Herbert Friedman Papers

Mss.Ms.Coll.113

Date: 1940-2000 | Size: 31 Linear feet

Background note

Herbert Friedman was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1916 and graduated from Brooklyn College in 1936 (BS) and from Johns Hopkins (Phd, Physics). He joined the Naval Research Laboratory in 1940, and until about 1950 maintained an active research program in applied x-ray spectroscopy. In 1949 he conducted his first of many space experiments comprising a set of x-ray and ultraviolet sensitive geiger counters to observe the Sun.

Friedman is recognized as one of the pioneers of space science for his contributions to solar physics, upper atmospheric physics and x-ray astronomy. He was also recognized as one of the great statesman of the discipline having been a member of the President's Science Advisory Committee, the General Advisory Committee to the Atomic Energy Commission, the Space Science Board of the National Academy of Sciences, the Governing Board of the National Academy of Sciences. His awards include the Eddington Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society, the National Medal of Science, the William Bowie Medal of the American Geophysical Society, the Henry Norris Russell Award of the American Astronomical Society and the Wolf Foundation Prize in Physics. He was elected a member of the National Academy of Science in 1960. He retired from the Naval Research Laboratory in 1980 but continued an association with the Laboratory as a consultant and as Chief Scientist, emeritus. He was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 1964.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Physical description

31 linear feet.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access:

Access to Series XIV - Nominations and Personnel Files are been restricted.

African-American History Note

As part of Herbert Friedman's worked on a project to send the first telescope to the moon on Apollo 16, he partnered with a physicist George Carruthers. The collection includes a variety of papers dealing with the proposal for this project.

Indexing Terms


Subject(s)

  • Atmospheric astronomy
  • Solar physics
  • X-ray astronomy

Collection overview

 2.5 linear feet

Series I consists of Dr. Friedman's personal correspondence. It is organized alphabetically with the bulk placed in miscellaneous files. The largest file consists of correspondence with Edward O. Hulburt, Dr. Friedman's mentor and namesake of the Edward O. Hulburt Center for Space Research at the Navy Research Laboratory.

 0.5 linear feet

Series II is comprised of Dr. Friedman's research material from his time at the Navy Research Laboratory. It consists mainly of diagrams and charts of experiments, as well as some research notebooks.

 1.5 linear feet

Series III consists of manuscripts and printed copies of Dr. Friedman's works. Included are articles for journals and magazines, as well as book manuscripts, including The Amazing Universe, The Sun and Earth and The Astronomer's Universe.

 7.0 linear feet

Series IV, the second largest in the collection, consists of correspondence, official reports and papers from Dr. Friedman's career at the Navy Research Laboratory. The series includes work from scientists that Dr. Friedman worked with and supervised, including Dr. Talbot A. Chubb and Dr. George R. Carruthers. The correspondence is organized chronologically, as names are rarely used; internal code numbers are used instead. Dr. Friedman was, for some time, Code 7100, but used other designations as well. Signatures on memos and letters are best consulted to be sure of the author.

 0.5 linear feet

Series V is made up of materials regarding the patents applied for, and awarded to Dr. Friedman during his time at the Navy Research Laboratory. In his lifetime Dr. Friedman was awarded 50 patents, all of which are reflected here in some manner.

 1.5 linear feet

Series VI contains works by others, including some his co-workers at the Navy Research Laboratory. Prominently featured are the works of Talbot A. Chubb, George R. Carruthers, Irving Blifford and Riccardo Giacconi, co-recipient of the 2002 Nobel Prize for Physics.

 10.5 linear feet

Series VII, the largest in the collection, consists of correspondence, administrative and report material from Dr. Friedman's membership in various professional and private organizations. The series highlights the prominent role Dr. Friedman played in many organizations, including the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, the American Philosophical Society, the Cosmos Club, the National Academy of Sciences, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, as well as the National Research Council. Correspondence in the series is organized as Dr. Friedman's original files were, by date.

 0.5 linear feet

Series VIII contains the many certificates and awards bestowed to Dr. Friedman during his lifetime, as well as related correspondence and announcements. Among Dr. Friedman's awards that the series contains are the Eddington Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society, the National Medal of Science, the Henry Norris Russell Lectureship of the American Astronomical Society, the William Bowie Medal of the American Geophysical Union, and the Wolf Foundation Prize in Physics. Some material has been removed to oversize.

 0.25 linear feet

The personal material contained in Series IX includes passports, biographical and curriculum vitae material, as well as material related to Dr. Friedman's retirement from the Navy Research Laboratory. Also included is obituary and memorial material, including material relating the dedication of the Herbert Friedman Room at the Navy Research Laboratory.

 0.75 linear feet

Series X, the printed materials series, consists of published works and reprints authored mainly by others, but also including work by Dr. Friedman himself. NASA manuals regarding shuttle payload development feature prominently.

 1.5 linear feet

Series XI contains photos and images of Dr. Friedman, as well as figures from his published works and printed slides from various lectures and presentations. While few of the photos are personal snapshots, they do include photos removed from various correspondence.

 3.0 linear feet

Series XII contains audio visual material, including VHS tapes, film reels and slides. Many relate to Dr. Friedman's work with NASA and the Navy Research Lab, as well as the National Academy of Sciences sponsored PBS Series Space Age, which Dr. Friedman participated in.

  


Detailed Inventory

Series I. Correspondence
 2.5 linear feet

Series I consists of Dr. Friedman's personal correspondence. It is organized alphabetically with the bulk placed in miscellaneous files. The largest file consists of correspondence with Edward O. Hulburt, Dr. Friedman's mentor and namesake of the Edward O. Hulburt Center for Space Research at the Navy Research Laboratory.

General physical description: 2.5 linear feet

A- Misc.
1968-199235 itemsbox 1
American Men of Science.
19652 items; 2 itemsbox 1
American Scientist.
1975-19765 itemsbox 1
B - Misc.
1964-198883 itemsbox 1
Bearn, Alexander G., 1923-2009.
1932; 19892 items; 2 itemsbox 1
Benesch, William.
1963-19645 itemsbox 1
Birthday Correspondence
1976; 199615 items; 17 itemsbox 1

Correspondence received on the occasion of Dr. Friedman's 60th and 80th birthdays.

General physical description: 17 items

Blake, Richard.
1967-196812 itemsbox 1
Blifford, Irving.
1991-1996; undated29 items; 27 items

Includes Ground Station Manuals that were enclosed with correspondence.

General physical description: 27 items

Bowyer, Stuart C..
1965-19717 itemsbox 1
British Broadcasting Corporation.
1964-197913 itemsbox 1
Buckley, B. W..
19981 itembox 1
C - Misc.
1959-199254 itemsbox 1
Cannon, Howard.
19751 itembox 1
Carriger, David, Jr..
19705 itemsbox 1
Cavanaugh, Robert.
1963-19652 items; 2 itemsbox 1
Clemens, Cyril.
19702 items; 2 itemsbox 1

Two letters regarding Dr. Friedman's election as a Knight of Mark Twain.

General physical description: 2 items

Committee of Concerned Scientists .
1973-19786 itemsbox 1
Córdova, France A..
19794 itemsbox 1
Crackpot Letters
1954; 1960; undated9 items; 9 itemsbox 1
Cunkle, Wendy.
19725 itemsbox 1
D - Misc
1958-198136 itemsbox 1
Davidsen, Arthur Falnes..
1974-197812 itemsbox 1
Dean, Colin.
1975-197610 itemsbox 1
Donahue, Thomas M..
19926 itemsbox 1
E - Misc.
1984-200024 itemsbox 1
Edelson, Burton I..
19884 itemsbox 1
Encyclopedia of Physical Science and Technology
1998-199912 items; 11 itemsbox 1

Includes 1998 Topical Outline for 3rd edition of the Encyclopedia.

General physical description: 11 items

Encyclopedia of Space Science and Technology
19982 items; 2 itemsbox 1
F - Misc.
1962-198957 itemsbox 1
Fierst, Herbert A..
1957-19614 itemsbox 1
Fisher, Philip.
19732 itemsbox 1
G -Misc.
1961-199759 itemsbox 2
General Electric Company.
19612 itemsbox 2
Giaccone, Riccardo.
1966-197811 items; 2 itemsbox 2

General physical description: 2 items

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:281187/

Gibson, R. E..
19821 item; 1 itembox 2
Gillmor, C. Stewart.
19766 itemsbox 2
Gingerich, Owen .
1981-19824 itemsbox 2
Gold, Thomas.
19764 itemsbox 2
Goldberg, David.
1979-19806 itemsbox 2
Goldberg, Leo.
1963-197614 itemsbox 2
Golden, William T., 1909-2007.
19892 items; 2 itemsbox 2
H - Misc.
1962-200071 itemsbox 2
Heckert, Richard Edwin, 1924-2010.
19862 itemsbox 2
Hirsch, Richard.
19806 itemsbox 2
Hulbert, Edward.
Hulbert, Edward.
1959-198131 items; 31 itemsbox 2

General physical description: 31 items

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:280087

Hulst, H. C. van de (Hendrik Christoffel) .
1993-19942 itemsbox 2
I - Misc.
1961-199616 itemsbox 2
Il Nuovo Cimento
19871 item; 3 itemsbox 2
Institute of Physics Publishing
19992 items; 2 itemsbox 2
J - Misc.
1964-199327 itemsbox 2
Jager, C. de (Cornelis).
19772 items; 2 itemsbox 2
John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
19643 itemsbox 2
Johnson, Frank.
19892 items; 2 itemsbox 2
K - Misc.
1957-199836 itemsbox 2
Kaplan, Joseph A., 1902-1991.
1967-19744 itemsbox 2
Kellerman, Ken.
19904 itemsbox 2
Kippenhahn, Rudolf.
19872 items; 2 itemsbox 2
Kitt Peak National Observatory
19611 item; 1 itembox 2
Korff, Serge A. (Serge Alexander), 1906-1989.
19821 item; 1 itembox 2
L - Misc.
1961-199330 itemsbox 2
Levy, Eugene H. (Eugene Howard).
19902 itemsbox 2
Lockhart, Luther B..
1995-19963 items; 3 itemsbox 2
M - Misc.
1961-199762 itemsbox 2
Mandelshtam, S. L..
1967-198666 itemsbox 2
Martin-Marietta Corporation
1969-19716 items
McGraw-Hill Book Company
1978-19795 itemsbox 2
Michels, Donald J..
19973 itemsbox 2
Milne, John.
19913 itemsbox 2
Moe, Henry Allen, 1894-1975.
19612 items
N - Misc.
1960-198061 itemsbox 3
Naranan, Sundaresan.
1978-19836 itemsbox 3
National Radio Astronomy Observatory (U.S.) .
1997; undated3 itemsbox 3
National Register of Scientific and Technical Personnel.
1962-19646 items; 6 itemsbox 3
Ne'eman, Yuval.
1988-19946 items; 5 itemsbox 3
New York Academy of Sciences.
19672 items; 2 itemsbox 3
Nicolet, Marcel.
19791 itembox 3
Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994.
19731 item; 1 itembox 3

This letter from President Nixon to Dr. Friedman accepts Dr. Friedman's resignation as Chief Scientist of the E. O. Hulburt Center for Space Research under the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory. It also informs Dr. Friedman that President Nixon plans to reorganize and thus disband the President's Science Advisory Committee.

General physical description: 1 item

O - Misc.
1962-198810 itemsbox 3
O'Brien, Brian J..
19693 items; 3 itemsbox 3
Oda, Minoru.
1988-1992; undated10 items; 10 itemsbox 3
Odishaw, Hugh.
19644 items; 4 itemsbox 3
Oertel, Goetz.
1994-19953 itemsbox 3
O'Malley, Louise.
1975; undated3 items; 3 itemsbox 3
Osheroff, Douglas D..
19903 itemsbox 3
Oster, Ludwig.
1964-19684 itemsbox 3
Owen, Thomas B..
19715 itemsbox 3
P - Misc.
1961-200024 itemsbox 3
Pacific Missile Range
19623 itemsbox 3
Paolini, Frank.
19692 itemsbox 3
Parker, E. N. (Eugene Newman).
19762 itemsbox 3
Pasachoff, Jay M..
19782 itemsbox 3
Pawsey, J. L..
Pawsey, J. L.
1960-19613 itemsbox 3
Peebles, P. J. E. (Phillip James Edwin) .
19672 itemsbox 3
Penzias, Arno A..
19783 itemsbox 3
Perrenod, Stephen Charles.
19783 itemsbox 3
Peterson, Laurence E..
1966-19789 itemsbox 3
Physics Today
19663 itemsbox 3
Piana, Anna.
19766 itemsbox 3
Pesharoty, P. R..
19701 itembox 3
Pitts, Fred.
19742 itemsbox 3
Platovsky, Kyra.
19695 itemsbox 3
Popular Science
19712 itemsbox 3
Pounds, K. (Ken).
19662 itemsbox 1
Prasad, Balram.
1976-19779 itemsbox 3
Pratt, R. H..
19722 itemsbox 3
President's Committee on the National Medal of Science
1972-1990; 1972-197410 itemsbox 3
Press, Frank.
19703 itemsbox 3
Purcell, Dewitt.
19763 itemsbox 3
R - Misc.
1959-199922 itemsbox 4
Radioastron Mission
1989-19906 itemsbox 4
Rajsky, Vladimir.
1976-19773 itemsbox 4
Ratcliffe, J. A. (John Ashworth).
1963-19642 itemsbox 4
Reader's Digest
19654 itemsbox 4
Reines, Frederick, 1918-1998.
19663 itemsbox 4
Retirement Correspondence
198023 itemsbox 4
Roalstad, D. A..
19822 itemsbox 4
Roberts, Elliot B..
19821 itembox 4
Roberts, Walter O., 1915-.
19652 itemsbox 4
Rockefeller Public Service Awards Program
1967-197425 itemsbox 4
Rollins College (Winter Park, Fla.).
19623 itemsbox 4
Rosenblum, A..
19753 itemsbox 4
Rossi, Bruno Benedetto, 1905-
19802 itemsbox 4
Ruzicka, Emil.
19802 itemsbox 4
S - Misc.
1961-199465 itemsbox 4
Sadeh, Dror.
1981-19898 itemsbox 4
Sagan, Carl, 1934-1996.
19761 itembox 4
Sahade, Jorge.
19683 itemsbox 4
Sandage, Allan.
19702 itemsbox 4
Sapp, Earle.
1978-19797 itemsbox 4
Sarabhai, Vikram A., 1919-1971.
1967-19682 itemsbox 4
Schnopper, Herbert.
1971-19794 itemsbox 4
Schulman, James H..
19772 itemsbox 4
Schwartz, Anthony M.
19724 itemsbox 4
Science (Magazine)
19633 itemsbox 4
Science Service
19602 itemsbox 4
Scientific American
1963-196414 itemsbox 4
Sehra, P. S..
19783 itemsbox 4
Seitz, Frederick, 1911-2008.
1988-20017 itemsbox 4
Shapiro, Maurice.
1974-199012 itemsbox 4
Shapshak, Paul.
19762 itemsbox 4
Shklovskii, I. S..
1969-19776 itemsbox 4
Shoemaker , E. M. (Eugene Merle), 1928-1997.
19834 itemsbox 4
Shor, Franc.
19672 itemsbox 4
Simpson, John.
19937 itemsbox 4
Sky and Telescope
1963-19645 itemsbox 4
Societe astronomique de France .
1990-19913 itemsbox 4
Space Publications, Inc.
19673 itemsbox 4
Spielberg, Nathan.
19642 itemsbox 4
Spitz, Armand.
19661 itembox 4
Spitzer, Lyman, 1914-1997.
Spitzer, Lyman, 1914-1997.
1966-197410 itemsbox 4
Stein, Wayne.
19662 itemsbox 4
Strand, K. Aage (Kaj Aage).
19772 itemsbox 4
Strasser, Joel.
19683 itemsbox 4
Sturrock, Peter A. (Peter Andrew).
19673 itemsbox 4
Sullivan, Walter.
Sullivan, Walter.
1963-19789 itemsbox 4
Summerfield, Martin.
19792 itemsbox 4
Suomi, Verner.
19713 itemsbox 4
Svestka, Zidenek.
19772 itemsbox 4
Swarup, G..
1960-19612 itemsbox 4
Swings, P. (Polydore), 1906-1983.
1962-19667 itemsbox 4
T - Misc.
1961-200029 itemsbox 5
Tananbaum, Harvey D..
1976-19807 itemsbox 5
Tauber, Gerard.
19757 itemsbox 5
Tawes, J. Millard, 1894-1979.
19671 itembox 5
Teague, Olin E., 1910-1981.
19701 itembox 5
Ted
Undated3 itemsbox 5
Tel-Aviv Observatory
1968-197116 itemsbox 5
Thomas, Shirley.
Thomas, Shirley.
1964-19659 itemsbox 5
Thorne, Kip S. .
1977-19934 itemsbox 5
Thornton, Edward.
19623 items
TWA
19913 itemsbox 5
Turner, Martin.
19763 itemsbox 5
Tuve, Merle Antony, 1901-1982.
19752 itemsbox 5
U - Misc.
1963-199218 itemsbox 5
UCLA
1962 box 5
USN Medical School (B.W. Hogan)
19511 itembox 5
University of Chicago
19623 itemsbox 5
University of Michigan
19782 itemsbox 5
University of Tubingen
19756 itemsbox 5
University of Wyoming
1972-19739 itemsbox 5
V - Misc.
1961-198311 itemsbox 5
Vallee, Bert L..
19792 itemsbox 5
Hulst, H. C. van de (Hendrik Christoffel) .
19641 itembox 5
Vassy, E..
19623 itemsbox 5
Vedrenne, G..
19782 itemsbox 5
Venkatesan, D. (Doraswamy).
19722 items
Vermeesch, Th. M..
19763 itemsbox 5
Villard, O. G., Jr..
19742 itemsbox 5
Voisin, Mike.
19782 itemsbox 5
Ditfurth, Hoimar von.
1965-19738 itemsbox 5
Vucovic, Jovica.
19772 itemsbox 5
W - Misc.
1962-199925 itemsbox 5
W. W. Norton & Co.
1991-19925 itemsbox 5
Wallhof, Hans.
19783 itemsbox 5
Warga, Mary.
19626 itemsbox 5
Warner, B..
19612 itemsbox 5
Washington Academy of Science
19541 itembox 5
Way, Mack.
19752 itemsbox 5
Wentzel, Donat G..
1961-19623 itemsbox 5
Weymann, R. J. (Ray J.).
Weymann, R. J. (Ray J.).
1966-19674 itemsbox 5
White, Robert M..
1965-19794 itemsbox 5
Who's Who In America
19638 itemsbox 5
Wiesner, Jerome B. (Jerome Bert), 1915-1994.
Wiesner, Jerome
19611 itembox 5
Wilson, R.
19703 itemsbox 5
Winckler, John.
19643 items
Wing, Albert.
19672 itemsbox 5
Wolfe, Arthur M..
19774 itemsbox 5
Wolfle, Dael Leev.
1962-19632 itemsbox 5
Womack, E. A..
19675 itemsbox 5
Woodridge, David.
19613 itemsbox 5
Y - Misc.
1967-19887 itemsbox 5
Zisman, William A.
1970-19728 itemsbox 5
Zombeck, Martin V..
19782 itemsbox 5
Series II. Research Materials and Notes
 0.5 linear feet

Series II is comprised of Dr. Friedman's research material from his time at the Navy Research Laboratory. It consists mainly of diagrams and charts of experiments, as well as some research notebooks.

General physical description: 0.5 linear feet

Charts, Ion Production and Density
19542 itemsbox 6
Notes, A Diffusive Atmosphere
19547 itemsbox 6
Notes, D-Layer
Undated3 itemsbox 6
Notes, Gamma Ray Astronomy
Undated2 itemsbox 6
Gamma Ray Bursters, Notes
Undated1 itembox 6
Miscellaneous Notes
Undated49 itemsbox 6
Notes, Oxygen Absorption In the Upper Atmosphere
Undated1 itembox 6
Notes, Oxygen in Ionosphere
Undated1 itembox 6
Notes, Procedure To Compute Density of Ionization
Undated5 itemsbox 6
Notes, Space Weather
19952 itemsbox 6
Notes, Temperature of the Corona
 2 itemsbox 6
X-Rays, Notes
Undated2 itemsbox 6
Yohkoh, Notes
 1 itembox 6
Notes
 3 itemsbox 6
Research Notebooks
Undated2 itemsbox 6
Voltage Chart, V-2 Rocket Test #49, 29 Sept. 1949
19491 itembox 6
Series III. Works By Friedman
 1.5 linear feet

Series III consists of manuscripts and printed copies of Dr. Friedman's works. Included are articles for journals and magazines, as well as book manuscripts, including The Amazing Universe, The Sun and Earth and The Astronomer's Universe.

General physical description: 1.5 linear feet

Adrift in Space
19661 itembox 7
"All of Us Who Knew Dr. Tousey..."
Undated1 itembox 7
Amazing Universe, Correspondence
1975-197651 itemsbox 7
An 80 Day X-Ray Light Curve of 3C 371
19821 itembox 7
Applications of Electronic Methods to the Measurement of X-Ray and Gamma Ray Intensities
19471 itembox 7
Applications of Geiger-Muller Counters to Inspection With X-Rays and Gamma Rays
19421 itembox 7
Articles, Printed
1949-196719 itemsbox 7
Astronomer's Universe, Correspondence
1989-199134 itemsbox 7
Astronomer's Universe, Notes
 5 itemsbox 7
Astronomer's Universe, Reviews and Miscellaneous
199029 itemsbox 7
Astronomical Horizons at the Millenium, Notes
Undated1 itembox 7
Astronomical Horizons, Correspondence
198112 itemsbox 7
Astronomical Horizons, Drafts
1981, undated4 itemsbox 7
Astronomical Horizons at the Millennium, Correspondence
  box 7
Astronomical Horizons at the Millennium, Draft
Undated3 itemsbox 7
Basic Theory and Fundamentals of Flourescent X-Ray Spectrographic Analysis
19531 itembox 7
A Century of Space Science, Correspondence
19998 itemsbox 7
The Coincidence Pulse Discriminator
Undated8 itemsbox 7
The Collection of Long-Lived Natural Radioactive Products from the Atmosphere
19521 itembox 7
The Contribution of Solar X-Rays to E-Layer Ionization
19531 itembox 7
Copper and Nickel X-Ray KBZ- and KBG- Emissions Lines and K-Absorption Limits in Cu-Ni Alloys
19401 itembox 7
Corona-Tube Regulators for High Voltages
19491 itembox 7
Cosmic Life
1980, undated2 itemsbox 7
Cosmic X-Ray Sources: A Progress Report
 1 itembox 7
Cosmic X-Rays and Gamma Rays
19651 itembox 7
Cosmos Club Lecture, Feb. 21, 1991
19911 itembox 7
The Dawn of High Energy Astronomy, Publishing Agreement
19611 itembox 7
The Dawn of High Energy Astronomy, Report of the Editor
Undated1 itembox 7
The Dawn of High Energy Astronomy, Draft
Undated2 itemsbox 7
Detecting the Soviet Bomb: Joe-1 In a Rain Barrel
19961 itembox 7
Detecting the Soviet Bomb, Correspondence
19972 itemsbox 7
Determination of Tetraethyllead in Gasoline by X-Ray Absorption
19461 itembox 7
The Dissociation of Oxygen at High Altitudes
Undated1 itembox 7
Dissociation of Oxygen in the Upper Atmosphere
19551 itembox 7
The Dryden Lecture
19731 itembox 7
An Early Look at ATM Results
19741 itembox 8
Early Measurements of Solar Xrays
Undated1 itembox 8
Edward Olson Hulbert
Undated1 itembox 8
The Effect of Chlorine and Bromine on the Work Function of Photon Counter Cathodes
Undated1 itembox 8
Exotic Astrophysics
19741 itembox 8
Five Year Outlook, Ch. 7, Sun and Earth, Draft
19812 itemsbox 8
Five Year Outlook, Ch. 7, Sun and Earth, Notes
Undated3 itemsbox 8
Flare Measurements from Rockets
19571 itembox 8
The "Free Enterprise" Years
Undated2 itemsbox 8
From Ionosonde to Rocket Sonde
 1 itembox 8
Geiger Counter Spectrometer for Industrial Research
19451 itembox 8
Geiger Counter Tubes
19491 itembox 8
General History of Astronomy
19834 itemsbox 8
H0547-14: X-Ray Flux From A Weak Gamma-Ray Burst?
19831 itembox 8
High Energy Astronomy
19731 itembox 8
High Energy Astronomy, The NRL Role
19781 itembox 8
High Energy Astronomy with HEAO
19781 itembox 8
A High Temperature X-Ray Diffaction Apparatus
19471 itembox 8
The Inconstant Sun
19803 itemsbox 8

10 photographs from this folder have been moved to Series XI, Photographs.

"In a Panic to Counter the Soviet Success..." incomplete manuscript
Undated1 item
The IGBO and the ISY
Undated1 itembox 8
IGY, IQSY and the Future of International Cooperation in Solar-Terrestrial Research
19681 itembox 8
IGY and ISY
19872 itemsbox 8
The International Space Year
19881 itembox 8
The Invisible Universe
Undated1 itembox 8
An Invisible Universe Beckons
19691 itembox 8
The Invisible Universe of X-Rays and Gamma Rays
19971 itembox 8
Ionospheric Constitution and Solar Control
19641 itembox 8
The Ionospheric F2 Region
19541 itembox 8
Iosif Shklovsky and X-Ray Astronomy
Undated1 itembox 8
The Legacy of the IGY
19831 itembox 8
Low Voltage Self-Quenching Geiger Counters
19471 itembox 8
Lyman - Alpha Radiation in the Solar Spectrum
19531 itembox 8
Measurement of High Intensities With the Geiger-Mueller Counter
19461 itembox 8
Milliroentgen Dosimetry With Thermoluminescence
19571 itembox 8
Near Earth Space, A Historical Perspective, Notes
Undated2 itemsbox 8
Near Earth Space, A Historical Perspective
Undated3 itemsbox 8
The New Revealing of the Sun
19741 itembox 8
The Next 20 Years of Space Science
19651 itembox 8
Notes on X-Ray Astronomy
Undated1 itembox 8
Notes, Talk to the American Auto Society
19561 itembox 8
Occhialini Memoir, Correspondence
Undated1 itembox 8
Occhialini Memoir, Notes/Source Material
Undated2 itemsbox 8
Oda Biographical Note
Undated1 itembox 8
The Optical Transmission of Additively Colored Alkali Halide Crystals in the Visible and Near Infra-Red
19491 itembox 8
Origins of Galactic X Ray Astronomy
Undated1 itembox 8
Overview, Solar Terrestrial Physics
Undated1 itembox 8
Particle Size Determination From X-Ray Line Broadening
19461 itembox 8
Perspectives on Space Science
19763 itemsbox 8
Photoelectric Measurements of Solar X-Rays and Ultraviolet
Undated1 itemsbox 8
Photon Counter Measurements of Solar X-Rays and Extreme Ultraviolet Light
19511 itembox 8
Photon Counters for the Far Ultraviolet
19541 itembox 8
Pulsars
19701 itembox 8
Q&A Notes
Undated3 itemsbox 8
Radioactivity of the Air
1956 box 9
Radiosensitivity of Alkali Halide Crystals
1952 box 9
Recent Progress and Future Prospects in High Energy Astronomy
1972 box 9
Remarks on Retirement
Undated box 9
Remarks on the Occasion of the Sesquicentennial of the Naval Observatory
Undated box 9
Richard Tousey 1908-1997, Notes and Research Materials
Undated box 9
Richard Tousey 1908-1997, Correspondence
Undated box 9
Richard Tousey 1908-1997
Undated box 9
Rocket Astronomy - Window Into Space
Undated box 9
Rontgenastronomie
Undated box 9
The Science of Global Change - An Overview, Notes
Undated box 9
The Science of Global Change - An Overview, Draft
Undated box 9
The Science of Global Change - An Overview, Final Draft
Undated box 9
Self-Quenching Halogen Filled Counters
1947 box 9
"Since the Launching of the First Artificial Earth Satellite..."
Undated box 9
The Soft X-Ray Background
1973 box 9
Solar Flares
1969 box 9
Solar Radiation in the Near Earth Environment, Draft
Undated box 9
Solar Radiation in the Near Earth Environment, Images
Undated box 9
The Solar Spectrum Below 2000 Angstroms
1954 box 9
Solar Terrestrial Energy Program: Major Scientific Problems, Historical Perspective
1988 box 9
Some Interdisciplinary Aspects of Sun-Earth Relationships in the Study of Global Change
Undated box 9
Space Age Lessons About Our Environment
1986 box 9
The Space Age Universe
Undated box 9
Space Science and the Frontiers of Physics
1968 box 9
Strip Chart Recording With An Autoscaler
1950 box 9
Sun and Earth, Correspondence
Undated box 9
Sun and Earth, Publishing Agreement
Undated box 9
Sun and Earth, Reviews
1987 box 9
Sun and Earth: A New View of Climate
1979 box 9
Thickness Measurement of Thin Coatings By X-Ray Absorption
1946 box 9
Ultraviolet Transmission of "Counting" Diamonds
1948 box 9
Undirected Research
1973 box 9
The Universe After Einstein
1979 box 9
Voltage Stablization by Means of the Corona Discharge Between Coaxial Cylinders
1947 box 9
Workshop on Non-Governmental International Engineering Organizations
1988 box 9
The World We Face In 1985
1965 box 9
X-Ray Astronomy Slides
Undated box 9
X-Ray Background Radiation
Undated box 9
X-Ray Fluoresence Analysis of Ethyl Fluid in Aviation Gasoline
1950 box 9
X-Rays From Exploding Stars and Galaxies
Undated box 9
The X-ray K-Absorption Edges of the Elements Fe(26) to Ge(32)
1939 box 9
The X-Rays KB2,5 - Emission Lines and K-Absorption Limits of Cu-Zn Alloys
1940 box 9
Yakov Borisovich Zel'Dovich, Biographical Note
1990 box 9
Series IV. Naval Research Laboratory
 7.0 linear feet

Series IV, the second largest in the collection, consists of correspondence, official reports and papers from Dr. Friedman's career at the Navy Research Laboratory. The series includes work from scientists that Dr. Friedman worked with and supervised, including Dr. Talbot A. Chubb and Dr. George R. Carruthers. The correspondence is organized chronologically, as names are rarely used; internal code numbers are used instead. Dr. Friedman was, for some time, Code 7100, but used other designations as well. Signatures on memos and letters are best consulted to be sure of the author.

General physical description: 7.0 linear feet

75th Birthday Celebration
1991 box 10
Accident and Injury Information, 1968
1968 box 10
Assisant Secretary of the Navy Organization Memo
1977 box 10
An Interim Report of British Work on JOE
1949 box 10
Apollo/Soyuz, K-1590F
1973-1976, undated box 10
Apollo-Soyuz Proposal, 1973
1973 
Apollo Soyuz, X-Ray Experiment Preliminary Science Report
1975 box 10
Building 209 Dedication
1968 box 10
Buildings and Facilities Assignments
1967-1978 box 10
Clippings
1967-1969 box 10
Collection and Identification of Fission Products of Foreign Origin
1949 box 10
Correspondence
1997-1998 box 10
Correspondence, 1949-52
1949-1952 box 10
Correspondence, 1952-55
1952-1955 box 10
Correspondence, 1956
1956 box 10
Correspondence, 1957, Folder 1
1957 box 10
Correspondence, 1957, Folder 2
1957 box 11
Correspondence, 1957, Folder 3
1957 box 11
Correspondence, 1958, Folder 1
1958 box 11
Correspondence, 1958, Folder 2
1958 box 11
Correspondence
1960-1971 box 11
Correspondence, 1963-65
1963-1965 box 11
Correspondence, 1966-67
1966-1967 box 11
Correspondence, 1968
1968 box 11
Correspondence, 1969
1969 box 11
Correspondence, 1970
1970 box 11
Correspondence, 1976
1976 box 11
Correspondence, 1977
1977 box 11
Correspondence, 1978
1978 box 11
Correspondence, 1979
1979 box 12
Correspondence, 1980-81
1980-1981 box 12
Correspondence, 1983
1983 box 12
Correspondence, 1986
1986 box 12
Correspondence, 1987
1987 box 12
Correspondence, 1988
1988 box 12
Correspondence, 1989
1989 box 12
Correspondence, 1990
1990 box 12
Correspondence, 1991
1991 box 12
Correspondence, 1992, Folder 1
1992 box 13
Correspondence, 1992, Folder 2
1992 box 13
Correspondence, 1993, Folder 1
1993 box 13
Correspondence, 1993, Folder 2
1993 box 13
Correspondence, 1994, Folder 1
  box 13
Correspondence, 1994, Folder 2
1994 box 14
Correspondence, 1995-96, Folder 1
1995-1996 box 14
Correspondence, 1995-96, Folder 2
1995-1996 box 14
Correspondence, 1997-99
1997-1999 box 14
Dailey, Carroll and Thomas A. Parnell, HEAO-A Observatory Description
1977 box 14
Dumand Materials
1978 box 14
EOHC, Annual Report to NASA, 1969
1969 box 14
EAHC Annual Report, 1976
1976 box 14
EOHC, Alan J. Grobecker Material
1964-1970 box 15
EOHC, Carl A. Rouse Materials, Folder 1
1971-1975 box 15
EOHC, Carl A. Rouse Materials, Folder 2
1965-1970 box 15
EOHC, Colloquia Advertisements
1972-1978 box 15
EOHC Correspondence, 1963
1963 box 15
EOHC Correspondence, A-B
1963-1974 box 15
EOHC Correspondence, C-D
1963-1973 box 15
EOHC Correspondence, E-F
1963-1971 box 15
EOHC Correspondence, G-H
1963-1973 box 15
EOHC Correspondence, I-J
Undated box 15
EOHC Correspondence, K-L
1969-1974 box 15
EOHC Correspondence, M-N
1963-1973 box 16
EOHC Correspondence, O-P
1963-1974 box 16
EOHC Correspondence, Q-R
1963-1969 box 16
EOHC Correspondence, S-T
1963-1973 box 16
EOHC Correspondence, U-W
1963-1974 box 16
EOHC Correspondence, X-Z
1963 box 16
EOHC, Funding Proposal, 1970
1969-1970 box 16
EOHC, Job Inquiries
Undated box 16
EOHC, Correspondence, Max Planck Institute
1971 box 16
EOHC, Post Doctoral Program, Adviser Nominations
1972 box 16
EOHC, Post Doctoral Program, Approved Research Proposals
1972-1975 box 16
EOHC, Post Doctoral Program, Correspondence
Undated box 16
EOHC, Post Doctoral Program Materials
1966-1979 box 16
EOHC, Dianne K. Prinz
1967-1971 box 16
EOHC, Dror Sadeh Material, Folder 1
1964-1969 box 16
EOHC, Dror Sadeh Material, Folder 2
1970-1979 box 16
EOHC, George R. Carruthers Material
1963-1976 box 17
EOHC, George A. Doschek Material
1968-1969 box 17
EOHC, Guenter Brueckner Material
1977-1978 box 17
EOHC, Infrared Night Sky Experiment
1964-1966 box 17
EOHC, James D. Kurfess Material
1968-1969 box 17
EOHC, John H. Carver Material
1967-1972 box 17
EOHC, Martin Harwit Material
1962-1968 box 17
EOHC, N. P. Patterson Material
1966-1967 box 17
EOHC, Paul Feldman Material
1965-1976 box 17
EOHC, Proposal to NASA, 1966
1966 box 17
EOHC, Proposal to NASA, 1967
1967 box 17
EOHC, Proposal to NASA, 1968
1967-1968 box 17
EOHC, Proposal to NASA, 1969
1969 box 17
EOHC, Proposal to NASA, 1971
1971 box 17
EOHC, Proposal to NASA, 1973
19735 itemsbox 18
EOHC, Proposal to NASA, 1974
19745 itemsbox 18
EOHC, Proposal to NASA, 1975
19741 itembox 18
EOHC, Proposal to NASA, 1976
19752 itemsbox 18
EOHC, Proposal to NASA, 1977
19762 itemsbox 18
EOHC Publicity Literature
1963-1964; undated44 itemsbox 18
EOHC, William Benesch Materials
19634 itemsbox 18
EOHC, William Boardman Materials
19663 itemsbox 18
EOHC, Richard C. Henry Materials
1966-197563 itemsbox 18
EOHC, Robert Meier Materials
1966-196819 itemsbox 18
EOHC, Seth Shulman Material
1969-197130 itemsbox 18
EOHC, Thomas Winter, Jr. Materials
1956-196734 itemsbox 18
EOHC, William A. Sloan Material
1964-196630 itemsbox 18
EOHC, XLA February 27, 1986
19861 itembox 18
Friedman, Herbert, 1916-2000.
The E.O. Hulbert Center for Space Research
undated2 itemsbox 19
George Carruthers Materials, NRL
1970-197128 itemsbox 19
George Carruthers Materials, NRL
19728 itemsbox 19
George Carruthers Materials, NRL
197318 itemsbox 19

This is folder 1 of 2.

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:259803

George Carruthers Materials, NRL
197310 itemsbox 19

This is folder 2 of 2.

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:259804

George Carruthers Materials, NRL
19746 itemsbox 19
George Carruthers Materials, NRL
1975-19777 itemsbox 19
George Carruthers Materials, NRL, Flemming Award
1969-197129 itemsbox 19
George Carruthers Materials, NRL, S-201 Apollo Lunar Surface Camera
1969-197450 itemsbox 19
HEAO, 0.1-20 MeV Gamma Ray Laboratory
19705 itemsbox 20
Friedman, Herbert, 1916-2000.
HEAO-A
undated1 itembox 20
HEAO Articles
1977-197824 itemsbox 20
HEAO Correspondence
197026 itemsbox 20
HEAO Correspondence
197126 itemsbox 20
HEAO Correspondence
197219 itemsbox 20
HEAO Correspondence
197329 itemsbox 20
HEAO Correspondence
197423 itemsbox 20
HEAO Correspondence
197555 itemsbox 20
HEAO Correspondence
197667 itemsbox 20
HEAO Correspondence
197756 itemsbox 21
HEAO Correspondence
1978-197955 itemsbox 21
HEAO Guest Observation Program
1977-198040 itemsbox 21
HEAO Management and Technical Proposal, The Phase C/D Program , Large Area, X-Ray Survey Experiment (LAXRAY) - AXR - 3
19712 itemsbox 21
HEAO Program Draft
19741 itembox 21
HEAO, A Proposal to Fly Large Area X-Ray Counters and Associated Hardware Aboard the HEAO
19703 itemsbox 22
HEAO I Annual Report 1978
19781 itembox 22
HEAO-1 Mission Evaluation Final Report
20 April 19791 itembox 22
Hulburt, Edward O., Remarks on EOHC Groundbreaking
19651 itembox 22
Identification of Radioactivity in Special Samples
19491 itembox 22
Indian Satellite Program, NRL
19716 itemsbox 22