William Parker Foulke Papers, 1840-1865

Mss.B.F826

Date: 1840-1865 | Size: 3.75 Linear feet, ca. 3,000 items

Abstract

A product of the distinctive culture of reform in antebellum Philadelphia, William Parker Foulke was the scion of the old elite who put a conservative stamp on social change. Trained as an attorney, Foulke spent much of his adult life engaging his deep amateur interest in natural history and mental philosophy and devoting himself to a variety of civic and philanthropic causes, including the colonization of formerly enslaved persons, penal reform, and cultural institutions in his native Philadelphia.

The Foulke Papers are the product of the diverse social and intellectual interests of the Philadelphia attorney and philanthropist William Parker Foulke. Consisting primarily of correspondence, notes, and essays, the collection touches on Foulke's many interests. The collection includes numerous lectures delivered by Foulke along with material on the Lancaster County Prison, New York Prison Association, and the Philadelphia Society For Alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons; notebooks concerning prisons and prisoners, including a 1846-1852 diary, and a listing of prisoners, their race, age, crime, sentence, and observations; a diary concerning the American Colonization Society (1852); a copy of an arctic diary (1853-1854) by John Wall Wilson, in the hand of Isaac Israel Hayes, which recounts much of the journey aboard the brig Advance, commanded by Elisha Kent Kane. There is also a list of buildings (1820-1841) designed by John Haviland, and material on the American Academy of Music, Philadelphia.

Background note

William Parker Foulke was a product of the distinctive culture of reform in antebellum Philadelphia, a scion of the old elite putting a conservative stamp on social change. A descendant of Welsh Quakers who had emigrated in 1698, Foulke was a tireless worker in the cause of the colonization of freedmen and in prison reform, though his philanthropic interests and financial largesse were as varied as his financial commitments.

Describing himself as a Federalist in politics even years after the failure of that party, Foulke was possessed of a rambling and incisive intellect and a strong sense of social obligation for the high standing he had inherited. He indulged an appetite for natural science, mental and moral philosophy, and literature during the 1830s, passing through a period of deep religious skepticism before emerging as a diffuse, non- (or anti-) sectarian believer. It was out of this spiritual sense of the community of man and nature that Foulke developed a distinctive social philosophy that may first have appeared in lectures he delivered at the Frankford Lyceum in 1843.

Having studied for the law under John B. Wallace and John Morin Scott, Foulke was admitted to the Pennsylvania bar in 1841, though the law could hardly be said to be his life's work. At age 29, he began an association with the two reforms that would occupy so much time and energy in his short life. Sensitized to the problems of incarceration through his legal training, Foulke joined the Philadelphia Society for Alleviating the Miseries in Public Prisons in July, 1845, the first of many prison reform organizations that would attract his support. Following in the tradition of his Quaker forebears, Foulke was an assiduous student of the penitentiary and the cognate issues of instilling discipline, repentance, and social order. Directing his attention first to the nearby Eastern State Penitentiary, he was rapidly drawn into the controversy between the Pennsylvania System, in which prisoners were isolated in silent confinement, and alternate models said to be less harsh.

Foulke spent several years comparing alternative disciplinary models and writing on correctional issues in the Journal on Prison Discipline and Philanthropy and in separate pamphlets. Following a tour of mid-Atlantic correctional institutions in 1847 and 1848, Foulke was instrumental in erecting the new Lancaster County Prison, and contributed materially to later penitentiaries in several other counties in Pennsylvania. In his broad view of penal discipline he considered issues ranging from relief of the suffering to prison architecture, and he became a noted supporter of "cellular isolation" and hard labor. He was associated with the American Association for Improvement of Prison Discipline, the Convention of State Prison Wardens (becoming Corresponding Secretary in 1861), and was in regular contact with prisons and prison associations in New York, Massachusetts, and Maryland.

In October, 1845, Foulke threw his support to a second major reform, the Pennsylvania Colonization Society. An antislavery organization that resettled as many as 1,000 freed slaves per year in West Africa, the Colonization Society fell out of favor with the more radical abolitionists during the mid-1840s and was roundly opposed as well by most pro-slavery advocates. Foulke, however, committed himself to the project of resettlement, never wavering in support until the time of his death in 1865, at which time he was the Society's Vice President. His cherished scheme of locating a more healthful home for the transplanted freemen than Liberia died for lack of congressional support and from opposition in both pro-slavery and anti-slavery circles.

Among his numerous other social commitments, Foulke was a prominent financial supporter of arctic exploration at a time when it first gripped the public consciousness in the United States, assisting both Isaac Israel Hayes (1860). He was a major benefactor of Philadelphia cultural institutions, particularly the American Academy of Music, and was a member of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, and, like his grandfather John Foulke (1757-1796), the American Philosophical Society. He was, as well, an avid natural historian and geologist, active in support of the Pennsylvania Geological Survey. Perhaps his most visibly lasting achievement may have been his discovery in 1858 of a dinosaur skeleton in a marl pit in Haddonfield, N.J. Hadrosaurus foulkei, the first dinosaur discovered in America, was named after Foulke by Joseph Leidy.

In 1855, Foulke married Julia DeVeaux Powel (d. 1884), daughter of Col. John Hare Powel, with who he had seven children. He died at his residence on Pine Street on June 18, 1865.

Scope and content

The Foulke Papers are the product of the diverse social and intellectual interests of William Parker Foulke (1816-1865), a Philadelphia attorney and philanthropist. Consisting primarily of correspondence, notes, and essays, the collection touches on Foulke's many interests ranging from colonization of freed slaves to penal reform, mental philosophy, geology and paleontology, and Philadelphia cultural institutions.

A solid reformer, Foulke was deeply devoted to the cause of penal reform, and the collection is rich in material relating to county and state prisons and prison reform associations, particularly the Philadelphia Prison Society, the New York Prison Association, and the Philadelphia Society for Alleviating the Miseries in Public Prisons. Foulke corresponded with a great number of prison reformers, including Dorothea Lynde Dix (1802-1887), Louis Mathurin Moreau-Christophe (1799-1881), A. Blouet (probably Guillaume Abel Blouet, 1795-1853), H. C. King, Isaac G. Gordon (1819-1893), James Hall, and the architect John Haviland (1792-1852). In addition to the correspondence, Foulke collected some biographical material on John Haviland for an obituary he published, including a list of prisons he designed and copies of a few of his letters one of which includes a sketch of a radiating plan for a prison. Two notebooks on prisons and prisoners are located at the end of the collection.

As an agent for the Pennsylvania Colonization Society in 1852, Foulke kept a valuable diary of his activities, and while less well documented than his interests in prison reform, colonization appears as a theme in his correspondence with Edward Everett (1794-1865), Elliott Cresson (1796-1854), John H. B. Latrobe (1803-1891), William Francis Lynch (1801-1865), and William McLain, among others.

Foulke's fascination with natural history is reflected in the presence in the collection of some interesting materials relating to arctic exploration and geological research. His support for Arctic exploration resulted in acquiring the diary of John Wall Wilson, 1853-1854, and in significant correspondence with Isaac Israel Hayes and minor correspondence with Henry Grinnell and Elisha Kent Kane, as well as miscellaneous folders labeled "Arctic Expedition." Perhaps the most unusual arctic item is an exchange of letters with the great landscape painter Frederick Edwin Church (1826-1900) regarding submission of his painting of Haye's dog to the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts.

Geologically, Foulke was involved with the Pennsylvania Geological Survey and in supporting the establishment of a state school of mines. In addition to some interesting correspondence with Martin Hans Boyé (1812-1909), James Curtis Booth (1810-1888), John Chapman Cresson (1806-1876), George H. Hart, Joseph Leidy (More natural historical than geological or paleontological), Henry D. Rogers (1808-1866), John Fries Frazer (1812-1872), Peter Wenrick Sheafer (b. 1819), and J. W. Guernsey, there is an important account of Foulke's role in the discovery of Hadrosaurus foulkei in 1858, including a map of the excavation site. This work was published in the Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences.

Given Foulke's industrious efforts in the city, Philadelphia institutions are well represented in collection, including the Franklin Institute, Academy of Natural Sciences, Historical Society of Pennsylvania, and a small but important cache of materials relating to the establishment of the American Academy of Music. A series of lectures delivered by Foulke at the Frankford Lyceum in 1843 reveal his thoughts on mental philosophy, induction, "popular studies," and romance, and can profitably be compared to a manuscript, "Elements of Mental Philosophy," he prepared for his sister Elizabeth's benefit in 1838. This manuscript is a lengthy exposition of mental philosophy showing the influence of popular writers on the subject, such as Abercrombie, Rush, and Stewart. Other essays or sets of notes, some intended for publication, touch on the history of Freemasonry (Foulke became a mason in 1851), the geology of Pennsylvania, photography (probably written before 1845), and of course, penal reform and colonization.

Foulke's family correspondence goes well beyond the typical platitudes and family news. As a young man he wrote long, personally revealing letters to his cousin Deborah Bringhurst, discussing his thoughts on spirituality and religion, mesmerism, and other topics. There is a very fine set of letters written by Foulke to his aunt Eleanor (1792-1882) describing his tour of Pennsylvania county prisons in 1847 and 1848, describing travel conditions in central and western Pennsylvania, the landscape, geology, social life in small towns, and agriculture. Letters to his father, Richard Parker Foulke (1789-1860), mother Anna Catherine Strohn Foulke (1792-1856), and wife Julia are somewhat less revealing, but provide interesting background material for interpreting his social and intellectual life.

The collection also includes biographical materials on Foulke assembled by Julia Foulke, Frederick A. Packard, and J. Peter Lesley.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Provenance

The collection was acquired between 1973 and 1976; see 1973-2292ms, 74-734ms, 74-851 ms, 75-606ms, 75-1145ms, 76-281ms.

Preferred citation

Cite as: William Parker Foulke Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Separated material

A Foulke family account book, 1797, is housed separately (B F826.1).

Photographs and maps have been removed to their respective departments for proper storage.

Related material

Lesley, J. P., "William Parker Foulke," APS Proceedings 10 (1868): 481-510.

See also the William Parker Foulke Minute-book of the Eastern State Penitentiary, 1846-1858, at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. The HSP collections include other Foulke material.

Bibliography

Foulke, William Parker, "Account of the remains of a fossil extinct reptile recently discovered at Haddonfield, New Jersey," Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (December 1858) Call no.: Pam. 384, no.11 and 389, 14

_____, Considerations respecting the policy of some recent legislation in Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, 1861) Call no.: Pam. v.1053, no.7 (re: Prisons)

_____, Discourse in commemoration of the founding of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. (Philadelphia, 1854) Call no.: 506.73 Ac1mi no.4

_____, "Notes respecting the Indians of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania," Memoirs of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania 4, 2 (1850) Call no.: 970.1 Pam. no.9

_____, Remarks on cellular separation. Read by appointment of the American association for the improvement of penal and reformatory institutions (Philadelphia, 1861) Call no.: 365 F82r

_____, Remarks on the penal system of Pennsylvania particularly with reference to county prisons (Philadelphia, 1855) Call no.: 365 Pam. v.7, no.10

_____, The right use of history: an anniversary discourse delivered before the Historical Society of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, 1856) Call no.: Pam. v.473, no.12

African American History Note

Among his many interests, Foulke was concerned with the colonization of West Africa for settlement of formerly enslaved persons. As an agent for the Pennsylvania Colonization Society, Foulke kept a valuable diary of his activities in 1852. Colonization also appears as a theme in his correspondence with Edward Everett (1794-1865), Elliott Cresson (1796-1854), John H. B. Latrobe (1803-1891), William Francis Lynch (1801-1865), and William McLain (1855-1857), among others.

Many of the above letters have been digitized, and a gallery to promote the study of the colonization cause in the Foulke Papers can be found here: https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/gallery-colonization-foulke

Early American History Note

The William Parker Foulke Collection is one of the largest and richest collections at the APS. The collection, described and inventories in depth in MOLE, reflects the wide and varied interests of one of Philadelphia's most prominent 19th century citizens.

Perhaps one of the most interesting and often overlooked aspects of Foulke is his interest in historical writing. Known today as a reformer of prisons, Foulke showed a keen interest in writing and thinking about the past. He has essays on Native Americans, a piece of historical fiction on Dunmore's War, an essay on the writing of American history, an essay on the "right use of history," a history of freemasonry, and a fascinating and detailed account of Native Americans and Pennsylvanians in the colonial period.

General note

Prior to their arrival at the APS, the Foulke Papers suffered from fire and environmental damage. The most fragile items have been encapsulated in mylar, but many others remain fragile, particularly along the folds, and may be handled only with great care

Indexing Terms


Genre(s)

  • General Correspondence
  • Legal Records
  • Literature
  • Manuscript Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • Political Correspondence

Personal Name(s)

  • Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867
  • Bringhurst
  • Cadwalader, John
  • Carey, Henry Charles, 1793-1879
  • Carson, Joseph, 1808-1876
  • Cassin, John, 1813-1869
  • Dix, Dorothea Lynde, 1802-1887
  • Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844
  • Everett, Edward, 1794-1865
  • Foulke, William Parker, 1816-1865
  • Frazer, John Fries, 1812-1872
  • Gilpin, Henry D. (Henry Dilwor
  • Grinnell, Henry
  • Hart, George H.
  • Kane, Elisha Kent, 1820-1857
  • Landis, Henry D.
  • LeConte, John L. (John Lawrence), 1825-1883
  • Leidy, Joseph, 1823-1891
  • Lesley, J. P. (J. Peter), 1819-1903
  • Morton, Samuel George, 1799-1851
  • Olden, Charles Smith
  • Packard, Frederick A. (Frederick Adolphus) (1794-1867)
  • Rogers, Henry D. (Henry Darwin), 1806-1866
  • Sheafer, P. W. (Peter Wenrick), 1819-1891
  • Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874

Subject(s)

  • Abolition, emancipation, freedom
  • Advance (Brig)
  • Africa, West -- Description and travel
  • American Academy of Music (Philadelphia, Pa.)
  • American Colonization Society
  • Antislavery movements -- Pennsylvania
  • Archaeology -- Pennsylvania
  • Arctic Regions -- Discovery and exploration
  • Colonization, repatriation
  • Dinosaurs -- New Jersey
  • Eastern State Penitentiary (Philadelphia, Pa.)
  • Freemasons -- Pennsylvania
  • Geology -- Pennsylvania
  • Haviland, John, 1792-1852
  • Hayes, I. I. (Isaac Israel), 1832-1881
  • Kane, Elisha Kent, 1820-1857
  • Lancaster (Penn.) County Prison
  • Law
  • Literature, Arts, and Culture
  • Lyceums -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia
  • Mesmerism
  • Native America
  • New York Prison Association
  • Pennsylvania -- Description and travel -- 19th century
  • Pennsylvania History
  • Philadelphia -- History -- 19th century
  • Philadelphia History
  • Philadelphia Society For Alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons
  • Prison reformers -- Pennsylvania
  • Prisons -- Design and construction
  • Prisons -- New York (State)
  • Prisons -- Pennsylvania
  • Reformers -- Pennsylvania
  • Science and technology
  • Slavery -- United States.
  • Social conditions, social advocacy, social reform
  • Wilson, John Wall


Detailed Inventory

Series I. Correspondence
  
Adshead, Joseph
  box 1:
folder 1
Adshead, Joseph to William Parker Foulke
1846 February 31 itembox 1:
folder 1
Allen, W.H.
  box 1:
folder 2
Allen, W.H. to William Parker Foulke
1854 December 191 itembox 1:
folder 2
Amsbury, Edward
  box 1:
folder 3
Foulke, William Parker to Edward Amsbury
1851 January 291 itembox 1:
folder 3

Montgomery County Prison. Report of Committee on Historical Publications. Every person to whom he speaks of the geological report appears to favor its publication.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:141083

Anthony, Joseph B.
  box 1:
folder 4
Foulke, William Parker to Joseph B. Anthony
1857 October1 itembox 1:
folder 4

Regarding Columbia County and prisons. Statement of multiple pages from the Committee of the Philadelphia Society for Alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140866

Argrus, Charles
  box 1:
folder 5
Argrus, Charles to William Parker Foulke
1851 January 311 itembox 1:
folder 5
Ashmead, Lewis
  box 1:
folder 6
Ashmead, Lewis to William Parker Foulke
1865 March 201 itembox 1:
folder 6
Bache, Alexander Dallas
  box 1:
folder 7
Foulke, William Parker to Alexander Dallas Bache
1858 May 171 item

Seeks position for an acquaintance.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140130

Foulke, William Parker to Alexander Dallas Bache
1860 June 21 item

Telegram asking Bache to write to Isaac I. Hayes to encourage New Yorkers. Boston has purchased vessel. Philadelphia lacks only seven hundred.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140133

Baird, Henry C
  box 1:
folder 8
Foulke, William Parker to Henry C. Baird, Alexander Johnston, and Martin P. Henry
1855 December 20 

Requests for copies of Foulke's anniversary discourse from the Historical Society of Pennsylvania

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140878

Baker, Richard
  box 1:
folder 9
Foulke, William Parker to Richard Baker
1860 June 231 itembox 1

Hayes expedition.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140859

Bannan, John
  box 1:
folder 10
Foulke, William Parker to John Bannan
1854 August 141 item

Encloses check for $50.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140136

Foulke, William Parker to John Bannan
1856 January 41 item

Expresses displeasure with postponement of legal matters (fragment).

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140141

Barclay, James J
  box 1:
folder 11

Subject(s): Prison reformers -- Pennsylvania

Barclay, James J. to William Parker Foulke
1852 October 231 item

Hopes that the circular and certificate prove what Foulke wished.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140144

Foulke, William Parker to James J. Barclay
1859 August 271 item

Prison reform and its critics

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140222

Foulke, William Parker to James J. Barclay
1859 August 291 item

Received letter from Mr. Abram Beal of the New York Prison Association asking to be informed whether a convention for prison reform will be held in Philadelphia.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140225

Foulke, William Parker to James J. Barclay
1860 December 281 item

Cheerfully consents to publication of his essay on prisons written at the request of the American Association for the Improvement of Penal and Reformatory Institutions.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140228

Foulke, William Parker to James J. Barclay
1861 October 241 item

Tenders resignation as one of the secretaries of the Philadelphia Society for Alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons. Could have found pleasure and profit in remaining in their service had they continued to pursue the policy which had contributed so much to prison reform.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140231

Foulke, William Parker to James J. Barclay
1861 January 151 item

Will not be able to make meeting. New Jersey legislature authorized building of congregate workshops for 50 convicts. Subcommittee of the Acting Committee should be formed to address the legislature about this. No need for new experiments: Eastern Penitentiary offers an example of this.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140235

Barnes, Albert
  box 1:
folder 12
Barnes, Albert to William Parker Foulke
1846 January 201 itembox 1

Thanks Foulke for copy of Journal of Prison Discipline and expresses interest in the topic.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140217

Barnes, Albert. Africa. Its Claims - Its Resources - And Its Destiny
March 18561 pagesbox 1

Circular letter

Barton, Isaac
  box 1:
folder 13
Foulke, William Parker to Isaac Barton
1860 February 14 
Bays, John
  box 1:
folder 14
Bays, John to William Parker Foulke
1856 July 311 itembox 1

Anxious to see him. Foulke has not responded to his letter. Has heard of Foulke's expressions of kind intentions toward him and has much to say that needs a personal communication.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140239

Beck, C.
  box 1:
folder 15
Beck, C. to William Parker Foulke
1857 December 81 itembox 1
Bell, John
  box 1:
folder 16
Foulke, William Parker to John Bell
1849 December 17 box 1
Benson, Stephen A.
  box 1:
folder 17
Foulke, William Parker to Stephen A. Benson
1852 April 281 itembox 1

Geographic Name(s): Liberia -- Description and travel

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140338

Biddle, John B
  box 1:
folder 18
Foulke, William Parker to John B. Biddle
1861 March 291 item
Foulke, William Parker to John B. Biddle
1864 August 251 item

Invitation to dinner.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140348

Biddle, John B. to William Parker Foulke
1864 August 261 item

Regrets that he cannot accept dinner invitation.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140351

Foulke, William Parker to John B. Biddle
1859 August 181 item

Regarding pole and lightning rod on barn.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140345

Bidwell, S S
  box 1:
folder 19
Bidwell, S S to William Parker Foulke
1854 July 41 itembox 1

Requests copy of discourse on founding of Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140353

Blodget, L.
  box 1:
folder 20
Blodget, L. to William Parker Foulke
1860 June 201 itembox 1

Received note from the Mayor saying that he has promised Foulke for Friday and cannot attend today. Suggests that he may want to remedy this.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140355

Blouet, A.
  box 1:
folder 21
Blouet, A. to John Haviland (Foulke's copy)
1852 box 1

Other Descriptive Information: Note in Foulke's hand: Copied May 21, 1852 from the original.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140358

Booth, James C.
  box 1:
folder 22
Booth, James C. to William Parker Foulke
1851 February 121 item

Other Descriptive Information: Includes note from John F. Frazer. See also Frazer, John Fries.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140361

Booth, James C. to William Parker Foulke
1851 February 121 item

Other Descriptive Information: Copy in Foulke's hand. Includes note from John F. Frazer and note from Foulke that he sent to Mr. Frazer on February 12 and that Frazer returned it to him with his note on February 13. See also Frazer, John Fries.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140364

Boyé, Martin Hans
  box 1:
folder 23

Subject(s): Geological Survey of Pennsylvania

Boyé, Martin Hans to William Parker Foulke
1851 February 101 item

Geological Survey of Pennsylvania and delays in publication.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140367

Foulke, William Parker to Martin Hans Boyé
1851 February 221 item

Separated material: Estimate of costs and requirements for completion of the Geological Survey.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140370

Boyé, Martin Hans to William Parker Foulke
1851 February 241 item

Description of assistant needed to complete Geological Survey report.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140373

Branner, Dr. [George?] - Address.
 1 itembox 1:
folder 24

Other Descriptive Information: Possibly George Branner (Source: Stewart, Frank H., 1873-1948. Notes on Old Gloucester County of New Jersey; New Jersey Society of Pennsylvania, 1917: page 220.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:141086

Brecofter, Benjamin Harris
  box 1:
folder 25
Brecofter, Benjamin Harris to William Parker Foulke
1854 June 291 itembox 1

Thanks for Foulke's discourse on the Academy of Natural Sciences.

Other Descriptive Information: Originally attributed to Benjamin H. Brecoster.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140378

Brickenstein, Herman
  box 1:
folder 26
Foulke, William Parker to Herman Brickenstein
1857 October 171 itembox 1

Thanks him for admission as honorary member of the Moravian Historical Society.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140380

Bridges, Robert
  box 1:
folder 27
Foulke, William Parker to Robert Bridges
1862 August 61 item
Bridges, Robert to William Parker Foulke
1862 August 81 item
Brown C. Africa. Its Claims - Its Resources - Its Destiny
1856 March1 itembox 1:
folder 28

Circular promoting Christian missions in Africa.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140389

Brown, John
  box 1:
folder 29
Foulke, William Parker to John Brown
1862 July 51 itembox 1
Budd, John B
  box 1:
folder 30

Academy of Music building

Foulke, William Parker to John B. Budd
1853 August 191 item
Foulke, William Parker to John B. Budd
1853 September 271 item
Foulke, William Parker to John B. Budd
1853 October 161 item
Foulke, William Parker to John B. Budd
1853 October 292 items

Other Descriptive Information: Includes list of names indicated as proper for appointment to the committee.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140403

Cadbury, Joel
  box 1:
folder 31
Foulke, William Parker to Joel Cadbury
1848 May 241 item
Foulke, William Parker to Joel Cadbury
1849 May 181 item
Thomas Biddle & Co. to Joel Cadbury - Receipt
1848-18491 item
Cadwalader, John
  box 1:
folder 32
Foulke, William Parker to John Cadwalader
1846 September 71 item

Artillery Company and rumor of a disturbance, later proved unfounded. Foulke ill.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140433

Foulke, William Parker to John Cadwalader
[1846]1 item

Committee appointed for the purpose of forming an artillery company.

Cadwalader, John to William Parker Foulke
1847 June 11 item
Cadwalader, John to William Parker Foulke
1861 January 91 item

Prison Discipline Society

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140443

Cadwalader, John to Peter D. Vroom and W.L. Dayton
1861 January 231 item

Prison Discipline Society

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140447

Carey, Henry C[harles]
  box 1:
folder 33

Prison Society. New prison near Copenhagen.

Foulke, William Parker to Henry C. Carey
1859 December 271 item
Foulke, William Parker to Henry C. Carey
1859 December 301 item

Prison Society. Thanks him for sending plans for new prison near Copenhagen.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140461

Carey, Henry C. to William Parker Foulke
1859 December 311 item
Foulke, William Parker to Henry C. Carey
1860 January 161 item
Carson
  box 1:
folder 34
Foulke, William Parker to Dr. [Joseph?] Carson
1860 September 241 itembox 1

A maple tree that was transplanted several years ago continues to thrive despite vandalizing by a group of young people who stripped the tree of all of its bark. Would like to mention it at the Academy but is bringing it to his attention first.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140470

Cassin
  box 1:
folder 35
Cassin, J[ohn] to William Parker Foulke
1862 October 221 itembox 1

Friendly letter. Expresses regret that he has been busy and has not seen Foulke and his wife. Mentions Joseph Leidy, who has been busy in the city as well.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140473

Chandler, Joseph
  box 1:
folder 36
Chandler, Joseph to William Parker Foulke
1854 June 191 itembox 1

Thanks for copy of his discourse on Academy of Natural Sciences

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140476

Chandler, L.A.
  box 1:
folder 37
Chandler, L.A. to Benjamin Buckley
1861 January 281 itembox 1

Letter of introduction for William Parker Foulke who is engaged in efforts toward penitentiary reform. Sent on behalf of W.A. J. Olmstead.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140478

Church, Frederick E
  box 1:
folder 38
Foulke, William Parker to Frederick E. Church
1862 May 21 item

Portrait of Dr. Hayes' dog. Mr. Sartain made special arrangements to have the picture hung despite others already hung and cataloged.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140481

Church, Frederick E. to William Parker Foulke
1862 May 161 item

Expresses thanks for Foulke's attention to the dog picture. Regrets that he did not have a landscape and sent the dog at Dr. Hayes' request. Requests that Foulke pass along his thanks to Mr. Sartain for arranging display of the dog picture.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140484

Clark, Henry
  box 1:
folder 39
Clark, Henry to William Parker Foulke
1854 June 261 itembox 1

Requests copy of Foulke's discourse on Academy of Natural Sciences.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140488

Clark, Joseph
  box 1:
folder 40
Foulke, William Parker to Joseph Clark
1861 March 71 itembox 1

Regarding Clark's proposal to publish a magazine on local history.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140490

Clerk, Andrew
  box 1:
folder 41
Clerk, Andrew to William Parker Foulke
1859 November 261 item

A friend in British India would like information on prisons in the United States. Mr. Gaddis of Trenton State Prison referred him to Foulke.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140493

Foulke, William Parker to Andrew Clerk
1859 December 31 item
Foulke, William Parker to Andrew Clerk
1859 December 221 item

List of publications sent to Clerk by the Philadelphia Society for Alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140500

Clerk, Andrew to William Parker Foulke
1859 December 241 item

Thanks Foulke for publications. Refers to his British India contact as his cousin, Dr. Stuart Clark "who has long held a civil appointment in India and who has given some attention to the refreins of prisons there." Note: seems that this should be "reforms" but appears to be "refreins."

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140503

Cochran, Isaac Stanley
  box 1:
folder 42
Foulke, William Parker to Isaac Stanley Cochran
1860 February 271 itembox 1

Arrangements for summer boarding for family.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140507

Conyngham, John N.
  box 1:
folder 43
Foulke, William Parker to John N. Conyngham
1859 June 131 itembox 2

Has heard of plans for new Luzerne County prison and offers suggestions.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140511

Cooper, C Campbell
  box 1:
folder 44
Cooper, C. Campbell to William Parker Foulke
1861 January 21 itembox 2
Coppeé, Henry
  box 1:
folder 45
Coppeé, Henry to William Parker Foulke
1859 February 141 itembox 2

Will be a pleasure to dine with him.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140521

Coppeé, Henry to William Parker Foulke
1859 February 181 item

Attempts to find German version of Book of Common Prayer. Inquires about Lord John Russel's edition of Moore's letters.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140523

Foulke, William Parker to Henry Coppeé
1859 February 191 item

Returns Coppeé's sketch. Comments on Moore.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140527

Coppeé, Henry to William Parker Foulke
1861 February 251 item

Thanks for Foulke's paper on "Cellular Separation." Concurs with his views and hopes that this is but part of a more complete work on prisons and prison discipline. Comments that Dickens "cannot strike anyone as doing more than most unworthily to excite our sympathy for criminals and such." Foulke's "management of his remarks is skilful and entirely satisfactory."

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140530

Coppeé, Henry to William Parker Foulke
undated1 item

Thanks Foulke for his "very clear collation of facts about Dr. Hayes." Coppeé and others "regard any attack upon Dr. Hayes as quite unjustifiable under the circumstances." Does not have much enthusiasm for the expedition, but Hayes is the man to do it.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140533

Coppinger, William
  box 1:
folder 46

Subject(s): American Colonization Society

Coppinger, William to William Parker Foulke
1852 April 271 item
Foulke, William Parker to William Coppinger
1852 October 23 
Coppinger, William to William Parker Foulke
1853 February 121 item
Coppinger, William to William Parker Foulke
1854 August 15 
Coppinger, William to William Parker Foulke
1857 October 261 item
Coppinger, William to William Parker Foulke
1858 December 14 
Foulke, William Parker to William Coppinger
1860 February 24 
Coppinger, William to William Parker Foulke
1861 March 30 
Coppinger, William. "Liberia - A.W.'s letters."
1854 November 23 

Regarding letters to New York Tribune written by Augustus Washington of Hartford, Connecticut, who emigrated to Liberia. Extensive criticism of Washington's statements regarding Liberia. [Note: Washington is one of the few African-American daguerreotypists and photographers whose career has been documented. In 1855 he wrote a less critical opinion piece on Liberia.]

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140547

Nary, Joseph to William Coppinger
1857 October 22 
Coppinger, William to Julia DeVeaux Powel Foulke
1866 February 20 
Coppinger, William to Julia DeVeaux Powel Foulke
1869 February 3 
Cresson, Elliott
  box 1:
folder 49
Cresson, Elliott to William Parker Foulke
1852 May 21 
Cresson, John C
  box 1:
folder 50
Foulke, William Parker to John C. Cresson
1851 February 5 

Requests Cresson's support for publication of the Geological Survey. Includes replies from John Cresson and Frederick Fraley.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140640

Cresson, John C. to William Parker Foulke
1851 February 5 

On reverse of Foulke's letter. Too ill to give formal reply, but concurs with Foulke's views.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140640

Fraley, Frederick to William Parker Foulke
1851 February 5 

On reverse of Foulke's letter, below Cresson's reply. Cheerfully concurs with John C. Cresson's concurrence with Foulke.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140640

Cuttle, John L.
  box 1:
folder 51
Cuttle, John L. to William Parker Foulke
1851 March 22 box 2
Foulke, Richard Parker to John L. Cuttle
1851 March 19 

Acknowledges receipt of funds on behalf of his son (William Parker Foulke), who is in Harrisburg on business. RPF's reply appears below copy of Cuttle's letter.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140643

Dix, Dorothea Lynde
  box 1:
folder 52
Foulke, William Parker to Dorothea Lynde Dix
1846 January 

Foulke writes of need for legitimate studies of the penitentiary system, laments the "public misconception" of separate confinement.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text%3A140646

Dix, Dorothea Lynde to William Parker Foulke
1846 February 5 

Mentions House of Refuge for the Reformation of Juvenile Delinquents.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140656

Foulke, William Parker to Dorothea Lynde Dix
1846 January 27 

Regarding Foulke's request to John Haviland to send Dix drafts for a county prison for 8 or 10 prisoners with "possibility of extension."

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140653

Foulke, William Parker to Dorothea Lynde Dix
1846 January 26 
Duane, Wililam
  box 1:
folder 53
Foulke, William Parker to Wililam Duane
  box 2
Dunn, I.H.
  box 1:
folder 54
Dunn, I.H. to William Parker Foulke
1854 June 13 box 2
DuPonceau, Peter Stephen
1843 October 31 box 1:
folder 55

Philosophical Society. Extract from a memorandum of some remarks made by Peter S. DuPonceau to W. Parker Foulke.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text%3A140666

Elder
  box 1:
folder 56
Elder, Dr. to William Parker Foulke
1861 March 4 box 2
Evans, Edmund C.
  box 1:
folder 57
Evans, Edmund C. to William Parker Foulke
[1864] 
Evans, Edmund C. to William Parker Foulke
1864 August 29 
Foulke, William Parker to Edmund C. Evans
1864 August 30 
Everett, Edward
  box 1:
folder 58
Everett, Edward to William Parker Foulke
1854 January 20 
Everett, Edward to William Parker Foulke
1859 January 21 
Fales, Sarah K. P.
  box 1:
folder 59
Fales, Sarah K. P. to William Parker Foulke
1842 November 14 
Fenimore, Jason L.
  box 1:
folder 60
Foulke, William Parker to Jason L. Fenimore
1852 September 2 
Foulke, William Parker to Jason L. Fenimore
1855 December 20 
Fisher, Charles Henry
  box 1:
folder 61

American Academy of Music building

Foulke, William Parker to Charles Henry Fisher
1853 July 14 

Three drafts of letter - two full and one short fragment.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140690

Foulke, William Parker to Charles Henry Fisher
1853 July 19 
Fisher, Joshua Francis
  box 1:
folder 62
Fisher, Joshua Francis : Notes and Correspondence on the History of U.S. Currency
  

This is a series of letters to Joshua Fisher from W.G. Stearns and Robert Gilmor concerning the history of U.S. currency. Also includes a 19 page manuscript about currency. The letters span multiple years, but the exact date of origin for the manuscript is unknown. Both correspondence and manuscript appear to be in the same handwriting, may have been copied for Foulke's records.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:141100

Florence, Thomas B.
  box 1:
folder 63
Foulke, William Parker to Thomas B. Florence
1861 March 9 box 2
Florence, Thomas B. to William Parker Foulke
1860 June 24 
Foulkhouse, J.
  box 1:
folder 64
Foulke, William Parker to J. Foulkhouse
March 15 
Frazer, John Fries
  box 1:
folder 65
Foulke, William Parker to John Fries Frazer
1851 February 12 box 3

Encloses letter from Prof. Booth. Geological Survey. See also Booth, James C.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140748

Frazer, John Fries to William Parker Foulke
1851 February 12 

Geological Survey. See also Booth, James C.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140757

Freas, P.R.
  box 1:
folder 66
Foulke, William Parker to P.R. Freas
1839 May 14 
Freas, P.R. to William Parker Foulke
1846 January 9 box 3
Fry, Joseph R.
  box 1:
folder 67
Fry, Joseph R. to William Parker Foulke
1865 April 11 box 3

Recent publication of W. Chase's remarks upon the comparative fitness of languages for musical expression in Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140809

Fulton County Commissioners
1851 December 8 box 1:
folder 68

Plans for Fulton County prison. Suggestions from the Philadelphia Society for Alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140812

Gibbons, Charles
  box 1:
folder 69
Gibbons, Charles to T. J. Bigham
1851 March 13 box 3

Foulke's copy of Gibbon's letter. Efforts for legislation relative to prison discipline.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140817

Gilpin, Henry D.
  box 1:
folder 70
Foulke, William Parker to Henry D. Gilpin
1851 February 25 
Gilpin, Henry D. to William Parker Foulke
1851 March 

Copy in Foulke's hand.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140823

Gilpine, Richard A.
  box 1:
folder 71
Gilpine, Richard A. to William Parker Foulke
1864 August 26 box 3
Gliddon, George R
  box 1:
folder 72
Foulke, William Parker to George Gliddon
1850 December 13 
Gliddon, George to William Parker Foulke
1856 March 9 
Foulke, William Parker to Eli K. Price
1858 April 22 

Death of George Gliddon. Descriptions of parts of his library.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140833

Gordon, Isaac G.
  box 1:
folder 73
Foulke, William Parker to Isaac G. Gordon
1861 March 30 box 3
Gould and Lincoln
  box 2:
folder 1
Foulke, William Parker to Gould and Lincoln
1858 May 25 box 3
Gregg, W.W.
  box 2:
folder 3
Gregg, W.W. to William Parker Foulke
1854 March 21 box 3
Grier, Mary R
  box 2:
folder 4
Grier, Mary R. to William Parker Foulke
1854 September 11 
Grier, Mary R. to William Parker Foulke
1854 November 25 
Grinnell, Henry
  box 2:
folder 5
Grinnell, Henry to William Parker Foulke
1861 March 16 
Grinnell, Henry to William Parker Foulke
1861 March 18 
Grinnell, Henry to William Parker Foulke
1861 March 28 
Grinnell, Henry to William Parker Foulke
1861 June 11 
Grinnell, Henry to William Parker Foulke
1861 June 12 
Grinnell, Henry to William Parker Foulke
1861 October 21 
Groinn, Charles J.M.
  box 2:
folder 6
Foulke, William Parker to Charles J.M. Groinn
1853 March 5 box 3
Guernsey, John W.
  box 2:
folder 7
Foulke, William Parker to John W. Guernsey
1851 April 10 box 3

Geological Survey of Pennsylvania

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140884

Guss, Samuel
  box 2:
folder 8
Foulke, William Parker to Samuel Guss
1865 June 16 box 3

Expects to remove to Westchester on Tuesday next 20th instant. Asks Guss to have three wagons at the Media depot in time for the arrival of the train that leaves Philadelphia at 10:30 a.m. Foulke has been very ill and Mrs. Foulke will rely on Guss for assistance with moving. This is likely one of the last letters - if not the last letter - written by Foulke, two days before his death. The handwriting is uncharacteristically neat and appears to have been written by Julia Foulke.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140889

Haldeman, Samuel Stedman
  box 2:
folder 9
Foulke, William Parker to Samuel Stedman Haldeman
1858 May 20 box 1
Hall, James
  box 2:
folder 10
Foulke, William Parker to James Hall
1856 November 22 box 3

Maryland Colonization Society

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140895

Haly, W.W.
  box 2:
folder 11
Foulke, William Parker to W.W. Haly
1846 January 30 

Prison reform, report of superintendent of public schools.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140899

Haly, W.W. to William Parker Foulke
1846 January 31 

Prison reform, report of superintendent of public schools.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140902

Haly, W.W. to Kunckle
1851 March 13 

Introducing Foulke and Kunckle. Copy of letter from Haly to Kunckle.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140905

Hamilton, Edward
  box 2:
folder 12
Foulke, William Parker to Edward Hamilton
1855 March 17 box 3

York County Prison

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140908

Hand, James
  box 2:
folder 13
Foulke, William Parker to James Hand
1853 September 5 box 3
Hart, George H
  box 2:
folder 14
Foulke, William Parker to George H. Hart
1851 February 10 

Extensive and detailed essay on the importance of publishing the Geological Survey of Pennsylvania. Includes introductory cover letter.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:141154

Foulke, William Parker to George H. Hart
1851 February 13 

Geological Survey of Pennsylvania. Enclosing notes of Messrs. Booth, Frazer, and Boyé.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:141137

Foulke, William Parker to George H. Hart
1851 February 25 

Geological Survey of Pennsylvania and report. Opinions of R.C. Taylor and M.H. Boyé on estimates.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:141140

Foulke, William Parker to George H. Hart
1851 March 7 

Necessity of publishing the Geological Survey of Pennsylvania. Many others are in favor of publication. Note on back "With letter of H.D. Gilpin."

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:141143

Foulke,William Parker to George H. Hart
1852 February 11 

Encloses memorial of Prison Society for House of Correction.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:141146

Foulke, William Parker to George H. Hart
1854 April 22 
Havilland, Edward
  box 2:
folder 15
Havilland, Edward to William Parker Foulke
1855 May 10 box 3

Prison architecture and design. Description of Chicago, mentions York County Prison.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:141155

Havilland, Edward to William Parker Foulke
1858 November 23 

Requests copies of the Prison Journal with his late father's biography.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:141158

Havilland, John von Sontag
  box 2:
folder 16
Transcripts
1843-1846 

Radiating Plan for Prisons

Havilland, John von Sontag to William Parker Foulke
1855 April 7 
Foulke, William Parker to John von Sontag Havilland
1852 May 29 
Havilland, John von Sontag to William Parker Foulke
1857 March 22 
Foulke, William Parker to John von Sontag Havilland
1857 April 5 
Foulke, William Parker to John von Sontag Havilland
1857 April 22 
Foulke, William Parker to John von Sontag Havilland
1857 April 22 
Hayes, Benjamin
  box 2:
folder 17
Foulke, William Parker to Benjamin Hayes
1861? November 4 box 3

Refers to the scientific findings of Hayes expedition and Dr. Hayes' letter to Henry Grinnell.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:141161

Hayes, Isaac Israel - #2
  box 2:
folder 18
Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
1857 November 18 
Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
1857 December 3 
Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
1858? April 30 
Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
1858 May 3 
Request for Hayes to speak
1859 March 1 

Signed by 43 people, including Foulke and Joseph Leidy.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:141180

Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
1859 May 3 
Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
1859 November 2 
Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
1859 November 5 
Hayes, Isaac Israel to Messrs. Ticknor and Fields
1860 January 23 

Other Descriptive Information: In hand of William Parker Foulke. Includes note of January 23, 1860 from Foulke regarding his mailing of the letter at Hayes' request.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:141253

Foulke, William Parker to Isaac Israel Hayes
1860 April 21 
Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
1860 May 9 
Foulke, William Parker to Isaac Israel Hayes - telegram
1860 June 2 
Foulke, William Parker to Isaac Israel Hayes - telegram
1860 June 4 
Foulke, William Parker to Isaac Israel Hayes - telegram
1860 June 8 
Foulke, William Parker to Isaac Israel Hayes - telegram
1860 June 13 
Foulke, William Parker to Isaac Israel Hayes - telegram
1860 June 23 
Foulke, William Parker to Isaac Israel Hayes - telegram
1860 June 25 
Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
1860 June 25 
Foulke, William Parker to Isaac Israel Hayes - telegram
1860 June 26? 
Foulke, William Parker to Isaac Israel Hayes
1860 June 28 
Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
1860 July 1 
Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
1860 July 1 
Foulke, William Parker to Isaac Israel Hayes - telegram
1860 July 2 
Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
1860 July 2 
Hayes, Isaac Israel to Henry Radcliff
1860 July 2 

Note at top: "Copy."

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:141319

Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
1860 July 4? 
Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
1860 July 7 
Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
1860 August 14 

Report on expedition on arrival at port.

Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
1860 October 29 
Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
1861 October 10 
Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
1861 October 23 
Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
1861 October 24 
Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
1861 October 25 
Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
1861 November 7 
Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
1861 November 11 
Foulke, William Parker to Isaac Israel Hayes
1862 February 18 

Glad to hear encouraging news regarding employment with compensation and staff appointment. "One cannot believe all that one hears at Washington, especially promises." His project for the exploration of Africa "was lost in the Senate by the votes of two senators, both of whom (one under his own roof) had in the most deliberate manner assured me of theirapproval and firm support." Advises him to make a formal communication to the State Department informing them that he has taken possession and reporting the hospitalities of the Danish government, thank the Danish government, write to Dr. Shaw,and seek advice of Mr. Seward.Surrender of Fort Donaldson.

Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
1862 April 26 

Cannot go on Monday. Telegram via Magnetic Telegraph Company.

Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
1862 November 17 
Foulke, Julia DeVeaux to Isaac Israel Hayes
1866 February 23 

Collection of materials for notice that Mr. Aubrey Smith is writing about Foulke. Asks whether Arctic papers that she has belong to Hayes and if so, what he would like done with them.

Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
April 12? 
Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
Thursday evening 
Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
Tuesday night 
Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
Wednesday evening 
Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
January 4? 
Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
June 12? 
Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke - Telegraph
  
American Telegraph Company envelopes
 2 items

Other Descriptive Information: Two envelopes addressed to William Parker Foulke from Isaac Israel Hayes with charge of 12 cents.

List of Officers and Men - Arctic Expedition. Schooner "United States"
undated 

Only three names visible due to fire damage: I.I. Hayes, Commander; August Sonntag, Astronomer and second in command; J.J.? McCormick, 1st Officer.

Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
13th 

Ticker tape telegram. "NY XIIITH. Wm. Parker Foulke. EIghteen Twenty Seven Pine St. Pha. I leave here for Philadelphia at six o clock this evening or tomorrow morning. This evening if required. If you need me at once telegraph."

Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
1860 October 9 

Ticker tape telegram. "Halifax Oct. Ninth. Mr. Parker Foulke. Phila. Homeward bound. Put in after a stormy passage. For repairs. And water. We were unable to penetrate Smith Strait. Either this season or last on account of heavy ice. We wintered at Port Foulke near Cape Alexander. And I have penetrated with dog sledge to latitude eighty one degrees. Thirty five minutes. On the west side of Kennedy Channel. In that channel there was much open water. The thirteen surviving members of my original party are all well. Two of my companions Mr. Sountag and Gibson Caruthers have died. J.J. Hayes. American Polar Expedition.

Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
[1860 June] 25 

Ticker tape telegram. "Boston XXVth. Dr. Chas. Townsend. Eighteenth and George St. Phil. We do not sail Wednesday. I will telegraph. All goes well. J.J. Hayes. Tremont House.

Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
13th 

Ticker tape telegram. "NY XIIIth. Wm. Parker Foulke. Eighteen Twenty Seven Pine St. Pha. I leave here for Philadelphia at six o. clock this evening or tomorrow morning. This evening if required. If you need me at once telegraph. I.I. Hayes.

Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
11th 

Ticker tape telegram. "Boston XIth. Wm. Parker Foulke. Eighteen Twenty Seven Pine. Pha. Baker wrote you to satisfy the committee. He is all right. Trust him. Fully. The preparations go on vigorously. Please look after the sledge. J.J. Hayes."

Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
{1860 July] 3 

"Boston IIIrd. Wm. Parker Foulke> Eighteen Twenty Seven Pine. Phl. I sail Thursday morning at ten o. clock. Please inform Vaux Cope and others. Contract by mail. J.J. Hayes."

Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
[1860 June] 26 

Ticker tape telegram. "Boston XXVth. Wm. Parker Foulke. Eighteen Twenty Seven Pine St. Pha. Please see Mr. Cope and ascertain if Thomas Sparks will supply us with assorted shot. We need one thousand pounds. I.I. Hayes."

Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
[1860 June] 25 

"Boston XXVth. Wm. Parker Foulke. Eighteen Twenty Seven Pine St. Phil. Send the coates we do not sail Wednesday. Vessel launched today. J.J. Hayes. Tremont House."

Hayes, Isaac Israel to William Parker Foulke
[1861] October 19 

Ticker tape telegram. "Halifax Oct. XIXth. Wm. Parker Foulke. Pha. We sail this morning for Boston. Can you meet me there about next Tuesday. Alls well. J.J. Hayes."

Hayes, Isaac Israel - #2
  box 2:
folder 19
Hazard, Joseph P
  box 2:
folder 20
Foulke, William Parker to Joseph P. Hazard
1856 June 7 
Hazard, Joseph P. to unidentified
December 16 
Hegen, A.
  box 2:
folder 21
Foulke, William Parker to A. Hegen
1854 July 1 
Foulke, William Parker to A. Hegen
1854 October 3 
Henry, Alexander
  box 2:
folder 22
Foulke, William Parker to Alexander Henry
1858 December 27 box 3
Hickock, A C
  box 2:
folder 23
Hickock, A. C.
1864 June 17 box 3
Holloway, John
  box 2:
folder 24
Foulke, William Parker to John Holloway
1859 December 5 

Prison management information request from General Inspector of Prisons in British India

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:140942

Foulke, William Parker to John Holloway
1860 January 6 

Interest in Eastern State and Philadelphia prison documents from directors in Denmark, Sweden, Kentucky, and British India.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:141006

Horstmann, Brothers and Co. for Edward Strickland
1860 June 26 box 2:
folder 25

Hayes expedition. Includes full-page advertisement for Horstmann, Brothers, & Co. Military & Regalia Goods featuring image of the Horstmann building with pedestrians in the foreground.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:141009

Houston, George S.
  box 2:
folder 26
Foulke, William Parker to George S. Houston
1853 February 11 box 3

George S. Houston was the Chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means in the House of Representatives. Speaking on behalf of the Pennsylvania Colonization Society, Foulke's letter argues for Congressional appropriations to fund a Liberian expedition.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:141013

Hughes, Francis W.
  box 2:
folder 27
Foulke, William Parker to Francis W. Hughes
1855 August 17 box 3
Hunter, R.M.T.
  box 2:
folder 28
Foulke, William Parker to R.M.T. Hunter
1853 February 22 box 3
King, H.C.
  box 2:
folder 29
Foulke, William Parker to H.C. King
1859 August 27 box 4
Foulke, William Parker to H.C. King
1859 November 2 
Kinley, Alexander M.
  box 2:
folder 30
Kinley, Alexander M. to William Parker Foulke
1851 February 19 box 4

Geological Survey of Pennsylvania. Kinley was one of the Corps of Survey.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:141047

Kirkbride, Thomas Story
  box 2:
folder 31
Kirkbride, Thomas Story to William Parker Foulke
April 13 box 4

Plans for New Jersey Hospital for the Insane. Mentions Thomas Sharpless.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:141893

Knox, John C.
  box 2:
folder 32
Knox, John C. to William Parker Foulke
1859 February 19 

Philadelphia Society for Alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:141896

Landis, Henry D.
  box 2:
folder 33
Foulke, William Parker to Henry D. Landis
1855 January 3 box 4

Artillery Company I. Some of the most agreeable experiences of his life have been with Company I.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:141899

Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval
  box 2:
folder 34
Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval to William Parker Foulke, 1854 December 20
1854 December 20 

Accruals: 1974 851ms

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:114955

Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval to William Parker Foulke, 1854 July 12
1854 July 12 

Accruals: Accession 1974 851ms

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:114971

Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: From Foulke. 1854 February 1
1854 February 1 
Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: From Foulke. 1854 February 4
1854 February 4 

Accruals: Accession 1974 851ms

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:115096

Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: From Foulke. 1854 June 26
1854 June 26 
Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: To Foulke. 1854 July 4
1854 July 4 

Accruals: Accession 1974 851ms

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:115099

Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: From Foulke. 1854 July 18
1854 July 18 

Accruals: Accession 1974 851ms

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:115082

Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: To Foulke. 1854 August 26
1854 August 26 
Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: From Foulke. 1854 August 28
1854 August 28 

Accruals: Accession 1974 851ms

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:115092

Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: To Foulke. 1854 October 13
1854 October 13 

Accruals: Accession 1974 851ms

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:114974

Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: From Foulke. 1854 October 31
1854 October 31 

Accruals: 1974 851ms

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:114978

Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: To Foulke. 1854 November 29
1854 November 29 

Accruals: Accession 1974 851ms

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:114958

Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: To Foulke. 1854 December 8
1854 December 8 

Accruals: Accession 1974 851ms

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:115029

Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: From Foulke. 1854 December 13
1854 December 13 

Accruals: Accession 1974 851ms

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:115035

Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: From Foulke. 1854 December 15
1854 December 15 

Accruals: Accession 1974 851ms

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:115086

Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: To Foulke. 1855 January 10
1855 January 10 

Accruals: 1974 851ms

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:114952

Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: To Foulke. 1855 January 10
1855 January 10 

Accruals: Accession 1974 851ms

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:114949

Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: To Foulke. 1855 May 10
1855 May 10 

Accruals: 1974 851ms

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:114968

Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: To Foulke. 1859 March 18
1859 March 18 

Accruals: Accession 1974 851ms

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:114962

Foulke, William Parker to John Hazlehurst Boneval Latrobe
1854 June 26 

Accruals: Accession 1974 851ms

Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: From Foulke. 1854 October 12
1854 October 12 

Accruals: Accession 1974 851ms

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:115045

Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: To Foulke. 1854 October 13
1854 October 13 
Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: From Foulke. 1854 October 16
1854 October 16 

Accruals: Accession 1974 851ms

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:115056

Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: From Foulke. 1855 January 29
1855 January 29 

Accruals: Accession 1974 851ms

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:115042

Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: To Foulke. 1855 January 29
1855 January 29 

Accruals: Accession 1974 851ms

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:115079

Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: From Foulke. 1854 October 12
1854 October 12 
Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: To Foulke. 1858 November 23
1858 November 23 

Accruals: Accession 1974 851ms

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:115072

Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: To Foulke, Julia De Veaux. 1866 January 31
1866 January 31 

Accruals: Accession 1974 851ms

Accruals: Accession 1974 851ms

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:114943

Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: From Foulke, Julia De Veaux. 1866 March 2
1866 March 2 

Accruals: Accession 1974 851ms

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:114939

Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval: To Foulke, Julia De Veaux. 1866 July 27
1866 July 27 

Accruals: Accession 1974 851ms

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:115109

Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval to William Parker Foulke, William B. Reed, and J. Francis Foulke
1854 May 26 

Accruals: Accession 1974 851ms

Foulke, William Parker to John Hazlehurst Boneval
1854 February 12 

Accruals: Accession 1974 851ms

Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval to William Parker Foulke
Undated 

Will be in Philadelphia on Monday for his address. Staying at the Girard house. Just needs to know place of performance.

Accruals: Accession 1974 851ms

Lea, Isaac
1858-18621 folderbox 2:
folder 35
Lea, Isaac to William Parker Foulke
1858 October 91 item
Foulke, William Parker to Isaac Lea
1861 August 31 item
Lea, Isaac to William Parker Foulke
1861 August 71 item
Foulke, William Parker to Isaac Lea
1862 May 19 
Lea, Nina
  box 2:
folder 36
Lea, Nina to Lisa DeVeaux Foulke
Saturday box 4
LeBrun, Napoleón Eugéne Henry Charles
  box 2:
folder 37
Foulke, William Parker to Napoleón Eugéne Henry Charles LeBrun
1852 July 311 itembox 4
LeConte, John L
 1 folderbox 2:
folder 38
LeConte, John L. to William Parker Foulke
1858 June 221 item
Foulke, William Parker to John L. LeConte
1859 May 271 item
LeConte, John L. to William Parker Foulke
1860 August 281 item

Other Descriptive Information: Misdated on reverse as 1864.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:141933

Leesa, Isaac
  box 2:
folder 39
Leesa, Isaac to William Parker Foulke
1848 January 31 itembox 4
Leidy, Joseph
 1 folderbox 2:
folder 40

Accruals: Accession 1974-851ms

Other Descriptive Information: Original folder has note: BSB Alligator, or Hell Bender (Salamander?) plate. APS has copperplate. This apparently refers to the item in the Benjamin Smith Barton collection. The reason for the note here is not immediately clear - whether a folder was re-used or whether there is truly a reference to this in the letters.

Foulke, William Parker to Joseph Leidy
1849 November 301 item
Leidy, Joseph to William Parker Foulke
1853 April 201 item
Leidy, Joseph to William Parker Foulke
1854 November 15 
Foulke, William Parker to Joseph Leidy
1854 November 291 item
Foulke, William Parker to Joseph Leidy
1858 September 101 item
Foulke, William Parker to Joseph Leidy
1860 April 131 item
Leidy, Joseph to William Parker Foulke
1860 August 161 item
Leidy, Joseph to William Parker Foulke
1860 October 41 item
Leidy, Joseph to William Parker Foulke
1861 January 21 item
Foulke, William Parker to Joseph Leidy
1861 January 81 item
Foulke, William Parker to Joseph Leidy
1861 July 271 item
Leidy, Joseph to William Parker Foulke
1861 July 311 item
Foulke, William Parker to Joseph Leidy
1862 August 11 item
Leidy, Joseph to William Parker Foulke
1862 August 41 item
Foulke, William Parker to Joseph Leidy
1862 August 61 item
Foulke, William Parker to Joseph Leidy
1862 August 161 item
Foulke, William Parker to Joseph Leidy
1862 September 301 item
Leidy, Joseph to William Parker Foulke
1862 October 11 item
Leidy, Joseph to William Parker Foulke
1863 April 81 item
Leidy, Joseph to William Parker Foulke
1863 July 261 item
Foulke, William Parker to Joseph Leidy
1863 July 281 item
Foulke, William Parker to Joseph Leidy
1863 August 141 item
Leidy, Joseph to William Parker Foulke
1863 August 161 item
Foulke, William Parker to Joseph Leidy
1863 September 11 item

Other Descriptive Information: Item in two fragments

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:142009

Leidy, Joseph to William Parker Foulke
1863 September 31 item
Foulke, William Parker to Joseph Leidy
1863 September 131 item

Other Descriptive Information: Fragment

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:142014

Foulke, William Parker to Joseph Leidy
1863 September 151 item