Titian Ramsay Peale Sketches

Mss.B.P31.15d

Date: 1817-1875 | Size: 550 items

Abstract

The youngest son of Charles Willson Peale, Titian Ramsay Peale was an accomplished artist, naturalist, and explorer. This collection of ink, pencil, and watercolor sketches, with some engravings and lithographs, forms the bulk of Peale's artistic output. The drawings can be grouped into several periods of artistic output: pre-1818 (primarily watercolors of butterflies); from the Stephen Harriman Long Expedition to the American west in 1819-1820, on which Peale traveled as zoologist (there are views of animals, Indians, landscapes, etc.); for his 1821-1838 interlude period, spent primarily on the east coast (insects, animals, moose hunting in Marine, his trip to South America in 1830-1831, coin and medal designs); his period as a naturalist on the worldwide U.S. Exploring Expedition under the command of Charles Wilkes, 1838-1842; from the 1849-1873 period when he sketched around Washington, D. C. and in New Jersey; and there are more than 160 undated sketches of: animal skulls and bones, birds, plants, fish, insects, landscapes, and zoology.

Background note

The youngest son of Charles Willson Peale was born in Philosophical Hall in November 1799 and given the name Titian Ramsay Peale, after a brother who had died in the yellow fever epidemic of 1798. Educated primarily at home, the young Titian Peale took advantage of his family connections to meet some of America's most prominent naturalists and to attend Caspar Wistar's lectures in anatomy at the University of Pennsylvania. A precocious boy, he was apprenticed out at 13 to learn machine manufacturing, but soon returned to take part in the family business, the Philadelphia Museum, learning how to preserve natural historical specimens and take part in management of the museum.

Having inherited his father's artistic, as well as scientific inclinations, Titian Peale began to contribute as an scientific illustrator while still in his teens. His first professional work of note, the six colored plates for the prospectus to Thomas Say's American Entomology (Philadelphia : Mitchell & Ames, 1817), won him a measure of acclaim and election to the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. More importantly, it opened the door to further work in natural history. In December of that year, he joined Say, George Ord, and William Maclure on an expedition to the coastal regions of Georgia and Florida, and in 1819, his father helped arrange a spot for him as assistant naturalist on Stephen Harriman Long's expedition to the Rocky Mountains, a particularly productive venture. With Say, George Jessup, and Edwin James, among others, the Long party traveled up the Missouri River in the steamboat Western Engineer, before heading up west along the Platte to the front range of the Rockies. They are credited with being the first scientific surveyors of the region.

Upon returning to Philadelphia in 1821, Peale resumed work at the Philadelphia Museum, completing his field drawings and preparing the specimens collected on the expedition. His artistic output rapidly expanded. Peale executed several drawings of new American birds for Charles Lucien Bonaparte's supplement to Alexander Wilson's American Ornithology (Philadelphia, 1825-1833), and was hired by Say to prepare 54 colored plates for a three-volume American Entomology (Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum, 1824-1828). He exhibited four watercolors at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in 1822, three from his Long Expedition work, and the fourth of butterflies.

Scientific exploration continued to be a focus for Peale throughout the 1820s and 1830s. In 1825, he returned to south Florida, and from the fall of 1830 through the spring of 1832, he toured the Magdalena River, Colombia, sketching and collecting huge numbers of butterflies and other specimens. His endeavors on these expeditions and his artistic work, more than his relatively few publications, won him election to the American Philosophical Society in 1833 at the young age of 34. The crowning achievement of his career as a naturalist, however, could well have come with his work as assistant naturalist aboard Charles Wilkes' United States Exploring Expedition (1838-1842). A circumnavigation of the globe that included stops at places as far flung as Fiji and the Philippines, the northwest Pacific Coast and California, the Wilkes Expedition was one of the most ambitious American expeditions of the mid-century.

Unfortunately for Peale, the Wilkes Expedition was to be a disappointment. A shipwreck in the mouth of the Columbia River cost him his most important specimens, and upon his return to Philadelphia, friction erupted between Peale and Wilkes over credit for the scientific discoveries and publication plans. Peale's Mammalia and Ornithology (Philadelphia: C. Sherman, 1848) appeared in a limited edition in 1848, but was later suppressed by Wilkes, with John Cassin's Mammalogy and Ornithology (Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1858) taking its place.

After these experiences and a period of difficulty supporting his family as an artist or naturalist, Peale took a position as an assistant examiner in the U.S. Patent Office in 1849. Though never free of the usual political intrigues associated with a governmental post, he remained in the Patent Office until his retirement in 1873.

During this last portion of his career, Peale continued painting, but took strong interest in photography, both in his work at the Patent Office and outside, and he became a founding member of the Amateur Photographic Exchange Club, the first club of its sort in the United States. His desire to produce a massively illustrated work on the butterflies of North America became his scientific focus, however it was never completed and never made it to press. Peale died in Philadelphia in 1885.

Scope and content

The Titian Ramsay Peale Sketches consist of about 550 pencil drawings, pen and ink sketches, watercolor paintings, and lithographs representing the bulk of Peale's artistic work throughout his career.

Beginning with a series of entomological sketches made for Thomas Say's prospectus when he was 17, the collection includes a particularly strong suite of sketches made on the Long Expedition (1819-1821), less thorough documentation of his expedition to South America (1830-1832) and as a member of the U.S. Exploring Expedition (1838-1842), and a few samples of his work for other naturalists, including Charles Lucien Bonaparte and Thomas Say, and for U.S. mint (1835-1836). There is relatively little to show for Peale's work after the end of the Wilkes Expedition, apart from a few sketches of bison from the 1870s and a series eight small oil paintings of Seven Mile Beach, New Jersey, 1873, and two oils of forest scenes.

Native American Images note : Seventeen original pencil & watercolor sketches by Titian Peale of Oto (Siouan) and Penobscot Indians as drawn during his natural history expeditions of 1819-1821, 1829. The images, incomplete to highly detailed, reflect bison hunts, a village along the Platt River, a bark canoe, and portraits. All have companion negatives and are referenced in the APS Freeman guide to the American Indian. Other sources include: Jessie J. Poesch's Titian Ramsey Peale, 1799-1885... (1961); The Cabinet of Natural History and American Rural Sports (1830-1834). Other images: ten photocopies of journal sketches from the Library of Congress Peale collection of Oto Indians, engravings of Benjamin West's painting Penn's treaty, and an engraving drawn by M.E.D. Brown from a Peale sketch included in the above mentioned The Cabinet of Natural History. Note: check both the Titian Ramsey Peale and Peale-Sellers collections.

With a few exceptions, the entirety of this collection has been digitized. Links to the digital versions of the sketches are included in the inventory. You may also view a gallery of all images here.

Missing Title
  1. Sketches number 16-32 were originally housed in a sketchbook with a cover that read: "T.R. Peale's Entomological Sketch Book 1817. Dr. T. R. Peale, 1106 Girard Street Philadelphia."
  2. Numbers 71-82 are sketches, with some tracings, of bison, probably executed for Peale's 1870s oil panoramas of the west (see Poesch, p.109 figs. 47, 48). They have been placed, arbitrarily, with the drawings of bison Peale executed while on the Long Expedition.
  3. Numbers 178a-m are engravings from Thomas Say's American Entomology,1824-1828. Plates 2,3,5,6,8,9,11-13,15-17, were all drawn by Peale. Plates 1,4,7,10 and 14 (not present) were not drawn by Peale and thus are "missing" from this series. Engravers include Francis Kearny, George Lang, James B. Longacre, Cornelius Tiebout.
  4. Numbers 208-219 correspond to Peale's moose hunting trip to Maine in 1830. C.f. Cabinet of Natural History and American Rural Sports, 1830, pp. 19-23 (Call no.: 505 Cll vol. 1)
  5. Numbers 233a-h, are lithographs of butterflies, moths, caterpillars, etc. (some colored) that may have been prepared for Peale's 1833 work Lepidoptera Americana (see bibliography in Poesch's biography). 233d-g, by Childs & Inman Press.
  6. Numbers 300-312 are illustrations by an unidentified artist. Nos. 300, 303, and 304-306 are of prisoners, and may be sketches from the penal settlement on the island of Zamboanga, Philippines, which the Wilkes' Expedition visited on Friday, 28th of January, 1841. See, Poesch, p.201.

Arrangement

The sketches are arranged in chronological order, with undated work placed at the end.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Provenance

Acquired in accessions in 1955, 1956, and 1981.

Preferred citation

Cite as: Titian Ramsay Peale Sketches, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Recatalogued by rsc, 2001.

Alternate formats available

Images of most sketches are available for purchase by contacting the Manuscripts Department. Black and white 8x10" photographic prints are $15.00; 4x5" color transparencies are $40.00 (transparencies must be returned within six months). Postage and handling and publication fees may also apply.

Related material

The APS houses numerous manuscript collections relating to Titian Ramsay Peale, his father, Charles Willson Peale, and brothers, Rubens, Rembrandt, Raphaelle, and James, and many other members of the Peale and Sellers families.

Bibliography

The papers of Charles Willson Peale and his family have been reproduced almost in their entirety in microfiche form in Lillian B. Miller, ed. Collected Papers of Charles Willson Peale and his Family (Kraus Microfilm, 1980).

Jessie J. Poesch, Titian Ramsay Peale, 1799-1885 : and his journals of the Wilkes Expedition. Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society 28 and 52 (Philadelphia: APS, 1961). Call no.: 506.73 Am4me v.52

Kenneth Haltmann, Figures in a western landscape : reading the art of Titian Ramsay Peale from the long expedition to the Rocky Mountains, 1819-1820 (Diss., Yale University, 1992). Call no.: 759.13 H16f

Naval History Note

Includes a number of sketches made by Peale during the United States Exploring Expedition, which may be of interest to naval historians.

Early American History Note

This portion of the Peale Family Collection contains 221 Titian Ramsey Peale sketches. There is a detailed table of contents that describes each image. Most of the images depict elements of the natural world. There are many sketches of animals and landscapes. Some are in pencil, while others are in watercolor.

Indexing Terms


Genre(s)

  • Art
  • Engravings.
  • Lithographs
  • Negatives
  • Sketches.

Geographic Name(s)

  • New Jersey -- Pictorial works
  • Philippines -- Pictorial works
  • South America -- Pictorial works
  • Washington (D.C.) -- Pictorial works
  • West (U.S.) -- Pictorial works

Subject(s)

  • American bison -- Pictorial works
  • Animals -- Pictorial works.
  • Antelopes -- Pictorial works
  • Birds -- Pictorial works
  • Botany -- Pictorial works
  • Butterflies -- Pictorial works.
  • Caterpillars -- Pictorial works
  • Coin design.
  • Deer -- Pictorial works
  • Fishes -- Pictorial works
  • Indians of North America -- Maine
  • Indians of North America -- Nebraska
  • Indians of North America -- Pictorial works
  • Insects -- Pictorial works
  • Landscape drawing
  • Literature, Arts, and Culture
  • Moose -- Pictorial works
  • Natural history
  • Ornithology -- Pictorial works
  • Oto indians
  • Penobscot Indians
  • Plains Indians
  • Siouan Indians
  • Squirrels -- Pictorial works
  • Stephen H. Long Expedition to the Rocky Mountains (1819-1820)
  • United States Exploring Expedition (1838-1842)
  • Wolves -- Pictorial works
  • Zoology -- Pictorial works


Detailed Inventory

Titian Ramsay Peale Sketches
1817-1875 
1. "Lepidoptera and seas(on) of appearance"
[1817]Pencilbox 1
2. Argus carryntas (Butterfly)
[1817]Watercolorbox 1
3. Pamphila verna (Moths)
[1817]Watercolorbox 1
4. Argus carryntas (Butterfly)
[1817]Watercolorbox 1
5. Three insects
[1817]Watercolor, pencilbox 1
6. Insect
[1817]Watercolorbox 1
7. Gnophria vittata (insect)
[1817]Watercolorbox 1
8. Moth "Caught on the 12 of August"
[1817]Watercolorbox 1
9. Caterpillar "Drawn on 22nd of August..."
[1817]Watercolorbox 1
10. Callimorpha interrupto-marginata (insect)
[1817]Watercolorbox 1
11. Butterflies
[1817]Watercolorbox 1
12. Saturnia drury (moth)
1817Watercolorbox 1
13. Papilio asterios and chrysalis
[1817]Watercolor, pencilbox 1
14. Sphinx sordida (Caterpillar)
[1817]Watercolorbox 1
15. Sphinx sordida (Caterpillar)
[1817]Pencilbox 1
16. Monarch Butterfly
1817Watercolorbox 1
17. Monarch Butterfly, "Caught...near Germantown"
[1817]Watercolorbox 1
18. Mourning cloak Butterfly
[1817]Watercolorbox 1
19. Two caterpillars
[1817]Watercolorbox 1
20. Ceratomia quadricornis (Caterpillar)
[1817]Watercolorbox 1
21. Two caterpillars
[1817]Watercolorbox 1
22. Saneriuthus juglaredis (Caterpillar)
[1817]Watercolorbox 1
23. Chrysalis attached to underside of board, "Sept. 26 1817"
1817Watercolorbox 1
24. Yellow moth, cocoon, and caterpillar
[1817]Watercolor, pencilbox 1
25. Moth, cocoon, and caterpillar
[1817]Watercolor, pencilbox 1
26. Chrysalis hanging from leaf and butterfly
[1817]Watercolor, pencilbox 1
27. Moth
[1817]Watercolorbox 1
28. Cocoon on leaf "Drawn September 1817"
1817Watercolorbox 1
29. Bushy caterpillar "16th Sept. 1817"
1817Watercolorbox 1
30. Caterpillar on leaf, "24th of Sept."
[1817]Watercolorbox 1
31. Caterpillar and chrysalis, "24th of Sept."
[1817]Watercolor, pencilbox 1
32. Butterfly profile
[1817]Pencilbox 1
33. Shell, "Cincinatti (Ohio)"
1819 May 13Watercolorbox 1
34. Shell
[1819 May]Watercolorbox 1
35. White violet, "Indiana..."
1819 May 25Watercolorbox 1
36. White violet, "Indiana..."
1819 May 25Watercolorbox 1
37. Sterna minuta (Tern)
1819 May 28Watercolorbox 1
38. Cactus flower
[1819 May]Watercolorbox 1
39. Western Engineer (Steamboat)
1819Ink & washbox 1
40. Turkey, "length 4 feet 8 inches"
1819 June 3Watercolor, pencilbox 1
41a. Sparrow sp. "Belle fontaine ... Male
1819 June 23Watercolor, pencilbox 1
41b. Landscape
[1819 June 23]Watercolorbox 1
42. Catfish, "Cold water creek"
1819 June 23Watercolorbox 1
43. Monax (Woodchuck)
1819 July 5Pencil & inkbox 1
44. Pocket Gopher, "Arrow Rock [Missouri]"
1819 July 21Watercolor, pencilbox 1
45. Sunset on the Missouri 370 miles above its mouth
1819 July 28Watercoloroversize Unknown container 248 for instance of Sunset on the Missouri 370 miles above its mouth
46. Squirrel
1819 Sept. 5Ink & Pencilbox 1

[Note: Described as Sciurus niger in T.R.P. Ms. at Am. Museum of. Nat. History]

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47. Brewer's mole & vole
1819 Oct. 18Ink & pencilbox 1
48. Brewer's mole & vole
[1819]Watercolor, inkbox 1
49. Fox
1819 Oct.Pencil & inkbox 1
50. Fox
1819 Oct.Watercolorbox 1
51. Fox
[1819 Oct.]Engravingbox 1
52. Badgers
[1819]Watercolorbox 1
53. Wood Rat
[1819]Pencilbox 1

[see James, vol. 1, 52]

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54. Buttonwood (Tree), "Louisville Kenty"
1819Pencilbox 1
55. Fawn, "Engineer Cantonment [Missouri River]
1820 Feb.Pencilbox 1
56. Deer, "Hind foot"
1820 Feb.Watercolorbox 1
57. Fawn
[1820]Watercoloroversize Unknown container 249 for instance of Fawn
58. Trout ? (fish)
1820 Feb.Watercolorbox 1
59. Engineer Cantonment [Missouri River]
1820 Feb.Pencilbox 1
60. Engineer Cantonment [Missouri River]
1820 Feb.Watercolorbox 1
61. "Birds No. 1 Engineer Cant." F. lagopus (hawk)
1820 Feb.Watercolor, pencilbox 1
62. Young Buffalo Bull
1820 Feb.Pencilbox 1
63. Cows (Bison heads)
1820 Feb.Watercolor, pencilbox 1
64. Bison (male) "Little Sioux River"
1820 Feb.Pencilbox 1
65. Bison Bulls
1820 Feb.Watercolorbox 1
66a. Indian shooting Bison
[1820 Feb.]Pencilbox 1
Oto bison hunt
1820 
Oto bison hunt
1820 
66b. Bison attacked by coyotes
[1820 Feb.]Pencilbox 1
67b. Bison
[1820 Feb.]Pencilbox 1
68a. Indian on horseback
[1820 Feb.]Watercolor, pencilbox 1
68b. Indian girl and burro & Indian on horseback
[1820 Feb.]Watercolor, pencilbox 1
69a. Braves on horseback
[1820 Feb.]Pencilbox 1
69b. Man, horse & bison
[1820 Feb.]Pencilbox 1
70. Bison hunt
1820 [Feb.]Watercolor, inkbox 1
71. Bison, racing left
n.d.Pencilbox 1
72. Bison, front view
n.d.Pencilbox 1
73. Two bison
n.d.Pencilbox 1
74. Three bison
n.d.Pencilbox 1
75. Two bison
n.d.Pencilbox 1
76. Bison, facing left
n.d.Pencilothertype Extra OS
77. Bison, facing right
n.d.Penciloversize Unknown container 250 for instance of Bison, facing right
78. Bison, facing left
n.d.Penciloversize Unknown container 251 for instance of Bison, facing left
79. Bison, grazing
n.d.Penciloversize Unknown container 252 for instance of Bison, grazing
80a. Two bison, dying
n.d.Pencilbox 1
80b. Sketch of unidentified mechanical object
n.d.Pencilbox 1
81. Buffalo Kill
(c.1873)Pencilothertype Extra OS

(See Poesch, p.109, fig.48)

82. Buffalo Hunt on River Platte
(c.1873)Pencilothertype Extra OS

(See Poesch, p.109)

83. River Otter
1820 Feb.Pencilbox 1
84. Sparrow sp. "Engineer Cant"
1820 MarchWatercolor, pencilbox 1
85. Scarlet tanager
1820Watercolorbox 1
86. Sandhill Cranes "Engineer Cantonment"
1820 MarchPencilbox 1
87. Sandhill Crane
[1820 March]Watercoloroversize Unknown container 253 for instance of Sandhill Crane
88. Sandhill Crane
[1820 March]Watercolorbox 1
89. Wood Duck (head) "Engineer Cant "
1820 AprilWatercolorbox 1
90. American White Pelican
[1820 April]Pencilbox 1
91. American White Pelicans, "Engineer Cantt"
1820 AprilPencilbox 1
92. Wolf devouring deer head
1820 AprilPencilbox 1
93. Wolf devouring deer head
1820 [April]Watercolorbox 1
94. Sandpiper sp.
1820 May 5Watercolor, pencilbox 1
95. Yellow headed Blackbird
1820 May 14Watercolorbox 1
96. Ottoes (Siouan indian)
1820 MayWatercolorbox 1
97. Indian dogs
[1820 May]Watercolor, pencilbox 1
98. Pronghorn Antelope
[1820 June]Pencilbox 1
99. Pronghorn Antelope
[1820 June]Pencilbox 1
100. Pronghorn Antelope (head)
1820 June 19Watercolorbox 1
101. Pronghorn Antelope Antilocapra americana
[1820 June 19]Watercoloroversize Unknown container 254 for instance of Pronghorn Antelope Antilocapra americana
102. Prairie dog
1820 June 25Pencilbox 1
103. Corvus pica (magpie)
[1820 June 29]Watercolorbox 1
104. Magpie
[1820 June 29]Pencilbox 1
105. Bird (unidentified)
1820 July 1Ink & pencilbox 1
106. Birds (unidentified)
1820 July 17Inkbox 1
107. Birds (unidentified)
1820 July 17Inkbox 1
108. Cliff Swallows
1820 July 17Inkbox 1

[See Ord, Am. Orn. vol. 1, p.63]

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109. Nests of Cliff Swallows
1820 July 17Inkbox 1
110. Birds (unidentified)
1820 July 18Inkbox 1
111. Snake's head, "1st camp on the Arkansas"
1820 July 16Ink & pencilbox 1
112. Line tail Squirrel
1820 July 26Inkbox 1
113. Squirrel (dead squirrel hanging by one leg)
[1820 July 26]Pencilbox 1
114. Chipmunks
1820 July 28Inkbox 1
115. Chipmunks (Sciurus quadrativitattus)
1820 July 28Watercolorbox 1
116. Line tail Squirrel (Sciurus trigrammurus Say)
[1820 July]Watercoloroversize Unknown container 255 for instance of Line tail Squirrel (Sciurus trigrammurus Say)
117. Indian breast work on the River Platte
1820 [July]Watercolorbox 2
118. Flowers (lavender blossoms)
1820 Aug. 3Watercolor, pencilbox 2
119. Burrowing owl
1820 Aug. 7Inkbox 2

[See C.L. Bonaparte, Am. Orn. vol. 1]

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120. Bird (unidentified)
[1820] Aug. 24Inkbox 2
121. Fish, "New Orleans"
1820 Nov. 31Watercolorbox 2
122. Riverboat, "Yankee"
[1820 Nov.]Pencilbox 2
123. Three bears (Cape Girardeau, Missouri, Long Expedition)
1820Gray washbox 2
124. Scissor tailed Flycatcher (and unidentified bird)
1820Watercolorbox 2
125. Kestrel
[1820]Ink & washbox 2
126. Pigeon or dove
[1820]Ink & watercolorbox 2
127. Bird (unidentified)
[1820]Inkbox 2
128. Insects
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2
129. Insects
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2
130. Insects
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2
131. Insects
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2
132. Insects
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2
133. Insects
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2
134. Insects
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2
135. Insect "Buprest rufipes"
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2
136. Cicadas
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2
137. Insects
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2
138. Insects
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2
139. Insects
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2
140. Insects
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2
141. Phaeton (two butterflies)
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2
142a. Landscape: Mountain range & Prairie hen
[1819-20]Pencilbox 2
142b. Landscape: River bank
[1819-20]Pencilbox 2
143. Landscape: (Riverscape, with view of West. Engin.)
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2
144a. Landscape: Man (Indian?) fishing
[1819-20]Pencilbox 2
144b. Landscape: Canine head
[1819-20]Pencilbox 2
145. Landscape: (two people and campfire)
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2
146. Field mouse & bat
[1819-20]Pencilbox 2
147. N.Y. bat, Vespertilio novabnacensis L.
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2
148. Bobcat
[1819-20]Gray washbox 2
149a. Bobcat
[1819]Watercolor, pencilbox 2
149b. Salamander
1819 May 1Watercolorbox 2
149c. Bobcat
[1819]Watercolorbox 2
150a. Bobcat
[1819]Watercolorbox 2
150b. Salamander
[1819]Pencilbox 2
151. Bobcat
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2
152. Coyote
[1819-20]Pencilbox 2
153. Coyote
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2

Caption: "Prairie wolf in distress by TRP" is written on the front in pencil.

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154. Coyote
[1819-20]Pencil, inkbox 2
155a. Deer
[1819-20]Pencilbox 2
155b. Deer
[1819-20]Pencilbox 2
156. Deer (head and eye)
[1819-20]Pencilbox 2
157. Deer (with a detailed description)
[1819-20]Pencilbox 2
158. Black Tail Deer, summer hair
[1819-20]Watercoloroversize Unknown container 256 for instance of Black Tail Deer, summer hair

[See Cassin, Pl. 10]

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159. Fox
[1819-20]Watercoloroversize Unknown container 257 for instance of Fox
160. Meadow Jumping Mouse
[1819-20]Watercolor, pencilbox 2
161. Muskrats
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2
162. Bighorn sheep (drawn from specimen in Museum?)
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2
163. Bighorn sheep
[1819-20]Engravingbox 2

(by Alexander Lawson, see: Paul Cutright, Lewis & Clark: Pioneering Naturalists, p. 240ff)

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164. Gray squirrel
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2
165. Gray squirrels
[1819-20]Watercolor, ink washbox 2
166. Red squirrel
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2
167. Red squirrel
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2
168. Squirrel
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2
169. Chipmunk, Sciurus striatus L.
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2
170. Mink and ermine
[1819-20]Watercolorbox 2
171. The Gigantic Mastodon
1821 Jan.Watercolor (wash)oversize Unknown container 258 for instance of The Gigantic Mastodon

[Goodman, Am. Nat. His. 2:205]

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172. Peacocks eye (fish), Chaetodon ocellatus
1821 MarchWatercolorbox 2
173. Gull, immature
1822Watercolorbox 2
174. Missouri bear, Ursus horribilis Ord
[1822]Watercolorbox 2
175. Piping Plover (Snowy Plover)
1824 May 14Watercolor, penciloversize Unknown container 259 for instance of Piping Plover (Snowy Plover)

[Bonaparte IV:59, Plate .24]

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176. Piping Plover
[1824 May]Watercolorbox 2

[Bonaparte, IV:59, Plate 24]

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177. Three birds: 1. Wilson's Phalarope; 2. Shinz's Sandpiper; 3.Piping Plover
[1824]Watercoloroversize Unknown container 260 for instance of Three birds: 1. Wilson's Phalarope; 2. Shinz's Sandpiper; 3.Piping Plover

[Bonaparte IV: Plate 24]

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178a. Insects, Plate no. 2
[1824-28]Engravingbox 2
178b. Insects, Plate no. 3
[1824-28]Engravingbox 2
178c. Insects, Plate no. 5
[1824-28]Engravingbox 2
178d. Insects, Plate no. 6
[1824-28]Engravingbox 2
178e. Insects, Plate no. 8
[1824-28]Engravingbox 2
178f. Insects, Plate no. 9
[1824-28]Engravingbox 2
178g. Insects, Plate no. 11
[1824-28]Engravingbox 2
178h. Insects, Plate no. 12
[1824-28]Engravingbox 2
178i. Insects, Plate no. 13
[1824-28]Engravingbox 2
178j. Insects, Plate no. 15
[1824-28]Engravingbox 2
178k. Insects, Plate no. 16
[1824-28]Engravingbox 2
178l. Insects, Plate no. 17
[1824-28]Engravingbox 2
178m. Insects, Plate no. ?
[1824-28]Engravingbox 2
179. Mr. Snyder's house, Key Varas, Kinght's Keys... (Florida)
1825 March 14Pencilbox 2
180. Shrew Mole
1825 July 9Watercolorbox 2

(For description of' TRP's tamed Shrew Mole, see Goodman, vo1 1: 90-91)

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181. Star-nose Mole
[1825 July 9]Watercolorbox 2
182a. Cerulean Warbler
1825 Aug. 1Watercolor, pencilbox 2
182b. Bird (unidentified)
1825 Aug. 1Pencilbox 2
183. Female F. tristis (Female American Goldfinch
[1825]Pencilbox 2

[See Bonaparte, Am. Orn. Plate 6, fig. 41 (American Goldfinch)]

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184. Shrew mole
[1825]Pencilbox 2

[Goodman, vol. 1, opp.81]

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185. "Allentown from the Commodore's house looking north"
[1824-25]Ink & Pencilbox 2
186a. Sketch of the Peale Museum
[1826/27]Pencilbox 2
186b. Bird (unidentified)
[1826/27]Pencilbox 2
187. Deer
[1827]Pencilbox 2
188. Deer, leaping
[1827]Pencilbox 2
189. Deer, leaping
[1827]Pencilbox 2
190. Two deer (buck & doe)
[1827]Lithographoversize Unknown container 261 for instance of Two deer (buck & doe)
191. Two deer (buck & doe) Colored
[1827]Lithographoversize Unknown container 262 for instance of Two deer (buck & doe) Colored
192. Bison
1829 March 1Pencilbox 2
193. Bison: head & eye "Phila."
1829 March 2Pencilbox 2
194a. Antelope (Gazelle)
1829 JuneWatercolorbox 2
194b. Bird (unidentified)
1829 JuneWatercolor, pencilbox 2
195. Antelope (Gazelle)
1829 [June]Lithographoversize Unknown container 263 for instance of Antelope (Gazelle)
196. Antelope (Gazelle)
1829 [June]Lithographoversize Unknown container 264 for instance of Antelope (Gazelle)
197. Wolf and wolf's head "Phila."
1829 July 22Pencilbox 2
198. Brown wolf (North Carolina)
1829 July 22Pencilbox 2
199. Philadelphia just after a storm
1829 Aug. 14Watercolorbox 2
200a. Wolf and wolf's head
1829 Aug. 14Pencilbox 2
200b. Wolf
1829 Aug. 14Pencilbox 2
201a. Wolf sleeping "taken with the camera lucida"
1829 Aug. 14Pencilbox 2
201b. Wolf sleeping "taken with the camera lucida"
1829 Aug. 14Pencilbox 2
202. Wolf sleeping "taken with the camera lucida"
1829 Aug. 14Pencilbox 2
203. Wolf
[1829 Aug.]Pencilbox 2
204. Polar bear
1830 Jan. 3Watercolor, pencilbox 2
205. Polar bear
[1830]Pencil tracingbox 2
206a. Polar bear, sitting
[1830]Pencilbox 2
206b. Cat head
[1830]Pencilbox 2
207. Polar bears
[1830]Oiloversize Unknown container 265 for instance of Polar bears
208. Bangor, Maine
[1830 Oct.]Pencilbox 2
209. "Bark canoe, Maine Indians"
[1830 Oct.]Watercolor, pencilbox 2
210. Camp in Maine woods
[1830 Oct.]Pencilbox 2
211. Camp in Maine woods
[1830 Oct.]Pencilbox 2
212. Camp in Maine woods
[1830 Oct.]Pencilbox 2
213. Mitchele Louis, Penobscot Indian
[1830 Oct.]Pencilbox 2
214. Penobscot Indian
[1830 Oct.]Pencilbox 2
215. Jo Socceus, Penobscot Indian
[1830 Oct.]Pencilbox 2
216. Cabin in Maine woods
[1830 Oct.]Pencilbox 2
217. Moose & description
[1830 Oct.]Pencilbox 2
218. Moose head
[1830 Oct.]Pencilbox 2
219. Moose, with measurements
[1830 Oct.]Pencilbox 2
220. "Long Beach, N.J., Duck shooting"
[1830]Watercolorbox 2
221. King Vulture (bird), Turbaco, New Grenada (condor)
[1830]Watercolorbox 2
222. Bird (diagram)
[1830]Pencilbox 3

[See Cabinet of Nat. His. & Am. Rural Sports, 1830, vol. 1., 203]

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223. Lizard, Magdaline River, So. America
[1830]Watercolorbox 3
224. Grasshopper
1831 April 4Watercolor, pencilbox 3
225a. Falls of Tiquendama; near Bogata, New Grenada
[1831 June]Pencilbox 3
225b. Soldier
[1831 June]Pencilbox 3
226a. Saddle
[1830-32]Pencilbox 3

[Sketched while in So. America]

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226b. Torso, (human)
[1830-32]Pencilbox 3
227. Saddle stirrup
[1830-32]Pencilbox 3
228a. Spear
[1830-32]Pencilbox 3
228b. Torso (arm & head)
[1830-32]Pencilbox 3
229. Iguana
[1830-32]Watercolorbox 3
230. Design for coin, "Liberty"
1832Watercolor, ink, pencilbox 3
231. Three birds: 1. Glossy Ibis; 2. Pectorial Sand-piper; 3. Red-Breasted Snipe
[1833]Watercoloroversize Unknown container 266 for instance of Three birds: 1. Glossy Ibis; 2. Pectorial Sand-piper; 3. Red-Breasted Snipe

[See Bonaparte, Am. Orn. 1833, v. IV, Plate 23]

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232. Three birds: 1. Glossy Ibis; 2. Pectorial Sand-piper; 3. Red-Breasted Snipe
[1833]Watercoloroversize Unknown container 267 for instance of Three birds: 1. Glossy Ibis; 2. Pectorial Sand-piper; 3. Red-Breasted Snipe
233a. Three moths
[1833]Lithographbox 3
233b. Three moths
[1833]Lithographbox 3
233c. Monarch butterfly (colored) with caterpillar
[1833]Lithographbox 3
233d. Moths: Saturnia promethea, Female (colored)
[1833]Lithographbox 3
233e. Two moths: Saturnia promethea, male (colored)
[1833]Lithographbox 3
233f. Three moths, caterpillar & chrysalis (colored)
[1833]Lithographbox 3
233g. Butterflies, caterpillar & chrysalis: Xanthidia lisa (colored)
[1833]Lithographbox 3
233h. Two moths, caterpillar & chrysalis: Geometra domestica (colored)
[1833]Lithographbox 3
234. Sea Gull, Procellario carpensis
1834 Mar. 18Pencilbox 3
235. Black tailed or Mule Deer, Cervus macrotis
1834Lithographbox 3

[See: The Advocate of Science and the Ann. of Nat. History, 1834. vol. 1, p.11 (Film 13)]

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236. Design for coin (Eagle)
[1835-36]Watercolor, pencilbox 3
237. Design for coin (Eagle)
[1835-36]Watercolorbox 3
238. Design for coin (Eagle)
[1835-36]Watercolorbox 3
239. Design for coin (Eagle)
[1835-36]Pencilbox 3
240. Design for coin or medallion
[1835-36]Oilbox 3
241a. Eagle & deer
[1835-36]Pencilbox 3
241b. Rifle, "Dr. Robert Patterson"
[1835-36]Pencilbox 3
242. Design for coin or medallion (eagle)
[1835-36]Pencilbox 3
243. Design for coin or medallion (eagle)
[1835-36]Watercolor, pencilbox 3
244. Rabbit, Lepus palustris
[1836]Watercolorbox 3
245. Rabbit, "Lepus Americanus"
1836Lithographbox 3

[Lith. Lehman & Duval, Phila.]

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246. Madeira, from the Summit of Coural Das Freira
[1838 Sep. 18]Watercoloroversize Unknown container 268 for instance of Madeira, from the Summit of Coural Das Freira
247. Outrigger canoes, Madeira
[1838 Sep.]Pencilbox 3
248. Tern, Brown Hoddy
1838 Nov. 2Watercolorbox 3
249. Bats, "off the Coast of Brazil"
1838 Nov. 18Watercolor, pencilbox 3
250. "Rio Janeiro, Rue Direche"
1838 Nov.Penciloversize Unknown container 269 for instance of "Rio Janeiro, Rue Direche"
251. Porpoise, "Corrected by Lt. [Wm. M.] Walker"
[1839 Jan. 18]Penciloversize Unknown container 270 for instance of Porpoise, "Corrected by Lt. [Wm. M.] Walker"
252a. Dolphin: "Delphinus pectoralis" (with notes)
[1839 Jan. 18]Pencilbox 3

[See: John Cassin, Mammology and Ornithology of Wilkes Expedition, 1858, Plate No.5 (Dolphin)]

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252b. Dolphin (back view)
[1839 Jan. 18]Pencilbox 3
253. Guanaco, Rio Negro, Patagonia
1839 Jan.Pencilbox 3
254. "Pilot's house, Rio Negro, Patagonia"
[1839 Jan.]Pencilbox 3
255. "Cape Pigeon" (bird) with sketch of boat
[1839 Feb.]Pencilbox 3
256. U.S. Schooner Sea Gull, on bar of Rio Negro
1839 [Jan.]Pencilbox 3
257. Goose (with notations)
1839 Feb. 21Watercolor, pencilbox 3
258. Bird (Bunting?) (with notations)
1839 Feb. 22Pencilbox 3
259. Wolf [drawn by Thomas T. Craven?]
1839 Feb.-Mar.Pencilbox 3
260. Wolf "Orange Bay" (Tierra del Fuego). T. T. Craven
1839 MarchWatercoloroversize Unknown container 271 for instance of Wolf "Orange Bay" (Tierra del Fuego). T. T. Craven
261. Albatross: "Diomedea fuliginosa"
1839 March 14Pencilbox 3
262. Storm Petrel, "Blue Petral, male"
1839 March 18Watercolor, pencilbox 3
263. Storm Petrel ?
1839 March 21Pencilbox 3
264. Diomedea exulans (Albatross)
1839 April 7Watercolor, pencilbox 3
265. Crested bird (Passerine bird)
1839 May 28Watercolor (wash)box 3
266. Male wolf, "Cordillera de los Andes"
1839 MayPencilbox 3
267. Female fox, "Road to Santiago, Chili"
1839 MayPencilbox 3
268. Mound near Lima, Peru
1839 [June]Ink & washbox 3
269. Mound near Lima, Peru
1839 [June]Oiloversize Unknown container 272 for instance of Mound near Lima, Peru
270. Llamas (Peru?)
[1839 June]Pencilbox 3
271. Luca Tern (bird) at Callao, near Lima, Peru
1839 July 1Watercolorbox 3
272. Fairy Tern (Gygis)
[1839 Aug.]Watercolor, pencilbox 3
273. Frigate-bird, sp.
1839 Aug. 16Watercolor, pencilbox 3
274. Red-footed Booby
1839 Aug. 21Watercolorbox 3
275. Tahiti, "Moatoa" [Valley of the Popino River]
1839 [Aug-Sep]Ink & pencilbox 3
276. Tahiti, "First camp on the Popenoo river"
1839 [Aug.-Sep.]Pencilbox 3
277. Church, Popenoo, Tahiti
1839 [Aug.-Sep.]Pencilbox 3
278. Tahiti, "North side of Tahiti" (landscape)
1839 Sep.Pencilbox 3
279. Ptilonapus purpuratus, or Fruit Pigeon
1839 Sept. 8Watercolor, pencilbox 3
280. Columba oceanica (Pigeon)
1839 SeptPencilbox 3
281. Carpophaga aurorce (Pigeon)
[1839 Sept.]Pencilbox 3
282. Shearwater sp. (?) [Bird], "Tahiti"
[1839 Sept.]Pencilbox 3
283. Meliphagid sp.
1839 Oct. 19Watercolor, pencilbox 3
284. Didunculus strigirostrus, Samoa (pigeon)
[1839]Watercolor, pencilbox 3
285. Tahitian Indian, "Homai"
1839Pencilbox 3
286. "Taunoa (village), Tahiti"
[1840 June]Pencilbox 3
287. Feejee (Fiji) canoe
[1840 Jan.-June]Pencilbox 3
288. Cormorant sp. (bird)
1840 March 8Watercolor, pencilbox 3
289. Magellanic penguin ?
1840 MarchPencilbox 3
290. "Viti canoe skulling" Fiji
[1840 May-June]Pencilbox 3
291. Taunoa (village), Tahiti, John's House
[1840 June]Oiloversize Unknown container 273 for instance of Taunoa (village), Tahiti, John's House
292. Pigeon sp.
1840 Aug. 6Watercolor, pencilbox 3
293. Mauna Loa (volcano), Hawaii
[1840 Fall]Pencilbox 3
294. Mauna Loa (volcano), Hawaii
[1840 Dec.]Pencilbox 3
295. Mauna Loa (volcano), Hawaii
[1840 Dec.]Watercolorbox 3
296. Antarctic Ice (Ship, from the Wilkes Exp.)
[1840]Watercolorbox 3
297. Tree near which Capt. Cook was killed, Keala kua Bay, Hawaii
[1840 Dec.]Pencilbox 3

[See: Wilkes' Narrative 1849; IV:93]

298. Tree near which Capt. Cook was killed
[1840 Dec.]Photographbox 3

[Photo of painting owned by Ed. L. Lachman, St. Pete., 1970]

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299. Peale's River, Vitia lern
[1840]Pencilbox 3
300. Prisoners on island of Samboangu?
[1841 Jan. 28]Watercolorbox 3
301. Philippine woman?
[1841 Jan. 28]Watercolorbox 3
302. Philippine man?
[1841 Jan. 28]Watercolorbox 3
303. Prisoners on Samboangu?
[1841 Jan. 28]Watercolorbox 3
304. Prisoners on Samboangu?
[1841 Jan. 28]Watercolorbox 3
305. Prisoners on Samboangu?
[1841 Jan. 28]Watercolorbox 3
306. Prisoners on Samboangu?
[1841 Jan. 28]Watercolorbox 3
307. Flowers
[1841 Jan. 31]Watercolorbox 3
308. Flowers & butterfly
[1841 Jan. 31]Watercolorbox 3
309. Flowers & butterfly
[1841 Jan. 31]Watercolorbox 3
310. Flowers & butterfly
[1841 Jan. 31]Watercolorbox 3
311. Flowers & butterfly
[1841 Jan. 31]Watercolorbox 3
312. Flowers & butterfly
[1841 Jan. 31]Watercolorbox 3
313. Albatross sp. ("Diomedea brachyura")
1841 May 20Watercolor, pencilbox 3
314. Diomedea brachyura (Albatross sp.)
1841 May 26Watercolor, pencilbox 3
315. Ship, Peacock ?
[1841June-Jul.]Watercolorbox 3
316a. Fort Sutter ?
[1841 Oct.]Watercoloroversize Unknown container 274 for instance of Fort Sutter ?
316b. Plan of Fort Sutter ?
[1841 Oct. 19]Watercoloroversize Unknown container 275 for instance of Plan of Fort Sutter ?
317. Common gallinule
[1841]Watercolorbox 3
318. "Catching wild geese in California"
[1841]Pencilbox 3
319. Palm trees, Manila
1842 [Jan.]Pencilbox 3
320. Palm tree, Manila
1842 [Jan.]Pencilbox 3
321. Brown Albatross
[1838-42]Pencilbox 3
322. Black-headed gull
[1838-42]Pencilbox 3
323. American White Pelican
[1838-42]Watercolorbox 3
324. Snowy Plover
[1838-42]Pencilbox 3
325. Black-fronted tern
[1838-42]Watercolor, pencilbox 3
326a. Black-fronted tern
[1838-42]Watercolor, pencilbox 3
326b. Black-fronted tern
[1838-42]Pencilbox 3
327a. Tern sp.
[1838-42]Pencilbox 4
327b. Tern sp. (head)
[1838-42]Pencilbox 4
328a. Toucan sp.
[1838-42]Watercolorbox 4
328b. Toucan beak
[1838-42]Pencilbox 4
329. Durlin (bird), ("Tringa alpinus")
[1838-42]Pencilbox 4
330a. Sandpiper sp.
[1838-42]Pencilbox 4
330b. Sandpiper sp.
[1838-42]Pencilbox 4
331a. Sandpiper sp.
[1838-42]Pencilbox 4
331b. Sandpiper sp.
[1838-42]Pencilbox 4
332. Swan sp. "from Mr. Heads specimen"
[1838-42]Watercolorbox 4
333. Willet (bird)
[1838-42]Watercoloroversize Unknown container 276 for instance of Willet (bird)
334. Fish (with notations)
[1838-42]Watercolorbox 4
335. Mouth of the river Bogie ?
[1838-42]Pencilbox 4
336. Man in cabin
[1838-42]Pencilbox 4
337. Ship, Flying Fish
[1838-42]Pencilbox 4
338. Ship, Porpoise
[1838-42]Pencilbox 4
339. Ships, Porpoise and Flying Fish
[1838-42]Pencilbox 4
340. Ships, Porpoise and Flying Fish
[1838-42]Pencilbox 4
341. Ships in a harbor
[1838-42]Inkbox 4
342. Ships on the horizon
[1838-42]Pencilbox 4
343a. View of shoreline from a barge
[1838-42]Pencilbox 4
343b. Building, objects (faint sketches)
[1838-42]Pencilbox 4
344. View of shoreline & ships from a barge
[1838-42]Pencilbox 4
345. Wolves. 1. Lupus gigas 2. Lupus occidentalis
[1838-42]Penciloversize Unknown container 277 for instance of Wolves. 1. Lupus gigas 2. Lupus occidentalis

[Cassin's i.d. See: Cassin, Plate No.3]

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346. Wolves. 1. Lupus gigas 2. Lupus occidentalis
[1838-42]Oiloversize Unknown container 278 for instance of Wolves. 1. Lupus gigas 2. Lupus occidentalis

[Cassin's i.d. See: Cassin, Plate No.3]

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347. Wilson's storm Petrel (bird) By Joseph Drayton
1839 Jan. 7Pencilbox 4
348a. Shearwater sp. By Joseph Drayton
1839 Jan. 7Watercolorbox 4
348b. Foot of Shearwater sp. By Joseph Drayton
1839 Jan. 7Pencilbox 4
349. Shearwater sp. By Joseph Drayton
1839 Jan. 22Watercolorbox 4
350. Proscelaria (Sea gull head). By Joseph Drayton
1839 Feb. 13Watercolor,ink, Penciloversize Unknown container 279 for instance of Proscelaria (Sea gull head). By Joseph Drayton
351. Oystercatcher sp. By Joseph Drayton
1839 Feb.Watercolorbox 4
352. Rail sp. (bird), Rallus olivaceus. By Joseph Drayton
1839 March 9Watercolorbox 4
353. Caracara (bird). By Joseph Drayton
1839 April 1Watercolorbox 4
354. Unidentified bird. By Joseph Drayton
1841 MayWatercolor, pencilbox 4
355. Eider sp. (bird) By Joseph Drayton
1841 MayWatercolorbox 4
356. Frog spawn, Rock Creek, D.C.
1849 April 8Watercolorbox 4
357. Great-falls, Potomac River
1858Oiloversize Unknown container 280 for instance of Great-falls, Potomac River
358. 7 mile Beach, N.J.
1873 July 2lOilbox 4
359. 7 mile Beach, N.J.
1873 July 23Oilbox 4
360. 7 mile Beach, N.J.
1873 Ju1y 30Oilbox 4
361. 7 mile Beach, N.J.
1873 Aug. 2Oilbox 4
362. 7 mile Beach, N.J.
1873 Aug. 2Oilbox 4
363. 7 mile Beach, N.J.
1873 Aug, 5Oilbox 4
364. 7 mile Beach, N.J.
1873 Aug. 5Oilbox 4
365. Fish Hawks nest, 7 mile Beach, N.J.
1873 Aug.Oilbox 4
366. Forest scene
[1873]Oilbox 4
367. Forest scene
[1873]Oilbox 4