Herbert Friedman Papers

Mss.Ms.Coll.113

Date: 1940-2000 | Size: 31 Linear feet

Background note

Herbert Friedman was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1916 and graduated from Brooklyn College in 1936 (BS) and from Johns Hopkins (Phd, Physics). He joined the Naval Research Laboratory in 1940, and until about 1950 maintained an active research program in applied x-ray spectroscopy. In 1949 he conducted his first of many space experiments comprising a set of x-ray and ultraviolet sensitive geiger counters to observe the Sun.

Friedman is recognized as one of the pioneers of space science for his contributions to solar physics, upper atmospheric physics and x-ray astronomy. He was also recognized as one of the great statesman of the discipline having been a member of the President's Science Advisory Committee, the General Advisory Committee to the Atomic Energy Commission, the Space Science Board of the National Academy of Sciences, the Governing Board of the National Academy of Sciences. His awards include the Eddington Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society, the National Medal of Science, the William Bowie Medal of the American Geophysical Society, the Henry Norris Russell Award of the American Astronomical Society and the Wolf Foundation Prize in Physics. He was elected a member of the National Academy of Science in 1960. He retired from the Naval Research Laboratory in 1980 but continued an association with the Laboratory as a consultant and as Chief Scientist, emeritus. He was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 1964.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Physical description

31 linear feet.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access:

Access to Series XIV - Nominations and Personnel Files are been restricted.

Indexing Terms


Subject(s)

  • Atmospheric astronomy
  • Solar physics
  • X-ray astronomy

Collection overview

 2.5 linear feet

Series I consists of Dr. Friedman's personal correspondence. It is organized alphabetically with the bulk placed in miscellaneous files. The largest file consists of correspondence with Edward O. Hulburt, Dr. Friedman's mentor and namesake of the Edward O. Hulburt Center for Space Research at the Navy Research Laboratory.

 0.5 linear feet

Series II is comprised of Dr. Friedman's research material from his time at the Navy Research Laboratory. It consists mainly of diagrams and charts of experiments, as well as some research notebooks.

 1.5 linear feet

Series III consists of manuscripts and printed copies of Dr. Friedman's works. Included are articles for journals and magazines, as well as book manuscripts, including The Amazing Universe, The Sun and Earth and The Astronomer's Universe.

 7.0 linear feet

Series IV, the second largest in the collection, consists of correspondence, official reports and papers from Dr. Friedman's career at the Navy Research Laboratory. The series includes work from scientists that Dr. Friedman worked with and supervised, including Dr. Talbot A. Chubb and Dr. George R. Carruthers. The correspondence is organized chronologically, as names are rarely used; internal code numbers are used instead. Dr. Friedman was, for some time, Code 7100, but used other designations as well. Signatures on memos and letters are best consulted to be sure of the author.

 0.5 linear feet

Series V is made up of materials regarding the patents applied for, and awarded to Dr. Friedman during his time at the Navy Research Laboratory. In his lifetime Dr. Friedman was awarded 50 patents, all of which are reflected here in some manner.

 1.5 linear feet

Series VI contains works by others, including some his co-workers at the Navy Research Laboratory. Prominently featured are the works of Talbot A. Chubb, George R. Carruthers, Irving Blifford and Riccardo Giacconi, co-recipient of the 2002 Nobel Prize for Physics.

 10.5 linear feet

Series VII, the largest in the collection, consists of correspondence, administrative and report material from Dr. Friedman's membership in various professional and private organizations. The series highlights the prominent role Dr. Friedman played in many organizations, including the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, the American Philosophical Society, the Cosmos Club, the National Academy of Sciences, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, as well as the National Research Council. Correspondence in the series is organized as Dr. Friedman's original files were, by date.

 0.5 linear feet

Series VIII contains the many certificates and awards bestowed to Dr. Friedman during his lifetime, as well as related correspondence and announcements. Among Dr. Friedman's awards that the series contains are the Eddington Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society, the National Medal of Science, the Henry Norris Russell Lectureship of the American Astronomical Society, the William Bowie Medal of the American Geophysical Union, and the Wolf Foundation Prize in Physics. Some material has been removed to oversize.

 0.25 linear feet

The personal material contained in Series IX includes passports, biographical and curriculum vitae material, as well as material related to Dr. Friedman's retirement from the Navy Research Laboratory. Also included is obituary and memorial material, including material relating the dedication of the Herbert Friedman Room at the Navy Research Laboratory.

 0.75 linear feet

Series X, the printed materials series, consists of published works and reprints authored mainly by others, but also including work by Dr. Friedman himself. NASA manuals regarding shuttle payload development feature prominently.

 1.5 linear feet

Series XI contains photos and images of Dr. Friedman, as well as figures from his published works and printed slides from various lectures and presentations. While few of the photos are personal snapshots, they do include photos removed from various correspondence.

 3.0 linear feet

Series XII contains audio visual material, including VHS tapes, film reels and slides. Many relate to Dr. Friedman's work with NASA and the Navy Research Lab, as well as the National Academy of Sciences sponsored PBS Series Space Age, which Dr. Friedman participated in.

  


Detailed Inventory

Series I. Correspondence
 2.5 linear feet

Series I consists of Dr. Friedman's personal correspondence. It is organized alphabetically with the bulk placed in miscellaneous files. The largest file consists of correspondence with Edward O. Hulburt, Dr. Friedman's mentor and namesake of the Edward O. Hulburt Center for Space Research at the Navy Research Laboratory.

General physical description: 2.5 linear feet

A- Misc.
1968-1992 35 item(s) box 1
American Men of Science.
1965 2 item(s) ; 2 itemsbox 1
American Scientist.
1975-1976 5 item(s) box 1
B - Misc.
1964-1988 83 item(s) box 1
Bearn, Alexander G., 1923-2009.
1932; 1989 2 item(s) ; 2 itemsbox 1
Benesch, William, 1901-1984.
1963-1964 5 item(s) box 1
Birthday Correspondence
1976; 1996 15 item(s) ; 17 itemsbox 1

Correspondence received on the occasion of Dr. Friedman's 60th and 80th birthdays.

General physical description: 17 items

Blake, Richard.
1967-1968 12 item(s) box 1
Blifford, Irving.
1991-1996; undated 29 item(s) ; 27 items

Includes Ground Station Manuals that were enclosed with correspondence.

General physical description: 27 items

Bowyer, Stuart C., 1934-2020.
1965-1971 7 item(s) box 1
British Broadcasting Corporation.
1964-1979 13 item(s) box 1
Buckley, B. W..
1998 1 item(s) box 1
C - Misc.
1959-1992 54 item(s) box 1
Cannon, Howard.
1975 1 item(s) box 1
Carriger, David, Jr..
1970 5 item(s) box 1
Cavanaugh, Robert.
1963-1965 2 item(s) ; 2 itemsbox 1
Clemens, Cyril.
1970 2 item(s) ; 2 itemsbox 1

Two letters regarding Dr. Friedman's election as a Knight of Mark Twain.

General physical description: 2 items

Committee of Concerned Scientists.
1973-1978 6 item(s) box 1
Córdova, France A..
1979 4 item(s) box 1
Crackpot Letters
1954; 1960; undated 9 item(s) ; 9 itemsbox 1
Cunkle, Wendy.
1972 5 item(s) box 1
D - Misc
1958-1981 36 item(s) box 1
Davidsen, Arthur Falnes..
1974-1978 12 item(s) box 1
Dean, Colin.
1975-1976 10 item(s) box 1
Donahue, Thomas M..
1992 6 item(s) box 1
E - Misc.
1984-2000 24 item(s) box 1
Edelson, Burton I..
1988 4 item(s) box 1
Encyclopedia of Physical Science and Technology
1998-1999 12 item(s) ; 11 itemsbox 1

Includes 1998 Topical Outline for 3rd edition of the Encyclopedia.

General physical description: 11 items

Encyclopedia of Space Science and Technology
1998 2 item(s) ; 2 itemsbox 1
F - Misc.
1962-1989 57 item(s) box 1
Fierst, Herbert A..
1957-1961 4 item(s) box 1
Fisher, Philip.
1973 2 item(s) box 1
G -Misc.
1961-1997 59 item(s) box 2
General Electric Company.
1961 2 item(s) box 2
Giaccone, Riccardo.
1966-1978 11 item(s) ; 2 itemsbox 2

General physical description: 2 items

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:281187/

Gibson, R. E..
1982 1 item(s) ; 1 itembox 2
Gillmor, C. Stewart.
1976 6 item(s) box 2
Gingerich, Owen.
1981-1982 4 item(s) box 2
Gold, Thomas.
1976 4 item(s) box 2
Goldberg, David.
1979-1980 6 item(s) box 2
Goldberg, Leo.
1963-1976 14 item(s) box 2
Golden, William T., 1909-2007.
1989 2 item(s) ; 2 itemsbox 2
H - Misc.
1962-2000 71 item(s) box 2
Heckert, Richard Edwin, 1924-2010.
1986 2 item(s) box 2
Hirsch, Richard.
1980 6 item(s) box 2
Hulbert, Edward.
Hulbert, Edward.
1959-1981 31 item(s) ; 31 itemsbox 2

General physical description: 31 items

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:280087

Hulst, H. C. van de (Hendrik Christoffel).
1993-1994 2 item(s) box 2
I - Misc.
1961-1996 16 item(s) box 2
Il Nuovo Cimento
1987 1 item(s) ; 3 itemsbox 2
Institute of Physics Publishing
1999 2 item(s) ; 2 itemsbox 2
J - Misc.
1964-1993 27 item(s) box 2
Jager, C. de (Cornelis).
1977 2 item(s) ; 2 itemsbox 2
John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
1964 3 item(s) box 2
Johnson, Frank.
1989 2 item(s) ; 2 itemsbox 2
K - Misc.
1957-1998 36 item(s) box 2
Kaplan, Joseph A., 1902-1991.
1967-1974 4 item(s) box 2
Kellerman, Ken.
1990 4 item(s) box 2
Kippenhahn, Rudolf.
1987 2 item(s) ; 2 itemsbox 2
Kitt Peak National Observatory
1961 1 item(s) ; 1 itembox 2
Korff, Serge A. (Serge Alexander), 1906-1989.
1982 1 item(s) ; 1 itembox 2
L - Misc.
1961-1993 30 item(s) box 2
Levy, Eugene H. (Eugene Howard).
1990 2 item(s) box 2
Lockhart, Luther B., 1917-2012.
1995-1996 3 item(s) ; 3 itemsbox 2
M - Misc.
1961-1997 62 item(s) box 2
Mandelshtam, S. L..
1967-1986 66 item(s) box 2
Martin-Marietta Corporation
1969-1971 6 item(s)
McGraw-Hill Book Company
1978-1979 5 item(s) box 2
Michels, Donald J..
1997 3 item(s) box 2
Milne, John.
1991 3 item(s) box 2
Moe, Henry Allen, 1894-1975.
1961 2 item(s)
N - Misc.
1960-1980 61 item(s) box 3
Naranan, Sundaresan.
1978-1983 6 item(s) box 3
National Radio Astronomy Observatory (U.S.).
1997; undated 3 item(s) box 3
National Register of Scientific and Technical Personnel.
1962-1964 6 item(s) ; 6 itemsbox 3
Ne'eman, Yuval.
1988-1994 6 item(s) ; 5 itemsbox 3
New York Academy of Sciences.
1967 2 item(s) ; 2 itemsbox 3
Nicolet, Marcel.
1979 1 item(s) box 3
Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994.
1973 1 item(s) ; 1 itembox 3

This letter from President Nixon to Dr. Friedman accepts Dr. Friedman's resignation as Chief Scientist of the E. O. Hulburt Center for Space Research under the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory. It also informs Dr. Friedman that President Nixon plans to reorganize and thus disband the President's Science Advisory Committee.

General physical description: 1 item

O - Misc.
1962-1988 10 item(s) box 3
O'Brien, Brian J..
1969 3 item(s) ; 3 itemsbox 3
Oda, Minoru.
1988-1992; undated 10 item(s) ; 10 itemsbox 3
Odishaw, Hugh.
1964 4 item(s) ; 4 itemsbox 3
Oertel, Goetz.
1994-1995 3 item(s) box 3
O'Malley, Louise.
1975; undated 3 item(s) ; 3 itemsbox 3
Osheroff, Douglas D..
1990 3 item(s) box 3
Oster, Ludwig.
1964-1968 4 item(s) box 3
Owen, Thomas B..
1971 5 item(s) box 3
P - Misc.
1961-2000 24 item(s) box 3
Pacific Missile Range
1962 3 item(s) box 3
Paolini, Frank.
1969 2 item(s) box 3
Parker, E. N. (Eugene Newman).
1976 2 item(s) box 3
Pasachoff, Jay M..
1978 2 item(s) box 3
Pawsey, J. L..
Pawsey, J. L.
1960-1961 3 item(s) box 3
Peebles, P. J. E. (Phillip James Edwin).
1967 2 item(s) box 3
Penzias, Arno A..
1978 3 item(s) box 3
Perrenod, Stephen Charles.
1978 3 item(s) box 3
Peterson, Laurence E..
1966-1978 9 item(s) box 3
Physics Today
1966 3 item(s) box 3
Piana, Anna.
1976 6 item(s) box 3
Pesharoty, P. R..
1970 1 item(s) box 3
Pitts, Fred.
1974 2 item(s) box 3
Platovsky, Kyra.
1969 5 item(s) box 3
Popular Science
1971 2 item(s) box 3
Pounds, K. (Ken).
1966 2 item(s) box 1
Prasad, Balram.
1976-1977 9 item(s) box 3
Pratt, R. H..
1972 2 item(s) box 3
President's Committee on the National Medal of Science
1972-1990; 1972-1974 10 item(s) box 3
Press, Frank.
1970 3 item(s) box 3
Purcell, Dewitt.
1976 3 item(s) box 3
R - Misc.
1959-1999 22 item(s) box 4
Radioastron Mission
1989-1990 6 item(s) box 4
Rajsky, Vladimir.
1976-1977 3 item(s) box 4
Ratcliffe, J. A. (John Ashworth).
1963-1964 2 item(s) box 4
Reader's Digest
1965 4 item(s) box 4
Reines, Frederick, 1918-1998.
1966 3 item(s) box 4
Retirement Correspondence
1980 23 item(s) box 4
Roalstad, D. A..
1982 2 item(s) box 4
Roberts, Elliot B..
1982 1 item(s) box 4
Roberts, Walter O., 1915-.
1965 2 item(s) box 4
Rockefeller Public Service Awards Program
1967-1974 25 item(s) box 4
Rollins College (Winter Park, Fla.).
1962 3 item(s) box 4
Rosenblum, A..
1975 3 item(s) box 4
Rossi, Bruno Benedetto, 1905-
1980 2 item(s) box 4
Ruzicka, Emil.
1980 2 item(s) box 4
S - Misc.
1961-1994 65 item(s) box 4
Sadeh, Dror.
1981-1989 8 item(s) box 4
Sagan, Carl, 1934-1996.
1976 1 item(s) box 4
Sahade, Jorge.
1968 3 item(s) box 4
Sandage, Allan.
1970 2 item(s) box 4
Sapp, Earle.
1978-1979 7 item(s) box 4
Sarabhai, Vikram A., 1919-1971.
1967-1968 2 item(s) box 4
Schnopper, Herbert.
1971-1979 4 item(s) box 4
Schulman, James H..
1977 2 item(s) box 4
Schwartz, Anthony M.
1972 4 item(s) box 4
Science (Magazine)
1963 3 item(s) box 4
Science Service
1960 2 item(s) box 4
Scientific American
1963-1964 14 item(s) box 4
Sehra, P. S..
1978 3 item(s) box 4
Seitz, Frederick, 1911-2008.
1988-2001 7 item(s) box 4
Shapiro, Maurice.
1974-1990 12 item(s) box 4
Shapshak, Paul.
1976 2 item(s) box 4
Shklovskii, I. S..
1969-1977 6 item(s) box 4
Shoemaker , E. M. (Eugene Merle), 1928-1997.
1983 4 item(s) box 4
Shor, Franc.
1967 2 item(s) box 4
Simpson, John.
1993 7 item(s) box 4
Sky and Telescope
1963-1964 5 item(s) box 4
Societe astronomique de France.
1990-1991 3 item(s) box 4
Space Publications, Inc.
1967 3 item(s) box 4
Spielberg, Nathan.
1964 2 item(s) box 4
Spitz, Armand.
1966 1 item(s) box 4
Spitzer, Lyman, 1914-1997.
Spitzer, Lyman, 1914-1997.
1966-1974 10 item(s) box 4
Stein, Wayne.
1966 2 item(s) box 4
Strand, K. Aage (Kaj Aage).
1977 2 item(s) box 4
Strasser, Joel.
1968 3 item(s) box 4
Sturrock, Peter A. (Peter Andrew).
1967 3 item(s) box 4
Sullivan, Walter.
Sullivan, Walter.
1963-1978 9 item(s) box 4
Summerfield, Martin.
1979 2 item(s) box 4
Suomi, Verner.
1971 3 item(s) box 4
Svestka, Zidenek.
1977 2 item(s) box 4
Swarup, G..
1960-1961 2 item(s) box 4
Swings, P. (Polydore), 1906-1983.
1962-1966 7 item(s) box 4
T - Misc.
1961-2000 29 item(s) box 5
Tananbaum, Harvey D..
1976-1980 7 item(s) box 5
Tauber, Gerard.
1975 7 item(s) box 5
Tawes, J. Millard, 1894-1979.
1967 1 item(s) box 5
Teague, Olin E., 1910-1981.
1970 1 item(s) box 5
Ted
Undated 3 item(s) box 5
Tel-Aviv Observatory
1968-1971 16 item(s) box 5
Thomas, Shirley.
Thomas, Shirley.
1964-1965 9 item(s) box 5
Thorne, Kip S..
1977-1993 4 item(s) box 5
Thornton, Edward.
1962 3 item(s)
TWA
1991 3 item(s) box 5
Turner, Martin.
1976 3 item(s) box 5
Tuve, Merle Antony, 1901-1982.
1975 2 item(s) box 5
U - Misc.
1963-1992 18 item(s) box 5
UCLA
1962 box 5
USN Medical School (B.W. Hogan)
1951 1 item(s) box 5
University of Chicago
1962 3 item(s) box 5
University of Michigan
1978 2 item(s) box 5
University of Tubingen
1975 6 item(s) box 5
University of Wyoming
1972-1973 9 item(s) box 5
V - Misc.
1961-1983 11 item(s) box 5
Vallee, Bert L..
1979 2 item(s) box 5
Hulst, H. C. van de (Hendrik Christoffel).
1964 1 item(s) box 5
Vassy, E..
1962 3 item(s) box 5
Vedrenne, G..
1978 2 item(s) box 5
Venkatesan, D. (Doraswamy).
1972 2 item(s)
Vermeesch, Th. M..
1976 3 item(s) box 5
Villard, O. G., Jr..
1974 2 item(s) box 5
Voisin, Mike.
1978 2 item(s) box 5
Ditfurth, Hoimar von.
1965-1973 8 item(s) box 5
Vucovic, Jovica.
1977 2 item(s) box 5
W - Misc.
1962-1999 25 item(s) box 5
W. W. Norton & Co.
1991-1992 5 item(s) box 5
Wallhof, Hans.
1978 3 item(s) box 5
Warga, Mary.
1962 6 item(s) box 5
Warner, B..
1961 2 item(s) box 5
Washington Academy of Science
1954 1 item(s) box 5
Way, Mack.
1975 2 item(s) box 5
Wentzel, Donat G..
1961-1962 3 item(s) box 5
Weymann, R. J. (Ray J.).
Weymann, R. J. (Ray J.).
1966-1967 4 item(s) box 5
White, Robert M..
1965-1979 4 item(s) box 5
Who's Who In America
1963 8 item(s) box 5
Wiesner, Jerome B. (Jerome Bert), 1915-1994.
Wiesner, Jerome
1961 1 item(s) box 5
Wilson, R.
1970 3 item(s) box 5
Winckler, John.
1964 3 item(s)
Wing, Albert.
1967 2 item(s) box 5
Wolfe, Arthur M..
1977 4 item(s) box 5
Wolfle, Dael Leev.
1962-1963 2 item(s) box 5
Womack, E. A..
1967 5 item(s) box 5
Woodridge, David.
1961 3 item(s) box 5
Y - Misc.
1967-1988 7 item(s) box 5
Zisman, William A.
1970-1972 8 item(s) box 5
Zombeck, Martin V..
1978 2 item(s) box 5
Series II. Research Materials and Notes
 0.5 linear feet

Series II is comprised of Dr. Friedman's research material from his time at the Navy Research Laboratory. It consists mainly of diagrams and charts of experiments, as well as some research notebooks.

General physical description: 0.5 linear feet

Charts, Ion Production and Density
1954 2 item(s) box 6
Notes, A Diffusive Atmosphere
1954 7 item(s) box 6
Notes, D-Layer
Undated 3 item(s) box 6
Notes, Gamma Ray Astronomy
Undated 2 item(s) box 6
Gamma Ray Bursters, Notes
Undated 1 item(s) box 6
Miscellaneous Notes
Undated 49 item(s) box 6
Notes, Oxygen Absorption In the Upper Atmosphere
Undated 1 item(s) box 6
Notes, Oxygen in Ionosphere
Undated 1 item(s) box 6
Notes, Procedure To Compute Density of Ionization
Undated 5 item(s) box 6
Notes, Space Weather
1995 2 item(s) box 6
Notes, Temperature of the Corona
  2 item(s) box 6
X-Rays, Notes
Undated 2 item(s) box 6
Yohkoh, Notes
  1 item(s) box 6
Notes
  3 item(s) box 6
Research Notebooks
Undated 2 item(s) box 6
Voltage Chart, V-2 Rocket Test #49, 29 Sept. 1949
1949 1 item(s) box 6
Series III. Works By Friedman
 1.5 linear feet

Series III consists of manuscripts and printed copies of Dr. Friedman's works. Included are articles for journals and magazines, as well as book manuscripts, including The Amazing Universe, The Sun and Earth and The Astronomer's Universe.

General physical description: 1.5 linear feet

Adrift in Space
1966 1 item(s) box 7
"All of Us Who Knew Dr. Tousey..."
Undated 1 item(s) box 7
Amazing Universe, Correspondence
1975-1976 51 item(s) box 7
An 80 Day X-Ray Light Curve of 3C 371
1982 1 item(s) box 7
Applications of Electronic Methods to the Measurement of X-Ray and Gamma Ray Intensities
1947 1 item(s) box 7
Applications of Geiger-Muller Counters to Inspection With X-Rays and Gamma Rays
1942 1 item(s) box 7
Articles, Printed
1949-1967 19 item(s) box 7
Astronomer's Universe, Correspondence
1989-1991 34 item(s) box 7
Astronomer's Universe, Notes
  5 item(s) box 7
Astronomer's Universe, Reviews and Miscellaneous
1990 29 item(s) box 7
Astronomical Horizons at the Millenium, Notes
Undated 1 item(s) box 7
Astronomical Horizons, Correspondence
1981 12 item(s) box 7
Astronomical Horizons, Drafts
1981, undated 4 item(s) box 7
Astronomical Horizons at the Millennium, Correspondence
  box 7
Astronomical Horizons at the Millennium, Draft
Undated 3 item(s) box 7
Basic Theory and Fundamentals of Flourescent X-Ray Spectrographic Analysis
1953 1 item(s) box 7
A Century of Space Science, Correspondence
1999 8 item(s) box 7
The Coincidence Pulse Discriminator
Undated 8 item(s) box 7
The Collection of Long-Lived Natural Radioactive Products from the Atmosphere
1952 1 item(s) box 7
The Contribution of Solar X-Rays to E-Layer Ionization
1953 1 item(s) box 7
Copper and Nickel X-Ray KBZ- and KBG- Emissions Lines and K-Absorption Limits in Cu-Ni Alloys
1940 1 item(s) box 7
Corona-Tube Regulators for High Voltages
1949 1 item(s) box 7
Cosmic Life
1980, undated 2 item(s) box 7
Cosmic X-Ray Sources: A Progress Report
  1 item(s) box 7
Cosmic X-Rays and Gamma Rays
1965 1 item(s) box 7
Cosmos Club Lecture, Feb. 21, 1991
1991 1 item(s) box 7
The Dawn of High Energy Astronomy, Publishing Agreement
1961 1 item(s) box 7
The Dawn of High Energy Astronomy, Report of the Editor
Undated 1 item(s) box 7
The Dawn of High Energy Astronomy, Draft
Undated 2 item(s) box 7
Detecting the Soviet Bomb: Joe-1 In a Rain Barrel
1996 1 item(s) box 7
Detecting the Soviet Bomb, Correspondence
1997 2 item(s) box 7
Determination of Tetraethyllead in Gasoline by X-Ray Absorption
1946 1 item(s) box 7
The Dissociation of Oxygen at High Altitudes
Undated 1 item(s) box 7
Dissociation of Oxygen in the Upper Atmosphere
1955 1 item(s) box 7
The Dryden Lecture
1973 1 item(s) box 7
An Early Look at ATM Results
1974 1 item(s) box 8
Early Measurements of Solar Xrays
Undated 1 item(s) box 8
Edward Olson Hulbert
Undated 1 item(s) box 8
The Effect of Chlorine and Bromine on the Work Function of Photon Counter Cathodes
Undated 1 item(s) box 8
Exotic Astrophysics
1974 1 item(s) box 8
Five Year Outlook, Ch. 7, Sun and Earth, Draft
1981 2 item(s) box 8
Five Year Outlook, Ch. 7, Sun and Earth, Notes
Undated 3 item(s) box 8
Flare Measurements from Rockets
1957 1 item(s) box 8
The "Free Enterprise" Years
Undated 2 item(s) box 8
From Ionosonde to Rocket Sonde
  1 item(s) box 8
Geiger Counter Spectrometer for Industrial Research
1945 1 item(s) box 8
Geiger Counter Tubes
1949 1 item(s) box 8
General History of Astronomy
1983 4 item(s) box 8
H0547-14: X-Ray Flux From A Weak Gamma-Ray Burst?
1983 1 item(s) box 8
High Energy Astronomy
1973 1 item(s) box 8
High Energy Astronomy, The NRL Role
1978 1 item(s) box 8
High Energy Astronomy with HEAO
1978 1 item(s) box 8
A High Temperature X-Ray Diffaction Apparatus
1947 1 item(s) box 8
The Inconstant Sun
1980 3 item(s) box 8

10 photographs from this folder have been moved to Series XI, Photographs.

"In a Panic to Counter the Soviet Success..." incomplete manuscript
Undated 1 item(s)
The IGBO and the ISY
Undated 1 item(s) box 8
IGY, IQSY and the Future of International Cooperation in Solar-Terrestrial Research
1968 1 item(s) box 8
IGY and ISY
1987 2 item(s) box 8
The International Space Year
1988 1 item(s) box 8
The Invisible Universe
Undated 1 item(s) box 8
An Invisible Universe Beckons
1969 1 item(s) box 8
The Invisible Universe of X-Rays and Gamma Rays
1997 1 item(s) box 8
Ionospheric Constitution and Solar Control
1964 1 item(s) box 8
The Ionospheric F2 Region
1954 1 item(s) box 8
Iosif Shklovsky and X-Ray Astronomy
Undated 1 item(s) box 8
The Legacy of the IGY
1983 1 item(s) box 8
Low Voltage Self-Quenching Geiger Counters
1947 1 item(s) box 8
Lyman - Alpha Radiation in the Solar Spectrum
1953 1 item(s) box 8
Measurement of High Intensities With the Geiger-Mueller Counter
1946 1 item(s) box 8
Milliroentgen Dosimetry With Thermoluminescence
1957 1 item(s) box 8
Near Earth Space, A Historical Perspective, Notes
Undated 2 item(s) box 8
Near Earth Space, A Historical Perspective
Undated 3 item(s) box 8
The New Revealing of the Sun
1974 1 item(s) box 8
The Next 20 Years of Space Science
1965 1 item(s) box 8
Notes on X-Ray Astronomy
Undated 1 item(s) box 8
Notes, Talk to the American Auto Society
1956 1 item(s) box 8
Occhialini Memoir, Correspondence
Undated 1 item(s) box 8
Occhialini Memoir, Notes/Source Material
Undated 2 item(s) box 8
Oda Biographical Note
Undated 1 item(s) box 8
The Optical Transmission of Additively Colored Alkali Halide Crystals in the Visible and Near Infra-Red
1949 1 item(s) box 8
Origins of Galactic X Ray Astronomy
Undated 1 item(s) box 8
Overview, Solar Terrestrial Physics
Undated 1 item(s) box 8
Particle Size Determination From X-Ray Line Broadening
1946 1 item(s) box 8
Perspectives on Space Science
1976 3 item(s) box 8
Photoelectric Measurements of Solar X-Rays and Ultraviolet
Undated 1 item(s) box 8
Photon Counter Measurements of Solar X-Rays and Extreme Ultraviolet Light
1951 1 item(s) box 8
Photon Counters for the Far Ultraviolet
1954 1 item(s) box 8
Pulsars
1970 1 item(s) box 8
Q&A Notes
Undated 3 item(s) box 8
Radioactivity of the Air
1956 box 9
Radiosensitivity of Alkali Halide Crystals
1952 box 9
Recent Progress and Future Prospects in High Energy Astronomy
1972 box 9
Remarks on Retirement
Undated box 9
Remarks on the Occasion of the Sesquicentennial of the Naval Observatory
Undated box 9
Richard Tousey 1908-1997, Notes and Research Materials
Undated box 9
Richard Tousey 1908-1997, Correspondence
Undated box 9
Richard Tousey 1908-1997
Undated box 9
Rocket Astronomy - Window Into Space
Undated box 9
Rontgenastronomie
Undated box 9
The Science of Global Change - An Overview, Notes
Undated box 9
The Science of Global Change - An Overview, Draft
Undated box 9
The Science of Global Change - An Overview, Final Draft
Undated box 9
Self-Quenching Halogen Filled Counters
1947 box 9
"Since the Launching of the First Artificial Earth Satellite..."
Undated box 9
The Soft X-Ray Background
1973 box 9
Solar Flares
1969 box 9
Solar Radiation in the Near Earth Environment, Draft
Undated box 9
Solar Radiation in the Near Earth Environment, Images
Undated box 9
The Solar Spectrum Below 2000 Angstroms
1954 box 9
Solar Terrestrial Energy Program: Major Scientific Problems, Historical Perspective
1988 box 9
Some Interdisciplinary Aspects of Sun-Earth Relationships in the Study of Global Change
Undated box 9
Space Age Lessons About Our Environment
1986 box 9
The Space Age Universe
Undated box 9
Space Science and the Frontiers of Physics
1968 box 9
Strip Chart Recording With An Autoscaler
1950 box 9
Sun and Earth, Correspondence
Undated box 9
Sun and Earth, Publishing Agreement
Undated box 9
Sun and Earth, Reviews
1987 box 9
Sun and Earth: A New View of Climate
1979 box 9
Thickness Measurement of Thin Coatings By X-Ray Absorption
1946 box 9
Ultraviolet Transmission of "Counting" Diamonds
1948 box 9
Undirected Research
1973 box 9
The Universe After Einstein
1979 box 9
Voltage Stablization by Means of the Corona Discharge Between Coaxial Cylinders
1947 box 9
Workshop on Non-Governmental International Engineering Organizations
1988 box 9
The World We Face In 1985
1965 box 9
X-Ray Astronomy Slides
Undated box 9
X-Ray Background Radiation
Undated box 9
X-Ray Fluoresence Analysis of Ethyl Fluid in Aviation Gasoline
1950 box 9
X-Rays From Exploding Stars and Galaxies
Undated box 9
The X-ray K-Absorption Edges of the Elements Fe(26) to Ge(32)
1939 box 9
The X-Rays KB2,5 - Emission Lines and K-Absorption Limits of Cu-Zn Alloys
1940 box 9
Yakov Borisovich Zel'Dovich, Biographical Note
1990 box 9
Series IV. Naval Research Laboratory
 7.0 linear feet

Series IV, the second largest in the collection, consists of correspondence, official reports and papers from Dr. Friedman's career at the Navy Research Laboratory. The series includes work from scientists that Dr. Friedman worked with and supervised, including Dr. Talbot A. Chubb and Dr. George R. Carruthers. The correspondence is organized chronologically, as names are rarely used; internal code numbers are used instead. Dr. Friedman was, for some time, Code 7100, but used other designations as well. Signatures on memos and letters are best consulted to be sure of the author.

General physical description: 7.0 linear feet

75th Birthday Celebration
1991 box 10
Accident and Injury Information, 1968
1968 box 10
Assisant Secretary of the Navy Organization Memo
1977 box 10
An Interim Report of British Work on JOE
1949 box 10
Apollo/Soyuz, K-1590F
1973-1976, undated box 10
Apollo-Soyuz Proposal, 1973
1973 
Apollo Soyuz, X-Ray Experiment Preliminary Science Report
1975 box 10
Building 209 Dedication
1968 box 10
Buildings and Facilities Assignments
1967-1978 box 10
Clippings
1967-1969 box 10
Collection and Identification of Fission Products of Foreign Origin
1949 box 10
Correspondence
1997-1998 box 10
Correspondence, 1949-52
1949-1952 box 10
Correspondence, 1952-55
1952-1955 box 10
Correspondence, 1956
1956 box 10
Correspondence, 1957, Folder 1
1957 box 10
Correspondence, 1957, Folder 2
1957 box 11
Correspondence, 1957, Folder 3
1957 box 11
Correspondence, 1958, Folder 1
1958 box 11
Correspondence, 1958, Folder 2
1958 box 11
Correspondence
1960-1971 box 11
Correspondence, 1963-65
1963-1965 box 11
Correspondence, 1966-67
1966-1967 box 11
Correspondence, 1968
1968 box 11
Correspondence, 1969
1969 box 11
Correspondence, 1970
1970 box 11
Correspondence, 1976
1976 box 11
Correspondence, 1977
1977 box 11
Correspondence, 1978
1978 box 11
Correspondence, 1979
1979 box 12
Correspondence, 1980-81
1980-1981 box 12
Correspondence, 1983
1983 box 12
Correspondence, 1986
1986 box 12
Correspondence, 1987
1987 box 12
Correspondence, 1988
1988 box 12
Correspondence, 1989
1989 box 12
Correspondence, 1990
1990 box 12
Correspondence, 1991
1991 box 12
Correspondence, 1992, Folder 1
1992 box 13
Correspondence, 1992, Folder 2
1992 box 13
Correspondence, 1993, Folder 1
1993 box 13
Correspondence, 1993, Folder 2
1993 box 13
Correspondence, 1994, Folder 1
  box 13
Correspondence, 1994, Folder 2
1994 box 14
Correspondence, 1995-96, Folder 1
1995-1996 box 14
Correspondence, 1995-96, Folder 2
1995-1996 box 14
Correspondence, 1997-99
1997-1999 box 14
Dailey, Carroll and Thomas A. Parnell, HEAO-A Observatory Description
1977 box 14
Dumand Materials
1978 box 14
EOHC, Annual Report to NASA, 1969
1969 box 14
EAHC Annual Report, 1976
1976 box 14
EOHC, Alan J. Grobecker Material
1964-1970 box 15
EOHC, Carl A. Rouse Materials, Folder 1
1971-1975 box 15
EOHC, Carl A. Rouse Materials, Folder 2
1965-1970 box 15
EOHC, Colloquia Advertisements
1972-1978 box 15
EOHC Correspondence, 1963
1963 box 15
EOHC Correspondence, A-B
1963-1974 box 15
EOHC Correspondence, C-D
1963-1973 box 15
EOHC Correspondence, E-F
1963-1971 box 15
EOHC Correspondence, G-H
1963-1973 box 15
EOHC Correspondence, I-J
Undated box 15
EOHC Correspondence, K-L
1969-1974 box 15
EOHC Correspondence, M-N
1963-1973 box 16
EOHC Correspondence, O-P
1963-1974 box 16
EOHC Correspondence, Q-R
1963-1969 box 16
EOHC Correspondence, S-T
1963-1973 box 16
EOHC Correspondence, U-W
1963-1974 box 16
EOHC Correspondence, X-Z
1963 box 16
EOHC, Funding Proposal, 1970
1969-1970 box 16
EOHC, Job Inquiries
Undated box 16
EOHC, Correspondence, Max Planck Institute
1971 box 16
EOHC, Post Doctoral Program, Adviser Nominations
1972 box 16
EOHC, Post Doctoral Program, Approved Research Proposals
1972-1975 box 16
EOHC, Post Doctoral Program, Correspondence
Undated box 16
EOHC, Post Doctoral Program Materials
1966-1979 box 16
EOHC, Dianne K. Prinz
1967-1971 box 16
EOHC, Dror Sadeh Material, Folder 1
1964-1969 box 16
EOHC, Dror Sadeh Material, Folder 2
1970-1979 box 16
EOHC, George R. Carruthers Material
1963-1976 box 17
EOHC, George A. Doschek Material
1968-1969 box 17
EOHC, Guenter Brueckner Material
1977-1978 box 17
EOHC, Infrared Night Sky Experiment
1964-1966 box 17
EOHC, James D. Kurfess Material
1968-1969 box 17
EOHC, John H. Carver Material
1967-1972 box 17
EOHC, Martin Harwit Material
1962-1968 box 17
EOHC, N. P. Patterson Material
1966-1967 box 17
EOHC, Paul Feldman Material
1965-1976 box 17
EOHC, Proposal to NASA, 1966
1966 box 17
EOHC, Proposal to NASA, 1967
1967 box 17
EOHC, Proposal to NASA, 1968
1967-1968 box 17
EOHC, Proposal to NASA, 1969
1969 box 17
EOHC, Proposal to NASA, 1971
1971 box 17
EOHC, Proposal to NASA, 1973
1973 5 item(s) box 18
EOHC, Proposal to NASA, 1974
1974 5 item(s) box 18
EOHC, Proposal to NASA, 1975
1974 1 item(s) box 18
EOHC, Proposal to NASA, 1976
1975 2 item(s) box 18
EOHC, Proposal to NASA, 1977
1976 2 item(s) box 18
EOHC Publicity Literature
1963-1964; undated 44 item(s) box 18
EOHC, William Benesch Materials
1963 4 item(s) box 18
EOHC, William Boardman Materials
1966 3 item(s) box 18
EOHC, Richard C. Henry Materials
1966-1975 63 item(s) box 18
EOHC, Robert Meier Materials
1966-1968 19 item(s) box 18
EOHC, Seth Shulman Material
1969-1971 30 item(s) box 18
EOHC, Thomas Winter, Jr. Materials
1956-1967 34 item(s) box 18
EOHC, William A. Sloan Material
1964-1966 30 item(s) box 18
EOHC, XLA February 27, 1986
1986 1 item(s) box 18
Friedman, Herbert, 1916-2000.
The E.O. Hulbert Center for Space Research
undated 2 item(s) box 19
George Carruthers Materials, NRL
1970-1971 28 item(s) box 19
George Carruthers Materials, NRL
1972 8 item(s) box 19
George Carruthers Materials, NRL
1973 18 item(s) box 19

This is folder 1 of 2.

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:259803

George Carruthers Materials, NRL
1973 10 item(s) box 19

This is folder 2 of 2.

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:259804

George Carruthers Materials, NRL
1974 6 item(s) box 19
George Carruthers Materials, NRL
1975-1977 7 item(s) box 19
George Carruthers Materials, NRL, Flemming Award
1969-1971 29 item(s) box 19
George Carruthers Materials, NRL, S-201 Apollo Lunar Surface Camera
1969-1974 50 item(s) box 19
HEAO, 0.1-20 MeV Gamma Ray Laboratory
1970 5 item(s) box 20
Friedman, Herbert, 1916-2000.
HEAO-A
undated 1 item(s) box 20
HEAO Articles
1977-1978 24 item(s) box 20
HEAO Correspondence
1970 26 item(s) box 20
HEAO Correspondence
1971 26 item(s) box 20
HEAO Correspondence
1972 19 item(s) box 20
HEAO Correspondence
1973 29 item(s) box 20
HEAO Correspondence
1974 23 item(s) box 20
HEAO Correspondence
1975 55 item(s) box 20
HEAO Correspondence
1976 67 item(s) box 20
HEAO Correspondence
1977 56 item(s) box 21