George Alexander Louis Lebour Papers

Mss.B.L491

Date: 1852-1914 | Size: 0.25 Linear feet

Abstract

Geologist George Alexander Louis Lebour was a minor figure in nineteenth century England. Educated at the Royal School of Mines, Lebour served as Professor of Geology at Durham College of Science and then Vice-Principal of Armstrong College, formerly Durham College of Science and presently University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. He was most associated with his publication on the geology of Durham and Northumberland and he wrote more then 100 papers mainly on carboniferous geology, heat-conductivity of rocks, and the transfer of heat through the earth's crust.

The Lebour Papers are comprised of 0.25 linear feet of correspondence relating to Lebour's interest in the analysis and sharing of geological specimens, geological surveying, and underground temperatures. There are a few letters with the Geological Society of London and with Richard Howse, the curator of the Natural History museum of Newcastle-upon-Tyne regarding the loaning of specimens.

Background note

George Alexander Louis Lebour was born in 1847 and educated at the Royal School of Mines. Little else is know of his early life. At the age of 20 Lebour began to serve on the Geological Survey of England. Using the knowledge he gained from that eight-year experience he accepted a position as lecturer of geological surveying at the University of Durham College of Science in Newcastle from 1973 to 1879, and succeeded Dr. David Page as Professor of Geology, a position he occupied until his death.

Lebour may have been most noted for his work on the geology of Northumberland and Durham. He wrote the "The Geology of Durham" published in the Handbook to the Geology and Natural History of Northumberland and Durham. Of his many other papers on the geology of Durham most notable are those dealing with the classification of the Salt-measures, the breccia-filled fissures in the Magnesian Limestons, and the Marl Slate and Yellow Sands. Throughout his professional career Lebour was most concerned with the transfer of heat through the earth's crust and the determination of the thermal conductivity of rocks. His findings publishing in a series of British Association reports from 1873 to 1881 were accepted as the standard of the time.

Scope and content

This relatively small collection contains incoming correspondence of Lebour and correspondence between other individuals including Walter Calverley Trevelyan, William Crawford Williamson, Hanns Bruno Geinitz and G. J. Symons. The correspondence primarily relates to the exchange and analysis of geological specimens. There are some correspondences of Richard Howse, then curator of the Natural History Museum of Newcastle-upon-Tyne regarding the exchange of fossil specimens. Also included are a few letters to the Geological Society requesting information or copies of publications.

Collection Information

Provenance

Accessioned, 1980 (accn. no. 1980-848ms).

Preferred citation

Cite as: George Alexander Louis Lebour Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Recatalogued by Leigh McCuen, May 2003.

Bibliography

There is a obituary in Geological Magazine 5 (1918): 287-288.

Indexing Terms


Corporate Name(s)

  • Geological Society of London
  • Natural History Museum (Newcastle-upon-Tyne)

Genre(s)

  • Specimens.

Personal Name(s)

  • Bonney, T. G. (Thomas George), 1833-1923
  • Cole, William Willoughby
  • Davidson, Thomas, 1817-1885
  • Dewalque, G. (Gustave), 1826-1905
  • Geikie, Archibald, 1835-1924
  • Geikie, James, 1839-1915
  • Geinitz, Hanns Bruno, 1814-1900
  • Gilbert, Grove Karl, 1843-1918
  • Howorth, Henry H., Sir (Henry Hoyle), 1842-1923
  • Howse, Richard
  • Lapparent, Albert Auguste Cochon de, 1839-1908
  • Lebour, George Alexander Louis, 1847-1918
  • Oliver, Daniel, 1830-1916
  • Ramsay, Wilhelm, 1865-1928
  • Renevier, Eugene, 1831-1906
  • Roemer, Ferdinand, 1818-1891
  • Symons, G. J. (George James), 1838-1900
  • Thornbill, John
  • Trevelyan, Walter Calverley, Sir, 1797-1879
  • Watson, Robert Spence, 1837-1911
  • Williamson, William Crawford , 1816-1895

Subject(s)

  • Geology


Detailed Inventory

George Alexander Louis Lebour Papers
1852-19140.25 lin. feetbox 1
Thornbill, John.
ALS to Richard Howse
1852 October 81p.
Bathwith, Robert.
ALS to [?]
1860 July 313p.
Charlton, Edward, 1814-1874.
ALS to [Richard] Howse
1862 January 121p.
Earl of Enniskillen.
ALS to [Richard] Howse
1871 August 241p.
Kirkby, James W..
ALS to [Richard] Howse
1872 July 251p.
Oliver, D[aniel], 1830-1916.
ALS to
1875 December 42p.
Roemer, Ferdinand, 1818-1891.
ALS to Richard Howse
1876 October 242p.
Egerton, M. Grey.
ALS to [?]
1876 December 82p.
Trevelyan, Walter Calverley, Sir, 1797-1879.
ALS to George Alexander Louis Lebour,
1877 December 232p.
Nebey, E.
ALS to George Alexander Louis Lebour
1879 April 161p.
Brown, J.[M.].
ALS to George Alexander Louis Lebour
1881 March 222p.
Williamson, William Crawford , 1816-1895.
ALS to George Alexander Louis Lebour
1881 March 223p.
Trevelyan, Walter Calverley, Sir, 1797-1879.
ALS to George Alexander Louis Lebour
1881 July 82p.
Hayes, L. McKenny.
ALS to George Alexander Louis Lebour
1887 April 83p.
Williamson, William Crawford , 1816-1895.
ALS to George Alexander Louis Lebour
1887 June 52p.
Tomlinson, William W..
ALS to [George Alexander Louis Lebour]
1890 October 142p.
Symons, G. J. (George James), 1838-1900.
ALS to George Alexander Louis Lebour
1891 October 192p.
Geinitz, Hanns Bruno, 1814-1900.
ANS to the Geological Society of London
1892 February 121p.
Gilbert, Grove Karl, 1843-1918.
ALS to George Alexander Louis Lebour
1893 April 272p.
Berkeley, Randal Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Berkeley, 1865-1942.
ANS to Geological Society of London
1893 July 51p.
Bonney, T. G. (Thomas George), 1833-1923.
ALS to [George Alexander Louis Lebour]
1894 June 122p.
Renevier, Eugene, 1831-1906.
ANS to Belinfante, L. L.
1897 April 221p.
Lapparent, Albert Auguste Cochon de, 1839-1908.
ANS to Belinfante, L. L.
1898 March 81p.
Geinitz, Hanns Bruno, 1814-1900.
ANS to Geological Society of London
1898 March 121p.
Dewalque, G. (Gustave), 1826-1905.
ANS to Geological Society of London
1898 July 41p.
Howorth, Henry H., Sir (Henry Hoyle), 1842-1923.
ALS to George Alexander Louis Lebour
1898 August 253p.
Ellean, John.
ALS to George Alexander Louis Lebour
1898 January 83p.
Lapworth, Charles, 1842-1920.
ALS to George Alexander Louis Lebour
1902 January 223p.
Geikie, Archibald, 1835-1924.
ANS to George Alexander Louis Lebour
1903 July 111p.
Watson, Robert Spence, 1837-1911.
ALS to George Alexander Louis Lebour
1907 July 51p.
Geikie, James, 1839-1915.
ALS to George Alexander Louis Lebour
1912 September 263p.
Ramsay, Wilhelm, 1865-1928.
ALS to George Alexander Louis Lebour
1914 June 222p.
Davidson, Thomas, 1817-1885.
ALS to [George Alexander Louis Lebour]
n.d.4p.
Salter, John William, 1820-1869.
ALS to [Richard] Howse
n.d.2p.