John James Audubon Papers

Mss.B.Au25

Date: 1821-1845 | Size: 0.75 Linear feet, 206 items

Abstract

John James Audubon (1785-1851), the American Woodsman, is a legendary naturalist and bird artist. His technique of painting North American birds dramatically as they appeared in their natural habitat was a major contribution to the emerging discipline of ornithology in the nineteenth century. His masterpiece, The Birds of America (1827-1838), elephant folio, was followed by a companion text edition, Ornithological Biography (1831-1849), a smaller octavo edition of Birds (1840-1844) and The Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America, published posthumously.

This collection of original letters of publication information, ornithology, and some personal notes was sent primarily to Lucy Bakewell Audubon, his wife, from 1826-1834, and to Victor Gifford Audubon, his son, from 1833-1834, 1840-1844, with some sporadic contact with both between 1836-1839. Items in the collection relate to Audubon's Florida, Great Egg Harbor, and Great Pine Forest expeditions but not to his final expedition up the Missouri River. Of particular note, letters of 1833 and 1834 contain references to his response to the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia president George Ord's attacks on his credibility. A partial journal entry from New Orleans in 1821 and a few letters to other correspondents, including John Bachman, round out the material.

Background note

John James Audubon (1785-1851), known as the American Woodsman, is a legend as a naturalist and bird artist. He was not the first person to attempt to paint and describe all the birds in America, but his unique technique of depicting his subjects dramatically contributed to his renown. His technique of painting freshly killed specimens surrounded by their natural habitats added a wealth of knowledge to the emerging discipline of ornithology in the nineteenth century.

Audubon was born April 26, 1785 in Santo Domingo (now Haiti) to a French naval captain, Jean Audubon, and his mistress, Jeanne Rabine. Formally adopted in 1794, Jean-Jacques Fougere Audubon was raised by the Captain's wife, Anne Moynet Audubon, and lived in France till 1803. In that year, Audubon came to America to escape conscription into Napoleon's army. He oversaw his father's farm, Mill Grove, in Pennsylvania, twenty-four miles northwest of Philadelphia. In these happy days, hunting, fishing, drawing and music completely occupied the naturalist. It was at this time, that he developed his technique for passing wires through freshly killed birds to fix them in characteristic poses on which he based his life-like sketches.

After marrying Lucy Bakewell in 1808, Audubon sold Mill Grove Farm and moved to Kentucky to try his hand in business. While there, Lucy gave birth to two sons, Victor Gifford and John Woodhouse. After several failed commercial ventures, Audubon, at thirty-four years old, settled down to his life's ambition, to paint every bird in the United States and its territories. His plan was to have prints made from his paintings, which he would sell on a subscription basis.

In 1824, Audubon made his way to Philadelphia, portfolio in hand, to find an engraver and publisher for his work. While his decision to depict all the birds in America was an ambitious one, it was not original. Noted Scottish Naturalist, Alexander Wilson, had published a nine-volume set titled, American Ornithology, between 1808 and 1814. James Mease, curator of the American Philosophical Society, introduced Audubon to some influential individuals in the city. One of these individuals was the nephew of Napoleon, Prince Charles Lucien Bonaparte, a knowledgeable ornithologist and artist. Bonaparte then presented him to the members of the Academy of Natural Sciences. Audubon offended this august group by disparaging Wilson's work. The Academy members had intellectual, as well as, financial interest in Wilson's work. Many of the members of the Academy, particularly George Ord, saw to it that Audubon would not receive the support he sought.

As a result, in 1826, Audubon sailed to Great Britain to seek his fame and fortune. His works were more successfully received in England and Scotland. He first employed W.H. Lizars of Edinburgh to engrave copper plates and pull prints. But due to labor unrest in Lizars firm, he turned to Robert Havell & Son, of London, to do the majority of the work.

Audubon's masterpiece, The Birds of America, a four-volume elephant folio with four hundred and thirty-five colored plates of 1,065 individual birds in life-size depictions measuring more than two by three feet, accompanied by a synopsis and index was completed in June, 1838. The text to The Birds of America was published separately as a five-volume work entitled Ornithological Biography. Done in collaboration with the Scottish ornithologist, William MacGillivray, it describes life histories of each of the species with anecdotes of Audubon's adventures. This work was completed in 1839 as a companion to the elephant folio edition. Following the completion of the double elephant folio, a seven-volume octavo edition of The Birds of America was published and completed by 1844. The size, ten and a half by six and a half inches, was more popular and more affordable than the larger edition.

With the publication of the first volume of The Birds of America, Audubon's reputation in the scientific community was secured. He was elected to membership of the American Philosophical Society in 1831 and even the Academy of Natural Sciences elected him an honorary member. Each institution then subscribed to Audubon's work and both still own original copies of the elephant folio edition.

The four volumes of The Birds of America were published over a ten-year period (1827-1838). During 1831 and 1834, Audubon made additional trips for collections and paintings to Florida, South Carolina, and Labrador. It was during 1832 that Victor sailed to England to become his father's business agent. Audubon spent much of 1834 and 1835 in England working on The Birds of America and Ornithological Biography.

Audubon, over this ten-year period, acquired many helpers and friends. George Lehman, Maria Martin, and Joseph Mason are some of the artists who painted backgrounds to be incorporated into the overall work. Robert Havell not only engraved the copper plates but also completed some of Audubon's paintings. But Audubon's most loyal American supporter was the Naturalist Rev. John Bachman of Charleston, South Carolina. He supplied many specimens for The Birds of America and later collaborated with him on his final work, The Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America.

In 1839, Audubon and his family settled in New York City and in 1842 they built their first permanent home along the Hudson River, called "Minnie's Land." Work on the Quadrupeds began in 1840. A mammal project, John Bachman wrote much of the scientific text. Audubon undertook a final expedition up the Missouri River from March to September 1843 to gather specimens for this work. He then returned east to paint and travel to solicit subscriptions.

By the mid-1840s, Audubon had turned over much of his pursuits to his sons. John contributed substantial artistic talent to the Quadrupeds and Victor continued to be his father's business manager. Audubon died at Minnie's Land at the age of sixty-six on January 27, 1851. His sons completed publication of the Quadrupeds. Lucy Audubon, finding herself in financial straits, in 1863, sold Minnie's Land and the original drawings of The Birds of America to the New York Historical Society.

Though John James Audubon during his lifetime disconcerted both the artistic and scientific communities, his legacy is that he forever changed the way in which birds are illustrated. His ability to replicate their physical features made birds come alive in their natural environment. The freshness of his life-size images displays his genius as a meticulous ornithological recorder and as an exceptional artist.

Scope and content

The John James Audubon Papers is comprised primarily of correspondence between Audubon and his wife, Lucy Bakewell Audubon, 1826-1832, and his son, Victor Gifford Audubon, 1833-1834 and 1840-1844, with sporadic contact with both between 1836-1839. There are a few partial journal entries and letters to other correspondents including: John James Abert, John Bachman, William Cooper, Richard Harlan, Thomas McCulloch, Jr., The Earl of Shrewsbury, Sir J. Walthen Waller, Henry McMurtry, Baron Rothschild. The majority of these letters are one time correspondence to each name listed.

Of the fifty-six letters sent to Lucy Audubon between 1826-1832, most of them describe the day-to-day effort of Audubon to accomplish his goal of publishing The Birds of America. From 1826-1829, he relates his first trip to Great Britain, which includes his arrival in Liverpool, his trip to Edinburgh, his touring for subscribers in England and in France, and his employment of W.H. Lizars and Robert Havell. Upon returning to America in 1829, he writes of his work while painting in Great Egg Harbor and the Great Pine Forest. Lucy returns to England with Audubon in April 1830 but he continues to communicate his progress as he travels and she remains in Liverpool. These letters conclude with their return to America, and his trips to Charleston, S.C., where he first meets John Bachman, and to Florida in 1831-32.

There are 108 letters to Victor G. Audubon between 1833-1834, 1840-1844. With Victor in London, the majority of 1833 letters concern the completion of the prints, the exchanging of money, and directions on how to proceed with Havell and others. Letters of 1833 and 1834 contain a discussion of George Ord's and Charles Waterton's attack on his credibility with Audubon and Bachman's planned response.

In 1837, while Lucy remains in London with Victor, Audubon returns to America and communicates his southern expedition with John W. Audubon and Edward Harris. The family is together in England between mid-1837 to September 1839.

The remaining correspondence, 1840-1844, are to Victor and the family now settled in New York. Audubon travels to New England, Baltimore, Washington, and Montreal recruiting subscribers. Of particular note, the collection contains no letters from March to September 1843, the time-span of Audubon's Quadrupeds expedition.

As both Lucy Audubon and Victor Audubon served as business agents for John James Audubon, much of the content of the collection is business-like. Descriptions of his financial status, plans on how to proceed, lists with names of subscribers, and reports of work in progress are the overall content.

Some names of note within the collection include: Nicholas Berthoud, Charles Lucien Bonaparte, John George Children, Edward Harris, Robert Havell, Jr., George Ord, William Rathbone, Charles Waterson, Alexander Wilson, and those names listed as other correspondents.

Half of this collection is published in Letters of John James Audubon, 1826-1840, edited by Howard Corning. Boston: Club of Odd Volumes, 2 v., 1930. The May 31, 1821 journal entry has various publications including "The Fair Incognito" in Audubon by Himself, edited by Alice Ford. Garden City, N.Y.: The American Museum of Natural History, 1969. These two publications are invaluable companion research tools. Also, there are typed transcriptions contained within for some of the letters.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Provenance

Formerly owned by Victor Morris Tyler, great-grandson of John James Audubon, this collection was purchased from Mary A. Benjamin in 1949.

Preferred citation

Cite as: John James Audubon, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Recatalogued by Ann Reinhardt, 2002.

Alternate formats available

The Audubon Papers are also available on microfilm (Film 1301).

Related material

The American Philosophical Society Library's catalog lists 123 items related to John James Audubon. Included in our manuscript collection are the papers of George Ord, some papers of Charles Waterton, and in the print materials the paper John Bachman wrote in Audubon's defense, as read before the Boston Society of Natural History, February 5, 1834.

Other major manuscript collections are held at the American Museum of Natural History, New York; The Audubon Museum, Henderson, Kentucky; the Houghton Library, Harvard University; Princeton University Library; and Yale University Library (particularly the Morris Tyler Family Collection).

Bibliography

In addition to the above mentioned Howard Corning work he also edited:The principle biographies include:

Journal of John James Audubon Made During his Trip to New Orleans in 1820-1821 (1930) and

Journal of John James Audubon: Made While Obtaining Subscriptions to his "Birds of America", 1840-1843 (1929).

Alice Ford, John James Audubon: a Biography (1988)

Francis H. Herrick, Audubon the Naturalist, 2 vols. (1938)

Shirley Shreshinsky, Audubon: Life and Art in the American Wilderness (1993).

Naval History Note

The Audubon Papers contain at least one item which may be of interest to naval historians:

Audubon, John James. Letter to Victor G. Audubon. 1842 July 17. Reports on travel in the United States. News of Washington. Saw Wilkes sketches, etc. 3 pages.

Early American History Note

This fairly large collection (over 200 letters) of John James Audubon material consists primarily of John's correspondence with his wife Lucy and son Victor. The collection shows a personal side of Audubon who kept his wife and son informed of all aspects of his work and travels. The letters to his wife – "my dearest friend" – are particularly affectionate and open.

John James Audubon was the best-known ornithologist in the nineteenth century and perhaps still is today. Audubon's rise to fame was anything but clear-cut, however. He was born in Haiti in 1793. His father was a French naval officer who met Audubon's mother while stationed in Haiti – and while already with a wife in France. Audubon was accepted by his father's wife, however, and he spent much of his youth in France with her. After emigrating to the United States in 1803 to take over his father's farm in Mill Grove, Pennsylvania and to avoid the Napoleonic Wars, Audubon soon developed a method for posing and painting birds. Seeking greater economic opportunity, he moved to Kentucky in 1808, setting up as a merchant. Financial difficulty forced him to continue moving throughout the Greater Ohio River Valley and Louisiana, plying a variety of trades to keep his family afloat. During this time, Audubon continued to collect and paint bird specimens in an attempt to create the most complete collection of North American birds ever assembled.

By 1824, Audubon began seeking a publisher for his paintings and began promoting his work in established intellectual circles. He traveled first to Philadelphia, where he was rebuffed, and then to England. After finding a captive audience and publisher in England, Audubon's The Birds of America, a massive four volume elephant folio published in 1831, established him as an international sensation and financial success. Audubon continued to produce works of ornithology and branched out beyond birds in works such as Quadrupeds. Like many who ultimately find popular success, the scientific and artistic world eventually became critical of Audubon's work and technique. His popular success, however, never faltered, and his work continues to be admired and studied.

The early portion (1826-1829) of the collection at the APS contains letters written while Audubon was in Britain working on Birds of North America. The collection provides a clear picture of both Audubon's time in England working on the publication of his masterpiece and his close relationship with his wife and son. This correspondence casts Audubon in a different light than normal. Audubon has been depicted as a remarkable scientist, naturalist, adventurer, and artist. What comes out through his correspondence to his family while in England is how much he was a calculating businessman and self-promoter as well as artist and scientist. Audubon saw his Birds of North America not only as an important scientific work but also a commercial venture, and the story of Audubon the entrepreneur is depicted in this collection.

The bulk of the correspondence from 1829-1834 involves Audubon's life during his return to America. Among this collection are accounts of Audubon's travels throughout North America, often the south, as he sought additional drawings to finish Birds of North America. These too are often personal letters written to either his wife or son Victor. These letters often convey observations of the areas he visited and describe some of the natural life he observed. An account of his trip to Richmond in October, 1831, for instance, makes reference to the "Negro disturbances," a reference to Nat Turner's Rebellion, as well as providing a description of the city and the surroundings. Most of the collection's later letters (1834 and 1841-1844) are from Audubon, stationed in America, writing to his son Victor, who was serving as Audubon's business agent in England.

The collection also contains a significant fragment of Audubon's account of his time working in New Orleans as a painter for hire in 1822. The document, sold to the APS by Audubon's family after his death, is marked "not used and not for general reading as we decided." In it, Audubon recounts a wild tale to his wife in which a beautiful and wealthy woman in New Orleans requested he paint her nude under very strange and secretive circumstances. The story of this encounter is told in Richard Rhodes' John James Audubon.

As with most of Audubon's correspondence, many of the letters contained in the collection have been printed in edited volumes

Indexing Terms


Genre(s)

  • Art
  • Business Records and Accounts
  • Family Correspondence
  • General Correspondence

Personal Name(s)

  • Abert, John James, 1788-1863
  • Audubon, John James, 1785-1851
  • Audubon, John Woodhouse, 1812-
  • Audubon, Lucy Green Bakewell (1788-1874)
  • Audubon, Victor Gifford (1809-1860)
  • Bachman, John (1790-1874)
  • Bakewell, William
  • Berthoud, Nicholas
  • Bonaparte, Charles Lucian Jule
  • Brewster, Thomas
  • Chetwynd, Henry John, Earl of
  • Children, John George, 1777-18
  • Cooper, William
  • Gaston, William
  • Harlan, Richard, 1796-1843
  • Harris, Edward
  • Havell, Robert, Jr. 1793-1878
  • Lehman, George
  • Lizars, W. H. (William Home),
  • Martin, Maria, 1794-1863
  • McCulloch, Thomas, Jr.
  • McMurtry, Henry
  • Ord, George, 1781-1866
  • Rathbone, William
  • Rothschild, Baron Nathan Mayer
  • Waller, J. Walthen
  • Waterton , Charles, 1782-1865
  • Wilson, Alexander, 1766-1813

Subject(s)

  • Birds -- North America
  • Business and Skilled Trades
  • Literature, Arts, and Culture
  • Natural history
  • Natural history -- North America
  • Naturalist
  • Ornithologist
  • Ornithology -- North America
  • Printing and Publishing
  • Science and technology


Detailed Inventory

John James Audubon Papers
1821-1845 box 1
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
Journal leaves (partial)
1821 May 24, May 31, June 1  Unknown container 32 for instance of Journal leaves (partial)

Entry for May 31 printed in full in Alice Ford, Audubon By Himself: The Fair Incognito, p.99-103

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1826 Sept. 1  Unknown container 33 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.5-6

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Aududon
1826 Sept. 1  Unknown container 34 for instance of To Victor G. Aududon

Corning, v.1, p.3-4

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1826 Sept. 14  Unknown container 35 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1827 March 24  Unknown container 36 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.17-19

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1827 May 1  Unknown container 37 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.20-22

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1827 May 16  Unknown container 38 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.22-29

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1827 Aug. 6  Unknown container 39 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1827 Aug. 21  Unknown container 40 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1 p.34-35

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1827 Aug. 25  Unknown container 41 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1827 Aug. 25  Unknown container 42 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.35-38

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1827 Sept. 20  Unknown container 43 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.38-41

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1827 Sept. 21  Unknown container 44 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1827 Nov. 12  Unknown container 45 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning,v.1, p.41-43

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon (copy)
1827 Nov. 25, 28  Unknown container 46 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon (copy)
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1827 Nov. 25, Dec. 7  Unknown container 47 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.43-54

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1827 Dec. 5  Unknown container 48 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1827 Dec. 11  Unknown container 49 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1827 Dec. 24  Unknown container 50 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1827 Dec. 26  Unknown container 51 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.54-56

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1828 Feb. 6  Unknown container 52 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.57-60

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1828 Feb. 10  Unknown container 53 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1828 Feb. 24  Unknown container 54 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.60-62

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1828 March 22  Unknown container 55 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.65-66

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1828 March 31 Box 1  Unknown container 56 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

1828

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1828 Aug. 8  Unknown container 57 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.66-70

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1828 Nov. 10  Unknown container 58 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.70-73

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1828 Nov. 17  Unknown container 59 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1828 Dec. 22  Unknown container 60 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.73-77

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1828 Dec. 23  Unknown container 61 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1829 Jan. 20  Unknown container 62 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.77-79

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1829 Feb. 1  Unknown container 63 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.79-80

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1829 May 4  Unknown container 64 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1829 May 6  Unknown container 65 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1829 May 10  Unknown container 66 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.81-86

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To William Cooper
1829 June 5  Unknown container 67 for instance of To William Cooper
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1829 June 18  Unknown container 68 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1829 July 15  Unknown container 69 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1829 July 18  Unknown container 70 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.88-92

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1829 Aug. 25  Unknown container 71 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.93-94

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1829 Aug. 25  Unknown container 72 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1829 Aug. 28  Unknown container 73 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1829 Aug. 28  Unknown container 74 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1829 Oct. 11  Unknown container 75 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.96-98

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon,
1830 March 2  Unknown container 76 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon,

Corning, v.1, p.103-105

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1830 April 30  Unknown container 77 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.105-106

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1830 June 16  Unknown container 78 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1830 June 21  Unknown container 79 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1830 June 23  Unknown container 80 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.108-111

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To the Earl of Shrewsbury
1830 June 28  Unknown container 81 for instance of To the Earl of Shrewsbury
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1830 June?  Unknown container 82 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Sir J. Walthen Waller
1830 July 26  Unknown container 83 for instance of To Sir J. Walthen Waller
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1831 Feb. 21  Unknown container 84 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.127-130

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Dr. Henry McMurtry
1831 Feb. 21  Unknown container 85 for instance of To Dr. Henry McMurtry
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1831 Feb. 21  Unknown container 86 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.126-127

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1831 Oct. 9  Unknown container 87 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.137-140

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1831 Oct. 13  Unknown container 88 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.140-142

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1831 Oct. 23  Unknown container 89 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.142-144

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1831 Oct. 30  Unknown container 90 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.145-146

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1831 Nov. 7  Unknown container 91 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.147-149

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1831 Nov. 13  Unknown container 92 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.149-151

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1831 Dec. 5  Unknown container 93 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.159-163

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1831 Dec. 8  Unknown container 94 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.164-168

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1831 Dec. 15?  Unknown container 95 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1832? Jan. 16  Unknown container 96 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.172-177

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1832 Feb. 1  Unknown container 97 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.177-180

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1832 Feb. 17  Unknown container 98 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.182-183

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1832 March 13  Unknown container 99 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.184-187

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1832 March 29  Unknown container 100 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.189-193

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:175274

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1832 April 15  Unknown container 101 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.193-195

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1832 April 18  Unknown container 102 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1832 Nov. 6  Unknown container 103 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1833 Feb. 1  Unknown container 104 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
From John Bachman to John James Audubon
1833 Feb. 9  Unknown container 105 for instance of From John Bachman to John James Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1833 Feb. 24  Unknown container 106 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.197-202

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1833 March 19  Unknown container 107 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1833 April 1  Unknown container 108 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.202-207

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1833 April 15  Unknown container 109 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.207-211

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1833 Sept. 9  Unknown container 110 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.1, p..240-247

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:256223/

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1833 Sept. 15  Unknown container 111 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.1, p..247-250

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:256241/

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1833 Sept. 20  Unknown container 112 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.1, p..251-255

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:256378/

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1833 Sept. 23  Unknown container 113 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.1, p. 255-261

Access digital object:
https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:256490/

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1833 Oct. 11  Unknown container 114 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.261-263

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1833 Nov. 4  Unknown container 115 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.263-267

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1833 Nov. 5, Dec. 7  Unknown container 116 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1833 Nov. 24  Unknown container 117 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1833 Dec. 7  Unknown container 118 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.271-272

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1833 Dec. 21, 23  Unknown container 119 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.272-277

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1834 Jan. 1  Unknown container 120 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.1, p.277

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1834 Jan. 14  Unknown container 121 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.2, p.3-7

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1834 Feb. 15  Unknown container 122 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.2, p.8-10

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1834 March 9  Unknown container 123 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.2, p.10-13

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1834 March 12  Unknown container 124 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.2, p.13-15

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Richard Harlan
1834 March 17  Unknown container 125 for instance of To Richard Harlan
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1834 April 6, 8  Unknown container 126 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning,v.2, p.17-21

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1834 April 8  Unknown container 127 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1834 April 15  Unknown container 128 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.2, p.25-27

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1834? May 6  Unknown container 129 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1834 May 7  Unknown container 130 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Baron Rothschild
1834 June 19  Unknown container 131 for instance of To Baron Rothschild
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1834 July 4  Unknown container 132 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To John G. Children
1834 Aug. 7  Unknown container 133 for instance of To John G. Children
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1834 Sept. 5  Unknown container 134 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.2, p.33-38

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1834 Sept. 22  Unknown container 135 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.2, p.38-47

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1834 Oct. 7  Unknown container 136 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1834 Oct. 9  Unknown container 137 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1834 Dec. 13  Unknown container 138 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1836 Sept. 7  Unknown container 139 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.2, p.127-129

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
Journal leaves (Partial entries)
1836 Oct. 15, Nov. 8  Unknown container 140 for instance of Journal leaves (Partial entries)
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
List of materials for expedition
1836 Oct. 27  Unknown container 141 for instance of List of materials for expedition
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1836 Nov. 17  Unknown container 142 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To John James Abert
1837 Jan. 10  Unknown container 143 for instance of To John James Abert
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To John James Abert
1837 Jan. 20  Unknown container 144 for instance of To John James Abert
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1837 Feb. 13  Unknown container 145 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.2, p.139-144

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubo
1837 March 23  Unknown container 146 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubo

Corning, v.2, p.153-154

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1837 July 8  Unknown container 147 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.2, p.165-167

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1837 Aug. 4  Unknown container 148 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.2, p.174

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1838 Nov. 8  Unknown container 149 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1839 Nov. 24  Unknown container 150 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.2, p.222-225

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 Feb. 20  Unknown container 151 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 Feb. 23  Unknown container 152 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.2, p.233-236

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 Feb. 24  Unknown container 153 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 Feb. 25  Unknown container 154 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 Feb. 26  Unknown container 155 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 Feb. 27  Unknown container 156 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1840 March 1  Unknown container 157 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon

Corning, v.2, p.238-242

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 March 4  Unknown container 158 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.2, p.242-246

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 March 5  Unknown container 159 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 March 7  Unknown container 160 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.2, p.246-250

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 March 24  Unknown container 161 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 March 27  Unknown container 162 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.2, p.251-253

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 April 15  Unknown container 163 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.2, p.257-261

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon with postscript: Maria Martin
1840 May 4  Unknown container 164 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon with postscript: Maria Martin

Corning, v.2, p.267-269

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 May 7  Unknown container 165 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.2, p.269-271

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 May 31  Unknown container 166 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 July 17  Unknown container 167 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 July 18  Unknown container 168 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.2, p.271-273

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 July 24  Unknown container 169 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.2, p.274-275

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 July 30  Unknown container 170 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon

Corning, v.2, p.275-278

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 Aug. 1  Unknown container 171 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 Aug. 5  Unknown container 172 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 Aug. 6  Unknown container 173 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 Aug. 9  Unknown container 174 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 Aug. 13  Unknown container 175 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 Aug. 14  Unknown container 176 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 Aug. 20  Unknown container 177 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 Aug. 21  Unknown container 178 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 Aug. 22  Unknown container 179 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon with postscript: John W. Audubon
1840 Nov. 1  Unknown container 180 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon with postscript: John W. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 Nov. 8  Unknown container 181 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1840 Dec. 30  Unknown container 182 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Thomas McCulloch, Jr. (copy)
1840 Dec. 30  Unknown container 183 for instance of To Thomas McCulloch, Jr. (copy)
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon with postscript: John W. Audubon
1841 Jan. 9  Unknown container 184 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon with postscript: John W. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1841 Jan. 30, 31  Unknown container 185 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon with postscript: John W. Audubon
1841 Feb. 11  Unknown container 186 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon with postscript: John W. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1841 April 22  Unknown container 187 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To John Bachman with postscript: John W. Audubon
1841 April 23  Unknown container 188 for instance of To John Bachman with postscript: John W. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Thomas McCulloch, Jr. (copy)
1841 Oct. 16  Unknown container 189 for instance of To Thomas McCulloch, Jr. (copy)
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 Feb. 10  Unknown container 190 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 March 23  Unknown container 191 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 April 6  Unknown container 192 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 April 13  Unknown container 193 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 July 12  Unknown container 194 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 July 15  Unknown container 195 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 July 17  Unknown container 196 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 July 18  Unknown container 197 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 July 19  Unknown container 198 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 July 23  Unknown container 199 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1842 July 24  Unknown container 200 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 July 25  Unknown container 201 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 Aug. 12  Unknown container 202 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 Aug. 15  Unknown container 203 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 Aug. 18  Unknown container 204 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 Aug. 20  Unknown container 205 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 Aug. 23  Unknown container 206 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1842 Aug. 24  Unknown container 207 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 Aug. 25  Unknown container 208 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 Sept. 13  Unknown container 209 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 Oct. 3  Unknown container 210 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 Oct. 5  Unknown container 211 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 Oct. 6  Unknown container 212 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 Oct. 6  Unknown container 213 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 Oct. 9  Unknown container 214 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 Oct. 10  Unknown container 215 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 Dec. 11  Unknown container 216 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 Dec. 15  Unknown container 217 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1842 Dec. 18  Unknown container 218 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1844 May 5  Unknown container 219 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1844 May 12  Unknown container 220 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1844 May 19  Unknown container 221 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1844 May 25  Unknown container 222 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1844 June 13  Unknown container 223 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1844 June 16  Unknown container 224 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1844 June 20  Unknown container 225 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1844 June 26  Unknown container 226 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1844 July 18  Unknown container 227 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1844 July 19  Unknown container 228 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1844 July 25  Unknown container 229 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1844 July 26  Unknown container 230 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1844 July 26  Unknown container 231 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1844 July 30  Unknown container 232 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1844 Aug. 3?  Unknown container 233 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1844 Aug. 7  Unknown container 234 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1844 Aug. 11  Unknown container 235 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1844 Aug. 14  Unknown container 236 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Victor G. Audubon
1844 Sept. 6  Unknown container 237 for instance of To Victor G. Audubon
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
From Thomas Brewster to Thomas McCulloch, Jr. (copy)
1845 Jan. 25  Unknown container 238 for instance of From Thomas Brewster to Thomas McCulloch, Jr. (copy)
American eggs...European eggs
[1845]21.5 cm x 28 cm

Broadside listing over 200 species of American birds and 130 European birds. Enclosed in a letter from Thomas Brewer to Thomas McCulloch, January 25, 1845. Copy of original in the Dalhousie University Library, Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Other Descriptive Information: Goodman 212

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
To Mrs. Lucy Audubon
1845 June 7?  Unknown container 239 for instance of To Mrs. Lucy Audubon