Timothy Horsfield Papers

Mss.974.8.H78

Date: 1684, 1733-1771 | Size: 0.5 Linear feet, 205 items

Abstract

An early settler and prominent citizen in the Moravian heartland near Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, Timothy Horsfield was named justice of the peace when Northampton County was formed out of Bucks in 1752, and was one of those given responsibility for the defence of the local white and Christian Indian populations during the French and Indian War.

The Horsfield Papers offer a window onto the tumultuous history of northeastern Pennsylvania during the 1750s and 1760s. Comprised largely of correspondence and related documents between Horsfield, William Parsons, and provincial and military authorities, the collection includes important information on the Indian assaults on the region in 1756 and 1757 and the military and diplomatic response.

Background note

Timothy Horsfield (1708-1773) was a butcher and prominent citizen of the Moravian town of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. He was appointed Justice of the Peace by Governor James Hamilton (1710-1783, APS 1768), when Northampton County was founded in 1752. At the outbreak of the French and Indian War, Horsfield was one of the citizens given responsibility for raising a local militia, mustering supplies, providing intelligence for the military authorities and caring for refugees. In July 1763 he was commissioned a colonel of the militia forces, a position he soon resigned.

Horsfield was born in 1708 in Liverpool, England, and was educated in the parish school. In 1725 he emigrated to Long Island, New York, where his brother Isaac taught him the butcher's trade. He married Mary Doughty, daughter of a prominent Long Island butcher, in 1731, and in 1734 he became a freeholder. In 1735 Horsfield and his brother leased two stands in the Old Slip Market at the corner of Pearl Street and Old Slip in New York City.

In 1739 Horsfield, who was a member of the Church of England, attended a religious revival meeting of the Methodist evangelist George Whitefield, an event that impressed him. Subsequently, Horsfield became acquainted with the Moravian missionaries Peter Bohler and David Nitchmann, and later regularly opened his home near Brooklyn Ferry to other Moravian missionaries, who were traveling between Europe and the West Indies.

In 1748 Horsfield applied to the Bethlehem authorities to become a resident of the Moravian town. Although permission for him to settle there was not granted until the following year, he did place his children in the town's Moravian schools in 1748. After Horsfield and his family took up residence in the Oerter house on Market Street they reserved two rooms for visitors to the the town.

Horsfield was the owner of two slaves when the family moved to Bethlehem from New York. His slave Joshua, better known as "Horsfield's Tony," was originally from Ibo in Africa, where he had been captured and sold into slavery at the age of 14. In 1750 Joshua was baptized by the Moravian bishop Cammerhoff, and sent to the Moravian colony of Christian's Spring near Nazareth, Pennsylvania. There, as a result of the experience he gained working for Horsfield, Joshua secured employment as a butcher. Horsfield's other slave, named Cornelia, was born in Red Hook, New York, in 1728 and died in Bethlehem in 1757.

In 1752 when Northampton County was created out of Bucks County, Governor Hamilton appointed Horsfield Justice of the Peace. His commission began on June 9, 1752, several years prior to the eruption of conflict between the Delaware Indians and British settlers on the Pennsylvania frontier. The influx of European settlers into the Pennsylvania hinterland and the concomitant dispossession of the Indians by legal and extralegal means (such as the notorious Walking Purchase of 1737) had fueled resentments that resulted in Indian raids against their white neighbors. Subsequently, the intertribal rivalry between the Iroquois and the Delaware, and the rivalry between the English and French, provided tinder for the French and Indian War that erupted in 1754. As a public official and a prominent citizen, Horsfield was one of those given responsibility for shoring up local defenses, raising a militia, providing intelligence to military authorities and caring for refugees. He was commissioned a colonel in the militia in 1763, an appointment that caused considerable jealousy. The resentment not only led to his resignation but also cost him his position as Justice of the Peace.

Horsfield died in Bethlehem in 1773. His wife Mary died later that year. The couple had eight children. They included Joseph, born in 1750, a delegate to the Pennsylvania Convention to ratify the Federal Constitution of 1787.

Scope and content

The Timothy Horsfield Papers offer a window onto the tumultuous history of northeastern Pennsylvania during the 1750s and 1760s. Centered in the region around Bethlehem, Pa., where Horsfield was justice of the peace, the collection is comprised largely of correspondence and related documents between Horsfield, William Parsons, and provincial and military authorities. The collection spans the period from 1684 to 1771, with the bulk from the late 1740s to the early 1760s. It includes particularly important and vivid information on the Indian assaults on the region in 1756 and 1757, and the military and diplomatic response. A typed table of contents is included in the box.

The Horsfield letters were originally laid into two volumes, which were disbound in 1984. The original numeration of the pages has been retained, however the letters have been rearranged in chronological and alphabetical order. Many of the papers bear marginal notations by John G. E. Heckewelder, through whose offices the papers were deposited with the Society.

Some of the earlier material relates to plans to survey land in Pennsylvania, including the "Plantable quantity of Land within the new Purchase" (11 September 1749). One interesting letter by the Count of Hohenlohe to the Governor requests that the Governor of Pennsylvania examine whether the father of a German immigrant from Hohenlohe had been cheated out of his rightful inheritance by a "newlander" (20 May 1752).

The majority of the letters in the Horsfield Papers were written during the critical months of October 1755 through August 1756, when northeastern Pennsylvania was embroiled in violence. There are several depositions and letters that describe the attacks on the community of Brethren at Gnadenhütten. There is also another, somewhat smaller clutch during the summer and fall of 1763 and scattered letters at other times. Concerned with local defense, the raising of militia, intelligence on Indian movements, and forging contacts with Indian allies, the network of Horsfield's correspondents included some of the most prominent figures in provincial Indian affairs, including Benjamin Franklin, Richard Peters, Conrad Weiser, governors Robert Hunter Morris, William Denny, and James Hamilton, and Moravian men of influence such as August Gottlieb Spangeberg and David Zeisberger. An equally prominent assemblage of Native Americans appears in the collection, including Delaware chief Teedyuscung, Lewis Montour, Kolapeeha, and the Mohawk Sachem, Jonathan.

The supremely violent events of the late fall 1755 are particularly well documented, including letters and several depositions relating to the Indian attacks at Penns Creek in October and Gnadenhutten in late November. The latter event underscores a running theme in the collection: the complex web of relations between Christianized (Moravian) Indians, the Moravian brethren, English settlers, and non-Christian Indians.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Provenance

Donor, Joseph Horsfield of Bethlehem, through John G. E. Heckewelder, 1819.

Preferred citation

Cite as: Timothy Horsfield Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Recatalogued by rsc, 2002.

Other finding aids

The Horsfield letters pertaining to Indian affairs are indexed in the online Daythal Kendal Guide to Native American Collections at the American Philosophical Society.

Related material

The Historical Society of Pennsylvania houses several Horsfield items, including the Timothy Horsfield Letterbook, 1754-1755 (Collection 296) and the Horsfield Receipt book, 1756 (Collection 297), and there are several letters of his in the Northampton County Papers (Collection 456). The papers of William Parsons (Collection 470) also contain valuable contextual material.

Early American History Note

Timothy Horsfield was a prominent official in Northampton County in Pennsylvania during the Seven Years' War and its aftermath. This relatively small collection contains a wealth of information on the war. The letters are content rich and often relay details on society and life in the area. MOLE contains a detailed inventory of the letters.

Indexing Terms


Genre(s)

  • Diplomatic Material
  • General Correspondence
  • Maps
  • Military Records
  • Official Government Documents and Records
  • Political Correspondence

Geographic Name(s)

  • Pennsylvania -- History -- Colonial period, ca.1600-1775
  • United States -- History -- French and Indian War, 1755-1763

Personal Name(s)

  • Croghan, George
  • Denny, William , 1709-1765
  • Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790
  • Hamilton, James, 1710-1783
  • Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773
  • Longshore, Robert
  • Morris, Robert Hunter, 1713-1764
  • Parsons, William, 1701-1757
  • Peters, Richard, 1704-1776
  • Read, James, 1718-1793
  • Reed, James
  • Scull, Nicholas
  • Shippen, Edward
  • Spangenberg, August Gottlieb, 1704-1792
  • Teedyuscung, ca. 1700-1763
  • Weiser, Conrad, 1696-1760
  • Zeisberger, David, 1721-1808

Subject(s)

  • Colonial Politics
  • Delaware Indians
  • Diplomatic History
  • Government Affairs
  • Indians of North America -- Pennsylvania -- Government relations -- To 1789
  • Iroquois Indians
  • Miami Indians
  • Military History
  • Moravian Indians
  • Moravians -- Pennsylvania -- History
  • Native America
  • Pennsylvania History
  • Seven Years' War


Detailed Inventory

Timothy Horsfield Papers
1684-17710.5 lin. feetbox 1
5. Longshore, Robert.
The draught of the observation made of the river
March 26, 16841 map, 38.6 x 31.7 cm

Survey map plotting position of John Long House on New Jersey side of Delaware River relative to Philadelphia.

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523. Brockden, C..
State of the case of C. Brockden in behalf of his Principal, the Master of the Rolls
17172p.
1. Paris, Mr..
An Exact Account of Lord Fairfax's title to lands in [the Northern Neck of] Virginia
Nov. 29, 17333p.

and of the printed map now sent which was made up by his commissioners, Description together with some acc't of another map made up at the same time by the king's comm. but wch being a manuscript cannot yet (if ever) be sent from hence...3p. Q. Manuscript.

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9. Names of the Chiefs of the Indian's present at the Treaty held at Philadelphia
July 17423p.

Includes notes on other tribes with which the Six Nations are in alliance.

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13. Peters, Richard, 1743-1828.
Richard Peters to William Parsons
Sept. 11, 17491p.

Directing him to survey the land between the Susquehanna and west branch of the Schuylkill, to fulfil the grant of ten percent on all plantation lands to the Proprietaries

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11. Scull, Nicholas.
Warrant of the Surveyor-General to survey ten percent of all vacant land in the Province
Oct. 4, 17491p.
19. Hohenlohe, Count.
Count Hohenlohe to James Hamilton
May 20, 17521p.

Dated Langenbourg, 1p. F. Manuscript. Respecting the effects of the late George Michael Weismüller, a blacksmith. Translation of a letter to the governor of Pennsylvania.

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23. Levers, Robert, 1723-1788.
Robrt Levers to William Parsons
Sept. 20, 17531p.

Dated Philadelphia, mentions that about 60 heads of the Twightwees are on their way to see the governor, 1p. 0. Manuscript. Freeman Guide 2219.

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25. Hamilton, James, 1710-1783.
Summons to convene the Pennsylvania Assembly on August 6th
July 20, 17541p.

Dated 1p. Manuscript. Contains seal. Command to Nicholas Scull to summon the representative for the county of Northampton to a meeting of the Assembly on August 6th.

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27. Reed, James.
James Read to Mr. Gordon [William Parsons?]
March 12, 17552p.

Dated Reading. Expressing anxiety for letters; stating the active preparations of the New Englanders for some secret expedition, and that a report was in circulation of the King's intention to draw the French from the Ohio. 2p. F. Manuscript. Mentions B.F. as chief cabinet councilor in Boston. (This letter might be addressed to a Mr. Gordon).

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69. Weiser, Conrad, 1696-1760.
Conrad Weiser to William Parsons
Oct(?) 28, 17552p.

Dated Heidelberg, relating an Indian attack and asking advice. 2p. F. Manuscript. Freeman Guide 2867.

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31. Shippen, Edward.
to unidentified recipient
Oct. 29, 17551p.

Dated Lancaster, relative to sending lead and shot and stating that meeting were being held for defence and that a report was current that a body of French and Indians was seen near Carlisle. 1p. O. Manuscript. Freeman Guide 1381.

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33. Potts, John.
to Robert Hunter Morris
Oct. 31, 17551p.

Potts, James Read, Conrad Weiser and others to the governor of Pennsylvania dated stating their distress and threatening to quarter themselves on inhabitants of Philadelphia if not supported. 1p. F. Manuscript. Copy.

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35. Weiser, Conrad, 1696-1760.
to William Parsons
Nov. 1, 17551p.

Dated Heidleberg, the first. Wishes to see him (written under much anxiety). 1p. F. Manuscript.

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37. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to Robert Hunter Morris
Nov. 2, 17551p.

Dated Bethlehem, enclosing an examination of two of the United Brethren on their return from preaching (no.39), respecting an attack made by the French Mohawk Indians near the Susquehanna on 20th Oct. 4p. O. and F. Manuscript. Copy. Freeman Guide 2264.

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39. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
Deposition of Christian Seidle and David Zeisberger
Nov. 10, 17553p.

Examination on their return from preaching, respecting, an attack made by the French Mohawk Indians near the Susquehanna on 20th October.

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43. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to Robert Hunter Morris enclosing, deposition of Phillip Wesa and Godfrey Resler
Nov. 10-15, 17551p.

Respecting outrage of Oct. 26th

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45. Wesa, Phillip .
Deposition
Nov. 10-15, 17553p.

Enclosed in letter no. 43, respecting outrage of Oct. 26th

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51. Schmick, John and Henry Fry.
Deposition
Nov. 15, 17554p.

Enclosed in no. 43, respecting outrage of Oct. 26th

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59. Levan, Jacob.
to Peter Trexler
Nov. 17, 17552p.

In German, respecting the Indian murders.

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61. Zeisberger, David, 1721-1808.
Deposition
Nov. 22, 17551p.

Relating to Oct. 26 attack.

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63. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to Joseph Powell
Nov. 23, 17551p.

Respecting a convoy for the Indians to Philadelphia.

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65. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
Address to the inhabitants of Northhampton County
Nov. 24, 17551p.
55. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to Robert Hunter Morris
Nov. 26, 17553p.

Detailing the particulars of the outrage of Oct. 26, with list of those killed.

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67. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to Robert Hunter Morris
Nov. 27, 17551p.

Detailing the sufferings of the Brethren and requesting advice.

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73. Morris, Robert Hunter, 1713-1764.
to William Parsons
Nov. 29, 17551p.

Acknowledging letters; expressing concern at the outrages of the Indians; hopes for the adoption of measures of defense; thanks for intelligence, etc.

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75. Morris, Robert Hunter, 1713-1764.
to Timothy Horsfield
Nov. 29, 17551p.
521. Account of a murder at Mahony, with the names of the murdered
Nov. 17552p.
531. Morris, Robert Hunter, 1713-1764.
Address to the Indians lately residing at Gnadenhütten -- now at Bethlehem, to the Governor of the province
Nov. 17552p.
77. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to Robert Hunter Morris
Dec. 1, 17551p.

Acknowledging preceding; encloses address of the Indians, and stating the dispatch of 12 wagons of grain for the Indians

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79. Morris, Robert Hunter, 1713-1764.
to Timothy Horsfield
Dec. 4, 17551p.

Re: building a fort at Gnadenhütten

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81. Morris, Robert Hunter, 1713-1764.
To the Indians lately residing at Gnadenhütten and now at Bethlehem
Dec. 4, 17552p.

Address promising protection and expressing commiseration for their losses

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85. Morris, Robert Hunter, 1713-1764.
to Timothy Horsfield
Dec. 4, 17551p.

Copy of some data at p.79

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87. Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790.
to William Parsons
Dec. 5, 17553p.

£60,000 has been granted for defense of the Province and a militia act passed; advising of the despatch of arms and ammunition

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423. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to Robert Hunter Morris
Dec. 8, 17552p.

Re: building a fort at Gnadenhütten

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49. Hays, William.
to William Parsons
Dec. 10, 17551p.

Re: 6 guns sent by mistake to Easton

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80. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to William Parsons
Dec. 14, 17553p.

Detailing his perplexity and soliciting advice regarding the terrified back inhabitants

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93. Morris, Robert Hunter, 1713-1764.
to Timothy Horsfield
Dec. 14, 17552p.

Expressing regret at the outrages of the Indians, and a hope that he would continue to act for the public

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347. Morris, Robert Hunter, 1713-1764.
to Timothy Horsfield
Dec. 14, 17551p.

Hoping he will continue to act for public safety, etc.

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95. Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790.
to William Parsons
Dec. 15, 17551p.

Advising of assistance and enclosing £20 for relief of fugitives

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97. Spangenberg, August Gottlieb, 1704-1792.
to Timothy Horsfield
Dec. 17, 17551p.

Requesting men, previous to an attack by the Indians on Nazareth

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127. Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790.
to Timothy Horsfield
Jan. 16, 17561p.

Introducing Mr. McClear as entitled to relief

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99. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to William Parsons
Jan. 25, 17561p.

Forwarding an extract from Benjamin Franklin's letter relative to detachments

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101. Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790.
to Timothy Horsfield
Jan. 28, 17562p.

Arrival of wagons

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103. Weiser, Conrad, 1696-1760.
to William Parsons
Feb. 13, 17564p.

Indian intelligence; death of son-in-law

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539. Rough sketch of [illeg] of the Brethren remonstrating against placing more Indians at Bethlehem bringing on by Capt. New Caste
ca. April 17563p.
105. Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790.
to Timothy Horsfield
March 1, 17562p.

Directing disbursements

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107. Martin, James.
to William Parsons
March 8, 17561p.

Burning of his barn by the Indians

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109. Parsons, William, 1701-1757.
to Timothy Horsfield
March 9, 17561p.

Alluding to burning of James Martin's, and stating that assistance was sent

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111. Parsons, William, 1701-1757.
to Timothy Horsfield
March 11, 17561p.
113. Weiser, Conrad, 1696-1760.
to William Parsons
May 6, 17561p.

Enclosing Indian treaty

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115. Newcastle, Capt..
Report of his embassy to the hostile Indians on the Susquehanna
June 1, 17566p.
123. Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790.
to William Parsons
June 10, 17561p.

Advising of his return from Virginia and desiring to know present state of country

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125. Unidentified.
Copy of a letter to Timothy Horsfield and Edmonds
June 15, 17561p.

concerning the scalping party at Paulinskill and the five Indians now at Bethlehem on their way [to] Tiohogou

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129. Parsons, William, 1701-1757.
to Benjamin Franklin
June 19, 17561p.

Respecting a review of Forts

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133. Franklin, William, 1731-1813.
to Timothy Horsfield
June 21, 17561p.

Respecting exchange of arms

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131. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to Robert Hunter Morris
June 21, 17561p.

Respecting the Indians

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135. Morris, Robert Hunter, 1713-1764.
to Timothy Horsfield
June 22, 17561p.

Acknowledging preceding (no. 133) and directing instructions to Capt. Newcastle

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333. Morris, Robert Hunter, 1713-1764.
to Timothy Horsfield
June 22, 17561p.

Requesting Brethren receive and maintain friendship of Indians at Bethlehem

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137. Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790.
to William Parsons
June 28, 17562p.

Acknowledging letter of the 19th; arrival of British regiments and doubts of their movements

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141. Memorandum of what Capt. Newcastle gave us
June 28, 17561p.
143. Newcastle, Capt..
Instructions to the Brethren respecting friendly Indians
June 28, 17561p.
145. Memorandum of an acct. the Indian Nicodemus
June 30, 17562p.

Memo re: unfriendly Indians

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147. Peters, Richard, 1743-1828.
to Timothy Horsfield
June 30, 17561p.

Introducing Lieut. Johannes Schlösser and requesting for him all assistance and advice

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149. Parsons, William, 1701-1757.
to Timothy Horsfield
June 30, 17561p.

Acknowledging receipt of Capt. Newcastle's directons

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151. Peters, Richard, 1743-1828.
to Timothy Horsfield
June 30, 17561p.

Copy of letter of introduction for Lieut. Johannes Schlösser

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155. Newcastle, Capt..
to Augustus Gottlieb Spangenberg
July 11, 17561p.

Re: Pockschnos, the Shawanese chief having gone to a council at Sir W. Johnson's

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157. Schlösser, Johannes.
Advertisement for recruits
July 2, 17562p.

In German and English

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159. Schlösser, Johannes.
Advertisement for recruits
July 2, 17561p.

Original of No. 157 in English and German

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161. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to William Parsons
July 3, 17562p.

Re: Lt. Schlosser and about the Indians

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165. Parsons, William, 1701-1757.
to Timothy Horsfield
July 3, 17561p.

Re: to preceding (no. 161), and giving substance of B. Franklin's letter of June 28th

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335. Morris, Robert Hunter, 1713-1764.
to Timothy Horsfield
July 4, 17561p.

Requesting to retain Indians until Commissioners appoint other plans

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171. Morris, Robert Hunter, 1713-1764.
to Timothy Horsfield
July 4, 17561p.
173. Weiser, Conrad, 1696-1760.
to William Parsons
July 4, 17562p.

Re: outrages of Indians

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175. Orndt, Jacob.
to William Parsons
July 6, 17561p.

Re: the murder of four men by the Indians; and about blankets

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177. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
To William Parsons
July 7, 17561p.

Acquainting him of arrival of Indians and of his having sent express to the Governor

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179. Parsons, William, 1701-1757.
to Timothy Horsfield
July 8, 17561p.

Thanking him for preceding intelligence

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181. Parsons, William, 1701-1757.
to Timothy Horsfield
July 8, 17561p.

Requesting him to delay the Indians for the Governor's answer, and not to supply powder and shot

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183. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to William Parsons
July 8, 17561p.

Acknowledging preceding. Stating that 4 Indians wish to return home requesting a guard for them and desiring to know whether he shall supply powder and shot

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187. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to William Parsons
July 9, 1756 

In reply to preceding

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189. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to William Parsons
July 9, 17561p.

Referring to Capt. Inslee

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193. Morris, Robert Hunter, 1713-1764.
to Timothy Horsfield
July 9, 17561p.

Regretting that the Indians could not go to him; desiring them to be supplied with provisions and ammunition, and to send them away well satisfied

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337. Morris, Robert Hunter, 1713-1764.
to Timothy Horsfield
July 9, 17661p.

Desiring acknowledgements to Mr. Spangenberg for his trouble in Indian Affairs

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191. Parsons, William, 1701-1757.
to Timothy Horsfield
July 9, 17561p.

Suggesting giving a small quantity of ammunition to the Indians

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195. Parsons, William, 1701-1757.
to Timothy Horsfield
July 9, 17561p.

Suggesting giving a small quantity of ammunition to the Indians (original of no. 191)

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199. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to William Parsons
July 10, 17561p.

Enclosing speech intended for Indians, and his intentions about provisions and ammunition

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201. Weiser, Conrad, 1696-1760.
to the Commanding Officers of Each Company and Detachment in the First Battalion in the Pennsylvania Regiment
July 10, 17561p.

Enclosing Governor's orders about absences

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205. Reynolds, George.
to William Parsons
July 10, 17561p.

Insufficiency of arms and ammunition at Fort Allen

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207. Parsons, William, 1701-1757.
to Timothy Horsfield
July 10, 17561p.

Acknowledging July 10, and approving his plans

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209. Morris, Robert Hunter, 1713-1764.
to Timothy Horsfield
July 11, 17561p.

Intentions of removing Indians from Bethlehem to Easton; the Proclamation for suspension of hostility is continued for thirty days longer

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217. Morris, Robert Hunter, 1713-1764.
to Timothy Horsfield
July 11, 17561p.

Original of no. 209

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211. Morris, Robert Hunter, 1713-1764.
to William Parsons
July 11, 17561p.

Re: removing the Indians

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215. Morris, Robert Hunter, 1713-1764.
to William Parsons
July 11, 17561p.

Desiring him to afford protection to an individual to get in harvest

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219. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to William Parsons
July 13, 17561p.

Respecting Indians

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221. Reynolds, George.
to W. Edwards
July 14, 17561p.

Probable arrival of Indians at Fort Allen and of his going to meet Capt. Newcastle

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225. Parsons, William, 1701-1757.
to Timothy Horsfield
July 14, 17561p.

Expressing difficulty about arranging Indians

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227. Parsons, William, 1701-1757.
to William Edmonds
July 15, 17561p.

Intentions of going to Bethlehem to confer about removal of Indians

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167. Morris, Robert Hunter, 1713-1764.
Instructions to Conrad Weiser for the First Battalion of the Pennsylvania regiment
July 17, 17562p.

Regulating the officers and soldiers absences, and ordering then, as guards to the harvest labourers

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229. Parsons, William, 1701-1757.
to Timothy Horsfield
July 18, 17561p.

Arrival in Easton

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231. Teedyuscung.
Message to the Governor upon his arrival
July 18, 17561p.
233. Morris, Robert Hunter, 1713-1764.
to William Parsons
July 22, 17561p.

Changing the intention of meeting Indians and desiring detachments to be drawn in and sent to Bethlehem

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237. Morris, Robert Hunter, 1713-1764.
to Timothy Horsfield
July 22, 17561p.

Acknowledging intelligence communicated by King Teedyuscung approving of his having sent express and notifying change of place of meeting Indians

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239. Peters, Richard, 1743-1828.
to William Parsons
July 22, 17561p.

Advising of Governor and suite going to Easton

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241. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to William Parsons
July 23, 17561p.

Stating intention of Governor

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245. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to William Parsons
July 23, 17561p.

Sending shirt for Ben

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247. Barons, Benjamin.
to Timothy Horsfield
July 24, 17561p.

Acknowledging his communication of Indian intelligence (no. 237)

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249. Morris, Robert Hunter, 1713-1764.
Order to Conrad Weiser
July 30, 17561p.

To hold a Court Martial for trial of two soldiers for sleeping on duty

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251. Morris, Robert Hunter, 1713-1764.
Proceedings of Court Martial and acquittal of prisoners
July 30, 17561p.
255. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to William Parsons
Aug. 9, 17562p.

Desiring an escort for Indians

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257. Teedyuscung.
letter to Timothy Horsfield and William Parsons
Aug. 9, 17561p.
259. Peters, Richard, 1743-1828.
to William Parsons
Aug. 11, 17561p.
263. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to King Teedyuscung
Aug. 12, 17561p.

In answer to his of August 9th

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261. Reynolds, George.
to William Parsons
Aug. 12, 17561p.

Concerning a shed for Indians and a guard in his absence

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253. Widerhold, John Nicholus.
Substance of Capt. Widerhold's letter giving an account of disturbances at Fort Allen
Aug. 12, 17561p.
265. Morris, Robert Hunter, 1713-1764.
to Timothy Horsfield
Aug. 13, 17562p.

Complaining of Teedyuscung's delaying his journey so shamefully

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339. Morris, Robert Hunter, 1713-1764.
to Timothy Horsfield
Aug. 13, 17561p.

Desiring Indians left by the King to be sent to Bethlehem

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267. Orndt, Jacob.
to William Parsons
Aug. 13, 17562p.

Murder committed by the Indians on harvest guard

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269. Parsons, William, 1701-1757.
draft to Robert Hunter Morris
Aug. 14, 17562p.

Re: Fort Allen and Teedyuscung

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271. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to William Parsons
Aug. 15, 17561p.

Enclosing Governor's letter

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273. Parsons, William, 1701-1757.
to Robert Hunter Morris
Aug. 15, 17563p., 2p.

Re: disorders at Fort Allen (with duplicate)

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281. Morgan, Jacob.
To Timothy Horsfield(?)
Aug. 19, 17561p.

Fort Granville was taken by French and Indians

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283. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to William Parsons
Aug. 19, 17561p.

Concerning some bad designs he had heard of Indians

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285. Parsons, William, 1701-1757.
to Robert Hunter Morris
Aug. 21, 17562p.

Re: Indians at Fort Allen

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288. Peters, Richard, 1743-1828.
to William Parsons
Aug. 21, 17562p.

Col. William Denny is appointed Governor

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292. Denny, William , 1709-1765.
to Conrad Weiser
Aug. 21, 17562p.

Concerning an intended attack upon Bethlehem and disorders at Fort Allen

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296. Peters, Richard, 1743-1828.
to William Parsons
Aug. 22, 17561p.

Acknowledging letters

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300. Weiser, Conrad, 1696-1760.
to William Parsons
Aug 24, 17562p.

Requiring his attendance at Bethlehem

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302. Orndt, Jacob.
to Conrad Weiser
Aug. 24, 17562p.

Re: conduct of Lt. Miller

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306. Parsons, William, 1701-1757.
to Benjamin Franklin
Aug. 25, 17561p.

Enclosing a bill of exchange of Mr. Nugent's

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308. Reynolds, George.
to Conrad Weiser
Aug. 26, 17561p.

Complaining of attacks on his character

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312. Peters, Richard, 1743-1828.
to Timothy Horsfield
Sept. 6, 17561p.

Thanks for attention to Indian affairs

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341. Peters, Richard, 1743-1828.
to Timothy Horsfield
Sept. 6, 17561p.

Thanks for attention to Indian affairs (copy of no. 312)

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314. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to William Denny
Oct. 27, 17561p.

Concerning Indians

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316. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to Benjamin Franklin, Fox, et al.
Nov. 29, 17562p.

Indians with smallpox come to Bethlehem to be cared for. No room, a nuisance. Asks for aid.

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318. Denny, William , 1709-1765.
to Timothy Horsfield
Dec. 2, 17561p.

Acknowledging important intelligence, suggesting measures and providing arms

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345. Denny, William , 1709-1765.
to Timothy Horsfield
Dec. 2, 17561p.

Acknowledging important intelligence, suggesting measures and providing arms (copy of no. 318)

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343. Denny, William , 1709-1765.
to August Gottlieb Spangenberg
Dec. 2, 17561p.

Recommending him to receive Indians and Commissioners will pay necessary charges

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320. Denny, William , 1709-1765.
to Timothy Horsfield
Dec. 9, 17561p.

Advising of the grant of fifty stand of arms

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525. Discription of the Nain and Wechquetane Indians from the wild Indians [sic]
ca.17561p.
322. Indian intelligence
17565p.
349. Denny, William , 1709-1765.
Passport for Joseph Peepy and Lewis Montour (friendly Indians)
Jan. 9, 17571p.
351. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to Benjamin Franklin, Fox, et al.
Jan. 21, 17571p.

Jo Peecy, Lewis Montour, both friendly Indians, have arrived with pass. Comments on an objectionable Indian who has left.

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353.. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to William Denny
Jan. 21, 17572p.

Montour and Peeby have arrived. John Smalling (alias Lucas) died of smallpox afer two months' illness, but got religion before his death. Has asked relatives to give up Indian (Lenape / Delaware) ways. Blanket of Indian Nicodemus is one given to Frenh Margaret and later found at site of murder. Previous description.

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355.. Parsons, William, 1701-1757.
to Timothy Horsfield
Feb. 20, 17571p.

Probable arrival of Teedyuscung to the Governor

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357. Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790.
to William Parsons
Feb. 22, 17571p.

His account has not been settled by Commissioners; has been ordered to England; final settlement of disputes

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359. Parsons, William, 1701-1757.
to Richard Peters
Feb. 23, 17571p.
361. Snider, Jacob.
to William Parsons
March 3, 17571p.

Re: conduct of Hieronymus Faxter and his discharge

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363. Chapman, John.
to Timothy Horsfield
March 16, 17571p.
365. Denny, William , 1709-1765.
Answer to Indians at Bethlehem
March 31, 17571p.
369. Denny, William , 1709-1765.
to Timothy Horsfield
March 31, 17571p.

Enclosing preceding and alluding to military watch

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371. Galbreath, James.
Passport for Nathaniel (friendly Indian)
April 4, 17571p.
330. Denny, William , 1709-1765.
to Timothy Horsfield
April 5, 17571p.

Desiring guns and kettles to be repaired at expense of Commissioners

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373. Denny, William , 1709-1765.
to unidentified
April 26, 17571p.

Re: Indians going to Bethlehem

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332. Denny, William , 1709-1765.
to Timothy Horsfield
April 26, 17571p.

Desiring Indians to stay at Bethlehem till King comes

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375. Parsons, William, 1701-1757.
to Timothy Horsfield
April 28, 17572p.

Re: Indian affairs

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377. Jonathan, a Mohawk Sachem.
Message to the Delaware (Christian) Indians to attend at the Treaty at Lancaster
May 1, 17572p.
379. Record of council with Delaware (Christian) Indians
May 1, 17572p.
381. Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790.
to William Parsons
May 3, 17571p.
383. Croghan, George.
to Timothy Horsfield
May 24, 17571p.

Desiring to expedite two friendly Indians to Teedyuscung

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385. Trent, Capt..
to Timothy Horsfield
May 25, 17571p.
387. Read, James, 1718-1793.
to Timothy Horsfield
May 26, 17571p.
391. Denny, William , 1709-1765.
to Timothy Horsfield
June 6, 17571p.
393. Parsons, William, 1701-1757.
to Timothy Horsfield
June 13, 17571p.
395. Parsons, William, 1701-1757.
to Timothy Horsfield
June 19, 17571p.
397. Denny, William , 1709-1765.
to Timothy Horsfield
July 7, 17571p.

Acknowledging receipt of letters of Teedyuscung

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399. Peters, Richard, 1743-1828.
to Timothy Horsfield
July 9, 17571p.

Re: an Indian being shot through the thigh by a white boy, and desiring his apprehension

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401. Denny, William , 1709-1765.
to Timothy Horsfield
Sept. 5, 17571p.
405. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to William Denny
Oct. 6, 17571p.

Re Teedyuscung and his going to Philadelphia

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407. Weiser, Conrad, 1696-1760.
to William Parsons
Oct. 23, 17571p.
411. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to William Denny
Nov. 2, 17571p.
413. Weiser, Conrad, 1696-1760.
to Timothy Horsfield
Jan. 16, 17581p.

Resigning commission as Lt.-Col.; attack of palsy

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417. Denny, William , 1709-1765.
to Timothy Horsfield
Feb. 3, 17581p.

Enclosing letters for Captains and recommending Mr. Swaine

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421. Strettell, Robert.
to Timothy Horsfield
April 14, 17581p.
425. Peters, Richard, 1743-1828.
to Timothy Horsfield
Jan. 17, 17611p.

Re: discharge of garrison at Fort Allen

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427. Account of Ammunition, Stores etc. in Fort Allen
Jan. 21, 17612p.
431. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to James Hamilton
July 22, 17611p.
433. Hamilton, James, 1710-1783.
to Timothy Horsfield
Aug. 29, 17612p.

Desiring information on Indian affairs

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437. Brodhead, Charles.
Affidavit respecting Indians
Sept. 2, 17613p.
441. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to James Hamilton in reply to Aug. 29
Sept. 3, 17614p.
445. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to James Hamilton
Sept. 5, 17612p.

With additional information

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447. Peters, Richard, 1743-1828.
to Timothy Horsfield
March 11, 17621p.

Enclosing letters for Teedyuscung

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449. Peters, Richard, 1743-1828.
to Timothy Horsfield
May 7, 17621p.
451. Hamilton, James, 1710-1783.
to Timothy Horsfield
June 23, 17631p.

Requesting, intelligence on Indian affairs

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455. Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773.
to James Hamilton
June 27, 17622p.

In reply to preceding

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456. Hamilton, James, 1710-1783.
to Timothy Horsfield
July 11, 17632p.

Authorizing Horsfield to raise two Companies of Foot

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458. Hamilton, James, 1710-1783.
to Timothy Horsfield
July 11, 17632p.

Recruiting instructions

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460. Hamilton, James, 1710-1783.
Commission for Timothy Horsfield as Commander of the Companies of Foot from Northampton County
July 11, 17631p.
463. Hamilton, James, 1710-1783.
to Timothy Horsfield
July 26, 17631p.

Reposing confidence in his nomination of officers

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467. Hamilton, James, 1710-1783.
to Timothy Horsfield
July 27, 17631p.

Re: additional force at Easton

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471. Hamilton, James, 1710-1783.
to Timothy Horsfield
Aug. 13, 17631p.

Acknowledging communications; enclosing £100 and expressing great satisfaction at his proceedings

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475. Upper Smithfield Township (Pa.). Inhabitants.
Petition to James Hamilton
Aug. 17, 17632p.

Requesting men to range and scour the woods

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479. Hamilton, James, 1710-1783.
to Timothy Horsfield
Aug. 19, 17631p.

Re: an associated independent company at Mt. Bethel

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483. Hamilton, James, 1710-1783.
to Timothy Horsfield
Sept. 1, 17631p.

Acknowledging satisfaction at his Journal of proceedings

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487. Hamilton, James, 1710-1783.
to Timothy Horsfield
Sept. 20, 17631p.
491. Hamilton, James, 1710-1783.
to Timothy Horsfield
Oct. 10, 17631p.
495. Shippen, Joseph.
to Timothy Horsfield
Oct. 13, 17631p.

Enclosing letters for express delivery

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499. Hamilton, James, 1710-1783.
to Timothy Horsfield
Oct. 13, 17631p.

Desiring his attendance at Pennsylvania with testimony in favor of Moravian Indians

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503. Grube, Bernard Adam.
to Timothy Horsfield
Oct. 13, 17632p.
506. Penn, John, 1729-1795.
to Timothy Horsfield
Nov. 14, 17631p.

Appointing Major Clayton to succeed to command of Companies

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509. Penn, Richard.
to Timothy Horsfield et al.
Nov. 23, 17711p.

Desiring inquiry to be made respecting Elizabeth Kortsey

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513. Weiser, Conrad, 1696-1760.
to Timothy Horsfield
n.d.1p.

Enclosing letters for delivery to Officers in command of forts

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517. Address to Kolapeeha and the other Indians
n.d.2p.
519. Busse, Christian.
n.d.1p.

Account of scalping of the Felix Wins and capture of his wife and children

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527. Indians at Bethlehem and Wampaqueca (Wyoming).
Petition to the Governor of Pennsylvania
n.d.2p.
535. Sermon concerning friendly and enemy Indians
n.d.8p.