A. D. Bache Collection

Mss.B.B123

Date: 1833-1873 | Size: 0.25 Linear feet

Abstract

Alexander Dallas Bache (1806-1867) was an important scientific reformer during the early nineteenth century. From his position as superintendent of the United States Coast Survey, and through leadership roles in the scientific institutions of the time, Bache helped bring American science into alignment with the professional nature of its European counterparts. In addition, Bache fostered the reform of public education in America.

The Alexander Dallas Bache Collection consists of 91 letters written primarily by Bache. In most cases, these are brief notes replying to letters that are not part of the collection. The majority of items relate to Bache's work as superintendent of the U.S. Coast Survey, including letters of recommendation and introduction, and there is minor correspondence regarding the National Academy of Sciences, scientific matters, his travels in Europe, or personal matters. Of particular interest is the letter from Louis Agassiz in 1856 expressing his view of what the natural history museum of the future should be.

Background note

Alexander Dallas Bache (1806-1867) was an important scientific reformer during the early nineteenth century. From his position as superintendent of the United States Coast Survey, and through leadership roles in the scientific institutions of the time, Bache helped bring American science into alignment with the professional nature of its European counterpart. In addition, Bache fostered the reform of public education in America.

On July 19, 1806 Alexander Dallas Bache was born into one of Philadelphia's elite families. The son of Richard Bache and Sophia Dallas, he was Benjamin Franklin's great-grandson, nephew to George Dallas (vice president under James K. Polk), and grandson to Alexander James Dallas (secretary of the treasury under James Madison). In 1821, Bache was admitted to the United States Military Academy at the age of 15, graduating first in his class four years later. He remained at the Academy for an additional two years to teach mathematics and natural history. While serving as a lieutenant in the Army Corps of Engineers, working on the construction of Fort Adams in Newport, R.I., he met Nancy Clarke Fowler whom he would later marry.

Bache left the Army in 1828 to begin an academic career, accepting an appointment as professor of natural philosophy and chemistry at the University of Pennsylvania. Although his scientific interests were broad, he had a particular interest in geophyscial research. While in Philadelphia, he constructed a magnetic observatory, and made extensive research into terrestrial magnetism, and during the 1830s he began to be recognized as a leading figure in the city's scientific community. Bache was an active member of the American Philosphical Society and the Franklin Institute, seeking to raise the professional standards of both institutions and urging them to place a stronger emphasis on original research. While at the Franklin Institute from 1830-1835, Bache led a Federally-funded investigation into steam-boiler explosions, the government's first use of technical experts to examine a matter involving public policy.

In 1836 Bache became interested in educational reform when he was asked to help organize the curriculum at Girard College, of which he later served as president. Bache spent two years in Europe visiting over 250 educational institutions. The result of his visit was a 600 page study, Report on Education in Europe, to the Trustees of the Girard College for Orphans published in 1839. Although Bache was unable to apply the report at Girard College because of its delayed opening, it proved useful in overhauling the curriculum of Philadelphia's Central High School, where he was superintendent from 1839-1842, and was widely influential among American educational reformers, helping to introduce the Prussian educational model to the United States.

After meeting many of the leading savants during a European tour, including Alexander von Humboldt, Francois Arago, and Karl Friedrich Gauss, Bache became convinced of the need to professionalize American science. His opportunity to make an impact came in 1843 with the death of Ferdinand Hassler, superindendent of the U.S. Coast Survey. In the years before the Civil War, the Coast Survey supported more scientists then any other institution in the country, and Bache and his colleagues saw the Survey as a means of gaining federal patronage for science. After a campaign by his friends and colleagues, Bache was named as Hassler's replacement. Over the next two decades Bache transformed the Coast Survey into one of the nation's leading scientific institutions, becoming an important patron of science himself in the process . Bache was not just an administrator, but remained personally involved in field work.

Bache also led the reform of American science through his leadership of an elite group known as the "Lazzaroni" or scientific beggars. The goal of the Lazzaroni was to ensure that the nation's leading scientists kept control of the nation's scientific institutions, and they were instrumental in reforming the American Association for the Advancement of Science (of which Bache was president of in 1850). In his remarkably busy schedule, Bache was a member of the Lighthouse Board (1844-1845), superintendent of the Office of Weights and Measures (1844), and a prominent regent for the Smithsonian Institution, where he convinced fellow Lazzaroni Joseph Henry to become its first secretary. Bache also played a leading role in the creation of the National Academy of Sciences, serving as its first president. When the Americn Civil War broke out, Bache focused the Coast Survey to support the war effort, was vice president of the Sanitary Commision, a consultant to the army and navy on battle plans, a superintended for Philadelphia's defence plans, and a member of the Permanent Commission of the navy in charge of evaluating new weapons. Bache died in Newport, R.I. on February 17, 1867.

Scope and content

The Alexander Dallas Bache Collection consists of 91 letters written primarily by Bache. In most cases, these are brief notes replying to letters that are not part of the collection. The majority of items relate to Bache's work as superintendent of the U.S. Coast Survey, including letters of recommendation and introduction, and there is minor correspondence regarding the National Academy of Sciences, scientific matters, his travels in Europe, or personal matters. Of particular interest is the letter from Louis Agassiz in 1856 expressing his view of what the natural history museum of the future should be.

Collection Information

Provenance

Acquired from various sources between 1941 and 1983.

Preferred citation

Cite as: Alexander Dallas Bache Collection, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Recatalogued by J.J. Ahern, 2004.

Related material

Additional correspondence with Alexander Dallas Bache can be found in the following collections at the APS: Joseph Winlock Letterbook (B W721), Joseph Henry Letters (B H39p), John K. Kane Papers (B K13), Robert Hare Papers (B H22), Robert M. Patterson Papers (B P274), John L. LeConte Papers (B L493), J. Peter Lesley Papers (B L56), and John Fries Frazer Papers (B F865).

Bibliography

The Library holds over 50 publications of Alexander Dallas Bache, consisting of technical pamphlets and addressess. In addition, there are about 57 titles concerning Bache, primarily journal articles. A complete listing of these works can be found through the Library's OPAC, VOLE.

Naval History Note

The Bache Papers contain at least one item which may be of interest to naval historians:

Bache, Alexander Dallas. Letter to Isaac Toucey. 1859 March 21. Recommends George C. Schaeffer to post at the U.S. Naval Academy. 2 pages.

Early American History Note

This collection consists of a wide-range of general correspondence to and from Alexander Dallas Bache from 1833-1865. The correspondence includes letters to many prominent scientists, such as Louis Agassiz, Maria Mitchell, and Charles Babbage. The content reflects the wide range of Bache's scientific activity and his extensive contacts. Topics range from cartography to lighthouses to education reform to phrenology.

The bulk of this collection is from 1843-1864, after Bache had taken charge of the Coast Survey and made it the center for federal support of the sciences. Some of the incoming letters contain reports from field work Bache and the U.S. Coast Survey supported. Others are personal in nature. Most letters from Bache are either acknowledgements or letters of introduction. The letters from Maria Mitchell, Charles Babbage, and Louis Aggasiz are notably longer than most letters and are a mix of pleasantries and scientific discussion. One of the longer Aggasiz letters includes his views on natural history museums and their future.

Alexander Dallas Bache was a leading scientist and intellectual in the nineteenth century. He was most prominently Superintendent of the U.S. Coast Survey. Bache used this position to establish better scientific practices in antebellum America and to professionalize the scientific community in the United States. Bache was born into a very prominent family. His great-grandfather was Benjamin Franklin, his grandfather was Alexander James Dallas, Secretary of the Treasury under James Madison, and his uncle George Dallas was James K. Polk's Vice President. He received his education at West Point, finishing first in his class at age nineteen.

After military service, he accepted a position as a professor of natural philosophy and chemistry at the University of Pennsylvania in 1828. Bache quickly became a leading figure at both the American Philosophical Society and Franklin Institute. He also served as the first president of Girard College. After a trip abroad to study European educational practices, Bache became a leading advocate for educational reform and professionalizing scientific study in America, all of which he modeled off of what he saw in Europe.

After his return to the U.S., Bache sought and received a number of prominent appointments in federal bureaucracies, most notably as head of the U.S. Coast Survey, and served on boards of national institutions, such as the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Smithsonian Institution. Bache wanted the Coast Survey to serve as a bureaucratic institution dedicated to supporting high quality and rigorous scientific inquiry that would raise the standards and standing of American science. Through his efforts, he successfully made the Coast Survey the single largest employer of scientists in America, and in turn, he was able to establish scientific work as a legitimate professional field, not a playground for wealthy dilettantes. As one of the – if not the – most powerful scientists in America, Bache played a central role in establishing scientific procedures, practices, and standards in antebellum America.

Indexing Terms


Genre(s)

  • General Correspondence
  • Official Government Documents and Records
  • Scientific Correspondence

Subject(s)

  • Antebellum Politics
  • Cooper Union
  • Early National Politics
  • Education
  • Geological Survey of the State of New Jersey
  • Geology
  • Girard College
  • Lighthouses
  • National Academy of Sciences
  • Natural history
  • Science and technology
  • United States Coast Survey


Detailed Inventory

Paine, R. T..
ALS to Alexander Dallas Bache
1833 August 261p.box 1

Boston, MA. Regarding legislation in Massachusettes on weights and measures.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to Peter Dumont Vroom
1835 March 112pp.box 1

Philadelphia, PA. Recommends Prof. Henry D. Rogers as a candidate to head the Geological Survey of the State of New Jersey.

Sparks, Jared.
ALS to Alexander Dallas Bache
1835 October 192pp.box 1

Cambridge, MA. Inquires that if Bache can not write on Franklin's papers on electricity perhaps Prof. Hare might be able to. Asks if Bache might be able to write notes on the meteorological Papers. On verso is Bache's reply, agreeing to the suggestion of Hare, and he will look at the other.

Combe, George, 1788-1858.
ALS to Alexander Dallas Bache
1837 January 211p.box 1

Edinburgh. Recommendation of phrenology to Bache for Girard College.

Stevenson, David.
ALS to Alexander Dallas Bache
1837 February 71p.box 1

Note to Bache regarding Stevenson calling on him.

Chambers, Robert, 1802-1871.
ALS to Alexander Dallas Bache
1837 March 304pp.box 1

Edinburgh. Is sending Bache his trunk, and discusses books and other objects he requested. Gives his view of England losing its romantic look.

Stevenson, Alan.
ALS to Alexander Dallas Bache
1837 May 162pp.box 1

Fragment of letter.

Stevenson, Robert, 1772-1850.
ALS to Alexander Dallas Bache
18372pp.box 1

Sending letters for two Frenchman. Is sending Dr. Warden's copy of the report.

Schumacher, Heinrich Christian.
ALS to Alexander Dallas Bache
1838 July 92pp.box 1

Altoona. Regarding the plan of survey for Holstein and Luxembourg. Also the survey of Altona.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to Charles Coquerel
1839 June 101p.box 1

Philadelphia, PA. Letter of introduction for Professor Lilton of the University of Nashville, TN. Refers to sending a copy of Joseph Henry's next memoir.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to Charles Coquerel
1839 October 91p.box 1

Philadelphia, PA. Letter of introduction for Rev. William Warner, a teacher, who will be visiting Paris. Refers to Girard College trustees and Joseph Henry.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to Charles Coquerel
1841 April 91p.box 1

Philadelphia, PA. Letter of introduction for Dr. McMillan, who will be studying in Paris.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to W. C. Redfield
1841 June 241p.box 1

Philadelphia, PA. Regarding Redfield's paper. Photocopy of original owned by the Rosenbach Foundation.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to the Secretary of the Board of Inspectors of the County Prison
1841 June 281p.box 1

Invitation to visit Central High School.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to Able Percey Upshur
1842 November 293pp.box 1

Philadelphia, PA. Letter of recommendation for Solon W. Hale for a position of engineer aboard a U.S. Navy steam vessel. On Verso, additional letters of support for Hale from Robert M. Patterson, John F. Frazer, and St. Memch to Upshur.

Brewster, Sir David.
ALS to Alexander Dallas Bache
1843 March 312pp.box 1

St. Leonards College, St. Andrews. Asks Bache if he would introduce Professor Potter (bearer of the note) while he is in Washington.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to unidentified correspondent
1843 November 131p.box 1

Letter to a "Young Friend" that sleeping on duty should not happen again, and his recommendation on what to do when feeling drowsy.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to Prof. Norton
1843 November 231p.box 1

Philadelphia, PA. Asks for his support in Bache's attempt to obtain the position of Superintendent of the coast survey.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to John P. Crozier
1844 May 271p.box 1

Office of Coast Survey, Washington, D.C. Acknowledges receipt of his letter of May 13th. Responds regarding the geodetic latitude of his area, and the publication of maps. (Photocopy of original at Delaware County Institute of Science).

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to. Lt. C. P. Paterson
1845 November 191p.box 1

Washington, D.C. Replies to Paterson's letter, comments on disfavor for a change of plan.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to. Lt. C. P. Paterson
1845 November 191p.box 1

Washington, D.C. Refers Paterson to H. A. Norris of New York to compare findings.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to. Lt. C. P. Paterson
1845 November 211p.box 1

Norfolk, VA. Provides instructions regarding the transfer of command from Paterson.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to. Lt. C. P. Paterson
1845 November 232pp.box 1

Coast Survey Office. Instructions regarding the transfer of ships from the Coast Survey to the Navy.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
LS to C. W. Lawrence
1846 May 111p.box 1

Washington, D.C., Office of Weights and Measures. Regarding the receipt at the Custom House of New York of a standard of measure.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to Asbury Dickins
1846 December 101p.box 1

Regarding the publication of the annual report of the Coast Survey.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
LS to W. C. Bond
1847 October 111p.box 1

Agamentious near South Berwick, ME. Acknowledges receipt of letter of October 8, and the Annual Report of Chronometric Differences in Longitude between Greenwich and Cambridge.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to Cyrus D. Homer
1847 December 71p.box 1

Washington, D.C., Coast Survey Office. Letter of recommendation for Cyrus Kelley.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
LS to Leonard Paulding
1848 May 191p.box 1

Coast Survey Office, Washington, D. C. Acknowledges Paulding's reporting for duty.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to W. C. Bond
1850 June 61p.box 1

Coast Survey Office. Asks Bond to distribute reports.

Mitchell, Maria, 1818-1889.
ALS to Alexander Dallas Bache
1851 October 21p.box 1

Nantucket. Asks that Bache sends the material. Comments on the death of Rives.

Babbage, Charles, 1791-1871.
ALS to Alexander Dallas Bache
1851 October 204pp.box 1

London. Regarding the consecutive numbering of lighthouses.

Mitchell, Maria, 1818-1889.
ALS to Alexander Dallas Bache
1851 November 82pp.box 1

Nantucket. Thanks Bache for his comments, is returning the books she borrowed. States she would like to see the apparatus if ever in Washington. Personal notes.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
LS to Samuel B. Ruggles
1852 February 251p.box 1

Washington, D.C. Regarding the article on the Polytechnic School of France in Bache's Report on Education.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
LS to Hugh Maxwell
1852 April 141p.box 1

Office of Weights and Measures. Instructing him to send a standard measurer to Alexander Vatternare in Paris.

Sparkes, Jared.
ALS to Alexander Dallas Bache
1852 May 241p.box 1

Cambridge. Regarding the publication of the Astronomical Journal.

Potter, Alonzo, 1800-1865.
ALS to Alexander Dallas Bache
1853 March 43pp.box 1

Philadelphia, PA. Potter comments on the lack of a reply from Bache, and Potter's plan which has not been well received by the faculty.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to George C. Schaeffer
1853 April 21p.box 1

Regrets missing him, has left letters.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS. to J. M. Wample
1853 April 42pp.box 1

Wilmington, N.C. Replies to Wample's letter of April 1 to leave the Coast Survey after not being placed in charge of a triangulation party, and Bache's reason for not putting him in charge.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
LS to L. Y. Lyne
1853 July 211p.box 1

Near Leeds Station, Me. Reply to Lyne's request to be detached from the schooner Morris.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to unidentified correspondent
1853 September 233pp.box 1

Mt. Blue near Phillips, Me. Relates to efforts to establish a national academy of science.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to Julius E. Hilgard
1853 October 191p.box 1

Mt. Blue. Personal letter.

Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873.
ALS to Alexander Dallas Bache
1853 November 31p.box 1

Cambridge. Discusses Lyell contacting Hall for information. Comments on Bache's efforts to establish the Academy.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to J. A. Delanter
1854 January 203pp.box 1

Washington, D.C. Regarding Bishop Peters [?] and the University of Pennsylvania.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS Samuel B. Ruggles
1854 February 23pp.box 1

Washington, D.C.

Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873.
ALS to Alexander Dallas Bache
1854 April 291p.box 1

Cambridge. Agassiz reply to Bache for not fulfilling an obligation, and wishes to explain why.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to Wm. C. Bond and Son
1854 November 61p.box 1

Near Camden, ME. Sending Coast Survey Transit No. 8 by steam ship.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to Edward Meriam
1855 May 231p.box 1

Charleston, S.C. Regarding Walter R. Jones, and Bache's work in Florida.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
LS to [Myron E. Clark] Governor of the State of New York
1856 June 121p.box 1

Washington, D.C., Office of Weights and Measures. Requesting copies of legislation regarding weights and measures in the state of New York.

Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873.
ALS to Alexander Dallas Bache
1856 August 54pp.box 1

Cambridge. Agassiz's views on what a future natural history museum should be, and how the present ones developed around individual branches of science (such as anatomy, and paleontology).

Cooper, Peter, 1791-1883.
ALS to Alexander Dallas Bache
1856 September 171p.box 1

New York, NY. Relating to the founding of Cooper Union, and Bache's approval of the building plan.

Potter, Alonzo, 1800-1865.
ALS to Alexander Dallas Bache
1856 October 302pp.box 1

Contacting Bache to advise Mrs. Brown on her son entering the Coast Survey rather then the military.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
LS to Marshall S. Wilder
1857 January 151p.box 1

Coast Survey Office, Washington, D.C. Invitation to the U.S. Agricultural Society to visit the Coast Survey office.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ANS to H. B. Barnes
1857 February 261p.box 1

Note sending an autograph.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
LS to T. Apoleon Cheney
1858 June 51p.box 1

Coast Survey Office. Regarding the forwarding of publications.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to T. Apoleon Cheney
1858 July 243pp.box 1

Washington, D.C. Regarding funding to the Coast Survey, additions to the coast, and completion of the project.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
LS to Horatio King
1858 September 301p.box 1

Revere House, Boston, MA. Sending copy of Coast Survey report and sketches for 1856 as requested.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
LS to the Committee on the Central High School of Philadelphia
1858 November 251p.box 1

Washington, D.C. Letter of recommendation for George Schaffer (?) to fill the position of principal.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to William Henry Seward
1859 March 71p.box 1

Requesting Seward's assistance in obtaining a cadet spot for Edmund A. Blunt, whose father worked for the Coast Survey.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
LS to Isaac Toucey
1859 March 212pp.box 1

Washington, D.C. Letter to the Secretary of the Navy recommending Prof. George C. Schaeffer for the chair of Natural and Experimental Philosophy at the U.S. Naval School in Annapolis.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
LS. to Charles B. Clavert
1859 July 161p.box 1

Near Machias, ME. Letter of recommendation for George C. Schaeffer.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to T. Apoleon Cheney
1859 July 291p.box 1

Near Machias, Me. Reply to Cheney's request for maps and charts.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
LS to T. Apoleon Cheney
1859 September 81p.box 1

Coast Survey Station, near Lane's Brook, Me. Is sending Cheney maps and charts requested, comments on his duty on the Lighthouse Board.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
LS to T. Apoleon Cheney
1859 September 91p.box 1

Coast Survey Station, near Lane's Brook, Me. Thanks him for the publications sent.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to Thomas W. Olcutt
1859 November 183pp.box 1

Philadelphia, PA. Recounts the events of his meeting with Dr. Peters and Prof. Pericu (?) at Cambridge.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
LS to Tench Tilghman
1860 January 121p.box 1

Coast Survey Office. Invitiation to the members of the United States Agricultural Society to visit the Coast Survey Office.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to W. P. Fessenden
1860 May 81p.box 1

Coast Survey Office. Regarding the application of Mr. H. W.Longfellow.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to Lambert Quetelet
1860 May 221p.box 1

Washington, D.C. Letter of introduction for P. Peirce of Harvard while in Europe.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to W. P. Fessenden
1860 July 201p.box 1

Gunstock Mt. near Laconia, N.H. Regarding a summer position for Mr. Longfellow. Comments on Fessenden's ability to join him during the summer.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to J. M. Schofield
1860 September 243pp.box 1

Wachusett Mt., Fitchburg MA. Bache's recommendation to Schofield on accepting the observatory.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
LS to T. Apoleon Cheney
1860 October 121p.box 1

C.S. Station near Fitchburg, MA. Has sent list of maps in the Coast Survey office.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to Charles A. Spencer
1861 May 251p.box 1

Washington, D.C. Bache will comply with Spencer's request.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to unidentified correspondent
1861 June 21p.box 1

Washington, D.C.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to George C. Schaeffer
1861 December 201p.box 1

Regarding Professor Gillespie of Union College visiting.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to William P. Fessenden
1862 January 182pp.box 1

Coast Survey Office. Regarding no. 154 supported by Mr. Sherman.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to T. Apoleon Cheney
1862 May 12pp.box 1

Coast Survey Office. Regarding publications.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to George W. Childs
1862 October 151p.box 1

Philadelphia, PA. Has forwarded the matter to the office.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
LS to Samuel Phillips Lee
1863 January 31p.box 1

Coast Survey Office. Regarding Mr. Mechan as a guide, and sending the requested material.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
LS to W. L. Nicholson
1863 May 11p.box 1

Coast Survey Office. Regarding Nicholson's appointment as Topographer to the Post Office Department.

Hale, Charles.
ALS to Alexander Dallas Bache
1864 May 213pp.box 1

Washington, D.C. Consul-general of the U.S. to Egypt, requesting maps and documents of the war be sent to him.

Brewster, Sir David.
ALS to Alexander Dallas Bache
1864 November 43pp.box 1

Melrose. Thanks Bache for the Lighthouse Board reports, is sending pamphlet of his on dioptric lighthouses. Is interested how they are viewed in the United States as the matter is under review in England.

Bache, Albert Dabadie, 1832-1895.
ALS to Theron C. Terwilliger
1873 January 101p.box 1

Philadelphia, PA. Death of his uncle and father-in-law.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to S. B. Ruggles
March 41p.box 1

Regarding Gen. Fisk.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to unidentified correspondent
March 71p.box 1

Regarding visit to see Mrs. Dobbin (?).

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to Prof. Frisinani
June 121p.box 1

Photocopy of original in Diederich Collection 138 g University of Amsterdame Library.

Paine, R. T..
ALS to Alexander Dallas Bache
July 222pp.box 1

Woods Hole, MA. Unable to see Bache at Indian Hill, possible future meeting. Mr. Everett's speech at the British Association.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to George C. Schaeffer
December 71p.box 1

Date for next meeting.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to A. Campbell
December 271p.box 1

Coast Survey Office. Regarding a printing.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to Charles Coquerel
Monday evening1p.box 1

Regarding a request.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to Mr. Gibbons
Tuesday1p.box 1

Regarding the taking of water temperature.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ALS to Charles Coquerel
Wednesday1p.box 1

Regarding Bache's visit while in Paris.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
ANS to unidentified correspondent
n.d.1p.box 1

Small note regarding the "Department."