Richard Price Papers

Mss.B.P93

Date: 1767-1790 | Size: 90 items

Abstract

The Welsh non-conformist minister Richard Price (1723-1791) was a moral philosopher and political and economic theorist whose ideas leant support to the American cause during the Revolution. Of broad and liberal mind, he was an integral member of the intellectual coterie surrounding William Petty, the Earl of Shelburne, and was a founding member of the Unitarian Church.

Befitting a latitudinarian thinker, the range of Richard Price's correspondence is extremely broad, touching upon his rationalistic philosophy and dissenting theology, his political views on British politics, America and the American Revolution, the Constitutional settlement, the future of the United States, social reform, demography, prisons, and slavery. The ninety letters in the collection are arranged chronologically, with correspondents including Charles Chauncy (8 letters, 1772-1779), Benjamin Franklin (7 letters, 1775-1789), John Howard (11 letters and a biographical manuscript, 1770-1789), Thomas Jefferson (3 letters, 1785-1789), Benjamin Rush (8 letters, 1786-1790), and Edward Wigglesworth (3 letters, 1775-1786), as well as lesser known figures such as the reformer John Howard.

Background note

The son of a harsh Calvinist Congregational minister in the Welsh heartland, Richard Price followed in his father's footsteps in profession only, becoming a leading advocate of a liberal Christianity and a supporter of republican and revolutionary values. Born in 1723 in Glamorgan, Price was educated at a succession of dissenting academies before establishing himself as chaplain to Mr. Streatfield at Stoke Newington and filling in at a variety of dissenting pulpits in the vicinity of London. The door from this seemingly obscure position to greater achievement, however, opened through Price's formidable literary and intellectual skills.

In his first and most widely known work, Review of the Principal Questions in Morals (London, 1758), written the same year that he married Sarah Blundell and settled at Newington Green, Price pitted himself against the moral philosophy of Frances Hutcheson, arguing that morality is intrinsic to human action and that good and evil could be ascertained through reason and individual conscience alone, without the need to posit the existence of a separate moral sense. In later works such as Importance of Christianity (London, 1766), Price built upon this rationalistic moral edifice, rejecting the concepts of original sin and eternal punishment, further distinguishing his thought from orthodoxy. Together with his friend Joseph Priestley, Price became one of the preeminent spokesmen for "rational dissent" in the 1760s and 1770s, and his works found a wide readership. Through his endeavors he became an intimate correspondent of several of the leading intellectual figures in England and America, including David Hume, Benjamin Franklin, Mary Wollstonecraft, and the Earl of Shelburne. In testimony to his stature, Price was admitted to the Royal Society in 1765 and received a doctorate of divinity from Aberdeen in 1767.

Price's reputation was founded not only upon his contributions to moral and religious philosophy, but for his pioneering interest in finance, economy, and insurance. He published an important work on life expectancy in the Philosophical Transactions of 1769, and his pamphlet, "Appeal to the Public on the Subject of the National Debt" (London, 1771) lambasted the growth of the public debt, inducing William Pitt to make serious efforts toward its eradication. Among his other works, Observations on Reversionary Payments (1771) fleshed out a practical system for life-insurance and pensions, and his Essay on the Population of England (1780) was an important effort in its genre.

Politically and religiously, Price was a throughgoing liberal. During the American Revolution, he was one of the most strident and consistent voices in England opposing war against the Americans. His Observations on Civil Liberty and the Justice and Policy of the War with America (London, 1776) sold remarkably well, earning accolades and broadsides intermittently, and for this and the unqualified support he tendered the American cause, Congress invited him to emigrate in 1778 and assume responsibilities for overseeing American finances. Price wisely declined. After the war, his popularity soared on both sides of the Atlantic, but his health soon failed. He lived to see the United States lay the foundation of its political organization with the ratification of the Constitution and to witness the early, optimistic phases of the Revolution in France, a "glorious" one in his eyes, without experiencing either the depths of French Revolutionary violence or the English backlash against political and religious unorthodoxy. A founding member of the Unitarian Society in 1791, Price died on the twenty-fifth anniversary of Lexington and Concord, April 19, 1791.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Provenance

Accessioned, 1951.

Preferred citation

Cite as: Richard Price Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Separated material

Befitting a latitudinarian thinker, the range of Richard Price's correspondence is extremely broad, touching upon his rationalistic philosophy and dissenting theology, his political views on America and the American Revolution, the Constitutional settlement, and his interest in social reform. The ninety letters in the collection are arranged chronologically, with correspondents including Charles Chauncy (8 letters, 1772-1779), Benjamin Franklin (7 letters, 1775-1789), John Howard (11 letters and a biographical manuscript, 1770-1789), Thomas Jefferson (3 letters, 1785-1789), Benjamin Rush (8 letters, 1786-1790), and Edward Wigglesworth (3 letters, 1775-1786).

At the heart of the Price collection is 31 letters written to and from America during the Revolutionary crisis. Typical of these are the eight long and candid letters written by the firebrand Boston clergyman, Charles Chauncy, between 1772 and 1779. Presciently, Chauncy wrote in 1772 that politics had degenerated to such an extent that "The alternative now seems to be, a submission to slavery, or an exertion of our selves to be delivered from it," and predicting "that half a Century will so increase our numbers and strength, as to put it in the power of New England only to tell any Tyrants in Great Britain in plain english, that they will be a free people, in opposition to all they can do to prevent it." In these early letters (1774-1775), the revolutionary rhetoric, set within a solidly religious--if not millenarian--framework is distinctive, and the letters of Chauncy, John Winthrop, Ezra Stiles, and other New Englanders, provide a detailed view of the flashpoint of the Revolution at the moment of its ignition. Winthrop's extraordinary letter of June 6, 1775, provides a thorough recounting of Lexington and Concord and their aftermath.

For his part, drafts of several of Price's letters to America demonstrate the depth of his sympathy with the revolutionary struggle and his intellectual integrity in the face of a critical situation. Price derided the official response to the martial crisis in Massachusetts and remained committed to the revolutionary cause to the end, imaging himself in June, 1777, as standing "in the Situation of a Silent Spectator waiting with inexpressible anxiety the issue of one of the most important Struggles that ever took place among mankind."

The slightly more numerous post-Revolutionary letters concern adjustments to the new political process in America, life expectancy (see Edward Wigglesworth), Italy and prisons (John Howard), the ratification of the Constitution (Franklin, Rush, and Jefferson), the French Revolution (Jefferson), and the impact of Price's seminal Observations on the Importance of the American Revolution, in which, among other things, he condemned slavery. Jefferson's response to the pamphlet displays him at his ambiguous best, grasping at the twin horns of slavery and liberty. While opposition to the work would be strong in the south, Jefferson wrote, "Northward of the Chesapeake you may find here and there an opponent to your doctrine as you may find here and there a robber and a murderer, but in no great number, in that part of America, there being but few slaves, they can easily disencumber themselves of them, and emancipation is put into such a train that in a few years there will be no slaves Northward of Maryland." As for Virginia, he placed his hopes in the rising generation who "have sucked in the principles of liberty as it were with their mother's milk."

Related material

The Printed Materials department includes numerous editions of most of Price's major works, including:

Missing Title
  1. Additional Observations on the Nature and Value of Civil Liberty, and the War with America (London: Printed for T. Cadell, 1777)
  2. An Appeal to the Public, on the Subject of the National Debt (London: T. Cadell, 1772)
  3. A Discourse on the Love of our Country: Delivered on Nov. 4, 1789 (London: T. Cadell, 1790)
  4. An Essay on the Population of England (London: T. Cadell, 1780)
  5. Observations on the Importance of the American Revolution, and the Means of Making it a Benefit to the World (London, 1784)
  6. Observations on the Nature of Civil Liberty (London: T. Cadell, 1776)

Bibliography

Peach, W. Bernard, and D.O. Thomas, eds., The Correspondence of Richard Price, 3 vols. (1983).

Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, ser. 2, 17 (1903): 263-278.

African American History Note

Some correspondence relating to slavery in the Price Papers may be of interest to scholars of African American history.

APS also possesses copies of Price's influential work "Observations on the Importance of the American Revolution" (print collection) in which, among other things, he condemns slavery.

The Price papers contain Thomas Jefferson's response to this work (see above), complete with an analysis of how Price's antislavery message may meet with a mixed response from Americans.

Early American History Note

This collection contains a series of letters from Richard Price, a prominent English minister who was also a prominent supporter of the American Revolution. There are several letters that are written in code. Prominent correspondents include Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, Benjamin Chauncy, and Benjamin Rush. Some Price correspondence also discusses his opposition to slavery.

Indexing Terms


Genre(s)

  • General Correspondence
  • Political Correspondence

Personal Name(s)

  • Bingham, William, 1752-1804
  • Bowdoin, James, 1726-1790
  • Chauncy, Charles, 1705-1787
  • Clarke, John
  • Eliot, Samuel, 1739-1820
  • Foster, William
  • Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790
  • Gordon, William, 1728-1807
  • Graves, Thomas Graves, 1st Baron, 1725-1802
  • Hazlitt, William, 1737-1820
  • Howard, John, 1726-1790
  • Ingenhousz, Jan, 1730-1799
  • Jackson, John
  • Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826
  • Lansdowne, William Petty, Marquis of, 1737-1805
  • Lathrop, John, 1740-1816
  • Lee, Arthur, 1740-1792
  • Price, Richard, 1723-1791
  • Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813
  • Stiles, Ezra, 1727-1795
  • Sullivan, James, 1744-1808
  • Vaughan, Samuel, 1720-1802
  • Wheelock, John, 1754-1817
  • White, William, 1748-1836
  • Wigglesworth, Edward, 1732-1794
  • Willard, Joseph, 1738-1804
  • Winthrop, John, 1714-1779

Subject(s)

  • Abolition, emancipation, freedom
  • African American
  • American Philosophical Society
  • American Revolution
  • Bunker Hill, Battle of, 1775
  • Colonial Politics
  • Ethics -- Great Britain -- Early works to 1850
  • France -- History -- Revolution, 1789-1799
  • Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790
  • Gage, Thomas, 1721-1787
  • Great Britain -- Politics and government -- 1760-1789
  • Harvard College
  • Howard, John, 1726-1790
  • Italy -- Description and travel -- 18th century
  • Lexington, Battle of, 1775
  • Life expectancy
  • Massachusetts -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783
  • Pensions -- Massachusetts
  • Prisons
  • Religion
  • Slavery.
  • Slaves, slavery, slave trade
  • Smith, Adam, 1723-1790
  • Smith, Isaac, 1744-1817
  • Social conditions, social advocacy, social reform
  • United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783
  • United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783 -- Religious aspects
  • United States -- Politics and government, 1783-1788


Detailed Inventory

Papers
  
Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790.
Letter to Richard Price
Oct. 22, 1767 

A.L.S. 1p. Franklin quotes a favorable review for Price's "late work" as given in the Bibliotheque des Science des beaux Arts.

Howard, John, 1726-1790.
Letter to [Richard] Price, London;
June 13, 1770 

Rome, A.L.S. 4p. and add. Seal. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Garrulous letter of travels through Flanders, France and Italy. Ascent of Vesuvius.

Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790.
Letter to Richard Price
Sept. 28, 1772 

A.L.S. 2p.

Chauncy, Charles, 1705-1787.
Letter to Richard Price;
Oct. 5, 1772 

Boston, A.L.S. 4p. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from... B.Franklin.) Printed: Mass.Hist.Sec. Proceedings. Ser. 2, vol. 7, 265-266.

Chauncy, Charles, 1705-1787.
Letter to [Richard] Price;
May 30, 1774 

Boston, A.L.S. 4p. Enc. wanting. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Complains about the closing of Boston due to the port bill and of the acts against the rights of the colonists. Enclosed originally with letter from Charles Chauncy to Richard Price, July 18, 1774. Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. ser. 2, vol. 7, 266-268.

Chauncy, Charles, 1705-1787.
Letter to Richard Price;
July 18, 1774 

Boston, A.L.S. 4p. Enc. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Concerning the united action of the colonists to help Boston against the port bill and rising tide of anti-British Sentiment. Enclosed originally with this letter was letter from Charles Chauncy to Richard Price of May 30, 1774. Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. ser. 2, vol. 7, 268-270.

Chauncy, Charles, 1705-1787.
Letter to Richard Price;
Sept.13, 1774 

A.L.S. 2p. and add. Enc. wanting. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Introduces Josiah Quincy and discusses the rise of anti-British feeling in Boston due to the port bill. Printed: Mass. Hist. Soc. Proceedings. Ser. 2, vol. 7, 270-271.

Winthrop, John, 1714-1779.
Letter to [Richard] Price;
Sept. 20, 1774 

Cambridge, New England, A.L.S. 4p. End. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Mentions B.Franklin. Tells of state of Boston and Massachusetts due to the port bill. Says rebellion will occur if parliament does not back down. Introduces Josiah Quincy. Printed: Mass. Hist.Soc. Proceedings ser.2, vol.7, pp. 271-273.

Lansdowne, William Petty, Marquis of, 1737-1805.
Letter to [Richard Price]
Dec. 26, 1774 

Bowood Park, A.L.S. Shelburne. 4p. Enc. wanting. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from ...B.Franklin.) Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. Ser. 2, vol. 7, 273-274.

Chauncy, Charles, 1723-1791.
Letter to Richard Price;
Jan. 10, 1775 

Boston, A.L.S. 8p. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Discusses in detail the plight of Boston due to the port bill and the aid the colonies are rendering it. Comments on the continental congress. Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. ser. 2, vol. 7, 275-278.

Price, Richard, 1723-1791.
Letter to ----
Feb. 25, 1775 

Newington, A. draft of L.S. 8p. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Discusses political scene as it affects America. Praises B.Franklin. Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. ser. 2, vol.17, 278-281.

Stiles, Ezra, 1727-1795.
Letter to Richard Price, London
April 10, 1775 

Newport, A.L.S. 3p. and add. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B. Franklin.) Berates the expansion of Roman Catholicism in America. Says America will fight before surrending to Britain. Printed: Mass Hist.Soc. Proceedings. ser.2, vol. 7, 281-283.

Winthrop, John, 1714-1779.
Letter to [Richard Price];
April 10, 1775 

Cambridge, New England, A.L.S. 4p. (see Richard Price Papers, Letters from...B.Franklin.) Introduces Francis Dana. Describes Boston and the aroused state of America, Mentions B.Franklin. Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. ser.2, vol.7,283-286.

Winthrop, John, 1714-1779.
Letter to [Richard] Price;
June 6, 30, 1775 

New England, A.L. 6p. Enc. wanting. End. in shorthand. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Tells of the battles of Concord and Bunkers Hill. Mentions B.Franklin's arrival. Printed: Mass Hist.Soc. Proceedings. ser. 2, vol. 7, 288-292.

Wigglesworth, Edward, 1732-1794.
Letter to Thomas Price, London;
June 12, 1775 

Cambridge, A.L.S. 2p. and add. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Speaks of Isaac Smith in laudatory terms Tells of the battles around Boston. Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. ser. 2, vol. 7, 292-294.

Chauncy, Charles, 1705-1787.
Letter to Richard Price, London;
July 18, 1775 

Medfield, A.L. 12p. and add. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Talks of Josiah Quincy. Tells of the events of war around Boston, especially the battle of Bunker's Hill. Printed: Mass Hist.Soc. Proceedings. ser. 2, vol. 7, 294-300.

Chauncy, Charles, 1705-1787.
Letter to [Richard Price];
July 22, 1775 

Medfield, near Boston, A.L. 3p. Mutilated. The signature appears to have been cut off. (see Richard Price papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. Ser. 2, vol. 7, 300-301.

Gordon, William, 1728-1807.
Letter to [Richard] Price, London;
Sept. 12, 1775 

Philadelphia, A.L. 3p. and add. End. Mutilated. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from ...B. Franklin.) Recapitulation of the hostilities between the U.S. and Britain. Mentions B.Franklin. Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings, ser. 2, vol.17, 302-306.

Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790.
Letter to --
Oct. 3, 1775 

A.L.S. 4p. Franklin warns "... if you flatter yourselves with beating us into submission, you know neither the people nor the Country..."

Price, Richard, 1723-1791.
Letter to [Charles Chauncy]
[December 1775] 

[ca.] A.L. 3p. End. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Friendly letter. Mentions Dr. Priestley. Praises B.Franklin. Politics. Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. ser. 2, vol.17, 306-307.

Price, Richard, 1723-1791.
Letter to [Josiah Quincy]
1775 

[ca.] A.L. 2p. and scrap with French measurements reduced to English. End. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from... B.Franklin.) British attitude toward America. Praises. Dr.Franklin highly. Wishes for news for friendsof America in parliament. Printed: Mass. Hist. Soc. Proceedings. Ser. 2, vol.17, 286-288.

London. Common Council.
Certificate to Richard Price;
March 14, 1776 

London, D. 1p. Enc.: Miss Price's Papers. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from..B.Franklin.) Commending his publication of his Observations...

Price, Richard, 1723-1791.
Letter to ----
May 14, 1776 

A.L. 2p. Enc. wanting. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) English public opinion. Would like to hear from "Dr. F[rankli]n" and other friends.

Lee, Arthur, 1740-1792.
Letter to [Richard Price]
April 20, 1777 

Paris, A.L.S. 8p. End. (see Richard Price papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Concerning the rupture between Britain and the U.S. Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. ser. 2, vol. 7, 308-310.

Price, Richard, 1723-1791.
Letter to [Benjamin] Franklin, Paris
June 15, 1777 

Newington Green, A.L. 1p. and add. Enc. wanting. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) High regards to B.Franklin. British feel sure America is almost won. Some plans for America from London. Printed: Mass. Hist. Soc. Proceedings. Ser. 2, vol.17, 310.

Price, Richard, 1723-1791.
Letter to Arthur Lee, Paris
June 15, 1777 

Newington Green, A.L. 2p. and add. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Returns his thanks and asks for information. Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. ser. 2, vol.17, 310-311.

Price, Richard, 1723-1791.
Letter to [John] Winthrop, New England
June 15, 1777 

London, A.L. 2p. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Thanks for letters and news. Prudence requires his keeping quiet. Cannot even write B.Franklin. Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. ser. 2, vol.17, 311-312.

Capellen, Joan Derk van der, 1741-1784.
Letter to [Richard Price]
December 14, 1777 

Zwolle, A.L.S. 7p. End. (see Richard Price papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. Ser. 2, vol. 7, 313-319.

Greaves, Thomas.
Letter to [Richard] Price, London;
March 24, 1778 

Rotterdam, A.L.S. 2p. and add. End. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Asks for advice on economic security of Britain.

Lee, Arthur, 1740-1792.
Letter to [Richard Price]
December 8, 1778 

A.L.S. 4p. End (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from... B.Franklin.) Asks aid in drafting a constitution for the U.S. and asks him to move to America.

Chauncy, Charles, 1705-1787.
Letter to [Richard Price];
May 20, 1779 

Boston, A.L. 3p. End. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from... B.Franklin.) Sends news of the state of affairs in the colonies. Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. ser. 2, vol. 7, 319-321.

Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790.
Letter to Richard Price
Feb., 1780 

Letter copy. 2p. Extract of a letter to Price in which Franklin lamented the "unhappy war" which he fears will remain unsolved in his lifetime.

Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790.
Letter to Richard Price
June 13, 1782 

A.L.S. 2p.

Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790.
Letter to James Hutton
July 7, 1782 

Extract of A.L.Cy. 2p.

Hazlitt, William, 1737-1820.
Letter to Richard Price, London;
Oct. 19, 1784 

Boston, A.L.S. 3p. and add. Slightly mutilated. End. in shorthand. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B. Franklin.) Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. Ser. 2, vol. 7, 322-324.

Wheelock, John, 1754-1817.
Letter to Richard Price, London;
Jan. 25, 1785 

Dartmouth College, A.L.S. 3p. and add. End. in shorthand. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Thanks for his contribution to the college. Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. ser.2, vol. 7, 324-325.

Clarke, John.
Letter to Richard Price, London;
April 11, 1785 

Boston, A.L. 2p. and add. End. in shorthand, 2p. Incomplete. (see Richard Price Papers.) Letters from...B.Franklin.) Compliments him on his latest book.

Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826.
Letter to [Richard] Price
Aug. 7, 1785 

Paris, A.L.S. 2p. End. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from... B. Franklin.) Printed: Washington, Writings of T. Jefferson, I, 376-378.

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:253121/

Jackson, Jonathan, 1743-1810.
Letter to [Richard Price];
Aug. 8, 1785 

Boston, A.L.S. 3p. End. Contains notes in s shorthand. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from. . .B. Franklin.) Comments on Anglo-American relations and hopes to represent Britain in Boston. Mr. Adams is appointed minister to England. Printed: Mass. Hist.Soc. Proceedings. ser. 2, vol. 7, 327-330.

Wheelock, John, 1754-1817.
Letter to Richard Price, London;
Aug. 13, 1785 

Dartmouth College, A.L.S. 2p. and add. End. in shorthand. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Thanks for his donation to the college. Comments on his pamphlets. Politics.

Wigglesworth, Edward, 1732-1794.
Letter to Joseph Williard
Oct. 6, 1785 

Cambridge, A.L.S. 7p. End. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Concerning the granting of annuities to the widows of ministers with tables drawn up to probable death rates.

Foster, William.
Letter to Richard Price, London;
Nov. 15, 1785 

Boston, A.L.S. 1p. and add. End. in shorthand. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Sends him a cask of cranberries.

Hazlitt, William, 1737-1820.
Letter to [Richard] Price, London;
Nov. 15, 1785 

Hollywell, A.L.S. 3p. and add. End. Mutilated. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Comments on the political scene in Penna and mentions John Vaughan and Benjamin Rush Settlers of Nova Scotia. Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. ser. 2, vol. 7, 334-336.

Howard, John, 1726-1790.
Letter to [Richard Price];
March 14, 1786 

Naples, A.L.S. 3p. End. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) News of his travels in France and Italy.

Lathrop, John, 1772-1820.
Letter to Richard Price, Newington-green;
March, 1786 

Boston, A.L.S. 3p. and add. End. in shorthand. (see Richard Price Papers. Letter from...B.Franklin.) Concerning two young Englishmen. Concerning financial status of America. Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. ser. 2, vol. 7, 336-337.

Bowdoin, James, 1752-1811.
Letter to Richard Price, London;
April 2, 1786 

Boston, A.L.S. 2p. and add. End. in shorthand. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Sends volume of Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Printed: Mass Hist.Soc. Proceedings. Ser. 2, vol. 7, 338.

Willard, Joseph, 1738-1804.
Letter to [Richard] Price;
April 6, 1786 

Cambridge, A.L.S. 2p. End. in shorthand. Enc. wanting. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Concern over finances of the U.S. Sends copy of Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. ser.2, vol.7, 338-339.

Eliot, Samuel.
Letter to Richard Price, Newington Green;
April 9, 1786 

Boston, A.L.S. 2p. and add. End. Seal. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Friendly letter. Thanks him for his pamphlet.

Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813.
Letter to Richard Price
April 22, 1786 

A.L.S. 4p.

Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813.
Letter to Richard Price, London
May 25, 1786 

Philadelphia, A.L.S. 7p. and add. End. in shorthand. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Printed: Butterfield, Letters of B.Rush, I, 388-390.

Howard, John, 1726-1790.
Letter to [Richard Price];
June 22, 1786 

Constantinople, A.L.S. 4p. End. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Studied prisons in the Mediterranean. Sights of the plague in Constantinople.

Clarke, John.
Letter to Richard Price, London;
July 18, 1786 

Boston, A.L.S. 2p. and add. End. in shorthand. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Friendly letter. News of Charles Chauncy. Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. ser. 2, vol. 7, 345.

Wigglesworth, Edward, 1732-1794.
Letter to Richard Price, London;
July 27, 1786 

Cambridge, Massachusetts, A.L.S. 3p. and add. End. in shorthand. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from ...B.Franklin.) Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. Ser. 2, vol. 7, 345-346.

Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790.
Letter to Richard Price
July 29, 1786 

A.L.S. 2p.

Willard, Joseph, 1738-1804.
Letter to [Richard Price];
July 29, 1786 

Cambridge, A.L.S. 3p. End. in shorthand. Enc. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings Ser. 2, vol. 7, 347-348.

Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813.
Letter to [Richard Price]
Aug. 2, 1786 

Philadelphia, A.L.S. 2p. End. in shorthand. Enc. wanting. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. Ser. 2, vol. 7, 349.

Howard, John, 1726-1790.
Letter to [Richard Price];
Oct. 13, 1786 

Venice Lazaretto, A.L.S. 3p. End. (see Richard Price papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Concerning his voyage from Smyrna to Venice. Bad news from England.

Sullivan, James, 1744-1808.
Letter to [Richard] Price;
Oct. 16, 1786 

Boston, A.L.S. 2p. End. in shorthand. (see Richard price Papers. Letters from... B.Franklin.) Concerning internal difficulties of Massachusetts. Sends Memoirs of American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. ser. 2, vol. 7, 352.

Howard, John, 1726-1790.
Letter to Richard Price;
Oct. 25, 1786 

Vienna Lazaretto, A.L.S. 4p. End. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Concerning his distaste for a public memorial. Plans for the future.

Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813.
Letter to [Richard] Price
Oct. 27, 1786 

Philadelphia, A.L.S. 7p. End. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. Ser. 2, vol. 7, 352-354.

Vaughan, Samuel, 1720-1802.
Letter to [Richard] Price, London;
Nov. 4, 1786 

Philadelphia, A.L.S. 3p. and add. End. in shorthand. (see Richard Price papers. Letters from . . .B.Franklin) Concerning public affairs of Penna. and the U.S. B.Franklin's health and activities. Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceeding. ser. 2, vol. 7, 354-356.

Bingham, William, 1752-1804.
Letter to [Richard Price];
Dec. 1, 1786 

New York, A.L.S. 4p. End. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Concerning the state of the U.S. and Pennsylvania.

Howard, John, 1726-1790.
Letter to [Richard] Price, London;
Dec. 14, 1786 

Vienna, A.L.S. 1p. and add. End. Enc. (see Richard Price papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Concerning his family and religion. Route of his trip to London. Also on same sheet is copy of letter from John Howard to Committee for... Prisons; Dec.15, 1786.

Howard, John, 1726-1790.
Letter to the Committee for Relieving Prisoners and reforming Prisons;
Dec. 15, 1786 

Vienna, A.L.S. with initials. 1p. Copy. End. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Begs that no monument be raised to him. On same sheet with letter from John Howard to Richard Price; Dec. 14, 1786.

Howard, John, 1726-1790.
Letter to [Richard] Price, London;
Jan. 18, 1787 

Amsterdam, A.L.S. 2p. and add. Seal. Travel from Vienna. Hopes his statue is destroyed. Mentions Ingenhausz.

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Ingenhousz, Jan, 1730-1799.
Letter to [Richard] Price, London
April 2, 1787 

Vienna, A.L.S. 1p. End. in shorthand. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from ...B. Franklin.) Annuities. Resumé of past events. Mentions Dr. Franklin.

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Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813.
Letter to [Richard Price]
April 6, 1787 

Philadelphia, A.L.S. 1p. End. Enc. wanting. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from ...B.Franklin.) Sends pamphlet. Mentions B.Franklin. Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. ser. 2, vol. 7, 336.

Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790.
Letter to Richard Price
May 18, 1787 

A.L.S. 2p.

Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813.
Letter to [Richard Price]
June 2, 1787 

Philadelphia. A.L.S. 5p. Enc. wanting. End. in shorthand. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Printed: Butterfield, Letters of B.Rush, I, 418-420.

Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790.
Letter to Richard Price
June 9, 1787 

A.L.S. 1p.

Howard, John, 1726-1790.
Letter to [Richard] Price, London;
July 25, 1787 

Belfast, A.L.S. 3p. and add. End. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from ...B.Franklin.) Concerning prisons of Ireland.

Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813.
Letter to Rich[ar]d Price, London
July 29, 1787 

Philadelphia, A.L.S. 3p. and add. End. in shorthand. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from ...B.Franklin.) Introduces Mr. Winchester and speaks of him. Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. ser. 2, vol. 7, 369-370.

White, William, 1748-1836.
Letter to Richard Price, London;
July 31, 1787 

Philadelphia, A.L.S. 3p. and add. End. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from ...B.Franklin.) Introduces Joseph Workman. Discusses the constitutional convention. Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. ser. 2, vol.7, 370.

Howard, John, 1726-1790.
Letter to [Richard Price];
March 23 [?], 1788 

Dublin, A.L.S. 3p. End. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Concerning investigation of schools.

Willard, Joseph, 1738-1804.
Letter to Richard Price;
Nov. 19, 1788 

Cambridge, A.L.S. 3p. End. in shorthand. Enc. wanting. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. Ser. 2, vol. 7, 371-372.

Howard, John, 1726-1790.
Letter to [Richard Price];
Dec. 22, 1788 

Warrington, A.L.S. 3p. End. in shorthand. Mutilated. Enc. wanting. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Is preparing a new volume on lazarettos.

Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826.
Letter to [Richard] Price
Jan. 8, 1789 

Paris, A.L.S. 7p. End. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from... B.Franklin.) Printed: Washington, Writings of T. Jefferson, II, 553-557.

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Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826.
Letter to [Richard] Price, London
May 19, 1789 

Paris, A.L.S. 3p. and add. End. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B. Franklin.) Printed: Washington, Writings of T. Jefferson, III, 41-43.

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Price, Richard, 1723-1791.
Will
May 25, 1789 

A.D.S. 4p. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.)

Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790.
Letter to Richard Price
May 31, 1789 

A.L.S. 2p. Discusses the "good bishop's" death; views on death; sends copies of Transactions.

Price, Richard, 1723-1791.
Letter to Mathon de La Cour
July 1, 1789 

Paris, Hackney, A.L. in 3d.P. 1p. and add. End. (see Richard Price Papers.) Letters from...B.Franklin.) Concerning beliefs on freedom.

Howard, John, 1726-1790.
Letter to Richard Price;
Sept. 22, 1789 

Moscow, A.L.S. 2p. End. Mutilated. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Concerning his trip to Moscow and from there to Turkey.

Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813.
Letter to Richard Price, London
April 24, 1790 

Philadelphia, A.L.S. 3p. and add. End. (see Richard Price Papers.) Letters from...B.Franklin.) Printed: Butterfield, Letters of B.Rush, I, 563-565.

Price, Richard, 1723-1791.
Letter to ----
1790 

[ca.]. A.L. 4p. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Celebrated 14th of July. Mentions B.Franklin. Discusses Adam Smith. Printed: Mass.Hist.Soc. Proceedings. ser. 2, vol.17, 376-378.

Price, Richard, 1723-1791.
Biographical account of John Howard
Undated 

A.D. 9p. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Contains two printed obituaries.

Price, Richard, 1723-1791.
Memorandum
Undated 

A.D. 2p. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) ----Copy. 1p. End. Concerning events in England leading to the American revolution. [1775?]

Price, Richard, 1723-1791.
Memorandum
Undated 

A.D. 1p. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Concerning messages to friends. Mentions B.Franklin. Concerning Hessians and Hanoverians hired to fight.

Price, Richard, 1723-1791.
Memorandum
Undated 

A.D. 3p. End. (see Richard Price Papers. Letters from...B.Franklin.) Story of Mr. Hutton, friend of B. Franklin being used by the king of England to make a better peace. For further information re: Hutton, see; Franklin Papers, vol.39,no.44.

Misellaneous letters
Undated 

A.L., A.D.S. and Ams. 5 items. This folder contains four papers written by Price (2 identical and one written in cipher), an account of houses in Ireland, and a resolution to the Court of the City (May Sambridge).