Benjamin Franklin Papers Part 3 -- Letters to Franklin

Mss.B.F85inventory03

Date: 1778 April-December | Size: 1 section, 1,200 items

Abstract

This is part of the large inventory for the Benjamin Franklin Papers (Mss B F85). For complete information concerning this collection, please view the Collection Description.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Physical description

1200 items

1200 items

Indexing Terms



Detailed Inventory

Letters to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April-December1200 item(s)
IX, 1. Tucker, Samuel, 1747-1833.
to the American Commissioners
1778 April 1A.L.S. 2p.IX, 1

Bordeaux. His arrival after a fatiguing passage of forty-two days; sends by Captain Richard Palmer a copy of his instructions and signals; desires to know his further destination; busy getting the ship in readiness for sea; captured the ship Marthy from London bound for New York; has only one lieutenant at present; deisres advice as to appointing others.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 3. Vincent, G..
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 1A.L.S. 1p.IX, 3

St. Malo. Enclosing a letter from one John Johnstone said to be an American but has the misfortune to make one of the crew on board an English cutter, detained for twelve weeks in the harbor; begs to be informed if he is really an American.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 6. Corcelles, Jonathan de Polier de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 2A.L.S. 3p.IX, 6

Lausanne. Plan of several Swiss gentlemen to raise a regiment of 1,500 infantry to serve in America. Suggests their being raised in the name of France, the States' new ally; secrecy to be observed; puts himself in Franklin's hands on condition that he is assured a suitable rank in the forthcoming levy. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

IX, 5. Delaire, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 2A.L.S. 3p.IX, 5

La Rochelle. His joy at the alliance between the United Provinces and France; his knowledge of the theory of commerce; his familiarity with languages; desires to form an establishment at La Rochelle for the instruction of young men in the knowledge of commerce; wishes Franklin to become the patron of the establishment and to recommend it. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

IX, 4. Lee, Arthur, 1740-1792.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 2L.S. 4p.IX, 4

Chaillot. Expressing great anger and indignation at being kept in ignorance of M. Gérard's mission to America and also of Mr. Deane's departure.

General physical description: L.S. 4p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Works (Sparks, VIII, 257, Note).

XXXIX, 27. Dumas, Charles-Guillaume-Frédéric, 1721-1796.
to the American Commissioners
1778 April 3A.L.S. 5p.XXXIX, 27

The Hague. Extracts from foreign letters; war with Austria inevitable; France endeavoring indirectly to keep peace between Russia and the Porte. Rumored withdrawal of Lord Stormont from the French Court. General opinion in Rotterdam that England will be forced to recognize the independence of the Colonies. Desirability of a commercial treaty between Holland and America. Recent agitation in Holland over the augmenting of their land forces; attitude of M. de Berkenro[o]de, Dutch Minister to France. Conversation held with M. Van Berkel; assurances of Holland's perfect neutrality; urges the wisdom of profiting by the friendship and commerce of the United States. Advises their writing an official letter to the Grand Pensionnaire announcing the treaty of the United States with France and stating America's friendly attitude towards Holland. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 5p.

LXI, 24. Johnson, Thomas, 1732-1819.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 3L.S. 1p.LXI, 24

Annapolis. Notifying him of the appointment of Joshua Johnson as agent for Maryland in soliciting military stores.

General physical description: L.S. 1p.

IX, 7. Lee, Arthur, 1740-1792.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 3A.L.S. 3p.IX, 7

Chaillot. Information received from M. Grand that Mr. Williams continues drawing on the public funds, though he has received no orders to answer his drafts; has not been consulted in this matter, but considers it an irregularity.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

IX, 8. Ridley, Matthew, 1749-1789.
to the American Commissioners
1778 April 3A.L.S. 1p.IX, 8

Introducing Mr. Ebenezer Platt, whose sufferings in the cause of America are known to Franklin; lately released from prison and married to a daughter of Mrs. Wright; their only mode of returning to America is through France.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

LX, 53. Unidentified.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 April 3]L. 2p.LX, 53

Bayonne. Proposes to supply three or four hundred barrels of wine and a quantity of brandy for consumption in the United States, in exchange for leaf tobacco from Virginia. Offers to act as Consular agent for the United States. (In French.)

IX, 9. Bondfield, John.
to the American Commissioners
1778 April 4A.L.S. 2p.IX, 9

Bordeaux. Arrival at Bordeaux of John Adams, Esq., who sets off at once for Paris. News of various vessels. Desirability of France announcing a fixed time when a convoy will attend the ships destined for North America.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 12. Dalkerque, De Lattre.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 4L.S. 2p.IX, 12

Dunkirk. Acknowledging his letter of the 8th of February, enclosing two letters of recommendation for the captain of his frigate, La Comtesse de Brionne; she sailed for America on the 2d inst., well armed and richly loaded. (In French.)

General physical description: L.S. 2p.

IX, 10. Izard, Ralph, 1742-1804.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 4A.L.S. 2p.IX, 10

Paris. Compelled again to request the explanation so often promised him; also the reasons in writing why the alterations in the treaty of commerce were not to be communicated to him.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 11. Jones, John Paul, 1747-1792.
to the American Commissioners
1778 April 4A.L.S. 3p.IX, 11

The Ranger, Cameret. Is now perfectly ready to proceed with the Fortunée of thirty-eight guns and the tender sent by Comte d'Orvilliers; deeply concerned at the time lost; will make the better use of that to come. Concerning the large frigate built for America at Amsterdam; hopes to find her ready to his return. Saluted the French flag at Brest with thirteen guns and received in return two guns less; possible reasons for this.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

IX, 13. Müller de la Piolotte, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 4A.L.S. 4p.IX, 13

Lure. Has charge of glass works at Champagney; his experience and knowledge of the manufacture of glass; desires to establish glass-works in America; lays this project in detail before Franklin and asks his advice; his reasons for wishing to take this step. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

LXXI, 58b. Sarsfield, Guy-Claude, Comte de, 1718-1789.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 4A.N. in 3d P. 1p.LXXI, 58b

Reminds him of his promise to bring Mr. Adams to dine at his house and requests Franklin to return him the Spanish grammar and Gibbons's History of Rome. (In French.)

General physical description: A.N. in 3d P. 1p.

XLI, 113. Babuty, Jacques-Christophe.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778] April 53 p.XLI, 113

Paris. Asking for assistance to enable him to return to his family in Canada. (In French.)

IX, 14. Lee, Arthur, 1740-1792.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 5A.L.S. 1p.IX, 14

Chaillot. Not knowing anything of the transactions referred to him, cannot judge whether it is fit to discharge the enclosed accounts.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 15. Montgomery, Robert.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 5A.L.S. 2p.IX, 15

Alicante. Has been established in the above port of Spain twelve months and has acquired business and consequence. Afraid if Spain declares war against England, he will be treated as a British subject; begs Franklin to send him a certificate of his identity as an American; encloses a paper to prove his nationality; refers to Mr. Thomas Morris for particulars.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XXXVII, 142. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 5A.L.S. 1p.XXXVII, 142

Nantes. Introducing Mr. Hawkins of Carolina.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 16. Bondfield, John.
to the American Commissioners
1778 April 6A.L.S. 2p.IX, 16

Bordeaux. Concerning repairs, etc., on the ship Boston; Captain Tucker's action in not reporting the arrival to the Admiralty Board; his salute to the Castle not returned, no instructions having been received from the Board of War on that head. English fleet still lying between Capes Ortegal and Finisterre. The Spanish fleet expected shortly from Cuba.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 19. Champigny, Jean Bochart, Chevalier de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 6A.L.S. 2p.IX, 19

Amsterdam. Reasons for sending his second volume of the History of England before the first one, which will follow later together with the first two volumes of his Translation of the History of Denmark. Congratulates him on his new diginity. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XLII, 211. Grand, Isaac-Jean-Georges-Jonas, 1716-1793.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 April 6]A.L. in 3d P. 2p.XLII, 211

Advises transferring M. Boux, who does nothing at Nantes although in the States' service, to Amsterdam where he would be more useful in forwarding the construction of the "Indian." On their apprehension of fire being set to this ship, he has written to have four men put on board to watch her night and day; if this precaution is not sufficent, advises getting her insured against fire which would cost about two thousand florins. Prudence seems to require this sacrifice. Asks his approbation on this head.

IX, 17. Pommereul, François René Jean, Baron de, 1745-1823.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 6A.L.S. 2p.IX, 17

Fougeres. Concerning the hard case of his brother, M. de Martigny, who followed M. du Coudray to America, in hopes of aiding in the defense of liberty; his subsequent disappointment and return to France; expenses incurred; begs Franklin to obtain from M. de Sartine the settlements of his brother's just demands. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 20. Bondfield, John.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 7A.L.S. 1p.IX, 20

Bordeaux. On the strength of Mr. Hancock's letter to Franklin in favor of Mr. Cooper, will advance that young gentleman the necessaries he stands in need of.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 21. Brongniart, Antoine Louis, 1742-1804.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 7A.L.S. 2p.IX, 21

Paris. When he will make certain experiments in electricity; hopes Franklin will have sufficient leisure to attend. Successful treatment of certain sick people by means of the electric fluid. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 100. Cooper, William, 1750-1788.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 April 7]A.L.S. 1p.IX, 100

Bordeaux. Enclosing certain letters to be forwarded to their respective owners; the letter of recommendation from the Hon. John Hancock, Esq., he sends unsealed.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XXXIX, 28. Dumas, Charles-Guillaume-Frédéric, 1721-1796.
to the American Commissioners
1778 April 7A.L. 4P.XXXIX, 28

The Hague. Extracts from German letters; warlike preparations throughout the country. Account of a considerable quantity of cannon and arms for sale. Further suggestions for their official letter to the Grand Pensionnaire; desirability of crushing the English party in Holland. Intrigues in Dutch politics. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L. 4P.

LXXI, 59a. Sarsfield, Guy-Claude, Comte de, 1718-1789.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 7A.N. in 3d P. 1P.LXXI, 59a

Requesting Franklin to be at his house at 2 o'clock for dinner, as Prince de Aingry will be there. (In French.)

General physical description: A.N. in 3d P. 1P.

XLIV, 199. Barbeu Du Bourg, M. (Jacques), 1709-1779.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778] April 8A.L.S. 1p.XLIV, 199

The meeting is for the following day. If Franklin can attend he will go also. (In French.)

IX, 22. Deane, Silas, 1737-1789.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 8A.L.S. 2p.IX, 22

Aix. Their arrival at Aix, Begs Franklin to make his adicus to certain friends at Paris, which he failed to do from lack of time. Thanking him for the friendship and confidence he has honored him with and for the honorable testimony he has given him to Congress. Wishing him all happiness and prosperity.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Hale's Franklin in France, I, 230.

IX, 23. Desegray, Beaugéard Fils, et Cie.
to the American Commissioners
1778 April 8A.L.S. 3p.IX, 23

St. Malo. Congratulations on their glorious transactions with the French Ministry. An English frigate seen lately in their neighborhood. Enclosing a letter from Mr. J. D. Schweighauser in which he seems to have been appointed to represent the American agent in Brittany; desires to know if that letter is comfortable to their orders.  [Copy of M. Schweighauser's letter in French, enclosed.]

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

IX, 25. Farry, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 8A.L.S. 2p.IX, 25

Chateauneuf. His experience as surgeon on his Majesty's ships; desires to be of service to the American people; proposes certain conditions under which he is willing to practice medicine in the Colonies. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 24. Roberdeau, Jacques-Dominique de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 8A.L.S. 2p.IX, 24

His delay in answering Franklin's favor of February 21st due to the mislaying of General Roberdeau's letter; sends it now. Congratulations on the success of his endeavors for his country.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 48. Turgot, Anne-Robert-Jacques, Baron de l'Aulne, 1727-1781.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 8L. in 3d P. 1p.IX, 48

Paris. Reminding Franklin of his engagement to dine with him; if Mr. Adams, the new Commissioner has arrived, desires his company also. (In French.)

General physical description: L. in 3d P. 1p.

XXXVII, 144. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 8A.L.S. 1p.XXXVII, 144

Nantes. Introducing Mr. George Readhead, of South Carolina, and Mr. Craig, of Philadelphia.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XXXVII, 143. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 8A.L.S. 2p.XXXVII, 143

Nantes. Concerning the unfortunate condition of Captain Collas, the husband of Jenny Mecom, now a prisoner in England. His late indisposition; expects to set out for Paris shortly.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXI, 12 (OS). Captains of American Merchant Vessels at Nantes and Neighboring Ports.
to the Ministers Plenipotentiary of the United States at the Court of France
1778 April 9L.S. 2p.LXI, 12 (OS)

Nantes. Requesting them to apply to the French Court for a convoy off the coast sufficient to protect the American vessels.

General physical description: L.S. 2p.

IX, 26. Lee, William, 1739-1795.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 9A.L.S. 2p.IX, 26

Frankfurt-sur-le-Maine. The Presence of any one on their part at Berlin will not be of any use. The Vienna scheme will be prosecuted; England will not declare war until Burgoyne and his troops are got safe, lest they should be intercepted. Proposes a plan to send La Motte Picquet with certain ships to be joined at Boston by others, the whole to proceed immediately to Halifax which must fall into their hands with all the naval stores.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LIII, 37. United States. Navy Board of the Eastern Department.
to the American Commissioners
1778 April 9L. in 3d P. 1p.LIII, 37

Boston. Encloses gazettes to date. Cannot risk other packages.

General physical description: L. in 3d P. 1p.

XXXVII, 145. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 9A.L.S. 3p.XXXVII, 145

Nantes. Begging his favorable attention to the request of the American captains for a convoy off the French coast. Constant applications for wages and prize-money, by Frenchmen who served on board the Lexington. Mr. M[orris] sold what was brought in here and the money is the Lord knows where. Wishes the Commissioners had given up what was carried to their credit and taken the loss of Mr. M[orris]'s conduct on themselves, it would have saved an infinity of credit which the service has suffered. Question of Mr. William Lee having given his appointment to Mr. Schweighauser; reasons why he resents this; action he has taken in the matter.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

LI, 45. Aubert, Jean-Louis, 1731-1814.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 April 10]Verses. 3p.LI, 45

Girca. "The horse and his master." Song composed for and sung at the entertainment given to Franklin and his friends by M. Brillon.

General physical description: Verses. 3p.

LX, 104. Gravier, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 10A.L.S. 2 p.LX, 104

Marseilles. Wishes to settle in America. Inquires as to what assistance he might hope for. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2 p.

IX, 28. Guillaud, Claud.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 10A.L.S. 4p.IX, 28

Cadiz. England has altered her Mediterranean passports, so that the ones they had before the war rendered useless. Plan of a certain merchant to enter into peace negotiations with the Emperor of Morocco; he has written Franklin more particularly on this subject; it will all tend to the prosperity and happiness of America. Captain Cunningham still at Cadiz. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

IX, 27. Le Clerc de St. Etrain, -----, Abbé de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 10A.L.S. 1p.IX, 27

Paris. Asking for the letters of recommendation he promised to M. Mereau de Mannevan, who has left for Amsterdam. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XXI, 138. Tesché, Pierre Arnoud.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 10A.L.S. 4p.XXI, 138

Brest. Offering to supply anything needed in the way of arms; sends list of the various kinds made in his manufactory. (In French.)

IX, 29. Toustain de Richebourg, Charles-Gaspard, Vicomte de, 1746-1836.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 10A.L.S. 8p.IX, 29

Josselin. Concerning his paper, "A Challenge to Lord Suffolk," and other similar reflections and explanations; his desire to enter the American service under certain conditions. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 8p.

IX, 30. Alagnac, ----- d'.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 11A.L.S. 2p.IX, 30

Clermont-Ferrand. Begging for information of one of his relatives, named le Chevalier de Pontgibaut, who left Nantes on October 11th to pass into the service of America with letter to M. de Lafayette and to General Conway; his father's anxiety at receiving no news of him. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 32. Aubin de St. Lambert, L., Comte de St. Lambert.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 11A.L.S. 3p.IX, 32

Termonde. Has served in the French navy as captain of various vessels; desires to pass into the service of the Colonies; his knowledge of navigation and acquaintance with several languages; certificates he can furnish. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

LXII,128. Gruyère, Jean-Nicolas de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 11A.L.S. 2p.LXII,128

Paris. A note enclosing the letter from Wyss. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 33. Hutton, James, 1715-1795.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 11A.L.S. 1p.IX, 33

Introducing Mr. D'Aguiton, of Geneva; he has an affair of merchandise to settle with a Mr. Heywood, of Paris; announcing the death of Mr. Falconer.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XLIV, 141. Le Roy, Jean Baptiste, 1720-1800.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 April 11]A.L. 2p.XLIV, 141

Paris. Has heard that Mr. Adams arrived a few days ago. Asks Franklin to let him know the good news he brought. Thinks he must have brought Franklin's credentials. (In French.)

IX, 31 (OS). Madden, John Butler.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 11A.L.S. 3p.IX, 31 (OS)

Nantes. Considerable commerce between France and America; need of an interpreter at Nantes to assist the French and American captains in their business relations; offers himself for the position and begs Franklin to obtain it for him from the French Admiral. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

IX, 35. Dumagny, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 12A.L.S. 2p.IX, 35

Partenay. His enthusiasm for the American cause; desires to serve in the army of the republic. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 36. Coffyn, Francis.
to the American Commissioners
1778 April 13A.L.S. 1p.IX, 36

Dunkirk. Has just learned that Mr. Deane has left Paris; desires orders as to the providing for American prisoners and seamen who may, in future, arrive at Dunkrik. Congratulating Mr. Adams on his safe arrival in France.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 39. Döhren, Jacques von.
to the American Commissioners
1778 April 13A.L.S. 3p.IX, 39

Hamburg. Offers his services to the Republic in case the Commissioners see fit to establish an agency at Hamburg; advantages resulting from such an office; should this idea meet with their approval, has a plan for the establishment of an American depot at Hamburg. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

IX, 38. Mostowski, Paul Michael, 1721-1781.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 13L. in 3d P. 1p.IX, 38

Paris. Desires a personal interview; begs him to name the day and hour. (In French.)

General physical description: L. in 3d P. 1p.

IX, 37. Serrier, -------.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 13A.L.S. 2p.IX, 37

Damvillers. Desiring to know Franklin's remedy for dropsy, which he has read about in the newspapers; one of his parishoners has been a sufferer from the disease for twenty-eight years. In exchange for this important service, will bestow on Franklin the title of benefactor. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 41. Bondfield, John.
to Benjamin Franklin and Arthur Lee
1778 April 14A.L.S. 2p.IX, 41

Bordeaux. Captain Tucker almost ready to sail. Present unsettled state creates great stagnation in trade; many opulent merchants whose operations are suspended until war is declared or peace established.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXI, 11 (OS). Caille, Etienne d'Audibert (Stephen).
to the American Commissioners
1778 April 14A.L.S. 2p.LXI, 11 (OS)

Cadiz. Concerning peace between United States and Emperor of Morocco. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XLIII, 178. Lafreté, Jean-Jacques de. Lafreté, Angélique-Michéle-Rosalie Jogues de Martinville.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 14L. in 3d P. 1p.XLIII, 178

Paris. Hopes that Messrs. Franklin have not forgotten their engagement to dine with them. (In French.)

General physical description: L. in 3d P. 1p.

IX, 43. Lugny, ----- de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 14A.L.S. 2p.IX, 43

Bordeaux. Is a geographical engineer in the above city; if, by these means he can render himself useful to the States, offers Franklin his services. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 42. Penet, Pierre.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 14A.L.S. 1p.IX, 42

Paris. Sends a memoir, forwarded to him by an American captain; desires to know if the Minister of Marine will grant the demands in the aforesaid memoir; advantages to be gained from such concessions, such as the greater safety to their vessels, etc. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 44. Reynolds, John.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 14A.L.S. 2p.IX, 44

Paris. As recommended by him, he wrote to Mr. Jonathan Williams at Nantes for information as to certain American articles which he had a clear channel of introducing into England; will proceed on his return journey the following night.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XLIV, 214. Sarsfield, Guy-Claude, Comte de, 1718-1789.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 April 14]A.L.S. 2p.XLIV, 214

Returns copy of Resolution of Congress given him by Franklin, in mistake. Asks for copy of Resolution with reference to reports of a settlement with England. If Mr. Adams will send him his letter for Marquis de Castries he will immediately hand it to the latter. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 40. Vautravers, Jean-Rodolphe.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 14A.L.S. 4p.IX, 40

Bienne. Desires news of the safe arrival of certain important letters. Trusts the treaty between France and America does not preclude Great Britain forever from proper connection with the States. Suggests an alliance between the thirteen Cantons and the thirteen United States. His plan for eliminating poverty in the United States.

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

XXXVII, 146. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin and Silas Deane
1778 April 14A.L.S. 3p.XXXVII, 146

Nantes. The Duchesse de Grammont set sail on the 7th inst. Question of paying wages to a French sailor who escaped from prison after being taken in the Lexington.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

LXXIII, 56. Charity Association.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 Before April 15Printed N. 1p.LXXIII, 56

Paris. Invitations to meetings of Charity Association for the assistance of poor prisoners and for the liberation of prisoners in debt for the care of their infants.

General physical description: Printed N. 1p.

IX, 45. Latache, Jean.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 15A.L.S. 4p.IX, 45

Angouleme. His plan of establishing a manufactory of maps in America; the means to be employed in its formation and the advantages to accrue to the Colonies from such an establishment. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

IX, 46. L'Enfant, Marie-Charlotte Leullier.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 15A.L.S. 1p.IX, 46

Paris. Begging Franklin to forward the enclosed letter to his son in America; Mlle. Basseporte joins with him in imploring Franklin's favor for this only child. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 47. Le Roy, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 15A.L.S. 2p.IX, 47

Cherbourg. Concerning John Burnell, captain of the privateer Montgomery, now in prison at Plymouth. Failure on the part of M. Dulonprey to answer his demands for the money due to Burnell; applies to Franklin for assistance. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LX, 88. Prat, Antoine-François.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 15A.L.S. 2p.LX, 88

Lyons. Begs Franklin to procure him a position as secretary. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXX, 71a. Boulainvilliers, Marie Madeleine Adrienne d'Hallencourt Bernard, Marquise de.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 On or After April 15]A.N. 2p.LXX, 71a

Paris. Inviting Dr. Franklin to come to see them and take tea. Mme, de Vaudois's illness has prevented them from going to see him. (In French.)

LXX, 70b. Boulainvilliers, Marie Madeleine Adrienne d'Hallencourt Bernard, Marquise de.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 After April 15]A.N. 1p.LXX, 70b

Paris. Dr. Franklin's neighbors have not seen him for a long time. Ask him to come and take tea with them. (In French.)

IX, 53. Deane, Simeon.
to the American Commissioners
1778 April 16A.L.S. 2p.IX, 53

Falmouth. Announcing his safe arrival and his immediate departure for Congress. No intelligence received as yet of the Continental fleet which left France in February. The spirits of the people very high; makes us doubt that the good news which he bears will give the greatest satisfaction. Report of the taking of Quebec, though it is not confirmed.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 51. Dupont, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 16A.L.S. 3p.IX, 51

Colmar. Has not the honor of being known to Franklin, but M. Voltaire, the genius of France, is an old friend of his father and M. Gérard knows his family well; desires to enter the American army. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

XLII, 155. Le Roy, Jean Baptiste, 1720-1800.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778] April 16A.L.S. 3p.XLII, 155

Paris. Asking positions in the American army for two excellent officers (Messrs. de Gueyssac); their reasons for quitting France well known. Quotation from Sir John Pringle's letter. (In French.)

LXXI, 81b. Le Roy, Jean Baptiste, 1720-1800.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 April 16]N. 1p.LXXI, 81b

Le Roy read the extract of the letters of the officers aloud and gave it back to Franklin. The letters are not in his pockets. Certain Franklin has them.

XLVIII, 173. Lovell, James, 1737-1814.
to the American Commissioners
1778 April 16A.L.S. 1p.XLVIII, 173

Yorktown. Notice of the authorization of William Bingham to draw bills of exchange upon the Commissioners. (In triplicate.) See also: XLVIII, 174.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Wharton's Diplom. Corres. of the Amer. Rev., II, 553.

XLVIII, 174. Lovell, James, 1737-1814.
to the American Commissioners
1778 April 16A.L.S. 1p.XLVIII, 174

Yorktown. Notice of the authorization of William Bingham to draw bills of exchange upon the Commissioners. (In triplicate.) See also: XLVIII, 173.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Wharton's Diplom. Corres. of the Amer. Rev., II, 553.

IX, 50. Monts, Pierre-Joseph-Hyacinthe, Chevalier de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 16A.L.S. 6p.IX, 50

Vesoul. Describing an invention of his for writing secret despatches on cotton cloth where it is invisible until made to appear by the use of certain chemicals; desires to make a present of this discovery to America. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 6p.

XLIV, 294. Monts, Pierre-Joseph-Hyacinthe, Chevalier de.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 April 16]N. 1p.XLIV, 294

With reference to a secret for writing ink on linen and effacing the writing at will. (In French.)

General physical description: N. 1p.

IX, 47.5. Sarsfield, Jacques-Hyacinthe, Vicomte de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 16L.S. 2p.IX, 47.5

Paris. Asks Franklin's interest and patronage on behalf of M. Somers, the son of a rich merchant of Lille who wishes to send some goods into America. Prevented from seeing Franklin for some time, owing to illness; is about to leave for the Chateau de Marly where he and Mme. de Sarsfield unite in hoping Franklin will visit them. (In French.)

General physical description: L.S. 2p.

IX, 49. Tarteron, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 16A.L.S. 2p.IX, 49

Mende. An ode to Franklin; compares him to Solon; the glorious treaty which he arranged with France. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 52. United States. Continental Congress. Committee of Foreign Affairs.
to the American Commissioners
1778 April 16A.L.S. 1p.IX, 52

York, [Pennsylvania]. Resolve of Congress, authorizing William Bingham, agent of the United States at Martinique, to draw on the Commissioners for certain sums. An uncommon fatality has attended their despatches; anxious for news. Signed: James Lovell

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 55. Amraff, Caetanus d'.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 17A.L.S. 2p.IX, 55

Paris. His wife and two children in great distress; applies to Franklin for help; knows eight languages; is versed in art, music and commerce; desires Franklin to procure him some position either in America or Europe. (In Latin.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LX, 72. Irwin, J..
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 17L.S. 2p.LX, 72

Marseilles. Is a British subject and an ex-officer in the English army. Wishes to be allowed to remain in France with his family. Offers to act as Consul for the United States at Nantes or Bordeaux.

General physical description: L.S. 2p.

IX, 54. Moylan, James.
to the American Commissioners
1778 April 17A.L.S. 1p.IX, 54

L'Orient. Begging them to procure the enlargement of one, James Wiggins, sailor, a native of America and now detained on board the Hawk, a privateer belonging to London.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 57. Boeckmann, Johann Lorenz, 1741-1802.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 18A.L.S. 2p.IX, 57

Karlsruhe. Asking Franklin's advice about the placing of a lightning conductor which the Margrave of Baden desires to put on his chateau. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXI, 61. Jay, James, Sir, 1732-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 18A.L.S. 1p.LXI, 61

Paris. Again requests the information he desired.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XXXVII, 147. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin and Silas Deane
1778 April 18A.L.S. 3p.XXXVII, 147

Nantes. Questions of repairing arms and shipping them to America. Congratulating Mr. Adams on his safe arrival.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

IX, 60. Hutton, James, 1715-1795.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 19A.L.S. 2p.IX, 60

Denies having given copies to anyone of the two letters of February 1st and 12th, yet has been reproached for these copies by Lord Shelburne. Regrets that spirit of revenge which appears in a brave people who have vindicated their liberties, and which belongs rather to cowards. Independence as great a novelty as taxation without representation; the only wise business is peace-making.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXI, 104. Le Roy, Louis Gabriel.
to the American Commissioners
1778 April 19A.L.S. 1p.LXI, 104

Paris. Concerning his invention of a military stretcher. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 58. Livingston, Musco.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 19L. in 3d P. 1p.IX, 58

Paris. Asking that the papers may be sent by bearer.

General physical description: L. in 3d P. 1p.

IX, 59. Raudière, J.-D. Ramier de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 19A.L.S. 2p.IX, 59

Tournay. Imploring an answer to the poem and letter delivered to Franklin two months before; begs him to forgive the wildness of his thoughts and the disorder of his style, owing to his detention for a very small debt. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXX, 81. Tronsson Desjardins, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 19A.L.S. 1p.LXX, 81

Paris. Requesting Franklin to obtain for him a certificate of the death of his brother in America. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 61. Colston, Rawleigh, 1747-1823.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 20A.L.S. 4p.IX, 61

Cape Francois. Appointed by the Governor and Council of Virginia their agent at Cape François; begs Franklin to use his influence to procure him an exemption from certain French laws which cripple his trade and most infallibly destroy his credit. In duplicate. See also: IX, 62.

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

IX, 62. Colston, Rawleigh, 1747-1823.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 20 IX, 62

Cape Francois. Appointed by the Governor and Council of Virginia their agent at Cape François; begs Franklin to use his influence to procure him an exemption from certain French laws which cripple his trade and most infallibly destroy his credit. In duplicate. See also: IX, 61.

Provenance: A.L.S. 4p.

IX, 63. Courtanvaux, François-César le Tellier, Marquis de, 1718-1781.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 20L. in 3d P. 1p.IX, 63

Paris. Regrets that the only day Franklin has to dispose of is the day his family leaves for one of their estates in the country. (In French.)

General physical description: L. in 3d P. 1p.

IX, 64. Knoepffel, Andreas Christian.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 20A.L.S. 2p.IX, 64

Nordhausen. His earnest desire to go to America, preach the gospel and instruct the youth of that country in Latin, Hebrew, Greek, German, Geography and Economics. (In Latin.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 65. Keeling, John.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 21A.L.S. 2p.IX, 65

Paris. Recommending Mr. Martin Savage who has estranged his relations by his attachment to the American cause; he desires a letter of recommendation to any captain in the American service, that he may obtain employment in the navy.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 67. Lieliendahl, François.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 21A.L.S. 1p.IX, 67

Angouleme. Sending a memoir with a request to lay it before the illustrious Congress of the United States. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

LX, 92 (OS). Lieliendahl, François.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 April 21]Mem. S. 3p.LX, 92 (OS)

Proposes to plant and grow vines in South Carolina for making wine. (In French.)

General physical description: Mem. S. 3p.

IX, 66. Luther, John.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 21A.L.S. 2p.IX, 66

St. Martin de Re. Concerning eight French officers who desired him to procure them a passage to America; wishes to be honored with Franklin's commands in case like affairs happen regarding the Continental business.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LX, 69. Archdeacon, -----. Gamba, ------.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 22A.L.S. 2p.LX, 69

Dunkirk. Apply for the United States Consulship at Dunkerque for M. Gamba. Advise Franklin of a shipment of forty bottles of rum for him. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 69. Bersolle, Emmanuel-Yves, 1750-1812.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 22A.L.S. 2p.IX, 69

Brest. The Arrival of the Lord Chatham, a prize taken by Captain Jones of the Ranger; her cargo; desires orders as to her disposition. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXII, 107. Desrivières, Ferdinand.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 22A.L.S. 4p.LXII, 107

Paris. He tells of his offer to go Canada with three or four hundred men; of his literary efforts and Voltaire's criticism of them; asks to enter the American service. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

LXX, 92. Feutry, Aimé Ambroise Joseph, 1720-1789.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 22A.L.S. 1p.LXX, 92

Sending a memoir to Franklin and asking him to interest himself in the matter. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 68. Vaughan, John, 1756-1841.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 22A.L.S. 3p.IX, 68

Bordeaux. Has found Mr. B. the warm friend to England he expected but thinks his conduct has been exaggerated; he leaves for England shortly. Is sorrounded, unfortunately, by English people and enemies to the good cause. Private opinions on the present outlook. Many neutral vessels are carrying on the trade. Report of Court d'Estaing's squadron having sailed for America.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

XLIII, 212. Mouchy, -----, Duchesse de. Mouchy, Philippe de Noailles, Marechal-duc de, 1715-1794.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 Before April 23]L. in 3d P. 1p.XLIII, 212

Inviting Franklin to dine with them. (In French.)

XLIV, 260. Mouchy, Philippe de Noailles, Marechal-duc de, 1715-1794.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 Before April 23]A.L.S. 1p.XLIV, 260

Accepts Franklin's proposal. Requests him to advise his grandson, Mr. Lee and Mr. Adams to that effect. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XXXIX, 29. Dumas, Charles-Guillaume-Frédéric, 1721-1796.
to the American Commissioners
1778 April 23A.L.S. 2p.XXXIX, 29

Amsterdam. The model for their offical letter to the Grand Pensionnaire perfect. Refusal of the Comité d'Hollande to augment the number of troops. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XLI, 146. Flavigny, Sophie-Elisabeth Huguenin Dumatin, Vicomtesse de.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778] April 23A.L.S. 3p.XLI, 146

Asks for news of M. de Fleury, one of the French officers in America; his parents anxious concerning him. Her invalid much better; his hope to visit Mme. de Chaumont in June; will have many infidelities to pardon when she sees Franklin in November. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

IX, 71. Monneron, Paul, 1748-1788.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 23A.L.S. 3p.IX, 71

Amsterdam. Failure to receive the letters of recommendation promised him by Franklin; hopes held out to him by M. l'Abbé le Clere and M. le Vicomte de Flavigny. His reasons for wishing to go to America, and also those of his friend M. Pallard, who awaits his letters of introduction. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

IX, 70. Pratt, Mr. (Samuel Jackson), 1749-1814.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 23A.L.S. 1p.IX, 70

Paris. M. Dubourg having finished the translation of his (Melmoth's) pamphlet, sends the original back with a request that it be despatched amongst the next parcels for America.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 72. Le Clerc de St. Etrain, -----, Abbé de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 After April 23L. 1p.IX, 72

M. Mérault de Monneron and M. Pallard are on the eve of departing for America and only wait for his letters of recommedation that they may not be looked upon as adventues. (In French.)

General physical description: L. 1p.

LVI(i), 12. Fothergill, John, 1712-1780.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 Before April 24]L. 8p.LVI(i), 12

[London]. Political and moral reflections.

IX, 75. Bersolle, Emmanuel-Yves, 1750-1812.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 24A.L.S. 2p.IX, 75

Brest. Concerning the prize-ship, Lord Chatham, and the proper steps for him to take in the matter. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 76. Boismauger, Lucas de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 24A.L.S. 3p.IX, 76

Caudebec. Desires some employment in the present war. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

IX, 73. Grand, Isaac-Jean-Georges-Jonas, 1716-1793.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 24A.L.S. 1p.IX, 73

Amsterdam. Favorable disposition shown towards the loan the United States desires to negotiate; other money matters. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

LX, 70. Harriman, James.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 24L.S. 3p.LX, 70

Florence. Applying for the post of Consul for the United States at Florence and Leghorn.

General physical description: L.S. 3p.

IX, 77. Islé de Lamothe, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 24A.L.S. 2p.IX, 77

Brest. His brother, having entered the service of the Colonies, was taken prisoner in November and carried to Fort St. Augustine; begs Franklin to procure his exchange as soon as possible. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XL, 24. Genet, Edme Jacques, 1726-1781.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778] April 25L. in 3d P. 1p.XL, 24

Versailles. Sending Franklin the paper containing the letter to the King.

IX, 78. Izard, Ralph, 1742-1804.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 25A.L.S. 3p.IX, 78

Paris. Astonished to find himself so often obliged to ask for those assurances that would justify Franklin's conduct to him; the cautious manner in which the departure of Mr. Deane and Mr. Gérard was concealed from those who had a right to know of it. Begs Franklin not to amuse him with further promises or excuses, but either give him the explanation or refuse it outright.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

IX, 79. Laboureau, F. Franklin.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 25A.L.S. 2p.IX, 79

Paris. Acknowledging the gracious reception Franklin wished to tender herself and her husband; desires to know if he can see her on a certain day and hour. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LX, 76. Tilebein, Christian A..
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 25L.S. 4p.LX, 76

Barcelona. Offering his services as Consul for the United States at Barcelona and in Majorca.

General physical description: L.S. 4p.

IX, 87. Aubin de St. Lambert, L., Comte de St. Lambert.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 26A.L.S. 3p.IX, 87

Termonde. Concerning a plan which would be of great service to the Colonies. His desire to enter the service. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

XLIII, 69. Brillon de Jouy, Anne Louise Boyvin d'Hardancourt, 1744-1824.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 April 26]A.L. 1p.XLIII, 69

Sunday morning. Cannot dine with Franklin at Mme. Dutartre's house on Tuesday. (In French.)

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:194680

IX, 84 (OS). Capellen, Joan Derk van der, 1741-1784.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 26A.L.S. 4p.IX, 84 (OS)

Zwolle. His delight at the surrender of Burgoyne and the treaty between France and America. Concerning a memoir he wrote against the demand of the King of England on the subject of the Scottish brigade in the service of the Netherlands; opposition this met with Translated the observations and additional observations of Dr. Price and added to it a preface of his own. His views on the credit of America as contrasted with that of England; proposals Congress might make to induce his compatriots to transfer their funds from England to America. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

IX, 88. Couturier de Versan, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 26A.L.S. 3p.IX, 88

Bordeaux. Offering his services in the affairs of M. Lemaire who left for Virginia charged with a particular mission. Delighted to have found this occasion to prove his interest in the United States of America. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

IX, 81. Daribau, F..
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 26A.L.S. 2p.IX, 81

Agen. Writes as agent for the royal tannery to solicit orders for shoes for the troops. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 85. Julien, Claude.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 26L.S. 2p.IX, 85

Paris. Concerning a quantity of pit-coal with which he desires to furnish Franklin for the service of the Colonies. Begging his protection for le Sieur Broche Descombes who desires to enter the American service with the rank of Major; has everything in his favor; twenty-three years old and simply covered with wounds. (In French.)

General physical description: L.S. 2p.

IX, 86. Liniere, ----- de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 26A.L.S. 2p.IX, 86

Mans. Has a slight knowledge of surgery and experimental physics; desires Franklin to procure him a lodging in Paris and the means to pursure the study of these sciences; will repay him in time; desires later to settle in America under Franklin's protection. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 83. Loiseau de Bérenger, Jean-Louis, 1732-1794.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 26A.L.S. 2p.IX, 83

Decision of the Director-General allows the forty bottles of tafia to come in free of duty, as it is a remedy; desires to know at what port it will arrive. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XLII, 165. Le Roy, Jean Baptiste, 1720-1800.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 April 27]A.L.S. 1p.XLII, 165

Paris. Asking Franklin, his grandson and Mr. Adams to dine with the Comte de Maillebois before the meeting of the Academy. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 90. Mazurié, Joseph.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 27A.L.S. 2p.IX, 90

Landerneau. Desiring the position of Consul at Brest.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 89. Moylan, James.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 27A.L.S. 1p.IX, 89

L'Orient. Has jut received an account of the arrival, at Brest of the prizeship Lord Chatham, loaded with beer and iron, taken by the Ranger.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 92. Aguiton, ------ d'.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 28L. in 3d P. 1p.IX, 92

Paris. Sending a letter from his friend Hutton. Desires to know whether he may call and pay his respects before he leaves the country.

General physical description: L. in 3d P. 1p.

XXXIX, 30. Dumas, Charles-Guillaume-Frédéric, 1721-1796.
to the American Commissioners
1778 April 28A.L.S. 2p.XXXIX, 30

The Hague. Measures taken to insure the publication of their official letter as soon as it is presented. Need of convincing the public that Congress will not make peace with England except as an equal. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LIX, 80. Hartwig, Sebastian, 1717-1800.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 28A.L.S. 3p.LIX, 80

Gotha. Wishes loan of 100 Louis d'Ors.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

Other Descriptive Information: (See LIX, 68.)

IX, 91. Hawkins, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 28L. in 3d P. 1p.IX, 91

Paris. Begs the favor of the pass, his Excellency was so kind as to promise.

General physical description: L. in 3d P. 1p.

IX, 94. Montell, John.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 28A.L.S. 2p.IX, 94

London. Has discovered a method of making and refining common salt and using it to preserve flesh and fish; offers to instruct any person in this method, whom Franklin may name, for the small premium of two thousand guineas.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 93. Vaughan, Benjamin, 1751-1835.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 28A.L. 15p.IX, 93

Illness of Lord Chatham; afraid the great man is dying; quotes all he can recollect in Lord Chatham's short speech of the 7th of April on the subject of independence and the attitude of France. Inaccuracies of the debate-writers for the newspapers. Reply of the Duke of Richmond rather commonplace. Lord Chatham carried out the house in a swoon. Abstract of Lord Shelburne's prodigious speech of April 8th. Irish bills will not pass. Hears Mr. Hartley is the twentieth ambassador Franklin has had. If Lord Chatham had remained well, a change of ministers might have been looked for. Concerning the protection of certain property belonging to his family. Expected publication of a correspondence between Dr. P[ringlel]y and Dr. P[riestl]y upon the latter's metaphysical writings.

General physical description: A.L. 15p.

XXXVII, 148. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to the American Commissioners
1778 April 28A.L.S. 4p.XXXVII, 148

Nantes. Supplies received from Holland; anchors imported form Spain; question of ships to transfer the goods to America.

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

XXXVII, 149. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 28A.L.S. 2p.XXXVII, 149

Nantes. Question of the prize-money. Defends himself against the accusation of showing Franklin's letters.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 97. Barker, Thomas, 1713-1789.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 29A.L.S. 1p.IX, 97

Enclosing two packets; begs Franklin to forward them to America and by each conveyance to recommend his case favorably to Congress or to some of Franklin's friends.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 98.5. Elie de Beaumont, Mme. (Anne-Louise Morin-Dumesnil), 1729-1783.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 29A.L.S. 3p.IX, 98.5

Paris. Writes on behalf of two young persons who desire to pursure their trades in America; they are too poor to pay the required passage money; begs Franklin to procure their passage for them. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

IX, 95. Izard, Ralph, 1742-1804.
to the American Commissioners
1778 April 29A.L.S. 2p.IX, 95

Paris. Giving an account of the dreadful fire which broke out in Charlestown on the morning of January 15th; the loss is three millions of dollars. Concerning the possibility of obtainting relief from France either by application to the Government or by private subscription.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 96. Pollock, Oliver, 1737-1823.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 29A.L.S. 2p.IX, 96

New Orleans. Has been appointed agent for the United States; informing Franklin of various prizes taken by Captain James Willing and Lieutenant McIntyre; desires news from Franklin's part of the world; direction for sending him letters.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 98. Tucker, Samuel, 1747-1833.
to the American Commissioners
1778 April 29A.L.S. 1p.IX, 98

Bordeaux. Sorry he cannot follow their orders of the 26th inst.; cannot get the ship to sea in less than eighteen days. Has received their recommendation of Mr. Livingston; he will proceed as second lieutenant.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 148. Martin, ------.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 April 30A.L.S. 1p.IX, 148

Moscow. Begging for news of the Chevalier La Coste de Mezière, who quitted the service of Russia eighteen months before; hears that he saw Franklin in Paris and entered the service of America; his family most anxious about him; begs for news of his whereabouts. (In French.)  [A. E. by Franklin.] Knows nothing of M. Mezière; America is a large place; he might have arrived there without his having heard of it.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XL, 168. Pahin de La Blancherie, 1752-1811.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 April 30]A.L.S. 3p.XL, 168

Sending him a second invitation to their Assembly [Rendez-vous de la Republique des Lettres et des Arts], and urging him to come. For invitation, see: LXXVII, 38. In French.

LXXVII, 38. Pahin de La Blancherie, 1752-1811.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 April 30]D. 1p.LXXVII, 38

Printed invitation to the Assembly, Rendez-vous de la Republique des Lettres et des Arts. In French. Probably enclosed with Pahin de La Blancherie to Franklin, [1778 April 30], XL, 168

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IX, 99. United States. Continental Congress. Committee of Foreign Affairs.
to the American Commissioners
1778 April 30A.L.S. 3p.IX, 99

York, [Pennsylvania]. Perplexed what steps to take as regards foreign affairs, not having received any despatches since May; aware that the cause for this delay was the loss of Captain Johnston and Captain Wickes and the robbing of John Folgier; advise triplicate despatches. Their anxiety to know the truth before they receive any proposals from Britain in consequence of the scheme in Lord North's speech. The necessity of their currency being supported in due credit, after which they can bid defiance to Britain and all her German hirelings. Signed: James Lovell (In duplicate.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

IX, 2. Chasseneuil, -----, Marquise de.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 April]A.L.S. 3p.IX, 2

Saint Foy-la-Grande. Reminds Franklin of a half promise to give her the address of a compatriot in America to whom she could sent her wines to sell on commission. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

XXXVII, 174. Hennet, Françcois Auguste Pompée, 1728-1792.
to the American Commissioners
[1778 April]L. in 3d P. 1p.XXXVII, 174

Desiring to know if he has sent his account for the four thousand sabres to Messrs. Franklin, Deane and Lee, and when he may expect payment. (In French.)

IX, 102. Bache, Richard, 1737-1811.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 1A.L.S. 1p.IX, 102

Manheim. Introducing Dr. Rigger; he visits Europe with a view of improving himself in the profession of medicine. Sally and the children well.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XLIII, 148. Chalut, Abbé -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 1L. in 3d P. 1p.XLIII, 148

Friday. Inviting Franklin to dine at his brother's house to meet an Ambassador who desires to see him. Mr. Adams and Franklin's grandson, are also invited. (In French.)

General physical description: L. in 3d P. 1p.

LXI, 65. Ewing, Alexander.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 1A.L.S. 3p.LXI, 65

Dunkirk. Protests against being detained with his vessel in French waters.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

IX, 101. Moylan, James.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 1A.L.S. 1p.IX, 101

L'Orient. Forsees future trouble from the restrictions Captain Jones has laid the Intendants of Brest under respecting prize-brig Lord Chatham; thinks Franklin may adopt a wiser plan.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XLIX, 27. Reine, ----- de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 1A.L.S. 9p.XLIX, 27

Versailles. Sends him some fine rice and bean seed which he brought from the Cape of Good Hope and the coast of Malabar; how to sow these seeds and cultivate the plants. How rice and coffee are prepared for consumption. Deplores the dangerous custom of giving wine and alcoholic drinks to the crew during a battle. Found a refreshing and stimulating drink whilst serving in the French Colonies in India; describes how it is made. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 9p.

IX, 106. Bayard, François-Louis.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 2A.L.S. 1p.IX, 106

Paris. Begging him to lend a favorable ear to the proposals of M. Jolly de la Tour. Hopes Franklin will be satisfied with his treatment of Mr. Platt. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 103. Bondfield, John.
to the American Commissioners
1778 May 2A.L.S. 2p.IX, 103

Bordeaux. News of the expected arrival of letters and packets for the Commissioners.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXII, 108. Desrivières, Ferdinand.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 2A.L.S. 3p.LXII, 108

Paris. His affairs with women were his only fault, as he is becoming grayhaired he can no longer be reproached with this fault; offers his services again and would like ta decided answer; would send Franklin copies of his works but he has none worthy of him and he is too poor to get any more. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

IX, 108. Dousset, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 2A.L.S. 1p.IX, 108

Paris. Introducing his nephew, who desires to pass into the service of America; will gladly pay his expenses as far as L'Orient from which port he hears the ship La Jeunesse is about to sail. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 110. Gautier, John Guy.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 2A.L.S. 3p.IX, 110

Barcelona. His interest in the Colonies and his best wishes for their success. Applies for the position of Consul-General in the province of Catalonia; his knowledge of various languages and his general fitness for the position; refers him to Mr. Grand for his connections and reputation.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

LX, 86. Hargicourt, ----- d'.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 2A.L.S. 2p.LX, 86

St. Quentin. Offering his services as clerk or secretary. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 107. Maucler, -----, Abbesse de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 2A.L.S. 2p.IX, 107

La Fere. Has heard that Franklin intends visiting the Royal School of Artillery established at La Fère; begs him to accept her hospitality; her maternal grandmother was a Franklin of Ireland, therefore hopes she can claim relationship.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LI, 4. Old Hermit of Bruxüeil.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 22p.LI, 4

Bar-sur-Seine. Deploring the fate of Philadelphia in the hands of the English. Complimentary verses to Dr. Franklin. A Poem. In French.

General physical description: 2p.

IX, 104. Sarsfield, Guy-Claude, Comte de, 1718-1789.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 2A.L. in 3d P. 1p.IX, 104

Paris. Announcing the postponement of his visit to Chaillot upon the occasion of Mr. Macaulay's translation. Begs for news.

General physical description: A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

IX, 105. Sarsfield, Guy-Claude, Comte de, 1718-1789.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 2A.L.S. 2p.IX, 105

Paris. Introducing a young man who is determined to go to America; asks for him a letter of recommendation; besides his training in architecture he thoroughly understands fortifications. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 112. Marniquel, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 3A.L.S. 2p.IX, 112

Charleville. Asking him to refund a certain sum of money which he lent to Lieutenant Selin for his journey to Passy three years before. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 113. Rochette, Beroard.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 3A.L.S. 3p.IX, 113

Grenoble. Asking that he might be given the management of a printing house in the name and at the expense of the Colonies. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

LXII, 123. Bonnet, -----. Vignier, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 4A.L.S. 3p.LXII, 123

Rodez. Request to enter the American army. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

XLIII, 117. Brillon de Jouy, Anne Louise Boyvin d'Hardancourt, 1744-1824.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 May] 4A.L. in 3d P. 2p.XLIII, 117

Monday. Recommending a friend, M. Hennet, who had furnished some supplies of arms for Congress and who wishes to offer his services to some gentlemen from Virginia. (In French).

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IX, 119. Chantereyne, ----- de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 4A.L.S. 3p.IX, 119

Cherbourg. Having aided several Americans in a pecuniary way, desires Franklin's authority to assist other American officers who may come to Cherbourg; will follow orders implicitly and will furnish an account of the different events relative to the ships of the American Colonies. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

IX, 118. Dupont de Jumeaux, -----, Abbé.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 4A.L.S. 1p.IX, 118

Paris. His brother, aged eighteen years, is very desirous of passing into the service of America; wishes to know what means must be employed; can procure him letters to the Marquis de la Fayette. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 116 (OS). Fichet, Joseph.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 4A.L.S. 1p.IX, 116 (OS)

St. Malo. Enclosing a letter from the commanding officer of his ship, Le Prudent, which was not only seized, but plundered, by an American Privateer called the Lion, and then conducted to Martinique; desires Franklin to give the necessary orders on the subject. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

LX, 105. Grünberger, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 4L.S. 4p.LX, 105

Munich. Requesting a passport to go to the United States. (In French.)

General physical description: L.S. 4p.

IX, 117. Mauduit-Duplessis, Thomas-Antoine, Chevalier.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 4A.L.S. 1p. 1p.IX, 117

Valley Forge, Pennsylvania. Franklin's kindness having enabled him to be useful to America, desires to send him the copy of the resolution with which Congress has honored him. The army celebrating the conclusion of the treaty of alliance between France and America; the noise of artillery and cheering will not make the enemy dance at Philadelphia. (In French.) Enclosure. Resolve of Congress, bestowing a brevet of lieutenant-colonel of artillery on the Chevalier Duplessis, as a reward for his services and an encouragement to his merit. 1p.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p. 1p.

IX, 114. Moylan, James.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 4A.L.S. 1p.IX, 114

L'Orient. Arrival of the schooner Milford, Captain Blackwell, from Rappahannock river in Virginia, bringing news that the new levies were completed and that they were to march in a few days to General Washington's camp, about sixteen miles from Philadelphia; the people in good spirits and the army pretty well clothed; all ports blocked by English frigates.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

LX, 106. Salern, Ignatius.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 4D.S. 1p.LX, 106

Munich. Certificate testifying to the ability of M. Grünberger as a professor and civil engineer. (In French.)

General physical description: D.S. 1p.

IX, 115. Seaward, John.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 4A.L.S. 1pIX, 115

Brest. Arrived in port with the ship Lord Chatham; what steps have been taken; if the vessel is to be sold would be glad of Franklin's orders.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p

IX, 122. Courter, Harmon.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 5A.L.S. 1p.IX, 122

Boston. Safe arrival at Boston after a rough passage of fifty-one days, also the arrival of Captain Nicholson at Portsmouth and Mr. Deane at Plymouth.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 120. Dohrman, Arnold Henry, 1749-1813.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 5A.L.S. 2p.IX, 120

Lisbon. Account of the foundering of an American ship, named Heart of Oak, off the costs of Portugal; aid he has given to the officers and sailors who were saved from the wreck; will procure them a passage to America or France; tells this to Franklin to prove his friendship for America and his willingness to render greater services if it is in his power. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 121. Dowse, Nathaniel.
to the American Commissioners
1778 May 5A.L.S. 2p.IX, 121

Bordeaux. Sailed from Virginia, April 14, 1777, as commander of the ship Mercer; his crew rose against him on the 4th of May and carried the vessel into Whitehaven, whence his escape and final arrival at Bordeaux. Begging to know if they have any employment for him.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XLIII, 181. Grand, Marie Silvestre.
to the American Commissioners
[1778] May 5L. in 3d P. 1p.XLIII, 181

Asking them to name a day on which they will do her the honor of dining at her house. (In French.)

LXXV, 56 (OS). United States. Continental Congress.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 5D. S. 1p.LXXV, 56 (OS)

Resolution empowering the Commissioners to withdraw the eleventh and twelfth articles in the Treaty of Amity and Commerce. Signed: Cha[rle]s Thomson, Sec[retar]y. In duplicate (see also: LXXV, 57).

General physical description: D. S. 1p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Journals of Congress, Phila. [1779], IV, 258.

LXXV, 57. United States. Continental Congress.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 5D. S. 1p.LXXV, 57

Resolution empowering the Commissioners to withdraw the eleventh and twelfth articles in the Treaty of Amity and Commerce. Signed: Cha[rle]s Thomson, Sec[retar]y. In duplicate (see also: LXXV, 56).

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Journals of Congress, Phila. [1779], IV, 258.

XXXVII, 151. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 5A.L.S. 3p.XXXVII, 151

Nantes. Assistance rendered Captain Cumstock, who lately escaped from prison; both he and Mr. Chandler in want. Prize sent into Brest by the Ranger, Captain Jones. Desires an apartment near Franklin's taken for him at Passy.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

IX, 124. Barre de Saint-Jean, Jean de, 1751-1818.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 6A.L.S. 2p.IX, 124

Marseilles. Desires to serve under the American generals; sends a memoir in which his military services and his request are both set forth. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXII, 4. Barre de Saint-Jean, Jean de, 1751-1818.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 May 6]L. in 3d P. 1p.LXII, 4

Asks for a commission of lieutenant-colonel in the army. (In French.)

IX, 126. Charost, Armand-Joseph de Béthune, Duc de, 1728-1800.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 6A.L.S. 1p.IX, 126

Paris. Recommending le Sieur Despret who has been employed in the management of the vessels now being built by his house.  (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 123. Genet, Edme Jacques, 1726-1781.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 6L. in 3d P. 1p.IX, 123

Versailles. Sending the enclosed, which have just arrived from London.

General physical description: L. in 3d P. 1p.

LVII, 15. Lefebvre de Longeville, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 6Mem. 2p.LVII, 15

Paris. Proposal to sell a type-founding plant to the United States. (In French.)

General physical description: Mem. 2p.

XLIV, 143. Le Roy, Jean Baptiste, 1720-1800.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 May 6]A.L. 3p.XLIV, 143

Asks Franklin's opinion of the dedicatory preface to the Thirteen United States of the "Tableau de l'Histoire de Hollande." Inquires also if Franklin wishes to be appointed a member of the Commission to be named by the Academy to report on a project for keeping in communication with all the learned men of Europe. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L. 3p.

IX, 125. Lorthe, Gabriel Antoine de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 6A.L.S. 1p.IX, 125

Bordeaux. Had the honor of calling on Franklin in Philadelphia and following with Mr. Roger his experiments in electricity; takes for granted Franklin's knowledge of mathematics; asks his advice therefore on the works enclosed. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 127. Arrenberg, Reinier, 1733-1812.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 7A.L.S. 2p.IX, 127

Rotterdam. Desiring an answer upon the affair of the English bibles which Franklin designed to have printed in Holland; begs for authentic news from America as the news in the English Gazette is nearly all false. Congratulates him on the happy change in the affairs of America. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 129. Lefebvre de Longeville, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 7A.L.S. 1p.IX, 129

Paris. Desires to send him a memoir, showing the advantages to accrue to America from the acquisition of a foundry. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 128. Malibran, Joseph.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 7A.L.S. 2p.IX, 128

Paris. Enclosing a letter from an old friend of his in Barcelona; if Franklin desires an interview relative to this friend's affairs, will wait on him at any appointed time. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXII, 121. Sarsfield, Guy-Claude, Comte de, 1718-1789.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 7A.L.S. 3p.LXII, 121

Recommending Tessier. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

XXXVII, 152. Williams, Jonathan, 1719-1796.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 7A.L.S. 3p.XXXVII, 152

Boston. Received the good news of their alliance with France. Opinion in America of Lord North's policy; extreme measures advocated against Great Britain. Thanking him for his kindness to Jonathan. Arrival of Mr. Holker in fine health and spirits. Everybody pleased with the enclosed Resolve of Congress. News of his family and friends.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

LI, 67 (OS). Le Prevost d'Exmes, François, 1729-1793.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 84p.LI, 67 (OS)

Paris. Address to Dr. Franklin on his mission to France. A. poem. (In French.)

General physical description: 4p.

IX, 131. Riou, Pierre.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 8A.L.S. 1p.IX, 131

Brest. Announcing the arrival of John Paul Jones, with an English man-of-war, taken after a bloody fight. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 130. Simpson, Thomas.
to the American Commissioners
1778 May 8A.L.S. 4p.IX, 130

Brest. Narrating in detail his conduct from the time Captain Jones put him in charge of the English man-of war, Drake, to his arrival in Brest, a prisoner, placed under arrest by Captain Jones for a breach of his orders; denies having disobeyed him; begs for a fair trial, if possible, in America; can never serve his country under the command of Captain Jones. (Copy.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

XLVII, 110. Simpson, Thomas.
to the American Commissioners
1778 May 8A.L.S. 5p.XLVII, 110

Brest. Account of his conduct which led Commodore Jones to suspend and put him under arrest. Requests a fair and open trial and if his trial cannot be brought on in Brest that they will order him to be sent immediately to America to take his trial there. Refers to a letter written to them by John Langdon, of Portsmouth, for his character.

General physical description: A.L.S. 5p.

IX, 133. Bertin, Caroline Bertrande Chapelle de Jumilhac Cubjac.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 9L. in 3d P. 1p.IX, 133

Paris. Begging Messrs. Franklin and Lee to dine with her on Saturday. (In French.)

General physical description: L. in 3d P. 1p.

IX, 135. Delap, Samuel. Delap, Jean-Hans.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 9L .S. 1p.IX, 135

Bordeaux. Enclosing two letters that have arrived for Franklin.

General physical description: L .S. 1p.

IX, 136. Deucher, Riedy and Co..
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 9A.L.S. 3p.IX, 136

Nantes. Offering to procure a passage to Virginia for a Member of Congress who he hears desires to return to his country by the first opportunity; begs Franklin to speak to the Minister in order to hasten the sailing of the vessel.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

IX, 132. Jones, John Paul, 1747-1792.
to the American Commissioners
1778 May 9L. 3p.IX, 132

The Ranger, Brest. Announcing his arrival with the British ship of war, Drake, the English colors inverted under the Amercian stars; has brought in nearly two hundred prisoners; advises their exchange or their being sent back to America on the Drake; has suspended and confined Lieutenant Simpson for disobedience of orders.

General physical description: L. 3p.

XLIV, 238. Lafreté, Angélique-Michéle-Rosalie Jogues de Martinville. Lafreté, Jean-Jacques de.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778] May 9A. L. in 3d P. 1p.XLIV, 238

Suresnes. Inviting Franklin, his grandson, and Mr. Adams to dine with them at Suresnes. (In French.)

General physical description: A. L. in 3d P. 1p.

IX, 138 (OS). La Porte, ----- de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 9A.L.S. 2p.IX, 138 (OS)

Belle Ile. A young French officers desires to enter the service of the Colonies; has all the talents of a brave officer. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 137. Pahin de La Blancherie, 1752-1811.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 9A.L.S. 1p.IX, 137

Paris. A multitude of occupations has prevented his testifying his gratitude to Franklin; will make amends at his first leisure moment. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

LXXV, 59. United States. Continental Congress.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 9D.S. 1p.LXXV, 59

Forbidding the American Commissioners to recommend foreign officers for the navy of the United States. Signed: Cha[rle]s Thomson, Sec[retar]y. In duplicate. See also: LXXV, 60

General physical description: D.S. 1p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Journals of Congress, Phila. [1779], IV, 276.

LXXV, 60. United States. Continental Congress.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 9D.S. 1p.LXXV, 60

Forbidding the American Commissioners to recommend foreign officers for the navy of the United States. Signed: Cha[rle]s Thomson, Sec[retar]y. In duplicate. See also: LXXV, 59.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Journals of Congress, Phila. [1779], IV, 276.

IX, 142. Aguiton, ------ d'.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 10L. 1p.IX, 142

Paris. Sets out for London the next day and offers to execute any commands Franklin may honor him with.

General physical description: L. 1p.

LVII, 16 (OS). Bout, ------ de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May [10]D. 3p.LVII, 16 (OS)

Paris. Petition for the release of Chevalier de Bazantin, a prisoner in the hands of the English at St. Augustine, Florida. (In French.)

General physical description: D. 3p.

IX, 143. Delagrange, Dominique Lefebvre.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 10A.L.S. 2p.IX, 143

Brancourt. Unable to support his family, consisting of a wife and five children, on the slender pittance he receives; in want of the very necessaries of life; begs assistance; refers him to various people for the truth of these assertions. In French. For a duplicate letter sent to Silas Deane, see: IX, 144.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 145. Flottes de Raissan, Antoine.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 10A.L.S. 1p.IX, 145

Paris. His admiration for Franklin; begs for a moment's audience. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 141. Forbach, Marianne Camasse, Comtesse de, 1734-1807.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 10A.L.S. 4p.IX, 141

Forbach. Her affection for him and her regrets that she will not see him till the following winter. The interest she has in his glory and success and the keen desire she for news of all which concerns him. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

IX, 140. Price, Richard, 1723-1791.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778] May 10L. 2p.IX, 140

Is there any truth in the report thet General Washington is grown unpopular, that his arny deserts in great number and that the sufferings of the Americans are excessive? The Commissioners feel assured that the terms they are empowered to offer by the Conciliatory Bills, though much short of independence, will be accepted. Messages to Franklin from various friends; Mr. Curtis and Mr. Webb both broken and ruined.

General physical description: L. 2p.

LX, 83. Seguin, ------.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 10A.L.S. 3p.LX, 83

Lacepede. With reference to Jean Jerome Seguin who wishes to obtain some employement in the United States. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

IX, 150. Dalmas-Désportes, Jean.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 11A.L.S. 2p.IX, 150

Franconville. Believes he can be useful to the Colonies in his capacity as a lawyer. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 149. Malibran, Joseph.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 11A.L.S. 1p.IX, 149

Paris. Desiring to know if Franklin received the letter he sent him from M. Tilebein, of Barcelona. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 146. Moylan, James.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 11A.L.S. 1p.IX, 146

L'Orient. Information of the arrival of Captain Jones with a prize of sixteen guns.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 147. Sparre, J. de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 11A.L.S. 2p.IX, 147

Strasbourg. The plan he addressed to M. de Sartine concerning the United Colonies. Desires Franklin to employ him either in America or in his own town. Proposals he has had to enter the service of England, all of which he has rejected. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XXXVII, 153. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to the American Commissioners
1778 May 11A.L.S. 2p.XXXVII, 153

Brest. Gallant action performed by Captain Jones; his intention to equip the Drake and send the prisoners in her to America; money needed to do this.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XLI, 62. Malibran, Joseph.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 After May 11]A.L.S. 1p.XLI, 62

Desires to know immediately if Franklin has received a letter from Mr. Tillebein of Barcelona; would be flattered at receiving a brief audience. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 151. Bondfield, John.
to the American Commissioners
1778 May 12A.L.S. 2p.IX, 151

Bordeaux. Arrival of the brig Peggy from North Carolina, laden with tobacco; Captain Tucker and himself making all expedition to get the Boston ready for sea. Jersey privateers seen hovering along the coast of Spain and, owing to that country's neutrality, even enter their ports. The Marquis D'Armando named as Spanish Ambassador for the Court of Great Britain; expected at Bordeaux the next day on his way to England.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 153. Bondfield, John.
to the American Commissioners
1778 May 12A.L.S. 1p.IX, 153

Bordeaux. Concerning an offer made to Mr. Livingston of a vessel to be completely fitted out and armed, provided they will grant a commission; advance in rank this will give Mr. Livingston on his arrival in America.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XLII, 100 (OS). Bouffé, Pierre-Gabriel. Bouffé, Gabriel. Le Veillard, Louis Guillaume, 1733-1794.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 12Mem. 2p.XLII, 100 (OS)

Paris. Requesting Dr. Franklin to purchase land for them, near Philadelphia. (In French.)

General physical description: Mem. 2p.

IX, 155. Cossé-Brissac, Louis Hercule Timoléon de, 1734-1792.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 12A.L.S. 1p.IX, 155

Paris. Recommending M. de Masson; his knowledge of politics and familiarity with various language. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XXXIX, 31. Dumas, Charles-Guillaume-Frédéric, 1721-1796.
to the American Commissioners
1778 May 12A.L.S. 1p.XXXIX, 31

The Hague. Has induced certain Dutch merchants, friends of his, to send a vessel directly to America. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 156. Le Roux, C. J. (Charles).
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 12A.L.S. 1p.IX, 156

Paris. While Franklin works for the happiness of men, he occupies himself with that of children; hopes his writings on the subject may merit Franklin's approbation. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 154. Milly, Nicolas-Christiern de Thy, Comte de, 1728-1784.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 12A.L.S. 2p.IX, 154

Paris. Asking his protection for M. Douson, a surgeon of talent, who desires employment in the armies of the Americans. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 152. Pratt, Mr. (Samuel Jackson), 1749-1814.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 12A.L.S. 2p. A. Dr. of L. 1p.IX, 152

Paris. Asking for the loan of fifteen more guineas and promising to repay the entire debt in a short time; he and Mrs. Melmoth ready to start for England in a day or two; begs him to keep the fact a secret.  Franklin's answer enclosed. Inconvenience he experienced in favouring him with the fifty guineas; relies on his honor and punctuality for a speedy repayment; sorry to hear that his trip to England must be kent secret.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p. A. Dr. of L. 1p.

IX, 158. Arnold, George.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 13A.L.S. 3p.IX, 158

Mainz. Wishes to know if the General Arnold of whom he reads so often in the newspapers is his son, from whom he has not heard for some years; his name, birth-place and station, as the son of a butcher, tally exactly with his son's history. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

IX, 161. Hornbostel, J. C..
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 13A.L.S. 2p.IX, 161

Marseilles. Requesting the position of Consul at Marseilles. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 160. La Corbière, ----- de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 13A.L.S. 1p.IX, 160

Paris. M. le Comte de Maillebois desired to interest Franklin on behalf of their boarding-school for girls. For more information on the boarding school, see LXXVII, 87. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 159. Monttessuy, D..
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 13A.L.S. 1p.IX, 159

Paris. His wish to obtain from the Colonies timber, hemp, resin and tar for the supply of the Royal Marine. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 157. Moylan, James.
to the American Commissioners
1778 May 13A.L.S. 1p.IX, 157

L'Orient. Account from Lisbon of the arrival of the Peace and Plenty, privateer fom Belfast, bringing in the brig Dolphin, Captain Turner, from Boston; Captain Turner destroyed the despatches from Congress.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XLI, 98. Chamolle, Denis-François d'Olivet de.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 May 14]L. in 3d P. 1p.XLI, 98

St. Augustine. Went to America in 1777 with a troop of Chasseurs; captured by the English and imprisoned at St. Augustine in Florida; cruel treatment; request for his release or exchange. (In French.)

IX, 165. Gadsden, Christopher, 1724-1805.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 14A.L.S. 2p.IX, 165

Charlestown. Introducing Mr. Thomas Waites who goes to France on business for the common cause.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 166. Hubbart, Tuthill.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 14A.L.S. 1p.IX, 166

Boston. Enclosing a letter from Aunt Mecom to Franklin; account circulated of Franklin's life having been attempted and of his being left in a languishing condition; the real pleasure the news of his welfare gave his friends.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 163. Kéralio, Agathon Guynement, Chevalier de, 1723-1788.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 14A.L.S. 4p.IX, 163

L'Ecole Royale M[ilitai]r[e]. Reminding Franklin of the merchant at Brest who desired to become the representative of Congress at that port. Sends the enclosed note in favor of le Chevalier de Bazantin; sure that a recommendation from Franklin would do much towards procuring liberty to those unfortunate officers. Messages from Mme. la Douairière des Deuxponts. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

IX, 162. Le Goüeslier de Montcarel, Jean-Jacques.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 14A.L.S. 1p.IX, 162

Marseilles. Enclosing letters from M. de la Radière to his son in America. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 164. Lotbinière, Michel-Alain Chartier de, 1723-1798.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 14A.L.S. 2p.IX, 164

Paris. Begging him to see that the enclosed letter from M. Holquart gets safely to its destination in America and begs him to say a few words in his favor to M. de Vergennes. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IV, 85. Pahin de La Blancherie, 1752-1811.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 14A.L.S. 2p.IV, 85

Ancien College de Bayeux. Charged by M. Le Roy to inform Franklin that the members of the Academy of Sciences have appointed him one of four commissioners; names the time of the meeting, which he hopes Franklin will honor with his presence. Sends him a translation of Volta on the inflammable air of swamps. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LIII, 66 (OS). United States. Continental Congress. Board of War and Ordnance.
to the American Commissioners
1778 May 14A.L.S. 2p.LIII, 66 (OS)

Captain Courter has been assisted on his journey to Congress. Captain Senneville has been received with every mark of attention. The improved outlook in America following the treaty with France. Signed: Sam[uel] Ph[ili]ps Savage, Pres[iden]t.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LIII, 41. United States. Continental Congress. Committee of Foreign Affairs.
to the American Commissioners
1778 May 14L.S. 5p.LIII, 41

York, Pennsylvania. Good condition of affairs in America. The low political methods of the English Court. The treaty with France. Signed: Richard Henry Lee, James Lovell.

General physical description: L.S. 5p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Wharton's Diplom. Corres. of the Amer. Rev., II, 574.

XLIII, 118. Brillon de Jouy, Jacques.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 May 15]A.L. in 3d P. 2p.XLIII, 118

Friday. Sends a letter (see IX, 167) which he has just received from M. Didelot, "Fermier-General," recommending M. Gellee who was about to depart for America. (In French.

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:195625

IX, 168. Carmier, Andrew.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 15A.L.S. 2p.IX, 168

Calais. Offering his services for the position of Consul at Calais; refers him to M. Grand for further particulars.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 56. Hodge, William.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 15A.L.S. 6p.IX, 56

Cadiz. Enclosing copies of two letters sent to the Governor of Cadiz, one relative to the English Consul claiming three sailors belonging to Captain Conyngham; the other concerning three American prisoners who swam ashore from an English frigate, but were retaken and probably suffered death for desertion. The number of prisoners who make their escape and arrive at Cadiz in the most destitute condition.

General physical description: A.L.S. 6p.

IX, 172. Hutton, James, 1715-1795.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 15A.L.S. 2p.IX, 172

Acknowledging his favor of the 10th inst. Concerning passports to insure the safety of the sloop, Good Intent, which goes from London to Labrador with articles for the use of the Indians and missionaries. Does not even yet despair of peace.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 169. Livingston, Abraham.
to Benjamin Franklin and Silas Deane
1778 May 15A.L.S. 1p.IX, 169

Charleston. Requesting his advice and assistance for Mr. Jos. Brown who is on a tour of Europe.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 171. O'Gorman, Thomas, 1732-1809.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 15L. in 3d P. 1p.IX, 171

Paris. Has returned from Burgundy and desires to pay his respects to Franklin. (In French.)

General physical description: L. in 3d P. 1p.

IX, 170. United States. Continental Congress. Committee of Foreign Affairs.
to the American Commissioners
1778 May 15A.L.S. 3p.IX, 170

York, [Pennsylvania]. Amount of tobacco lost in the attempt to send it to France; advantage of France opening the trade from her own ports. Reasons why Congress think it best to expunge Articles 11 and 12 from the treaty with France. Doubtful which to wonder at more, the folly of the English in making themselves so hated or their scandalous barbarity in the expression of their resentment. Concerning the contract which the Commercial Committee has signed with the agent of Mr. Beaumarchais. Signed: Richard Henry Lee and James Lovell.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

LX, 120. Reculès de Basmarein et Raimbaux.
to the American Commissioners
[1778 Before May 16]L. 2p.LX, 120

Bordeaux. Reciting their services to the United States during the war, as merchants and shippers. Wish to obtain from the King an armed frigate to convoy their vessels to North America. Hope the Deputies from Congress will help them in their purpose. (In French.)

General physical description: L. 2p.

LXI, 99. Drake (Ship). Crew.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 16Mem. 3p.LXI, 99

Brest. Testifying in favor of Lieutenant Simpson's conduct on board the Drake. Signed: Benj. Hill and twenty-four others.

General physical description: Mem. 3p.

IX, 173. Paine, Thomas, 1737-1809.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 16A.L. 14p.IX, 173

Yorktown. Gives a detailed history of military affairs since the 11th of September, including the actions at Brandywine and Germantown and some minor expeditions; his final arrival n Yorktown; his publication of the Crisis No. 5 to General Howe; has begun No. 6 which he intends addressing to Lord North. Lord Howe's contemptible affair of December 4th; his report to Lord Germain, representing Washington's camp as a strongly fortified place, is absolutely false. Description of the camp at Valley Forge; thinks the fighting is nearly over; England has done her utmost. Desires to consult Franklin about the History of the American Revolution. News of the Commissioners having sailed from England. Message to William Temple Franklin.

General physical description: A.L. 14p.

IX, 174. Paine, Thomas, 1737-1809.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 16A.L.S. 1p.IX, 174

Yorktown. Has sent him a long letter [IX, 173], but in case it should not come to hand, mentions certain of its contents.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 176. Sutaine de Bourez, —.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 16A.L.S. 2p.IX, 176

Paris. Concerning the papers of his nephew Du Coudray. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 175. United States. Continental Congress. Committee of Commerce.
to the American Commissioners
1778 May 16A.L.S. 2p.IX, 175

York, Pennsylvania. Concerning the contract between the house of Roderique, Hortalez and Co., and the Committee of Commerce; instructions on that head. The obstructions of the bays and harbors to the southward has prevented the intended shipping of tobacco. Congratulates them on the treaties. Signed: William Ellery, Richard Hutson, Thomas Adam.  (Copy.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXXII, 88. Amiel, Peter. Amiel, Charlotte.
to Benjamin Franklin and John Adams
1778 May 171 p.LXXII, 88

Have the pleasure to accept their invitation for next Friday.

LXXII, 89. Austin, Jonathan Loring, 1748-1826.
to Benjamin Franklin and John Adams
[1778 May 17]1 p.LXXII, 89

Has the honor to accept the invitation to dinner on Friday, the 22nd of the month. In French.

IX, 177. Lee, Arthur, 1740-1792.
to Benjamin Franklin and John Adams
1778 May 17A.L.S. 1p.IX, 177

Chaillot. Enclosing certain important papers; they will make such alterations as they judge proper; dreadful consequences to be expected from the disobedience and extravagance of certain subordinate servants.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 179. Penet, Pierre.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 17A.L.S. 1p.IX, 179

Paris. Concerning the sale of the two vessels, Le Lion and le Duc de Choiseul. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 178. Vautravers, Jean-Rodolphe.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 17A.L.S. 4p.IX, 178

Bienne. Afraid Franklin's letters are subject to inspection; directions in case their correspondence should be more regularly established in favor of both the American and Swiss Cantons by the mediation of France. Manner in which a mutual, sincere friendship between the two republics might be brought about; suggests several particular considerations of true interest on both sides; offers his services to promote such an alliance; for this he would need credentials and some pecuniary assistance.

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

LXXII, 87. Bouffé, Pierre-Gabriel.
to Benjamin Franklin and John Adams
1778 May 181 p.LXXII, 87

Has the honor to accept the invitation of Messrs. Franklin and Adams for next Saturday, but the young Mrs. Bouffe, being unwell, may not be able to attend. In French

IV, 53. Champigny, Jean Bochart, Chevalier de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 18A.L.S. 2p.IV, 53

Amsterdam. Sent him the first two volumes of his History of England, also the first two volumes of his History of Denmark, but has received no acknowledgment and especially no money; reminds Franklin of his promise to subscribe to them.

LX, 102. Defrancq, J. J..
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 18L.S. 4p.LX, 102

Orchimont. Begs Franklin to procure him some civil or military employment. (In French.)

General physical description: L.S. 4p.

LX, 35. Dupuy, ------ Ferrand.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 18A.L.S. 2p.LX, 35

Paris. Requesting his intervention and assistance for a young man who had volunteered his services to the United States and was taken prisoner when his vessel was captured by the English on the voyage to Boston. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LX, 46. La Marège, François.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 May 18]L. 4p.LX, 46

Induced by Captain de la Plaigne to enlist in a corps for service in the United States. Captured by an English privateer at sea. Lost all his money and effects. Appeals to Franklin for assistance. (In French.)

IX, 182. Le Fort, Marc.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 18A.L.S. 5p.IX, 182

Marseilles. Enclosing an extract from a letter from Antoine Gautier, with information of the capture of the vessel, L'Elégante, Captain Collineau; begs Franklin to write to the General Counsel or the Congress, at Williamsburg, for a detailed account of what happened and whether any part of the cargo or its value can be recovered. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 5p.

LXXI, 52. Ruault, Nicolas.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 18N. in 3d P. 1p.LXXI, 52

Paris. Sending the large dictionary of the Academy and nine volumes of Abbé de Mably's works. (In French.)

General physical description: N. in 3d P. 1p.

IX, 180. Stenger, Christian. Stragham, William.
to the American Commissioners
1778 May 18A.L.S. 1p.IX, 180

Brest. A petition from the captains of the Dolphin and Lord Chatham, captured by Captain Jones, begging Franklin to procure their deliverance; their families entirely dependent on their industry; the best means to adopt, in order to secure their liberty.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XXXVII, 154. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin and Silas Deane
1778 May 18A.L.S. 4p.XXXVII, 154

Brest. Captain Jones has received a letter from Mr. Schweighauser who, in consequence of one from Mr. Lee, claims the disposal of the prizes sent into this port by the "Ranger." He informs Captain Jones that he has the management of public business and that Mr. Williams pretends to what he alone has authority for. Mr. Williams came bither with the sole view of assisting Captain Jones in his affairs and has not attempted to alter the channel the commercial part of the business has taken. The sale of the "Lord Chatham" will probably be made by the Admiralty, if not, it will fall into the hands of Mr. Bersoll, by whom the "Ranger" was furnished and to whom Captain Jones has applied for his present wants. The "Drake" is fitting to convey the prisoners to America. Captain Jones's great object to secure the release of two hundred American prisoners in exchange for those he captured; possibility of effecting this exchange in France; in that case suggests their purchasing the "Drake" to carry their supplies to America.

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

LXII, 9. Bongars, ------, Chevalier de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 19A.L.S. 2p.LXII, 9

Traillet par Eu. Asking for a commission in the army for a French gentleman of noble birth. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 184. Du Buat, Jean-Georges, 1742-1809.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 19A.L.S. 1p.IX, 184

St. Malo. Anxious for new of his vessel, le Vicomte de Veaux, which left L'Orient, December 31st, in company with Le Lyon, commanded by his brother-in-law. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 185. Hutton, James, 1715-1795.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 19A.L.S. 3p.IX, 185

Reasons for England sending the Commissioners to America; the delegates in France would not speak any other language than that of independence; England's fear of French influence; threatening atttitude of France towards England; the Toulon squadron; the effect of M. de Noaille's papers, delivered on March 13th; shed tears over it; prophesies that the French connection with America will be a ruinous one. Signed: "Cassander."

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

XL, 184. La Baume, François de Rabier de.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 May 19]A.L.S. 3p.XL, 184

Paris. Reminding Franklin that he sailed for America to serve in the capacity of Colonel, that he defrayed all his own expenses, and that he had the misfortune to be captured and imprisoned by the English; recalls Franklin's application to Congress to grant him the title of Colonel as a recompense for all his losses; begs to be informed of their reply; honors bestowed on him by the King of France. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

XLIV, 162. Le Roy, Jean Baptiste, 1720-1800.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 May 19]A.L.S. 2p.XLIV, 162

The report on the project of M. de la Blancherie will be submitted to the Academy. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 183. Vaughan, John, 1756-1841.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 19A.L.S. 3p.IX, 183

Bordeaux. Reasons why it would be more prudent for him to obtain an approved certificate of his nationality as an American. Departure of the Boston. Report from Martinique of an American frigate being blown up in an engagement with a sixty-four-gun ship; only four lives saved. News of the French, English and Spanish squadrons.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

IX, 187. Caillé, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 20A.L.S. 1p.IX, 187

Paris. Asking for particulars concerning the remedy for dropsy, published by Franklin in the Paris newspapers; such kindness on his part will win the eternal gratitude of a sufferer from the disease at Frankfort. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

LX, 36. Dupuy, ------ Ferrand.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 20A.L.S. 3p.LX, 36

Paris. Surprised at the reply that was made to the young man in question. Renews his appeal in behalf of the latter who seeks assistance to go to Boston having lost all his effects when he was taken prisoner during the previous voyage. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

LXXI, 45a. Le Roy, Jean Baptiste, 1720-1800.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 May 20]A.L.S. 3p.LXXI, 45a

Sends report on the project of M. de la Blancherie. Asks leave to bring Abbé Le Noble to dinner. Requests Dr. Franklin to send him Ingen Housz's observations on priestley's discovery relatives to coal (carbon). (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

IX, 188. Leveux, Jacques, 1745-1816.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 20A.L.S. 2p.IX, 188

Calais. Acknowledging Franklin's letter of the 15th inst. authorizing him to help all the subjects of the United States who stand in need of assistance. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 186. Mesny, ------.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 20A.L.S. 1p.IX, 186

Paris. Enclosing a hundred copies of a work by M. de la Faye, on the Roman method for preparing lime; begs Franklin to add a recommendation to them and forward them to America; leaves him to fix the price. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XXXIX, 32. Dumas, Charles-Guillaume-Frédéric, 1721-1796.
to the American Commissioners
1778 May 22A.L.S. 4p.XXXIX, 32

The Hague. Difficulty experienced by the Grand Pensionnaire in responding to their letter; his wish to send a verbal reply. Desires information as to the reception given by the United States to the British Commissioners. Refusal of Holland to increase the number of their troops. Reports that all the French volunteers have orders to quit the German army. Asks for confirmation of the report that Quebec is in the hands of the Americans. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

XLIV, 264. Beauteville, Chevalier de.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 May 24]L.S. 3p.XLIV, 264

Gives an extract from a letter written to him by Abbé d' Aydie concerning a young nobleman, M. d' Abzac, who wishes to go to America and serve under La Fayette. Asks if Franklin can give this young man a passport and a letter of recommendation. (In French.)

LXXII, 81. Lafreté, Angélique-Michéle-Rosalie Jogues de Martinville. Lafreté, Jean-Jacques de.
to Benjamin Franklin and John Adams
1778 May 241 p.LXXII, 81

Surênes. The Lafretes will be visiting the house of M. de Sainte Foy this evening in Neuilly. If Franklin and Adams would like to come to Surênes for dinner, it would give the Lafretes great pleasure. If they have prior engagements they should come at 6:30 to the home of de Sainte Foy, where they will find the Lafretes, who will be delighted to see them. In French

IX, 190. Bryan, William. Bryan, Arthur.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 25A.L.S. 1p..IX, 190

Dublin. Recommending Captain Joy Castle, of Philadelphia, who, with his family, was driven away by the calamities attending on war, but now, upon the prospects of peace, is anxious to return.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p..

IX, 192. Girardot, Haller, et Cie.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 25L.S. 1p.IX, 192

Paris. Their correspondents, Messrs, F. and A. Dubbeldemutt, of Rotterdam, anxious for a speedy answer to their letter of the 18th inst., concerning their visit to establish a correspondence in America.

General physical description: L.S. 1p.

IX, 189. Simpson, Thomas.
to the American Commissioner
1778 May 25A.L.S. 5p.IX, 189

Brest. His treatment since he was placed under arrest by Captain Jones; is detained now in the common gaol at Brest; no one allowed to see him; his ignorance of French, and general miserable situation; thinks this treatment of a lieutenant in the American navy, for an imaginary fault, unwarranted and unjust in the highest degree; begs them to intercede in his behalf or at least get him a passage to America, where he may undergo a fair trial.

General physical description: A.L.S. 5p.

IX, 191. Taverne Demont Dhiver, ------.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 25L.S. 2p.IX, 191

Dunkirk. Recommending the commercial house of Poreau, Mackenzie and Co., who desire to enter into business relations with Franklin; their attachment to the good cause. (In French.)

General physical description: L.S. 2p.

XL, 88. Regnier, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 Before May 26]A.L.S. 2p.XL, 88

Concerning the dedication to Franklin of his legislative work. (In French. In duplicate.)

XXXVII, 155. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 26A.L.S. 2p.XXXVII, 155

Nantes. Avoided doing the Ranger's business through fear of disagreeable consequences; in spite of this has received a letter from Mr. A. Lee in which he is distinctly censured; sends copies of his correspondence with Mr. Lee; hopes to prove to Franklin, personally, the entire honesty of his conduct.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 193. Jones, John Paul, 1747-1792.
to the American Commissioners
1778 May 27A.L.S. 12p.IX, 193

Brest. Account of his late expedition, since leaving Brest on April 10th; capture and sinking of various prizes; a detailed description of his attempt on Whitehaven on the 22d; spiked their guns and burnt many of their vessels; account of the engagement between the Ranger and the Drake, ending in the capture of the latter. Events leading up to Lieutenant Simpson's suspension and arrest for disobedience. His present dilemma for want of money; his draft on M. Bersoll has not been honored and even the daily provisions for his men are not forthcoming; complains of such a reception.

General physical description: A.L.S. 12p.

IX, 194. Le Fort, Marc.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 27A.L.S. 3p.IX, 194

Marseilles. Enclosing an extract from a letter of Antoine Gautier, containing news of the capture of the ship L'Élégante commanded by Captain Collineau; begs Franklin to take the matter into consideration. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

IX, 196. Berny, Pierre Jean Paul, Chevalier de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 28A.L.S. 2p.IX, 196

Strasbourg. Reminding Franklin that he had the honor to dedicate and address to him a manuscript entitled "L'Œil du Maitre ou Essai sur le Ministère"; desires to know if it came safely to hand. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 195. United States. Continental Congress. Committee of Commerce.
to the American Commissioners
1778 May 28L.S. 2p.IX, 195

York, [Pennsylvania]. Orders relative to the arrival of the brigantine Baltimore, laden with a cargo of tobacco; news of the arrival at Boston of various vessels.

General physical description: L.S. 2p.

IX, 197. Bingham, William, 1752-1804.
to the American Commissioners
1778 May 29A.L.S. 4p.IX, 197

St. Pierre. Has written several letters to Congress on the subject of remittances for several debts he has contracted on the public account; should these fail to come, must draw on Franklin for the desired sum. Mercantile operations almost suspended owing to the appearance of an approaching war. News of the loss of the Randolph, Captain [Nicholas] Biddle; due to his intemperate courage and the cowardice of Captain Thomspon of the Raleigh, who refused to give him any assistance; out of three hundred and five persons, only four were saved. In duplicate. See also: IX, 198.

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

IX, 198. Bingham, William, 1752-1804.
to the American Commissioners
1778 May 29A.L.S. 4p.IX, 198

St. Pierre. Has written several letters to Congress on the subject of remittances for several debts he has contracted on the public account; should these fail to come, must draw on Franklin for the desired sum. Mercantile operations almost suspended owing to the appearance of an approaching war. News of the loss of the Randolph, Captain [Nicholas] Biddle; due to his intemperate courage and the cowardice of Captain Thomspon of the Raleigh, who refused to give him any assistance; out of three hundred and five persons, only four were saved. In duplicate. See also: IX, 197.

IX, 201. Boirargues, ------ Louvel de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 29A.L.S. 2p.IX, 201

Paris. Has endeavored, in the enclosed verses, to place Franklin's wellknown attainments in such a light as to reflect credit on a reign, already glorious. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LI, 44. Boirargues, ------ Louvel de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 29A. Sonnet S. 1p.LI, 44

Paris. To Dr. Franklin. (In French.)

General physical description: A. Sonnet S. 1p.

IX, 200. Serre, Henri.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 29A.L.S. 2p.IX, 200

Geneva. Concerning the electrophore of M. Volta; discusses the possibility of explaining this invention by Franklin's method of electricity. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 199 (OS). Trumbull, Jonathan, 1710-1785.
to the American Commissioners
1778 May 29A.L.S. 1p.IX, 199 (OS)

Hartford. The bearer is Captain Niles, commander of the schooner Spy, who has in charge despatches from Congress. The article of lead much needed in Connecticut; desires a certain quantity put on board the Spy; question of paying Captain Niles's expenses while in France.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

LVIII, 69. Vaughan, Benjamin, 1751-1835.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 29A.L. 3p.LVIII, 69

[London]. Doings of Parliament; Burgoyne's speech. Lord Chatham's debts unpaid. Desires Jamaica given to the French, not to the Spaniards. Lord Sandwich a coarse and vulgar liar; torn to pieces and laughed at on all sides. (First part missing.)

General physical description: A.L. 3p.

XLII, 115. Vaughan, Benjamin, 1751-1835.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 29 - 1779 April 30A.L.S. 8p.XLII, 115

London. Relative to the publication of Dr. Franklin's works. Political news. A. L. (Incomplete.) 4 p., 1778 May 29. List of Dr. Franklin's articles, with their intended order of publication. 2 p., 1779. Comments on vis interia. 2 p., 1779. Political news. A cure for gout.

IX, 204. Choiseul-Meuse, Catherine d'Idier, Comtesse de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 30A.L.S. 1p.IX, 204

L'Abbaye St. Antoine. Asking for a letter of recommendation for an officer who desires to enter the service of America. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

LXII, 50. Harding, Ralph.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 30A.L.S. 4p.LXII, 50

Calais. Request to enter the American army. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

LXI, 95. Ranger (Ship). Officers.
to the American Commissioners
1778 May 30L.S. 2p.LXI, 95

Protesting against the treatment and imprisonment of Lieutenant Simpson and testifying to his good character. Signed: Elijah Hall, et al.

General physical description: L.S. 2p.

IX, 203. Sparre, J. de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 30A.L.S. 1p.IX, 203

Strasbourg. Wrote Franklin some time before, enclosing letters form M. de Sartine and M. de Villevault, in the hope that Franklin would employ him in the affairs of America; having received no answer, begs for the return of the letters of introduction.  (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 202. Trumbull, Jonathan, 1710-1785.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 30A.L.S. 1p.IX, 202

Hartford. Asking Franklin's advice and assistance for the bearer, who is commissioned to buy a small font of letters for the use of printers in Connecticut.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

IX, 206. Babcock, Joshua, 1707-1783.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 31A.L.S. 4p.IX, 206

Westerly, Rhode Island. Means taken for the defense of Rhode Island against the enemy; slaves emancipated to serve in battalions. General Spenser's abortive attempts against the enemy. Exorbitant prices charged for the necessaries of life. Does Franklin know any better expedient for mending the currency than severe taxation? Congratulates him on the negotiation of the treaties with France. The King and Queen of France and his Excellency daily toasted in the political circles of America. Concerning Franklin's address to Lord North of behalf of his captive countrymen. Pays him many compliments.

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

Access digital object:
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IX, 208. Neate, Mrs. C..
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 31A.L.S. 2p.IX, 208

London. Three years since she lost her husband; begs Franklin's advice as to the best means to take to procure the payment of the debts justly due him, amounting at his death to £140,000, of which £30,000 have since been paid.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 205. Peters, Richard, 1743-1828.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 31A.L.S. 2p.IX, 205

York. Writes again for news of his father; hopes he is still alive; wishes him to informed of the state of American affairs and also of various family matters; wishes his father to come and spend his last days with them; desires Franklin to advance him a supply of cash which he will repay. British tyranny departing at a rapid rate; the English covered with disgrace, are preparing to leave Philadelphia; brilliant prospects for America. News of the Bache family.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

IX, 207. Whipple, Abraham, 1733-1819.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 May 31L.S. 4p.IX, 207

Paimboeuf Harbor. His arrival; enclosing his orders from Congress and from the Navy Board. His departure from Providence and his running the blockade; details of his trip; has twelve prisoners with him; desires orders relative to them. Enclosing a draft of the bill for reconciliating measures between Great Britain and America, published by General Pigot, Commander at Rhode Island; it was received with all the marks of indignity and burnt by the common hangman.

General physical description: L.S. 4p.

LI, 11. Brillon de Jouy, Anne Louise Boyvin d'Hardancourt, 1744-1824.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 May]1 p.LI, 11

A Ballad: Colin and Lisette. Chanson. (In French.)

XLII, 188. Grand, Rodolphe-Ferdinand, 1726-1794.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 May-June]1 p.XLII, 188

Sending him the new proof; asks for his opinion in order that he may give the printer his instructions. (In French.)

LX, 22. Straughan, William.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 [May-June]L. 2p.LX, 22

Late master of the ship Lord Chatham, of Dublin, a prisoner at Brest; petitions to be released with his son-in-law and allowed to return to Dublin.

General physical description: L. 2p.

X, 1. Cooper, Samuel, 1725-1783.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 1A.L.S. 4p.X, 1

Boston. The treaty between France and America; Britain dare not engage in a war with both France and the United States. Reception given to the conciliatory bills. Prospect of the English leaving Philadelphia. Difficulty of recruiting the American army. Anecdote showing the cowardice of Lord Percy at Dorchester Heights. Enclosing the proceedings of the court martial in which Colonel Henley was tried and General Burgoyne showed himself in the most contemptible light; justification of Colonel Henley. Encloses a printed copy of the proposed Constitution. Desires any news of public significance.

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

X, 2. Jones, John Paul, 1747-1792.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 1A.L.S. 4p.X, 2

Brest. Encloses papers to prove that his roses are not without thorns. Plans for keeping his present crew; should their home-sickness continue, suggests the advisability of certain exchanges. Willingness of the Due de Chartres to aid him in obtaining the ship built at Amsterdam; disadvantages of the Ranger. Splendid results which might be obtained with the aid of two or three fast-sailing ships. Repairs needed on the Ranger and Drake. The people murmuring at not receiving their prize-money.

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

X, 3. Sowden, Benjamin Choyce.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 1A.L. 3p.X, 3

Rotterdam. Concerning the proposals of Mr. Arrenberg on the question of printing the bibles for America. Franklin's splendid work; hopes it will bring the besotted, pur-blind Ministry of England to their senses. Concerning the proposition in the States-General of the Netherlands to declare America independent.

General physical description: A.L. 3p.

X, 6.5. Bout, ------ de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 2A.L.S. 1p.X, 6.5

Paris. Repeating his request for the letter of the Chevalier de Bazantin, prisoner at st. Augustine, together with that written him on the Chevalier's behalf, by the Comtesse de Lameth. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

X, 5. Castrioto, Félix António.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 2A.L.S. 2p.X, 5

Lisbon. Complains bitterly of receiving no answer to his letters; congratulates Franklin on the treaty with France.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XXXIX, 33. Dumas, Charles-Guillaume-Frédéric, 1721-1796.
to the American Commissioners
1778 June 2A.L.S. 2p.XXXIX, 33

The Hague. Return of the French Ambassador. Waits only for a copy of the treaty to pay his respects to the Grand Pensionnaire. Anecdotes of the Duchesse de Chartres and the Princesse de Lamballe, who are making a tour Holland. Approves thoroughly of the Latin quotation to he placed under Franklin's portrait. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

X, 6. Girardot, Haller, et Cie.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 2A.L.S. 1p.X, 6

Paris. Refers Franklin to their last letter concerning the request of Messrs. Dubbledemutt, at Rotterdam.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

X, 4. Wharton, Samuel, 1732-1800.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 2A.L.S. 2p.X, 4

London. Sends various papers, by Mr. Pringle, also copies of letters which have passed between Mr. Williams and himself on the subject of an aspersion of his (Wharton's) character; denies these accusations. The arrival of the Andromeda man-of-war at New York, carrying a copy of the proposed Bill of Concession; the treaty with France ratified eight days before her arrival. General Clinton assumed the command of the army April 24th; Sir William Howe, the Guards, and Burgoyne's regiment of dragoons expected to embark for England, May 7th. Resignation of Lord Suffolk. Negotiations with the Rockinghams and Lord Shelburne entirely broken off; all parties angry with Lord Sandwich for his imposing on them as regards the navy.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

X, 8. Fautrel, Nicolas, 1721-1790.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 3A.L.S. 2p.X, 8

Le Havre. Thanks Franklin for using his influence with M. de Sartine to obtain for him the rank of lieutenant in the Royal Marine. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

X, 10. Hall, Elijah, 1742-1830.
to the American Commissioners
1778 June 3L.S. 3p.X, 10

On board the Ranger. Begs them to point out some method to bring the prizes to sale, that the men may get their share; their families at home in a distressed condition; have been seven months from America, and not two of them at sea. Considers the treatment of Mr. Simpson most unfair; complains of Captain Jones; no American of spirit can ever serve with cheerfulness under him; asserts the courage and good behaviour of the men on the Ranger, Captain Jones to the contrary, notwithstanding. Mr. Bersoll has denied them all supplies; the beef they get very bad.

General physical description: L.S. 3p.

X, 7. Jones, John Paul, 1747-1792.
to the American Commissioners
1778 June 3A.L.S. 4p.X, 7

Brest. Acknowledging his favor of the 25th ult.; craves pardon for signing a draft on Franklin in order to supply his people with necessary clothing, etc., has never touched a dollar of public money for any private purpose of his own. Disposition made of the prizes he captured. Inconvenience of finding no Continental agent at Brest. If Franklin is in possession of any resolution of Congress which will authorize the sending of Lieutenant Simpson to America, should be obliged for a copy of it.

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

X, 9. Ponteney, ----- de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 3A.L.S. 2p.X, 9

Besancon. Enclosing samples of merchandise that her husband can furnish. (In French.) A. E. by Franklin. Having discontinued the purchase of goods for America, will deliver the samples to some of their merchants; would give him pleasure to be of service to M. or Mme. de Pouteney.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXI, 97. Ranger (Ship). Sailors.
to the American Commissioners
[1778 June 3]3p.LXI, 97

Brest. Petitions for relief from their grievances at the hands of Captain [John Paul] Jones. Praise of Lieutenant Simpson. Mem. S. Ebenezer Watson and seventy-seven others.

General physical description: 3p.

XLIII, 233. Sartine, Antoine de, Comte d'Alby, 1729-1801.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778] June 3N. in 3d P. 1p.XLIII, 233

Marly. Received his letter. (In French.)

X, 11. Moucherel, ------.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 4A.L.S. 3p.X, 11

Nancy. Ready to give to the public two works on law; practicability of adopting this new code to the laws and customs in use in America. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

X, 14. Barry, Amelia Evans.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 5A.L.S. 7p.X, 14

Tunis. Felicitates him on the glorious results of his labors; her husband's failure to make a success of his business; begs Franklin to secure for him a consulship in whatever port he can most easily obtain it. In duplicate. See also: X, 15.

General physical description: A.L.S. 7p.

X, 15. Barry, Amelia Evans.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 5A.L.S. 7p.X, 15

Tunis. Felicitates him on the glorious results of his labors; her husband's failure to make a success of his business; begs Franklin to secure for him a consulship in whatever port he can most easily obtain it. In duplicate. See also: X, 14.

X, 16. Bond, Thomas, 1743-1793.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 5A.L.S. 1p.X, 16

Bethlehem. Presenting the bearer, Dr. Jacob Rieger, who goes, via France, to Germany to improve himself in his profession; his faithful apprenticeship under the writer's father, Dr. Bond; begs Franklin to introduce him to some medical gentlemen in France. His present position as Assistant Director-General of the General Hospital. Their want of certain instruments that Dr. Rieger is directed to purchase. The Bache family all well. British army about to evacuate Philadelphia.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

X, 13. Fairholme and Luther.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 5L.S. 2p.X, 13

St. Martin. Reminding Franklin of their letter of some weeks before, concerning their refusal to answer for the passage of some French officers without Franklin's orders; desires an answer to this. Requesting Franklin to empower them to act for Congress in the event of prizes arriving at St. Martin. In need of assistance.

General physical description: L.S. 2p.

X, 12. Hartley, David.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 5A.L.S. 2p.X, 12

London. Authorized by the Administration and the Board of Admiralty to make certain propositions concerning the exchange of the poor prisoners; the port of Calais chosen as the most suitable for this exchange.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Hale's Franklin in France, I, 203.

X, 18. Bondfield, John.
to the American Commissioners
1778 June 6A.L.S. 2p.X, 18

Bordeaux. Question of certain debts he has had to discharge. The affair of the conspiracy has been examined by the proper officers appointed by the Intendent, but nothing could be proved.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

X, 17. Jones, John Paul, 1747-1792.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 6A.L.S. 1p.X, 17

Brest. Acknowledging his esteemed favor of the 1st inst. [giving him the command of the great ship built at Amsterdam], deeply sensible of the honor conferred upon him; expects soon to wait upon him at Paris. Suggests that the Providence and Boston should rendezvous at Brest.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

X, 20. Barker, Thomas, 1713-1789.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 7A.L.S. 1p.X, 20

Nantes. Intends taking passage on a vessel bound for North Carolina; desires Franklin's opinion as to what part of the coast of America would be most free from English ships.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

X, 21. Brutière, G. Anquetil.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 7A.L.S. 4p.X, 21

Granville. Fitted out his vessel the year before for the cod fisheries off New Foundland; she was boarded by an American privateer who forced her to take on board seven English prisoners and transport them to Europe without supplying provisions or necessaries of life; the loss of money this occasioned him; applies to Franklin for compensation. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

X, 22. Hüpsch-Lontzen, Johann Wilhelm Carl Adolph von Honvlez-Ardenn, Freiherr von.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 7A.L.S. 4p.X, 22

Cologne. A zealous defender of liberty; has charge of the Universal Gazette published in Cologne; the interest with which he has always printed anything of note concerning the Americans; discredit thrown on America by the Protestant gazettes of Germany; begs Franklin to make contributions from time to time to his paper on those subjects which concern the glory and credit of America. His own work in natural history, economy, and mineralogy; believes he could be useful to Congress. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

X, 23 (OS). United States. Navy Board of the Eastern Department.
to the American Commissioners
1778 June 8L.S. 1p.X, 23 (OS)

Boston. Agreeable to the directions of the Marine Committee, they have provided the schooner Despatch for the purpose of conveying to the Commissioners some packets of great importance; orders relative to supplying the captain and crew with provisions and money. Signed: J[ames] Warren, J[ohn] Desbon.

General physical description: L.S. 1p.

XLIII, 53. Brillon de Jouy, Anne Louise Boyvin d'Hardancourt, 1744-1824.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 June] 93 p.XLIII, 53

Tuesday, Franconville. Description of the country place where she is stopping. Would be happier living there always with her children and a few friends than in Paris. (In French.)

Access digital object:
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XXXIX, 34. Dumas, Charles-Guillaume-Frédéric, 1721-1796.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 9A.L.S. 5p.XXXIX, 34

The Hague. Extracts from German letters showing the imminence of war with Austria. Increased sympathy in Holland for the America cause. Delighted with Mr. A. Lee's approbation. Prophesies that the Belgian lion will soon be snatched from the teeth and claws of the British lion. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 5p.

LIII, 68 (OS). Massachusetts. Council.
to the American Commissioners
1778 June 9A.L.S. 1p.LIII, 68 (OS)

Watertown. Packets from the Secret Committee of Congress to the Commissioners are transmitted by Corbin Barnes, Captain of the Despatch. Packets may be returned the same way. Signed: Jer[emiah] Powell, Pres[iden]t.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

LX, 123. Meinert et Cie..
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 9L.S. 1p.LX, 123

Nantes. Forwarding a petition from a poor prisoner at Brest. (In French.)

General physical description: L.S. 1p.

X, 26. Colston, Rawleigh, 1747-1823.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 10A.L.S. 2p.X, 26

Cape Francois. The bearer, Major du Bouchett, was taken prisoner on his passage home and sent from New York to Martinque; honored his draft for a certain amount in order to defray the expenses of his passage; the Major's honorable service in America.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

X, 25. Jones, John Paul, 1747-1792.
to the American Commissioners
1778 June 10A.L.S. 2p.X, 25

Brest. Sale of one of the Ranger's prizes by Messrs. Delap; wrote to them requesting that the captor's part of the prize might be remitted to Mr. Williams; no attention paid to this request; begs Dr. Franklin to give the necessary orders that the uneasiness of his officers and men may be removed.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LVIII, 95. Jones, John Paul, 1747-1792.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778 June 10]1p.LVIII, 95

List of prisoners taken by the Ranger.

General physical description: 1p.

X, 27. Leveux, Jacques, 1745-1816.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 10A.L.S. 2p.X, 27

Calais. Concerning the case of Ralph Harding, a retired officer in the service of India, who wrote Franklin a letter with a detailed account of his experiences in attempting to join the English army in America and at the same time offering his services to Franklin; has received no answer to this letter; begs Franklin to relive Mr. Harding's anxiety. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LX, 74 (OS). Maubaillarcy, Pierre.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 10Mem. 1p.LX, 74 (OS)

Brest. Applying for the commission of Counsul for the United States at Brest. (In French.)

General physical description: Mem. 1p.

X, 27.5. United States. Continental Congress. Marine Committee.
to the American Commissioners
1778 June 10A.L.S. 1p.X, 27.5

York, Pennsylvania. Requesting them to purchase twenty-eight cannon and ship them to Portsmouth or Boston. Signed: Richard Henry Lee, Chairman.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XXXIX, 35. Dumas, Charles-Guillaume-Frédéric, 1721-1796.
to the American Commissioners
1778 June 11A.L.S. 3p.XXXIX, 35

The Hague. His interviews with the Grand Facteur à propos of the advisability of presenting to the Grand Pensionnaire a copy of the treaty with France. Has just seen the fine, spirited Resolution of Congress on the subject of the Conciliatory Bill. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

X, 30. Georgelin du Cosquer, Barthélémy-Pélage.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 11A.L.S. 1p.X, 30

Paris. His project for duration of law-suits in France; hopes Franklin will second his undertaking; Article 25 of the wise Constitution of Pennsylvania is the model which he intends to propose to France for imitation. Enclosing a sketch of this plan (3 p.). (In French.) Copy of Franklin's answer. Avows his attachment to France; praises M. du Cosquer's laudable intention, but pleads his ignorance of French law as a reason for his being unable to judge of the work. 1p. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

X, 29. Massieu, ------.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 11A.L.S. 4p.X, 29

Caen. Wrote to Mr. Deane in the beginning of April concerning M. Dumesnil de St. Pierre who was killed three years before in the service of Congress and of whose death some authentic certificate is wanted; encloses an extract of his letter to Mr. Deane as the best way to explain the affair; begs for an answer.

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

X, 28. Sikes, ------.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 11A.L.S. 1p.X, 28

Paris. Like Franklin, he has made great progress in science; sends him a prospectus of an instrument, invented by himself and approved by the Royal Academy of Sciences; desires to show him this invention, the Optical Pantograph. For engraving of instrument, see: LXXVII, 52 (OS). In French.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

X, 31. Moylan, James.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 12A.L.S. 1p.X, 31

L'Orient. Arrival of the frigate Boston, Captain Tucker, from Bordeaux; she will sail the next day in company with the frigate L'Oiseau.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

X, 32. Bondfield, John.
to the American Commissioners
1778 June 13A.L.S. 2p.X, 32

Bordeaux. Acknowledging the punctuality with which his drafts have been honored. Causes for the high price of fresh beef.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

X, 33. Bondfield, John.
to the American Commissioners
1778 June 13A.L.S. 1p.X, 33

Bordeaux. Acknowledging their favor of the 25th ult. Will transmit every month whatever disbursements his department may receive and will communicate any ocurrences meriting attention.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

X, 36. Archer, Henry Waldegrave.
to the American Commissioners
1778 June 14A.L.S. 3p.X, 36

Paris. Though a native of England, it is his wish to go to America and enter into one of the regiments of horse; will be glad to serve at first as a volunteer at his own expense. Inveighs against Great Britain; expresses the greatest admiration for America. Proposes to wait on Franklin in company with Baron de Ridberg.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

X, 35 (OS). Bache, Richard, 1737-1811.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 14A.L.S. 1p.X, 35 (OS)

Manheim. At Franklin's request made inquiries about Richard Cooke, a native of Rotterdam; he has been living in North Carolina, but starts for Europe with letters to Franklin, with the intention of looking after the legacy, said to have been left him. Acknowledging Franklin's letters.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

X, 34. Bondfield, John.
to the American Commissioners
1778 June 14A.L.S. 2p.X, 34

Bordeaux. Introducing the bearer, Captain Casstle; he and his wife desire to return to Philadelphia; the Captain's business in Paris is to obtain the restitution of a ship belonging to him and his brother; if he succeeds, will make her American property and procced at once to America.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LIX, 62. Harcken, Johann Wilhelm.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 15A.L.S. 2p.LIX, 62

Hamburg. Offers his services as clergyman. Asks free passage to America for himself and family.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXI, 96. Ranger (Ship). Petty Officers.
to the American Commissioners
[1778 June 15]L.S. 3p.LXI, 96

Expressing dissatisfaction with Captain [John Paul] Jones and requesting to be permitted to return to the United States. Signed: James Falls, Gunner, et al.

General physical description: L.S. 3p.

X, 37. Whipple, Abraham, 1733-1819.
to the American Commissioners
1778 June 15L.S. 1p.X, 37

Paimboeuf. Acknowledging their favor per Captain Jones; desires orders relative to his prisoners; his masts being prepared; offers to carry arms and clothing to the United States.

General physical description: L.S. 1p.

X, 38. Bingham, William, 1752-1804.
to the American Commissioners
1778 June 16A.L.S. 2p.X, 38

St. Pierre, Martinique. Surprised at receiving no information of the Treaty of Commerce concluded between France and America. As agent for the United States in the West Indies, cannot discharge his duties with any credit to himself or his country, if he is to be kept in ignorance of such important information.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

X, 39. Bondfield, John.
to the American Commissioners
1778 June 16A.L.S. 1p.X, 39

Bordeaux. Captain Conyngham's arrival at Corunna from Cadiz, having captured four prizes on the way. The Jersey privateers still continue on the coast of Spain; news of other vessels.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XXXIX, 36. Dumas, Charles-Guillaume-Frédéric, 1721-1796.
to the American Commissioners
1778 June 16A.L.S. 1p.XXXIX, 36

The Hague. Question of presenting the treaty still pending; attitude of the Grand Facteur. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

X, 41. Hartley, David.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 16A.L.S. 1p.X, 41

London. Acknowledging Franklin's favor of June 5th, relative to the exchange of prisoners; transcribes his own letter of June 5th on the same subject, for fear it may have miscarried.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

X, 40. Salvator, Antoine.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 16A.L.S. 5p.X, 40

Cadiz. Begging his acceptance of a small work (poem) as a proof of his ardent and active interest in America. His intense admiration for Franklin, Washington and the new Republic. Certain rumors current as to why the Spanish fleet has not arrived. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 5p.

Other Descriptive Information: For enclosed poem, see Salvator, Poem, [1777]; LI, 75.

X, 43. Izard, Ralph, 1742-1804.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 17L.S. 8p.X, 43

Paris. Concerning the account Mr. Pringle gave him of his interview with Franklin; takes great offense at some of Franklin's expressions. No attention has ever been paid to his repeated requests to be told why all knowledge of the treaty with France was withheld from him; considers Franklin's reasons for his conduct are not the true ones; tells him what he thinks were his real motives. Arthur Lee's chivalrous defense of Franklin in the day of his tribulation and his ungrateful return. Wishes to know if it is true that the French ministry desired that Mr. Arthur Leee and himself should be kept in ignorance of certain matters.

General physical description: L.S. 8p.

XLIX, 55. Unidentified.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 17Diss. M. 8p.XLIX, 55

Remarks on the political situation in England during the war with the American Colonies. The interests of the other European powers will impel them to oppose England in this war. Sees no prospect of England being able to subdue the Colonies and thinks she should attend to her affairs at home. Would be folly for her to declare war against France or Spain in the present state of her affairs. (In French.)

General physical description: Diss. M. 8p.

X, 44. Barbeu Du Bourg, M. (Jacques), 1709-1779.
to the American Commissioners
1778 June 18A.L.S. 4p.X, 44

Paris. Astonished at their refusal of offers on the part of certain vessels to cruise against the English, at their own expense and under the laws of the American navy; the principal promoter of this enterprise is an old associate of the Marquis Roux of Corsica, well-known for his audacity and courage.

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

X, 45. Coffyn, Francis.
to the American Commissioners
1778 June 18A.L.S. 3p.X, 45

Dunkirk. Desires an answer to his letter of the 8th inst. Concerning the two vessels now being fitted out for America, which will carry letters and any news they may care to send. Contradictory reports as to the whereabouts of the English squadron. Certain American seamen who are in distress and claim protection; advises their being helped, otherwise they are sure to go over to Great Britain.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

X, 46. Laubertie, Victoire.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 18A.L.S. 3p.X, 46

Brunswick. Concerning Colonel de Donop who, before his death, sent to one of his friends at Kassel, 8,000 ecus to be placed to the credit of his children, who are also hers and whom he legitimatized before his departure for America; this sum of money detained by the Council of War at Kassel; begs Franklin to find out if Colonel de Donop did not leave a will in America in favor of his children, in order that they may not be deprived of all his effects. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

LVII, 17 (OS). Rousseaux Lacombe, Etienne.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1778] June 18D.S. 1p.LVII, 17 (OS)

Petition concerning his son, Jean Rousseaux, who was taken prisoner on the brig Lexington after a battle with English warships. (In French.)

X, 47. Coffyn, Francis.
to the American Commissioners
1778 June 19A.L.S. 2p.X, 47

Dunkirk. From certain reports, believes that Admiral Keppel's squadron was seen off Portland the 15th inst. Rumor that Lord Byron's squadron sailed from Plymouth the 10th inst. Refusal of a French vessel to carry to America, as passenger, James Bearus who was wounded while on board the Lexington.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

X, 48. Lovell, James, 1737-1814.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 20A.L.S. 2p.X, 48

Yorktown. Forgot to forward the Resolve of May 5th with the ratifications of the treaties. The American troops entered Philadelphia on the 18th; the intention of the enemy in evacuating it not yet explained. Commissioners will be particularly nominated to transact affairs at Lisbon and The Hague, if those courts are well-disposed toward America.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXXIV, 117. Moore, William.
to the American Commissioners
1778 June 20A.L.S. 2p.LXXIV, 117

Paris. Petition for a pass.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LVI(i), 75. Jones, John Paul, 1747-1792.
to the American Commissioners
[1778 After June 20]Mem. 1p.LVI(i), 75

Asks whether the Ranger should depart before her prizes are realized; whether the advances must be deducted; and whether it is not inexpedient for a ship that sails slow and is of trifling force to pursue a track where there is almost a certainty of meeting with the enemy's fast-sailing ships of superior force.

General physical description: Mem. 1p.

X, 49. United States. Continental Congress. Committee of Foreign Affairs.
to the American Commissioners
1778 June 21A.L.S. 2p.X, 49

York, [Pennsylvania]. Arrival of the British Commissioners; an answer to their propositions is printed in the Pennsylvania Gazette of the 2oth inst. General Clinton's evacuation of Philadelphia on the 18th; General Washington is pursuing the enemy into Jersey. Desire the most exact information concerning the authenticity of Mr. Holker's mission to Congress, touching their treaty with Great Britain. Signed: Richard Henry Lee, Tho[ma]s Heyward, James Lovell.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXI, 31 (OS). Castle, Joy. Castle, William.
to the American Commissioners
1778 June 22A.D.S. 1p.LXI, 31 (OS)

Passy. Petition for papers to permit them to proceed to America with a cargo. (In duplicate.) See also LXI, 32

General physical description: A.D.S. 1p.

LXI, 32 (OS). Castle, Joy. Castle, William.
to the American Commissioners
1778 June 22A.D.S. 1p.LXI, 32 (OS)

Passy. Petition for papers to permit them to proceed to America with a cargo. (In duplicate.) See also LXI, 31.

X, 51. Masson, Pierre-Toussaint.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 22A.L.S. 2p.X, 51

Paris. Saw with pleasure in the Courier de l'Europe, a translation of the famous latin verse, which so truly applies to Franklin; thinks the translation, though good, lacks the brevity of the original; his rendering is: "Il arracha par ses rares talents La foudre aux dieux, le sceptre aux tyrans."

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

X, 50. Powers, Pierce.
to the American Commissioners
1778 June 22A.L.S. 1p.X, 50

Brest Hospital. Was midshipman on board the Ranger in her action with the Drake; lost his right arm and received a bad wound in his left hand; being unable any longer to serve his country, desires to be proved with a passage to America.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

X, 52. Bondfield, John.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 23A.L.S. 1p.X, 52

Bordeaux. Eclat with which the Marquis d'Almadora is received by the chief officers of Bordeaux; expects his residence in London will be a short one.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

X, 54. Lalanne, Veuve et fils.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 23A.L.S. 3p.X, 54

Bayonne. Concerning one of their vessels, L'Esp"érance, which was captured in a mainfestly illegal manner by the Captain of the Nottingham and whose cargo they hope to be able to recover with Franklin's assistance. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

X, 53. Montresor, Francis.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 23 X, 53

Bordeaux. Has been very busy fitting out the Vengeance; account of her guns, crew, etc. His attachment to the United States.

X, 55. Boylston, John, 1709-1795.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 24A.L.S. 1p.X, 55

London. Pictures Franklin at the helm in these stormy times, the thunder rattling round his head and securely shrouded under his own intellectual rod of fortitude and truth. Hopes the enclosed will be of some service to their unhappy townsfolk.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

X, 57. Gaulay, ------.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 24A.L.S. 1p.X, 57

Strasbourg. Desires to enter the service of America in the capacity of surgeon; his past experience. (In French.) A.E. by Franklin. Has no orders to send surgeons to America and can therefore give him no encouragement.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

X, 56. Mather, Samuel, 1706-1785.
to Benjamin Franklin
1778 June 24A.L.S. 2p.X, 56