Franz Boas Personal and Professional Papers

Mss.B.B61p

Date: ca. 1830s-1940s | Size: 19.25 Linear feet

Abstract

The Franz Boas Personal and Professional Papers contain a diverse assemblage of professional correspondence, family letters, and diaries, with a valuable series of essays and lectures by Boas on both professional and political topics (democracy, race, etc.). (NOTE: This collection is not to be confused with the much larger Franz Boas Papers collection (Mss.B.B61), which contains the vast majority of Boas's professional correspondence and was referred to as the "Professional Papers" in earlier decades.) During the half century leading up to the Second World War, Franz Boas helped to define academic anthropology in the United States. Trained as a geographer at the University of Heidelberg, Boas worked initially on the Inuit of Baffin Island and subsequently on the cultures of the Indians of the Northwest Pacific Coast, becoming a leading figure in American anthropology by the first decade of the twentieth century. As Professor of Anthropology at Columbia University, Boas made significant theoretical contributions to ethnology, linguistics, and physical anthropology, helping to ingrain the four fields approach in his discipline and introducing the concept of cultural relativism into wide currency. He was, as well, a committed Socialist and an ardent opponent of both racism and fascism.

Background note

Born in Minden, Germany, on July 8, 1858, the anthropologist Franz Boas was the son of the merchant Meier Boas and his wife, Sophie Meyer. Raised in the radical and tradition of German Judaism, Franz's youth was steeped in politically liberal beliefs and a largely secular outlook that he carried with him from university through his emigration to the United States.

At the universities of Heidelberg and Bonn, Boas studied physics and geography before completing a doctorate in physical geography at Kiel in 1881. Intending on testing then-current theories of environmental determinism, he signed on to an anthropological expedition to Baffin Island in 1883-1884, expecting that he would document the close adaptative fit of Central Eskimo cultures to their extreme climate. His experiences in the arctic, however, led him to the contrary conclusion: that social traditions, not environmental, exerted a dominant influence over human societies, and from this point onward, he was led to pursue the cultural over than physical dimensions of humanity.

Although he returned to Berlin after the expedition, Boas emigrated to the United States in 1885 to assume an editorial position with the journal Science, hoping to use it as a stepping-stone to an academic appointment. In 1886, he embarked upon a second major field excursion into what would become his most famous ethnographic project, working among the Kwakiutl (Kwakwaka'wakw) Indians of the Northwest Coast, after which he secured his first academic position in 1889, at Clark University in Worcester, Mass. After three years at Clark and a failed appointment at the Field Museum in Chicago in 1892 (during which he played a part in organizing the anthropological exhibits for the Columbian World's Fair), Boas moved to New York City.

The restless activity of Boas's early years slowed in New York. Hired by the American Museum of Natural History (1895-1905), which became the recipient of the amazingly rich anthropological collections he accumulated on the Northwest Coast, Boas began to teach classes at Columbia University in 1896, where three years later he was appointed Professor of Anthropology. For the next 37 years, Boas ruled the anthropological roost at Columbia, accruing unprecedented power in his discipline, wielding grants, recommendations, and appointments with remarkable dexterity, and collecting about him a remarkable group of younger scholars as students and colleagues.

Distancing himself from some of the main currents of contemporary anthropological thought in the United States, and particularly from the evolutionist assumptions that riddled the discipline, Boas championed an anthropology that viewed human cultures as shaped more by historical "tradition" than biological propensity. Claiming to resist any overarching, synthetic theories of human relations, and particularly evolutionary theories of sociocultural development, Boas laid the theoretical groundwork for what became modern cultural relativism. In the process, he helped to clarify the demarcation between the concepts of culture and race and its expression in the divergence of the four fields in anthropology -- linguistics, ethnography, physical anthropology, and archaeology.

Boas's relatively few forays into physical anthropology included a pioneering anthropometric study in 1910-1911, demonstrating that the alleged mental and physical inferiority of immigrants disappeared statistically by the second generation. Opposed to immigration quotas and disdainful of the claims to science used to justify them, Boas was a consistent, strident opponent of racial determinism in intellect or behavior. A committed, politically active Socialist, he was frequently an outspoken critic of American policy. During the First World War, he spoke out against the treatment of German Americans and "enemy aliens" -- to the point of putting himself at risk -- and the rise of the Nazi party in Germany proved an even greater crusade. Despite his age, Boas took an active role in the anti-fascist struggle in the United States and was involved with numerous committees to assist refugee scholars. He was equally ardent in his efforts to criticize racial and ethnic bigotry in the United States.

As a mentor, Boas had a reputation of being directive, at times overbearing, and at the same time of doing too little to prepare his students for the rigors of fieldwork. The extraordinary number of students coming out of Columbia under his care, however, has arguably done as much to extend the Boasian approach than Boas's own writing. Margaret Mead, Ruth Benedict, Elsie Clews Parsons, Alfred Kroeber, Frank Speck, Edward Sapir, Zora Neale Hurston, Ella Deloria, Melville Herskovits, Leslie Spier, Paul Radin, and Ashley Montagu are all students of Boas. Many continued in the same intellectual stream, some diverged, yet all bore traces of Boas's influence. He left a mark as well on the institutions of the discipline, as one of the founders of the American Anthropological Association and of the International Journal of American Linguistics.

Scope and content

The Franz Boas Personal and Professional Papers contain a diverse assemblage of professional correspondence, family letters, and diaries, with a valuable series of essays and lectures by Boas on both professional and political topics (democracy, race, etc.). Of particular note are his Clark University lectures of 1898 and extensive data from his 1883-1884 expedition to Baffin Island to study cultural adaptation among the Inuit. The collection includes a diary, maps, photographs (a few here, supplemented by others in the main Boas Photograph collection), a sketchbook and sketches. It also includes valuable material on Boas's research on the Kwakiutl, including ethnographic texts, linguistic data, and extensive correspondence with George Hunt. Boas's work with the American Committee for Democracy and Intellectual Freedom (1940-1942) is well documented in the collection, as are his interests in the American Council of Learned Societies and its Committee on Native American Languages, Columbia University, and U.S. v. Tatos Cartozian, an interesting Armenian naturalization case of 1924-1925.

The 4.5 linear feet of correspondence from Boas in the collection is comprised primarily of letters to his family from the 1860s until his death in 1942, along with diaries for 1886, 1888, 1889. There are, as well, related Boas family letters and documents, extensive correspondence with Ernst Boas, 1898-1937 (including reminiscences of his father), and an 1880 diary kept by Boas' wife, Marie.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Physical description

19.25 lin. feet

Provenance

Majority gift of Helene Boas Yampolsky, 1961-1962, and Cecil Yampolsky, 1964. Additions from Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accessions 1998-507ms and 1998-1094ms) and unidentified.

Preferred citation

Cite as: Franz Boas Personal and Professional Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Inventory compiled by Selma Rabinowitz, Library Receptionist and Volunteer, November 1994. Rearranged into series with some revised titles and new accessions by Brian Carpenter and Paul Sutherland, Center for Native American and Indigenous Research, 2022.

Alternate formats available

Some diaries and notebooks have been microfilmed (film 1445).

Related material

The American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, Franz Boas Collection of Materials for American Linguistics ( Mss 497.3.B63c ) is a large collection of primary materials on Native American languages assembled, in part, under Boas's supervision, and including a large quantity of material written by Boas himself.

Boas appears as a correspondent in numerous APS collections, and in addition to its rich collections for the history of anthropology, the library houses the papers of several of Boas's former students and proteges, including Frank Speck ( Mss. Ms. Coll. 126 ), Elsie Clews Parsons ( Mss. Ms. Coll. 29 ), John Alden Mason ( Mss. B M384 ), Paul Radin ( Mss. 497.3 R114 ), and Ashley Montagu ( Mss. Ms. Coll. 109 ).

The APS also houses a microfilm (372.3, reel 1) of original materials in the Office of Anthropology Archives, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., relating to Boas's trips to Baffin Island (N.W.T.) and British Columbia, during which he studied and collected cultural materials, 1885-1909.

The papers of Boas's son Ernst Boas ( Mss. Ms. Coll. 10 ) are housed at the APS. A physician, Ernst Boas shared his father's liberal political outlook and activist social views.

Other Franz Boas Collections
Franz Boas Papers, 1862-1942 (Mss B B61) View Collection
Boas Family Papers, 1862-1942 (Mss B B61f) View Collection
Boas-Rukeyser Collection, 1869-1940 (Mss B B61ru) View Collection
Franz Boas field notebooks and anthropometric data, ca. 1883-1912 (Mss B B61.5) View Collection

Bibliography

Rohner, Ronald P., ed., The Ethnography of Franz Boas: Letters and Diaries of Franz Boas, Written on the Northwest Coast from 1886 to 1931 (Chicago: Univ. of Chicago, 1969). Call no.: B B61e.r

Stocking, George, ed., The Shaping of American Anthropology, 1883-1911: A Franz Boas Reader (N.Y.: Basic Books, 1974). Call no.: 572.081 B63s

Cole, Douglas, Franz Boas: The Early Years, 1859-1906 (Seattle: Univ. of Washington, 1999).

Boas, Franz, The Mind of Primitive Man (N.Y.: MacMillan, 1911). Call no.: 572 B63m

Boas, Franz, Ethnology of the Kwakiutl (Washington, D.C.:Government Printing Office, 1921). Call no.: 572.97 B63e

Boas, Franz, Primitive Art (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1927). Call no.: 571.7 B63p

Boas, Franz, ed., General Anthropology (Boston: D.C. Heath, 1938). Call no.: 572 B63g.r

Boas, Franz, Race, Language and Culture (N.Y.: MacMillan, 1940). Call no.: 572.081 B63r

Indexing Terms


Corporate Name(s)

  • American Committee for Democracy and Intellectual Freedom
  • American Council of Learned Societies. Committee on Native American Languages

Genre(s)

  • Diaries.
  • Lectures
  • Photographs
  • Sketches.

Geographic Name(s)

  • Arctic regions -- Discovery and exploration
  • Baffin Island (N.W.T.)

Occupation(s)

  • Anthropologists -- United States.

Personal Name(s)

  • Boas, Ernst P. (Ernst Philip), 1891-1955
  • Boas, Franz, 1858-1942
  • Boas, Marie Anna Ernestina Krackowizer, 1861-1929
  • Cartozian, Tatos
  • Cattell, James McKeen, 1860-1944
  • Deloria, Ella Cara, 1889-1971
  • Efron, David
  • Fortune, Reo, 1903-1979
  • Hunt, George
  • Lowie, Robert Harry, 1883-1957
  • Reichard, Gladys Amanda, 1893-1955
  • Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939
  • Weike, Wilhelm, 1859-1917

Subject(s)

  • Anthropology -- Research -- United States
  • Anthropology -- United States.
  • Eskimos -- Baffin Island (N.W.T.)
  • Ethnology -- North America
  • Indians of North America -- Ethnology
  • Indians of North America -- Languages
  • Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast
  • Inuit
  • Jewish scientists
  • Kwakiutl Indians
  • Kwakiutl language
  • Kwakwaka'wakw
  • Languages
  • Nootka Indians
  • Nuu-chah-nulth
  • Refugees, Political
  • Scientific expeditions -- Arctic regions.
  • Scientists, Refugee
  • Socialists -- United States
  • Tlingit Indians

Collection overview

  box 1-3
  box 3-20

Comprises family correspondence, Boas family genealogy, possessions of Boas's family members, and biographic materials about Boas (including bibliographies, obituaries and awards).

  box 20-24
  box 25-29
  box 29-33

This is a mixed series that contains, in addition to titled works by others: committees and societies (some headed by Boas), university and journal administration, legal files, and printed materials. There may be overlap with Series III and Series IV.

  box 33
  
  box 33-38

Materials produced by Helene Boas Yampolsky in 1960 documenting the cataloguing of Franz Boas's materials at the APS. Some sections of the indexes may relate additionally to other Boas collections (Mss.B.B61, Mss.B.B61.5, Mss.B.B61f, Mss.B.B61ru). Transcripts by Yampolsky can be found throughout this and other Boas collections. Cataloguing described here by Yampolsky is historical and may not reflect recent changes to the Boas collections, but is kept for historical reference purposes.

  Fragile. box 39-40

Collected newspaper clippings mentioning, about, or authored by Boas. Occasionally also includes magazines and ephemera.



Detailed Inventory

Series I. Professional correspondence
  box 1-3
Aall, A.
  
Adamson, Thelma
  
Adler, Cyrus
  

President, Jewish Theological Seminary of America

Adler, Herman M.
  
American Association for the Advancement of Science
  
American Folklore Society
1908 

Provenance: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms).

Processing information: Added to collection 2022.

American League of the Brotherhood of Man
  
Andrews, H. A.
1904 

Provenance: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms).

Angulo, Jaime de
  
The Anti-Saloon League of America
1929 

Processing information: Added to collection in 2022. Previously in unprocessed boxes at end of Boas collections.

Atlantic Monthly
[1917-18]1 p. (inc.)

German-American press

Bailey, L. H.
  
Barnard College
  
Barnes, Earl
  
Barrows, Albert L.
  

Processing information: Added to collection in 2022. Previously in unprocessed boxes at end of Boas collections.

Bastian, Adolph
  
Bendam, Effie
  
Birket-Smith, Kaj
  
Blake, W. W.
1915 

Provenance: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms).

Processing information: Added to collection 2022.

Bogoras, Waldemar G.
1913, 1922, n.d. 

Provenance: Postcard 1913-11-20: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms).

Bohme, Traugott
  
Bonhage, Dr. [M.?]
  

Outgoing by Boas, apparently unsent.

Processing information: Added to collection in 2022. Previously in unprocessed boxes at end of Boas collections.

Borsari, F.
1889 

Provenance: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms).

Processing information: Added to collection 2022.

Bowditch, Dr. H. P.
  
Breton, Adele C.
  
Bunzel, Ruth
  
Butler, Nicholas M.
  
Capitan, J.
n.d. 
Carney, Patrick J.
1914 

Provenance: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms).

Processing information: Added to collection 2022.

Cattell, James McKeen
  
Chamberlain, Alexander F.
  
Chavez, Ezequiel A.
  
Cohen, Morris R.
  
Collier, John
  
Comer, George
  
Cranmer, Dan
  
Cranmer, Dan: To Helene Boas Yampolsky. 1943-01-09
1943-01-09 
Crolly, Charles Stewart
  
Culleton, L.
1903 

Provenance: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms).

Processing information: Added to collection 2022.

Czekanowski, Jan
  
Davalos, Dalbino
  
Deloria, Ella
  
Dewey, John
  
Diercks, Gustav
  
Dihigo, Juan M.
1915 

Provenance: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms).

Processing information: Added to collection 2022.

Dillon, Mrs. Hortense
  
Dionne, N. E.
1905 

Provenance: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms).

Processing information: Added to collection 2022.

Dixon, Roland B.
  
Donaldson, Henry H.
  
Dorsey, George A.
  
Dunn, J. P.
  
Efron, David
  
Ehrmann, H. A.
1914 

Provenance: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms).

Processing information: Added to collection 2022.

Ellis, Grace Kirtland
  
Engerrand, Jorge C.
  
Ernst, A. Henson
  
Fahns, H.
  
Fansler, D. S.
  
Farrand, Livingston?
  
Ferrero-Sallitto Defense Committee
  
Fewkes, J. Walter
  
Fife, Robert Herndon
  

Processing information: Added to collection in 2022. Previously in unprocessed boxes at end of Boas collections.

Finkelstein, Moses I.
  
Fondo de Cultura Economica
  
Fortune, Reo F.
  
Frachtenberg, Leo J.
  
Franco, Francisco (General)
1938 

Open letter to General Franco expressing concern over the fate of four Americans captures by Franco's troops. Includes additional handwritten draft note by Boas, beginning "Why do I stand here to raise my small voice on behalf of the Spanish loyalists?..."

Processing information: Previously titled: "Spain, Notes on Franco".

Frelinghuysen, Joseph S.
  
Friends of Franz Boas
1942 
Germanistic Society of America
  
Gerson, Walter
  

Processing information: Added to collection in 2022. Previously in unprocessed boxes at end of Boas collections.

Gissler, Carl Fridrich
  
Goldenweiser, A. A.
  
Gordon, E. M.
  
Gordon, George Bryon
  

Restrictions on Use: Not for reproduction without permission from the University of Pennsylvania Museum Archives (condition set: 5 December 1984).

Provenance: Donated by Bryce Little, University of Pennsylvania Museum Archives, 1984.

Location of originals: These are copies of originals housed at University of Pennsylvania Museum Archives.

Processing information: Added to collection in 2022.

Gordon, George Bryon, Folder 1 of 2
1905-1915 
Gordon, George Bryon, Folder 2 of 2
1915-1926 
Grunwedel, Albert
  
Gulkowitsch, Lazar
  
Haddon, A. C.
  
Hahn, Frida
  
Haile, Bernard
  
Haller, Ludwig
  
Hancock, J. A.
  
Harris, W. F.
  
Harrow, Benjamin
  
Henry, Jules?
  
Hewett, Edgar L.
  
Heye, George G.
  
Hodge, William
  
Hodges, N. D. C.
  
Holmes, William Henry
  
Honey, James A. to George H. Chase
  
Horsford, Cornelia
  
Hunt, Horatio
ca. 1889 

Processing information: Added to collection in 2022. Previously in unprocessed boxes at end of Boas collections.

Ivanovsky, [A.?]
1926 

Provenance: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms).

Processing information: Added to collection 2022.

Jacobi, M. P.
  

Added to collection in 2022. Previously in unprocessed boxes at end of Boas collections.

Jacobs, Melville
  
James, Goldye L. (Mrs.)
  
James, J. B., Jr.
  
Japanese American Committee for Democracy
  
Jastrow, Joseph
  
Jenks, Albert Ernest
  
Jespersen, Otto
1916 

Provenance: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms).

Processing information: Added to collection 2022.

Jesup, Morris K.
  
Kate, Herman ten
1913 

Provenance: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms).

Processing information: Added to collection 2022.

Kaufmann, Max
  
Kittridge, George L.
  

Processing information: Added to collection in 2022. Previously in unprocessed boxes at end of Boas collections.

Klein, Jerome
  
Klodic, R.
1924 

Provenance: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms).

Processing information: Added to collection 2022.

Krause, Aurel
1888 

Provenance: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms).

Processing information: Added to collection 2022.

Krauss, Friedrich S.
1895-1913 

Provenance: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms).

Processing information: Added to collection 2022.

Krehbiel, Henry E.
  
Kroeber, A. L.
  
Laidlaw, G. E.
  
Lansing, Robert
  
Laufer, Berthold
  
Lehmann, Rudolph
  
Lehmann, Walter
  
Lenz, Charlotty H.
  
Leon, Nicolas
1913 

Provenance: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms).

Processing information: Added to collection 2022.

Lesser, Alexander
  
Lincer, William
  
Llewellyn, Karl N.
  
Loomis, Gertrude Shepperle
  
Lowie, Robert H.
  
Lowman, Guy S., Jr.
  
von Luschan
  
[von Luschan, Felix?]
1894 

Provenance: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms).

Processing information: Added to collection 2022.

McAneny, George
  
MacCurdy, George Grant
  
McGee, W.
  
Marini, Myra
  
Marsh, Gordon
  
Martine, James E.
  
Mason, J. Alden
  
Mayer, Theresa
  
Mayo-Smith, Richmond
  
Mechling, William H.
  
Meier, Joseph
  
Meillet, C.
  
Merriam, C. Hart
  
Michelson, Nicholas (Nikolai)
  
Michelson, Truman
  
Mitscherlich, Waldemar
  
Moore, Jane Newell
  
Morgan, Edith
  
Muller, Karl
  
Murphy, Gardner
  
Murrell, Mitchell
  
Mutch, James S.
  
National Committee for Defence of Political Prisoners
  

Telegram regarding Scottsboro Boys case.

New York Times
1923 

Added to collection in 2022. Previously in unprocessed boxes at end of Boas collections.

Newcombe, Charles F.
1903 

Provenance: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms).

Processing information: Added to collection 2022.

Newell, W. W.
  
Newman, Stanley S.
  
Nicodemus, Julia Theresa
  
Norsemthy, Naomi
  
Nsibirwa, Manteni L.
  
Nuttall, Zelia
  
Olbrechts, Frans M.
  
Osgood, H. L.
  
Parsons, Elsie Clews
  
Payer, Richard
1903 

Provenance: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms).

Processing information: Added to collection 2022.

Peabody, George to Elsie C. Parsons
  
Peltenburg, [Corneille?]
1906 

Provenance: Unsolicited donation, February 13 2011. Donator and accession number not noted in accompanying folder.

Processing information: Added to collection in 2022.

Penck, Albrecht
  
Pilsudski, Bronislav
1911, n.d. 

Provenance: Postcards 1911: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms) and added to collection 2022.

Plandinette, J.
  
Plimpton, George H.
  
Powell, Thomas Reed
  
Prescott, Daniel B.
n.d. 
Prince, J. D.
  
Putnam, F. W.
  
Radin, Paul
  
Reichard, Gladys
1923-1942 
Reichard, Gladys. Letters from German Friends
1947 
Reiche, Karl
1914-1915 

Provenance: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms).

Processing information: Added to collection 2022.

Reko, Victor A.
  
Richard, Ernst
  
The Riverside Press
n.d. 

Processing information: Previously titled "H. O. Houghton & Co.", which is the press manufacturer named in the letter, but not the sender.

Rukeyser, Muriel
  

Includes correspondence with Ernst Boas, Gladys Reichard, and the Smithsonian Institution.

Related material: See also the Boas-Rukeyser Collection (Mss.B.B61ru).

S., Professor
  
Sapir, Edward
  
Sargent, Homer E.
  
Schiff, Jacob H. (American Museum Fund)
  
Schreiber, Witold
  
Schultz, R. R.
  
Seaver, Jay W.
  
Seler, Eduardo
  
Seytter, Emil
  
Shelby, Gertrude Matthews
  
Smith, Harlan I.
1894 

Provenance: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms).

Processing information: Added to collection 2022.

Snyder, Louis L.
  
Sock, Paul
  
Speers, Mary W. H.
  
Spier, Leslie
  
Spinden, Herbert J.
  
Steinen, Diether von den
  
Steinen, Karl von den
  
Stevenson, Mrs. Cornelius
  
[Stumpf, Carl?]
1895 

Provenance: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms).

Processing information: Added to collection 2022.

Sturtevant, E. H.
  
Swanton, John R.
  
[Teeuwen, S. W. J.?]
  

Processing information: Added to collection in 2022. Previously in unprocessed boxes at end of Boas collections.

Thalbitzer, William
1913-1918 

Provenance: 1913-10-21 postcard: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms) and added to collection 2022.

Thilenius, G.
  
Thomas, W. I.
  
Thorndike, E. L.
  
Tozzer, Alfred W.
  
Umlauff, Gustave
  
Unidentified
  
Unidentified, Folder 1 of 3
  

Processing information: Added to collection in 2022. Previously in unprocessed boxes at end of Boas collections.

Unidentified, Folder 2 of 3
  

Provenance: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms).

Processing information: Added to collection in 2022.

Unidentified, Folder 3 of 3
  

Processing information: Previously "Boas, Franz -- Correspondence, n.d.". Moved to this series in 2022.

Van den Broeck, Ernest
1903 

Provenance: Gift of Norman F. Boas, 1998 (accession 1998-507ms).

Processing information: Added to collection 2022.

Virchow, Rudolph
1883-1895 

Provenance: Gift of Norman F. Boas, December 1998. Accession 1998-1094ms.

Processing information: Added to collection in 2022.

Wagner, Max Leopold
  
Wallis, [Wilson, D.]?
  
Waterman, T. T.
  
Weike, Wilhelm
  
Williams & Wilkins Co.
  
Willoughly, Charles C.
  
World War I - Boas letters in opposition
  
Yarnall, Stanley R.
  
Series II. Family correspondence and data
  box 3-20

Comprises family correspondence, Boas family genealogy, possessions of Boas's family members, and biographic materials about Boas (including bibliographies, obituaries and awards).

[Boas, Antonie "Toni"] - [Manuscript about Liszt]
  

Processing information: Added to collection in 2022. Previously in unprocessed boxes at end of Boas collections.

Related material: Accompanying note: "found in correspondence of SB & AJ, written by Toni Boas (HBY)"

Boas, Ernst. Correspondence
1898-1937 22 folder(s)
Boas, Ernst. Correspondence
1898 - July 1900 
Boas, Ernst, Correspondence
August 1900 - July 1909 
Boas, Ernst. Correspondence
September 1909 - July 1910 
Boas, Ernst. Correspondence
August 1910 - January 1911 
Boas, Ernst. Correspondence
February 1911 - January 1912 
Boas, Ernst. Correspondence
February 1912 - June 1913 
Boas, Ernst. Correspondence
July 1913 - August 1914 
Boas, Ernst. Correspondence
September 1914 - July 1917 
Boas, Ernst. Correspondence
August 1917 - December 1917 
Boas, Ernst. Correspondence
January 1918 - June 1918 
Boas, Ernst. Correspondence
July 1918 - December 1918 
Boas, Ernst. Correspondence
January 1919 - July 1919 
Boas, Ernst. Correspondence
August 1919 - February 1920 
Boas, Ernst. Correspondence
June 1920 
Boas, Ernst. Correspondence
July 1920 - June 1921 
Boas, Ernst. Correspondence
July 1921 - August 1922 
Boas, Ernst. Correspondence
June 1923 - July 1924 
Boas, Ernst. Correspondence
August 1925 - December 1926 
Boas, Ernst. Correspondence
January 1927 - August 1929 
Boas, Ernst. Correspondence
July 1930 - December 1930 
Boas, Ernst. Correspondence
January 1931 - July 1932 
Boas, Ernst. Correspondence
August 1932 - August 1937 
Boas, Ernst. Letters to parents [Transcripts]
1907-1918 
Boas, Ernst. Notes on a conversation with Franz Boas
1940 or 1941 
Boas, Ernst. Reminiscenses of his Father
  
Boas, Franz -- Academic courses
  
Boas, Franz -- Accounts and budgets for research
  
Boas, Franz -- Address book, European trip
1929 
Boas, Franz -- Addresses, residential 1889-1942
  
Boas, Franz -- American Academy of Arts and Sciences, certificate of election as fellow
  

Processing information: Added to collection in 2022. Previously in unprocessed boxes at end of Boas collections.

Boas, Franz -- American Philosophical Society, certificate of election as member
 Oversized.

Processing information: Added to collection in 2022. Previously in unprocessed boxes at end of Boas collections.

Boas, Franz -- Berliner Gesellschaft für Anthropologie, Ethnologie und Urgeschichte, certificate of election as corresponding member
1899 

Processing information: Added to collection in 2022. Previously in unprocessed boxes at end of Boas collections.

Boas, Franz -- Biographical information
  
Boas, Franz -- Bibliography of Franz Boas
  

Binder containing numbered "Bibliography of Franz Boas" by H. A. Andrews, partially from the original publication and partially typeset. Reprints in Series IV appear to use this numbering system.

Boas, Franz -- Boas family life
  
Boas, Franz -- Book contracts
  
Boas, Franz -- Certificates and diplomas
  
Boas, Franz -- Condolences on the death of Boas
  
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1860s-1942, n.d. 288 folder(s)

This section of correspondence, organized chronologically, consists almost entirely of Boas's own outgoing letters to family and friends, written in German. A small number of incoming in German from family are also included.

Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
ca. 1866 - 1869 

Earliest material undated. Transcription included indicates this is likely 1866 or earlier.

Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1870 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1871 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1872 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1873 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1874 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1875 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1876 July - Sept. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1876 October 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1877 Feb. - March 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1877 April 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1877 May 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1877 June 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1877 July - Aug. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1877 Sept. - Oct. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1877 Nov. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1878 Jan. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1878 Feb. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1878 March 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1878 May - June 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1878 July - Aug. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1878 Sept. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1879 Jan. - Feb. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1879 March - April 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1879 May 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1879 June - July 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1879 Aug. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1880 Jan. - April 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1880 May - July 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1880 Aug. - Sept. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1880 Oct. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence. Transcriptions
1880 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1881 Jan. - March 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1881 April - July 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1881 Aug. - Oct. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence. Transcriptions
1881 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1882 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence. Transcriptions
1882 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1883 Jan. - Feb. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1883 April - May 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1883 June 1 - 14 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1883 June 16 - 30 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1883 Aug. - Sept. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1883 Oct. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1884 April - July 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1884 Sept. 

Sketches

Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1884 Oct. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1884 Nov. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1884 Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1885 Jan. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1885 Feb. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1885 March 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1885 April 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1885 May 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1885 June 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1885 July 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1885 Aug. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1885 Sept. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1885 Oct. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1885 Nov. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1885 Dec. 

Sketches

Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1886 Jan. - Feb. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1886 March - April 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1886 May 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1886 June 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1886 July - Aug. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1886 Sept. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1886 Oct. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1886 Nov. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1886 Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1887 Jan. - Feb. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1887 March - April 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1887 May - June 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1887 July - Aug. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1887 Sept. - Oct. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1887 Nov. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1888 Jan. - March 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1888 April - May 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1888 July - Aug. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1888 Sept. - Oct. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1888 Nov. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1888 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1889 Jan. - Mar. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1889 April - July 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1889 Aug. - Sept. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1889 Oct. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1890 Jan. - Feb. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1890 March - April 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1890 May - June 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1890 July 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1890 Aug. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1890 Sept. - Oct. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1890 Nov. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1891 Jan. - March 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1891 Apr. - June 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1891 June 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1891 July 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1891 Aug. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1891 Sept. - Oct. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1891 Nov. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1892 Jan. - March 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1892 Apr. - May 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1892 June - Aug. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1892 Oct. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1892 Nov. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1892 Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1893 Jan. - March 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1893 April - July 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1893 Aug. - Oct. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1893 Nov. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1894 Jan. - Feb. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1894 March - May 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1894 June - Aug. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1894 Sept. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1894 Oct. 1 - 21 

12 October 1894--sketches

Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1894 Oct. 21 - 31 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1894 Nov. 

Sketches

Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1894 Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1895 Jan. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1895 Feb. - March 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1895 Apr. - June 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1895 July - Aug. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1895 Oct. - Dec. 

19 November 1895--sketches

Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1896 Jan. - March 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1896 April - June 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1896 July 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1896 Aug. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1896 Sept. - Oct. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1896 Nov. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1897 Jan. - Mar. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1897 April - May 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1897 June 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1897 July 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1897 Aug. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1897 Sept. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1897 Oct. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1897 Nov. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1898 Jan. - March 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1898 April - July 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1898 Aug. - Sept. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1898 Oct. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1899 Jan. - Feb. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1899 Mar. - April 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1899 May - June 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1899 July 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1899 Aug. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1899 Sept. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1899 Oct. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1900 Jan. - Feb. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1900 March - April 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1900 May - June 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1900 July 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1900 Aug. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1900 Sept. - Oct. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1900 Nov. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1901 Jan. - Feb. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1901 Mar. - April 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1901 May - Sept. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1901 Oct. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1902 Jan. - March 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1902 April - May 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1902 June 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1902 July 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1902 Aug. - Sept. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1902 Oct. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1903 Feb. - March 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1903 April - May 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1903 June - July 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1903 Aug. - Sept. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1903 Oct. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1904 Jan. - March 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1904 April - Aug. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1904 Sept. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1905 Jan. - April 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1905 May - June 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1905 July - Aug. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1905 Sept. - Oct. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1905 Nov. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1906 Jan. - March 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1906 April - June 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1906 July - Aug. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1906 Sept. - Oct. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1906 Nov. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1907 Jan. - Mar. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1907 April - May 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1907 June 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1907 July 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1907 Aug. - Sept. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1907 Oct. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1907 Nov. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1908 Jan. - Feb. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1908 March - May 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1908 June - Aug. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1908 Sept. - Oct. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1908 Nov. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1909 Jan. - Feb. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1909 March - April 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1909 May - June 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1909 July - Aug. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1909 Sept. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1909 Oct. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1910 Jan. - March 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1910 April - June 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1910 July - Aug. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1910 Sept. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1910 Oct. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1910 Nov. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1911 Jan. - Feb. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1911 March 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1911 April - June 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1911 July - Sept. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1911 Oct. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1911 Nov. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1911 Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1912 Jan. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1912 Feb. - March 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1912 April 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1912 May - Aug. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1912 Sept. - Dec. 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1913 Jan. - April 
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1913 May - July