association for Research in Human Heredity - Activities,
1946 
Association for Research in Human Heredity - Articles of Inc.
  
Association for Research in Human Heredity - Dissolution,
1950 
Association for Research in Human Heredity - Directors
1948-49 
Association for Research in Human Heredity - Membership,
1938-41 
Association for Research in Human Heredity - Name change,
1938 
Association for Research in Human Heredity - Schweitzer, Morton
1946-50 
Association for Research in Human Heredity - Secretary's Book,
1938-40 
Association for Research in Human Heredity - Shapiro, Harry
1948-49 
Association for Research in Human Heredity - Snyder, Laurence H.
1946-48 
Association for Research in Human Heredity - Treasurer's Report,
1939 
Bajema, Carl J.
1973-75 
Barnard, Chester
1943 
Baruch, Bernard M.
1947 
Beckwith Mary P
1968, 70 
Belknap, Chauncey
1965 
Boas H
1914 
Bosanquet, Barbara and Charles
1950-1958, 1975 
Boyd, James
1974 
Boyd, Mrs. James
1942, 1950 
Branch, Robert F.
1947 
Bronk, Detlev W.
1960 
Brown, Newell
1946-50 
Bullock, Hugh
n.d. 
Bullock, Malcolm
1914 
Burden, Douglas
1955-19572 folders
Bush, Vannevar
1954 
Cabot, Francis H.
1979 
Cain, Walter O
1959 
Capra, Frank
1969-1971 
Carey, Hugh L.
1978 
Carnegie Corporation
1955 

John Gardner

Chorley, E. Clowes
1916 
Coffin, Henry
1916 
Committee on Military Applications of Social Science
1945-19462 folders
Conant, James B.
1959 
Cook, Robert C.
1979 
Council on Population Policy
1934 
Cromwell, Jarvis
1950 
Cutting, R. Fulton
1915 
D_____, Milt
1916 
The Daily Compass
1949 
Dalton, Joe N.
1945 
Davis, John F.
1946 
Dawson, Alice
1976 
Derby Mrs. Richard
1918 
Desclos, M. A.
1945 
Dobzhansky, Theodosius
1965-19674 items

Subject(s): Congratulations, greetings, thanks; Solicitations for support or contribution; Reviews

Dodds, Harold W.
1969 
Dodge, Baynard
n.d. 
Dodge, Cleveland E.
1916 
Dodge, Grace Hoadley
1915 
Dollard, Charles
1961 
Draper, Wicliffe P
1956-1965 
Earle, Virginia Osborn
n.d. 
Edmond, Harry
1963 
Ellis, James P.
1956 
Emmerson, John K.
1952 
Encyclopedia Britannica
1964-71 
Eugenics in Germany (Re: the film)
  

H. H. Laughlin

Fisher, A.
1934 
Fosdick, Raymond B
1963, 1965 
Frier, Mrs. James H.
1976 
Gardner, John
1973, 1976 
Gray, Father
1963 
Greenbaum - Morale in the Red Army
ca.1941 
Gunston, Derrick
1914-1916 
Guttmacher, Alan F.
1961 
Haldane, J. B. S.
1934 
Hammons, Helen G.
1965 
Hare, Ellen Mary
1950 
Harriman, Averell
1954-1958 
Harris, Kathleen
1963-19802 folders

Subject(s): Congratulations, greetings, thanks; Population, demography; Political issues -- United States; Political issues; Publication; Poetry and literature; Biographical and personal data

Hinchcliffe, T. D.
1916 
Hodges, Wetmore
1915 
Hollywood Victory Committee
n.d. 
Honnorat, Senator (Frenchman)
1945-1946 
Hoover, Herbert
1951 
Horgan, Paul
1967-1968 
Hubbell, Jack
n.d. 
Hunt, Helen
n.d. 
Huxley, Julian
1934 
Johnson, Joseph E.
1951 
Johnson, Louis A.
1950 
Keeler, Clyde E.
1941 
Kennedy, John F. (about)
1963 
Keppel, Frank
1941-1944, 1962-1980 
Keppel, Frank - "Study of Information and Education Activities in World War II"
19463 folders
Keppel, Gordon
  

World War II journal

Kilbourne, C. E.
1946 
King, Ashlay
1916 
Kirk, Dudley
1976 
Knickerbecker Club
  
Knight, Eric
1943 
Lawrence, David
1943 
Lewis, Thomas H. A.
1945 
Lindbergh, Charles A.
1968 
Livingston, Henry S.
1944 
Lorimer, Frank
1935, 1964-19802 folders
Lorimer, Frank - "The Contradictions of Civilization"
 2 folders
Lorimer, Frank - "Long Range U.S. Policy re. USSR",
1947 
MacArthur, Douglas
1948 

For references to him see: Osborn - Diaries (excerpts)

MacArthur, Douglas (in re.)
1944 
McLean, Donald H., Jr.
1968 
Markle, Gerlad & John Fox - "Paradigms or Public Relations: The Case of Social Biology"
1973 

For osborn's comments on this see: Osborn - Papers - Notes on "Paradigms..."

Marshall, George Catlett
1941-19502 folders
Marshall, George Catlett (in re.)
  
Marshall, George Catlett
  

See also: Osborn - Speeches - Tribute to G.C.Marshall, 1949

Milbank Memorial Fund
1963 
Minihan, Neil
1973-1976 

History of the Information & Educ. Division

Mitchell, J. Murray
1943 
Montgomery,
  
Moore, Benjamin W
1924 
Museum of City of New York
1951 

Re: Robert Fulton portrait

National War College
  
Newsclippings
 13 folders
New York - Governor's Committee to study sale of Liquor to minors,
1956-19576 folders

Osborn, Chairman

Nichols, Mrs. George
1966 
Norman, Mildred
1916 
Notestein, Frank W.
1968 
Notestein, Frank W. - Uninhibited notes on Bucharest,
1974 
Olana Preservation Inc.
1966 
Oppenheimer, Robert
1948-49 
Osborn, Frederick Henry
  
Osborn - Autobiographical
  
* "Sketches from a changing world",
1960 
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Autobiographical material
  
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Biographical information
  
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Biographical tribute, by Frank Notestein
1969. 
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Biography,
19676 folders

Oral history interview, Columbia University

Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Biography,
19772 folders

Oral history interview, Truman Library

Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Birthday greetings
  
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Cambridge Univ., Amateur dramatic club,
1911photos.
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Broadcast with Ed. R. Murrow,
Aug. 15, 1943 
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Certificates
  
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Certificates & Awards
  
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Concerning birth control & population,
1963 
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Concerning birth control & population,
1967 
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Concerning Eugenics
1959-19614 items

Subject(s): Behavioral genetics, IQ; Unpublished manuscripts, notes, etc.; Population, demography; Galton, Francis; Human genetics -- Race; Eugenics; American Eugenics Society

Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Concerning foreign policy
  
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Concerning Princeton Trustees
  
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Congratulations for promotion to Major-Gen.,
19432 folders
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Diaries
1918-194521 folders

Subject(s): Atomic Energy Commission; Political issues; World War II -- Dachau; World War II -- Impact on science; World War I -- Impact on science

Diary (Osborn, Commander of Advance Zone, American Red Cross
1918, May 12 - Nov. 24 
Diary
1918, May 12 - Nov.243 folders, typescript
Diary
1942 March 
Diary
1943 Aug. 
Diary
1943 Dec. - 1944 Feb. 
Diary
1944 April 
Diary
1945 March 
Diary
1945 April 
Diary
1945 May 

Includes May 14 description of Dachau camp, 15 days after liberation

Diary
1943-454 folders, typescript
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Diary, The General Assembly of the U.N. at Paris
1948 
Vol. I:
1948 Sept. 21-Oct. 23 
Vol. II:
1948 Oct. 23-Dec. 3 
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Diaries (excerpts)
  

Observations on: President Roosevelt, Eleanor Roosevelt, George Marshall, Henry Stimson, Douglas MacArthur

Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Drawing of Osborn & Andrei Gromyko, U.N.Atomic Energy Comm.
1947. 
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Embargo Committee,
1917 
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Foreign Policy material
1960s-70s4 folders

Anti vietnam war views; Committee of Correspondence on a new Foreign Policy

Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Foreign Policy views
  
George W. Ball
  
Zbigniev Brzezinski
  
McGeorge Bundy
  
William P. Bundy
  
Barry Goldwater
  
Philip A. Hart
  
George McGovern
  
William Proxmire
  
Richard S. Schweiker
  
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Human Condition
19734 folders
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Identity card, American Expeditionary Forces,
1918 
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Inventionsre. Hydraulic transmission
19195 folders
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Letters to Children and grandchildren
1956-19652 folders
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Letters to Parents
1917-1945 
Letters to Parents
1917 
Letters to Parents
19182 folders
Letters to Parents
1919 
Letters to Parents
1920-1924 
Letters to Parents
1925 
Letters to Parents
1927-1928 
Letters to Parents
1920s 
Letters to Parents
1931-1932, 1935, 1937 
Letters to Parents
1939-1942 
Letters to Parents
1943 
Letters to Parents
1944 
Letters to Parents
1945 
Letters to Parents
1940s 
Letters to Parents
n.d. 
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Living expenses
1950 
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Manuscript - Challenge to Life. Man's Fight for Survival,
19804 folders
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Memo on personnel in ETO (European Theater of Operations)
1944 
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Miscellaneous
1943-19452 folders
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Miscellaneous writings
  
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Notebook of experiments
1919 
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Notebook of experiments
Jan. 1920 
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Notes for Princeton Trustees
  
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Notes on Education & Morale, U.S. Army.
1943-1945 
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
On Vietnam
  

Report by Harrison Salisbury

Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Oral history outline (of his life)
  
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Papers
  
Paper - Absolute Weapons - The American Reply
  
Paper - Atomic Diplomacy
19483 folders

A collection of speeches delivered in 1947/48, as Deputy U.S. Representative to the U.S. AEC, to groups in U.S.

Paper - Changing Demographic Trends of Interest to Population Genetics, Before Congress of Human Genetics, Copehhagen
195614 pages

Subject(s): Human genetics; Population genetics; Population, demography; International Congress of Human Genetics

Paper - Crisis in World Population
January 19678 pages

Subject(s): Unpublished manuscripts, notes, etc.; Population, demography

Paper - Economics as a basis of living ethics
1919 
Paper - The future of man
1969 
Paper - Future of Human Heredity, (radio broadcast)
19688 pages

Subject(s): Eugenics; Human genetics -- Race; Lectures, public speaking -- Radio broadcasts; Human genetics

Paper - Galton and Mid-century Eugenics, (Galton Lecture, Eugenics Society, London)
195623 pages

Subject(s): Human genetics; History of biology, especially genetics; Lectures, public speaking; Eugenics; Galton, Francis

Paper - History of the American Eugenics Society
1971 

Subject(s): American Eugenics Society

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:267999

Paper - Human Heredity and the Modern Environment (Vassar College)
194112 pages

Subject(s): Human genetics; Lectures, public speaking

Paper - Implications of the 39th Yearbook for Eugenics
1940 
Paper - Man
1971 
Paper - Memo. on corporation grants in the field of human biology
1940 

in re. Carnegie Corp.

Paper - Memo. re. Foundation policy
1936 
Paper - Notes on Paradigms of Public Relations: The Case of Social Biology
1974 
Paper - Notes on the means to survival, (incomplete)
1969 
Paper - On marriage
  
Paper - On his philosophy
  
Paper - On population & fertility,
1970 
Paper - On religion
  
Paper - Regional Differences in American Births
1935 
Paper - Signposts for Foundation Survival
1955 
Paper - Social Morality in a Period of Diminishing Population
1935 
Paper - Social Science and Problems of Government
1955 
Paper - Social Science in the service of man,
April 1951 
Paper - Statement on Eugenics and the family, (Before Nat. Conf. on family relations)
1940 
Paper - To what extent is a science of man possible
1939. 
Paper - The United States and the World Population Crisis
1964 
Paper - Where do we stop, (re. population control)
Jan 9, 1961. 
Paper - The world about us
1954 
Paper - World Population Problems, (Seminar, Council on Foreign Relations)
May 1957 
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Patent application, (For a Transmission of power mechanism)
19193 folders
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Photographs
 2 folders
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Publications
  
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Radio broadcast - The Quality of Population
1940 
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Speeches
  
Speeches - Address before Fifth Int'l Congress of Pediatrics,
July 15, 1947 
Speeches - Address before General Lee's staff,
April 23, 1944 
Speeches - Address before the President's committee on Religion and Welfare in the Armed Forces,
1949 
Speeches - Address before School for Orientation Officers,
Dec. 1, 1943 
Speeches - Address before S.O.S. officers,
Dec. 4, 1942 
Speeches - Address before Adjutant General's School
  
Speeches - Addresses before Special Services Officers' School,
1942-43 
Speeches - American Foreign Policy
March 23, 1950 
Speeches - To the Artists of the Screen, The Stage, and Radio: Thanks from the American Soldier
July 14, 1943 
Speeches - Atomic Energy Commission
1947-19505 folders

Subject(s): Political issues; World War II -- Impact on science; Radiation genetics; Atomic Energy Commission

Speeches - Atomic Energy Commission
1947 

Delivered while with the UN Atomic Energy Commission

Speeches - Atomic Energy Commission
19483 folders
Speeches - Atomic Energy Commission
1949-1950 
Speeches - Campaign of the United War Chest, Philadelphia area.
Nov. 9, 1943 
Speeches - Conference of Commanding Generals of the S.O.S...
Dec. 19, 1942 
Speeches - On the Constitution of the U.S.
1919 
Speeches - Dedication of War Memorial at Station Plaza
1966 
Speeches - Detroit War Chest
Nov. 3, 1942 
Speeches - Foreign Policy,
1948-512 folders
Speeches - Home Front Mobilization Rally
1943 
Speeches - The Make-up of the Healty Family (Am. Eugenics Soc., Philadelphia)
April 1955 
Speeches - Morale Services in the zone of the Interior
July 28, 1944 
Speeches - Preparedness for War,
1942 
Speeches - Soldier and Civilian Morale
March 20, 1942 
Speeches - The Soldier gets his bearings
June 13, 1944 
Speeches - The Soldier needs the U.S.O.
April 12, 1942 
Speeches - Suggestions for a Prayer
  
Speeches - Talk at New York Times Forum
Nov. 17, 1944 
Speeches - Talk before Women's Action Committee for Lasting Peace,
March 1947 
Speeches - Talk on population,
Oct. 1967 
Speeches - Talk on Red Cross work in France,
Spring 1918 (1919 
Speeches - Tribute to George C. Marshall,
March 1949 
Speeches - U.S. & Russian Ideology, (commencement talk, Drew Seminary)
1947 
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Trusteeships
  
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Vietnam War advertisements (anti-war)
  
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
War Department, Separation papers
1949 
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
WW I registration
  
Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Writings - Miscellany
  
Bajema, Carl Jay, 1937-2020. Osborn, Frederick, 1889-1981.
Osborn and Bajema - Paper - Eugenic Hypothesis
November 197112 pages

Subject(s): Behavioral genetics, IQ; Population, demography; Publication -- Social Biology; Eugenics

Osborn and Lorimer - The Dynamics of Population - Reviews
  
Osborn, Alice
1965 
Osborn, Earl
1914-16,1965 
Osborn, Frederick Jr.
1934-512 folders
Osborn, Henry Fairfield
1914 
Osborn, John (in re.)
1947 
Osborn, Margaret (Mrs. Frederick)
1913-1916 
Osborn, Warren
1916 
Osborn, William
1903 
Osborn, William Church
1914 
Osborn, Mrs. William Church
1916 
Osborn family - Letters
  
Page, Arthur W
1941-43 
Palisades Park
1956-738 folders
Palmer, Ely Eliot
1944 
Parodi, M. Alexandre
1947 
Parran, Thomas
1942 
Patterson, Margaret
1949-1950 
Pease, Richard
1914-1917 
Petersen, Howard
1948-1949 
Petersen, L. A.
1949 
Peyrat, Joe
1946 
Photographs
  
Pioneer Fund
1937-5410 folders
Planned Parenthood Federation of America
1950-1951 
Pollock, Thomas Clark (in re. John E. Vance)
1948 
Population Genetics and Demography - Fourth Princeton Conference
November 9-11,19678 folders

Re. Assortative Mating. Transcript of the meeting. Bruce K. Eckland, Richard C. Lewontin, William S. Laughlin, Theodosius Dobzhansky, et.al.


Subject(s): Dobzhansky, Theodosius; Lewontin, Richard Charles; Population, demography; Population genetics; Conferences and symposia

Population Reference Bureau
1969 

Robert C. Cook. reminiscences

Population Studies Center
1969 
Princeton University
1951-1959 
Princeton University Press
1950 
Prorok, Count Byron Kuhn de
1942 
Pulwers, Jack
1980 
Railway Age
1919 
Rea, James C
1943 
Reed, Joseph V
1943-44 
Reid, Whitelaw
1951 
Reston, James
1976 
Richards, W C (in re. Henry Ford)
1946 
Rives, Bayard
1915-1917, 1962 
Rockefeller, John D., Jr.
1941-1953 
Rockefeller, John D., III
1968-1972 
Rockefeller, Mrs. John D., III
n.d. 
Rockefeller, Laurance S.
1971 
Rockefeller, Nelson
1967-1971 
Roosevelt, Eleanor
1917 
Roosevelt, Franklin D.
1913-1941 
Roosevelt,
1940 
Roper, Elmo
1945 
Rose, John Clarke
1946 
Rosenzweig, Michael L
1973 
Rousselot, B.
1913 
Rusk, Dean
1949 
Russell, Bertrand
1949 
Russian Institute, Harvard
19505 folders

Clyde Kluckhohn, "Members of the Politboro, their Motives and Sources of Information."

Scheinfeld, Amram
1973 
Schieffelin, John Jay
1940, 1962-1964 
Schieffelin, Luise
1914-1916 
Schieffelin, Mary
1915 
Schieffelin, William Jay, Jr.
n.d. 
Schieffelin & Co.
1965 
Schriltz, Dick S. von
1980 
Secretary of War - Advisory Board on non-appropriated funds
1945-19462 folders
Selective Service System
1941 

Harry Stack Sullivan Gen. Lewis B. Hershey

Shockley, William
1968 
Skouras, Spyros P.
1959 
Smith, Harold
1941 
Social Science Research Council
1945-53 
Society for the Study of Social Biology
1975 
Solbert, Oscar N
1944 
Somervell, Brehon
1944-49 
Spencer, Lyle M
1945 
Stein, Gertrude
1945 
Stevenson, Adlai E
1956 
Stevenson, Earl P
1950 
Stouffer, Samuel A
1948 
Stowe, Leland
1945 
Stuart, R. Douglas
1941-47 
Tennyson, Aubrey
1913 
Truman, Harry
1947,49 
Truman Library
1973-74 
Tuck, William H
1916 
United Nations Atomic Energy Commission
1947-52 
UNESCO
1946 
Unidentified
  
United Defense Fund - Citation
n.d. 
* Dwight Eisenhower
  
J. H. Doolittle
  
Omar N. Bradley
  
United Service Organization - Award,
1960 
United Service Organization - Citizens Committee
1941 
U.S. Armed Forces Institute
1956 
U.S. Army - Information & Educational Association
1947 
U.S. Army - Information & Education Division (5 folders,
1941-55 
U.S. Army - Information & Education Division - History of (2 folders,
1972-75 
U.S. Army - Information & Education Division - Notes on Army Policy in Europe,
1945 
U.S. Army - Information & Education Division - Report to Gen. Marshall,
Aug. 1945 
U.S. Army - "Information and Education in the Armed Forces,"
19492 folders
* A report to the President, by the Prs. Comm. on religion and welfare in the Armed Forces.
  
Vance, Cyrus
1980 
Verdery, M. J. Jr.
1914 
Vogt, William
1972 
Watros, Livingstone
1944 
Watros, Livingstone - Tribute to Frederick Osborn,
Nov. 20, 1945 
Webb, Derick
1964 
West, Dr.
1975 
Weybright, Victor
1972 
Whittemore, Irving C
1946 
Wiggam, Albert Edward
1936 
Wilson, Mrs. Andrew.
1956 
Wilson, Joseph C
1967 
Winter, Gilbert Paul
1965 
World Government
1949 
* Rex Stout
  
Christopher LaFarge
  
World War II - Anti war propaganda, U.S.
  
World War II - Radio Broadcasts, (in re. the political nature of them, controversy)
1944 
Young, Donald R
1977 
In separate boxes: Day Calendars,
1918-19, 1929, 1939-69. box 13-15