Charles P. (Charles Pollard) Olivier correspondence, 1915-1962


Date: 1915-1962 | Size: 0.5 Linear feet, Ca. 400 items


This collection pertains almost exclusively to Olivier's interest in meteors. Generally, there are only a few letters per person and for many correspondents, only one.

Background note

Charles P. Olivier was an astronomer who pioneered the scientific visual study of meteors, double stars, and variable stars. He attended the University of Virginia for his undergraduate and doctorate degrees, graduating in 1911 with his Ph.D. in astronomy with a dissertation disproving the existence of stationary meteor radiants. He founded the American Meteor Society (AMS), an offshoot from the American Astronomical Society, the same year in order to visually observe meteors and meteor showers. The meteor plots collected from 1911 to 1931 by AMS members helped prove Olivier's doctoral dissertation. He was also known for appealing to student and amateur astronomers to volunteer their meteor observations.

His first teaching position, from 1912 to 1914, was as professor of astronomy at Agnes Scott College. During the summers, he volunteered at the Yerkes Observatory in Wisconsin. Olivier returned to the University of Virginia in 1914 to work at the McCormick Observatory until enlisting to serve in World War I. Leaving the University of Virginia in 1928, Olivier worked as the director of the University of Pennsylvania's Flower Observatory. There, he continued his studies on double stars, discovering more than 150, and was eventually made chair of the university's astronomy department before retiring in 1954.

The moon crater Olivier is named after him.

Collection Information

Physical description

Ca. 400 items.


Presented by Charles Pollard Olivier and accessioned, 05/02/1967 (1967 883ms). Daily hourly meteor rates presented by Olivier and accessioned, 03/--/1975 (1975 526.a, .b ms).

Indexing Terms

Personal Name(s)

  • Abbe, Cleveland, 1838-1916
  • Astapovich, I. S. (Igorʹ Stanislavovich), 1908-1976
  • Barnard, Edward Emerson, 1857-1923
  • Barringer, Daniel Moreau, 1860-1929
  • Byrd, Harry Flood, 1887-1966
  • Chapman, Sydney, 1888-1970
  • Conklin, Edwin Grant, 1863-1952
  • Doolittle, Eric, 1870-1920
  • Frost, Edwin Brant, 1866-1935
  • Hall, Asaph, 1829-1907
  • Harnwell, G. P. (Gaylord Probasco), 1903-1982
  • LaPaz, Lincoln
  • Menzel, Donald Howard, 1901-1976
  • Olivier, Charles P. (Charles Pollard), 1884-1975
  • Roy, Felix de
  • Russell, Henry Norris, 1877-1957
  • Schlesinger, Frank, 1871-1943
  • Shapley, Harlow, 1885-1972
  • Struve, Otto, 1897-1963


  • Astronomy.
  • Meteors.

Detailed Inventory

 Abbe, Cleveland
 Abbe, Cleveland

Custodial history: The following is a listing of the correspondents of the C. P. Olivier papers received April 19, 1974 and accessioned: 1974 455ms.

 Abbe, Cleveland: Report
 Aitken, R.G.
 Allen, Edward W., Jr.
 Amundson, Thomas
 Arend, S.
 Astapowitch, Igor S.
 Baillaud, Jules
 Baldauf, Richard J.
 Barnard, E.E.
 Barr, John U.
 Barringer, D. Moreau
 Barringer, P.B.
 Barton, Samuel G.
 Benyon, John F.
 Berman, Horace N.
 Billings, C.M.
 Blaisdell, D.P.
 Blanco, V.M.
 Bloom, Julius
 Bloggs, Isabel
 Bonfield, Max
 Bosler, Jean
 Bosler, Jean
 Boyd, Sylvia
 Boyles, Alfred
 Brockett, Paul
 Brogan, Phil F.
 Brogdon, J.S.
 Brouwer, Dirk
 Byrd, Harry F.
 Burkel, Christian E.
 Catharine, Irwin T.
 Chant, C.A.
 Chapman, Sydney
 Conklin, Edwin G.
 Cook, Gustavus Wynne
 Colton, Barrows F.
 Crommelin, C.D.
 Davis, Watson
 Dawson, Bernhard
 Delinger, J.H.
 DeWitt, Robert L., Reverand
 Dirick, R.
 Dobson, C.M.B.
 Doolittle, Eric
 Dubs, H.H.
 Dudley, L.P.
 Dunsink Observatory, Ireland
 Eason, F.B.
 Elsavor, Walter M.
 Epner, Norman
 Fahrney, D.S.
 Farnum, Grace C.
 Farquhar, Edgar S.
 Fath, E.A.
 Federer, Charles A.
 Ferrell, Oliver Perry
 Fisher, Clyde
 Fisher, Willard J.
 Fleming, John A.
 Folio, Peter J.
 Ford, Clinton B.
 Foshag, W.F.
 Fowler, A.
 Fox, Phillip
 France, Jennie V.
 Franklin, Lindley M.
 Free, E.E.
 Frost, Edwin B.
 Furcron, A.S.
 Glowan, E.H.
 Guigay, G.
 Guth, Vladimir
 Guthwick, G.
 Haas, Walter
 Halbach, Edward A.
 Hall, Arthur
 Hammer, Carl
 Harding, A.M.
 Harnwell, Gaylord P.
 Harwood, Margaret
 Hawkins, Gerald S.
 Henderson, E.P.
 Herlofson, N.
 Hertzsprung, Ejnar
 Hill, Charles M.
 Hill, Lon C.
 Himsel, D.V.M.
 Hoffleit, Dorrit
 Hoffmeister, C.
 Hollowell, M.
 Hope-Jones, Frank
 Hufnagel, Fred
 Humphreys, W.J.
 Hurder, W.R.
 Ingalls, Albert G.
 Inonye, Hideo
 International Research Council
 Jacks, Maston M.
 Johnson, Lyndon Baines, President
 Kapenstein, Ira
 Kerolyr, M. de
 Khan, A.R.
 Kimmel, Joseph W.
 King, A.
 Kline, James, Reverand
 Kohman, Truman P.
 Komaki, Koziro
 Kuiper, Gerard P.
 Kunz, George F.
 LaPaz, Lincoln
 Laeb, August L.
 Leander McCormick Observatory, University of Virginia
 Lindblad, Bertil-Anders
 Lipman, Charles B.
 Luesley, Earl E.
 Lukkien, H.G.
 Lutz, Edgar H.
 Luyten, W.J.
 McBain, Flora M.
 McClenahan, Howard M.
 McDannald, A.H.
 McDuffie, E.M.
 McIntosh, Ronald
 Makemson, Maud W.
 Marshall, Roy K.
 Martindell, Jackson
 Martinetz, Walter
 Mary, Donald
 Mayall, Margaret W.
 Menzel, Donald H.
 Menzies, A.
 Merrill, George P.
 Metzer, Eli
 Miller, F.D.
 Millman, P.M.
 Miner, Eunice Thomas
 Mizwa, Stephen Pa
 Mohler, Orren C.
 Monnig, Oscar E.
 Moore, Hugh
 Moore, J.H.
 Morrow, Glenn R.
 Moulten, F.R.
 Mowell, M.H.
 Musser, Paul H.
 Neathery, Robert W.
 Nederlandse Vereniging Voor Weer En Sterrekunde
  New York Times
 Nicholson, T.D.
 Nielson, Axel
 Nininger, H.H.
 Nogay, Frank
 Noonan, Julia A.
 Norries, L.B.
 Nussbaum, Hans
 Ohio State University
 Olivier, Charles P.: "A History of Meteoric Astronomy"
 Olivier, Charles P.: "Bibliography"
 Olivier, Charles P.: Concerning Harry F. Byrd
 Olivier, Charles P.: letter to the delegates of the Republican Convention
 Olivier, Charles P.: letter to the editor of Life
 Olivier, Charles P.: letter to the Shooting Star Commission
 Olivier, Charles P.: letter to the Public Information Division, Air Force
 Olivier, Charles P.: letter to the Commision Des Etioles Filantes of the International Astronomical Union
 Olivier, Charles P.: "Meteors"
 Olivier, Charles P.: Miscellaneous Notes
 Olivier, Charles P.: "Nebula"
 Olivier, Charles P.: "The August Meteors"
 Olivier, Charles P.: Report from the Flower and Cook Observatories
 O'Neill, John L.
 Parker, Constance
 Paterson, Fraser J.
 Patton, John S.
 Penniston, J.B.
 Pepper, Aimon R.
 Pickering, William H.
 Pokzbvsky, K.
 Pope, E.A.
 Pope, Ida May
 Pomeroy, John H.
 Poulter, Thomas C.
 Pratt, M.A.
 Prentice, P.M.
 Pickard, Greenleaf Whittier
 Quinn, A.H.
 Rand, Stephen
 Reid, J.R.
 Reimer, Walter J.
 Rense, William A.
 Rhodes, R.N.
 Rifflard, Désiré C.
 Ritchey, G.W.
 Robbins, William J.
 Robinson, L.J.
 Rosa, Nicholas
 Rosebrugh, D.W.
 Rowe, Alan
 Roy, Felix de
 Russell, Henry Norris
 Schiesinger, Frank
 Schmidt, W.
 Scranton, William W.
 Scranton, William W.
 Serota, Sam
 Shapley, Harlow
 Sharda, Jean
 Shaw, Quincy A.
 Sherburne, E.G.
 Siekman, Rosemary
 Shatton, F.T.M.
 Simpson, Clinton
 Skumanich, Andrew
 Slouka, Hubert
 Smith, Franklin W.
 Smith, Howard W.
 Smith, J.J.
 Spitz, Armand N.
 Stanjukowitsch, K.
 Stebbins, Joel
 Stevenson, William H.
 Stewart, Meldrum
 Stewart, John Q.
 Stokley, James
 Stone, Ormand
 Stratton, F.T.M.
 Sturbridge, Richard V.
 Struve, Otto
 Sullivan, W.H.
 Tacker, Lawrence J.
 Talman, C.F.
 Van Biesbrouk, G.
 Van Den Bergh, Sidney
 Van Doren, Gene
 Venable, Francis P.
 Ventor, S.C.
 Vermilye, William M.
 Vickers, Aw. V.
 Wade, Alton F.
 Wallace, George C.
 Warner, W.P.
 Washington, Henry S.
 Watson, F.
 Watson, T.C.
 Weaver, Claire
 Webb, Walter N.
 Wend, Richard E.
 Wesley, W.H.
 Whipple, Fred L.
 Whipple, T.J.W.
 Williams, Edwin B.
 Williams, J.D.
 Wilson, Herbert C.
 Wilson, Ralph E.
 Wilson, T.W.
 Wirth, Lewis
 Woolard, Edgar W.
 Wood, Dorothy F.
 Wood, Frank Bradshaw
 Wright, Fred E.
 Wright, W.H.
 Wylie, C.C.
 Young, Anne S.
 Dugan, Raymond S.
 Eddington, A.S.
 Frost, Edwin B.
 Hull, G.F.
 Humphreys, W.J.
 Innes, R.T.A.
 King, A.
 Kirkpatrick, R.
 Lyman, Herbert
 Merrill, George P.
 National Academy of Sciences
 [Opiek], J.E.
 [Russell, Henry Morris], J.
 Schlesinger, Frank
 Shapley, Harlow
 University of Sofia