Benjamin Smith Lyman papers,1844-1918

Mss.B.L982

Date: 1844-1918 | Size: 49 Linear feet, Ca. 18,000 items

Abstract

[The following comprises the original Abstract, which will be significantly revised.] >>> These are notes, sketches, memoranda, etc., made while Lyman directed the geological survey of Japan, 1873-1879, with reports on petroleum resources, copper, coal, iron, and gold mines, oil, mineral springs, and other mineral resources of the Japanese archipelago. There are data on the Japanese, Chinese, Ainu, and French languages, and on Japanese manners and customs, wit and humor, gardening, painting, measurements, swords, etc. Notes and data on the life, travels, and publications of Bernard Varenius. Notes collected for Lyman's Vegetarian Diet and Dishes. Materials on the geology of New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Iowa, Colorado, New Mexico, and West Virginia; and on coal and iron fields in those states and elsewhere. Manuscripts of articles on instruments for boring wells, theodolites for mining and civil engineers, other surveying instruments, etc. >>> Of particular note is Lyman's period of study in Europe, where he attended the Imperial School of Mines in Paris, France (1859-1861), and the Royal Academy of Mines, Freiberg, Germany (1861-1862). There are about eleven notebooks for this period, written in English, French, and German, that contain: lecture notes, travel observations, comments on geology, mines and mining, railroads, with sketches of machinery, etc. There are a large number of letters (ca. 7,000 items), 1850-1917, from and to Lyman, on personal and business affairs.

Background note

Benjamin Smith Lyman (1835-1920) studied geology and mining engineering in France and in Germany. He worked with J. Peter Lesley in the Second Geological Survey of Pennsylvania, and later worked on the Iowa Geological Survey. Lyman was surveyor of the coal fields of Cape Breton Island and Nova Scotia and of the gold fields of California, and he worked on many other geological and topographical surveys in the United States. Overseas he worked briefly as geologist for the India Public Works Department, in 1870. He worked for several years in Japan, having been appointed general geologist and mining engineer for the empire in 1873. His work in Japan was as the result of the formative years of the Meiji Restoration (1868-1912), which opened Japan to the western world. There is as yet [2017] no comprehensive biographical treatment of the man and his work.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Physical description

Ca. 18,000 items, 49 linear feet.

Provenance

Deposited by the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 1942.

Custodial history:

Originally in the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (ANSP), since 2011 the Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University. Deposited with American Philosophical Society (APS), 1942. Date and circumstances of acquisition by ANSP not recorded. Benjamin Smith Lyman was a member both of APS and ANSP.

Processing information

Received by American Philosophical Society (APS) on deposit from the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (ANSP), 1942, apparently as a wholly unprocessed collection, mostly still in envelopes as labelled by Lyman. The collection was rehoused and arranged very generally at APS, at an unknown time, which arrangement seems to reflect the box arrangement as received from ANSP but which comprised overlapping series, misidentified materials, and mixed (unsorted) materials. Most material still was kept in envelopes labelled by Lyman, and within those envelopes many documents were folded, often several times. The correspondence series of the collection was arranged in chronological order by Albert Prime (volunteer, APS) under the direction of Charles Greifenstein (Manuscripts Librarian, APS) ca. 2010. The non-correspondence series of the collection were processed by Earle E. Spamer (Reference Archivist, APS), 2013-2014. (Spamer was also ANSP Archivist, 2001-2005.) Topical analysis of most of the Japanese-language materials was provided by Brian Carpenter (APS) in 2010, 2013 and 2014. Many additional oversized materials were rediscovered in uncataloged materials by Valerie Lutz (Head of Manuscripts Processing, APS) late in 2015 [these now comprise Oversize Collection 4 within Series XIII] and by David Gary (APS) in 2017. These materials also were part of the deposit from ANSP and had been unfolded to oversized housings at an undetermined time; they were processed into the collection by Spamer in February 2016 and May 2017.

Physical & technical details

This collection was largely covered, at least on exposed surfaces, with what probably is a film of coal dust. This is typical of collections in and from the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Many natural history specimen collections there include labels (and less so specimens, which have been cleaned) that are covered with a film of fine black dust. Similarly, paper records left exposed for protracted periods of time (such as during unattended storage), exhibit this black film. The film likely derived from the use of coal furnaces at the Academy, and more importantly, from the fact that open windows were present in the Academy until the late 1970s (at which time air conditioning was first installed throughout the building complex). Philadelphia air was laden with industrial smoke well into the 20th century. The Academy was a block from the so-called "Chinese Wall" (razed early 1950s), an elevated, stone railroad viaduct that passed east-west into the center of the city to the Broad Street Station (no longer standing). For decades, coal-fired steam locomotives passed through the area constantly. The presumed coal dust residue was superficially swept from this collection in 2013 at the advice of and under the direction of the APS conservator. However, many papers still have some residue, and one's hands still are likely to have a black film after prolonged use of this collection. Hands may be washed with soap and water to remove it. B. S. Lyman's almost exclusive use of pencil also will add some residue to one's hands. ---- Note by Earle Spamer, APS, January 2014, who also had worked in ANSP for more than 30 years.

Note regarding reproduction of some materials

A large number of documents in this collection are written in pencil on thin Japanese paper, washi. The physical condition of these documents, some of them quite lengthy, is such that routine copying of them (except with a digital camera) is not likely to be possible. Various items also are oversized and readily accessible means of reproducing them may not be available.

Note regarding language of materials in this collection

This collection is mostly in English but contains a large number of documents in Japanese, including correspondence and reports. A few documents containing Chinese characters also are noted. Some additional papers and notebooks are in French and German. Miscellaneous documents in other languages are included in Series VI.

Note regarding artwork in the collection

The material in this collection derived from the Geological Survey of Japan (Series VIII and corresponding portions of the Oversized series), principally in the 1870s, includes a number of fine pieces of artwork by Japanese workers, mostly in pencil and ink on washi; some of these items are colored. These usually are graphical depictions of landscapes, on which one will see places and activities relating to mining and oil production. They represent not only informative scientific illustration, but they are excellent forms of Japanese art. Individual items of artwork are noticed as such in the finding aid.

Note regarding authorship of documents.

All documents in this collection are by Benjamin Smith Lyman except where indicated otherwise. Most of the correspondence (Series I) is inbound to Lyman. In all series except Series I, documents are listed alphabetically by title; but when an author's name is known, the folder is listed under the author's surname within the alphabetical order. Some Japanese documents in other series of this collection, received by Lyman, are attributed by him to authors he identified only by an initial within a circle; e.g., "A." or "Q.", which information is retained in this finding aid.

Note regarding folder titles.

Many folder titles are enclosed within quotation marks. These indicate actual document titles, OR notations that were written by B. S. Lyman on the original envelopes in which he had stored these documents. The highly acidic original envelopes were discarded after the envelope notations were transcribed to the present folders when the collection was fully processed in 2013/2014. Thus, titles in quotations are not always on the documents themselves. If a title is in quotation marks but does not appear on the document iteself, this indicates that the folder title is Lyman's own notation as APS transcribed it from a since-discarded envelope; this constitutes some measure of Lyman's original arrangement. A folder title that is NOT inside quotation marks indicates a generally descriptive term contrived by APS to indicate the folder's contents. When the collection was received at APS, a great number of documents were still tightly folded inside Lyman's envelopes. These were unfolded and most of them now comprise the oversized-materials components of this collection.

Note regarding page or leaf counts.

Where the number of "leaves" is counted for the amount of material in a folder, it reflects the number of sheets of paper in the folder. In the case of numerous documents written in Japan (either in English or in Japanese) on the Japanese paper, washi, many documents are composed of bound sets of double-folded sheets of washi, on which writing appears usually on the "outside" portions of the folded sheet; but in some instances, individual flat sheets of washi are interleaved in the document. Rather than contrive the number of "pages" -- except where the pages are enumerated -- the number of leaves of washi is counted rather than the number of sides on which writing appears: a single unfolded sheet is one leaf, and one folded sheet with writing on the outsides is one leaf.

Note regarding undated materials from Lyman's years in Japan

Many undated documents written on the Japanese paper, washi, may be assumed from both context and materials to have been created during the years when B. S. Lyman worked for the Geological Survey of Japan. He seems not have have used any supplies of washi after he left Japan.

Indexing Terms


Corporate Name(s)

  • Ecole impériale des mines (France)
  • Geological Survey of Japan [1870s]
  • Geological Survey of Pennsylvania.

Genre(s)

  • Lecture notes.
  • Notes.
  • Sketches.

Geographic Name(s)

  • France -- Description and travel.
  • Germany -- Description and travel.
  • Japan -- Social life and customs -- 1868-1912.

Personal Name(s)

  • Lyman, Benjamin Smith, 1835-1920
  • Varenius, Bernhardus, 1622-1650

Subject(s)

  • Ainu language
  • Chinese language
  • Coal mines and mining.
  • French language
  • Gardening -- Japan.
  • Geological surveys.
  • Geology -- Colorado.
  • Geology -- France.
  • Geology -- Germany.
  • Geology -- Iowa.
  • Geology -- Japan -- Surveys.
  • Geology -- New Jersey.
  • Geology -- New Mexico.
  • Geology -- Ohio.
  • Geology -- Pennsylvania.
  • Geology -- Virginia.
  • Geology -- West Virginia.
  • Iron mines and mining.
  • Japanese language
  • Mines and mineral resources -- Japan.
  • Mining engineering.
  • Mining machinery.
  • Painting, Japanese.
  • Railroads -- Europe.
  • Surveying -- Instruments.
  • Theodolites.


Detailed Inventory

I. Correspondence
1850 September - 1917 June 20; n.d.54 box

Other Descriptive Information: The Benjamin Smith Lyman correspondence series is in CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER. It contains mixed incoming and outgoing correspondence; folders each contain a single item of correspondence. Some letters are in Japanese. >>>> The correspondence is not yet itemized in this finding aid. There is no earlier list (for example, a typewritten one). Due to the very large volume of correspondence, APS at this time will not be able to search for specific names on behalf of researchers. >>>> See also "Oversize Correspondence", Series XII.

II. Personal
  

Other Descriptive Information: See also Series XI. See also Oversize Collection 1 and Oversize Collection 2.

1. Personal Papers and Genealogy
  
"Accounts in India, 1890"
18901 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Costs of rail transportation, written on a fragment of form for shunting information from the "Punjab and Di----" railroad. In turn, the verso of this fragment had been a memorandum written in the first person pertaining to an employee's dissatisfaction with his work.

"Charade No. 1."
ca. 1844-18451 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: "B. S. Lyman's First Charade Written at the Age of 9 yrs. Northampton Mass."

Clothing list [Japan]
1873 December 122 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Written by an assistant identified by Lyman as "Aduchi".

"Dream of Interest Accumulation"
n.d.1 leaves.
Expenses
1892-189535 pp.
"Expenses of January from N. York to Shiba, Yedo."
1872 December 4-17; 1873 January 17-191 p.
Genealogy of the Lyman Family
1895; n.d.3 pp.3 pp. + small notes

Other Descriptive Information: Includes "page references to the Genealogy of the Lyman Family, by Lyman Coleman, D.D., Albany, J. Munsell, 1872."

"Genealogy of the Smith Family. (Prepared by B. S. L. about 1850 or 1851.)"
ca. 1850-18517 leaves.
"Harvard College Lecture Notes. Chemistry Mineralogy Physiology and Anatomy Physics Mathematics"
185410 items
"Harvard College, Latin"
1855; n.d.12 items
"Inventory (rough) of furniture, 1880." [Japan]
18801 leaves.
List of recipients of a photographic portrait of B. S. Lyman.
18951 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: List of recipients of "Photograph (cab. size) of self by Inscott[?], taken 10 June, 1895, first printed copies received 15 June 1895."

"Lyman, B. S."
1902, 19034 items

Other Descriptive Information: Original envelope from Lyman was marked by him only, "Lyman, B. S." Contained: 1) Fragmentary newspaper article from the "Wilkesbarre Record", 5 November 1902, "Buried Valley of Wyoming. Benjamin Smith Lyman Tells About its Geological Features." 2) Report of a lecture "last June" to the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. [Wyoming Valley, Pennsylvania.] 3) And three small papers listing other publications by Lyman.

Lyman, Benjamin Smith. Miscellaneous account sheets.
1889-19144 leaves.
Lyman, Benjamin Smith. Regarding a family loan.
18792 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Draft of a letter?

Lyman, Benjamin Smith. Reward notice.
1885 July 71 leaves.
Lyman, Benjamin Smith. Tax statement for 1882, Northampton, Massachusetts
18823 items
Lyman, Benjamin Smith. Tax statement for 1887, Northampton, Massachusetts
18874 items
Lyman, Benjamin Smith. Tax statement for 1888, Northampton, Massachusetts
18881 item
Lyman coat of arms
n.d.1 leaves.
"Mon[ogram] for BSL"
n.d.1 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Tristarred monogram designed by Lyman.

Mulgrave, Earl of. Right of search at Big Glace Bay, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia; to B. S. Lyman
18631 leaves.
Nakajima, Toku.
1882-18869 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Personalia relating to a youngster, Toku Nakajima. Lyman's original enveloped labelled only, "Toku." Folder contains writing exercises in English and Japanese; two Northhampton [Massachusetts] Public Schools report cards for Nakajimo, for Fall 1884 and Spring 1885 terms; and note by Lyman dated 18 February 1886 regarding annual meeting of the Hampshire Natural History Society [misplaced here?].

Packing list, items on board the steamer Kuroda
n.d.2 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: In Japanese and English.

Packing list, Japanese curios
1880 January 7-917 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: In preparation of departure from Japan?

Probate Court of Hampshire County, Massachusetts. Historical notes.
n.d.3 pp.
"Trunk List"
n.d.1 item
Warner, E. A. (Miss). Warner family.
18824 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: "given to B.S.L. 20+/- Dec. 1882"

2. Diplomas and Certificates
  
Deutschen geologischen Gesellschaft. Berlin.
1870 November 72 items
Ecole Impériale des Mines. Paris.
1860 August 25; 1861 June 11, 152 items
Erlaubniss-Schein. Clausthal.
1862 August 231 item
[In German.]
1861 August 10, 173 items
Société Géologique de France. Paris.
1861 June 3, 42 items
III. Legal Files and Patents
  
Legal. "Agreement between Thomas A. Scott and Benj. Smith Lyman in regard to an expedition to Arizona."
1863 December 21, 2416 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Draft ("Copy by Benj. Smith Lyman"), formal copy ("Copy Jos Lesley"), and original (Lyman's copy, with 5-cent U.S. Internal Revenue stamps) of the Agreement regarding "an expedition to explore for mineral lands in the Territory of Arizona, and possibly also in the adjacent Territories."

Legal. "Cape Breton S.S. In the Supreme Court 1886."
1886 October 281 leaves.
Legal. Courtenay, Patrick J.
18962 items

Other Descriptive Information: Drafts of agreement for land access for the purposes of mining.

Legal. Hinckley, Samuel, estate of.
1884 November 171 item

Other Descriptive Information: Handwritten draft of payments regarding trial drilling on land in Brookfield, Ohio.

Legal. Lyman, Elizabeth. Power of attorney to Edward H. R. Lyman.
1882 January 41 leaves.
Legal. Lyman, Joseph, et al. Regarding lease in Brookfield Township, Ohio.
18632 pp.
Legal. "Notes on Lease."
1893 April 27 
Legal. Regarding Shippen and Wetherill Tract, Schuylkill Township, Pennsylvania.
1893 August 243 leaves.
Legal. Regarding Shippen and Wetherill Tract, Schuylkill Township, Pennsylvania.
1894 June 154 leaves.
Legal. Regarding Shippen and Wetherill Tract, Schuylkill Township, Pennsylvania.
1894 July 1516 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Previously dated incorrectly as 1984.

Legal. Regarding Shippen and Wetherill Tract, Schuylkill Township, Pennsylvania.
1894 October 1517 leaves.
Legal. Regarding Shippen and Wetherill Tract, Schuylkill Township, Pennsylvania.
1894 October 3010 leaves.
Legal. Riley, L. A. Lease.
1901? January1 item

Other Descriptive Information: Handwritten notes pertaing to lease and royalties pertaining to mining.

Legal. Snyder, Baird.
1892 April 181 item

Other Descriptive Information: Original envelope marked by Lyman, ""Shippen & Whittaker Tract Option, 1892". Signed agreement regarding access to land for the purposes of trial explorations for mining.

Patent. Air engine caveat.
1867; n.d.13 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Notes, calculations, and acknowledgment of receipt of caveat from U.S. Patent Office 5 January 1867.

Patent. Iron smelting caveat.
1869 March 186 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: B. S. Lyman, draft document to Commissioner of Patents.

Patent. Level rods.
1871-187316 items

Other Descriptive Information: Original envelope marked by Lyman, "Level Rods". Contains documents to B. S. Lyman pertaining to his patent application and subsequent emendations and proceedings. File also includes pen and ink tracing of a patent illustration of "H. W. Norvill, Pendulum, Filed Aug. 26, 1871."

Patent. Solar compass.
n.d.14 leaves.; Draft of application for patent (24 pp. and insert). Includes draft illustration (1 leaf) in pen and ink and in pencil, titled, "Benjamin Smith Lyman's Improvements in Solar Compasses".
IV. Meetings and Activities
  
1. Professional, Administrative, and Avocational Organizations
  

Other Descriptive Information: See also Oversize Collection 1.

Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Mineralogical and Geological Section.
1898-1916125 items

Other Descriptive Information: Lyman was the Director of the Mineralogical and Geological Section [later the Department of Geology and Paleontology]. File contains typewritten and draft minutes of meetings, mailing lists, information and itineraries for field excursions, etc.

American Institute of Mining Engineers. Centennial Committee.
18761 p.

Other Descriptive Information: Circular notifying that the City Rooms of the Institute will be open during the [American] Centennial Exhibition (world's fair) in Philadelphia.

Congrès International d'Anthropologie et d'Archéologie Préhistoriques.
18892 items
Congrès International de Zoologie.
18892 items
Franklin Institute [Philadelphia]. Library Committee.
1897-1901; n.d. 

Other Descriptive Information: Numerous small slips with notes and jottings; most are dated.

Hampshire Natural History Society. Lyman, B. S., A Device for the Natural History Society.
1886 January 212 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: A society's logo, designed by Benjamin Smith Lyman. Included in file is a copy of the constitution of the HNHS, clipped from a newspaper.

Hampshire Natural History Society. Lyman, B. S., Address before the Hampshire Natural History Society.
1885 May 2114 pp.

Separated material: Item removed and filed separately. See Oversize Collection 1 following Series XI: Broadside, "Hampshire County Journal. Supplement." (n.d.), which contains a published text of this address.

Other Descriptive Information: Handwritten draft of presidential address.

Hampshire Natural History Society. Lyman, B. S., Address to the Hampshire Natural History Society.
1887 March 649 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Handwritten draft and typescript.

Hampshire Natural History Society. Notes.
1885, 1888; n.d. 

Other Descriptive Information: Numerous small slips. Includes "Ballots for Exec. Committee at the Hampshire Nat. Hist. Soc'y's Annual Meeting, 23 Feb. 1888."

Hampshire Natural History Society. Pomeroy Mountain Excursion.
1885 November 1912 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Handwritten report, 10 pp.; typescript, paginated 9, 10 only.

International Congress of Geologists, 5th. Committee of Organization.
1891 January 11 p.

Other Descriptive Information: 5th International Geological Congress, Washington, D.C., 1891.

International Congress of Geologists. American Committee.
n.d.2 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Two tracts. 5th International Geological Congress, Washington, D.C., 1891.

International Congress of Geologists. Committee on the Bibliography of Geology.
1891 November, December2 items

Other Descriptive Information: 5th International Geological Congress, Washington, D.C., 1891.

International Mining Congress
18982 items

Other Descriptive Information: Circular and form letter for Salt Lake City meeting, 6-9 July 1898.

Japan Geological Society
n.d. [1870s]7 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: B. S. Lyman holograph draft of a constitution for the Japan Geological Society.

"Japanese Calligraphers' Meeting"
n.d. [1870s]2 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed meeting announcement(?) and original envelope, in Japanese. Title as given by Lyman.

New England Meteorological Society.
1885; n.d.5 items

Other Descriptive Information: Circular Nos. 5, 6, 8, and blank report form, pertaining to "Thunder-storm Observations."

New England Meteorological Society.
1880s1 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Blank form, from W[illiam]. M[orris]. Davis, regarding a plan "for the purpose of extending the usefulness of the daily weather indications by the Signal Office in Washington."

Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia
1894 December 301 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Accounts pertaining to shipping and postage.

Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia
1895 February1 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Accounts pertaining to shipping and postage.

Oriental Club of Philadelphia.
1888 April 22, 304 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Draft of announcement of the club's formation.

University of Pennsylvania. Department of Archaeology and Paleontology, Board of Managers.
1899 

Separated material: Item removed and filed separately. See Oversize Collection 1, following Series XI: Broadside galley proof with handwritten corrections for "The Board of Managers. Resolutions Adopted December 22d, 1891."

Other Descriptive Information: Miscellaneous notes.

World's Columbian Exposition. The World's Congress Auxiliary.
1893 June 151 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed announcement regarding the International Congress of Anthropology of the World's Columbian Exposition.

2. Northampton, Massachusetts. Civic Meetings and Activities.
  

Other Descriptive Information: See also Oversize Collection 1.

City Council. Committee on Education.
1885 February 241 p.
City Improvement Committee. Approval of a subcommittee report.
1885 December 121 p.
City Improvement Committee. Lyman, B. S., Report of the City Improvement Committee for 1884.
1884 December 205 leaves.
City Improvement Committee. Lyman, B. S., Report of the City Improvement Committee for the year 1885.
1885 December 2824 items

Other Descriptive Information: Draft report, correspondence, miscellaneous notes.

Lyman, B. S., Comments on Massachusetts State Board of Health, Lunacy and Charity
1882 April 219 pp.
Lyman, B. S., Comments on Northampton postal delivery.
1882 September 142 pp.
Lyman, B. S., Letter to Hampshire County Journal
1882 February 134 leaves.
Lyman, B. S., Letter to Hampshire County Journal
1882 September 252 leaves.
Lyman, B. S., Letter to Hampshire County Journal
n.d.1 p.
Lyman, B. S., Letter to Hampshire Gazette
n.d.6 leaves.
"Memorial Services in Honor of General Grant in City Hall, Northampton, August 8, 1885. Order of Exercises."
 1 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Heavily annotated by Lyman on subsequent days; additional verses to the song, "America".

"Road Jury. 1895"
1895 
"School Project"
1884 July 11-123 leaves.
"Village Improvement"
1882 July30 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Handwritten draft, paginated 51-64; typescript, 13 pp.; and correct galleys (four lengths).

Village Improvement Association. Minutes.
1882, 188523 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: File composed mostly of an abstract of Association meetings from 1 May 1876 to 1881 (prepared in April 1882), and minutes from 8 April 1885.

Village Improvement Association. Lyman, B. S., Appointments.
1885 April 153 items

Other Descriptive Information: Notification of Lyman's appointments as chairman of "subcommittee on Improvements about the Railroad Stations" and chairman of "subcommittee to solicit membership fees & contributions". With original mailing envelope.

Village Improvement Association. Miscellaneous.
18834-1887 
Village Improvement Society. Annual Report for 1883.
188311 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Handwritten drafts and typescript.

V. Notebooks
1853-188229 items

Other Descriptive Information: The numerical itemization of these notebooks, 1-30, is the chronological order for this series. Lyman's order is noted as part of the notebook titles, as named and enumerated by him (e.g. "Pocket Notebook No. 34"). Not all of Lyman's notebooks survive in this collection; nor is it known where else they might be if they survive at all.

1. "B. S. Lyman. Cambridge Mass. March 1853."
1853 March 

Other Descriptive Information: Brief notes on the chronology of the history of England beginning 1066; cursory. Notebook largely blank.

2. "B. S. Lyman--Mar 1857 Middle Pa."
1857 March 

Other Descriptive Information: Notes regarding geology, mining and ore processing, with historical notes. Paginated 29-111 but only 29-34 are used.

3. "Book VIII. S.E. Penna. and Potomac Valley."
1857 April 14-May 11 

Other Descriptive Information: Notes regarding geology, mining and ore processing, with historical notes. Paginated 5-216; pages removed but do not interrupt the pagination. Occasional drawings and diagrams.

4. "Book IX. N. Western Virginia and Middle Pennsylvania."
1857 May 12-June 11 

Other Descriptive Information: Inside front cover indicates date 8 May 1856 (error). Notes regarding geology, mining and ore processing, with historical notes. Paginated 1-192; pages removed but do not interrupt the pagination. Occasional drawings and diagrams.

5. "Book X. New Jersey."
1857 June 15-July 3 

Other Descriptive Information: Notes regarding geology, mining and ore processing, with historical notes. Paginated 5-216; pages removed, interrupting pagination. Occasional drawings and diagrams.

6. "Book XII. E. & S. W. Va., N. E. North Ca and E. Tenn. (east of R.R.)"
1857 July 13-August 31 

Other Descriptive Information: Notes regarding geology, mining and ore processing, with historical notes. Paginated 1-216; pages removed that interrupt the pagination. Pages 208/209 have writing but are purposely glued together. Occasional drawings and diagrams.

7. "Book XIII. S. W. North Car., Ga., Ala. and E. Tenn & S. W. Va. (west of R.R.)"
1857 August 27-November 15 

Other Descriptive Information: Notes regarding geology, mining and ore processing, with historical notes. Paginated 1-180; pages removed that interrupt the pagination. Occasional drawings and diagrams.

8. "Book XIV. Valley of Va. (middle part.)"
1857 November 15-26 

Other Descriptive Information: Notes regarding geology, mining and ore processing, with historical notes. Paginated 1-120; pages removed that interrupt the pagination. Occasional drawings and diagrams. Half of this notebook unused.

9. "Book XVI. Ecole des Mines"
1860 June 5-9 

Other Descriptive Information: Geological and travel notes, in French; with drawings and diagrams. Pasted to spine are Lyman's original enumeration labels, "16" and "17". Inside front cover indicates date 4 June 1860; inside back cover indicates date 18 July 1860. Most of the notebook contains blank leaves. Pasted to inside of front cover is a separate paper, "The course of the Arago, in 1859--From New York to Havre", listing daily latitudes and longitudes and miles sailed.

10. "Livre de Notes 18." [Europe.]
1860 August 27-October 31 

Other Descriptive Information: Geological and travel notes from a tour of Europe; in French. Paginated 1-140. Numerous drawings and diagrams. Rear of volume contains itineraries and registers of expenses.

11. "Livre 20." [Europe.]
1861 July 1-August 16 

Other Descriptive Information: Geological and travel notes from a tour of Europe; in French, English and German. Paginated 1-137. Occasional drawings.

12. "Notizbrief 21." [Germany.]
1861 August 17-31 

Other Descriptive Information: Geological and mining notes from a tour in Germany; in French, English and German. Paginated 1-137. Numerous drawings and diagrams.

13. "Notizbrief 22." [Germany.]
1861 October 1-December 31 

Other Descriptive Information: Geological and mining notes in Germany; in German. Paginated 1-136. Occasional drawings and diagrams.

14. "Notizbrief 23." [Germany.]
1862 January 1-March 31 

Other Descriptive Information: Geological and mining notes in Germany; in German. Paginated 1-136. Occasional drawings and diagrams. Rear of volume contains itineraries and registers of expenses.

15. "Notizbrief 24." [Germany.]
1862 April 1-May 31 

Other Descriptive Information: Geological and mining notes in Germany; in German. Paginated 1-144. Numerous drawings and diagrams, which include on last leaf some dated characatures.

16. "Notizbuch 25." [Germany.]
1862 June 1-July 31 

Other Descriptive Information: Geological and mining notes in Germany; in German. Paginated 1-143. Numerous drawings and diagrams.

17. "Notizbuch 26." [Germany.]
1862 August 1-26 

Other Descriptive Information: Geological and mining notes in Germany; in German. Paginated 1-137. Numerous drawings and diagrams.

18. "Notizbuch 27." [Germany, Pennsylvania, Nova Scotia.]
1862 August 27-1863 May 12 

Other Descriptive Information: Notes in German in Bremen, 27August-1 September 1862 (pp. 0-5 [sic]). Remainder of notes in English, in America: 23 November 1862, geological section on the Swatara Railroad [Pennsylvania] (pp. 16-17) and notes on rail and timber. Subsequent notes, largely calculations, begin 25 February 1863. Notebook paginated 0-137. Occasional drawings and diagrams. End of notebook contains notes on trip to Nova Scotia.

19. "Pocket Note Book No. 28." [Nova Scotia.]
1863 July 21-September 30 

Other Descriptive Information: General notes and surveying notes. Unpaginated. Surveying notes are written into the notebook with the rear cover turned upward.

20. "Pocket Note Book No. 32." [Pennsylvania.]
1865 June 16-1866 January 17 

Other Descriptive Information: Geological field notes; occasional personal notes and expenses. Paginated 1-137. Numerous sketches and diagrams. Includes a few loose notes. Pocket contains two invoices for mining supplies and coal on the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad Company, 30 June 1865, at the Boston Mines.

21. "Pocket Note Book No. 33." [Pennsylvania.]
1866 January 18-24 

Other Descriptive Information: Geological field notes; occasional personal notes and expenses. Paginated 1-137. Numerous sketches and diagrams.

22. "Pocket Notebook No. 34." [Northeastern U.S.]
1866 February 1-December 25 

Other Descriptive Information: Personal notes and expenses; some notes pertaining to the burning of coal and a few geological notes. Principally a commonplace book. Paginated 1-137. Numerous sketches and diagrams. Personal notes include poems, prayers, a diagram of umbrella weaving, genealogical notes, income and federal tax for 1865, personal physical measurements, a sketch of Egg Rock (Nahant, 25 July 1866). Includes on the paper (p. 83) a "streak of (aab) micaceous specular iron ore see survey note book I".

23. "Pocket Notebook No. 35."
1867 January 1-November 3 

Other Descriptive Information: Essentially a commonplace book; personal notes, very few geological notes. This volume comprises principally work on, and improvements to, Lyman's own form of shorthand. Paginated 1-137.

24. "Pocket Notebook No. 36." [Pennsylvania, Illinois, other?]
1867 November 21-1868 October 30 

Other Descriptive Information: Various notes relating to geology, coal mining, ore processing, geometry and surveying; transcriptions of passages from literature in other languages (Latin, German). Personal notes. Paginated 1-137.

25. "Pocket Note Book No. 37."
1868 November 21-1869 August 21 

Other Descriptive Information: Partly a commonplace book, containing personal accounts, verse in English and German, geometry and surveying calculations, diagram of a solar compass, various other notes. Paginated 1-137. Pocket contains loose notes. >>> Also in pocket and now removed is a large sheet with scribbles apparently marked "PA RI" (a child's imaginative map of the northeastern U.S.?) and scribbled notations (by a child?) reading in part, "Tell [illegible] that she is a good sister and is to be married to her cousin Mr. Lyman". This item will be found in "Oversize Collection 1", listed there under "Personal" (see following Series XI in the finding aid).

26. "Pocket Note Book No. 38." [Quebec, Europe, India.]
1869 September 6-1871 February 19 

Other Descriptive Information: Essentially a commonplace book, at the beginning containing superficial travel notes relating to Lyman's voyage to India by way of Quebec and the Mediterranean and Suez Canal. These notes includes some astronomical sightings on the sun en route. Of note: Faithful transcriptions of some grave markers in Quebec(?), a fragment of newsprint pasted down with the annotation, "specimen of print that could be read by the light of the aurora borealis on the St. Lawrence 6 Oct 1869." Includes expenses while in India. Paginated 1-137.

27. "Pocket Note Book No. 41." [Japan.]
1873 April 19-1874 April 25 

Other Descriptive Information: Notebook with folded pages made of washi. Reading one direction comprises a discontinuous diary, 19 April to 18 June 1873, with an added entry 5 April 1874 written in transliterated Japanese. Turning the notebook over, entries comprise expenses May 1873-April 1874. Use of pencil has resulted in many pages being badly smudged. Unpaginated.

28. "Pocket Notebook No. 43." [Japan, India, France.]
1876 June 3-1881 March 27 

Other Descriptive Information: Notebook begun in Yedo, Japan. Mixed notes including rough box list of materials to be shipped from Japan, including a rough list of rock samples. Notes on Japanese and Chinese etymology. Some cultural notes. Notes during travel to India. Concludes with daily notes of latitude/longitude and miles sailed to Venice. Of note: Rough sketch of Fuji, floor plans of Japanese houses, pencil sketch of B. S. Lyman "by MWL [Miss M. W. Lesley] at l'Hotel du Prince Albert" (undated), pencil sketch of woman seated "at Barbizon near Fontainebleu" [Miss Lesley?] April 16 1881, pencil sketches of a country house. Paginated 1-49.

29. "Pocket Notebook No. 44." [France, Massachusetts?]
1881 April 22-1882 April 12 

Other Descriptive Information: Essentially a commonplace book. Notebook begun in Paris, including miscellaneous notes relating to return to America. Includes various notes relating to household hardware, fixtures and furnishings. Some house floor plans are drawn out. Lists of expenses. Unpaginated.

30. [No title]
n.d. 

Other Descriptive Information: Mostly blank leaves. Two leaves contain writing in Lyman's unique form of shorthand. A third leaf contains "Benjamin Smith Lyman" written in Arabic (or Persian) and in Lyman's shorthand. The pocket of this notebook contains the business promotional card, "Benjamin Smith Lyman, Mining Engineer, 139 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, (Member of the French Geological Society)" with notice of his opening an office at this address, his experience, and reference; the card is dated in print, February 1862, although the date for this notebook is undetermined.

VI. Writings and Research Files
  
1. Geological Essays, Notes and Reviews
  
"A National Mining School"
n.d.8 leaves.
"Coal Beds, How Formed"
1912 May 2345 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Two handwritten drafts and typescript.

"Coal by Measurement"
n.d.7 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Two handwritten drafts.

"Contributions to the Boston Commonwealth 1863"
186341 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Two separate folds of pages, in the form of a letterbook.

"Discussion of Prof. Branner's Paper on Geology and Topography."
1897 November6 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Handwritten draft, 5 pp.; and final page of typescript (p. 5).

"Erosion."
1885 June52 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Handwritten draft and typescript.

Geological notes [fragment, re structure and oil pools]
n.d.1 p.
"Geological Observations."
 21 leaves.
"Geology of England."
1884 January, March8 pp.
"Graphite, Notes Compiled by Benjamin Smith Lyman."
1902 August 573 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Typescript with handwritten emendations.

"The Immense Time Indicated by Erosion."
1901, 190437 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: One handwritten draft; one handwritten draft interleaved with typescript; and loose notes.

"Jade"
1903 June, July11 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Two handwritten drafts (by Lyman) reporting on Lyman's presentation to the Mineralogical and Geological Section [of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia]; with numerous loose notes. Includes a tear-out of the article, "Jade" by Edwawrd Pinnington, "The Mineral Collector", July 1898.

"Mountain Systems."
n.d.4 pp.
Pennsylvania. Critique of the Atlas of the Western Middle Anthracite Field, Pt. 1.
188411 leaves.
Pennsylvania. "Imaginary Peneplains."
1917 June 102 pp.
Pennsylvania. "The Panther Creek Atlas."
188323 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Handwritten draft and emended typescript.

"'The Sedimentary Pebbles of Shleswig-Holstein', by C. Gottsche"
1883 August 214 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Handwritten draft and typescript. Review of "Die Sedimentar-geschiebe das Provinz Schleswig-Holstein, Von Dr C. Gottsche. Als manuscript gedruckt, Yokohama, Levy & Salabelle, 1883."

"Sediments. (Sand washed over fields by Licking Waters River flood.)"
1885 June 22; 1895 April 143 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: File includes one loose note dated 14 April 1895.

"Some Illustrations of the Influence of Geological Structure on Topography."
189719 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Two handwritten drafts and corrected galleys.

"Well-Boring by Steam with a Spring-Pole."
1885 Novlember, December; [1886?]11 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Handwritten draft and uncorrected galleys for a paper "written for the Engineering and Mining Journal".

2. Lectures
  
"A Museum for the Mining and Metallurgical Section. (not spoken)"
1898 September5 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Two handwritten drafts and another written in a very small hand on a small piece of paper. A presentation, not given, for the Franklin Institute, Philadelphia.

Address to the Franklin Institute Mining and Metallurgy Department
1897 April 254 leaves.
Address to the Philadelphia Japanese Club
1895 May 117 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Three handwritten drafts and one leaf of Japanese calligraphy.

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:239122/

Address to the Philadelphia Japanese Club
1905 November 32 pp.
"Chinese at Harvard University"
1893 January 24, February 178 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: "For A.D.[?] Club Dinner of 18/2/93 at Cambridge, Ma. if necessary, but not used." Two handwritten drafts. Folder title is as written on Lyman's original envelope.

"Farewell to the Presidency"
1898 February 99 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Two handwritten drafts of Lyman's final speech as president of the Franklin Institute's Mining and Metallurgical Section.

Harvard Club
1893 February 113 pp.

Separated material: See also separate item removed to Oversize Collection 1, a newspaper biographical sketch of Phillips Brooks.

Other Descriptive Information: "Not used. For the Harvard Club dinner of 11/2/93 [2 November 1893] if necessary." Regarding the death of Phillips Brooks, a classmate of the Class of 1855.

"Iron Pillar at Delhi, India (The)"
18728 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Handwritten draft. Also a typescript with notation, "Copied from the US RR & Mg Register April 3, 1872"; an item read by Lyman before American Institute of Mining Engineers, 21 February 1872.

"Japanese Sword Lecture"
1895 November 6, 711 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Three handwritten drafts. One draft with notation, "Abstract of the Japanese Sword Lecture for the Franklin Institute Journal." Two drafts with notation, "Abstract of the Japanese Sword Lecture for Dr. Wahl's newspaper use."

Lesley, Joseph. "Material for lecture on Coal. Given to B.S.L. 13/11/69."
186923 items

Other Descriptive Information: Notes and clippings.

"Metamorphosis of Plants (The)"
18544 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: "Read before the Natural History Society of Harvard College, 1854." "Read before the Hampshire Natural History Society, 20 Aug. 1885."

Rebuttal to Persifor Frazer
1894 September 72 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Two handwritten drafts. "Read at the Am. Phil. Soc. Meeting 7/Sept/94."

Thanks to the Philadelphia & Reading Railroad Company
1895 April 111 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: For free passes during geological survey work. "This was read to Mr. [J. Peter] Lesley 14/4/95; but he thought it would better not be inserted in the B. & M. report."

3. Surveying and Surveying Instruments
  

Other Descriptive Information: See also Oversize Collection 1. See also Extra-Oversize Folder 6.

A calculation
n.d.1 leaves.
"A Light Transit for Topography"
1885 December 215 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Includes a fine pen-and-ink drawing, "B. S. Lyman's Light Transit for Topography."

"A New Notation for Level Reds or Stadias"
1883 September 15, October 23; 1886 January 8; n.d.7 leaves.
"A Point as to Topographical Shading"
1886 January 9, 112 pp.
"Additions to B.S.L.'s paper on Surveying Instruments"
1900 August 15, September 4, 18, 26-28, October 518 leaves.
"An Old Japanese Standard Foot Measure"
1889 April 1833 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Handwritten drafts, typescript, and corrected galleys.

Binding screw for telescope
1900 October 312 leaves.
Davis, J. B. "History of Solar Surveying Instruments."
190030 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Corrected typescript with illustrations pasted in.

"Errors in the Use of the Gradienter"
1896 April 27, 29, November 3015 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Two drafts. For republication in an undetermined journal; "Reprinted from the Engineering Newsl. Vol. XXXV, p. 370, June 4, 1896."

For opening a mine well
1873 March 112 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Relates to work on the Geological Survey of Japan.

"The Gradienter"
18724 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: "Written for Van Nostrand's Magazine, May, 1872, Vol. VI, p. 572."

Henderson, J. "Henderson's Patent Rapid Traverser."
18931 item

Other Descriptive Information: Offprint from "Mining Surveying Instruments", with edits in pen.

Hoskold, H. D. "Further description of the New Civil and Mining Engineers Theodolite."
n.d.28 items

Other Descriptive Information: Handwritten manuscript with 14 loose illustrations.

Hoskold, H. D. "Notes Upon an Improved Form of Mining and Civil Engineers Transit Theodolite."
n.d.32 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Handwritten manuscript.

"Logarithm Table Computations"
 5 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Computations only. Folder title from Lyman's original envelope.

Mine-theodolite of Prof. Combes, 1838
1900 July 271 p.
"New Logarithmic Tables for Topography."
1885 August 10-October 3035 pp.
On expansion and contraction in timepieces
n.d.4 pp.
Scott, Dunbar D. "The Evolution of Mine-Surveying Instruments."
1899, 190030 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Typescript with illustrations, corrected galleys.

Scott, Dunbar D. "Scotts changes in MS. of Hulbert's contrilbution to Cont. Disc."
18996 leaves.
"Secretary's Note."
1900 August 101 p.
"Sine Graduation Computations"
n.d.3 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Folder title from Lyman's original envelope.

"Sketch on the Evolution of Mine Survey Instruments." Illustrations.
n.d.16 items

Separated material: See also Oversize Collection 1.

"Surveying by Photography."
1866 December8 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Typescripts of original article by B. S. Lyman. "Copied from the Philadelphia Photographer of December, 1866."

Telescope measurement: grand surveys
 4 leaves.
"Telescopic Measurement in Surveying."
1868 February 2212 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Manuscript, by B. S. Lyman. "Read before the Franklin Institute at the Stated Meeting. Mar. 18."

Young's telescope
1900 November 91 leaves.
4. Design and Architecture
  

Other Descriptive Information: See also Oversize Collection 1 and Oversize Collection 2. See also Extra-Oversize Folder 1.

"Arrangement of book shelves in study at the Brick house 1881+/-"
Ca. 18811 leaves.
"Brick House at Northampton"
n.d.11 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Folder title is from Lyman's original envelope. Floor plans. Of note: Profile measurements, "copied from a photograph for the little Fuji at the Brick House, Northampton," which presumably was for a proposed model of Fuji.

"Designs of Rectangles acc'g. to Hay"
n.d.1 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Folder title is from Lyman's original envelope.

"Dream of House Altering in 1858+/-"
Ca. 18581 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Floor plans. Folder title is from Lyman's original envelope.

Floor plans and architectural notes (in English)
n.d.1 leaves.
Floor plans and architectural notes (in Japanese)
[1870s]1 leaves.
Geometrical designs and calculations
n.d.2 leaves.
Gray, S. M. Birds and winged insect.
1888 April?1 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Pen and ink illustration. Gray's initials are uncertain here.

House plans (undetermined)
n.d.1 leaves.
"Kubota Beisen"
[1870s]2 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Folder title is from Lyman's original envelope. One leaf with drawing of a portion of elevation of a Japanese house. One leaf with illustrations of Japanese headwear, with annotations "Kamuro" and "About".

Mining structure?
n.d.1 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Drawn on the reverse of a reused piece of paper that on verso carries the date 24 April 1882.

Plan for folding screen (in Japanese)
[1870s]1 leaves.
Quadrule paper (hand-drawn)
n.d.1 leaves.
Stone (for furniture?); estimate for (in Japanese)
[1870s]1 leaves.
Storage chest design (in Japanese)
n.d.1 leaves.
"Trimmings Wanted"
1882 January 14?1 leaves.
Undetermined plan (in Japanese)
1879 June 11 leaves.
Undetermined plan (in Japanese)
n.d.1 leaves.
Woodwork design
1882 May 202 leaves.
5. Transcriptions and Translations
  
Adaihi, J. "Arithmetic Problem."
[1870s]1 leaves.
Bennett, S. "From S. Bennett's 'Exercising in Bed.'"
n.d.19 leaves.
"Brougham on the Missionary's Case."
 2 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: "Copied by B. S. Lyman, Dec 12th. 1853."

Chandhuri, Prema Chandra. "Extracts from Prema Chandra Chandhuri's manuscript on Hindoo Marriage Ceremonies."
n.d.6 pp.
"Dreams of the Red Chamber."
1881, 18823 items

Other Descriptive Information: Folder title from Lyman's original envelope. Folder contains: Text in Chinese (28 pp.); transliterated text, "Hung Loeu Moeng. Ti Q. Hue.", dated 1 February 1881 (2 pp.); typescript, "Extract from the Dreams of the Red Chamber (see Edkins Grammar p. 275)" (variously paginated, 6 leaves, one leaf dated 29 January 1882).

"Extract." Re mining.
[1867] September 233 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Quoted; source not indicated.

Hall, J[ames]. Pompey Stone.
18841 item

Other Descriptive Information: An engraving of the so-called "Pompey Stone" that was contributed to the Albany (New York) Institute in 1871. Lyman has annotated the verso of this engraving, "Prof. J. Hall", "R[eceived]. 12/2/84 from Prof. Hall, Albany."

"Japanese Translations by BSL &c."
n.d.8 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Folder title from Lyman's original envelope. Japanese translations by various writers, all from Aesop's fables.

Kaempfer, E. "The Seven Natural Wonders of the Baku Peninsula. From E. Kaempfer's 'Amoenitatum exoticarum' etc. (1712) Fascic. II, Relatio II: VI: p. 273." Translation.
1883 July 3-10 
"Latin Verse"
18547 items

Other Descriptive Information: Lyman's original envelope reads: "Latin Verse; Translation of Thanatipsis; Translation of Es lebt ein Ralt in Keller-Nest; Translation of Extract from Wordsworth's Excursion."

"Liehen ist nicht wider Gott, u.s.w."
1861 August 201 leaves.
Longraire, M. L. de. Hellenism and Anthropological Sciences. "Translation from Bulletins de la Societe d'Anthropologie de Paris, 1903, No. 1, p. 61."
1904 March 31, May 614 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Rough copy and fine copy.

Moreri. "Jacqueline of Hollande, or of Bavaria." "From Moreri's Dictionnaire Historique (Paris, 1725) Tom. IV. page 709."
1888 November10 leaves.
Myrial, Mme. Alexandra. "On the physical training among the Yogist Sects. (Translation from Bulletins et Memoires de la Societe d'Anthropologie de Paris, 1903, No. 2, p. 201.)"
1904 March 7, 12; April 3056 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Includes "Minute for the N.&A.S. meeting of April 7, 1904", by B. S. Lyman.

Riley, C. V. "Defenses against Canker Worms. (Almost wholly Compiled from Prof. C. V. Riley's 7th Chapter of the 3d Report of the U.S. Entomological Commission, pp. 157-177.)"
1885 July 28-3015 pp.
"Shun Shoku Ume Koyome"
1877 November 22; n.d.13 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Folder title is from Lyman's original envelope. Romanized transcription from the Japanese of a portion of "Shunshoku umegoyomi" ("Colors of Spring: The Plum Calendar"), by Tamenaga Shunsui. A novel published in 1832-1833. (Note: The correct form is "umegoyomi," not "ume koyome.")

"The Sleeping Beauty, in Japanese, revised by J. Shimada & others"
1875 

Other Descriptive Information: Texts in Japanese characters, transliterated Japanese with interlinear Japanese characters, and transliterated Japanese.

Varenius, Bernhard. "Lebensnachrichten von Bernard Varenius. Von Dr. A. Breusing." From Petermann's Mittheilungen, 26 (1880). Transcription in German.
 17 pp.
Varenius, Bernhard. "Sketch of the Life of Bernard Varenius. By Dr. A. Breusing." Translation of article in Petermann's Mittheilungen, 26 (1880).
n.d.20 pp.
Varenius, Bernhard. Transcription of "A Description of the Kingdom of Japan and Siam" (Cambridge, 1673). Pages 21-200.
n.d.179 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: This transcription begins with the title-page to Varenius, paginated "21".

Varenius, Bernhard. Transcription of "A Description of the Kingdom of Japan and Siam" (Cambridge, 1673). Pages 201-400.
n.d.200 pp.
Varenius, Bernhard. Transcription of "A Description of the Kingdom of Japan and Siam" (Cambridge, 1673). Pages 401-601.
n.d.201 pp.
Varenius, Bernhard. Transcription of "A Description of the Kingdom of Japan and Siam" (Cambridge, 1673). Pages 602-747.
n.d.146 pp.
Woeikof, A. "Die Klimate der Erde" (Jena, 1887, v. 1, p. 216-221). Transcription.
n.d.7 pp.
6. Linguistics
  

Other Descriptive Information: See also Oversize Collection 2.

Chinese. "Canton Place-names."
18946 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Folder title is from Lyman's original envelope. Actually a list of Cantonese phrases and words.

Chinese. "Chinese lessons at Yedo, with Edkins' Progressive Lessons, 1869."
1880 
Chinese. Chinese phrase lists (transliterations and translations).
1880 
Chinese. "Chinese Pronunciation."
n.d.1 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Folder title is from Lyman's original envelope.

Chinese. "English and Chinese Phrases."
1881, 1882 
Chinese. "Pekingese Phrase Book, Chinese Characters."
n.d. 

Other Descriptive Information: Folder title is from Lyman's original envelope.

Chinese. "Some Pekingese Sounds."
1883 May 1; n.d.9 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Handwritten draft and typescrpt.

French. "Suggestions as to French Pronunciation. By Benjamin Smith Lyman."
1859; 1888 September 21, 23; n.d.16 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Handwritten draft, typescript, and notes.

General Linguistics. "A Practical Rational Alphabet. By Benjamin Smith Lyman."
 42 leaves.
General Linguistics. "The Consonants. By Benjamin Smith Lyman."
1867 August 10; n.d.47 leaves.
General Linguistics. "English Ch." By Benjamin Smith Lyman.
1883 November 94 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Letter to the editor of "Science." Draft and emended typescript.

General Linguistics. "List of Words for a Vocabulary in any new language, for Mr. Lesley."
n.d.2 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: On verso of one list are diagrammatic sketches involving pulleys and other equipment.

General Linguistics. "Phonographics Notes in BSL's system."
1870 December 11-1871 January 19; n.d. 

Other Descriptive Information: Folder title taken from Lyman's original envelope. All items in this folder are entirely in Lyman's unique form of shorthand. One item is a hand-crafted booklet, with entries dated between 11 December 1870 and 19 January 1871. A few notations in conventional writing relate to speed of reading.

General Linguistics. "Shorthand and tests of speed with longhand."
n.d.3 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Folder title taken from Lyman's original envelope. Includes a key to lyman's unique phonographic system of shorthand, and two test passages written in French and German.

General Linguistics. "Spelling Simplified."
n.d.5 pp.
General Linguistics. "Teaching Language to Brutes."
1883 November 96 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Letter to the editor of "Science." Handwritten draft and emended typescript.

Hindu. "Phoenetics."
1881 February 5 leaves.
Italian. "Italian Exercises from Ollendorff."
1881200 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Folder title taken from Lyman's original envelope.

Japanese. Aino language.
n.d.33 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Documents in this folder are in Japanese, transliterated Japanese, and English.

Japanese. "Change from Surd to Sonant in Japanese Compounds (The)", by Benjamin Smith Lyman.
1894 

Other Descriptive Information: Manuscript, typescript, corrected galleys, and emended page proofs.

Japanese. Character lists (in Japanese only).
n.d.6 pp.
Japanese. Character list.
188428 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Japanese characters with Pekingese, Japanese, English, French pronunciations.

Japanese. English grammar for Japanese.
1883, 1891, 1903; n.d. 
Japanese. "English Spelling" (for Japanese).
n.d.56 leaves.
Japanese. "Etymology."
 34 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: "Copied from 1878." "Copied from 6-5-79 p. 17 &c."

Japanese. "Gamble's List of 2285 Characters."
 39 pp.

Physical & technical details: The cover leaf of this document, with Lyman's annotation, is an excellent example of how the documents throughout this collection acquired a sedimentary film of coal dust. It is obvious that this document lay exposed for some time, with another, smaller document atop it, which protected part of the cover leaf.

Other Descriptive Information: Japanese characters only. Folder title is Lyman's annotation.

Japanese. "Grammar."
1877 December 11325 pp.
Japanese. Guide to Japanese characters.
1880250 pp.
Japanese. Japanese grammar, notes on.
1877 May 142 leaves.
Japanese. Japanese Grammatical Notes. "Euphonic Changes."
n.d. 

Other Descriptive Information: Paginated 51-186.

Japanese. "Japanese Phrases."
1883 May 261 leaves.
Japanese. "Japanese Provinces & Districts." [Bilingual]
 4 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Folder title from original envelope.

Japanese. "Japanese Spelling Names for Chinese Radicals."
1880 September 43 leaves.
Japanese. "Jap[anese]. Verb so-called." Notes.
1901; n.d.12 leaves.
Japanese. "The Nature of the Japanese Verb So-Called."
1902, 1905, 1911, 191267 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Manuscript and typescript drafts.

Japanese. "Notes on Japanese Grammar. By Benjamin Smith Lyman."
n.d.10 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Heavily corrected page proofs.

Japanese. "On the Japanese Nigori of Composition, by Mr. B. S. Lyman, of Northampton, Mass."
188334 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Manuscript, typescript drafts and galley proof of greatly shortened text.

Japanese. Pfizmaier, August. "Researches on the Structure of the Aino Language."
1880 June 25122 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Transcription by Lyman. Original published Vienna, Royal Imperial Court and State Press.

Japanese. "Satoo, Hideaki."
1874 May 31, 1893 December 242 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Folder title from original envelope.

Japanese. "Sawa. (Reply to U.)"
1878 February 175 leaves.
Japanese. "Takuma's List of 2200 Characters. 1880."
188019 leaves.
Japanese. Vocabulary.
n.d.2 leaves.
Japanese. Word lists.
189112 leaves.
Japanese. Writing exercises in English (by a Japanese?).
187676 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Some pages marked with Japanese writing. Indicated by Lyman has having received 1876 March 27.

Mixed. "Metrology, Chinese & Japanese".
n.d. 

Other Descriptive Information: Folder title from original envelope.

Mixed. Systems of transliteration.
n.d.1 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed leaflet, containing: "For the Devanagari Alphabet, and For All Alphabets Related To It"; and "For Persian (Including Arabic Words in Persian) and Hindustani."

7. Asian Culture
  

Other Descriptive Information: See also Series XI. See also Oversize Collection 1.

"A Japanese Sermon"
1875 June 194 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Credited to "Japan Weekly Mail".

"Acute Perception, an Oriental Tale."
n.d.9 pp.
"The Ainos."
1901 November 20; n.d.58 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Manuscript and typescript. Also a separate "List of Aino Things."

[The Ainos.]
n.d.31 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Manuscript in fair hand.

"The Character of the Japanese. A Study of Human Nature."
1882118 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Manuscript and typescript.

"The Dragon Pool Inkstone."
1882 August 192 pp.
Drawings of a tree and plants.
n.d.5 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Ten drawings done with a calligraphy brush; with inscriptions in black and red. Artist not identified.

"Education of Japanese"
n.d.29 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Folder title from original envelope. Manuscript, with title, "The Educational Dependents", changed to "Educatiion in Japan."

"Hindoo Ideas about Marriage." Draft typescript.
n.d.24 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Draft typescript, edited; variously paged.

Hindoo Ideas about Marriage. Outline.
 16 leaves.
"Hindoo Ideas About Marriage." Typescript 1, pages 1-200.
n.d.200 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: The three typescripts in this collection each is quite different from the others. Typescripts 1, 2, 3 are undated; circumstantial evidence indicates that the order (1, 2, 3) represents newer to older. Note that Typescript 3 is also accompanied by an original manuscript by another person.

"Hindoo Ideas About Marriage." Typescript 1, pages 201-399.
n.d.199 pp.
"Hindoo Ideas About Marriage." Typescript 1, pages 400-578; and additional pages.
n.d.200 pp.
"Hindoo Ideas About Marriage." Typescript 2, pages 1-200.
n.d.200 pp.
"Hindoo Ideas About Marriage." Typescript 2, pages 201-400.
n.d.200 pp.
"Hindoo Ideas About Marriage." Typescript 2, pages 401-559; plus additional pages.
n.d.-170 pp.
Hindoo Ideas About Marriage. Typescript 2. "Forms and Ceremonies of Hindoo Marriage."
n.d. 

Other Descriptive Information: Mixed typescript and manuscript. Accompanied typescript 2.

Hindoo Ideas About Marriage. Typescript 2. "Abstract of the Paper on Some Hindoo Marriage Ceremonies."
n.d. 

Other Descriptive Information: Manuscript. Accompanied typescript 2.

Hindoo Ideas About Marriage. Typescript 2. "Table of Contents" and outline.
n.d. 

Other Descriptive Information: Manuscript. Accompanied typescript 2.

Hindoo Ideas About Marriage. Typescript 2. Table of Contents (for typescript 2?).
n.d. 

Other Descriptive Information: Manuscript. Accompanied typescript 2.

"Hindoo Ideas About Marriage. [Typescript 2.] Table of Contents."
n.d. 

Other Descriptive Information: Typescript. Accompanied typescript 2.

Hindoo Ideas About Marriage. Typescript 3. "Forms and Ceremonies of Hindu Marriages." Pages 201-400.
n.d.200 pp.
Hindoo Ideas About Marriage. Typescript 3. "Forms and Ceremonies of Hindu Marriages." Pages 1-200.
n.d.200 pp.
Hindoo Ideas About Marriage. Typescript 3. "Forms and Ceremonies of Hindu Marriages." Pages 401-597.
n.d.197 pp.
"Hindoo Ideas About Marriage". [Typescript 3.]
n.d.9 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Manuscript. Accompanied typescript 3.

Hindoo Ideas About Marriage. Typescript 3. "Forms & Ceremonies of Hindu Marriage." Ms. from Prema Chandra Chandhuri. Contents and fragments.
n.d.6 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Manuscript accompanying typescript 3, in a fair hand. Notation on verso of one sheet: "For Benjamin Smith Lyman Esquire Geologist. Northampton. Massachusetts. United States. North America. Copies of Papers on Hindu Marriage. 115 Pages. Forwarded by Post by Prema Chandra Chandhuri Ex-Pandit of the Asiatic Society of Bengal at Calcutta. Park Street."

Hindoo Ideas About Marriage. Typescript 3. "Forms & Ceremonies of Hindu Marriage." Ms. from Prema Chandra Chandhuri. Fragments.
n.d. 
Hindoo Ideas About Marriage. Typescript 3. "Forms & Ceremonies of Hindu Marriage." Ms. from Prema Chandra Chandhuri. Pages [?]-56.
n.d. 
Hindoo Ideas About Marriage. Typescript 3. "Forms & Ceremonies of Hindu Marriage." Ms. from Prema Chandra Chandhuri. Pages 57-102.
n.d. 
Hindoo Ideas About Marriage. Typescript 3. "Forms & Ceremonies of Hindu Marriage." Ms. from Prema Chandra Chandhuri. Pages 103-150.
n.d. 
"Japanese Cats."
1878 February 112 leaves.
"Japanese Chapter."
1882 April 26; n.d.6 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Notes and outline for an item in the "American Encyclopedia."

Japanese geometry.
1875 January 139 pp.
"Japanese Landscape Gardening, a Fine Art in Aid of Natural History."
1885 May 22, 27; 1898 July 4, 19, Septer 13; 1904 March 31, May 16; 1912 

Other Descriptive Information: Mixed manuscripts and typescripts with revisions. One newspaper clipping from the "Doylestown (Pennsylvania) Intelligencer), 20 December 1912: "'Japanese Landscape Gardening'---Lyman. Noted Scientist Lectures Before Nature Club." >>>> See also Series XI, Subser. 2 for oversized illustration removed from original folder.

"Japanese Notes & Queries (begun for the Japan Mail)."
1878 May 12; n.d.3 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Folder title taken from original envelope.

"Japanese Painting."
1894 July 2, 43 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Folder title taken from original envelope. Manscript with title, "Japanese Painting. (in answer to Mr. E. S. Balch, at the Geogr. Club Meeting, 7/2/94.)" Manuscript and small reading card for oration.

"Japanese Pearls."
1884 November 21, 2512 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Manuscript in English. Also manuscript in Japanese, with notation by Lyman, "Q's Extract from Commentary on the [illegible] about Jingoo Kugro's pearls."

"The Japanese Prodigal Son. Illustrating also Japanese family solidarity, adoption and other customs.) Extracts from a Buddhist Sermon."
n.d.13 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Accompanied by a page of printed musical hymns.

"Japanese Swords. (Rough Draft.)
1890 April; n.d. 

Other Descriptive Information: Includes notes and original pen-and-ink illustrations.

"Japanese Swords III."
n.d.14 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Typescript. Folder title taken from original envelope.

[Japanese Swords.] "A Lecture on Metallurgical and Other Features of Japanese Swords."
1894 November 

Other Descriptive Information: Manuscript and typescripts.

"Japanese Translation from (Siri Shimbun)." [Moral story.]
1883 January 1429 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Transcription. Original noted to have been received 9 February 1882. Folder title taken from original envelope.

"Japanese Wit and Humor."
n.d.9 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Manuscript and typescript.

Regarding money transactions.
1877 August 309 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: A partial communique from B. S. Lyman to an undetermined recipient, written from Kubota, 30 August 1877. Pages 9 to 25 [conclusion] only.

8. Vegetarianism and Food
  
"A Chinese Girl's Tea-Picking Song."
1883 May 24 
"A Chinese Meal. By Mr. Paul d'Enjoy."
1904 May 534 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: "Translation from the Bulletins de la Societe d'Anthropologie de Paris, 1903, No. 4, p. 474."

"Armenia."
1903 May 3, August 1, September 5 

Other Descriptive Information: Folder title from original envelope. Includes drawing of "Armenian churn (of earthenware)" by "Mr. Karekin 1 Aug. 1903", and sketch of "Armenian cooking range", drawing also by Karekin. File also contains small slips with Armenian words written by Karekin.

"B.S.L.'s Dinner."
Ca. 18821 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: List of foods for B. S. Lyman's meals.

"Cooking."
1876 November 21; 1890 March 3; 1904 July 413 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Folder title from original envelope, conainting three documents: 1. "Cooking of Vegetables", 21 November 1876, "from 'La Bonne Cuisine'". >>> 2. "A Vegetable Curry, as Made by Vimmall Sing for B. S. L., 3 March, 1890." >>> 3. "Rice", 4 July 1904.

"How To Make Japanese Tea."
1897 April 112 leaves.
"Japanese Market Price List."
n.d.1 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed leaflet in Japanese and English. Folder title from original envelope.

Recipes, vegetarian.
1882, 188450 leaves.
"Salmagundi."
n.d.1 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Folder title from original envelope. Verso of leaf contains unrelated, miscellaneous notes re Northampton insurance table; squirrel; Henry M. Willis of Monroe Co. "thinks of boring a salt well would he succeed?"

"Tea (Sagara 28/4/78)."
1878 April 286 pp.
"Tea Again."
1878 May 102 pp.
"Vegetarian Diet and Dishes." Manuscript. Pages 1-100.
1909106 leaves.
"Vegetarian Diet and Dishes." Manuscript. Pages 101-200.
1909100 leaves.
"Vegetarian Diet and Dishes." Manuscript. Pages 201-300.
1909100 leaves.
"Vegetarian Diet and Dishes." Manuscript. Pages 301-400.
1909100 leaves.
"Vegetarian Diet and Dishes." Manuscript. Pages 401-558.
1909158 leaves.
"Vegetarian Diet and Dishes." Typescript. Folder 1.
n.d. 
"Vegetarian Diet and Dishes." Typescript. Folder 2.
n.d. 
"Vegetarian Diet and Dishes." Typescript. Folder 3.
n.d. 
9. Miscellaneous Manuscripts
  

Other Descriptive Information: Many of the "Miscellaneous Manuscripts" folders contain manuscript and typescript versions, sometimes several, representing various original, re-edited, and/or final versions, sometimes over a period of years.

"A Fair Barbarian."
1887 February 209 leaves.
"The Advantage of Classical Studies".
1883 October 9, 2649 leaves.
"The American Control of the Philippines. Mainly an Abstract of Prof. Bernard Moses's Paper."
n.d.40 leaves.
"Capital Punishment."
1885 May 2, 423 leaves.
"The Climate of Japan."
1873 December 305 leaves.
Climate of Yedo.
n.d.7 pp.
Comments on Messrs. J. P. Morgan and Co. re the banking system.
n.d.14 leaves.
"Conflict Between Science and Religion."
1884 March 7, 89 leaves.
Conjugal rights.
n.d.3 leaves.
"Engelbert Kaempfer."
1883 October 29, November 1; n.d.16 leaves.
"Exclusiveness in a Scientific Association."
18672 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Folder title from original envelope. Date given by Lyman as "1867 +/-2" (i.e., ca. February 1867).

"The Golden Rule in Ancient China."
1915 October 28; n.d.6 leaves.
"Happy are they who dwell in this fair fertile valley . . . Matsmoto, 19 July, 1876."
1876 July 191 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Brief remark concerning the benefit of schools.

"The Immortality of the Body."
1883 September 5; 1884 November 12, 24; 1887 June 6; 1890 October 23, 2846 leaves.
"The Iron Pillar in Delhi, India."
1872 April 21 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Clipping of the text of an address by B. S. Lyman published in "The Engineering and Mining Journal", 2 April 1872, p. 216. "Read before the American Institute of Mining Engineers, February 21, 1872." Minor pencil emendations by Lyman.

"Jubilee Quadrille, or The Rebels." [Dance.]
n.d.4 leaves.
"Lucubrations, 1882 & 1883. (To be subdivided)."
1882-188385 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Folder title from original envelope.

"Natural History Morality."
1911 November 27; n.d.13 leaves.
"Natural Morality."
n.d.88 leaves.
"On Coats; a fragment written by B.S.L., in the winter of 1855 & 6."
1855-18561 leaves.
On weather proverbs.
1892 November 151 leaves.
"The Power of Concentration."
1882 May 3-43 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: "Composition for a schoolboy friend of Miss Cogens'."

"Rattlebang."
1896 September 132 leaves.
"Report on an Unfinished Set of Trials of a Smoke Burning Furnace at Rising Sun, Philadelphia, under the Management of Mr. John T. Rich . . . ." [and] "On Smoke Burning."
1868 November 2, 1928 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: By Benjamin Smith Lyman. Cover leaf has written on it: "Rich. H. C. Carey. B. S. Lyman. J. P. Lesley." Second document, "On Smoke Burning", was originally affixed to the leaves of this document.

"Revenge, Shakespeare's Hamlet, Slightly Altered."
1915104 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: A single typescript.

Review of Andrew P. Peabody's "Conversation; its Faults and its Graces".
n.d.4 pp.
"Rock Oil Light."
n.d. [ca. 1867-1868]10 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Item not dated, but internal evidence indicates ca. 1867-1868: a paper published in June 1862 is noted by Lyman to have been written "nearly 6 years ago".

"The Sherman Law for Miners and Grangers."
1894 February 20; n.d.3 leaves.
"Temperance Legislation."
1886 December 5; n.d.41 leaves.
"Tips." [Regarding gratuities.]
n.d.3 leaves.
"To the Editor of the Evening Post, New York."
1881 August 91 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Typescript, signed "B." Annotated, "Not Sent."

"To the Editor of the Springfield Republican."
1885 August 211 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Manuscript draft. Annotated, "Not used."

"Vindication of the Camden High School. (for Mr. J. Jubiland.)"
n.d.2 leaves.
VIII. Geological Survey of Japan
  
1. Documents in English
  

Other Descriptive Information: See also Oversize Collection 1. See also Extra-Oversize Folder 7.

"A Report on the Progress of the Geological Survey of the Oil Lands of Japan during the year 1876."
1876-1877159 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Manuscript draft.

Accounts (expenses, etc.).
1876-187947 leaves.
American & Continental Literary Agency, London.
1872 January 271 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Itemized "Invoice of Merchandize Shipped by Trübner & Co. per the Steamer Caudia via Southampton Feb 13th on account and risk of Mr B. s. Lymahn, Yokohama, Japan." Shipping list and invoice for Lyman's order of December 7 [1871]. Presumably for the Geological Survey of Japan.

Atkinson, R. W. "Report on Petroleum" to Messrs. Sakuma & Co.
1876 September 273 pp.
Atkinson, R. W. "Report on Specimens of Petroleum from Totomo."
1876 September 216 pp.
"Benj. Smith Lyman's Journey July to Dec. 1877."
1877 December 91 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Summary and statistics regarding Lyman's number of days and distances travelled. Signed in Yedo.

Carlyle, Robert G. "Ooguzu [Ookudzu] Mines."
1876 December 151 p.

Other Descriptive Information: Not signed; authorship annotated by Lyman. Lyman also corrected the name of the mines.

Coignet. "Report on the Ikuno MInes." "To Mr. Enoye."
1870 July 1422 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Signed, "engineer of the Mine[s?] in the Service of the Hikado." Received by Lyman 27 March 1878. Lyman has annotated the author as "Coignet, (a Frenchman)."

Colors in geological mapping.
1875?, February 181 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Written description.

"Days of Halt by Benj. Smith Lyman July to Dec. 1877."
1877 December?1 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Lyman's itinerary just for days stopped at the towns or places indicated, August 2-November 21, 1877.

Draft memorandum of contract (partial), re B. S. Lyman's responsibilities.
n.d.6 pp.
Echigo-Naganoken region (variants of two printed maps).
n.d.2 leaves.
Equipment inventories.
187917 leaves.
Equipment inventory.
1877 June 3016 pp.
Equipment lists. [In English and Japanese.]
1876-1878; n.d.53 leaves.
"Errata in former Reports."
1876?2 leaves.
"Estimated table of general expences in geological surveying for 5 months February to June Maigi 9." [For 1876 February-June.]
1876 March1 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Annotated by Lyman as received 2 March 1876, answered 7 March 1876.

Frecheville, R. J. "Report on the Besshi Mine."
n.d.25 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Lyman has annotated, "No date; but see 'Reports on the Mines of Shikoku' &c. p. 58." >>> For map, see Oversize Collection 1, Oversize Folder 24.

"Estimated table of general expences in geological surveying for 1 year from July Maigi 9 to June Maigi 10." [For 1876 July-1877June.]
[1876]1 leaves.
"Estimated table of general expences for 1st year of rock-oil mining (from July Maigi 10 to June Maigi 11). Estimated table of general expences for 2nd year of rock-oil mining (for 1 year July Maigi 11 to June Maigi 12). Estimated table of general expences for 3rd year of rock-oil mining (for half a year July to December Maigi 12)." [For 1877 July-1879 December.]
1876 March4 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Annotated by Lyman as received 8 March 1876, answered 13 March 1876.

"Form of the list."
[1877]1 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Headed, "Translation of the form of the list." Regarding departmental employees, salaries and other allowances for the period 1876 July 1-1877 June 30. Presumably these are translations of column head or row markers in a submitted financial document (not present here).

Frecheville, R. J. "Report on the Mines of The Island of Shikoku and the Provinces of Kushin, Yamato, & Hida."
1876 January 2678 pp.
Frecheville, R. J. "Report on the Takaiyama [Takayama] Mines."
1875 October 2342 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: For map, see Oversize Collection 1, Oversize Folder 25

"Foot Note to page 15 of Makumbets Report."
1876 February 121 leaves.
"General Estimate of Expense of Geological Survey for 5 months Feb. to June 1876." "Implements wanted in next year." "Table of the implements for new students."
18763 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Three documents found together in original envelope.

"General Estimate of Expense of Geological Survey for the year July 1876 to June 1877."
n.d.1 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Account sheet for survey employees, listing salaries and allowances.

Godfrey, J. G. H. "Ani Mines."
1876 December 182 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Not signed; authorship annotated by Lyman.

Godfrey, J. G. H. "Heigori Iron Mines."
1876 December 252 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Not signed; authorship annotated by Lyman.

Godfrey, J. G. H. "Innai Mines."
1876 December 181 p.

Other Descriptive Information: Not signed; authorship annotated by Lyman.

Godfrey, J. G. H. "Report on the Mieke Coal Mines."
1876 April 423 pp.

Other Descriptive Information: Received by Lyman 27 March 1878.

"Gypsum."
n.d.5 pp.
"Hokkaido, Yesso rocks & minerals 1881."
1881 May 2349 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Folder title from original envelope.

"Idzumozaki map" [calculations].
1877 February1 leaves.
Itineraries of Benjamin Smith Lyman and assistants.
1876 July-1878 June39 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Includes one document in Japanese.

J. [author] "Toranoki Oil Region 3 ri from Nagano." [Report of assistant.]
[1876]2 leaves.
"Japan Minerals (except Yesso)."
n.d.59 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Seemingly a guide to drawer layout for a collection of rocks and minerals. [See also: folder "Mineralogy, etc."]

"Japanese Accounts and Accounts in Japan." [In English and Japanese.]
1873, 1877, 1879, 1880; n.d.10 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Includes one list, "Drink & Cigars, Fourth of July, 1879", which is also annotated as, "Gen. Grant Reception". [See also Extra-Oversize Folder 15 regarding the visit to Japan by Ulysses S. Grant.]

"Japanese Clerks' Work."
n.d.1 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Work assignments for private clerks.

"Japanese Geological Report Slips."
n.d.2 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Erratum slip regarding the "Makumbets and Sankebibai Reports", received from K. S. Otori. Folder title from original envelope.

"Japanese Geological Survey Assistants, 1880, Dates of Birth, &c." [In English and Japanese.]
1873, 1880?; n.d.6 leaves.

Other Descriptive Information: Includes class standings for individuals. Folder title from original envelope.

"Japanese Geological Surveys, Map list &c."
1880 December 154 leaves.