Ely Samuel Parker Papers

Mss.497.3.P223

Date: 1794-1946 1833-1897 | Size: 3.5 Linear feet

Abstract

A Sachem and Civil War adjutant to Ulysses Grant, Ely Samuel Parker was an important figure in the Seneca Indian nation during the first half of the nineteenth century. Trained as an engineer, Parker was deeply involved in the Senecas' land disputes with the Ogden Land Company and he played an important role in interpreting Seneca culture for a white audience, most notably as a consultant for Lewis Henry Morgan.

Collected by Arthur C. Parker, the Ely Samuel Parker Papers include correspondence, manuscripts, and printed materials relating primarily to Seneca affairs, history, language, and culture, as well as politics, education, engineering, and the Civil War. Among Parker's correspondents were Henry Clay, Millard Fillmore, Henry M. Flagler, Lewis Henry Morgan, Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, Daniel Webster, and Asher Wright. Several letters relate to Parker's service as engineer of public buildings in Galena, Illinois, and to his Masonic activities. Among the noteworthy items in the collection are several essays on Seneca history and culture, a fragment of Parker's diary, 1847, and a significant quantity of material on the Seneca language assembled by Asher Wright.

Background note

A sachem of the Seneca nation, adjutant to Ulysses S. Grant during the Civil War, and a political and cultural intermediary, Ely Samuel Parker (Hasanoanda) was a pivotal figure in the Seneca nation during the second quarter of the 19th century. Born on the Tonawanda Reservation in western New York in 1828, the son of Elizabeth Johnson and William Parker, Ely Parker was educated at a Baptist mission school and at the Cayuga Academy in Aurora, N.Y. A bright and articulate young man, he was well respected by his elders and was rewarded with positions of responsibility early in life. His teenage years were a time of crisis for the Seneca nation, which was beset on all sides by white settlers and by the specious claims on their land by the Ogden Land Company. Parker took on the struggle, serving as an intermediary with the federal government during negotiations over the Buffalo Creek treaties of 1838 and 1842, and he represented the Senecas in other legal and political affairs. Parker was elevated to sachem in 1852, assuming the name Donehogawa previously held by John Blacksmith.

Parker's name in the white world was also established early. Before he turned 20, he met the protoethnologist Lewis Henry Morgan and became a principal consultant in preparation of the League of the Ho-Dé-No-Sau-Nee (Rochester, 1851), and through Morgan he gained access to the wider white world of intellectuals and politicians. With training as an engineer, Parker garnered positions on public canal projects throughout the state, seeing his circle of acquaintances steadily expand. He took a warm interest in partisan politics in New York, joining both the freemasons and the militia as well as Morgan's Grand Council of the Iroquois to further himself. Both he and his brother Nicholas were also regularly engaged to lecture on Seneca history and culture to white audiences, becoming recognized as authorities.

In 1857, Parker was hired to assist in the construction of the new custom house in Galena, Ill., where he befriended a relatively obscure army officer, Ulysses S. Grant. The Grant connection would serve Parker well. Although Parker's attempts to join the army at the outbreak of the Civil War were repeatedly rebuffed, first because of his engineering obligations and later because he was an Indian, he finally succeeded in securing a commission as Captain of Engineers in 1863. By the end of that year, he was assigned to duty on Grant's staff. Following Grant from Chattanooga to Virginia, Parker was given the honor at Appomattox of writing down the terms of surrender for the Army of Northern Virginia, and was brevetted Brigadier General for his services in 1865. He married a white woman, Minnie Sackett, on Christmas day, 1867.

Following Grant's election to the presidency, Parker was appointed Commissioner of Indian Affairs on April 13, 1869. During a controversial three year tenure, he spearheaded Grant's "peace plan," essentially abolishing the treaty system in favor of Christianization and assimilation and emphasizing the mutual responsibility of the federal government and the Indian nations in preserving peace. Political opposition to these policies plagued Parker, however, and his opponents leveled charges of fraud against him in Congress. Although he was acquitted, Parker resigned his post in 1871, and with his finances damaged in the Panic of 1873, he spent the last years of his life in Fairfield, Conn., in relative obscurity and poverty.

Having suffered for years from diabetes, Parker died after a lengthy decline on August 30, 1895. He was buried at Oak Lawn Cemetery in Fairfield, Conn., but was reinterred in Forest Lawn Cemetery in Buffalo on January 20, 1897, and is now situated near several other Seneca notables, including Red Jacket. Ironically, forty five years previously Parker had vehemently protested the reinterment of Red Jacket's bones in this same cemetery.

Scope and content

The Ely Parker Papers provide outstanding documentation for one of the best known Seneca leaders of the 19th century. Rich in information on Seneca history, culture, and language and on Parker's varied activities in both the Indian and white worlds, the collection is a major resource for examining the land and political struggles of the Seneca nation during the 1840s and early 1850s. Comprised of a mix of personal and professional correspondence augmented by a smaller quantity of printed materials, notes, and manuscripts, the collection is arranged chronologically. It is richest for the period 1845-1860, with only a few letters pertaining to Parker's Civil War service, and even fewer for the post-war period.

From 1843 through 1848, the Parker Papers provide excellent documentation of the legal battles to resolve the Ogden Land Company's claims to Seneca lands and Seneca efforts to prevent white encroachment. Several letters in 1847 describe the misfortunes of those Senecas who agreed to migrate to the West. Although Parker remained deeply involved in Seneca legal and political affairs after 1848, he appears to have become increasingly consumed with his engineering duties.

Through his interest in Seneca history and culture, Parker accumulated a number of manuscripts of Asher Wright, the missionary at Tonanwanda, a student of the Seneca language, and a long acquaintance of Parker's. These deal primarily with Seneca grammar, conjugations of verbs, vocabulary, and orthography, but also include translations of scripture, an address interlineated in English and Seneca on the mission boarding school, and most importantly, an 1840 census of the Senecas residing at Buffalo, organized in tabular form by clan. Most of Wright's monographs on the Seneca language are available in the Printed Materials Department. Parker's correspondence with his siblings Caroline, Nicholas, and Newton, provides insight into their education and their personal relationships, and includes a brief essay written by Caroline Parker in 1850 on the prophet Handsome Lake.

As an major consultant to Lewis Henry Morgan and a correspondent of Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, Parker's correspondence includes a number of letters pertaining to Seneca culture and to the early culture of American ethnography. While his Civil War experiences are not particularly well documented, there are three letters and a map from Newton Parker, serving in the 132nd New York Infantry at New Bern, N.C., and half a dozen letters from Ely Parker, including two written during the Chattanooga Campaign.

Finally, the collection also contains a manuscript copy of a work said to be Seth Newhouse's Legend of Dekanawida, 1885.

Native American Images note : Eleven images, primarily of Ely Samuel Parker and his family members. Includes some early photographs, particularly an undated daguerreotype of Parker's father, William. Also of note, a 1920 rotogravure of an 1864 reprint of General Ulysses S. Grant and his staff in camp. In oversize, 1844 printed map of the 12,800 acre tract in the Tonnewanda (sic) Reservation.

Digital objects note

This collection contains digital materials that are available in the APS Digital Library. Links to these materials are provided with context in the inventory of this finding aid. A general listing of digital objects may also be found here.

Collection Information

Provenance

Gift of Arthur C. Parker, 1950.

Preferred citation

Cite as: Ely Samuel Parker Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Alternate formats available

FILM 1381

Related material

See also the Ely Samuel Parker Papers (A.P24), Rare Books and Special Collections Department, University of Rochester.

Bibliography

Arthur C. Parker, The Life of General Ely S. Parker: Last Grand Sachem of the Iroquois and General Grant's Military Secretary (Buffalo, N.Y., 1919).

Armstrong, William H., Warrior in Two Camps: Ely S. Parker, Union General and Seneca Chief (Syracuse, N.Y., 1978).

General

Much of this was used in: G.S.Snyderman "Function of Wampum in Iroquois Religion", APS Proceedings, vol.105, 571-608.

Early American History Note

The Ely Parker Collection is a large and rich amalgamation of documents relating to the New York Seneca and to Ely Parker's own life.

The earliest documents often involve Asher Wright, a missionary, and reflect his experience with Indians on and around Buffalo Creek. There is a fair amount of information on language included in this portion of the collection.

Ely Parker's own correspondence includes a large amount of material relating to the Treaty of Buffalo Creek, including petitions sent to Congress and records of the negotiations. There are various documents on the legal case challenging the Treaty throughout the 1840s, including Parker's advice to fight against the treaty's implementation.

In addition to the discussions about the controversial treaty, there are interesting documents in Parker's own hand, including a letter on injustice, a fragment of a creation story, a fair amount of information on Indian education, and fragments of essays Parker wrote on Indian history, culture, and Christianity.

The collection also has various essays and compositions written by others, likely by students at a missionary school.

The collection in particularly strong for the period from 1840 to 1860. In addition to providing insight on Seneca history, there are documents on engineering, which Parker undertook after receiving a degree from Renssellaer Polytechnic University.

Indexing Terms


Genre(s)

  • General Correspondence
  • Language Material
  • Manuscript Essays
  • Maps.
  • Native American Materials
  • Official Government Documents and Records
  • Portrait photographs

Geographic Name(s)

  • Cattaraugus Indian Reservation (N.Y.)
  • New York (State) -- Politics and government -- 19th century
  • Tonawanda, (N.Y.) -- Maps
  • United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865

Personal Name(s)

  • Clay, Henry, 1777-1852
  • Fillmore, Millard, 1800-1874
  • Flagler, Henry M.
  • Ga-i-wah-go-wa, [Parker, N. H.]
  • Handsome Lake, 1735-1815
  • Morgan, Lewis Henry, 1818-1881
  • Mountpleasant, Caroline Parker
  • Newhouse, Seth
  • Parker, Caroline G.
  • Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895
  • Parker, Newton I.
  • Parker, Nicholson H.
  • Parker, Spencer Cone
  • Parker, William H.
  • Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864
  • Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852
  • Wright, Asher, 1803-1875

Subject(s)

  • Canals -- New York (State)
  • Education
  • Engineers -- New York (State)
  • Freemasons -- New York (State)
  • Government Affairs
  • Iroquois Indians
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Law
  • Military History
  • Native America
  • Ogden Land Company
  • Religion
  • Science and technology
  • Seneca Indians -- Missions
  • Seneca Indians -- New York (State)
  • Seneca Indians -- Religion
  • Seneca language
  • Society of Friends -- Relations with Indians
  • Tonawanda Indian Reservation (N.Y.)


Detailed Inventory

Series I. Correspondence
1794-19463.0 linear feet
United States. War Department.
LS to Handsome Lake and Cornplanter
[1794?] box 1

Transcript of part of an address delivered on the occasion of presenting "a written instrument, which is to be considered as a General Guarantee of all the lands within the United States to which you are entitled..."

Roster of Tonawanda veterans War of 1812
1812 box 1

Typed copy of original in the Huntington Library.

Iroquois Chiefs.
LS to Secretary of War
1815 Feb. 20 box 1

Communication listing losses of men and property in the War of 1812. Typed copy of original in the University of Rochester library.

Fellows , Joseph, 1782-1873.
ANS to John Greig
1829 May 7 box 1

Brief note stating "on the 18 May at noon the books will be opened for subscriptions," written on verso of printed announcement concerning estimated revenue to be derived from Sodus Canal.

Sodus Canal Subscribers.
Pr. Memorial to U.S. Congress
1829 Nov. box 1

Printed memorial from inhabitants of Wayne, Cayuga, Seneca and Ontario counties, concerning advantages of a connection between Erie Canal and Great Sodus Bay.

Wright, Asher, 1803-1875.
Linguistic exercises. Seneca verb To Love
1833 Jan. 7 box 1

Seneca "verb to love, ganoongwaseh, conjugated through all its variations and tenses."

Wright, Asher, 1803-1875.
Linguistic exercises
1833 Jan. 16 box 1

Conjugation of the verb `redeem' in Seneca.

Wright, Asher, 1803-1875.
Linguistic exercise
1833 Jan. 28 box 1

Conjugation of the Seneca verb ohgadeies, to learn, study or teach.

Wright, Asher, 1803-1875.
Notebook
1833 Aug. 22 box 1

Notebook containing partial conjugations in Seneca of the following verbs: come, live or abide, walk, arise and awake.

Wright, Asher, 1803-1875.
Linguistic exercise
[1833?] box 1

Conjugation of the verbs 'repent' and `punish' (1) in Seneca, and (2) in Seneca with English. The latter is in two handwritings.

Harris, Thompson S..
Memorandum of hours spent at the Seneca Mission... Oct. 14-21
1834 Oct. 22 box 1

Verso contains a brief Seneca text without English translation.

James Harris, Thompson S. Harr.
LS to Chiefs of the Cattaraugus Reservation
1834 Nov. 27 box 1

Part of a letter in the Seneca language. Two signatures are not fully decipherable.

Wright, Asher, 1803-1875.
1835 June 5 box 1

Seneca and English names for months, inscribed at "Seneca Mission House."

Seneca word list and text
1836 Apr. 5 box 1

Single sheet, inscribed at Cattaraugus Mission, containing brief Seneca-English word list and a Seneca text without translation.

Unidentified.
AL to Sister Stone
1836 June 23 box 1

Unfinished letter from a lonely missionary at Buffalo Reservation, in which mention is made of Brother Wright, Father Williams, and Sister Lee. Verso contains Seneca-English vocabulary and notation about cost of trip from Buffalo to Tuscarora, Rochester, Syracuse and other points.

Hill, J..
DS to S. Bliss and J. Tuttle
1836 Nov. 10 box 1

I.O.U.for $11.00.

Schermerhorn, I. F..
ALS to Asher Wright
1837 Dec. 7 box 1

Letter accusing Wright of interfering with treaty and discouraging Seneca emigration.

O. Allen, H. P. Wilcox, J. Str.
TLS Cy to T. L. Ogden and J. Fellows
1838 June 23 box 1

Typed copy of letter re. expenses connected with securing title to Indian lands.

Potter, H. B..
TLS Cy to Thomas L. Ogden
1838 June 24 box 1

Typed copy of a letter requesting $5,000 for services as an agent of the Ogden Land Co. over a 15 year period.

Ogden, Thomas L..
TLS Cy to Joseph Fellows
1838 June 27 box 1

Typed copy of letter concerning payments to agents.

Fellows , Joseph, 1782-1873.
ALS to Spencer H. Cone
1838 July 3 box 1

Letter concerning treaty ratified on June 11, 1838

Two Guns.
LS to Henry Clay
1838?2p.box 1

Letter in handwriting of Asher Wright asking help that treaty may not be ratified.

Wright, Asher, 1803-1875.
"Missionary Notes"
1838 ?30p.box 1

A Seneca word book, arranged alphabetically, with English equivalents.

Seneca Nation of New York.
Petition to U.S. Congress, 25th, 3d session.
1839 Jan. 30 box 1

Printed "petition of a delegation of the Seneca Indians, stating that unfair means had been used to obtain the assent of the Indians to the treaty as negotiated with the New York Indians, and amended by the Senate, and praying that the Senate may suspend action upon the said treaty."

Seneca Nation of New York.
Memorial to U.S. Congress, 25th, 3d session.
1839 Feb. 9 box 1

Printed "Memorial of a delegation of the Seneca Indians, protesting against the ratification of the treaty made with the New York Indians, as amended by the Senate..."

Tonawanda Chiefs.
DS with David Finly
1839 Mar. 21 box 1

Agreement, selling rights to gypsum.

Wright, Asher, 1803-1875.
Minutes at Council of the Six Nations
1839 July 1721p.box 1

Minutes, and list of chiefs elected and inaugurated, at a Council of the Six Nations, held at the Onondaga Council House.

Wright, Asher, 1803-1875.
Notebook
1839? box 1

Notebook with a number of blank leaves, containing about 4p. of Seneca-English words and phrases, and about 8p. of brief comments on the organization of the Iroquois League.

Wright, Asher, 1803-1875.
Notebook
183?23p.box 1

Notebook on the Seneca language containing names for days of the week; terms for God; numerals 1 to 30; an English-Seneca word list; pronouns; and miscellaneous notes on the article "ne" and on prefixes and suffixes denoting person, gender, quantity, etc. Notebook was made by folding and cutting sheets of paper, on one of which appears the first line of a letter dated Aug. 27, 1837, at Andover Theological Seminary.

T. Hartly Crawford to George Jimseon
1840 May 27 box 1

Letter refusing petition for money to be applied toward the education of Jimeson's son, John.

Council of the Seneca Nation.
TDfS Cy to U.S. Government
1840 box 1

Typewritten copy of a draft of a petition giving Indian views of treaty.

Wright, Asher, 1803-1875.
Notebooks (Buffalo Creek Census)
184027p. and 22p.box 1

Two notebooks, each containing English and Indian names of over 300 Senecas residing at Buffalo, arranged by clans, and giving the following information in tabular form: place of birth, age, number of children, sex, religion and rank.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/text:141834

Parker, Nicholson H..
Address
ca.1842 box 1

Part of an address dealing with proceedings at various councils held prior to ratification of treaties of 1838 and 1842.

Wright, Asher, 1803-1875.
A Spelling Book (part)
1842 box 1

Manuscript for Lesson XXXII, p. 25 and part of Lesson XXXIII, p. 26 of the 1842 edition of "A Spelling Book..."

Wright, Asher, 1803-1875.
A Spelling Book in the Seneca Language
1842Disboundbox 1

"A Spelling-Book in the Seneca Language: with English definitions." Buffalo-Creek Reservation, Mission Press, 1842.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Nicholson Parker
1843 Feb. 23 box 1

Letter listing Indian objects which Ely would like to have sent to him at Yates school.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
AMs
1843 Feb. 28 box 1

Fragment of an address at Yates Academy.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
AMs
1843 Sept. 20 box 1

An address to the Englopian Society.

Tonawanda Chiefs.
LS to James B. Porter
1843 Oct. 24 box 1

Letter to the Secretary of War, stating that Thomas C. Love and Ira Cook were prevented from appraising Tonawanda improvements and incorporating remarks passed at a council on Oct. 23.

Parker, Caroline G..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1843 Oct. 29 box 1

Letter containing news of studies and school friends and thoughts on Christianity.

Moseley, William A..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1843 Nov. 28 box 1

Brief acknowledgement of Parker's letter of November 24, and of the accompanying papers, stating "I shall take pleasure in laying them before the Secretary of War and commending your application to his favor."

Crawford, T. Hartly..
ALS to Thomas C. Cook and Ira Love
1844 Jan. 4 box 1

Letter stating official view of the Office of Indian Affairs on the legal implications of the Seneca strategy in preventing an appraisement of the improvements on their land.

Moseley, William A..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1844 Jan. 6 box 1

Letter reporting interview with Commissioner of Indian Affairs and enclosing reply from Commissioner, asking Ely to make copy of same and return original.

Moseley, William A..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1844 Jan. 19 box 1

Letter stating President must enforce treaties.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to William Parker
1844 Jan. 29 box 1

Letter advising his father that since the Government has no power to enforce treaty, the Indians should repel those who attempt to remove them from their present homes.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
Address
1844 Feb. 6 box 1

Address before Englopian Society.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
Ams essay
1844 Apr. 29 box 1

"There is nothing so harsh upon the ear...as the simple word composition," written at Yates Academy.

Morgan, Lewis Henry, 1818-1881.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1844 May 8 and 22 box 1

Letter with postscript and photostat of same stating that Parker has been elected member of the Grand Order of the Iroquois.

Bouck, William C., 1786-1859.
ALS to Chiefs Blacksmith and Jimmy Johnson
1844 June 17 box 1

Letter from Governor of New York stating he has no power to interfere in Ogden dispute and advising legal procedure to follow in contesting the land company's schemes.

Ogden Land Company.
Map of Tonnewanda reservation, 12,800 acre tract.
1844 Aug. 19 case Black
LH-SB-Black case

Map of the 12,800 acre tract on the Tonawanda Reservation, with location of lots to be sold at auction in Batavia.

Palfrey, John G..
ALS to [Tonawanda Chiefs?]
1844 Sept. 5 box 1

Acknowledgment by the Secretary of State's Office of a letter dated Aug. 27 addressed to the Governor of Massachusetts, and requesting more specific details concerning complaint.

Palfrey, John G..
ALS to John Blacksmith, James Johnson and others.
1844 Oct. 12 box 1

Handwritten copy of a reply to their letter of Sept. 30 requesting an interview with the Governor, stating the government of Massachusetts had no right to intervene between the Indians and the Ogden Land Co.

Tonawanda Chiefs.
DS to John Bigfire and H. Nicholson Parker.
1844? box 1

Power of attorney signed by chiefs and warriors.

Bronson, Judge.
AMs Cy
1844? box 1

Transcript of the remarks of the Judge of the Supreme Court of New York, concerning title to Indian lands on which timber was out.

Tonawanda Chiefs.
to Silas Wright
1845 Feb. 22 box 1

An appeal to the Governor of New York for justice to prevent Whites from settling on Indian lands until difficulties with the Ogden Co. are settled.

Warren, R. B..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1845 Feb. 25 box 1

Letter from a school friend chatting about the writer's return to Yates, injustice to the Indian, etc.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
School accounts
1845 Mar. 31 box 1

Accounting of expenses at Yates, first quarter. Verso has essay on "the study of man."

Parker, Caroline G..
Poem, "My Brother Solomon"
1845 May? box 1

A poem about a dead brother.

Parker, Levi.
Minutes of meeting of Baptist churches
1845 June 28 box 1

Minutes of meeting of Baptist churches at Tuscarora, Tonawanda, and Grand River.

Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1845 Aug. 8 box 1

Letter reporting on cooperation accorded the writer at Tuscarora.

Parker, William and Williams, .
ALS to Spencer H. Cone
1845 Aug. 30 box 1

Letters to Spencer who has emigrated to Missouri from his father and uncle. William Parker's letter states "your youngest brother...Solomon...died the 23rd of last May." Both letters contain family and reservation news and hearty endorsements of Christianity.

Parsons, S..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1845 Oct. 19 box 1

Flowery letter acknowledging a note of Oct. 9th, in which Parker informed Parsons fate had decreed against his attending Wilson Collegiate Institute.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
AL to W.H.C. Hosmer
1845 Oct. 30 box 1

Incomplete letter giving part of the myth of creation.

Fellows , Joseph, 1782-1873.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1845 Nov. 7 box 1

An acknowledgment of Parker's letter of the 4th inst., in which Fellows states the Ogden Co. stands ready to carry out the treaty in good faith and that litigation must result in disappointment to the Indians.

Schenandoah [i.e. Morgan, Lewi.
ALS to Hasanoanda [i.e., Ely S. Parker]
1845 Nov. 14 box 1

Letter, addressed to Hasanoanda and signed Schenandoah, recommending that an official statement of the Indian view of the treaty be made public.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
AMs, "If the Savage Life..."
1845 Nov. 18 box 1

An address delivered at Cayuga Academy on happiness to the savage and the delights of Indian life.

Green, L. S..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1845 Dec. 8 box 1

Chatty letter from a former school friend now teaching school.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
AMs, "Live for something noble"
1845 ? box 1

Essay, a plea for Christianity.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
AMs, "Melancholy Decay of the Indians"
1845 ? box 1

Part of an essay.

Jeminay, Alexander.
AMs, "Give Place to New Ideas"
1846 Jan. 14 box 2

Composition written by a student of Genesee Wyoming Seminary and signed "Wannisheyo."

Porter, Charles T. (Charles Talbot), 1826-1910.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1846 Jan. 20 box 2

Letter advising that the meeting Parker is to address must be postponed a week.

Parsons, Sylvester.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1846 Mar. 9 box 2

Letter from a school friend, urging Parker to join him at Wilson Collegiate Institute next term and to enter Williams College with him in the Fall.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
Accounts
1846 Mar. 28 box 2

Expenses incurred attending school at Aurora Oct. 1845 to Mar. 1846.

[U.S. Congressional Globe]
1846 Apr. 2 box 2

Clipping reporting that petitions of Tonawandas re. Treaties of 1838 and 1842 were ordered referred to Committee on Indian Affairs.

Brown, William Linn.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1846 Apr. 5 box 2

Letter reporting on progress in Senate of Tonawanda petition re. Treaties.

Flagler, Henry M..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1846 Apr. 12 box 2

Letter from a school friend describing a prank at Yates.

Wright, Silas.
ALS to Tonawanda Chiefs
1846 Apr. 18 box 2

Parker's copy of a letter from the Governor of New York, stating he has no power to prevent the execution of the Treaties which were made with the authorities of the U.S. and advising the Indians against the use of force.

Brown, William Linn.
LS to Tonawanda Indians
1846 Apr. 22 box 2

Letter signed by W.L. Brown enumerating facts, documents, testimony, etc. that will be needed for "the full and final hearing" before the Senate in regard to Treaties.

Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1846 May 7 box 2

Letter answering Parker's questions of the 2nd inst., stating that in his opinion the Cattaraugus and Alleghany reservations "are insufficient in extent to accommodate permanently the entire Seneca population," and that in obtaining the vote of an Indian council "in former times the majority principle was not known... the objection of a single chief operated... as a veto."

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
Diary (excerpt)
1846 May 18 to 21 box 2

Single page of a diary, commenting on interviews with Commissioner Medill and on Mr. Fellows' efforts to get an appraisal made of the Tonawandas' improvements.

Shanks, Isaac.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1846 May 19 box 2

Letter stating that as a result of following Parker's advice to retaliate against White settlers they have been arrested for trespassing and will be defended in Batavia by Martindale and Verplink [!].

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
AL to "Friend Davis"
1846 May 27 box 2

Incomplete letter describing the Washington scene, with comments on the National Fair, an assembly of Odd Fellows, and James K. Polk, "the curious, unknown critter."

Morgan, Lewis Henry, 1818-1881.
ALS to Caroline G. Parker
1846 May 28 box 2

Original of slightly mutilated letter, with photostat of same, inquiring about her progress at school in Aurora and asking her to write and send him Indian place names with definitions.

Brown, William Linn.
AL to Senator A. H. Sevier
1846 June 2 box 2

Letter written from Havana stating that "the Charleston packet has just arrived without the communications anticipated" and enclosing a formal request for an extension of time to July 1st for his appearance before the Committee on Indian Affairs for the hearing of the Tonawanda Indians' case.

Warren, R. B..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1846 June 7 box 2

Friendly letter containing comments on whether Warren is elected to the Grand Confederacy of the Iroquois, the suits for trespassing, possible delaying tactics for removal of the Indians, Governor Wright's participation in the matter, etc.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Spencer H. Cone
1846 June 8 box 2

A letter from Washington to his brother in Enterprise, Mo., reporting on developments in the Tonawandas' struggle to keep their land, concluding with a brief reference to the death of Solomon, their youngest brother, and to Ely's hope "to visit the West this summer and if I could get a profitable berth anywhere, I don't know but I would stay."

Parker, Nicholson H..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1846 June 11 box 2

An acknowledgment of Ely's letter of May 23. Nic attended a council at which not more than 10 Indians expressed a desire to go West, Geo. W. Clinton, Quaker representatives, and Judge Love were present. Latter believes Ogden Co. would rather pay full value of improvements ($30,000) than take the matter to court, warns Indians against accepting Company offers without consulting competent lawyers like Verplanck and Martindale, and suggests ways to evict Woldren and other intruders.

Parker, Nicholson H..
Memorandum
1846 June 12? box 2

Memo on conferences at Batavia and Albany with attorney Martindale, State Senator Clark, and the Governor, on course of legal action for removing White settlers.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Nicholson H. Parker
1846 June 14 box 2

A reply, discussing Judge Love's advice as reported in his brother's letter of June 11. Ely is weary of waiting for Brown's return and finds Washington dull and expensive.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Nicholson H. Parker
1846 June 21 box 2

Ely acknowledges his brother's letter of the 15th, expressing regret at the lack of unity among the Tonawandas, which he ascribes to Stephen's envy, tracing an analogy between himself and Stephen and David and Goliath. Ely encourages Nic to go away to earn money to continue his studies, even though this means deserting the Indians, stating "I have positively been made poor in serving them so faithfully... I do think they have abused our family enough.

Hurd, I. S..
ALS to [Caroline Parker?]
1846 June 22 box 2

Letter from an older correspondent, urging her to continue making an effort in her studies. He prays she and Sarah will be faithful to the word of God. No word from Ely since his return to Washington, but he is not worried about payment of note. Asks to be remembered to mutual friends in Aurora.

Martindale, J. H. (John Henry), 1815-1881.
ANS to Ely S. Parker
1846 June 30 box 2

Brief letter transmitting draft for $70.00.

Warren, R. B..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1846 July 6 box 2

Acknowledges Ely's letter of June 25. Remarks on death of Mr. Herrick and Gen. Scott who "next to Henry Clay is my choice for President in 1848." Mary F. Robinson was married June 30 to S. L. Love and Mr. Barrows married Love's sister July 1. Received letter from Governor Wright saying state government has no authority in Ogden matter. Indians have sued Waldron for rent of saw mill.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Nicholson H. Parker
1846 July 15 box 2

Ely believes a commission will be appointed to adjudicate Ogden matter. Mr. Brown returned July 14 and they have had a talk with the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Osborn has been replaced by Angel as New York sub-agent, to which Quaker Thomas "a d---n rascal who interferes too much in Seneca affairs" objected. Gossip about his manner of living, contestants in a forthcoming foot race, etc., etc.

Tonawanda Chiefs.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1846 July 15 box 2

Letter signed by 15 chiefs urging speedy action in getting Tonawanda case before the Senate, authorizing Ely to work alone toward this end in the event of Mr. Brown's continued absence, and stating that following Waldron's eviction, a Deputy Sheriff, frightening the Indians with a pistol, took the sawmill out of their possession before three hours had expired.

Warren, R. B..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1846 July 22 box 2

Letter acknowledging Ely's of the 17th. Warren discusses a pending tariff bill; states Asa Cutler has been to see Mr. Fellows, who says every effort will soon be made to move the Indians west; and accuses Governor Wright, "a snake in the grass," of being on the side of the Ogden Co.'s interests.

Dole, Benjamin..
ALS to George Jamerson and Thompson S. Harris.
1846 July 24 box 2

Letter to two Seneca chiefs, acknowledging theirs of June 29 from Fort Scott, Mo. States Mr. Fellows is considering Schedule D and that the writer realizes their need for funds. Osborn has been replaced as sub-agent by Angel of Ellicottville, who will favor emigration. Urges them to write a favorable report of the country, so as to encourage others to follow. Sorry to learn of their complaints against Dr. Hogeboom who has returned and reported they are in good spirits.

National Intelligencer
1846 Aug. 6 box 2

Clipping headed "Reports from Committees with statements by Mr. Sevier and Mr. Jarnagin, members of the Committee on Indian Affairs, outlining the Committee's reasons for postponing a decision on the Tonawanda case until the next meeting of Congress.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Martha(?)
1846 Aug. 7 box 2

First page of an unfinished reply to Martha's letter of July 22, mentioning his disappointment that the Tonawandas' case has been "referred to the action of the next Congress."

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to W. P. Angel
1846 Aug. 18 box 2

Letter to the New York Indian sub-agent, giving the number of Tonawandas entitled to annuity money and goods as stipulated by treaties and contracts.

U.S. Office of Indian Affairs.
Indian Census form
1846 Aug.? box 2

Printed form for use in taking Indian census. Partially filled in at the top. "Census and Statistics. Of the Seneca Nation or Tribe of Indians residing at Tonawanda for the year 1846"

Tryon, I. S..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1846 Oct. 6 box 2

A request for Seneca equivalants of some English words to be used in selecting a name for a textile factory.

Angel, W. P..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1846 Oct. 11 box 2

The Indian agent acknowledges Parker's letter of September 29 and regrets that some Tonawandas have refused to supply information Parker has been authorized to obtain. Angel instructs Parker to assure the chiefs the "proposed census has no concealed or hostile object" and applies to all Indians within the U.S. and its territories. Hopes to visit reservation soon to present in Council matter of importance concerning annuity money wasted by a preceding agent.

Dole, Benjamin..
ALS to George Jamerson and Thompson S. Harris
1846 Oct. 11 box 2

Acknowledges letter of Sept. 5, stating Mr. Fellows has not yet paid their claim, but if matter is not settled soon he "will endeavor to force collection by a course of law." Regrets reports of sickness, but writes "it is a calamity which has been common to the whole country." There has been no appropriation from Congress to pay schedules. Asks them to let him know if they are receiving provisions from the government as stipulated and to send him names of the deceased.

Parker, William H..
ALS to Spencer H. Cone
1846 Oct. 13 box 2

Somewhat mutilated letter, giving news of the family and expressing hope his son will come East for a visit. Father believes mortality rate among those who went West is sufficient grounds for doing all he can "to save our lands from grasp of iniquitous Ogden Land Co." He has renounced liquor and adopted Christianity.

Avery, Benjamin F..
ALS to William Medill
1846 Oct. 15 box 2

Typed copies of letter enclosing receipts amounting to $46.00 [?], covering E.S. Parker's expenses incurred on business in Washington on behalf of the Seneca Indians and of a petition from the Chiefs requesting that "the said Ely S. Parker may not lose the allowance he receives to assist him in his education" which was interrupted in March 1846 because they "have had and still continue to have great use for his services."

Parker, Levi.
ALS to Spencer H. Cone
1846 Oct. 27 box 2

Acknowledges his brother's letter received Oct. 2. Levi's dog is dead. Family is all together and well, and even though they lose their lands they will not go West to such "mean country."

Tonawanda Chiefs.
LS Cy to Silas Wright
1846 Nov. 9 box 2

Photostat of letter requesting the Governor of New York "to enter proper complaints...under the Law of 1821" against White intruders. Indians have been informed by Wm. Brown of Philadelphia, who has had an interview with Wright, that State will protect them.

Mental Elevator, No. 13
1846 Dec. 24 box 2

One 8 p. issue, published in the main in Seneca, but partly in English, by the Mission Press, Cattaraugus Reservation, N.Y. Contains census returns for 1845-46 and "Results of Emigration." Latter article lists name of Thompson S. Harris and of other deceased members of the party who left for the West in May 1846.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
Diary
1847 Jan. 1-13 box 2

Twenty-two pages of a diary with comments on New Year's Day calls on President Polk, Dolly Madison and others; paintings of Indians in the Capitol; Sunday sermons on Christianity; a fire at Jackson's Hall during a celebration in honor of Jackson's victory at New Orleans; funeral of Senator Pennybacker; meetings with sympathetic senators; Ely's efforts on behalf of the Tonawanda Indians' land case, etc.

Parker, Levi.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1847 Jan. 11 box 2

Levi has received a letter from Benjamin Williams informing him that two thirds of the Indians who went West in the Spring have died.

Parker, Nicholson H..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1847 Jan. 15 box 2

Letter advising that Cattaraugus Seneca have refused to sign a petition drafted by Tonawanda Senecas and enclosing statement of losses in money and goods for Ely's corrections.

Blacksmith, John and Johnson, .
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1847 Jan. 25 box 2

Decision has been reached in Council to send Chiefs Blacksmith and Shanks to be with Ely in Washington, so that "the blame might not rest upon him so strongly if we should happen to loose our lands." The full authority vested earlier in Ely is not to be affected by this decision.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Nicholson H. Parker
1847 Feb. 2 box 2

Brief letter advising brother not to include languages in his studies at Alexander.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Nicholson H. Parker
1847 Feb. 17 box 2

Letter reporting briefly on the progress of the Tonawanda case before Congress.

U.S. Congress, 29th, 2nd Sessi.
Senate Document 156.
1847 Feb. 19 box 2

The Committee on Indian Affairs has refused to exempt the Tonawanda Band from the provisions of the Treaty, on the grounds that it was ratified May 20, 1842 by the Senate, in spite of the same evidence of fraud, etc.

Parker, Caroline G..
ALS to Nicholson Parker
1847 Feb. 28 box 2

Spencer has returned home and he and other members of the family are not well. Caroline has had another letter from L.H. Morgan and fears he is disappointed in her knowledge of Indian grammar.

Harlin, D. M..
ALS to Spencer H. Cone
1847 Mar. 18 box 2

A letter from Enterprise, Mo., stating that Isaac Love, who has been substituting as miller for Cone during the latter's absence, is to be superseded in April by a Mr. Britten who has apparently bribed the Chiefs to consent to his appointment.

Porter, Charles T. (Charles Talbot), 1826-1910.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1847 Mar. 20 box 2

Acknowledges letter from Ely, stating he and Goodwin have no money to send him. Suggests that Ely call on Mr. Yates and A.B. Street in Albany, who "are well off." Street is writing a poem on the Iroquois and Porter a history of the Ogden matter, and both authors will need Ely's help.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to William Parker
1847 Mar. 22 box 2

A letter to his parents requesting that they send him $20.00 at once as a loan. Ely has stopped for a few days in Albany to see the new Governor.

[Albany Newspaper]
1847 Mar. 29 box 2

Clipping mentioning Indian lobby with names of delegates, the adoption by the Seneca of Lewis Henry Morgan, C. T. Porter and Thomas Darling, and other news items.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
[Rochester Daily Democrat?]
1847 Apr.1(?) box 2

Two clippings dealing with Bills introduced before the State Legislature, one appropriating $2,000 to provide for the return East of the surviving emigrants, and another allowing $300 for school purposes.

Wilson, Peter.
AMs Cy extract
1847 May 28 box 2

Abstract by Ely S. Parker of an address by an educated Indian delivered before the New York Historical Society, which contrasts the part played by the Iroquois in the development and history of the Empire State with their present unhappy position.

Harlin, D. M..
ALS to Spencer H. Cone
1847 May 29 box 2

Letter enclosing a petition to the Secretary of War, signed by 25 customers of the mill, setting forth Cone's "claims as Seneca miller." Letter states the present incumbent, John Britton, is incompetent.

ALS to William L. Marcy, Secretary of War
1847 June 7 box 2

Document with 2-1/2 pages of signatures in double columns, denying the existence of an "emigrationist party" and stating the Band is unanimous in preferring their lands to the Ogden Land Co.'s money for improvements.

Porter, Charles T. (Charles Talbot), 1826-1910.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1847 June 10 box 2

Letter requesting Ely to submit promptly Indian names, etc. for the 4 degrees of the "Hodenosonnee" secret society so that plans can be completed for an organization meeting in August.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
AMs, New Initiation of the Wolf Tribe of the Cayuga Nation...
1847 [June] box 2

"...one of the Confederate Nations of the Grand Confederacy of Iroquois." [i.e. Morgan's secret society.]

Cone, Spencer Houghton, 1785-1855.
AL to [Commissioner of Indian Affairs]
1847 July 5 box 2

First page only of a letter written from Pembroke, N.Y., contesting his replacement as Miller within the Nosho sub-agency, by John Britton, a white man, and explaining that his absence since December was due to the appointment of himself and George Jemison as delegates to plead the cause in Washington of the emigrants and that their traveling funds gave out when they reached Buffalo.

Tonawanda Band of Seneca.
Accounts
1847 Oct. 30 box 2

Brief statement, signed by 15 chiefs, of expenditures totaling $5,079.31, spent in defense of national rights from 1838 to 1847.

Moseley, W. A..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1847 Nov. 12 box 2

Letter written from Buffalo, advising he can exert no further influence with regard to Ely's application for admission to Harvard University, and suggesting that he approach some Quaker friends.

Hurd, I. S..
ALS to [Caroline Parker?]
1847 Nov. 14 box 2

A pious letter on the joy of living close to God, with a few brief references to mutual friends.

Street, Alfred B..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1847 Nov. 15 box 2

Letter asking advice on the use of Indian words in a poem he is writing, and promising that he and Mr. Yates will do their best to find a position in Albany for Ely.

Angel, W. P..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1847 Dec. 16 box 2

Letter from the Indian agent concerning arrangements for the payment of $400 to the Tonawanda chiefs and requesting a statement signed by them concerning "their wishes and determination in regard to the census."

Warren, N. S..
AMsS to Caroline [Parker]
1847 box 2

A poem about faithful friends, inscribed at Tonawanda Mission.

Tonawanda Band of Seneca.
DS to Ely S. Parker
1848 Jan. 5 box 2

Original and typed copy of Power-of-Attorney, authorizing Ely S. Parker and Isaac Shanks to act on behalf of the Band. Document bears names and marks of 2 witnesses, 9 warriors and 16 chiefs.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
Notes on the Road
1848 Jan. 8 to 18 box 2

An 8 page diary entitled "Notes on the Road," covering incidents and personalities encountered in New York, Philadelphia and Washington.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895. Shanks, Isaac.
ALS to Tonawanda Chiefs
1848 Jan. 15 box 2

The delegates report they gave $50 to Brown in Philadelphia as instructed, and that they have learned the Tonawandas' case died with the unfinished business of the last Congress. Shanks is ill.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895. Shanks, Isaac.
ALS to William Medill
1848 Jan. 21 box 2

A summary statement by the delegates to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs of the difficulties between the Tonawanda Senecas and the Ogden Land Co. They will not accept any part of the payment for the improvements on their land, nor permit an appraisement of these improvements, as they were dissenting parties to the treaties which so provided.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to the Treasurer of the State of North Carolina
1848 Feb. 1 box 2

A request for information about funds held in trust, resulting from the sale of land formerly owned by the Tuscarora Indians.

Hinton, C. L..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1848 Feb. 11 box 2

A reply from the Treasurer of North Carolina, stating that the sale of Tuscarora lands yielded $3,220.71, which amount was paid to their agent in 1832.

Angel, W. P..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1848 Feb. 20 box 2

The Indian agent advises he believes the district attorney, under the Statute of 1813, can compel the county judge to issue warrants for removal of White intruders. Angel offers to pay Ely's board in exchange for services in Ellicottville. Would like to have Tonawanda census as soon as "your brother... gets it completed."

Van Horn, Burt.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1848 Feb. 27 box 2

An invitation to visit a friend, with expenses paid, so that they can practice "a dialogue" for an "exhibition" in Newfane in March.

Cone, Spencer Houghton, 1785-1855.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1848 Mar. 31 box 2

Instructions to Parker in Ellicottville to be at Cattaraugus April 5 to witness the signatures of Tonawanda chiefs on annuity receipts.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
Indians on Religion
1848 [May 1] box 2

Newspaper clipping, entitled "Indians on Religion," signed Seneca.

Wright, Asher, 1803-1875.
1848 [May] 23 box 2

Eight lines written in Seneca, in pencil, on a scrap of paper, without English translation.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to [Henry Rowe Schoolcraft]
1848 May box 2

An unfinished reply to a request for a "succint account of the Tonawandas," and "the expulsion of the Eries."

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
Notes
1848 [May] box 2

Notes on the following topics: History of the Iroquois Confederacy or Six Nations; International Rank and Relations; Geography; Astronomy; and Medicine.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
Seneca and Wyandot tradition
1848 [May] box 2
Parker, Nicholson H..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1848 June 14 box 2

A letter from Batavia, informing his brother that the Courts fined Ichabod Waldren $15.00, that other complaints have been made against the intruders, and that Blacksmith has received a letter from Brown concerning losses of money by Striker.

Tonawanda Reservation.
DS
1848 [June] box 2

Statement that William Parker, as part owner of the saw mill, is entitled "to $47.90 of the $100.00 payment."

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Nicholson H. Parker
1848 Aug. 16 box 2

Letter from Ellicottville stating Ely will need money by September to attend the State fair in Buffalo, and that Mr. Angel has been replaced by Robert H. Shankland as Indian agent.

Flagler, Henry M..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1848 Sept. 16 box 2

A letter from a friend, with comments on politics and news of family and friends.

Morgan, Lewis Henry, 1818-1881.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1848 Sept. 16 box 2

Morgan cannot attend council on September 30 and requests Ely to send him a full report, including speeches of the orators, description of the ceremony of raising up sachems, the white dog sacrifice, etc., to be used in connection with a book Morgan plans to publish on the League of the Iroquois.

Shankland, R. H..
ALS to Tonawanda Chiefs
1848 Sept. 28 box 2

The new Indian Agent reports that the annuity money has been received and will be paid Oct. 18 to the heads of families, in accordance with a new method.

Wright, Asher, 1803-1875.
Council of the Six Nations
1848 Oct. 4-5 box 2

A notebook containing a report of speeches, etc., in pencil. Also typescript of same, with photostat of first and last pages of original.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
AMs
1848 [October] 4-7 box 2

Mutilated manuscript describing "a Grand Council of the Six Nations of New York, held at Tonawanda for the purpose of hearing again their religious code, from Jimmy Johnson, the Grand High Priest of the Iroquois Confederacy."

Cone, Spencer Houghton, 1785-1855.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1848 Oct. 23 box 2

Letter with news of the early victims of what may be a smallpox epidemic.

Wilson, Peter.
Pr. speech
1848 Oct. 29 box 2

Printed "Speech of Wa-o-wa-wa-na-onk [Peter Wilson], addressed to the Committee of Baltimore Yearly Meeting of Friends on Indian Concerns, 10 mo. 29, 1848."

Morgan, Lewis Henry, 1818-1881.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1848 Oct. 30 box 2

A letter requesting Seneca names for items in Morgan's Indian collection which, according to a plan of the Regents of the University, is to form a department of the State Geological Collection.

Cone, Spencer Houghton, 1785-1855.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1848 Nov. 26 box 2

Spencer advises his brother that the Supreme Court has decided a case in the Indians' favor. A council is to be held to decide on the manner in which annuities are to be paid. Smallpox is confined to Poodry's family and is not spreading.

Parker, Nicholson H..
AMss
1848 [Nov. 30] box 2

A collection of essays with the following titles: The Young Twig; On Mohammed; The Wreath of Love; Time (dated Nov. 30, 1848); An Amateur President; Troubles of Life; Alphabetical Allitteration; Stray Thoughts; etc.

Parker, William H..
ALS to [Ely S. Parker]
1848 Dec. 10 box 2

The father discusses Ely's letter of Nov. 20 "the contents of which is at so much variance to yours of the 20th ult." Contrary to Ely's later advice some of the Tonawandas are opposed to accepting the new method of annuity payments and are inclined to link it with the Ogden Co.'s efforts to appraise improvements. Wm. Parker accuses Dr. Wilson at Cattaraugus of being "the main and prime mover of our present difficulties."

Flagler, Henry M..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1848 Dec. 13 box 2

Letter from a friend, extolling the pleasures and amusements available in Bellevue, Ohio.

Morgan, Lewis Henry, 1818-1881.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1848 Dec. 14 box 2

Letter advising Parker of the disappointing results of calls on newspaper editors, which Morgan has made as requested in an attempt to secure work for Ely as a correspondent should he decide to go West. As an inducement to "abandon his Western notions," Morgan tells Ely of contacts he has made to secure employment for him with the State's Genessee Valley Canal project. Asks him again for a description by Johnson of the white dog sacrifice and for a few more Indian words.

Pomeroy, Henry..
ALS to Lewis Henry Morgan
1848 Dec. 23 box 2

Letter advising there will be no vacancy for Parker until the Spring.

Morgan, Lewis Henry, 1818-1881.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1848 Dec. 29 box 2

Letter enclosing Pomeroy's reply of Dec. 23.

Warren, R. B..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1849 Jan. 16 box 3

Warren, who has been recently married, reports that "Wadsworth, surveyors and appraisers" have been driven off by the Indians and that Sheriff Sprague and the Secretary of War refused to aid the efforts of these Ogden agents to appraise the Tonawandas' improvements.

Warren, R. B..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1849 Feb. 21 box 3

Letter commenting on Parker's new position and giving news of friends. Warren also reports that "Wadsworth and Co." are attempting to appraise improvements through information obtained from White informers. He encloses an article from the Democrat, to which he urges Parker to reply giving the Indians' side of the Ogden matter.

Flagler, Henry M..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1849 Mar. 7 box 3

An acknowledgement of Parker's letter of Feb. 16. Warren is glad to know Ely likes his new work. He states "California is all the rage here." The number of Sons of Temperance is compared to the larger membership among the Odd Fellows and Masons in Bellevue.

Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1849 Mar. 11 box 3

Brief note advising Parker he has written Mr. Brown, informing him that Wadsworth is in Washington, urging the appointment of a new appraiser to replace Mr. Love, who is expected to resign.

Tonawanda Chiefs.
LS to William L. Marcy
1849 [Mar. 12?] box 3

Incomplete letter to the Secretary of War, objecting to the application of the Ogden Co. for a new appraiser to replace Thomas C. Love.

Tonawanda Chiefs.
TDS Cy
1849 Mar. 13 box 3

Typed copy of power-of-attorney, signed by 18 chiefs, authorizing Nicholson H. Parker to "speak, act and decide," on their behalf in dealing with officers of the state and federal governments.

Gay, Horace and Cook, Ira.
ALS to [U.S. Secretary of War]
1849 Mar. 31 box 3

A report of the arbitrators in the Ogden matter, describing the circumstances and data on which their appraisal of the Tonawanda improvements is based, together with a letter from the Department of the Interior, stating the document was accepted for the record only and is without an "official character."

Angel, W. P..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1849 Apr. 11 box 3

An acknowledgment of Ely's letter and its $10 enclosure.

Rice, A. G..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1849 Apr. 30 box 3

A letter stating he is no longer interested in becoming Indian Agent at Ellicottville. Rice believes Osborn will be appointed to the post and that Shankland's hopes of being retained "will prove fallacious."

Parker, Nicholson H..
ALS to Peter Wilson
1849 May 13 box 3

Nic has received a letter from W. P. Angel, advising him to go to Lee and Co.'s bank in Buffalo to get money to bring the surviving Indians back from the West. He hesitates going without proof that the commission has been assigned to him officially.

Parker, Nicholson H..
ALS to W. P. Angel
1849 May 14 box 3

Nic acknowledges Angel's letter of May 12, advising him that money is on hand for his trip to the West to bring back surviving Cayugas. Nic requests instructions of an official character for identification purposes.

Washington County Mutual Insur.
DS to William Parker
1849 Aug. 15 box 3

Policy covering five years fire insurance (1849-54), in the amount of $1,000, on house, farm buildings, personal effects, etc.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Nicholson H. Parker
1849 Sept. 4 box 3

A letter offering to secure work for his brother at $1.25 a day on the canal between Canadea and Olean.

Morgan, Lewis Henry, 1818-1881.
ALS to Caroline G. Parker
1849 Nov. 13 box 3

Letter enclosing money in part payment of articles the Parker family are making and collecting for him. Morgan expects to visit Tonawanda at the end of the month.

Morgan, Lewis Henry, 1818-1881.
ALS to Newton Parker
1849 Dec. 19 box 3

Letter to Newton who has decided to return to school, encouraging and advising him in the matter of his studies. Morgan plans to send $2 each to Caroline and Nick in January in payment for moccasins and silverware, etc. He asks for Indian equivalents for a brief list of words.

Enlargement of the Erie Canal
[1849-1851?] box 3

Printed specification for excavations, locks, bridges, culverts, etc.

Porter, Charles T. (Charles Talbot), 1826-1910.
ALS to Caroline G. Parker
1850 Jan. 20 box 3

A letter signed `your brother Charles' acknowledging gifts of Indian bead and basket work.

King, John B..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1850 Mar. 14 box 3

Letter telling Ely about a vacancy with the Engineer Corps at Lockport.

Tonawanda Chiefs.
DS
1850 Mar. 25 box 3

Document, signed by 11 chiefs and 6 warriors, nullifying the sale of Lucy Parker's land by Lewis Poodry.

Seymour, S..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1850 Mar. 26 box 3

Letter offering Ely a position as rodman on the Allegany River, under D.F. DeWitt at Little Valley.

Tudale(?), B. G..
ANS
1850 Mar. 26 box 3

Note stating that at the time of the surrender of its charter in 1848, Ely S. Parker was a member in good standing of Batavia Lodge No. 88.

Parker, Caroline G..
ALS to [Ely S. Parker]
1850 May 29 box 3

A descriptive letter about her studies, teachers and classmates at the Albany State Normal School, which Caroline is attending with her brothers Newton and Nicholas.

Parker, William and Elizabeth..
ALS to Newton Parker
1850 June 26 box 3

A letter of parental advice to be a good boy and improve his mind.

Buckland, R. J. N..
ALS to [Jane?]
1850 July 17 box 3

An incoherent letter, written to a sister apparently, concerning $20 which the writer wishes to borrow until he receives his salary as a teacher in the employ of Howard Nott in Union.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Caroline Parker
1850 July 19 box 3

A letter to his sister at School, telling her to work hard and keep an eye on Newton. Ely has had favorable reports of her progress from Christopher Morgan.

B., O. M..
ALS to Caroline [Parker]
1850 July 28 box 3

Letter from a boy friend in Pavilion Centre, which refers to their mutual friend Nett and a Ruth M. Bradly.

Morgan, Lewis Henry, 1818-1881.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1850 Aug. 2 box 3

A letter thanking Ely for reporting the speeches "in such fine language," and requesting information on the relationship between Cornplanter and Handsome Lake.

Shanks, Isaac.
ALS to Nicholson H. Parker
1850 Aug. 28 box 3

Letter stating he will send brooches and rattlesnakes as soon as possible.

Cone, Spencer Houghton, 1785-1855.
ALS to Nicholson H. Parker
1850 Sept. 1 box 3

Letter advising it seems a little too late to catch the rattlesnakes Nicholson has requested, and that the annual council will take place at Tonawanda on the 17th. This letter is signed `Gau-nos-qua.'

Wright, Asher, 1803-1875.
1850 [Sept.] 26 box 3

Seneca text, without English, beginning "gan Dih ok nah 26 1850. Goh Da gas ga oh gr nok Dr yeh." 1-1/2 pages.

Smith, Lessie.
ALS to Caroline [Parker]
1850 Oct. 4 box 3

Letter from a former school mate with news of mutual friends.

Wright, Asher, 1803-1875.
"Book of Roots"
1850 Oct. 25 box 3

"Book of roots, or of words supposed to be roots... in the Seneca language." 4 pages in a small notebook inscribed at Allegany Mission.

Steele, J. F..
ALS to Newton Parker
1850 Nov. 4 box 3

A reply, addressed to Pembroke, acknowledging Newton's letter of October, and advising him that "his note to Miss Elizabeth" had been forwarded to New York.

Parker, Newton I..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1850 Dec. 16 box 3

Newton would like to receive more mail from the family. Nick and he have lost their pocketbooks and some suspicion attaches to a student from Cattaraugus. Wishes to be addressed as Newton I. Parker, the I to stand for Isaac.

Parker, Caroline G..
"The Indian Prophet"
[1850?] box 3

"The Indian Prophet," a corrected essay on Handsome Lake.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to [J. H. Martindale]
1851 Feb. 8 box 3

Incomplete draft of a letter to postpone a petition to the Legislature to appoint an attorney for the Tonawanda Indians.

Burroughs, Silas M..
ALS to Editor of the Albany Atlas
1851 Mar. 1 box 3

Concerning a plan for the speedy enlargement of the Erie Canal.

New York State Assembly.
Act No. 374
1851 Mar.7 box 3

Reported by Mr. Varnum, in relation to measures for testing the title of land on the Tonawanda Indian Reservation. Two printed copies and original manuscript.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Nicholson H. Parker
1851 Mar. 18 box 3

Ely thanks his brother for buying the shirts he ordered and sends him money, although he is as `poor as a church mouse' himself. He advises Nic to remain at school so as 'to get as good an education as it is possible for you to get.'

New York State Assembly.
Bill No. 493
1851 Mar. 20 box 3

Reported by Mr. Burroughs, to authorize the laying out of a public highway on the bank of the Tonawanda and Oak Orchard canal feeder, with an amendment in manuscript to the effect that only Indians can settle on the said feeder.

Tonawanda Band of Seneca.
Memorandum
1851 Mar. box 3

Memorandum concerning money borrowed, to the amount of $433.25, for the purpose of sending a delegation to Albany.

Parker, Spencer Cone.
ALS to A. H. H. Stuart
1851 Apr. 3 box 3

A letter to the Secretary of the Interior, protesting the removal of Dr. Peter Wilson as interpreter for the New York Agency.

Mau, Daniel.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1851 Apr. 5 box 3

A letter discussing copies of canal estimates.

Washburne, C. T..
ALS to [Ely S.?] Parker
1851 Apr. 23 box 3

A letter from the newly appointed Indian Agent stating he does `not feel free to interfere with what I believe to be the preference at Washington' to retain Dr. Peter Wilson as his interpreter.

Parker, Spencer Cone.
ALS to Caroline Parker
1851 May 14 box 3

Brief letter advising that Jesse Tiffany and Ya-de-sose died Apr. 18 and Joh-doh on May 4. Charles Doctor and Eli Johnson are at school in Aurora. The letter is signed Gau-nos-qua.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Newton Parker
1851 June 13 box 3

Letter of encouragement, expressing pleasure at his progress in school.

Webster, Daniel.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1851 June 19 box 3

A letter from Washington, thanking Ely for a gift copy of Morgan's "League of the Iroquois."

Parker, Nicholson H..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1851 June 22 box 3

Nick asks his brother for help in finding work during the summer vacation.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Nicholson H. Parker
1851 June 24 box 3

Ely advises his brother that if the Bill for speedy enlargement of the Canal passes, he may be able to get him a job with the Engineers Dept.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
"Wild roved an Indian girl, bright Alfarata"
1851 June? box 3

Rough copy of what appears to be the words of a song. Verso of paper has notations concerning an increase in weight from Mar. to June 1851.

Angel, W. P..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1851 July 13 box 3

A confidential letter informing Ely of a meeting with Mr. Fellows in Albany and of the latter's plan to "attempt to pay improvement money to the Tonawandas."

Cone, Spencer Houghton, 1785-1855.
AL to Ely S. Parker
1851 July 31 box 3

Letter advising that Nic's services as interpreter are needed at a trial in Batavia, and that in spite of some opposition on the part of Isaac Shanks and Jimmy Johnson that Parker will probably be made sachem. Letter signed Gaunosqua.

Buffalo Courier.
1851 [July?] box 3

Account of a Council held for the purpose of celebrating the funeral rites of John Blacksmith, at which Ely S. Parker was proclaimed his successor as Grand Sachem of the Six Nations, and Spencer C. Parker and 8 others were installed as war chiefs.

Morgan, Christopher.
Pr. LS
1851 July box 3

A circular prepared by the Superintendent of Common Schools containing information to guide Town Superintendents in filling student vacancies at the State Normal School.

Pringle, Benjamin.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1851 [July?] box 3

Second page only of a letter suggesting that Ely see Mr. Wadsworth.

Lansingh, K. V. R..
ALS to Nicholson H. Parker
1851 Aug. 22 box 3

Letter advising that the four shirts ordered have been sent by express to Rochester.

Brown, J. L..
ALS to Spencer Cone Parker
1851 Aug. 23 box 3

A vague letter to the effect the writer is willing to use his influence to bring about an arrangement to the advantage of the Indians, the Ogden Co. and the neighboring communities.

Rowe, Albert.
ALS to Spencer Cone Parker
1851 Aug. 31 box 3

A confidential letter asking Spencer to use his influence on the writer's behalf in connection with the forthcoming state elections.

Colman, T. R..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1851 Sept. 8 box 3

Letter requesting Ely to reserve a room at a reputable hotel for the use of the writer's brothers during the fair.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Nicholson Parker
1851 Sept. 11 box 3

Brief letter concerning arrangements for forwarding Nic's luggage, share of annuities, etc.

Curtis, N. Baron.
ALS to Newton Parker
1851 Sept. 15 box 3

Letter from a correspondent, now teaching school in Cynthiana, Ky., dealing with the marvels of modern travel, Cuban politics, etc.

Wilson, Peter.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1851 Sept. 19 box 3

A letter, in which reference is made to Ely's having been elected Sachem, asking him to have some baggage forwarded from Rochester to Buffalo.

Pierce, D. W..
ALS to Nicholson H. Parker
1851 Sept. 22 box 3

Letter from a friend attending school in Albany, describing vacation activities.

Pierce, Daniel W..
ALS to Nicholson H. Parker
1851 Oct. 8 box 3

Letter expressing hope that Nic will soon be well enough to return to school.

Conrad, A. M..
ALS to Spencer C. Parker
1851 Oct. 8 box 3

A letter from the Secretary of War, complying with a request to furnish a copy of President Fillmore's instructions to Benjamin Pringle, the agent appointed to disburse improvement monies to the Tonawandas. The copy of the instructions, enclosed with the Secretary's letter, is dated June 26, 1851.

New York State Canal Board.
DS to Ely S. Parker
1851 Oct. 20 box 3

Certified extract from the Minutes of the Board, signed by F.H. Ruggles, relative to Ely's appointment as First Assistant Engineer on the Canals of the State.

Morgan, Lewis Henry, 1818-1881.
ALS to Newton Parker
1851 Nov. 4 box 3

Letter of encouragement and advice about school work.

Clarks, E. C..
ALS to Nicholson H. Parker
1851 Nov. 6 box 3

Brief letter from Engineer's Office at Lyons about payments to Nic in Oct. and Nov.

Parker, Nicholson H..
Diary
1852 Jan. 1 box 3

Torn page of a diary begun at the "house of W. W. Moore, corner of Spring and Hawk No. 37 in the city of Albany..."

Hart, H. F..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1852 Jan. 18 box 3

A confidential letter concerning purchasing a half interest in a Lock project with an Albert Hall.

McAlpin, William.
ALS to J.B. Stittson
1852 Jan. 23 box 3

Instructions to a Division Engineer to furnish Mr. Conger, a member of the Senate Investigating Committee with copies of contracts and other information required by the Committee.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to James White and John Burns
1852 Feb. 17 box 3

Copy of lease to April 1854 of about 150 acres of land with house and barn on the Tonawanda Reservation.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to William Parker
1852 Feb. 20 box 3

Letter enclosing lease with White and Burns, asking his father to see that it is signed by them and its faithful performance guaranteed by a responsible party.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to William Parker
1852 Mar. 21 box 3

A letter to his father quoting an extract from the laws of 1841 (!) by which "it is proposed to commence the action against the settlers and other Whites upon the Tonawanda Reservation."

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ADf
1852 [Mar.?] box 3

Draft of a petition to invoke the Act of March 31, 1821 for removing White settlers on Indian lands by Aug. 20.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to William Parker
1852 Apr. 14 box 3

Letter advising that Ely and Martindale concur it would be unwise to start any more suits until the Blacksmith case and the case of removing settlers under the law of 1821 are settled.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to [Seneca Indians]
1852 Apr. 19 box 3

A plea against the removal of Red Jacket's remains to Forest Lawn Cemetery.

Moore, F. H..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1852 Apr. 29 box 3

Letter from a friend in the Treasury Dept., Washington, advising he will be glad to cooperate by sending Public Documents to Ely and Richard V. when requested to do so.

Parker, Nicholson H..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1852 May 4 box 3

Letter stating he hopes to graduate next term and advising "we have been moving to 15 Lancaster," which prevented Nic's writing sooner.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to William Parker
1852 May 15 box 3

Letter expressing views on the leasing of water power, quarries, etc. to parties other than Indians.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Newton Parker
1852 May 15 box 3

A letter referring to Ely's unsettled employment, plans for the summer, business interests at Tonawanda, and eagerness to learn the decision of the Court of Appeals. The letter is addressed to "Sir Isaac Newton Parker."

Cooper, George.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1852 May 22 box 3

Letter from an uncle asking for instructions on the duties of his office as sub-sachem.

Stockton, S. R. P..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1852 May 27 box 3

Letter from a friend, suggesting he attend a meeting at which Gov. Kossuth will speak and asking for an advance of $50.00.

Moore, F. H..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1852 June 14 box 3

Letter advising that two of the three volumes requested have been sent by express and that the third volume will not be out until the next Congress. The books were apparently secured through the cooperation of [Daniel] Webster.

Parker, William and Parker, Sa.
ALS to Ely Parker and J. H. Martindale
1852 June 16 box 3

Letter suggesting that a delegation be sent to Washington to protest against the re-appointment of Benjamin Pringle.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Newton Parker
1852 June 22 box 3

Letter replying that Ely `cannot dictate to George Cooper what he shall say or do in councils' and that he and Mr. Martindale concur that it would be `impolitic' to do anything about Pringle's agency before the Court of Appeals renders a decision. This letter also is addressed to "Sir Isaac Newton Parker."

Moore, F. H..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1852 June 23 box 3

A reply to Ely's letter of June 21, acknowledging receipt of the books, and concluding with a discussion of national politics.

Wilson, Peter.
ALS to Nicholson H. Parker
1852 June 26 box 3

A request that Nic call on Mr. Scoville of W.C. Little and Co.'s book store to make certain adjustments on a subscription to Merry's Museum and Parley Magazine ordered sent to his son, Rush Spencer Wilson.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Newton Parker
1852 June 30 box 3

Ely will try to be at Batavia to enter protest at land sale and does not believe that the sale should cause worry on his father's part.

Pierce, Daniel W..
ALS to Newton Parker
1852 July 7 box 3

A school friend reports from South Valley that he called on Robert [?] Watt as requested and was told that an annuity payment of $4.75 has been "left in the care of Peter Crouse, who lives in Coldspring," but that the payment six years in arrears is not ready.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to William Linn Brown
1852 July 16 box 3

Ely writes at the request of the widow Blacksmith to explain and apologize for being dilatory in acknowledging a letter of condolence written by Brown sometime last summer. Brown's letter was taken from the Post Office by J.A. Sanford and not delivered because of Sanford's death. Ely's letter is signed as "Chief and Successor to Blacksmith."

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to J. D. Fay
1852 Aug. 7 box 3

Letter enclosing estimates of engineering expenses and reporting that cholera deaths are declining in Rochester.

Hall, B. F..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1852 Aug. 12 box 3

A superintendent of the Thomas Indian School writes at the suggestion of a Mr. Thompson for confirmation of an Iroquois tradition concerning Logan, a Cayuga chief, to whose memory it is proposed to erect a monument near his birthplace. Brantz Mayer, President of the Maryland Historical Society, `in an effort to redeem the character of the Cresap family with which he has connections, has contradicted facts of Logan's life long held by early settlers.

Parker, Caroline G..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1852 Aug. 21 box 3

A newsy letter from home reporting that Caroline has postponed until Spring her plan to earn needed money teaching, because she has not been well and is kept very busy with household chores. Mary Jemison died July 18. Nic and Dr. Wilson have been home on a visit. She discusses the tenants' farm crops and Levi Parker's drinking and love affairs.

Parker, William H..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1852 Sept. 9 box 3

Letter giving measurements and diagrams of farm land leased to White and Burns. Mutilated - part of second page missing.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
AMs
1852 Sept. 22 box 3

Comment on an attached newspaper clipping from the Rochester Advertiser, in which Ely claims his statement as to how he would vote, if he possessed the franchise, has been misrepresented. The clipping refers to his speech at a rally for the democratic nominees in the national elections.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to B. F. Hall
1852 Oct. 14 box 3

Typewritten copy of a published reply to Hall's inquiry of Aug. 12, in which Ely outlines the Iroquois `traditional history' concerning Chief Logan.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Newton Parker
1852 Oct. 15 box 3

A letter of brotherly advice concerning Newton's health, school work and clothing. Ely expects to be at Cattaraugus when the annuities are paid and "to make some fuss among the Indians" in connection with the Stryker money.

Parker, Newton I..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1852 Oct. 30 box 3

A letter of thanks for some clothes which `suit well all over and all around.' Nic and Lucia Green are back at school and there are 12 Iroquois students, two more than the number limited by law. Newton's neck is getting better.

Tonawanda Chiefs.
ALS to J. H. Martindale
1852 Nov. 9 box 3

A letter of appreciation prompted by the favorable results of suits in the Court of Appeals. Timber is being taken by settlers and they would like Martindale to devise a means by which the Indians may receive compensation.

Tyrell, Amos.
ALS to [Nicholson H. Parker?]
1852 Nov. 25 box 3

Fragment of mutilated letter, commenting on social and educational opportunities available in Albany, the successful outcome of the Tonawanda suits in the Court of Appeals, etc.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to L. Lea
1852 Nov. 27 box 3

A letter to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs about the non-payment by the Indian Agent of the "Stryker defalcation" and other annuities, stressing the Tonawandas' need of the money and their autonomy within the Seneca tribe.

Albany Evening Journal.
The Canal and its Revenues
1852 November 29 box 3

An editorial discussing an accompanying financial report of Nov. 11 by the Auditor of the Canal Fund to the Commissioners.

Lapham, E. G..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1852 Dec. 13 box 3

A letter stating that according to inquiries Dr. Fleming is "a gentleman of integrity and pecuniary responsibility."

Wheat, John D..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1853 Feb. 16 box 4

A letter from an applicant for the office of Indian Agent for New York State, soliciting Ely's influence on his behalf and mentioning as references Hon. R.C. Fenton and former Indian agents Washburn and Angel.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ADfS
1853 [Feb. 18?] box 4

A recommendation of J. D. Wheat for the New York Indian sub-agency. A rough draft, signed as Grand Sachem of the Six Nations of Indians in New York and Canada.

Warren, R. B..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1853 Feb. 20 box 4

A letter from an old friend, discussing current national politics, which may result in Warren, a Whig, losing his office as postmaster at Alabama, in favor of Mr. Johnson, a Democrat.

Howe, Chester.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1853 Feb. 21 box 4

A letter giving information concerning title to land on the Oil Spring Reservation, purchased by the Holland Land Co. and currently claimed by Governor Seymour and others.

Conrad, C. M..
DS Cy
1853 Feb. 22 box 4

Copy of a statement by the Secretary of War that the filing of the "document purporting to be the Award or Report of Horace Gay and Ira Cook" is a formality that does not determine the legality or validity of the document.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Tonawanda Chiefs
1853 Feb. 23 box 4

Letter of instructions concerning the methods the Indians should pursue, should the Sheriff receive warrants to eject White settlers, and advising that the improvement money in Pringle's hands need cause no fear, because according to the decision of the Court of Appeals, no appraisal of improvements has yet been made and without it the Ogden Co. cannot claim title to the land.

Parker, Nicholson H..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1853 Mar. 4 box 4

Letter advising that Asa Cutler and two others have been notified by the Sheriff to remove from their residences and stating that William Parker would like the Sachem's advice with regard to calling on the Cattaraugus Indians as witnesses, should the evicted settlers contest their rights.

Parker, Nicholson H..
Broadside
1853 Mar. 8 box 4

Printed announcement of "Indian Historical Lectures, by Ga-i-wah-go-wa" [N. H. Parker] in full Indian costume in Seminary Hall, Canandaigua.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to the President of the U.S.
1853 Mar. 21 box 4

A request, signed as Grand Sachem of the Six Nations of Indians in New York and Canada, that Peter Wilson be continued as interpreter for the New York Indian agency.

Wilson, Peter.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1853 Mar. 21 box 4

Letter advising that J.D. Wheat has arrived in Albany, thereby missing Ely's letter of recommendation and requesting that another be sent to Wilson by return mail to enable Wilson "to proceed immediately to the South."

Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1853 Mar. 22 box 4

Letter calling Osburn's unfavorable report of the Tonawandas to Ely's notice. Schoolcraft presumes the new agent will be a "compromise Democrat."

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Henry R. Schoolcraft
1853 Mar. 25 box 4

An acknowledgment of Schoolcraft's letter, in which Ely refutes Osborn's assertion the Tonawandas are "surely but slowly retrograding," but agreeing with him that the old form of government should be restored at Cattaraugus and Allegany.

Onondaga Chiefs.
ALS to Nathan Bristol
1853 Apr. 3 box 4

Draft of a letter of thanks to a New York senator "for the promptness with which the Assembly Bill for the survey of the Onondagas' Indian lands was repudiated." The survey was to be made for the purpose of apportioning the land to individual Indians, "thereby destroying that bond of common interest which unites and holds Indian communities together."

Parker, Newton I..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1853 Apr. 15 box 4

A request for advice in settling a dispute about the proportionate division of farm land at Tonawanda between the lessees, Burns and White.

LaGrange, I..
ALS to [Ely S.?] Parker
1853 [July?] 4 box 4

Social note apologizing for not bidding him and Sophy goodbye before they left Binghamton.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Caroline Parker
1853 Apr. 23 box 4

A brief acknowledgment of a gift sent by Newton.

Manypenny, George W..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1853 May 10 box 4

A letter from the Commissioner of Indian Affairs advising that Marcus H. Johnson will succeed S. Osborne as sub-agent for the New York Indians, and that settlement of the Stryker defalcation fund has been delayed because of a claim set up by the Buffalo band of Senecas, the validity of which will be decided upon shortly.

Parker, William H..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1853 June 10 box 4

A letter advising that $400 has been collected for Ely's trip to Washington and that the new agent, Marcus Johnson, has written a letter stating the Stryker money will be paid as soon as he has been informed by the Indians of the results of their census.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ADfS to [George W. Manypenny]
1853 [June 15?] box 4

Draft of a letter dealing with the following matters: 1) Recall of Benjamin Pringle; 2) Payment of annuities directly to the Tonawandas and their recognition as a separate band; 3) Cognizance of the fact that Phillip E. Thomas was appointed representative in Washington of the Cattaraugus and Allegheny Senecas only - that he does not represent the views or sentiments of the Tonawandas who were not included in the Act of incorporation; 4) Protest against the unfavorable report of Agent Osborn dated Sept. 30, 1852.

Parker, Caroline G..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1853 July 5 box 4

Letter telling of disputes with the Cattaraugus band over the Tonawandas' share of the Stryker fund and other monies. The Tonawandas are opposed to the Cattaraugus plan to appropriate the money for the erection and maintenance of an Indian school. Newton has written that he likes Indiana.

Parker, Newton I..
ALS to Caroline Parker
1853 Aug. 7 box 4

A letter from Girard, Pa. stating he is happy and "getting better all the while since I began to have a little exercise." Newton and Henry hope to be able to send money home in about two weeks. Asks that mail be sent to Pittsburgh, Pa., addressed to him as "Okatawaule (Indian Chief)" a name bestowed on him by Washburn whom he has met in his travels.

Parker, Nicholson H..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1853 Sept. 6 box 4

Ely has received a complaint through William Jimeson that Nic has withheld money due to Harriette. Nic writes his brother to explain that he withheld the money temporarily until Harriette would consent to deducting money she owes William Parker from the amount given to Nic for her.

Morgan, Lewis Henry, 1818-1881.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1853 Sept. 23 box 4

A request that Ely find time to see Mr. Henry Ely of Rochester who wants to talk to him about a building to be erected by Star and Childs.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to H. S. Randall
1853 Oct. 15 box 4

Handwritten copy of a letter to the Secretary of State [!], the original of which is in the New York Public Library, concerning Ely's misinterpretation of the provisions of an Act limiting the number of Indian pupils, which had led to their selection on the basis of reservations instead of on population.

Parker, William H..
ALS to Henry S. Randall
1853 Oct. 27 box 4

An account of expenditures for "the education of Indian youths at Tonawanda," from the Trustee to the Superintendent of Common Schools, covering the period June 22 to Aug. 29.

Johnson, Henry W..
ALS to William Parker
1853 Oct. 28 box 4

A letter from the Deputy Superintendent of Common Schools, returning Parker's statement and pointing out that receipts as well as expenditures are required by Chapter 351 of the Law of 1851.

Stockton, S. R. P..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1854 Jan. 2 box 4

A letter from a friend now working as Foreign Money Teller for the American Express Bank, inquiring about former canal associates.

Edwards, Howard.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1854 Jan. 3 box 4

The writer suggests an exchange of letters `for our own amusement and instruction' dealing with Indian history and ethnology.

McClure, William.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1854 Jan. 5 box 4

A letter from a friend spending the winter in Iowa City "in the honorable employment of lobbying," containing comments on politics and social life in Iowa and references to mutual friends.

Drew, W. H..
ALS to [Ely S.?] Parker
1854 May 18 box 4

Note addressed to "Sir Knight Parker" requesting remittance in the amount of $8.00 for embroidered gauntlets.

Parker, William H..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1854 June 5 box 4

Ely's advice is needed about renting a house which some prospective tenants wish to convert into a grist mill at a cost of about $20,000.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
N.E. [?] Strong to Caroline Parker
1854 June 5 box 4

Note advising that someone should pick up tickets for return fares from Buffalo to Syracuse, which have been secured at half price through Mr. Stockton.

Parker, Nicholson H..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1854 June 22 box 4

A request for information concerning ownership of the Oil Spring Reservation, title to which is claimed by Jake Shongo, Ben Chamberlain and lawyer Hammon.

Cornwal, William.
ALS to [Ely S.?] Parker
1854 Aug. 17 box 4

A suggestion that the Iroquois Indians still own the Thousand Islands on the Canadian side of the border, which according to rumor are not claimed by the government.

Parker, Nicholson H..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1854 Aug. 19 box 4

The State has appropriated $40,000 to the Oneidas for land sold by them or their forefathers. Descendants of this tribe, settled at Onondaga and Allegany, wish to employ Ely and Nic to claim their share of the money.

Fairchild, H. S..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1854 Aug. 29 box 4

The Colonel acknowledges Ely's apology, refuses his resignation from the regiment, and promises that when he retires "no one will do more to have you promoted than I."

Two Guns, Henry.
Announcement of Council Meeting
1854 Oct. 24 box 4

An announcement, printed in Seneca and English, of a Council to be held at Cattaraugus Reservation to decide upon an amendment to the Constitution of the Seneca Nation.

McClure, William H..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1854 Oct. 27 box 4

Describes his trip from Rochester to Cedar Falls, Iowa, in the company of Hank Packard and his family, with references to mutual friends encountered en route.

Johnson, Anna C..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1854 Nov. 22 box 4

A letter requesting "a little counsel and assistance" for her forthcoming book which will "tell the bright side of the story concerning Indian life and character." Her book on "The Iroquois..." was published 1855 under the pseudonym Minnie Myrtle.

Jemison, C. C..
ALS to Caroline Parker
1854 Nov. 30 box 4

Letter from a correspondent attending school in Albany, inquiring about Newton's whereabouts and wishing him success with his `managery.' Suggests she write to P.H. Jimerson, `a nice young man' at Jonesville.

Avery, C. P. (Charles Pumpelly), 1817-1872.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1854 Dec. 3 box 4

Letter of introduction for Theron Seymour of Oswego.

Manypenny, George W..
ALS to Ontario Bank, Canandaigua
1854 Dec. 4 box 4

The Commissioner calls attention to the Act of June 27, 1846 whereby the funds held in trust for the Senecas by the Bank cannot be transferred to the custody of the U.S. without the consent of the Indians.

Seymour, Theron.
ALS to [Ely S.] Parker
1854 Dec. 11 box 4

Advises the deep snow prevented his reaching Tonawanda. Would appreciate Ely's securing for him the services of some of Washburn's men `when they come home' and of his brother [Newton] who is in the South.

Military Association of the State of New York
1855 Jan. 9 box 4

Circular, addressed to Ely S. Parker, announcing the third annual convention of the Association in New York City.

Council of the Seneca Nation
1855 Jan. 26 box 4

A resolution, signed by Henry Two Guns, as President, and Maris B. Pierce, as Clerk, that the Tonawanda Band receive their per capita share of the Greig and Gibson fund.

Wright, Asher, 1803-1875.
ALS to Nicholson H. Parker
1855 Feb. 7 box 4

A chatty letter describing Albany's celebration of the Whig victory. Wright advises confidentially that if and when Peter Wilson is displaced as interpreter, Nic should "take steps to fill the vacancy." The American Bible Society has promised aid and Wright hopes Nick will soon finish translating John. There are brief references to Minnie [Myrtle], Newton, John Hudson and others.

Howe, Chester.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1855 Feb. 12 box 4

A discussion of the transfer of the Greig and Gibson fund.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to J. [?] Manypenny
1855 Feb. 12 box 4

A request for information concerning the measures decided upon by the Department of Indian Affairs "respecting the anticipated payment...of the Greig and Gibson annuity."

Ontario Bank, Canandaigua.
ALS to E.S. Parker
1855 Feb. 13 box 4

The Bank will transfer the trust fund to the President of the United States on June 1.

Parker, Caroline G..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1855 Feb. 15 box 4

Cousin William Moses would like Ely to secure a job on a farm for his 14 year old son. Newton is in Hartford, Conn. The family want Ely to use his influence in persuading Newton to return home, away from the influence of Jesse Jemison, a married woman.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to John Lathrop
1855 June 6 box 4

A request for the Division Engineer's advice on how to handle a difficult situation. Mr. Britton refuses to "quit work" unless served with a written notice.

White, G. W..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1855 June 11 box 4

A recommendation of a man named Hine for a position as rodman or leveler.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
Cost estimates
1855 [June? 1855?] box 4

Cost data on locks nos. 65 and 66, assigned to Jesse Peterson and Charles H. Britton.

Jemison, C. C..
ALS to [Newton?] Parker
1855 Oct. 17 box 4

A letter stating the writer is glad to be away from Cattaraugus, "a miserable place," and advising of a change of address to 184 Lancaster Street, Albany.

Martindale, J. H. (John Henry), 1815-1881.
ALS to William Parker
1855 Nov. 3 box 4

Note advising that a communication from the chiefs should be published "as is" without revision.

Parker, Caroline G..
ALS to [Nicholson?] Parker
1855 Nov. 4 box 4

A brief letter addressed to Dr. Parker, stating she is glad he is studying medicine, and advising she is thinking of going to school this winter, requesting that he make an application to the Superintendent at Albany for her.

Parker, Caroline G..
ALS to [Nicholson?] Parker
1856 Mar. 6 box 4

Caroline writes that she is "teaching now and board myself." Father won't know until April when the trial comes up whether Nic will be needed in Albany. There are "all sorts of flying stories" in Tonawanda because C[hauncy] C. Jemison has called on Caroline.

Cattaraugus Reservation
1856 Apr. 29 box 4

Minutes of "Old Party Caucus" with names of officers nominated.

Commercial Bank of N.J., Perth Amboy
1856 July 10 box 4

A one dollar bill.

Denton, D. H..
ALS to [Ely S.?] Parker
1856 July 28 box 4

An invitation to visit the writer in Indianapolis with offer of a pass on the Bellefontaine Line.

Farnham, M..
ALS to William Parker
1856 Aug. 18 box 4

Letter enclosing pension voucher for Sept. 4 and advising there is little hope for Parker's petition to have his pension increased.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to George W. Manypenny
1856 Sept. 25 box 4

Copy of a letter advising the Commissioner that the Tonawandas are about to send a delegation to Washington to protest the appointment of another agent to disburse the Ogden improvement money.

Manypenny, George W..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1856 Sept. 29 box 4

An acknowledgment of Ely's letter of Sept. 25 stating that he sees no necessity for sending a delegation to Washington, as the Office of Indian Affairs does not contemplate appointing an agent to pay the improvement fund.

Letters of Marcus H. Johnson, Frederick Follett, N.E. Paine, and I.A. Verplank, to Franklin Pierce, William L. Marcy and R. McClelland.
1856 Oct. 8-13 box 4

Copies of letters protesting the appointment of an agent to disburse the Ogden improvement fund.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895. Parker, Nicholson H..
ADfS to Franklin Pierce
1856 Oct. 17 box 4

Draft of a petition to the President summarizing the Ogden Co.'s efforts to appraise improvements at Tonawanda and the Indians' refusal to accept any part of the Company's "award" for same.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
Memorandum
1856 Oct. 21 box 4

Memorandum concerning the Tonawanda delegation's conference with the President, F. Pierce, to present the Indians' protest against the appointment of a new agent to pay the Ogden Co.'s improvement fund.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
Membership certificate in Historical Society of Pennsylvania
1856 Dec. 22 box 4

Signed by Horatio Gates Jones, Secretary.

United States. Supreme Court.
Abstract of Fellows v. Blacksmith and Parker
1856 Dec. box 4

Printed abstract of case of Joseph Fellows, plaintiff, vs. Blacksmith and Parker, defendants. Joshua L. Brown, counsel for plaintiff.

Tonawanda Band
1856 ? box 4

List of "Goods for 1856" consisting of blankets, calico, etc., valued at $611.49.

Cooper Hewitt and Co..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1857 Jan. 5 box 4

A letter, addressed to Ely as Superintendent of the U.S. Marine Hospital, Galena, Ill., concerning the Company's willingness to adjust their error in weighing girders.

M. Stagers and Co..
ALS to I. Newton Parker
1857 Jan. 8 box 4

The Company wants to know if Newton and his troupe can be depended on to join their show next summer.

McCarty, Michael.
ALS to Wann and Gray
1857 Jan. 17 box 4

Copy in E.S. Parker's hand of an amendment to a proposal to sell to the U.S. a site for the new Marine Hospital, Galena. The amendment concerns the location of the section to be retained for McCarty's own use.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
Memorandum
1857 Jan. 18 box 4

Memorandum of the points made by R.H. Gillett in the Argument before the U.S. Supreme Court in the Tonawanda case.

Bateman, Dr..
Vaccination record
1857 Feb. 12 box 4

Record of 54 vaccinations at Tonawanda giving age of each Indian. Names are grouped by families.

Smith, William F..
ANS to Ely S. Parker
1857 Feb. 19 box 4

Note stating he is pleased to have secured Ely's services for the government and will see him in Detroit March 1.

McCarty, Michael and McCarty, .
ADS to the United States
1857 Mar. 14 box 4

Deed covering sale of land for the new Marine Hospital, Galena, for the sum of $5,052.00.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to William Parker
1857 Mar. 18 box 4

Ely requests his father to give notice to the Tonawanda Band of a general council, which he will attend with Martindale to report on their success in Washington.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ADfS to Howell Cobb
1857 Apr. 29 box 4

Draft of a letter to the Secretary of the Treasury, Washington, concerning the new Marine Hospital in Galena, covering deed for its site, progress in construction, material to be used, etc.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ADfS to [Howell Cobb]
1857 [April?] box 4

Part of a draft of a letter concerning stone for the Custom House in Galena.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Howell Cobb
1857 May 7 box 4

Letter acknowledging communications from the Secretary of the Treasury, Washington, concerning the construction of public buildings in Galena.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to [Howell Cobb]
1857 May 11 box 4

Acknowledgment of the Secretary of the Treasurer's reply to Ely's letter of April 29 [q.v.].

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to [Howell Cobb]
1857 May 11 box 4

Acknowledgments of the Secretary of the Treasurer's letters of May 5th and 6th concerning Custom House lot and estimates.

Blair, Lewis H. (Lewis Harvie), 1834-1916.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1857 June 6 box 4

A chatty letter, with references to mutual friends in Detroit.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Lewis H. Blair
1857 June 9 box 4

A reply to Blair's letter, containing an unflattering description of Westerners.

Tonawanda Chiefs
1857 June 16 box 4

Power of attorney for John H. Martindale, Isaac Verplank, and Ely S. Parker, to transact business with officials of the U.S. Government in Washington. Signed by 23 chiefs, warriors, etc.

Martindale, J. H. (John Henry), 1815-1881. Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
AMs to J.W. Dewer
1857 June 30 box 4

An outline of the measures suggested by the Tonawanda delegation as a means of settling the Indians' dispute with the Ogden Co.

New York Herald
1857 July 6 box 4

Newspaper clipping concerning the object of the Tonawanda delegation in Washington, which includes Ely S. Parker, F. Follett, W.C. Bryan and J.H. Martindale.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to F.E. Geiger
1857 July 8 box 4

Draft of a letter listing enclosed drawings for Customs House and Marine Hospital.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to [Howell Cobb]
1857 July 9 box 4

Report of operations for May and June on the new Customs House, Galena, Ill., to the Secretary of the Treasury, Washington, D.C.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to [Howell Cobb]
1857 July 9 box 4

Construction report for April, May and June, on the new Marine Hospital, Galena, Ill., to the Secretary of the Treasury, Washington, D.C.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to [Howell Cobb]
1857 July 24 box 4

Draft of a letter to the Secretary of the Treasury, concerning estimated cost of constructing the foundation for the new Customs House.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to A.E. Brenizer
1857 Aug. 18-19 box 4

Newspaper clipping of a report to the Chairman of the Committee on Lock and Dam, concerning the quantity of water available for, and the estimated cost of constructing a lock on the Galena River, together with brief editorial comment on same.

Anderson, Robert.
ALS to [Ely S. Parker]
1857 Sept. 23 box 4

Form letter concerning material ordered from Cooper, Hewitt and Co. of New York for the Galena Custom House.

Cart[?].
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1857 Oct. 12 box 4

Letter from a friend in Leavenworth, Kansas, discussing the slavery issue, corrupt politics, etc.

Geiger, Frederick E..
Invoice
1857 Oct. 27 box 4

Bill for labor and materials in excavating cisterns in Galena.

Galena (Ill.).
DS with United States
  box 4

Part of an agreement between the city of Galena, Ill., and the U.S.A. for a plot of ground fronting on Green, Water and Commerce Streets, in Galena.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895. Parker, Nicholson H..
ALS to Charles E. Mix
1857 [Nov. 17] 1857 Oct. 28 box 4

Draft of an agreement between the Tonawanda delegation and the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, providing for purchase of the Indians' lands from the Ogden Co. out of funds put aside by the U.S. Government for the Indians' removal and support West of the Missouri.

Jackson, R. H..
Politics and its corruptions in northwestern Illinois
1857 [Nov. 2] box 4

Printed copy of an address, on pp. 7-8 of which are the speaker's remarks in defense of Ely S. Parker as Superintendent of Public Works in Galena.

New York Evening Express
1857 Nov. 5 box 4

Typewritten copy of a newspaper clipping from the issue of January 9, 1858, concerning the Treaty of Nov. 5, 1857, between the Tonawandas and the U.S. Government, in settlement of the Ogden land dispute.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
Census of Tonawanda Band
1857 Nov.? box 4

Census of the Tonawanda Band by heads of families.

Parker, Nicholson H..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1857 Dec. 7 box 4

Letter concerning details of an annuity payment at Tonawanda. B.H. Colgrove has been appointed agent for the New York Indians.

Geiger, Frederick E..
ALS to Charles Hendrie
1857 Dec. 25 box 4

Agreement covering transfer of contract dated Mar. 25, 1857, for the construction of Custom House, Post Office and Marine Hospital at Galena, Ill.

U.S. Treasury Department. Offi.
Specifications for building the Custom-House and Post Office, at Galena, Ill.
  box 4

Printed item.

U.S. Treasury Department. Offi.
Specifications for building the Marine Hospital at Galena, Illinois
  box 4

Printed item.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
Miscellaneous memoranda
[1857-59]7 sheets.box 4

Miscellaneous memoranda concerning plans, work, and expenditures on public buildings in Galena.

Cole, S..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1858 Jan. 18 box 4

Note from the Pension Office re. the issuance of a new pension certificate for William Parker.

U.S. Department of the Interio.
Invalid pension certificate
1858 Jan. 19 box 4

Invalid Pension Certificate authorizing payments of $8.00 a month to William Parker.

Galena (Ill.). Custom House.
Quarterly return
1858 Mar. 31 box 4

Quarterly return of materials, machinery, etc. for the Custom House and Marine Hospital, Galena, Ill.

Wilkeson and Co..
ALS to Charles H. Sherrill
1858 Apr. 9 box 4

Receipt for $24.75 covering cost of publication in Albany Journal of notice that sealed proposals for work on the Erie Canal must be received at the Commissioner's office by Apr. 5.

Edwards, Howard.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1858 May 24 box 4

A letter from a friend in Philadelphia advising that he has obtained a facsimile of the Penn Wampum Belt, which he would like to deliver to Ely in person, and asking where he can obtain a copy of the poem "Yonondio" by W.H.C. Hosmer.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
Census of Tonawanda Band
1858 May 24 box 4

Census, by head of family, giving number of men, women, children, deaths, etc.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
Memoranda
1858 July 31 and Aug. 5 box 4

Memoranda as to money expended by Frederick E. Geiger in the construction of the Custom House and Marine Hospital, Galena.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to N.B. Matthews
1858 Aug. 20 box 4

Brief letter concerning Joseph Follows' reply to Ely's inquiry as to the terms on which the Ogden Co. would dispose of "the right, title and interest in and to the Allegany Reservation."

Joice, [I. F.]?..
ALS to Charles Hendrie
1858 Sept. 14 box 4

Bill for $65.00 for labor on Custom House, Galena.

Parker, Nicholson H..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1858 Oct. 4 box 4

Because of prejudice against their `system' there will be no students from Cattaraugus for the `Catholic college,' but Father Doran has visited Tonawanda to interview prospective students from there. At a council held at Cattaraugus to discuss the Kansas land claims of New York Indians, it was decided to send 2 delegates from each tribe to Washington.

Jennings, Joseph C..
ALS to William Donald Noble
1858 Oct. 13 box 4

Copy of a letter from the Superintendent of the new Custom House, at Nauvoo, Ill., to the foreman of Bostater and Fents, notifying him to suspend quarrying operations and to turn over lists in his possession concerning dimensions of required stone.

Hendrie, Charles.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1858 Nov. 24 box 4

Notice of transfer and sale of goods in possession of John Lorrain, on behalf of F.E. Geiger, for use in the construction of Custom House and Marine Hospital, Galena.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
Memorandum
1858 Dec. 17 box 4

Memorandum concerning stone work completed by Bostater and Fents prior to receiving instructions to suspend operations.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Levi Lusk
1858 Dec. 27 box 4

A request that Lusk address a meeting of the Miner's Lodge, Galena, on January 7.

Jones, J. R.. Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ADS to H. H. Gear
1859 Jan. 13 box 5

Notification that Gear has been elected an honorary member of Miner's Lodge.

Edwards, Howard.
ALS to [Ely S. Parker]
1859 Feb. 26 box 5

Note stating he has mailed a copy of Boudinot's "Star in the West" to Ely at Pembroke.

Parker, Caroline G..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1859 Apr. 5 box 5

Martindale has not yet been to Tonawanda to help settle matters connected with the Indians' purchase of their land. Newton spent four weeks at Cattaraugus, but failed to come home `to see his boy' because the family have not written to him. Caroline has received another letter from Mr. Hurd.

Cobb, Howell, 1815-1868.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1859 Apr. 9 box 5

Letter referring to a quarrel between the partners, Bostater and Fents, contractors for the Dubuque Custom House, and enclosing correspondence "unofficially forwarded" to keep the Superintendent advised.

Marble and Smith.
ADS to Miners' Lodge, Galena
1859 Apr. 12 box 5

Written bid for carpentry and other work on Lodge room in Mitchell's Hall.

Hunkin, W. and Snider, S..
Invoice to Miners' Lodge No. 273, Galena
1859 Apr. 15 box 5

Bill totalling $689.50 for fitting up Mitchell's Hall as a Lodge room.

Taylor, Henry H..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1859 May 11 box 5

Note enclosing a Lodge "petition."

Marble and Smith.
ADS to Ely S. Parker
1859 May 16 and June 1 box 5

Receipts for $100 and $75 for labor in fitting up Mitchell's Hall, Calena, as a Masonic lodge room.

Collins, E. A., Sons and Co..
ADS to E.S. Parker
1859 May 22 box 5

Receipted bill for cloth.

Porter and Spratt.
ADS to Ely S. Parker
1859 May 23 box 5

Receipt for $83.80 covering carpet for Miner's Lodge.

Smith and Allen.
ADS to Ely S. Parker
1859 June 11 box 5

Recipt for $30.00 for painting and papering Miner's Lodge.

Morse, H. P..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1859 June 13 box 5

Letter concerning a price list and order for Masonic goods.

Marble and Smith.
ADS to E.S. Parker
1859 July 2 and 6 box 5

Receipt and bill for carpentry work, etc. on Miner's Lodge.

Smith and Allen.
ADS to Masonic Lodge
1859 July 5 and 6 box 5

Receipted bills for painting, papering, etc.

Smith and Holmes.
ADS to Masonic Lodge
1859 Aug. 3 box 5

Receipted bill for $4.00.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
Memorandum
1859 Sept. 1 box 5

Memorandum of payments on contract, etc. Dubuque Custom House.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to M. B.
1859 Oct. 2 box 5

Letter to an old friend, explaining an unfilled promise to call on her [?] and Mr. and Mrs. Colman when he was in New York in August.

Hendrie, Charles.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1859 Oct. 21 box 5

Letter inquiring when the final settlement will be made for work on the Custom House and Marine Hospital, Galena.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
Wrappers
1859 Oct. 25 box 5

Three mail wrappers addressed to Ely at Galena, Ill.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Charles Hendrie
1859 Oct. 26 box 5

Reply stating he expects to render a final statement to Washington in a week or ten days and that he must first carry out instructions "to examine the accounts of the contractors" to determine the amount due Mr. Geiger for his share of the construction of the public buildings in Galena.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
AMsS
1859 [Oct.?] box 5

Statement of quantities and specifications for grading and paving the Custom House grounds in Galena and for furnishing the building ready for occupancy.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Howell Cobb
1859 Nov. 14 box 5

Request for approval of the appointment of William Davis as watchman at the Galena Marine Hospital.

McGenniss, J. W..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1859 Nov. 23 box 5

A reply to Ely's inquiry, from the Secretary of the Illinois Stone Co., Chicago, enclosing a printed price list.

Mitchell, W. N..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1859 Nov. 24 box 5

Letter written on Illinois State Penitentiary stationery, advising that Messrs. Sawyer and Carey, the Superintendent and Warden, will write Ely "upon the subject of stone." Ely is invited to Joliet to dedicate a new Masonic Hall on Dec. 27.

Dennison, William.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1859 Dec. 20 box 5

Letter advising that Samuel B. Leaken of Galena has been authorized to act for the writer in collecting an amount due him from Mr. Geiger.

Parker, William H..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1860 Jan. 11 box 5

Martindale wants Ely to go to Albany with him to have legislation passed empowering Tonawanda chiefs to arrest, and fine or imprison, Indians who sell timber to Whites. There has been quarreling on the reservation over occupancy of houses vacated by the Whites. Levi has been quite sick.

Morris and Monsarrat.
ADS to Ely S. Parker
1860 Jan. 16 box 5

Acknowledgment of a remittance for $2 to cover subscription to "The Voice of Masonry..." to be sent to W.R. Rowley and J.B. Booth of Galena.

Rodman, G..
Wrapper to Ely S. Parker
1860 [Jan. 31?] box 5

Mail wrapper addressed to Ely at Dubuque.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to James E. Stewart
1860 Feb. 12 box 5

Letter returning Stewart's clain against F.E. Geiger, advising there is no balance due Geiger from his partner in connection with the construction of public buildings in Galena.

Thompson, J..
ALS to A. B. Greenwood
1860 Mar. 29 box 5

Copy of a reply from the Secretary of the Department of the Interior to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, concerning the claims of New York Indians to land in Kansas Territory. The Secretary concurs that the provisions of the Treaty of 1838 should apply only to those Indians living in New York in 1838 and settled in Kansas on March 21, 1859. The claims of Indians not on "the census list submitted by Special Agent Stevens" need not be investigated.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895.
ALS to Howell Cobb
1860 Apr. 6 box 5

Note requesting approval of sale of an unused furnace, stove, etc. at Galena Custom House.

Bruff, William H..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1860 Apr. 7 box 5

Note discussing Lodge accounts and other details.

Hall, Edwin Robert.
Royal Arch Masonic membership certificate
1860 Apr. 7 box 5

Certificate signed by the Secretary of the Chapter at Rochester that "Ely S. Parker is... a Royal Arch Mason in good and regular standing."

Smith, J. C..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1860 Apr. 18 box 5

Letter from a fellow Mason accepting Ely's offer to superintend carpentry work on Dubuque Custom House, with references to mutual friends.

Ranney, Henry C..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1860 May 10 box 5

Letter inquiring if Ely will attend a masonic meeting in Chicago on May 17.

Parker, Nicholson H..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1860 May 17 box 5

Letter concerning the purchase of land at Tonawanda by the Parker family. Fifty acres have been added to Ely's farm, as compensation to the Grand Sachem for his services. Nick states it has always been his intention to return to Tonawanda some day and that he has made no permanent settlement at Cattaraugus.

Harstock, James R. and Parvin,.
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1860 June 7 box 5

Certificate, signed by the Grand Master and Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of Iowa, appointing Ely S. Parker a representative "to strengthen ties of brotherly affection" etc. between the Iowa and Illinois lodges.

Burke, William H..
ALS to Ely S. Parker
1860 Aug. 4 box 5

A letter outlining the Grand Master B.B. French's directions for "forming around the triangle in military order."

Kendrick, E. E..
ALS to G. C. Clark
1860 Sept. 19 box 5

Notification from the Cashier of the Bank of Albany that William Parker's pension for $47.75 has been received.

Parker, Caroline G..
ALS to [Ely S.] Parker
1860 Sept. 30 box 5