Peter K. Olitsky papers, 1917-1964

Mss.B.OL3

Date: 1917-1964 | Size: 6 Linear feet, Ca. 2,500 items

Abstract

This collection consists chiefly of papers and correspondence relating to his work in developing vaccines for various viruses and bacteria, such as encephalitides, typhus, rickettsioses, poliomyelitis, meningococcus, and trachoma. Also includes materials on intraperitoneal protection tests, records of experiments on production of intranuclear inclusions by means of chemicals, results of work by Dr. Herald Rea Cox on viruses, medical research during World War II, and materials relating to the Rockefeller Institute. There are also corrected proofs of "Viral Encephalitides" (Springfield, Ill., 1958).

Background note

Peter K. Olitsky was a pathologist.

Collection Information

Physical description

Ca. 2,500 items.

Provenance

Presented by Mrs. Peter K. Olitsky and the Rockefeller Institute and accessioned, 1965 (1965 846ms).

Physiology, Biochemistry, and Biophysics Note

The career of Peter Kosciusko Olitsky at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research spanned more than three decades, a period that included basic research in virology, biomedical war projects (World Wars I and II), travel to Europe and to China to investigate viral epidemics, and work on animal and plant viruses for the United States Department of Agriculture. The collection documents these major aspects of Olitsky's career. The papers are a good source for tracing important episodes in virology research, such as studies of plant and animal viruses, neurotropic viruses, the problem of poliomyelitis, and aspects related to the development of the Sabin and Salk vaccines. Olitsky's virus research is highlighted by correspondence and laboratory research materials, and includes records of experiments, development of vaccines, and medical war research. The collection is also a valuable source on the relation of microbiology to government projects and military needs.

AuthorFormatDateLanguage
Abbott, A. C. (Alexander Crever), 1860-1935 (On virus research.) Correspondence (5 items)1923-1925English
Abderhalden, Emil, 1877-1950 (On virus research.) Correspondence (3 items)1925German
Amoss, Harold Lindsay, 1886-1956 (On virus research.) Correspondence (15 items)1917-1937English
Boez, Louis (Documents work on foot-and-mouth disease.) Correspondence (3 folders)1923-1930French
Bronfenbrenner, Jacob, 1883-1953 (On virus research.) Correspondence (11 items)1937-1939English
Cannon, Walter B. (Walter Bradford), 1871-1945 (On virus research.) Correspondence (2 items)1939English
Carrel, Alexis, 1873-1944 (On virus research.) Correspondence (4 items)1921-1927English
Cox, Herald Rea, 1907-1986 (Demonstrates the relation of microbiology to government projects. Cox was Olitsky's colleague from the United States Public Health Service.) Correspondence (7 folders)1932-1952English
De Kruif, Paul, 1890-1971 (On virus research.) Correspondence (2 items)1922, n.d.English
Flexner, Simon, 1863-1946 (On Olitsky, relating to viral epidemics Olitsky was investigating, research on plant and animal viruses, and Olitsky's scientific travels.) Correspondence (11 folders)1917-1948English
Gasser, Herbert S. (Herbert Spencer), 1888-1963 (On virus research.) Correspondence (18 items)1935-1945English
Gates, Frederick L. (On virus research.) Correspondence (27 items)1917-1954English
Horsfall, Frank Lappin, 1906-1971 (On virus research.) Correspondence (13 items)1944-1949English
Morgan, Isabel Merrick, 1911-1996 (On virus research.) Correspondence (6 folders)1938-1948English
Olitsky, Peter K., 1866-1964. Foot-and-mouth disease (Strasbourg) (Virus research associated with foot-and-mouth disease.) Manuscripts (3 folders)1924-1928French
Rivers, Thomas M. (Thomas Milton), 1888-1962 (On virus research.) Correspondence (53 items)1917-1951English
Rous, Peyton, 1879-1970 (On virus research.) Correspondence (3 folders)1923-1963English
Sabin, Albert B. (Albert Bruce), 1906-1993 (On virus research.) Correspondence (13 folders)1931-1962English
United States. War Department (Demonstrates the relation of microbiology to military needs. Work during World War I.) Correspondence (2 folders)1917-1920English
World War II Commission Report (Demonstrates the relation of microbiology to military needs.) Records (9 folders)1942-1945English
Wyckoff, Ralph W. G. (Ralph Walter Graystone), 1897-1995 (On virus research.) Correspondence (5 items)1947-1951English
Yager, Robert H. (On virus research.) Correspondence (4 folders)1948-1952English
Zinsser, Hans, 1878-1940 (On virus research.) Correspondence (36 items)1919-1937English

Indexing Terms


Family Name(s)

  • Leung, K. D.
  • Long, Perrin H.
  • Morgan, Isabel M.

Personal Name(s)

  • Amoss, Harold L. (Harold Lindsay), 1886-1956
  • Ascoli, A.
  • Beard, Joseph W.
  • Blumstein, Alexandre
  • Bronk, Detlev W. (Detlev Wulf), 1897-1975
  • Castelnuovo, Gina
  • Cox, Herald Rea, 1907-1986
  • Edsall, Geoffrey
  • Flexner, Simon, 1863-1946
  • Gasser, Herbert Spencer, 1888-
  • Givens, H. C.
  • Horsfall, Frank Lappin, Jr., 1906-1971
  • Horstmann, Dorothy M. (Dorothy Millicent)
  • Jones, E. Elizabeth
  • Makower, Henry
  • Mudd, Stuart
  • Noguchi, Hideyo, 1876-1928
  • Olitsky, Peter K.
  • Russell, Frederick Fuller, 187
  • Sabin, Albert B. (Albert Bruce)
  • Sabin, Florence Rena, 1871-1953
  • Sadow, A. A.
  • Schlessinger, Walter
  • Sigerist, Henry E. (Henry Ernest), 1891-1957
  • TenBroeck, Carl, 1885-1966
  • Wadsworth, Augustus Baldwin, 1
  • Wagener, Kurt
  • Webster, Leslie Tillotson,1894
  • Weller, Carl V.
  • Whipple, George Hoyt
  • Wyckoff, Ralph W. G. (Ralph Walter Graystone)
  • Yager, Robert H.
  • Zinsser, Hans, 1878-1940

Subject(s)

  • Encephalitis vaccine.
  • Medicine -- Research.
  • Neisseria meningitidis vaccine.
  • Poliomyelitis vaccine.
  • Trachoma vaccine.
  • Typhus fever vaccine.
  • Vaccines.


Detailed Inventory

Correspondence
  
Abbott, A.C.
  
Aberhalden, E.
  
American Association of Pathologists and Bacteriologists
  
Amoss, Harold L.
  
Appointments and Positions
  

Other Descriptive Information: 3 folders

Ascoli, Alberto
  
Askanazy, M.
  
Avery, O.T.
  
Azzi, Azzo
  
Baehr, George
  
Barnett, E. Judd
  
Bass, Murray H.
  
Batra, Lekh
  
Bayne-Jones, Stanhope
  
Beard, Joseph W.
  
Bedson, S.P.
  
Benison, Saul
  
Boez, Louis
  

Other Descriptive Information: 3 folders

Bracken, Louise
  
Branham, Sara E.
  
Brill, N.E.
  
British Medical Association Hong Kong and China Branch
  
Bronfenbrenner, J.
  
Bronk, Detlev W.
  
Brown, W.H.
  
Bryan, William Lowe
  
Buerger, Leo
  
Caldwell, Otis W.
  
California Trip (Infectious Bronchitis of Chickens)\
  
Cannon, Walter B.
  
Canti, Ronald G.
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Carrel, Alex
  
Carris, Lewis H.
  
Carter, Gray
  
Castelneuovo, Gina
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

City Club
  
Cohn, Alfred E.
  
Colburn, Robert W.
  
Cole, Howard E.
  
Cole, Rufus Ivory
  
Cornell University
  
Cox, Herald Rea
  

Other Descriptive Information: 7 folders

DeKruif, Paul
  
Dreaper, Constance
  
Dublin, Louis
  
DuToit, P. J.
  
Dyer, R. E.
  
Elsmith, Dorothy
  
Farrar, Harriett
  
Farrar, P. C.
  
Fell, Honor B.
  
Fletcher, A. G. M.
  
Flexner, Simon
  

Other Descriptive Information: 11 folders

Foot and Mouth Disease (Strasbourg)
  

Other Descriptive Information: 3 folders

Gall, M.
  
Gasser, Herbert S.
  
Gibson, Adam
  
Goebel, Walter
  
Greenwich Hospital Association
  
Hallauer, C.
  
Harford, Carl G.
  
Hauge, Steinar
  
Hausheer, Walter C.
  
Heidelberger, Michael
  
Henry, A.
  
Hong Kong Bacteriological Institute
  
Hong Kong Diary
  
Hong Kong Government
  
Hong Kong Trip Materials
  
Hoover, John Edgar
  
Horsfall, Frank L., Jr.
  
Horstmann, Dorothy M.
  
Howell, William H.
  
Hurst, E. Weston
  
Innes, J. R. M.
  
Jacobs, Walter
  
Johnson, J. T. C.
  
Journal of Immunology. Edsal, Geoffrey
  

Other Descriptive Information: 3 folders

Journal of Immunology. Jones, E. Elizabeth
  
Journal of Immunology. Porter, Keith
  
Jungeblut, Claus W.
  
Kidder, Wellington P.
  
Klemperer, Paul
  
Kobayashi, M.
  
Koch, W. V.
  
Lacorte, Jose G.
  
Lahelle, Oskar
  
Larsen, Svend Ahrend
  
Ledingham, J. C. G.
  
Lee, Johanna M.
  
Leung, K. T.
  
Levene, P. A.
  
Levinthal, Walter
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Li, Chen Pien
  
Loewe, Leo
  
Long, Perrin H.
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Longcope, Warfield T.
  
Loud, N. W.
  
Lucas, Alfred M.
  
Lutrario, Alberto
  
MacCallum, W. G.
  
McCann, Mrs. Dorothy B.
  
McCartney, James Elvins
  
MacFarlane, Harold
  
McKenny, L. W.
  
Malek, Ivan
  
Malik, Sardar Hardet Singh
  
Mallory, Frank B.
  
Mata, Carlos Garcia
  
Matumoto, M.
  
Maurer, Fred D.
  
May, Governor H. F.
  
Medawar, P. B.
  
Merrill, Eleanor B.
  
Mexico Diary, 1916
  
Mexico, History, etc. of P. K. Olitsky and Typhus in Mexico 1916 (Typhus)
  

Other Descriptive Information: 3 folders

Meyer, Eugene, Jr.
  
Meyer, K. F.
  
Michaelis, Leonor
  
Microbiology Congress, Fourth International
  
Mirick, George S.
  
Mitchell, A. Graeme
  
Miyajima, M.
  
Mohler, John R.
  
Monroy, Alberto
  
Morax, Victor
  
Morgan, Isabel M.
  

Other Descriptive Information: 6 folders

Mueller, Leon Nicholas
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Munkelt, Ida
  
Murphy, Leslie C.
  
Nagayo, Mataro
  
Nai, Dino
  
"Ned"
  
Neufield, F.
  
New York Academy of Medicine
  
Nobelkommitten
  
Nottall, George H. F.
  
Opie, Eugene L.
  
Orton, William A.
  
Osterhout, W. J. V.
  
Owens, William
  
Parker, G. H.
  
Parker, H. P.
  
Patocka, Frantisek
  
Philadelphia County Medical Society
  
Plotz, Harry
  
Pollard, Ernest
  
Pritchett, Ida W.
  
Ralphs, E.
  
Ralphs, Max
  
Ramirez Corria, Filiberto
  
Read, H. J.
  
Ribicoff, Abraham
  
Rivers, Thomas M.
  
Robertson, Muriel
  
Rockefeller, Nelson A.
  
Rockefeller Institute
  
Rockefeller Institute. Budgets
  

Other Descriptive Information: 3 folders

Roizman, Bernard
  
Rose, Philip S.
  
Rosenau, M. J.
  
Rous, Peyton
  

Other Descriptive Information: 3 folders

Ruchman, I.
  
Rudzinska, M. A.
  
Russell, A. H.
  
Sabin, Albert B.
  

Other Descriptive Information: 13 folders

Sabin, Florence R.
  
Saenz, Arturo C.
  
Sawyer, Wilbur A.
  
Scheinberg
  
Schlesinger, Robert Walter
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Schoening, Harry W.
  
Schocken, Nadja
  
Selzer, Golda
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Severn, Claud
  
Shedlovsky, Theo
  
Shwartzman, Gregory
  
Sigma XI
  
Simon, Charles E.
  
Skidmore, Mrs. Blanche E.
  
Smadel, Joseph E.
  
Smillie, Wilson G.
  
Smith, David T.
  
Smith, Theobald
  
Society of American Bacteriologists
  
Soviet Materials
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Stebbins, Ernest L.
  
Stevens, Edward Livingston, Jr.
  
Stuart-Harris, C. H.
  
Swift, Homer F.
  
Syverton, Jerome T.
  
Tal, Chloe
  

Other Descriptive Information: 3 folders

Ten Broeck, Carl
  
Thomas, G. H.
  
Thompson, Lilian Ross
  
Tilden, Evelyn B.
  
Traum, Jacob
  
Tubby, Roger W.
  
Tyler
  
Tyzzer, E. E.
  
United Nations
  
U.S. War Dept.
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Vallee, H.
  
Van Slyke, Donald D.
  
Vincent, H.
  
Von Magnus, Herdis
  
Wadsworth, Augustus B.
  
Wagener, Kurt
  
Waksman, Byron
  
Webster, Leslie T.
  
Weinberg, M.
  
Whipple, George H.
  
Whitmore, Eugene R.
  
Wilson, Clifford
  
Winslow, C. E. A.
  
Wittkower, Rudolph
  
Wood, R. R.
  
Woolley, D. W.
  
World War II, Commission Reports
  

Other Descriptive Information: 9 folders

World's Fair, 1939
  
Wright, A. E.
1938-1940 
Wyckoff, Ralph W. G.
  
Yager, Robert H.
  

Other Descriptive Information: 4 folders

Zinsser, Hans
  
Papers
  
Active Immunization - Polio Paper
  
Adsorption of EEE Virus from Neutral Mixtures with Aluminum Hydroxide
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Arthropod-Borne (Arbor) Viruses of Group A and Their Corresponding Diseases
  

Other Descriptive Information: 4 folders

Avian Encephalomyelitis Materials
1938-1940 

Other Descriptive Information: 4 folders

Avian Encephalomyelitis Virus. Photographs
  
Baley Mouse Virus Experiments
September 1949 
BPA Keeping Test
  
Brain Composition of Mice at Different Ages
  
Cataphoresis Experiments on Vesticular Stomatitis Virus by H. R.Cox
  
Charcoal Absorbtion Experiments
  
Common Cold Virus - Notes
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Cox, H. R., Records of Coxsackie Virus Hemagglutination Tests
September 1949 
EEE Records of Dr. Cox
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Effect of Formalin on the Virus of Vesticular Stomatitis of Horses
  
Effectiveness of Iodo-Acetic Acid on EEE Virus
  
Electrophoresis of Anti-WEE Rabbit Serum
  
Epidemic Kerato Conjunctivitis
  
Experiments with India Ink
  
Filtration Experiments of Dr. Cox
  
Formol Vaccines, by Dr. Cox
  

Other Descriptive Information: 3 folders

Hemogglutination Experiments
  

Other Descriptive Information: 3 folders

Herpes and Tetanus Toxin
  
Herpes Virus H. F. Strain
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Histopath Theilers Disease
  
Humoral Antibodies and Resistance of Vaccinated and Convalescent Monkeys to Poliomyelitis Virus
  
Hypersensitivy Notes
  
Immune Monkeys
10 October 1938 
Immune Response: Antibody and Cerebral Resistance
  

Other Descriptive Information: 3 folders

Immune Response as a Positive Factor in Individual Resistance to EEE Virus
  
Immunity in Rabbits and Failture to Recover Vaccinia Virus
1938-1939 

Other Descriptive Information: 5 folders

Immunity to EEE
1938-1939 

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Immunity to EEE
1939-1940 

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Immunity to EEE
1940-1941 

Other Descriptive Information: 4 folders

Immunization with Formolized Virus
  
Immunological Studies on the Virus of Equine Encephalomyelitis Incubation and Neutralization
  
Infection with Equine Encephalomyelitis Virus
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Influence of Age on Rate and Degree of Response of Mice to Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis Virus
  
Influence of Age on Rate of Immune Response of Mice to Formolized Equine Encephalomyelitis Virus
  
Intranuclear Inclusions by Means of Chemicals, Records of Experiments on Production of
  

Other Descriptive Information: 3 folders

Intraperitoneal Protection Test
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Is EEE Virus Neutralized on Nasal Mucosa, or in Circulation?
  
Lansing and Neutralization Tests
  
Lansing Neutralization Test with Human and Monkey Sera
  
LCM Virus vs. GD VII Rabbit Immune Serum
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

MEF Neutralization Test
  
MEF 1 Virus per OS
  
MM Virus Test Series Undercylenic Acid
September 1949 
Meningococcus Carriers at U. S. Training Station and Hospital, Portsmouth, Va., 1917, Report of Investigations on Mouse Arthritis
1917 

Other Descriptive Information: Photograph

Mouse Experiments - Brain Immunity
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Neutralization of WEE Virus.
  

Other Descriptive Information: Rough manuscript

Non-Specific Resistance in Guinea Pigs (WEE)
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

"Non-Specific" Resistance (Guinea Pigs - Mice)
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Non-Specific Resistance Rabbits
  
N.V.D. Commission Experiments
  

Other Descriptive Information: 4 folders

On the Immunology of Certain Mouse-Adapted Poliomyelitis
  
Strains When Activated in Embryonated Eggs
  
Penodate
  
Pneumonomites Photos and Tables
  
Polio
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Polio Cspleocytons
  
[Polio] by A. B. Sabin, P. K. Olitsky and H. R. Cox
  
Polio. Dermal Cataphoresis Serum and Virus
  
Polio. M.E.F. (British Army)
  

Other Descriptive Information: 4 folders

Polio Photographs
  
Polio Summaries for T. M. Rivers
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Polio Streptococci
  
Polio ZnS04 at S.A.B.
December 1937 
Poliomyelitis
  
Quantitative Serum- Virus Relationship. Notes.
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Quantitative Antiserum - Virus Relationship.
October 1942-August 1943 

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Rockefeller Institute, Reports of Rickettsial Lecture Material
  
Skin Reactions in Guinea Pigs. Photographs
  
Spinal Fluid Antibody and Cerebral Resistance
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Stock Virus Records
1941-1948 

Other Descriptive Information: 5 folders

Ten-Mefi in Eggs
  

Other Descriptive Information: 3 folders

Theiler's Disease Material
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Theiler Interference Tests
  
Theiler Records
  
Theiler Virus Effect Produced by Intestinal Contents of Normal Mice. Preliminary Copy
  
Theiler Virus Experiments. Not Reported
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Theiler Virus in Wild Grey Mice
  
Theiler Virus in Wild Grey Mice. Notes
  
Theiler Virus Passage
  
Theiler Virus - Schneider's Mice Colony
  
Theiler's Immunology vs. Polio
  

Other Descriptive Information: 3 folders

Tonsellectomy and Polio
  
Trachoma Photos, by Noguchi
  
Vaccination With Various Western Equine Encephalomyelitic Viruses
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Vaccine Virus. Photographs
  
Vesicular Stomatitis, Notes on
  
Vesicular Stomatitis, Records of Dr. Cox
  

Other Descriptive Information: 3 folders

Vesicular Stomatitis Tissue Cultures, with A. Carrel
  
Viral Encephalitides. Chapter 8
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Viral Encephalitides Lecture.
21 April 1952 

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

Viral Encephalomyelitis, Report on Suspected Cases of to Colin MacLeod
  
Virus Photographs
  

Other Descriptive Information: 4 folders

Viruses in Deep Freeze. Horsfall, Frank L., Jr.
  
V.S. Virus Can Be Sedimented on the Angle Centrifuge, To Determine if WEE Antiserum. Salting Out. Effect of Complement on Neutralization.
January-June 1944 

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

WEE Experiments, with I. M. Morgan and R. W. Schlesinger
  

Other Descriptive Information: 2 folders

WEE Miscellany
  
WEE Virus: Correspondence with Tom Rivers and J. H. Warvel ...
  
WEE Virus in Feces of Mice Inoculated
  
WEE Virus: Correspondence with R. Walter Schlesinger Old
  

Other Descriptive Information: 3 folders

Notebooks
  
Age and Rate of Antibody Response in Rabbits. M.B.L., I Morgan.
July - August 1940 

Other Descriptive Information: Notebook

Isabel M. Morgan. Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research.
1939 

Other Descriptive Information: Notebook

Isabel M. Morgan. Rockefeller Institute. Book I
October 1940-June 1941 

Other Descriptive Information: Notebook

Isabel M. Morgan. Rockefeller Institute, York Avenue at 66th St., N.Y.C. Book II
June 1941 

Other Descriptive Information: Notebook

Isabel M. Morgan. Theiler's Virus. Book III
May 1942 

Other Descriptive Information: Notebook

Isabel M. Morgan. Book IV September 1942.
September 1942 

Other Descriptive Information: Notebook