Benjamin Rush correspondence, 1759-1813


Date: 1759-1813 | Size: 2.5 Linear feet


These photostats of letters were collected from various repositories by Lyman H. Butterfield for his book, "Letters of Benjamin Rush" 2 v. American Philosophical Society Memoirs 30(1951). Some of the topics discussed are Philadelphia and United States politics, slavery, Afro-American churches, and medicine.

Background note

Benjamin Rush was a physician, patriot, and humanitarian. He graduated from the College of New Jersey (Princeton), 1760, and from the University of Edinburgh, 1768. He was a member of the staff at the Pennsylvania Hospital and was a professor at the University of Pennsylvania.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Physical description

2.5 linear feet.


Presented by Lyman H. Butterfield and accessioned, 1951

Location of originals:

Consult repository for holders of originals.

Early American History Note

This collection of Benjamin Rush Papers was compiled by Lyman Butterfield for his biography of Rush. The papers are photocopies of Rush's correspondence.

Indexing Terms


  • General Correspondence
  • Political Correspondence
  • Research Records and Reports

Geographic Name(s)

  • Philadelphia (Pa.) -- Social life and customs -- 19th century.
  • Philadelphia (Pa.) -- Social life and customs.
  • United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783 -- Personal histories.
  • United States -- Politics and government -- 1801-1815 -- Sources.
  • United States -- Politics and government -- 18th century.

Personal Name(s)

  • Adams, John, 1735-1826
  • Belknap, Jeremy, 1744-1798
  • Butterfield, L. H. (Lyman Henry)
  • Dickinson, John, 1732-1808
  • Greene, Nathanael, 1742-1786
  • Hazard, Ebenezer, 1744-1817
  • Montgomery, John, 1722-1808
  • Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813
  • Rush, James,1786-1869.


  • Abolitionists.
  • African American
  • African American churches
  • African Americans -- Religion
  • Early National Politics
  • Medicine
  • Medicine.
  • Religion
  • Slavery.
  • Yellow fever -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia.

Detailed Inventory

 Benjamin Rush to Benjamin Franklin, 1766 October 22
 Benjamin Rush to Benjamin Franklin, 1773 May 1
 Benjamin Rush to Ebenezer Hazard, 1765 June 27
 Benjamin Rush to Ebenezer Hazard, 1765 November 8
 Benjamin Rush to G. Sharp, 1773 May 1
 Benjamin Rush to John Witherspoon, 1767 April 23
 Benjamin Rush to John Witherspoon, 1767 March 25
 Benjamin Rush to Richard Henry Lee, 1776 December 25
 Benjamin Rush to William Gordon, 1773 October 10
 John Macpherson to Benjamin Rush, 1775 October 9