Oscar Riddle papers, 1919-1963

Mss.B.R43

Date: 1919-1963 | Size: 3.5 Linear feet, Ca. 3500 items

Abstract

Includes correspondence, autobiographical notes, addresses, articles, and drawings. The collection reflects Riddle's interests in breeding, heredity, and evolution. He was interested in humanism and the presentation of biological and evolutionary theories. There is much information on Riddle's activities in favor of freedom of scientific teaching, especially in high schools.

Background note

Oscar Riddle (1877-1968, APS 1926) was a zoologist and physiologist. He spent most of his professional career at the Station for Experimental Evolution at Cold Spring Harbor, Long Island. His research focused on birds and reproduction. Oscar Riddle was born in 1877 in Cincinnati, Indiana, near Bloomington, the son of Jonathan Riddle and Amanda Emeline Carmichael, farmers. His father died when Oscar was still a boy, and he helped to support his family by working on neighboring farms and trapping animals from a young age. In 1896 he enrolled at Indiana University to study biology but he stayed only until 1897 when he left to collect specimens for the U.S. Commission of Fisheries in Puerto Rico. There he worked as a science teacher in several schools, including the Model and Training School in San Juan and several teachers' institutes. In 1901 he traveled to Trinidad and the Orinoco River delta to collect fish specimens for his own use.

Later that year he returned to Indiana University which granted him his B.A. in 1902. Riddle subsequently enrolled in the University of Chicago's graduate program in zoology. He worked as a teaching assistant and, under the guidance of Charles O. Whitman, began experimenting with the evolution of color patterns in domestic fowl. Financial difficulties compelled him to interrupt his studies in 1903 to teach physiology at Central High School in St. Louis, Missouri. In 1906 he was able to resume his work at Chicago, and in 1907 he received his Ph.D. in zoology. Riddle continued to work at the University of Chicago for the next four years, first as an associate in zoology and embryology and a research assistant in experimental therapeutics and, after 1908, as an instructor. Riddle lost this position in 1911 as a result of a reorganization in the zoology department; however, Whitman retained him to care for his pigeon colony and help in the preparation of his voluminous papers for publication. The following year Riddle accepted an appointment as research associate at the Carnegie Institution of Washington, and in 1913 he moved to the Institution's Station for Experimental Evolution at Cold Spring Harbor on Long Island. Except for serving as a captain in the U.S. Army Sanitary Corps during World War I, Riddle remained at the station for the rest of his career.

At Cold Spring Harbor Riddle's research focused on organic development and heredity. He was especially interested in pigment distribution and sexual determination and reversal. He tended to study these phenomena in terms of biochemistry and physiology rather then Mendelian genetics. In this he was influenced by the work of his mentor Whitman. Riddle's three-volume compilation of Whitman's papers, essentially an anti-Mendelian approach to such problems as inheritance of feather patterns, sexual behavior, and reproductive activities, was published in 1914.

Riddle made one important scientific contribution was his discovery in 1932 of a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland, which stimulates mammaries to produce milk. Until then scientists had generally believed that lactation was triggered by either the placenta, the corpus luteum, or the ovaries. Riddle and his collaborators discovered that an extract of the pititare gland that had been shown by George W. Corner to induce lactation was a protein. They named it prolactin. Within the next five years Riddle was able to demonstrate that prolactin also induced production of milk in rats and crop milk in pigeons.

The discovery of prolactin remained Riddle's only significant contribution. Partly as a result of his overconfidence and dogmatism, most of the findings in Riddle's more than 200 research articles were superseded by the work of geneticists. Ironically, Riddle himself worked diligently to convince the public of the correctness of new scientific discoveries.

In addition to his scientific research, Riddle was also concerned with the ways in which biology was taught in American high schools. He was particularly critical of the failure to convey to high school students major advances in the life sciences because of what he called the "anti-science, anti-medical, anti-vivisection and anti-evolution crusades." Riddle explained his critical stance in an address he delivered in 1936 in St. Louis as vice president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and chairman of its zoology section. The lecture, which was published in Science under the title "The Confusion of Tongues," created significant controversy. Six years later Riddle became the chairman of a committee created by the Union of American Biological Societies that substantiated his accusations that religious strictures were responsible for preventing exposure of many public school students to the theory of evolution. In addition, Riddle published numerous articles in which he encouraged teachers to stand up to religious dogmatism and make their students biologically literate. He was a founder of the National Association of Biology Teachers, and in the first article in the first issue of the organization's journal The American Biology Teacher (1938), Riddle urged teachers of the life sciences to "pull together" in order to prevent further weakening of their discipline.

Riddle was an active member of several professional associations. He served as president of the Association for the Study of Internal Secretions (1928-1929), vice president of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1935-1936), and president of the American Rationalist Federation (1959-1960). He chaired the American delegation to the Second International Congress for Sex Research in London, England (1930), and represented the Carnegie Institution at the Second Pan-American Congress of Endocrinology in Montevideo, Uruguay (1941). In addition, he was section editor of Biological Abstracts (1926-1946) and on the publication board of Endocrinology (1931-1934, 1939-1942). Among his awards and honors are the Gold Medal of the American Institute of the City of New York's (1934), the Humanist of the Year Award of the American Humanist Association (1958), and the Distinguished Service Award of the National Association of Biology Teachers (1958). He was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1934 and the National Academy of Sciences in 1939.

In 1937 Riddle married Leona Lewis; they had no children. In 1945 he retired to Plant City, Florida. He continued to study and write about biology until his death in 1968.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Physical description

Ca. 3500 items.

Provenance

Presented by the Riddle estate and accessioned, 1969 (1969 615ms). Additional photocopied papers presented by George W. Corner and accessioned, 09/--/1972 (1972 1813ms).

Physiology, Biochemistry, and Biophysics Note

AuthorFormatDateLanguage
Northrop, John Howard, 1891-1987Correspondence (2 items)1959-1961English

Indexing Terms


Corporate Name(s)

  • University of Chicago. -- Dept. of Zoology.

Genre(s)

  • Sketches.

Personal Name(s)

  • Blakeslee, Albert Francis, 1874-1954
  • Dreiser, Theodore, 1871-1945
  • Huxley, Julian, 1887-1975
  • Kinsey, Alfred C. (Alfred Charles), 1894-1956
  • Moe, Henry Allen, 1894-1975
  • Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968
  • Whitman, Charles Otis, 1842-1910

Subject(s)

  • Biology.
  • Birds -- Research.
  • Breeding.
  • Evolution.
  • Genetics.
  • Heredity.
  • Physiology.
  • Pigeons.
  • Science -- Study and teaching (Secondary)
  • Zoology.


Detailed Inventory

I. Correspondence
  
Allen, Gordon
  
American Academy of Arts and Sciences
  

Burhoe, Ralph Wendell, 1911-1997; Raper, John R.

American Association for the Advancement of Science
  

Caldwell, Otis W. (Otis William), 1869-1947; Leake, Chauncey Depew, 1896-1978; Moulton, Forest Ray, 1872-1952; Wolfe, Deal

American Civil Liberties Union of Florida
  

Joughin, Louis; Wilson, Burton T.

American Express Company
  

Indian Science Conference Arrangements

American Humanist Association
  

Rafton, Harold Robert, 1890-1982; Wendt, G. (Gerald), 1891-1973; Wilson, Edwin H., 1898-1993

American Institute of Biological Sciences. Visiting Biologists Program
  

Auffenberg; Berk, Ann M; Blakey, Mary Louise; Crampton, Mary Louise; Dickson, James G. (James Geere), 1891-1962; Eastern Air Lines; Grobman, Arnold B. (Arnold Brams), 1918-2012; Leisner, Robert S., b. 1927; Tyrrell, Joseph E.

American Institute of Biological Sciences. Visiting Biologists Program. Participating Colleges
  

Aquinas College; Bethune-Cookman College (Chung, In-Cho, b. 1918); Goddard College; Graceland College (Johnson, S. W.); Hollins College (Durbin, Margaret; Thompson, Jesse C.); Hood College (McCarrell, Jane D.); Howard College (McCullough, Herbert A.); State University of New York (Kramer, Sol); Texas College (Khan, Sekender A.); Winthrop College (Hess, Margaret).

American Institute of the City of New York
  

Light, Robert F.

American Medical Association. Council on Pharmacy and Chemistry
  
American Philosophical Society
  

Eisenhart, Luther Pfahler, 1876-1965

American Rationalist
  

Cejka, Viktor, 1910-1997; Coate, Lowell Harris; Doerr, Edd

Anderson, Carl
  
Anderson, Rudolph J. (Rudolph John), 1879-1961
  
Animal Behavior
  

Davis, David G.

Banaras Hindu University
  
Banta, Arthur M. (Arthur Mangun), 1877-1946
  
Barnum, William
  
Bates, Robert W.
  
Beach, Scott; Floyd, Oscar; McCoy, Robert; Poser, Ernest
  
Beadle, George Wells, 1903-1989
  
Beltran, Enrique, 1903-1994
  
Benedict, Cornelia Golay, 1870-1961
  
Benedict, Francis Gano, 1870-1957
  
Benhre, Elinor H.
  
Benitez-Flores, Manuel
  
Blakeslee, Albert Francis, 1874-1954
  
Breneman, W. R. (William Raymond), 1907-1992
  
Bronk, Detlev W. (Detlev Wulf), 1897-1975
  
Brooks, Chandler McC.
  
Brother John
  
Bruton, James D., 1908-1995
  
Bulkley, Robert Johns, 1880-1965
  
Burton, James D.
  
Busch, Fred W.
  
Canfield, Cass, 1897-1986
  
Cardiff, Ira D. (Ira Detrich), 1873-1964
  
Carnegie Institution of Washington
  

Bauer, Mrs. G. Phillip (Concerning location of Whitman manuscripts); Bush, Vannevar, 1890-1974; Gilbert, Walter M.; Woodward, Robert Simpson, 1849-1924

Carnegie Institution of Washington. Office of Publications
  

Fassett, F. G. (Frederick Gardiner), 1901-1991

Carter, Mary Louise
  
Castle, William E. (William Ernest), 1867-1962
  
Caulfield, Gordon
  
Chu, Jennings Pinkwei, b. 1895
  
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
  

Home Defense Reserve

Cole, Leon J. (Leon Jacob), 1877-1948
  
Collier's (Magazine)
  

Letters to the editor

Colligan, Francis James, 1908-1974
  

U.S. Department of State. Regarding South American travel

Collins, LeRoy
  
Collins, Nicholas E.
  
Corner, George W. (George Washington), 1889-1981
  
Cowdry, E. V. (Edmund Vincent), 1888-1975
  
Crampton, C. Ward (Charles Ward), 1877-1964
  
Crocker, William, 1876-1950
  
Davenport, Charles Benedict, 1866-1944
  
Davis, Watson, 1896-1967
  
de Bodo, Richard C.
  
Dombrowski, James A. (James Anderson), 1897-1983
  
Domodaran, M.
  
Dreiser, Theodore, 1871-1945
  
Dunn, L. C. (Leslie Clarence), 1893-1974
  
Eaton, Cyrus Stephen, 1883-1979
  
Edwards, L. K.
  
Encyclopedia of Sexual Behavior
  
Endocrine Society
  

Greep, Roy Orval, 1905-1997

Esquire, inc.
  

Davis, Myron D.

Eugenics Quarterly
  

Allen, Gordon

Evolution
  

Katterfeld, Ludwig E., 1881-1974

Excerpta Medica
  

Woerdeman, M. W. (Martinus Willem), 1892-1990

Faber, Shepard M., 1928-2015
  
Farisch, T. Adolph
  
Fassett, F. G. (Frederick Gardiner), 1901-1991
  
Fast Journal
  

Woolever, John D.

Fink, George
  
Florida Council of Churches. Church and Higher Education Conference
  

Archer, Glenn L.; Diffenderfer, Florence; McCarroll, Tolbert H.; Scott, Harold E.; Reitz, J. Wayne (Julius Wayne), 1908-1993

Florida State School Superintendent
  

Bailey, Thomas David, 1897-1974

Forbes, Alexander
  
France. Chambre des deputes
  

Cabinet du President

Free Humanist
  

Alt, Ludwig

Free Mind
  

Letter(s) to the editor

Freethinkers of Southern California
  
Friendship Liberal League
  

Alt, Ludwig

Fuller, Harry J., 1907-1973
  
Gallant, Joseph
  
Grobman, Arnold B. (Arnold Brams), 1918-2012
  
Gulick, Addison, 1882-1969
  
Hall, Thomas Steele, 1909-1990
  
Harper's Magazine, Inc.
  

Letter(s) to the editor

Harrison, J. W.
  
Haskins, Roy
  
Hecht, Hugo
  
Heiken, Herbert
  
Hendrie, William E.
  
Hill, Leslie
  
Hollander, W. F. (Willard F.)
  
Horizon Press
  

Raeburn, Ben, 1914-1997

Hoskins, R. G. (Roy Graham), 1880-1964
  
Howard College
  

McCullough, Herbert A.

Howard Junior High School
  

Gills, Lawton L. 9th Class

Humanist
  
Huxley, Julian, 1887-1975
  
India. Embassy. (United States)
  
Indian Science Conference
1946 

Invitations, Itinerary, Photograph, Program, Radio Interview (Script)

Indian Science Congress
  

Mahalanobis, P. C. (Prasanta Chandra), 1893-1972

Instituto Butantan
  

Valle, J. R.

Instituto de Fisiologia
  

Houssay, Bernardo A. (Bernardo Alberto), 1887-1971

International Planned Parenthood Federation
  
Jeffers, George W., 1897-1995
  
Johnson, James Hervey
  
Journal of the National Cancer Institute
  

Chaney, Doris M.; Schneiderman, Marvin A. (Marvin Arthur), b. 1918

Kandel, I. L. (Isaac Leon), 1881-1965
  
Kellogg, John Harvey, 1852-1943
  
Kendeigh, S. Charles (Samuel Charles), 1904-1986
  
Kessler, John J.
  
King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968
  
King, Willford Isbell, 1880-1962
  
Kinsey, Alfred C. (Alfred Charles), 1894-1956
  
Kinsley, Carl
  
Kline, B. S. (Benjamin Schoenbrun), b. 1886
  
Komai, Taku, b. 1886
  
Kramer, Sol
  
Krizenecky, Jaroslav, 1896-1964
  
Larson, Martin A. (Martin Alfred), 1897-1994
  
League of Nations. Commission on Biological Standardization
  

Gautier, R.

LeFebvre, Eugene H.
  
Lehrman, Daniel S., 1919-1972
  
Leisanides, Theodophos
  
Levi, Wendell Mitchell, 1891-1976
  
Lewis, Joseph
  
Library on Man's Place in Nature
  

Bayne, Helen

Lichtenwalter, Myrl Carl, 1908-1988
  
Lightner, Jerry P., 1929-2010
  
Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947
  
Lyons, W. R.
  
McAtee, W. L. (Waldo Lee), 1883-1962
  
McCann, S. M. (Samuel McDonald), 1925-2007
  
McCormick, Katharine Dexter, 1875-1967
  
McDaniels, G. H.
  
McGraw-Hill Book Company
  
Martin, W. Edgar
  
Mathews, Albert P., 1871-1957
  
Miami Herald
  

Letter to the editor

Miller, Robert R.
  
Minoura, T.
  
Moe, Henry Allen, 1894-1975
  
Moore, Hugh, 1887-1972
  

Hugh Moore Fund for International Peace

Morrow, Felix
  
Moulton, Forest Ray, 1872-1952
  
Muller, H. J. (Hermann Joseph), 1890-1967
  
Mussio Fournier, J. C. (Juan Cesar), 1890-1961
  
Muzzey, David Saville, 1870-1965
  
Nance, Ellwood C. (Ellwood Cecil), 1900-1965
  
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
  

Cornell, S. D.

National Academy of Sciences (U.S.). Indian Science Congress
  

Bronk, Detlev W. (Detlev Wulf), 1897-1975; Jewett, Frank B. (Frank Baldwin), 1879-1949

National Association of Biology Teachers
  

Harrold, John P.; Klinge, Paul E.

Nelson, Carl J.
  
New York Times
  

Letter to the editor

Northrop, John Howard, 1891-1987
  
Osterhout, W. J. V. (Winthrop John Van Leuven), 1871-1964
  
Perry, R. Barton (Ralph Barton), 1876-1957
  
Peters, James Arthur, 1922-1972
  
Phi Delta Theta Fraternity
  
Philosophical Library
  

Morse, Rose

Piel, Gerrard, 1915-2004
  
Planned Parenthood Federation of America
  

Vogt, William

Popenoe, Paul, 1888-1979
  
Population Reference Bureau
  
Pottenger, Francis Marion, 1869-1961
  
Protestants and Other Americans United for Separation of Church and State
  

Felker, Edward Pearson, 1891-1963

Puerto Rico. Department of Education
  
Purohit, K. G.
  
Rabinowitz, Louis M. (Louis Mayer), 1887-1957
  
Radio Mundial S. A. (Lima, Peru)
  
Ramaswami, L. S.
  
Rauville, X. de
  
Reed, Mildred B.
  
Reimann, ------
  
Reimann, Stanley P. (Stanley Philip), 1891-1968
  
Reis, Jose
  
Reporter
  

Letter to manager

Reprint Acknowledgments
  

Charipper, Harry Adolph, 1900-1971; Corner, George W. (George Washington), 1889-1981; Dragstedt, Lester R. (Lester Reynold), 1893-1975; Fenn, Wallace O., 1893-1971; Goldzieher, Maximilian Alexander, 1883-1969; Griffith, Robert; Miller, D. F.; Rafton, Harold Robert, 1890-1982; Smithsonian Institution; Wilson, J. Walter

Richards, A. Glenn (Albert Glenn), 1909-1993
  
Riddle, Leona Lewis, 1896-1968
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Confusion of Tongues (Correspondence)
  

Arbaiza, G.; Barry, Frederick, 1876-1943; Bingham, Walter Van Dyke, 1880-1952; Bogert, Marston Taylor, 1868-1954; Brown, William Paul; Carroll, W. E. (William Ernest), 1882-1982; Chamberlin, Ralph V. (Ralph Vary), 1879-1967; Clarke, Hans Thacer, 1887-1972; Cole, Robert C.; Collins, Harold Richard, 1898-1987; Collins, William Dennis, 1875-1967; East, Edward M. (Edward Murray), 1879-1938; Evans, John K.; Fairchild, Milton; Fisher, Irving, 1867-1947; Furnas, C. C. (Clifford Cook), 1900-1969; Garrett, A. O. (Albert Osbun), 1870-1948; Geiser, Samuel Wood, 1890-1983; Graham, Bob Buchanan; Gregory, William K. (William King), 1876-1970; Gullick, Addison; Harper, Roland M. (Roland McMillan), 1878-1966; Hopkins, John Henry; Hughes, J. A.; Hurley, William P.; Jastrow, Joseph, 1863-1944; Ketcham, H. E. Kraatz, Walter C. (Walter Charles), 1893-1970; Leuba, James H. (James Henry), 1868-1946; Meyer, Adolf; Millar, C. B.; Mory, A. V. H. (Austin Van Hoesen), 1869-1953; Nachtrieb, Henry F. (Henry Francis), 1859-1942; Newman, Henry; O'Donnell, William Charles; Popenoe, Paul, 1888-1979; Porter, James F.; Pottenger, Francis Marion, 1869-1961; Ramsey, Grace Fisher, 1887-1970; Ratner, Sidney, 1908-1996; Reiland, Karl, 1871-1964; Salant, William; Sherman, Jonathan G.; Straley, H. W. (Harrison Wilson), 1900-1979; Thompson, R. B.; Troxell, Edward Leffingwell, 1884-1972; Wilson, D.; Wolesensky, Edward, 1882-1950; Wood, Jessie F.; Zadig, Hiedegarde

Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Endocrines and Constitution in Doves and Pigeons (Correspondence)
  

Acknowledgement of complimentary copy. Conklin, Edwin Grant, 1863-1952; Cowdry, E. V. (Edmund Vincent), 1888-1975; Crew, F. A. E. (Francis Albert Eley), 1888-1973; Draper, George, 1880-1959; Hanzlik, P. J. (Paul John), 1885-1951; Hoskins, R. G. (Roy Graham), 1880-1964; Kinsey, Alfred C. (Alfred Charles), 1894-1956; Miles, Walter R. (Walter Richard), 1885-1978; Parker, A. S.; Pottenger, Francis Marion, 1869-1961; Stieglitz, Edward J., 1899-1958; Yerkes, Robert M. (Robert Mearns), 1876-1956

Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Unleashing of Evolutionary Thought (Disposition)
  

Alt, Ludwig; Altman, Ralph; Hudson, O. P.; Kleinwald, Arthur; Lewis, Joseph; Morrow, Felix; Royalty Statement

Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Unleashing of Evolutionary Thought (Reviews, Responses to Complimentary Copies, etc.)
  

Allen, Gordon; Barnes, Harry Elmer, 1889-1968; Bierhaus, Wilma Riddle, 1904-1997; Bruton, James D., 1908-1995; Cardiff, Ira D. (Ira Detrich), 1873-1964; Carlson, Anton J. (Anton Julius), 1875-1956; Carr, Harvey A., 1873-1954; Fink, George; Goldzieher, Maximilian Alexander, 1883-1969; Gregory, William K. (William King), 1876-1970; Hughes, Rupert; Jung, Frederic Theodore, 1898-1998; Lewis, Joseph; Meyers, Arthur E.; Morrow, Felix; Needham, Joseph; Newell, Mary; Payne, Fernandus, 1881-1977; Schmidt, Paul F.; Simpson, Robert, 1849-1924; Smith, Homer William, 1895-1962; Vantage Press; Vogt, William

Robinson, Gerald G.
  
Rockefeller Foundation
  

Cobb, William C.; Fosdick, Raymond B. (Raymond Blaine), 1883-1972

Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945
  
Rose, Mason
  
Rosenblueth, Arturo, 1900-1970
  
Rowe, Allan Winter, 1879-1934
  
Royal Society of Arts (Great Britain)
  
Rusk, Dean, 1909-1994
  
Samuels, Leo Tolstoy, 1899-1978
  
Sargent, Porter Edward, 1872-1951
  
Sarkar, B. B.
  
Saturday Review
  

Fixx, James F., 1932-1984; Lear, John, 1909-1999; Silman, Roberta

Savarese, John J.
  
Sax, Karl, 1892-1973
  
Sayedud-Dix, M.
  
Scroll (Phi Delta Theta)
  

Blackwell, R. E.

Science
  

DuShane, Graham, 1910-1963; Glass, Bentley, 1906-2005

Scopes, John Thomas, 1900-1970
  
Scott, Robert H.
  
Seldes, George, 1890-1995
  
Shake, Curtis G. (Curtis Grover), 1887-1978
  
Simpson, M. E.
  
Simpson, Robert
  
Smathers, George A. (George Armistead), 1913-2007
  
Smith, Warren Allen
  
Smith, Winfield
  
Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia Clínica
  

Lima, Erasmo

Solberg, Archie Norman, 1909-1977
  
Sweet, Donald H.
  
Swift, Kenneth D.
  
Syracuse University. Summer Science Conference
  

Page, J. Wallace

Tampa Morning Tribune
  
Taylor, Arthur L.
  
Taylor, Ruby Shearer, 1930-2009
  
Teas, Howard J. (Howard Jones), b. 1920
  
Thapliyal, J. P.
  
Thomas, Erica Eisner
  
Thomas Paine Foundation
  
Thompson, Jessie C.
  
Toda, Kenji
  
Truth Seeker Company
  

Smith, Charles Lee, 1887-1964

Turner, Henry H., 1892-1970
  
United States. Army
  
United States. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
  
United States. Department of State
  

Colligan, Francis James, 1908-1974; Earle, Matthew C., 1902-1976; Espinosa, J. M.; Frank, Theodosius; Merrell, George R. (George Robert), 1898-1962; Mexico (Seating chart for luncheon); Warfel, Harry R. (Harry Redcay), 1899-1971; Zwemer, Raymund L. (Raymund Lull), 1902-1981

United States. Department of State. Division of Cultural Cooperation
  

Brickell, Herschel, 1889-1952

United States. Foreign Service
  

Cross, Cecil Merne Putnam, b. 1891; Rivers, Rudolfo

Unity
  

Hilton, Randall S., 1905-1984

University Club of Chicago
  
University of Chicago. Academic Appointments
  
University of Chicago. Alumni Foundation
  
Urey, Harold Clayton, 1893-1981
1951 
Letter to Oscar Riddle, 1877-1968
1951 September 17 
Van Tienhoven, Arius, 1886-1965
  
Vetter, George B.
  
Wall Street Journal (Firm)
  
Whitman, Charles Otis, 1842-1910
  

Includes letter to Ernst Haeckel, 1834-1919

Wilson, Edwin H., 1898-1993
  
Wirt, John L.
  
Woodward, Robert Simpson, 1849-1924
  
Woolf, Samuel
  
Worden, Alastair N., 1916-1987
  

Davis, David E.

World Population Emergency Campaign (U.S.)
  

Copeland, Lammot du Pont, 1905-1983

Zois, F.
  
Zubiran, Salvador, 1898-1998
  
-----, Gwin
  
-----, Jerry
  
-----, Manolo and Ana
  
-----, Ted
  
-----, Wiloslov
  
II. Manuscripts
  

Includes works by Oscar Riddle, manuscript drafts, memos, records, and subject files.

Riddle
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Accion de la Prolactina Sobre
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Address
1934 
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
American Philosophical Society
1960 April 22 

Comments to

Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
American Rationalist Federation Citation for Linus Pauling
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
American Rationalist Federation, Presidential Address
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Among the Hormones
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Animal Hormones Affecting Growth...
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Anti-Semitism
  

Comments

Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Autobiographical Notes
1967 
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Biography and Outside Activities
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Biological Sources of Human Behavior
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Biologist Speaking
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Biology becomes Social
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Biology in and not in the High School
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Biology Tomorrow
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Birds as Material for Elucidating the Processes of Animal Reproduction
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Birth Control and the Real Religious Issue in the Campaign
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Chemical Analysis of Streptopelia
  OS
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Church-State in the United States
  

Comments

Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Complete Sex-Transformation in Adult Animals
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Confusion of Tongues (Press Releases)
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Contemplating the Hormones
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Control of Heredity
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Crucial Competition with Russia in Science Education
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Cyclic Changes in Blood Calcium, Phosphorus, and Fat in Relation to Egg Laying
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Developmental Disturbance and Transformation of a Hereditary Character: The Sex Character
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Differentiating Some Functions of the Anterior Pituitary Hormones
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Education
  

Brief

Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Education for All American Youth from the Point of View of a Biologist
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Educational Darkness and Luminous Research
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Endocrine Control of Reproduction in Birds
1940 

Program of biological conference

Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Endocrine, Regulation of Reproduction
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Endocrine Society Address
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Endocrines
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Endocrines and Constitution
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Exhibits
  

Comments

Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Establishment of Race of Pigeons with Characteristically Large and with Characteristically Small Thyroid
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Fellowship Presentation to William L. Laurence, 1888-1977
1940 February 1 
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Fortieth Anniversary of the Scopes Trial in Tennessee
1965 
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Genetics and Developmental Forces and the Optimum in Man
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Genetics and Human Behavior
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Germinal Basis of Development (Heredity)
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Glandulas Endocrinas y la Constitucion
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Hempstead Address
  

Brief

Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Hitherto Unknown Function of the Thymus
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Hormone Therapy Viewed by the Research Physiologist
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Hormones
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Hormones and Human Inequality
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Humanist of the Year Acceptance Speech
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Internal Secretions in Evolution
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Introducing J. B. S. (John Burdon Sanderson) Haldane, 1892-1964
1936 

An evening in New York City

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Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Is Organized Religion the Source of Today's Moral Impasse?
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Items in the Emergence of the NABT
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Life-Science and Man
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Life Sciences and Modern Man
1938 
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Life Sciences in Everyday Living
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Metabolic Theory of Sex and its Reversibility in the Ova of Doves and Pigeons
  

Table of Contents

Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Metabolism and the Newer Aspect of the Sex Problems
 2 folder(s)
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Metodos y Resultados de Medicion de Tasa
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Moods, Men, and Understanding
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Must We Fail in Science Education?
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
National Association of Biology Teachers Address
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Neglected Sciences in Modern Life
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
New Data on the Relation of Metabolism in Sex
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
New Light on the Physiology of Sex
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
New National Interest in High School Science
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Note on Professor Whitman's Unpublished Work
  

Carnegie Institution: Robert Simpson Woodward

Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
On Endocrines and Organisms
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
On the Humanist Alternative
1966 April 29 

Asilomar Conference Grounds, Pacific Grove, California

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Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
On the Origin of the National Association of Biology Teachers
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
On the Thyroid Data of Table and Polygons for Thyroid
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Opportunity and Obligation of the National Association of Biology Teachers
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Origin of Good and Evil
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Orlando, Florida, Junior High School Address
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Parental Behavior and Prolactin: Three Decades of Testing that Association
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Participacion de Hormonas Hipofisiarias en el Metabolismo Graso e Hidrocarbonado
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Personal Philosophy
  

Brief

Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Personal View of Items
  

Florida, High School Science

Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Plant City Lions Club, Brief for Talk
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Preliminary Impressions and Facts from a Questionnaire on Secondary School Biology
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Press Releases, Clippings, etc.
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Prolactin, a Product of the Anterior Pituitary
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Prolactin and Parental Behavior: Introduction
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Prolactin in Vertebrate Function and Organization
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Prolactin or Progesterone as Key to Parental Behavior: A Review
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Promise of Endocrinology
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Proofs and Implications of Complete Sex-Transformation in Animals
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Recent Knowledge of Sex
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Recent Studies on the Relation of Metabolism to Sex
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Recognition and Removal of Barriers to Effective Teaching of Secondary School Biology
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Relative Claims of Natural Sciences and of Social Studies
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Religion
1967 

Items mostly unpublished on religion

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Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Role of Endocrines in Development
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Science
1968 

Items mostly unpublished on science

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Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Science in Education in a Democracy
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Science Seminar Abstract
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Seasonal, Endocrine, and Temperature Factors
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Serving its Time
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Sex and Intersex in Pigeons
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Sex Control and Known Correlations in Pigeons
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Sex in a Fraternity of Pigeons Obtained from an Interfamily Cross
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Should Euthanasia be Made Lawful?
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Some Aspects of Sexual Difference in Prenatal Growth and Death
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Some Concurrent Changes Involving the Newer Aspect of the Sex Problem
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Some Interrelations of Sexuality, Reproduction, and Internal Secretion
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Some Products and Functions of the Anterior Pituitary Gland
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Special Contribution of Developmental Mechanics to the Thought and Purpose of the Man of Tomorrow
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Spreading Spark of Life
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Studies on Pituitary Functions
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Sustaining Luxuries of the Mind
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
To a Few Close Relatives
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Topics to Emphasize
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
United States Ambassador to the Vatican
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
University Club of Chicago Address
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Unleashing of Evolutionary Thought
  

News release

Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Visit to India
  

Brief

Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
What the Race Needs
  

Symposium

Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Whitman Manuscript Catalogue
  

Catalogue of Material for Perparation

Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Why Learning?
  
Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Words at Funeral for Seymour Riddle, 1868-1944
  
Riddle, Leona Lewis, 1896-1968. Riddle, Oscar, 1877-1968.
Epitaph
  
III. Research Data & Notes
  
Birds, Wild
1919-1933 
Birds, Wild. Data, Female
1919-1926 
Birds, Wild. Data on Reproductive Organs
1919-1933 
Birds, Wild. Data on Reproductive Organs of Females of Various Species
  
Birds, Wild. Data on Reproductive Organs of Males of Various Species
  
Birds, Wild. Rough Data on Reproductive Organs
  
Breeding Records, Egg Records
  

Records for various species of pigeons and hybrids

Breeding Records of Pigeons
  

Tables, Analysis

Notes
  
IV. Graphics
1905-19062 items

A selection of graphics available in the Oscar Riddle papers.

Birds--Photographs
 25 items
Birds--Sketches
  

Watercolor drawings

Pigeon.
ca. 19051 items

Abstract: Profile watercolor of a pigeon perched on a branch.

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Pigeon, adult male, Zenaida x Zenaidura hybrid.
19061 items

Abstract: Watercolor of pigeon perched on rock.

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