John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters and manuscripts, 1741-1822


Date: 1741-1822 | Size: 1 microfilm_reel(s)


These papers include letters, reports, and journals relating to Indians, Moravian missions, and communities at Salem (N.C.), Bethlehem (Pa.), and Gnadenhütten, Muskingum, and Fairfield in Upper Canada. Also included are personal correspondence and an autobiography. Contains 86 letters, journals, reports, etc., pertaining to the travels and missionary activities of Heckewelder, mostly in German. 7 journals, memoranda, and miscellaneous materials of David Zeisberger, pertaining to his years with Indians. Many of the former materials were utilized and published by Paul A. W. Wallace (1958); the latter includes Zeisberger's Memoranda on Indians; Journey to the Six Nations, Nanticokes and Shawanees in April, 1752, to July, 1752; Conrad Weiser, Observations made on the pamphlet entitled "An enquiry ... [1759]"; Birth records for the 1780's at Friedenshutten and Gnadenhütten; Catalogue of Indians baptized by the United Brethren, 1765-1814 (721 names); and a memorandum of Zeisberger on the Onondaga.

Background note

John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder was a Moravian missionary.

Collection Information

Physical description

1 microfilm reel.


Restrictions on Use:

Publication of these materials is not permitted without permission of the Board of Elders of the Northern Diocese of the United Brethren of the United States of America, Bethlehem (Pa.).


Acquired from the Archives of the Moravian Church, Bethlehem (Pa.), 1951.

Location of originals:

Originals in Archives of the Moravian Church, Bethlehem (Pa.).

Early American History Note

This is a microfilm of an early American collection that may be of interest to researchers at the APS and may complement an original manuscript collection at the APS.

Indexing Terms


  • Autobiographies.
  • Journals (notebooks).
  • Microfilm Collection

Geographic Name(s)

  • Canada -- Social life and customs.
  • North Carolina -- Social life and customs.
  • Pennsylvania -- Social life and customs.

Personal Name(s)

  • Ettwein, John, 1721-1802
  • Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823
  • Loskiel, George Henry, 1740-1814
  • Seidel, Nathaniel
  • Steiner, Abraham
  • Zeisberger, David, 1721-1808


  • Indians of North America -- Missions
  • Moravians.