Benjamin Franklin Papers Part 2 -- Letters to Franklin

Mss.B.F85inventory02

Date: 1777-1778 March | Size: 1 section, 1,309 items

Abstract

This is part of the large inventory for the Benjamin Franklin Papers (Mss B F85). For complete information concerning this collection, please view the Collection Description.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Physical description

1309 items

Indexing Terms



Detailed Inventory

Letters to Benjamin Franklin
1777-1778 March1309 item(s)
LXXI, 20. Duportail, Antoine-Jean-Louis Le Bègue de Presle, 1743-1802.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 2L.S. 1p.LXXI, 20

Versailles. Requesting Franklin to send him a reply with reference to his proposition relating to a corps of troops. (In French.)

General physical description: L.S. 1p.

LXXV, 5 (OS). United States. Continental Congress.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 2D.S. 1p.LXXV, 5 (OS)

Baltimore. Commission of Benjamin Franklin as Commissioner to the Court of Spain. Signed: John Hancock, with seal.

General physical description: D.S. 1p.

LX, 51. Lutterloh, Henry Emanuel.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 3L.S. 3p.LX, 51

Paris. Giving particulars about himself and his previous services. Secrecy of his mission to Paris. His offer to raise troops in Germany or Northern Europe.

General physical description: L.S. 3p.

V, 2. Ingenhousz, Jan, 1730-1799.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 4A.L.S.V, 2

Vienna. Surprised to hear of Franklin's arrival in Paris; hopes his coming has for its object a happy reunion between the mother country and her colonies. If he had known earlier of Franklin's arrival would have accompanied his Imperial master to France; Franklin will probably see and talk with him in the disguise of a private man. Proposes various schemes to enable him to come to Paris, one of them, the desire on the part of some family of distinction there to have him inoculate their children.

General physical description: A.L.S.

V, 3. Wickes, Lambert.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 4L.S.V, 3

Nantes. Acknowledging his favor of 26th December; will immediately proceed to Port I'Orient and execute that business; will come to Paris on his return, if Franklin thinks it absolutely necessary.

General physical description: L.S.

LXX, 78. Dangeul, Louis Joseph Plumard de.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 January 6]N. in 3d P. 1 p.LXX, 78

Has called to see Dr. Franklin. Was acquainted with him in London in 1768 and a frequent visitor to him and Sir John Pringle.

General physical description: N. in 3d P. 1 p.

XLVII, 70 (OS). Gérard, Conrad Alexandre, 1729-1790.
to the Deputies [American Commissioners]
1777 January 6L. 1p.XLVII, 70 (OS)

Versailles. Desires them to postpone the communication of the memorial containing particular requests. Will advise them when it can be opportunely presented; might confine themselves for the present to the memorial explaining the state of affairs in America. (In French.)

General physical description: L. 1p.

V, 4. Terry, Jeremiah.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 7A.L.S. 1p.V, 4

Paris. His principal business in Paris is to get a more satisfactory account of his countrymen in America than he has been able to do in England, for which purpose he will wait on Franklin.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

LXX, 76. Dalibard, Thomas-François, 1703-1799.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 8N. in 3d P. 1p.LXX, 76

Introducing M. de Roussille who wishes to confer with Dr. Franklin about some expeditions he proposes to make in North America. (In French.)

General physical description: N. in 3d P. 1p.

LX, 50. Lutterloh, Henry Emanuel.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 8L. in 3d P. 1p.LX, 50

Paris. With reference to his proposal to raise a corps of troops in Germany for service in the United States.

General physical description: L. in 3d P. 1p.

LXII, 74. Lutterloh, Henry Emanuel.
to the American Commissioners
1777 January 8A.L.S. 2p.LXII, 74

Paris. Plans and conditions under which he will enter the American Army.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXXII, 47. Milly, Nicolas-Christiern de Thy, Comte de, 1728-1784.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 82 p.LXXII, 47

The Comte de Milly, member of the Academy of Sciences of Paris, invites Franklin to dinner on Monday the 13th of the month, with many of his colleagues who will all be very glad to see up close the great man they have admired from afar. In French.

V, 5. Terry, Jeremiah.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 8A.L.S.1p.V, 5

Paris. Asks for half an hour's private conversation with Franklin's previous to his departure for London; will also be glad of Mr. Deane's acquaintance.

General physical description: A.L.S.1p.

V, 8. Chaumont, Jacques-Donatien Leray de, 1725-1803.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 9A.L.S. 1p.V, 8

Can procure 200,000 pounds of East India salt-petre at 60 livres the hundredweight; asks for a prompt decision. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

LIII, 29. France. Ferme générale.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 9Memp. 4p.LIII, 29

Paris. Memorandum with reference to shipments of tobacco to be made to the Farmers-General by Messrs. Franklin, Deane and Lee for account of Congress. Questions and replies as to terms, manner of shipment and delivery, payment, etc. (In French.)

General physical description: Memp. 4p.

V, 6. Franklin, William Temple, 1760-1823.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 9A.L.S. 2p.V, 6

Passy. News received from Mr. Montaudouin of the arrival of a Scotchman at Nantes who says General Howe had embarked ten thousand men to attack Philadelphia; Montaudouin also mentioned an unexpected meeting he had with Du Coudray, who sailed from Havre December 14.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 7. United States. Continental Congress. Secret Committee.
to the American Commissioners
1777 January 9L.S. 2p.V, 7

Baltimore. Minute account of General Washington's movements against the enemy at Trenton and Princeton, and the numbers captured and slain; this information gathered from a gentleman who was in the action; supposes the General has been too busy to write and waits the final issue. Signed: Benj. Harrison, Richard Henry Lee.

General physical description: L.S. 2p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Hale's Franklin in France, I, 97.

V, 10. Gloro, ------.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 10A.L.S. 4p.V, 10

L'Orient. Asks if Franklin knows anything of one Benjamin Salter; tells of a transaction he had with him at the Ascension Isles; he sold him goods and received in payment two bills of exchange; one of them drawn on William Carothorne in London, who is a prisoner for debt in the King's Exchange prison and will say nothing to it. His desperate financial difficulties. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

XLII, 86. Rullecourt, Phillipe-Charles-Félix Macquart, Baron de.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 January 10]L. and Mem. 9p.XLII, 86

Sends a letter from Abbé Bandeau. Offers to raise a corps of troops and seize the Zafarimes Islands for the United States and to wage war on English shipping. (In French.)

General physical description: L. and Mem. 9p.

V, 9. Rumsey, Nathan.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 10A.L.S. 2p.V, 9

Nantes. Jealousy between the Admiralty officers of Vannes and M. Guérin of Auray about the latter's having ventured on such a purchase without their consent, and they seem determined to give as much trouble as possible; hopes Franklin can prevail with the marine officers to order those officers of Vannes to desist troubling M. Guérin as if these matters are carried too far they may injure the sales of our prizes hereafter.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 11. Vallenais, [Louis Dupas] de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 10A.L.S. 3p.V, 11

Paris. M. de Chaumont's ship, in which he was to embark, has lately set sail. Several others ready to set sail in two or three weeks. Asks for a letter to Mr. Grouet so that he may treat with him for their passage on them to America; will take a relation along with him; their intention not only to get in the American service, but to settle for life in that free country.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

XLIV, 119. Barbeu Du Bourg, M. (Jacques), 1709-1779.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 January 11]L. 1p.XLIV, 119

Has been requested, by the Marquis of Courtauvaux, to speak to Franklin about another artillery officer who is as highly recommended as M. Mauduir Duplessis. Asks if it would be profitable to send silk and other fabrics made at Lyons and Tours to North America. (In French.)

General physical description: L. 1p.

V, 13. Wickes, Lambert.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 11A.L.S. 3p.V, 13

Nantes. Has no opinion of the 60-gun ship; thinks the frigates better for his purpose. Recommends the St. John. Can get other ships but fears they are too ancient.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

V, 13.5. Ritchie, Juliana.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 12A.L.S. 3p.V, 13.5

Cambray. Warns Franklin that he is surrounded by spies who watch his every movement; motive for this espionage. She resides at present at Cambray, taking charge of five young ladies of fortune. Her great friendship for Franklin.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

LXXI, 8b. Milly, Nicolas-Christiern de Thy, Comte de, 1728-1784.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 Before January 13N. in 3d P. 1p.LXXI, 8b

lnviting Dr. Franklin and his grandson to dine with him. (In French.)

LXXII, 69. Bissy, Stefano, Baron de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 131 p.LXXII, 69

Paris. Informing Franklin about the time of the dinner with M. Dangeul, which will be precisely two o'clock tomorrow. Mr. Doctor [Franklin] will not find four or five friends of Mr. Dangeul and insurgents, including Baron Bissy [at the dinner]. M. Dangeul fancied that It would be more convenient and agreeable to him, to whom he present his best compliments. In French and English.

V, 14. Blondel de Lantone, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 13A.L.S. 2p.V, 14

Moulinnes. His sympathy with the Bostonians in their revolt against tyranny. Served for eight years in the King's guard, but after their disbandment has been unable to find a military opening. Asks Franklin to obtain for him a position in the American army suitable to an officer of his experience. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXX, 88. Kováts, Mihály, Fabricy, 1724-1779.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 13A.L.S. 4p.LXX, 88

Bordeaux. Details experience as private and officer in Hungary, and states that he is sailing from Bordeaux [for America]. Asks assistance for himself and friends. (In Latin.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:282439/

V, 18. Fadeville, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 14A.L.S. 2p.V, 18

Bordeaux. Sends a letter written by a late major of a regiment of Hussars with the King of Prussia; he sails for America on the Catharine of Dartmouth; if some Prussian officers he expects fail to arrive before he sails, desires to know what steps he must take to enable them to follow.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 17. Meschinet de Richemond, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 14L.S. 2p.V, 17

La Rochelle. Begging Franklin to send some American traders to La Rochelle; its fine haven and its excellent market; their brandy almost as good as that of Cognac.

General physical description: L.S. 2p.

V, 16. Rumsey, Nathan.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 14A.L.S. 2p.V, 16

Nantes. Has put the papers respecting the prizes in Mr. Morris's hands. Concerning Captain Cod's offer to purchase his vessel of Captain Wickes.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LIII, 31. United States. Continental Congress. Committee of Secret Correspondence.
to the American Commissioners
1777 January 14L. S. 2p.LIII, 31

Philadelphia. Transmit resolves of Congress of the 19th and 29th of November, last, relative to the purchase of supplies in France. Signed: Rob[er]t Morris, Chairman.

General physical description: L. S. 2p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Diplom. Corres., Wharton, II , 246.

V, 15. United States. Continental Congress. Secret Committee. United States. Continental Congress. Committee of Secret Correspondence.
to the American Commissioners
1777 January 14A.L.S. 3p.V, 15

Philadelphia. Enclosing two resolves of Congress concerning the purchase of brass cannon, arms and equipage. Disposition of the Court of France as regards their views. Signed: Rob[er]t Morris, Chairman.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Diplom. Corres., Wharton, II, 246.

V, 19. Wickes, Lambert.
to the American Commissioners
1777 January 14A.L.S .4p.V, 19

Nantes. Concerning Captain Nicholson; advisability of having his assistance in Paris; his qualifications as a commander of a ship of war.

General physical description: A.L.S .4p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Hale's Franklin in France, I, 112.

XXXVII, 40. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 14A.L.S.XXXVII, 40

Nantes. His arrival in Nantes; has been seen M. Montaudouin and Mr. Schweighauser; will collect the best information on every subject affecting American interests; will send a proper report later. Captain Wickes waiting to know if prizes are admissible into French ports.

General physical description: A.L.S.

V, 20. Guérin, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 15A.L.S. 2p.V, 20

Paris. Concerning the affair of his brother and the Admiralty officers. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

Other Descriptive Information: [See V, 9.]

V, 21. Ternant, Jean Baptiste, Chevalier de, 1751-1833.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 15A.L.S. 2p.V, 21

Bordeaux. Just arrived in Bordeaux after a dangerous illness; his hasty departure renders doubtful the receipt of the letters Franklin promised him; has left directions for forwarding them. The new Spanish Minister, Count Florida Blanca, will undoubtedly serve his cause with unremitting ardor.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXXII, 28. Davis, Nicholas.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 January 16]1 p.LXXII, 28

Would like to speak with Franklin and is waiting below in the coffee room.

LXII, 96. Duportail, Antoine-Jean-Louis Le Bègue de Presle, 1743-1802.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 16A. L. 1p.LXII, 96

Versailles. He asks to know, as soon as possible, the result of his application. (In French.)

General physical description: A. L. 1p.

V, 22. Anmours, Charles-François-Adrien Le Paulmier, Chevalier d', 1742-1809.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 17A.L.S. 1p.V, 22

Bordeaux. Received from Madame la Marquise de Saineville a letter written by Franklin in his favor to Mr. Morris in Philadelphia; sentiments of gratitude and veneration towards Franklin.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XXXVII, 41. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to the American Commissioners
1777 January 17A.L.S. 4p.XXXVII, 41

Nantes. Description of the ship Mercury; her cargo, time of sailing, etc.

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

V, 25. Echlin, Henry, 1740-1799.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 18A.L.S. 1p.V, 25

Prison of the Abbaie St. Germain. Not personally known to Franklin, but ventures to address him, not as a countryman but as a fellow creature reduced by a captivity of nearly three years, by illness and every sort of evil, to the last degree of unhappiness. Was once a lover of liberty and an enemy to oppression. The bearer will receive Franklin's commands.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

LXXII, 5. Enville, Marie-Louise-Nicole-Elisabeth de La Rochefoucauld, Duchesse d', 1716-1797.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 181 p.LXXII, 5

Paris. Inviting Franklin to dinner next Thursday, the 23rd of the month. In French.

V, 23. MacDonald, Charles-Edouard-Frédéric-Henry, Comte de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 18A.L.S. 2p.V, 23

Pau. Wishes to know that encouragement he can give to capable officers who offer their services to the United Provinces; his character well-known; originally from Scotland, now settled in France. Criticises the American tactics so far; has a plan of operation for America.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXII, 76. MacDonald, Charles-Edouard-Frédéric-Henry, Comte de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 18Mem. 3p.LXII, 76

Pau. His service and his plan of discipline for training soldiers, if his services are accepted by Congress.

General physical description: Mem. 3p.

LXXVIII, 69a. Paulze, Jacques, 1721-1794.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 18A.L.S. 1p.LXXVIII, 69a

Paulze reminds him of the promise he made to Mr. Grand to do him the honor of dining with him next Tuesday the 21st with his son, Misters Dean, Lee, and others.

V, 24. Pecholier Frères.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 18A.L.S. 1p.V, 24

Bordeaux. Forwarding a letter from M. Ternant who left Bordeaux on the 15th; will forward him any letters from Franklin with great care. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 26. Wickes, Lambert.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 18A.L.S. 2p.V, 26

Nantes. Enclosing a letter and an inventory of the frigate Count de Maurepas; concerning the fitting out of the ship; recommends Mr. Gourlade for this service.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XXXVII, 42. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 18A.L.S. 1p.XXXVII, 42

Nantes. Enclosing a letter which he leaves to Franklin's judgement whether to send or not.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

LXII, 97. Duportail, Antoine-Jean-Louis Le Bègue de Presle, 1743-1802.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 19A.L. 2p.LXII, 97

Paris. Because he does not know sufficient English to read it when written, he is not sure that he has understood the answer sent to him at Versailles. As his friend, who understands English, is away, he writes that he thinks his request to enter the American service has been refused. If this is correct no answer is necessary; but, if he has misunderstood, he asks the answer to be written in Latin or French. Requests that all letters and writings from him be destroyed. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L. 2p.

LXXII, 13. Brisson, Mathurin-Jacques, 1723-1806.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 January 20]1 p.LXXII, 13

Brisson of the Royal Academy of Sciences presents he respects to Franklin, and reminds him that he promised to dine with him next Monday, January 20. In French.

LXXI, 28a. La Rochefoucauld d'Enville, Louis-Alexandre, Duc de, 1743-1792.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777] January 20A.N. in 3d P. 1p.LXXI, 28a

Presenting Messrs. Franklin and Deane with fifty copies of the American Confederations, translated.

V, 27. Barbeu Du Bourg, M. (Jacques), 1709-1779.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 21A.L. 3p.V, 27

Paris. Concerning the affair of supplying tobacco to the Farmers-General; formation for this purpose of a society, the result of which he hopes will be a market for commodities and merchandise, to the mutual advantage of two nations, and also to the individual members. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L. 3p.

V, 29. Du Buat, Marquis.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 21A.L.S. 2p.V, 29

Ploermel. Desire of Chevalier de Louvigny and Chevalier le Fer to enter into the service of America. Wishes to know what treatment they would have if they entered the army, one as colonel, the other as captain of infantry or cavalry, and what advance money they would receive at the moment of departure. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XXXIX, 5. Dumas, Charles-Guillaume-Frédéric, 1721-1796.
to the American Commissioners
1777 January 21A.L.S. 5p.XXXIX, 5

Leyden. Business relative to his position as American agent; quotes certain correspondence he has had with a great commercial house. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 5p.

LXII, 98. Duportail, Antoine-Jean-Louis Le Bègue de Presle, 1743-1802.
to the American Commissioners
1777 January 21A.L. 1p.LXII, 98

Paris. He is very sorry to have understood exactly the opposite to what was written. He will leave that evening for Versailles to learn the Minister's intention. He will write also to 'our gentlemen' to know their decision, then he will give their names. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L. 1p.

LXII, 75. Lutterloh, Henry Emanuel.
to the American Commissioners
1777 January 21A.L.S. 1p.LXII, 75

Paris. He proposes another plan for recruiting; if it is not approved of, he goes to Nantes as agreed upon.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 28. Montaudouin de La Touche, J.-G. (Jean-Gabriel), 1722-1780.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 21A.L.S. 1p.V, 28

Nantes. Recommending to Franklin's notice M. de L'Ehombe, member of the Superior Council of Port au Prince; his keen desire to meet Franklin. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XXXVII, 43. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to the American Commissioners
1777 January 21A.L.S. 2p.XXXVII, 43

Nantes. Finished the examination of the Mercury's cargo; other matters still to be attended to. Arrival of the Chevalier Duplessis; will do all he can to assist him.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XXXVII, 49. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January [21]A.L.S. 1p.XXXVII, 49

Nantes. Proposes to send the Chevalier Mauduit Duplessis in the Mercury. Explains his reasons for speaking ill of Mr. P[eltier].

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

LXX, 85. Barbeu Du Bourg, M. (Jacques), 1709-1779.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 23A.N. in 3d P. 1p.LXX, 85

Requesting Messrs. Franklin, Deane and Lee to give an interview to M. Bayard, on important business. (In French.)

General physical description: A.N. in 3d P. 1p.

LXXII, 38. Croy, Emmanuel, Duc de.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 January 23]1 p.LXXII, 38

The duke, an amateur in science, requests a meeting with Franklin. He would like fifteen minutes of Franklin's time to discuss a book he is busy with. In French.

V, 31. Paulze, Jacques, 1721-1794.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 23A.L.S. 1p.V, 31

Paris. Sees no difficulty in the matter of Mr. Franklin's taking an interest in the Society for furnishing tobacco to the Farmers-General. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 30. Strahan, William (1715-1785).
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 23A.L.S. 1p.V, 30

London. Asking about Franklin's welfare. Sees Sir John Pringle often; he is quite well, barring insomnia. Hopes that peace, unity and happiness may be soon restored. Hears Franklin saw his colleague, Mr. Charles Fox, frequently; he will find him one of the cleverest fellows of his years he ever knew.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XXXVII, 44. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to the American Commissioners
1777 January 23A.L.S. 2p.XXXVII, 44

Nantes. Date of the Mercury's sailing; unless he receives further commands, will then set off for Paris. Trusts the Amphitrite got off from L'Orient.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 32. Garanger, Louis.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 24A.L.S. 4p.V, 32

Le Havre. Has a letter of recommendation to Franklin from M. Brisson; his twenty-one years' service in the artillery; his desire to enter the service of America; his friends obtained for him from the King the rank of captain of artillery and for his brother that of lieutenant; only expected to wait at Havre six days, and it is now six weeks; their money exhausted, have received no advance on their appointments; asks Franklin's assistance. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

LIX, 33. Pfeffinger, Jo..
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 24D.S. 1p.LIX, 33

Strasbourg. Attesting the wholesomeness of a beverage similar to beer, manufactured by Anton Holper and Frantz Xaverius Deck, in Landsor, upper Alsace.

General physical description: D.S. 1p.

LXII, 99. Duportail, Antoine-Jean-Louis Le Bègue de Presle, 1743-1802.
to the American Commissioners
1777 January 25A.L. 2p.LXII, 99

Paris. The Court permits him to carry out his plan. Because of this voyage and to recompense him for a great work for the corps, just terminated, he is given the title of Lieutenant Colonel of the Royal Engineer Corps. His first condition for entering the American service was that he should have a rank higher than he held in France at the moment of leaving. He makes the same request for his companions, M. de Laumoy and M. de Gouvion. He urges great caution in making inquires about these two. If these conditions are accepted he will come immediately to make the final arrangements. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L. 2p.

V, 33. Sarsfield, Guy-Claude, Comte de, 1718-1789.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 25A.L.S. 2p.V, 33

Will always remember his meeting with Franklin in London some years ago; expects to be in Paris in a few weeks and will wait upon him; in the meantime recommends to Franklin's notice his brother, who is also, his best friend.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XXXVII, 45. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 25A.L.S. 2p.XXXVII, 45

Nantes. Treated like the nephew of a prince; hears that the ladies of Nantes are making an addition to their heads in imitation of Franklin's hair cap, which they intend to call "a la Franklin."

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XXXVII, 46. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to the American Commissioners
1777 January 25A.L.S. 4p.XXXVII, 46

Nantes. Departure of the Amphitrite. Letters received from M. Du Coudray, who has sent him seven officers and their baggage for the Mercury; number of officers he has been forced to refuse; encloses protest made by M. Du Coudray against the Captain of the Amphitrite. Difficulty of procuring charts of the American coast.

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

LXII, 100. Duportail, Antoine-Jean-Louis Le Bègue de Presle, 1743-1802.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 26A.L. 1p.LXII, 100

Paris. He leaves for his home to arrange for his departure in a fortnight; has received the permits from the King for himself and his companions. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L. 1p.

V, 34. Franklin, Jeanne.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 26A.L.S. 2p.V, 34

Saint Mal. Concerning the relationship of herself and her son to Franklin; entreats his aid in their present distress and indigency.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Hale's Franklin in France, I, 145.

V, 37. Briant de Peinquelein, François-Hyacinthe.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 27A.L.S. 2p.V, 37

Quimperle. Desires to serve in the American army; wishes to know what treatment he may expect from Congress; has served for six years as captain of Infantry. Does not wish to be confounded with those adventurers animated merely by sordid interest. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXXI, 63. Paulze, Jacques, 1721-1794.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 27A.N. in 3d P. 1p.LXXI, 63

Paris. Notifying him that the King's Library will be open for his visit on January 30th, and that the librarians will be prepard to receive him. (In French.)

General physical description: A.N. in 3d P. 1p.

V, 36. Vaughan, Benjamin, 1751-1835.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 27A.L.S. 3p.V, 36

Essex. Has decided to cancel the whole impression of Franklin's political works and wait for the additional pieces; has not yet received his remarks upon paper currency; advisability of having the American edition of Mr. Galloway's speech accompany the dialogue on slavery. All letters to and probably from England are opened. Expects Dr. Price's pamphlet out soon.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:251028/

XXXVII, 48. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to the American Commissioners
1777 January 27A.L.S. 4p.XXXVII, 48

Paimboeuf. Eleven officers claiming the right to take passage on the Mercury; cannot take but four; M. Du Coudray the most insistent; refusal of M. Peltier to take him; claims of the Chevalier de [la] Barre; finds his situation very disagreeable.

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

XXXVII, 47. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 27A.L.S. 2p.XXXVII, 47

Paimboeuf. Uneasy lest his adhering strictly to orders and refusing the officers will be misinterpreted.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 40. Buisson de Basseville, Pierre.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 28A.L.S. 1p.V, 40

Quimperle. Desirous of having a post in the service of America; was detained a prisoner for four years in England in the last war and has thereby acquired the English tongue.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 41. Echlin, Henry, 1740-1799.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 28A.L.S. 1p.V, 41

Prison of the Abbaye St. Germain. According to Franklin's instruction, the bearer will wait to receive his orders. Begs him to return the list with whatever he is pleased to join to it.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 38. Golitsyn, Dmitrii Alekseevich, Prince, 1734-1803.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 28A.L.S. 7p.V, 38

The Hague. One of Franklin's most sincere admirers; his love of science his excuse for writing to him. Lays before him certain conclsions he has formed on the subject of electricity; begs to hear frankly whether he approves or disapproves of his ideas. His residence always at the Hague where he is the ambassador of the Empress of Russia. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 7p.

V, 39. Montaudouin de La Touche, J.-G. (Jean-Gabriel), 1722-1780.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 28A.L S. 3p.V, 39

Nantes. Concerning the purchase and equipment of a ship bound for America. Surprised at seeing M. Du Coudray whom he imagined had sailed in the Amphitrite; causes of his return; hopes Franklin will see him at once; lack of circumspection on the part of the agent at Port Louis. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L S. 3p.

V, 44. Dodd, William, 1729-1777.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 29A.L.S. 1p.V, 44

Requesting Franklin to convey the enclosed letter to a worthy young woman in America. Concerning the present struggle; chances of reconciliation.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Works (Sparks, VIII, 199).

V, 43. Ingenhousz, Jan, 1730-1799.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 29A.L.S. 2p.V, 43

Vienna. Entrusted by the Emperor with the erection of conductors upon the gunpowder magazines and some other buildings; Venice has applied to the Emperor for aid in a like matter, and he has been asked to undertake the work. Thinks Father Beccaria is against the use of conductors; would like to prove him wrong. Will journey to Ratisbon about the 12th of April to inoculate the two sons of the reigning Prince of Tour and Taxis, after which would be glad to take a trip to Paris and enjoy Franklin's society.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 42. Lee, Arthur, 1740-1792.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 29A.L.S. 4p.V, 42

Bordeaux. A letter received from London which says that ships are actually sent for the 10,000 Germans; that the English hope for great advantages from dissensions in Pennsylvania and that Burgoyne's destination is changed from Virginia to Boston. Cornwallis's defeat in New Jersey generally credited. Question of lightening the duties on exports and imports to and from the United States. A ship lying at Nantes is costing the Congress $100 freight per month; recommended her immediate sale, which Mr. Morris ought to have seen to long before. Mr. Myrecle's reputed character very bad. Repeated accusations made by the English that the Americans have wantonly hung some Hessian prisoners; thinks Congress should publish an authentic contradiction, that such an infamous imputation shall not go down to posterity. Badness of the roads; does not expect to reach his destination till March.

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

V, 45. Gruel, Jacques-Barthélémy.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 January 30A.L.S. 3p.V, 45

Nantes. Discusses various business matters. Franklin's nephew, Mr. Williams, gave him a little book containing the Articles of Confederation of the thirteen United States of America; read it with great satisfaction. Exchange of civilities. Invitation to visit them at Barbérie. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

V, 46. Barbeu Du Bourg, M. (Jacques), 1709-1779.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 1A.L.S. 1p.V, 46

Paris. MM. Dubourg, Debout and Co. announce their intention of furnishing the Farmers-General with tobacco in exchange for various articles wanted, and implore the favor of Messrs. Franklin, Deane and Lee and the protection of Congress to facilitate their venture. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

LXII, 101. Duportail, Antoine-Jean-Louis Le Bègue de Presle, 1743-1802.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 1A.L.S. 1p.LXII, 101

Pithiviers. Asks for a private interview for M. de Laumoy. They will be ready to embark about the 15th of the month from whichever port is considered best; will be in Paris on Wednesday. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 47. Walpole, Thomas, 1727-1803.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 1A.L.S. 4p.V, 47

London. Concerning the Eric enterprise. Franklin's testimony of Lord Chatham's conduct. States the position of the friends of America in England; their attitude towards the Declaration of Independence.

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Hale's Franklin in France, I, 94.

LXXII, 96. Saint Wast, ----- de. Saint Wast, ----- de, Madame.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 21 p.LXXII, 96

Inviting Franklin and his grandson to dine at his home next Wednesday, February 5. In French

LIII, 32. United States. Continental Congress. Committee of Secret Correspondence.
to the American Commissioners
1777 February 2L.S. 3p.LIII, 32

Baltimore. Severe conditions in America. Vigilance of the British cruisers. New supplies needed. Signed: Benj[amin] Harrison et al.

General physical description: L.S. 3p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Diplom. Corres., Wharton, II, 258.

V, 50. Peters, Richard, 1743-1828.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 3A.L.S. 1p.V, 50

Baltimore. Leaves the enclosed open and begs Franklin if he can to kindly assist him on the subject. Thinks an inquiry would disclose what part of England Mr.Penn is in.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XXXVII, 50. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to the American Commissioners
1777 February 4A.L.S. 3p.XXXVII, 50

Nantes. Concerning his attempts to procure a vessel to be used as a packet boat. The Mercury despatched on the 30th ult.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

LXXV, 21 (OS). United States. Continental Congress.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 5D.S. 1p.LXXV, 21 (OS)

Directing the American Commissioners to procure clothing and other military supplies. (Copy.)

General physical description: D.S. 1p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in part in Journals of the Continental Congress, Phila. [1778], III, 51.

V, 51. Bruni, Thomas-Edmé de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 6A.L.S. 3p.V, 51

Paris. Enclosing a note touching M. de Chaumont's military experience. Expressing a desire to go to America with a friend and serve in the army with a higher rank than that held by him in France. If he no longer desires officers, how about citizens? His friend and himself are no adventurers, but men of fortune and family. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

V, 52. Girardot de Marigny, Jean.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 6L.in 3d P. 1p.V, 52

A friend of his in Holland anxious to know if Mr. Adams of Philadelphia was originally from the Hague. (In French.)

General physical description: L.in 3d P. 1p.

XLII, 49. Thompson, Emma.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777] February 6A.L.S. 2p.XLII, 49

St. Omer. Gossip about old friends in England. Life in St. Omer. Hopes to have a visit from him.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

Other Descriptive Information: Dr. Franklin's answer is printed in Works (Bigelow, VI, 66; Smyth, VII, 23).

XXXVII, 51. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 6A.L.S. 3p.XXXVII, 51

Nantes. Description of a ship which would answer for a packet boat. Awaits with impatience instructions as to his future movements; possible danger in his returning to England. Anxious to serve his country.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

LXXII, 70. Boux, Jacques.
to the American Commissioners
[1777 February 7]1 p.LXXII, 70

Health does not permit him to travel tomorrow to meet with Messrs. Franklin, Deane, and Lee, but he is able to receive them throughout the morning. In French

LXII, 102. Duportail, Antoine-Jean-Louis Le Bègue de Presle, 1743-1802.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 7A.L.S. 1p.LXII, 102

Paris. Asks for an interview. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

LXII, 103. Duportail, Antoine-Jean-Louis Le Bègue de Presle, 1743-1802.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 8A.L.S. 2p.LXII, 103

Paris. Decides to leave for Nantes unless Franklin wishes otherwise; asks for certain necessary instruments; requests an interview to sign the papers. If the papers are made out before hand, a place should be left beside the real names to put the assumed names. M. du Corps is not to know of their departure. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XXXVII, 52. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 8A.L.S. 2p.XXXVII, 52

Nantes. Concerning a possible business connection with Mr. Schweighauser; advantages of an intimate acquaintance in so agreeable a family; likes Nantes very much. Endeavoring to procure lodgings for Mr. Lee.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 54. Stewart, Margaret.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 10A.L.S. 1p.V, 54

Calais. Begging Franklin to lend her fifty pounds, which she promises faithfully to pay on her arrival in Paris; disappointed of money due her in England.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 53. Walpole, Thomas, 1727-1803.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 10L.S. 1p.V, 53

London. Mr. Wharton is unable, in the present unhappy state of affairs in America, to be of any use in the further application to Government for lands on the Ohio river; therefore he has closed his account; concerning Franklin's part in this.

General physical description: L.S. 1p.

V, 55. Shipley, Georgiana, 1756-1806.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 11A.L. 4p.V, 55

London. Writes without her father's knowledge, he deeming it imprudent in the present state of affairs. Franklin's many friends in England. Advises him to read Smith's Wealth of Nations and Gibbon's History of the Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire. Franklin's likeness to Socrates. Description of a new electrical machine invented in Italy.

General physical description: A.L. 4p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Hale's Franklin in France, I, 91.

LXXII, 42. Duportail, Antoine-Jean-Louis Le Bègue de Presle, 1743-1802.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 February 12]1 p.LXXII, 42

Notifies Franklin that he will be home between six and seven o'clock today. In French.

XXXVII, 53. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to the American Commissioners
1777 February 12A.L.S. 2p.XXXVII, 53

Nantes. Reasons which determined M. Peltier to purchase the vessel The Count de Vergennes; expects to despatch her in three weeks.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 56. Wright, Elizabeth.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 13A.L.S. 7p.V, 56

London. A minute account of the case of [Ebenezer Smith] Platt, now a prisoner in Newgate on a charge of high treason committed in America. Through Franklin's influence hopes his friends may be made acquainted with his situation and thereby take some steps towards his acquittal; severities of his imprisonment. Mr.Platt's uncle one of the members of Congress.

General physical description: A.L.S. 7p.

V, 61. Lavallée, Gilles de. Boilau, -----.
to the American Commissioners
1777 February 14A.L.S. 1p.V, 61

Paris. An order to give the bearer certain military belongings of M. Boileau. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 60. Boux, Jacques.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 14A. L. S. 2p.V, 60

Paris. Concerning the Marquis de Bouillé, who, on account of his attachment to him, has determined to go into the service of America and transport all his family thither; his honorable record in the King's service for 42 years; the only condition he makes is that he shall enter the American army with a higher rank than he now holds.

General physical description: A. L. S. 2p.

XLIV, 15. K-----, C----- W-----. H------, J------.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 14A. L. 1p.XLIV, 15

The bearer, I. Patten, was taken prisoner on board the Washington and carried into Pounchmouth from whence he escaped; is a man of valor and sent to Dr. Franklin to ascertain the true state of affairs and it is desired that he return as soon as possible. They assure Dr. Franklin that he has a great many friends in England.

General physical description: A. L. 1p.

V, 58. Lee, Arthur, 1740-1792.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 14A. L. S. 1p.V, 58

Nantes. Informed of the agreement between Mr. Morris and the Farmers General; the price good but the uncertainty of arrivals will continue the same difficulties as regards funds. Du Coudray said to have sailed for St. Domingo.

General physical description: A. L. S. 1p.

V, 59. Osmond, René-Eustache, Marquis d', 1751-1838.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 14L. in 3d P. 1p.V, 59

Has called at the Hotel d'Hambourg many times, but has never been fortunate enough to see Mr. Franklin or Mr. Deane. Begs him to mention an hour when he will be visible. (In French.)

General physical description: L. in 3d P. 1p.

V, 57. Simon, Louis.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 14A.L.S. 2p.V, 57

Marseilles. Is about to fit out and command a new ship bound for the West Indies for purposes of trade; desirous of placing an electrical conductor on his ship, but was informed that the method had not yet been adapted to the navy; begs Franklin to instruct him in such an important part of his discoveries.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 62. Wickes, Lambert.
to the American Commissioners
1777 February 14A. L. S. 3p.V, 62

Port Lewis. Account of his cruise; prizes taken; men wounded; concerning exchange of prisoners. List of vessels and cargoes taken.

General physical description: A. L. S. 3p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Hale's Franklin in France, I, 114.

XXXVII, 54. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 16A.L.S. 1p.XXXVII, 54

Nantes. Leaves it to Franklin's judgement whether to send the enclosed to Mr. Blunt or not. Desires his assistance as to the best way to answer Mr. Alexander's letter.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XXXVII, 55. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to the American Commissioners
1777 February 16A.L.S. 2p.XXXVII, 55

Nantes. Prize taken by an American frigate, supposed to be commanded by Captain Wickes. Concerning the cargo of the vessel The Count de Vergennes. Report of the Americans having gained a great advantage over the English.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 63. Girard, -----, Chevalier de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 17A.L.S. 1p.V, 63

Philippeville. Begging for news of Mr. Penn and asking for directions that he may forward a letter to him. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 64. Wickes, Lambert.
to the American Commissioners
1777 February 19A.L.S. 4p.V, 64

L'Orient. Safe arrival of all his prizes; necessity for repairing his ship. Dishonorable conduct of the captains of the different prizes. Mr. Perrit's ill-will towards him (Wickes). His wounded officers doing well.

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

XXXVII, 56. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 19A.L.S. 2p.XXXVII, 56

Nantes. Desires to know his future movements; takes it for granted that he is not to return to England. Has given up all hope of marrying Miss A[lexander] on account of the war; thinks Miss S[chweighauser] worthy of pursuit.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XXXVII, 57. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to the American Commissioners
1777 February 19A.L.S. 3p.XXXVII, 57

Nantes. The fitting out of the vessel The Count de Vergennes. Prizes taken by Captain Wickes; his heroic behavior. Afraid the arms are not worth having.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

XXXVII, 58. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 20A.L.S. 2p.XXXVII, 58

Nantes. Concerning the disposition of prize ships and their cargoes. English spies everywhere around. Desires to know the truth of the report of the American successes in New Jersey.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 65. Garnauld, J. J..
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 21A.L.S. 2p.V, 65

Paris. Offers of service from the house of M. Meschinet de Richmond et fils at La Rochelle. They have written to the houses in Philadelphia whose addresses Franklin gave them; anxious to enter into business relations with America, whose cause they deem just. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 66. Wickes, Lambert.
to the American Commissioners
1777 February 21A.L.S. 2p.V, 66

L'Orient. Summoned to appear before the Intendant in regard to the destination of the prisoners on board his ship. It was finally agreed to wait till Sunday for Franklin's answer, and then deliver the prisoners to Captain Newman. In receipt of a notice from the Admiralty office to depart the port in 24 hours with all his prizes; this does not tally at all with Franklin's instructions.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 67. Rumsey, Nathan.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 22A.L.S. 2p.V, 67

Nantes. Enclosing an agreeable piece of news. Concerning the prizes taken by Captain Wickes. Captain Pratchell has obtained a summons against himself and Mr. Penet to appear at the first audience and state the reasons for detaining his property.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XXXVII, 59. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to the American Commissioners
1777 February 22A.L.S. 2p.XXXVII, 59

Nantes. Report of English men-of-war cruizing off Brest; has informed Captain Wickes, News of their successes in New Jersey confirmed; eighteen hundred Hessians surprised and taken at Trenton; nine hundred said to have been killed in the action. News of the Spanish fleet.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXI, 136. Coder, Henry, 1738-1780.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 232 p.LXI, 136

Concerning furnishing military stores, arms, ammunition, clothing, etc., to the United States.

LIII, 34. France. Ferme générale.
to the American Commissioners
1777 February 23L. 1p.LIII, 34

Cannot accept proposition made to send vessels with supplies for Congress and bring back the tobacco in their own vessels. Hold to the offer previously made by the Plenipotentiaries of Congress to deliver the tobacco in France at a fixed price. The Farmers-General would advance 2,000,000 (francs or livres) as payment to enable Congress to carry out the contract. (In French.)

General physical description: L. 1p.

V, 68. Breüil, — de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 24L.S. 1p.V, 68

Calais. Having become useless to his Government by the reform of the provincial regiments, is very desirous of taking service in America; desires to know the necessary means to effect this end. (In French.)

General physical description: L.S. 1p.

V, 74. Barry, Amelia Evans.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 25A.L.S. 4p.V, 74

Tunis. Greatest affection for Franklin. Her pleasure at hearing of his arrival in France. Mr. Barry and herself are considering the advisability of putting their little daughter Amelia in a French convent for a few years; chance of seeing him then; news of her other children.

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

V, 70. Bradford, John, 1735-1784.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 25A.L.S. 2p.V, 70

Boston. Concerning the purchase of a set of ballast for the schooner. Goods sent to France. Agreeable news of Franklin's arrival at the Court of France diffused a joy througout the continent. Ever since December 25th they have been gaining advantages over the enemy, who are in a miserable plight. General Howe has irrevocably stained and blasted his character by cruelly treating his prisoners; the Americans too generous to retaliate.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XXXIX, 6. Dumas, Charles-Guillaume-Frédéric, 1721-1796.
to the American Commissioners
1777 February 25A.L.S. 4p.XXXIX, 6

Urges certain precautions in orer that his correspondence with them may remain a secret; advises that the Congress send cargoes of tobacco and rice to Rotterdam. Signed: "St. Jean." (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

V, 69. Guiraut, ------.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 25A.L.S. 2p.V, 69

Bordeaux. A vessel containing three casks of vinegar belonging to him was taken by an American corsair and conducted to the port of L'Orient, where it is held as a prize; being a Frenchman, believes he has the right to reclaim his goods and applies to Franklin to this end. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 71. Lee, Arthur, 1740-1792.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 26A.L.S. 1p.V, 71

Victoria. Concerning the Committee's [of Correspondence] letter to him of October 23d; asks if there is any particular plan relative to Spain.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in R. H. Lee's Life of Arthur Lee, I, 74, also in Diplom. Corres., Wharton, II, 275.

V, 72. Wickes, Lambert.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 26A.L.S. 2p.V, 72

L'Orient. Concerning the extraordinary orders from the Intendant of the port demanding him to leave in 24 hours; ship in sad need of repairs. Expects to run into Nantes and enter a protest. Congratulates him on the victory of Trenton.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Hale's Franklin in France, I, 115.

V, 73. Cooper, Samuel, 1725-1783.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 27A.L. 2p.V, 73

Boston. Happy change in the face of affairs since the 26th of December last. Washington's important services. New levies received. Enemy in sad straits. Attitude of France.

General physical description: A.L. 2p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Hale's Franklin in France, I, 104.

V, 75 (OS). Massachusetts. Council.
to the American Commissioners
1777 February 27A.L.S. 3p.V, 75 (OS)

Boston. Despatch of certain letters. Spirited attitude of Congress. Account of Washington's movements at Trenton and Princeton. Need of assistance from France. Ticonderoga to be strengthened. Position of enemy in Canada. Importance of sending on the fire-arms. Signed: James Bowdoin, President.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Hale's Franklin in France, I, 100.

XXXVII, 60. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to the American Commissioners
1777 February 27A.L.S. 1p.XXXVII, 60

Nantes. In order that they may judge of the quality of the arms, sends a sample of each.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XXXVII, 61. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 27A.L.S. 3p.XXXVII, 61

Nantes. Glad that Franklin approves his desire to settle in France; proposal of a partnership for him by M. Montaudouin. Introducing their countryman, Mr. Jones, who is going to Amsterdam and will take charge of any letters or papers, English frigates cruising off the coast.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

V, 78. Cushing, Thomas, 1725-1788.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 28A.L.S. 1p.V, 78

Boston. Congratulating him on his safe arrival in France, and wishing him success in his negotiations. Need of assistance from France, especially if Great Britain sends any considerable reinforcement to General Howe. Any news from Franklin's part of the world very acceptable.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 79. Cushing, Thomas, 1725-1788.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 28L.S. 3p.V, 79

Boston. Copy of preceding with additional intelligence that the bearer, his son, is employed by the Council of Massachusetts to deliver certain letters to Franklin. Recommends him to Franklin's care and patronage and offers him his services in any employment for the public weal, also recommends his nephew, Mr. Henry Newman, who goes to France in the same vessel.

General physical description: L.S. 3p.

V, 77. Gourlade, Jacques-Alexandre.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 28A.L.S. 1p.V, 77

L'Orient. Gave the letter from Franklin to Lambert Wickes and encloses his answer. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 80. Wickes, Lambert.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 28A.L.S. 2p.V, 80

L'Orient. Finally obtained the consent of the Intendant to remain in the abovementioned port until his ship is repaired. Difficulties he has experienced; thinks it best for Franklin to order him home as soon as possible. All the prizes are gone.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XXXVII, 62. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to the American Commissioners
1777 February 28A.L.S. 2p.XXXVII, 62

Nantes. Four of the prizes sold by Mr. Morris.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 76. Winthrop, John, 1714-1779.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 February 28A.L.S. 2p.V, 76

Cambridge. Great results hoped for from Franklin's abilities and influence at the Court of France; attitude of that nation at the present crisis.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Hale's Franklin in France, I, 106.

XLII, 76. Coder, Henry, 1738-1780.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 February]L.S. 1p.XLII, 76

Reports on the clothing and equipment proposed for the American troops. Recommends a certain type of uniform and makes several suggestions. (In French.)

General physical description: L.S. 1p.

XLII, 77. Coder, Henry, 1738-1780.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 February]L.S. 1p.XLII, 77

Proposes to furnish uniforms for the American troops. Describes and gives cost of each article, which compares favorably with similar articles supplied to the French troops. (In French.)

General physical description: L.S. 1p.

LXXII, 11. Chaulnes, Louis-Marie-Joseph-Romain d'Albert d'Ailly, Duc de, 1741-1792.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 After February 28]1 p.LXXII, 11

Every day of this week is convenient to the Duke. He will take the liberty of asking dinner at Franklin's according for his offer, for Thursday or Friday, and prays that he will choose both.

V, 82. Alexander, William, 1729-1819.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 1A.L.S. 3p.V, 82

Dijon. Arrived safely at Dijon and made the girls happy with the prospect of a visit from Franklin. Suggests to Franklin's grandson that a little absence is a good thing in courtship. Concerning a business matter with Dubourg. Begs Franklin not to leave his papers lying about so loosely; warns him that he is surrounded by spies. Understands that he has been put in the English papers for his visit to Franklin. Will send him M. de Morveaux's book in which the iron and steel is treated.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

V, 81. Bergere, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 1A.L.S. 2p.V, 81

Coligny. Great desire on the part of three of his sons to enter the service of America; applies to Franklin to know if it is true that they will enter the American army with a rank higher than they hold at present. The nobility of Champagne, to which he has the honor to belong, is not rich and therefore he can only pay for his sons' equipment and the cost of the voyage. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XXXVII, 63. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 1A.L.S. 1p.XXXVII, 63

Nantes. Determined to remain in Nantes; partnerships offered him by M. Montaudouin and M. Schweighauser.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 83. Coder, Henry, 1738-1780.
to Benjamin Franklin and Jacques Barbeu-Dubourg
1777 March 2L. 3p.V, 83

Suggesting various plans in which he may be useful to America. Concerning a tax for the clothing and equipment of the troops and the manufacture of raw material. Character of M. de Cairol; cause of his bankruptcy. Project for establishing a depot at St. Domingo. Would not hesitate to leave his mother and his native land to encounter the ferocity of the English if Franklin judges his services would be useful to America. (In French.)

General physical description: L. 3p.

V, 84. Buisson de Basseville, Pierre.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 3A.L.S. 1p.V, 84

Quimperle. Concerning a vessel at L'Orient taken by the Americans and fit to be armed as a privateer; anxious to have the command of it. If this is agreeable to Franklin he must obtain leave of absence for him and a power to engage Frenchmen to go with him.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 85. Wickes, Lambert.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 3A.L.S. 1p.V, 85

L'Orient. His ship ready for necessary repairs.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Hale's Franklin in France, I, 116.

V, 89. Bancroft, Edward, 1744-1821.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 4A.L. 2p.V, 89

Has paid Mr. Hood the twelve guineas; will send Mr. Deane a continuation of his set of monthly reviews; in the last number Franklin will find some further remarks on the Dean of Gloucester's misconduct towards him. Enclosing two letters from Thomas Walpole. Certain people jealous of his being the channel through which Franklin forwards certain letters. Government despatches arrived the night before, but nothing is given out.

General physical description: A.L. 2p.

V, 88. Clifton, Anna Maria, 1740-1811.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 4A.L.S. 1p.V, 88

Philadelphia. Congratulating him on his safe arrival in France; would be glad to be with him in Europe away from the dreadful, terrifying consequence of war.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 87. Grandam, Jean Paul.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 4A.L.S. 1p.V, 87

Bordeaux. A friend of his, aged thirty-two, of good German family, desires to quit France on account of an unfortunate affair and embrace the cause of the Americans. Wishes to know what advantages he can hope for in that country either in the military or civil service. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XXXVII, 64. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 4A.L.S. 3p.XXXVII, 64

Nantes. His business plans; friendship of Mr. Schweighauser and his family.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

XL, 154. Hooper, J..
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 March 4 or Later]A.L.S. 2p.XL, 154

His decision to return to America; begs Franklin to assist him in procuring convenient accommodations on a ship bound for the Continent.

V, 92. Barbier de St. Georges, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 5A.L.S. 2p.V, 92

Carhaix. Stating what his services have been in the French army for twenty-five years; if these services are agreeable to Franklin, begs him to procure him a place in the American cavalry. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 90. Lee, Arthur, 1740-1792.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 5A.L. 1p.V, 90

Burgos. Has been desired to stop at Burgos, which is half-way to Madrid, in order to negotiate with more secrecy; timidity evinced greater than in France. Asks Franklin's opinion about the wisdom of insisting on pushing on to Madrid.

General physical description: A.L. 1p.

V, 91. Walpole, Thomas, 1727-1803.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 5A.L.S. 2p.V, 91

London. Cause of delay in sending the enclosed letter; has at last closed his accounts with his associates in the Ohio purchase. Encloses Franklin's account. The best friends of England only meet to lament its misguidance.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 93. Wickes, Lambert.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 5A.L. 3p.V, 93

L'Orient. Reasons against cruising in the Sound for the Baltic ships; prefers to cruise on the coast of Guinea; difficulties in the way concerning the purchase of the Maurepas. Plan of stationing a swift cutter at Dunkirk; recommends Capt. Hinson for that service. Captian Nicholson deserving of confidence. Officers on parole.

General physical description: A.L. 3p.

V, 95. Bedaulx, Charles-Frédéric, circa 1752-1779 or 1780.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 6A.L.S. 2p.V, 95

Paris. Expects to set out for America on the 8th inst. by order of Mr. Deane. Begs Franklin to recommend him to some of his friends in America; with such an aid cannot fail to be employed with distinction in the service of a country for which he is ready to give up blood and life; his fear of being confounded with officers who have been forced to leave their country.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 94. Rumsey, Nathan.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 6A.L.S. 2p.V, 94

Nantes. Obliged to him for the agreeable news contained in his favor of the 2d inst. Concerning the disposal of the prizes.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XXXVII, 65. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 6A.L.S. 1p.XXXVII, 65

Nantes. Arrival of Major Lutterlob; his expectation of a free passage; desires advice on this point. Assistance rendered the Messrs. Duportail, etc., who sail next day. Begs to know what officers are to go on the vessel The Count de Vergennes.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 97. Alexander, William, 1729-1819.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 7A.L.S. 3p.V, 97

Dijon. Concerning the contract between M. Dubourg and the Farmers General. The risk of the voyage to and from America. Recommends Franklin's friend from South Carolina to Messrs. John Black and Co., Bordeaux. Increase in the circulation of bank paper. The opinion of the Privy Councillor of the Empress of Russia that England will not get a man from that Empire; recruiting goes on heavily in Germany. Sends first volume of M. de Morveaux's Elements of Chemistry.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

V, 96. Morris, Robert, 1734-1806.
to the American Commissioners
1777 March 7A.L.S. 2p.V, 96

Philadelphia. Congress has adjourned from Baltimore to Philadelphia; judges the time improper, as Gen. IIowe is forming another expedition against Philadelphia. Militia lacks clothing; hopes they will negotiate the loan and send out the articles wanted; the produce of America, if it could only be exported freely, would soon discharge the debt.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 98. Wickes, Lambert.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 7L.S. 1p.V, 98

L'Orient. Would be glad of a line from Franklin concerning his further destination; all ready to heave down and only waiting for good weather. If Capt. Nicholson can be spared, the sooner he comes the better. Informed that the Admiralty of Vannes will clear all their prizes out under the French colors.

General physical description: L.S. 1p.

V, 86. Wright, Patience Lovell, 1725-1786.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 7A.L.S. 2p.V, 86

London. Concerning the imprisonment of young Mr. Platt in Newgate for rebellion committed in Savannah, Ga., in 1775 [see V, 56, written by her daughter, Elizabeth Wright]. Her vanity prompts her to believe that she can entertain Franklin if permitted to write to him. Lord Dunmore has just been trying to convince her of the wickedness of the American rebellion and the impudence of Capt. Wickes in capturing the King's ship and selling it at public auction in France.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XLII, 79. Coder, Henry, 1738-1780.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 On or After March 7]A.L. 2p.XLII, 79

Urges Franklin to accept his proposals to furnish supplies for the American troops and to send skilled workmen to repair and keep the equipments and clothing in good condition. Observations on the political situation in England as viewed with relation to the colonies in America. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L. 2p.

V, 99. Elie de Beaumont, Jean-Baptiste-Jacques, 1732-1786.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 8A.L.S. 1p.V, 99

Paris. Introducing his friend M. de Villiers, one of the most honoured members of the "Société d'Emulation." who does not think it possible to put his talents to a more noble or patriotic use than in making a bust of Franklin. Begs him to accord his friend this favor, and for himself desires Franklin's portrait to bang in his library among the friends of their country and humanity. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 100. Rumsey, Nathan.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 8A.L.S. 3p.V, 100

Nantes. Just received confirmation of the affair at Trenton and the particulars of General Lee's being taken, as he will find by the enclosed Gazettes. Numbers of killed and wounded and prisoners. Movements of Congress. General Lee's capture has greatly enraged the populace; General Washington informed the enemy that if General Lee was sent to England he would hereafter give no quarter. Order of Congress for 100 battalions to be enlisted for three years.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

XXXVII, 66. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to the American Commissioners
1777 March 8A.L.S. 1p.XXXVII, 66

Nantes. Concerning the purchase of M. Montieu's muskets. Sale of Captain Soakly's brig recommended by Mr. Schweighauser.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XXXVII, 67. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 8A.L.S. 2p.XXXVII, 67

Nantes. Eagerness of many persons to fit out privateers; if Franklin can give cruising commissions, could soon have several at sea; if it is necessary to have an American present in any such enterprise, offers his services. News from America; capture of Gen. Lee true; details of their successes in New Jersey.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 101. Elie de Beaumont, Jean-Baptiste-Jacques, 1732-1786.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 9A.L.S. 1p.V, 101

Paris. Introducing M. de Champigny, an officer of distinction and nephew of a man held in high esteem in years past, who wishes to lay before Franklin certain views which may be useful. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 103. Platt, Ebenezer Smith.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 10A.L.S. 2p.V, 103

Newgate, London. Starting certain details which were not thought proper to be inserted in his case. Ineffectual efforts to obtain a trial; chances for and against his being set free.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 102. Wright, Elizabeth.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 10A.L.S. 2p.V, 102

Concerning the case of young Mr.Platt; his efforts to obtain a trail; Lord Mansfield's opinion that if he should petition the King and take the oath of allegiance he would be set at liberty; the petition has been written and signed; her fear that they might have urged the young man to do wrong; wishes there had been time to consult Franklin.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XXXIX, 7. Dumas, Charles-Guillaume-Frédéric, 1721-1796.
to the American Commissioners
1777 March 11A.L.S. 3p.XXXIX, 7

Congratulating them on the American success in New Jersey; troubled at the capture of the brave General Lee. Memoir presented to the King by the English Ambassador, demanding the punishment of the Governor of St. Eustache for favoring the Americans, and ordering that the sale of arms to them shall cease. Recommends the sending of American news to the French Gazette of Leiden. Signed: "St. Jean." (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

V, 104. Morris, Thomas, 1750-1778.
to the American Commissioners
1777 March 11A.L.S. 1p.V, 104

Nantes. Informing him of the safe arrival of the ship Jenifer in 35 days from Baltimore with despatches for him, which the bearer, Captain Hammond, will deliver.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 105. Penet, Pierre.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 11A.L.S. 3p.V, 105

Nantes. The bearer, Mr. Rumsey, accompanies Capt. Hammond to Paris with letters from the Secret Committee at Philadelphia. All the transactions confided to him have been carried out with the greatest exactitude. Mr. Thomas Morris busy from morning to night. The sale of prizes at L'Orient conducted with prudence and discretion. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

XXXVII, 68. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 11 XXXVII, 68

Nantes. Account of the business he proposes to enter into with Mr. Schweinghauser; begs Franklin to write a line to him relative to the proposed connection; flatters himself that the want of a proper establishment is the sole objection to a still closer union.

XXXVII, 69. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to the American Commissioners
1777 March 11A.L.S. 1p.XXXVII, 69

Nantes. Business connected with loading the vessel The Count de Vergennes. Arrival of a little schooner express from Congress; the Captain and Mr. Rumsey gone to Paris. Rumor that General Washington has cut off the English retreat in New Jersey.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 107. Barbeu Du Bourg, M. (Jacques), 1709-1779.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 12A.L.S. 1p.V, 107

Begging him to send by bearer the original treaty between the Farmers-General and himself, which he forgot, and which he has actual need of. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 106. Lee, Arthur, 1740-1792.
to Benjamin Franklin and Silas Deane
1777 March 12A.L.S. 3p.V, 106

Victoria. Greatly elated over the joyful intelligence enclosed; the militia so exasperated by the past cruelty of the enemy that they fought with irresistible fury; afraid Gen. Lee is a prisoner; loss sustained by the enemy; upwards of a thousand of the prisoners in New York have died of famine and cruel treatment; destruction by these "Saracen invaders" of the philosophical apparatus at Princeton. Awaiting the arrival of Count de Grimaldi with news from the Court. Means he has taken to publish an account of the late intelligence in various countries, especially among the German troops. Considers Holland has broken her strict neutrality by agreeing to let the mercenaries, notoriously hired to desolate the States of America, have a passage. If Mr. Deane should go to Amsterdam, advises him to be on his guard against Mr. Paul Wentworth.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

V, 108. Wilkinson, William.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 12L. in 3d P. 1p.V, 108

Paris. Informing Dr. Franklin that he knows a gentleman going to London who may be depended on to carry any letters there carefully; if Dr. Franklin will state when the letters will be ready, he will call for them himself.

General physical description: L. in 3d P. 1p.

V, 109. Baud, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 13A.L.S. 1p.V, 109

Paris. A person, concerning whom M. le due de la Rochefoucauld could furnish information, desired him to make certain propositions to Franklin which he believes would cause him pleasure; requests the honor of an interview. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 110. Wickes, Lambert.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 13A.L.S. 1p.V, 110

L'Orient. Extraordinary orders he has just received from the Commissary of the above port to get his ship cleaned, put everything on board and leave immediately and not to enter any French port again. Wishes to know the meaning of this order and how he is to proceed.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

LIII, 36. France. Ferme générale.
to the American Commissioners
1777 March 15L. 3p.LIII, 36

Are now ready to make and sign the contract with the Commissioners from Congress on the basis of the latter's offer to deliver to the Farmers-General, in France, 4,000 bales of tobacco at a net price of 8 francs per pound. The Farmers-General will advance 2,000,000 francs as payment. Cite the articles of agreement. (In French.)

General physical description: L. 3p.

XLV, 113b. Paulze, Jacques, 1721-1794.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 15A.L. in 3d P.XLV, 113b

Paris. Sending Franklin a draft of the contract proposed by M. Grand. If Franklin and his colleague approve the provisions thereof, they are requested to notify M. Paulze. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L. in 3d P.

V, 111. Small, Alexander, 1710-1794.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 15A.L.S. 2p.V, 111

St. Philips, Minorca. Thinks Britain is hurting herself by an enormous increase of her debt, but considers the war a just scourge on America for her excessive luxury and dissipation, which will be checked now before too late. Paper he has written and sent to Sir J. Pringle on the ventilation of hospitals; will send Franklin a copy and begs him to put the finishing touches to it.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 112. Wickes, Lambert.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 15L.S. 2p.V, 112

L'Orient. Concerning the proceedings against him of Mr. Gonnett, Commissary of the Port; desires Franklin's instructions; his anxiety to leave a place where he has received such treatment; no conduct on his part has merited such behavior.

General physical description: L.S. 2p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Hale's Franklin in France, I, 119.

V, 114. Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 16A.L.S. 2p.V, 114

Paris. Emboldened by a desire of glory and a wish to be serviceable to a nation fighting for her liberty, he and his brother have decided to go to Boston and offer thier services. His rank as major, his youth, good-will, health and enthusiasm, all the recommendations he has; if he cannot get the rank of colonel he will take the field as a volunteer.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 113. Lee, Arthur, 1740-1792.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 16A.L.S. 2p.V, 113

Vittoria. In receipt of an answer through the Duke of Grimaldi; the reasons for wishing him not to come to Madrid are insuperable; amount of aid Spain is willing to render the Colonies. Arranging with the house of Gardoqui for three vessels of supplies to be despatched as soon as possible. Reports of Gen. Washington's offer to exchange three Hessian officers. The Duke of Grimaldi's opinion relative to the Americans' right to demand vessels betrayed to England, and to Holland's right to give the German mercenaries a passage through their country.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:320208/

V, 115. Gastebois, ------.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 17A.L.S. 2p.V, 115

Lausanne. In receipt of a letter from the Duc de Duras, who informs him that he asked Franklin for two companies for his (Gastebois') two sons, and that Franklin inquired if they spoke English; at this precise moment they do not, but promises that they shall speak it in three months, if that is the only obstacle; his sons worthy of Franklin's protection. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 116. Debrissac de Saxey, —.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 18L.S. 1p.V, 116

Saint Quentin. Congratulating himself on the happpiness of meeting Franklin during his last stay in Paris; reminds him of his promise to give them orders when he receives his commissions from America. The pleasure he derives from Franklin's success and prosperity.

General physical description: L.S. 1p.

XXXVII, 70. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to the American Commissioners
1777 March 18A.L.S. 2p.XXXVII, 70

Nantes. Shipping news.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 117. Morris, Thomas, 1750-1778.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 19A.L.S. 2p.V, 117

Nantes. Presumes by this time Franklin has received the sundry despatches from America by Captain Hammond; will be greatly obliged for any intelligence Franklin may think proper to communicate. Arrival of the ship Versailles, 40 days from Boston, which brought the enclosed letter; very important that it be safely delivered as directed. Report of Gen. Howe having sent a flag of truce to General Washington, requesting a cessation of arms for a few days.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 119. Barbeu Du Bourg, M. (Jacques), 1709-1779.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 21A.L.S. 1p.V, 119

Paris. Begs him to accord an audience to the Baron de Fray whose demands are very reasonable and his offers of service very important.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 120. Baudin, François.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 21A.L.S. 3p.V, 120

St. Martin, Isle de Re. Writes to offer his services in the above-mentioned isle, which by its position is suitable for a market of commodities. The excellent quality of the brandy made in the island. Begs Franklin for some orders; asks only the ordinary commission. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

V, 118. Gordon, William, 1728-1807.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 21A.L.S. 1pV, 118

J[amaica] P[lain, Massachusetts]. Troubles him with a packet for their friend, Dr. Price; asks him to peruse the letters and papers before forwarding; wished to put both parties out of conceit with Mr.Hutchinson, a man whose only supporters should be "two upright posts with one across it". Continental lottery likely to succeed. Ten thousand would probably go off in Massachusetts very soon.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p

LXXII, 44. Würmser, Christian-Louis, Baron de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 221 p.LXXII, 44

Wurmser, lieutenant general of the armies of the king, asks Franklin to give him a hearing tomorrow , Sunday, March 23, for five minutes. He will see him at tomorrow at Passy between 10 and 11 o'clock in the morning. In French.

LXXII, 49. Würmser, Christian-Louis, Baron de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 231 p.LXXII, 49

An affair of importance prevents the Baron from going to Franklin's home this morning. He asks if they can meet in the evening at seven for a five-minute interview. In French.

LXX, 102. Germany, Girardot, et Cie.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 24N. in 3d P. 1p.LXX, 102

Request Dr. Franklin to send them his reply to a letter from Strasbourg which they received for him. (In French.)

General physical description: N. in 3d P. 1p.

LXXI, 30. La Rochefoucauld d'Enville, Louis-Alexandre, Duc de, 1743-1792.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 March 25]A.N. in 3d P. 1p.LXXI, 30

Sending Dr. Franklin the translation of the New Constitution of Delaware. (In French).

V, 122. Morris, Robert, 1734-1806.
to the American Commissioners
1777 March 25A.L.S. 2p.V, 122

Philadelphia. Commanded by Congress to transmit copies of their resolve of the 13th inst. to their ministers and agents abroad; many gentlemen in the service of America useless, owing to ignorance of the language; thinks this the best means to save others the charge and trouble of the voyage as well as the mortification of being disappointed.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XXXVII, 73. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 25A.L.S. 2p.XXXVII, 73

Nantes. Extremely uneasy at not hearing from him relative to Mr. Schweighauser's proposals; afraid his silence will create an unfavorable impressian. Beset with politicians who are forever asking for news. Arrival of an order from the English Ambassador which would have obliged Major Lutterloh's return to his regiment had he not already embarked.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XXXVII, 74. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to the American Commissioners
1777 March 25A.L.S. 2p.XXXVII, 74

Nantes. Arrival of supplies for the vessel The Comte de Vergennes; officers applying for passage; desires instructions as to answering them.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXXII, 30. Caffieri, Jean-Jacques, 1725-1792.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 261 p.LXXII, 30

Inquiring to see what day Franklin will want him to give the last session. In French.

V, 123. La Rochefoucauld d'Enville, Louis-Alexandre, Duc de, 1743-1792.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 26A.L.S. 2p.V, 123

Paris. Begs Franklin to cast his eyes over the translation of the Constitution of Delawarc and send it to him at Rouen, with the corrections, so that it may be published on his return; if he has a copy of the Constitution of Maryland begs him to send it also; he will translate that as well as the Constitution of Virginia. Inquires if he has heard whether the different Colonies have accepted at Act of Confederation just as it is or with changes. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XXXVII, 75. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 27A.L.S. 1p.XXXVII, 75

Nantes. Concerning a plan proposed to him by M. Dubourg; referred him to Franklin; would first wish to know Franklin's opinion of Mr. Schweighuser's proposals.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XXXVII, 76. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to the American Commissioners
1777 March 27A.L.S. 2p.XXXVII, 76

Nantes. Concerning the increase in the cargo of the vessel The Comte de Vergennes.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 126. Jousserant, — de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 28A.L.S. 1p.V, 126

Route de Bordeaux. Offering his services to the colonies; his experience as assistant major of grenadiers. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 124. Morris, Robert, 1734-1806.
to the American Commissioners
1777 March 28L. 4p.V, 124

Philadelphia. General Howe's army in the Jerseys inactive and greatly distressed for want of forage and fresh provisions; thinks they will not be content with their situation much longer; desertions frequent. The summing up of what General Washington has done with an army half the size of the enemy's and consisting chiefly of raw militia. The bad results attending short enlistments; Congress busy reforming their systems respecting the army; this being done, has great hopes for the summer, especially if Franklin effects a European war to employ the British navy. Possibility of General Howe attacking Philadelphia; if he does get it, prophesies that it will prove his ruin. (Copy.)

General physical description: L. 4p.

V, 125. Tissot, François-Léonard-Pierre-Auguste, 1732-1810.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 28A.L.S. 1p.V, 125

Geneva. Expressing his sincere appreciation of the conversation he had with Franklin; if Franklin's sons should visit the country where he is at present, he would like to show his appreciation fo thier relationship to such a great man. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 127. Alexander, William, 1729-1819.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 29A.L.S. 2p.V, 127

Dijon. A story is current that the British ministry have applied to France to have Mr. Deane delivered up, on the pretext that he was concerned in the burning of Portsmouth; proves, by quoting a precedent, that they do not need to comply with this request.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XXXVII, 77. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 29A.L.S. 1p.XXXVII, 77

Nantes. Application for a passage to America by Captain Paddack who will also serve as a pilot.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XXXVII, 78 (OS). Williams, Jonathan, 1719-1796.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 29A.L.S. 1p.XXXVII, 78 (OS)

Boston. All well and in good spirits in spite of the war. His son John anxious to go to France and see his brother, who might help him to some employ.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 130. Cooper, Samuel, 1725-1783.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 30A.L. 4p.V, 130

Boston. Anxious to hear from Franklin. Welcome arrival of arms, powder, woolens, etc., from France. Burning of some stores left at Peekskill by the enemy. Account of skirmish not far from Amboy, the enemy retreating with a loss of 500 killed, wounded and taken. Gen. Washington thinks it probable that Philadelphia will be attacked and a considerable part of the army in Canada will come down the St. Lawrence river to join him. Expects Washington will soon be able to take the field with an adequate force. Price of everything greatly advanced. Lottery tickets have a surprisingly rapid sale. Cruelties perpetrated by the enemy have increased the numbers and zeal on their side. France cannot long avoid a war with Britain; she never had a fairer opportunity for taking a decisive part. Sends this by Mr. Cushing, a young man much esteemed at home, who goes to France on business.

General physical description: A.L. 4p.

V, 129. Deane, Silas, 1737-1789.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 30A.L.S. 1p.V, 129

Enclosing a letter from Mr. Williams which appears to have been opened. Reminds him of the letter and deposition for Lord Stormont and the memorial for the Portugal Ambassador.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 131. Arrenberg, Reinier, 1733-1812.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 March 31A.L.S. 2p.V, 131

Rotterdam. In his quality of 2d Secretary of the Physical Society at Rotterdam he has long wanted to send Franklin the two volumes of the Actes de la Société. In his character of journalist is anxious to know some one who can give him some news of America. Holland's interest in and sympathy with America renders it necessary to procure real American news; willing to pay such a person well. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 132 (OS). Massachusetts. Council.
to the American Commissioners
1777 March 31L.S. 3p.V, 132 (OS)

Boston. Copy of letter V, 75. They have employed Mr. Thos. Cushing, Jr., to carry three letters to him from the Secret Committee and to await his orders. Signed: James Bowdoin, President.

General physical description: L.S. 3p.

XLII, 125. Le Veillard, Louis Guillaume, 1733-1794.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 March]1 p.XLII, 125

Passy. Sending Franklin a request from Mme. Brillon; urges him to spend Saturday with her. (In French.)

LXXI, 95b. Wilkinson, William.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 March]N. in 3d P. 1p.LXXI, 95b

Paris. Requests Dr. Franklin to send him the letter for Nantes, as he is about to leave Paris for the place.

General physical description: N. in 3d P. 1p.

V, 133. Penet, Pierre.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 1A.L.S. 1p.V, 133

Nantes. Announcing the arrival of two ships; will forward any letters there may be for him. Mr. Williams still at Nantes; according to instructions, continues to pay him all the money that he asks for. His interest and zeal in the service. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 134. Ingenhousz, Jan, 1730-1799.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 2A.L.S. 2p.V, 134

Vienna. Franklin's letters delayed. Sets out for Ratisbon on April 12 and will remain there with the Prince of Taxis during May and a part of June; his plan to go from there to Holland, England and France, if his Royal mistress permits; his desire to see Franklin; the Emperor's departure for Paris is a convincing proof of a peaceful disposition among the European powers.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 135. La Barberie, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 2A.L.S. 2p.V, 135

Paris. Reminds Franklin of his promise to give his son some letters of recommendation should he enter the service of the Colonies; the young man expects to leave with M. de Galvan, and he would count it a real kindness if Franklin would procure for him the acquaintance of his friends. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XXXVII, 79. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to the American Commissioners
1777 April 2A.L.S. 2p.XXXVII, 79

Nantes. Arrival from Boston of Captain Adams who has set off with his packets for Paris. Has begun the inventory.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 138. Burdett, Peter Pever.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 5A. L. S. 3p.V, 138

Rastatt. Wrote Franklin on his arrival in France at the particular request of their Highnesses, the Prince and Princess of Baden; imagines the letter never reached him. Is himself a strong well-wisher for the Amercian cause; has inspired a certain officer in the service of his Serene Highness with a strong desire of embarking on the American side; his friend's fitness for the work; recommends him to Franklin. Would be unwilling to have all the subject of this letter known to his Prince.

General physical description: A. L. S. 3p.

V, 137. Feutry, Aimé Ambroise Joseph, 1720-1789.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 5A. L. 2p.V, 137

Will call on Franklin the next day; outlines of a letter which he begs Franklin to write to Madame Hubert in his (Feutry's) favor, containing a request for an interview with M. Necker. (In French.)

General physical description: A. L. 2p.

LXII, 84. Montée, ------.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 5A. L. S. 1p.LXII, 84

Request for his son to enter the American army. (In French.)

General physical description: A. L. S. 1p.

V, 140. Alexander, William, 1729-1819.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 7A. L. S. 8p.V, 140

Dijon. The bearer of this is M. de Montarché, formerly Intendant of St. Domingo. Encloses his answer to M. Dubourg with his contract; if he goes into the affair, mentions the terms he would be willing to accept and his reasons for it. Story of a new treaty being arranged between France and Britain. Discusses the absurd habit of the commanders of fleets engaging in the center of their squadron, where they can neither see nor know what passes at any distance. "American plan of debauching seamen to carry in ships" explained in Lloyd's book. Has seen his correspondence with Lord Howe in the English papers and likes it much. Compares loss by sickness and desertion in ancient and modern warfare. His views on the opening campaign in America.

General physical description: A. L. S. 8p.

V, 141. Boux, Jacques.
to the American Commissioners
1777 April 7A.L.S. 3p.V, 141

Concerning the building of certain ships; advantages of the port of L'Orient. Strict espionage maintained on every side by the Marshal's Court. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

V, 139. Feutry, Aimé Ambroise Joseph, 1720-1789.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 7A. L. S. 1p.V, 139

Paris. Sending him a copy of various mémoirs relating to instruments of war. His pleasure in knowing a great man like the Marquis de Puységur, Lieutenant-General; the Count d'Heronville honors him likewise with his kind interest. (In French.)

General physical description: A. L. S. 1p.

V, 142. Feutry, Aimé Ambroise Joseph, 1720-1789.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 8A.L.S. 1p.V, 142

Paris. Sending Franklin a dozen of his new fables which appeared with twenty others in the second volume of his "d'Opuscules poetiques et philologiques". Considers the day he met Franklin the happiest of his life. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

LXII, 78. Mazancourt, Jean-Baptiste-François-Joseph, Chevalier de.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 April 8]L. in 3d P. 1p.LXII, 78

Requests to enter the American service, with suitable rank. (In French.)

General physical description: L. in 3d P. 1p.

LXXI, 5. Mazancourt, Victoire-Thérèse Hardouin de Beaumois, Comtesse de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 8N. in 3d P. 1p.LXXI, 5

Paris. Requesting him to appoint a time when she and her brother-in-law. Chevalier de Marancourt, can see him about an important matter. (In French.)

General physical description: N. in 3d P. 1p.

V, 143. Rybot, Charles.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 8A.L.S. 1p.V, 143

Paris. Did not imagine Franklin would have hesitated to pay him the trifling sum he disbursed for Mr. Wood; is aware he has no immediate claim upon him, but as a man of known integrity did not think Franklin would let him (Rybot) be a sufferer by an act from which he reaped the benefit.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XXXVII, 80. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 8A.L.S. 2p.XXXVII, 80

Nantes. Any business thrown in the way of Williams and Co. will be carefully executed. With regard to the alderman, perhaps that might be made agreeable on all sides by his joining them in the business of Franklin's contracts, especially as he hears Mr.Morris is engaged with Mr.Gruel and M. Penet. Concerning a passage for M. de Chantay. The Public Advertiser and the London Evening Post ordered regularly sent to Congress; the former strictly for the Government; the latter strongly against it.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 145. Butor, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 9A.L.S. 1p.V, 145

Saint-Savin. Recommending a distinguished officer for service in America; wishes to know what rank Congress will allow him. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 144. Georgel, Jean-François, 1731-1813.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 9A.L. in 3d P.V, 144

Paris. Introduces himself as a member of the household of Prince Louis de Rohan, and ex-minister to the Court of Vienna. Begs Franklin's good offices on behalf of a young man of noble family and fine education who desires to enter the American army. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L. in 3d P.

LXXI, 69. Suard, J. B. A. (Jean Baptiste Antoine), 1734-1817.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 9N. in 3d P. 1p.LXXI, 69

Paris. Sending a letter received from M.Arrenberg of Rotterdam. (In French.)

General physical description: N. in 3d P. 1p.

VI, 78. Barbeu Du Bourg, M. (Jacques), 1709-1779.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 April 10]A.L.S. 2p.VI, 78

Paris. Sends him a letter so carefully sealed, that he cannot tear the first envelope without destroying the second; does not know Mr. Thomson's address; begs Franklin to forward it to him. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 147. Maucherie, ----- de la.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 12A.L. in 3d P.V, 147

Desires the honor of his presence after the meeting of the Academy; awaits this favor as the Israelites awaited the manna from heaven. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L. in 3d P.

V, 146. Whitehurst, John, 1713-1788.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 12A.L.S. 1p.V, 146

Derby. Miss Moresby, for whom Franklin so kindly applied to Mr. West, is now at a loss for an introduction; would esteem it a singular favor if Franklin would do her that friendly office.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XXXVII, 81. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 12A.L.S. 3p.XXXVII, 81

Nantes. Suggestions as to shipping goods to America.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

V, 148. Gailhard, — de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 13L.S. 3p.V, 148

Pamiers. His son forced by reduction of pay to quit the French army; applies to Franklin to get him a position in the American army; hopes much from Franklin's kindness and magnanimity. (In French.)

General physical description: L.S. 3p.

V, 151. Conway, Françoise-Antoinette-Jeanne Langlois du Bouchet, Comtesse de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 14A.L.S. 1p.V, 151

Ville d'Avray. Is just learning to read and write in English; begs him to mention when she can pay her respects to him; is the wife of [General] Thomas Conway who departed in the Amphitrite to aid his brother Americans.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 149. Court de Gébelin, Antoine, 1725-1784.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 14A.L.S. 3p.V, 149

Paris. Takes the liberty to recommend M. Guez, of Lausannc, son of a famous surgeon; would introduce him himself, but he is engaged in preparing his fifth volume of the "Monde Primitif," so his brother-in-law will replace him; also recommends M. Pierre Dutilh, of Bordeaux, who would be extremely flattered to be honored with commissions. Sends him the fourth volume of the "Monde Primitif," for which he was kind enough to subscribe. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

V, 150. Veron, Paul.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 14L.S. 2p.V, 150

Paris. Concerning an important letter which Monsieur Mouge, of Beaune, requested him to put into Franklin's own hand, but that is impossible as he is ignorant of his address; will send it to Monsieur Grand, whom he hears knows Franklin, with a request to deliver it to him. (In French.)

General physical description: L.S. 2p.

V, 153. Rumsey, Nathan.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 15A.L.S. 2p.V, 153

Nantes. Arrival of the dispatches by Mr. Cunningham. Has his faults and perhaps they are conspicuous; doubts not but his enemies have made a handle of them to rob him of Franklin's esteem; still desirous to serve his native land; hopes his general behavior will be such as to merit again Franklin's approbation.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXXI, 99a. Sarsfield, Guy-Claude, Comte de, 1718-1789.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 15A.L. 2p.LXXI, 99a

[Paris]. Sending two gazettes and requesting him to return them when he sends for the others. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L. 2p.

V, 154. Wickes, Lambert.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 15A.L.S. 2p.V, 154

Nantes. Arrived at Nantes; found the cutter a fine stout vessel; what guns she will be mounted with; has engaged already nine Americans for seamen, hopes in seven days she will be ready to launch; will then return to L'Orient; thinks it would strengthen their little squadron if Captain Johnston of the Lexington could join them; recommends the giving of the King's pass to all persons who come from Paris with despatches, in order to avoid delays; would not be at Nantes yet had they not forced the post-boys to proceed by threats and beatings.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XXXVII, 82. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 15A.L.S. 1p.XXXVII, 82

Nantes. Begging his opinion on the enclosed articles drawn up by Mr. Schweighauser.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XLI, 194. Desegray, ------.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777] April 16L. in 3d P. 1p.XLI, 194

Sending the enclosed letter. (In French.)

V, 155. Franquelin, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 16A.L.S. 2p.V, 155

Paris. Requesting to see Franklin that he may learn if they are descendants of the same family. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

Other Descriptive Information: Translation in Hale's Franklin in France, I, 146.

V, 156. Pellion, Louis Gioanetti.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 16A.L.S. 3p.V, 156

Turin. No infidelity to his own King (of Servia) is the cause of his desire to serve the American cause, but a hope that by experience and travel he will be more worthy of his Sovereign. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

LX, 95. Raup-Baptestin, A.-J. (Antoine-Joseph), 1747-1827.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 16A.L.S. 1p.LX, 95

Requests an interview about a project for advancing the knowledge of sciences and arts in the United States. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 158. Basserode, Jean-Baptiste-Guillaume Leprévôt, Chevalier de, 1724-1795.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 17A.L.S. 1p.V, 158

Tonnay-Charente. His desire to enter the American army; begs Franklin to obtain permission from the King for him to leave the country for several years and also to pay his pension to his wife during his absence; if his services are accepted, wishes to know what treatment he may expect; thinks his past services entitle him to demand the rank of Lieutenant-colonel. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 157. Feutry, Aimé Ambroise Joseph, 1720-1789.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 17A. L. 1p.V, 157

Had the pleasure of sending him some memoirs the day before; when his other works, which number seven to eight volumes, are ready will have the honor of sending them to him. (In French.)

General physical description: A. L. 1p.

V, 159. Brahm, François de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 20A.L.S. 2p.V, 159

Coblenz. His son, once an officer in the services of the Elector of Treves, is now a captain of artillery in the American army; his leave of absence was only for two years, and he has written to the Elector for an extension, which is here enclosed with letters from his family, which he begs Franklin to forward with all speed. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 160. Feutry, Aimé Ambroise Joseph, 1720-1789.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 20A.L.S. 1p.V, 160

Paris. Had the honor of sending Franklin a part of his feeble productions, and in return receives Franklin's scientific works, an advantageous exchange for him. Awaits from Flanders his "Choix d'Histories Morales" and his "Mémoires de la Court d'Auguste," to lay at Franklin's feet. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 161. Bragelonne, -----, de Filley de la Barre.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 21A.L.S. 2p.V, 161

Bordeaux. Invention he has made of a new gun-carriage; encloses a memoir with a full description of it; has other propositions to make more advantageous to America. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXI, 100. Bragelonne, -----, de Filley de la Barre.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 April 21]Mem. 3p.LXI, 100

Bordeaux. Advantages of a new gun-carriage proposed to Franklin for use in the war with England. (In French.)

General physical description: Mem. 3p.

XLIV, 225. La Rochefoucauld d'Enville, Louis-Alexandre, Duc de, 1743-1792.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 April 21]A.L. in 3d P. 2p.XLIV, 225

Requests the return of the translation of the Constitution of Virginia, in order that he may make some corrections, and to send him the continuation of the Constitution of Maryland. (In French).

V, 162. Sowden, Benjamin Choyce.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 21A.L.S. 3p.V, 162

Rotterdam. Is minister of the English Presbyterian church at Rotterdam; knows many of Franklin's friend there. Writes this to ask permission to send his letters to the Rev. Mr. Gordon of Jamaica Plain, directed to Franklin's care; will leave them open in case he may want to read them, Offers to forward any letters for Franklin to friends in England by a safe and secret conveyance.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

XXXVII, 83. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 22A.L.S. 1p.XXXVII, 83

Nantes. Concerning a passage for Mr. Hood; desires to know if he is to assist him with cash.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 163. Cauffman, Joseph, 1755-1778.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 23A.L.S. 4p.V, 163

Vienna. Was born in Philadelphia and sent abroad to study, particularly medicine at the University of Vienna; his desire to serve his country; sends the enclosed attestations to prove his proficiency in anatomy and surgery; if Franklin thinks he could be of use in the army as a surgeon, is ready to return to his native land at once; remittances from his father delayed by the war; desires to know what he can do. Many Austrian officers desirous of entering the army, providing they could get some intelligence of the treatment they would receive.

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

LXXII, 45. Sarsfield, Jacques-Hyacinthe, Vicomte de.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777] April 251 p.LXXII, 45

Asks kindly if he could have the honor of seeing Franklin at Passy tomorrow, Saturday at 4 o'clock or Sunday at noon. In French.

V, 164. Vautravers, Jean-Rodolphe.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 25A.L.S. 1p.V, 164

Passy. Called to inform him what steps he has taken since their last interview. Goes to Versailles for a day or two on business; his ladies leave Paris the next week on account of Mrs. Valltravers' health.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 165. Wickes, Lambert.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 25A.L.S. 2p.V, 165

L'Orient. Captain Johnston's arrival at Nantes; order from the Commissary for him to quit L'Orient in twenty-four hours; will meet Johnston at St. Auzean; three British ships of war cruising in the bay. Arrival of prize sloop loaded with fruit and wine taken by Capt. Thompson of the bring Rising States from Boston.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Hale's Franklin in France, I, 120.

LXII, 36. Duparquet, Jean-Annet Chabreu.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 26A.L.S. 2p.LXII, 36

St. Esprit, Languedoc. Request to enter American army, if given a suitable rank. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 167. Feutry, Aimé Ambroise Joseph, 1720-1789.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 26A.L. in 3d P.V, 167

Paris. Asking Franklin to accept the accompanying work; will certainly appear on Sunday in answer to his gracious invitation. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L. in 3d P.

V, 166. Saintmartin, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 26A.L.S. 4p.V, 166

Bordeaux. A long account concerning four bills of exchange drawn on Mr.Thomas Morris, one of the Commissioners of Congress, which he refuses to pay; begs Franklin to use his influence in the matter. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

V, 168. Bachelier, Jean-Jacques, 1724-1806.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 27A.L.S. 1p.V, 168

M. Parens expects them at Sèvres for dinner on Monday, April 28; begs him to inform M. Le Ray de Chaumont of this. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

V, 169. Eyraut, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 27A.L.S. 2p.V, 169

Nantes. Begging Franklin to procure him a place on some battle-ship; knows America, having made frequent voyages there; will not tire Franklin with details; Monsieur Flamenque will explain in a few words what sort of a man he is. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LI, 24. Feutry, Aimé Ambroise Joseph, 1720-1789.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 27A.L.S. 2p.LI, 24

Passy. Verses, in praise of Franklin, to be put underneath his portrait. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 170. Wickes, Lambert.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 27A.L.S. 3p.V, 170

L'Orient. Mutiny among his people; will desert unless paid immediately on their arrival at Nantes. Ordered by Mr. Gonnett to leave L'Orient. Recommends Mr. Gourlade to Franklin's particular notice; his confidence in his integrity.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Hale's Franklin in France, I, 121.

XXXVII, 84. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 28A.L.S. 1p.XXXVII, 84

Nantes. Returned the articles to Mr. Schweighauser for the additions suggested; wishes Franklin to send them to Mr. Alexander, in whose sagacity he has the greatest confidence.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XXXVII, 85. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to the American Commissioners
1777 April 28A.L.S. 2p.XXXVII, 85

Nantes. Sailing of the Thérèse. Prizes captured by a privateer from Boston commanded by Captain Thompson. Recommends renewing the lease of the magazine and outhouses.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXII, 117a. Senneville, -----, Marquise de Gérente de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 April 30A.L.S. 3p.LXII, 117a

Chateau de Vincennes. Asks his protection for an officer who wishes to enter the American service, also for news of his relative, Chevalier D'Anmours, who had letters to Philadelphia. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

VI, 1. Roberdeau, Daniel, 1727-1795.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 1A.L.S. 1p.VI, 1

Philadelphia. Being one of the Committee for Foreign Applications, paid immediate attention to Franklin's recommendation of Chevalier de Mauduit du Plessis, and through the favor of Congress, procured him a commission as captain of artillery, and on his arrival he was forwarded at once to General Washington. Death of his dear Mrs. Roberdeau has been such a source of affliction that he will not attempt to send any news.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

VI, 2. Hartley, David, circa 1731-1813.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 2A.L.S. 2p.VI, 2

London. Impossibility of reconciliation between Great Britain and America on the terms proposed; possibility of establishing peace; the admission of American independence an absolutely necessary preliminary.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Hale's Franklin in France, I, 148.

LIII, 38. United States. Continental Congress. Committee of Foreign Affairs.
to the American Commissioners
1777 May 2A.L.S. 4p.LIII, 38

Philadelphia. Necessity of interesting the French in the American trade. Falsehoods of the English press. Present favorable condition in America. Signed: Benj[amin] Harrison, Rob[er]t Morris, Tho[ma]s Hayward, James Lovell. (In duplicate. In the second copy the signature of Jo[h]n Witherspoon is added.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Diploma. Corres., Wharton. II, 913.

VI, 3. Carmichael, William.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 3A.L.S. 2p.VI, 3

Nantes. Cannot go with Mr. Lee or any individual to Berlin without being jointly employed by the representatives of America; his sole view in wishing his appointment as secretary is that he may feel himself a servant of the public and not of any individual; offers to bear the expense himself.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LX, 98. Goueslard de Champigny, Léonard-Louis.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 3A.L.S. 3p.LX, 98

Paris. Concerning his proposal to bring over skilled workmen and establish a foundry for making fire-arms and cannon. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

VI, 4. Morris, Thomas, 1750-1778.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 3A.L.S. 2p.VI, 4

Nantes. Arrival of Captain John Robarts, of the schooner Mary, from Charlestown; William Machmaster, one of the sailors, detained a prisoner in Nantes, charged with having drowned one John Hoggins belonging to the same vessel; they were both drunk at the time.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

VI, 5. Sparre, J. de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 3A.L.S. 1p.VI, 5

Strasbourg. Has written Franklin and Mr. Deane several letters; thinks his offers merit a reply. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XL, 116.5. Deane, Silas, 1737-1789.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 May 5]A.L.S. 1p.XL, 116.5

[Paris], Monday. Before the express leaves for Nantes, desires to know what sum must be paid Captain Bell.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

VI, 7. Brus, —, Chevalier de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 6A.L.S. 3p.VI, 7

Bordeaux. His great desire to go to New England; begs Franklin for a letter of recommendation to that country; prefers to go with a captain of a privateer now at Bordeaux, which will most likely be attacked, than with his brother. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

VI, 8. Penet, Pierre.
to the American Commissioners
1777 May 6A.L.S. 2p.VI, 8

Nantes. Mr. Thomas Morris has communicated to him their letter; they must be misinformed concerning him and his associates; knows he has many enemies in Paris as well as Nantes; begs to be informed who they are that he may justify himself. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

VI, 9. Platt, Ebenezer Smith.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 6A.L.S. 1p.VI, 9

Newgate Prison, London. Is a prisoner in Newgate, not knowing when he will obtain his liberty; begs Franklin to forward the enclosed letter to his partner in Savannah, Georgia, asking for a small remittance; requests Franklin to receive it, as it will probably come in th shape of rice or tobacco, and send the proceeds thereof to Mrs. Patience Wright in London.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

VI, 6. Ziegler, John Conrad.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 6A.L.S. 4p.VI, 6

Grave. Account of a visit he made to America in 1772, with recommendations to Colonel Henry Laurens; his desire to serve America; the conditions on which he is willing to enter the army. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

VI, 11. Montaudouin de La Touche, J.-G. (Jean-Gabriel), 1722-1780.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 7A.L.S. 3p.VI, 11

Nantes. Has read with great pleasure Franklin's response to Lord Howe in the Gazette de Leyde; the Admiral soundly beaten. Exorbitant prices asked by captains of vessels to transport persons to America; compliments Franklin on his nephew. Has an invitation from M. de Chaumont to pay him a visit at Passy. The bearer of this is M. Tardiveau, who desires to establish himself in Philadelphia;would be obliged if Franklin would give him a word of recommendation, merely attesting his honesty.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

VI, 12. Pierres, -------.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 7A.L.S. 3p.VI, 12

Saint Malo. Concerning a debt due him by Captain Cornelius Haight,who gave him a draft for the amount on Messrs. David Strahan and Company of London; has received so far only a small percentage of the amount; encloses a copy of the bond; begs Franklin's assistance. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

XXXVII, 86. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 7A.L.S. 1p.XXXVII, 86

Nantes. Concerning the plan proposed by M. Dubourg and Mr. Alexander; if it is made reasonable would willingly take a part in it.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XXXVII, 87. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 7A.L.S. 1p.XXXVII, 87

Nantes. Desiring a letter of introduction for M. Tardiveau, who proposes to settle in Philadelphia; his connection in business with M. Tarvouillet.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

VI, 10. Wright, Patience Lovell, 1725-1786.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 7A.L.S. 2p.VI, 10

London. Begs him to aid Mr. Platt, who still lies in irons in Newgate.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XIV, 91. Barbeu Du Bourg, M. (Jacques), 1709-1779.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777] May 8A.L.S. 1p.XIV, 91

Paris. Count Falkenstein expected to be present the next day at the meeting of the Society of Emulation, for the Encouragement of the Arts; if Franklin desires, he can assist, unknown; arranges where to meet him.

LXXII, 97. Forester, Colonel ------ de.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 May 8]1 p.LXXII, 97

Called at Franklin's home to have the honor of seeing him. What time tomorrow might he have the honor to meet with him? In French

VI, 13. Alexander, William, 1729-1819.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 9A.L.S. 1p.VI, 13

Dijon. Introducing le Comte de Fontelle; trusts that the nature of his business will prove sufficiently agreeable to excuse the trouble he is giving him.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

VI, 13.5. Saint-Marcel, André-Philippe Tardieu, 1752-1834.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 9A.L.S. 4p.VI, 13.5

Nyons. Begging him to forward the enclosed letter to General Washington. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

LIII, 40. United States. Continental Congress. Secret Committee.
to the American Commissioners
1777 May 9L.S. 3p.LIII, 40

Philadelphia. A fast sailing frigate to be purchased in Europe and assigned for command to the bearer of his message, Captain John Paul Jones. Signed: Robert Morris et al.  (Copy.)

General physical description: L.S. 3p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Diplom, Corres., Wharton, II, 317.

LXII, 37. Duparquet, Jean-Annet Chabreu.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 10A.L.S. 2p.LXII, 37

St. Esprit. Request to enter American army. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

VI, 14. Paulze, Jacques, 1721-1794.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 10L.S. 1p.VI, 14

Bercy. Encloses a copy of a letter which he received, signed by Mr. Lee; refrains from answering it until Franklin verifies the signature; sent a copy of it to [Charles Gravier,] Comte de Vergennes,and begged him to take such precautions as the circumstance appeared to warrant. (In French.)

General physical description: L.S. 1p.

LXX, 108. Grand, Rodolphe-Ferdinand, 1726-1794.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 On or After May 11]1 p.LXX, 108

He and M. Boux have arrived from Paris and wish to see Messrs. Franklin and [William] Carmichael. (In French.)

LX, 99. Goueslard de Champigny, Léonard-Louis.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 13A.L.S. 1p.LX, 99

Countances. Had to leave Paris hurriedly on urgent private business. Requests Franklin to communicate with him through M. Dudouit. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

VI, 15. Pliarne, Emmanuel de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 13A.L.S. 3p.VI, 15

Charleston, South Carolina. Heared with pleasure of his arrival in France, as did all the true lovers of America. Arrival of vessels from France with dry goods and ammunition raised the spirits of the people and encouraged recruiting for the army. Many men enlisting with Washington; was at his headquarters in March, then he was not strong, but upon the way horne he met several thousand men going to the camp from Virginia, Maryland and North Carolina. No important motion in the army of Howe, but six or seven men-of-war with some transports were in Delaware Bay on April 16. In Philadelphia they were much disposed to defend the city. Begs Franklin to continue his friendship for their house; uncertain value of money makes speculation in trade dangerous.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

VI, 16. O'Meara, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 14A.L.S. 2p.VI, 16

St. Martin, Ile de Re. His great desire to serve the American cause; if Franklin is pleased to give him any encouragement he will throw up his commission in France and set out immediately for the Congress.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXII, 39. Duparquet, Jean-Annet Chabreu.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 15A.L.S. 1p.LXII, 39

St. Esprit. A note enclosing some "Military Reflections" (LXII, 38). (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

LXII, 38 (OS). Duparquet, Jean-Annet Chabreu.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 15Mem. 2p.LXII, 38 (OS)

St. Esprit. How the Americans should conduct the war against England. (In French.)

General physical description: Mem. 2p.

LXII, 94. Duportail, Antoine-Jean-Louis Le Bègue de Presle, 1743-1802.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 15A.L.S. 1p.LXII, 94

Au Cap, St. Dominique. The same thing happened here as at Nantes, not able to find a vessel to take them to their destination. Mr. Carabas has fitted out a small vessel loaded with such commodities as will not render them liable to arrest. Obliged to leave one of the party who is ill with a disease of the country. When he recovers Mr. Carabas promises to see that he has the means of rejoining them. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

VI, 17. Saint-Marcel, André-Philippe Tardieu, 1752-1834.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 15A.L.S. 3p.VI, 17

Nyons. The circumstances which led up to his composing a sonnet in behalf of the Americans. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

VI, 19. Mulbraght, C. J. van.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 16A.L.S. 3p.VI, 19

Ruremonde. Begs Franklin to establish him in the service of America as a cadet. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

VI, 18. Rossard des Naudins, Madame Roger.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 16A.L.S. 3p.VI, 18

Chateaudun. His son, Rossard de Villié, has entered the service of New England; they know neither his whereabouts nor what he is doing and are much worried; encloses a letter which he begs Franklin to get to him if possible. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

VI, 20. Savari, -----, Chevalier de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 17A.L.S. 2p.VI, 20

Thouars. Willing to enter the American army as a volunteer. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

VI, 21. Deane, Silas, 1737-1789.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 18A.L.S. 1p.VI, 21

Paris. Enclosing letters to Franklin.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XLI, 4. Dumont, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 May 20]A.L.S. 2p.XLI, 4

Chaillot. [Son of the Marquis D'Aubarede]. Entrusted by Mr. Sayre with certain letters to be sent by the first two ships bound for America; desires to know when the next ship will sail.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LIX, 11. Bayle, Wilhelm.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777] May 21A.L.S. 4p.LIX, 11

Jena. Offers to enter American army.

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

VI, 22. Prichard, John.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 21A.L.S. 3p.VI, 22

Begs Franklin to buy his discharge from the Minister at Paris for about eight guincas, so that he may serve the American cause either by sea or land; his father owns a farm near Boston; knows the American coast well.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

VI, 23. Bachelier, Jean-Jacques, 1724-1806.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 22A.L.S. 2p.VI, 23

Paris. M. de Laffaye desires to present him with his memoir on the manner in which the Romans built and their habit of employing lime to make mortar as hard as stone. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

VI, 24. Bourdin, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 22A.L.S. 3p.VI, 24

Paris. Writes on behalf of a friend, who desires to get his son in the American Army and who is willing to equip him and send him to whatever port Franklin may name. In French. See also: VI, 43

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:340426/

LXII, 40. Duparquet, Jean-Annet Chabreu.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 22A.L.S. 2p.LXII, 40

St. Esprit. Fearing that his former letters have not reached Franklin, he makes another request to enter the American army. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

VI, 26.5. Baussay, Elias de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 23A.L.S. 2p.VI, 26.5

The Hague. A native of Amstordam; has been thirty-four years in the service of La Cour de Trèves, and has a perfect knowledge of the government of Holland; aware of everything which has passed between Franklin and the Ambassador of Holland. A visit from Franklin or Mr. Deane would be greeted with enthusiasm but does not think it would result in any real advantages, the Ambassador of England's influence being too strong. Suggests the advisability of Franklin having a secret agent in Holland; offers his services. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

VI, 26. Bicker, Lambertus, 1732-1801.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 23A.L.S. 2p.VI, 26

Rotterdam. The bearer, his brother-in-law, Mr.Caarten, is going to France and Italy; he desires to pay his respects to Franklin and to present him with the first two volumes of their "Collections Académiques. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XXXIX, 9. Dumas, Charles-Guillaume-Frédéric, 1721-1796.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 23A.L.S. 4p.XXXIX, 9

Leyden. Acknowledging the extract, which shall be published; will also print an article on the kindness of the Americans to their Hessian prisoners as contrasted with the behavior of the Royalists. Advisability of receiving the Journal of Congress regularly. Suggestions for an American currency. Begging him to visit them. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

VI, 25. Montaut, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 23A.L.S. 2p.VI, 25

Ile de Noirmoutier. Offers his services as surgeon; if he can be useful, is ready to leave at once for Bordeaux or whatever port Franklin may indicate; will accompany M. Tardeville who leaves for Paris to join Franklin. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

V, 121. Préville, Louis-Claude de, 1754-1831.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 23A.L.S. 3p.V, 121

Auch, Gascony. Offering him the services of two French gentlemen for the new republic; their military services; all they ask is the commission of captiain of dragoons, and a leave of three years with the assurance of having their old position on theri return to France; neither misconduct nor debts causes them to take this step; all they ask is to have the expenses of their voyage defrayed. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

VI, 27. Alexander, William, 1729-1819.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 24A.L.S. 2p.VI, 27

Dijon. Not surprised that M.Dubourg thought his terms too high; doubts not that he will get many cheaper undertakers. Sees his old friend Lee has been made Minister at Madrid; thinks he has much the air and manners of a Spaniard, when he is not angry; does Franklin know of his friend, the Counte de Rostaing, an officer of artillery? He claims to know a method of destroying ships in any river or roadstead, where there is no tide not current.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

VI, 29. Arrenberg, Reinier, 1733-1812.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 24A.L.S. 3p.VI, 29

Rotterdam. As he prints a Dutch newspaper, has copies and sent to the "Gazeteer Français de Leide" an account of the cruel treatment of the Americans by the English; begs to be informed of any important news from America.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

LXI, 103. Bragelonne, -----, de Filley de la Barre.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 24A.L.S. 1p.LXI, 103

Bordeaux. Offering a new invention for use in war. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

VI, 28. Le Doigt, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 24A.L.S. 2p.VI, 28

Louviers. Hears that America is in need of carpenters, especially for the construction of mills; offers his services. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

VI, 30. Barbeu Du Bourg, M. (Jacques), 1709-1779.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 25A.L. in 3d P.VI, 30

Paris. Begs an audience for Mr. Coder, who has several models of costumes, ets., which merit special attention. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L. in 3d P.

XLI, 180. Sarsfield, Guy-Claude, Comte de, 1718-1789.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 Before May 26]A.L. 3p.XLI, 180

Making certain alterations in his plan for Spanish reading, proposed to Franklin.

VI, 32. Jones, Noble Wimberly, 1723-1805.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 26L.S. 2p.VI, 32

Savannah. Many difficulties experienced by the State of Georgia, owing to their situation and their being destiture of shipping and seamen; have been unable to procure certain articles essentially requisite for their defense; writes by order of the Honorable House of General Assembly, who have deputed Captain de la Plaigne as their agent, to proceed to France and to procure such articles as are specified in their instructions to him. Important services rendered by Captain de la Plaigne to the American cause; recommends him to Franklin's particular notice.

General physical description: L.S. 2p.

XLII, 153. Le Roy, Jean Baptiste, 1720-1800.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777] May 26A.L. in 3d P. 1 p.XLII, 153

Paris. Wishing to borrow a letter from M. Burck [Burke?] to the Sheriff of Bristol, urging the necessity of making peace with the American Colonies.

General physical description: A.L. in 3d P. 1 p.

VI, 31. Sarsfield, Guy-Claude, Comte de, 1718-1789.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 26A.L.S. 2p.VI, 31

Paris. As he has received no answer from Franklin to his last note, is still in suspense about the books he may wish to have; Mr. Oudin will send them to Mr. Deane's upon receiving any note from Franklin written in French.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XLIV, 151. Le Roy, Jean Baptiste, 1720-1800.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 Before May 27]A.L.S. 1p.XLIV, 151

Sends a catalogue of seeds which Franklin had promised to forward to Philadelphia. In French.

VI, 33. Coder, Henry, 1738-1780.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 27A.L.S. 1p.VI, 33

Paris. Sends him the rest of the models, which M. Dubourg had intended to bring the day before; grievous state of Madame Dubourg's health; will call upon him to ascevtain his decision. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

LXXII, 41. Seguins, Comtesse de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 271 p.LXXII, 41

Would like to see Franklin to confer with him about her brother going to America. In French.

VI, 34. Strahan, William (1715-1785).
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 27A.L.S. 1p.VI, 34

London. News of Franklin's friends in London; Small's opinion that his stay in Paris is to pave the way to a reconciliation; his great desire for peace on reasonable terms.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Hale's Franklin in France.

VI, 35. Shanly, James.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 May 28A.L.S. 2p.VI, 35

Paris. Left Ireland about six weeks before to wait on Franklin and offer his services to the American cause; many staunch friends of that cause in Ireland, but they dare not declare themselves openly; would have brought large packets for Franklin from home had it not been dangerous to carry them. Understands that officers are needed; his own experience in disciplining troops; should Franklin give him an encouraging answer, there are many people waiting only for that to follow him.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXII, 13a. Brétigney, Charles-François Sevelinges, Marquis de, 1754-1793.
to the American Commissioners
[1777 After May 28]Mem. 1p.LXII, 13a

Is a captain of infantry with rank of lieutenant colonel; proposes to bring to America, at his own expense, ten officers, also to fit out a troop to be commanded by these officers. M. de Beaumarchais endorses him. (In French.)

General physical description: Mem. 1p.

LIII, 43. United States. Continental Congress. Committee of Foreign Affairs.
to the American Commissioners
1777 May 30A.L.S. 3p.LIII, 43

Philadelphia. Loan to be raised in France. France, Spain, and America, together, could expel the British fleet from the western seas. Signed: Benj[amin] Harrison et al. (In duplicate.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

Other Descriptive Information: Printed in Diplom. Corres, Wharton, II, 327.

XXXVII, 88. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to the American Commissioners
1777 May 31A.L.S. 2p.XXXVII, 88

Nantes. Hindrances in the way of loading the Mère Bobie. Report that Hammond is taken.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LX, 48. ------, Comte de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 [May]A.L.S. 2p.LX, 48

Offers to raise and furnish, to the United States, a corps of from 2,000 to 10,000 trained troops, fully armed and equipped. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XLIII, 189. Greuze, Anne-Gabrielle.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 May]1 p.XLIII, 189

Asks Franklin to use his good offices in favor of a French officer. (In French.)

XLI, 64. Merckle, John Philip.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 May]A.L.S. 2p.XLI, 64

Announcing his intention to give the weighty commission entrusted to him to the House of Messrs. Ambrosius Pool and Co. who are from Switzerland and may be considered totally out of all connection with the E[nglish] nation; has not the least doubt that they will give complete satisfaction in every sense. Report that the Dutch merchantmen going to their colonies will get a convoy of Dutch men-of-war.

VI, 39. Bruslé, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 1A.L.S. 2p.VI, 39

Paris. Writes on behalf of a young man of good family, aged twenty-one, who desires to follow the profession of arms; heard that Franklin has procured for many soldiers the means of passing to America; begs that he may receive a like favor. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

VI, 40. Burette, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 1A.L.S. 3p.VI, 40

Madrid. The success of the Americans proves the justice of their cause; his desire to enter their army with the same rank he held in France; asks what are the necessary steps to be taken. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

VI, 36. Coder, Henry, 1738-1780.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 1A.L.S. 1p.VI, 36

Paris. Advised by M. Dubourg to send him the blue coat exactly like the model he showed him. Describes the rest of the uniform. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

VI, 42. La Sudrie, Gabriel-Joseph Cosson de, 1743-1832.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 1A.L.S. 3p.VI, 42

Chateau de la Sudire en Perigord. Desires to enter the American army; his rank as captain. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

VI, 37. Richoufftz, Jean-Laurent-César, Chevalier de, 1755-1797.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 1A.L.S. 1p.VI, 37

Douay. Without occupation or fortune; begs Franklin to take pity on him and agree to his proposition to cross to Boston with the rank of captain and a salary of 2,400 livres in addition to the cost of his voyage. (See also: VI, 38). In French.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

VI, 38. Richoufftz, Jean-Laurent-César, Chevalier de, 1755-1797.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 1A.L.S. 1p.VI, 38

Douay. Without occupation or fortune; begs Franklin to take pity on him and agree to his proposition to cross to Boston with the rank of captain and a salary of 2,400 livres in addition to the cost of his voyage. (See also: VI, 37). In French.

VI, 43. Bourdin, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 2A.L.S. 3p.VI, 43

Paris. Writes on behalf of a friend, who desires to get his son in the American Army and who is willing to equip him and send him to whatever port Franklin may name. In French. See also: VI, 24

XL, 199. Deane, Silas, 1737-1789.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 June 2]A.L.S. 1p.XL, 199

Monday. Enclosing a letter from Mr. Bingham with news of the safe arrival, at Martinique, of the cargo from Havre.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

LXII, 13b. Le Clerc de St. Etrain, -----, Abbé de.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 June 2 or 9]A.L.S. 1p.LXII, 13b

He asks for the appointment of a day to see him and M. de Brétigney. Incloses a letter from M. Martin fils to whom Mr. Deane promised a letter and who has returned to Sedan to await his recommendation. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

VI, 46. Coder, Henry, 1738-1780.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 3A.L.S. 1p.VI, 46

Paris. Arranging for an interview. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

VI, 45. Jones, John Paul, 1747-1792.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 3L.S. 3p.VI, 45

Portsmouth, New Hampshire. Has received orders from the Secret Committee of Congress to proceed in the French ship Amphitrite to Charlestown, S. C., and thence to Paris, put a letter in Franklin's hands, and take command of a "fine frigate"; refusal of the commander of the Amphitrite, M. Fautrel, to permit him to accompany him in any other capacity than as a passenger; Col. Langdon's proposal that he should proceed to France in a new Continental ship of war which he is now fitting out; probability of this proposition being adopted. Ardently desires to be again in active service; though personally unknown to Franklin, the prospect of being shortly under his direction affords him a singular pleasure.

General physical description: L.S. 3p.

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:342921/

LXII, 67. Lauron, Louis-François Eldrad du Puy de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 3A.L.S. in 3d P. 2p.LXII, 67

Paris. Requests to be made a Colonel of infantry, in the American army. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. in 3d P. 2p.

LXII, 68. Lauron, Louis-François Eldrad du Puy de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 3A.L.S. 4p.LXII, 68

Paris. In every effort to enter the American service he has failed. As a last resource he calls on Franklin but could not see him, so is now compelled to send him this letter requesting to be made a Colonel in the American army. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

LXXI, 51. Ruault, Nicolas.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 3N. in 3d P. 1p.LXXI, 51

Paris. Sends six copies of Franklin's words translated. (In French.)

General physical description: N. in 3d P. 1p.

LXX, 82a. Dunn, Sarah Parsons.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 After June 3]N. in 3d P. 1p.LXX, 82a

Paris. Sending Dr. Franklin two volumes of the History of America and three pamphlets which her son has brought from Lord Shelburne.

XLIII, 153. Carmichael, William.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 June 4]A.L.S 1p.XLIII, 153

Wednesday. Sends substance of Lord Chatham's motion.

General physical description: A.L.S 1p.

VI, 47. Reculès de Basmarein et Raimbaux.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 4A.L.S. 2p.VI, 47

Paris. The bearer is M. Vanhammé possesses many secrets which might prove useful to America among them an easy and inexpensive manner of making salt-peter; wants to obtain a passage gratis and to carry certain letters of recommendation. Arrangements being made by them for two vessels to sail once a month for America; will take anyone Franklin recommends without any expense, if he so wishes. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

VI, 48. Smith, Josiah, 1749-1828.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 4A.L.S. 2p.VI, 48

London. Born in Massachusetts, educated at Cambridge and studied physic and surgery until January, 1777, when he took ship for Bordeaux; gives an account of their capture by the English and their confinement in Plymouth; after two months obtained his freedom; treatment of the ship's company who, though they swore they were subjects of the United States, were forced into the service of the King. Two hundred Americans prisoners at Plymouth and as many more at Portsmouth; is coming to France to report their miserable condition to Franklin; his destitute state; begs Franklin to procure him a place as surgeon on some vessel; a friend of his, Capt. Brown, lately commander of a privateer, has just escaped and also would be glad of assistance.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

VI, 49. Hillegas, Michael, 1729-1804.
to the American Commissioners
1777 June 5A.L.S. 1p.VI, 49

Baltimore. Supposes they are already acquainted with Congress having established a Continental Loan Office, taking money on interest; they will see by the late papers that far from being crushed, affairs look better than could have been expected.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

LXXI, 65a. Shanly, James.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 June 5]N. in 3d P. 1p.LXXI, 65a

Called on Dr. Franklin at Passy this Thursday morning; will call again tomorrow.

General physical description: N. in 3d P. 1p.

XXXVII, 89. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to the American Commissioners
1777 June 5A.L.S. 3p.XXXVII, 89

Nantes. Books on Cavalry to go by the Massachusetts; Count Pulaski and his two companions to embark on this ship; money advanced for their passage. Terms on which he can procure suits of clothing, shoes, saddles and holsters.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

VI, 51. Lownes, Caleb, 1754-1828.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 6A.L.S. 4p.VI, 51

London. Giving an account of his time since he left Philadelphia till his arrival in London; the cause of his leaving America and his reasons for tarrying in England; wishes to know whether by staying he will hazard either his father's or his own reputation.

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

VI, 50. Porter, John.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 6A.L.S. 2p.VI, 50

St. Malo. Account of his capture, imprisonment at Plymouth and escape; is in a strange country and destitute of every necessary of life; desperate circumstances of his poor countrymen who are treated like felons in the prisons of Plymouth; English worse than the Turks; promised to tell Franklin of Capt. John Adams's capture.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

VI, 54. Fowler, Francis.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 7A.L.S. 3p.VI, 54

Nice. Is a subject of Great Britain, born in Aberdeen, and has served in different ships of his Majesty; describes the ship he has under his command, and asks Franklin for a commission, so that, unlooked for, he may cruise in the Mediterranean and fall upon the avowed enemies of the Royal Congress of America [See VI, 52].

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

VI, 52. Massequan, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 7A.L.S. 4p.VI, 52

Nice. Read in the London Evening Post that Franklin had already accorded letters of marque to thirty vessels of France in charge of American captains; a proposal he made to one Francis Fowler, a Scotchman, to take command of a vessel belonging to him, and to cruise against the "Tamisiens" [English?] in the Mediterranen. Requests Franklin to give a commission to this new patriot, whose honesty, courage and knowledge of the sea he can guarantee. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

VI, 53. Sowden, Benjamin Choyce.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 7A.L.S. 2p.VI, 53

Rotterdam. Extracts from Mr. Gordon's letter to Dr. Price, published by Mr. Arrenberg in his Courant; subsequently copied in most of the other Courants of Holland. Concerning a French piece entitled "Avis aux Hessois" which has had a great vogue. Sir Joseph Yorke's bullying memorial to the States has given great offence in Holland; generally believed to have been composed by the King himself.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XXXVII, 90. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 7A.L.S. 4p.XXXVII, 90

Nantes. Concerning his proposed partnership with Mr. Schweighauser; strongly attached to this gentleman's family; stands extremely well with the second daughter; believes his present lack of means the only bar to a union. Account of his connection with a poor girl in England by whom he had a son; intends providing for the boy and later taking him altogether.

General physical description: A.L.S. 4p.

LX, 121. Cardone, — de.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 8L.S. and Mem. 4p.LX, 121

Paris. Sending a memoir, intended for Congress, on the advantages to America of having large flour mills and builidng up an extensive export trade in that and similar articles. (In French.)

General physical description: L.S. and Mem. 4p.

VI, 55. Deane, Silas, 1737-1789.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 8A.L.S. 1p.VI, 55

Paris. Expects M. Coder, who has proposed to furnish the clothes the following morning; asks Franklin to breakfast with him then. The letter to Mr. Jay is a summary of what they last wrote, but written in secret ink and to all appearance about unimportant matters.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

XLIV, 229. La Rochefoucauld d'Enville, Louis-Alexandre, Duc de, 1743-1792.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 June 8]A.L. in 3d P. 1p.XLIV, 229

On behalf of his mother, invites Franklin and Deane to dine at her house. Is himself leaving for Rouch to-morrow. Will call and take breakfast with Franklin. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

VI, 55.5. Lavoisier, Antoine Laurent, 1743-1794.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 8A.L.S. 2p.VI, 55.5

Paris. They are going to repeat several of Dr. Priestley's principal experiments on different kinds of air; if these will interest Franklin, will be honored with his presence. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LX, 94. Bachelier, Jean-Jacques, 1724-1806.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 Before June 9]Mem. 2p.LX, 94

Proposes to establish a technical school in the United States for training the young in useful arts and industries. (In French. In Franklin's handwriting.)

LXX, 21b. Bachelier, Jean-Jacques, 1724-1806.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1777 June 9]1 p.LXX, 21b

Requests return of his memoir on "Le Cours d'Arts and Metiers." (In French.)

VI, 56. Mease, Matthew.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 9A.L.S. 1p.VI, 56

Paris. Writes on behalf of some gentlemen who are desirous of Franklin's advice, to ask if he will grant them an interview.

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

VI, 41. Burdett, Peter Pever.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 [Before] June 10A. L. S. 3p.VI, 41

Karlsruhe. The bearer is Baron Steuben, a gentleman of family, merit, and great experience, well known to some of the first personages in Europe; he comes all the way from Germany to make the acquaintance of Dr. Franklin. Apologizes for having troubled him of late with so many letters, but his communication of too great importance to trust to the common post.

General physical description: A. L. S. 3p.

VI, 57. Barbeu Du Bourg, M. (Jacques), 1709-1779.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 10A.L.S. 2p.VI, 57

Paris. If he likes the model that M. Coder showed him, advises him to decide on it at once, as in a few days prices will go up. Concerning the muskets which he spoke to him about before. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

LXXII, 40. Enville, Marie-Louise-Nicole-Elisabeth de La Rochefoucauld, Duchesse d', 1716-1797.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 101 p.LXXII, 40

Inviting Franklin and his grandson to dinner next Sunday, if he has no commitment. In French.

XXXVII, 91. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to the American Commissioners
1777 June 10A.L.S. 2p.XXXVII, 91

Nantes. Capture of Adams verified by Captain Porter who has just arrived; assistance given this captain; his intention to go out on some armed vessel and revenge his losses; thinks Wickes or Johnson would find him a valuable acquisition.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

XXXVII, 92. Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to the American Commissioners
1777 June 10A.L.S. 3p.XXXVII, 92

Nantes. Asking their interest on behalf of a poor American sailor who has been falsely accused of murder; gives the affair in detail.

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

VI, 58. Cavalier, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 11A.L.S. 3p.VI, 58

Lyons. His admiration for the Americans; wishes to fly to their defense. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 3p.

LXXI, 71. Thuillières, Jean-François, Baron de, 1739-1790.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 11A.L.S. 1p.LXXI, 71

Paris. Requests Franklin to appoint a time when he can receive Mme. Denneville and Vicomtesse de Choiseul, from Martinique, who wish to see him. Asks about a balsam remedy offered to him. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

LXII, 11. Brétigney, Charles-François Sevelinges, Marquis de, 1754-1793.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 12A.L.S. 1p.LXII, 11

Paris. Asking for a letter of introduction of Franklin's nephew [Jonathan Williams, Jr.], for three officers, leaving for America, via Nantes. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

VI, 60. Coder, Henry, 1738-1780.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 12A.L.S. 1p.VI, 60

Paris. Concerning the models in cloth; will not rest until he is en route for America; hopes to merit the praise of Congress and the confidence and esteem of the generals and the friendship of the Americans. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

VI, 59. Timothy, Peter.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 June 12A.L.S. 4p.VI, 59