A. Zeno Shindler American Indian Photograph Collection

Mss.970.1.Sh6

Date: 1852-1869 | Size: 0.5 Linear feet, 96 photographs

Abstract

A shadowy figure at best, the artist Antonio Zeno Shindler worked at the Smithsonian Institution from after the Civil War until the turn of the 20th century, specializing in ethnographic subjects. He was responsible for printing or taking a large number of photographs of American Indians exhibited there in 1869.

The 95 studio portraits in the Shindler Collection were part of a suite of 301 images that comprised the first photographic exhibition at the Smithsonian, and that are documented in the catalogue Photographic Portraits of North American Indians in the Gallery of the Smithsonian Institution (1867). The individuals depicted were members of delegations sent to Washington during the years 1852, 1857-1858, and 1867-1869 from the following nations: Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Choctaw, Dakota Sioux (Brule, Miniconjou, Sans Arc, Santee, Sisseton, Two-Kettle, Yankton), Osage, Pawnee, Ponca, Potawatomi, Sac and Fox, Seminole, and Ute. Shindler printed the earlier photographs (mostly taken by the McClees Gallery) and was photographer for the later delegations.

Background note

A shadowy figure at best, the artist Antonio Zeno Shindler worked at the Smithsonian Institution from after the Civil War until the turn of the 20th century, specializing in ethnographic subjects.

The visual documentation of Native American cultures became a focus of the Smithsonian Institution from within a few years of its founding in 1846. The original core of the collections consisted of a number of portraits of Indian delegates who visited Washington during the 1850s done by Charles Bird King and John Mix Stanley's paintings of Indian life. However when a fire gutted its west wing in January 1865, the Smithsonian was forced to start anew.

The Director of the Smithsonian Joseph Henry found particular support for his plans to develop a photographic gallery of Indians from two key individuals, Ferdinand V. Hayden, head of the U.S. Geological Survey, and William Henry Blackmore, an English philanthropist and founder of the Blackmore Museum in Salisbury. Blackmore loaned his personal collection of photographs to Henry in 1867, hiring Shindler to make copies of them and to help prepare the catalogue for an exhibition that was mounted in 1869, the Smithsonian's first photographic exhibit.

Born as Antonio Zeno in either Bulgaria or Romania, depending on which source for the story one prefers, Shindler was said to have left his homeland after the extermination of his family in a vendetta. Making his way to Geneva, he fell in with a Frenchman named Shindler who took him under his wing, and the two lived together in Paris, where Zeno studied art, taking the last name of his patron. Precisely when Zeno Shindler came to the United States is unknown, but by 1852, he is recorded as working as a drawing instructor at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in Philadelphia, where he exhibited regularly in ensuing years. Other stories suggest that Shindler moved first to Chicago, where he lost everything in the great fire, however the chronology is surely wrong and hard evidence to support the contention that he lived there is weak.

In Philadelphia, Shindler married a young French woman, Justina Fontaine in 1852, with whom he had a daughter, Isabella, in January of the following year. The couple moved to Washington, D.C., in 1867, where Shindler took control of the prominent Robert W. Addis Photographic Gallery, successor to James Earle McClees, acquiring McClees' daguerreotypes and photographic negatives he had taken of visiting Indian delegations in the 1850s.

Shindler was slow in making copies from Blackmore's images, but his prints were instrumental in helping to mount the exhibition, Photographic Portraits of North American Indians in the Gallery of the Smithsonian Institution. He was hired by Blackmore as well to make oil paintings of some of the images.

After the exhibition, Shindler continued to work with the Smithsonian as a contract employee until he was hired full time in 1876. He remained on staff for another 23 years, doing watercolors, tinting photographs, and performing other work as a painter and artist. He died on August 9, 1899, from injuries sustained from a fall from a streetcar.

Scope and content

The 95 studio portraits in the Shindler Collection were part of a suite of 301 images that comprised the first photographic exhibition at the Smithsonian, and that are documented in the catalogue Photographic Portraits of North American Indians in the Gallery of the Smithsonian Institution (1867). The individuals depicted were members of delegations sent to Washington during the years 1852, 1857-1858, and 1867-1869 from the following nations: Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Choctaw, Dakota Sioux (Brule, Miniconjou, Sans Arc, Santee, Sisseton, Two-Kettle, Yankton), Osage, Pawnee, Ponca, Potawatomi, Sac and Fox, Seminole, and Ute. Shindler printed the earlier photographs (mostly taken by the McClees Gallery) and was photographer for the later delegations.

The photographs, presumably printed ca.1869, are albumen prints trimmed into ovals and mounted on Addis Gallery stock. Each photograph is identified by a reference number corresponding to the printed Smithsonian catalogue, and the titles and identifications are drawn from a manuscript list included with the Shindler Collection at the APS (usually, but not always identical to the entries in the printed catalogue). The collection contains photographs no. 1-104, with the exception of nos. 48, 54, 60, 67, 75, 76, 83, 88, and 95. The dates of these photographs were taken from Paula Richardson Fleming's Native American Photography at the Smithsonian: The Shindler Catalogue (2003), and names and other information were checked against her work. Biographical information on Shindler was also partially derived from Fleming's catalogue.

All of the photographs in this collection have been digitized. Links to the digital versions are included in the inventory. You may also view a gallery of all images here.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Provenance

Acquired from the Smithsonian Institution, ca.1869.

Preferred citation

Cite as: A. Zeno Shindler American Indian Photograph Collection, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Recatalogued by rsc, 2003.

Related material

The APS has several rich photographic collections documenting Native Americans, including the Frank Speck Photographic Collection and the papers of William N. Fenton and A. I. Hallowell.

A more complete collection of the Shindler Photographs is available at the Smithsonian Institution.

Bibliography

Photographic Portraits of North American Indians in the Gallery of the Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Institution Miscellaneous Collections 216 (1867). Call no.: 506.73 Sm65x.

Fleming, Paula Richardson, Native American Photography at the Smithsonian: The Shindler Catalogue (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian, 2003).

Indexing Terms


Corporate Name(s)

  • Smithsonian Institution

Genre(s)

  • Albumen prints
  • Photographs

Subject(s)

  • Cherokee Indians -- Photographs
  • Cheyenne Indians -- Photographs
  • Chippewa Indians -- Photographs
  • Choctaw Indians -- Photographs
  • Dakota Indians -- Photographs
  • Indians of North America -- Photographs
  • Osage Indians -- Photographs
  • Pawnee Indians -- Photographs
  • Plains Indians
  • Ponca Indians -- Photographs
  • Potawatomi Indians -- Photographs
  • Sac and Fox Indians -- Photographs
  • Seminole Indians -- Photographs
  • Ute Indians -- Photographs


Detailed Inventory

A. Zeno Shindler American Indian Photograph Collection
1852-18690.5 linear feet
1. Pa-da-ni-ha-hi, Struck by the Ree (Head Chief of the Yankton Sioux, Dakota Territory)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
2. Psi-Ca-Na-Kin-Yan, Jumping Thunder (Yankton Sioux Chief, Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
3. Wi-Ya-Ko-Mi, Feather in the Ear (Yankton Sioux Chief, Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
4. Ma-Ga-Skan, White Swan (Yankton Sioux Chief, Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
5. To-Kan-Was-Te, The Pretty Rock (Son of a Yankton Sioux Chief, Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
6. Wa-Jin-ka, Little Bird (Yankton Sioux Brave, Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
7. To-Ka-O-No-Pa, The One Who Catches the Enemy (Yankton Sioux Brave, Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
8. Pte-Yah-Pa-Ma-Sa, The Iron Black Bird (Yankton Sioux Brave, Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
9. Kna-Skin-Ya-Ma-Ni, He Walks Mad (Head Soldier of the Yankton Sioux, Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
10. Wan-Mdi-Sa-Pa, Black Eagle (Yankton Sioux Brave, Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
11. Wo-A-Ki-Tsi-Kan, Little Thunder (Yankton Sioux Brave, Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
12. Si-Ha-Han-Ska, Longfoot (Yankton Sioux Brave, Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
13. Francis Jaudron, Half Breed (Yankton Sioux Brave, Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
14. Ma-Ko-Kti-Nang-Ma-Ni, The Bear That Walks Lying Down (Yankton Sioux Brave, Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
15. Ta-Tsan-Op-Ki-An, Flying Pipe (Head Soldier of the Yankton Sioux, Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
16. DeLaurier, Half Breed (Yankton Sioux Chief, Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
17. Ta-Ta-Ka-Wa-Kan, Sacred Bull (Brulé Chief, Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
18. Se-Tan-Si-Tan, Yellow Hawk (Sans Arc Chief, Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
19. Se-Tan-Si-Tan, Yellow Hawk (San Arc Chief, Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
20. Ma-Za-O-Ya-Ti, Iron Nation (Yankton Sioux Chief, Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
21. Kah-Kah-Tah-A-Ke-Ah, The Flying Bird (Two-Kettle Sioux Chief, Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
22. Ma-Ta-Wa-Yu-Mi, The Bear That Frightens (Yankton Sioux Chief, Upper Missouri, Dakota Territory)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
23. Ma-Ta-Wa-Yu-Mi, The Bear That Frightens (Yankton Sioux Chief, Upper Missouri, Dakota Territory)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
24. Chun-Kan-Ke-Tes-Ka, The Spotted Horse (Two-Kettle Sioux Chief, Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
25. To-Ki-Ya-Wi-Ka-Kte, He Kills First (Miniconjou Chief, Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
26. Na-Ji-Wa-Kan, The Sacred Ghost (Two-Kettle Sioux Brave, Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
27. Ma-To-Ho-Kan-Tan-Ke, The Bear With the Big Voice (Two-Kettle Sioux Chief, Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
28. Ma-To-Ho-Kan-Tan-Ke, The Bear With the Big Voice (Two-Kettle Sioux Chief, Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
29. Ma-Va-Ta-Na-Han-Ska, Long Mandan (Two-Kettle Sioux Chief, Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
30. Pte-Wa-Kan-Na-Gi, The Medicine Cow (Yankton Sioux Chief, Upper Missouri, Dakota Territory)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
31. Ma-Ta-Sa-Be-Zi-A, The Smutty Bear (Yankton Sioux Chief, Upper Missouri, Dakota Territory)
ca.1857 Dec. 13-1858 Apr. 261 albumen printbox 1

Negative by McClees Gallery, printed by Shindler.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:3257

32. Tow-A-Hu-Ka-Sa-No-Pa, Two Lances (Yankton Sioux Chief, Upper Missouri, Dakota Territory)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
33. Wa-Pa-Sha, Red Ensign (Chief of the Ki-Gu-ksa Band (Santee Sioux), Dakota), Age 50 years
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
34. Cho-Tan-Ka-Si-Di-Na-Pe, The Flute Player (Head Man of the Wak-pe-ton Dakota (Santees), Dakota), Age 48 years
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
35. Wa-Ka-Te, The Shooter (Chief of the Re-mi-ni-ca Band (Santees), Dakota), Age 45 years
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
36. Hu-Sha-Sha, Red Legs (Chief of the Wak-pe-ka-te (Santees), Dakota), Age 55 years
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
37. Han-Ye-Tu-Du-Ta, Scarlet Night (Head Man of the Re-Mi-Ni-Ca Band (Santees), Dakota), Age 37 years
1867 ca.Feb. 17-241 albumen printbox 1
38. Wa-Mdi-Ka-Wa-Ma-Ni, He Walks Following Eagles (Wa-Pa-Shee Chief of Santees, Dakota), Age 14 years
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
39. Wa-Kan-Hdi-Sa-Pa, Black Lightning (Head Man of the Ri-Ga-Ta-A-Ta-Wa Band (Santees), Dakota), Age 34 years
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
40. Zi-Ka-Tan-To, Blue Bird (Wak-pe-ton Band (Santees), Dakota), Age 20 years
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
41. Jus-Un-Ke-Ma-Za, His Man Horse (Man of the Co-Po-Cia Band (Santees), Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
42. O-Wan-Sa-Du-Ta, Scarlet All Over (Chief of the Re-Ga-Ta O-Tou-We Band (Santees), Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
43. Mok_Pi-Yu-E-Hua-Ku-Dan, Coming After the Clouds (Wak-pe-ton Band (Santees), Dakota), Age 18 years
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 1
44. A-Ki-Ci-Tan-Na-Jin, The Standing Soldier (Man of the Ca-Po-Cia Band (Santees), Dakota), Age 39 years
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 2
45. Wak-Pi-Yu-Hdi-Na-Jin, The Standing Cloud (Man of the Re-Ga-Ta O-Tou-We Band (Santees), Dakota)
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 2
46. Wa-Kan-Na, The Sacred (Man of the Wak-Pe-Ku-Te Band (Santees), Dakota), Age 18 years
1867 ca.Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 2
47. John Ross (Head Chief of the Cherokees, Indian Territory West of Arkansas), Died in Washington, Aug. 1866
ca.1858 Apr. 161 albumen printbox 2

Negative by the McClees Gallery.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:3026

49. O-To-Wa, The Sucker (A Po-To-Wa-Ta-Mi Councillor, Kansas)
ca.1858 Dec.-1859 Mar.1 albumen printbox 2

Negative by the McClees Gallery.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:3001

50. Wi-Ga-Sa-Pi, The Whip (Chief of the Ponchas, Dakota)
ca.1858 Dec.-1859 Mar.1 albumen printbox 2

Negative by the McClees Gallery.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:3039

51. Hin-Han-Du-Ta, The Red Owl (Chief of the Mde-Wa-Kan-Ton Sioux, Dakota)
ca.1858 Mar.-June1 albumen printbox 2

Negative by the McClees Gallery.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:2998

52. Wzhi-Kian, Thunder Coming Down to the Ground (A Po-To-Wa-Ta-Mi Councillor, Kansas)
ca.1858 Dec.-1859 Mar.1 albumen printbox 2

Negative by the McClees Gallery.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:3046

53. Upi-T-Ya-Hde-A, Tail-Feather Joined (Wa-Pe-Ton Sioux Chief, Dakota)
ca.1858 Mar.-June1 albumen printbox 2

Negative by the McClees Gallery.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:3017

55. Wa-Mdi-Tan-Ka, The Great Eagle (Med-Wa-Kan-Ton Sioux Chief, Dakota)
ca.1858 Mar.-June1 albumen printbox 2

Negative by the McClees Gallery.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:3036

56. At-Pe-Tu-To-Ka-Tsha, The Other Day (Wa-Pe-Ton Sioux Warrior, Dakota)
ca.1858 Mar.-June1 albumen printbox 2

Negative by the McClees Gallery.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:3019

57. He-Hu-Te-Dan, Little Short Horn (Si-Si-Ton Sioux Warrior, Dakota)
ca.1858 Mar.-June1 albumen printbox 2

Negative by the McClees Gallery.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:3008

58. Psi-Ka-Wa-Kin-Yan, Jumping Thunder (Yankton Sioux Warrior, Dakota)
ca.1858 Dec.-1859 Apr.1 albumen printbox 2

Negative by the McClees Gallery.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:2999

59. A-Ha-Ka-Ma-Ni, The Walking Elk (Yankton Sioux Warrior, Dakota)
ca.1858 Dec.-1859 Apr.1 albumen printbox 2

Negative by the McClees Gallery.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:3045

61. Mo-Ka-Ho-Ka, Fish Rising Above the Water (Principal Chief of the Sac and Foxes, Kansas)
ca.1858 Dec.-1859 Mar.1 albumen printbox 2

Negative by the McClees Gallery.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:3041

62. Ne-Sha-Du-Si-Di-Te-Zi-Ka, The Chief Whom They Look Upon (Principal Chief of the Republican Pawnees, Nebraska)
ca.1858 Dec.-1859 Apr.1 albumen printbox 2

Negative by the McClees Gallery.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:3038

63. Na-Sa-Wa-Kwut, The Bear in the Fork of a Tree (Principal Chief of the Sac and Foxes, Kansas)
ca.1858 Dec.-1859 Mar.1 albumen printbox 2

Negative by the McClees Gallery.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:3000

64. Pi-Ta-Ne-Sha-A-Du, Man-and-Chief (Principal Chief of the Pawnees, Nebraska)
ca.1858 Dec.-1859 Apr.1 albumen printbox 2

Negative by the McClees Gallery.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:3028

65. La-Hak-Tan-Du-He-Sha-A-Du, Medicine Pipe Chief (Chief of the Grand Pawnees, Nebraska)
ca.1858 Dec.-1859 Apr.1 albumen printbox 2

Negative by the McClees Gallery.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:3009

66. Ne-Sha-Re-Ru-Re-Ra Hi-Kute, the Brave Chief (Republican Pawnee Chief, Nebraska)
ca.1858 Dec.-1859 Apr.1 albumen printbox 2

Negative by the McClees Gallery.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:3004

68. Pug-A-No-Ke-Shick, Hole in the Day (Head Chief of the Chippewas, Minnesota)
1858 ca.Mar. 131 albumen printbox 2

Negative by the McClees Gallery.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:2997

69. He-Ka-Ka Nang-Zhe, The Standing Elk (Yankton Sioux Warrior, Dakota)
ca.1858 Dec.-1859 Apr.1 albumen printbox 2

Negative by the McClees Gallery.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:3040

70. La-Ka-Ko, The Gray Fox (Chief of the Sac and Foxes, Kansas)
ca.1858 Dec.-1859 Mar.1 albumen printbox 2

Negative by the McClees Gallery.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:3013

71. Sha-Kpi, Six (Mde-Wa-Kan-Ton Sioux Chief, Dakota)
ca.1858 Mar.-June1 albumen printbox 2

Negative by the McClees Gallery.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:3014

72. Oh-Lach-Ta-Miko, Billy Bowlegs (Seminole Chief, Indian Territory West of Arkansas)
ca.18521 albumen printbox 2

Original image probably by John Hawley Clarke.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:3030

73. Ti-Ro-Wot-Ka-To-Huk, The Conqueror (Grand Pawnee Chief, Nebraska)
ca.1858 Dec.-1859 Apr.1 albumen printbox 2

Negative by the McClees Gallery.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:3024

74. La-Tang-Ka-Yang-Ke, The Running Bull (Yankton Sioux Warrior, Dakota)
ca.1858 Dec.-1859 Apr.1 albumen printbox 2

Negative by the McClees Gallery.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:3034

77. Battle Between Ponkas and Sioux (Painted by To-Tay-Go-Nai (Standing Buffalo), a young Ponca Warrior
[1858]1 albumen printbox 2

Negative by the McClees Gallery.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:3033

78. Col. P. P. Pitchlynn (Choctaw delegate, Choctaw Nation)
ca.1868 Mar. 311 albumen printbox 2
79. Rev. Israel Folsom (Choctaw delegate, Choctaw Nation)
ca.1868 Mar. 311 albumen printbox 2
80. A Chief of the Osage Indians (Kansas) [probably Baptiste Lapillier, a Winnebago Chief]
ca.1858 Feb.1 albumen printbox 2

Negative by McClees Gallery.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:3003

81. Group of Cheyenne Indian Chiefs (Nebraska) [l. to r.: White Antepole, Alights on a Cloud, Little Chief]
18581 albumen printbox 2

Original daguerreotype by John H. Fitzgibbon.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:3021

82. Sobita (Head Chief of the Capote Utes and Brother of Carrisa, Head Chief of the Utas, Colorado Territory; New Mexico)
ca.1868 Mar. 311 albumen printbox 2
84. Ni-Co-Rod, Green Leaf (Uta Chief, Colorado)
ca.1868 Mar. 311 albumen printbox 2
85. Pe-A-Oh, Black-Tail Deer (Uta Chief, Colorado)
ca.1868 Mar. 311 albumen printbox 2
86. Shu-Ri-Pi, Lodge Pole's Son (Uta Chief, Colorado)
ca.1868 Mar. 311 albumen printbox 2
87. Chip-Pin, Always Riding (Uta Chief, Colorado)
ca.1868 Mar. 311 albumen printbox 2
88. Wa-Com-Mo (Chief of the Foxes, Kansas)
ca.1868 Mar. 311 albumen printbox 2
89. Che-Ko-Shuk (Head Chief of the Foxes, Kansas)
ca.1868 Mar. 311 albumen printbox 2
90. Mo-Ko-Ho-Ko, Fish Rising Above the Water (Chief of the Sacs, Kansas)
ca.1868 Mar. 311 albumen printbox 2
91. Uk-Wha-Ho-Ko, Fish Floating to the Shore (Chief of the Sacs, Kansas)
ca.1868 Mar. 311 albumen printbox 2
92. Pa-Tek-Kwa (Chief of the Sacs, Kansas)
ca.1868 Mar. 311 albumen printbox 2
93. Group of Four Ponka Chiefs (l. to r. Ash-Nom-e-Kah-Ga-He, Lone Chief; To-Ton-Ga Un-Zhe, Standing Buffalo; Wah-Ga-Sa-Pi, Iron Whip; Wast-Eh-Com-Ma-Ni, Fast Walker)
ca.1868 Mar. 311 albumen printbox 2
95. Col. Lewis Downing (Head Chief of the Cherokees, Cherokee Nation)
ca.1868 Mar. 311 albumen printbox 2
96. Capt. Arch[ibald] Scraper (Cherokee Delegate, Cherokee Nation)
ca.1868 Mar. 311 albumen printbox 2
97. J[efferson] Porum Davis (Cherokee Delegate, Cherokee Nation)
ca.1868 Mar. 311 albumen printbox 2
98. Samuel Smith (Cherokee Delegate, Cherokee Nation)
ca.1868 Mar. 311 albumen printbox 2
99. Col. [William Penn] Adair (Cherokee Delegate, Cherokee Nation)
ca.1868 Mar. 311 albumen printbox 2
100. H. C. Reese (Cherokee Delegate, Cherokee Nation)
ca.1868 Mar. 311 albumen printbox 2
101. Col. Faunceway Battice (Choctaw Delegate, Choctaw Nation)
ca.1868 Mar. 311 albumen printbox 2
102. War Dance of the Yankton Sioux (Dakota) [l. to r. Struck by the Ree, White Swan, Long Foot, Little Bird, Black Eagle]
ca.1867 Feb.-Apr.1 albumen printbox 2
103. Group of four Utah Indians [l. to r. Nick-a-a-god, Green Leaf; Pe-ah, Black Tailed Deer; Chippin, Always Riding; and Suriap, Lodge Pole's Son]
ca.1868 Mar. 311 albumen printbox 2