William Jacob Robbins papers, 1896-1974

Mss.B.R538

Date: 1896-1974 | Size: 4 Linear feet

Abstract

William Jacob Robbins (1890-1978, APS 1941) was a botanist and physiologist. From 1937 to 1957 he was director of the New York Botanical Garden. His research focused on culture methods of plants in relation to biochemistry and nutrition, especially on the synthetic abilities of fungi. His studies paralleled the scientific agenda of the Rockefeller Foundation, an agency with which he was closely associated for years as adviser and trustee. He was perhaps the most influential botanist in the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) during the early postwar era, and a principal participant in the plans for the global reconstruction of science. Robbins served as president of the American Philosophical Society from 1956 to 1959.

Background note

William Jacob Robbins (1890-1978, APS 1941) was a botanist and physiologist. From 1937 to 1957 he was director of the New York Botanical Garden. His research focused on culture methods of plants in relation to biochemistry and nutrition, especially on the synthetic abilities of fungi. His studies paralleled the scientific agenda of the Rockefeller Foundation, an agency with which he was closely associated for years as adviser and trustee. He was perhaps the most influential botanist in the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) during the early postwar era, and a principal participant in the plans for the global reconstruction of science. Robbins served as president of the American Philosophical Society from 1956 to 1959.

Robbins was born in 1890 in North Platte, Nebraska, the son of Frederick Woods Robbins and his wife Clara Jeanette Federhof. His father was a schoolteacher and administrator and his mother was a journalist. The family moved to Muncy, Pennsylvania, when Robbins was two. After graduating from high school in 1906, he enrolled at Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, where he took classes in a broad range of subjects, including Greek, Latin, physics, mathematics, and botany. He graduated in 1910 and subsequently taught at Lehigh and at the Mining and Mechanical Institute at Freeland, Pennsylvania. In 1911 he entered Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. He intended to focus his studies on plant pathology and scientific farming; however, he eventually changed his concentration to plant physiology, studying under Lewis Knudsen (1884-1958), Benjamin M. Duggar (1872-1956, APS 1921) and Liberty Hyde Bailey (1858-1954, APS 1896). From 1912 to 1916, he taught at Cornell and spent the summers as Duggar's assistant at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole. He earned a doctorate in 1915. That year he married Christine Faye Chapman, a botanist who later became a scientific biographer. The couple had three sons; one of them, Frederick C. Robbins (1916-2003, APS 1972) won the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1954.

In 1916 Robbins became professor and chairman of the Department of Botany and plant physiologist in the Agricultural Experiment Station at the Alabama Polytechnic Institute in Auburn. His research there focused on the effect of growth factors on cultivation of excised plant roots. However, in 1917 he temporarily suspended his research when he moved to Springfield, Massachusetts, to manage the hardware store owned by his ailing father-in-law. The following year he enlisted in the U.S. Army. He completed training in bacteriology at Yale's Army Laboratory School and subsequently served as a second lieutenant in the U.S. Sanitary Corps. The war ended before he was deployed abroad.

In 1919, after a brief stint as a soil biochemist at the U.S. Department of Agriculture in Washington, D.C., Robbins became professor and chairman in the Department of Botany at the University of Missouri. He resumed his research on the cultivation of excised roots and, more specifically, on the propagation of virus-free plants in large quantities, work that was critical for the developing field of tissue culture. Robbins was able to show that vitamins are essential for the growth of fungi and a variety of agricultural crops, including peas, corn, and cotton. He also studied the impact of factors such as light and temperature on a variety of plants. During this period he coauthored with his colleague, the botanist Harold William Rickett (1896- ?) three editions of General Botany, a widely used botany textbook. In 1930 Robbins became the dean of the graduate school at the University of Missouri; from 1933 to 1934 he also served as acting president of the university. In this capacity he was instrumental in securing support from the Works Progress Administration (WPA) for the construction of a new library, classroom buildings, and a small research facility. In 1936 he succeeded in persuading Barbara McClintock (1902-1992, APS 1946) to come to the University of Missouri; she eventually stayed for six years.

Robbins' most important influence was in the organization and administration of scientific research. In 1928 Robbins took a two-year leave from the university to join the European Office of the Rockefeller Foundation. From 1928 to 1930, he traveled throughout Europe to interview candidates for research grants and postdoctoral fellowships sponsored by the Foundation. Furthermore, from 1931 to 1937, he served as chairman of the National Research Council (NRC) Fellowship Board in the Biological Sciences, which administered these postdoctoral awards. In 1937 Robbins became the director of the New York Botanical Garden, a position he occupied for the next twenty years. In addition he served as professor of botany at Columbia University. As a plant and fungal physiologist, he was the botanical garden's first director from outside the field of systematic botany. Soon after assuming the position, he set out to revitalize the garden's staff by encouraging retirements and hiring new botanists, using scientific production as the only yardstick. In addition, he developed training courses for professional gardeners, who were urgently needed to work in the gardens in the area. He also encouraged the investigation of South American flora and promoted horticulture through flower shows and displays. Furthermore, he revived the Women's Advisory Council and persuaded the Garden's Board to elect women to its ranks.

Robbins also trained WPA workers to assist in the preparation of herbarium specimens and in the six laboratories he developed for studies of plant physiology, mycology, virology, and plant biochemistry. The workers also reconstructed more than a dozen display houses that had fallen in disrepair, built bridges, fences and other structures, and completed extensive repairs on the Museum Building. Moreover, Robbins cultivated friendly relationships with many individuals, whose support was essential for the success of his programs, including Parks Department Commissioner Robert Moses. Robbins was an effective fundraiser who secured funds not just for the Garden but also for the National Arboretum in Washington, D.C., on whose advisory council he served.

Even when much of his time was occupied with administrative duties Robbins spent at least one hour a day in his laboratory. In the early 1930s he used a small quantity of thiamine to demonstrate that it served as a substitute for yeast extract in permitting unlimited growth of excised tomato roots. During World War II, his research group screened Basidiomycetes for antibiotics. They ultimately isolated more than a dozen new antibiotic substances, which they reported in forty-four papers. After World War II, the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis funded his research to screen actinomycetes for antiviral activity. Robbins and his team also searched for sources of vitamin B12 in nature. They eventually found major sources in bacteria, actinomycetes and blue-green algae. In 1950 Robbins received a substantial grant to build a separate research lab. The lab, later called Charles B. Harding Laboratory, opened in 1956. During this period Robbins also taught botany classes at Columbia University and developed a program whereby graduate students at Columbia and Fordham Universities could receive degrees for work at the Garden.

In addition to his work at the Garden and with the National Arboretum, Robbins was director of the Torrey Botanical Society (1943), and he was active in developing the Fairchild Tropical Garden in Montgomery, Florida, serving on its board of trustees (1948-1962) and as its president (1962-1969). He was particularly influential in strengthening the Fairchild Garden's scientific research program, including, for example, the study of tropical botany and horticulture. He hosted a National Academy of Sciences Conference on Tropical Botany at the Fairchild Garden in May 1960. In 1967 the Fairchild Garden honored Robbins by naming its plant science building with herbarium, reference library, and laboratories after him.

In 1940 Robbins was elected to membership in the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), where he was chairman of the botany section (1944-1947) and treasurer (1948-1960). He served as a member of the executive board of the National Research Council between 1941 and 1960. His recommendation that at least twenty-five percent of funding be reserved to support education at less well-known schools was defeated; almost all of the federal money went to elite universities instead. Robbins also served on a scientific advisory commission to evaluate and give advice on the development of scientific research and to reestablish contact with Japanese scientists after the war.

After his retirement from the New York Botanical Garden in 1957 due to poor health, Robbins started a lab at Rockefeller University. There he focused on the study of physiological and morphological differences between the juvenile and the adult stages of Hedera helix. By studying the growth rate of calluses in adult and juvenile plants, he was able to show that juvenile callus always grows faster. In 1965 the American Philosophical Society awarded him its Lewis Prize for his essay on topophysis.

Robbins was elected to membership in the American Philosophical Society in 1941, serving as its president from 1956 to 1959 and executive officer in 1960 when the Society's library building was completed. He was a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the New York Academy of Sciences. He was a member and director of the Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research for almost three decades, serving as a member of its executive committee for twenty-four years. He was also a trustee of Rockefeller University (1956-1965). Despite increasingly serious health problems that eventually included heart disease and hearing loss, Robbins continued to work in his lab until the day before he suffered a massive stroke in October 1978. He died several days later in New York City.

Scope and content

These papers include correspondence on personal and scientific topics, diaries, lectures, notebooks, and photographs, concerning his life and career. There are data relating to the National Academy of Sciences, New York Botanical Garden (Director, 1937-1957), Lehigh University, and University of Missouri (Head of Dept. of Botany; Dean of Graduate School; Acting President, 1933-1934).Of interest is his work with the European office of the Rockefeller Foundation, 1928-1930, and as Chariman of the National Research Council Fellowship Board.

The majority of this collection consists of correspondence to and from William Jacob Robbins. These correspondence represent the major occupational changes in Robbins' life as he assumes new positions of research. They relate to both the professional and the private side of his life. Though many letters of are perfunctory notices of received articles and papers, there is much in the correspondence that shed light on the professional work of Robbins. For instance, several letters document his involvement with the Soil Fertility Investigation concerning the "disappearance of vanillin and other toxics fin some soils and persistence in others."

Personal correspondence also make up a significant portion of the collection. Letters and postcards from John T. Lloyd, pharmacist and son of John Uri Lloyd, chronicle his entrance into World War I as an ambulance driver. Several letters are from the Front and document life in France during this time. Letters from Robbins to his wife Christine and mother give a personal account of his travels in Europe during his time with the Rockefeller Foundation, and help round out the official reports compiled of these trips.

The collection also contains a large number of other items of interest, spanning from grade school report cards to essays and lectures, newspaper clippings and photographs. Undergraduate papers include first term philosophy and psychology papers, as well as the Bachelor of Arts Thesis from Lehigh University, entitled "Municipal Government in United States with Reference to the Commission Plan." Balancing out the collection of papers, are multiple undated essays and speeches on such topics as: "The Advantage of the Large University," "The Constitutional Convention of 1787," "The Future of Plant Physiology," "The Place of Horticulture in the life of a Nation," and "Notes on the Evolution of Botanical Research in New York City."

Other material relates to Robbins's work with various organizations, including the APS. Also present are numerous short letters to and from Christine Robbins concerning her various biographies of scientists, mostly her book on David Hosack.

Collection Information

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access:

Some items are restricted; consult the repository.

Provenance

Presented by Dr. William Jacob Robbins and Mrs. Robbins, 1959-1972; initially accesioned, 1959. See in-house shelf list for additional accession numbers and dates.

Related material

The LuEsther T. Mertz Library archives at the New York Botanical Gardens also holds a collection of William Jacob Robbins papers.

Physiology, Biochemistry, and Biophysics Note

William Jacob Robbins was a highly influential member of the scientific establishment that came into being after World War I. His research focused on culture methods of plants in relation to biochemistry and nutrition, especially on the synthetic abilities of fungi. His studies, which emphasized a physico-chemical approach to botany, paralleled the scientific agenda of the Rockefeller Foundation, an agency with which he was closely associated for years as adviser and trustee.

His most important influence was in the organization and administration of scientific research. Beginning as professor of botany and chairman of the botany department at the University of Missouri in 1919, Robbins went on to become dean and president. While on leave from the University of Missouri, he was a member of the European Office of the Rockefeller Foundation (1928-1930), and was chairman of the National Research Council (NRC) Fellowship Board in the Biological Sciences (1931-1937). From 1937 until 1957 Robbins was director of the New York Botanical Garden and professor of botany at Columbia University; he was also president of the American Philosophical Society (1956-1959). Robbins was perhaps the most influential botanist in the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) during the early postwar era, and a principal participant in the plans for the global reconstruction of science.

The Robbins Papers contain correspondence, diaries, lectures (including lecture notes from Benjamin M. Duggar's ecology course at Cornell, 1912-1915), notebooks, and photographs, covering nearly every aspect of his scientific career. Although a relatively small collection, it is an exceptionally rich source on the development of agricultural sciences, on the patronage of the life sciences by the Rockefeller Foundation, and on the political and institutional context of science.

Indexing Terms


Corporate Name(s)

  • American Philosophical Society
  • Animal Medical Center (U.S.)
  • Lehigh University.
  • National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
  • National Research Council (U.S.). Committee for Research in Problems of Sex
  • New York Botanical Garden.
  • Rockefeller Foundation
  • Smith College. Genetics Experiment Station
  • University of Missouri.

Genre(s)

  • Diaries.
  • Lecture notes.
  • Lectures.
  • Notebooks.
  • Photoprints.

Geographic Name(s)

  • India -- Description and travel.
  • Japan -- Description and travel.

Personal Name(s)

  • Appleman, Charles Orval, 1878-1964
  • Beadle, George Wells, 1903-1989
  • Berkner, Lloyd V. (Lloyd Viel), 1905-1967
  • Blakeslee, Albert Francis, 1874-1954
  • Bronk, Detlev W. (Detlev Wulf), 1897-1975
  • Cattell, James McKeen, 1860-1944
  • Cleland, Ralph E. (Ralph Erskine), 1892-1971
  • Coolidge, William David
  • Drinker, Henry S. (Henry Sturgis), 1850-1937
  • Du Pont, Henry Francis, 1880-1969
  • Duggar, Benjamin M. (Benjamin Minge), 1872-1956
  • Enders, John F.
  • Fackenthal, Frank Diehl, 1883-1968
  • Greenleaf, Lewis S., Jr.
  • Gregg, Alan, 1890-1957
  • Harrison, Ross G. (Ross Granville), 1870-1959
  • Ingraham, Mark Hoyt
  • Jewett, Frank B. (Frank Baldwin)
  • Livingston, Burton E. (Burton Edward), 1875-1948
  • Lloyd, John T.
  • Merrill, Elmer Drew, 1876-1956
  • Northrop, John Howard, 1891-1987
  • Richards, Alfred N.(Alfred New
  • Robbins, William Jacob, 1890-1978
  • Schramm, Jacob R. (Jacob Richard)
  • True, Rodney H.(Rodney Howard) (1866-1940)
  • Waterman, Alan Tower, 1892-1967
  • Wilson, Edwin Bidwell, 1879-1964
  • Zwemer, Raymund L. (Raymund Lull)

Subject(s)

  • Agricultural ecology.
  • Agriculture -- Japan.
  • Botany.
  • Plant physiology.
  • Plants.
  • Tropical plants.
  • World War, 1914-1918.


Detailed Inventory

Series I. Correspondence
1906-1974 
Adams, Roger
1947, 1956 
Adkinson, Burton W.
January 30, 1959 
Agee, Carl
October 13, 1937 
Alampi, Phillip
1954, 1957 
Ali, Syed Amjad
January, 1955 
Allen, Douglas Hedden
May, 1950 
Allen, W.J. Jr.
1947 
American Academy of Arts and Sciences
October, 1957 
American Institute
1953 
American Philosophical Society
1958 
Anderson, Arthur M.
1948-1961 
Anderson, Edgar
November 14, 1958 
Animal Medical Center
1961 
Appleman, C.O.
November 4, 1937 
Arnon, Daniel I.
March, 1960 
Associated Universities, Inc.
September 30, 1957 
Atwood, Wallace
1955 
Austin, Mildred Lucas.
Austin, Mildred L.
1953-1954 
Austin, Warren R.
December, 1952 
Avery, Amos G.
1941 
Baehni, Charles
1956-1957 
Bailey, L.H.
1937 
Baldwin, H. de F.
August 12, 1937 
Baldwin, Sherman
February 20, 1967 
Bancroft, Margaret
May 31, 1955 
Barclay, Thomas S.
October, 1937 
Barker, J.M.
1961-1970 
Barksdale, Alma M.
June 9, 1954 
Barrows, Albert L.
1932-1941 
Bartholomew, E.T.
1937 
Beadle, George Wells
1946-1964 
Beadle, Karl
January 27, 1959 
Beal, J.M.
1948 
Bechtel, Louise Seaman, 1894-1985.
Bechtel, Louise S.
1958-1964 
Beck, John D.
1958-1961 
Belden
March 8, 1930 
Bell, Whitfield J.
November 13, 1974 
Bennet, Merrill K.
October 28, 1955 
United States. Department of Agriculture.
Benson, Ezra S.
January 16, 1959 
Berkner, Lloyd V.
1957 
Titcomb, Margaret.
Bernice P. Bishop Museum
February 11, 1959 
Biddle, Constance
1948-1949 
Biddle, M. Georgina
September 18, 1947 
Bierfreund, Margaret
1954-1956 
Bintzer, H. Russell
September 27, 1968 
Blakeslee, Albert F.
1938-1942 

Includes correspondence on botany and genetics, on the relation of the plant sciences to war and national needs, and on Russian science and the Lysenko affair.

Blakeslee, Albert F.
1943-1947 
Blakeslee, Albert F.
1948-1954 
Peters, Hugh, Mrs..
Blodgett, Thomas H., Mrs.
Undated 
Bogert, Marston T.
May 14, 1945 
Cornell University.
Bostnick, Charles D.
April 27, 1912 
Bowen, Catherine Drinker
December 8, 1958 
Bowman, Isaiah
1934, 1937 
Bradfield, Richard
April 29, 1950 
Bradley, J.C.
April 11, 1930 
Brannon, Melvin A.
July, 1916 
Braun, E. Lucy
October 24, 1929 
Bronk, Detlev W.
1951-1972 
Brooks, Stratton D.
1930 
Brown, R.
1950 
Bryan, George S.
1944 
Buchanan, R.E.
October 18, 1937 
Burkill, Isaac Henry
April 16, 1958 
Burpee, Katherine
June 22, 1959 
Burrage, Albert C., Mrs.
February 11, 1957 
Butler, Nicholas Murray
Undated 
Cain, Stanley A.
October 18, 1960 
Caldwell, J.S.
June 17, 1913 
Calverol, Luis Puig
1948 
Calvin, Ira and Louella
December, 1937 
Campbell, Arthur
December 28, 1959 
Campbell, Charles I.
December 22, 1953 
Campbell, Frank L.
1959-1968 
Carmichael, Leonard
1958 
Cattell, James McKeen
November, 1937 
Chait, Daniel
January 13, 1958 
Chambers, Robert A., Mrs..
Chambers, Jean
1953 
Chismore, Clarence R.
1954 
Cleland, R.E.
1946, 1958 
Cohen, I. Bernard
February 9, 1959 
Cole, Leon J.
1933, 1937 
Collip, J.B.
April 11, 1930 
Columbia University
1942-1958 
Conant, James B.
October 3, 1927 
Conant, Norman F.
June, 1956 
Conley, Dudley S.
October 14, 1937 
Constance, Lincoln
August, 1957 
Cook, Ross K.
April 8, 1960 
Coolidge, Harold J.
April 4, 1963 
Coolidge, William D.
1947-1953 
Cormier, Francis
1948, 1956 
Cornell, Douglas
1960-1963 
Cornell, S.D.
March 2, 1955 
Cornier, Francis
December 2, 1956 
Cort, Bob
March 11, 1967 
Cotton, Maurice R., Mrs.
June 1, 1959 
Crew, F.A.E.
May 2, 1929 
Crocker, David R.
January 29, 1974 
Crocker, William
1930-1937 
Cullinan, F.P.
December 4, 1958 
Curtis, W.C.
1930 
D. Van Nostrand Company
June, 1929 
Davis, Donald W.
July 16, 1915 
Day, Dorothy
October 24, 1937 
DeForest
September, 1937 
Degener, Otto
June 23, 1957 
Desmond, Thomas C.
1957-1970 
Deuber, Carl G.
November 1937 
Dickerman, W.C.
March, 1944 
Dickinson, Sherman
November 12, 1937 
Dodge, Jennie S.
September 5, 1961 
Dollard, Charles
December 17, 1962 
Doolittle, James
May 28, 1954 
Douglas, Marjorie Stoneman
May, 1957 
Drinker, Henry S.
1915-1920 
Dryden, Hugh L.
July 30, 1958 
Duane, Morris and Heckscher
February 4, 1959 
DuBois, Eugene F.
March 14, 1949 
Duggan, B.M.
1913-1915 
DuPont, Henry Francis
1947, 1963 
Duprat, G.
1957-1958 
Eames, Arthur J.
1929 
Edison, Thomas A.
June 13, 1927 
Elston, E. Dave
December 20, 1936 
Emery, N.M.
1910-1915 
Enders, John
1954-1964 
Ethiopia, Ambassador of
May, 1954 
Ethridge
March 22, 1930 
Everett, T.H.
1941, 1949 
Ewan, Joseph
1958, 1970 
Fackenthal, Frank D.
November 1, 1937 
Fairchild, A.H.R.
October 10, 1937 
Fairchild Tropical Garden
1958-1967 
Fanshawe, D.C.
1950 
Federated Garden Clubs of New York State
February, 1961 
Fenneman, Nevin M.
1929 
Ferguson, Margaret C.
1919, 1929 
Field, Henry
April, 1963 
Fisk, E.H.
February 23, 1955 
Flexner, Simon
January 29, 1936 
Food Research Institute
November 1, 1955 
Fordham Hospital, School of Nursing
May 27, 1948 
Fordham University
May 24, 1945 
Fox, Gerald W.
June, 1947 
Fox, Helen M.
1947-1950 
French Embassy
April 12, 1957 
Frost, Frederick G., Jr.
June 2, 1958 
Fry, Howard M.
1947-1950 
Fulford, Margaret
October 25, 1954 
Fulling, Edmund H.
November 30, 1969 
Gager, C. Stuart
1937 
Galloway, B.
January 20, 1916 
Garden Club of America
1957 
Garrison, Joseph M.
October 11, 1937 
Gautheret, R.J.
January 26, 1970 
Gerson, Richard I.
December 21, 1962 
Gilbert, E.M.
March, 1944 
Gleason, H.A.
1937 
Graham, Elizabeth Arden
November 8, 1955 
Greenleaf, Lewis S.
1961-1962 
Gregg, Alan
October 15, 1937 
Greiss, E.
1962-1963 
Gressitt, J. Linsley
May 11, 1963 
Griggs, Robert F.
July, 1943 
Gross, George
July 14, 1915 
Gunnison, R.M., Mrs..
Gunnison, Olive M.
November, 1954 
Guppy, Nicholas
1950 
Hall, Robert W.
June 14, 1911 
Halloran, John L.
December 1, 1961 
Hamilton, Warren F.
January, 1963 
Handsfield, Hugh W.
June, 1953 
Hansell, Dorothy E.
1951, 1957 
Hanson, Frank Blair
April, 1936 
Harding, Charles B.
1967, 1970 
Harper, E.A.
October 12, 1937 
Harper, J. Henry
October 7, 1948 
Harper, R.A.
October 9, 1937 
Harrar, J. George
1958, 1962 
Harrison, Ross G.
July, 1940 
Hartley, Carl
August 7, 1928 
Haskins, Caryl
1963-1964 
Hayward, H.
1917 
Haworth, Leland J.
August, 1963 
Hedrick, E.R.
1937 
Heim, Roger
1959 
Hemphill, Janice S.
July, 1955 
Henry, Barklie McKee
1956, 1959 
Herpers, Richard
January 27, 1960 
Herring, Pendleton
December 21, 1962 
Hess, Ellwood E., Mrs..
Hess, Gertrude D.
1959 
Hicks, Henry, Mrs..
Hicks, Caroline J.
1954 
Hildebrand, Earl M.
1961 
Hill, A.V.
1929 
Hill, Evelyn Collins
May 3, 1958 
Hood, Marshall L.
June 7, 1959 
Hooker, Elon Huntington, Mrs..
Hooker, Blanche Ferry
June, 1944 
Houston, W.V.
September, 1952 
Howland, Harold E.
1937, 1955 
Hughes, Raymond M.
January 1, 1938 
Hunsacker, J.C.
1959, 1963 
Hunt, Roy A., Mrs..
Hunt, Rachel
1958 
Hunter, S.H.
March 3, 1961 
Ingraham, Mark H.
1944 
Institution Sillig
April 4, 1930 
Jennings, Alvin R., Mrs..
Jennings, Nell
1958, 1967 
Jewett, Frank B.
1946-1947 

Includes correspondence regarding the National Academy of Science.

Johnson, Treat B.
November 18, 1941 
Johnston, J.B.
1930 
Jones, J.S.
February 28, 1916 
Kavanagh, Frederick
1943, 1963 
Keck, David D.
1961, 1967 
Keith, Arthur
January 22, 1929 
Kelly, Harry C.
1960, 1963 
Kelly, Neil
October 8, 1958 
Kendall, Henry P.
1954 
Kerr, Chester
November 13, 1959 
Khan, Azhar Ali
April 26, 1955 
King, Glen
February 28, 1967 
Kirk, Grayson
1957-1959 
Kistiakowsky, G.B.
December, 1959 
Klein, Julius
October 11, 1949 
Kline, George T.
October 12, 1937 
Knudson, Lewis
1914-1916, 1937 
Kohlberg, Alfred
December, 1956 
Kramer, Paul J.
November 5, 1937 
Kraus, E.J.
December 20, 1933 
Krout, John A.
December 20, 1957 
Kunkel, L.O.
October 23, 1937 
Lam, H.J.
1949 
Lamkin, Uel M.
October 13, 1937 
Larrimer, W.H.
1960 
Lathrop, E.C.
1917 
Lawrence, George H.M.
1958-1963 
Leach, Henry Goddard
January 12, 1959 
LeClerg, E.L.
1952 
LeClerg, Robert E.
July 1, 1952 
Lehigh University
1906-1911, 1937 
Lehigh University Library
September 19, 1957 
Lemon, Burt
December 7, 1937 
Lewis, Clarence McK.
1937, 1958 
Lewis, Edwin O.
May 5, 1965 
Lillie, Frank R.
1935-1937 
Lindeberg, G.
September 24, 1967 
Linnean Society of London
September 5, 1962 
Linton, Albert
May, 1963 
The Little Forum
May 1, 1958 
Livingston, B.E.
1916 
Lloyd, John T. (Sam)
1916-1917, 1939, 1950 
Lloyd, John Uri
1917-1921 
Loeb, Robert F.
1958-1960 
Loehwing, Walter F.
November, 1937 
Lowdin, Per-Olov
August 6, 1963 
Lowie, Robert H.
May, 1932 
Lundell, C.L.
1960 
MacArthur, Douglas
March 4, 1948 
MacDonald, D.F.
February 12, 1937 
Macelwane, J.B.
October, 1937 
MacFarguhan, Mary
December 11, 1940 
Maneval, W.E.
1941-1954 
Marceau, Henri
February 17, 1959 
Marquat, W.F.
September 5, 1947 
Martin, Frank L.
October, 1937 
Matheson, R. Hardy
July, 1963 
Mathias, Mildred E.
September 15, 1960 
Matze, Edwin B.
July 3, 1959 
Maynard, L.A.
March, 1958 
McClary, Ed
May 8, 1938 
McNew, George L.
1958-1970 
McVeigh, Ilda
January 14, 1970 
Meid, G.D.
August 4, 1949 
Meredith, Richard, Mrs..
Meredith, Constance
March 28, 1956 
Merrill, E.B.
1937 
Metcalf, Haven
1929 
Metropolitan Museum of Art
March 25, 1945 
Metzger, Karl E.
1958, 1961 
Middlebush, F.A.
1930-1937 
Mill, R.L.
March 26, 1930 
Miller, Walter
June 11, 1930 
Mirsky, Alfred E.
1963 
Mallory, Harold R., Mrs..
Mixsell, Charlotte Mallory
1953 
Moe, Henry Allen
1948-1963 
Montagne, H. de la
1937-1958 
Montague, Gilbert H.
1957-1959 
Moore, George T.
October 12, 1937 
Morrison, Thomas H.
October, 1952 
Moseley, Frederick S., Jr.
January 20, 1958 
Moulton, F.R.
August, 1943 
Mugi, Magbool Ahmed
February, 1955 
Mumford, F.B.
1929-1930 
Murnane, George
May 9, 1955 
National Academy of Sciences
October 21, 1948 
National Memorial Park
1952 
Nelson, Earl F.
November, 1937 
Netherlands Indies Government
June 2, 1940 
New York Academy of Medicine--Microbiology
March 10, 1961 
New York Botanical Garden
1950-1958 
Nichols, G.E.
November 30, 1937 
Nichols, Roy F.
January 13, 1959 
Nishina, Yoshio
1951 
Northrop, John H.
1952, 1970 
Nyabongo, A.
January, 1953 
Odintsoya, Catherine N.
March 15, 1960 
Overbeek, J. van
May 17, 1960 
Overton, J.B.
April 16, 1914 
Page, Curtis
1958 
Pakistan Association for the Advancement of Science
March 19, 1955 
Peale, Harriet
February 15, 1958 
Pearl, Raymond
November 27, 1929 
Pennekamp, John D.
1962 
Pepper, O.H. Perry
1959 
Pfeiffer, A.
November 11, 1929 
Philadelphia Contributionship
May 3, 1956 
Pickett, F.L.
October 25, 1937 
Pierpont Morgan Library
Undated 
Place, Angela Wood
October 10, 1958 
Poehlman, J.M.
January, 1956 
Pratt, Harold Irving, Mrs..
Pratt, Harriet
1947-1948 
Prentice, Alta Rockefeller
1949-1957 
President's Science Advisory Committee
January 4, 1960 
Rappaport, Jacob
1949 
Rautenstrauch, Walter
October 18, 1937 
Reeder, John R.
January 27, 1959 
Remick, J. Gould
1961-1962 
Richards, Alfred N.
1948-1949 
Rickett, H.W.
March 13, 1930 
Riker, A.J.
1959-1961 
Rivera, Rudolph
February 23, 1955 
Robbins, William Jacob, Mrs..
Robbins, Christine
1928-1947 
Robbins, William Jacob, Mrs..
Robbins, Christine
1951-1970 
Robbins, Eliza
April 28, 1955 
Robbins, Frederick Woods
1923-1929, 1937 
Robbins, Frederick Woods, Mrs.
1923-1929, 1947 
Robertson, William B., Jr.
1963 
Robyns, W.
1952, 1965 
Rockefeller, David
December 1, 1961 
Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research
1954 
Rockefeller, David, Mrs..
Rockefeller, Peggy
1969-1970 
Roderick, Hilliard
December 18, 1962 
Roe, Anne
1970 
Rogers, M. Robert
Undated 
Roijen, J.H. van
May 4, 1954 
Rose, Alfred L.
1961 
Rosselot, R.E.
January 11, 1955 
Rothschild, Carole Wesbury
December 21, 1961 
Rothschild, Walter N.
December 16, 1958 
Rowan, E.C.
1955 
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
September 3, 1962 
Rufi, John
October 14, 1937 
Rusk, Dean
November 13, 1969 
Russell, William F.
December 6, 1937 
Saeger, Albert
1937 
Saudek, Robert
May 28, 1959 
Sawin, Melvin E., Mrs..
Sawin, Edith W.
1956-1958 
Schaefer, Vincent J.
August 6, 1963 
Schilling, H.S.
December 18, 1962 
Schramm, J.R.
1956-1958 
Schramm, Mildred W.S.
May, 1955 
Schreiner, Oswald
1917-1919 
Scientific Advisory Group (Japan)
1945-1947 
Scientific Research Institute
January 11, 1951 
Scott, John
July 25, 1971 
Searls, Fred, Jr.
1959-1962 
Sears, Paul B.
1955 
Seaver, Fred J.
December, 1958 
Seinor, Maud
August 3, 1970 
Severance, Harry O.
November, 1937 
Shanor, Leland
November 13, 1958 
Short, Lloyd M.
November 4, 1937 
Shryock, Richard H.
1959-1961 
Siddiqui, Salimuzzaman
1955 
Sinnott, Edmund W.
1937, 1963 
Skinner, J.C.
September 19, 1952 
Skoog, Folke
1970 
Slate, George L.
February 23, 1970 
Slater, J.E.
February, 1963 
Smiley, Nixon
1958-1965 
Smith, A.C.
1960-1963 
Smith, Howard E.
August, 1950 
Smith, J.J. Pringle
1952 
Smith, Tom K.
1937, 1956 
Smith, Walter L., Jr.
May 4, 1956 
Stadler, L.J.
March 20, 1946 
Stakman, E.C.
1946 
Stanley, Wendall M.
1957 
Steere, William C.
1959 
Steinbach, H. Burr
1960-1961 
Stern, Kurt G.
November 5, 1941 
Swan, Joseph R.
1944-1963 
Tashjian, Robert J.
1961-1963 
Tatlow, Richard H. III
1961 
Taylor, George
February, 1959 
Taylor, Louise
May 25, 1967 
Thach, Charles C.
1915-1916 
Thomas, Stanley
October 22, 1937 
Thompson, Will H.
October 13, 1937 
Tisdale, Frederick M.
1929-1930 
Tisdale, W.E.
1929 
Transeau, Edgar Nelson
October, 1929 
Trotter, Ide P.
November, 1937 
Trustees of atoms for peace award
Undated 
Trytten, M.H.
March, 1955 
Tutt?
Undated 
University of Missouri
1923-1933 
University of Missouri
1934-1959 
University of New Hampshire
1944 
Vincent, George E.
June 28, 1929 
Virtanen, A.J.
May 7, 1969 
Wadsworth, Frank H.
May 16, 1960 
Wahl, Manfred, Mrs..
Wahl, Charlotte K.
March, 1958 
Waksman, Selman A.
May 23, 1958 
Wallace, Henry A.
1954-1959 
Wallace, Ilo
December 30, 1956 
Waller, Thomas M., Mrs..
Waller, Wilhelmine K.
June 24, 1959 
Walsh, John K.
October 14, 1937 
Walsh, T.J.
1952 
War Department
1947 
Warnshuis, A.L., Mrs.
May 27, 1958 
Wasson, R. Gordon
1958, 1963 
Wasson, Robert G.
June 10, 1963 
Waterman, Alan T.
1958-1967 
Weaver, Warren
February 19, 1959 
Webster, Charles D.
December, 1957 
Weiss, Ulrich
1963, 1970 
Went, F.W.
1960 
Whetzel, H.H.
January 13, 1919 
White, Philip R.
1930 
Whitehill, Walter Muir
March 11, 1970 
Whitlock, Francis Beacham, Mrs.
May, 1958 
Wickenden, Mira and Homer
May 27, 1958 
Wiegand, K.M.
January 8, 1916 
Wiggans, R.G.
December 27, 1937 
Wildish, James E.
October 11, 1937 
Williams, R.R.
December 1, 1938 
Willits, Joseph H.
March, 1960 
Wilson, Dorothy
Undated 
Wilson, Edwin B.
1942-May, 1949 

Includes correspondence on activities within the Office of Scientific Research and Development and the National Academy of Sciences, and surveys of the effects of World War II on academic science.

Wilson, Edwin B.
August, 1949-1953 
Wilson, Edwin B.
1954-1962 
Wirth, Conrad L.
December 16, 1963 
Wister Association
Undated 
Wolfle, Dael
1955, 1962 
Women's National Farm and Garden Association, Inc.
April 6, 1960 
Women's Theodore Roosevelt Memorial Association
Undated 
Woodward, Carol
October 7, 1948 
Wright, Fred E.
1940-1948 
Zirkle, Raymond
1937, 1959 
Zwemer, Raymund L.
May 9, 1949 
Series II. Articles and notes
1896-1974 
Advantages of the large university
1939 
Advisory committee on fellowships of the National Research Council
January 23, 1933 
American Association for the advancement of science
December 30, 1920 
American Philosophical Society--committee on publications
May 20, 1960 
Biographical sketch
February 6, 1974 
Board of National Research Fellowships in the biological sciences
January 1, 1931 
Cellulose Digestion-notes
1915-1916 
Conference on Tropical Botanical Problems
May, 1960 
Constitutional Convention of 1787
1908 
The corn field
April, 1905 
Duggar, Benjamin M. (Benjamin Minge), 1872-1956.
Crop Ecology
1912-1915 
DAS/CMS/63.34--notes
June 24, 1963 
Delegate--Atlantic Congress
January 24, 1919 
Diary note
February 25, 1963 

Meeting on possible Ford Foundation activity in area of problems and opportunities created by impact of science and technology.

Diary of European Trip
1928 
Duel in the animal world
December 8, 1904 
Evolution of botanical research in New York City--notes
Undated 
Fellowships in the Natural Sciences
1928-1930 
Future of plant physiology
Undated 
Gibberellic acid and the reversal of adult hedera to a juvenile state
1957 
Graduation
November 12, 1906 
Heraclitus--first term philosophy
1909-1910 
Institut Oceanographique
1925 
International Histological Conference--notes
August, 1930 
Japan--agriculture, etc.
December 9, 1947 

Speech given by Dr. Robbins to New York farmers at Metropolitan Club.

Japanese science
August 22, 1957 

Visit to Dr. Makino at his home in a suburb of Tokyo.

Lehigh University--notebooks
1906-1910 
Military service
1917-1918 
Gilbert H. Montague--will
1959 
Municipal government in the United States with reference to the commission plan
1910 

Thesis presented to the faculty of Lehigh University for the degree of Bachelor of Arts.

National Academy of Science
1959 
National Research Council
1936 
Newspaper clippings
1917-1918 
New York Farmers
December 9, 1947 

198th dinner, Metropolitan Club.

New York State College of Agriculture--Cornell University
March, 1912 

Department of Plant Physiology, Crop Ecology, course given by B.M. Duggar--notes.

Notebooks
1899-1906 
Nutrient requirements of fungi
December 27, 1947 

Dr. Robbin's speech at Chicago AAAS meeting.

Robbins, Frederick Woods,1860-.
Outline of the process and art of learning for the classroom teacher
1926 
Pakistan trip--random notes
1955 
Panama Canal
1906 
Photographs
1933-1956 
Place of horticulture in the life of the nation
Undated