David Hosack Correspondence and Biographical Materials

Mss.B.H78

Date: Circa 1946-1962 | Size: 0.5 Linear feet, Ca. 300 items.

Abstract

David Hosack (1769-1835, APS 1810) was a physician and botanist active in medical education, as well as cultural life of New York City. Hosack founded Elgin Botanic Gardens, the first botanical gardens in America, co-founded the New York Historical Society and the short-lived Rutgers Medical School in New York City.

Background note

David Hosack (1769-1835, APS 1810) was a physician and botanist active in medical education, as well as cultural life of New York City. Hosack founded Elgin Botanic Gardens, the first botanical gardens in America, co-founded the New York Historical Society and the short-lived Rutgers Medical School in New York City.

David Hosack was born in New York City. He started his education at Columbia College, but received his degree from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1789. Hosack studied medicine under Nicholas Romayne, Philip Wright Post and Samuel Bard in New York; he then traveled to Philadelphia to study with Benjamin Rush. In 1791 he traveled to Scotland to continue studying medicine and botany.

Upon his return to America in 1795, Hosack became professor of botany at Columbia College a post he held in conjunction with the professorship of material medica until 1811. In 1797 Hosack went into practice with his former mentor Samuel Bard. Hosack was well respected by his patients, who often remarked that he went further than most other physicians to care to their comfort. In 1804 Hosack was the attending surgeon for the Burr-Hamilton duel. He attended Hamilton to the dueling place and cared for him for the subsequent 30 hours after he received his mortal wound.

Beyond his practice, Hosack was active in the medical profession. Together with his student, John W. Francis, Hosack established American Medical and Philosophical Register , which was published from 1810-1814. In 1826, Hosack founded the Rutgers Medical School of New York City, serving as president until 1830. And in 1820 Hosack was largely the driving force behind the founding of Bellvue Hospital.

Hosack's interests outside of the medical profession were numerous. He established the Elgin Botanic Gardens, the first such gardens in America. He was a founder of the New York Historical Society, serving as president from 1820-1828. Hosack was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1810. Hosack married three times, and was widowed twice; he had 10 children. He died suddenly of apoplexy in 1835

Scope and content

These materials include correspondence, notes, transcripts, and photostats of Hosack's correspondence compiled by Christine Chapman Robbins for her biography, "David Hosack: Citizen of New York," APS Memoirs 62 (Philadelphia, 1964).

Collection Information

Physical description

Ca. 300 items.

Ca. 300 items.

Provenance

Presented by Christine Chapman Robbins and accessioned, 1961 (1961 1885ms). See in-house shelf list for additional accession numbers.

Processing information

Index is not complete. Items are grouped by accession unit.

Indexing Terms


Genre(s)

  • Biographies.

Personal Name(s)

  • Banks, Joseph, 1743-1820
  • Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844
  • Eaton, Amos, 1776-1842
  • Hosack, David, 1769-1835
  • Park, Thomas, 1766-1844
  • Robbins, Christine Chapman
  • Torrey, John, 1796-1873
  • Vaughan, John, 1756-1841

Subject(s)

  • Physicians


Detailed Inventory

I. Correspondence
  
B H78. Hosack, David, 1769-1835.
Letter to D. S. Dean
Oct. 7, 1801 

New York, Photostat of A.L.S. 5p. (from original in Princeton university. see D. Hosack. Papers...; no.3.) Medicine.

B H78. Hosack, David, 1769-1835.
Letter to Miss Bache, Philadelphia;
May 4, 1821 

New York, Photostat of A.L.S. 2p.and add. (from original in Princeton university. see D.Hosack. Papers...; no.4.) The APS thanks her for Dr. Franklin's chair.

B H78. Hosack, David, 1769-1835.
Letter to John Maclean, Princeton;
Sept. 8, 1826 

New York, Photostat of A.L.S. 1p. (from original in Princeton university. see D.Hosack. Papers.. ; no. 1.) Cannot make a talk to the society.

B H78. Hosack, David, 1769-1835.
Letter to [Jesse] Buel, Albany;
Jan. 20, 1831 

New York, Photostat of A.L.S. 2p.and add.,end. (from original in Princeton university. see D.Hosack. Papers...; no.2.) Botanical news.

B H78.1. New York Botanical Garden.
Letter to the New York academy of medicine;
Nov. 20, 1899 

Photostat of typed L.S.: N.L.Britton. 1p. (from original in N.Y.acad.of medicine) (see D.Hosack Papers.) Thanks for D.Hosack library books. Presented by Mrs.W.J.Robbins; April 1960.

B H78.2. New York Academy of Medicine.
Minutes;
Jan. 5, 1899 

Photostat of typed D. 4p. (from original in N.Y.academy of medicine.) (see D.Hosack papers.) Consists chiefly of the Library committee report. Presented by Mrs.W.J.Robbins; April 1960.

B H78.3. Hosack, David, 1769-1835.
Letter to William Ludlow, Greenwich;
Jan. 1, 18179-3/4x7-3/4

New York, A.L.S. 1p.and add.,end. (see David Hosack Papers.) Sends bill for attendance, and asks payment.

General physical description: 9-3/4x7-3/4

B H78.4. Hosack, David, 1769-1835.
Letter to John Vaughan, Philadelphia;
June 16, 18179-3/4x7-3/4

New York, A.L.S. 2p.and add.,end. (see Hosack papers.) Introduces Mr. Busby. Refers to Benjamin West.

General physical description: 9-3/4x7-3/4

B H78.5. Hosack, David, 1769-1835.
Genealogical note pertaining to his family
Undated 
B H78.6. Robbins, Christine Chapman.
Material used in writing on David Hosack;
1961 

D. ca.100 leaves. Various sizes. Presented by Mrs. Robbins; Dec.1961.

B H78.7. Hosack, David, 1769-1835.
Material collected by Mrs. Christine Robbins;
1810-1962 

D. 131 letters, 8 photos.of letters, ca.20 leaves of working papers, and 25 photographs. Various sizes. Presented by Mrs. Robbins;Jan.9,1963.

B H78.8. Hosack, David, 1769-1835.
Additions to the papers collected by Mrs. Robbins for her studies on David Hosack and John Torrey.
Undated 

D.and copies of D. ca.35 items. Various sizes. Presented by Mrs. Christine C. Robbins; 1969.

II. Photographs
  
F8.27.15. Dr. Samuel Bard's house, Hyde Park, New York.
undatedSize: 20.5 x 25.5 cm. Format: 1 photomechanical printLH-B-33
F8.27.16. Interior of Park Theatre.
1822Size: 24.5 x 20 cm. Format: 1 photomechanical printLH-B-33
F8.27.17. Two urn-shaped vases painted by Charles Nicolas Dodin.
undatedSize: 20.5 x 25.5 cm. Format: 1 photoprintLH-B-33
F8.27.18. Plaque, Ceres instructiong in the art of husbandry.
undatedSize: 20.5 x 25.5 cm. Format: 1 photopringLH-B-33
F8.27.19. View from Hyde Park on the Hudson River.
undatedSize: 20 x 24.5 cm. Format: 1 photoprintLH-B-33
F8.27.20. David Hosack, half length, formal seated.
undatedSize: 25 x 20.5 cm. Format: 1 photoprintLH-B-33
F8.28.1. David Hosack profile silhouette.
1786Size: image 14 x 11.5 cm., mount 25.5 x 16.5 cm. Format: 1 photoprint
F11.9.6. An Account of the New York Hospital
1811Size:image 28 x 22 cm. Format: 1 reproduction

Other Descriptive Information: Engraver: John R. Murray

F11.9.7. David Hosack
1806Size: mount 31 x 23 cm., image 23 x 18 cm. Format: 1 photoprint of paintingLH-B-33

Other Descriptive Information: Artist: John Trumbull

F11.9.8. David Hosack
1815Size: mount 31 x 23 cm., image 22 x 17 cm. Format: 1 photomechanical printLH-B-33
F11.9.9. Alexander Hosack
1806Size: mount 31 x 23 cm., image 22 x 17 cm. Format: 1 photomechanical printLH-B-33
F11.9.10 Jane Arden Hosack
undatedSize: mount 31 x 23 cm., image 22 x 17 cm. Format: 1 photomechanical printLH-B-33
F11.9.11. Mary Eddy Hosack and David Hosack Jr.
1815Size: mount 31 x 23 cm., image 22 x 18 cm. Format: 1 photomechanical print

Other Descriptive Information: Artist: Thomas Sully (1783-1872)

U5.4.174. Specimens
undatedSize: image 17.8 x 13 cm. Format: 1 photoimageLH-B-33
III Print material
  MV-C

Print material given by Christine Chapman Robbins in 1965.

Arrangement: Print material previously separated from collection and given print numbers. Currently housed with other material given by Christine Chapman Robbins.

David Hosack
  
Elgin Botanic Garden, Rockefeller Center.
  
Yew tree at Columbia University, Yew gavel and anvil.