John W. Tukey Papers

Mss.Ms.Coll.117

Date: 1937-2000 | Size: 169.5 Linear feet

Abstract

One of the most influential statisticians of the twentieth century, John Wilder Tukey (1915-2000) played a key role in both the development and study of statistics. Upon receiving his Ph.D. in mathematics in 1939 from Brown University, he joined the faculty at Princeton; in 1945, he also began work at Bell Laboratories. Equally committed to both Princeton and Bell Labs, Tukey chose to work concurrently at both institutions. He was also a consultant for many companies, such as Merck and Company, Xerox Corporation, and the Educational Testing Service, and was a frequent advisor to the government for such programs as the US Census. From 1960 to 1980 he led the statistical component of NBC's election night projections. Among other projects Tukey analyzed Alfred Kinsey's research and examined data on ozone depletion. Tukey made many important contributions to the field of statistics, such as work in time series analysis, exploratory data analysis, and multiple comparisons. Through his work, Tukey developed statistical applications including the Box-and-Whisker Plot, the Stem-and-Leaf Diagram, Cooley-Tukey Fast Fourier Transforms, Tukey's Paired Comparisons and citation and permutated indices. Tukey's influence extends beyond statistics to everyday language: he was the first to use the word "software" in print and coined words such as "bit" and "linear programming." A prolific writer, John W. Tukey penned more than 500 technical papers and reports and published, among numerous other works. His collected papers amount to eight volumes of work.

The Tukey Papers provides a comprehensive perspective into Tukey's professional activities from his days as a graduate student until his death in 2000. Among the material is his correspondence and his published and unpublished works. There is abundant material from Tukey's long careers at Bell Laboratories and Princeton University, including extensive lecture notes and syllabi. Also included are copious materials relating to his professional activities with such agencies as the National Research Council, the Army Records Office, Xerox PARC, Merck and Company, the President's Science Advisory Committee, and the National Academy of Sciences.

Background note

One of the most influential statisticians of the twentieth century, John Wilder Tukey (1915-2000) played a key role in both the development and study of statistics. Upon receiving his Ph.D. in mathematics in 1939 from Brown University, he joined the faculty at Princeton; in 1945, he also began work at Bell Laboratories. Equally committed to both Princeton and Bell Labs, Tukey chose to work concurrently at both institutions. He was also a consultant for many companies, such as Merck and Company, Xerox Corporation, and the Educational Testing Service, and was a frequent advisor to the government for such programs as the US Census. From 1960 to 1980 he led the statistical component of NBC's election night projections. Among other projects Tukey analyzed Alfred Kinsey's research and examined data on ozone depletion. Tukey made many important contributions to the field of statistics, such as work in time series analysis, exploratory data analysis, and multiple comparisons. Through his work, Tukey developed statistical applications including the Box-and-Whisker Plot, the Stem-and-Leaf Diagram, Cooley-Tukey Fast Fourier Transforms, Tukey's Paired Comparisons and citation and permutated indices. Tukey's influence extends beyond statistics to everyday language: he was the first to use the word "software" in print and coined words such as "bit" and "linear programming." A prolific writer, John W. Tukey penned more than 500 technical papers and reports and published, among numerous other works. His collected papers amount to eight volumes of work.

John Wilder Tukey was born on June 16, 1915 in New Bedford, Massachusetts. His father, Ralph H. Tukey, taught Latin at New Bedford High School. Barred by nepotism rules from teaching at the same school as her husband, Tukey's mother, Adah Tasker Tukey, became a private tutor. Her son showed intellectual promise early; soon, he became her primary pupil. The largely home-schooled John entered Brown University, graduating in 1936 with a degree in chemistry, earning a master's degree in chemistry in 1937. That year he entered Princeton intending to get a doctorate in chemistry but switched to mathematics (he had been studying both subjects), earning his doctorate in 1939. He published three papers before being awarded his doctorate, which itself in 1940 was published as Convergence and Uniformity in Topology.

Hired at Princeton as an instructor after receiving his doctorate, Tukey remained on the faculty throughout World War II. However, his talents for data analysis were recognized as being useful to the war effort. Thus, he joined the Fire Control Research Office, headquartered in Princeton. There, he worked on ballistics, range finding, and other fire control problems. Among his colleagues were Wilfrid Dixon, Merrill Flood, William Cochran, and Stanley Wilks. (Tukey also worked at the Princeton branch of the Frankfort Arsenal Fire Control Design Division.)

Soon after the war, Tukey was made associate professor of mathematics (Frederick Mosteller was his first doctoral student) and steadily rose through the academic ranks: professor of mathematics (1950-65); professor of statistics (1965-85), a department he helped found and served as chair until 1970; Donner Professor of Science (1976-85); Tukey moved to emeritus status in science and statistics in 1985, when he also became Senior Research Statistician. Tukey's amazing mathematical gifts were also put to use by Princeton's administration. From 1945-70 he was chair of the academic scheduling committee. While lying on his back on a table, people would read to him the scheduling complexities. Tukey would solve the problems in his head and quickly call out solutions.

As an academic statistician Tukey made numerous contributions to his field. According to A. D. Gordon, as a practicing statistician, Tukey believed in:

the usefulness and limitation of mathematical statistics; the importance of having methods of statistical analysis that are robust to violations of the assumptions underlying their use; the need to amass experience of the behaviour of specific methods of analysis in order to provide guidance on their use; the importance of allowing the possibility of data's influencing the choice of method by which they are analyzed; the need for statisticians to reject the role of 'guardian of proven truth', and to resist attempts to provide once-for-all solutions and tidy over-unifications of the subject; the iterative nature of data analysis; implications of the increasing power, availability and cheapness of computing facilities; the training of statisticians.1

One early and continuing interest was in time series analysis, the development of methods to analyze a sequence of data points, measured typically at successive times, spaced at (often uniform) time intervals. Bogert, Healey and Tukey developed cepstral analysis, for instance, to help distinguish an earthquake from an explosion, thus cepstral analysis has applications for the monitoring of nuclear testing.

Tukey explored the problem of robustness of data. For instance, a sample median is more robust than a sample mean, which can be thrown off by one large sample. Tukey recommended medians as a way of smoothing data, which is the capture important patterns in the data, while leaving out noise or other fine-scale phenomena. Smoothing data is very useful in image processing.

One would be hard pressed to find an area of statistics that Tukey did not work on and influence. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and multiple comparisons were two other areas of interest.

The Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) is perhaps Tukey's most famous and useful contribution to statistics and their application. FFT, developed with James Cooley, is an algorithm that, as the name suggests, speeds data processing. A Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) decomposes a sequence of values into components of different frequencies. Calculating DFT's is often too slow to be practical. Because the Cooley-Tukey algorithm breaks a particular DFT into smaller DFTs, it can be combined arbitrarily with any other algorithm for the DFT. An FFT (there are others besides Cooley-Tukey, which is the most common) can be applied in digital signal processing and for the quick multiplication of large integers and is a common technique useful in analyzing wave forms in such disciplines as astrophysics.

Tukey invented ways to display and to test datasets: stem-and-leaf diagrams, which substitute digits for frequency counts used in constructing histograms, allowing for quicker, more suggestive analysis; the box-and-whisker plot, a way of showing quartiles, extremes, and the median in one representation that can show the spread, skewness, and extremes of a dataset; and a paired comparison test, used to find which means are significantly different from one another by comparing all possible pairs of means and is called Tukey's HSD (Honestly Significant Difference) test.

Working at Bell Labs helped to support Tukey's academic work. Projects specifically at Bell Labs were often defense-related. One important project was the development of the Nike missile system; with B. D. Holbrook he did the aerodynamics, trajectory, and warhead designs. With Ralph Blackburn Tukey wrote two papers, published in the Bell System Technical Journal (1958), that introduced spectrum analysis to engineering and scientific practice. Tukey left Bell in 1985, his final position being Associate Executive Director, Research and Information Services.

An active consultant for government and business, Tukey served on many committees and commissions and worked for a number of corporations. Whenever Tukey joined a committee or panel, he was invariably an active participant.

Among the corporations Tukey worked for were Merck (for over 40 years), and after his retirement, Xerox PARC. Most publicly, Tukey developed for the National Broadcasting System ways of projecting election results from partial counts. Tukey achieved some renown in 1960 when he prevented an early call of the election for Richard Nixon. Tukey remained with NBC until 1980, when refined exit polling replaced statistical analysis.

Public service occupied much of Tukey's career. He served as chairman of the Analytical Advisory Committee of the National Assessment of Educational Progress and its successor committee from 1963-1982. While on the President's Science Advisory Committee, he chaired the Panel on Chemicals and Health (1971-72) and the Panel on Environmental Pollution (1964-65) which issued the report, Restoring the Quality of Air. He was chairman of the National Research Council's Committee on Impacts of Stratospheric Change (1975-79) which issued three important reports on the deterioration of the ozone by fluorocarbons.

Another government agency for which Tukey consulted was the Census Bureau. On the politically-charged issue of using statistical adjustments to the census, Tukey favored using such methods because errors would be fewer than with individual enumeration.

National security matters were part of Tukey's career as well. In 1959 he was a delegate to Technical Working Group 2 of the Conference on the Discontinuance of Nuclear Weapons Tests, where his expertise in time series analysis was important in discussing monitoring tests. James Killian was appointed by Eisenhower to examine the nation's intelligence gathering ability and recommend ways it could be enhanced. Project 3 of Killian's Committee looked into the technology of intelligence gathering; Edwin Land chaired Project 3, whose members included Tukey. The U-2 spy plane came out of Project 3's recommendation to enhance intelligence gathering using the latest science and technology.

Two other important projects bear mentioning. Seeing a need for a comprehensive bibliography of the literature on statistics and probability, Tukey, enlisting the help of eminent colleagues, developed a citation index for the field. Another significant project was to review at the behest of the American Statistical Association the work of Alfred Kinsey (included on the review committee were Mosteller and Cochran). The statisticians and sex researchers did not get along well, Mrs. Kinsey wishing she could have poisoned them at a dinner at her house ("Tukey was the worst" she said) and Dr. Kinsey annoying Tukey by requesting he cease whistling Gilbert and Sullivan. The committee's report found statistical flaws in Kinsey's work, specifically problems with sampling methods and controlling randomness. Tukey stated that a random selection of three people would provide a better sample than three hundred chosen by Kinsey, who tended to select people known to each other.2

Tukey made many contributions to the development of computers and computing. His work with algorithms and robustness of data has software applications. Indeed, Tukey is credited with coining the work "software," which he first used in print in 1958, and "bit", short for "binary digit." The first computer on Princeton's campus was probably an IBM 650 belonging to the Statistical Techniques Research Group.

Tukey was a member of many professional and scientific societies: Institute of Mathematical Statistics (president, 1960); American Statistical Association (vice-president, 1955-57); American Society for Quality Control; American Association for the Advancement of Science; Biometric Society (council member); National Academy of Sciences (council, 1969-72, 1975-78); American Academy of Arts and Sciences; The Royal Society, London (foreign member); Royal Statistical Society; and the American Philosophical Society (vice-president, 1975-77). He also served on Board of Fellows of Brown University (1974-88).

Many awards came to Tukey during his career: first recipient of the S. S. Wilks Award from the American Statistical Association (1965); Shewhart Medal (1977) and Deming Medal (1983) from the American Society of Quality Control; James Madison Medal (1984) from Princeton University; Educational Testing (ETS) Service Award for Distinguished Service to Measurement(1990); and in 1973, the National Medal of Science "for his studies in mathematical and theoretical statistics . . . and for his outstanding contributions to the applications of statistics to the physical, social, and engineering sciences."

Tukey married Elizabeth Rapp, who at the time worked at ETS, in 1950. They were married for 48 years, Elizabeth dying in 1998. They had no children. Outside his professional work, Tukey had a couple of passionate interests. One was folk dancing. Another was reading science fiction.

1 Quoted in http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Biographies/Tukey.html, MacTutor History of Mathematics at St. Andrews University, Scotland.

2 The New York Times, obituary, quoted in http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Obits2/Tukey_NYTimes.html; David R. Brillinger, "John Wilder Tukey (1915-2000), Notices of the American Mathematical Society, vol. 49, no. 2 (Feb. 2002).

Another reference consulted was Tukey's CV.

Scope and content

The Tukey Papers provides a comprehensive perspective into Tukey's professional activities from his days as a graduate student until his death in 2002. This collection consists largely of correspondence and unpublished and published works by Tukey, most notably Exploratory Data Analysis. There is abundant material from Tukey's long careers at ATT Bell Laboratories and Princeton University, including extensive lecture notes and syllabi. Also included are copious materials relating to his professional activities with such agencies as the National Research Council, the Army Records Office, Xerox PARC, Merck and Company, the President's Science Advisory Committee, and the National Academy of Sciences. Of particular interest is the collection of film that Tukey amassed while at Princeton during the late 1930s and early 1940s, which provides an unusual and wonderful glimpse into typical campus life for the young mathematician and his circle. Musicals, baseball practice, and lectures are but a few of the activities captured on film as well as illustrious individuals S. S. Wilks, Norbert Wiener, and Albert Einstein.

Arrangement

Series I. Correspondence1938-200060 linear feet
Series II. Works By Tukey1938-199425 linear feet
Series III. Works By Others1937-20007.5 linear feet
Series IV. Princeton University1937-198721 linear feet
Series V. Bell Laboratories1946-1985 7.5 linear feet
Series VI. Organizations1947-199518 linear feet
Series VII. Personal1937-19994 linear feet
Series VIII. Printed Materials1942-19914 linear feet
Series IX. Graphics1930's-1990's11.5 linear feet
Series X. Research1944-19886 linear feet
Series XI. Subject Files1946-19975 linear feet

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Physical description

169.5 linear feet

169.5 linear feet

Provenance

Gift of the estate of John W. Tukey, 2002.

Preferred citation

Cite as: John W. Tukey Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Processed by Anne Harney and Leigh McCuen, 2003-2008

Separated material

Approximately twenty linear feet of papers of Samuel Wilks were removed and cataloged with the Wilks Papers, B W665

Related material

The APS holds the papers of Tukey's mentor and colleague, Samuel Wilks (B W665), and the papers of Tukey's first doctoral student and collaborator Frederick Mosteller (MS Coll 137).

Indexing Terms


Corporate Name(s)

  • Akademiia Nauk SSSR (Academy of Sciences of the USSR)
  • National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
  • National Research Council (U.S.)
  • National Science Foundation, U.S.
  • Princeton University
  • Xerox Corporation. Palo Alto Research Center

Personal Name(s)

  • Abelson, Robert P. (Robert Paul), 1928-2005
  • Anderson, Edgar, 1897-1969
  • Anscombe, Francis John
  • Basford, Kaye E., 1952-
  • Batson, Herbert Clifford
  • Beale, E. M. L. (Evelyn Martin Landsdowne)
  • Beaton, Albert E.
  • Bechhofer, Robert E. (Robert Eric), 1919-
  • Bell, Whitfield J. (Whitfield
  • Belsley, David A.
  • Beniger, James R. (James Ralph), 1946-
  • Bennett, Carl A. (Carl Allen), 1921-
  • Blackman, R. B. (Ralph Beebe), 1904-
  • Bliss, Chester Ittner, 1899-
  • Block, Jack, 1924-2010
  • Bloomfield, Peter, 1946-
  • Boas, Ralph Philip
  • Bode, Hendrik W. (Hendrik Wade), 1905-
  • Bolt, Bruce A., 1930-
  • Bowker, Albert Hosmer, 1919-
  • Braun, Henry I., 1949-
  • Brillinger, David R.
  • Cleveland, William S.
  • Cochran, William G. (William Gemmell), 1909-1980
  • Cressie, Noel A. C.
  • Cureton, Edward Eugene, 1902-
  • Deming, W. Edwards (William Edwards), 1900-
  • Dempster, Arthur Pentland, 1929-
  • Dixon, Wilfrid Joseph, 1915-
  • Dodge, Harold French, 1893-
  • Fisher, Ronald Aylmer, Sir, 1890-1962
  • Flood, Merrill Meeks, 1908-
  • Friedman, J. H. (Jerome H.)
  • Gnanadesikan, Ramanathan, 1932-
  • Hamming, R. W. (Richard Wesley), 1915-
  • Hoaglin, David C. (David Caster), 1944-
  • Kruskal, William, 1919-2005
  • Meyerhoff, Howard A. (Howard Augustus)
  • Moe, Henry Allen, 1894-1975
  • Morgenthaler, Stephan
  • Mosteller, Frederick, 1916-2006
  • Parzen, Emanuel, 1929-
  • Pearson, E. S. (Egon Sharpe), 1895-1980
  • Press, Harry
  • Rao, C. Radhakrishna (Calyampudi Radhakrishna), 1920-
  • Rousseeuw, Peter J.
  • Scheffé, Henry, 1907-
  • Tukey, John W. (John Wilder), 1915-2000
  • Tukey, Paul
  • Velleman, Paul F.,1949-
  • Wainer, Howard
  • Wheeler, John Archibald, 1911-2008
  • Wilks, S. S. (Samuel Stanley), 1906-1964

Subject(s)

  • American Academy of Arts and Sciences
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • American Association of Scientific Workers
  • American Chemical Society
  • American College Testing Program
  • American Institute of Chemical Engineers
  • American Institute of Physics
  • American Mathematical Society
  • American Medical Association
  • American Petroleum Institute
  • American Philosophical Society
  • American Psychological Association
  • American Society for Information Science
  • American Society for Quality Control
  • American Statistical Association
  • American Telephone and Telegraph Company
  • Archibald, Raymond Clare, 1875-1957
  • Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc.
  • Brown University
  • California Institute of Technology
  • Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (Stanford, Calif.)
  • Chlorofluoromethanes-Environmental concerns
  • Disarmament.
  • Educational Testing Service
  • Fisher, Ronald Aylmer, Sir, 1890-1962
  • Fourier transformations
  • Halocarbons
  • History of computing
  • Kinsey, Alfred C. (Alfred Charles), 1894-1956
  • Logarithms
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Mathematics - Tables
  • Mike, Valerie, 1934-
  • Moments method (Statistics)
  • Mosteller, Frederick, 1916-
  • National Assessment of Educational Progess (Project)
  • Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994
  • Nuclear Weapons - Testing
  • Princeton University
  • Security clearances - United States
  • Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
  • Statistics -- Study and teaching
  • Suppes, Patrick, 1922-
  • Time-series analysis
  • U.S. Census Bureau
  • United States. Army Research Office
  • Wilks, S. S. (Samuel Stanley), 1906-1964
  • Xerox Corporation

Collection overview

1938-200060 linear feet

The correspondence of John W. Tukey is 34 linear feet and spans from 1938 through 2000. When possible, the arrangement of this material follows Tukey's original order therefore, correspondence can be found within other series as well. Broad in range, the material consists of everything from fellow Princeton mathematicians' collaborations in the 1930s to Tukey's quest for an especially favorite brand of canned mackerel. The majority of correspondence though reflects the many facets of Tukey's career as an renowned educator and statistician. Within this series are invitations to speak, project proposals, the exchanges of statistical information, and various stages of collaboration-related communication. Tukey maintained a businesslike tone even with individuals with whom he corresponded with for over sixty years. The correspondence from his mother, Adah, and wife, Elizabeth Rapp Tukey, however, are an exception. These warm and personal letters are few in number but lend insight into Tukey's marriage and family life.

The earliest correspondence in the collection is dated shortly after Tukey's arrival at Princeton University in 1937. Significant correspondents from Tukey's years at Princeton include Angus Taylor, Frank Smithies, Arthur Stone, John Nash, Ralph Philip Boas, Edward Canby, G. Baley Price, and Solomon Lefshetz. The correspondence illustrates Tukey's participation and at times creation of various organizations and clubs. The majority, however, appears to be to and from university friends discussing and working on various chemistry and mathematical matters. By all accounts, John W. Tukey was not an ebullient man, but despite his some what formal writing style, the correspondence reveals a level of warmth and camaraderie between Tukey and his colleagues.

Tukey began his appointment as Assistant Professor of Mathematics at Princeton in 1941 and joined the Fire Control Research Office shortly after. Related correspondents for this period includes organization director Merrill Meeks Flood and members Samuel Wilks and William Cochran. Most significant was Tukey's relationship with Harvard engineer Charles P. Winsor who, he declared, "converted me to statistics."

In early 1945, Tukey began working for Bell Labs, a lifelong association, as it would turn out. While at Bell Labs, Tukey worked with B. D. Holdbrook to develop the Nike missile system although the scant correspondence within this collection is rather routine and doesn't reflect their extensive contribution. Tukey also had a reputation for being discreet regarding his more sensitive projects.

There are many letters from Tukey's students who continued to seek his counsel long after they left the classroom. Among those he worked with over the years (in chronological order) are: Frederick Mosteller, Leo Goodman, Paul Meier, David Brillinger, Richard Link, Arthur Dempster, David Brillinger, John Hartigan, Peter Nemenyi, W. Morven Gentleman, David Hoaglin, Anita Parunak, Paul Vellemen, Karen Kafadar, Paul Horn, Stephen Morgenthaler, Clifford Hurvich, and George Easton. Tukey not only offered advice and support but went on to collaborate with former students as an advisor, editor, and co-author of numerous books and papers.

Finally, there is material from various organizations within which Tukey actively participated or consulted: American Statistical Association, Institute of Mathematical Statistics, National Academy of Sciences, National Assessment of Educational Progress, National Research Council, National Science Foundation, Office of Naval research, Xerox PARC, and the Hoover Commission.

1938-199425 linear feet

The Works by Tukey Series is 15 linear feet organized in two sub-series: Papers and Talks, both of which are organized alphabetically by title. The Papers sub-series is 14 linear feet; the Talks, is one linear foot. John W. Tukey was a prolific writer and an extremely active speaker throughout his long career. In all, Tukey wrote more than 500 technical papers and reports which ultimately filled more than eight volumes of collected works.

 0 Linear Feet; 14 linear feet

Tukey's earliest papers coincide with his arrival at Princeton in 1937. Early papers consisted mostly of notes compiled from lectures he'd attended although most are complete papers. Several of the existing early papers include: On the Distribution of the Fractional Part of a Statistical Variable (1938); A Note on Linear Functionals and Correction to "A Note on Linear Functionals" (1938) with Ralph P. Boas; The Intrinsic Metric of a Polytope (1939); and Compactness in General Sp aces (1940).

Although Tukey arrived at Princeton armed with with both undergraduate and graduate chemistry degrees from Brown, he eagerly pursued mathematics degrees. His interest in statistics grew organically out of the military research work he conducted in the early 1940s, reinforced with an association with Charles P. Winsor whom Tukey admired and respected very much. Tukey's work from 1940-1960 reflects the interest in statistical theory and applications and other topics such as partition models and non-parametric estimation, including confidence intervals for prediction. There are also various papers on distribution theory, and a paper on transformations.

Tukey's work on sampling theories, analysis of variance, and time series was a natural progression from his pursuit of statistical theory. Papers concerning these topics are well-represented topics within the Works Series. Tukey wrote on sampling theory throughout his long career; the earliest paper within the collection is The Sampling Theory of Power Spectrum Estimates (1949) to a collaboration penned in 1990 with Paul Tukey, Studentized Range with Covariance: Experimental Sampling and Monte Carlo. Tukey's earliest analysis of variance work are his two 1949 papers Comparing Individual Means in the Analysis of Variance and Dyadic Anova, An Analysis of Variance for Vectors and his latest was written in 1998 with Allan Seheult: Towards Robust Analysis of Variance I .

Time series work within the series includes What Does the Mean-Square-Successive-Difference Measure When Applied to Time Series? (1950); The Spectral Representation and Transformation Properties with High Moments of Stationary Time Series (1953); Time Series Alanysis (Not Analysis) written with Bruce P. Bogert and M. J. R. Healy in 1962 and Can We Predict Where "Time Series" Should Go Next? (1978). There are several undated papers on time series with the Works Series as well.

Tukey wrote on the topic of multiple comparisons for years; about half of his papers within this collection are collaborations. Multiple comparisons works written solely by Tukey include two folders labeled Multiple Comparisons (n.d.) containing 22 items; The Problem of Multiple Comparison (1973); and Some Thoughts on Multiple Comparisons1992). Multiple comparison collaborations include: Short-Cut Multiple Comparisons for Balanced, Single and Double Classifications: Part 1, Results and Short-Cut Multiple Comparisons for Balanced, Single and Double Classifications: Part 2. Derivations and Approximations with T. E. Kurtz, R. F. Link, and D. L. Wallace; and Controlling Error in Multiple Comparisons, with Special Attention to the National Assessment of Educational Progress with Lyle Jones and Valerie S.L. Williams.

"Data analysis," Tukey's method for studying experimental results, was an important contribution to the field and can be credited with changing the standard and language of statistics. Tukey acknowledged two types of data analysis: exploratory data analysis and confirmatory data analysis. There are over a dozen papers within the collection on Exploratory Data Analysis between 1970 and 1994. (Several papers are undated and therefore could have been written before or after the recorded dates.) The earliest exploratory data analysis titles are Exploratory Data Analysis for Physicists and a folder containing 22 items labeled Comments on Exploratory Data Analysis Later papers on exploratory data analysis include: Exploratory Data Analysis, 1991-1994 (1993) and Exploratory Data Analysis, 1995-2005. There are two confirmatory data analysis papers with in the Series: We Need both Exploratory and Confirmatory and Some Illustrations of Confirmatory Analysis.

Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and regression are the guiding principles behind statistics and Tukey made many important contributions to each of them. ANOVA papers include: Dyadic Anova, An Analysis of Variance for Vectors (1949), How to Look at ANOVA AND What it Can Do (1988) and Some Set-Ups for ANOVA-Like Inference (1990). There are papers on many other topics within the Works by Tukey Series; the mentioned titles are representative of just a small sample of relevant topics.

 1 linear foot

Tukey was not only a highly productive writer but was also an active speaker. Included within the Talks sub-series are interviews, conference lectures and paper presentations, and panel discussions. Some of Tukey's lectures, such as Statistician's and Today's Conflicts, were later published as papers and can be found in Tukey's Collected Works. On a few occasions Tukey was asked to testify before the U.S. House of representatives and the U.S. Senate regarding issues such as the census and the environment. Transcripts of his testimony including his statement as a Member of U.S. Delegation to Technical Working Group Two, Geneva Test Ban Conference are included in this sub-series. Of special note is an interview with Tukey and Albert Tucker which details Tukey's thoughts on the Princeton mathematics community in the 1930s.

1937-20003 linear feet

The Works by Others Series is three linear feet arranged alphabetically by Author's last name. Order was imposed as the material arrived disorganized and Tukey's intended method for keeping the materials wasn't apparent. Within this series are papers by colleagues and collaborators, some former students. The material within this series reflects Tukey's role as constructive critic and contributor to those who sought his opinion on statistical and mathematical matters.

The retention criteria for material within this series is limited to work with which Tukey directly contributed or influenced. We retained some material, however, because it is commentary on work by Tukey himself. The following are examples of material that falls into this category: by E. Kaplan, Comments on Tukey's Multiple Comparisons; by Harold W. Kuhn, Notes of a Problem by Tukey; by Howard Wainer, Graphical Visions from William Playfair to John Tukey.

1937-198721 linear feet

Much of the early material in the Princeton University series concerns the Fire Control Research Office, formed during World War II to aid the war effort, a group Tukey enthusiastically participated in. Later material is directly related to Tukey's duties as a professor and department head. There are many folders concerning the mathematics and statistics courses he taught over the years and also much material generated by the Statistical Techniques Research Group. There is general faculty-related correspondence as well as a number of folders concerning the Citation Index.

1946-19857.5 linear feet

This series contains material from John W. Tukey's career at Bell Laboratories, one spanning 40 years. Most of the material research and development projects at Bell Labs as well as memoranda concerning managerial issues. Among the material is a Management Attitude Survey Tukey participated in for a number of years beginning in 1940 and ending in 1957. There is substantial material concerning a lawsuit brought by the states of New Jersey and Indiana in which Tukey testified on rate determination. There is general correspondence as well as documentation of other projects and committees Tukey worked on while employed by Bell Labs, such as The President's Science Advisory Committee and a number of folders with material about pollution. There are a number of appointment records and secretary's records of correspondence books.

1947-199518 linear feet

The first box of the series contains various organizations' correspondence, arranged alphabetically; the boxes following general correspondence cover the organizations with which Tukey was associated.

American Statistical Association, 1951-1987
Army Research Office, 1956-1995
Brown University, 1950-1989
Central Intelligence Agency, 1952-1988
CIBA-GEIGY Corp., 1976-1985
Exxon, 1977-1984
The Health Effects Institute, 1981-1995
Institute for Defense Analysis, 1954-1994
Merck, 1974-1997
National Academy of Science, 1954-1991
National Assessment of Educational Progress, 1966-1996
National Research Council, 1951-1982
National Science Foundation, 1952-1990
President's Commission on Federal Statistics, 1966-1979
President's Science Advisory Committee, 1957-1992
(Rand) Research and Development, 1945-1992
Society for Industry and Applied Mathematics (SIAM), 1954-1993
Xerox PARC, 1972-1992

1937-19994 linear feet

Consists of personal correspondence and family photos, boxes of index cards, appointment books, and awards, medals, I.D. cards and dozens of tiny address books. Also included: doctoral research (1937), a 1957 diary, and "message books," (1980-1992). Also in the series is material on folk dancing, post cards, news clippings and assorted family photos of Tukey's wife, Elizabeth, and his parents, Ralph and Ada Tukey.

1942-19914 linear feet

Consists mostly of industrial and military books, pamphlets, and reports, reprints and publications from the American Statistical Association, National Science Foundation, and National Academy of Sciences. Also included are books and pamphlets on folk dancing.

1930's-1990's6 linear feet

The Graphics series, arranged alphabetically, is a mixture of computer discs, audio and visual tapes, and photographs.

Included in the series is one linear feet of stray floppy discs (1987-1990) and 21 data cartridge tapes, (1988-1989); and a box of 11 discs labeled, PIMI PIMA.Doc (6/2/1994). Other items include 4 large tapes containing "Uncropped Bell Labs Frequency data" (7 Jan. 1971) and 3 tapes labeled, "Att. Management Survey (n.d.)." Also included is a series of Tukey portraits taken over the years, an IBM workshop shot (1948); photos of the Geneva Arms Control Talks, (1959); casual photos taken at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, (1957-1958); photos taken during NBC's Operation Ballot, (1968); group photos of the President's Science Advisory Committee, (1959-[1963]).

Photos of Tukey's Princeton colleagues, the Mathematics Department Princeton, and some photos of Tukey lecturing are included among the professional graphics. The Bell Laboratory photos contain group shots of Tukey and colleagues. Also included is a collection of VHS video tapes of consensus material and an interview with John Tukey. Most of Tukey's personal snapshots of Princeton and elsewhere have been digitized.

Among the video tapes is a John Tukey Educational Testing Services seminar, (1990-1996). There are a number of thumbnail photos of Tukey's early days at Princeton University featuring photos of Tukey's Princeton friends and colleagues, classroom scenes, and social gatherings; a 14-tape (Beta format) collection of the first American Statistical Association First Annual Statistical Short Course (1975); and 7 tapes containing Citation Index material (n.d.).

One linear feet of cassette tapes contains lectures such as "The Analysis of Data—Exploration as one Road to Discovery" (May 15, 1975; UC Berkeley); "An Unexplored Opportunity," Prof. John W. Tukey, meeting of the Classification Society of North America, St. John's Newfoundland, 13 July 1985; and 14 cassettes of Princeton Robustness Week (1981).

The personal material contains 6 boxes of personal slides, mostly travel and vacation shots, reel-to-reel tapes and photos of friends and colleagues. The photos (19927-1990) include a birding expedition, camping trips and travel, weddings, and other family gatherings.

1944-19886 linear feet

The Research series is arranged alphabetically according to project/paper title. Occasionally the folder title is a rough draft of a paper found in Series II, Works by Tukey. Much of the material in the series is undated. The earliest material appears to be a folder of "Blotto Problem" material, (1948). There is much material on analysis of variance (ANOVA) as well as folders of material Tukey called "Badman," and "Nachless," both largely undated. Also included is miscellaneous correspondence, material concerning cancer rates, Exploratory Data Analysis, and material relating to graphs and graphing. There is much exploratory data analysis material and many folders of miscellaneous research material, 1940-1965 and undated research. Included in the series is Nike missile data (1946, 1952); noise data (1984); Phipps-Cochrane material (1947-1948); "Re-expression" material; undated material on "time series;" tuberculosis data; and weather-rainfall data.

1946-19975 linear feet

The Subject Files is arranged alphabetically according to subject.

Arms Control, 1949-1995
Census, 1963-1992
Elections, 1948-1980
Environment, 1945-1993
Early computers, 1936-1957
Flexagons, 1949-1977
Kinsey materials, 1929-1952
National Defense, 1957-1967
Race-Bias Case, 1996-1997
Security Clearances, 1950-1990
Wilks, Samuel, 1964



Detailed Inventory

Series I. Correspondence
1938-200060 linear feet

The correspondence of John W. Tukey is 34 linear feet and spans from 1938 through 2000. When possible, the arrangement of this material follows Tukey's original order therefore, correspondence can be found within other series as well. Broad in range, the material consists of everything from fellow Princeton mathematicians' collaborations in the 1930s to Tukey's quest for an especially favorite brand of canned mackerel. The majority of correspondence though reflects the many facets of Tukey's career as an renowned educator and statistician. Within this series are invitations to speak, project proposals, the exchanges of statistical information, and various stages of collaboration-related communication. Tukey maintained a businesslike tone even with individuals with whom he corresponded with for over sixty years. The correspondence from his mother, Adah, and wife, Elizabeth Rapp Tukey, however, are an exception. These warm and personal letters are few in number but lend insight into Tukey's marriage and family life.

The earliest correspondence in the collection is dated shortly after Tukey's arrival at Princeton University in 1937. Significant correspondents from Tukey's years at Princeton include Angus Taylor, Frank Smithies, Arthur Stone, John Nash, Ralph Philip Boas, Edward Canby, G. Baley Price, and Solomon Lefshetz. The correspondence illustrates Tukey's participation and at times creation of various organizations and clubs. The majority, however, appears to be to and from university friends discussing and working on various chemistry and mathematical matters. By all accounts, John W. Tukey was not an ebullient man, but despite his some what formal writing style, the correspondence reveals a level of warmth and camaraderie between Tukey and his colleagues.

Tukey began his appointment as Assistant Professor of Mathematics at Princeton in 1941 and joined the Fire Control Research Office shortly after. Related correspondents for this period includes organization director Merrill Meeks Flood and members Samuel Wilks and William Cochran. Most significant was Tukey's relationship with Harvard engineer Charles P. Winsor who, he declared, "converted me to statistics."

In early 1945, Tukey began working for Bell Labs, a lifelong association, as it would turn out. While at Bell Labs, Tukey worked with B. D. Holdbrook to develop the Nike missile system although the scant correspondence within this collection is rather routine and doesn't reflect their extensive contribution. Tukey also had a reputation for being discreet regarding his more sensitive projects.

There are many letters from Tukey's students who continued to seek his counsel long after they left the classroom. Among those he worked with over the years (in chronological order) are: Frederick Mosteller, Leo Goodman, Paul Meier, David Brillinger, Richard Link, Arthur Dempster, David Brillinger, John Hartigan, Peter Nemenyi, W. Morven Gentleman, David Hoaglin, Anita Parunak, Paul Vellemen, Karen Kafadar, Paul Horn, Stephen Morgenthaler, Clifford Hurvich, and George Easton. Tukey not only offered advice and support but went on to collaborate with former students as an advisor, editor, and co-author of numerous books and papers.

Finally, there is material from various organizations within which Tukey actively participated or consulted: American Statistical Association, Institute of Mathematical Statistics, National Academy of Sciences, National Assessment of Educational Progress, National Research Council, National Science Foundation, Office of Naval research, Xerox PARC, and the Hoover Commission.

General physical description: 60 linear feet

Abbott, George
19774 itemsbox 1
Abbott, Wendell H.
1950-195619 itemsbox 1
Abelson, Philip H. - Kruskal, William - Tukey, John W.
1959 - 196238 itemsbox 1
Abelson, Philip Hauge
1962-19687 itemsbox 1
Abelson, Robert P.
1953 - 196625 itemsbox 1
Abelson-Jones Cards.
n.d.Folder 1box 1
Abelson-Jones Cards. Citizenship. 17 year-olds.
n.d.Folder 2box 1
Abelson-Jones Cards. Writing. 17 year-olds.
n.d.Folder 3box 1
Abraham, Sidney
1958-19636 itemsbox 1
Abrahams, S. C.
19721 itembox 1
Abramowitz, Milton, 1915-1958
1956-19573 itemsbox 1
Abruzzi, Adam and Patrick Suppes
n.d.1 itembox 1
Abt, K.
1978-19879 itemsbox 1
Academic Press, Inc.
19682 itemsbox 1
Academy of Sciences of the USSR
19647 itemsbox 1
Accardi, L. Luigi, 1947-
1985-19863 itemsbox 1
Ackman, Phyllis
19592 itemsbox 1
Ackoff, Russell Lincoln, 1919-
1954-19658 itemsbox 1
Acton, Forman S.
1947-196352 itemsbox 1
Adams, Clarence Raymond
1947-195516 itemsbox 1
Adams, Joe Kennedy
19552 itemsbox 1
Adams, Scott, 1909-
19612 itemsbox 1
Adams, T. B.
19453 itemsbox 1
Adams, Thomas
19485 itemsbox 1
Adams, William M.
19658 itemsbox 1
Adams, William
19691 itembox 1
Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, inc.
1961-19775 itemsbox 1
Adkins, Alyce
19778 itemsbox 1
Adolph, Edward Frederick., 1895-1986
1948-195017 itemsbox 1
Adomian, G.
1984-19853 itemsbox 1
Advisory Committee on Weather Control
1953-1955Folder 1box 1
Advisory Committee on Weather Control
1956Folder 2box 1
Advisory Committee on Weather Control
1957-1967Folder 3box 1
Agree to Go
1982-19831 itembox 1
Agterberg, Frederick P.
1977-19838 itemsbox 1
Ahmann, J. Stanley
1973-19756 itemsbox 1
Aiken, H. H.
19471 itembox 1
Air Research and Development Command
1953-19549 itemsbox 1
Al-Shaikhly, S.
19743 itemsbox 1
Albert, Adrian A. (Abraham Adrian), 1905-
1954-19557 itemsbox 1
Albert, Ethel
19585 itemsbox 1
Alberts, Gerard
1953-19892 itemsbox 1
Albrecht, Terrance L.
19791 itembox 1
Albritton, Erret Cyrill, 1890-?
1949-195633 itemsbox 1
Alchian, Armen
1952-19533 itemsbox 1
Alexander, Howard Wright, 1911-?
19553 itemsbox 1
Alexander, W. E.
19511 itemsbox 1
Allen, Leland
19612 itemsbox 1
Allen, Thomas J.
19654 itemsbox 1
Allen, William R.
1954-198123 itemsbox 1
Allendoerfer, Carl B. (Carl Barnett), 1911-1974
1954-196510 itemsbox 1
Altevogt, Raymond F.
19831 itembox 1
Amartunga, Dhammika
1983-198419 itemsbox 1
Ambrose, Warren
19801 itembox 1
Ambrozova, Jaroslava
19872 itemsbox 1
American Academy of Arts and Sciences
1964-19865 itemsbox 1
American Association for the Advancement of Science
1952-19536 itemsbox 1
American Association for the Advancement of Science - Meeting: Boston
194644 itemsbox 1
American Association for the Advancement of Science - Meeting: Missouri
19465 itemsbox 1
American Association of Scientific Workers
19397 itemsbox 1
American Chemical Society
1947-196218 itemsbox 1
American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
19673 itemsbox 1
American College Testing Program
19692 itemsbox 1

Jones-Abelson Cards

General physical description: 2 items

American Institute of Chemical Engineers
1951-19526 itemsbox 1
American Institute of Physics
1966-19674 itemsbox 1
American Mathematical Socie ty - Committee on Applied Mathematics
1948-19544 itemsbox 1
American Mathematical Society
1948-198811 itemsbox 1
American Mathematical Society - Committee on Reorganization of Society programs
1947-194815 itemsbox 1
American Mathematical Society - Council
1946-194910 itemsbox 1
American Medical Association
1966-196712 itemsbox 1
American Petroleum Institute
1987-19887 itemsbox 1
American Philosophical Society
1964-1969Folder 1box 1

APS member statistics

General physical description: Folder 1

American Philosophical Society
1970-1986Folder 2box 1
American Psychological Association
1967-19876 itemsbox 1
American Scientist
1957-197611 itemsbox 1
American Society for Information Science
19693 itemsbox 1
American Society for Quality Control
1948-198656 itemsbox 2
American Society for Testing and Materials
1954-19564 itemsbox 2
American Statistical Association-American Standards Association
1951-196951 itemsbox 2
American Statistical Association
1945-1950Folder 1box 2
American Statistical Association
1951-1980Folder 2box 2
American Statistical Association - Acceptance Sampling
1945-195126 itemsbox 2
American Statistical Association - Annals
1948-1951Folder 1box 2
American Statistical Association - Annals
1952Folder 2box 2
American Statistical Association - Annals
1952Folder 3box 2
American Statistical Association - Annals
1953-1954Folder 4box 2
American Statistical Association - Central New Jersey Chapter
1946-195557 itemsbox 2
American Statistical Association - Committee to Investigate Statistics as Evidence
1955-195718 itemsbox 2
American Statistical Association - Handbook
1948-194959 itemsbox 2
American Statistical Association - Meetings: Cleveland
1948-194936 itemsbox 2
American Statistical Association - Meetings: New York
194957 itemsbox 2
American Statistical Association - Meetings
1950-197563 itemsbox 2
American Statistical Association - New York Chapter
19748 itemsbox 2
American Statistical Association - Program Committee
1948-19539 itemsbox 2
American Statistical Association - Publication Committee
19571 itembox 2
American Statistical Association - Section on Physical and Engineering Sciences
1952-195624 itemsbox 2
American Statistician
1948-195722 itemsbox 2
American Telephone and Telegraph Company - Journal
19904 itemsbox 2
Amos, Donald E.
19653 itemsbox 2
Amplifier
n.d.25 itemsbox 2
ANAC - Meeting
1969-197011 itemsbox 2
Analytical Chemistry
1947-195714 itemsbox 2

Journal of the American Chemical Society

General physical description: 14 items

Analytical Research Group
1952-195722 itemsbox 2
Andersen, Gerald R.
19915 itemsbox 2
Andersen, Sigurd L.
19584 itemsbox 2
Anderson, Beverly
19824 itemsbox 2
Anderson, Charles I.
19501 itembox 2
Anderson, Edgar, 1897-
1952-1956Folder 1box 2
Anderson, Edgar, 1897-
1957Folder 2box 2
Anderson, Edgar, 1897-
1958-1960Folder 3box 2
Anderson, Norman H.
1968-19693 itemsbox 2
Anderson, O. D. (Oliver Duncan), 1940-?
1978- 198314 itemsbox 2
Anderson, Roger Y.
19606 itemsbox 2
Anderson, T. W. (Theodore Wilbur), 1918-?
1952-198764 itemsbox 2
Andersson, Robert
1972-19763 itemsbox 2
Andreas, Ron
19872 itemsbox 2
Andrews, D. F. (David F.),
1969-198528 itemsbox 2
Angell, Dorothy T.
19571 itembox 2
Annals of Mathematical Statistics, The
1931-1954Folder 1box 2
Annals of Mathematical Statistics, The
1955-1961Folder 2box 2
Annan, Noel Gilroy Annan, Baron, 1916-?
19672 itemsbox 2
Annual report to the president
1976-199318 itemsbox 2
Anova
19466 itemsbox 2
Anscombe, Francis John
1954-198647 itemsbox 2
Anscombe, Francis Rossiter
19733 itemsbox 2
Anselone, Philip M.
19861 itembox 2
Antithesis or Regression
n.d.1 itembox 2
Applied Mathematics Division
1949-19662 itemsbox 2
Arad, Ruth W.
19757 itemsbox 2
Archibald, R. C.
19384 itemsbox 2
Arlt, H. G.
19611 itembox 2
Armitage, P.
1956-197812 itemsbox 2
Armstrong, D. B.
19571 itembox 2
Arnold, Aaron
19621 itembox 2
Arnold, Harvey J.
1956-198152 itemsbox 2
Arnold, Kenneth J.
1954-19556 itemsbox 2
Arthur D. Little, Inc.
19553 itemsbox 3
Arthur, Susan
1977-1978Folder 1box 3
Arthur, Susan
1979Folder 2box 3
Arthur, Susan
1980-1993Folder 3box 3
Arthurs, E.
19531 itembox 3
Artificial Intelligence Research
19847 itemsbox 3
Arvesen, James N.
1969-19706 itemsbox 3
Asada, K.
19601 itembox 3
Ashby, Eric, 1904-?
1970-19726 itemsbox 3
Ashmore, Harry S.
19651 itembox 3
Association for Computing Machinary
1949-196822 itemsbox 3
Astin affair
1952-1953Folder 1box 3
Astin affair
1953Folder 2box 3
Astin, Allen
19723 itemsbox 3
Atherton, Pauline
1963-19658 itemsbox 3
Atlantic Monthly, The
19891 itembox 3
Aumann, Robert J.
19918 itemsbox 3
Austin, Donald
198315 itemsbox 3
Babbage Memorial Meeting
19712 itemsbox 3
Bachi, Roberto, 1909-?
1972-19755 itemsbox 3
Bailar, Barbara Ann, 1935-?
19845 itemsbox 3
Bailar, John Christian
1974-19915 itemsbox 3
Bailey, R.A.
19861 itembox 3
Bain, J. C.
1951-19602 itemsbox 3
Bair, J.
19713 itemsbox 3
Baker, J. G.
19521 itembox 3
Baker, William
1959-199139 itemsbox 3
Baldwin, G. L.
19581 itembox 3
Baldwin, Roger R.
19552 itemsbox 3
Balinski, Michel
19681 itembox 3
Ball, Geoff
1965-19677 itemsbox 3
Bandemer, Hans and Wolfgang Nather
19861 itembox 3
Banerjee, Kali S.
1975-19777 itemsbox 3
Baniji, Saibal
19631 itembox 3
Barnard, George A.
1965-199111 itemsbox 3
Bartels, Julius, 1899-1964
19601 itembox 3
Bartholomew, Davied J.
19597 itemsbox 3
Bartlett, Harley Harris, 1886-1960
19552 itemsbox 3
Bartlett, M. S. (Maurice Stevenson)
1950-19738 itemsbox 3
Barton, H. A.
19531 itembox 3
Basford, Kaye E., 1952-
1983-1986Folder 1box 3
Basford, Kaye E., 1952-
1987Folder 2box 3
Basford, Kaye E., 1952-
1987Folder 3box 3
Basford, Kaye E., 1952-
1988-1989Folder 4box 3
Basford, Kaye E., 1952-
1990-1991Folder 5box 3
Basford, Kaye E., 1952-
1992Folder 6box 3
Basford, Kaye E., 1952-
1993-1999Folder 7box 3
Batdorf, R.
19571 itembox 3
Bates, Richard
19861 itembox 3
Bateson, Herbert Clifford
1949-195313 itemsbox 3
Battin, I. L.
19553 itemsbox 3
Bauguess, Lyle C.
19495 itemsbox 3
Baum, Harold
19641 itembox 3
Baum, Leonard
n.d.3 itemsbox 3
Baxter, Stuart D.
19473 itemsbox 3
Bayless, David L.
1968-19753 itemsbox 3
Bazeles, S.
19792 itemsbox 3
Beal, Stuart
1972-19796 itemsbox 3
Beale, E. M. L. (Evelyn Martin Landsdowne)
1959-197110 itemsbox 3
Beall, Geoffrey
1952-19547 itemsbox 3
Beals, Edward
19923 itemsbox 3
Beard, Raimon
19492 itemsbox 3
Beaton, Albert E.
1964-1979Folder 1box 3
Beaton, Albert E.
1981-1989Folder 2box 3
Beaufort, John
19661 itembox 3
Beaulieu, Lillian
19852 itemsbox 3
Bechhofer, Robert E. (Robert Eric), 1919-
1951-19619 itemsbox 3
Beckedorff, David
1962-19663 itemsbox 3
Becker, Walter
19562 itemsbox 3
Beckler, David Z.
1960-19665 itemsbox 3
Beckwith, Oliver P.
1952-19564 itemsbox 3
Beckwith, Richard E.
19562 itemsbox 3
Bedell, E. H.
1962-19644 itemsbox 3
Beesley, E. M.
19551 itembox 3
Begle, Edward G.
1939-19475 itemsbox 3
Begner, Thomas L.
1977-19794 itemsbox 3
Bell Telephone Laboratories - Work on Systems Analysis in Bell System Economic, Operations and Management Problems
19672 itemsbox 3
Bell Telephone System Monograph 2606
1956-19575 itemsbox 3
Bell, Katherine
1980-19955 itemsbox 3
Bell, Whitfield J. (Whitfield Jenks)
19804 itemsbox 3
Bellman, Richard
19542 itemsbox 3
Bello, Francis
19541 itembox 3
Belsley, David A.
1981-19824 itemsbox 3
Belz, Maurice Henry
1947-196114 itemsbox 3
BenDaniel, David. J.
19802 itemsbox 3
Bendich, Aaron
1977-19783 itemsbox 3
Bendix Products Division - Missiles - Bendix Aviation Corporation
19601 itembox 3
Benes, Victor E.
1956-19664 itemsbox 3
Benesch, Samuel E.
1953-19546 itemsbox 3
Beniger, James R. (James Ralph), 1946-
19752 itemsbox 3
Benjamin, Curtis
19672 itemsbox 3
Benjamin, W. A.
19652 itemsbox 3
Benjamin, Yoav
1980-199528 itemsbox 3
Bennett, Carl A. (Carl Allen), 1921-
1951-196737 itemsbox 3

Citiation idex

General physical description: 37 items

Bennett, J. H.
1954- 19878 itemsbox 3
Bennett, Rollin F.
19467 itemsbox 3
Beran, R. J. (Rudolf J.)
1982-19854 itemsbox 3
Berelson, Barney
19583 itemsbox 3
Berkeley, Edmund
1950-19533 itemsbox 3
Berkoff, Seymour
19392 itemsbox 3
Berkowitz, Raymond
19532 itemsbox 3
Berkson, Joseph
1948-1949Folder 1box 4
Berkson, Joseph
1950Folder 2box 4
Berkson, Joseph
1951-1952Folder 3box 4
Berkson, Joseph
1954-1955Folder 4box 4
Berkson, Joseph
1957-1963Folder 5box 4
Berkson, Joseph
1967-1990Folder 6box 4
Bernard, Sherman
1949-197024 itemsbox 4
Berry, Thomas J.
1984-19855 itemsbox 4
Bertalanffy, Ludwig von, 1901-1972
19491 itembox 4
Bertrand, Verna
1965-19718 itemsbox 4
Best, R. H.
19611 itembox 4
Beth, Richard A.
1967-19683 itemsbox 4
Bethe, Hans Albrecht, 1906-?
1960-19743 itemsbox 4
Betz, John H.
19662 itemsbox 4
Bex, Joseph
19722 itemsbox 4
Beyer, Robert T. (Robert Thomas), 1920-?
19851 itembox 4
Bhargava, R. P.
19631 itembox 4
Bibby, John
1980-1982Folder 1box 4
Bibby, John
1983-1987Folder 2box 4
Bibliography file (misc.)
1965-19687 itemsbox 4
Bicentennial Conference on the Problem of Mathematics
1947-194936 itemsbox 4
Bickel, Peter J.
1964-198825 itemsbox 4
Bickford, C. A.
19554 itemsbox 4
Bicking, Charles A.
1951-19566 itemsbox 4
Bigeleisen, J.(Jacob), 1919-?
19792 itemsbox 4
Bigelow, Julian
1956-196812 itemsbox 4
Bing, George F., 1924-?
1961-19622 itemsbox 4
Bingham, Christopher
1964-19787 itemsbox 4
Binkowski, Edward S.
1969-198716 itemsbox 4
Binomial probability paper (BIPP)
194720 itemsbox 4
Binomial probability papers (BIPP) - Codex
1946-194717 itemsbox 4
Binomial probability papers (BIPP) - Drafts
1947-194825 itemsbox 4
Binomial probability papers (BIPP) - General coorespondence
1947-196714 itemsbox 4
Biographical Data
n.d.2 itemsbox 4
Biographies
1972-19836 itemsbox 4
Biomathematical research
19605 itemsbox 4
Biometric Society
1948-1958Folder 1box 4
Biometric Society
1959-1962Folder 2box 4
Biometric Society
1964-1969Folder 3box 4
Biometrika
1956-198728 itemsbox 4
Biosciences Information Service of Biological Abstracts
19673 itemsbox 4
Biostatistics Conference
1950-195217 itemsbox 4
Birnbaum, Allan
1951-197249 itemsbox 4
Bittrich, Mary
19716 itembox 4
Blackburn, Jacob F.
19821 itembox 4
Blacker, Stan
1985-19867 itemsbox 4
Blackman, R. B.
1957-196619 itemsbox 4
Blackwell, David
1953-198017 itemsbox 4
Blake, Archie
19461 itembox 4
Blanding, Forrest
19521 itembox 4
Blankinship, William
1959-19605 itemsbox 4
Blenkinship, I. H.
1968-19796 itemsbox 4
Bliss, Chester Ittner, 1899-
1946-1953Folder 1box 4
Bliss, Chester Ittner, 1899-
1954-1969Folder 2box 4
Block, I. Edward
1952-197212 itemsbox 4
Block, Jack, 1924-
1959-19608 itemsbox 4
Block, James D.
1960-19624 itemsbox 4
Bloomfield, Peter, 1946-
1974-1978Folder 1box 4
Bloomfield, Peter, 1946-
1979-1990Folder 2box 4
Blunk, Paul M.
19564 itemsbox 4
Boas, Marie
1938-19394 itemsbox 4
Boas, Ralph Philip
1938-1939Folder 1box 4
Boas, Ralph Philip
1940Folder 2box 4
Boas, Ralph Philip
1941-1992Folder 3box 4
Bode, Hendrik W. (Hendrik Wade), 1905-
1947-197029 itemsbox 4
Boelter, L. M. K.
19521 itembox 4
Bogert, B. P.
1959-19652 itemsbox 4
Boggs, Mildred
194911 itemsbox 4
Bohannan, Paul
1986-19875 itemsbox 4
Bohn, G. W.
19496 itemsbox 4
Bohrer, Robert
1975-19824 itemsbox 4
Bok, Derek Curtis
19726 itemsbox 4
Bolt, Bruce A., 1930-
1968-19787 itemsbox 4
Borch, Karl
19722 itemsbox 4
Borden, George
19662 itemsbox 4
Borg, Donald C.
19791 itembox 4
Boros, George
19617 itemsbox 4
Bose, R. C.
19743 itemsbox 5
Bossons, John
19759 itembox 5
Bowen, John H.
1958-19594 itemsbox 5
Bowen, William G.
1978-19856 itemsbox 5
Bowie, R. R.
19591 itembox 5
Bowker, Albert Hosmer, 1919-
1950-19758 itemsbox 5
Bowman, John R.
1951-197411 itemsbox 5
Box, George E. P.
1950-1954Folder 1box 5
Box, George E. P.
1955-1964Folder 2box 5
Box, George E. P.
1979-1987Folder 3box 5
Boyd, William C.
19552 itemsbox 5
Bradley, Ralph A.
1951-198423 itemsbox 5
Bradshaw, Joseph G.
19661 itembox 5
Brady, Nyle C.
19711 itembox 5
Brain, Joseph
19871 itembox 5
Brandt, A. E.
1955-19655 itemsbox 5
Branson, Herman R.
1980-19836 itemsbox 5
Braun, Henry I., 1949-
1975-1979Folder 1box 5
Braun, Henry I., 1949-
1990-1992Folder 2box 5
Bray, C. W.
19453 itemsbox 5
Bray, J. Roger
1955-195612 itemsbox 5
Breckenridge, Mary
1976-198323 itemsbox 5
Brelsford, W. M.
19721 itembox 5
Breslin, J. P.
19632 itemsbox 5
Bressler, Marvin
19651 itembox 5
Bretherton, Francis
1977-19807 itemsbox 5
Bretschneider, Charles
19622 itemsbox 5
Brewer, K. R. W.
19662 itemsbox 5
Brieger, H.
19493 itemsbox 5
Brier, Glenn W.
1951-198019 itemsbox 5
Brillinger, David R.
1960-1969Folder 1box 5
Brillinger, David R.
1970-1974Folder 2box 5
Brillinger, David R.
1975-1979Folder 3box 5
Brillinger, David R.
1980-1983Folder 4box 5
Brillinger, David R.
1984Folder 5box 5
Brillinger, David R.
1985Folder 6box 5
Brillinger, David R.
1986-1990Folder 7box 5
Brillinger, David R.
1999, n.d.Folder 8box 5
Brink, R. W.
19511 itembox 5
Broadhurst, Peter Lovell, 1924-?
1962-19633 itemsbox 5
Broccoli, A. J.
19882 itemsbox 5
Brock, Howard
19665 itemsbox 5
Brodsky, Stuart L.
19791 itembox 5
Brogden, W. J.
1945-19606 itembox 5
Bronk, Detlev W. (Detlev Wulf), 1897-1975
1953-19627 itemsbox 5
Brookhaven National Laboratory
1976-19774 itemsbox 5
Brooks, Douglas L.
1966-19765 itemsbox 5
Brooks, Harvey
1962-19643 itemsbox 5
Bross, Irwin D. J.
1951-196830 itemsbox 5
Brothers, Dorothy
19581 itembox 5
Brouwer, Dirk, 1902-?
19523 itemsbox 5
Brown University
1939-198417 itemsbox 5
Brown University - Corporation Committee on Computers in Education
1975-198018 itemsbox 5
Brown, Bailey
19471 itembox 5
Brown, Byron W.
1965-199322 itemsbox 5
Brown, C. B.
19541 itembox 5
Brown, Constance
19881 itembox 5
Brown, David M.
1963-198747 itemsbox 5
Brown, George
1946-196721 itemsbox 5
Brown, J. Douglas (James Douglas), 1898-?
1948-196616 itemsbox 5
Brown, John Nicholas
1966-19767 itemsbox 5
Brown, John Seely
1985-199316 itemsbox 5
Brown, Morton
19656 itemsbox 5
Brown, Peter
1992-19974 itemsbox 5
Brown, Robert V.
195110 itemsbox 5
Brown, W. S.
1964-19658 itemsbox 5
Brownlee, K.A. (Kenneth Alexander), 1918-?
1949-197820 itemsbox 5
Brownson, Helen L.
1957-196625 itemsbox 5
Bruce, Andrew G.
1981-198210 itemsbox 5
Brunson, G. S.
19685 itemsbox 5
Bryson, Marion R.
19632 itemsbox 5
Buckingham, R. A. (Richard Arthur)
1959-19602 itemsbox 5
Buckland, Lawrence F.
19632 itemsbox 5
Buckland, William R.
1949-198147 itemsbox 5
Buckley, John L.
1964-19748 itemsbox 5
Buhler, Roald
1965-19805 itemsbox 5
Bullard, Edward
1959-196910 itemsbox 5
Bullinger, Janet
19823 itemsbox 5
Bullitt, Julian G.
19941 itembox 5
Bumpers, Dale
1975-19766 itemsbox 5
Burden, William
19762 itemsbox 5
Burdick, Donald
1961-196616 itemsbox 5
Burger, Edward
1971-198810 itemsbox 5
Burington, Richard Stevens
1941-19547 itemsbox 5
Burkholder, Donald L.
1964-19687 itemsbox 5
Burling, R. W.
19612 itemsbox 5
Burns, John A.
1985-19862 itemsbox 5
Burns, K. L.
19722 itemsbox 5
Buros, Oscar
1946-19569 itemsbox 5
Burr, E. J.
19602 itemsbox 5
Burr, Irving W.
1952-19592 itemsbox 5
Burton, Harry
19532 itemsbox 5
Burton, Nancy W.
1982-19892 itemsbox 5
Busch, A. J.
1953-19543 itemsbox 5
Bush, Carolee
19884 itemsbox 5
Bush, Robert R.
1949-19543 itemsbox 5
Butler, R. H.
19551 itembox 5
Button, Basil
19551 itembox 5
Byer, Glen
19531 itembox 5
Cadzow, James A.
1981-19832 itemsbox 6
Cahn, Robert
196616 itemsbox 6
Cairns, Stewart S.
1951-19803 itemsbox 6
Caldwell, Martyn
19781 itembox 6
Caldwell, Thomas
19672 itemsbox 6
Calhoun, Edward
19602 itemsbox 6
California Institute of Technology
1975-197717 itemsbox 6
Callaway, Enoch
1957-197713 itemsbox 6
Calvin, Lyle
1950-19597 itemsbox 6
Cameron, Joseph M.
1953-19606 itemsbox 6
Camilleri, Santo F.
19632 itemsbox 6
Camp, Burton Howard, 1880-
19503 itemsbox 6
Campbell, Angus
19732 itemsbox 6
Campbell, Donald
1960-19684 itemsbox 6
Campbell, Janet
19771 itembox 6
Campbell, Paul J.
19764 itemsbox 6
Campbell, Stewart F.
1993-19942 itemsbox 6
Campbell, Vincent N.
19772 itemsbox 6
Campbell, Wilfred E.
1951-19523 itemsbox 6
Canby, Edward Tatnall, 1912-
1939-197347 itemsbox 6
Cannon, Edward W.
1967-19702 itemsbox 6
Cannon, Robert
1977-198010 itemsbox 6
Capobiance, Michael F.
19798 itemsbox 6
Card, Stuart L.
19862 itemsbox 6
Carey, Howard
19511 itembox 6
Carlson, Edward
19654 itemsbox 6
Carlson, Walter M.
19652 itembox 6
Carlton, M. Barry
19532 itembox 6
Carlyle, J.
19663 itemsbox 6
Carmichael, Leonard
19562 itemsbox 6
Carnegie Corporation of New York
1963-198810 itemsbox 6
Carnegie-Mellon University
1971-19748 itemsbox 6
Carnegie-Mellon University - Statistics Advisory Board
1992-199315 itemsbox 6
Carney, John B.
1977-19806 itemsbox 6
Carr, M. B.
19785 itembox 6
Carrillo, Rene
19655 itemsbox 6
Carroll, Cliff
19853 itemsbox 6
Carroll, J. Douglas
1969-19838 itemsbox 6
Carroll, Sarah
1954-19563 itemsbox 6
Carter, Herbert E.
19712 itemsbox 6
Case Institute of Technolog - Operations Research Group
1957-196219 itemsbox 6
Case Institute of Technology - Visiting Committee Department of Mathematics
1962-196814 itemsbox 6
Catalano, Paul
19931 itembox 6
Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (Stanford, Calif.)
1978-1983Folder 1box 6
Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (Stanford, Calif.)
1986-1994Folder 2box 6
Center for Environmental Studies
1974-19767 itemsbox 6
Center for Institutional Differences Study
1974-19751 itembox 6
Central Intelligence Agency - U2 Program
1954-19945 itemsbox 6
Cetron Electronic Corporation
19612 itemsbox 6
Chacko, George Kuttickal, 1930-?
n.d.4 itemsbox 6
Chambers, John
1965-198210 itemsbox 6
Chand, Uttam
19702 itemsbox 6
Chandra, Jagdish
1988-199438 itemsbox 6
Chandrasekhar, S.
1953-19709 itemsbox 6
Changnon, Stanley Alcide
19853 itemsbox 6
Chanmugam, Rajan
19612 itemsbox 6
Chao, Min-Te
19861 itembox 6
Chapman, A. B.
19522 itemsbox 6
Chapple, Eliot Dismore
19691 itembox 6