C. S. (Constantine Samuel) Rafinesque Papers, 1808-1840

Mss.B.R124

Date: 1808-1840 | Size: 1.75 Linear feet, Ca. 400 items

Abstract

The correspondence is principally to Zaccheus Collins (1810-1840), with bills, receipts, and notes on Rafinesque vs. Parker; letters from Collins, L.A. Tarascon, Lewis C. Beck, John Torrey, and Charles W. Short (1817-1835); and miscellaneous correspondence and documents relating to Rafinesque vs. Parker, with an account of the Felician Society of Feliciana County, Illinois (1820). The writings are chiefly on botanical topics, and include notes and essays on Indians, Blacks, grapes and wine-making, banking, and speculation. Rafinesque's growing interest in Indian antiquities, linguistics, and history is apparent in letters after 1820. There is an account of Rafinesque's scientific travels in North America and southern Europe (1800-1832), and a bibliography. The botanical notes include descriptions of specimens collected by Lewis and Clark, Patrick Gass, and Henry Muhlenberg.

Background note

Constantine Samuel Rafinesque-Schmaltz (1783-1840) was a self-educated naturalist, archaeologist, linguist and entrepreneur. Although scorned or ignored by many contemporaries, his adoption of "natural" botanical classifications consistent with the theory of organic evolution was in advance of his time. He was a founding member of the New York Lyceum of Natural History. A linguist and archaeologist of Mesoamerica, he made important archaeological investigations of ancient native American earthworks in Ohio and Kentucky and made some of the first investigations of ancient Mayan script. In volume 1 of his two-volume work American Nations Rafinesque claimed to have discovered an account of Lenni Lenape origins. The Walam Olum, considered authentic by many ethnohistorians at the time, was exposed as a fabrication in the late twentieth century. Rafinesque's most financially successful work was the Medical Flora, a Manual of the Medical Botany of the United States of North America (1828-30).

Rafinesque was born in Galata, a suburb of Constantinople. He was the son of a French merchant Georges F. Rafubesque, originally from Marseilles and Madeleine Schmaltz, a native Greek woman of German extraction. The family returned to Marseilles, but after his father's death in 1793, his mother fled with her three children from the French Revolutionary Reign of Terror to Leghorn, Italy, where they lived until 1796. After this he lived successively in Pisa, Genoa and Marseilles until 1800. Rafinesque had little education, except from private tutors. But, by the age twelve, he could read botanical Latin and began collecting plants for a herbarium.

In 1802 at the age of nineteen Rafinesque began an apprenticeship with the Clifford brothers, who were merchants in Philadelphia. In Philadelphia he met physician Benjamin Rush (1745-1813, APS 1768) (whose student he declined to become), the horticulturalist Thomas Forrest, and naturalists Moses Marshall and William Bartram (1739-1823, APS 1768). Over the next two and a half years the young man roamed the country-side collecting specimens of flora and fauna. He also collected reptiles for François Daudin's Natural History of Reptiles (1802-03). In November 1804 Rafinesque wrote to Jefferson to inquire why no botanist was included on the Dunbar expedition to the Red River Valley expedition. However, he left for Italy before the President could respond, offering him the position.

Between 1805 and 1815 Rafinesque lived in Sicily, for three years serving as secretary to the American Consul in Palermo. He made a fortune in a part-time business enterprise, selling medical squills for export. Having become financially secure, he retired at age 25, hoping to devote his life to the pursuit of natural history. Rafinesque considered the ten years he spent in Sicily, the best years of his life. He married Josephine Vaccaro, who bore him two children, but his protestant faith prevented the union from being recognized. In 1810 he published his first book, Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia, which set the mold for many of his subsequent works, namely a classification and description of new species of plants and animals. During 1814 he edited and published a monthly scientific journal called the Specchio delle scienze (Mirror of Science), reputed to be the first in Sicily. In order to become better known on the Continent as a naturalist, in 1815 he published an Analyse de la nature, which was modeled upon Linnaeus's Systema naturae, but written in French, the language he thought would soon become the medium of science. An unsuccessful bid for the chair of botany at the University of Palermo that year led Rafinesque to return to the United States in 1815.

Rafinesque's return voyage to America ended in a shipwreck off the Long Island coast in which he lost "everything"—his books, manuscripts and drawings. Later, ashore in New York he was befriended by Samuel Latham Mitchill the physician, naturalist and politician, who introduced him to other naturalists. Two years later in 1817 Rafinesque was one of the founding members of New York's Lyceum of Natural History. Also, that year he published his controversial Florula Ludoviciana, that introduced a "natural" system of botanical classification based upon the models of French naturalists Michel Adanson and Antoine de Jussieu, who grouped plants on the basis of perceived morphological relationships instead of the "artifical" Linnaean system then prevalent in America. He was also criticized for naming and classifying plants in the volume that he had never seen, relying on a published account of the French botanical writer C.C. Robin.

In the spring of 1818 Rafinesque mounted a major collecting trip down the Ohio River to describe all of its fish, resulting in the publication of Ichthyologia Ohiensis. Although this was the first such attempt at a description of Ohio River fish, the manuscript, as well as a series of papers on Ohio mollusks was spurned by Silliman's American Journal of Science and Arts. Rafinesque also ran into trouble with the referees of the Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences for submitting a paper, whose substance he had published elsewhere. As a result of these negative experiences, he increasingly turned to self-publications. Despite these setbacks, he made another important 2,000 mile tour to collect botanical specimens beyond the Alleghenies as far west as Kentucky and Illinois. By 1818, he had collected and named more than 250 new species of plants and animals.

In 1819 Rafinesque accepted a professorship in botany at Transylvania University in Lexington, Kentucky, where an old Philadelphia merchant friend John D. Clifford was a trustee. Despite a stormy seven-year tenure, Rafinesque was awarded an honorary Master of Arts by Transylvania in 1822, and shortly thereafter received an honorary doctorate from the Imperial Academy of Bonn (Germany). Leaving the university in 1826, Rafinesque returned to Philadelphia with forty crates of specimens and books, that served his research needs for the remainder of his life.

While in Kentucky Rafinesque began research on the indigeneous peoples of the Americas. In an 1822 publication he made the first attempt at deciphering Mayan ideographs, suggesting that they were partly syllabic. He also investigated the prehistoric earthen mounds of the Ohio Valley and attempted to trace the movement of native American tribes by comparative studies of their languages. The most important publication to result from this research was the two-volume American Nations that appeared in 1836. An especially important section of the work was Rafinesque's account of the origins of the Lenape (Delaware) Indians, who migrated to the lands around the Delaware River. He claimed that the account, known as the Walam Olum, was based on pictographs engraved and painted onto wooden sticks or plates together with a transcription of the Lenape language. These original tablets and the transcription were later lost, according to Rafinesques, leaving only his notes and a copy of the transcription. Although always controversial, many scholars considered the Walam Olum an authentic Native American account for well over a century after its "discovery". Subsequent linguistic, ethnohistorical and archaeological analysis in the 1980's and 1990's tended to suggest it was a fabrication, an assessment that was confirmed by the 1995 thesis of David Oestreicher, The Anatomy of the Walam Olum: A 19th Century Anthropological Hoax.

Back in Philadelphia, Rafinesque once again edited a scientific quarterly journal; this one entitled the Atlantic Journal (1832-33). In 1832 he became a naturalized United States citizen, and also organized a small savings bank. Interspersed among the scientific publications of these final years of his life, were a number humanistic writings. One of these was a lengthy poem on mutability, entitled The World (1836). This was followed two years later by a linguistic analysis of the Genius and Spirit of the Hebrew Bible (1838). His most financially rewarding publication was the Medical Flora, a Manual of the Medical Botany of the United States of America (1828-30), but his other notable botanical works from this period include New Flora and Botany of North America (1836-38), Flora telluriana (1837-38), Sylva telluriana (1838) and Autikon botanikon (1840).

Although not wealthy, Rafinesque was comfortably established in Philadelphia at the end of his life. Despite receiving the best medical care the times could afford, he died of stomach cancer on September 18, 1840. His lifeswork was totally ignored by most of his contemporaries; nevertheless, most agreed with the sentiments expressed by botanist L.D. Schweintz, who wrote that "he is doubtless a man of immense knowledge—as badly digested as may be & crack-brained I am sure." In his works, he proposed hundreds of new genera and thousands of new species, but his reputation would not be rehabilitated until the mid-twentieth century, when botanists acknowledged that the 6,700 Latin plant names he assigned were validated according to rules since adopted by botanists themselves. In 1924, Rafinesque's remains were moved to Transylvania University. Unfortunately, many of his papers were damaged or destroyed after his death.

Scope and content

Native American Images note : Over 200 ink sketches of linguistic pictographs of the Osage, Ojibwa, Ottawa, and Delaware tribes, transcribed by Rafinesque-Schmaltz in 1833. Entitled Graphic systems of America, the symbols are noted with English translations. The Lenape (Delaware) pictographs are associated with the controversial work Walam Olum. Referenced in Murphy's Historical American Sketches and Freeman's Guide to manuscripts relating to the American Indian.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Physical description

Ca. 400 items.

Provenance

Deposited by the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia and accessioned, 1943.

Processing information

Only scanned images are noted.

Other finding aids

For a description of the collection, see Charles Boewe, "The Manuscripts of C. S. Rafinesque (1783-1840)," APS Proceedings 102 (1958): 590-595.

Related material

Associated materials at the American Philosophical Society: Ancient monuments of North and South America, 1822-1825 (Film 32). Letters to John Torrey, 1819-1840 (Film 898). Correspondence with William Swainson (Film 898.1).

African American History Note

The collection contains a manuscript written for a contest sponsored by the Societe de Geographie de Paris. The organization sought the best-written history of the "origins of negroes." Rafinesque was awarded a gold medal for his work.

Rafinesque, Constantine S. Memoires sur l'origine des nations negres, ou introduction a l'histoire des negres indigenes d'Asie, d'Afrique, polynesie, Amerique et Europe. 1831. 1 item (106 pages).

Early American History Note

The Rafinesque Collection consists of two types of documents: correspondence and copies of his writings. The correspondence is separated into three distinct parts: general correspondence, correspondence with Augustin Pyramus de Candole (a Swiss botanist), and correspondence with John Quincy Adams. The copies of his writings consist of manuscript essays, notebooks, lectures, and other materials that discuss various scientific topics, especially botany.

The general correspondence takes up a box of material. The majority of letters are addressed to Zaccheus Collins, a Philadelphia merchant, although there are various letters to others. His early letters discuss the founding of a Lyceum in New York in 1817, while later letters (and the vast majority of the collection) discuss his botanical findings, travels, reading habits, and, on occasion, finance, especially his "divital invention" to fund internal improvements.

The letters to de Candole are all photocopies of letters at other archives and in French. The Adams correspondence consists of a single long letter addressed to Adams as Secretary of State that discusses botany, Indian linguistics, and cryptography.

His writings take up three boxes. There is an essay written in French in 1831 on the origins of indigenous peoples, which may have content relevant to the Walam Olum. There is also a document on the "Graphic Systems of North America," which contains some of the symbols from the Walam Olum.

General

Inventory incomplete. Please see finding aid in reading room.

Indexing Terms


Family Name(s)

  • Tarascon, L. A.

Genre(s)

  • Bibliographies.
  • Essays.
  • Journals (notebooks).
  • Manuscript Essays
  • Native American Materials
  • Notebooks
  • Picture-writing
  • Political Correspondence
  • Scientific Correspondence
  • Sketches.

Geographic Name(s)

  • Europe -- Description and travel.
  • North America -- Description and travel.

Personal Name(s)

  • Beck, Lewis C. (Lewis Caleb), 1798-1853
  • Collins, Zaccheus, 1764-1831
  • Gass, Patrick, 1771-1870
  • Muhlenberg, Henry, 1753-1815
  • Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel ), 1783-1840
  • Short, Charles Wilkins, 1794-1863
  • Torrey, John, 1796-1873

Subject(s)

  • Anishinaabe
  • Biology, genetics, eugenics
  • Botany.
  • Culture, community, organizations
  • Delaware Indians
  • Indians of North America -- Louisiana
  • International Travel
  • Native America
  • Natural history
  • Ojibwa Indians
  • Osage Indians
  • Ottawa Indians
  • Plains Indians
  • Race, race relations, racism
  • Science and technology
  • Travel
  • Wallam olum
  • Zoology.


Detailed Inventory

Papers
  
Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Plates of C.S. Rafinesque;
18088" x 13 1/4"

select new plants of North America. A.D.S. 4p.

General physical description: 8" x 13 1/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Med. repository,
1808-18117 1/2" x 9 1/2"

Raf. A.D. 23p. (Appears to be writings by Rafinesque which appeared in the Medical repository, 1808-1811)

General physical description: 7 1/2" x 9 1/2"

Other Descriptive Information: Unlocated 3/11

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Samuel Mitchill;
July 4, 18108 1/4" x 9 3/4"

Palermo, A.L.S. 4p. end.

General physical description: 8 1/4" x 9 3/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel ), 1783-1840.
1816 Somiological memorandum
1816 
Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel ), 1783-1840.
Distinctions generiques parmi les plantes monocotyles de L'Amerique septentrionale, observee entre 1816 & 1830
  
Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Avis à mettre dans les gazettes savoir l'Aurora & Poulson's pendent une semaine.
September 15, 18168 1/2" x 9 3/4"

New York, A.D.S. 4p. In French and English. Re agents for a banking speculation.

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 9 3/4"

Clarke, William Branwhite, 1798-1878. Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809.
Florula albionesis, or plants of NW coast y Lewis & Clarke
  
Plants of Dr. Muhlenberg-western country
[Circa 1817] 
Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809. Clarke, William Branwhite, 1798-1878.
[Plants of] Lewis & Clarke Missouri--plants of Gass, Plants of Brackenridge
[Circa 1817] 
Plants of the Missouri territory bound by Mr. Bradbury near the lead mines on the Merimack which falls in the Mississippi 36 miles below the forks.
[Circa 1817] 
Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809.
Florula Mandanensis Plants of Missouri by Lewis and Pursh
[Circa 1817] 
Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809. Clarke, William Branwhite, 1798-1878.
Plants Missouri-Lewis & Clarke, Michaux
[Circa 1817] 
Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins;
March 15, 18178 1/2" x 9 3/4"

New York, A.L.S. 3p. and add.

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 9 3/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins;
July 21, 18178 1/2" x 9 3/4"

New York, A.L.S. 3p. and add.

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 9 3/4"

C.S. Rafinesque to the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadlephia
1817 August 9 See Oversize
Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins;
October 18, 18178 1/2" x 9 3/4"

New York, A.L.S. 2p. and add.

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 9 3/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins;
November 1, 18178 1/2" x 9 3/4"

New York, A.L.S. 2p. and add.

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 9 3/4"

Collins, Zaccheus, 1764-1831.
Letter to [C.S.] Rafinesque;
November 10, 18177 1/2" x 9 3/4"

Philadelphia A. copy of L.S. with initials. 3p. and end.

General physical description: 7 1/2" x 9 3/4"

Collins, Zaccheus, 1764-1831.
Letter to [C.S. Rafinesque];
November 19, 18177 1/2" x 9 1/2"

Philadelphia, A.L. 2p. (incomplete)

General physical description: 7 1/2" x 9 1/2"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins;
November 27, 18178 1/4" x 9 3/4"

New York, A.L.S. 2p. and add.

General physical description: 8 1/4" x 9 3/4"

Collins, Zaccheus, 1764-1831.
Note relative to books sent to S.W. Conrad to be accounted for by him with C.S. Rafinesque;
December 6, 18176 1/4" x 7 3/4"

A.N.S. with initials. 2p.

General physical description: 6 1/4" x 7 3/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Z[accheus] Collins;
December 27, 18178 1/4" x 9 3/4"

New York, A.L.S. 7p.

General physical description: 8 1/4" x 9 3/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins;
December 28, 18178 1/4" x 9 3/4"

New York, A.L.S. 1p. and add.

General physical description: 8 1/4" x 9 3/4"

Prod. de 50 N.G. de plantes observees dans l'int. des Etats Unis en 1817 & 1818
1817-1819 
Florula Mandanensis, or Description of several new plants collected by Mr. Bradbury near the Mandan nation.
1817-1820 
Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel ), 1783-1840.
Neocloris, or descriptions of new plants by C.S. Rafinesque, all in my herbarium Begun New York 1817 (continue to 1825)
1817-1825 
Nova genera plantarum vascularum Americanum, or New genera of vasular plants from the United States.
[Circa 1818] 
Catalogus; 150 plantae novae vel rariora Kentuckienses
1818-1822 
Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Plantes rares ou nouvelles observées en.
18188 1/2" x 12"

A.D. 4p. In French.

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 12"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins
June 1, 18187 3/4" x 9 3/4"

Pittsburg, A.L.S. 3p. and add.

General physical description: 7 3/4" x 9 3/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins
July 20, 18187 3/4" x 9 1/2"

Falls of the Ohio, A.L.S. 4p. add.

General physical description: 7 3/4" x 9 1/2"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins
August 12, 18187 1/2" x 12 1/2"

Henderson, Ky., A.L.S. 3p. and add.

General physical description: 7 1/2" x 12 1/2"

Leach, William Elford, 1790-1836.
Letter to Constantine Rafinesque
September 15, 18183 p.

British Museum. Is preparing to publish a general work on the crustacea of the world. Lamarck has given him his collection of crustacea. Seeks assistance and advice from Rafinesque on some Sicilian specimens given to Leach by Mr. Swanson. Discusses the Linnean system, which Leach rejects. Asks Rafinesque if he can refer him to an entomologist who is willing to trade North American insects for European ones.

Provenance: 1998 - 564ms. Purchased from Catherine Barnes with funds from the Friends of the APS Library, August 1998.

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins
November 6, 18187 3/4" x 9 1/2"

Pittsburgh, A.L.S. 4p. add.

General physical description: 7 3/4" x 9 1/2"

Torrey, John, 1796-1873.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins
December 4, 18188" x 9 1/2"

New York, A.L.S. 2p. and add.

General physical description: 8" x 9 1/2"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
[List of new genera of animals and plants]
May 1, June 1, 18198" x 9 3/4"

A.D. 2p. In French.

General physical description: 8" x 9 3/4"

Clifford, John D., 1778?-1820.
Letter to Robert Wickliff;
February 11, 18198 1/2" x 11"

Lexington, Typed c. of L. 1p. (Original at Transylvania College)

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 11"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Robert Wickliffe;
April 25, 18198 1/2" x 11"

Philadelphia, Typed c. of L. 1p. (Original at Transylvania College)

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 11"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins;
September 25, 18198 1/4" x 9 1/2"

Lexington, A.L.S. 3p. and add.

General physical description: 8 1/4" x 9 1/2"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel ), 1783-1840.
C.S. Rafinesque to Samuel L Mitchill (species of the genus Clintonia)
1819 Sept 26 
Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins;
December 1, 18198 1/2" x 9 1/2"

Lexington, Ky., A.L.S. 2p. and add.

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 9 1/2"

New or rare plants of Kentucky
[Circa 1820] 
Descriptions of Hedychloe frangans, Melacinus parviflorus and Xeromallon obovatum
[Circa 1820] 
Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Felician society in Feliciana cy.,
18208 1/2" x 12 1/4"

Illinois state.... A.D. 8p.

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 12 1/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins;
February 10, 18208 1/2" x 9 3/4"

Lexington, Ky., A.L.S. 1p. and add.

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 9 3/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins;
April 20, 18208" x 9 3/4"

Lexington, Ky., A.L.S. 3p. and add.

General physical description: 8" x 9 3/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins;
June 25, 18208" x 9 3/4"

Lexington, Ky., A.L.S. 3p. and add.

General physical description: 8" x 9 3/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Z[accheus] Collins;
July 15, 18208" x 9 3/4"

Lexington, Ky., A.L.S. 1p. and end.

General physical description: 8" x 9 3/4"

Caesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae academiae naturae curiosorum..
Certificate issued to C.S. Rafinesque, conferring upon him the name "Catesbaeus";
November 28, 182020 1/2" x 16"

Bonn, Printed D. 1p.

General physical description: 20 1/2" x 16"

Hart, John A..
Letter to C.S. Rafinesque;
February 15, 18218" x 9 3/4"

Natchez, A.L.S. 2p. and add. Enclosure (3p.)

General physical description: 8" x 9 3/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel ), 1783-1840.
Descriptions de 2N. Geres d'Ombelliferes a feuilles simples observes dans la Kentucky
1822 
New species of plants discovered.
1822 
Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Bill for $44 issued to the Trustees of Transylvania university, for board and sundries;
January, 18228 1/2" x 11"

Transylvania university, Typed c. of D. 1p. (original at Transylvania College)

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 11"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Bill for $55 issued to Transylvania university for board and candles;
September, 18228 1/2" x 11"

Lexington, Typed c. of D. 1p. (Original at Transylvania College)

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 11"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Bill for $60 issued to Transylvania university for board and candles;
October, 18228 1/2" x 11"

Lexington, Typed c. of D. 1p. (Original at Transylvania college)

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 11"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to the Board of trustees of Transylvania University;
May 1, 18228" x 9 3/4"

Transylvania university, A.L.S. 4p.

General physical description: 8" x 9 3/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins;
September 24, 18228 1/2" x 9 3/4"

Lexington, Ky., A.L.S. 4p. add.

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 9 3/4"

Chapman, George T. (George Thomas), 1786-1872.
Report of Committee on the communications of Prof. Rafinesque [submitted to the Board of trustees of the Transylvania university]
18238 1/2" x 11"

[ca.] Typed D. 1p. (Original at Transylvania College)

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 11"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to the Board of trustees of Transylvania university;
April 5, 18238 1/2" x 11"

Lexington, Typed c. of L. 1p. (Original at Transylvania College)

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 11"

Collins, Zaccheus, 1764-1831.
Letter to [C.S.] Rafinesque;
July 2, 18238 1/4"x10"

A.Dr. of L.S. with initials. 2p. (Mutilated)

General physical description: 8 1/4"x10"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins;
August 25, 18238" x 9 3/4"

Lexington, Ky., A.L.S. 4p. add. Offers manuscript on monuments of Kentucky and Indian history if APS wishes to follow up Heckewelder publication. Mentions collections of comparative vocabularies and numerals.

General physical description: 8" x 9 3/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to the Board of trustees of Transylvania university;
December 1, 18238 1/2" x 11"

Transylvania university, Typed c. of L. in 3d P. 1p. (Original at Transylvania College)

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 11"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
An account of the herbariums of Prof. C.S. Rafinesque...
1st January, 18247" x 9 1/2"

Lexington, A.D. 4p.

General physical description: 7" x 9 1/2"

Letter to J[ohn] Q[uincy] Adams
1824 July 8 box 1

Other Descriptive Information: Copy of photocopy and negative photostat Original document located in the National Archives; Presented by Dr Julian P Boyd, June 1975.

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Lines to her - J;
December, 18248" x 7 3/4"

[also] Near the bank of a stream, melody. A.D. 2p. Poetry.

General physical description: 8" x 7 3/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Review [of] Flora of North-America,
January, 18248" x 13 1/2"

by Dr. W.P.C. Barton...1st & 2d volumes... Philadelphia, Nashville, Dr. of A.D.S: C.S. Rafinesque & Co. 6p.

General physical description: 8" x 13 1/2"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins;
April 10, 18247 1/2" x 12 1/4"

Lexington, Ky., A.L.S. 3p. and add.

General physical description: 7 1/2" x 12 1/4"

Transylvania University. Faculty.
[Resolution to recommend the appointment of George Thomas Chapman to the professorship of history, geography and chronology]
December 4, 18248 1/2" x 11"

signed C.S. Rafinesque, secy of faculty. Typed c. of D. 1p. (Original at Transylvania college)

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 11"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
A view of the contrast between the 3 systems or modes of social life & dealings.
18257 1/2" x 12 1/4"

A.D.S. 4p.

General physical description: 7 1/2" x 12 1/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel ), 1783-1840.
Book 2d- Neobotan-or new plants of North America from Hooker, Sims, Lindley &c with some exotic new genera
(circa 1825) See Oversize
Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to the Board of trustees of Transylvania university;
May 30, 18258 1/2" x 11"

Transylvania university, Typed c. of L. 1p. (Original at Transylvania College)

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 11"

Transylvania University. Faculty.
[Resolution regarding the leave of absence requested by C.S. Rafinesque];
June 7, 18258 1/2" x 11"

signed C.S. Rafinesque, secretary of the faculty. Typed c. of D. 1p. (Original at Transylvania college)

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 11"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to the Board of trustees of Transylvania university;
June 14, 18258 1/2" x 11"

Transylvania university, Typed c. of L. 1p. (Original at Transylvania college)

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 11"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins;
June 16, 18257 3/4" x 12 1/4"

Lexington, A.L.S. 2p. and add.

General physical description: 7 3/4" x 12 1/4"

Tarascon, Louis Anastasius, b. 1759.
Letter to C. S. Rafinesque;
June 28, 18257 3/4" x 12 1/4"

Shippingport, Ky., A.L.S. 1p. and add. In French.

General physical description: 7 3/4" x 12 1/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins;
August 1, 18258 1/4" x 13 1/4"

Washington city, A.L.S. 3p. and add.

General physical description: 8 1/4" x 13 1/4"

Tarascon, Louis Anastasius, b. 1759.
Letter to C. S. Rafinesque;
August 16, 18258" x 10"

Shippingport, Ky., A.L.S. 1p. and add. In French

General physical description: 8" x 10"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins;
August 20, 18257 3/4" x 12 1/2"

Washington city, A.L.S. 3p. and add.

General physical description: 7 3/4" x 12 1/2"

Collins, Zaccheus, 1764-1831.
Letter to [C.S. Rafinesque];
August 24, 18258" x 9 1/2"

Philadelphia, A.L. 2p.

General physical description: 8" x 9 1/2"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins;
September 12, 18257 3/4" x 9 3/4"

Baltimore, A.L.S. 3p. and add.

General physical description: 7 3/4" x 9 3/4"

Tarascon, Louis Anastasius, b. 1759.
Letter to C. S. Rafinesque;
September 29, 18257 1/2" x 9 1/2"

Shippingport, Ky., A.L.S. 2p. In French.

General physical description: 7 1/2" x 9 1/2"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins;
October 10, 18257 3/4" x 9 3/4"

Philadelphia, A.L.S. 2p. and add.

General physical description: 7 3/4" x 9 3/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Receipt for $35 borrowed from Zaccheus Collins;
October 11, 18257 3/4" x 5 1/2"

Philadelphia, A.D.S. 1p. and end.

General physical description: 7 3/4" x 5 1/2"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to D. Raymond;
November 10, 18258 1/2" x 11"

Cincinnati, Typed c. of L. 2 leaves. (Original at Transylvania College)

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 11"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins;
November 22, 18257 3/4" x 12 1/2"

Frankfort, Ky., A.L.S. 3p. and add.

General physical description: 7 3/4" x 12 1/2"

Raymond, D..
Letter to C. S. Rafinesque;
December 26, 18258 1/2" x 11"

Lexington, Ky., Typed c. of L. 1p. (Original at Transylvania College)

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 11"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins;
January 12, 18267 1/2" x 12 1/4"

Lexington, Ky., A.L.S. 3p. and add. (P.1 contains a printed circular about his patent, divitial invention)

General physical description: 7 1/2" x 12 1/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins;
March 1, 18267 1/2" x 12 1/4"

Lexington, Ky., A.L.S. 2p. and add. (P. 3 contains a printed circular about his patent, divitial invention)

General physical description: 7 1/2" x 12 1/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to Zaccheus Collins;
August 14, 18268" x 9 3/4"

Germantown, A.L.S. 3p. and add.

General physical description: 8" x 9 3/4"

Collins, Zaccheus, 1764-1831.
Letter to [C.S. Rafinesque];
August 16, 18267 3/4" x 9 3/4"

Philadelphia A.L.S. 1p. and end.

General physical description: 7 3/4" x 9 3/4"

C. Price & Morgan.
Receipt for $2.10 issued to Z[accheus] Collins for freight on boxes for C.S. Rafinesque;
August 29, 18268" x 4"

Philadelphia, D. 1p. and end.

General physical description: 8" x 4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Receipt for $15 borrowed from Zaccheus Collins;
August 30, 18267 1/4" x 3 1/4"

Philadelphia, A.D.S. 1p. and end.

General physical description: 7 1/4" x 3 1/4"

Benevolent Mutual Institution of Philadelphia.
[Constitution]
1826?8" x 12 3/4"

D. 4p. (In C.S. Rafinesque's hand) Also: list of members, 2p., and occupations of members, 2p.

General physical description: 8" x 12 3/4"

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:267463/

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Indication of medical plants from North America.
18288" x 13 1/4"

Philadelphia, A.D.S. 28p.

General physical description: 8" x 13 1/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel ), 1783-1840.
Account of 32 N. sp. of plants from Florida
[Circa 1828-183-] 
[Descriptions of 75 n.sp., followed by abstracts of Kunth's works]
[Circa 1828-1830] 
Clinton, George W. (George William), 1807-1885.
Letter to C.S. Rafinesque;
January 22, 18288" x 9 1/2"

Albany, A.L.S. 1p. and add.

General physical description: 8" x 9 1/2"

Société royale d'horticulture des Pays-Bas.
Letter to [C.S.] Rafinesque;
April 17, 18288" x 10"

Bruxelles, L.S.: Drassier (?). 2p. In French.

General physical description: 8" x 10"

Lawrence, G. K..
Letter to [C.S. Rafinesque];
October 8, 18287 1/2" x 12 3/4"

New Lebanon, A.L.S. 4p.

General physical description: 7 1/2" x 12 3/4"

Prunus (cerasus) rotundifolia, Raf. 1829 or Pr. Cladopus, Raf. 1832 (drawing).
1829-1832 
Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel ), 1783-1840.
Neophyton, or new plants, genera & species from North America. Books 1,2,3
1830 
Lanthois, Georgette Louisa, d. c. 1834.
Letter to C. S. Rafinesque;
September 28, 18308" x 9 3/4"

Bordeaux, A.L.S. 3p. and add. In French.

General physical description: 8" x 9 3/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel ), 1783-1840.
Memoires sur l'origine des nations negres, ou introduction a l'histoire negres indigenes d'Asie, d'Afrique, polynesie, Amerique et Europe.
1831 

Other Descriptive Information: Previous records of a separate Oversize component are in error. Just one document.

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel ), 1783-1840.
Account of the largest tree near Philadelphia (for the Saturday Evening Post)
1831 May 
Philadelphia. District Court.
Summons for Daniel Parker,
Septmeber 10, 183113 1/4" x 5"

administrator of Zaccheus Collins, to appear on the first Monday of December to answer Constantine Samuel Rafinesque. Philadelphia, Printed D. filled in in ms. S: John Lisle, prothonotary of the District court. 1p. and end.

General physical description: 13 1/4" x 5"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Bill against the estate of Zacheus Collins.
October 19, 18318" x 13"

A.D.S. 1p. and end.

General physical description: 8" x 13"

Rafinesque, Emilia.
Letter to [C.S. Rafinesque];
December 11, 18318" x 10 1/4"

A.L.S. 5p. In Italian.

General physical description: 8" x 10 1/4"

Lanthois, Georgette Louisa, d. c. 1834.
Letter to C. S. Rafinesque;
December 14, 18318" x 10 1/4"

Bordeaux, A.L.S. 6p. add. In French.

General physical description: 8" x 10 1/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel ), 1783-1840.
Mantissa ad flora Floridana S America Sept supplementum & appendix Books 1,2,3
1832 See Oversize
Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel ), 1783-1840.
Description of the Streblanthus, a new American genus of plants and enquiries on its natural affinities.
[Circa 1832] 
Florula apalachensis
[Circa 1832] 
Rafinesque vs Parker. Notes of the arbitration.
1832 March 29 
Rafinesque vs Parker Abstract of letters from C.S. Rafinesque.
1832 March 29 
Lanthois, Georgette Louisa, d. c. 1834.
Letter to C. S. Rafinesque;
April 18, April 24, 18328" x 10 1/4"

Bordeaux, A.L.S. 4p. add. In French.

General physical description: 8" x 10 1/4"

Philadelphia. District Court.
Notice relative to the choosing of arbitrators for the case of C.S. Rafinesque vs. Daniel Parker,
January 10, 18328" x 7"

administrator of Zacheus Collins; Philadelphia, Printed D. filled in in ms. 1p. and end.

General physical description: 8" x 7"

Pickering, Charles, 1805-1878.
Letter to William Rawle;
February 2, 18325" x 7 3/4"

Philadelphia, A.L.S. 1p. and add.

General physical description: 5" x 7 3/4"

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:276604/

Brown, P. A..
Letter to Wm. Rawle;
February 3, 18323 3/4" x 5 3/4"

Printed form filled in in ms. 1p., add. and end. Notice of meeting or arbitrators in case of Rafinesque vs. Parker.

General physical description: 3 3/4" x 5 3/4"

Brown, P. A..
Letter to Wm. Rawle;
May 16, 18325" x 8"

[ca.?] A.L.S. 1p. and add. Re case of Rafinesque vs. Parker.

General physical description: 5" x 8"

Rafinesque, Emilia.
Letter to Constantine Rafinesque;
June 5, 18328" x 10 3/4"

A.L.S. 4p. add. In Italian. (Mutilated)

General physical description: 8" x 10 3/4"

Société de géographie (France).
Letter to [C.S.] Rafinesque;
October 16, 18328" x 10 1/4"

Paris, L.S: Jomard. 1p. In French.

General physical description: 8" x 10 1/4"

Rafinesque, Emilia.
Letter to C.S. Rafinesque;
December 4, 18328 1/2" x 12 1/2"

A.L.S. 3p. and add. In Italian.

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 12 1/2"

Lanthois, Georgette Louisa, d. c. 1834.
Letter to C. S. Rafinesque;
December 6, 18328" x 10 1/4"

Bordeaux, A.L.S. 3p. and add. In French.

General physical description: 8" x 10 1/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel ), 1783-1840.
Graphic Systems of North America
1833 
Rafinesque, Emilia.
Letter to Constantine Rafinesque;
May 22, 18338 1/4" x 12"

A.L.S. 2p. and add. In Italian.

General physical description: 8 1/4" x 12"

Société de géographie (France).
Letter to [C. S.] Rafinesque;
June 9, 18338" x 10 1/4"

Paris, L.S: Roux de Rochelle. 1p. and add. In French.

General physical description: 8" x 10 1/4"

Beck, Lewis C. (Lewis Caleb), 1798-1853.
Letter to C. S. Rafinesque;
July 28, 18337 3/4" x 9 3/4"

Albany, A.L.S. 3p. and add.

General physical description: 7 3/4" x 9 3/4"

Van Heuvel, J. A. (Jacob Adrien), 1787-1874.
Letter to C. S. Rafinesque;
September 12, 18337 3/4" x 10"

Heuvelton, St. Lawrence co., N.Y., A.L.S. 3p. and add.

General physical description: 7 3/4" x 10"

Van Heuvel, J. A. (Jacob Adrien), 1787-1874.
Letter to C. S. Rafinesque;
October 23, 18337 3/4" x 13"

Heuvelton, St. Lawrence co., N.Y., A.L.S. 3p. and add.

General physical description: 7 3/4" x 13"

Swainson, William, 1789-1855.
Letter to C. S. Rafinesque;
November 9, 18337 1/2" x 9 1/4"

A.L.S. 1p. and add.

General physical description: 7 1/2" x 9 1/4"

Torrey, John, 1796-1873.
Letter to [C. S. Rafinesque];
December 9, 18337 3/4" x 10"

New York, A.L.S. 2p.

General physical description: 7 3/4" x 10"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
[Contract with the impresario of the Italian opera in the U.S. by which Emilia [Rafinesque] Winston is engaged for 10 months, 1834-1835, to "sing, gesticulate and recite"]
April, 18348" x 9 3/4"

Philadelphia, D. 4p.

General physical description: 8" x 9 3/4"

Rafinesque, Emilia.
Letter to Constantine Rafinesque;
January 28, 18348 1/4" x 10 3/4"

A.L.S. 3p. and add. In Italian.

General physical description: 8 1/4" x 10 3/4"

Torrey, John, 1796-1873.
Letter to C. S. Rafinesque;
February 5, 18348" x 10"

New York, A.L.S. 2p. and add.

General physical description: 8" x 10"

Torrey, John, 1796-1873.
Letter to [C.S.] Rafinesque;
April 1, 18348" x 10"

New York, A.L.S. 3p. and add.

General physical description: 8" x 10"

Corroy, François.
Letter to C. S. Rafinesque;
August 20, 18348" x 10"

Tabasco, A.L.S. 12p. In French.

General physical description: 8" x 10"

Short, Charles Wilkins, 1794-1863.
Letter to C.S. Rafinesque;
September 7, 18348 3/4" x 9 3/4"

Lexington, Ky., A.L.S. 4p.add.

General physical description: 8 3/4" x 9 3/4"

Torrey, John, 1796-1873.
Letter to C.S. Rafinesque;
September 30, 18348" x 9 1/2"

New York, A.L.S. 3p.add. (P.1 is a printed circular pertaining to the College of physicians and surgeons of the University of the state of New-York)

General physical description: 8" x 9 1/2"

Société de géographie (France).
Letter to [C.S.] Rafinesque;
December 24, 18348" x 10"

Paris, L.S.: Jomard. 2p. and add. In French.

General physical description: 8" x 10"

Allen, Rhodes & Co..
[Pages from a letter book]
June-February, 1834-18357 1/2" x 11 1/2"

D. 4p.

General physical description: 7 1/2" x 11 1/2"

Eyriès, Alex.
Letter to C. S. Rafinesque;
February 24, 18358" x 10 1/2"

Le Havre, A.L.S. 1p. and add. In French. Rafinesque Papers - H

General physical description: 8" x 10 1/2"

Rawle, William, 1759-1836.
Letter to [Daniel] Parker
April 28, 18358" x 9 3/4"

A.L.S. 1p. and add.

General physical description: 8" x 9 3/4"

[Rafinesque vs Parker] Notice of referees in the case of Rafinesque [vs Parker]
1835 May 30 
Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
New orrare - plants of North America chiefly, collected from various late authors...
18368 1/4" x 13"

A.D.S. 44p.

General physical description: 8 1/4" x 13"

Florula Alabamensis & Floridana
1836 
Parker, Daniel, 1782-1846.
Letter to John W. Ashmead;
December 23, 18367 3/4" x 9 3/4"

Washington, A.L.S. 1p. and add.

General physical description: 7 3/4" x 9 3/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to S. S. Haldeman, Marietta,Pa.;
Oct. 15, 183813" x 8 1/2"

Phila., A.L.S. 1p. and add. Sale of Shells. Deposited by the Academy of natural sciences of Philadelphia, May 1854.

General physical description: 13" x 8 1/2"

[Autikon botanikon. Nos. 1160-1400]
[Circa 1840] 
Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Letter to [John] Lindley;
May, 18408" x 12 3/4"

Philadelphia, A. copy of L.S. 4p. (Note: Copy of the botanical letter to Dr. Lindley printed in the Amenities of nature, n.2)

General physical description: 8" x 12 3/4"

109 On 3 sp. of Typha, 110 Two new genera of Umbelliferous plants from Kentucky, 111 On 12 N. sp of plants from Illionois, 112 On 17 n. sp. of plants from...
Undated 
Monography of vitis
Undated 
Notes
Undated 
[Miscellaneous notes]
Undated 
The Graphic Systems of the Ancient american and chinese Nations.
Undated 
Ecpexis n.g.
Undated 
Description of a new genus of fossil bivalve-shell
Undated 
Collins, Zaccheus, 1764-1831.
Letter to [C.S. Rafinesque] n.d.
undated 

A.L.S. with initials. 2p.

Parker, Daniel, 1782-1846.
Miscellaneous notes relative to the case of C.S. Rafinesque vs. Daniel Parker,
undated6 1/2" x 8", 8" x 13 1/2"

[administrator for Zaccheus Collins, deceased.] A.D. 12p.

General physical description: 6 1/2" x 8", 8" x 13 1/2"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Analytical notice of the Medical flora of the United States of Prof. Rafinesque,
undated8 1/4" x 13 1/4"

2 vol...Philadelphia, 1828 and 1830. A.D. 2p.

General physical description: 8 1/4" x 13 1/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Bibliotheca Americana,
undated7 3/4" x 12 1/2"

or books on America and the Americans...N.1. A.D.S. 32p.(and 3 loose leaves).

General physical description: 7 3/4" x 12 1/2"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Book 43d or Z. Y. Materials for the history of the American nations,
undated8 1/2" x 13"

their annals, traditions, chronology,ethnography, languages, monuments &c., in North and South America, the Antilles &c...1839. A.D.S. 40p.

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 13"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Botanical miscellany & extracts chiefly on new families,
undated8" x 13 1/4"

genera & species...1830 to 1834. A.D.S. 44p.

General physical description: 8" x 13 1/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Catalogue of the seeds of Mr. Rafinesque.
undated7 3/4" x 12 3/4"

A.D. 3p.

General physical description: 7 3/4" x 12 3/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
The cause of the Indians, signed Veritas.
undated8" x 13"

A.D. 1p.

General physical description: 8" x 13"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Désignation de la durée des plantes &c.
undated7 3/4" x 12 3/4"

A.D.S. 2p.

General physical description: 7 3/4" x 12 3/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Enumeration historique et biographique depuis Linneus.
undated8" x 12 3/4"

A.D. 12p. (8 blank)

General physical description: 8" x 12 3/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Florula economica Sicula, or an account of the properties of some Sicilian plants.
undated8 1/2" x 12 1/4"

A.D. 2p.

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 12 1/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Florula Lyncemontana, or the vernal flora of the Catskill mountains containing the catalogue of the plants found on the north-east side of the catskill mountains and in the surrounding country,
undated7 3/4" x12 1/2"

in June 1817, by Messrs. Rafinesque & Knevels. A.D. 1p.

General physical description: 7 3/4" x12 1/2"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Ideas on harmonies of nature.
undated8 1/4" x 12 1/4"

A.D. 3p.

General physical description: 8 1/4" x 12 1/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Index - Flora of North America;
undated8 1/4" x 13 1/4"

plants, trees &c. seen, described, collected, &c. chiefly new, by C.S. Rafinesque, between 1802 to 1804 & 1815 to 1835 &c... A.D.S. 42p.

General physical description: 8 1/4" x 13 1/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Lectures on various subjects [delivered at Transylvania university].
undated8" x 13 1/4"

1820-1824. A.D.S. 72p.(23 blank) and 32 loose p.

General physical description: 8" x 13 1/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Materials for the Annals of nature.
undated8 1/2" x 12"

A.D. 4p.

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 12"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
[Miscellaneous botanical notes, being chiefly lists of new genera and species found in works of different authors]
undated7 1/2" x 12 1/2"See Oversize

A.D. 51 items in 151 p. ca.

General physical description: 7 1/2" x 12 1/2"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
[Miscellaneous notes on medical botany.]
undated8 1/4" x 13 1/4"

A.D. 19 items in 77 pages. ca.

General physical description: 8 1/4" x 13 1/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
[Miscellaneous notes pertaining to grapes and wine making]
undated8 1/4" x 13 1/4"

A.D. 14p.

General physical description: 8 1/4" x 13 1/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
[Notes relative to] herbarium Rafinesquianum.
undated8" x 12 3/4"

A.D. 16p.

General physical description: 8" x 12 3/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
[Outline for a] lecture on American history.
undated7 3/4" x 12 3/4"

A.D. 1p.

General physical description: 7 3/4" x 12 3/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Outlines of American ethnology,
undated8 1/4" x 13 1/4"

or enumeration and account of the materials which exist for the history of the native tribes of America before the discovery of the continent by Columbus. A.D. 60p.

General physical description: 8 1/4" x 13 1/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Plan of the American botany & zoology.
undated7 1/2" x 12 1/2"

A(?) D. 4p.

General physical description: 7 1/2" x 12 1/2"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Plants of Kentucky, &c.,
undated8 1/2" x 9 3/4"

sent to Europe in 1822 to several botanists. A.D. 8p.(3 blank)

General physical description: 8 1/2" x 9 3/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Principes fondamentaux de la sométrie, ou rudimens de la géometrie des corps.
undated8" x 12 3/4"

A.D.S. 3p. and 3 slips laid in.

General physical description: 8" x 12 3/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Propriétés et usages des plantes.
undated7" x 9 1/2"

A.D. 4p. In French.

General physical description: 7" x 9 1/2"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Scientific exploration of North America and the south of Europe,during 32 years from 1800 to 1832.
undated8 1/4" x 13 1/2"

A.D.S. 4p.

General physical description: 8 1/4" x 13 1/2"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Série de letters & observations botaniques addressées à M. De Candolle... 1830-1832.
undated8" x 13 1/4"

A.D.S. 32p. In French. Contains also copies of a few letters to other persons, 1831-1839.

General physical description: 8" x 13 1/4"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
To the public.
undated8" x 13"

A.D. 4p. (and small enc.)

General physical description: 8" x 13"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Utility of some European plants.
undated8 1/4" x 13 1/2", 8 1/4" x 13 1/2"

A.D. 5p. Contains also: Notes on the cyclopedia of plants of Loudon, Lindley & Sowerby...London,1829...1830. A.D.S. 17p.

General physical description: 8 1/4" x 13 1/2", 8 1/4" x 13 1/2"

Morelli.
Letter to [C.S.] Rafinesque;
March 28, undated8" x 10"

A.L.S. 1p. and add. In Italian.

General physical description: 8" x 10"

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel ), 1783-1840.
(Misc. notes on medical botany)
undated See oversize
Letters to de Candolle
1817-1839 box 4

Other Descriptive Information: Letters to Augustin Pyramus de Candolle 1778-1841 Photostats of 19 A.L.S (negative and positive) From originals in the possesion of the Arhives du Conservatoire botanique de Geneve. Presented by Dr. William J. Robbins March 1957.

Letter to de Candolle
1817 Dec 15 box 4
Letter to de Candolle
1818 Dec 30 box 4
Letter to de Candolle
1819 May 4 box 4
Letter to de Candolle
1819 June 5 box 4
Letter to de Candolle
1820 April 10 box 4
Letter to de Candolle
1821 Feb 15 box 4
Letter to de Candolle
1830 March box 4
Letter to de Candolle
1830, May box 4
Letter to de Candolle
1830, June box 4
Letter to de Candolle
1830, July box 4
Letter to de Candolle
1830, Oct box 4
Letter to de Candolle
1830, Nov box 4
Letter to de Candolle
1830, Dec box 4
Letter to de Candolle
1831, May box 4
Letter to de Candolle
1831, June box 4
Letter to de Candolle
1831 August box 4
Letter to de Candolle
1832 Oct 25 box 4
Letter to de Candolle
1839 May 5 box 4
Letter to de Candolle
1839 Dec 10 box 4
Images
  
Ojibwa pictographs
18331 item(s)
Osage pictographs
1804-18181 item(s)
Walam Olum
18331 item(s)
Walam Olum
18331 item(s)
Ojibwa pictographs
18331 item(s)
Osage pictographs
1804-18181 item(s)
Walam Olum
18331 item(s)
Walam Olum
18331 item(s)