Leonard Carmichael Papers, 1898-1973

Mss.B.C212

Date: Circa 1917-1973 | Size: 183 Linear feet, ca. 180,000 items

Abstract

Leonard Carmichael was a psychologist whose most significant contributions were made in the fields of child psychology and biopsychology. Educated at Tufts and Harvard, he taught at Princeton, Brown, and Rochester, later returning to Tufts to serve as its President from 1938-1952. An outstanding administrator, Carmichael served as executive officer for the Smithsonian Institute from 1952-1964, and was subsequently vice president for research and exploration at the National Geographic Society. In his later years, he served as President of the American Philosophical Society from 1970-1973.

This large and varied collection reflects the entire range of Carmichael's prolific career. It includes a variety of types of records, including correspondence, committee reports and records, long series of articles and speeches, drafts of papers and books, and pocket notebooks. All phases of his professional life are covered, from his years in academia, to his time at the Smithsonian Institute and the National Geographic Society, as well as his involvement in a large number of professional organizations.

Background note

Leonard Carmichael was born November 9, 1898 in the Germantown section of Philadelphia. His parents were Thomas Harrison Carmichael, a physician, and Emily Henrietta Leonard Carmichael, a graduate of Wellesley College. His maternal grandfather, Charles Hall Leonard, was Dean of the Crane Theological School of Tufts University, a fact that presages Carmichael's long association with that university.

Trained as a psychologist in the early years of this field, he also pursued research in zoology and biology. Carmichael's greatest contributions were in the areas of child psychology and biopsychology, with a special emphasis on the importance of genetic determinants of behavior. He was educated at Tufts (B.S., 1920) and Harvard (Ph.D., 1924) and taught at Princeton (1924-1926), Brown (1926-1936), and Rochester (1936-1938). During his time at Brown, he collaborated with Herbert Jasper in the earliest EEG studies in this country. He was president of Tufts University from 1938-1952, where he was simultaneously Director of the Laboratory of Sensory Physiology and Psychology. In 1946, he published his Manual of Child Psychology, which is considered a milestone in the scientific treatment of human development. The fourteen years he spent at Tufts were a time of great expansion in facilities, finances, and enrollment. One of his most important jobs was guiding the University's activities through the WWII time period.

Carmichael left Tufts in 1952 to become the executive officer of the Smithsonian Institute, a position he held until 1964. During his tenure there, he was responsible for the modernization of what was called the "nation's attic." Under his leadership, the Institute greatly expanded, with the creation of the Museum of History and Technology, and the addition of two wings to the Museum of Natural History. He left that position to become Vice President for Research and Exploration for the National Geographic Society. During his time in this position, the Society sponsored a great deal of exciting and ground-breaking research, including the Leakeys' anthropological studies in East Africa, Jane Goddall's work on primate behavior, and the underwater explorations of Jacques-Yves Cousteau.

Carmichael was active in a number of professional organizations, including the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the National Academy of Sciences, and the American Association of Museums. During World War II he headed the National Roster of Scientific and Specialized Personnel, which recruited scientists and engineers for the war, and later he was Chairman of the Army Scientific Advisory Panel (on Manpower). Carmichael served as chairman of the Division of Anthropology and Psychology of the National Research Council, and he was also a member and chairman of the advisory board of the Yerkes Laboratories of Primate Biology. He served as president of the American Psychological Association in 1940. The honor of which he was said to be the most proud, however, was his election to the American Philosophical Society in 1942. He served as the President of the Society from 1970 until a few months before his death. Carmichael died September 16, 1973 in Washington, D.C.

The Carmichael Auditorium at the National Museum of History and Technology was dedicated in his name in 1974. But perhaps an even more fitting indication of the lasting impact he made is the Leonard Carmichael Society, still an active volunteer organization at Tufts University. Started in 1958 by Richard Dorsay, it originally consisted of a group of students who would make regular visits to a nearby mental hospital. In the year 2000, it has a volunteer corps of over 1000, a staff of 85, and serves as an umbrella organization for 40 different programs which focus on such issues as homelessness, health, literacy, and youth mentoring. The Leonard Carmichael Society states that "The legacy that this elegant, wise and kind man built throughout his 75 years grows and expands every time Tufts students, faculty members, and staff members join LCS in the belief that they too can change the world."

Scope and content

This voluminous collection reflects the varied and prolific career of Carmichael. It includes a variety of types of records, including correspondence, committee reports and records, long series of articles and speeches, drafts of papers and books, and pocket notebooks (ca. 500 pp.). Significant and more voluminous material consists of series relating to professional organizations of which he was a member or officer. These include: American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Association of Museums, American Council of Education, American Psychological Association, Brookings Institution, College Entrance Examination Board, Committee of New England, Educational Testing Service, National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, National Science Foundation, and the National Trust for Historic Preservation.

There is significant material for the Tufts period, post 1938, including reports, committee meetings, and correspondence. There are similar types of material for his student years at Harvard; and his teaching time at Princeton and Brown, but less material for his time at the University of Rochester. There is also material on the Society for Research in Child Development. Outside the academic world he functioned in various capacities, all producing significant series within his papers. There is a great deal of materials for his period at the Smithsonian Institution, but less for his tenure at the National Geographic Society.

There is a sizable group of material for the Roscoe B. Jackson Memorial Laboratory at Bar Harbor, Maine, and also for his work as an editorial adviser for psychology at Houghton Mifflin Company. Of further note are the over 150 folders concerning animals, from antelope to zebra, which present his research into their development and behavior. Also of significance is the material on the use of motion pictures in psychology. Lastly are the eleven bound volumes of papers written by Carmichael's psychology students at Brown and Rochester University from 1932-1938. These are grouped under the subject headings: Audition, Emotion, Endocrinology, Learning, The Lower Senses, Perception, Response, Thought and Language and Vision.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Provenance

Presented by the estate of Dr. Carmichael, 1974.

Preferred citation

Cite as: Leonard Carmichael Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Recataloged by Alison M. Lewis, 2001.

Related material

Tufts University has 8.75 linear feet of documents primarily relating to Carmichael's tenure (1938-1952) as President of that institution.

Bibliography

Corner, George W. "Leonard Carmichael (1898-1973)," American Philosophical Society, Yearbook 1974.

Pfaffmann, Carl, "Leonard Carmichael: November 9, 1898-September 16, 1973," Biographical Memoirs NAS, Vol. 51. (Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences, 1980).

Physiology, Biochemistry, and Biophysics Note

Scholars of physiology, biochemistry, or biophysics may find the following of interest:

AuthorFormatDateLanguage
Cohn, Edwin J. (Edwin Joseph), 1892-1953Correspondence (1 item)1953English

Indexing Terms


Corporate Name(s)

  • American Association of Museums
  • American Council on Education
  • American Psychological Association
  • Brookings Institute
  • Brown University
  • Educational Testing Service.
  • Harvard University. Museum of Comparative Zoology
  • Houghton Mifflin Company.
  • Laboratory of Sensory Physiology and Psychology
  • National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
  • National Geographic Society
  • National Research Council (U.S.). Division of Anthropology and Psychology
  • National Roster of Scientific and Specialized Personnel
  • National Science Foundation
  • National Trust for Historic Preservation
  • Princeton University
  • Roscoe B. Jackson Memorial Laboratory.
  • Smithsonian Institution
  • Society for Research in Child Development
  • Tufts University
  • U.S. Army. Scientific Advisory Panel
  • University of Rochester
  • Yerkes Laboratories of Primate Biology, Inc

Personal Name(s)

  • Abel, Theodora Mead, 1899-1998
  • Adams, James P. (James Pickwell), 1895-1969
  • Allport, Gordon W. (Gordon Willard), 1897-1967
  • Angulo y González, Armando Wandegército (1900-)
  • Arnold, Frederic Bartlett, Sir
  • Arnold, Samuel Tomlinson (1892-1956)
  • Bayne-Jones, Stanhope, 1888-1970
  • Beck, Lester F. (Lester Fred),
  • Beebe-Center, John Gilbert, 18
  • Boring , Edwin Garrigues, 1886-1968
  • Bray, Charles William, 1904-
  • Bush, Vannevar, 1890-1974
  • Carmichael Leonard, 1898-1973
  • Cattell, James McKeen, 1860-1944
  • Conant, James Bryant, 1893-1978
  • Corner, George Washington, 1889-1981
  • Craig, Wallace
  • Cruikshank, Ruth M.
  • Dallenbach, Karl M., 1887-1971
  • Ducasse, Curt John, 1881-1969
  • Fernberger, Samuel Weiller, 1887-1956
  • Gates, Louise W.
  • Gilbert, Roger
  • Goldfarb, Alvin I.
  • Guthrie, Edwin R. (Edwin Ray), 1886-1959
  • Haskins, Caryl P. (Caryl Parker), 1908-2001
  • Hooker, Davenport
  • Hull, Clark Leonard, , 1884-1952
  • Hunter, Walter Samuel, 1889-19
  • Kennedy, John L.
  • Koffka, Kurt, 1886-1941
  • Kuo, Zing Yang, 1898-1970
  • Langfeld, Herbert Sidney
  • Lashley, Karl Spencer, 1890-1958
  • Marshall, Laurence K.
  • McFarland, Ross Armstrong, 1901-1976
  • Morey, Robert
  • Munn, Norman Leslie
  • Murchison, Carl Allanmore
  • Onassis, Jacqueline Kennedy, 1929-1994
  • Pfaffmann, Carl
  • Pollock, Martha C.
  • Pratt, Carroll C. (Carroll Cor
  • Roberts, S. Oliver
  • Schlosberg, Harold, 1904-1964
  • Skinner, B. F. (Burrhus Fredric), 1904-1990
  • Warren, Howard C. (Howard Cros
  • Wendt, George Richard, 1906-1977
  • Wilson, E. Bright (Edgar Bright), 1908-1992
  • Windle, William Frederick
  • Woodworth, Robert Sessions, 1869-1962
  • Yerkes, Robert Mearns, 1876-1956

Subject(s)

  • Behavior science
  • Biology
  • Child development.
  • Endocrinology
  • Perception
  • Psychology
  • Scientists in World War I
  • Zoology


Detailed Inventory

Leonard Carmichael Papers
ca. 1917-1973 box 1
Abbey, David S.
  
Abbott, C. D.
  
Abbot, Charles Greeley
  
Garber, Paul E
  
Ripley, S. Dillon
  
Menzel, Donald H
  
Abbott, Donald G
  
Abbott, Everett
  
Abbott, Frederic E., Rev.
  
Abbott, Preston S.
  
Abbott, R Tucker
  
Abel, Theodora M
  
Abelson, Philip H.
  
Abramson, Harold A
  
Academic Career Rejections
  
Fernberger, Samuel W
  
Titchener, E B
  
Givler, Robert Chenault
  
Cousens, John A
  
Holmes, Henry W
  
Allport, Floyd H
  
Richtmyer, F K
  
Gill, R C
  
Kruse, P J
  
Works, George A
  
Dearborn, Walter H
  
Sanderson, Dwight
  
Payne, Bruce R
  
Miner, J B
  
Adams, J P
  
Ogden, R M
  
Neilson, W A
  
Spaulding, F E
  
Boring, E G
  
Moore, Clifford H
  
Murchison, Carl
  
Mead, A D
  
Langfeld, Herbert S
  
Academic Costume
  
Academic Honors,
1928-33 
Academic Honors,
1933-34 
Academic Honors,
1934-36 
Academic Press
  
Bittig, Carol H
  
Academic Standing - Committee on
  
Academy of Medicine, Washington, D.C.
  
Academy of Political Science
  
Accokeek Foundation
  
"Aceace"
  
Perez, Gabriel Garcia
  
Ach, N
  
Achilles, Paul S
  
Achilles, Theodore Carter
  
Acker, John Edward
  
Ackerman, Arthur W
  
Ackerman, Robert E
  
Acta Psychologica Keijo
  
Acton, Gladys
  
Adams, Arthur S
  
Adams, C R
  
Adams, Donald K
  
Adams, E James
  
Baker, Robert C
  
Adams, Henry F
  
Adams, Howard
  
Adams, J W
  
Adams, James P
  
Adams, Mrs. James P
  
Adams, John P
  
Adams, Joseph P
  
Adams, Lois
  
Adams, Mrs. Rachel
  
Adams, Raymond D
  
Adams, Russell B
  
Adam's Rib Restaurant
  
Faraclas, John E
  
Adenauer, Konrad
  
Adkins, Dorothy C
  
Adler, Helmut E
  
Adrian,
  
Aero Club of Washington
  
Adams, Joseph P
  
Aerospace Medical Ass'n.
  
Aesthetics
  
Aesthetics and Psychology
  
Goodrich, Lloyd
  
Affection
  
African Research and Development Co., Inc.
  
Afshar, H K
  
Aggression
  
Agriculture in New England
  
Aguas, A. de Oliveira
  
Aguirre, Emiliano, S J
  
Aibs Education Review
  
Aiken, Herbert Austin
  
Ainsworth, Mrs. Roy C
  
Air Force Association
  
Air Force Museum
  
Air Force Museum Foundation, Inc.
  
McKnew, Thomas W
  
McConnell, J P
  
Grant, L J
  
Grosvenor, M B
  
Kettering, E W
  
Airlie Foundation
  
Akeley, Carl
  
Salseth, David K
  
Dr. Payne
  
Akers, Floyd D
  
Akin, Ted M
  
Akre, Charles T
  
Alabama, University of
  
Thompson, James A
  
Alaska Geographical Society
  
Alba, Jaime
  
Albright, Alan B (Caribbean Research Institute)
  
Albright, Alan B (C.R.I.)
  
Albright, William Foxwell
  
Albright, Mrs. William F
  
Alcoa Seaprobe
  
Hobbs, F Worth
  
Snider, Ed
  
Alden Foundation, Inc. (Mrs. Bonnie Alden Phillips)
  
Aldine Publishing Company
  
Aldred, F D
  
Aldred, F W
  
Aldrich, Emma B
  
Aldrich, Mrs. Helen M
  
Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc.
  
Alee, W C
  
Alexander, Charles P
  
Alexander, D D
  
Alexander, Edward P
  
Alexander Hamilton Bicentennial Commission
  
Alfalfa Club
  
Bredin, J Bruce
  
Trew, Shirley M
  
Dinner Ctte., Alfalfa Club
  
Bell, William T
  
Walters, Velma I
  
Gardner, John W
  
Beers, Thomas M
  
Oliphant, S Parker
  
Mr. Sanders
  
Brown, J Carter
  
Weber, C Swan
  
Jennings, Lewellyn A
  
Alfred University
  
Algonquin Club of Boston
  
Mock, Harold A
  
Thompson, Cameron
  
Haller, Julius F
  
Manager, Algonquin Club
  
Kittredge, Wheaton
  
Ali-Aba-Cle Review
  
Allen, Betty
  
Allen, Clarence E
  
Allen, Faith
  
Allen, Mary K
  
Allen, Myron S
  
Allen, R D
  
Varney, Charles E
  
Wish, Fred D, Jr.
  
Gentry, C B
  
Nooton, F C
  
Verdlanck, F A
  
MacBride, Bessie
  
Young, Edward S
  
Haggard, Roy S
  
White, Helen M
  
Allen, Robert F, Jr.
  
Reymers, Lynda A
  
Allentwon Art Museum
  
Allgrove, Arthur Eames
  
Alliance in Art
  
Kreeger, Mrs. David Lloyd
  
Allighan, Garry
  
Allport, Floyd H
  
Allport, Gordon W
  
Alpert, George
  
Alpert, Richard
  
Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society
  
Alschbach, Philip A
  
Alter, Chester M
  
Althin, Torsten
  
Marbach, Ruth Ann
  
Altiere, Edward S A
  
Altman, Joseph
  
Altmann, Stuart
  
Alyea, Hubert N
  
Amalaraj, A
  
Amazon Research Center
  
Ambassador Club
  
Ambrosia, Sister
  
Amen, Elisabeth W
  
America - Israel Society
  
Cassidy, George
  
America's Young Men
  
Howes, Durward
  
Amer. Ass'n Advancement of Sci.
1934 
McGeoch, John A
  
Ward, Henry B
  
Anderson, John E
  
Woodley, Samuel
  
Dashiell, John F
  
Dunlap, Knight
  
Gray, William S
  
Hargan, James
  
Miles, Walter R
  
Ingraham, Mark H
  
Anderson, John E
  
Dwight, Charles A S
  
Johnson, H M
  
Watkins, Ralph J
  
Buswell, G T
  
Hull, Clark L
  
Gates, Arthur I
  
Allport, F H
  
Davis, Charles
  
Porter, James P
  
Shepherd, William T
  
Wickland, Carl A
  
Woodrow, Herbert
  
Riddell, Newton
  
Wagner, Mazie Earle
  
Fernald, Grace M
  
Blakeslee, Albert F
  
Thorndike, Edward L
  
Root, William T
  
Schoen, Max
  
Hunter, Walter S
  
Richards, T W
  
Blakely, Clarence L
  
Am. Assoc. Adv. of Sci. Annual Meeting
1958 
Adams, Arthur S
  
Taylor, Raymond L
  
Brode, Wallace R
  
Emery, Alden H
  
Lindsay, G Carroll
  
Dunn, R Roy
  
Stephens, Thomas E
  
Killian, James R
  
Eisenhower, Dwight David
  
American Academy of Arts and Sciences
  
Ball, Mabel Frothingham
  
Davis, Tenney L
  
Campbell, C Macfie
  
Boring, E G
  
Lewis, C I
  
Davis, T L
  
Clark, Walter Eugene
  
Oleson, Alexandra
  
Branch, Claude R
  
Sutherland, Arthur E
  
Mead, Leonard C
  
Voss, John
  
Hoagland, Hudson
  
Wilson, Edwin B
  
Edsall, John T
  
Phillips, Henry B
  
Romer, Alfred S
  
Holton, Gerald
  
Land, Edwin H
  
American Academy of Arts and Sciences -- Nominations an New Memberships
  
Brewer, George F
  
Burhoe, Ralph W
  
Wessell, Nils Y
  
Greene, William C
  
Burchard, John Ely
  
Wilson, Edwin B
  
Harrison, George R
  
Hoagland, Hudson
  
Stewart, Robert B
  
Sachar, Abram Leon
  
Land, Edwin H
  
American Academy of Neurology
  
Bailey, Pearce
  
Imus, Henry A
  
Swedien, Thomas D
  
American Academy of Political and Social Science
  
American Airlines
  
American Art League, Inc.
  
American Association for the Advancement of Science
  
Godfrey, Kneeland A., Jr.
  
Deason, Hilary J
  
Trew, Shirley
  
Campbell, Louise
  
Backstrom, James R
  
Wolfle, Dael
  
Abelson, Philip H
  
Burtt, Harold E
  
McGill, Thomas E
  
Seeger, Raymond J
  
Branscomb, Lewis M
  
Henderson, Mr.
  
Butler, James C
  
Wolff, Kathryn
  
Deason, Hilary J
  
Sommer, Richard G
  
Reymers, Lynda A
  
McGeoch, John A
  
Anderson, John E
  
Woodley, Sam
  
Watkins, Ralph
  
Cattell, James McKeen
  
Gray, William S
  
Booth, Windsor Peyton
  
Cantrell, Lawson J
  
Taylor, Raymond L
  
Dunn, R Roy
  
Siddons, F P H
  
Oehser, Paul H
  
Owen, Ed W
  
Du Shane, Graham
  
Klopsteg, Paul E
  
Behnke, John A
  
Dearborn, Walter
  
Waterman, Mrs. Alan T
  
Leake, Chauncey D
  
Billman, Carl
  
Berry, William
  
Robinson, E S
  
Ward, Henry B
  
Keller, Fred S
  
Bills, Arthur G
  
Ogden, Robert M
  
Shipton, W D
  
Ingraham, Mark H
  
Miles, Walter R
  
Ruckmick, Christian A
  
Dallenbach, Karl M
  
Roos, Mary M
  
Stone, Calvin P
  
Tucker, A C
  
Woodrow, Herbert
  
Wheeler, Raymond H
  
Darrow, Chester W
  
Thorndike, Edward L
  
Boder, David P
  
Nafe, John Paul
  
Higginson, G D
  
Blakeslee, Albert F
  
Freeman, Frank N
  
Ledgerwood, Richard
  
Elliott, R M
  
Gilliland, A R
  
Reed, H B
  
Stroud, J B
  
Whitely, Paul L
  
Cole, Lawrence W
  
Conklin, E S
  
Hoisington, L B
  
Lanier, Lyle H
  
Miner, J B
  
Rexroad, Carl N
  
Robinson, M F
  
Waters, R H
  
Stone, Calvin P
  
Cason, Hulsey
  
Dingwall, Ewen C
  
Mitchell, James M
  
American Association of Geographers
  
American Association of Museums
  
Patterson, Joseph Allen
  
Mr. Payne
  
Alderson, William T
  
Barney, Laura D
  
Hammond, Frank H
  
Pringle, George H
  
Bittig, Carol H
  
Yecies, Susan M
  
McGrath, Kyran M
  
Brown, James M III
  
Bentley, Mr.
  
Alexander, Edward P
  
Coleman, Laurence Vail
  
Bookstein, Irving
  
McDaniel, Joseph M, Jr.
  
Jones, Louis C
  
Mauzy, Wayne L
  
Rainey, Froelich
  
Grobman, Arnold B
  
Heinrich, Theodore Allen
  
Hatt, Robert T
  
Nagel, Charles
  
Morley, Grace L McCann
  
Reed, Gervais
  
Crouch, Philbrick M
  
Milliken, William M
  
Brew, J O
  
Coffey, Katherine
  
Zepp, Erwin C
  
Watson, Thomas, Jr.
  
Hammond, Frank H
  
Taube, Mortimer
  
Copeland, Mrs. Lammot Du Pont
  
Lloyd, George W
  
Herzog, Henry W
  
Harris, Paul S
  
Kingman, Eugene
  
Rodney, James D
  
Crittenden, Christopher
  
Dulles, John Foster
  
Herdeck, Donald E
  
McCardle, Carl W
  
Stout, George L
  
Grobman, Arnold B
  
Morley, Grace L MCCann
  
Burton, E Milby
  
Netting, M Graham
  
Welch, Robert C
  
Zamoshkin, A
  
Smith, James Kellum
  
Hatch, John Davis, Jr.
  
Mather, Kirtley F
  
Romer, Alfred S
  
Dorra, Henri
  
Turnham, Mrs. Alice J
  
Brown, Henry D
  
Fuller, Richard E
  
Still, John S
  
Finley, David E
  
Nixon, Richard M
  
Lever, Michael
  
Buckley, Charles E
  
Montgomery, Charles F
  
Kingman, Eugene
  
Bridaham, Lester B
  
Vail, R W G
  
Hatch, John Davis, Jr.
  
Easby, Dudley T, Jr.
  
Roberts, H Radclyffe
  
Cairns, Huntington
  
Adams, E James
  
American Association of Museums - Committee on Feasibility of 5-Year Plan for Annual Meetings
  
American Association of School Administration
  
American Association of State Psychology Boards
  
Terris, Lillian D
  
American Association of University Professors
  
Adams, C R
  
Damon, L T
  
Himstead, Ralph E
  
American Association of University Women
  
American Atheists, Inc.
  
American Book Company
  
American Book Publishers Council, Inc.
  
American Business and Professional Trust
  
American College Bureau
  
American Committee to Preserve Abu Simbel
  
McCullough, Max.
  
American Council for Higher Education
  
Wilson, Logan
  
Dobbins, Charles G
  
American Council on Education
  
Zook, George F
  
Miller, George S
  
Conant, James Bryant
  
Brown, Francis J
  
McGrath, Earl J
  
Fuller, Edgar
  
Johnson, Louis
  
Walters, Raymond
  
McDonald, Ralph
  
Brumbaugh, A J
  
Tolley, William P
  
Day, E E
  
Donovan, H L
  
Chase, Henry W
  
Friley, Charles E
  
Hill, Henry H
  
Malott, Deane W
  
Morrill, J L
  
Robbins, Frank E
  
Stoddard, George D
  
Horton, Mildred McA
  
Fine, Benjamin
  
Howes, Raymond P
  
Cahill, George A
  
Davidson, Carter
  
Little, Dr. J. Kenneth
  
Adams, Arthur S
  
Toepelman, W C
  
Lunden, L R
  
Minutes of Meetings, [Ctte. on Relationships of Higher Education to the Fed. Gov't.]
February 5 and March 5, 1971. 
Waterman, Alan T
  
Mather, J Paul
  
Morrill, J L
  
Howes, Raymond F
  
Wann, Harry A
  
Thackrey, Russell I
  
Distler, Theodore A
  
Howes, R H
  
Anderson, Hurst R
  
Broughton, Robert W
  
Stone, Donald C
  
Hussey, Fred G
  
Wilson, Logan
  
West, Elmer D
  
Dobbins, Charles G
  
Boozer, Howard R
  
Hauck, Arthur A
  
Reed, Robert H
  
American Elsevier Publishing Company
  
American Engineer
  
American Enterprise Institute
  
American Ethnological Society, Inc.
  
Lesser, Alexander
  
American Federation of Arts
  
Pope, John A
  
Prior, Harris K
  
American Federation of Teachers
  
Davis, Jerome
  
American Foundation for the Blind, Inc.
  
Holopigian, Charles
  
American Geographical Society