John Thomas Gulick papers, 1853-1898

Mss.B.G96

Date: 1853-1898 | Size: 0.25 Linear feet, Ca. 100 items.

Abstract

This collection includes correspondence on natural history and evolution, and especially on his collection and study of shells from Japan and the Pacific islands. Principal correspondents include Louis Agassiz, Charles Robert Darwin, Sir William Henry Flower, Alpheus Hyatt, George Newbold Lawrence, George J. Romanes, Alfred R. Wallace, and the Linnean Society of London.

Background note

John Thomas Gulick (1832-1923) was born at Waimea, Kauai, Hawaii. The son of Rev. Peter Johnson and Fanny Hinckley (Thomas) Gulick, early American missionaries to Hawaii, he travelled extensively as a missionary and contributed to the early development of evolutionary science, beginning with his study of Hawaiian land snails.

Gulick studied at Punahou Academy in Honolulu and the preparatory department of the University of the City of New York. After a short time in California, where he worked as a miner (1849-1850) he graduated from Williams College in 1859 and the Union Theological Seminary in 1861. In 1862 he travelled to Japan, supporting himself by teaching and photography which trying to convince the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions to begin work in the area. From 1864 to 1899 he worked as a Board missionary in various locations, including Peking and Kalgan in China and Kobe and Osaka in Japan. Returning to the United States in 1900, he studied problems related to evolution at Oberlin, Ohio.

Beginning with his studies of Achatinellidae, or land slugs, in 1851, Gulick had been involved in evolutionary theory and published a number of articles on the subject, including: "On the Variation of Species as Related to their Geographical Distribution, Illustrated by the Achatinellinae" in Nature, 1872, and "Diversity of Evolution under one set of External Conditions," Journal of the Linnean Society, 1873 and several others. His most comprehensive work on evolution was his 1905 Evolution, Racial and Habitudinal , in which he argues that many current species evolved from common stock, an idea he reached even before reading Darwin's Origin of Species.

Gulick maintained that perfect harmony is possible between science and religion, and that the two major themes of his life – missionary work and evolutionary biology – were perfectly compatible. His son and biographer notes: "The scientist's psychology would be but half told without the portrayal of the almost mystical religious awe with which great scientific truths were approached. And the development … of a carefully thought philosophy of life would be unaccounted for without an exposition of the scientific concepts that gave an impetus to changing stand-points toward religion and the problems of human conduct. To a singular degree the diversity of Gulick's achievements sprang out of a unity of personal character and purpose."

Gulick was twice married. His first wife, Emily de la Cour, died in 1874. With his second wife, Frances A. Stevens, he had two children, Addison and Louise. In 1906 Gulick returned to Hawaii to devote himself to the study of social problems. He died there in 1923, at the age of ninety-one.

Scope and content

The correspondence in this collection represent primarily one facet of Gulick's life, that of evolutionary theorist and natural philosopher. The correspondence deal with his collection of shells collected in Hawaii, publications on evolution, and his running debate with Alfred Russel Wallace.

The correspondence are separated into three series. Series one is general correspondence, and represents a cross-section of all of the above themes. Series two is composed of nineteen letters between Gulick and the prominent American zoologist and paleontologist Alpheus Hyatt (1838-1902). The letters are primarily concerned with natural history in general, and specifically with details of Gulicks collections of Hawaiian shells and publications related to them. Series three is composed of 60 letters, the majority of which are between Gulick and the English evolutionary theorist George John Romanes (1848-1894), and refer mostly to evolutionary debate between Gulick and Alfred Russel Wallace, publications on evolution and Gulick's collection of Hawaiian shells.

Collection Information

Physical description

Ca. 100 items.

Ca. 100 items.

Provenance

Gulick, Addison. See in-house shelf list for additional dates and numbers.

Custodial history:

Presented by Addison Gulick, 1960-1961.

General note

Many of the letters were printed in Addison Gulick, "Evolutionist and Missionary: John Thomas Gulick, Portrayed Through Documents and Discussions" (Chicago, 1932).

Indexing Terms


Corporate Name(s)

  • Linnean Society of London.

Personal Name(s)

  • Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873
  • Flower , William Henry, 1831-1899
  • Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923
  • Hyatt, Alpheus, 1838-1902
  • Lawrence, George N.(George Newbold),1806-1895.
  • Wallace, Alfred Russel, 1823-1913

Subject(s)

  • Evolution.
  • Mollusks -- Japan.
  • Natural history.
  • Shells -- Japan.

Collection overview

B G96  Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Series One: General Correspondence
1853-1889 

The correspondence in series one is the most varied, and deal with Gulick's efforts to find a home for his collection of shells and his publications and presentations with the Linnean Society. Of particular interest are three letters with Charles Darwin, the original of which are in the Darwin papers (B D25).

D. 19 items. Various sizes. Presented by Addison Gulick; July 1960.

B G96.h  Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Series Two: Correspondence with Alpheus Hyatt
1890-1898 

Correspondence between Gulick and the prominent American zoologist and paleontologist Alpheus Hyatt (1838-1902), primarily concerned with natural history in general, and specifically with details of Gulicks collections of Hawaiian shells and publications related to them.

D. 19 items. Various sizes. Presented by Addison Gulick; July 1960.

B G96.r  Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Series Three: Correspondence with George John Romanes
1887-1893 

Correspondence between Gulick and the English evolutionary theorist George John Romanes (1848-1894), refering mostly to evolutionary debate between Gulick and Alfred Russel Wallace, publications on evolution and Gulick's collection of Hawaiian shells.

Also included in this series is a bound volume containing transcripts of the correspondence between Gulick and Romanes.

D. 60 items. Various sizes. Presented by Addison Gulick; June 1960. Table of contents available.



Detailed Inventory

B G96 Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Series One: General Correspondence
1853-1889 

The correspondence in series one is the most varied, and deal with Gulick's efforts to find a home for his collection of shells and his publications and presentations with the Linnean Society. Of particular interest are three letters with Charles Darwin, the original of which are in the Darwin papers (B D25).

D. 19 items. Various sizes. Presented by Addison Gulick; July 1960.

B G96. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
The distribution of plants and animals;
April 7, 185310x8

A.D. 11p.,end. (see J.T. Gulick. Correspondence; 1853-1888.) "Read before the Punahou Debating Society April 7, 1853" Printed in part: A.Gulick. Evolutionist and Missionary, J.T.Gulick,pp.114-119.

General physical description: 10x8

B G96. Wallace, Alfred Russel, 1823-1913.
Letter to [John Thomas Gulick];
Sept. 3, 18727x4-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. (see J.T.Gullick. Correspondence...: 1853-1888.) Asks for map to accompany his paper, with Wallace will present for publication to the Linnean Society. Printed in part: A.Gulick. Evolutionist and missionary, p.235.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

B G96. Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873.
Letter to J[ohn] T. Gulick, New York;
Oct. 23, 18728x5

Cambridge, A.L.S. 1p. (see J.T. Gulick. Correpondence...; 1853-1888.) Concerning geographic distribution and the Darwinian theory. Printed: A. Gulick. Evolutionist and missionary, p.237.

General physical description: 8x5

B G96 no. 421. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to Charles [Robert] Darwin;
July 27, 18727x4-1/2

A.L.S. 4p. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence...; 1853-1888.) Asks to meet him and discuss the distribution of species of Hawaiian mollusks. Printed: A.Gulick.Evolutionist and Missionary,J.T.Gulick. pp.233.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882.
Letter to John T. Gulick
July 28, [1872] 

Photo. 4p. and add. For original, see Darwin papers (B D25)

Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882.
Letter t o John T. Gulick
August 8, [1872] 

Photo. 4p. add. For original, see Darwin papers (B D25)

B G96. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Description of a collection of Sandwich Island land shells which Prof.Agassiz had engaged to purchase shortly before his death;
187410-1/2x8

[ca.]. A.D.S. 6p. (see Gulick papers.)

General physical description: 10-1/2x8

B G96. Gulick, Edward Leeds, 1862-1931.
Letter to John [T. Gulick];
June 6, 18878x5

Hanover, N. H., A.L.S. 4p.,end. (see Gulick papers.) Concerning the disposition of his shells.

General physical description: 8x5

B G96. Linnean Society of London.
Letter to John T. Gulick, London;
May 22, 18888x5

London, A.L.S.: W. Percy Sladen. 2p.and end.and receipt for £15.0.0 (see Gulick papers.) Concerning his paper on divergent evolution.

General physical description: 8x5

B G96. Flower, William Henry, 1831-1899.
Letter to John T. Gulick, London;
July 12, 18889x7-1/2

London, L.S. 3p.and add.,end. (see Gulick papers.) Must decline the purchase of his shells

General physical description: 9x7-1/2

B G96. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to Prof. [Sir William Henry] Flower;
July 13, 18888x6-1/2

A.L.S. 12p. Draft of letter, in pencil (see Gulick papers.) Concerning the final disposition of his shell collection.

General physical description: 8x6-1/2

B G96. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [Henri] de Varigny;
Sept. 17, 18888x5

Boston, A.L.S. 2p. Draft, in pencil. (see J.T. Gulick. Correspondence...; 1853-1888.) Forwards paper on evolution and asks for comments on it.

General physical description: 8x5

B G96. Dallinger, W. H. (William Henry), 1842-1909.
Letter to J[ohn] T. Gulick;
Sept. 27, 18887x4-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. (see Gulick papers.) Can see him next Friday.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

B G96. MacAlister, Donald, 1854-1934.
Letter to [John T. Gulick];
Sept. 28, 18887x4-1/2

Cambridge, A.L.S. 2p. (see Gulick papers.) Thanks him for his paper and believes his solution correct.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

B G96. Lawrence, George N. (George Newbold), 1806-1895.
Letter to [John T.] Gulick;
Oct. 5, 18888x5

New York, A.L.S. 3p. (see Gulick papers) Asks what to do with the birds left with him. Some were presented to the American museum of natural history. On same sheet is: Gulick to Lawrence; June 14, 1889.

General physical description: 8x5

B G96. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [George N.] Lawrence;
June 14, 18898x5

Medina, A.L. 2p. Draft. (see Gulick papers.) His brother presents birds to American museum of natural history. Hopes it will purchase his collection of shells. On same sheet as: Lawrence to Gulick; Oct. 5,1888.

General physical description: 8x5

B G96. Lawrence, George N. (George Newbold), 1806-1895.
Letter to [John T.] Gulick;
June 20, 18897x4-1/2

New York, A.L.S. 2p. (see Gulick papers.) Thanks for the birds for the American museum of natural history. Inquires of his collection of shells.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

B G96. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Suggestions concerning the mounting of the geographical collection of land shells from the Island of Oahu;
Nov., 18898-1/4x5

A.D. 8p. In pencil. Draft. (see Gulick papers.)

General physical description: 8-1/4x5

B G96. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to Prof. [Sir William Henry] Flower.
Undated8x5

A.L.S. 2p. Draft. (see Gulick papers.) Concerning the arrangement of land shells from Oahu to show divergent evolution.

General physical description: 8x5

B G96. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Memoranda pertaining to shells.
Undated4x7-1/4 and 3-1/2x5-1/2

A.D. 2 items. (see Gulick papers.)

General physical description: 4x7-1/4 and 3-1/2x5-1/2

B G96.h Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Series Two: Correspondence with Alpheus Hyatt
1890-1898 

Correspondence between Gulick and the prominent American zoologist and paleontologist Alpheus Hyatt (1838-1902), primarily concerned with natural history in general, and specifically with details of Gulicks collections of Hawaiian shells and publications related to them.

D. 19 items. Various sizes. Presented by Addison Gulick; July 1960.

B G96.h. Hyatt, Alpheus, 1838-1902.
Letter to [John T.] Gulick;
March 15, 18908-1/4x5-1/4

Boston, Typed L.S. 4p. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Hyatt.) Recommends he publish a major work on Hawaiian mollusks. Printed in part: A.Gulick. Evolutionist and missionary...; pp.321-322.

General physical description: 8-1/4x5-1/4

B G96.h. Hyatt, Alpheus, 1838-1902.
Letter to [John Thomas] Gulick;
Oct. 31, 18968-1/4x5-1/4

Boston Typed L.S. 5p. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Hyatt.) Believes the Boston society of natural history would purchase his collection of shells, but wants a definite statement of the sale price.

General physical description: 8-1/4x5-1/4

B G96.h. Hyatt, Alpheus, 1838-1902.
Letter to John [Thomas] Gulick, Osaka, Japan;
Jan. 5, 18978-1/2x5-1/4

Boston, Typed L. 1p.and add.,end. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Hyatt.) Asks for statement of cost of his collections of shells.

General physical description: 8-1/2x5-1/4

B G96.h. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Memorandum of letter sent to Alpheus Hyatt;
Feb. 24, 18978x5

A.D. 1p. In pencil. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Hyatt.) States the price he asks for his collections of shells.

General physical description: 8x5

B G96.h. Hyatt, Alpheus, 1838-1902.
Letter to John [Thomas] Gulick, Osaka, Japan;
March 2, 18978-1/4x5-1/4

Boston, Typed L. 1p.and add.,end. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Hyatt) Inquires for cost of his collection of shells.

General physical description: 8-1/4x5-1/4

B G96.h. Hyatt, Alpheus, 1838-1902.
Letter to John [Thomas] Gulick, Osaka, Japan;
March 18, 18978-1/2x5-1/4

Boston, Typed L.S. 1p.and add., end. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Hyatt.) Concerning the distribution of shells in Hawaii. Will purchase his collection.

General physical description: 8-1/2x5-1/4

B G96.h. Hyatt, Alpheus, 1838-1902.
Letter to John [Thomas] Gulick, Osaka, Japan;
March 25, 18978-1/2x5-1/2

Boston, Typed L. 1p.and add.,end. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Hyatt) Is lending some of his collection and wishes to be absolved of responsibility.

General physical description: 8-1/2x5-1/2

B G96.h. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [Alpheus] Hyatt;
April 23, 18978x5

Osaka, Japan, A.L.S. 3p. Copy. (see J.T. Gulick. Correspondence with Hyatt.) Concerning his sets of shells and price asked.

General physical description: 8x5

B G96.h. Hyatt, Alpheus, 1838-1902.
Letter to J[ohn] T. Gulick, Osaka, Japan;
April 26, [1897?]8-1/2x5-1/4

Boston, Typed L.S. 2p.and add. Incomplete. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Hyatt.) Concerning the distribution of shells in Hawaii.

General physical description: 8-1/2x5-1/4

B G96.h. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [Alpheus] Hyatt;
April 30, 1897 

Osaka, Typed L. 3p. Copy. 11c8-1/2 (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Hyatt.) Concerning his collection of shells and their sources in Hawaii.

B G96.h. Hyatt, Alpheus, 1838-1902.
Letter to John T. Gulick, Osaka, Japan;
May 13, 18978-1/2x5-1/4

Boston, Typed L.S. 2p.and add.,end. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Hyatt.) Will try to arrange for his collection of Hawaiian shells to come into the country duty free.

General physical description: 8-1/2x5-1/4

B G96.h. Hyatt, Alpheus, 1838-1902.
Letter to J[ohn] T. Gulick,
May 26, 18978-1/2x5-1/2

Osaka, Japan, Boston, Typed L.S. 4p.and add.,end. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Hyatt.) Concerning his collection of Hawaiian shells and the publication of them.

General physical description: 8-1/2x5-1/2

B G96.h. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to[Alpheus] Hyatt;
June 5, 18978x5

Osaka, Japan, A.L. 8p. In pencil. Draft. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Hyatt) Concerning the shipment of his collection of shells.

General physical description: 8x5

B G96.h. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [Alpheus] Hyatt;
June 15, 189711x8-1/2

Osaka, Japan, Typed L. 4p. Copy. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Hyatt.) Concerning the distribution of shells in Hawaii.

General physical description: 11x8-1/2

B G96.h. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [Alpheus] Hyatt;
June 18, 189711x8-1/2

Typed L. 3p. Copy. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Hyatt.) Concerning mollusks in Hawaii.

General physical description: 11x8-1/2

B G96.h. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Notes sent to [Alpheus] Hyatt;
Nov., 189711x8-1/2

Typed D. 8p. Copy. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Hyatt.) Concerning mollusks in Hawaii.

General physical description: 11x8-1/2

B G96.h. Hyatt, Alpheus, 1838-1902.
Letter to John T. Gulick, Osaka,Japan;
Dec. 11, 18978-1/2x5-1/4

Boston, Typed L.S. 4p.and add.,end. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Hyatt.) Concerning mollusks in Hawaii.

General physical description: 8-1/2x5-1/4

B G96.h. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Memorandum of correspondence with Alpheus Hyatt;
1897-189911x8-1/2

Typed D. 1p. Copy. (see J. T. Gulick. Correspondence with Hyatt)

General physical description: 11x8-1/2

B G96.h. Hyatt, Alpheus, 1838-1902.
Letter to J[ohn] T. Gulick, Osaka, Japan;
Dec. 27, 18988-1/2x5-1/4

Boston, Typed L.S. 4p.and add.,end. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Hyatt.) Concerning shells in Hawaii.

General physical description: 8-1/2x5-1/4

B G96.r Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Series Three: Correspondence with George John Romanes
1887-1893 

Correspondence between Gulick and the English evolutionary theorist George John Romanes (1848-1894), refering mostly to evolutionary debate between Gulick and Alfred Russel Wallace, publications on evolution and Gulick's collection of Hawaiian shells.

Also included in this series is a bound volume containing transcripts of the correspondence between Gulick and Romanes.

D. 60 items. Various sizes. Presented by Addison Gulick; June 1960. Table of contents available.

B G96.r.1. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Correspondence with George John Romanes, etc.
1872-189311x8-1/2

Typescript. 1 vol.bound of 195p. Printed (in large part): Gulick. Evolutionist and Missionary. Originals in: B:G96.r. Presented by Addison Gulick; Jan. 1961.

General physical description: 11x8-1/2

B G96.r. Letter to [John T. Gulick];
Oct. 19, 18877x4-1/2

A.L.S. 4p. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Romanes.) Concerning his paper which Wallace is forwarding to the Linnean society for possible publication. Printed in part: A.Gulick. Evolutionst and missionary...; pp.404-405.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

B G96.r. Letter to [John T. Gulick];
Jan. 16, 18887x4-1/2

A.L.S. 4p. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Romanes.) Recommended to the Linnean Society that his paper on evolution be published. Printed in part: A.Gulick. Evolutionist and missionary...; pp.405-406.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

B G96.r. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to the secretary of the Linnean society of London;
April 10, 18888x5

Rome, A.L. 4p. Draft. In pencil. (see Gulick papers.) Concerning the publication of his article: "Divergent Evolution through Cumulative Segregation". Refers to Wallace.

General physical description: 8x5

B G96.r. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to G[eorge] J[ohn] Romanes, London;
April 28, 18888x5

Genoa, A.L.S. 4p. Draft. (see Gulick papers.) Printed in part: Gulick. Evolutionist and Missionary; p.406.

General physical description: 8x5

B G96.r. Letter to G. J. [John T.] Gulick, London;
July 22, [1888]5-1/2x3-3/4

A.L.S.on postal card. 1p.and add. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Romanes.) Concerning his publications. Printed: A. Gulick. Evolutionist and missionary...; p.407.

General physical description: 5-1/2x3-3/4

B G96.r. Letter to J[ohn] T. Gulick, London;
Aug. 26, [1888]4-3/4x3

A.L.S.on postal card. 1p.and add. (see J.T.Gulick Correspondence with Romanes.) Asks to borrow shells from Hawaii.

General physical description: 4-3/4x3

B G96.r. Letter to [John T.] Gulick;
Aug. 26, 18887x4-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. (see J.T. Gulick. Correspondence with Romanes.) Suggests he send a copy of his paper on evolution to Henri de Varigny. Printed in part: A.Gulick. Evolutionist and missionary...; 407-408.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

B G96.r. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [George John] Romanes;
Aug. 31, 18888x5

A.L.S. 6p. Draft. (see Gulick papers.) Printed in part: Gulick. Evolutionist and Missionary; pp.408-409.

General physical description: 8x5

B G96.r. Letter to [John T.] Gulick;
Sept. 2, 18887x4-1/2

A.L.S. 4p. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Romanes.) Thanks for the loan of his shells. Hopes he can sell his collection in England. Printed in part: A.Gulick.Evolutionist and missionary...; 409-410

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

B G96.r. Letter to [John T.] Gulick;
Oct. 12, 18887x4-1/2

A.L.S. 4p. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Romanes.) Makes suggestions for his reply to Wallace on evolution. Refers to Huxley.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

B G96.r. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [George John] Romanes;
Oct. 27, 18888x5

Boston, A.L. 8p. Draft. In pencil. (see Gulick papers.) Printed (almost completely): Gulick. Evolutionist and Missionary; pp.410-411.

General physical description: 8x5

B G96.r. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [George John] Romanes;
Oct. 29, 18888x6-1/2

A.L.S. 3p. Draft. In pencil. (see Gulick papers.) Concerning shipment and responsibility of his shells. Encloses suggested receipt.

General physical description: 8x6-1/2

B G96.r. Letter to [John T.] Gulick;
Dec. 12, 18887x4-1/2

A.L.S. 4p. (see J.T. Gulick. Correspondence with Romanes.) Concerning the dispute with Wallace. Concerning his ideas on evolution. Shells. Printed: A.Gulick. Evolutionist and missionary...; pp.411-412.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

B G96.r. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [George John] Romanes;
Dec. 29, 18888x5

Boston, A.L. 17p. Draft. Partly in pencil. (see Gulick papers.) Printed (in large part): Gulick. Evolutionist and Missionary; pp.412-415.

General physical description: 8x5

B G96.r. Letter to [John T.] Gulick;
May 21, 18897x4-1/2

A.L.S. 4p. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Romanes.) Concerning Wallace and natural selection. Printed in part: A.Gulick. Evolutionst and missionary...; pp.416-417.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

B G96.r. Letter to [John T.] Gulick;
Sept. 30, 18896x4

A.L.S. 4p. (see J.T. Gulick. Correspondence with Romanes.) Concerning natural selection. Concerning Wallace and Darwinism. Printed in part: A.Gulick. Evolutionist and missionary...;p.417.

General physical description: 6x4

B G96.r. Letter to [John T.] Gulick;
Oct. 10, 18897x4-1/2

A.L.S.. 4p. (see J.T. Gulick. Correspondence with Romanes. Prefers no controversy with Wallace. Thinks that a book on evolution would be of much greater importane, based on his study of shells. Printed in part: A.Gulick. Evolutionist and missionary...; p.417.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

B G96.r. Swett, Charles E.
Letter to J[ohn] T[homas] Gulick, Osaka;
Nov. 21, 188910x7

Boston, A.L.S. 1p.and add.,end. Carbon copy. (see Gulick papers.) Delivered shells to Dr. Hyatt.

General physical description: 10x7

B G96.r. Swett, Charles E.
Letter to John T. Gulick, Osaka;
Dec. 12, 18899-1/2x6

Boston, A.L.S. 2p.and add.,end. (see Gulick papers.) Be some delay for payment for shells from Hyatt.

General physical description: 9-1/2x6

B G96.r. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [George John] Romanes;
Dec. 19, 18898x5

Osaka, A.L.S. 2p. Draft. In pencil. (see Gulick papers.) Printed in part: Gulick. Evolutionist and Missionary; p.419.

General physical description: 8x5

B G96.r. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [George John] Romanes;
Jan. 4, 18908x5

Osaka, A.L.S. 3p. Draft. Partly in pencil. (see Gulick papers.) Sends reply to Wallace's criticism on segregation.

General physical description: 8x5

B G96.r. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to the Treasurer of the Boston Society of Natural History;
Jan. 14, 18908x5

Osaka, A.L.S. 2p. Draft. In pencil. (see Gulick papers.) Concerning payment for shells. Payment should be made to Mrs. Swett.

General physical description: 8x5

B G96.r. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [George John] Romanes;
Jan. 21, 18908x5

Osaka, A.L.S. 2p. Draft. (see Gulick papers.) Printed: Gulick. Evolutionist and Missionary; pp.419-420.

General physical description: 8x5

B G96.r. Letter to [John T.] Gulick;
Feb. 15, 18907x4-1/2

A.L.S. 8p. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Romanes.) Concerning evolution, its definitions, and Wallace. Printed in part: A.Gulick. Evolutionist and missionary...; p.420-422.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

B G96.r. Swett, Charles E.
Letter to J[ohn] T. Gulick;
March 14, 18909-1/2x6

Boston, A.L.S. 2p.,end. (see Gulick papers.) Has sent items for schools.

General physical description: 9-1/2x6

B G96.r. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [George John] Romanes;
April 10, 18908x6-1/2

Osaka, A.L.S. 8p. Draft. Partly in pencil. (see Gulick papers.) Printed: Gulick. Evolutionist and Missionary; pp:422-424.

General physical description: 8x6-1/2

B G96.r. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [George John] Romanes;
June 5, 18908x5 and 7x6-1/2

Osaka, A.L.S. 12p. Draft. (see Gulick papers.) Printed: Gulick. Evolutionist and Missionary; pp.424-428.

General physical description: 8x5 and 7x6-1/2

B G96.r. Letter to [John T.] Gulick;
July 12, 18907x4-1/2

A.L.S. 12p. (see J.T.Gulick Correspondence with Romanes.) Concerning evolution. Refers to Wallace, Darwin, etc. Printed in part: A.Gulick. Evolutionist and missionary...; p.429-432.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

B G96.r. Letter to [John T.] Gulick;
July 14, 18906x4

A.L.S. 2p. (see J.T. Gulick. Correspondence with Romanes.) Concerning terms for articles on evolution.

General physical description: 6x4

B G96.r. Letter to J[ohn T.] Gulick, Osaka, Japan;
July 16, 18905-1/2x3-1/2

A.L.S.with initials on postal card. 1p. and add. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Romanes.) Concerning evolution. Printed: A.Gulick. Evolutionist and missionary...; pp.432-433.

General physical description: 5-1/2x3-1/2

B G96.r. Letter to [John T.] Gulick;
July 19, 189010x8

A.L.S. 4p. (see J.T. Gulick. Correspondence with Romanes.) Concerning evolution and terminology for special parts of it. Refers to Wallace. Printed in part: A.Gulick. Evolutionist and missionary...; pp.433-435.

General physical description: 10x8

B G96.r. Letter to [John T.] Gulick;
July 26, 18906x4

A.L.S. 2p. (see J.T. Gulick. Correspondence with Romanes.) Concerning his controversy with Wallace and his desire to use Gulick's studies. Printed in part: A.Gulick. Evolutionist and missionary...; pp.435-436.

General physical description: 6x4

B G96.r. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [George John] Romanes;
Aug. 27, 18908x5

Osaka, A.L.S. 7p. Draft. (see Gulick papers.) Printed in part: Gulick. Evolutionist and Missionary; pp.436-438.

General physical description: 8x5

B G96.r. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [George John] Romanes;
Sept. 16, 18907x6-1/2

Hiigata, Japan, A.L. 8p. Draft. In pencil. (see Gulick papers.) Printed in part: Gulick. Evolutionist and Missionary; pp.438-439.

General physical description: 7x6-1/2

B G96.r. Letter to [John T.] Gulick;
Dec. 9, 18906x4

Oxford, A.L.S. 4p. (see J.T. Gulick. Correspondence with Romanes.) Concerning their views on evolution. Refers to Wallace. Printed in part: Gulick. Evolutionist and missionary...; p.440.

General physical description: 6x4

B G96.r. Letter to [John T.] Gulick;
December 25, 18907x4-1/2

Oxford, A.L.S. 4p.,end. (see J.T. Gulick. Correspondence with Romanes.) Concerning his fight with Wallace on evolution. Printed in part: A.Gulick. Evolutionist and missionary...;pp.287-288.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

B G96.r. Moulton, J. Fletcher (John Fletcher), 1844-1921.
Letter to [George John Romanes]
189010-1/2x8

ca. L. 21p. Copy. (see Gulick papers.) Concerning Gulick's paper.

General physical description: 10-1/2x8

B G96.r. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [George John] Romanes;
Feb. 17, 18918x5

Osaka, A.L. 19p. Draft. In Pencil. (see Gulick papers.) Printed: Gulick. Evolutionist and Missionary; pp.441-445.

General physical description: 8x5

B G96.r. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [George John] Romanes;
Feb. 20, 18918x5

A.L.S. 1p. Draft. (see Gulick papers.) Lists corrections and addenda for his paper concerning Moulton.

General physical description: 8x5

B G96.r. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [George John] Romanes;
March 7, 18918x5

A.L.S. 2p. Draft. (see Gulick papers.) Printed: Gulick. Evolutionist and Missionary; pp. 288-289.

General physical description: 8x5

B G96.r. Letter to J[ohn T.] Gulick, Osaka, Japan;
March 26, 18915-1/2x3-1/2

Oxford, A.L.S.with initials on postal card. 1p. and add.,end. (see J.T. Gulick. Correspondence with Romanes.) Concerning evolution and his fight with Wallace. Printed in part: A.Gulick. Evolutionist and missionary...; p.450.

General physical description: 5-1/2x3-1/2

B G96.r. Letter to [John T.] Gulick;
May 19, 189110x8

Oxford, A.L.S. 6p. (see J.T. Gulick. Correspondence with Romanes.) Concerning their works on evolution and their disagreement with Wallace. Concerning Darwinism and religion. Printed in part: A.Gulick. Evolutionist and missionary...; p.295.

General physical description: 10x8

B G96.r. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [George John] Romanes;
May 25, 18918-1/2x5-1/2

Osaka, A.L.S. 1p. Draft. (see Gulick papers.) Printed: Gulick. Evolutionist and Missionary, pp.450.

General physical description: 8-1/2x5-1/2

B G96.r. Letter to J[ohn T.] Gulick, Osaka, Japan;
June 24, 18915-1/2x3-1/2

Oxford, A.L.S.on postal card. 1p.and add. (see J.T. Gullick. Correspondence with Romanes.) His and Galton's views on the evolution of some mice. Printed: A.Gulick. Evolutionist and missionary...;pp.450-451.

General physical description: 5-1/2x3-1/2

B G96.r. Letter to J[ohn T.] Gulick, Osaka, Japan;
July 2, 18915-1/2x3-1/2

Oxford, A.L.S.with initials on postal card. 1p. and add. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Romanes.) Concerning questions about rats. Printed: A.Gulick. Evolutionist and missionary...; pp.451-452.

General physical description: 5-1/2x3-1/2

B G96.r. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [George John] Romanes;
Oct. 6, 18914-1/2x3-1/2

Osaka, A.L.S. 2p. Draft. (see Gulick papers.) Printed in part: Gulick. Evolutionist and Missionary; p.295.

General physical description: 4-1/2x3-1/2

B G96.r. Letter to J[ohn T.] Gulick, Osaka, Japan;
Nov. 12, 18915-1/2x3-1/2

Oxford, A.L.S.on postal card. 1p.and add., end. (see J.T. Gulick. Correspondence with Romanes.) Concerning a publication. Asks how he withstood the earthquake.

General physical description: 5-1/2x3-1/2

B G96.r. Moulton, J. Fletcher (John Fletcher), 1844-1921.
Letter to G[eorge] J[ohn] Romanes, Oxford
Nov. 21, 189110-1/2x8-1/4

L. 3p. Copy in typescript. (see Gulick papers.) Objections to Gulick's hypothesis.

General physical description: 10-1/2x8-1/4

B G96.r. Letter to [John T.] Gulick;
Dec. 5, 18917x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p.and end. (see J.T. Gullick. Correspondence with Romanes.) Forwards publication. Printed in part: A.Gulick. Evolutionist and missionary...; p.452.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

B G96.r. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Remarks on Mr. Moulton's reasonings and calculations, sent to [George John Romanes;]
189110x8

ca. A.D.S. 13p. Draft. (see Gulick papers.) Printed: Gulick. Evolutionist and Missionary, pp.446-449.

General physical description: 10x8

B G96.r. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Christianity and the evolution of rational life;
Jan. 5, 1892 

A.D.S. 8p. Draft. Partly in pencil. (see Gulick papers.) Printed: Gulick. Evolutionist and Missionary; pp.289-293.

B G96.r. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [George John] Romanes;
Jan. 30, 18928x5

Osaka, A.L. 6p. Draft. (see Gulick papers.) Printed: Gulick. Evolutionist and Missionary, pp.452-453.

General physical description: 8x5

B G96.r. Letter to J[ohn T.] Gulick, Osaka, Japan;
March 29, 18925-1/2x3-1/2

Oxford, A.L.S.with initials.on postal card. 1p. and add. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Romanes.) Concerning publication of photographs of Darwin, Wallace, etc.

General physical description: 5-1/2x3-1/2

B G96.r. Letter to J[ohn T.] Gulick, Osaka, Japan;
June 2, 18925-1/2x3-1/2

A.L.S.with initials on postal card. 1p.and add. (see J.T. Gullick. Correspondence with Romanes.) Concerning evolution and Darwin. Printed in part: A.Gulick. Evolutionist and missionary...;pp.453-454.

General physical description: 5-1/2x3-1/2

B G96.r. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [George John] Romanes;
Aug. 4, 18928x5-1/4

A.L. 4p. Draft. In pencil. (see Gulick papers.) Printed: Gulick. Evolutionist and Missionary, pp.454-455.

General physical description: 8x5-1/4

B G96.r. Letter to J[ohn T.] Gulick, Osaka, Japan;
Oct. 27, 189210x8

Oxford, Typed L.S. 1p.and add.,end. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Romanes.) Concerning his publication of Darwin and Darwinism. Printed in part; A. Gulick. Evolutionist and missionary.. pp.455-456.

General physical description: 10x8

B G96.r. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [George John] Romanes;
Dec. 27, 18928x5-1/4

Osaka, A.L.S. 1p. Draft. (see Gulick papers.) Sorry he is ill. Grants permission to publish letter on insects.

General physical description: 8x5-1/4

B G96.r. Letter to J[ohn T.] Gulick, Osaka, Japan;
June 16, [1893]5-1/2x3-1/2

Oxford, A.L.S.on postal card. 1p.and add. (see J.T.Gulick. Correspondence with Romanes.) Asks for negative for photograph of self for purposes of reproducing it.

General physical description: 5-1/2x3-1/2

B G96.r. Letter to John [T.] Gulick, Osaka, Japan;
Oct. 9, 18935-1/2x3-1/2

A.L.S.on postal card. 1p.and add. (see J.T. Gulick. Correspondence with Romanes.) Asks for autograph for purpose of reporducing it. Printed: A.Gulick. Evolutionist and missionary...; p.309.

General physical description: 5-1/2x3-1/2

B G96.r. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [George John] Romanes;
Dec. 6, 18938x5

A.L.S. 2p. Draft. 2p.of signatures of "John T. Gulick" (see Gulick papers.) Printed in part: Gulick. Evolutionist and Missionary; p.310.

General physical description: 8x5

Address Sheet to John T. Gulick
Jan., 1897 

Envelope addressed to Gulick with stamps. Pencil note: "These were sent to Mrs. Romanes through the publishers of her life of Romanes..."

B G96.r. Gulick, John Thomas, 1832-1923.
Letter to [George John] Romanes.
Undated8x5

A.L.S. 2p. Draft. (see Gulick papers.) Introduces a young student of natural history who is capable of understanding the "Wider and truer philosophy of evolution which you are seeking to propagate."

General physical description: 8x5