William Temple Franklin-Charles Pemberton Fox Legal Records

Mss.B.F86L

Date: 1692-1881 | Size: 2 Linear feet

Abstract

Associates of Benjamin Franklin and his grandson William Temple Franklin, the Fox family of Philadelphia were holders of considerable property in Philadelphia during the eighteenth century and speculated extensively in lands in the northern and western parts of the state. The son of Dr. George Fox, Charles Pemberton Fox inherited the estate Champlost at which the papers of Benjamin Franklin were left in 1790. He donated the collection to the American Philosophical Society in 1840.

The legal records that comprise the William Temple Frankln-Charles Pemberton Fox collection relate to real property held by members of the Fox family and to the land holdings and financial interests of George Fox's close friend, William Temple Franklin. The collection includes about 100 deeds for properties in or near Philadelphia and in Luzerne County, Pa., along with a small quantity (about 31 items) of miscellaneous correspondence addressed to George Fox by Gouverneur Morris, Robert Morris, N. Cantwell Jones, Thomas Eddy, and others; and from William Constable and Sir Robert Herries and Co. (17 pieces) relating to the investments of William Temple Franklin.

Background note

Associates and friends of Benjamin Franklin and his family, the Fox family came to Philadelphia in 1686, when the Quaker convert Justinian Fox (1673-1718) arrived aboard the Desire from his native Plymouth, England. Justinian's son Joseph Fox (ca.1710-1779) prospered after taking an apprenticeship with the carpenter James Portues, a founder of the Carpenters' Company, acquiring substantial property holdings in the city and serving in offices ranging from City Commissioner to Member of the Pennsylvania Assembly, including two stints as Speaker and one as a member of the Committee of Correspondence, a group responsible for communications with the colony's Agents in London, Benjamin Franklin and Richard Jackson. Read out of the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting in 1756 for refusal to withdraw from public office, and for "having violated our testimony against war," Fox's principaled refusal to accept Continental money for debts owed him in 1775 fueled rumors that he held Loyalist sympathies during the Revolution. He was a member of the revived American Philosophical Society at the time its merger with the American Society in 1769.

Joseph and his wife Elizabeth Mickle (1729-1805) had thirteen children, of whom only six survived to adulthood. These six, however, continued the family's prosperity. Their daughter Thomazine Fox (1748-1821) married into the Roberts family, while sons George (1759-1828) and Samuel Mickel Fox I (1763-1808) distinguished themselves in business and intellect. George, who was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 1784, represented Philadelphia in the Assembly in 1800, and was widely known as an organizer and director of the Delaware and Chesapeake Canal and as one of the early supporters of the bank of North America, of which he was Director from 1818 until 1828. He traveled extensively in France in the 1770s and 1780s, nearly dying at the chateau of the Comte de Champlost in 1780. He named his estate Champlost, built on the property that his grandfather Justinian Fox had inherited from James Portues.

Samuel Mickle Fox I served in a number of public offices, including the City Council, the Common Council (1793-1797), and the Upper Chamber (1797-1800), and he was both an incorporator of the Bank of Pennsylvania and its President from 1797-1808. After the Indian treaties of 1784 and 1785, Samuel and his brother George acquired immense tracts of land in northwestern Pennsylvania near the Allegheny River north of the Clarion that were patented in 1796. At his death, Samuel held 118,000 acres.

Samuel's son George (1806-1882) was born in a house on the southeast corner of 5th and Chestnut Streets in Philadelphia. He studied medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, graduating with an AB in 1825 and MD in 1828. A prominent surgeon and Fellow of the College of Physicians, Fox was a member of the delegation from the College of Physicians to the organizing convention of the American Medical Association in 1847.

Scope and content

The legal records that comprise the William Temple Franklin-Charles Pemberton Fox collection relate to real property held by members of the Fox family and to the land holdings and financial interests of George Fox's close friend, William Temple Franklin. The collection includes about 100 deeds for properties in or near Philadelphia and in Luzerne County, Pa., along with a small quantity (about 31 items) of miscellaneous correspondence addressed to George Fox by Gouverneur Morris, Robert Morris, N. Cantwell Jones, Thomas Eddy, and others; and from William Constable and Sir Robert Herries and Co. (17 pieces) relating to the investments of William Temple Franklin.

Individuals named in these deeds include Joseph Fox, George Fox, Samuel Mickle Fox, Charles Pemberton Fox, and other members of their families on the one hand, and on the other, Mary Ball, Edward Shippen Burd, George Clymer, Gavin Hamilton, Henry Hill, John Lukens, Samuel Mickle, Israel Pemberton, Samuel Pleasants, Samuel Rhoads, Jr., Robert Strettell, William Wallace, Nicholas Waln. The documents consist primarily of deeds, but include a few mortgages, leases, and other instruments.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Physical description

2 linear feet

2 linear feet

Provenance

Gift of Charles Pemberton Fox, 1840.

Preferred citation

Cite as: William Temple Franklin-Charles Pemberton Fox Legal Records, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Recatalogued and encoded by rsc, April 2003.

Related material

Several other collections at the APS relate to William Temple Franklin, including:

Early American History Note

This portion of the Fox Family Collection at the APS contains information on their land holdings in western and northern Pennsylvania during the 19th century, some of which relate to the interests of William Temple Franklin.

Indexing Terms


Genre(s)

  • Business Records and Accounts
  • Legal Records
  • Maps and Surveys

Personal Name(s)

  • Armstrong, George
  • Ashmead, John, ca.1715-1751
  • Ball, Mary
  • Burd, Edward Shippen
  • Clymer, George, 1739-1813
  • Constable, James
  • Constable, William
  • Eddy, Thomas, 1758-1827
  • Fox, Charles Pemberton, 1792-1866
  • Fox, George, 1759-1828
  • Fox, Joseph, ca.1710-1779
  • Fox, Samuel Mickle, 1763-1808
  • Franklin, William Temple, 1760-1823
  • Hamilton, Gavin
  • Hill, Henry, 1732-1798
  • Jones, N. Cantwell
  • Lukens, John, 1720-1789
  • Mickle, Samuel
  • Morris, Gouverneur, 1752-1816
  • Morris, Robert, 1734-1806
  • Palmer, Joseph
  • Pemberton, Israel, 1715-1779
  • Penn, William, 1644-1718
  • Pleasants, Samuel
  • Rhoads, Samuel, 1740-1784
  • Strettell, Robert
  • Tunis, Eliza M. P.
  • Wallace, William
  • Waln, Nicholas, 1742-1813

Subject(s)

  • Land and Speculation
  • Law
  • Real property -- Pennsylvania
  • Surveying and Maps


Detailed Inventory

William Temple Franklin-Charles Pemberton Fox Legal Records
1731-17932 lin. feet
Armstrong, George and Rachel.
Deed to Samuel Mickle
1731 Jan. 6 box 1
Armstrong, George.
Deed to Samuel Mickle
1731 Jan 7 box 1
Ashmead, John and Anne.
Deed to Thomas Carval
1745 May 18 box 1
Ashmead, John and Anne.
Deed to Thomas Carvel
1746/7 Feb. 6 box 1
Ashmead, John and Anne.
Deed to Barrack Wright
1745 May 21 box 1
Baker, John.
Deed to Peter Rich
1704 April 17 box 1
Ball, Mary.
Deed to Joseph Fox
1741 March 17 box 1
Bingham, William, 1752-1804.
to Charles Hare
1802 August 16 box 1
Bolton, Prudence, et al..
Deed to Job Goodson
1724 Oct. 20 box 1
Brechel, Andrew and Elizabeth.
Deed to Joseph Fox
1766 June 12 box 1
Browne, Peter A.
Deed to Charles Pemberton Fox and Eliza M P Tunis
1829 July 9 box 1
Burd, Edward Shippen.
Deed to George Fox
1810 Aug. 16 box 1
Burnside, Judge.
to R. H. Rose
1832 May 21 box 1

See also Rose, R.H. to Joseph R Ingersoll and William Miller; June 5.1832.

Calvert, George and Mary.
Deed to Richard Hill
1724 June 11 box 1
Carpenter, Joshua.
Deed to Ebenezer Large
1713 June 4 box 1
Carpenter, Joshua and Bridget.
Deed to Robert Jordan
1742 April 10 box 1
Carpenter, Joshua and Elizabeth.
Deed to William Bissell
1721 April 29 box 1
Cart, John.
Deed to John Luchen
1751 Nov. 9 box 1
Carvell, Thomas and Dirck Kyser.
Deed to Samuel McCall
1749 Aug. 24 box 1
Chapman, Henry.
Deed to Samuel Mickle
1730 Feb. 12 box 1
Church, Edward and Mary.
Deed to Amalia Morgan
1723/4 Jan. 3 box 1
Church, Edward and Mary.
Deed to Amalia and Benjamin Morgan
1723/4 Jan. 4 box 1
Clymer, George and Elizabeth.
Deed to Charles and Hester Pemberton
1771 Oct. 23 box 1
Conders, Tunis.
Deed to John Ashmead
1723 March 2 box 1
Conders, Tunis.
Deed to John Ashmead
1723 March 3 box 1
Constable, William.
to George Fox
1791 Sept. 18 box 1
Constable, William and James.
to George Fox
1791 Sept. 8 box 1
Constable, William and James.
to [George Fox]
1791 Oct. 4 box 1
Constable, William and James.
to George Fox
1791 Oct. 24 box 1
Constable, William and James.
to George Fox
1792 Jan. 25 box 1
Constable, William and James.
to George Fox
1792 Feb. 9 box 1
Constable, William and James.
to George Fox
1792 June 11 box 1

Also copy of reply; July 7, 1792.

Constable, William and James.
to George Fox
1792 July 12 box 1
Davis, Thomas.
Deed with Miers Buck and Charles Pemberton Fox
1848 June 7 box 1
Davis, Thomas and Deborah.
Deed to Joseph Palmer
1764 Nov. 1 box 1
Drinker, Henry, 1734-1809.
to George Fox
1794 Nov. 17 box 1
Eddy, Thomas, 1758-1827.
to George Fox
1798 June 25 box 1
Ellicott, Joseph, Sheriff.
Deed to Samuel Rhoads, Jr. of Joseph Palmer's property
1770 Dec. 22 box 1
Ellis, Daniel.
to George Fox
1794 Feb. 21 box 1
Evan, Owen ap.
Deed to John Davies
1706 Dec. 25 box 1
Evans, Aaron.
Deed to Israel Pemberton
1763 April 16 box 1
Farmer, John.
Deed to Thomas Masters
1699 Feb. 1 box 1
Field, John, et al..
Deed to Samuel Mickle Fox
1794 July 9 box 1
Fox, Charles Pemberton, 1792-1866.
Financial Notes. Found originally with Deed of Samuel Mickle to Samuel Jessop
1760 Aug. 25 box 2
Fox, Charles Pemberton, 1792-1866.
Deed to John Reakirt
1855 June 8 box 2
Fox, Charles Pemberton, et al..
Deed to William C. Rice
1833 Sept. 14 box 2
Fox, Charles Pemberton, 1792-1866.
Deed to Eliza M. P. Tunis
183 July 23 box 2
Fox, Charles Pemberton, 1792-1866.
Deed to Eliza M. P. Tunis
1855 Apr. 7 box 2
Fox, Elizabeth Mary Pemberton.
Deed to John R Tunis, and to Charles Pemberton Fox, et al.
1819 Feb. 17 box 2
Fox, George, 1759-1828.
Deed
1795 Oct. 7 box 2
Fox, George, 1759-1828.
Deed to Hannah Fox
1784 Feb. 28 box 2
Fox, George, 1759-1828.
Deed to Gavin Hamilton
1810 Feb. 27 box 2
Fox, George, 1759-1828.
Indenture to Thomas Hirst
1814 Jan. 6 box 2
Fox, George, 1759-1828.
Deed to John Littleboy
1811 July 20 box 2
Fox, Mary. Fox, George, 1759-1828.
Deed to Francis Graham
1796 Dec. 14 box 2
Fox, Mary. Fox, George, 1759-1828.
Deed to Francis Graham
1796 Dec. 14 box 2
Fox, George, 1759-1828. Fox, Mary.
Deed to Francis Graham
1796 Dec. 14 box 2
Fox, Mary. Fox, George, 1759-1828.
Deed to Leonard Rickard
1795 Jan. 1 box 2
Fox, Sarah. Fox, George, 1759-1828.
Brief of Title to land owned
1881 Dec. box 2
Fox, Joseph .
Deed to Dennis Flood
1743 Aug. 24 box 2
Fox, Joseph and Elizabeth, et al..
Deed to John Coats
1755 May 9 box 2
Fox, Mary.
Deed to George Fox, et al.. and to William Holbert and John D Branning
1867 May 31 box 2
Griffitts, Isaac and Sarah.
Deed to Joseph House
1750 May 9 box 2

Also, Deed of Joseph and Hannah Morris to Esther Pemberton; May 28,1770

Robert Herries and Co..
to George Fox
1793 July 3 box 2
Robert Herries and Co..
to George Fox
1793 Oct. 8 box 2
Robert Herries and Co..
to George Fox
1794 Jan. 1 box 2
Robert Herries and Co..
to George Fox
1794 May 7 box 2
Robert Herries and Co..
to George Fox
1794 July 2 box 2
Robert Herries and Co..
to George Fox
1796 Feb. 25 box 2
Robert Herries and Co..
to George Fox
1796 Feb. 29 box 2
Robert Herries and Co..
to George Fox
1796 May 6 box 2

Also memo of George Fox, Aug. 25, 1796.

Hill, Henry, 1732-1798.
Deed to George Fox
1795 Aug. 17 box 2
Hill, Richard and Hannah.
Deed to Caleb Ransted
1716 June 28 box 2
Holwell, Edward W..
Deed to Charles Pemberton Fox, et al.
1829 Feb. 5 box 2
Hulme, John.
to George Fox
1793 May 18 box 2
Hunter, William and Martha.
Deed to Samuel Mickle Fox
1804 March 30 box 2
Inman, William.
to George Fox
1792 May 26 box 2
Jones, Cantwell.
to George Fox
1795 July 25 box 2
Jones, Cantwell.
to George Fox
1797 June 26 box 2
Jordan, Robert and Mary.
Deed to Andrew Hamilton
1737 Nov. 16 oversize 1

Franklin imprint.

Jordan, Robert.
Bond and Warrant to John Kinsey, et al.
1740 Oct. 15 box 2

Franklin imprint.

Jordan, Robert and Mary.
Deed to John Kinsey, et al.
1740 Oct. 15 oversize 1

Franklin imprint.

Jordan, Robert and Mary.
Deed to John Kinsey, et al.
1740 Oct. 15 oversize 1

Franklin imprint.

Keyser, Dirck and Alice.
Deed to Jacob Keyser
1744/5 Feb. 13 box 2
Ladd, John.
Deed to Nathaniell Ible
1689 April 24 box 3

Also, John Smart. Deed to James Portues, June 22, 1693.

Large, Ebenezer and Dorothy.
Deed to George House
1735 June 14 box 3
Large, Ebenezer and Mary.
Deed to Josiah Appleton
1711 April 25 box 3
Lelar, Henry (Sheriff).
Deed to Charles Pemberton Fox of James Clark's property
1849 Jan. 27 box 3
Letter to Nicholas Waln
1770 Nov. 13 box 3
Luken, John and Jane.
Deed to Joseph Fox
1763 Nov. 1 box 3
Masters, Mary.
Deed of Dower to William Masters
1773 Jan. 4 box 3
Masters, Thomas.
Deed to George Rotch
1709 Jan. 21 box 3
Mickle, Samuel .
Deed to John Care
1760 Aug. 25 box 3
Mickle, Samuel .
Deed to Samuel Jessop
1760 Aug. 25 box 3
Mickle, Samuel .
Deed to Thomas Shoemaker
1760 Aug. 25 box 3
Miller, Thomas.
Deed to Roger Hawkins;
1712 Nov. 18 box 3

Also Deed of Roger Hawkins to James Dorfus; May 24, 1714.

Morgan, Amalia.
Deed to Benjamin Morgan
1726 Dec. 30 box 3
Morgan, Benjamin and Jane.
Deed to John Ashmead
1726/7 Jan. 2 box 3
Morgan, William, Joseph and Samuel.
Deed to Benjamin Morgan
1725 July 1 box 3
Morgan, William, Joseph and Samuel.
Deed to Benjamin Morgan
1725 July 2 box 3
Morris, Gouverneur, 1752-1816.
to George Fox
1792 April 4 box 3
Morris, Gouverneur, 1752-1816.
to W.T. Franklin. Bond to invest a certain quantity of stock in the American Funds
1789-1791Copiesbox 3
Morris, Robert, 1734-1806.
Bill of Exchange to Sir Robert Herries and Co.
1793 Aug. 21 box 3

Also, Protest for non-payment...Dec. 12,1793. Paper

Morris, Robert, Jr..
to George Fox
[1797 June 30] Friday morning box 3

Also Memo of George Fox in re W. T. Franklin, June 30, 1797. Paper

Murray, Sebastian and Sarah.
Deed to John Parker
1742 July 2 box 3
Overton, Thomas.
Bond and Warrant to George fox, et al.
1809 Oct. 31 box 3
Owen, Evan and Mary, and John and Ann Carpenter.
Deed to George Rotch
1711/12 March 5 box 3
Palmer, Jonathan.
Extract from the Will
1765 April 24 box 3
Palmer, Jonathan and Ann.
Release to Joseph Palmer
1768 Feb. 20 box 3
Palmer, Joseph.
Bond and Mortgage to Samuel Rhoads, Jr.
1766 June 6 box 3

Transferred to Mary Harrison, Oct. 7, 1767, with the acceptance of Israel Pemberton to the above. Paper

Palmer, Joseph.
Bond and Warrant to Samuel Rhoads, Jr.
1766 June 6 box 3
Palmer, Joseph.
Bond and Warrant to Samuel Rhoads, Jr.
1768 March 9 box 3
Palmer, Joseph.
Map of Land drawn by Thomas Davis
  box 3
Palmer, Joseph.
Map of land Surveyed by Moses Moon
1776 Jan. box 3
Palmer, Joseph.
Map of land Surveyed by Paul Preston
1766 Nov. box 3
Palmer, Joseph.
Map of land Surveyed by Paul Preston
1766 Nov. box 3
Palmer, Joseph and Hannah.
Deed to Samuel Rhoads, Jr.
1766 June 6 box 3
Palmer, Joseph and Hannah.
Deed to Samuel Rhoads, Jr.
1768 Mar. 9 box 3
Parker, William H..
Deed to John Kinsey
1735 Sept. 3 box 3
Pemberton, Joseph and Ann.
Deed Tripartite to Samuel and Mary Pleasants, and to Esther Pemberton
1773 April 2 box 3
Pemberton, Mary, 1704-1778.
Map of land surveyed by Moses Moon
1780 April 22 box 3
Penn, John, 1700-1746. Penn, Thomas, 1702-1775. Penn, Richard, 1706-1771.
Lease to Robert Jordan
1738 June 1 box 3
Penn, William, 1644-1718.
Grant to Richard Davis
1692 Aug. 3 box 3
Penn, William, 1644-1718.
Grant to Philip Richards
1692 Dec. 24 box 3
Pennsylvania.
Deed to George Fox
1795 Aug. 7 box 3
Pennsylvania.
Deed to Samuel Mickle Fox
1795 Aug. 7 box 3
Pennsylvania.
Deed to Samuel Mickle Fox
1795 Aug. 7 box 3
Pennsylvania.
Deed to Samuel Mickle Fox
1795 Aug. 7 box 3
Penrose, Jonathan, Sheriff.
Deed to John Staple Littler
1799 Feb. 18 box 3
Perkins, Jacob and Elizabeth.
Deed to William Cooper
1766 July 7 box 3
Philips, Zalegman.
Deed to John Hewitt
1819 March 10 box 3

Also, John Hewit. Deed to Charles Pemberton Fox, etc., July 3, 1835.

Pleasants, Samuel and Mary.
Deed to George and Mary Fox
1719 Apr. 22 box 3
Ranstead, Caleb and Mary.
Deed to Richard Hill
1719 Dec. 31 box 4
Rhoads, Samuel, 1740-1784.
Deed to Jane Ormes and Jane Ormes, Jr.
1768 Dec. 9 box 4
Rhoads, Sarah Pemberton, 1741-1810. Rhoads, Samuel, 1740-1784.
Deed to Israel Pemberton
1772 Mar. 9 box 4
Richards, Philip.
Deed to Daniell Cooke
1693 Aug. 1 box 4
Ridgway, Jacob.
Deed to George Fox, et al.
1823 Mar. 17 box 4
Roch, George.
Deed to Israel Pemberton
1724 Oct. 20 box 4
Roch, George.
Deed to Israel Pemberton
1724 Oct. 21 box 4
Rose, R. H..
to Joseph R Ingersoll and William Miller
1832 June 5 box 4

Other Descriptive Information: See also: Burnside, Judge to R.H. Rose; May 21, 1832.

Sharp, Hannah.
Deed to Samuel and Sarah Barnes
1752 Mar. 13 box 4

Also Deed of Hannah Mayleigh to Israel Pemberton, Mar. 13, 1752. Verified by the Lord Mayor of the City of London.

Shippen, Edward, Jr. and Margaret.
Deed to William McMurtie
1778 Sept. box 4

Also, Deed of William McMurtie to Nicholas Waln; 1780 April 17. [Same property involved in both contracts.]

Stille, Peter.
Deed against John Cart
1751 Sept. 20 box 4

Other Descriptive Information: See also: Stille, Peter. Suit against John Cart; Oct. 7, 1751.

Stille, Peter.
Suit against John Cart
1751 Oct. 7 box 4

Other Descriptive Information: See also; Stille Peter. Deed against John Cart; 1751 Sept. 20

Strettell, Robert and Philotesia.
Deed to Samuel Mickle
1744 April 9 box 4
Truxton, Thomas, Sheriff.
Deed Poll to Joseph George
1819 May 30 box 4
Truxton, Thomas, Sheriff.
Deed Poll to Zalegman Phillips
1819 Jan. 1 box 4
Tunis, Eliza M. P..
Deed to James Henry
1846 Mar. 23 box 4
Tunis, Eliza M. P..
Deed to Charles A Rubicam
1837 Aug. 1 box 4
Tunis, Eliza M. P..
Deed to Charles A Rubicam
1837 Aug. 1 box 4
Tunis, Eliza M. P..
Deed to Charles A Rubicam
1845 Jan. 13 box 4
Tunis, Eliza M. P..
Deed to Jonathan Rubincam
1855 Feb. 15 box 4
Tunis, Eliza M. P. and Mary D. Fox.
Deed of Confirmation to Jacob F Hoeckley
1841 April 27 box 4
Tunis, Eliza M. P. and Mary D. Fox.
Deed to to Charles Pemberton Fox
1849 Jan. 18 box 4
Tunis, Eliza M. P. and Mary D. Fox.
Deed to Charles Pemberton Fox
1850 Jan. 18 box 4
Turner, Robert.
Deed to Joshua Tittory
1686 June 19 box 4
Usher, Jacob and Mary.
Deed to John Widdifield
1718 Sept. 10 box 4
Wallace, William.
Deed to Samuel Mickle Fox, et al.
1799 March 26 box 4
Waln, Nicholas, 1742-1813.
to Israel Pemberton
1772 March 8 box 4
Waln, Sarah. Waln, Nicholas, 1742-1813.
Deed to George Fox
1785 Nov. 7 box 4
Wells, Rachel.
Deed to Jacob Perkins
1771 Nov. 23 box 4
West, Thomas and Susanna.
Deed to Samuel Mickle Fox
1784 Nov. 9 box 4
Wilson, John.
Deed to Charles and Esther Pemberton
1771 Jan. 31 box 4
Woostine, John van der.
Deed to Tunis Conders
1698/9 Dec. 7 box 4
Woostine, John van der and Abigail.
Deed to Edward Church
1721 March 25 box 4
Worrilan, Thomas.
Deed to George House
1723 May 4 box 4
Yard, Joseph and Susannah.
Deed to Mary Yard
1725 Dec. 1 box 4