William Jacob Robbins papers, 1896-1974


Date: 1896-1974 | Size: 4 Linear feet


William Jacob Robbins (1890-1978, APS 1941) was a botanist and physiologist. From 1937 to 1957 he was director of the New York Botanical Garden. His research focused on culture methods of plants in relation to biochemistry and nutrition, especially on the synthetic abilities of fungi. His studies paralleled the scientific agenda of the Rockefeller Foundation, an agency with which he was closely associated for years as adviser and trustee. He was perhaps the most influential botanist in the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) during the early postwar era, and a principal participant in the plans for the global reconstruction of science. Robbins served as president of the American Philosophical Society from 1956 to 1959.

Background note

William Jacob Robbins (1890-1978, APS 1941) was a botanist and physiologist. From 1937 to 1957 he was director of the New York Botanical Garden. His research focused on culture methods of plants in relation to biochemistry and nutrition, especially on the synthetic abilities of fungi. His studies paralleled the scientific agenda of the Rockefeller Foundation, an agency with which he was closely associated for years as adviser and trustee. He was perhaps the most influential botanist in the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) during the early postwar era, and a principal participant in the plans for the global reconstruction of science. Robbins served as president of the American Philosophical Society from 1956 to 1959.

Robbins was born in 1890 in North Platte, Nebraska, the son of Frederick Woods Robbins and his wife Clara Jeanette Federhof. His father was a schoolteacher and administrator and his mother was a journalist. The family moved to Muncy, Pennsylvania, when Robbins was two. After graduating from high school in 1906, he enrolled at Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, where he took classes in a broad range of subjects, including Greek, Latin, physics, mathematics, and botany. He graduated in 1910 and subsequently taught at Lehigh and at the Mining and Mechanical Institute at Freeland, Pennsylvania. In 1911 he entered Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. He intended to focus his studies on plant pathology and scientific farming; however, he eventually changed his concentration to plant physiology, studying under Lewis Knudsen (1884-1958), Benjamin M. Duggar (1872-1956, APS 1921) and Liberty Hyde Bailey (1858-1954, APS 1896). From 1912 to 1916, he taught at Cornell and spent the summers as Duggar's assistant at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole. He earned a doctorate in 1915. That year he married Christine Faye Chapman, a botanist who later became a scientific biographer. The couple had three sons; one of them, Frederick C. Robbins (1916-2003, APS 1972) won the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1954.

In 1916 Robbins became professor and chairman of the Department of Botany and plant physiologist in the Agricultural Experiment Station at the Alabama Polytechnic Institute in Auburn. His research there focused on the effect of growth factors on cultivation of excised plant roots. However, in 1917 he temporarily suspended his research when he moved to Springfield, Massachusetts, to manage the hardware store owned by his ailing father-in-law. The following year he enlisted in the U.S. Army. He completed training in bacteriology at Yale's Army Laboratory School and subsequently served as a second lieutenant in the U.S. Sanitary Corps. The war ended before he was deployed abroad.

In 1919, after a brief stint as a soil biochemist at the U.S. Department of Agriculture in Washington, D.C., Robbins became professor and chairman in the Department of Botany at the University of Missouri. He resumed his research on the cultivation of excised roots and, more specifically, on the propagation of virus-free plants in large quantities, work that was critical for the developing field of tissue culture. Robbins was able to show that vitamins are essential for the growth of fungi and a variety of agricultural crops, including peas, corn, and cotton. He also studied the impact of factors such as light and temperature on a variety of plants. During this period he coauthored with his colleague, the botanist Harold William Rickett (1896- ?) three editions of General Botany, a widely used botany textbook. In 1930 Robbins became the dean of the graduate school at the University of Missouri; from 1933 to 1934 he also served as acting president of the university. In this capacity he was instrumental in securing support from the Works Progress Administration (WPA) for the construction of a new library, classroom buildings, and a small research facility. In 1936 he succeeded in persuading Barbara McClintock (1902-1992, APS 1946) to come to the University of Missouri; she eventually stayed for six years.

Robbins' most important influence was in the organization and administration of scientific research. In 1928 Robbins took a two-year leave from the university to join the European Office of the Rockefeller Foundation. From 1928 to 1930, he traveled throughout Europe to interview candidates for research grants and postdoctoral fellowships sponsored by the Foundation. Furthermore, from 1931 to 1937, he served as chairman of the National Research Council (NRC) Fellowship Board in the Biological Sciences, which administered these postdoctoral awards. In 1937 Robbins became the director of the New York Botanical Garden, a position he occupied for the next twenty years. In addition he served as professor of botany at Columbia University. As a plant and fungal physiologist, he was the botanical garden's first director from outside the field of systematic botany. Soon after assuming the position, he set out to revitalize the garden's staff by encouraging retirements and hiring new botanists, using scientific production as the only yardstick. In addition, he developed training courses for professional gardeners, who were urgently needed to work in the gardens in the area. He also encouraged the investigation of South American flora and promoted horticulture through flower shows and displays. Furthermore, he revived the Women's Advisory Council and persuaded the Garden's Board to elect women to its ranks.

Robbins also trained WPA workers to assist in the preparation of herbarium specimens and in the six laboratories he developed for studies of plant physiology, mycology, virology, and plant biochemistry. The workers also reconstructed more than a dozen display houses that had fallen in disrepair, built bridges, fences and other structures, and completed extensive repairs on the Museum Building. Moreover, Robbins cultivated friendly relationships with many individuals, whose support was essential for the success of his programs, including Parks Department Commissioner Robert Moses. Robbins was an effective fundraiser who secured funds not just for the Garden but also for the National Arboretum in Washington, D.C., on whose advisory council he served.

Even when much of his time was occupied with administrative duties Robbins spent at least one hour a day in his laboratory. In the early 1930s he used a small quantity of thiamine to demonstrate that it served as a substitute for yeast extract in permitting unlimited growth of excised tomato roots. During World War II, his research group screened Basidiomycetes for antibiotics. They ultimately isolated more than a dozen new antibiotic substances, which they reported in forty-four papers. After World War II, the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis funded his research to screen actinomycetes for antiviral activity. Robbins and his team also searched for sources of vitamin B12 in nature. They eventually found major sources in bacteria, actinomycetes and blue-green algae. In 1950 Robbins received a substantial grant to build a separate research lab. The lab, later called Charles B. Harding Laboratory, opened in 1956. During this period Robbins also taught botany classes at Columbia University and developed a program whereby graduate students at Columbia and Fordham Universities could receive degrees for work at the Garden.

In addition to his work at the Garden and with the National Arboretum, Robbins was director of the Torrey Botanical Society (1943), and he was active in developing the Fairchild Tropical Garden in Montgomery, Florida, serving on its board of trustees (1948-1962) and as its president (1962-1969). He was particularly influential in strengthening the Fairchild Garden's scientific research program, including, for example, the study of tropical botany and horticulture. He hosted a National Academy of Sciences Conference on Tropical Botany at the Fairchild Garden in May 1960. In 1967 the Fairchild Garden honored Robbins by naming its plant science building with herbarium, reference library, and laboratories after him.

In 1940 Robbins was elected to membership in the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), where he was chairman of the botany section (1944-1947) and treasurer (1948-1960). He served as a member of the executive board of the National Research Council between 1941 and 1960. His recommendation that at least twenty-five percent of funding be reserved to support education at less well-known schools was defeated; almost all of the federal money went to elite universities instead. Robbins also served on a scientific advisory commission to evaluate and give advice on the development of scientific research and to reestablish contact with Japanese scientists after the war.

After his retirement from the New York Botanical Garden in 1957 due to poor health, Robbins started a lab at Rockefeller University. There he focused on the study of physiological and morphological differences between the juvenile and the adult stages of Hedera helix. By studying the growth rate of calluses in adult and juvenile plants, he was able to show that juvenile callus always grows faster. In 1965 the American Philosophical Society awarded him its Lewis Prize for his essay on topophysis.

Robbins was elected to membership in the American Philosophical Society in 1941, serving as its president from 1956 to 1959 and executive officer in 1960 when the Society's library building was completed. He was a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the New York Academy of Sciences. He was a member and director of the Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research for almost three decades, serving as a member of its executive committee for twenty-four years. He was also a trustee of Rockefeller University (1956-1965). Despite increasingly serious health problems that eventually included heart disease and hearing loss, Robbins continued to work in his lab until the day before he suffered a massive stroke in October 1978. He died several days later in New York City.

Scope and content

These papers include correspondence on personal and scientific topics, diaries, lectures, notebooks, and photographs, concerning his life and career. There are data relating to the National Academy of Sciences, New York Botanical Garden (Director, 1937-1957), Lehigh University, and University of Missouri (Head of Dept. of Botany; Dean of Graduate School; Acting President, 1933-1934).Of interest is his work with the European office of the Rockefeller Foundation, 1928-1930, and as Chariman of the National Research Council Fellowship Board.

The majority of this collection consists of correspondence to and from William Jacob Robbins. These correspondence represent the major occupational changes in Robbins' life as he assumes new positions of research. They relate to both the professional and the private side of his life. Though many letters of are perfunctory notices of received articles and papers, there is much in the correspondence that shed light on the professional work of Robbins. For instance, several letters document his involvement with the Soil Fertility Investigation concerning the "disappearance of vanillin and other toxics fin some soils and persistence in others."

Personal correspondence also make up a significant portion of the collection. Letters and postcards from John T. Lloyd, pharmacist and son of John Uri Lloyd, chronicle his entrance into World War I as an ambulance driver. Several letters are from the Front and document life in France during this time. Letters from Robbins to his wife Christine and mother give a personal account of his travels in Europe during his time with the Rockefeller Foundation, and help round out the official reports compiled of these trips.

The collection also contains a large number of other items of interest, spanning from grade school report cards to essays and lectures, newspaper clippings and photographs. Undergraduate papers include first term philosophy and psychology papers, as well as the Bachelor of Arts Thesis from Lehigh University, entitled "Municipal Government in United States with Reference to the Commission Plan." Balancing out the collection of papers, are multiple undated essays and speeches on such topics as: "The Advantage of the Large University," "The Constitutional Convention of 1787," "The Future of Plant Physiology," "The Place of Horticulture in the life of a Nation," and "Notes on the Evolution of Botanical Research in New York City."

Other material relates to Robbins's work with various organizations, including the APS. Also present are numerous short letters to and from Christine Robbins concerning her various biographies of scientists, mostly her book on David Hosack.

Collection Information


Restrictions on Access:

Some items are restricted; consult the repository.


Presented by Dr. William Jacob Robbins and Mrs. Robbins, 1959-1972; initially accesioned, 1959. See in-house shelf list for additional accession numbers and dates.

Related material

The LuEsther T. Mertz Library archives at the New York Botanical Gardens also holds a collection of William Jacob Robbins papers.

Physiology, Biochemistry, and Biophysics Note

William Jacob Robbins was a highly influential member of the scientific establishment that came into being after World War I. His research focused on culture methods of plants in relation to biochemistry and nutrition, especially on the synthetic abilities of fungi. His studies, which emphasized a physico-chemical approach to botany, paralleled the scientific agenda of the Rockefeller Foundation, an agency with which he was closely associated for years as adviser and trustee.

His most important influence was in the organization and administration of scientific research. Beginning as professor of botany and chairman of the botany department at the University of Missouri in 1919, Robbins went on to become dean and president. While on leave from the University of Missouri, he was a member of the European Office of the Rockefeller Foundation (1928-1930), and was chairman of the National Research Council (NRC) Fellowship Board in the Biological Sciences (1931-1937). From 1937 until 1957 Robbins was director of the New York Botanical Garden and professor of botany at Columbia University; he was also president of the American Philosophical Society (1956-1959). Robbins was perhaps the most influential botanist in the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) during the early postwar era, and a principal participant in the plans for the global reconstruction of science.

The Robbins Papers contain correspondence, diaries, lectures (including lecture notes from Benjamin M. Duggar's ecology course at Cornell, 1912-1915), notebooks, and photographs, covering nearly every aspect of his scientific career. Although a relatively small collection, it is an exceptionally rich source on the development of agricultural sciences, on the patronage of the life sciences by the Rockefeller Foundation, and on the political and institutional context of science.

Indexing Terms

Corporate Name(s)

  • American Philosophical Society
  • Animal Medical Center (U.S.)
  • Lehigh University.
  • National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
  • National Research Council (U.S.). Committee for Research in Problems of Sex
  • New York Botanical Garden.
  • Rockefeller Foundation
  • Smith College. Genetics Experiment Station
  • University of Missouri.


  • Diaries.
  • Lecture notes.
  • Lectures.
  • Notebooks.
  • Photoprints.

Geographic Name(s)

  • India -- Description and travel.
  • Japan -- Description and travel.

Personal Name(s)

  • Appleman, Charles Orval, 1878-1964
  • Beadle, George Wells, 1903-1989
  • Berkner, Lloyd V. (Lloyd Viel), 1905-1967
  • Blakeslee, Albert Francis, 1874-1954
  • Bronk, Detlev W. (Detlev Wulf), 1897-1975
  • Cattell, James McKeen, 1860-1944
  • Cleland, Ralph E. (Ralph Erskine), 1892-1971
  • Coolidge, William David
  • Drinker, Henry S. (Henry Sturgis), 1850-1937
  • Du Pont, Henry Francis, 1880-1969
  • Duggar, Benjamin M. (Benjamin Minge), 1872-1956
  • Enders, John F., 1897-1985
  • Fackenthal, Frank Diehl, 1883-1968
  • Greenleaf, Lewis S., Jr.
  • Gregg, Alan, 1890-1957
  • Harrison, Ross G. (Ross Granville), 1870-1959
  • Ingraham, Mark Hoyt
  • Jewett, Frank B. (Frank Baldwin)
  • Livingston, Burton E. (Burton Edward), 1875-1948
  • Lloyd, John T.
  • Merrill, Elmer Drew, 1876-1956
  • Northrop, John Howard, 1891-1987
  • Richards, Alfred N.(Alfred New
  • Robbins, William Jacob, 1890-1978
  • Schramm, Jacob R. (Jacob Richard)
  • True, Rodney H.(Rodney Howard) (1866-1940)
  • Waterman, Alan Tower, 1892-1967
  • Wilson, Edwin Bidwell, 1879-1964
  • Zwemer, Raymund L. (Raymund Lull)


  • Agricultural ecology.
  • Agriculture -- Japan.
  • Botany.
  • Plant physiology.
  • Plants.
  • Tropical plants.
  • World War, 1914-1918.

Detailed Inventory

 Series I. Correspondence
 Adams, Roger
1947, 1956 
 Adkinson, Burton W.
January 30, 1959 
 Agee, Carl
October 13, 1937 
 Alampi, Phillip
1954, 1957 
 Ali, Syed Amjad
January, 1955 
 Allen, Douglas Hedden
May, 1950 
 Allen, W.J. Jr.
 American Academy of Arts and Sciences
October, 1957 
 American Institute
 American Philosophical Society
 Anderson, Arthur M.
 Anderson, Edgar
November 14, 1958 
 Animal Medical Center
 Appleman, C.O.
November 4, 1937 
 Arnon, Daniel I.
March, 1960 
 Associated Universities, Inc.
September 30, 1957 
 Atwood, Wallace
 Austin, Mildred Lucas.
Austin, Mildred L.
 Austin, Warren R.
December, 1952 
 Avery, Amos G.
 Baehni, Charles
 Bailey, L.H.
 Baldwin, H. de F.
August 12, 1937 
 Baldwin, Sherman
February 20, 1967 
 Bancroft, Margaret
May 31, 1955 
 Barclay, Thomas S.
October, 1937 
 Barker, J.M.
 Barksdale, Alma M.
June 9, 1954 
 Barrows, Albert L.
 Bartholomew, E.T.
 Beadle, George Wells
 Beadle, Karl
January 27, 1959 
 Beal, J.M.
 Bechtel, Louise Seaman, 1894-1985.
Bechtel, Louise S.
 Beck, John D.
March 8, 1930 
 Bell, Whitfield J.
November 13, 1974 
 Bennet, Merrill K.
October 28, 1955 
 United States. Department of Agriculture.
Benson, Ezra S.
January 16, 1959 
 Berkner, Lloyd V.
 Titcomb, Margaret.
Bernice P. Bishop Museum
February 11, 1959 
 Biddle, Constance
 Biddle, M. Georgina
September 18, 1947 
 Bierfreund, Margaret
 Bintzer, H. Russell
September 27, 1968 
 Blakeslee, Albert F.

Includes correspondence on botany and genetics, on the relation of the plant sciences to war and national needs, and on Russian science and the Lysenko affair.

 Blakeslee, Albert F.
 Blakeslee, Albert F.
 Peters, Hugh, Mrs..
Blodgett, Thomas H., Mrs.
 Bogert, Marston T.
May 14, 1945 
 Cornell University.
Bostnick, Charles D.
April 27, 1912 
 Bowen, Catherine Drinker
December 8, 1958 
 Bowman, Isaiah
1934, 1937 
 Bradfield, Richard
April 29, 1950 
 Bradley, J.C.
April 11, 1930 
 Brannon, Melvin A.
July, 1916 
 Braun, E. Lucy
October 24, 1929 
 Bronk, Detlev W.
 Brooks, Stratton D.
 Brown, R.
 Bryan, George S.
 Buchanan, R.E.
October 18, 1937 
 Burkill, Isaac Henry
April 16, 1958 
 Burpee, Katherine
June 22, 1959 
 Burrage, Albert C., Mrs.
February 11, 1957 
 Butler, Nicholas Murray
 Cain, Stanley A.
October 18, 1960 
 Caldwell, J.S.
June 17, 1913 
 Calverol, Luis Puig
 Calvin, Ira and Louella
December, 1937 
 Campbell, Arthur
December 28, 1959 
 Campbell, Charles I.
December 22, 1953 
 Campbell, Frank L.
 Carmichael, Leonard
 Cattell, James McKeen
November, 1937 
 Chait, Daniel
January 13, 1958 
 Chambers, Robert A., Mrs..
Chambers, Jean
 Chismore, Clarence R.
 Cleland, R.E.
1946, 1958 
 Cohen, I. Bernard
February 9, 1959 
 Cole, Leon J.
1933, 1937 
 Collip, J.B.
April 11, 1930 
 Columbia University
 Conant, James B.
October 3, 1927 
 Conant, Norman F.
June, 1956 
 Conley, Dudley S.
October 14, 1937 
 Constance, Lincoln
August, 1957 
 Cook, Ross K.
April 8, 1960 
 Coolidge, Harold J.
April 4, 1963 
 Coolidge, William D.
 Cormier, Francis
1948, 1956 
 Cornell, Douglas
 Cornell, S.D.
March 2, 1955 
 Cornier, Francis
December 2, 1956 
 Cort, Bob
March 11, 1967 
 Cotton, Maurice R., Mrs.
June 1, 1959 
 Crew, F.A.E.
May 2, 1929 
 Crocker, David R.
January 29, 1974 
 Crocker, William
 Cullinan, F.P.
December 4, 1958 
 Curtis, W.C.
 D. Van Nostrand Company
June, 1929 
 Davis, Donald W.
July 16, 1915 
 Day, Dorothy
October 24, 1937 
September, 1937 
 Degener, Otto
June 23, 1957 
 Desmond, Thomas C.
 Deuber, Carl G.
November 1937 
 Dickerman, W.C.
March, 1944 
 Dickinson, Sherman
November 12, 1937 
 Dodge, Jennie S.
September 5, 1961 
 Dollard, Charles
December 17, 1962 
 Doolittle, James
May 28, 1954 
 Douglas, Marjorie Stoneman
May, 1957 
 Drinker, Henry S.
 Dryden, Hugh L.
July 30, 1958 
 Duane, Morris and Heckscher
February 4, 1959 
 DuBois, Eugene F.
March 14, 1949 
 Duggan, B.M.
 DuPont, Henry Francis
1947, 1963 
 Duprat, G.
 Eames, Arthur J.
 Edison, Thomas A.
June 13, 1927 
 Elston, E. Dave
December 20, 1936 
 Emery, N.M.
 Enders, John
 Ethiopia, Ambassador of
May, 1954 
March 22, 1930 
 Everett, T.H.
1941, 1949 
 Ewan, Joseph
1958, 1970 
 Fackenthal, Frank D.
November 1, 1937 
 Fairchild, A.H.R.
October 10, 1937 
 Fairchild Tropical Garden
 Fanshawe, D.C.
 Federated Garden Clubs of New York State
February, 1961 
 Fenneman, Nevin M.
 Ferguson, Margaret C.
1919, 1929 
 Field, Henry
April, 1963 
 Fisk, E.H.
February 23, 1955 
 Flexner, Simon
January 29, 1936 
 Food Research Institute
November 1, 1955 
 Fordham Hospital, School of Nursing
May 27, 1948 
 Fordham University
May 24, 1945 
 Fox, Gerald W.
June, 1947 
 Fox, Helen M.
 French Embassy
April 12, 1957 
 Frost, Frederick G., Jr.
June 2, 1958 
 Fry, Howard M.
 Fulford, Margaret
October 25, 1954 
 Fulling, Edmund H.
November 30, 1969 
 Gager, C. Stuart
 Galloway, B.
January 20, 1916 
 Garden Club of America
 Garrison, Joseph M.
October 11, 1937 
 Gautheret, R.J.
January 26, 1970 
 Gerson, Richard I.
December 21, 1962 
 Gilbert, E.M.
March, 1944 
 Gleason, H.A.
 Graham, Elizabeth Arden
November 8, 1955 
 Greenleaf, Lewis S.
 Gregg, Alan
October 15, 1937 
 Greiss, E.
 Gressitt, J. Linsley
May 11, 1963 
 Griggs, Robert F.
July, 1943 
 Gross, George
July 14, 1915 
 Gunnison, R.M., Mrs..
Gunnison, Olive M.
November, 1954 
 Guppy, Nicholas
 Hall, Robert W.
June 14, 1911 
 Halloran, John L.
December 1, 1961 
 Hamilton, Warren F.
January, 1963 
 Handsfield, Hugh W.
June, 1953 
 Hansell, Dorothy E.
1951, 1957 
 Hanson, Frank Blair
April, 1936 
 Harding, Charles B.
1967, 1970 
 Harper, E.A.
October 12, 1937 
 Harper, J. Henry
October 7, 1948 
 Harper, R.A.
October 9, 1937 
 Harrar, J. George
1958, 1962 
 Harrison, Ross G.
July, 1940 
 Hartley, Carl
August 7, 1928 
 Haskins, Caryl
 Hayward, H.
 Haworth, Leland J.
August, 1963 
 Hedrick, E.R.
 Heim, Roger
 Hemphill, Janice S.
July, 1955 
 Henry, Barklie McKee
1956, 1959 
 Herpers, Richard
January 27, 1960 
 Herring, Pendleton
December 21, 1962 
 Hess, Ellwood E., Mrs..
Hess, Gertrude D.
 Hicks, Henry, Mrs..
Hicks, Caroline J.
 Hildebrand, Earl M.
 Hill, A.V.
 Hill, Evelyn Collins
May 3, 1958 
 Hood, Marshall L.
June 7, 1959 
 Hooker, Elon Huntington, Mrs..
Hooker, Blanche Ferry
June, 1944 
 Houston, W.V.
September, 1952 
 Howland, Harold E.
1937, 1955 
 Hughes, Raymond M.
January 1, 1938 
 Hunsacker, J.C.
1959, 1963 
 Hunt, Roy A., Mrs..
Hunt, Rachel
 Hunter, S.H.
March 3, 1961 
 Ingraham, Mark H.
 Institution Sillig
April 4, 1930 
 Jennings, Alvin R., Mrs..
Jennings, Nell
1958, 1967 
 Jewett, Frank B.

Includes correspondence regarding the National Academy of Science.

 Johnson, Treat B.
November 18, 1941 
 Johnston, J.B.
 Jones, J.S.
February 28, 1916 
 Kavanagh, Frederick
1943, 1963 
 Keck, David D.
1961, 1967 
 Keith, Arthur
January 22, 1929 
 Kelly, Harry C.
1960, 1963 
 Kelly, Neil
October 8, 1958 
 Kendall, Henry P.
 Kerr, Chester
November 13, 1959 
 Khan, Azhar Ali
April 26, 1955 
 King, Glen
February 28, 1967 
 Kirk, Grayson
 Kistiakowsky, G.B.
December, 1959 
 Klein, Julius
October 11, 1949 
 Kline, George T.
October 12, 1937 
 Knudson, Lewis
1914-1916, 1937 
 Kohlberg, Alfred
December, 1956 
 Kramer, Paul J.
November 5, 1937 
 Kraus, E.J.
December 20, 1933 
 Krout, John A.
December 20, 1957 
 Kunkel, L.O.
October 23, 1937 
 Lam, H.J.
 Lamkin, Uel M.
October 13, 1937 
 Larrimer, W.H.
 Lathrop, E.C.
 Lawrence, George H.M.
 Leach, Henry Goddard
January 12, 1959 
 LeClerg, E.L.
 LeClerg, Robert E.
July 1, 1952 
 Lehigh University
1906-1911, 1937 
 Lehigh University Library
September 19, 1957 
 Lemon, Burt
December 7, 1937 
 Lewis, Clarence McK.
1937, 1958 
 Lewis, Edwin O.
May 5, 1965 
 Lillie, Frank R.
 Lindeberg, G.
September 24, 1967 
 Linnean Society of London
September 5, 1962 
 Linton, Albert
May, 1963 
 The Little Forum
May 1, 1958 
 Livingston, B.E.
 Lloyd, John T. (Sam)
1916-1917, 1939, 1950 
 Lloyd, John Uri
 Loeb, Robert F.
 Loehwing, Walter F.
November, 1937 
 Lowdin, Per-Olov
August 6, 1963 
 Lowie, Robert H.
May, 1932 
 Lundell, C.L.
 MacArthur, Douglas
March 4, 1948 
 MacDonald, D.F.
February 12, 1937 
 Macelwane, J.B.
October, 1937 
 MacFarguhan, Mary
December 11, 1940 
 Maneval, W.E.
 Marceau, Henri
February 17, 1959 
 Marquat, W.F.
September 5, 1947 
 Martin, Frank L.
October, 1937 
 Matheson, R. Hardy
July, 1963 
 Mathias, Mildred E.
September 15, 1960 
 Matze, Edwin B.
July 3, 1959 
 Maynard, L.A.
March, 1958 
 McClary, Ed
May 8, 1938 
 McNew, George L.
 McVeigh, Ilda
January 14, 1970 
 Meid, G.D.
August 4, 1949 
 Meredith, Richard, Mrs..
Meredith, Constance
March 28, 1956 
 Merrill, E.B.
 Metcalf, Haven
 Metropolitan Museum of Art
March 25, 1945 
 Metzger, Karl E.
1958, 1961 
 Middlebush, F.A.
 Mill, R.L.
March 26, 1930 
 Miller, Walter
June 11, 1930 
 Mirsky, Alfred E.
 Mallory, Harold R., Mrs..
Mixsell, Charlotte Mallory
 Moe, Henry Allen
 Montagne, H. de la
 Montague, Gilbert H.
 Moore, George T.
October 12, 1937 
 Morrison, Thomas H.
October, 1952 
 Moseley, Frederick S., Jr.
January 20, 1958 
 Moulton, F.R.
August, 1943 
 Mugi, Magbool Ahmed
February, 1955 
 Mumford, F.B.
 Murnane, George
May 9, 1955 
 National Academy of Sciences
October 21, 1948 
 National Memorial Park
 Nelson, Earl F.
November, 1937 
 Netherlands Indies Government
June 2, 1940 
 New York Academy of Medicine--Microbiology
March 10, 1961 
 New York Botanical Garden
 Nichols, G.E.
November 30, 1937 
 Nichols, Roy F.
January 13, 1959 
 Nishina, Yoshio
 Northrop, John H.
1952, 1970 
 Nyabongo, A.
January, 1953 
 Odintsoya, Catherine N.
March 15, 1960 
 Overbeek, J. van
May 17, 1960 
 Overton, J.B.
April 16, 1914 
 Page, Curtis
 Pakistan Association for the Advancement of Science
March 19, 1955 
 Peale, Harriet
February 15, 1958 
 Pearl, Raymond
November 27, 1929 
 Pennekamp, John D.
 Pepper, O.H. Perry
 Pfeiffer, A.
November 11, 1929 
 Philadelphia Contributionship
May 3, 1956 
 Pickett, F.L.
October 25, 1937 
 Pierpont Morgan Library
 Place, Angela Wood
October 10, 1958 
 Poehlman, J.M.
January, 1956 
 Pratt, Harold Irving, Mrs..
Pratt, Harriet
 Prentice, Alta Rockefeller
 President's Science Advisory Committee
January 4, 1960 
 Rappaport, Jacob
 Rautenstrauch, Walter
October 18, 1937 
 Reeder, John R.
January 27, 1959 
 Remick, J. Gould
 Richards, Alfred N.
 Rickett, H.W.
March 13, 1930 
 Riker, A.J.
 Rivera, Rudolph
February 23, 1955 
 Robbins, William Jacob, Mrs..
Robbins, Christine
 Robbins, William Jacob, Mrs..
Robbins, Christine
 Robbins, Eliza
April 28, 1955 
 Robbins, Frederick Woods
1923-1929, 1937 
 Robbins, Frederick Woods, Mrs.
1923-1929, 1947 
 Robertson, William B., Jr.
 Robyns, W.
1952, 1965 
 Rockefeller, David
December 1, 1961 
 Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research
 Rockefeller, David, Mrs..
Rockefeller, Peggy
 Roderick, Hilliard
December 18, 1962 
 Roe, Anne
 Rogers, M. Robert
 Roijen, J.H. van
May 4, 1954 
 Rose, Alfred L.
 Rosselot, R.E.
January 11, 1955 
 Rothschild, Carole Wesbury
December 21, 1961 
 Rothschild, Walter N.
December 16, 1958 
 Rowan, E.C.
 Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
September 3, 1962 
 Rufi, John
October 14, 1937 
 Rusk, Dean
November 13, 1969 
 Russell, William F.
December 6, 1937 
 Saeger, Albert
 Saudek, Robert
May 28, 1959 
 Sawin, Melvin E., Mrs..
Sawin, Edith W.
 Schaefer, Vincent J.
August 6, 1963 
 Schilling, H.S.
December 18, 1962 
 Schramm, J.R.
 Schramm, Mildred W.S.
May, 1955 
 Schreiner, Oswald
 Scientific Advisory Group (Japan)
 Scientific Research Institute
January 11, 1951 
 Scott, John
July 25, 1971 
 Searls, Fred, Jr.
 Sears, Paul B.
 Seaver, Fred J.
December, 1958 
 Seinor, Maud
August 3, 1970 
 Severance, Harry O.
November, 1937 
 Shanor, Leland
November 13, 1958 
 Short, Lloyd M.
November 4, 1937 
 Shryock, Richard H.
 Siddiqui, Salimuzzaman
 Sinnott, Edmund W.
1937, 1963 
 Skinner, J.C.
September 19, 1952 
 Skoog, Folke
 Slate, George L.
February 23, 1970 
 Slater, J.E.
February, 1963 
 Smiley, Nixon
 Smith, A.C.
 Smith, Howard E.
August, 1950 
 Smith, J.J. Pringle
 Smith, Tom K.
1937, 1956 
 Smith, Walter L., Jr.
May 4, 1956 
 Stadler, L.J.
March 20, 1946 
 Stakman, E.C.
 Stanley, Wendall M.
 Steere, William C.
 Steinbach, H. Burr
 Stern, Kurt G.
November 5, 1941 
 Swan, Joseph R.
 Tashjian, Robert J.
 Tatlow, Richard H. III
 Taylor, George
February, 1959 
 Taylor, Louise
May 25, 1967 
 Thach, Charles C.
 Thomas, Stanley
October 22, 1937 
 Thompson, Will H.
October 13, 1937 
 Tisdale, Frederick M.
 Tisdale, W.E.
 Transeau, Edgar Nelson
October, 1929 
 Trotter, Ide P.
November, 1937 
 Trustees of atoms for peace award
 Trytten, M.H.
March, 1955 
 University of Missouri
 University of Missouri
 University of New Hampshire
 Vincent, George E.
June 28, 1929 
 Virtanen, A.J.
May 7, 1969 
 Wadsworth, Frank H.
May 16, 1960 
 Wahl, Manfred, Mrs..
Wahl, Charlotte K.
March, 1958 
 Waksman, Selman A.
May 23, 1958 
 Wallace, Henry A.
 Wallace, Ilo
December 30, 1956 
 Waller, Thomas M., Mrs..
Waller, Wilhelmine K.
June 24, 1959 
 Walsh, John K.
October 14, 1937 
 Walsh, T.J.
 War Department
 Warnshuis, A.L., Mrs.
May 27, 1958 
 Wasson, R. Gordon
1958, 1963 
 Wasson, Robert G.
June 10, 1963 
 Waterman, Alan T.
 Weaver, Warren
February 19, 1959 
 Webster, Charles D.
December, 1957 
 Weiss, Ulrich
1963, 1970 
 Went, F.W.
 Whetzel, H.H.
January 13, 1919 
 White, Philip R.
 Whitehill, Walter Muir
March 11, 1970 
 Whitlock, Francis Beacham, Mrs.
May, 1958 
 Wickenden, Mira and Homer
May 27, 1958 
 Wiegand, K.M.
January 8, 1916 
 Wiggans, R.G.
December 27, 1937 
 Wildish, James E.
October 11, 1937 
 Williams, R.R.
December 1, 1938 
 Willits, Joseph H.
March, 1960 
 Wilson, Dorothy
 Wilson, Edwin B.
1942-May, 1949 

Includes correspondence on activities within the Office of Scientific Research and Development and the National Academy of Sciences, and surveys of the effects of World War II on academic science.

 Wilson, Edwin B.
August, 1949-1953 
 Wilson, Edwin B.
 Wirth, Conrad L.
December 16, 1963 
 Wister Association
 Wolfle, Dael
1955, 1962 
 Women's National Farm and Garden Association, Inc.
April 6, 1960 
 Women's Theodore Roosevelt Memorial Association
 Woodward, Carol
October 7, 1948 
 Wright, Fred E.
 Zirkle, Raymond
1937, 1959 
 Zwemer, Raymund L.
May 9, 1949 
 Series II. Articles and notes
 Advantages of the large university
 Advisory committee on fellowships of the National Research Council
January 23, 1933 
 American Association for the advancement of science
December 30, 1920 
 American Philosophical Society--committee on publications
May 20, 1960 
 Biographical sketch
February 6, 1974 
 Board of National Research Fellowships in the biological sciences
January 1, 1931 
 Cellulose Digestion-notes
 Conference on Tropical Botanical Problems
May, 1960 
 Constitutional Convention of 1787
 The corn field
April, 1905 
 Duggar, Benjamin M. (Benjamin Minge), 1872-1956.
Crop Ecology
June 24, 1963 
 Delegate--Atlantic Congress
January 24, 1919 
 Diary note
February 25, 1963 

Meeting on possible Ford Foundation activity in area of problems and opportunities created by impact of science and technology.

 Diary of European Trip
 Duel in the animal world
December 8, 1904 
 Evolution of botanical research in New York City--notes
 Fellowships in the Natural Sciences
 Future of plant physiology
 Gibberellic acid and the reversal of adult hedera to a juvenile state
November 12, 1906 
 Heraclitus--first term philosophy
 Institut Oceanographique
 International Histological Conference--notes
August, 1930 
 Japan--agriculture, etc.
December 9, 1947 

Speech given by Dr. Robbins to New York farmers at Metropolitan Club.

 Japanese science
August 22, 1957 

Visit to Dr. Makino at his home in a suburb of Tokyo.

 Lehigh University--notebooks
 Military service
 Gilbert H. Montague--will
 Municipal government in the United States with reference to the commission plan

Thesis presented to the faculty of Lehigh University for the degree of Bachelor of Arts.

 National Academy of Science
 National Research Council
 Newspaper clippings
 New York Farmers
December 9, 1947 

198th dinner, Metropolitan Club.

 New York State College of Agriculture--Cornell University
March, 1912 

Department of Plant Physiology, Crop Ecology, course given by B.M. Duggar--notes.

 Nutrient requirements of fungi
December 27, 1947 

Dr. Robbin's speech at Chicago AAAS meeting.

 Robbins, Frederick Woods,1860-.
Outline of the process and art of learning for the classroom teacher
 Pakistan trip--random notes
 Panama Canal