Harold Lindsay Amoss Papers


Date: 1918-1922 | Size: 2 Linear feet


A pathologist and researcher at the Rockefeller Institute of Medical Research, 1914-1922, Harold Lindsay Amoss (1886-1956) specialized in research on infectious diseases ranging from poliomyelitis to meningitis, erysipelas, brucellosis, and encephalitis. The Amoss Papers are comprised primarily of materials relating to Harold Amoss' medical service in the United States Army during the First World War (1918-1919), to his research at the Rockefeller Institute of Medical Research, 1920-1922, and to his efforts to develop vaccines for meningitis and poliomyelitis.

Background note

The pathologist Harold Lindsay Amoss was born in Cobb, Kentucky, on September 8, 1886. After receiving his BS (1905) and MS (1907) degrees at the University of Kentucky, he pursued both medical degree and doctorate at Harvard, receiving them in successive years, 1911 and 1912.

Amoss's early career was marked by an atypical academic vagabondage that saw him shift positions nearly every year. He passed through jobs with the Kentucky Agricultural Station (1905-1906), the Hygienic Laboratory of the U.S. Public Health Service (1906-1907), and the Bureau of Chemistry of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (1907-1908) before landing a position in the Harvard Medical School. In 1912, he was lured to the vibrant life at the Rockefeller Institute to work in pathology and bacteriology. Interrupted by service in France during the First World War, Amoss' research was focused on a variety of infectious diseases, including poliomyelitis, meningitis, erysipelas, brucellosis, and encephalitis and on the development of vaccines.

Leaving the Rockefeller in 1922, Amoss joined the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine (1922-1930) as a professor of medicine and worked briefly at Duke University (1930-1933), before returning to the Rockefeller in 1933 as a medical consultant. He remained associated with the Rockefeller.

Scope and content

The Amoss Papers represent the scant survivals of the papers of Harold L. Amoss, a pathologist and medical researcher long associated with the Rockefeller Institute. The collection includes professional correspondence with colleagues, both in-coming and out-going, dating primarily from the period 1918-1922. While there is interesting material pertaining to Amoss' research on polio, meningitis, and on vaccines, nothing is very extensive. Documentation of Amoss' service in the Army Medical Corps during the First World War is somewhat better, though still slight.

Collection Information


Gift of Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, 1964 (accession number 1964-150.2ms).

Preferred citation

Cite as: Harold Lindsay Amoss Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Related material

The papers of several of Amoss's colleagues at the Rockefeller Institute contain additional correspondence, including Leon J. Cole, Simon Flexner, and Peyton Rous.

Indexing Terms

Corporate Name(s)

  • Lederle Laboratory
  • Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research

Personal Name(s)

  • Amoss, Harold L. (Harold Lindsay), 1886-1956
  • Bayne-Jones, Stanhope, 1888-1970
  • Beckwith, H. K.
  • Chesney, Alan M. (Alan Mason), 1888-1964
  • Cole, Rufus Ivory, 1872-1966
  • Corner, George Washington, 1889-1981
  • Flexner, Simon, 1863-1946
  • Fosdick, Harry Emerson, 1878-1969
  • Heiser, Victor (Victor George)
  • Hitchens, Arthur Parker, 1877-
  • Hume, Edward H. (Edward Hicks)
  • Kunz, George Frederick, 1856-1932
  • Lane, William Arbuthnot, Sir, 1856-1943
  • Lovett, Robert W. (Robert Williamson), 1859-1924
  • McCrae, Thomas, 1870-1935
  • Murphy, James B. (James Bumgardner), 1884-1950
  • Noguchi, Hideyo, 1876-1928
  • Olitsky, Peter Kosciusko, 1886
  • Osler, William, Sir, 1849-1919
  • Osten, Anna L. von der
  • Piersol, George Morris, 1880-1
  • Robbins, Frederick C., 1916-
  • Rockefeller, John D. (John Davison), 1874-1960
  • Rous, Peyton, 1879-1970
  • Smith, Theobald, 1859-1934
  • West, Byron L. (Byron Lillibri
  • Woglom, William Henry, 1879-19
  • Zinsser, Hans, 1878-1940


  • Immunology
  • Medicine -- Research
  • Meningitis -- Research
  • Pathology
  • Poliomyelitis -- Research
  • United States. Army -- Medical care
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Medical care

Detailed Inventory

 Harold Lindsay Amoss Papers
1918-1922 Box 1-2
 Alexander, Harry L
 Allen, Frederick M
 Alperman, A S
 American Association of Immunologists
 American Automobile Association
 American Express Co. - D.K. Donovan
 American Museum of Natural History
 American Red Cross
 Amoss, Harold L.
 Amoss, Harold L.
 "Passage of Meningococcic Agglutinins From the Blood to the Spinal Fluid..."
 Anderson, John F.
 Aronson, Joseph D.
 Ascoli, A.
 Austin, J. Harold
 Avery, O. T.
 Aycock, William Lloyd
 Babbitt, James A.
 Babcock, James W.
 Baeslack, F. W.
 Bailey, William H.
 Baker, M. A.
 Balamuth, Herman L.
 Barnaby, Marietta D.
 Barnum, Merritt W.
 Bartlett, F. H.
 Bassett, Mrs. Fred J.
 Baxter, M. V.
 Bayne-Jones, Stanhope
 Beach, Mrs. C. E.
 Bechwith, H. K.
 Bell, H. H.
 Belleview Hospital
 Bixby, M. K.
 Blair-Bell, W.
 Bogert, E. S.
 Bolar, F. E.
 Bonniwell, H. M.
 Boyd, Hugh
 Brady, Marion
 Brian, C. E.
 Bricker, Elizabeth B.
 Bronfenbrenner, J.
 Brooks, F. H.
 Brown, J. Howard
 Brown, Sanger,2nd
 Browning, A. J.
 Brownlee, C. H.
 Bruce, Sir David
 Bryant, Alonzo J.
 Buck, N. W.
 Buckley, Dorothy S.
 Bucknell, George T.
 3 folders
 Bull, C. G.
 Bunce, A. H.
 Bunzel, E. Everett
 Burns, Stanley
 Burrows, M. T.
 Burton and Kessler
 Buskirk, M. Alice
 Carnegie Foundation
 Carniol, A.
 Carpenter, P. S.
 Carr Brothers
 Carroll, George J.
 Carstarpher, Fred C.
 Casilli, A. R.
 Cason, Charles
 Chagas, Carlos
 Chase, A. F.
 Chase, Floyd W.
 Chesney, Alan M.
 Childern's Hospital
 Clark, Paul F.
 Coby, T. H.
 Coca, Arthur F.
 Colby, Beatrice G.
 Cole, Rufus
 Connell, F. Gregory
 Connor, C. H.
 Conover, John R.
 Cook, F. E.
 Corner, George W.
 Cotoni, I.
 Cotton, Henery A.
 Coward, F. A.
 Cox, J. W.
 Dalton, Charles F.
 Dann, A. U.
 Darrow, Dan C.
 Dean, Rodney
 Dean, Rollin C.
 Defries, Robert D.
 DeLamater, Florence T.
 DeLap, D. F.
 DeLuca, H. R.
 DeNormandie, R. L.
 Dewees, F. L.
 Dice Drug Company
 Dickey, Frank A.
 Dietrich, F. A.
 Dobrin, A.
 Dochez, A. R.
 Doisy, Edward A.
 Donaldson, Thomas B.
 Douglas, W. G.
 Drake, C. St. C
 Duncan, Ralph E.
 Dunne, N. J.
 Du Nouy, P.
 Durand, Paul
 Duval, Charles W.
 Dwinell, W. G.
 Eberson, Frederick
 Edahl, E. W.
 Fabyan, Marshall
 Fagan, M. Howard
 Faguy, L. G.
 Farenholt, A.
 Farlow, M. A.
 Felt, W. L.
 Fenimore, Edna P.
 Ferrell, John A.
 Fisher, O. O.
 Flexner, Morris
 Flexner, Simon
 Fosdick, Harry E.
 Foster, George B.
 Foster, P. H.
 Foucar, F. H.
 Fraser, Francis
 Frothingham, Lt. Col.
 Fuller, Hulbert
 Gamir, A.
 Gatewood, Wesley E.
 Gay, F. P.
 Georgia Baptist Hospital
 Gerry, Mrs. Wilfred E.
 Getty, Samuel E.
 Gibbs, William M.
 Gibson, Frank S.
 Gillis, E. L.
 Givler, J. P.
 Gray, Rebecca
 Greene, Mrs. Delphine D.
 Gregg, Walter K.
 Grove, W. G.
 Gucker, K.
 Gurley, Caroline R.
 Gumbel, Robert W.
 Hague, The Netherlands, Hospital Municipale
 Hamilton, J. H.
 Hamlin, Donald R.
 Hammond, John W.
 Handy, A. B.
 Hanssen, Eilif C.
 Harrison, William Nelson
 Hartnell, J. Henry
 Harvard Graduate Medical School
 Hassman, D. M.
 Havens, L. C.
 Haws, Mary E.
 Hayes, J. N.
 Hazen, Elizabeth Lee
 Heagey, Francis W.
 Heineman, P. G.
 Heiser, Victor G.
 Helm, Robert W.
 Henderson, R. P.
 Henle, Carye-Belle
 Hershey, Harold W.
 Hess, Walter M.
 Heydt, Charles O.
 Heydt, Mrs. C. O.
 Hilpert, M.
 Hitchens, A. P.
 Holt, L. Emmett
 Holt-Harris, John E.
 Hood, R. C.
 Hooper, C. W.
 Hornaday, Frank A.
 House, William
 Howard, T. D.
 Howe, F. Stanley
 Hubbard, D. L.
 Hubbard, LeRoy W.
 Hubbard, Roger S.
 Huddleson, I. Forest
 Huff, Allen
 Hull, Thomas G.
 Hume, E. H.
 Hunt, E. Livingston
 Hussey, Raymond G.
 Hutchinson, C. E.
 Ingold, Mrs. Fred
 Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
 Jahmel, F.
 Jeffrey, Annie T.
 Jones, F. S.
 Jones, William H.
 Keegan, J. J.
 Kellert, Ellis
 Kelley, A. G.
 Kelshaw, H. S.
 Kendall, Arthur E.
 Kennedy, Foster B.
 King, C. W.
 Kirkbride, Mary B.
 Kliger, I. J.
 Kohn, Rudolf
 Kolmes, John A.
 Knox, Douglas
 Kramer, James G.
 Kraus, R.
 Krumwiede, Charles
 Kunz, George F.
 La Bach, J. O.
 Lacy, G. R.
 Laird, J. L.
 Lane, Sir Arbuthnot
 Laveran, A.
 Lebron, J. D.
 Lederle, Antitoxin, Laboratory
 Lee House, Washington, D.C.
 Leith, J. F. Von Der
 Lindenberger, I.
 Lipman, J. C.
 Littell, Elton G.
 Liu, J. H.
 Loowe, Leo
 Loewy, Georges
 Loughlin, James W.
 Love, Tracy R.
 Lovett, Robert W.
 Lucas, W. P.
 Lull, G. F.
 Lundblad, W. E.
 Lundin, O. A.
 Lusk, William V.
 Lyle, J. I.
 Lyle, William G.
 Lymans, Ltd.
 Lynchberg, Virginia
 Lynes, A. L.
 Lyon, M. W. Jr.
 McAlpin, James C.
 McBrayer, L. B.
 MacBrayne, Ralph
 MacCallum, W. G.
 McCann, G. F.
 McCarthy, John J.
 McClellan, James L.
 McClintock, John M.
 McCoy, G. W.
 McCrae, Thomas
 McFarland, Joseph
 McGinley, R. Magdalene
 McGlannan, Alexius
 Mackenzie, A. S.
 MacLaurin, Janet
 McLean, B. P.
 McLean, Franklin C.
 McMillin, P. J.
 MacNeal, W. J.
 Maldeis, H. J.
 Maloy, James J.
 Manwaring, W. H.
 Marine, David
 Martin, C. J.
 Maxcy, Kenneth F.
 May, Hickman
 Mayer, E.
 Medlar, E. M.
 Meehan, J. P.
 Melick, C. O.
 Mellon, Ralph
 Meningitis Cases
 Menne, Frank R.
 Meredith, Lawrence C.
 Metz, Philip B.
 Meyer, Karl F.
 Miles, R. E.
 Military Training Camps
 Miller, Mrs. Carroll
 Minaker, A. J.
 Moffitt, George R.
 Moore, A. T.
 Moore, R. A.
 Moore, Rawlee
 Morrey, Charles B.
 Morse, Almon G.
 Mulhall, F. J.
 Murphy, James B.
 Neal, J. B.
 Nelson, G. W.
 Nelson, William
 Neustaedtler, Marcus
 New York State, Dept. of Health
 New York State Police New York State, Public Service Commission
 New York City - Board of Health
 New York Nursery and Child's Hospital
 Newport, R. I. - Hospital
 Newsom, N. J.
 Nichols, H. J.
 Nicoll, M.
 Nicolle, M.
 Noble, William C.
 Noe, Peter, Jr.
 Noguchi, H.
 Norton, W. H.
 Nott, Susan
 Odell, H. E.
 O'Donnell, J. F.
 Olistky, Peter K.
 Orcutt, Marion L.
 Orion, W. H.
 Osler, Sir William
 Owen, Ellis
 Palfrey, H.
 Palmer, W. W.
 Panzone, Nicholas B.
 Pardee, Irving H.
 Parke, Davis & Co.
 Pasteur Institute
 Pastenr Laboratory of America
 Patek, Arthur J.
 Pearce, R. M.
 Perkins, Roger G.
 Peters, H. Leb.
 Peters, Mary
 Pettit, A.
 Peyton, Harry A.
 Piersol, George Morris
 Pinnell, W. R.
 Poltenson, Sadie
 Poor, Daniel W.
 Pritchett, Ida W.
 Proctor, E. D.
 Purdy, W. H.
 Purll, Richard
 Putzki, Paul S.
 Ramsdellm, Edwin G.
 Ramsey, G. W.
 Randall, George B.
 Rashbaum, Maurice
 Reed, D. W.
 Rhode Island Hospital - Providence
 Richter, Charles
 Ricker, William G.
 Robb, A. Gardner
 Robbins, Frederick C.
 Robertson, A. D.
 Robertson, Muriel
 Robertson, Oswald H.
 Robins, Vernon
 Robinson, H. C.
 Robison, L. A.
 Rochester, N. Y.
 Rockefeller, Mrs. Abby A.
 Rockefeller, John D., Jr.
 Rockefeller, Mrs. William G.
 Rockefeller Institute
 Board of Scientific Directors
1919 Sept. 15 
 Rockey, Paul
 Rose, Wickliffe
 Rothberg, William
 Rous, Peyton
 Ruhe, Louis
 Russell, F. F.
 Russell, G. Gardner
 Rutis, A. A.
 Salter, P. P.
 Salzman, S. R.
 Schardt, George L.
 Schible, Ernest L.
 Schlande, T. S.
 Schmeisser, H. C.
 Scholtz Mutual Drug Co.
 Schorer, E. H.
 Schreiner, E. R.
 Sears, Frederick W.
 Shea, W. E.
 Shimer, William
 Siebert, A
 Sievers, Dr.
 Sivon, S. U.
 Smeallie, Miss E. Louise
 Smiley, Miss E. M.
 Smillie, Wilson G.
 Smith, B. F.
 Smith, D. O.
 Smith, E. B.
 Smith, F. D.
 Smith, G. B. L.
 Smith, I. C.
 Smith, L. R.
 Smith, Theobald
 Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine
 Somers, G. W.
 South, Lillian H.
 Southside Hospital
 Spriestersbach, David O.
 Stack, James
 Stauffer, R. S.
 Steiner, J. S.
 Stevenson, Holland N.
 Stewart, George A.
 Stiebeling, Helen S.
 Stimson, A. M.
 Stitt, E. R.
 Stone, B. H.
 Storens, Harold A.
 Strange, Mrs. E. B.
 Straus, A. H.
 Straus, Israel
 Strong, Richard P.
 Sweet, Albert W.
 Sweet, B. L.
 Symmers, Douglas
 Symonds, Ruth
 Synnot, M. J.
 Tanney, L. L.
 Taylor, Mrs. Beatrice
 Taylor, Edward
 Taylor, H. W.
 Tenbroeck, Carl
 Terry, B. T.
 Thalhimer, William
 Thomas, S. J.
 Thompson, Martha
 Thompson, Samuel
 Titration of Media
 Tomkies, J. S.
 Toomey, J. A.
 Trahan, E. B.
 Traylor, George A.
 Tripp, Donald
 Turck, F. B.
 Typhoid Serum
 Univ. of Penna. Hospital
 U. S. Army
 U. S. Army
 U. S. Army - Field Medical Supply Depot
 U. S. Army - Madison Barracks, N. Y.
 U. S. Army Medical Dept.
 U. S. Army - Medical Reserve Corps.
 U. S. Army - Medical Supply Depot, N. Y. C.
 U. S. Navy
 U. S. Naval Hospital
 U. S. Naval Hospital Great Lakes, Illinois
 U. S. Naval Training Station, San Francisco, Cal.
 U. S. Navy - Medical Dept.
 U. S. Public Health Service
 Van Der Bogert, Frank
 Von Der Osten, Anna L.
 Vandervoort, Edwin
 Van Dusen, F. E.
 Van Dyk, J. M.
 Van Ingen, Gilbert
 Vaughan, Henry F.
 Ver Nody, C. D.
 Voegelin, A. E.
 Vogt, Charles
 Voigt, Edwin F.
 Volery, Augusta
 Von Wedel, H.
 Wachter, Leonard M.
 Wadlington, John B.
 Wadsworth, A. B.
 Wagner, Charles G.
 Walker, D. L.
 Walker, O. J.
 Walsh, Groesbeck
 Walter Reed General Hospital
 Warford, L. E.
 War Trade Board
 Waters, Bertram H.
 Way, Joseph H.
 Weaver, G. H.
 Webb, Anne
 Webb, Gerald B.
 Weild, David, Jr.
 Weiss, Charles
 Weiss, Minnie E.
 Welch, S. W.
 West, Byron L.
 West, Mrs. G. N.
 Wharton, Mrs. W. P.
 Whilcher, S. C.
 White, Benjamin
 White, C. Y.
 White, G. B.
 Whitman, Armitage
 Whitman, Royal
 Whitmore, Eugene R.
 Whitney, Mary L.
 Whittaker, Thomas
 Wightman, Orrin S.
 Willetts, David G.
 Williams,... (Camp Jackson, S. C.)
 Williams, C. L.
 Williams, George W.
 Williams, S. R.
 Willis, J. D.
 Wilson, Dunning S.
 Wilson, Emily N.
 Wilson, Eric R.
 Wilson, Frank
 Wilson, Franklin D.
 Wilson, George
 Winslow, C. E. A.
 Woglom, William H.
 Woods, Alan C.
 Wood, Casey A.
 Woody, Samuel E.
 Wolfe. Edwin P.
 Wolfe, Samuel M.
 Wolfe, Arthur
 Wright, Louis W.
 Wyllsey, Thomas W.
 Wyman, Edward T.
 Yaeger, Virginia
 Young, C. C.
 Zinsser, Hans